CN101837318A - Solid-solid separation device - Google Patents

Solid-solid separation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101837318A
CN101837318A CN201010160193A CN201010160193A CN101837318A CN 101837318 A CN101837318 A CN 101837318A CN 201010160193 A CN201010160193 A CN 201010160193A CN 201010160193 A CN201010160193 A CN 201010160193A CN 101837318 A CN101837318 A CN 101837318A
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China
Prior art keywords
solid
separation device
housing
distributor
solid matter
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Granted
Application number
CN201010160193A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101837318B (en
Inventor
王魁珽
刘金山
孙宁磊
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China ENFI Engineering Corp
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China ENFI Engineering Corp
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Priority to CN201010160193.9A priority Critical patent/CN101837318B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a solid-solid separation device, comprising: a shell, a funnel-shaped distributor and a water-feeding pipe. The upper part of the shell is provided with a material inlet from which a suspension is added and a first solid outlet for discharging a first solid having a slower sedimentation speed in the suspension, and the lower part of the shell is provided with a second solid outlet for discharging a second solid having a faster sedimentation speed; the funnel-shaped distributor is arranged in the shell, wherein the external peripheral edge of the top of the distributor is closely fixed on the inner wall of the shell, the distributor is lower than the first solid outlet and higher than the second solid outlet; and one end of the water feeding pipe is inserted in the shell, and the end inserted in the shell is lower than the distributor and higher than the second solid outlet. In the solid-solid separation device, a fluidized bed is formed in the shell by infusing water in the shell from the water-feeding tube so as to separate nickel hydroxide from calcium sulfate. The solid-solid separation device has the advantages of more complete separation, simple structure and lower cost.

Description

Solid-solid separation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to separation equipment, especially relate to a kind of solid-solid separation device that separate out suspended liquid has the solid matter of different sinking speed that is used for.
Background technology
Traditional separation equipment has screen cloth, cyclone etc.Screening mainly is that the screen cloth by different meshes carries out grading to material, can only be used to separate bigger solid particle.And cyclone utilizes the principle of centrifugal sedimentation to separate admittedly, but the different solid matter in the separate out suspended liquid completely.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to solve at least one of technical problem that exists in the prior art.For this reason, one object of the present invention is to propose a kind of separation and is used for the solid-solid separation device that separate out suspended liquid has the solid matter of different sinking speed more completely.
According to a kind of solid-solid separation device of the present invention, be used for the solid matter that separate out suspended liquid has different sinking speed, comprise: housing, the top of described housing is provided with the charging aperture that is used to add suspension, the top of described housing is provided with and is used for discharging first solid matter outlet that suspension has first solid matter of less sinking speed, and described lower part of frame is provided with second solid matter outlet that is used to discharge second solid matter with big sinking speed; Distributor, described distributor are funnel shaped and are arranged in the described housing, and the top outer peripheral edges driving fit of wherein said distributor is fixed on the inwall of described housing, and described distributor is lower than described first solid matter outlet and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter; And feed pipe, an end of described feed pipe is inserted into described enclosure interior, and an end of the insertion housing of described feed pipe is lower than described distributor and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter.
According to solid-solid separation device of the present invention, make and form fluid bed in the housing and nickel hydroxide is separated with calcium sulfate by in housing, inject water from feed pipe, separate more thoroughly, and simple in structure, reduced construction cost.
In addition, also have following additional technical feature according to solid-solid separation device of the present invention:
In an embodiment of the invention, the lower end of described distributor connects the extension of one section predetermined length, upwards passes through distributor thereby can avoid having big sinking speed second solid matter better.
The open-top of described housing and be provided with dismountable top end cover, described charging aperture is formed on the described top end cover.
The bottom sealing of described housing, and described second solid matter exports on the sidewall of the close bottom that is formed on described housing.
Described solid-solid separation device further comprises flush port, and described flush port is formed on the sidewall of described housing and is relative with the outlet of second solid matter, is used to inject current to accelerate promoting second solid matter from second solid matter outlet discharge.
Described flush port and described second material outlet over against, can promote the discharge of second solid matter better.
In an embodiment of the invention, bottom end closes is passed through in the bottom of described housing.
Described solid-solid separation device further comprises and being arranged in the described housing and the valve between described feed pipe and the outlet of described second solid matter, to overhaul convenience.
Described housing comprises epimere cylindraceous, stage casing cylindraceous, hypomere cylindraceous, is connected first conical section between described epimere and the stage casing and is connected the stage casing and second conical section of hypomere, wherein the diameter of epimere is greater than the diameter of stage casing and hypomere, the diameter in described stage casing is greater than the diameter of hypomere, wherein said distributor is arranged in the stage casing, and described feed pipe is inserted in the stage casing.
