CN101885257B - Method for preparing transparent organic hydrophobic coating on surface of aluminum plate - Google Patents

Method for preparing transparent organic hydrophobic coating on surface of aluminum plate Download PDF

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CN101885257B
CN101885257B CN 201010209102 CN201010209102A CN101885257B CN 101885257 B CN101885257 B CN 101885257B CN 201010209102 CN201010209102 CN 201010209102 CN 201010209102 A CN201010209102 A CN 201010209102A CN 101885257 B CN101885257 B CN 101885257B
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coating
aluminum plate
surface
aluminum
organic
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CN101885257A (en )
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田学雷
石新颖
张宁
孙玉成
申志清
徐岩
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山东大学
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法,包括如下步骤:先配制水解溶液,再用水解溶液处理铝板并烘干,再在铝板上涂覆有机硅玻璃树脂,然后加热。 The present invention discloses a method for preparing aluminum surface transparent organic hydrophobic coating, comprising the steps of: first the hydrolysis solution prepared, the hydrolysis solution and then treated aluminum plate and dried, and then coated on an aluminum plate glass a silicone resin, and then heated. 本发明制备的有机涂层能有效抵御pH=3.5的酸性溶液腐蚀,腐蚀168h后涂层表面仍然无明显变化;涂层对铝板具有很高的附着力,在将铝板对折时仍不开裂、脱落,经WS-2002涂层附着力自动划痕仪测试,涂层与铝板基体的附着力已达40N;该涂层在95℃热水和20℃冷水中循环50次后仍无脱落现象;纯水在该涂层表面的接触角接近120°,具有较好的疏水性,自清洁效果明显;该涂层透光率达96%。 Preparation of organic coating of the present invention can effectively resist the corrosive acidic solution of pH = 3.5, the corrosion after 168h still no significant change in coating surface; coating having a high adhesion to the aluminum plate, the aluminum plate of the still folded-cracking, loss via WS-2002 adhesion scratch tester automatic test coating adhesion, the substrate coating and the aluminum plate reached 40N; the coating after 50 cycles at 95 deg.] C hot water and cold water 20 ℃ still no shedding phenomenon; pure water contact angle of the surface of the coating is close to 120 °, having good hydrophobicity, self-cleaning effect is obvious; 96% of the light-transmitting coating.

Description

一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法 One kind of organic aluminum surface transparent hydrophobic coating prepared

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种有机疏水涂层的制备方法,属于复合材料技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for preparing an organic hydrophobic coating, it belongs to the technical field of composite materials.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,在铝板表面涂覆有机涂层仅限于对铝板提供防腐蚀保护,并且有机涂层对铝板表面的附着力不足,加之有机涂层和铝的弹性模量相差很大,因此,为了避免在加工过程中有机涂层发生开裂、脱落等问题,往往是在铝板生产为成品制件后再涂覆有机涂层。 [0002] Currently, the aluminum surface coated with an organic coating to provide limited corrosion protection for aluminum and aluminum insufficient adhesion to the surface of the organic coating, the modulus of elasticity combined with an organic aluminum coating vary greatly, therefore, to avoid the problem of organic coating cracking during processing or fall off, often in the aluminum production to the finished article after coating with an organic coating. 另夕卜,有机涂层本身的疏水性使之具有一定的自清洁功能,而目前公开报道的使金属表面有机涂层实现超疏水的方法却具有明显的不足:这些方法所用工艺复杂,不仅需要对有机涂层材料改性,引入低表面能基团,还需要在表面构筑一定粗糙度的微结构,因此这些方法很难应用于对表面平整度要求较高的反光板的保护;同时,这些方法制备出的有机涂层,尚无在室外环境下具有长期耐候性的报道。 Another evening Bu, organic hydrophobic coating itself so that it has a certain self-cleaning function, and the metal surface of the organic coating is currently publicly reported to achieve superhydrophobic method has obvious shortcomings: the methods used complex process, not only modification of organic coating material, introduced into a low surface energy groups, but also to build a certain roughness of the microstructure on the surface, so these methods are difficult to apply a higher protection to the surface of the reflector flatness requirements; the same time, these the prepared organic coating method, there is no reported long-term weatherability in outdoor environments.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 为了改进现有的铝板表面有机涂层附着力差、制备工艺和设备复杂、高疏水性与使用寿命难以兼得的不足,本发明提供了一种操作简单的铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法。 [0003] In order to improve the conventional aluminum surface of the organic coating adhesion is poor, complicated preparation process and equipment, high hydrophobicity and is difficult to have both the lack of service life, the present invention provides a simple method of operating a transparent organic hydrophobic aluminum surface coating preparation layers.

