CN101871850A - Special lighting device for seeding images - Google Patents

Special lighting device for seeding images Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101871850A
CN101871850A CN 201010173493 CN201010173493A CN101871850A CN 101871850 A CN101871850 A CN 101871850A CN 201010173493 CN201010173493 CN 201010173493 CN 201010173493 A CN201010173493 A CN 201010173493A CN 101871850 A CN101871850 A CN 101871850A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
lamp
seeding
image
mounted
lighting device
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CN 201010173493
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨旭
刘俊杰
蔡晓华
吴泽全
赵德春
程睿
项建廷
赵毅
Original Assignee
黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院;哈尔滨博纳科技有限公司;中国农业机械化科学研究院呼和浩特分院
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Abstract

The invention discloses a special lighting device for seeding images, aiming at providing a special lighting device for seeding images which has good collected seed image quality and high detection precision. The special lighting device comprises a rack body, a box body, a conveyor belt and a camera, wherein the box body and the conveyor belt are arranged on the rack body, and the camera is vertically arranged right above the center of the image collecting surface of the conveyor belt; two array DC lamps are inwardly, obliquely and symmetrically arranged on the inner side wall of the lower part of the box body and at the lift side and the right side of the image collecting surface of the conveyor belt; the inner inclining angle of the two array DC lamps is alpha, and the angle alpha is 40-50 degrees; transparent boards are vertically arranged corresponding to the front of the array DC lamps; each array lamp consists of a lamp panel, a lamp holders and a lamp caps; and 8-12 lamp holders are arranged on the center line of the lamp panel at equal intervals, and each lamp holder is provided with a lamp cap. The special lighting device is suitable for providing illumination for a seedling image collecting process on the test table of a seeding device.

Description

排种图像专用照明装置 Seeding image specialty lighting apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于农业机械试验仪器设备,尤其是涉及一种用于排种器试验台或播种机试验台的排种图像专用照明装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the mechanical tests of agricultural equipment, and more particularly to an image Seeding Seeding Drill test stand or test station dedicated for a lighting device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 排种器试验台或播种机试验台作为排种器性能试验测试设备,可以不受田间条件的限制,模拟各种工况,对排种器性能进行深入试验、研究或鉴定。 [0002] Seed Drill test stand or test station as Perfomence test equipment, unlimited field conditions to simulate various operating conditions, the performance of the seeding depth testing, research or identification. 近年来,在我国的大学、 科研院所、企业得到了日益广泛的应用。 In recent years, our country's universities, research institutes, enterprises have been increasingly widely used. 特别是随着机械化播种技术、测控技术以及计算机技术的迅速发展,现在的排种器试验台采用工业摄像机实时采集种子图像,计算机视觉系统对当前有效图像进行逐行像素处理,计算种子中心坐标,测量种间距离,统计落种数,统计单位时间落种数,生成报表及性能曲线。 Especially with the rapid development of mechanical seeding technology, measurement and control technology and computer technology, and now the seeding test bench using industrial cameras capture real-time images of seed, computer vision system on the current valid image line by line pixel processing, computing Seed Center coordinates, measuring the distance between the species, Planting statistics, statistical unit down several times, and reporting performance curves. 在排种图像采集过程中,摄像机位置的调整及为摄像机提供优质照明将直接影响试验测试数据的准确性。 In seeding the image acquisition process, adjust the camera position and provide high-quality lighting for the camera will directly affect the accuracy of experimental test data. 现有排种器试验台使用的是一般普通照明装置,普通照明装置会在图像采集面产生影响检测精度的光斑,以及光线弱、分布不均勻、反光等问题,因此直接导致采集种子图像质量差、检测精度差的问题。 Seeding prior test bed using ordinary lighting apparatus, the lighting apparatus generates ordinary image pickup plane in the detection accuracy of the impact spot, and the light is weak, uneven distribution of reflective and other problems, thus directly leading to poor image quality seed collection , the detection accuracy is poor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是克服现有技术中的不足,提供一种采集种子图像质量好、检测精度高的排种图像专用照明装置。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art, there is provided a seed collection good image quality, high detection precision seeding dedicated image lighting apparatus.

