CN101735553A - Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate - Google Patents

Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101735553A
CN101735553A CN201010022546A CN201010022546A CN101735553A CN 101735553 A CN101735553 A CN 101735553A CN 201010022546 A CN201010022546 A CN 201010022546A CN 201010022546 A CN201010022546 A CN 201010022546A CN 101735553 A CN101735553 A CN 101735553A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
insulating plate
fireproof insulating
modified phenolic
parts
phenolic fireproof
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201010022546A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾卫星
杜丽娜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI ADASH SUPERIOR PAINT CO Ltd
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SHANGHAI ADASH SUPERIOR PAINT CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANGHAI ADASH SUPERIOR PAINT CO Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI ADASH SUPERIOR PAINT CO Ltd
Priority to CN201010022546A priority Critical patent/CN101735553A/en
Publication of CN101735553A publication Critical patent/CN101735553A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building materials, in particular to a material for manufacturing a modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate. The material for manufacturing the modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate comprises the following components in part by weight: 100 parts of expandable phenolic resin, 2 to 20 parts of polyurethane prepolymer, 2 to 4 parts of surfactant, 5 to 7 parts of foaming agent and 8 to 10 parts of curing agent. The material improves the closed porosity of the phenolic fireproof insulating plate, reduces the hygroscopicity, quickens the speed of curing and molding reaction, also improves the intensity and roughness of the phenolic fireproof insulating plate, reduces the crispness of phenolic foam, and meets the requirements on outer wall construction (an outer wall insulation system) of buildings.

