CN101656922A - Apparatus, and method for providing voicemail service using a packet data messaging system - Google Patents

Apparatus, and method for providing voicemail service using a packet data messaging system Download PDF

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CN101656922A
CN101656922A CN 200910167360 CN200910167360A CN101656922A CN 101656922 A CN101656922 A CN 101656922A CN 200910167360 CN200910167360 CN 200910167360 CN 200910167360 A CN200910167360 A CN 200910167360A CN 101656922 A CN101656922 A CN 101656922A
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message
mobile station
voicemail
voice mail
mms
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CN 200910167360
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Chinese (zh)
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A·戈吉克
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高通股份有限公司
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Priority to US60/574,757 priority
Priority to US11/133,655 priority
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Priority to CN200580023294.9 priority
Publication of CN101656922A publication Critical patent/CN101656922A/en

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Abstract

An apparatus, system, and method provide voicemail service using a packet data messaging service such as multimedia message service (MMS). Upon detecting that the call has been diverted to the voicemail server, rather than using a real-time voice connection to record a voicemail message, the voicemail message is recorded at an origination mobile station and transmitted in a packet data message through a packet data messaging service center such as a multimedia messaging service center (MMS-C). If the destination device is a destination mobile station subscribing to the packet data messaging service, the packet data message is deposited in the destination mobile station. Where the destination device is a device without access to the service, the packet data message is forwarded to a destination address in a voice mail server associated with the voicemail box of the destination device.

Description

用分组数据消息传递系统提供语音邮件服务的设备和方法 Voice mail service provided by a packet data messaging system, apparatus and method

本申请是申请日为2005年5月25日、申请号为200580023294.9、发明名称为"使用分组数据消息传递系统提供语音邮件服务的设备、系统和方法"的专利申请的分案申请。 This application was filed on May 25, 2005, Application No. 200580023294.9, entitled "packet data messaging system provides apparatus, systems and methods of the voice mail service" divisional application of patent application.

要求在35 USC § 119下的优先权 Claims priority under 35 USC § 119 of

本专利申请要求于2004年5月26日提交的转让其受让人的标题为"Interworking Between Wireless Voicemail and MMS to Achieve Efficient Use of Network Resource",的US临时申请号60/574,757的优 This patent application claims the transfer on May 26, 2004, filed its assignee, entitled "Interworking Between Wireless Voicemail and MMS to Achieve Efficient Use of Network Resource", of US Provisional Application No. gifted 60 / 574,757 of

先权,因此其明确在此作为参考。 First right, therefore expressly incorporated herein by reference.

技术领域 FIELD

本发明通常涉及语音邮件系统,并且更具体地涉及通过分组数据消息传递系统提供语音邮件服务的设备、系统和方法。 The present invention generally relates to voice mail systems, and more particularly to an apparatus, a system and method for providing voice mail services through a packet data messaging system.

背景技术 Background technique

语音邮件系统提供始发方记录可由目标方取回语音消息的机制。 Voice mail system may provide a mechanism originator recorded voice message retrieval target. 一般地,使用与目标方的电话号码相关的语音邮件信箱存储语音邮件消息。 In general, the use of a telephone number associated with the target's voice mail box stored voice mail messages. 目标方通过访问维护语音邮件信箱的语音邮件服务器和通过输入适当的识别和安全信息来取回消息。 Target by maintaining access voicemail mailbox to retrieve voice mail server and by entering the appropriate identification and security information messages. 在常规语音邮件系统中,在存放或取回语音邮件消息时,由语音邮件服务器保持例如电路交换呼叫或虚拟电路交换呼叫的实时呼叫。 In a conventional voicemail system, when storing or retrieving voice mail message, a voice mail server, for example, is held by the circuit switched call or virtual circuit switched real time call call. 然而,在通信资源有限的情况下, 常规系统具有实际的缺点。 However, in the limited communication resources, the conventional systems have practical disadvantages. 在常规无线通信系统中,例如,带宽和通信信道是经常使用的用于取回和存放语音邮件消息的重要资源。 In conventional wireless communication systems, e.g., the communication channel bandwidth is an important resource and retrieving frequently used for storing voice mail messages. 因为仅一方在任何特定时间涉及语音邮件消息的传输,而不需要低等待时间、实时通信的链路。 Because only one of the transmission directed to voicemail message at any given time, without having to wait for the link time is low, the real-time communication. 使用电路交换网络中的电路交换呼叫、或分组交换网络中的虚拟电路交换呼叫传递或取回语音邮件消息会产生无线资源的低效率使用。 Using a circuit switched network, a circuit switched call or a packet switched network a virtual circuit-switched call to retrieve voicemail messages transmitted or generate inefficient use of radio resources. 例如,在使用例如VoIP (因特网协议语音)网络的分组交换网络的系统中,因为要为虚拟电路交换连接建立语音质量呼叫,建立语音邮件提交或取回的实时呼叫将产生资源的低效率使用。 For example, in the use of systems such as packet-switched network, VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) networks, because voice quality is to establish a virtual circuit-switched call connections, establish a voice mail submission or retrieved in real-time call will result in inefficient use of resources. 没有必要将在语音邮件呼叫时的数据分组交换视为实时呼叫需要的高优先权、低等待时间的数据分组。 There is no need to exchange data packets when the voicemail calls considered high priority needs of real-time call, low latency data packet.

因此,需要一种在无线通信系统中有效地提供语音邮件服务的设备、系统和方法。 Accordingly, a need exists to provide an apparatus, system and method for voice mail services efficiently in a wireless communication system.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是根据本发明的示例性实施例的通信系统的框图; FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a communication system of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

图2是其中第一移动台是始发设备和第二移动台是目标设备的示 FIG 2 is a first mobile station wherein the originating device and the second mobile station is a target device

例性通信系统的框图; A block diagram of a communication system;

图3是根据其中目标设备不接收分组数据消息服务的示例性实施 FIG 3 is an exemplary embodiment in which the target device does not receive packet data message according to services

例的通信系统的框图; A block diagram of a communication system of the embodiment;

图4是根据本发明的示例性实施例的始发移动台的框图; FIG 4 is a block diagram of the originating mobile station according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

图5是根据本发明的示例性实施例的使用分组数据消息服务提供 FIG 5 is provided according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, packet data message service

语音邮件服务的方法的流程图; Flowchart of a method of voice mail services;

图6是使用语音邮件服务器中执行的分组数据消息服务提供语音 FIG 6 is a message using a packet data services such as voice mail server executing voice

邮件服务的方法的流程图。 Flowchart of a method mail service.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

一种设备、系统和方法有效地提供了无线通信系统中的语音邮件服务。 An apparatus, system and method effectively provide a wireless communication system, voice mail service. 使用例如多媒体消息服务(MMS)系统的分组数据消息传递系统存放和取回语音邮件消息。 For example, Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) system, a packet data messaging system storing and retrieving voice mail messages. 通过最小化无线通信系统中的实时呼叫的持续时间来有效地管理资源。 To effectively manage resources by minimizing the duration of a wireless communication system in real time call. 使用比语音质量呼叫更高等待时间的分组数据传输来交换语音邮件消息。 Call waiting packet using higher than the data transmission time to exchange voice quality voice mail messages. 由无线用户存放的语音邮件消息被记录在始发移动台并且通过分组数据通信链路作为分组数据消息被传输。 Voicemail message stored by the wireless user is recorded in the originating mobile station and the packet data message is transmitted through a packet data communication link. 由无线用户取回的语音邮件消息在目标移动台通过分组数据通信链路被接收到并且被存储在移动台的存储器中。 Retrieved by the wireless user voicemail message in the target mobile station packet data communication link is received and stored in the memory of the mobile station by. 未预定分组数据消息服务的、或不使用分组数据服务的语音邮件客户可使用常规技术取回语音邮件消息,因为语音邮件消息由语音邮件服务器保留。 Unscheduled packet data messages and services, or does not use a packet data service and voice mail client using conventional techniques to retrieve voice mail messages, voice mail messages as reserved by the voice mail server. 使用分组数据消息传递系统使得使用语音邮件服务的无线通信资源的效率最大化。 Efficiency of packet data messaging system such that the voice mail service of wireless communication resources is maximized. 因为分组数据消息的传输可容忍更大程度的等待时间,例如,包括语音邮件消息的分组数据消息可以比电路交换网络中的电路交换呼 Because the transmission of packet data messages may tolerate a greater degree of latency, e.g., packet data messages including voice mail messages may be exchanged over the circuit switched network call circuit

叫和分组交换网络中的虚拟电路交换呼叫需要的更低的QoS (服务质量)有效地传输。 And lower called packet switched network a virtual circuit-switched call required QoS (Quality of service) be transmitted efficiently. 因此可在使用比电路交换或虚拟电路交换呼叫更高数据传输速率的信道时,使用产生增加的等待时间的QoS策略有效分配通信资源。 Therefore call data may be exchanged higher transmission rate than a channel using circuit switching or virtual circuits, used to produce increased latency QoS policy efficient allocation of communication resources.

