CN101888732A - Illumination time-delay switch produced by using common button switch - Google Patents

Illumination time-delay switch produced by using common button switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101888732A
CN101888732A CN2010101577319A CN201010157731A CN101888732A CN 101888732 A CN101888732 A CN 101888732A CN 2010101577319 A CN2010101577319 A CN 2010101577319A CN 201010157731 A CN201010157731 A CN 201010157731A CN 101888732 A CN101888732 A CN 101888732A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
delay
time
circuit
switch
illumination time
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Pending
Application number
CN2010101577319A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周玉林
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周玉林
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Application filed by 周玉林 filed Critical 周玉林
Priority to CN2010101577319A priority Critical patent/CN101888732A/en
Publication of CN101888732A publication Critical patent/CN101888732A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps

Abstract

The invention belongs to a novel electronic device for controlling time delay by using a silicon controlled trigger circuit. The novel electronic device consists of a commercial power bridge rectifier circuit, the silicon controlled trigger circuit and a time-delay control circuit. In the time-delay circuit, a trigger current of controlled silicon is formed by commercial power through rectification and charging and discharging of an electrolytic capacitor, so that the time-delay circuit controls the switch-on and switch-off of the unidirectional controlled silicon to realize turn-on or turn-off of an incandescent lamp. At ordinary times, the controlled silicon in a time-delay switch is in a switch-off state, so the circuit basically does not consume electricity. Compared with the conventional time-delay switch in the market, the time-delay switch of the invention has the characteristics of simple structure of the time-delay circuit, small using amount of components, reliable circuit performance, low production and development costs, convenient use and the like. Moreover, the illumination time-delay switch also has small volume, can be integrated in a 86-type standard wall switch panel, is suitable for illumination time-delay control of various incandescent lamps in household or public places and has obvious effect of saving electricity during use.

Description

Make illumination time-delay with the conventional push button switch
Technical field
The invention belongs to electronic technology and economize on electricity field, relate to a kind of with conventional push button switch making illumination time-delay.
Background technology
At present, integrated package was connected into delay circuit when common illumination delay circuit adopted 555 bases more, promoted relay adhesive or release then, the bright incandescent lamp in control point; Also have a variety ofly to be overlapped to form delay circuit, light incandescent lamp by control one-way SCR or bidirectional triode thyristor with discrete component.
Many, the circuit more complicated of components and parts that the various finished product ubiquities in market use, and then be accompanied by the more high fact of fault rate, also there are problems such as cost of manufacture height.
To have the deficiency of finished product on the market now and have many defectives in order to overcome, be necessary to study a kind of simple and direct delay circuit, few, the reliable production program of circuit working of components and parts consumption.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention:, have characteristics such as the delay circuit structure is simple and direct, the components and parts consumption is few, circuit performance reliable, the making development cost is low, easy to use with existing delay switch comparison on the market.
Technical scheme: delay switch of the present invention belongs to electronic switching device, is the circuit that a kind of novel controllable silicon triggers the control time-delay.Form by city's bridge rectifier circuit, thyristor gating circuit, delay control circuit and load (incandescent lamp).Circuits for triggering are by being formed by the charge and discharge of electrochemical capacitor after the civil power step-down, are controlling the conducting of one-way SCR or end, and realize that incandescent lamp lights or extinguish.This at ordinary times illumination time-delay controllable silicon is in cut-off state, thereby not power consumption basically.
Beneficial effect: it is little that illumination time-delay has a volume, can design and be integrated among the 86 type electrical standard panels, be applicable to the various incandescent lightings time-delay controls of house or public place, illumination time-delay has tangible power savings, and promoting, popularize use has big meaning.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is to make illumination time-delay circuit working schematic diagram with the conventional push button switch.
D1~the D4 of bridge rectifier is a silicon rectifier diode in the accompanying drawing.
Embodiment
Accompanying drawing and description of drawings to specifications are further described correlation technique of the present invention with the following Examples below.
Technical scheme: delay switch of the present invention belongs to electronic switching device, is that a kind of novel controllable silicon triggers the control delay circuit.Form by commercial power rectification circuit, thyristor gating circuit, delay circuit load (incandescent lamp).Circuits for triggering form the silicon controlled trigger current by the charge and discharge of civil power by electrochemical capacitor, are controlling the conducting of one-way SCR or end, and the realization incandescent lamp is lighted or extinguished.This at ordinary times illumination time-delay controllable silicon is in cut-off state, thereby not power consumption basically.
Operation principle: when key switch AN was in disconnection, one-way SCR T was because control utmost point triggerless electric current, and controllable silicon T is in not conducting, and incandescent lamp H no current extinguishes state by being.When needing incandescent lamp H to light, as long as click key switch AN, civil power is through the control utmost point of incandescent lamp H, full bridge rectifier D1~D4, resistance R 1, R2, silicon rectifier diode D5 and one-way SCR T, and T provides trigger current to one-way SCR, makes the bright incandescent lamp H of controllable silicon T firing point.Meanwhile, electrochemical capacitor C1 discharges up to discharge off through R2.
After unclamping key switch AN, power supply is given electrochemical capacitor C1 charging through resistance R 2, rectifier diode D5, and charging current provides trigger current to the control utmost point of controllable silicon T, makes that controllable silicon T continues to keep conducting, and incandescent lamp H maintainings lights.Along with reducing of charging current, after after a while, controllable silicon T loses trigger current and makes incandescent lamp H outage and extinguish.
Make interelement annexation in the illumination time-delay circuit with the conventional push button switch
1. making illumination time-delay with the conventional push button switch is made up of commercial power rectification circuit, thyristor gating circuit, delay circuit.Delay circuit forms the silicon controlled trigger current by the charge and discharge of civil power by electrochemical capacitor, is controlling the conducting of one-way SCR or ends, and the realization incandescent lamp is lighted or extinguished.
2. ((the alternating current input of D1~D4) connects (L) end of civil power live wire, (N) end of another termination civil power zero line of bridge circuit alternating current input through incandescent lamp (H) to bridge rectifier for D1~D4).
3. the dc output end positive pole of bridge rectifier joins with an end of resistance R 1, the positive pole of electrochemical capacitor C1, the anode of controllable silicon T respectively, and the dc output end negative pole connects the negative electrode of controllable silicon T.
4. the circuits for triggering of controllable silicon T are made up of R1, AN, C1, R2, D5, the right-hand member of R1 connects the left end of key switch AN, the other end of AN connects the negative pole of electrochemical capacitor C1, the upper end of step-down current-limiting resistance R2 respectively, the positive pole of another termination silicon rectifier diode D5 of R2, the D5 negative pole connects the control utmost point of controllable silicon T.
Components and parts are selected: D1~D5 is a silicon rectifier diode in the circuit, and model is 1N4007, and parameter is 1A/1000V; It is BTA plastic packaging one-way SCR that T selects packing forms for use, and parameter is 1A/400V; It is that 1W, resistance are 1K Ω that resistance R 1 is selected RJ type, power for use; It is that 0.5W, resistance are 16K Ω that R2 selects RJ type, power for use; The parameter of electrochemical capacitor C1 is 20 μ F/300V; Power≤60W of incandescent lamp H.Circuit is made according to the parameter of above-mentioned components and parts, and the incandescent lamp H time of lighting is about 45~55 seconds.
Circuit debugging: in circuit debugging, if behind the switch AN that pushes button, incandescent lamp H can not be lighted, and should suitably reduce the resistance of resistance R 1.The length of delay time is by the decision of the numerical value of C1 or R2, and C1, R2 numerical value are big more, and the time of time-delay is just long more.

