CN101732041A - Medical monitoring system - Google Patents

Medical monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101732041A
CN101732041A CN 200910242683 CN200910242683A CN101732041A CN 101732041 A CN101732041 A CN 101732041A CN 200910242683 CN200910242683 CN 200910242683 CN 200910242683 A CN200910242683 A CN 200910242683A CN 101732041 A CN101732041 A CN 101732041A
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blood pressure
pulse
measuring
unit
position information
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CN 200910242683
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101732041B (en
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冯玮
王田苗
肖伟
陈思
陈殿生
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北京航空航天大学
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Abstract

The embodiment of the invention relates to the medical monitoring field and provides a medical monitoring system, and the system comprises a parameter acquiring device, a wireless data communication unit and a remote monitoring center, wherein the parameter acquiring device is used for acquiring various physiological parameters and position information of a monitored person; the wireless data communication unit is used for sending physiological parameters and position information acquired by the parameter acquiring device to the remote monitoring center; and the remote monitoring center is used for receiving physiological parameters and position information and analyzing and recording the physiological parameters so as to learn the physiological state of the monitored person and realize medical monitoring on the monitored person. The medical monitoring system in the embodiment of the invention can send the acquired physiological parameters and position information by a wireless communication mode, realizes remote monitoring, acquires various physiological parameters, overcomes the problem of single physiological parameter measurement in the prior art, and can be worn at the waist of a user; and the medical monitoring system in the embodiment of the invention can lead medical monitoring equipment to be convenient to carry and facilitate behaviors of the monitored person due to portable design thereof.

Description

一种医疗监护系统 A medical care system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗监护领域,尤其涉及一种实时无线通信医疗监护系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to medical care, and in particular relates to a real-time wireless communications health care system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着老龄化社会的到来,对独居在家的老人和在敬老院等类似社区中的老人进行医疗监护的需求大大增加,然而建立在线缆连接基础上的传统监护系统往往体积和功耗大,不便于携带,要求在病人身边使用,严重限制了病人和医护人员的行动,增加了他们的负担和风险,已经越来越不能适应当今实时、连续、长时间地监测病人的重要生命特征参数的医疗监护需求。 [0002] With the advent of an aging society, the elderly and the elderly living alone at home, in nursing homes and other similar communities in the medical care of greatly increased demand, however establish the cable connection on the basis of traditional monitoring systems are often the size and power consumption , it is not easy to carry, requires the patient side, severely limits the actions of patients and health care workers, increasing their burden and risks, has become increasingly unable to meet important feature of life in today's real-time, continuous, long-term monitoring of patients medical monitoring demand parameters.

[0003] 另外,目前使用的医疗监护设备对生理参数测量功能较为单一,定位技术也比较单一,难以满足面向家用(社区用)的医疗监护系统的个性化需求和复杂的使用环境。 [0003] Further, currently used for medical monitoring equipment is more single physiological parameter measurement function, positioning technology is relatively simple, it is difficult to meet the individual needs and complex home environment (community use) for medical monitoring system.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明实施例提供一医疗监护系统,通过无线通信方式实现方便、实时的远程医疗监护。 Example embodiments provide a health care system [0004] In the present invention, to achieve convenient, real-time remote medical monitoring via wireless communication.

[0005] 本发明实施例是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0005] Example embodiments of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution:

[0006] 本发明实施例提供一种医疗监护系统,包括:参数采集设备、无线数据通信单元及远程监护中心; [0006] Embodiments of the present invention provides a medical monitoring system, comprising: a parameter acquisition device, a wireless data communication unit and a remote monitoring center;

[0007] 所述参数采集设备,佩戴在被监护者的腕部或腰部,用于采集被监护者的多种生理参数以及位置信息; [0007] The parameter acquisition device, worn on the wrist or waist minders, minders are more physiological parameters and for acquiring position information;

[0008] 所述无线数据通信单元,用于通过无线通信方式发送所述参数采集设备采集的生理参数以及位置信息给所述远程监护中心; [0008] The wireless data communication unit for transmitting the parameter via wireless communication devices for collecting physiological parameter and position information to the remote monitoring center;

[0009] 所述远程监护中心,用于接收所述生理参数及位置信息,并对所述生理参数进行分析、记录,从而了解被监护者生理状态,实现对被监护者的医疗监护。 [0009] The remote monitoring center, and for receiving position information of the physiological parameter, the physiological parameter and analysis, recording, by minders to understand the physiological state of the medical monitoring to achieve the minders.

[0010] 所述参数采集设备包括:参数采集终端,血压脉搏测量子单元、体温测量子单元及跌倒检测子单元; [0010] The parameter acquisition device comprising: a parameter acquisition terminal, blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit, the temperature measuring unit and a sub-sub-unit detects a fall;

[0011] 所述参数采集终端包括:腕部终端和腰部终端,用于与被监护者接触,以协助血压脉搏测量子单元、体温测量子单元以及跌倒检测子单元采集相关生理参数; [0012] 所述血压脉搏测量子单元,用于测量被监护者血压脉搏及位置信息; [0013] 所述体温测量子单元,用于测量被监护者体温及位置信息; [0011] The parameter collection terminal comprising: a terminal waist and wrist terminal, for contact with the person being monitored, to assist in measuring blood pressure and pulse sub-unit, and the body temperature measuring subunit fall detecting a physiological parameter related to acquisition sub-unit; [0012] the blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit, for measuring the blood pressure monitor and pulse position information; [0013] the sub-body temperature measuring unit for measuring the body temperature monitor and the position information;

[0014] 所述跌倒检测子单元,用于测量被监护者总加速度,从而分析被监护者是否跌倒。 [0014] The fall detection sub-unit, for measuring the total acceleration minders, care is to analyze whether a fall. [0015] 所述血压脉搏测量子单元及体温测量子单元设置于腕部终端中;所述跌倒检测子单元设置于腰部终端中。 [0015] The sub-unit measuring blood pressure and pulse, and body temperature measuring unit is provided in the sub-terminal in the wrist; the fall detection subunit disposed in the waist terminal.

