CN101827360B - Method and device for setting communication terminal graphical passwords - Google Patents

Method and device for setting communication terminal graphical passwords Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101827360B
CN101827360B CN201010143089.9A CN201010143089A CN101827360B CN 101827360 B CN101827360 B CN 101827360B CN 201010143089 A CN201010143089 A CN 201010143089A CN 101827360 B CN101827360 B CN 101827360B
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China
Prior art keywords
coordinate
graphical
image
graphical passwords
grid
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CN201010143089.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101827360A (en
Inventor
曹灿
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Publication of CN101827360A publication Critical patent/CN101827360A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F21/00Security arrangements for protecting computers, components thereof, programs or data against unauthorised activity
    • G06F21/30Authentication, i.e. establishing the identity or authorisation of security principals
    • G06F21/31User authentication
    • G06F21/36User authentication by graphic or iconic representation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F21/00Security arrangements for protecting computers, components thereof, programs or data against unauthorised activity
    • G06F21/30Authentication, i.e. establishing the identity or authorisation of security principals
    • G06F21/31User authentication

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for setting communication terminal graphical passwords. The method includes the steps that: when the graphical password-setting instruction of a user is received and a character password is not set, a graphical interface with a plurality of loaded pictures is generated, wherein each loaded picture is randomly filled in a corresponding cell of a two-dimensional grid of the graphical interface; by choosing at least one loaded picture in the graphical interface as a graphical password-corresponded picture, a picture ID and a coordinate value which are used for the setting of the graphical password are obtained; the picture ID and the coordinate value are converted into a character password which is stored, and thereby the setting of the graphical password is finished. The invention provides an application method for communication terminal graphical passwords, and different from simple text or character password authentification, the invention realizes the interaction of a richer user interface, enhances the security of authentification, and improves the reliability of a system.

Description

A kind of communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up and device

Technical field

The present invention relates to communication terminal cipher application technology, relate in particular to communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up and device.

Background technology

At present, the cipher application system of applying in as mobile phone at communication terminal, for example relate generally to pin password or mobile phone password be set.And itself there is safety issue in the traditional character formula password used as important means, such as the character due to traditional only has 94, be very easy to be cracked.Once character formula password is cracked, will cause very serious safety problem to the user.

Summary of the invention

The object of the invention is to, a kind of application process and device of communication terminal graphical passwords is provided, can solve better the lower problem of traditional character password fail safe.

The method to set up of communication terminal graphical passwords provided by the invention comprises the following steps:

What receive the user the graphical passwords instruction is set, and judgement do not arrange in the situation of character password, generate and have a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image, wherein each Loads Image and is filled in randomly in the corresponding grid of the two-dimensional grid distributed on graphical interfaces; Wherein, described two-dimensional grid has a plurality of grids, and its each grid has unique coordinate figure.

At least one that choose in described graphical interfaces Loads Image for graphical passwords is set, and obtains described Image ID and coordinate figure;

Utilize the corresponding relation of preset Image ID and coordinate figure and character, will and be stored for Image ID and coordinate figure changed password that graphical passwords is set, complete the graphical passwords setting.

The setting device of communication terminal graphical passwords provided by the invention comprises:

The graphical passwords unit is set, and what receive user's input arranges the graphical passwords instruction, triggers the figure coordinate converting unit;

Graphical passwords interface generation unit, generate and to have a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image, its each Load Image in the corresponding grid of the two-dimensional grid that is filled in randomly graphical interfaces;

The graphical passwords input unit, what the reception user selected from described graphical interfaces Loads Image, and, by Loading Image as the picture corresponding with graphical passwords selected, obtains Image ID and coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set;

The figure coordinate converting unit, Image ID and coordinate figure changed password for graphical passwords is set that described graphical passwords input unit is obtained are stored.

Compared with prior art, because the present invention utilizes the ID of picture and the coordinate figure in the grid of picture place as password, increased the complexity of password.That is to say, because graphical passwords comprises the coordinate figure of password picture ID and picture position, so only know the picture of graphical passwords, is impossible pass through cipher authentication, thereby has increased the fail safe that password is used.

On the other hand, because the picture number of graphical passwords is huge, a plurality of grids can be arranged in addition as 3 * 3 grids in the two-dimensional grid graphical interfaces, therefore the graphical passwords that Image ID of the present invention adds coordinate figure can form the magnanimity password, increase the difficulty of decryption, thereby further increased the fail safe that password is used.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the flow chart of communication terminal graphical passwords application process of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the flow chart of communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the flow chart of communication terminal graphical passwords authentication of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of communication terminal graphical passwords application apparatus of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the figure coordinate converting unit in Fig. 4.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, a kind of communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up of the present invention, device are elaborated.