图1为根据其中目标网络102包括语音邮件服务器104的本发明的示例性实施例的通信系统100的框图。 Figure 1 is a block diagram 102 wherein the target network communication system according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a voice mail server 104 100. 始发移动台106通过无线通信信道112与始发网络110的基站108通信。 Originating mobile station 106 via a wireless communication channel 112 to the originating network of base stations 108,110. 至少始发网络110的一部分包括可以是任何蜂窝、无线电、光、或其它有利于与至少一个移动单元106无线交换信号的其它无线系统。 110 comprises at least a part of the originating network may be any cellular, radio, optical, or other beneficial to other wireless systems with at least one mobile radio unit 106 for exchanging signals. 适合的无线通信系统的实例包括根据码分多址(CDMA)或全球移动通信(GSM)标准操作的蜂窝电话系统。 Examples of suitable wireless communication systems include cellular telephone systems in accordance with code division multiple access (CDMA) or Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) standard operation. 始发网络110的无线通信系统具有与移动台106交换无线信号以与移动台106实现通信的一个或更多基站108。 The originating network wireless communication system 110 has the mobile station 106 to more base stations exchange radio signals with the mobile station 106 or 108 to implement a communication. 基站108 被连接到根据已知的技术路由移动台呼叫的实时通信网络114。 The base station 108 is connected to a route in accordance with known techniques the mobile station 114 calls the communication network in real time. 实时通信网络114包括任何路由和/或交换设备、通信链路和其它适合在基站108与目标网络102中的语音邮件服务器104之间建立实时通信链路的基础设施的组合。 Real-time communication network infrastructure 114 comprises establishing a combination of any real-time communication link between the routing and / or switching equipment, communications links and other suitable target base station 108 and network 102 a voice mail server 104. 在实时通信网络114是电路交换网络时,实时通信网络114包括移动交换中心(MSC)、交换装置、和有利于建立基站108 和语音邮件服务器104之间专用通信链路的其它硬件和软件的传输设备。 In real-time communication network 114 is a circuit switching network, real-time communication network 114 includes a mobile switching center (the MSC), switching means, and transmission to the establishment of other hardware and software dedicated communication link between the base station 108 and a voice mail server 104 device. 然而,在示例性实施例中,实时通信网络114是分组交换网络, 其包括有利于使用因特网协议(IP)的数据分组的交换以建立在基站108和语音邮件服务器104之间虚拟电路交换通信链路的一个或多个因特网协议(IP)路由器。 However, in an exemplary embodiment, real-time communication network 114 is a packet switched network, the exchange comprising facilitate the use of Internet Protocol (IP) data packets to establish switched virtual circuit between the base station communication link 108, and a voice mail server 104 Road one or more Internet protocol (IP) router. 根据己知技术,可通过优先排序和管理数据分组的传输在移动台106和例如语音邮件服务器104的其它装置之间建立实时呼叫。 According to known technique, can be grouped by prioritizing and managing data transmission between the mobile station 106 establish a real time call and other devices such as a voice mail server 104. 实时通信网络114包括通过基站108连接和管理与移动台106的通信的设备。 Real-time communication network 114 includes a connection management and communication with the mobile station apparatus 106 through the base station 108. 例如,实时通信网络114在一些情况下可包括移动交换中心仿真器(eMSC)。 For example, real-time communication network 114 in some cases may include a mobile switching center emulator (eMSC). 图中示出了代表实时通信网络114 的云图,其覆盖了始发网络110和目标网络102以说明始发网络110 和目标网络102中的组件可被认为是实时通信网络114的部分。 Is shown on behalf of a real-time communication network cloud 114, which covers the originating network 110 and target network 102 to indicate the originating network 110 and target network 102 may be considered a component part of the real-time communication network 114. 此夕卜,一些用于通过实时通信网络114建立通信的设备和基础设施可由以下紧接着说明的分组数据消息传递系统使用。 Bu this evening, some of the packet data messaging system and apparatus for establishing a communication infrastructure network 114 via the real-time communication can be described immediately below is used.

分组数据消息传递系统通过分组交换网络传输数据分组以交换包括语音邮件消息的消息。 Packet data messaging system via a packet switched network to a packet switched data message includes voicemail message. 分组数据消息传递系统可以是提供路由包括文件或其它表示语音邮件消息的内容的信息的数据分组的机制的任何类型的分组数据系统。 Any type of mechanism for information packet data of the data messaging system comprising a content routing may be to provide a file or other representation of a voice mail message packets packet data system. 适合的分组数据消息传递系统的一个示例包括可路由附有音频文件的邮件消息的电子邮件(email)系统。 Suitable example of a packet data message transmission system comprises a routing mail message with audio files mail (email) system. 在示例性实施例中,分组数据消息传递系统是有利于在适当配置的移动台106 和其它由MMS系统服务的装置之间交换文本、视频、音频和图形文件的多媒体消息服务(MMS)系统。 In an exemplary embodiment, packet data messaging system is beneficial to exchange text, multimedia message service video, audio, and graphics files (MMS) system suitably configured between a mobile station 106 and other devices by the MMS system and services. 其它装置可由相同的无线网络、不同无线网络、有线网络或计算机网络所服务。 Other means may be the same wireless network, different wireless network, a wired network or computer network service. 分组数据消息服务中心存储和管理与移动台106交换的分组数据消息。 Packet data storage and management message service center and the mobile station 106 to exchange packet data message. 在示例性实施例中, 分组数据消息服务中心是存储和管理与移动台106交换的多媒体消息的多媒体消息服务中心(MMS-C) 116。 In an exemplary embodiment, the packet data message service center MMSC store and manage the mobile station 106 to exchange multimedia messages (MMS-C) 116. MMS-C 116包括MMS服务器和MMS中继(图1中未显示)。 MMS-C 116 comprises the MMS server and the MMS relay (not shown in FIG. 1). 在一些情况下,其它设备、服务器、 网络和存储器可被连接到MMS-C 116。 In some cases, other equipment, servers, network and memory may be connected to the MMS-C 116. 例如,临时消息存储装置和永久消息存储装置可用于存储MMS消息。 For example, the temporary and the permanent message storing means for storing the message storing means may be an MMS message. 本技术领域中的那些技术人员可根据已知技术的说明容易地认识到能够根据这些技术使用的通信系统100、始发网络110和目标网络102的多种拓补、协议、结构、和实现。 Those skilled in the art will be able to readily recognize the use of these techniques in a communication system 100, the originating network 110 and target network 102 topology variety of protocols, structures, and implemented in accordance with known techniques described. 图1中说明的框的功能和操作可在任何数目装置、电路、或基础设施中实现。 Function blocks illustrated in FIG. 1 and operations may be implemented in any number of devices, circuits, or infrastructure. 两个或多个功能块可在单个装置中集成并且如在任何单个装置中执行的说明的功能可在一些装置上实现。 Two or more functional blocks may be integrated in a single device and the functions described as performed in any single device may be implemented on some devices. 例如,基站108和MMS-C 116之间的通信链路包括未在图1中显示的其它不同的始发网络110元件,例如基站控制器(BSC)和分组数据接入网关交换节点(PDSN)。 For example, the communication link between the base station 108 and the MMS-C 116 110 includes various other elements of the originating network does not appear in FIG. 1, for example, a base station controller (BSC) and a packet data access gateway switching node (PDSN) .

在示例性实施例中,通信系统100使用分组交换网络的因特网协议语音(VoIP)技术。 In an exemplary embodiment, the communication system 100 using voice over internet protocol packet switched network (VoIP) technology. 会话初始协议(SIP)有利于在呼叫方和被呼叫方,例如在始发移动台106和目标设备118之间,建立虚拟电路交换呼叫。 Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) in favor of the calling party and the called party, for example, between an originating mobile station 106 and the target device 118, establish a virtual circuit switched call. 在一些情况下,通信系统100可包括一个或多个电路交换网络, 例如公共交换电话网络(PSTN)。 In some cases, the communication system 100 may include one or more circuit-switched networks, such as the public switched telephone network (PSTN).

语音邮件服务器104存储、生成、和播放问候(greeting)和语音邮件消息以向语音邮件客户提供语音邮件服务。 Voice mail server 104 storage, production, and plays the greeting (greeting) and voice mail messages to provide voice mail to voice mail customer service. 语音邮件服务器104 与实时通信网络114中的交换设备或路由设备通信,并且在一些情况下,与MMS-C 116通信,并且可在相同网络(110)中与交换设备或路由设备和MMS-C116连接,或可在其它通信网络(102)中连接。 Voice mail server 104 and the real-time communication network 114 exchange communications device or the routing device, and in some cases, to communicate with the MMS-C 116, and may be exchanged in the same network (110) in the device or the routing device and the MMS-C116 connection, or other communication network connection (102).