[0004] 本发明采用如下技术方案: [0004] The present invention adopts the following technical solution:

[0005] 一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0005] The method for producing a transparent organic aluminum surface hydrophobic coating, comprising the steps of:

[0006] I)清洁铝板表面,然后自然干燥; [0006] I) cleaning the surface of the aluminum plate, and then naturally dried;

[0007] 2)将Y -氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷(结构式为H2N(CH2)3Si (OC2H5)3)与蒸馏水和乙醇按一定比例混合水解; [0007] 2) Y - aminopropyl triethoxysilane (of the formula H2N (CH2) 3Si (OC2H5) 3) mixed with distilled water and ethanol hydrolysis certain proportion;

[0008] 3)将上述水解溶液以淋涂方式处理铝板表面或将铝板浸于水解溶液中进行处理,该处理过程保持30s〜2min,然后将铝板置于150°C〜200°C条件下烘干20min〜30min ; [0008] 3) The above hydrolysis solution treated aluminum plate in a manner curtain coating surface or the aluminum plate is immersed in a solution for processing hydrolysis, the process remains 30s~2min, baked and then the aluminum plate was placed under conditions of 150 ° C~200 ° C dry 20min~30min;

[0009] 4)在上述经过处理的铝板表面涂覆有机硅玻璃树脂(牌号XT-101,固含量彡30%,25°C下粘度为5〜50mpa · s, pH值为5〜6),并置于90°C〜120°C条件下加热IOmin 〜15min。 [0009] 4) In the surface-coated aluminum plate after the silicone resin treated glass (grade XT-101, San solids content of 30%, a viscosity at 25 ° C, 5~50mpa · s, pH value of 5 to 6), IOmin ~15min heated and placed under conditions of 90 ° C~120 ° C.

[0010] 所述的Y-氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷、蒸馏水与无水乙醇,三者的体积比为(2〜4) : (I 〜2) : 40。 [0010] the Y- aminopropyl triethoxysilane, distilled water and ethanol, the volume ratio of the three (2~4): (I ~2): 40.

[0011] 本发明的有益效果是:在铝板表面所制备的有机涂层能有效抵御pH = 3. 5的酸性溶液腐蚀,腐蚀168h后涂层表面仍然无明显变化;涂层对铝板具有很高的附着力,在将铝板对折时仍不开裂、脱落,经WS-2002涂层附着力自动划痕仪测试,涂层与铝板基体的附着力已达40N ;该涂层在95°C热水和20°C冷水中循环50次后仍无脱落现象;纯水在该涂层表面的接触角接近120°,具有较好的疏水性,自清洁效果明显;该涂层透光率达96%,可应用于反光铝板的表面处理。 [0011] Advantageous effects of the present invention is: an organic coating prepared aluminum surface can effectively resist the corrosive acidic solution of pH = 3. 5, after 168h corrosion coating surface is still no significant change; aluminum coating has a very high adhesion, the aluminum plate for cracking still off, off, the WS-2002 scratch tester automatic test coating adhesion, the aluminum plate coated substrate adhesion reached 40N; 95 ° C the coating hot and 20 ° C in cold water after 50 cycles still no shedding phenomenon; pure water contact angle on the surface of the coating is close to 120 °, having good hydrophobicity, self-cleaning effect is obvious; 96% of the light-transmitting coating layer It can be applied reflective aluminum surface treatment. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0012] 图I是有机硅玻璃树脂主成分结构式。 [0012] Figure I is a silicone resin, a main component of glass formulas.

[0013] 图2是本发明的工艺流程图。 [0013] FIG. 2 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.