Description

A kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material technical field, relate in particular to a kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate.
Background technology
Because building energy consumption is higher, energy dissipation seriously is a kind of very general problem, so building energy conservation is direct, a cheap systems engineering alleviating energy scarcity.Owing to inflammable, shortcomings such as toxic smoke big, water absorbing properties difference, there is potential safety hazard as extruded sheet, styrofoam etc. in present employed building thermal insulation material.Phenol formaldehyde foam can be good at being applied in the exterior wall heat-preserving system, so is subjected to the people's attention just day by day owing to have that raw material is easy to get, cheap, characteristics such as product performance are good, difficult fire, put out certainly, low smog, water-proof breathable properties are good.But a shortcoming of prior art phenol formaldehyde foam be crisp, tensile strength is not high.Resol is carried out modification, and the fragility that overcomes phenol formaldehyde foam has become an important problem.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the defective that exists at prior art, and a kind of material that improves tensile strength, overcomes brittle manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate is provided.The technical scheme that the present invention solves its technical problem employing is: a kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate, its component and parts by weight are: can send out resol 100, base polyurethane prepolymer for use as 2~20, tensio-active agent 2~4, whipping agent 5~7, solidifying agent 8~10.Technical problem to be solved by this invention also can further be solved by following technical solution: tensio-active agent is silicone oil H230 or DC-193; Whipping agent is Skellysolve A or carbonic acid gas; Solidifying agent is xylene monosulfonic acid, tosic acid, phosphoric acid or sulfuric acid.All components among the present invention all at home market make after buying or buying.The preparation method of the base polyurethane prepolymer for use as among the present invention is as follows: add in the exsiccant 250mL three-necked bottle by the mixture with 1mol polyethers and 1-3mol vulcabond, start stirring, be warmed up to 80 ℃ rapidly, and maintain the temperature at 80~90 ℃, reaction 3~4h.The resol sent out preparation method among the present invention is as follows: by 1mol phenol and the adding of 1.7-2.0mol formaldehyde are equipped with agitator, in the there-necked flask of thermometer and reflux condensing tube, open reflux, and begin to stir, when question response liquid is 40 ℃, the NaOH aqueous solution with 40% is regulated between pH value to 8~9, heats up and is controlled between 80 ℃~90 ℃ and react 90min; With acid for adjusting pH value to 6.8~7.2, be between 1.5700~1.5800 at 70 ℃ of following decompression dehydrations to its refractive index then; Be cooled to room temperature.Polyurethane-modified reactive modified phenolic resin mechanism among the present invention is: 1. the hydroxyl of the polyol in isocyanate groups and the component carries out crosslinked or chain extending reaction; 2. the methylol in isocyanate groups and the Ke Fa resol carries out crosslinking reaction.The result of two kinds of reactions has introduced the snappiness segment in phenolic aldehyde stiff molecule structure, fundamentally changed the stiff molecule structure that can send out resol, thereby has improved the toughness of phenol formaldehyde foam (goods), has reduced fragility; Introduce the characteristic of urethane simultaneously, as improved rate of closed hole, reduced water-absorbent, accelerated the curing molding speed of response, also improved the intensity and the toughness of the phenolic fireproof insulating plate of making of the present invention.Ultimate title of the present invention is called " phenol formaldehyde foam " in the present technique field.Each component of the present invention effect in the present invention is respectively: can send out resol crosslinking reaction can take place at a certain temperature, form the needed crosslinking structure of phenol formaldehyde foam; Tensio-active agent plays a part to send out resol in foaming system and whipping agent mixes; Whipping agent can make phenol formaldehyde foam produce microvoid structure; Solidifying agent still can not sent out the crosslinked initiator of resol, and can also promote the whipping agent foaming because of the heat release of initiation reaction.Preparation method of the present invention evenly stirs.The present invention is owing to adopt technique scheme, improved the rate of closed hole of phenolic fireproof insulating plate, reduced water-absorbent, accelerated the curing molding speed of response, the intensity and the toughness of phenolic fireproof insulating plate have also been improved, reduce the fragility of phenol formaldehyde foam simultaneously, satisfied the needs of skin construction (exterior wall heat-preserving system).
Embodiment
Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Embodiment 5
Modified phenolic resins ??100Kg ?100Kg ??100Kg ??100Kg ??100Kg
Base polyurethane prepolymer for use as ??20Kg ?2Kg ??11Kg ??7Kg ??16Kg
Tensio-active agent ??2Kg ?4Kg ??3Kg ??2.5Kg ??3.5Kg
Whipping agent ??7Kg ?5Kg ??6Kg ??6.5Kg ??5.5Kg
Solidifying agent ??10Kg ?8Kg ??9Kg ??8.5Kg ??9.5Kg
The phenolic foam board of employing manufacturing of the present invention has the performance index of following excellence:
Test subject Unit Performance index
Apparent density ??kg/m 3 ??≥35
Thermal conductivity ??W/(m·K) ??0.025~0.035
Compressive strength ??MPa ??≥0.12
Perpendicular to plate face direction tensile strength ??MPa ??≥0.12
Water-intake rate ??% ??≤7.5
Dimensional stability ??% ??≤1.5
Burst size of methanal ??mg/L ??≤1.0
The combustionproperty rank ??- The B1 level

Claims (4)

1. material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate is characterized in that its component and parts by weight are:
Can send out resol 100,
Base polyurethane prepolymer for use as 2~20,
Tensio-active agent 2~4,
Whipping agent 5~7,
Solidifying agent 8~10.
2. a kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: tensio-active agent is silicone oil H230 or DC-193.
3. a kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: whipping agent is Skellysolve A or carbonic acid gas.
4. a kind of material of making modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: solidifying agent is xylene monosulfonic acid, tosic acid, phosphoric acid or sulfuric acid.
CN201010022546A 2010-01-07 2010-01-07 Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate Pending CN101735553A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010022546A CN101735553A (en) 2010-01-07 2010-01-07 Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010022546A CN101735553A (en) 2010-01-07 2010-01-07 Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101735553A true CN101735553A (en) 2010-06-16

Family

ID=42459616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201010022546A Pending CN101735553A (en) 2010-01-07 2010-01-07 Material for manufacturing modified phenolic fireproof insulating plate