[0016] 所述血压脉搏测量子单元进一步包括:血压脉搏测量仪、微处理器及无线通信接□; [0016] The blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit further comprising: blood pressure and pulse meter, a microprocessor and a wireless communication connection □;

[0017] 所述血压脉搏测量仪,用于测量被监护者血压及脉搏,将所述血压脉搏发送给所述微处理器; [0017] The blood pressure and pulse measuring device for measuring pulse and blood pressure monitor, the blood pressure pulse sent to the microprocessor;

[0018] 所述微处理器,用于接收所述血压脉搏测量仪测量的血压脉搏,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及对血压脉搏进行分析,若血压或脉搏出现异常状况,向远程监护中心发出报警信号; [0018] The microprocessor, for receiving the blood pressure and pulse measuring instrument measuring blood pressure and pulse, and transmits to the remote monitoring center through a wireless communication interface, and analysis of the blood pressure and pulse, blood pressure or pulse if the abnormal condition, to the remote monitoring center alarm signal;

[0019] 所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与血压脉搏一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 [0019] The wireless communication interface for performing wireless positioning minders obtaining position information, the position information along with blood pressure and pulse or wireless transmission to a remote alarm signal together with the monitoring center.

[0020] 所述体温测量子单元进一步包括:体温测量传感器、微处理器及无线通信接口; [0021] 所述体温测量传感器,用于测量被监护者体温,将测量的体温发送给所述微处理器; [0020] The body temperature measuring sub-unit further comprising: a temperature measuring sensor, a microprocessor and a wireless communication interface; [0021] The temperature measuring sensor for measuring the temperature minders, the measured temperature is sent to the micro processor;

[0022] 所述微处理器,用于接收体温测量传感器测量的体温,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及对体温进行分析,若体温超出规定范围,则通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发出报警信号; [0022] The microprocessor, for receiving a temperature sensor measuring the temperature measurement, transmitted via the wireless communication interface to a remote monitoring center, and analysis of the temperature, if the temperature exceeds the predetermined range, through wireless communication interface to the remote monitoring center alarm signal;

[0023] 所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与体温一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 [0023] The wireless communication interface for performing wireless positioning minders obtaining position information, the position information, together with the temperature alarm or radio signal transmitted together with a remote monitoring center.

[0024] 所述跌倒检测子单元进一步包括:姿态测量传感器、微处理器及无线通信接口; [0025] 所述姿态测量传感器,用于测量被测量者三轴加速度值,将所述三轴加速度发送给所述微处理器; [0024] The fall detection sub-unit further comprising: a posture measurement sensor, a microprocessor and a wireless communication interface; [0025] The attitude measurement sensor for measuring the acceleration values ​​measured by the three-axis, the three-axis acceleration sent to the microprocessor;

[0026] 所述微处理器,用于接收所述三轴加速度,根据所述三轴加速度值计算总加速度, 通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及根据连续循三轴加速度和总加速度判断被测量者是否跌倒,若判断被测量者跌倒,则通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发送报警信号; [0026] The microprocessor, for receiving the three-axis acceleration, calculates the total value of the three-axis acceleration based on the acceleration, to the remote monitoring center via a wireless communication interface, according to the continuous and three-axis acceleration cycle and total acceleration determination whether the measurement falls, if the fall is determined by measuring, the interface sends an alarm signal to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication;

[0027] 所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与加速度一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 The [0027] a wireless communication interface for wireless location minders obtaining position information, the position information, together with the acceleration or the wireless alarm signal transmitted together with a remote monitoring center.

[0028] 血压脉搏测量子单元、体温测量子单元以及跌倒检测子单元还包括: [0029] 报警单元,用于以蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报。 [0028] sub-unit measuring blood pressure and pulse, and body temperature measuring subunit fall detection sub-unit further comprises: [0029] an alarm unit for issuing an alarm to beep or voice form.

[0030] 所述报警单元用于在所述微处理器检测血压或脉搏出现异常状况后发出警报或使用者手动报警后发出警报。 [0030] The warning unit for warning a user manually or after said microprocessor detects abnormal blood pressure or pulse alarm conditions after an alarm.

[0031] 所述无线通信接口的无线定位包括:Zigbee通信定位和GPRS/GPS通信定位。 The [0031] Wireless Location wireless communication interface comprising: Zigbee communication and positioning GPRS / GPS positioning communication. [0032] 所述远程监护中心包括: [0032] The remote monitoring center comprising:

[0033] 数据库,用于存储各被监护者的生理状态,包括接收的生理参数及位置信息; [0034] 紧急事件处理单元,用于根据接收到的生理参数及位置信息对紧急事件进行处理,包括发出报警和通知联系人。 [0033] The database for storing each of the physiological state of minders, including physiological parameters and the received location information; [0034] emergency processing means for processing the physiological parameters and an emergency according to the received location information, including notification and alarm contacts.

