CN101817637A - Leadless aluminum dielectric material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Leadless aluminum dielectric material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN101817637A
CN101817637A CN 201010160731 CN201010160731A CN101817637A CN 101817637 A CN101817637 A CN 101817637A CN 201010160731 CN201010160731 CN 201010160731 CN 201010160731 A CN201010160731 A CN 201010160731A CN 101817637 A CN101817637 A CN 101817637A
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aluminum
material
leadless
dielectric
milling
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CN 201010160731
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CN101817637B (en )
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吴胜红
孙淑云
李京章
邓泰均
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泰阳电子(东莞)有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/50Glass production
    • Y02P40/57Reduction of reject rates; Improving the yield

Abstract

The invention provides a leadless aluminum dielectric material used on pure aluminum or aluminum alloy and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method of the invention comprises the following steps: firstly, mixing SiO2, B2O3, TiO2, Al2O3, ZnO, MgO, K2O, Na2O, Li2O and Bi2O3 in a certain proportion, melting the mixture in a heating furnace at 1000 DEG C, and quenching with water; then carrying out wet milling in a corundum ball milling tank for one hour and drying to obtain the leadless aluminum dielectric material; then mixing the leadless aluminum dielectric material and a certain amount of organic solvent and putting the mixture into the corundum ball milling tank for ball milling to obtain a printing material; printing the printing material onto the pure aluminum or the aluminum alloy; and then drying and sintering. The leadless aluminum dielectric material of the invention has the characteristics of no lead pollution to the environment, acid and alkaline corrosion resistance, high rigidity, good chemical stability, capability of well combining with an aluminum substrate, high insulating property and the like, and is suitable for surface decoration of various colors and insulation voltage resistant protection of the aluminum substrate.

Description

无铅铝介质材料及制备方法 Aluminum Lead dielectric material and a preparation method

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种无铅铝介质材料的生产工艺,特别是涉及一种在铝或者铝合金基板上用的无铅铝介质材料及制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a lead-free dielectric material of aluminum production process, more particularly to lead-free dielectric material is aluminum and its preparation method on the aluminum or aluminum alloy substrate.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 目前,在电加热领域中,已经有不锈钢用于加热基板,但是,不锈钢作为基板质量重,升温速度慢,用单位质量的板材生产的产品少,并且烧成温度高,导致成本较高。 [0002] Currently, in the field of electrically heated, stainless steel has been used for heating the substrate, but a stainless steel substrate as the mass of the counterweight, the slow warming, less per unit mass of sheet products, and the firing temperature is high, resulting in cost than high. 金属铝或者铝合金的质量较轻、热传导快、价格便宜,但是熔融温度较低,大概在630°C左右,所以铝或者铝合金涂层材料的烧结温度不能高于600°C。 Quality of the metal aluminum or aluminum alloy is light, fast heat conduction, low price, but the lower melt temperature, probably about 630 ° C, the sintering temperature so that the coating material is aluminum or aluminum alloy is not higher than 600 ° C. 现用于铝或者铝合金表面的涂层,为了满足600°C的低温烧结的要求,在其中加入了大量的铅,然而高含量的氧化铅会在产品的生产和以后的使用过程中对环境造成很大的污染,而且加热器件大部分是与饮用水接触,这样就会对人体造成危害。 Now for coating the surface of the aluminum or aluminum alloy, to 600 ° C satisfy the requirements of low-temperature sintering, which is added in a large amount of lead, however, high levels of lead oxide will be in the production and subsequent use of the process on the environment cause great pollution, but most of the heating device in contact with drinking water, which would cause harm to humans.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于克服上述现有技术的不足之处,所要解决的技术问题是提供一种提高生产效率的同时也兼顾产品的适应性的无铅铝介质材料制备方法,达到无铅环保的、符合表面特征及耐电压测试等要求的铝介质材料。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to overcome the above shortcomings of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved is to provide for improving the production efficiency while also taking into account the product of preparation lead-free aluminum adaptive dielectric material, to achieve lead-free environmental protection, the dielectric material meet the requirements of the aluminum surface characteristics and withstand voltage test.