Fig. 1 shows the flow chart of a kind of communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up the first embodiment, and as shown in Figure 1, this application process comprises the following steps:

Step S11, what receive the user arranges the graphical passwords instruction, and judged while in the past character password not being set, generate randomly and there are a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image by graphical passwords interface generation unit (referring to Fig. 4), its each Load Image in the corresponding grid of the two-dimensional grid that is filled in randomly a plurality of graphical interfaces.

Particularly, the two-dimensional grid of graphical interfaces is divided a plurality of grids, for example is divided into 3 * 3,4 * 4... grid, and each grid has a unique coordinate, can make like this to be filled into each in grid and Load Image and be endowed the coordinate of this grid.In general, the each quantity Loaded Image generated of graphical passwords generation unit is identical with number of grid, and randomly all Loading Image is filled in corresponding grid one to one.Wherein said graphical interfaces has more than and is confined to above-mentioned two-dimensional grid graphical interfaces.

Step S12 selects to Load Image as graphical passwords is set from described graphical interfaces, obtains for Image ID and the coordinate figure of graphical passwords are set.

Step S13, according to the Image ID of setting up in advance and the corresponding relation of coordinate figure and character, be converted to Image ID and the coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set of described acquisition character data and stored, thereby complete the setting of graphical passwords.

Step S14, after this, after receiving the instruction that the user authenticated set graphical passwords, start to carry out to being authenticated of graphical passwords, thereby complete the application of graphical passwords.

Fig. 2 shows the flow process of communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up the second embodiment, and the method comprises the following steps as shown in the figure:

Step S101: according to the user the graphical passwords instruction is set, start the operation of setup and use graphical passwords.

Step S102: before judgement, whether character password had been set, had if it is performed step S103, otherwise execution step S106.

Step S103: according to the Image ID of setting up in advance and the corresponding relation of coordinate figure and character, by after described character password conversion Image ID and coordinate figure, execution step S104.

Step S104: according to the Image ID obtained in step S103 and coordinate figure, thering is Loading Image of this Image ID, be filled in the grid with this coordinate figure, generate thus described character password corresponding Load Image there is interface.Wherein, described Loading Image is highlighted, and with the prompting user, notes, after this performs step S105.

Step S105: select (as clicked or dragging) Loading Image of highlighted demonstration to carry out the confirmation of graphical passwords from described user interface, obtain for Image ID and the coordinate figure of graphical passwords are set execution step S109.

Step S106: random loading one picture group sheet, and will load a picture group sheet random distribution in the corresponding grid of two-dimensional grid, generate and there are a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid thus, execution step S107.

Step S107: the user selects to Load Image from described graphical interfaces, obtains for Image ID and the coordinate figure of graphical passwords are set execution step S108.

Step S108: according to the Image ID of setting up in advance and the corresponding relation of coordinate figure and character, by described, for Image ID and the coordinate figure that graphical passwords is set, be converted to character data and stored, execution step S109.

Step S109: the user reaffirms the graphical passwords of setting, confirms that errorless rear graphical passwords setting comes into force and exits.

Wherein, the user, in the graphical passwords process is set, selects the click picture number of times Loaded Image from graphical interfaces, can carry out different settings according to actual user's application requirements.

As shown in Figure 3, the identifying procedure of communication terminal graphical passwords is as follows:

Step S200: receive the instruction that the user is authenticated graphical passwords, enter into the authentication processing of graphical passwords.

Step S201: judge whether to arrange graphical passwords, if, perform step S201, otherwise execution step S209 receiving the input of user's text character password, the authentication of directly carrying out character password performs step S206.

Step S202: generate and there are a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid, Image ID and the coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set that wherein according to the character data that graphical passwords is set, are converted to, selected picture is loaded in the grid corresponding to described coordinate figure when graphical passwords is set.

Step S203: the user clicks or drags from described graphical interfaces and Loads Image.

Step S204: obtain Image ID and coordinate figure for the authentication pattern password.

Step S205: the described Image ID for the authentication pattern password and coordinate figure are converted to character password.

Step S206: character password is authenticated, be specially: the character data for authentication that will be converted to or the character data obtained according to user's input, the character data that character password is set with the character data that graphical passwords is set or user compares.

Step S207: relatively, if the two mates authentication success, execution step S208, enter concrete application, otherwise, return to step S203 or step S209 according to the service condition of password, and the number of times of prompting residue Password Input.

Fig. 4 shows the structure of the application apparatus of communication terminal graphical passwords, comprising: graphical passwords unit 11 is set; The figure coordinate converting unit 13 of linkage unit 11; The graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 of linkage unit 13; The graphical passwords input unit 14 that connects respectively user interface and unit 13.Comprise in addition authentication pattern password unit 16; The cipher authentication unit 15 of difference linkage unit 13 and unit 16.