[0035] 由上述本发明实施例提供的技术方案可以看出,本发明实施例所述医疗监护系统将采集的生理参数通过无线通信方式发送到远程监护中心,可以实现远距离监护,同时能够对被监护者进行无线定位,为医疗监护的实时、连续、长时间监护提供了更大的便利。 [0035] The technical solution provided by the embodiment of the present invention can be seen, transmitted via wireless communication to a remote monitoring center, the remote monitoring of physiological parameters may be implemented embodiment of the medical monitoring system embodiment of the present invention will be collected, while being able to is carried guardian wireless location provides greater convenience for the medical monitoring of real-time, continuous, long-term care. 同时,本发明实施例实现了采集多种生理参数,克服了现有技术中生理参数测量单一的问题。 Meanwhile, embodiments of the invention to achieve a variety of physiological parameters acquisition overcomes the prior art problem of a single physiological parameter measured. [0036] 另外,本发明实施例所述医疗监护系统采用便携式设计,将血压脉搏测量以及体温测量设置于腕部终端,可以佩带在使用者腕部,将跌倒检测设置于腰部终端,可佩带在使用者腰部,本发明实施例的便携式设计使该医疗监护设备更便于携带,方便了被监护者的行动。 [0036] Further, embodiments of the present invention the health care system is portable, the measured blood pressure and pulse, and temperature measurement is provided in the wrist terminal, the user can wear on the wrist, the fall detection terminal disposed in the waist, in the wearable the user's waist, portable design embodiments of the present invention is that the portable medical monitoring devices are more convenient for the mobile minders. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0037] 图1为本发明实施例医疗监护系统结构示意图; [0037] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural embodiment of the medical monitoring system embodiment of the present invention;

[0038] 图2为本发明实施例医疗监护系统中参数采集设备结构示意图; [0038] FIG. 2 is a schematic embodiment of a medical monitoring system parameter collection device configuration of the present embodiment of the invention;

[0039] 图3为本发明实施例参数采集设备中血压脉搏测量子单元结构示意图; [0039] Figure 3 embodiment in blood pressure and pulse parameter acquisition device schematic structure of the measurement sub-unit of the present invention;

[0040] 图4为本发明实施例参数采集设备中体温测量子单元结构示意图; [0040] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural sub-unit body temperature measuring device of the present invention, the acquisition parameters embodiment;

[0041] 图5为本发明实施例参数采集设备中跌倒检测子单元结构示意图; [0041] Example 5 a schematic view of the detection apparatus parameter acquisition sub-unit structure of the present invention fall;

[0042] 图6为本发明实施例跌倒检测子单元跌倒判断流程图。 [0042] Figure 6 determines the fall detection subunit fall flowchart embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0043] 下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,可以理解的是,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。 [0043] below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, will be understood that the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments. 基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

[0044] 本发明一个实施例提供一种医疗监护系统,如图1所示,该系统包括:参数采集设备10、无线数据通信单元ll,远程监护中心12 ; [0044] An embodiment of the present invention provides a medical monitoring system, shown in FIG. 1, the system comprising: a parameter acquisition device 10, the wireless data communication unit ll, the remote monitoring center 12;

[0045] 所述参数采集设备IO,佩戴在被监护者的腕部或腰部,用于采集被监护者的多种生理参数以及位置信息,该生理参数包括但不限于:血压、脉搏、体温、姿态等等; [0046] 所述无线数据通信单元ll,用于通过无线通信方式发送所述参数采集设备10采集的生理参数以及位置信息给所述远程监护中心12。 [0045] The acquisition parameters the IO device, worn on the wrist or waist minders, for acquiring the position information of various physiological parameters and monitoring persons, the physiological parameter including but not limited to: blood pressure, pulse, body temperature, posture and the like; the [0046] wireless data communication unit ll, for transmitting via wireless communication the parameter acquisition device 10 acquired physiological parameter and position information to the remote monitoring center 12.

[0047] 所述远程监护中心12,用于接收所述生理参数及位置信息,并对所述生理参数进行分析、记录,从而了解被监护者生理状态,实现对被监护者的医疗监护。 [0047] The remote monitoring center 12, for medical care of the person receiving care and position information of the physiological parameter, the physiological parameter and analysis, recording, by minders to understand the physiological state, achieved. 本发明实施例所述远程监护中心12可以包括一数据库,用于存储各被监护者的生理状态,包括接收的生理参数及位置信息,所述远程监护中心12还可以包括一紧急事件处理单元,用于根据接收到的生理参数及位置信息对紧急事件进行处理,包括报警、通知联系人等处理。 Example embodiments of the present invention, the remote monitoring center 12 may comprise a database for storing each of the physiological state of minders, including physiological parameters and the position information received by the remote monitoring center 12 may further include an emergency processing unit, the physiological parameters for the received location information and the emergency process, including alarms, notification processing such contacts. [0048] 本发明所述参数采集设备一个实施例结构示意图如图2所示,包括:参数采集终端IOO,血压脉搏测量子单元101、体温测量子单元102、跌倒检测子单元103 ;该血压脉搏测量子单元101、体温测量子单元102及跌倒检测子单元103分别设置开关,使用者可以根据需要对该三个子单元选择打开或关闭。 [0048] The present invention is parameter acquisition device according to one embodiment of a schematic structure as shown in Figure 2, comprising: a parameter acquisition terminal the IOO, blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit 101, the sub-body temperature measuring unit 102, a fall detection subunit 103; the blood pressure and pulse measuring subunit 101, and a body temperature measuring unit 102 sub-sub-unit of the fall detection switch 103 are provided, the user can select the three sub-unit is opened or closed as desired.