[0014] 图3是采用本发明方法在铝板表面涂覆有机涂层后的试样断面的扫描电子显微镜照片,本发明方法制备的涂层由两层所组成:与铝板表面接触的极薄的中间层和最外层的厚度约2 μ m的有机硅玻璃树脂涂层。 [0014] FIG. 3 is a method of the present invention in a scanning electron microscope photograph of a sample cross section after the organic aluminum surface is coated with a coating produced by the method of the present invention is composed of two layers: the aluminum plate into contact with the surface of the thin approximately 2 μ m of the intermediate layer and the outermost layer of the glass thickness of the silicone resin coating.

具体实施方式[0015] 下面结合附图与实施例对本发明作进一步说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0015] The present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

[0016] 实施例I [0016] Example I

[0017] 一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法,选用普通轧制的1060铝板,按照图2所示步骤: [0017] A method for preparing aluminum surface of the transparent organic hydrophobic coating, use an ordinary rolled aluminum sheet 1060, the steps shown in Figure 2:

[0018] I)首先使用乙醇清洁铝板表面,以除去表面所残留的油污等影响下一步与硅烷反应的污物,再用清水冲洗,自然干燥; [0018] I) the aluminum plate surface is first cleaned using ethanol to remove the influence of contaminants in the next reaction with the silane surface residual oil, etc., then rinse with water, naturally dried;

[0019] 2)将Y-氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷、蒸馏水与无水乙醇(分析纯)配制水解溶液,三者的体积比为2 : I : 40。 [0019] 2) The Y- aminopropyl triethoxysilane, distilled water and ethanol (analytical grade) was hydrolyzed formulated, the three volume ratio of 2: I: 40. 将配制完成的水解溶液置于20°C的环境下保持lOOmin,在此期间可对水解溶液进行搅拌。 The fully formulated holding lOOmin hydrolyzed solution was placed in an environment of 20 ° C, during which hydrolysis solution may be stirred.

[0020] 3)将水解溶液以淋涂方式处理铝板表面,该过程保持2min,然后将铝板置于150 °C条件下烘干30min。 [0020] 3) The hydrolysis solution to the surface of the aluminum plate curtain coating manner, the process remains 2min, 30min and then the aluminum plate was placed 150 ° C under dry conditions.

[0021] 4)在上述经过处理的铝板表面涂覆有机硅玻璃树脂,并置于90°C条件下加热15min。 [0021] 4) heating the aluminum plate after 15min above the glass surface coating the silicone resin treatment, and placed in 90 ° C for the condition.

[0022] 实施例2 [0022] Example 2

[0023] 一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法,选用AA1070铝板,按照图2所示步骤: [0023] A method for preparing aluminum surface of the transparent organic hydrophobic coating, the choice of AA1070 aluminum, according to the procedure shown in Figure 2:

[0024] I)首先使用乙醇清洁铝板表面,以除去表面所残留的油污等影响下一步与硅烷反应的污物,再用清水冲洗,自然干燥; [0024] I) the aluminum plate surface is first cleaned using ethanol to remove the influence of contaminants in the next reaction with the silane surface residual oil, etc., then rinse with water, naturally dried;

[0025] 2)将Y-氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷、蒸馏水与无水乙醇(分析纯)配制水解溶液,三者的体积比为4 : I : 40。 [0025] 2) The Y- aminopropyl triethoxysilane, distilled water and ethanol (analytical grade) was hydrolyzed formulated, the three volume ratio of 4: I: 40. 将配制完成的水解溶液置于30°C的环境下保持70min,在此期间可对水解溶液进行搅拌。 The fully formulated holding hydrolyzed solution was placed in a 30 ° C environment 70min, during which the solution can be stirred for hydrolysis.

[0026] 3)将水解溶液以淋涂方式处理铝板表面,或将铝板浸于水解溶液中,使水解溶液与铝板表面反应,该过程保持lmin,然后将铝板置于20(TC条件下烘干20min。 [0026] 3) The flow coating solution was hydrolyzed manner aluminum surface, the aluminum plate is immersed in or hydrolyzed solution and the hydrolysis reaction solution and the aluminum plate surface, the process remains Lmin, the aluminum plate was then oven dried at 20 (TC conditions 20min.