根据特定情况,无线通信系统可包括语音邮件始发网络110、语音邮件目标网络102、或两者都包括。 According to a particular case, the wireless communication system may include a voice message originating network 110, 102, or both the target network comprises a voice mail. 因此,移动台106可被用于存放另一方的语音邮件或可用于取回由其它方存放的语音邮件,其中其它方的通信装置可以是相同无线网络上的移动台106、不同无线网络上的移动台106、或是连接到例如PSTN的陆线通信网络的陆线装置。 Thus, mobile station 106 may be used to store voice mail or other storage may be used to retrieve voice mail from the other party, the other party apparatus where the communication may be the same mobile station on a wireless network 106, wireless networks of different mobile station 106, or the apparatus connected to the landline PSTN e.g. landline communications network. 在图1 中所示的示例性系统中,其它方的装置(目标设备118)被显示为通过目标网络102连接到始发网络110。 In the exemplary system shown in FIG. 1, the other party apparatus (target device 118) is shown by the target network 102 is connected to the originating network 110. 然而,在一些情况下,目标网络102和始发网络110可以是相同的网络。 However, in some cases, the originating network 102 and target network 110 may be the same network. 通信网络102、 110可包括任何数目的无线网络、有线网络、计算机网络、因特网、内联网。 A communication network 102, 110 may include any number of wireless networks, wired networks, computer networks, the Internet, an intranet.