[0049] 所述参数采集终端IOO,可以包括腕部终端1001和腰部终端1002,用于与被监护者接触,以协助血压脉搏测量子单元101、体温测量子单元102以及跌倒检测子单元103采集相关生理参数; [0049] The parameters of the IOO collection terminal, terminal 1001 may include a wrist and waist terminal 1002, for contacting with the minders to assist in measuring blood pressure and pulse sub-unit 101, temperature measuring unit 102 and the sub-fall detector acquisition sub-unit 103 related physiological parameters;

[0050] 所述血压脉搏测量子单元101,可以设置于腕部终端中,用于测量被监护者血压脉搏及位置信息;如图3所示,该血压脉搏测量子单元101包括血压脉搏测量仪1010、微处理器1011、无线通信接口1012、报警单元1013 ;所述血压脉搏测量仪IOIO可以测量被监护者血压及脉搏,对血压及脉搏的测量原理同现有的血压脉搏测量设备,例如可以包括压力传感器、气泵、腕带、控制芯片等等;另外该血压脉搏测量仪1010还可以将测量到的血压脉搏值传输给微处理器,由微处理器将该血压脉搏值和无线定位的位置信息通过无线通信接口 [0050] The blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit 101, the wrist may be provided in the terminal, for measuring the blood pressure monitor and pulse position information; FIG. 3, the blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit 101 includes a blood pressure pulse measuring instrument 1010, a microprocessor 1011, a wireless communication interface 1012, the alarm unit 1013; IOIO the blood pressure and pulse meter can measure the blood pressure monitor and pulse, blood pressure and pulse measurement principle with the conventional blood pressure pulse measuring device, for example, It includes a pressure sensor, a pump, a wristband, the control chip and the like; further the blood pressure and pulse meter 1010 may also be measured blood pressure and pulse value is transferred to the microprocessor, the microprocessor the position of the blood pressure values ​​and pulse rate wireless location information through the wireless communication interface

61012无线传输到远程监护中心;所述微处理器1011,用于对血压脉搏测量仪1010测量获得 61012 wirelessly transmitted to the remote monitoring center; the 1011 microprocessor, for obtaining a blood pressure pulse measurement gauge 1010

的血压及脉搏进行分析,若血压或脉搏出现异常状况,即超出规定范围,则可以通过无线通 Blood pressure and pulse were analyzed, when the blood pressure or pulse abnormal condition, i.e. beyond the predetermined range, the wireless communication by

信接口1012向远程监护中心发出报警信号和位置信息,并通过报警单元1013向佩戴者以 Alarm signal communication interface 1012 and the position information to the remote monitoring center, and to the wearer through the alarm unit 1013

蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报,可以理解的是,该向远程监护中心发出报警的功能以及本地报 Buzzer alarm or voice form, it is understood that the function of issuing an alarm and remote monitoring center to local newspaper

警单元的报警功能可以根据使用者需要取消,也就是关闭报警功能,也可以手动开启该报 Police alarm unit according to a user may want to cancel, the alarm function is turned off, the paper may be manually opened

警功能,例如使用者感觉身体不适,手动开启该报警功能。 Police functions, such as feeling unwell user manually turns on the alarm.

[0051] 该血压脉搏测量子单元101 —种实施例血压脉搏测量方法如下: [0051] The blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit 101 - Pulse Blood Pressure Measurement Example species are as follows:

[0052] 血压的测量采用示波法充气式血压测量。 [0052] The oscillometric blood pressure measurement using the inflatable blood pressure measurement. 首先控制芯片控制气泵为绑在手腕上的 First, the control chip to control the air pump strapped on the wrist

腕带充气,压力传感器采集充气过程中腕带的压力,并经过滤波分离为直流压力分量和交 Wristband inflated, the pressure sensor collected during inflation pressure of the bracelet, filtered and separated into a DC component and AC pressure

流压力分量传送到控制芯片,控制芯片分析直流压力分量和交流压力分量的医学特征点计 Medical wherein the pressure flow component to the control chip, Control of DC pressure component and the AC component of the pressure die dot count

算出收縮压和舒张压。 Calculate the systolic and diastolic pressures. 该医学特征点为当交流压力分量上升到其最大值的0.8倍时所对应 The medical feature point when the AC component of the pressure rises to its maximum value corresponding to 0.8 times

的直流分量即为舒张压;当交流压力分量下降到其最大值的0. 5倍时所对应的直流压力分 The DC component is the diastolic pressure; when the AC component of the pressure drops to 0.5 times its maximum value corresponding to the current partial pressure

量即为收縮压。 Is the amount of systolic blood pressure. 当腕带压力比血管收縮压高出约60mmHg时开始放气。 When the wristband pressure of about 60mmHg higher than the systolic blood pressure began to blow.

[0053] 脉搏的测量采用对血压交流分量利用比较器进行整形,然后计算每分钟内脉冲平 [0053] The blood pressure measurement using pulse AC component is shaped by the comparator, and calculates pulse per minute level

均个数即为脉搏值。 The number is the average value of the pulse.