Claims (4)

1. make illumination time-delay with the conventional push button switch and form for one kind by commercial power rectification circuit, thyristor gating circuit, delay circuit and load (incandescent lamp), it is characterized in that controlling the trigger current of controllable silicon conducting, is by being formed by the charge and discharge of electrochemical capacitor after the civil power step-down.
2. illumination time-delay circuit according to claim 1 is characterized in that (the alternating current input of D1~D4) connects (L) end of civil power live wire through incandescent lamp (H) to bridge rectifier, and the bridge circuit alternating current is imported (N) end of another termination civil power zero line.
3. illumination time-delay circuit according to claim 1, the positive pole that it is characterized in that the bridge rectifier dc output end joins with the left end of resistance (R1), the positive pole of electrochemical capacitor (C1), the anode of controllable silicon (T) respectively, and the negative pole of dc output end connects the negative electrode of controllable silicon T.
4. illumination time-delay circuit according to claim 1, the circuits for triggering that it is characterized in that controllable silicon (T) are made up of resistance (R1), key switch (AN), electrochemical capacitor (C1), step-down current-limiting resistance (R2), silicon rectifier diode (D5), the right-hand member of R1 connects the left end of AN, the other end of AN connects the negative pole of C1, the upper end of R2 respectively, the positive pole of another termination D5 of R2, the D5 negative pole connects the control utmost point of controllable silicon T.
CN2010101577319A 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Illumination time-delay switch produced by using common button switch Pending CN101888732A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101577319A CN101888732A (en) 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Illumination time-delay switch produced by using common button switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101577319A CN101888732A (en) 2010-04-28 2010-04-28 Illumination time-delay switch produced by using common button switch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101888732A true CN101888732A (en) 2010-11-17

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102105012A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-06-22 黄宇嵩 Soft start-up device for filament lamp
CN102202451A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-28 朱虹 Desk lamp capable of automatically controlling illumination
CN102364993A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-02-29 殷丽芳 Lighting time delay switch produced by single button switch
CN102427650A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-04-25 刘昭利 Time delay illumination switch made of key switch
CN102752927A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-24 何林 Energy-saving passive electronic time-delay switch

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2041877U (en) * 1988-03-12 1989-07-26 林伟雄 Electrodelay system of lamplight
CN2135213Y (en) * 1992-05-26 1993-06-02 肇庆市无线电元件二厂 Energy-saving time-delay electronic switching
CN2149725Y (en) * 1993-01-16 1993-12-15 李力 Electronic time-delay switch
CN2150698Y (en) * 1993-02-06 1993-12-22 欧阳元 Lamp holder type acousto-optic controlling delay switch
JP2004282843A (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-10-07 Omron Corp Power unit for timer

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2041877U (en) * 1988-03-12 1989-07-26 林伟雄 Electrodelay system of lamplight
CN2135213Y (en) * 1992-05-26 1993-06-02 肇庆市无线电元件二厂 Energy-saving time-delay electronic switching
CN2149725Y (en) * 1993-01-16 1993-12-15 李力 Electronic time-delay switch
CN2150698Y (en) * 1993-02-06 1993-12-22 欧阳元 Lamp holder type acousto-optic controlling delay switch
JP2004282843A (en) * 2003-03-13 2004-10-07 Omron Corp Power unit for timer

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102105012A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-06-22 黄宇嵩 Soft start-up device for filament lamp
CN102202451A (en) * 2011-03-23 2011-09-28 朱虹 Desk lamp capable of automatically controlling illumination
CN102364993A (en) * 2011-09-02 2012-02-29 殷丽芳 Lighting time delay switch produced by single button switch
CN102427650A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-04-25 刘昭利 Time delay illumination switch made of key switch
CN102752927A (en) * 2012-06-27 2012-10-24 何林 Energy-saving passive electronic time-delay switch

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Application publication date: 20101117