根据本发明的示例性实施例,移动台106与MMS-C116交换包括语音邮件消息的MMS消息。 According to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the mobile station 106 MMS message includes voicemail message exchange with the MMS-C116. 在移动台是始发设备时,始发方(呼叫方) 在始发移动台上记录用于目标方(被呼叫方)的语音邮件消息。 The mobile station is originating device, the originator (caller) at the originating mobile station for recording the target (callee) of a voice mail message. 语音邮件消息至少被临时地存储在始发移动台的存储器中并且通过MMS-C116被转发到目标网络102。 Voice mail messages are stored at least temporarily in a memory in the originating mobile station and forwarded to the target network 102 through the MMS-C116. 如果目标设备是陆线电话,或其它没有MMS服务的设备,为目标设备118将MMS消息存储在语音邮件服务器104。 If the destination device is a landline telephone, or other device without MMS service, the target device 118 stores the MMS message in the voice mail server 104. 当目标设备118是正确配置的支持MMS的移动台(目标移动台)时,语音邮件消息可被存放在目标移动台中而无需在语音邮件服务器104中存储语音邮件消息。 When the target device 118 is properly configured to support MMS mobile station (destination mobile station), voice mail message may be stored in the destination mobile station without storing voice mail messages in a voice mail server 104. 然而,在示例性实施例中,在目标设备不能接收MMS或还没有被配置以接收MMS时,语音邮件消息被发送到语音邮件服务器104,由目标设备118通过常规技术取回语音邮件。 However, in an exemplary embodiment, the target device can not receive an MMS or is not configured to receive a MMS, voicemail message is sent to a voice mail server 104, 118 to retrieve voicemail by conventional techniques by the target device. 为目标移动台(118)的用户存放的语音邮件消息作为MMS消息从MMS-C116传输到目标移动台(118 ) 。 The destination mobile station (118) of the user stored voicemail messages transmitted as an MMS message from the MMS-C116 to the target mobile station (118). MMS消息被存储在目标移动台(118)的存储器中并且在用户访问语音邮件时本地播放。 MMS messages are stored in the target mobile station (118) and the local memory of playback when the user accesses the voice mail. 在一些情况下,语音邮件消息可被以流的形式发送到目标移动台(118),该目标移动台允许在整个消息文件被传输前播放语音邮件消息。 In some cases, voice mail message may be sent as a stream to the target mobile station (118), the target mobile station allowed to play the voicemail message file before the entire message is transmitted. 因此, 包括记录的语音邮件消息(例如MMS消息)的分组数据消息通过分组数据通信链路(例如MMS通信链路)传输到目标网络102。 Thus, the packet data message comprises a recorded voice mail message (e.g., an MMS message) (e.g. MMS communication link) to the target network 102 through a packet data communication link. 图2是其中第一移动台106是始发设备(始发移动台202)和第二移动台106是目标设备(目标移动台204)的示例性通信系统100的框图。 Figure 2 is a first mobile station 106 is the originating device (originating mobile station 202) and a second mobile station 106 is the target device (target mobile station 204) a block diagram of an exemplary communication system 100. 在参考图2说明的示例性情况下中,始发移动台202通过始发网络110通信并且目标移动台204通过目标网络102通信,其中始发网络110和目标网络102各自包括至少部分包括实时通信网络114的MMS-C116、 208和IP路由器。 In the exemplary case described with reference to FIG. 2, the originating mobile station 202 through an originating network 110 and the communication target mobile station 204 through a certain communication network 102, wherein the originating network 110 and target network 102 each include at least a portion comprises real-time communication MMS-C116 114 of network 208 and IP routers. 如上说明,实时通信网络114包括交换设备,该交换设备包括移动交换中心(MSC),其中实时通信网络114 是电路交换网络。 As described above, real-time communication network 114 comprises a switching device, the switching device comprises a mobile switching center (the MSC), wherein the real-time communication network 114 is a circuit switched network. 为清楚说明,基站102和其它通信设备没有显示在图2中。 To clearly illustrate, the base station 102 and other communication devices not shown in FIG. 目标网络104中的语音邮件服务器104为例如目标移动台204 的目标设备118提供语音邮件服务。 The target network 104, for example, a voice mail server 104 target mobile station 204 is the target device 118 provides voice mail service. 本技术领域中的那些技术人员可容易地识别根据这些技术和已知技术使用的多种拓扑、协议、结构、 和通信网络100的实现。 Those skilled in the art can readily identify a variety of topologies in accordance with these techniques and using known techniques, to implement the protocols, structures, and communication network 100. 图2中说明的框的功能和操作可在任何数目装置、电路、或基础设施中实现。 Function blocks illustrated in FIG. 2 and operations may be implemented in any number of devices, circuits, or infrastructure. 两个或多个功能框在单个装置中集成并且在任何单个装置中执行的说明的功能可在一些装置上实现。 Two or more of the functional blocks integrated in a single device and the functions described performed in any single device may be implemented on some devices. 例如,语音邮件服务器104的功能可在MMS-C208中实现。 For example, a voice mail server function 104 may be implemented in MMS-C208. 在始发移动台202试图呼叫目标移动台204并且呼叫不能被完成时,调用语音邮件传输程序。 In the originating mobile station 202 attempts to call the target mobile station 204, and when the call can not be completed, voice mail call transfer procedure. 根据己知技术,始发移动台202通过实时通信网络114的始发网络中的设备呼叫目标网络204中的通信设备。 According to known technique, the originating mobile communication device 204 originating network device network call destination station 202 through the network 114 in real-time communication in. 实时通信网络114检测目标移动台204正在通话、在服务区外、不回复或不能接受呼叫。 Real-time communication network 114 detects the target mobile station 204 is busy, out of service area, do not respond or can not accept the call. 在示例性实施例中,VoIP设备通过确定不答复寻呼或通过确定已经激活呼叫转发特性以将呼叫转发到语音邮件,而检测出目标移动台204不可用。 In an exemplary embodiment, VoIP equipment by determining a paging or non-response to forward the call to voice mail, is detected by the target mobile station 204 is not determined to have been activated by the call forwarding feature. 作为响应,呼叫被改向到语音邮件服务器104。 In response, the call is redirected to a voice mail server 104. 在参考图2说明的示例性分组交换情况中,语音邮件服务器104使用用于VoIP信令的会话初始协议(SIP)将语音邮件确认消息转发到始发移动台202。 In the exemplary case of a packet switched explained with reference to FIG 2, a voice mail server 104 uses the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) signaling for VoIP voice mail confirmation message to the originating mobile station 202. 在电路交换网络中,MSC检测目标设备的不可用性,将呼叫转发到语音邮件服务器104并且电路交换呼叫由始发移动台202临时性完成。 In the circuit-switched network, the MSC unavailability detection target device, forward the call to voice mail server 104 and the circuit-switched call by the originating mobile station 202 temporary complete. 语音邮件确认消息被转发到始发移动台202指示语音邮件服务器104已经接受该呼叫。 Voicemail acknowledgment message is forwarded to the originating mobile station 202 instructs the voice mail server 104 has accepted the call. 始发移动台202通过发送MMS调用消息回复语音邮件确认消息, 指示将使用MMS系统提交语音邮件消息。 Originating mobile station 202 an acknowledgment message reply voice message, an indication that a voicemail message MMS submission system call by sending a MMS message. 如上说明,在示例性实施例中使用VoIP和SIP。 As described above, using VoIP and SIP in an exemplary embodiment. 语音邮件确认消息和MMS调用消息使用SIP扩展通过通信系统ioo被转发。 Voice mail confirmation messages and MMS messages using SIP calling extension through the communication system ioo be forwarded. 因此,在示例性实施例中,使用SIP扩展传输MMS调用消息并且指示不实现VoIP媒介连接。 Thus, in an exemplary embodiment, a SIP call MMS message and extended transmission indicating medium does not implement VoIP connection. 在使用电路交换网络的实施例中,MMS调用消息可包括音调序列或其它电路交换系统中可用的带内(in-band)以及带外(out-of-band)信令技术。 In an embodiment using a circuit switched network, MMS message may include a call tone sequence or other circuitry within the switching system available band (in-band) and the band (out-of-band) signaling technique. 在发送MMS-调用消息后,始发移动台202终止实时呼叫并且使用MMS继续提交语音邮件消息。 After sending a message MMS- calls originating mobile station 202 terminates the call in real time and use MMS to continue to submit voice mail messages. 如果始发移动台202不发送MMS调用消息,语音邮件传输程序根据已知技术继续允许始发方在语音邮件服务器104为目标方记录消息。 If the originating mobile station 202 does not transmit the MMS message calls, voice mail transfer program continues to allow the originator in accordance with known techniques for the voice mail server 104 records the target message. 在一些情况下,与目标移动台204相关的问候消息(greeting message)被存储在语音邮件服务器104。 In some cases, the mobile station 204 associated with the target message greeting (greeting message) is stored in a voice mail server 104. 在示例性实施例中,由语音邮件服务器通过MMS系统将MMS消息中的问候消息提交到目标移动台202。 In an exemplary embodiment, MMS will be submitted to the destination mobile station 202 MMS message greeting message by the voice mail server. 语音邮件服务器104使用始发移动台202的地址信息生成MMS 消息和包括问候消息的文件。 Voice mail server 104 uses the originating mobile station address information file 202 and generates an MMS message including a greeting message. 尽管问候消息文件可具有一些形式中的任何形式,在示例性实施例中问候消息文件根据由始发移动台202使用的语音编解码器形式被格式化。 While greeting message files can have any form some forms, the greeting message file is formatted according to a speech codec 202 form used by the originating mobile station in the exemplary embodiment. 在CDMA系统中的适合的编解码器形式的一个示例包括增强的可变速率编解码器(EVRC)。 A codec example in the form of suitable CDMA system comprises an enhanced variable rate codec (EVRC). 包括问候文件的MMS消息通过MMS系统被传送,并且被存放在始发移动台202 中和向呼叫方播放。 MMS message comprises a greeting file is transmitted via MMS system, and stored in the originating mobile station 202 and playing to the calling party. 通信系统100包括电路交换网络时,可使用其它机制向呼叫方呈现问候消息。 Communication system 100 includes a circuit switched network, other mechanisms may be used presenting a greeting message to the caller. 一种技术包括从语音邮件服务器104转发呼叫者ID信息到MMS-C 208以提供地址信息。 One technique includes forwarding the information to the caller ID from the voice mail server 104 MMS-C 208 to provide address information. 根据与呼叫者ID号相关的始发地址在MMS-C208生成MMS问候消息。 The address associated with the originating caller ID number generator MMS greeting message in MMS-C208. 在一些情况下,在终止实时呼叫语音邮件服务器104前可由语音邮件服务器104通过虚拟电路交换呼叫或电路交换呼叫来播放问候消息。 In some cases, real time call termination voice mail server 104 may be a voice mail server 104 before the virtual circuit switched call or a circuit-switched call to play the greeting message. 始发移动台202通过经由扩音器捕获音频信号和/或经由照相机捕获视频信号和通过在存储器中存储信号的数字表示,来记录语音邮件消息。 Originating mobile station 202 via a microphone to capture audio signals and / or via a video camera captures a digital signal and a signal stored in said memory, to record a voice mail message. 适合的音频格式的示例包括WAV、 EVRC、和AMR文件。 Examples of suitable audio formats including WAV, EVRC, AMR and file. 适合存储视频或多媒体文件的一个示例的格式包括MPEG 4格式。 Suitable example of a video memory or multimedia file formats include MPEG 4 format. 本技术领域中的那些技术人员识别用于存储和传输音频、视频和多媒体文件的多种其它格式。 Those skilled in the art will recognize a variety of other formats for storing and transmitting audio, video, and multimedia files. 在适当处理语音邮件消息文件后,始发移动台202使用目标移动ii台地址生成到目标移动台204的MMS消息。 After appropriate treatment voicemail message file, the originating mobile station 202 to use the address generation target mobile station ii MMS message to the destination mobile station 204. 适合的目标地址的示例包括email地址或任何使用因特网协议(IP)的可路由地址。 Examples of suitable target address comprises an Internet email address or use any protocol (IP) address is routable. 因为在示例性实施例中,呼叫是VoIP呼叫,在虚拟电路交换呼叫(VoIP呼叫)的会话启动时建立目标移动台204的地址信息。 Because in the exemplary embodiment, the call is a VoIP call, the establishment of the address information of the target mobile station 204 to call (VoIP calls) the virtual circuit-switched session is started. 因此,因特网可路由地址信息在始发移动台202上可用或通过例如SIP信令控制器的网络常驻代理装置可用,并且任何从始发移动台202到目标移动台204的MMS消息可使用用于初始VoIP呼叫的目标地址被路由。 Thus, Internet routable address information is available or available by, for example, the SIP signaling network resident proxy apparatus controller on originating mobile station 202, and 202 from any originating mobile station to the target mobile station 204 may use the MMS message with the initial target address to VoIP calls are routed. 然而,呼叫是电路交换呼叫时,从始发移动台202传输的MMS消息必须与目标移动台204相关。 However, the call is a circuit switched call, the mobile station 204 must be associated with the target MMS message from the originating mobile station 202 transmission. 