[0054] 将测量到的血压脉搏值和位置信息通过无线通信接口无线传输到远程监护中心。 [0054] The measured blood pressure values ​​and pulse position information through a wireless communication interface to a wireless transmission remote monitoring center. 微处理器分析采集到的血压脉搏值,如果血压或脉搏出现异常状况,微处理器控制所述控制芯片通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发出报警信号和无线定位的位置信息,并控制报警单元向佩戴者以蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报。 The microprocessor analyzes the acquired value of blood pressure and pulse, blood pressure or pulse if the abnormal condition, the control chip microprocessor control interface that the position and the alarm information to the wireless location remote monitoring center through a wireless communication, and controls the alarm unit It alerts the wearer with a beep or voice form.

[0055] 所述体温测量子单元102,可以设置于腕部终端中,用于测量被监护者体温及位置信息;如图4所示,该体温测量子单元102包括体温测量传感器1020、微处理器1021、无线通信接口1022、报警单元1023 ;所述体温测量传感器1020可以测量被监护者体温,对体温的测量原理同现有的体温测量设备;另外该体温测量传感器1020还可以将测量到的体温发送给微处理器1021,微处理器1021通过无线通信接口1022无线传输到远程监护中心; 所述微处理器1021,用于对体温测量传感器1020测量获得的体温进行分析,若体温超出规定范围,则可以通过无线通信接口1022向远程监护中心发出报警信号和无线定位的位置信息,并通过报警单元1023向佩戴者以蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报,可以理解的是,该向远程监护中心发出报警的功能以及本地报警单元的报警功能可以根据使用者需要取 [0055] The body temperature measuring sub-unit 102, the wrist may be provided in the terminal, for measuring the body temperature monitor and the position information; 4, the body temperature measuring unit 102 includes a sub body temperature measuring sensor 1020, the microprocessor 1021, a wireless communication interface 1022, the alarm unit 1023; the body temperature measuring sensor 1020 can measure the body temperature being monitored, the temperature of the measuring principle with the conventional temperature measuring device; additional temperature measuring sensor 1020 which may also be measured temperature to a microprocessor 1021, microprocessor 10211022 wireless communication interface through a wireless transmission to a remote monitoring center; the 1021 microprocessor, for measuring body temperature measurements obtained by the sensor 1020 is analyzed, if the temperature exceeds the predetermined range , location information may be issued and an alarm signal to the wireless location remote monitoring center through a wireless communication interface 1022, 1023 and issued by the alarm unit to the wearer in the form of voice or a buzzer alarm is to be understood that the issued to the remote monitoring center alarm functions and alarm functions may be local alarm unit according to the user needs to take ,也就是关闭报警功能,也可以手动开启该报警功能,例如使用者感觉身体不适,手动开启该报警功能。 , The alarm function is turned off, you can manually turn on the alarm function, such as feeling unwell user to manually turn on the alarm.

[0056] 该体温测量子单元102 —种测量方法如下: [0056] The body temperature measuring unit 102 sub - kind of measurement is as follows:

[0057] 以该体温测量传感器为红外温度传感器为例进行说明,红外温度传感器将采集到的体表温度值传输到微处理器,微控制器通过无线通信接口将该温度值以及位置信息传输到远程监护中心,该微处理器若分析确定该温度值超过阈值,则可以通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发出报警信号和位置信息,并通过报警单元向佩戴者以蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报。 [0057] In the temperature measurement sensor is an infrared temperature sensor will be described as an example, an infrared temperature sensor surface temperature of the collected values ​​are transmitted to the microprocessor, a microcontroller, a wireless communication interface and the position information of the temperature value transmission to the a remote monitoring center, the microprocessor determines if the analysis value exceeds the threshold temperature, the interface may be an alarm signal and the position information to the remote monitoring center via wireless communication, and alarm unit to alarm by a buzzer or the wearer in the form of voice.

[0058] 所述跌倒检测子单元103,可以设置于腰部终端中,用于测量被监护者三轴加速度,从而分析被监护者是否跌倒,如图5所示,该跌倒检测子单元103可以进一步包括:姿态测量传感器1030、微处理器1031、无线通信接口1032、报警单元1033,所述姿态测量传感器 [0058] The fall detection subunit 103, may be disposed in the waist terminal, for measuring the three-axis acceleration minders, care is to analyze whether a fall, shown in Figure 5, the fall detection subunit 103 may further comprising: measuring the attitude sensor 1030, a microprocessor 1031, a wireless communication interface 1032, the alarm unit 1033, the attitude measuring sensor

71030可以为三轴加速度检测单元,用于测量被测量者三轴加速度值,将该值发送给微处理器1031,该微处理器1031根据该三轴加速度值计算总加速度,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及根据总加速度和三轴加速度判断被测量者是否跌倒,若判断被测量者跌倒,则可以通过无线通信接口1032向远程监护中心发送报警信号,并通过报警单元1033在本地发出报警,该跌倒检测子单元具体跌倒判断方法包括:以姿态检测传感器为三轴加速度检测单元为例,三轴加速度检测单元采样测量三轴加速度,采样频率可以为50Hz,将三轴加速度值发送到微处理器,微处理器经采样、滤波后,计算总加速度以及姿态。 71030 may be a three-axis acceleration detecting unit is a three-axis acceleration values ​​measured by the measurement, the value sent to the microprocessor 1031, the microprocessor 1031 calculates the total three-axis acceleration based on the acceleration value, transmitted via the wireless communication interface to a remote monitoring center, and the three-axis acceleration and the total acceleration is determined whether the measured person falls, if the fall is determined by measurement, an alarm signal can be sent to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication interface 1032, and issued by the local alarm unit 1033 alarm, the fall detection subunit specific fall determination method comprising: posture detection means detects three-axis acceleration sensor as an example, a triaxial acceleration detecting three-axis acceleration measuring means sampling, the sampling frequency may be 50Hz, the three-axis acceleration value to send a microprocessor sampled, filtered, and calculating the total acceleration posture. 加速度和姿态的实时数据将通过无线通信接口发送到远程监护中心,该微处理器内置跌倒检测算法, 该跌倒检测算法主要包括: Acceleration posture and real-time data is sent via the wireless communication interface to a remote monitoring center, the fall detection algorithm built-in microprocessor, the fall detection algorithm includes:

