CN101600886B - A system and method for monitoring and control of wind farms - Google Patents

A system and method for monitoring and control of wind farms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101600886B
CN101600886B CN2008800022785A CN200880002278A CN101600886B CN 101600886 B CN101600886 B CN 101600886B CN 2008800022785 A CN2008800022785 A CN 2008800022785A CN 200880002278 A CN200880002278 A CN 200880002278A CN 101600886 B CN101600886 B CN 101600886B
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wind farm
namespace
wind
wf
monitoring
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CN2008800022785A
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CN101600886A (en
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K·拉斯穆森
B·洛夫曼德
B·福尔桑
P·H·尼尔森
O·埃尔伯
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维斯塔斯风力系统有限公司
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Priority to PCT/DK2008/000013 priority patent/WO2008086801A2/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/02Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor
    • F03D7/04Automatic control; Regulation
    • F03D7/042Automatic control; Regulation by means of an electrical or electronic controller
    • F03D7/047Automatic control; Regulation by means of an electrical or electronic controller characterised by the controller architecture, e.g. multiple processors or data communications
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D17/00Monitoring or testing of wind motors, e.g. diagnostics
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/02Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially parallel to the air flow entering the rotor
    • F03D7/04Automatic control; Regulation
    • F03D7/042Automatic control; Regulation by means of an electrical or electronic controller
    • F03D7/048Controlling wind farms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B15/00Systems controlled by a computer
    • G05B15/02Systems controlled by a computer electric
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F05INDEXING SCHEMES RELATING TO ENGINES OR PUMPS IN VARIOUS SUBCLASSES OF CLASSES F01-F04
    • F05BINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO MACHINES OR ENGINES OTHER THAN NON-POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, TO WIND MOTORS, TO NON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS, AND TO GENERATING COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OF HIGH PRESSURE OR HIGH VELOCITY
    • F05B2240/00Components
    • F05B2240/90Mounting on supporting structures or systems
    • F05B2240/96Mounting on supporting structures or systems as part of a wind farm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • Y02E10/723Control of turbines

Abstract

本发明涉及一种风电场监视与控制系统,所述系统包含:至少一个风电场;至少一个智能管理服务器(IMS),其可经由数据通信网络连接到所述至少一个风电场;与所述智能管理服务器有关的至少一个风电场配置工具,用于建立到所述至少一个风电场的连接。 The present invention relates to a wind farm monitoring and control system, said system comprising: at least one wind farm; at least one intelligent management server (the IMS), which is connectable to the at least one wind farm via the data communications network; with the smart at least one windfarm relating to the management server configuration tool, establishes a connection to the at least one wind farm. 本发明提出了一种用于监视和控制风电场的系统。 The present invention provides a system for monitoring and controlling a wind farm. 进行监视与控制,使得可以同质地监视和控制几个风电场。 Monitor and control, making it possible to monitor and control the electric field texture with some wind. 由此,可以用统一的输出同时监视和控制不同的风电场,并可以将来自风电场的数据进行比较。 This can simultaneously monitor and control a uniform output different wind farm, and the data from the wind farm can be compared.

Description

用于风电场监视和控制的系统和方法 System and method for monitoring and control of the wind farm

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及用于风力涡轮发电机监视和控制的系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a generator for a wind turbine monitoring and control system. 特别地,本发明涉及具有几个风力涡轮发电机的风电场的监视和控制。 In particular, the present invention relates to monitoring and controlling a wind farm with several wind turbine generator.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 风力的策略分布性质存在独特的挑战。 There is a unique property distribution policy challenges [0002] wind. 风电场包含位于海上或岸上的几个风力涡轮机,并经常覆盖大的地理面积。 Wind farm consists of several wind turbines located at sea or ashore, and often cover a large geographical area.

[0003] 这些因素常常需要用于监视和控制风力发电设备的多种连网互联和电信技术,其被称为SCADA (SCADA:监视控制与数据采集) [0003] These factors are often needed for monitoring and controlling the wind power plant and a plurality of interconnected telecommunications networking technology, which is known as SCADA (SCADA: Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition)

[0004] 今天,可以借助例如登录风电场网络的远程客户端计算机远距离监视和控制风电场。 [0004] Today, for example, can make use of the remote client computer logs on the wind farm network of remote monitoring and control of wind farms.

[0005] 现有技术存在监视和控制风力涡轮机以及风电场的几种方法。 [0005] Several methods exist to monitor and control the wind turbines and wind farms prior art. 国际专利申请WO2003/029648教导了一种用于处理风电场的运行数据的方法和计算机系统。 International patent application WO2003 / 029648 teaches a method for operating a wind farm for data processing and computer systems. 国际专利申请W02005/042971提出了风电场网络控制网络的实例。 International patent application W02005 / 042971 offers an example of the wind farm network control network. 欧洲专利申请EP 1519040公开了一种用于远程读取和改变风力涡轮发电机中的功率设置的方法。 European Patent Application EP 1519040 discloses a method for remote reading and changing the power setting of the wind turbine generators.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明涉及一种风电场监视与控制系统,所述系统包含: [0006] The present invention relates to a wind farm monitoring and control system, said system comprising:

[0007]-至少一个风电场(WF), [0007] - at least one wind farm (WF),

[0008]-至少一个智能管理服务器(MS),其可经由数据通信网络(DCN)连接到所述至少一个风电场(WF), [0008] - at least one smart management server (MS), which may be connected to the at least one wind farm (WF) via a data communications network (DCN),

[0009]-与所述智能管理服务器(MS)有关的至少一个风电场配置工具(WCT),用于建立到所述至少一个风电场(WF)的连接。 [0009] - with the smart management server (MS) about the at least one wind farm configuration tool (WCT), for connecting said at least one wind farm (WF) to establish.