What arrange that graphical passwords unit 11 receives users' input arranges the graphical passwords instruction, judgement did not arrange in the situation of character password in the past, the Image ID of the graphical interfaces of 13 foundation of triggering figure coordinate converting unit recording geometry password and the corresponding relation of grid coordinate value.Figure coordinate converting unit 13 passes to graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 by the corresponding relation of Image ID and grid coordinate value.At first graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 draws out the grid of fixing 3 * 3, then the Image ID that basis receives from fixing image resource bag and the corresponding relation of grid coordinate value Load Image and are filled in grid, generate and have a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid.

The user Loads Image by selecting from described graphical interfaces, what graphical passwords input unit 14 was selected by the user Loads Image, obtain Image ID and coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set, wherein obtaining Image ID for graphical passwords is set and the detailed process of coordinate figure is: at first, 14 judgements of graphical passwords input unit receive the user and are chosen as click or drag events, if simple click event, obtain clicked grid coordinate value, if drag touch, need to judge the grid coordinate value of starting point, calculate through several figure grids, and carry out alternately with user interface, secondly, according to the corresponding relation of the Image ID of the graphical interfaces of the graphical passwords of figure coordinate converting unit 13 records and grid coordinate value what obtain clicking is No. ID of which figure, pass to figure coordinate converting unit 13.

In addition, when arrange graphical passwords unit 11 receive users' input the graphical passwords instruction is set the time, judgement was provided with in the situation of character password in the past, the character password that graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 will arrange in the past according to described figure coordinate converting unit 13 converts the coordinate figure of Load Image ID and the place grid that Loads Image to, the corresponding picture of the described ID of Loading Image is loaded in the place grid that Loads Image, generation has a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid, wherein, the highlighted demonstration of the corresponding picture of the described ID that Loads Image, graphical passwords input unit 14 receives the user and select Loading Image of highlighted demonstration from described graphical interfaces, obtain for Image ID and the coordinate figure of graphical passwords are set.

Image ID and coordinate figure changed data for graphical passwords is set that figure coordinate converting unit 13 obtains described graphical passwords input unit 14 are stored, and complete the setting of graphical passwords.

When authentication pattern password unit 16 receives the authentication pattern cipher instruction that the user inputs, trigger the authentication operation that cipher authentication unit 15 carries out graphical passwords, the character data that cipher authentication unit 15 triggering figure coordinate converting units 13 will be stored when graphical passwords is set is converted to the selected Image ID of graphical passwords and coordinate figure is set, pass to graphical passwords interface generation unit 12, when graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 will arrange graphical passwords, selected picture is loaded in the grid corresponding to described coordinate figure, generation has a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid.Graphical passwords input unit 14 receives by selecting Loading Image for authentication in described graphical interfaces, obtain Image ID and coordinate figure for the authentication pattern password, pass to figure coordinate converting unit 13, figure coordinate converting unit 13 converts described Image ID and coordinate figure to character data for authentication, pass to described cipher authentication unit 15, cipher authentication unit 15 compares the described character data for authentication and the character data that graphical passwords is set, enter next interface if mate authentication success, if do not mate authentification failure, return to notice graphical passwords input unit 14 tablet pattern password again, and the number of times of prompting residue Password Input.

Fig. 5 shows the concrete structure of figure coordinate converting unit in the embodiment of the present invention.

Image ID and coordinate respective modules 131, set up and the Image ID of the graphical interfaces of recording geometry password and the corresponding relation of grid coordinate value, and provide it to graphical passwords interface generation unit 12 and there are a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid with generation.Character and coordinate respective modules 132 record the corresponding relation of character and grid coordinate value.Graphical passwords and character data modular converter 133 are changed between graphical passwords and character password according to Image ID and coordinate respective modules 131 and character and coordinate respective modules 132.

Graphical passwords input unit 14 receives user's Loading Image by described graphical interfaces selection, obtain Load Image ID and coordinate figure and pass to graphical passwords and character data modular converter 133, the character that the Image ID that graphical passwords and character data modular converter 133 are stored according to Image ID and coordinate respective modules 131 and the corresponding relation of grid coordinate value and character and coordinate respective modules 132 record and the corresponding relation of grid coordinate value, will Load Image ID and coordinate figure are converted to character data and are stored.

In addition in the situation that be provided with character password before judgement, the character password that at first graphical passwords and character data modular converter 133 will be stored in the past according to character and coordinate respective modules 132 is converted to the coordinate figure of place grid, according to Image ID and coordinate respective modules 131, place grid coordinate and Image ID are being mapped, pass to graphical passwords interface generation unit, generation has a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image that are filled in respectively in a plurality of two-dimensional grid, and the picture that wherein said character password is converted to is highlighted to be presented in its corresponding grid positions.