适于在电路交换系统中建立地址信息的方法的一个示例包括在使用地址转换数据库(例如电话号码映射(ENUM)或其它适当的机制)的语音邮件服务器104和始发移动台202之间的电路交换呼叫过程中,通过带内或带外信令转发到目标移动台202的与目标电话号码相关的目标地址。 An example of a suitable method for establishing the address information in the circuit switching system comprises a circuit between the address translation database (e.g. a telephone number mapping (the ENUM), or other appropriate mechanism) voice mail server 104 and the originating mobile station 202 switching a call, the mobile telephone number associated with the target address of the target station 202 is forwarded to the target via the inband or outband signaling. 在一些情况下,目标地址可被存储在始发移动台202并且与目标移动台204电话号码相关。 In some cases, the destination address may be stored in the originating mobile station 202 and the mobile station 204 and the target telephone number. 例如,诸如email 地址的因特网可路由目标地址可被存储在始发移动台202的地址簿内。 For example, such as the Internet email address routable destination address may be stored within the originating mobile station 202's address book. 目标移动台202生成包含文件或其它表示语音邮件消息的数据的多媒体消息服务(MMS)消息。 Target mobile station 202 generates a data file or other representation of a voice mail message of a multimedia messaging service (MMS) message. 在示例性实施例中,MMS消息包括语音邮件消息作为附加数字文件并且包括目标移动台的目标地址。 In an exemplary embodiment, MMS messages including voice mail messages, and as an additional digital file including a target address of a target mobile station. MMS消息被转发到MMS-C116并且根据已知MMS技术通过通信系统被路由到目标网络102的MMS-C 208。 MMS message is forwarded to the MMS-C116 MMS according to known techniques and is routed to the target network MMS-C 208 102 via the communication system. 通常,MMS消息根据目标地址路由到MMS-C 208中的多媒体服务器并且存储在MMS-C 208的存储器中。 Typically, MMS messages according to the destination address is routed to the MMS-C 208 and multimedia server MMS-C 208 stored in the memory of the. MMS-C 208中的MMS服务器在目标移动台204中存放语音邮件消息。 MMS-C 208 in the MMS server in the destination mobile station 204 stored in the voicemail message. 根据MMS技术,例如,MMS-C 208存储MMS消息的内容并且使其可作为到本地数据文件的动态生成的URL链接。 The MMS techniques, e.g., MMS-C 208 stored content of the MMS message and allowed dynamically generated URL link local data files to be used as. 在示例性实施例中,表示语音邮件消息的例如WAV音频文件的数据文件与MMS消息相关。 In an exemplary embodiment, the voicemail represents e.g. WAV audio file message data file associated with the MMS message. 在音频文件不能被存放在目标移动台204中的情况下,向目标移动台204传输指示消息已经到达和可下载的通知。 Audio files can not be stored in the case where the target mobile station 204, the mobile station 204 notifies the transmission indication message has arrived and can be downloaded to the target. 根据目标移动台204的特别配置,可在用户介入或者没有用户介入的情况下取回MMS消息。 Target mobile station 204 according to the particular configuration, MMS messages can be retrieved without the user intervention or without user intervention. 在一些情况下,消息可被以流的方式发送到目标移动台204,从而允许在整个文件被传输到目标移动台204的存储器之前播放语音邮件消息。 In some cases, messages may be sent by streaming to a target mobile station 204, allowing the player to be transferred to the voicemail message before the target mobile station memory 204 in the entire file. 尽管多种协议、信令机制和格式可被用于在目标移动台204中存放MMS消息,实现的MMS技术可被用于示例性实施例。 Although a variety of protocols, formats and signaling mechanisms may be used to target mobile station 204 stored in MMS messages, MMS technology can be used in the exemplary embodiment. 例如,MMS-C 208使用通过短消息服务(SMS)的无线应用协议(WAP) "Push"程序生成并且向目标移动台204传送MMS通知消息。 For example, MMS-C 208 generated by a program using a short message service (SMS) of the wireless application protocol (WAP) "Push" and the mobile station 204 transmits to the target MMS notification message. MMS通知消息包括指向动态生成的包括表示语音邮件消息的音频文件的MMS消息的URL指针。 MMS notification message includes links dynamically generated URL pointer to an MMS message includes a representation of an audio file of the voicemail message. 在接收MMS通知消息后,移动台启动提供TCP/IP网络连接的数据连接。 After receiving the MMS notification message, the mobile station starts data provide TCP / IP network connection. 目标移动台204执行HTTP (或WSP) "get"程序以从MMS-C取回MMS消息。 The target mobile station 204 performs HTTP (or WSP) "get" procedure to retrieve the MMS message from the MMS-C. 在示例性实施例中,使用任何在移动通信系统中使用的一些协议中的任何协议传输MMS消息。 In an exemplary embodiment, any protocol using any of several protocols used in the mobile communication system transmitting MMS messages. 适当的协议的示例包括M-IMAP、 OMA-MMl、和基于SIP的MM1。 Examples of suitable protocols include M-IMAP, OMA-MMl, and SIP-based MM1. 另外,例如IMAP 和POP的email协议可被用于一些情况。 Further, for example, the POP and IMAP email protocols may be used in some cases. 在示例性实施例中,在语音邮件服务器104接收语音邮件消息后, 提示消息被发送到目标移动台204。 In an exemplary embodiment, the mail server 104 receives the speech voice mail messages, prompt messages are sent to the target mobile station 204. 该提示消息通知目标移动台204 语音邮件消息在语音邮件服务器104是可用的。 The alert message notifying the target mobile station 204 voicemail messages in the voice mail server 104 is available. 在已经在MMS消息中出现错误的情况下,提示消息便于通知和恢复语音邮件消息。 In the case of an error has occurred in the MMS message, a message prompts to inform and facilitate the recovery of voicemail messages. 根据已知技术和协议将提示消息传输到目标移动台204。 According to known techniques and protocols will prompt message to the destination mobile station 204. 提示目标移动台204 的适合的方法的一个示例包括使用短消息服务(SMS)消息传输提示消息。 Suitable prompts a target mobile station 204 in one example comprises using a Short Message Service (SMS) message transmission prompt message. 上述讨论关注了预定了例如MMS的分组数据消息服务的始发设备对语音邮件的提交。 The above discussion concerns the scheduled packet data originating device MMS messaging services such as voicemail submit. 然而,在示例性实施例中,目标移动设备204 可被用于取回存储在语音邮件服务器104处的语音邮件消息。 However, in an exemplary embodiment, the target mobile device 204 may be used to retrieve voicemail messages stored in a voice mail server 104. 可出现语音邮件服务器104记录由始发方使用常规技术留下的语音邮件消息的情况或者MMS消息不能被存储在目标设备204并且可替换地被发送以存储在语音邮件服务器104的情况。 Case of a voice mail server 104 records using conventional techniques to leave a voice mail message from the originator MMS message may appear or can not be stored in the target device 204 may alternatively be transmitted and stored in a voice mail server 104 in the case of. 也会出现始发方直接通过语音邮件系统访问目标语音邮件信箱来为该语音邮件信箱的语音邮件用户留消息的情况。 There will be access to the target voice mail originator directly through the mail to the mailbox voice mail system for voice mail and voice mail messages left user case. 在始发设备不是适用MMS的装置并且试图完成呼叫目标移动台204并且目标移动台204正在通话、处于服务区外或其它不能接通的情况下,呼叫改向到语音邮件服务器104。 Means in the originating device is not suitable for MMS and attempts to complete the call destination mobile station 204 and the target mobile station 204 is on a call outside the service area, or otherwise can not be connected, the call is redirected to a voice mail server 104. 在始发设备己经建立了与语音邮件服务器104的呼叫后,语音邮件服务器104可播放问候并且提供记录已经开始的例如蜂鸣的指示。 After the originating device already established call with the voice mail server 104, the voice mail server 104 may provide an indication, for example, play the greeting and beep recording has begun. 记录的消息被存储在语音邮件服务器104中。 Recorded message is stored in a voice mail server 104. 使用适合的接口和协议将语音邮件消息转发到MMS服务器。 Using appropriate interfaces and protocols to forward a voice mail message to the MMS server. 在示例性实施例中,使用简单邮件传输协议(SMTP)将语音邮件消息作为文件传输。 In an exemplary embodiment, using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) as a voice mail message file transfer. SMTP包括使SMTP消息被路由到正确的MMS服务器和目标移动台204的目标地址字段。 SMTP SMTP message comprising destination address field is moved table 204 is routed to the correct target server and MMS. 在示例性实施例中,语音邮件服务器104包括使电话号码与具有MMS服务的移动台的email地址相关的地址相关表。 In an exemplary embodiment, a voice mail server 104 includes an address table associated email address and telephone number of the mobile station associated with the MMS service. 在一些情况下,可需要域名服务器(DNS)将域名翻译为IP地址。 In some cases, it may require a domain name server (DNS) to translate domain names into IP addresses. 根据已知技术,包含语音邮件消息的消息通过通信系统100 被路由到提供服务到目标移动台204的MMS服务器。 According to known techniques, the message includes voicemail message 100 is routed to the MMS server providing services to the mobile station 204 through a target communication system. MMS-C 208在目标移动台204中存储语音邮件消息。 MMS-C 208 in the mobile station 204 stored in the destination voice mail message. MMS-C 208 生成MMS消息以包括表示语音邮件消息的文件或其它数据。 MMS-C 208 to generate an MMS message includes voicemail message indicates the file or other data. 包括头信息和附加语音邮件文件的MMS消息可存储在MMS服务器的存储器中。 MMS message comprises header information and additional voicemail files may be stored in the memory in the MMS server. 根据MMS技术,MMS-C 208存储MMS消息的内容并且使其可用作为动态生成的URL链接。 The technical contents of MMS, MMS-C 208 stores the MMS message and make it available as a dynamically generated URL link. 在示例性实施例中,表示语音邮件消息的例如WAV音频文件的数据文件可与MMS消息相关。 In an exemplary embodiment, the voicemail represents e.g. WAV audio file data files associated with the message MMS message. 通知被传输到目标移动台204指示消息已经到达并且可下载。 Notification is transmitted to the destination mobile station 204 indicating the message has arrived and can be downloaded. 在一些情况下,MMS 消息的存储继续新消息的通知。 In some cases, store MMS messages continue new message notification. 根据目标移动台204的特定配置,可以在用户介入或用户不介入的情况下取回MMS消息。 Target mobile station 204 in accordance with a particular configuration, it is possible to retrieve the MMS message if the user or user intervention intervention. 如上讨论,消息可被以流的形式传输到目标移动台204,从而允许在整个文件被传输到目标移动设备204的存储器前播放语音邮件消息。 As discussed above, the message can be transmitted in a stream to the destination mobile station 204, thereby allowing the mobile device to be transferred to the target playback voicemail message in the memory 204 before the entire file. 因此,语音邮件消息可从己经接入分组数据消息服务的始发设备(202)或者从语音邮件服务器104直接转发到目标移动台204。 Thus, the originating device (202) a voice mail message may have access to services from packet data message or forwarded from the voice mail server 104 directly to the destination mobile station 204. 在关注适用MMS的始发设备(202)的上述说明的示例性实施例中,通过在始发移动台202处记录消息、生成包括语音邮件消息作为附加文件的MMS消息、和根据目标移动台204的目标地址路由消息到目标移动台204,使用MMS系统提交语音邮件消息。 In an exemplary embodiment focuses on the originating device applies the MMS (202) described above, the recorded message by the originating mobile station 202, the MMS message comprises generating a voice mail message as an attached file, and the target mobile station 204 in accordance with the destination address for routing messages to the destination mobile station 204, using the MMS system to submit a voicemail message. 在到目标移动台204的尝试呼叫被改向到语音邮件服务器104后,始发移动台202接收指示语音邮件服务器104己经接受呼叫的语音邮件确认。 In the attempted call to the target mobile station 204 is redirected to a voice mail server 104, the originating mobile station 202 receives the indication of a voice mail server 104 has accepted the call voice mail confirmation. 始发移动台202和语音邮件服务器104之间的呼叫终止并且由始发移动台204记录语音邮件消息。 Call termination between the originating mobile station 202 and a voice mail server 104 and recorded voice mail message by the originating mobile station 204. 根据目标移动台204的目标地址生成包括语音邮件消息文14件和头信息的MMS消息。 MMS message target mobile station 204 generates the destination address comprises voicemail message header information and packets 14 according to. 如以下进一步详细说明,始发移动台202 可在目标设备不接收分组数据消息服务情况下,使用分组数据消息传递系统提交语音邮件消息。 As described below in further detail, originating mobile station 202 can not receive the packet data message of service, packet data messaging system voicemail messages submitted in the target device. 因此,可在始发设备、目标设备、或两者可使用例如MMS的分组数据消息传递系统交换消息时,实现相对于实时低等待时间电路交换呼叫或虚拟电路交换呼叫使用相对高等待时间、高数据速率分组数据链接的优点。 Thus, the originating device, a target device, or both may be used, for example, packet data MMS messaging system message exchange, to achieve a low latency real-time with respect to a circuit switched call or virtual circuit switched call using a relatively high latency, high advantage of the data link packet data rate.