The epimere of described housing and stage casing are formed by connecting by flange by two pipeline sections respectively, and the upper tubular section of the lower tubular section of described epimere, first conical section and described hypomere is integral.
Like this, can be beneficial to first solid matter that sinking speed is different in the suspension and separate by first conical section is set, and, can be beneficial to second solid matter and flow out by second conical section is set with second solid matter.
Additional aspect of the present invention and advantage part in the following description provide, and part will become obviously from the following description, or recognize by practice of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present invention and advantage are from obviously and easily understanding becoming the description of embodiment in conjunction with following accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view according to solid-solid separation device of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Describe embodiments of the invention below in detail, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein identical from start to finish or similar label is represented identical or similar elements or the element with identical or similar functions.Below by the embodiment that is described with reference to the drawings is exemplary, only is used to explain the present invention, and can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
In description of the invention, term " interior ", " outward ", " on ", close the orientation of indications such as D score, " top ", " end " or position is based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relation, only be the present invention for convenience of description rather than require the present invention therefore can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention with specific orientation structure and operation.
Below with reference to the solid-solid separation device of Fig. 1 description according to the embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1,, be used for the solid matter that separate out suspended liquid (also can be called slurry) has different sinking speed, comprise housing 1, distributor 2 and feed pipe 3 according to solid-solid separation device of the present invention.
The top of housing 1 is provided with the charging aperture 11 that is used to add suspension, and the top of housing 1 is provided with and is used for discharging first solid matter outlet 12 that suspension has first solid matter of less sinking speed.First solid matter outlet 12 can be lower than charging aperture 11.In an example of the present invention, charging aperture 11 is formed on the top end face of housing 1, and first solid matter outlet 12 is formed on the sidewall of housing 1.For example, the top of housing 1 is provided with dismountable top end cover 15, and charging aperture 11 is formed on the top end cover 15.By using dismountable top end cover, but easy access and cleaning enclosure interior.
It will be appreciated that, above-mentioned less sinking speed and big sinking speed be the two comparatively speaking, as long as first solid matter has different sinking speed with second solid matter, just can utilize solid-solid separation device according to the present invention to separate.
The bottom of housing 1 is provided with second solid matter outlet 13 that is used to discharge second solid matter with big sinking speed.In another example of the present invention, the bottom of housing 1 sealing, and second solid matter outlet 13 is formed on the sidewall of close bottom of housing 1.Alternatively, the bottom of housing 1 can be by bottom head covers 16 sealings.
In another embodiment of the present invention, also further comprise flush port 14 on the housing 1, flush port 14 is formed on the sidewall of housing 1 and exports 13 relative with second solid matter.Alternatively, the outlet of flush port 14 and second solid matter over against, be used to inject current and discharge from the outlet of second solid matter to accelerate promoting second solid matter.Certainly, the present invention is not limited to this, for example flush port 14 and second solid matter export 13 relative, but highly can be higher or lower than second solid matter outlet 13.
Distributor 2 is funnel shaped and is arranged in the housing 1, and wherein the top outer peripheral edges driving fit of distributor 2 is fixed on the inwall of housing 1, and distributor 2 is lower than first solid matter outlet 12 and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter.More specifically, distributor 2 can be soldered on the inwall of housing 1, also can be in the position that distributor 2 is set, housing 1 is disconnected, and the top of distributor 2 week along by cramping between housing 1, by bolt housing 1 is connected then, fixed distributor 2 thus.As shown in Figure 1, in the lower end of distributor 2, be connected with the extension of one section predetermined length, the caliber of extension is consistent with the lower ending opening diameter of distributor 2.Certainly, extension also can be regarded the part of distributor 2 as.By extension is set, can avoid having second solid matter of big sinking speed better upwards by distributor 2.
One end of feed pipe 3 is inserted into housing 1 inside, and an end of the insertion housing 1 of feed pipe 3 is lower than distributor 2 and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter.
In another embodiment of the present invention, solid-solid separation device further comprises and being arranged in the housing 1 and the valve 4 between feed pipe 3 and second solid matter outlet 13, to overhaul convenience.
