CN101851763A - Energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese - Google Patents

Energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101851763A
CN101851763A CN 201010160518 CN201010160518A CN101851763A CN 101851763 A CN101851763 A CN 101851763A CN 201010160518 CN201010160518 CN 201010160518 CN 201010160518 A CN201010160518 A CN 201010160518A CN 101851763 A CN101851763 A CN 101851763A
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conducting rod
cathode
current conducting
copper core
conductive copper
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CN 201010160518
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CN101851763B (en
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任海波
谭柱中
周小芳
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任海波
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Abstract

The invention relates to an energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese, comprising a cathode polar plate, a conducting rod and a handle, the outer layer of the conducting rod, the cathode polar plate and the handle are made of the same materials, and the cathode polar plate, the conducting rod and the handle are fixedly connected in a welding mode; a conducting copper core is cladded in the outer layer of the conducting rod and sealed by using a sealing material; the part of the conducting rod, which is in contact with a common busbar, is provided with a notch for leading out the conducting copper core; and the led-out conducting copper core is in contact with the common busbar. By adopting an artful structural design, the mechanical strength, the conductivity and the service life of the cathode are greatly improved, and the cathode has stable quality, simple and easy routine maintenance, low cathode manufacture cost and electrolytic manganese production cost and high efficiency. Particularly, the copper consumption is greatly reduced, thereby the copper resources are effectively saved, which has great significance to protect scarce resources of the earth, save energy, reduce the consumption, protect the environment and save foreign exchanges. The invention is also a new measure for applying the global low-carbon economy at present and transforming the pattern of economic growth.