[0010] 应当注意,风电场配置工具可位于几乎任何地方,只要所建立的配置可被传送到智能管理服务器。 [0010] It should be noted that the wind farm configuration tool can be located almost anywhere, as long as the configuration can be transferred to the established Intelligent Management Server.

[0011] 数据通信网络根据本发明被理解为任何合适的传送数据的网络,例如局域网、以太网等,其经由电缆、光纤或无线连接传送。 [0011] Data communications network according to the invention is understood as any network suitable for transmitting data, such as a local Ethernet, which is connected via a cable transmission, fiber optic or wireless. 公共数据通信网络roCN或数据通信网络(DCN)被理解为可以为有线(例如租借线(lease line)、拨号线、光纤、ADSL、电缆)和/或无线(例如许可无线电、扩频、蜂窝、WLAN或卫星)。 RoCN public data communication network or a data communications network (the DCN) is understood to be a wired (e.g. line rental (lease line), dial-up line, optical fiber, ADSL, cable) and / or wireless (e.g. licensed radio, spread spectrum, cellular, WLAN or satellite).

[0012] 在本发明一实施例中,所述系统包含至少两个智能管理服务器。 [0012] In an embodiment of the present invention, the system comprises at least two intelligent management server.

[0013] 例如,不同的智能管理服务器因此可以基于不同的命名空间(namespace)与一个规定的风电场通信,由此,基本上建立这样的系统:其中,智能管理服务器具有到同一风电场的不同的访问选择。 [0013] For example, different smart wind farm management server communication can be based on different namespaces (namespace) with a predetermined, thereby substantially establish such a system: wherein, having a different intelligent management server of the same wind farm the access options. 不同的访问可通过风电场配置工具建立,不同访问至少部分地可由所建立和专用的命名空间定义。 Different access may be established by a configuration tool wind farm at least partially different access may be established and a dedicated namespace definition.

[0014] 智能管理服务器可典型地简单指定位于风电场远程的数据处理服务器。 [0014] intelligent management server can typically simply specify the data processing server remotely located wind farms.

[0015] 智能管理服务器常常可被放在操作者的场所。 [0015] intelligent management server can often be placed in place of the operator. [0016] 智能管理服务器可有利地借助所述风电场配置工具个体配置。 [0016] Intelligent management server may advantageously by means of the individual wind farm configuration tool configuration.

[0017] 在本发明一优选实施例中,智能管理服务器可被配置为借助连接并根据分别与规定风电场有关的命名空间与规定风电场通信。 [0017] In embodiments, the intelligent management server may be configured to be connected by means of electric field communication and, respectively, in accordance with a predetermined wind wind farm predetermined Namespace In a preferred embodiment of the present invention.

[0018] 如果智能管理服务器与几个风电场通信,服务器可根据由个体风电场定义或根据个体风电场的不同的命名空间通信。 [0018] If the intelligent with several wind farm management server communication, the server according to the definition of the individual windfarms or different namespaces communication according to the individual wind farms.

[0019] 在本发明一实施例中,所述系统包含至少两个风电场。 [0019] In an embodiment of the present invention, the system comprises at least two wind farms.

[0020] 在本发明一实施例中,所述系统还包含定义了一组逻辑元素的命名空间。 [0020] In an embodiment of the present invention, the system further comprises a namespace defines a set of logical elements.

[0021] 风电场根据本发明一实施例被理解为一种布置,其可至少包含下面的内容:可与控制站有关的一个或几个SCADA服务器、一个或几个风力涡轮发电机、一个或几个子站(substation)、一个或几个气象设备。 [0021] According to one embodiment of the wind farm embodiment of the present invention is to be understood as an arrangement, which may comprise at least the following: a control station may be associated with one or more SCADA server, one or more wind turbine generator, or a several sub-station (substation), one or several meteorological equipment.

[0022] 本发明提出了一种系统,其用于风电场的监视和控制。 [0022] The present invention provides a system for monitoring and controlling a wind farm. 进行监视和控制,使得可以同质(homogeneously)地监视和控制几个风电场。 Monitored and controlled so that homogeneous (homogeneously) monitor and control several wind farms. 由此,可以同使用统一的输出同时监视不同的风电场,另外,可以对来自风电场的数据进行比较。 Thereby, it is possible with the use of different uniform while monitoring the output of the wind farm, in addition, may be compared to the data from the wind farm.

[0023] 根据本发明一实施例,命名空间理解为其数据可被交换的风电场WF的逻辑元素的定义。 [0023] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the definition namespace appreciated that the logical elements of the wind farm can be exchanged data for the WF. 一元素通常将对应于逻辑元素或物理装置,例如风力涡轮机或气象站。 Generally an element corresponding to a physical device or a logical element, such as a wind turbine or weather. 各个逻辑元素可与子元素的树结构相关联。 Each logical element tree structure may be associated with sub-elements.

[0024] 在本发明一实施例中,所述数据通信网络为公共数据通信网络。 [0024] In an embodiment of the present invention, the data communication network is a public data communications network.

[0025] 例如,公共数据通信网络可包含有线或无线通信系统。 [0025] For example, a public data communication network may comprise a wired or wireless communication system.

[0026] 显然,系统可作为替代地使用专用于该连接的数据通信网络。 [0026] Obviously, the system may alternatively be dedicated to the connection of the data communication network.

[0027] 在本发明一实施例中,所述风电场还包含用于根据所述命名空间处理数据的装置。 [0027] In an embodiment of the present invention, said wind farm further comprising means for processing data in accordance with the namespace.