[0004] 为达上述目的,本发明的无铅铝介质材料及制备方法,通过下述技术方案予以实现: [0004] To achieve the above object, aluminum, lead-free dielectric material and a preparation method of the present invention, be achieved by the following technical scheme:

[0005] 首先配制无铅铝介质基础材料,原料按质量百分比包括以下各组分: [0005] First dielectric formulated unleaded aluminum base material, the raw material comprising in percentage by mass the following components:

[0006] 二氧化硅SiO2 :25% 〜35% [0006] Silica SiO2: 25% ~35%

[0007]氧化硼 B2O3 : 11 % 〜18 % [0007] Boron oxide B2O3: 11% ~18%

[0008] 二氧化钛TiO2: 8%〜14% [0008] Titanium dioxide TiO2: 8% ~14%

[0009]三氧化二铝 Al2O3 : 1 % 〜5 % [0009] Aluminum oxide Al2O3: 1% ~5%

[0010]氧化锌 ZnO : 5 % 〜10 % [0010] Zinc oxide ZnO: 5% ~10%

[0011]氧化镁 MgO: 0.5%〜3% [0011] magnesia MgO: 0.5% ~3%

[0012]氧化钾 K2O: 5%〜9% [0012] hydroxide K2O: 5% ~9%

[0013]氧化钠 Na2O : 15% 〜22% [0013] The sodium oxide Na2O: 15% ~22%

[0014]氧化锂 Li2O : 0. 5 % 〜3 % [0014] lithium oxide Li2O: 0. 5% ~3%

[0015]三氧化二铋 Bi2O3: 9%〜15% ; [0015] Bismuth trioxide Bi2O3: 9% ~15%;

[0016] 按上述质量百分比的各氧化物混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C的加热炉中熔化一小时,再经过水淬,按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜1.2) : (1〜1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可;按照介质材料100份、 有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;印刷之前铝基板的表面处理:先经过热酸清洗氧化层,再经过热碱中和处理,然后经高温去离子水清洗干净甩干即可;最后将印刷浆料使用正确的印刷方法用60目的筛网印刷在铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0016] The above mass percentage of each oxide, and the mixture is then placed in a furnace 1000 ° C to melt one hour, and then after water quenching, water quenching in accordance with the material: ball: water ratio of 1: (1 ~1.2): (1~1.2) placed after the mixing proportion of alumina ball mill pot in one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then by drying can; containing 100 parts of a dielectric material 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing 2 parts of kaolin after alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; surface-treated aluminum plate prior to printing: after the first oxide layer is a thermal acid washing, alkali and then is thermally treated at high temperature and then cleaned with deionized water dumped to dry; Finally, the correct printing paste printing method using a 60 mesh screen printing on an aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain surface characteristics after sintering satisfy three to five minutes, resistance voltage, acid corrosion, adhesion, finished aluminum lead-free dielectric material and other requirements.