In another embodiment of the present invention, housing 1 comprises epimere 101 cylindraceous, stage casing cylindraceous 102, hypomere cylindraceous 103, be connected first conical section 104 between epimere 101 and the stage casing 102 and be connected second conical section 105 of stage casing 102 and hypomere 103, wherein the diameter of epimere 101 is greater than the diameter of stage casing 102 and hypomere 103, the diameter in stage casing 102 is greater than the diameter of hypomere 103, and distributor 2 is arranged in the stage casing 102, and feed pipe 3 is inserted in the stage casing 102.Like this, can be beneficial to first solid matter that sinking speed is different in the suspension and separate by first conical section 104 is set, and, can be beneficial to second solid matter and flow out by second conical section is set with second solid matter.
In an example of the present invention, the epimere 101 of housing 1 and stage casing 102 are formed by connecting by flange 5 by two pipeline sections respectively, and the upper tubular section of the lower tubular section of epimere 101, first conical section 104 and hypomere 103 is integral.
To operation principle according to solid-solid separation device of the present invention be described according to Fig. 1 below.Because granularity difference, the density difference of two kinds of solid matters in the suspension, therefore sinking speed is also different, in the following description, suspension with nickel hydroxide and calcium sulfate is that example describes, wherein, the sinking speed of nickel hydroxide is less than the sinking speed of calcium sulfate, and the suspension of nickel hydroxide and calcium sulfate for example can be the solution that hydrometallurgy obtains.In addition, the present invention is not limited to this, and for example described suspension also can be the aqueous solution of cobalt hydroxide or magnesium hydroxide and calcium sulfate.
At first, the suspension that from the charging aperture 11 of housing 1, adds nickel hydroxide and calcium sulfate, simultaneously, feed pipe 3 injects water in the stage casing 102 of housing 1, alternatively, ratio between water and the suspension can be 1: 1, make and in 102 zones, stage casing, form the fluid bed that keeps certain speed V, at this moment, the sinking speed V2 of nickel hydroxide, pass between the flow velocity V of fluid bed and the sinking speed V1 of calcium sulfate is: V2<V<V1, thereby nickel hydroxide that can sinking speed is less also just be not reversed promotion by distributor, and the distributor sedimentation is passed through in calcium sulfate sedimentation downwards, and then nickel hydroxide is separated with calcium sulfate.Then, nickel hydroxide moves upward to first solid matter and exports the also discharge of 12 places, and calcium sulfate is deposited to second solid matter outlet 13 downwards and discharges, and preferably, can accelerate to promote the discharge of calcium sulfate by the water of flush port 14 injections.
According to solid-solid separation device of the present invention, make and form fluid bed in the housing 1 and nickel hydroxide is separated with calcium sulfate by in housing 1, inject water from feed pipe 3, separate more thoroughly, and simple in structure, reduced cost.In addition, the water that injects in the feed pipe 3 can play the cleaning function to housing 1, prevents the inwall of various solid matters attached to housing 1.
Certainly, solid-solid separation device according to the present invention is not limited to separate above-mentioned solid matter, as long as satisfy the granularity difference, the density difference promptly causes two kinds of solids that sinking speed is different in suspension all to can be used for solid-solid separation device of the present invention, and, the sinking speed difference is big more, and separative efficiency and effect can be good more.
Although illustrated and described embodiments of the invention, those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: can carry out multiple variation, modification, replacement and modification to these embodiment under the situation that does not break away from principle of the present invention and aim, scope of the present invention is limited by claim and equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a solid-solid separation device is used for the solid matter that separate out suspended liquid has different sinking speed, it is characterized in that, comprising:
Housing, the top of described housing is provided with the charging aperture that is used to add suspension, the top of described housing is provided with and is used for discharging first solid matter outlet that suspension has first solid matter of less sinking speed, and described lower part of frame is provided with second solid matter outlet that is used to discharge second solid matter with big sinking speed;
Distributor, described distributor are funnel shaped and are arranged in the described housing, and the top outer peripheral edges driving fit of wherein said distributor is fixed on the inwall of described housing, and described distributor is lower than described first solid matter outlet and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter; With
Feed pipe, an end of described feed pipe is inserted into described enclosure interior, and an end of the insertion housing of described feed pipe is lower than described distributor and is higher than the outlet of second solid matter.
2. solid-solid separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the lower end of described distributor connects the extension of one section predetermined length.
3. solid-solid separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the open-top of described housing and be provided with dismountable top end cover, and described charging aperture is formed on the described top end cover.
4. solid-solid separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the bottom sealing of described housing, and described second solid matter exports on the sidewall of the close bottom that is formed on described housing.
5. solid-solid separation device according to claim 4 is characterized in that, further comprises flush port, and described flush port is formed on the sidewall of described housing and is relative with the outlet of second solid matter.