[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用下述技术方案:本发明的排种图像专用照明装置包括架体和安装在架体上的箱体、输送皮带,以及垂直安装在输送皮带图像采集面中心正上方的摄像机。 [0004] To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical solution: an image seeding invention comprises a frame dedicated illumination device mounted on the body frame and the casing body, the conveyor belt, and mounted vertically in the image capture plane of the conveying belt directly above the center of the camera. 在箱体的下部内侧壁上,且位于输送皮带图像采集面的左右两侧,分别向内倾斜对称安装阵列式直流灯,该两个阵列式直流灯的内倾角为a,该a角为40〜50°,对应每个阵列式直流灯的前方垂直安装透光板;该两个阵列式直流灯分别由灯板、灯座、灯头组成,8〜12个灯座等间距排列安装在灯板的中心线上,每个灯座上安装一个灯头。 Inside the lower wall of the box, the left and right sides of the conveyor belt and the image pickup plane, respectively, symmetrically inwardly inclined DC lamp array, the angle of inclination of the two arrays is a DC lamp, the angle a is 40 ~50 °, each array corresponding to the front vertical mounting DC lamp transparent plate; the two arrays respectively, by DC lamp light board, socket, base composition, a socket 8~12 are equally spaced in the lamp mounting plate center line, each mounted on a lamp socket.

[0005] 作为本发明排种图像专用照明装置的改进,在所述箱体的一对相对垂直内侧壁上,分别上下对称安装两个支撑板,在所述两对该两个支撑板上,分别垂直固装一个丝杆, 轨道通过调节螺母水平安装在所述两个丝杆上,滑块配合安装在该轨道上,摄像机通过摄像机安装架安装在滑块上。 [0005] Seeding improved as dedicated image lighting device of the present invention, at opposite inner sidewalls of the pair of the vertical housing, respectively, two support plates mounted vertically symmetrical in the two said two support plates, a vertical screw fixedly mounted respectively, two rails mounted on the screw nut by adjusting the level of the slider is mounted on the track with the camera through a camera mounted on the slider mount.

[0006] 作为本发明排种图像专用照明装置的优选方案,该两个阵列式直流灯的内倾角a 为45°。 [0006] As the present invention is preferably an image seeding specific embodiment of the lighting device, the two DC lamp within the array inclination a is 45 °. 该灯座的数量为10个。 The number of the lamp holder 10.

[0007] 采用上述技术方案后,本发明的有益效果是: [0007] With the above technical solutions, advantageous effects of the present invention are:

[0008] 1.位于输送皮带图像采集面的左右两侧,分别向内倾斜对称安装阵列式直流灯, 该两个阵列式直流灯的内倾角a为45°,对应每个阵列式直流灯的前方垂直安装透光板; 10个灯座等间距排列安装在灯板的中心线上,每个灯座上安装一个灯头。 [0008] 1. the left and right sides of the conveyor belt of the image pickup plane, respectively, symmetrically inwardly inclined DC lamp array, the angle of inclination of the two arrays is a DC lamp 45 °, each array corresponding to the DC lamp perpendicular to the front transparent plate mounting; socket 10 are equally spaced in the center line of the lamp mounting plates, each mounted on a lamp socket. 有效克服了普通照明装置会在图像采集面产生影响检测精度的光斑,以及光线弱、分布不均勻、反光等问题。 Spot effectively overcome the conventional lighting can affect the detection accuracy of the image acquisition plane, and light is weak, uneven distribution of reflective problems. 得到了检测精度高的效果。 To obtain a high accuracy of detection results.

3[0009] 2.由于轨道通过调节螺母水平安装在所述两个丝杆上,滑块配合安装在该轨道上,摄像机通过摄像机安装架安装在滑块上。 3 [0009] By adjusting the nut 2. As the rail horizontally mounted on the two screw, mounted on the slider with the track, the camera through a camera mounted on the slider mount. 这样可以根据试验要求方便地调节摄像机的高度和水平位置,提高了采集种子图像质量。 This can easily adjust the height and horizontal position of the camera according to test requirements, improved image quality seed collection.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 图1是本发明排种图像专用照明装置结构示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of an illumination apparatus of the present invention, special types of image row;

[0011] 图2是图1中沿AA线的剖视图; [0011] FIG. 2 is a sectional view along line AA of FIG. 1;

[0012] 图3是图1中I的局部放大图; [0012] FIG. 3 is a partially enlarged view of FIG. 1 I;

[0013] 图4是图2中II的局部放大图; [0013] FIG 2 FIG 4 is a partially enlarged view in II;

[0014] 图5是图1中的C向视图。 [0014] FIG. 5 is a view of FIG. 1 C.