[0017] 本发明提供的介质材料属于无铅低温烧制而成,因此,在产品生产和之后使用的过程中不会对环境和人体产生污染和危害。 A dielectric material provided by the invention [0017] present a lead-free low-temperature firing, and therefore, in the production process after use and does not produce pollution and harm to the environment and the human body. 本发明利用二氧化硅SiO2和氧化硼B2O3作为基本的玻璃形成体,再利用二氧化钛TiO2的乳着作用来提高介质材料的遮盖作用,同时为了促进乳着作用,还引入了氧化锌ZnO,用来该善光泽度,提高如浊度,增加延伸率。 The present invention is the use of boron oxide and silicon dioxide SiO2 is formed as a basic body B2O3 glass, recycled milk TiO2 in a role to improve the effect of masking the dielectric material, and to promote the effect of milk, also introduced zinc oxide ZnO, for the good gloss, such as to improve turbidity, increased elongation. 本发明引入一定量的氧化铝Al2O3,用来调整介质材料的高温粘度以控制表面粗细和质地,防止析晶,提高介质材料的抗化学侵蚀能力,提高抗冲击强度和硬度。 The present invention introduces a certain amount of alumina Al2O3, to adjust the viscosity at high temperature dielectric material in order to control the thickness and surface texture, to prevent crystallization, improved resistance to chemical erosion of the dielectric material, to improve the impact strength and hardness. 同时还引入适量的氧化镁MgO(小于8%),来扩大烧结温度范围、增大膨胀系数和调节烧成温度。 Also introduces a suitable amount of magnesium oxide MgO (less than 8%), to expand the range of the sintering temperature, increased baking temperature expansion coefficient and adjustment. 为了增大膨胀系数, 引入碱金属,但是因为本发明使用的是丝网印刷的方法,综合粘度和流平性能考虑,氧化钾的引入量一般不超过9%,过量的话就会影响玻璃浆料的粘度和韧性,氧化钠的引入量不超过20%,过量则容易发生龟裂。 In order to increase the coefficient of expansion, the introduction of an alkali metal, but because of the use of the present invention is a screen printing method, an integrated consideration of the viscosity and leveling properties, the amount of potassium oxide is introduced generally not more than 9%, it will affect the excess glass paste viscosity and toughness, the introduction of the amount of sodium oxide not exceeding 20%, excess of a crack is likely to occur. 再加入其他的辅助原料来达到需要的功能。 Then add other auxiliary materials to achieve the desired function. 本发明的无铅铝介质材料具有对环境无铅污染、耐酸化学稳定性好、能与铝基本良好的结合、高绝缘耐电压性能等特点,适用于纯铝或者铝合金基板上各种颜色的表面装饰和绝缘耐电压保护。 Lead-free medium of the aluminum material of the present invention has a lead-free environmental pollution, acid chemical stability, combined with good basic aluminum, high insulation withstand voltage performance characteristics for a variety of colors on a pure aluminum or an aluminum alloy substrate, surface decoration and insulation withstand voltage protection.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 为能进一步了解本发明的特征、技术手段以及所达到的具体目的、功能,解析本发明的优点与精神,藉由以下结合具体实施方式对本发明的详述得到进一步的了解。 [0018] The further understanding of the characteristics of the present invention, and the technical means to achieve particular purposes, features, advantages and analytical spirit of the invention, in conjunction with specific embodiments by the following further detailed understanding of the present invention.

[0019] 本发明的无铅铝介质材料,其配方主要包括:二氧化硅Si02、氧化硼B203、二氧化钛Ti02、三氧化二铝A1203、氧化锌ZnO、氧化镁MgO、氧化钾K20、氧化钠Na20、氧化锂Li20、 三氧化二铋Bi203,制备方法如下: [0019] Lead-free medium of the aluminum material of the present invention, which formulations include: Si02 silicon dioxide, boron oxide B203, Titania and titania, aluminum oxide A1203, zinc oxide ZnO, magnesium oxide MgO, the K20 potassium hydroxide, sodium oxide Na20 lithium oxide Li2O, bismuth oxide Bi203, was prepared as follows:

[0020] 1)、各组分在无铅铝介质基础材料组成系统中的质量百分比是: [0021 ] 二氧化硅SiO2 : 25 % 〜35 % [0020] 1) weight percentage of the components in an aluminum lead-free dielectric material base system are: [0021] Silica SiO2: 25% ~35%

[0022]氧化硼 B2O3 : 11 % 〜18 % [0022] Boron oxide B2O3: 11% ~18%

[0023] 二氧化钛TiO2: 8%〜14% [0023] Titanium dioxide TiO2: 8% ~14%

[0024]三氧化二铝 Al2O3 : 1 % 〜5 % [0024] Aluminum oxide Al2O3: 1% ~5%

[0025]氧化锌 ZnO: 5%〜10% [0025] Zinc oxide ZnO: 5% ~10%

[0026]氧化镁 MgO : 0. 5 % 〜3 % [0026] magnesia MgO: 0. 5% ~3%

[0027]氧化钾 K2O : 5 % 〜9 % [0027] hydroxide K2O: 5% ~9%

[0028]氧化钠 Na2O : 15 % 〜22 % [0028] The sodium oxide Na2O: 15% ~22%

[0029]氧化锂 Li2O : 0. 5 % 〜3 % [0029] lithium oxide Li2O: 0. 5% ~3%

[0030]三氧化二铋 Bi2O3 〜15% ; [0030] Bismuth trioxide Bi2O3 ~15%;