图3是根据其中目标设备302不接收MMS服务的示例性实施例的通信系统100的框图。 FIG 3 is a block diagram a communication system in which the target device 302 of the exemplary embodiment does not receive the MMS 100 according to the service. 目标设备302是参考图3说明的示例性实施例中的陆线电话并且通过例如实时通信网络114的部分的PSTN交换装置或PBX (专用交换分机)交换装置304的电话交换机304连接到通信系统100。 The target device 302 with reference to FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary embodiment of the landline telephone and the communication system PBX 304 device 304 is connected to the switch 100 by, for example PSTN switching device section realtime communication network 114 or a PBX (private branch exchange) .

电话交换机304在电话交换机304检测到目标设备302正在通话或不能接通时由始发移动台202将对目标设备302的呼叫改向到语音邮件服务器104。 When telephone exchange 304 to telephone exchange 304 detects the target device 302 is busy or does not turn the mobile station 202 calls the target device 302 will be redirected to the voice mail by the originating server 104. 在接受呼叫后,语音邮件服务器104发送语音邮件确认信号到始发移动台202,指示语音邮件服务器104已经接受该呼叫。 After receiving the call, a voice mail server 104 to send a voice message acknowledgment signal originating mobile station 202, indicating a voice mail server 104 has accepted the call. 在示例性实施例中,语音邮件服务器104发送与目标设备302的语音邮件信箱相对应的目标地址,并且SIP扩展提供传输目标地址和语音邮件确认机制。 In an exemplary embodiment, a voice mail server device 104 transmits the target voice mail mailbox 302 corresponding to the target address, and the SIP extension provides a transmission destination address and voice mail acknowledgment mechanism. 如上说明,目标地址和确认可使用电路交换系统内的带内或带外信令发送。 As described above, the destination address and the confirmation may be provided with a belt system or circuit switched transmission band signaling.

在示例性实施例中,始发移动台202在通过始发移动台202播放问候时终止与语音邮件服务器104的会话。 In an exemplary embodiment, the originating mobile station 202 terminate the session with the voice mail server 104 at the time of playback by the originating mobile station 202 greeting. 在一些情况下,始发移动台202可在接收语音邮件确认后立即终止呼叫。 In some cases, the originating mobile station 202 may terminate the call immediately after receiving the voice mail confirmation. 在一些情况下,语音邮件服务器104将MMS问候消息转发到播放呼叫方问候的始发移动台202。 In some cases, voice mail server 104 forwards the MMS message greeting the caller to play the greeting originating mobile station 202.

始发移动台202根据参考图2的以上说明的技术记录语音邮件消息。 The originating mobile station 202 records the voice of two or more of the techniques described with reference to FIG mail message. 使用目标地址,始发移动台202生成并且通过MMS系统向语音邮件服务器104转发包括语音邮件消息的MMS消息。 Using the destination address, originating mobile station 202 and forwards the MMS message comprises generating a voice mail message to the voice mail server 104 via MMS system. 消息通过MMS-C 116被路由到语音邮件服务器104的目标地址。 Message by MMS-C 116 is routed to the destination address of the voicemail server 104. 语音邮件服务器104在与目标设备302的语音邮件信箱相关的位置存储附加语音邮件文件并且将调用消息等待灯、不同拨号音调、或其它通知机制的语音邮件通知发送到目标设备302。 Voice mail server 104 associated with a target device in a voice mail box 302 stores the position of the additional file and calls the voice mail message waiting lamp, different dial tone and voice mail, or notification of other notification mechanism 302 to the destination device. 目标方通过根据已知技术访问语音邮件服务器104来取回语音邮件消息。 Target to retrieve the voice mail message in accordance with known techniques by access voice mail server 104. 根据存储的语音邮件消息的格式,语音邮件服务器104可需要在为目标方播放消息前转换语音邮件消息。 The format of the stored voice mail messages, voice mail server 104 may need to be converted before playing the voicemail message to the target message.

图4是根据本发明的示例性实施例的始发移动台202的框图。 FIG 4 is a block diagram of a mobile station 202 according to an exemplary embodiment of the originator of the present invention. 包括发射器410和接收器412的收发信机402与基站108交换无线信号以交换包括语音、数据、视频、图形、和音频的信息。 Includes a transmitter 410 and a receiver 412 of the transceiver 402 and the base station 108 exchanges wireless signals to exchange information including voice, data, video, graphics, and audio. 处理器404有利于执行始发移动台202的多种功能并且有利于移动台202的整个功能性。 Processor 404 facilitate the implementation of originating mobile station 202 and to facilitate various functions of the entire functionality of mobile station 202. 处理器404包括微处理器、计算机、或其它适于处理计算机代码以有利于执行此处说明的功能的处理器布置。 The processor The processor 404 includes a microprocessor, computer or other suitable processing computer code to perform the functions described herein facilitate the arrangement. 处理器404在一些情况下可包括例如模拟到数字(AD)转换器和音频处理器的其它电路。 In some cases, processor 404 may comprise, for example, to other analog circuits digital (AD) converter and the audio processor. 存储器406是任何存储器模块、集成电路(IC)、或其它适于存储例如表示语音邮件消息和问候消息的音频文件的数字数据的装置。 Memory 406 is a digital data message greeting voicemail message audio file and any memory module, an integrated circuit (IC), for example, or other suitable storage FIG. 连接到处理器404的输入设备408获取音频和视频的任何组合。 An input device 404 connected to the processor 408 to obtain any combination of audio and video. 在示例性实施例中,输入设备408是扩音器而语音邮件消息是音频消息。 In an exemplary embodiment, the input device 408 is a microphone and a voice mail message is an audio message. 其它输入设备408的示例包括视频照相机和数字照相机。 Other examples of input devices 408 include a video camera and a digital camera. 通过例如音频扬声器的输出设备414播放问候消息和其它接收的信息。 An output device such as audio speaker 414 plays a greeting message and other information received by the.

语音邮件服务器确认消息通过接收器412接收指示由目标移动台202始发的尝试呼叫已经被改向到语音邮件服务器104。 Voice mail server an acknowledgment message from the target mobile station 202 attempts originating call has been redirected to a voice mail server 104 receiving an indication via the receiver 412. 处理器将由输入设备408接收的信号转换为表示进入信号的数字文件以记录语音邮件消息。 The processor converts the input signal by the device 408 receives the incoming signal is a digital file to record a voice mail message. 文件在包括在由处理器404生成的MMS消息前至少临时存储在存储器404中。 In the prior document comprises a MMS message generated by the processor 404 at least temporarily stored in memory 404. 消息由发射器410发送到基站108以将MMS消息转发到MMS-C 116。 Message sent by the transmitter 410 to the base station 108 to the MMS message is forwarded to the MMS-C 116.

图5是根据本发明的示例性实施例使用例如MMS的分组数据消息服务提供语音邮件服务的方法的流程图。 FIG 5 is a flowchart of a method using, for example a voice mail service MMS message service providing packet data according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 在示例性实施例中的始发移动设备202中执行此方法并且参考MMS系统说明此方法。 Originating mobile device 202 in the exemplary embodiment is performed in this method and the method described with reference to MMS systems. 本技术领域中的那些技术人员根据其说明将讨论的技术应用到其它类型的分组数据消息传递系统。 Those skilled in the art applied to other types of packet data message transfer system according to the technical description thereof will be discussed.

在步骤502,始发移动台202试图呼叫例如目标移动台204的目标设备。 In step 502, the originating mobile station 202 attempts to call, for example, the target mobile station 204 to the target device. 在示例性实施例中,始发移动台202试图通过根据SIP协议建立会话来完成与目标设备的VoIP呼叫。 In an exemplary embodiment, the originating mobile station 202 to attempt to complete the call by establishing a VoIP session according to the SIP protocol and the target device.