[0059] 综合分析跌倒时加速度变化特征,采用总加速度阈值判断结合姿态判断算法,如图6所示,包括如下步骤: [0059] The comprehensive analysis of variation acceleration falling characteristics, using the total acceleration threshold determination algorithm for determining binding attitude, shown in Figure 6, comprising the steps of:

[0060] 1)三轴加速度检测单元测得三轴加速度为Ax、 Ay、 Az,测量采样频率为50Hz ; [0061] 2)微处理器在每次采样后由三轴加速度计算总加速度 [0060] 1) measured by the triaxial acceleration detecting means is a three-axis acceleration Ax, Ay, Az, the measurement sampling frequency is 50Hz; [0061] 2) in the microprocessor after each sample was calculated from the total acceleration triaxial accelerometer

[0062] sw附=A2++42; [0062] sw attachment = A2 ++ 42;

[0063] 3)若检测到Sum大于设定的总加速度上限阈值TH,例如,可以设定总加速度上限阈值TH = 2. 8g,说明存在强烈冲击,延时2秒继续判断;否则返回步骤第1)步; [0064] 4)若2s内检测Sum小于设定的总加速度下限阈值TL,例如,可以设定总加速度下限阈值TL = 1. 2g,则说明人体处于静息状态,继续判断; [0063] 3) when detecting an acceleration larger than the total Sum upper threshold TH is set, for example, can set the total acceleration upper limit threshold TH = 2. 8g, specify the presence of strong impact, 2 seconds delay is determined to continue; otherwise the step of 1) step; [0064] 4) when the detected Sum total acceleration is less than the set lower threshold TL, for example, the total acceleration may be set lower limit threshold value TL = 1. 2g, then the body is in a resting state, the 2S continues to judge;

[0065] 5)根据三轴中的直立轴Ax的值判断人体处于水平态还是直立态,若、的值高于预定值,则说明处于直立态,返回第1)步,若、的值低于所述预定值,则说明处于水平态, 延时2秒后继续判断人体处于水平态还是直立态,若判断处于直立态,则返回第1)步,若第二次判断处于水平态,则可以确定跌倒;本实施例以两次判断处于水平态来确定跌倒,可以理解的是,判断处于水平态的次数并不绝限于此,可以为三次、四次,或更多次。 [0065] 5) The value of the vertical axis Ax is determined in three-axis body is in a horizontal state or the upright state, when, a value higher than the predetermined value, then in an upright state, returned to the first) step, if low, the value of to the predetermined value, then in a horizontal state, is determined to continue after 2 seconds delay in the horizontal state or the body upright state, if it is determined in the upright state, 1) returns to step, if the determination is in the second state level, then fall can be determined; in this embodiment, two in a horizontal state is determined to determine the fall will be appreciated that the number of states is determined at a level not absolutely limited thereto, and may be three, four, or more times. [0066] 可以理解的是,该向远程监护中心发出报警的功能以及本地报警单元的报警功能可以根据使用者需要取消,也就是关闭报警功能,也可以手动开启该报警功能,例如使用者感觉身体不适,手动开启该报警功能。 [0066] can be understood that the issue to a remote monitoring center alarm alarm functions as well as the local police unit may need to cancel according to the user, that is, turn off the alarm function, you can manually turn on the alarm function, for example, the user feels the body discomfort, manually open the alarm.

[0067] 本发明实施例所述血压脉搏测量子单元101、体温测量子单元102、跌倒检测子单元103中的无线通信接口具有无线定位功能,将被监护者位置信息同生理参数一起发送给远程监护中心;本发明实施例所述无线定位功能包括:Zigbee通信定位和GPRS/GPS通信定位,所述Zigbee通信定位可用于近距离的无线通信定位,所述GPRS/GPS通信定位可用于户外远距离无线通信定位。 Example [0067] The present invention said blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit 101, the sub-body temperature measuring unit 102, a wireless communication interface fall detection sub-unit 103 has a wireless positioning function, minders will be sent location information together with the physiological parameter to a remote care center; wireless positioning function described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises: positioning Zigbee communication and GPRS / GPS communication positioning, the Zigbee wireless communication may be used for positioning the positioning close communication, the GPRS / GPS positioning can be used for outdoor remote communications positioning wireless communications. 该Zigbee通信定位和GPRS/GPS通信定位为现有的成熟的技术, 本发明实施例在此不做详细介绍。 The Zigbee communication and positioning GPRS / GPS positioning existing mature communication techniques, embodiments of the present invention is not described in detail herein. 本发明实施例两种通信定位技术分别可以根据使用者需要选择打开或关闭。 Example embodiments two communication positioning technique of the present invention can be open or closed, respectively, selected according to user needs. 该无线通信接口发送的生理信息通过无线数据通信单元发送到远程监护中心。 The physiological information transmitted from the transmitting wireless communication interface to the remote monitoring center through a wireless data communication unit.