[0031] 2)、按上述质量百分比的各氧化物混合,然后将该混合物至于1000°C的加热炉中熔化一小时,再经过水淬,按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜1.2) : (1〜1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料; [0031] 2), according to the above mass percentage of each oxide, and the mixture then melted As the heating furnace 1000 ° C for one hour, and then after water quenching, water quenching in accordance with the material: ball: water ratio of 1: (1~1.2): (1~1.2) placed after the mixing proportion of alumina ball mill pot in one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material;

[0032] 3)、按照介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料; [0032] 3), 100 parts of the dielectric material in accordance with, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing;

[0033] 4)、印刷之前铝基板的表面处理:先经过热酸清洗氧化层,再经过热碱处理,然后经高温去离子水清洗干净甩干即可;[0034] 5)、上述有机溶剂中各组质量百分比是: [0033] 4), surface-treated aluminum plate prior to printing: the first oxide layer is thermally acid cleaning, and then after hot alkali treatment, high temperature and cleaned with deionized water to drying; [0034] 5), the organic solvent quality is the percentage of each group:

[0035] 松油醇:60〜80%, 乙基纤维素:1〜8% [0035] terpineol: 60~80%, ethylcellulose: 1~8%

[0036] 柠檬酸三丁脂:10〜30% 氢化蓖麻油:0. 5〜3% [0036] tributyl citrate lipid: 10~30% hydrogenated castor oil: 5~3 0%

[0037] 流平剂:0· 5〜1 % 消泡剂:0〜0. 5% [0037] Leveling agent: 0.5% antifoam 5~1: 0~0 5%

[0038] 调节各种比例使粘度在100〜200mPas ; [0038] In adjusting the viscosity of various ratios 100~200mPas;

[0039] 6)、最后将印刷浆料使用正确的印刷方法用60目筛印刷在铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0039] 6), and finally the correct printing paste printing method using a 60 mesh screen printed on an aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain surface characteristics after sintering satisfied ~ 5 minutes, finished aluminum Lead withstand voltage dielectric material, acid and alkali resistance, adhesion and other requirements.

[0040] 本发明较佳有下述实施方案: [0040] The present invention has the following preferred embodiments:

[0041] 实施例一:无铅介质基础材料中各类原料按照质量比为:25%的Si02、16%的B2O3UO % 的TiO2,4. 5 % 的Al203、7 % 的ZnOU. 5 % 的MgO,8 % 的K20、15 % 的Na2OU % 的Li2O和12%的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜 1.2) : (1〜1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;使用正确印刷方法用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0041] Embodiment one case: the base material of various types of lead-free dielectric material at a mass ratio: 25% Si02,16% of B2O3UO% of TiO2,4 5% of Al203,7% of ZnOU 5% of MgO , 8% K20,15% of Li2O Na2OU% and 12% of Bi2O3, and the mixture is then placed around 1000 ° C in a heating furnace to melt one hour, the melted material was poured into cold water quenching, after water quenching the material according to the water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: (1 ~ 1.2): (1~1.2) alumina ball mill jar was placed proportions ball milled after one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then by drying to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; correct printing method using a 60 mesh screen printing in the surface-treated aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain after 3 to 5 minutes to meet sintering surface characteristics, withstand voltage, acid and alkali resistance, adhesion and other requirements of the finished aluminum Lead dielectric material.