[0027] 4)在上述经过处理的铝板表面涂覆有机硅玻璃树脂,并置于120°C条件下加热IOmin0 [0027] 4) heating the elapsed IOmin0 aluminum surface coated with a silicone resin treated glass, and placed in 120 ° C for Condition

[0028] 实施例3 [0028] Example 3

[0029] 本发明方法所制备的有机涂层主要进行了断面SEM测试分析以及疏水性、附着力、透光率、耐蚀性和耐候性等性能的测试。 The method of the invention the organic coating prepared by [0029] This test analysis mainly been tested and hydrophobic properties, adhesion, transmittance, weather resistance and corrosion resistance sectional SEM.

[0030] I)将带有有机涂层的铝板切割成O. 5cmX Icm尺寸的试样,用铜片夹紧,磨制金相试样。 [0030] I) The aluminum plate having an organic coating was cut into a sample size of O. 5cmX Icm, with clamping copper, polished metallographic specimens. 经过Cr2O3抛光后,在金相试样表面进行喷金处理,如实施例I,然后置于JXA-840型扫描电子显微镜下,观察断面形貌,并测量涂层厚度,结果如图3所示。 After Cr2O3 polished metallographic sample surface in the spraying process, as described in Example I, and then placed under a JXA-840 type scanning electron microscope, observation of fracture surface, and the coating thickness was measured, the results shown in Figure 3 . [0031] 2)选取带有有机涂层的表面洁净的铝板试样,用注射器向表面不断滴加蒸馏水, [0031] 2) Select the clean aluminum surface with an organic coating sample, distilled water was added dropwise with a syringe to the surface continuously,

直至水滴高度不再增大为止,该过程中保持注射器针头一直处于水滴内部。 Until no longer drop height increases far, the process has been in keeping the syringe needle inside water droplets. 根据接触角的 The contact angle

计算公式: The formula is:

Figure CN101885257BD00051

,其中,h为液滴最大高度,可通过拍照法测出,g为重力加速 Wherein, h is the maximum height of the droplets, can be measured by photographing method, g is the acceleration of gravity

度,P为水的密度,Ylg为水的表面张力,计算中取30°C时的数值(71.2mN/m)。 Degree, P is the density of water, ylg water surface tension value (71.2mN / m) when calculating fetch 30 ° C. 测量结果表明,蒸馏水在有机涂层表面的接触角达到了116°,已接近不对铝板表面进行微纳米刻蚀情况下有机涂层表面纯水接触角的最大值(120° ),该有机涂层表面的自清洁效果明显,水滴在铝板倾角为20°以上时可自动滚落而不留水溃。 Measurement results show that the contact angle of distilled water on the surface of the organic coating layer reached 116 °, the maximum value close to the pure water contact angle at the organic coating surface where the micro nanolithography (120 °) does aluminum surface, the organic coating self-cleaning effect of the surface of the clear, water droplets roll off the aluminum plate without inclination may automatically collapse when leaving the water above 20 °.

[0032] 3)将带有有机涂层的铝板切割成2cmX6cm尺寸的试样,剪裁过程中必须保证Al板的平整。 [0032] 3) The aluminum plate having an organic coating was cut into a sample size 2cmX6cm, trimming process must ensure the formation of the Al plate. 通过WS-2002涂层附着力自动划痕仪进行附着力测试,测量过程中的仪器参数为:试验载荷90N,加载速率45N/min,划痕速度3mm/min,划痕长度6mm,实验结果表明,采用Y-氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷的水解溶液对铝板进行预处理后,涂层与铝板的附着力提高了一倍以上,并且在测试过程中,划痕周围的涂层与基体结合良好,未发生崩裂现象。 Testing adhesion coating adhesion by WS-2002 automated streaking apparatus, instrument parameter measurement process is: 90N load test, loading rate 45N / min, scratch speed of 3mm / min, scratch length 6mm, experimental results show that after using Y- aminopropyl triethoxysilane hydrolysis of the aluminum plate was pretreated, adhesion of the coating to the aluminum plate more than doubled, and during the test, scratches around the coating and the substrate binding good crack phenomenon does not occur.