[0028] 根据本发明一实施例,与风电场有关的处理器一例如SCADA服务器——可以处理风电场数据,例如借助根据有关命名空间的缩放数据(scaling data)。 [0028] According to one embodiment of the present invention, a processor associated with the wind farm, for example, a SCADA server - the wind farm may process data, for example by means of scaling according to the relevant namespace data (scaling data). 该处理还可涉及数据的重新计算,例如由摄氏度到华氏度,或者由千瓦到兆瓦。 The process may also involve re-calculation data, for example, from degrees Celsius to degrees Fahrenheit, or by the kW to MW. 处理还可涉及数据的预计算,例如特定数据的替换。 Also it relates to data processing precomputed, for example, replacement of particular data. 这是非常有利的特征,因为数据可变得同质。 This is a very advantageous feature, because the data may become homogeneous. 由此,确保了智能管理服务器可以以同质的方式呈现来自几个风电场的数据,并甚至对来自不同风电场的数据进行比较。 This ensures the intelligent management server can present data from several wind farms in a homogeneous manner, and even data from different wind farms were compared.

[0029] 缩放可通过与命名空间一起向当前智能管理服务器传送缩放因子和缩放特性来进行。 [0029] The scaling may be performed by the scaling factor and the scaling property of the intelligent management server transmits this together with the namespace. 或者,缩放可以通过关于风电场预缩放数据,并在后来将缩放后的数据传送到智能管理服务器。 Alternatively, you can zoom by on the wind farm pre-scaled data, and transferred to the intelligent management server data later will be scaled.

[0030] 因此,例如,缩放可以暗含着,经由风电场和智能管理服务器之间的连接传送的数据在例如在风电场上传送数据之前被转换。 [0030] Thus, for example, scaling may imply, is connected via a data transfer between the wind farm and intelligent management server, such as prior to be converted in the field of wind power transmitting data.

[0031] 或者,数据可与元数据一起被传送,如果必要的话,出于将所接收的数据转换为希望格式的目的,元数据可在接收位置上应用。 [0031] Alternatively, the data may be transmitted together with the metadata, if necessary, for the received data is converted to the desired object, metadata application format in the receiving position.

[0032] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间根据用户特有的认证和或授权特性受到限制。 [0032] In an embodiment of the present invention, the name space is limited according to user authentication and authorization features or specific.

[0033] 根据本发明一有利和优选的实施例,基于风电场上的或与风电场有关的可用的聚合命名空间,命名空间可被建模为适合特定的用户。 [0033] According to the invention an advantageous and preferred embodiment, based on the wind farm or wind farm useful polymeric related namespace namespace may be modeled to fit a particular user.

[0034] 换句话说,一个用户可以根据特定一一且专用——的命名空间与风电场通信,而另一用户可基于以其他方式受到限制一如果希望这样的话一的命名空间通信。 [0034] In other words, a user can all according to a particular and specific - namespaces communicating with the wind farm, while another user may be based on a limited otherwise, if so desired a namespace communication.

[0035] 根据本发明进一步的实施例,智能管理服务器MS可提供用于根据用户授权许可控制或改变图形用户界面的装置。 [0035] According to a further embodiment of the present invention, MS may provide intelligent management server apparatus according to licensed users to control or change the graphical user interface is used. 这可以为,如果用户未被授权设置或改变特定信息或控制的话,例如,借助在图形用户界面GUI中隐藏特定信息或控制。 This can be, if the user is not authorized to set or change specific information or controlled, for example, by means of hide certain information or control in a graphical user interface GUI. 根据本发明一实施例,这是非常有利的特征,因为风电场拥有者可能对不同的用户可能具有不同的访问可能性有兴趣。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, which is highly advantageous feature, because the owner may wind farm may have different access possibilities for different users interested.

[0036] 在本发明一实施例中,所述智能管理服务器相对于所述至少一个风电场位于远程。 [0036] In an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent management server with respect to said at least one remotely located wind farm.

[0037] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间根据连接的智能管理服务器定义。 [0037] In an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent management server according to the namespace for defining the connection.

[0038] 根据本发明一实施例,命名空间可根据风电场和规定智能管理服务器之间的通信来定义,即专用于风电场和规定智能管理服务器之间的通信。 [0038] According to an embodiment of the present invention, namespaces can be defined according to the wind farm communication between intelligent and predetermined management server, that is dedicated to communication between the wind farm and a predetermined intelligent management server.

[0039] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间根据特定用户和/或客户端来定义。 [0039] In an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace is defined according to a particular user and / or client.

[0040] 根据本发明一实施例,命名空间可根据风电场和规定用户一例如规定的公司或甚至是特定的人——之间的通信来定义,即专用于风电场和规定用户之间的通信。 [0040] According to an embodiment of the present invention companies, the namespace may be specified, for example, according to a user and a predetermined wind farm or even a specific person - to define the communication between, i.e. dedicated to a predetermined wind farms and between users communication.

[0041] 在本发明一实施例中,所述系统还包含可经由数据通信网络连接到所述智能管理服务器的客户端,以便经由所述智能管理服务器监视和控制所述风电场。 [0041] In an embodiment of the present invention, the system further comprising a management server connected to the intelligent network via a data communications client to monitor and control the wind park via the intelligent management server.