在步骤504,向始发方播放问候消息。 In step 504, plays the greeting message to the originator. 在示例性实施例中,问候消息被接收为MMS消息中的音频文件。 In an exemplary embodiment, the hello message is received as an audio file in the MMS message. 在一些情况下,在始发移动台202和语音邮件服务器104之间建立VoIP会话或电路交换呼叫,以允许语音邮件服务器104通过虚拟电路交换连接或电路交换连接播放问候消息。 In some cases, to establish a VoIP session or a circuit switched call between the originating mobile station 202 and a voice mail server 104, to allow a voice mail server 104 via the virtual circuit-switched connection or a circuit-switched connection plays a greeting message.

在步骤506,接收指示呼叫已经被改向到语音邮件服务器104的语音邮件确认。 In step 506, the received indicating that the call has been redirected to the server 104. Voice mail confirmation. 在示例性实施例中,使用SIP扩展发送消息以通知始发移动台202呼叫已经被改向到语音邮件服务器104。 In an exemplary embodiment, a message sent to inform the SIP extensions originating mobile station 202 that the call has been redirected to the voice mail server 104. 在电路交换网络中,语音邮件确认可使用带内或带外发信令技术通过电路交换连接传输。 In the circuit-switched network, the voice message may be used to confirm the inband or outband signaling transmission over a circuit switched connection technology.

在步骤508,始发移动台202将MMS调用消息发送到语音邮件服务器104,指示始发移动台202正在使用MMS提交语音邮件消息。 In step 508, the originating mobile station 202 transmits the MMS message to call a voice mail server 104, indicating the originating mobile station 202 is using MMS submitted voicemail message. 在示例性实施例中,使用SIP扩展发送MMS调用消息。 In an exemplary embodiment, a call to send an MMS message SIP extensions. 在使用电路交换网络的系统中,使用带内或带外信令发送MMS调用消息。 In a system using a circuit switched network, or using in-band signaling with MMS sending call messages. 电路交换呼叫在消息被发送后终止。 After the circuit-switched call terminating message is sent. 在某些情况下,该呼叫仅在播放问候消息后被终止。 In some cases, the call is terminated after only plays a greeting message. 图4中显示的步骤可以任何顺序执行。 Step shown in FIG. 4 may be performed in any order. 例如,在发送MMS 调用消息后播放问候消息。 For example, play a greeting message after sending MMS messages call.

在步骤510,记录语音邮件消息。 At step 510, recording a voice mail message. 在示例性实施例中,语音邮件消息是由始发移动台202中的处理器通过扩音器408捕获始发方的语音所记录的音频消息。 In an exemplary embodiment, the voicemail message from the originating mobile station 202 is a processor in a microphone 408 to capture the voice of the originator of recorded audio messages. 然而,语音邮件消息可以是音频、视频、文字、 图形或其它多媒体信息的任何组合。 However, a voice mail message can be any combination of audio, video, text, graphics, or other multimedia information. 例如,其他诸如照相机的装置可被用于捕获语音邮件消息的信息。 For example, other means may be used such as a camera information acquisition voicemail message. 语音邮件消息被存储在目标移动台202的存储器406中作为数字文件。 Voicemail message is stored in the object memory 406 of mobile station 202 as a digital file.

在步骤512, MMS消息由始发移动台202生成。 In step 512, MMS message 202 generated by originating mobile station. 使用目标移动台204的目标地址(IP可路由地址),始发移动台202生成MMS消息并且附有语音邮件消息文件。 Using the target mobile station 204 is the destination address (IP address routable), originating mobile station 202 and generates a MMS message with a voice mail message file. 在示例性实施例中,用于尝试VoIP呼叫的目标移动台204的IP地址被用作目标地址。 In an exemplary embodiment, for attempting a VoIP call the target IP address of the mobile station 204 is used as the destination address. 在电路交换网络中,目标地址被存储在存储器406中的本地数据库中或从语音邮件服务器104 被接收到。 In the circuit switched network, the target address is in the memory 406 in the local database or received from the memory 104 to the voice mail server. 例如,目标地址可由始发方输入并且与目标设备204、 302 的电话号码相关。 For example, the destination address input by the originator and the target device associated with the telephone number 204, 302. 语音邮件服务器104提供目标地址时,包含目标地址的消息可通过电路交换呼叫被发送或可使用MMS将其转发到目标移动台202。 When a voice mail server 104 provides the destination address, the destination address of the message containing the call can be sent using MMS or may be forwarded to the destination mobile station 202 via circuit switching. 目标设备302未预定MMS时,目标地址是与目标设备302 的语音邮件信箱相关的目标地址。 When the target device 302 unscheduled MMS, destination address associated with the target device 302 voicemail mailbox of the destination address. 在一些情况下,语音邮件消息文件可根据目标移动台204的编解码器(CODEC)被格式化。 In some cases, voice mail message file according to the target mobile station 204 codec (CODEC) is formatted.

在步骤514,包括语音邮件消息文件的MMS消息可被发送到目标设备204、 302。 In step 514, MMS message includes a voice mail message file may be sent to the target device 204, 302. 根据已知技术MMS消息被传输到MMS-C116。 MMS-C116 is transmitted to the MMS message according to known techniques.

图6是在语音邮件服务器104中执行的使用例如MMS的分组数据消息传递系统提供语音邮件服务的方法的流程图。 FIG 6 is a flowchart of a method, for example, the MMS messaging system providing packet data services is performed using a voice mail in the voice mail server 104. 参考图6说明的方法可在单个装置中执行或由分布设备执行,并且不限于仅由此处讨论的示例性实施例执行。 The method described with reference to FIG. 6 may be performed in a single device or distributed by the device to perform, and is not limited to the exemplary embodiments discussed herein only by execution. 本技术领域的那些技术人员可容易地将讨论的技术根据这些说明应用到其它类型分组数据消息传递系统。 Those skilled in the art can readily techniques discussed applied to other types of packet data messaging system based on these instructions.

在步骤602,语音邮件服务器104向始发移动台202发送语音邮件确认消息。 In step 602, the voice mail server 104 to the originating mobile station 202 sends a voice mail confirmation message. 在将来自始发移动台202的尝试呼叫改向到语音邮件服务器104后,语音邮件服务器104指示呼叫己经被改向。 After the originating mobile station 202 will attempt to redirect the call from the voice mail server 104, voice mail server 104 indicating that the call has been redirected. 如上说明,在示例性实施例中使用SIP扩展转发语音邮件确认消息。 As described above, the use of SIP extensions in the exemplary embodiment, forward voice messages acknowledgment message.

在步骤604,语音邮件服务器104提供与目标设备204、 302相关的问候消息。 Step 604, a voice mail server 104 providing the target device 204, 302 associated greeting message. 在示例性实施例中,问候消息是转发到始发移动台202 作为MMS消息的表示记录的语音的音频文件。 In an exemplary embodiment, the message is forwarded to the voice greeting originating mobile station 202 represented as a MMS message recorded audio files. 始发移动台202的始发地址被用于产生消息中的适当的头并且附问候消息作为音频文件以产生MMS消息。 Originating originating mobile station 202 is used to generate an appropriate address header and message greeting message is attached as an audio file to generate an MMS message. 在一些情况下,问候消息可由语音邮件服务器104播放。 In some cases, the voice mail server hello message 104 can be played.

在步骤606,语音邮件服务器104接收指示始发移动台202将使用MMS提交语音邮件消息的MMS调用消息。 In step 606, the voice mail server 104 receives an indication originating mobile station 202 will use the MMS MMS submitted voicemail message call message. 在示例性实施例中,使用SIP扩展接收MMS调用消息。 In an exemplary embodiment, a SIP extended message received MMS call. 如上说明,可使用其它技术传输MMS 调用消息。 As described above, other techniques may be used to call MMS message transmission.

在步骤608,可在语音邮件服务器104接收MMS消息中的语音邮件消息。 In step 608, a voice mail message may be received MMS message in the voice mail server 104. 在示例性实施例中,执行步骤,其中目标设备是不具有MMS 的目标设备302。 In an exemplary embodiment, the step in which the target device is the target device does not have a MMS-302. 由语音邮件服务器104提供到始发移动台202的目标地址,从而允许MMS消息被路由到与目标设备302相对应的适当的位置。 Voice mail server 104 is provided by the originating mobile station 202 to the target address, thereby allowing the MMS message is routed to the appropriate position and the target device 302 corresponds. 在一些情况下,转发到目标移动台204的MMS消息也可被转发到语音邮件服务器104。 In some cases, the mobile station forwards the MMS message to the destination 204 may also be forwarded to a voice mail server 104.

在步骤610,语音邮件消息从MMS-C转发并且被存储在语音邮件服务器104中。 In step 610, the voicemail message is forwarded from the MMS-C and is stored in the voice mail server 104. 语音邮件消息被存储在与目标设备302的语音邮件信箱相对应的位置。 Voicemail message is stored in a voicemail mailbox target apparatus 302 corresponding to the position.