[0015] 图中:箱体1支撑板2丝杆3摄像机安装架4滑块5摄像机6轨道7 调节螺母8透光板9阵列式直流灯10输送皮带11架体12灯板13灯座14灯头15 [0015] In the drawings: housing 1 supporting plate 2 screw 3 camera mount camera 6 5 4 slider track adjusting nut 7 8 9 array of light transmitting plate conveyor belt 10 DC lamp socket 11 13 12 14 lamps plate cap 15

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述: [0016] The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments:

[0017] 本发明排种图像专用照明装置的结构如图1、图2所示,包括架体12和安装在架体12上的箱体1、输送皮带11,以及垂直安装在输送皮带11图像采集面中心正上方的摄像机6。 [0017] The present invention is an image seeding dedicated lighting device structure shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, comprises a frame body 12 and the casing 12 is mounted on the body frame 1, the conveyor belt 11, and a vertical conveyor belt is mounted in the image 11 Center is collecting surface camera 6 above. 在箱体1的下部内侧壁上,且位于输送皮带11图像采集面的左右两侧,分别向内倾斜对称安装阵列式直流灯10,该两个阵列式直流灯10的内倾角为a,该a角为40〜50°,最好为45°,对应每个阵列式直流灯10的前方垂直安装透光板9 ;在图3和图5中,该两个阵列式直流灯10分别由灯板13、灯座14、灯头15组成,8〜12个灯座14等间距排列安装在灯板13的中心线上,每个灯座14上安装一个灯头15。 Inside the lower wall of the housing 1 in, and the image pickup surface located in the conveying belt 11 of the left and right sides, respectively, mounted symmetrically inwardly inclined DC lamp array 10, the inclination of the two arrays DC lamp 10 is a, the a angle of 40~50 °, preferably 45 °, each array corresponding to the front of the DC lamp 10 is mounted vertically transmitting plate 9; in FIGS. 3 and 5, the two arrays respectively by a DC lamp 10 lights plate 13, the socket 14, the base 15 composed of 8~12 lampholders 14 are equally spaced on the center line of the lamp mounting plate 13, a cap 15 is mounted on each socket 14. 该灯座(14)的数量以10个为最佳。 Number of the lamp holder (14) to 10 is the best.

[0018] 如图1、图2和图4所示的优选方案中,在所述箱体1的一对相对垂直内侧壁上,分别上下对称安装两个支撑板2,在所述两对该两个支撑板2上,分别垂直固装一个丝杆3,轨道7通过调节螺母8水平安装在所述两个丝杆3上,滑块5配合安装在该轨道7上,摄像机6通过摄像机安装架4安装在滑块5上。 [0018] As shown in FIG 1, a preferred embodiment shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, the inner wall of the housing relative to the vertical one pair 1, are mounted two vertically symmetrical support plate 2, the said two two support plate 2, respectively, is fixedly arranged a vertical screw 3, the rail 7 is mounted on the two screw nut 3 by adjusting the level of 8, with the slider 5 mounted on the track 7, the camera through the camera 6 is mounted 4 holder 5 mounted on the slider.

[0019] 本发明排种图像专用照明装置,可以根据实际试验要求,松开调节螺母8上下移动轨道7,实现摄像机6的高度位置调节;沿轨道7水平移动滑块5,实现摄像机6的水平位 [0019] Seeding dedicated image lighting apparatus according to the present invention, according to the actual requirements of the test, 8 loosen the adjusting nut 7 moves up and down the track, the height position adjustment to achieve the camera 6; 7 along the horizontal movement of the slider rails 5, 6 to achieve the level of the camera place

置调节。 Set adjustment.