[0042] 在本发明的范围中,客户端可访问系统的特性。 [0042] In the scope of the invention, the client can access the system characteristics. 根据本发明一实施例,客户端理解为这样的装置:其可包含处理器和数据存储装置,例如个人计算机(PC)、移动电话、个人数字助理(PDA)等。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the client device is understood to be: which may include a processor and a data storage device, such as a personal computer (PC), a mobile phone, a personal digital assistant (PDA) and the like. 客户端还可以为软件部件,客户端可以受到用户的控制,例如风电场操作者,风电场卖方,市电公司等。 The client can also software components, the client can receive the user's control, such as wind farm operators, wind farm seller, electricity companies.

[0043] 在特定的背景下,客户端可以被理解为例如软件模块,其可以在任何合适的硬件平台上运行执行。 [0043] In the particular context, the client can be understood, for example, a software module that runs performed on any suitable hardware platform.

[0044] 在本发明一实施例中,所述智能管理服务器与图形用户界面相关联。 [0044] In an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent management server associated with the graphical user interface.

[0045] 图形用户界面可促进访问自不同风电场接收的数据的可视表示,数据可被呈现,以便可视地建立关联。 [0045] The graphical user interface may facilitate visual access to data from different wind farm received said data may be presented, in order to visually associate. 例如,可视关联可暗含着,不同风电场的关于功率的数据可被校正。 For example, the visual association may imply, data on different wind farm power may be corrected.

[0046] 另外,图形用户界面可促进,用户可向不同的风电场传送控制信号,即使风电场基本上参阅不同类型的SCADA系统。 [0046] Further, the graphical user interface can facilitate a user may transmit a control signal to a different wind farm, the wind farm substantially even refer to different types of SCADA systems.

[0047] 另外,图形用户界面可有利地以可比较的方式关于个体的所连接风电场呈现用户可用的可用控制指令。 [0047] Further, the graphical user interface may advantageously be comparable manner regarding the connected wind farm individual presentation control commands available to the user is available.

[0048] 在本发明一实施例中,所述客户端可借助所述风电场命名空间工具编辑和控制所述命名空间。 [0048] In an embodiment of the present invention, the client can make use of the wind park namespace editing, and controlling the namespace.

[0049] 本发明一实施例进一步提出了一种风电场命名空间工具,其用于配置份电厂的命名空间。 [0049] The present invention proposes a further embodiment of a wind farm namespace tool for configuring namespace plant parts. 命名空间工具可与智能管理服务器有关。 Namespace-related tools and intelligent management server. 风电场命名空间工具使得系统管理者可以对于具体风电场定义确切的命名空间。 Wind farm namespace tool allows the system administrator can define the exact namespace for specific wind farms. 风电场命名空间可被存储,以便使其对于风电场可达。 Wind farm namespace can be stored so that it is up to the wind farm. 由此,当智能管理服务器经由风电场配置工具连接到风电场时其变得可能;用于该风电场的命名空间可自动被传送到智能管理服务器。 Thus, when the intelligent management server configuration tool is connected to the wind farm via the wind farm it becomes possible; namespace for the wind farm can be automatically transferred to the intelligent management server. 这一点非常有利,因为连接到风电场的所有智能管理服务器可自动从风电场检索命名空间。 This is very advantageous because of the wind farm is connected to all the intelligent management server can automatically retrieve the namespace from the wind farm. 这使得以下成为必需:命名空间的变化将被自动分配给所有的智能管理服务器。 This enables the following to be necessary: ​​namespace changes will be automatically assigned to all the intelligent management server. 这是本发明一实施例的非常有利的特征,因为系统管理者可在更新远程客户端上节省许多时间。 This is a very advantageous feature of an embodiment of the present invention, because the system administrator can save time updates on the remote client. 根据本发明一实施例,管理者将仅仅需要更新有关风电场中的命名空间。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the administrator need only update the namespace related to the wind farm.

[0050] 在本发明一实施例中,所述风电场配置工具包含用于定义到至少一个风电场的风电场连接的装置。 [0050] In an embodiment of the present invention, the wind farm configuration tool apparatus comprising at least one wind farm of wind farm is used to define the connection.

[0051] 在本发明一实施例中,所述风电场配置工具关于智能管理服务器位于外部。 [0051] In an embodiment of the present invention, the wind farm configuration tool on intelligent management server located outside.

[0052] 风电场配置工具基本上可以为外部工具,借助该工具,所需要的连接配置被建立并接着被传送到智能管理服务器。 [0052] The wind farm configuration tool may be substantially external tools, by means of the tool configuration is required to establish a connection and then transferred to the intelligent management server. 典型地,智能管理服务器建立和维护到以及来自风电场的通信。 Typically, intelligent management and server to establish and maintain communications from the wind farm.

[0053] 典型地,根据由风电场配置工具建立的配置,根据风电场,智能管理服务器建立和维护到以及来自风电场的通信和连接。 [0053] Typically, a tool according to the configuration of the wind farm configuration setup, wind farms, intelligent management server and to establish and maintain communication connections to and from the wind farm according to.

[0054] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间(N)与所述风电场有关地被存储。 [0054] In an embodiment of the present invention, the name space (N) and the electric field is stored in relation to the wind.

[0055] 根据本发明一实施例,与规定风电场有关的命名空间应当被存储在风电场中,或者至少在风电场上可用。 [0055] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace associated with a predetermined wind farm shall be stored in the wind farm, or at least may be used in wind farm.

[0056] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间与SCADA服务器有关地被存储在风电场中。 [0056] In an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace related to the SCADA server are stored in the wind farm.

[0057] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间表示对应的风电场的逻辑元素。 [0057] In an embodiment of the present invention, showing the logical namespace element corresponding to the wind farm.

[0058] 在本发明一实施例中,至少部分地在所述风电场到所述智能管理服务器之间,所述命名空间至少部分地分布。 [0058] In an embodiment of the present invention, at least in part between the wind park to the intelligent management server, at least part of the distributed namespace.