[0042] 实施例二:无铅铝介质基础材料中各类原料按照质量比为:26%的Si02、15%的B2O3> 12 % 的Ti02、1. 5 % 的Al203、8. 5 % 的Ζη0、0. 5 % 的Mg0、5 % 的K20、17 % 的Na20、0. 5 % 的Li2O和14%的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜 1.2) : (1〜1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;使用正确印刷方法用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0042] Example II: Lead aluminum base material of various types of dielectric material at a mass ratio: 26 percent Si02,15% of B2O3> 12% of Ti02,1 5% of Al203,8 5% of Ζη0 , 0.5% of Mg0,5% of K20,17% of Na20,0. 5% and 14% of Li2O Bi2O3, and the mixture is then placed around 1000 ° C in a heating furnace to melt one hour, alumina ball mill jar was placed after (1~1.2) proportions: the melted material was poured into cold water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: (1 ~ 1.2) milling one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain printing paste materials; correct printing process treated with a 60 mesh screen printed on the surface of the aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain after 3 to 5 minutes to meet sintering surface characteristics, withstand voltage, acid Lead-free dielectric material finished aluminum corrosion, adhesion, and other requirements.

[0043] 实施例三:无铅铝介质基础材料中各类原料按照质量比为:29%的Si02、14%的B2O3>8 % 的TiO2,2% 的Al203>6% 的ZnO,3% 的MgO,9 % 的K20,16 % 的Na20,3% 的Li2O 禾口10%的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜1.2) : (1〜 1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2 小时左右即得到印刷浆料;使用正确印刷方法用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0043] Example Three: Lead aluminum base dielectric raw material of various types of mass ratio: 29% Si02,14% of B2O3> 8% of TiO2,2% of Al203> 6% of ZnO, 3% of MgO, 9% of K20,16% of Na20,3% of Li2O Bi2O3 Wo port 10%, and the mixture is then placed around 1000 ° C in a heating furnace to melt one hour, poured into cold water the melted material water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: (1~1.2): alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill after one hour (1 ~ 1.2) proportions, and then through 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; correct printing method 60 mesh screen printed on the surface-treated aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain after 3 to 5 minutes to meet sintering surface characteristics, withstand voltage, acid and alkali resistance, adhesion and other requirements finished aluminum Lead dielectric material.

[0044] 实施例四:无铅铝介质基础材料中各类原料按照质量比为:32%的Si02、12%的B203、14% 的Ti02、l% 的Al203、5% 的ZnO、1 % 的Mg0、6 % 的K20、18% 的Na20、2% 的Li2O 禾口9%的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : (1〜1.2) : (1〜 1.2)比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2 小时左右即得到印刷浆料;使用正确印刷方法用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到满足表面特征、耐电压、耐酸碱腐蚀、密着性等要求的成品无铅铝介质材料。 [0044] Example IV: Lead aluminum base dielectric raw materials of various types in accordance with ratio of mass: 32% Si02,12% of B203,14% of Ti02, l% of Al203,5% of ZnO, 1% of Mg0,6% of K20,18% of Na20,2% of Li2O Bi2O3 Wo port 9%, and the mixture is then placed around 1000 ° C in a heating furnace to melt one hour, poured into cold water the melted material water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: (1~1.2): alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill after one hour (1 ~ 1.2) proportions, and then through 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; correct printing method 60 mesh screen printed on the surface-treated aluminum substrate, the drying of about 80 ° C, 600 ° C to obtain after 3 to 5 minutes to meet sintering surface characteristics, withstand voltage, acid and alkali resistance, adhesion and other requirements finished aluminum Lead dielectric material.