Description

Energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese
Technical field
The present invention relates to electrodeposition, electrolysis process technical field, be specifically related to a kind of energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese.
Background technology
At present, in electrolytic manganese production technology, its negative electrode is generally arranged current conducting rod, plain carbon stool bolt, stainless steel cathode pole plate with fine copper and is made.Cathode plate adopts the plain carbon stool bolt to be connected with current conducting rod, the appearance of current conducting rod reaches and the contact site of cathode plate is easily caused corrosion by electrolyte contamination in actual production process, cause that (the new cathode resistor that uses in existing the production is about 90 micro-ohms in the contact resistance increase, the cathode resistor that used 3 months is about 190 micro-ohms), need the rust cleaning of artificial irregularly dismounting bolt to re-assembly negative electrode, the plain carbon stool bolt is easier to be corroded by electrolyte contamination, and cause loosening even be shed to electrolyzer and product is shed in the final product when peeling off, composition (Fe in the carbon steel bolt, C, S, P, Si) entering electrolytic solution pollutes, reduced the purity (Fe of electrolytic manganese, C, S, P, Si belongs to impurity in electrolytic manganese, the electrolytic manganese purity that this old negative electrode of life-time service will cause producing descends, can make the about 0.002-0.005% of electrolytic manganese purity decline), current conducting rod is made with fine copper row, physical strength is low, can only need increase fine copper row's size by exceeding conduction, satisfy physical strength, increased the consumption of copper, the manufacturing cost of negative electrode is strengthened, current conducting rod is generally 8mm with the width that public busbar contacts, contact area is little, physical strength is low, yielding in the use, cause the loose contact of current conducting rod and public busbar easily, increase contact resistance, thereby increased energy consumption, reduced electrolytic manganese output, needed every day manually repeatedly to search, the phenomenon of getting rid of current conducting rod and public busbar loose contact, the grooving of negative electrode and operation are all by manual, labor strength is big, and efficient is low.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: the problem that exists at above-mentioned prior art, and provide a kind of prevent and reduce pollute that burn into good environmental protection, conductivity are good, steady quality, physical strength height, routine maintenance are simple and easy, the energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese that reduces production costs, realize easily mechanized operation.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: this energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese, comprise cathode plate, current conducting rod, and current conducting rod comprises the outer and conductive copper core of current conducting rod again; The current conducting rod skin is a homogeneous material with cathode plate, and both are fixedly connected with welding process; Coated with conductive copper core in the current conducting rod skin, the current conducting rod position that contacts with public busbar has breach, draws the conductive copper core, and the conductive copper core contacts with public busbar.
In the technique scheme, the current conducting rod skin also is fixedly connected with handle, and handle and current conducting rod skin, cathode plate are homogeneous material, and the three connects with the welding fixed form.
In the technique scheme, seal with sealing material between current conducting rod skin and the conductive copper core.
In the technique scheme, cathode plate, current conducting rod skin and handle are stainless steel or titanium material simultaneously, and the conductive copper core is the fine copper material, and sealing material is a macromolecular material, for example anaerobic glue etc.
In the technique scheme, the current conducting rod skin is a closure casing, one end is a square body, the stage casing and the other end are " worker " font body or " worker " font body and square body interval combination, " worker " font body of the stage casing and the other end or " worker " font body and square body coat " worker " font conductive copper core in the combination at interval, and its gap seals with sealing material.
In the technique scheme, the outer housing of current conducting rod for sealing, one end is a square body, the stage casing and the other end are " worker " font body or " worker " font body and square body interval combination, " worker " font body of the stage casing and the other end or " worker " font body and square body coat two conductive copper cores in the combination at interval, and the gap between conductive copper core and the current conducting rod skin seals with sealing material; Cathode plate inserts in the current conducting rod, and is clipped in the middle fixing by two conductive copper cores.
In the technique scheme, the current conducting rod skin is a closure casing, one end is a square body, the middle part of the side indent of the stage casing and the other end or middle part of the side indent and square body be combination at interval, the middle part of the side indent of the stage casing and the other end or middle part of the side indent and square body be the interior epicoele or the interior cavity of resorption coated with conductive copper core of combination at interval, and current conducting rod is outer to be sealed with sealing material with the conductive copper core.
Unusual effect of the present invention is: the conductive copper core only exposes the part that contacts with public busbar, rest part all is sealed and coated in the current conducting rod and with current conducting rod is outer and closely contacts, the part of the sealed coating of conductive copper core can not corroded by electrolyte contamination, current conducting rod and pole plate are welded to connect and make electrolytic solution avoid the pollution that the corrosion carbon steel comes off in the conventional art, help the maintenance of electrolytic solution purity and stablizing of amount of electrolyte, the part that the conductive copper core contacts with public busbar is that the pollution on plane and little its surface of area is eliminated easily, the conductivity of cathode for electrolytic manganese and the stability of conduction have been improved, cathode resistor does not increase with the increase of its duration of service, it is constant to be maintained the 90 micro-ohm left and right sides, does not need to carry out irregularly artificial rust cleaning and re-assemblies negative electrode; Current conducting rod is a stainless material because of its skin, and the physical strength height is not yielding, and has saved the copper material consumption, reduced cost, the routine maintenance of negative electrode is simple and easy, and labor strength greatly reduces, the serviceability rate height of negative electrode, long service life helps enhancing productivity.By use test, the purity of electrolytic manganese improves about 0.003-0.006%, each production cycle of monolithic negative plate (24 hours) electrolytic manganese output is brought up to the 3.5-3.8 kilogram by the 3.3-3.5 kilogram, the power consumption of electrolytic manganese per ton has reduced 3-5%, monolithic negative electrode copper consumption reduces makes an appointment with half, reduced production cost, the width that the conductive copper core contacts with public busbar is increased to more than the 10mm, contact area increases, conductive copper core and public busbar contact position applying degree are good, reduced contact resistance, use handle to be convenient to check the electrodeposition quality of negative plate in the electrolytic deposition process, in follow-up production process, use handle can realize mechanize production, alleviate working strength of workers, improved production efficiency.
It needs to be noted: copper is national grand strategy goods and materials, also is international rare noble metal resource.Conventional art fine copper current conducting rod consumption copper is many, exceeds the conduction demand, has greatly wasted the copper resource, needs to consume a large amount of foreign exchanges and carries out import.The present invention adopts structure design cleverly; greatly reduce the copper material consumption; saved the copper resource effectively; this is very great for the scarce resource of preserving our planet, energy-saving and cost-reducing, environmental protection, saving foreign exchange meaning; also be the current global low-carbon economy of carrying out, a new measure of transforming mode of economic growth.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the invention 1 structural representation
Fig. 2 is the side-view of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1
Fig. 4 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1
Fig. 5 is the C-C sectional view of Fig. 1
Fig. 6 is the D-D sectional view of Fig. 2
Fig. 7 is an I partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 2
Fig. 8 is the embodiment of the invention 2 structural representations
Fig. 9 is the side-view of Fig. 8
Figure 10 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 8
Figure 11 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 8
Figure 12 is the C-C sectional view of Fig. 8
Figure 13 is the D-D sectional view of Fig. 8
Figure 14 is the E-E sectional view of Fig. 9
Figure 15 is " I " partial enlarged drawing among Fig. 9
Figure 16 is the embodiment of the invention 3 structural representations
Figure 17 is the side-view of Figure 16
Figure 18 is the A-A sectional view of Figure 16
Figure 19 is the B-B sectional view of Figure 16
Figure 20 is the C-C sectional view of Figure 16
Figure 21 is the D-D sectional view of Figure 17
Figure 22 is an I partial enlarged drawing among Figure 17
Figure 23 is an II partial enlarged drawing among Figure 22
1---cathode plate 2---conductive copper core 3---current conducting rod
4---handle 5---current conducting rod skin 6---sealing materials
Embodiment:
Referring to accompanying drawing, energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese of the present invention, comprise cathode plate 1, current conducting rod 3, handle 4, current conducting rod skin 5, cathode plate 1 are homogeneous material with handle 4, the three is fixedly connected with welding process, coated with conductive copper cores 2 and seal in the current conducting rod outer 5 with sealing material 6, current conducting rod 3 positions that contact with public busbar have breach, expose conductive copper core 2, cathode plate 1, current conducting rod outer 5 and handle 4 are stainless steel or titanium material, conductive copper core 2 is the fine copper material, and sealing material 6 is a macromolecular material.