[0059] 在本发明一实施例中,所述智能管理服务器包含用于在与风电场的联系中从风电场检索命名空间的装置。 [0059] In an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent management server comprising means for contact with the wind farm from the wind farm namespace retrieved.

[0060] 在本发明一实施例中,所述风电场包含用于维护事件日志的装置,其至少部分地涉及所有事件的类型和时间的存储。 [0060] In an embodiment of the present invention, the wind park comprising means for maintaining an event log, at least partially, to store the type and time of all events.

[0061] 根据本发明一优选实施例,事件日志应当被保持在风电场中,以便提供容易的故障调试和/或故障检查。 [0061] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the event log should be kept in the wind farm, in order to provide easy debugging failure and / or troubleshooting. 这一点特别重要,因为本发明基本上促进例如风电场的SCADA系统可被几个不同的用户控制或影响,例如,本地SCADA操作者和智能管理服务器(IMS)的操作者。 This is particularly important, since the present invention is essentially to promote the wind farm, for example, SCADA system may be several different users to control or influence, for example, local SCADA operator and intelligent management server (IMS) operator.

[0062] 当几个用户可访问同一风电场时,例如经由智能管理服务器监视或维护本地或远程执行的所有事件的日志是有利的。 [0062] When several users can access the same wind farm, for example, to monitor or maintain a local log of all events or remotely via the intelligent management server is advantageous. 被记入日志的数据可以例如被存储在与风电场有关的存储装置中。 You are logged, for example, data may be stored in a memory device associated with the wind farm. 系统管理者可以从风电场检索日志文件。 The system administrator can retrieve log files from the wind farm. 例如,如果两个用户关于谁对特定事件——例如降低风电场的最大生产功率——负责有争议,此日志文件可能具有大的价值。 For example, if two users about who to specific events - such as reducing the maximum power production of wind farms - in charge of dispute, this log file may have great value.

[0063] 在本发明一实施例中,所述智能管理服务器包含安全设施。 [0063] In an embodiment of the present invention, the intelligent management server comprises safety.

[0064] 在本发明一实施例中,所述安全设施定义,智能管理服务器向用户要求密码和/或软件狗以提供对来自风电场的数据的访问,由此定义认证特性。 [0064] In an embodiment of the present invention, the definition of the secure facility, intelligent management server to the user that passwords and / or dongle to provide access to data from a wind farm, thereby defining authentication.

[0065] 在本发明的范围内,在访问智能管理服务器时,用户必须被认证和/或授权。 [0065] within the scope of the present invention, when accessing the intelligent management server, the user must be authenticated and / or authorized. 这可能是用户输入用户名和对应的密码,并在必要时连接软件狗。 This may be a user to enter a user name and corresponding password, and connect the dongle when necessary. 软件狗被理解为必须附着到计算机一例如客户端一以便获得到风电场的访问的电子装置。 The dongle must be understood as an electronic device attached to the client in order to obtain access to a wind farm, for example, a computer.

[0066] 在本发明一实施例中,所述连接基于由风电场命名空间工具建立的命名空间来传送。 [0066] In an embodiment of the present invention, the connection to transmit a tool based namespace namespace build the wind farm.

[0067] 命名空间典型地基于聚合(典型地为预定义的)命名空间通过限制来建立,所建立的受限命名空间可受到个体限制并专用于规定的连接。 [0067] namespace typically based on polymerizable (typically predefined) namespaces established by limits established namespace may be limited and restricted individuals dedicated to a predetermined connection. 在本发明的范围内,受限命名空间也可称为片段命名空间。 Within the scope of the present invention, the restricted fragment may also be referred namespace namespace. [0068] 显然,“专用(dedication) ”可能涉及,片段命名空间可专用于一个特定的、几个或所有的所述连接。 [0068] Clearly, "private (Dedication)" may involve, namespace segment may be dedicated to a particular, several or all of the connection.

[0069] 另外,应当注意,片段命名原则上可被选择为包含完整的聚合命名空间,如果希望这样的话。 [0069] Further, it should be noted that, in principle, designated fragment may be selected to contain the complete polymerization namespace, if so desired.

[0070] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间工具被关联到所述风电场配置工具或者包含在所述风电场配置工具之中。 [0070] In an embodiment of the present invention, the tool is associated with the namespace of the wind farm configuration tool or contained in the wind farm configuration tool.

[0071] 另外,本发明涉及监视和控制风电场的方法,其包含以下步骤: [0071] Further, the present invention relates to a wind farm monitoring and control method, comprising the steps of:

[0072]-基于借助风电场配置工具建立的定义,建立从智能管理服务器到至少一个风电场的风电场连接, [0072] - With the wind farm configuration based on the definition of tools to create and establish at least a wind farm wind farm connection from the server to the intelligent management,

[0073]-从所述至少一个风电场获得命名空间, [0073] - obtaining at least a namespace from the wind farm,

[0074]-在所述智能管理服务器上从所述至少一个风电场获得测量或监视数据。 [0074] - the at least one wind farm from the obtained measurement or monitoring data on the smart management server.

[0075] 应当注意,测量和监视数据均可在获得命名空间之前或之后获得,借助该命名空间,所获得的测量和监视数据可被解释。 [0075] It should be noted that the measurement and monitoring data can be obtained prior to obtaining the namespace or after, by means of the namespace, and monitoring the obtained measured data may be interpreted.

[0076] 在本发明一实施例中,所述方法还包含控制所述风电场的至少一个逻辑元素的步骤。 [0076] In an embodiment of the present invention, the method further comprises the step of controlling at least one logic element for said wind farm.