因此,示例性实施例有效地使用MMS提供语音邮件服务。 Accordingly, the exemplary embodiment effectively provides voice mail service using MMS. 使用MMS存放和取回语音邮件消息,使通信系统100中的实时呼叫的持续时间最小化。 Use MMS storing and retrieving voice mail messages, the duration of the communication system 100 in real time call minimized. 由无线用户存放的语音邮件消息被记录在始发移动台202并且作为MMS消息通过MMS通信链路被传输。 Storing the voicemail message is recorded by the wireless subscriber originating mobile station is transmitted as an MMS message 202 and an MMS communication link. 由无线用户取回的语音邮件消息通过MMS通信链路在目标移动台204处被接收并且存储在目标移动台204的存储器中。 Retrieved by the wireless user voicemail message by MMS communication link is received and stored in the storage target mobile station 204 at the target mobile station 204. 因为语音邮件消息由语音邮件服务器104保留,未预定MMS或不使用MMS的语音邮件客户可使用常规技术取回语音邮件消息。 Because the voicemail message from the voicemail server 104 retains, not predetermined or MMS messages using MMS voice customers using conventional techniques to retrieve voice mail messages. 使用MMS系统最大化语音邮件服务的无线通信资源的使用的效率。 Efficiency in the use of wireless communication systems to maximize the use of resources MMS voice mail service. 因为MMS消息的传输能允许更大程度的等待时间,可以比电路交换网络中的电路交换呼叫或分组交换网络中的虚拟电路交换呼叫需要的QoS (服务质量)等级更低的QoS等级来有效地传输语音邮件消息。 Because the transmission of MMS messages allow a greater degree of latency may be exchanged QoS (Quality of Service) level to a lower QoS level effective virtual circuit-switched call or packet-switched networks than in circuit switched calls need a circuit to Network transmission of voice mail messages. 在使用VoIP的系统中,可使用频谱有效的3G高速率无线链路来观测效率。 In a system using the VoIP, with a spectrum efficient high-speed wireless links 3G observation efficiency. 可调度传输以在业务忙时减轻通信网络102、 110的负担。 You may schedule transmissions in the communication network to reduce the burden during the busy 102, 110. 此外,使用MMS的语音邮件消息的传输使传输时的不准确性和错误最小化,并且因为减小了帧错误或码转换的概率,使语音质量最优化。 Further, using the MMS transmission voicemail message that the inaccuracies and errors during transmission is minimized, and because of the reduced probability of frame error, or code conversion, speech quality is optimized. 例如,在常规系统中,可在提交过程中,通过从无线转换为PCM、从PCM转换为专用语音邮件、从专用语音邮件转换为PCM、和从PCM转换为无线格式,来传送语音邮件消息。 For example, in conventional systems, may be submitted to the process by the wireless converted to PCM, the PCM conversion dedicated voice mail, conversion from a dedicated voice mail for the PCM, and from the PCM into a wireless format, and transmits voice mail message. 并且,可实现消息产生过程中的特性而无需消耗空中时间。 Further, the message generation characteristics can be achieved during the air without consuming time. 另外,语音邮件消息可包括例如照片、图形、和视频剪辑的多媒体组件。 Further, voice mail message, for example, multimedia components may include photographs, graphics, and video clips.

显然,对于本技术领域中的那些普通技术人员,参考这些教导可以很容易的产生本发明的其它实施例和修改。 Apparent to those skilled in the art to those of ordinary skill in the art, with reference to these teachings can be readily produce other embodiments and modifications of the present invention. 上述说明为示例性的并且不受限制。 The foregoing description is exemplary and not limiting. 本发明仅由以下权利要求限制,其包括结合上述说明书和附图的所有这种实施例和修改。 The present invention is limited only by the following claims, which include all such embodiments and modifications conjunction with the above specification and accompanying drawings. 因此,不应参照上述说明确定本发明的范围,而是应该参照所附的权利要求结合其等效物的整个范围确定本发明的范围。 Accordingly, the scope of the invention should not be determined with reference to the above description, but rather should be with reference to the appended claims in conjunction with their full scope of equivalents determine the scope of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1.一种在目标移动台中执行的方法,所述方法包括: 接收指示语音邮件消息已经到达并且能从语音邮件服务器下载的语音邮件通知,其中,所述语音邮件服务器独立于分组数据消息服务中心;并且从所述语音邮件服务器取回所述语音邮件消息; 其中,所述语音邮件消息以分组数据消息的格式从始发移动台被传输。 A mobile station executed method in the target, the method comprising: receiving an indication of a voicemail message has arrived from the voice mail server and download voicemail notification, wherein the voicemail server independent of the packet data message service center ; and retrieves the voicemail message from the voicemail server; wherein the voicemail message in a format of a packet data message is transmitted from the originating mobile station.
2. 如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述分组数据消息是多媒体消息服务MMS消息,并且所述分组数据消息服务中心是多媒体消息服务中心MMS-C。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said packet data message is a multimedia message service (MMS) message and the packet data message service center MMSC MMS-C.
3. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,所述语音邮件消息包括音频消息。 L The method according to claim 2, wherein the voicemail message comprises an audio message.
4. 如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述语音邮件消息是多媒体消息。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the voicemail message is a multimedia message.
5. 如权利要求1所述的方法,还包括: 接收作为附加文件的所述语音邮件消息。 5. The method according to claim 1, further comprising: receiving the voicemail message as attached files.
6. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中,所述语音邮件消息的目标地址是所述目标移动台的电子邮件email地址。 6. The method according to claim l, wherein the voicemail message target address is an email address of the email destination mobile station.
7. 如权利要求6所述的方法,其中,所述email地址是因特网可路由地址。 7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the email address is an Internet routable address.
8. 如权利要求1所述的方法,其中,所述语音邮件消息的目标地址与所述目标移动台的电话号码相关联。 8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the target address and the destination telephone number of the mobile station associated with the voicemail message.
9. 一种移动台包括:接收器,其被配置成接收指示语音邮件消息已经到达并且能从语音邮件服务器下载的语音邮件通知,其中,所述语音邮件服务器独立于分组数据消息服务中心;处理器,其被配置成从所述语音邮件服务器取回所述语音邮件消息;和发射器,其被配置成与所述语音邮件服务器通信; 其中,所述语音邮件消息以分组数据消息的格式从始发移动台被传输。 A mobile station comprising: a receiver configured to receive an indication that a voicemail message has arrived from the voice mail server and download voicemail notification, wherein the voicemail server independent of the packet data message service center; Processing device, which is configured to retrieve the voicemail message from the voicemail server; and a transmitter that is configured to communicate with the voice mail server; wherein the voicemail message from the packet data messages in a format originating mobile station is transmitted.
10. 如权利要求9所述的移动台,其中,所述分组数据消息是多媒体消息服务MMS消息并且所述分组数据消息服务中心是多媒体消息服务中心MMS-C。 10. The mobile station according to claim 9, wherein said packet data message is a multimedia message service (MMS) message and the packet data message service center MMSC MMS-C.
11. 如权利要求9所述的移动台,其中,所述语音邮件消息包括音频消息。 11. The mobile station according to claim 9, wherein the voicemail message comprises an audio message.
12. 如权利要求9所述的移动台,其中,所述语音邮件消息是多媒体消息。 12. The mobile station according to claim 9, wherein the voicemail message is a multimedia message.
13. 如权利要求9所述的移动台,其中,所述语音邮件消息的目标地址是所述目标移动台的电子邮件email地址。 13. The mobile station according to claim 9, wherein the voicemail message target address is an email address of the email destination mobile station.
14. 如权利要求13所述的移动台,其中,所述email地址是因特网可路由地址。 14. The mobile station according to claim 13, wherein the email address is an Internet routable address.
15. —种移动台,包括:用于接收指示语音邮件消息已经到达并且能从语音邮件服务器下载的语音邮件通知的装置,其中,所述语音邮件服务器独立于分组数据消息服务中心;以及用于从所述语音邮件服务器取回所述语音邮件消息的装置;其中,所述语音邮件消息以分组数据消息的格式从始发移动台被传输。 15. - kind of a mobile station, comprising: means for receiving an indication from the voice mail message and the voice mail server apparatus to download voicemail notification has been reached, wherein the voice mail server is independent of the packet data message service center; and means for means to retrieve the voicemail message from the voicemail server; wherein the voicemail message in a format of a packet data message is transmitted from the originating mobile station.
16. —种包括在其上具有指令的计算机可读介质的计算机程序产品,所述指令包括:用于接收指示语音邮件消息已经到达并且能从语音邮件服务器下载的语音邮件通知的代码,其中,所述语音邮件服务器独立于分组数据消息服务中心;并且用于从所述语音邮件服务器取回所述语音邮件消息的代码; 其中,所述语音邮件消息以分组数据消息的格式从始发移动台被传输。 16. - kind of computer program product having instructions thereon a computer readable medium, the instructions comprising: receiving an indication of a voice mail message has arrived and the code downloaded from the voice mail server voicemail notification, wherein, the voicemail server independent of the packet data message service center; and the code to retrieve the voicemail message from the voicemail server; wherein the voicemail message in a format of packet data message from the originating mobile station It is transmitted.
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