The present invention proposes a kind of application process of communication terminal graphical passwords, different from simple text or character password checking, realized the mutual of abundanter user interface, strengthened authentication security, improved the reliability of system, realize the mutual conversion between character password and graphical passwords by the figure coordinate converting unit simultaneously, promoted user's experience.The function of figure coordinate converting unit is not limited to the two-dimensional grid graphical interfaces through the design expansion in addition, can, so that the form of user interface is more flexible and diversified, greatly increase the interest of using like this.

The above is only preferably execution mode of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a communication terminal graphical passwords method to set up, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
What receive the user the graphical passwords instruction is set, and do not arrange in the situation of character password before judgement, generate and there are a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image, wherein in the corresponding grid of each two-dimensional grid of being filled in randomly graphical interfaces of Loading Image;
By at least one in described graphical interfaces Loaded Image and be elected to be the picture that graphical passwords is corresponding, obtain the Image ID and the coordinate figure that are used for arranging graphical passwords;
Utilize the corresponding relation of preset Image ID and coordinate figure and character, will and be stored for Image ID and coordinate figure changed password that graphical passwords is set, complete the graphical passwords setting;
Wherein, described two-dimensional grid is divided a plurality of networks, and each grid has a unique coordinate, and each that makes to be filled into grid Loads Image and be endowed the coordinate of this grid.
2. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise: in the situation that receive that user's the graphical passwords instruction that arranges also arranges character password before judgement, utilize character password that the corresponding relation of preset Image ID and coordinate figure and character will arrange in the past to convert the coordinate figure of the grid in Load Image ID and the place grid that Loads Image shown on graphical interfaces, select afterwards Loading Image of demonstration by the user from graphical interfaces, obtain for Image ID and the coordinate figure of graphical passwords are set.
3. method as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, by clicking Loading Image in graphical interfaces, from described graphical interfaces, select to Load Image, by click the obtained picture coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set that Loads Image, be wherein the coordinate figure of clicked grid.
4. a communication terminal graphical passwords setting device, is characterized in that, described device comprises:
The graphical passwords unit is set, and what receive user's input arranges the graphical passwords instruction, triggers the figure coordinate converting unit;
Graphical passwords interface generation unit, generate and to have a plurality of graphical interfaces that Load Image, its each Load Image in a grid of the two-dimensional grid that is filled in randomly graphical interfaces;
The graphical passwords input unit, receive the user by Loading Image of selecting from described graphical interfaces, and, by Loading Image as the picture corresponding with graphical passwords selected, obtain Image ID and coordinate figure for graphical passwords is set;
The figure coordinate converting unit, described graphical passwords input unit is obtained for Image ID and coordinate figure changed password that graphical passwords is set and stored;
Wherein, described two-dimensional grid is divided a plurality of networks, and each grid has a unique coordinate, and each that makes to be filled into grid Loads Image and be endowed the coordinate of this grid.
5. setting device as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, described figure coordinate converting unit further comprises:
Image ID and coordinate respective modules, for setting up and the Image ID of the graphical interfaces of recording geometry password and the corresponding relation of grid mesh coordinate value;
Character password and coordinate respective modules, for recording the corresponding relation of character and grid mesh coordinate value;
Graphical passwords and character password modular converter, the Image ID of storing according to described Image ID and coordinate respective modules and the corresponding relation of mesh coordinate value, and the character that records of described character password and coordinate respective modules and the corresponding relation of mesh coordinate value, Image ID and coordinate figure are converted to corresponding character password, and character password is converted to corresponding Image ID and coordinate figure.
6. setting device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, described graphical passwords interface generation unit connects graphical passwords and character password modular converter, for Image ID and the coordinate figure through being converted to according to graphical passwords and character password modular converter, demonstration and corresponding the Loading Image of Image ID and coordinate figure on the corresponding grid of graphical interfaces.
CN201010143089.9A 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Method and device for setting communication terminal graphical passwords CN101827360B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010143089.9A CN101827360B (en) 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Method and device for setting communication terminal graphical passwords
PCT/CN2010/076832 WO2011124057A1 (en) 2010-04-09 2010-09-13 Method and device for setting graph password of communication terminal
US13/515,651 US8433285B2 (en) 2010-04-09 2010-09-13 Method and device for increasing complexity of password of communication terminal by setting character password through pictures
EP10849293.5A EP2493228B1 (en) 2010-04-09 2010-09-13 Method and device for setting graph password of communication terminal

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CN101827360B true CN101827360B (en) 2014-01-01

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US20120252409A1 (en) 2012-10-04
EP2493228A1 (en) 2012-08-29
EP2493228A4 (en) 2013-10-09
US8433285B2 (en) 2013-04-30
CN101827360A (en) 2010-09-08
WO2011124057A1 (en) 2011-10-13
EP2493228B1 (en) 2017-08-30

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