[0045] 以上所举实施例仅用为方便举例说明本发明,仅为本发明之较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明作实施任何形式上的限制,任何所属技术领域中具有通常知识者,若在不脱离本发明所提技术特征的范围内,利用本发明所揭示技术内容做出局部更该均等变化、或修饰的等效实施例,并且未脱离本发明的技术特征内容,均仍属于本发明技术特征的涵盖范围内。 [0045] The above cited embodiments are merely illustrative of the present invention, for convenience, only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not limiting embodiment of the present invention in any form, and any person having ordinary knowledge in the technical field, if they in the present invention without departing from the scope of the technical features mentioned, utilize the present invention to make the technical contents disclosed more uniformly the local variations, modifications or equivalent embodiments, and without departing from the technical features of the present invention, provided they fall present scope of the present invention within the technical characteristics.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于,包括如下步骤:①、首先配制无铅铝介质基础材料,原料按质量百分比包括以下各组分:二氧化硅SiO2: 25%~35%氧化硼B2O3: 11%~18%二氧化钛TiO2: 8%~14%三氧化二铝Al2O3: 1%~5%氧化锌ZnO: 5%~10%氧化镁MgO: 0.5%~3%氧化钾K2O: 5%~9%氧化钠Na2O: 15%~22%氧化锂Li2O: 0.5%~3%三氧化二铋Bi2O3: 9%~15%;②、将上述质量百分比的无铅铝介质基础材料混合,然后将该混合物掷于1000℃的加热炉中熔化一小时,再经过水淬,按照水淬后材料∶球∶水比为1∶1~1.2∶1~1.2比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;③、将上述步骤获得的介质材料,按照介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚 A method for preparing lead-free dielectric material is aluminum, which is characterized in that it comprises the following steps: ①, first prepared aluminum lead-free dielectric base material, comprising a raw percentage by mass the following components: silicon dioxide SiO2: 25% ~ 35% boron oxide B2O3: 11% ~ 18% of titanium dioxide TiO2: 8% ~ 14% aluminum oxide Al2O3: 1% ~ 5% zinc oxide ZnO: 5% ~ 10% magnesia MgO: 0.5% ~ 3% potassium oxide K2O: 5% to 9% of sodium oxide Na2O: 15% ~ 22% of lithium oxide Li2O: 0.5% ~ 3% bismuth oxide Bi2O3: 9% ~ 15%; ②, mixing the above aluminum mass percent lead-free dielectric base material, alumina ball mill jar was placed after the water ratio of 1 ~ 1.2 ~ 1.2 proportions: the mixture was thrown furnace at 1000 ℃ then melted in one hour, and then after water quenching, water quenching in accordance with the material: ball milling one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; ③, the dielectric material obtained in the above step, in accordance with 100 parts of a dielectric material 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin placed just 球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;④、在印刷浆料进行印刷之前,先对铝基板的进行表面处理,经过热酸清洗铝基板的氧化层,再经过热碱处理,然后经高温去离子水清洗干净铝基板后甩干即可;⑤、最后将印刷浆料用60目筛印刷在铝基板上,经80℃左右烘干,600℃烧结3~5分钟后即可得到成品无铅铝介质材料。 Ball milling jar for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; ④, before printing the printing paste, the first surface-treated aluminum substrate, after acid cleaning thermal oxide layer of the aluminum substrate, and then after hot alkali treatment, and then dried can be finished after ⑤, and finally with a 60 mesh screen printing paste printed on an aluminum substrate, by about 80 ℃ drying, sintering 600 ℃ 3 ~ 5 min; temperature deionized water clean after drying to the aluminum substrate Lead aluminum dielectric material.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于: 步骤③所述的有机溶剂的各组分质量百分比是:松油醇:60〜80%, 乙基纤维素:1〜8%柠檬酸三丁脂:10〜30 % 氢化蓖麻油:0. 5〜3 % 流平剂:0. 5〜1 % 消泡剂:0〜0. 5%调节各种比例使粘度在100〜200mPas。 A lead-free aluminum production method of the dielectric material of claim 1, wherein: the step ③ mass percentage of the components of the organic solvents are: terpineol: 60~80%, ethylcellulose : 1~8% tributyl citrate lipid: 10~30% hydrogenated castor oil: 0 5~3% leveling agent: 0% antifoam 5~1: 0~0 5% to adjust various proportions so viscosity 100~200mPas.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述无铅铝介质基础材料,各类原料及其质量百分比为:32%的Si02、12%的B203、14%的Ti02、1 %的A1203、 5 %的ZnO、1 %的Mg0、6 %的K20、18 %的Na20、2 %的Li2O和9 %的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : 1〜1. 