6. solid-solid separation device according to claim 5 is characterized in that, described flush port and described second material outlet over against.
7. solid-solid separation device according to claim 4 is characterized in that bottom end closes is passed through in the bottom of described housing.
8. solid-solid separation device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, further comprises being arranged in the described housing and the valve between described feed pipe and the outlet of described second solid matter.
9. solid-solid separation device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described housing comprises epimere cylindraceous, stage casing cylindraceous, hypomere cylindraceous, is connected first conical section between described epimere and the stage casing and is connected the stage casing and second conical section of hypomere, wherein the diameter of epimere is greater than the diameter of stage casing and hypomere, the diameter in described stage casing is greater than the diameter of hypomere, wherein said distributor is arranged in the stage casing, and described feed pipe is inserted in the stage casing.
10. solid-solid separation device according to claim 9 is characterized in that, the epimere of described housing and stage casing are formed by connecting by flange by two pipeline sections, and the upper tubular section of the lower tubular section of described epimere, first conical section and described hypomere is integral.
CN201010160193.9A 2010-04-23 2010-04-23 Solid-solid separation device Active CN101837318B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101837318B CN101837318B (en) 2014-01-01

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983748A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-03-09 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation device
CN102059020A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-05-18 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation equipment
CN102069032A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-05-25 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation process
CN103386357A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-13 南通赛孚机械设备有限公司 Palm husk-kernel separator
CN109467081A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-03-15 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 The method of serialization separation diamond and graphite
CN109536739A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-03-29 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 The method for handling liquid after copper leaches
CN109675713A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-26 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 To the method for carbonization graded silicon
CN109701758A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-05-03 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 To the method for aluminium hydroxide classification
CN110216006A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-09-10 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Small scale copper aluminium mixes scrap aqueous medium separator after electric appliance dismantling
CN110420751A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-11-08 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 For being classified the device of aluminium hydroxide
CN110465402A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-19 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Multi-product fluidization sorting machine

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GB191504569A (en) * 1915-03-24 1916-01-27 Joseph Fielding Improvements in Apparatus for Separating Stones or other Foreign Matter from Wheat or the like Grain.
US4789464A (en) * 1987-08-20 1988-12-06 Kuryluk Michael H Mineral separator
CN1265341A (en) * 1998-11-17 2000-09-06 第一能源风险投资公司 Method and apparatus for separating rapid precipitation granule from slow-speed precipitation granule
CN200960474Y (en) * 2006-10-19 2007-10-17 武汉理工大学 Mica powder grading machine
CN201304359Y (en) * 2008-10-25 2009-09-09 中国矿业大学 Multi-product liquid-solid fluidized bed sorting and classifying equipment
CN201644205U (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-11-24 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Solid-solid separation device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191504569A (en) * 1915-03-24 1916-01-27 Joseph Fielding Improvements in Apparatus for Separating Stones or other Foreign Matter from Wheat or the like Grain.
US4789464A (en) * 1987-08-20 1988-12-06 Kuryluk Michael H Mineral separator
CN1265341A (en) * 1998-11-17 2000-09-06 第一能源风险投资公司 Method and apparatus for separating rapid precipitation granule from slow-speed precipitation granule
CN200960474Y (en) * 2006-10-19 2007-10-17 武汉理工大学 Mica powder grading machine
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CN201644205U (en) * 2010-04-23 2010-11-24 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Solid-solid separation device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101983748A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-03-09 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation device
CN102059020A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-05-18 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation equipment
CN102069032A (en) * 2010-11-02 2011-05-25 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation process
CN102059020B (en) * 2010-11-02 2013-03-06 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Separation equipment
CN103386357A (en) * 2013-07-12 2013-11-13 南通赛孚机械设备有限公司 Palm husk-kernel separator
CN109536739A (en) * 2018-11-09 2019-03-29 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 The method for handling liquid after copper leaches
CN109467081A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-03-15 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 The method of serialization separation diamond and graphite
CN109675713A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-26 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 To the method for carbonization graded silicon
CN109701758A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-05-03 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 To the method for aluminium hydroxide classification
CN110216006A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-09-10 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Small scale copper aluminium mixes scrap aqueous medium separator after electric appliance dismantling
CN110216006B (en) * 2019-07-08 2020-11-17 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Small-scale copper-aluminum mixed waste block water medium separation device after electric appliance disassembly
CN110420751A (en) * 2019-07-11 2019-11-08 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 For being classified the device of aluminium hydroxide
CN110465402A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-19 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Multi-product fluidization sorting machine

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