[0077] 在本发明一实施例中,所述风电场连接定义在其之间建立或将建立连接的规定风电场和规定智能管理服务器。 [0077] In an embodiment of the present invention, the wind farm connection establishment defined or predetermined wind farm connection will be established and a predetermined intelligent management server therebetween.

[0078] 连接的建立可被看作用于定义通信方的配置。 [0078] The establishment of a connection may be considered to define the configuration of the communication party.

[0079] 在本发明一实施例中,所述方法还包含借助风电场命名空间工具将命名空间专门用于所述连接的步骤。 [0079] In an embodiment of the present invention, the method further comprising the wind farm by a namespace namespace tool dedicated to said connection.

[0080] 显然,命名空间工具可或多或少地集成在其他工具中,例如配置工具中。 [0080] Obviously, the namespace may be more or less integrated in the tool other tools, such as Configuration Tool.

[0081] 例如,命名空间专用于特定连接有利于从智能管理服务器到不同风电场的通信可借助不同的命名空间一例如覆盖所有被连接风电场的聚合命名空间的不同的片段版本——进行,或者,有利于根据由命名空间工具建立的定义,根据不同命名空间,特定风电场与不同智能管理服务器通信。 [0081] For example, specific to a particular namespace facilitate connection to the communication server from the intelligent management of different wind farm may cover a different version of a clip, for example, are all connected to the wind farm by means of different polymeric namespace namespace - for, or, it is conducive to the definition established by the namespace tools, depending on the namespace, specific wind farm server to communicate with different intelligent management.

[0082] 在本发明一实施例中,所述方法包含借助风电场配置工具建立从智能管理服务器到至少两个风电场的风电场连接的步骤。 [0082] In an embodiment of the present invention, by the method comprising the step of establishing a wind farm configuration tool from the smart wind farm management server to the at least two wind farms connected.

[0083] 另外,本发明涉及在智能管理服务器和至少一个风电场之间建立通信的方法,所述方法包含以下步骤: [0083] Further, the present invention relates to a method of establishing a communication between the smart management server and at least one wind farm, the method comprising the steps of:

[0084]-从风电场获得命名空间定义信息, [0084] - Get namespace definition information from the wind farm,

[0085]-基于所述命名空间定义信息,与所述风电场通信。 [0085] - based on said namespace definition information, communicating with the wind farm.

[0086] 在本发明一实施例中,所述命名空间定义信息涉及由风电场命名空间工具定义的命名空间。 [0086] In an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace definition information related to the wind farm space defined by the named instrument namespace.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0087] 下面将参照附图介绍本发明,其中: [0087] The present invention will now be described to the accompanying drawings, wherein reference:

[0088] 图1示出了从前方看的大型现代风力涡轮机; [0088] FIG 1 illustrates a large modern viewed from the front of the wind turbine;

[0089] 图2示出了根据现有技术的实例的典型风电场的概图; [0089] FIG. 2 shows an overview of a wind farm according to an exemplary example of the prior art;

[0090] 图3示出了根据本发明一实施例的典型风电场的概图;[0091] 图4示出了根据现有技术的实例的两个风电场的概图; [0090] FIG. 3 shows an overview of a wind farm according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention; [0091] FIG. 4 shows an overview of a two wind farm according to an example of the prior art;

[0092] 图5示出了根据本发明一实施例的两个风电场的概图; [0092] FIG. 5 illustrates an overview of a wind farm according to an embodiment two of the present invention;

[0093] 图6示出了智能管理系统和可与此交互的元件的详细图; [0093] FIG. 6 shows a detailed view of intelligent management system and can interact with this element;

[0094] 图7示出了风电场配置工具的某些原理; [0094] FIG 7 illustrates some of the principles of the wind farm configuration tool;

[0095] 图8示出了SCADA系统和智能管理服务器之间的命名空间定义传送的原理; [0095] FIG. 8 shows the principle namespace between SCADA systems and intelligent management server defined transmitted;

[0096] 图9示出了命名空间可如何被应用为一个聚合命名空间或片段命名空间的原理; [0096] FIG 9 illustrates how the namespace can be applied as a polymeric segment namespace or namespaces principle;

[0097] 图1OA与IOB示出了根据本发明某些实施例的片段命名空间的应用的进一步的特征;以及 [0097] FIG 1OA illustrates IOB and further features of the application namespace in accordance with certain embodiments of the present invention, fragments; and

[0098] 图11示出了智能管理服务器可如何将两个或两个以上不同命名空间合并到一个合并命名空间中的有利原理。 [0098] FIG. 11 illustrates how the intelligent management server may be two or more different namespaces advantageously combined into a combined principle namespace.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0099] 图1示出了现代风力涡轮机I,其包含塔架2和位于塔架2的顶部的风力涡轮机机舱4。 [0099] FIG 1 illustrates a modern wind turbine I, comprising a tower 2 on top of the tower 2 and a wind turbine nacelle 4. 塔架2由多个塔架片段3构成。 2 tower 3 composed of a plurality of tower segments. 风力涡轮机转子5包含三个风力涡轮机叶片6,其通过伸出机舱4前部的低速轴被连接到机舱4。 The wind turbine rotor 5 comprising three wind turbine blades 6, which is connected to the nacelle through a low speed shaft 4 projecting front portion 4 of the nacelle.