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101735553A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102229698A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-11-02 江苏久久防水保温隔热工程有限公司 Method for making heat insulation board by using hard polyurethane foamed waste
CN102304270A (en) * 2011-07-13 2012-01-04 山东群雄新型建材科技有限公司 Modified phenolic aldehyde foam plate and preparation process thereof
CN102504194A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 湖南中野高科技特种材料有限公司 Production method of modified phenol formaldehyde foam high in closed cell rate and small in cell diameter
CN102964807A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-03-13 滕州市华海新型保温材料有限公司 Modified polyphenolic aldehyde-urethane foam thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof
CN103289041A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-11 营口象圆新材料工程技术有限公司 Method for recycling leftover and waste materials of phenolic fireproof insulation board
CN103333457A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-02 天津城建大学 High-smoke suppression and high-oxygen index phenolic aldehyde fire-proof heat-preserving board and preparation method thereof
CN104086794A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-10-08 中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所 Preparation method of polyurethane prepolymer-toughened modified phenolic foam plastic
CN104262671A (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-01-07 中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所 Preparation method of hydroxyl-terminated polyurethane prepolymer toughening-modified phenolic foam
CN105130276A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 滁州市瑞景园林建设有限公司 Composite insulation board
CN105199310A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-30 沈阳化工大学 Phenolic foam heat insulation board of core-shell structure and preparing method thereof
CN107523011A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-29 锦州市好为尔保温材料有限公司 Modified phenolic warming plate using nitrogen as foaming agent
CN109161160A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-08 青岛威奥时代新材料有限公司 A kind of light-duty pnenolic aldehyde foam material and prepare light-duty phenolic foam composite material method
CN110372990A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-10-25 江苏中电创达建设装备科技有限公司 A kind of Phonelic foam sandwich board preparation method and the battenboard with this method production

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102229698A (en) * 2011-05-12 2011-11-02 江苏久久防水保温隔热工程有限公司 Method for making heat insulation board by using hard polyurethane foamed waste
CN102304270A (en) * 2011-07-13 2012-01-04 山东群雄新型建材科技有限公司 Modified phenolic aldehyde foam plate and preparation process thereof
CN102504194A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 湖南中野高科技特种材料有限公司 Production method of modified phenol formaldehyde foam high in closed cell rate and small in cell diameter
CN103289041A (en) * 2012-02-28 2013-09-11 营口象圆新材料工程技术有限公司 Method for recycling leftover and waste materials of phenolic fireproof insulation board
CN102964807A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-03-13 滕州市华海新型保温材料有限公司 Modified polyphenolic aldehyde-urethane foam thermal insulation board and preparation method thereof
CN103333457B (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-08-26 天津城建大学 A kind of height presses down cigarette, high oxygen index phenolic fireproof insulating plate and preparation method thereof
CN103333457A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-02 天津城建大学 High-smoke suppression and high-oxygen index phenolic aldehyde fire-proof heat-preserving board and preparation method thereof
CN104086794A (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-10-08 中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所 Preparation method of polyurethane prepolymer-toughened modified phenolic foam plastic
CN104262671A (en) * 2014-09-01 2015-01-07 中国林业科学研究院林产化学工业研究所 Preparation method of hydroxyl-terminated polyurethane prepolymer toughening-modified phenolic foam
CN105130276A (en) * 2015-08-27 2015-12-09 滁州市瑞景园林建设有限公司 Composite insulation board
CN105199310A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-12-30 沈阳化工大学 Phenolic foam heat insulation board of core-shell structure and preparing method thereof
CN105199310B (en) * 2015-08-31 2017-09-05 沈阳化工大学 A kind of phenolic foam warming plate with core shell structure and preparation method thereof
CN107523011A (en) * 2017-09-14 2017-12-29 锦州市好为尔保温材料有限公司 Modified phenolic warming plate using nitrogen as foaming agent
CN109161160A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-08 青岛威奥时代新材料有限公司 A kind of light-duty pnenolic aldehyde foam material and prepare light-duty phenolic foam composite material method
CN110372990A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-10-25 江苏中电创达建设装备科技有限公司 A kind of Phonelic foam sandwich board preparation method and the battenboard with this method production

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Application publication date: 20100616