2 : 1〜1. 2比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32 份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;将印刷浆料用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到成品无铅铝介质材料。 The method of preparing an aluminum lead-free dielectric material as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said dielectric lead free aluminum base material, various types of raw materials and mass percentage: 32% Si02,12% of B203, Ti02,1% of 14% A1203, 5% of ZnO, 1% of Mg0,6% of K20,18% of Li2O Na20,2% and 9% of Bi2O3, and the mixture was then placed in 1000 ° C melting furnace for one hour, the melted material was poured into cold water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: 2 1~1: 1~1 2 after mixing ratio of alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for one hour then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed can be finished after the printing paste on a surface treated with a 60 mesh screen printing on an aluminum substrate, approximately 80 ° C by drying, 600 ° C sintered ~ 5 min; i.e., for about 2 hours in a ball mill to obtain printing paste Lead aluminum dielectric material.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述无铅铝介质基础材料,各类原料及其质量比为:25%m SiO2,16%的B2O3> 10%的TiO2,4. 5%的A1203、 7 % 的ZnO、1. 5 % 的MgO,8% 的K20,15 % 的Na20,1 % 的Li2O 和12 % 的Bi2O3 混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°c左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : 1〜1. 2 : 1〜1. 2比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;将印刷浆料用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到成品无铅铝介质材料。 The method of preparing an aluminum lead-free dielectric material as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said dielectric lead free aluminum base material, various types of raw materials and mass ratio: 25% m SiO2,16% of B2O3> 10% TiO2,4. 5% of A1203, 7% of ZnO, 1. 5% of MgO, 8% of K20,15% of Na20,1% and 12% of Li2O Bi2O3 mixed, then the mixture was placed melting at about 1000 ° c oven for one hour, the molten material is poured into the cold water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: 1~1 2: after 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing 2 parts of kaolin;. 1~1 2 after mixing ratio of alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for one hour then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; paste printed on a surface treated with a 60 mesh screen printing on an aluminum substrate, approximately 80 ° C by drying, 600 ° C sintered ~ 5 min aluminum can be finished after the lead-free dielectric material.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述无铅铝介质基础材料,各类原料及其质量比为:29%的Si02、14%的B203、8%的Ti02、2%的Al203、6%的ZnO, 3%的MgO、9 %的K20、16 %的Na20、3 %的Li2O和10 %的Bi2O3混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : 1〜1. 2 : 1〜1. 2比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、有机溶剂32 份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;将印刷浆料用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到成品无铅铝介质材料。 The method of preparing an aluminum lead-free dielectric material as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said dielectric lead free aluminum base material, various types of raw materials and mass ratio: 29% Si02,14% of B203, 8% Ti02,2% of Al203,6% of ZnO, 3% of MgO, 9% of K20,16% of Li2O Na20,3% and 10% of Bi2O3, and the mixture was then placed in 1000 ° C melting furnace of about one hour, the melted material was poured into cold water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio of 1: 2 1~1: 1~1. after mixing ratio of 2 was placed in a ball mill pot corundum one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, 32 parts of an organic solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin corundum ball placed milling jar for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; paste printed on a surface treated with a 60 mesh screen printing on an aluminum substrate, approximately 80 ° C by drying, 600 ° C to obtain sintered ~ 5 minutes finished aluminum Lead dielectric material.