[0100] 图2示出了根据现有技术一实例的典型风电场WF的概图。 [0100] FIG. 2 shows an overview of a typical wind farm WF according to a prior art example. 风电场包含多个风力涡轮发电机WTG,风力涡轮发电机WTG可在海上或岸上成组地位于同一区域。 Wind farm comprising a plurality of wind turbine generators WTG, wind turbine generators WTG may be at sea shore or in groups in the same region. 风力涡轮机可被组装为构成整体的统一发电单元,该单元可被连接到市电网。 The wind turbine may be assembled as integral unity power generation unit, the unit may be connected to the utility grid. 风电场典型地具有可与主机或控制站有关的监视控制和数据采集(SCADA)服务器SCS。 Typically, the wind farm or the host station having a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition related (SCADA) server SCS. 风电场可还包含子站SS,其可包含开关、断路器、不间断电源(UPS)系统和其他设备,用于控制所产生的功率及风电场WF到电网的功率输出。 It may further comprise a wind farm substation SS, which may comprise a switch, a circuit breaker, an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system and other apparatus for power control of the wind farm and the generated power output to the grid WF. 另外,风电场可包含气象站MS,其可包含例如用于测量风速、空气湿度、风向的设备。 Further, the wind farm may comprise a weather station by MS, its measurement may comprise, for example, wind speed, humidity, wind apparatus for.

[0101] SCADA服务器SCS可包含多个计算机,其连续监视风力涡轮机的条件,并收集关于其运行的统计数据。 [0101] SCADA server SCS may comprise a plurality of computers, which continuously monitors the condition of the wind turbine and collect statistics on its operation. 典型地经由与风力涡轮机的风力涡轮机控制器的通信,SCADA服务器SCS还可控制风力涡轮机中的多个开关、液压泵阀、电动机。 Typically via communication with the wind turbine controller of the wind turbine, SCADA SCS server can also control a plurality of switches in a wind turbine, a hydraulic valve, an electric motor. SCADA服务器SCS还可控制子站SS中的元件。 SCS SCADA server may also control elements in the sub-station SS. 控制站可经由数据通信网络DCN或公共数据通信网络H)CN—例如互联网一远程地或本地地连接到风电场。 A control station may be the Internet, for example, CN- locally or remotely connected to the wind farm via the data communication network or a public data communication network DCN H). 例如,数据通信网络DCN可包含局域网LAN和/或公共数据连接网,例如互联网。 For example, the data communication network DCN may comprise a local area network LAN and / or a public data network connection, such as the Internet. 显然,气象站MS和子站可包含它们各自的与SCADA服务器SCS通信的计算机和数据存储设备,例如服务器和数据库。 Obviously, weather stations and sub-stations MS comprise their respective SCS may communicate with SCADA server computers and data storage devices, such as servers and databases.

[0102] 出于监视和控制目的,可以经由数据通信网络DCN本地登录到风电场WF,或经由互联网等公共数据通信网络rocN远程登录到风电场WF。 [0102] For monitoring and control purposes, you can log in via a data communication network DCN local to the wind farm WF, WF, or log on to the wind farm rocN public data communications network such as the Internet via a remote. 这可由作为客户端C的计算机登录到风电场的SCADA服务器SCS进行。 This can be logged on as a computer client C to the SCADA server SCS wind farm will be. 由登录到风电场系统的客户端C,可以监视风电场,其可例如为读取风力涡轮发电机WTG之一的阀的压力表计。 The customer logs into the system of windfarms end C, the wind farm can be monitored, for example, which can read a valve of one of the wind turbine generators WTG pressure gauge. 客户端C还可以控制风电场WF的元件。 Client C may also control the wind-farm WF elements.

[0103] 然而,客户端可运行用于特定风力涡轮机的特定专用软件组件。 [0103] However, the specific proprietary software components of the client can run for a specific wind turbine.

[0104] 图3示出了根据本发明一实施例的风电场WF的概图。 [0104] FIG. 3 shows an overview of a wind farm WF according to an embodiment of the present invention. 该图示出了与参照图2介绍的相同的元件,另外,该图示出了智能管理服务器IMS。 The figure shows the same elements as described with reference to FIG. 2, further, it illustrates the intelligent management server IMS. 如参照图2所介绍的那样,智能管理服务器可以如图所示与按照传统连接的客户端C相同的方式连接到风电场。 As described with reference to FIG. 2, as shown in FIG intelligent management server may be connected to the customer in accordance with the conventional connection terminal C of the same manner the wind farm.

[0105] 图4示出了根据现有技术的一个实例的两个风电场WF1、WF2的概图。 [0105] FIG. 4 shows an example two wind farm WF1 of the prior art, WF2 overview of FIG. 该图还示出了控制中心CC,由之,风电场I客户端WFlC可被连接到风电场I,且其中,风电场2客户端WF2C可被连接到风电场2WF2。 The figure also shows a control center of the CC, from which the wind farm I WFlC client may be connected to the wind farm I, and wherein the wind farm WF2C client 2 can be connected to the wind farm 2WF2. 客户端WF1C、WF2C可出于监视和控制目的经由数据通信网络或经由互联网等公共数据通信网络I3DCN本地或远程地登录到风电场。 Client WF1C, WF2C for monitoring and control purposes can log in via the Internet and other public data communication network I3DCN locally or remotely to a wind farm via a data communication network or. 由登录到风电场系统的客户端WFIC、WF2C,可以监视风电场,其可以为例如读取风力涡轮发电机WTG之一的阀的压力仪表。 The customer logs into the system of windfarms end WFIC, WF2C, the wind farm can be monitored, which may be read, for example, a valve, one of the wind turbine generators WTG pressure gauge. 另外,由客户端WF1C、WF2C可以控制风电场WF1、WF2的元件。 Further, WF2 elements by the client WF1C, WF2C can control the wind farm WF1,. 这可以为例如到风电场WF1、WF2中的一个中的给定风力涡轮机WTG以改变风电场或风力涡轮机WTG的无功功率因数的指令,或为启动或停止风力涡轮机或风电场的指令。 This may be, for example, to a wind farm WF1, WF2 one a given wind turbine WTG to change the wind farm or wind turbine WTG instructions reactive power factor, or to start or stop command wind turbine or wind farm.