Claims (5)

  1. 一种排种图像专用照明装置,包括架体(12)和安装在架体(12)上的箱体(1)、输送皮带(11),以及垂直安装在输送皮带(11)图像采集面中心正上方的摄像机(6),其特征在于:在箱体(1)的下部内侧壁上,且位于输送皮带(11)图像采集面的左右两侧,分别向内倾斜对称安装阵列式直流灯(10),该两个阵列式直流灯(10)的内倾角为α,该α角为40~50°,对应每个阵列式直流灯(10)的前方垂直安装透光板(9);该两个阵列式直流灯(10)分别由灯板(13)、灯座(14)、灯头(15)组成,8~12个灯座(14)等间距排列安装在灯板(13)的中心线上,每个灯座(14)上安装一个灯头(15)。 Seeding one kind of image specialty lighting apparatus, comprising a frame body (12) mounted on the frame body and the housing (1) (12), the conveyor belt (11), and a vertical plane is mounted on the image pickup center of the conveying belt (11) n camera (6) above, wherein: the lower case (1) of the inner wall, and the conveyor belt of the image collection surface (11) of the left and right sides, respectively, mounted symmetrically inwardly inclined DC lamp array ( 10), the angle of inclination of the two DC lamp array (10) is [alpha], the angle [alpha] is 40 ~ 50 °, corresponding to each array forward DC lamp (10) perpendicular to the light-transmitting mounting plate (9); the two dc lamp array (10), respectively, by a lamp (13), the socket (14), the base (15), with 8 to 12 socket (14) are equally spaced in the center of the lamp mounting plate (13) line, a mounting base (15) (14) of each socket.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的排种图像专用照明装置,其特征在于:在所述箱体(1)的一对相对垂直内侧壁上,分别上下对称安装两个支撑板(2),在所述两对该两个支撑板(2) 上,分别垂直固装一个丝杆(3),轨道(7)通过调节螺母(8)水平安装在所述两个丝杆(3) 上,滑块(5)配合安装在该轨道(7)上,摄像机(6)通过摄像机安装架(4)安装在滑块(5) 上。 2. The image seeding dedicated illumination apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that: the casing (1) relative to the vertical inner wall of the one pair, are vertically symmetrical mounting two support plates (2), in the two support plates of the two (2), respectively, fixedly mounted a vertical screw (3), the track (7) by adjusting nut (8) mounted on the two horizontal screw (3), slip block (5) is mounted on the track fitting (7), a camera (6) (4) mounted on the slider (5) through a camera mount.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的排种图像专用照明装置,其特征在于:该两个阵列式直流灯(10)的内倾角α为45°。 The seeding of the image or a dedicated lighting device 1 as claimed in claim wherein: the two DC lamp array (10) of the inclination angle α is 45 °.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2所述的排种图像专用照明装置,其特征在于:该灯座(14)的数量为10个。 The seeding dedicated image lighting device according to claim 1, wherein: the number of the lamp holder (14) is 10.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的排种图像专用照明装置,其特征在于:该灯座(14)的数量为10个。 5. The image seeding dedicated illumination apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that: the number of the lamp holder (14) is 10.
CN 201010173493 2010-05-17 2010-05-17 Special lighting device for seeding images CN101871850A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102187758A (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-09-21 陈恒 Visual bunch planting roller device
CN106471960A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-03-08 孙庆海 Novel intelligent seed planter

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CN101131315A (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-02-27 刘守义;程 毓;谢国明 On-line visual measuring system for tile size and shape
CN101672663A (en) * 2009-09-18 2010-03-17 中国汽车技术研究中心 Auto meter visual detecting system based on computer and detecting method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4148583A (en) * 1977-01-13 1979-04-10 Jackson Gates Orthostereoscopic plotter, apparatus and method of use
CN1426571A (en) * 2000-03-24 2003-06-25 美国联合包裹服务公司 Illumination system for use in imaging moving articles
CN2777527Y (en) * 2005-04-21 2006-05-03 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Computer vision seeding apparatus test-bed
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102187758A (en) * 2011-05-16 2011-09-21 陈恒 Visual bunch planting roller device
CN106471960A (en) * 2016-10-20 2017-03-08 孙庆海 Novel intelligent seed planter

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