[0033] 4)将带有有机涂层的铝板切割成IOcmX 20cm,并确保试样本身平整。 [0033] 4) The aluminum plate having an organic coating was cut into IOcmX 20cm, and to ensure that the sample itself flat. 用RC-088型反射率测试仪进行测试,结果表明,铝板表面涂覆了采用本发明所述方法制备的有机涂层后,反光率仅仅降低了4 %,这证明该有机涂层的透光性能优异。 RC-088 were tested using the reflectance-type tester, the results show that, after the aluminum surface coated with organic coatings produced according to the present invention method, the reflection rate only reduced by 4%, which proves that the organic light-transmitting coating layer excellent performance.

[0034] 5)配制pH = 4的模拟酸雨溶液,向带有有机涂层的铝板表面滴加,用烧杯将试样盖住,使其基本处于密闭状态,防止溶液过快的蒸发。 [0034] 5) Preparation of simulated acid rain solution pH = 4, was added dropwise to the surface of the aluminum plate having an organic coating, covered with a beaker the sample, it is substantially in a closed state, to prevent excessive evaporation of the solution. 待试样上的溶液因蒸发和反应而消耗殆尽时,重新滴加,每天记录试样的腐蚀程度及有机涂层的脱落情况。 The solution due to evaporation in the sample to be exhausted and the reaction again added dropwise, and the degree of corrosion shedding recorded organic coating samples per day. 结果表明,经过长达168小时的腐蚀后,有机涂层依然完好,Al板本身未出现明显腐蚀现象。 The results show that after corrosion for up to 168 hours, the organic coating is still intact, Al plate itself is not significant corrosion.

[0035] 6)采用热震实验检验涂层的耐候性:将带有有机涂层的铝板试样首先置于95°C的热水中,保温lOmin,然后将试样取出迅速投入到冷水中,IOmin后取出再投入到热水中,如此循环20次后,铝板表面有机涂层依然完好,无脱落现象。 [0035] 6) The weather resistance of the coating thermal shock experimental test: The sample with the organic aluminum coated first placed in hot water 95 ° C, lOmin incubation, the specimen was removed and then quickly into cold water after IOmin then taken into the hot water, so after 20 cycles, the organic aluminum surface coating is still intact, with no loss phenomenon. 同时,将带有有机涂层的铝板试样置于户外条件下90天,涂层无脱落现象。 Meanwhile, the organic aluminum coating with the sample was placed in 90 days under outdoor conditions, the coating without shedding phenomenon.

Claims (1)

  1. 1. 一种铝板表面透明有机疏水涂层的制备方法,其特征是,包括以下步骤: 1)清洁铝板表面,然后自然干燥; 2)将Y-氨丙基三乙氧基硅烷与蒸馏水和无水乙醇按体积比2〜4 : I〜2:40混合水解; 3)将上述水解溶液以淋涂方式处理铝板表面或将铝板浸于水解溶液中进行处理,该处理过程保持30s〜2min,然后将铝板置于150°C〜200°C条件下烘干20min〜30min ; 4)在上述经过处理的铝板表面涂覆有机硅玻璃树脂,并置于90°C〜120°C条件下加热IOmin 〜15min。 CLAIMS 1. A method for preparing aluminum surface transparent organic hydrophobic coating, characterized in that, comprising the following steps: 1) cleaning the surface of the aluminum plate, and then naturally dried; 2) Y- aminopropyl triethoxysilane and distilled water with no water ratio by volume of ethanol 2~4: I~2: 40 hybrid hydrolysis; 3) the above hydrolysis solution treated aluminum plate in a manner curtain coating surface or the aluminum plate is immersed in a solution for processing hydrolysis, the process remains 30s~2min, then the aluminum plate was placed under dry 20min~30min conditions of 150 ° C~200 ° C; 4) after the aluminum plate was heated above the glass surface coating of a silicone resin treatment, and placed under conditions of 90 ° C~120 ° C IOmin ~ 15min.
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CN101602045A (en) 2009-07-09 2009-12-16 浙江墙煌建材有限公司 Process for manufacturing discoloration color-coating aluminum plate

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