Claims (8)

1. an energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese comprises cathode plate, current conducting rod, it is characterized in that: current conducting rod comprises the outer and conductive copper core of current conducting rod again; The current conducting rod skin is a homogeneous material with cathode plate, and both are fixedly connected with welding process; Coated with conductive copper core in the current conducting rod skin, the current conducting rod position that contacts with public busbar has breach, draws the conductive copper core, and the conductive copper core contacts with public busbar.
2. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1 is characterized in that the current conducting rod skin also is fixedly connected with handle, and handle and current conducting rod skin, cathode plate are homogeneous material, and the three connects with the welding fixed form.
3. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1 is characterized in that sealing with sealing material between current conducting rod skin and the conductive copper core.
4. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1 is characterized in that cathode plate, current conducting rod skin and handle are stainless steel or titanium material simultaneously, and the conductive copper core is the fine copper material.
5. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 3 is characterized in that sealing material is a macromolecular material.
6. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the current conducting rod skin is closure casing, one end is a square body, the stage casing and the other end are " worker " font body or " worker " font body and square body interval combination, " worker " font body of the stage casing and the other end or " worker " font body and square body coat " worker " font conductive copper core in the combination at interval, and its gap seals with sealing material.
7. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the outer housing of current conducting rod for sealing, one end is a square body, the stage casing and the other end are " worker " font body or " worker " font body and square body interval combination, " worker " font body of the stage casing and the other end or " worker " font body and square body coat two conductive copper cores in the combination at interval, and the gap between conductive copper core and the current conducting rod skin seals with sealing material; Cathode plate inserts in the current conducting rod, and is clipped in the middle fixing by two conductive copper cores.
8. energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the current conducting rod skin is closure casing, one end is a square body, the stage casing and the other end are middle part of the side indent or middle part of the side indent and square body interval combination, the middle part of the side indent of the stage casing and the other end or middle part of the side indent and square body be the interior epicoele or the interior cavity of resorption coated with conductive copper core of combination at interval, and current conducting rod is outer to be sealed with sealing material with the conductive copper core.
CN2010101605183A 2010-04-30 2010-04-30 Energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese Active CN101851763B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101994135A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-03-30 黄琳娜 Embedded welding type electrolytic cathode plate
CN103668321A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 广西南宁市蓝天电极材料有限公司 Electrolytic manganese conductive component
CN103668320A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 广西南宁市蓝天电极材料有限公司 Conducting device of electrolytic manganese
WO2014047689A1 (en) 2012-09-26 2014-04-03 Steelmore Holdings Pty Ltd A cathode and method of manufacturing
WO2017176118A1 (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-10-12 Beheermaatschappij Clement Weert B.V. Cathode carrier for use in a electrolysis device, and such an electrolysis device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4606804A (en) * 1984-12-12 1986-08-19 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Electrode
CN1210154A (en) * 1997-09-03 1999-03-10 苏勇 Negative plate for electrolysis
CN201713580U (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-01-19 任海波 Environmental-protecting and energy-saving cathode used for electrolytic manganese

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4606804A (en) * 1984-12-12 1986-08-19 Kerr-Mcgee Chemical Corporation Electrode
CN1210154A (en) * 1997-09-03 1999-03-10 苏勇 Negative plate for electrolysis
CN201713580U (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-01-19 任海波 Environmental-protecting and energy-saving cathode used for electrolytic manganese

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101994135A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-03-30 黄琳娜 Embedded welding type electrolytic cathode plate
CN103917696B (en) * 2012-09-26 2018-02-27 钢铁控股有限公司 Negative electrode and manufacture method
US11136683B2 (en) 2012-09-26 2021-10-05 Glencore Technology Pty Ltd. Cathode and method of manufacturing
WO2014047689A1 (en) 2012-09-26 2014-04-03 Steelmore Holdings Pty Ltd A cathode and method of manufacturing
CN103917696A (en) * 2012-09-26 2014-07-09 钢铁控股有限公司 A cathode and method of manufacturing
EP2900848A4 (en) * 2012-09-26 2016-04-20 Steelmore Holdings Pty Ltd A cathode and method of manufacturing
CN103668321A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 广西南宁市蓝天电极材料有限公司 Electrolytic manganese conductive component
CN103668320A (en) * 2013-11-18 2014-03-26 广西南宁市蓝天电极材料有限公司 Conducting device of electrolytic manganese
WO2017176118A1 (en) * 2016-04-06 2017-10-12 Beheermaatschappij Clement Weert B.V. Cathode carrier for use in a electrolysis device, and such an electrolysis device

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Assignee: Hunan Deli trade limited company

Assignor: Ren Haibo

Contract record no.: 2011430000286

Denomination of invention: Energy-saving and environment-protecting cathode for electrolytic manganese

License type: Exclusive License

Open date: 20101006

Record date: 20111130