[0068] 本发明实施例将采集的生理参数通过无线通信方式发送到远程监护中心,可以实现远距离监护,同时能够对被监护者进行定位,为医疗监护的实时、连续、长时间监护提供了更大的便利。 [0068] Example collected physiological parameter embodiment of the present invention is transmitted via wireless communication to a remote monitoring center, remote monitoring can be achieved, while being able to locate the minders, provides real-time medical care, continuous, long-term care greater convenience.

[0069] 另外,本发明实施例所述医疗监护系统采用便携式设计,将血压脉搏测量以及体温测量设置于腕部终端,可以佩带在使用者腕部,将跌倒检测设置于腰部终端,可佩带在使用者腰部,本发明实施例的便携式设计使该医疗监护设备更便于携带,方便了被监护者的行动。 [0069] Further, embodiments of the present invention the health care system is portable, the measured blood pressure and pulse, and temperature measurement is provided in the wrist terminal, the user can wear on the wrist, the fall detection terminal disposed in the waist, in the wearable the user's waist, portable design embodiments of the present invention is that the portable medical monitoring devices are more convenient for the mobile minders.

[0070] 同时,本发明实施例实现了采集多种生理参数,克服了现有技术中生理参数测量单一的问题。 [0070] Also, embodiments of the invention achieve a variety of physiological parameters acquisition overcomes the prior art problem of a single physiological parameter measured.

[0071] 其次,本发明实施例所述医疗监护系统具有报警功能,能够自动报警和手动报警, 当检测到被监护者的生理参数异常情况下,系统可以触发自动报警。 [0071] Next, embodiments of the medical monitoring system according to the present invention with alarm function, to automatically alarm and manual alarm, when the abnormality is detected physiological parameters minders, the system can trigger an automatic alarm. 当使用者自我感觉不舒适时,使用者可以手动报警,且两种报警方式都可以由使用者手动取消,满足了医疗监护系统个性化的需求。 When the user feel uncomfortable, the user can manually alarm, alarm and both methods can be canceled manually by the user to meet the individual needs of the health care system.