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的无铅铝介质材料的制备方法,其特征在于:所述无铅铝介质基础材料,各类原料及其质量比为:26%的Si02、15%的B203、12%的Ti02、1. 5%的A1203、 8. 5%的Ζη0、0. 5%的]\%0、5%的1(20、17%的Na20、0. 5%的Li2O 和14%的Bi2O3 混合,然后将该混合物置于1000°C左右的加热炉中熔化一小时,将熔化后的物料倒入冷水中水淬,将水淬后的物料按照水淬后材料:球:水比为1 : 1〜1. 2 : 1〜1. 2比例混合之后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨一小时,然后过200目筛,再经烘干即可得到介质材料;将介质材料100份、 有机溶剂32份、高岭土2份混合后置于刚玉球磨罐中球磨2小时左右即得到印刷浆料;将印刷浆料用60目筛印刷在表面处理过的铝基板上,经80°C左右烘干,600°C烧结3〜5分钟后即可得到成品无铅铝介质材料。 The method of preparing an aluminum lead-free dielectric material as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said dielectric lead free aluminum base material, various types of raw materials and mass ratio: 26 percent Si02,15% of B203, 12% Ti02,1. 5% of A1203, 8. 5% of Ζη0,0. 5% of] \ of 1% 0.5% (20, 17% of Na20,0. 5% and 14% of Li2O of Bi2O3, and the mixture is then placed around 1000 ° C in a heating furnace to melt one hour, the melted material was poured into cold water quenching, the material according to the water quenching after water quenching materials: ball: water ratio after mixing ratio 2 1~1 placed corundum ball mill pot in one hour, then passed through a 200 mesh screen, and then dried to obtain a dielectric material; and 100 parts of a dielectric material, the organic: 1: 1~1 2. 32 parts of a solvent, mixing the 2 parts of kaolin alumina ball mill jar was placed in a ball mill for about 2 hours to obtain a slurry printing; paste printed on a surface treated with a 60 mesh screen printed on the aluminum substrate, by about 80 ° C dry , 600 ° C to obtain a finished lead-free dielectric material sintered aluminum 3 to 5 minutes.
  7. 7. 一种无铅铝介质材料,其成分按重量百分比包括以下各组分: 二氧化硅SiO2 : 25 %〜35 %氧化硼B2O3: 11%〜18%二氧化钛TiO2: 8%〜14% 三氧化二铝Al2O3: 〜5% 氧化锌ZnO: 5%〜10%氧化镁MgO: 0.5%〜3%氧化钾K2O: 5%〜9%氧化钠Na2O: 15%〜22%氧化锂Li2O: 0.5%〜3%三氧化二铋Bi2O3: 9%〜15%。 A lead-free dielectric material is aluminum having a composition comprising by weight percent the following components: silicon dioxide SiO2: 25% ~35% boron oxide B2O3: 11% ~18% of titanium dioxide TiO2: 8% ~14% trioxide aluminum Al2O3: ~5% zinc oxide ZnO: 5% ~10% magnesia MgO: 0.5% ~3% potassium oxide K2O: 5% ~9% sodium oxide Na2O: 15% ~22% of lithium oxide Li2O: 0.5% ~ 3% bismuth oxide Bi2O3: 9% ~15%.
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4877758A (en) * 1988-12-22 1989-10-31 Chi-Vit Corporation Lead-free frit
US5308803A (en) * 1991-06-14 1994-05-03 Cookson Group Plc Glass compositions
US20020004443A1 (en) * 1998-04-27 2002-01-10 Sakoske George E. High durability low temperature lead-free glass and enamel compositions with low boron content
CN1424729A (en) * 2002-12-30 2003-06-18 中国人民解放军国防科学技术大学 Medium sizing agent and its producing process for high-power thick-film circuit based on stainless steel substrate
CN1870838A (en) * 2006-04-29 2006-11-29 吴胜红 Electronic media material on high power stainless steel plate and its preparation method
CN101045993A (en) * 2007-04-20 2007-10-03 陕西科技大学 Process of preparing enamel coating without Pb and Al

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4877758A (en) * 1988-12-22 1989-10-31 Chi-Vit Corporation Lead-free frit
US5308803A (en) * 1991-06-14 1994-05-03 Cookson Group Plc Glass compositions
US20020004443A1 (en) * 1998-04-27 2002-01-10 Sakoske George E. High durability low temperature lead-free glass and enamel compositions with low boron content
CN1424729A (en) * 2002-12-30 2003-06-18 中国人民解放军国防科学技术大学 Medium sizing agent and its producing process for high-power thick-film circuit based on stainless steel substrate
CN1870838A (en) * 2006-04-29 2006-11-29 吴胜红 Electronic media material on high power stainless steel plate and its preparation method
CN101045993A (en) * 2007-04-20 2007-10-03 陕西科技大学 Process of preparing enamel coating without Pb and Al

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