[0072] 以上所述,仅为本发明较佳的具体实施方式,但本发明的保护范围并不局限于此, 任何熟悉本技术领域的技术人员在本发明揭露的技术范围内,可轻易想到的变化或替换, 都应涵盖在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0072] The above are only the preferred specific embodiments of the invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, any skilled in the art in the art within the scope of the invention disclosed can be easily thought variations or replacements shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明的保护范围应该以权利要求的保护范围为准。 Accordingly, the scope of the present invention should be defined by the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种医疗监护系统,其特征在于,包括:参数采集设备、无线数据通信单元及远程监护中心;所述参数采集设备,佩戴在被监护者的腕部或腰部,用于采集被监护者的多种生理参数以及位置信息;所述无线数据通信单元,用于通过无线通信方式发送所述参数采集设备采集的生理参数以及位置信息给所述远程监护中心;所述远程监护中心,用于接收所述生理参数及位置信息,并对所述生理参数进行分析、记录,从而了解被监护者生理状态,实现对被监护者的医疗监护。 A medical monitoring system comprising: a parameter acquisition device, a wireless data communication unit and a remote monitoring center; the parameter acquisition device, worn on the wrist or waist minders for the multi-capture minders physiological parameter and position information; said wireless data communication means for transmitting said parameter acquired physiological parameter acquisition device via wireless communication and location information to the remote monitoring center; the remote monitoring center, for receiving the physiological parameter and said position information, and the physiological parameter analysis, recording, by minders to understand the physiological state of the medical monitoring to achieve the minders.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述参数采集设备包括:参数采集终端,血压脉搏测量子单元、体温测量子单元及跌倒检测子单元;所述参数采集终端包括:腕部终端和腰部终端,用于与被监护者接触,以协助血压脉搏测量子单元、体温测量子单元以及跌倒检测子单元采集相关生理参数;所述血压脉搏测量子单元,用于测量被监护者血压脉搏及位置信息;所述体温测量子单元,用于测量被监护者体温及位置信息;所述跌倒检测子单元,用于测量被监护者总加速度,从而分析被监护者是否跌倒。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein said parameter acquisition device comprising: a parameter acquisition terminal, blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit, the temperature measuring unit and a sub-fall detection subunit; the parameter collection terminal comprises: arm waist portion and a terminal end, for contacting with the minders to assist in measuring blood pressure and pulse sub-unit, and the body temperature measuring subunit fall detecting a physiological parameter related to acquisition sub-unit; and the blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit, for measuring the minders blood pressure and pulse position information; the body temperature measuring sub-unit, for measuring the body temperature monitor and the position information; the fall detection sub-unit, for measuring a total acceleration minders, care is to analyze whether a fall.
  3. 3. 如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述血压脉搏测量子单元及体温测量子单元设置于腕部终端中;所述跌倒检测子单元设置于腰部终端中。 3. The system according to claim 2, wherein said sub-unit measuring blood pressure and pulse, and body temperature measuring unit is provided in the sub-terminal in the wrist; the fall detection subunit disposed in the waist terminal.
  4. 4. 如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述血压脉搏测量子单元进一步包括:血压脉搏测量仪、微处理器及无线通信接口;所述血压脉搏测量仪,用于测量被监护者血压及脉搏,将所述血压脉搏发送给所述微处理器;所述微处理器,用于接收所述血压脉搏测量仪测量的血压脉搏,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及对血压脉搏进行分析,若血压或脉搏出现异常状况,向远程监护中心发出报警信号;所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与血压脉搏一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 4. The system according to claim 2, wherein said blood pressure and pulse measurement sub-unit further comprising: blood pressure and pulse meter, a microprocessor and a wireless communication interface; the blood pressure and pulse measuring device for measuring the custody blood pressure and pulse rate, the blood pressure pulse sent to the microprocessor; the microprocessor, for receiving the blood pressure and pulse measuring instrument measuring blood pressure and pulse, and transmits to the remote monitoring center through a wireless communication interface, as well as analysis blood pressure and pulse, blood pressure or pulse if the abnormal situation, an alarm signal to a remote monitoring center; the wireless communication interface for performing wireless positioning minders obtaining position information, the position information along with blood pressure and pulse signal or alarm with wireless transmission to a remote monitoring center.
  5. 5. 如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述体温测量子单元进一步包括:体温测量传感器、微处理器及无线通信接口;所述体温测量传感器,用于测量被监护者体温,将测量的体温发送给所述微处理器;所述微处理器,用于接收体温测量传感器测量的体温,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及对体温进行分析,若体温超出规定范围,则通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发出报警信号;所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与体温一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 5. The system according to claim 2, wherein said body temperature measuring sub-unit further comprising: a temperature measuring sensor, a microprocessor and a wireless communication interface; a measurement of the temperature sensor for measuring temperature minders the temperature measured is sent to the microprocessor; the microprocessor, for receiving a temperature measurement of the temperature sensor measurements, transmitted via the wireless communication interface to a remote monitoring center, and analysis of the temperature, if the temperature exceeds the predetermined range, sent through wireless communication interface to the remote monitoring center alarm signal; a wireless communication interface for performing wireless positioning minders obtaining position information, the position information, together with the temperature alarm or radio signal transmitted together with a remote monitoring center.
  6. 6. 如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,所述跌倒检测子单元进一步包括:姿态测量传感器、微处理器及无线通信接口;所述姿态测量传感器,用于测量被测量者三轴加速度值,将所述三轴加速度发送给所述微处理器;所述微处理器,用于接收所述三轴加速度,根据所述三轴加速度值计算总加速度,通过无线通信接口发送给远程监护中心,以及根据三轴加速度和总加速度判断被测量者是否跌倒,若判断被测量者跌倒,则通过无线通信接口向远程监护中心发送报警信号;所述无线通信接口,用于进行无线定位获得被监护者位置信息,将位置信息与加速度一起或与报警信号一起无线发送给远程监护中心。 6. The system according to claim 2, wherein the fall detection sub-unit further comprising: a posture measurement sensor, a microprocessor and a wireless communication interface; a measurement of the attitude sensor for measuring triaxial measured by the acceleration values, the three-axis acceleration transmitting to the microprocessor; the microprocessor, for receiving the three-axis accelerometer, the acceleration is calculated based on the total three-axis acceleration value is transmitted to the remote through a wireless communication interface monitoring center, and fall in accordance with whether the measured three-axis acceleration and the total acceleration judgment, if it is determined by measuring the fall, the interface sends an alarm signal to a remote monitoring center through a wireless communication; a wireless communication interface for wireless location obtained minders position information, position information, together with acceleration along a wireless signal or the alarm is sent to the remote monitoring center.
  7. 7. 如权利要求4、5或6所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:报警单元,用于以蜂鸣或语音形式发出警报。 7. The system of claim 5 or claim 6, characterized in that, further comprising: an alarm unit for issuing an alarm to beep or voice form.
  8. 8. 如权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述报警单元用于在所述微处理器检测血压或脉搏出现异常状况后发出警报或使用者手动报警后发出警报。 8. The system according to claim 7, wherein said alarm means for alerting the user manual alarm or alarm after said microprocessor detects abnormal blood pressure or pulse condition.
  9. 9.如权利要求4、5或6所述的系统,其特征在于,所述无线通信接口的无线定位包括:Zigbee通信定位和GPRS/GPS通信定位。 9. The system of claim 5 or claim 6, wherein said wireless communication interface comprises a wireless location: Zigbee communication and positioning GPRS / GPS positioning communication.
  10. 10. 如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述远程监护中心包括:数据库,用于存储各被监护者的生理状态,包括接收的生理参数及位置信息;紧急事件处理单元,用于根据接收到的生理参数及位置信息对紧急事件进行处理,包括发出报警和通知联系人。 10. The system according to claim 1, wherein said remote monitoring center comprising: a database for storing each of the physiological state of the minders, and the received physiological parameters including position information; emergency processing unit, with to be processed according to physiological parameters and an emergency position information received, and alarm notification including contacts.
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CN105912864A (en) * 2011-10-11 2016-08-31 所罗门系统有限公司 System for providing identification and information, and for scheduling alerts
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CN102784425A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-11-21 黑龙江大学 Venous transfusion monitoring device and venous transfusion monitoring network system
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CN103876837A (en) * 2012-12-21 2014-06-25 普天信息技术研究院有限公司 Personal health data monitoring system and personal health data acquisition method
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