[0106] 在现有技术的此实例中,客户端WF1C、WF2C可能必须为对于各个特定风电场的专用特定软件部件。 [0106] In this prior art example, the client WF1C, WF2C may be dedicated to a particular software component for each particular wind farm.

[0107] 这限制,可能难以直接比较数据,因为数据以不同的数据类型和命名空间定义。 [0107] This limitation may be difficult to directly compare the data because different data types defined and namespaces.

[0108] 现有技术的另一问题在于风电场的命名空间N由客户端集中管理。 Another problem with [0108] the prior art is that the wind farm namespace N centralized management by a client. 如果,例如,控制中心CC经由风电场I客户端WFlC登录到风电场1WF1,其为确定命名空间即哪些数据可由风电场WFl交换的客户端接口。 If, for example, the control center CC via the wind farm to wind farm customer logs I 1WF1 end WFlC, which namespace to determine what data the client interface i.e. wind farm WFl be exchanged. 如果另一专用客户端连接到风电场1WF1,命名空间可重新为客户端专用的,且连接到同一风电场的两个客户端的命名空间可能不是相同的。 If another client connects to a dedicated wind farm 1WF1, space can be re-named as a client-only, and is connected to the namespace two clients of the same wind farm may not be the same.

[0109] 根据现有技术的此实例,不可能限制到风电场的命名空间N的片段的访问。 [0109] According to this example of the prior art, it is impossible to limit the access fragment namespace N of the wind farm. 因此,唯一可能的限制是获得到完整命名空间的访问,或是不能获得对任何数据的访问。 Therefore, the only possible limitation is to get access to the full namespace, or can not gain access to any data.

[0110] 命名空间定义了其数据可被交换的风电场WF的逻辑元素。 [0110] namespace defines the logical elements wind farm which data may be exchanged in WF. 一元素可通常对应于物理装置,例如风力涡轮机或气象站。 Element may generally correspond to a physical device, such as a wind turbine or weather. 各个元素可以与子元素的树结构相关联。 Each element may be associated with a tree structure of sub-elements. 作为根据本发明一实施例的命名空间的一部分的元素的 As part of the namespace element according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0111] 实例可以为: [0111] Examples which may be as follows:

[0112] “有效(active)报警大代码”。 [0112] An "effective (active) Alarm large code." 表示风力涡轮机是否处于报警模式,以及何种报警代码。 It represents a wind turbine is in alarm mode, the alarm code and what.

[0113] “有功功率测量”,有功功率是由风力涡轮机WF或一个风力涡轮发电机WTG产生的总功率。 [0113] "Active Power Measurement", the total active power produced by the wind turbine or a wind turbine generator WF generated WTG.

[0114] “功率设置点”。 [0114] "power set point." 指的是标准的公知测量,其可例如涉及功率因数的调节,即有功与无功功率之间的关系。 Refers to a standard measurement well known, which may for example involve adjusting the power factor, i.e., the relationship between the active and the reactive power. 这种调节可以例如关于借助对两个或两个以上的风力涡轮机服务的中央控制单兀执彳丁的功率的调节。 Such adjustment may be adjusted, for example by means of a central control unit on the left foot Wu butoxy power to perform two or more of the services of the wind turbine. 这样的中央控制可以为连续的,或自动和/或手动地不时发起。 Such central control may from time to time as initiated by continuous or automatically and / or manually.

[0115] “涡轮机运行状态”,包含风力涡轮机的当前运行状态的信息,例如风力涡轮机是 [0115] "turbine operating status", contains information about the current operating state of the wind turbine, a wind turbine is e.g.

否停止。 No stops.

[0116] “风速”,包含在风电场上测量得到的当前风速的信息。 [0116] "wind speed", contains information about the current wind speed at the wind farm measured.

[0117] 图5示出了根据本发明一实施例的两个风电场WF1、WF2的概图。 [0117] FIG. 5 shows two embodiments of a wind farm WF1 of the present invention, WF2 overview FIG. 该图显示出控制中心CC如何使用智能管理服务器MS连接到几个风电场WF1、WF2的系统概图。 The figure shows how the control center CC intelligent management server MS is connected to several wind farms WF1, WF2 system overview. 客户端C由此可接触几个风电场WFl、WF2并经由智能管理服务器MS向用户呈现一个或几个风电场的同质信息。 Client C may result in contact several wind farms WFl, WF2 homogeneous and presents information for one or several wind farms to the user via intelligent management server MS. 然而,在传统的系统中,不可能在客户端C上以同质的方式呈现风电场。 However, in the conventional systems, it is impossible on the client C in a homogeneous way to present the wind farm. 另夕卜,可以借助命名空间信息的有利获得以同质的方式控制风电场,其将在下面参照图6-11介绍。 Another Bu Xi, can be advantageously obtained by means of namespace information in a homogenous wind park is controlled, which will be described below with reference to FIGS. 6-11. 另外,用户可经由客户端C控制风电场WF1、WF2。 Further, the user can control via a client C windfarm WF1, WF2. 智能管理服务器MS因此为非常有利的服务器,其可连接到几个风电场,这参照图6更具体地介绍。 Intelligent management server MS is thus very advantageous in a server, which may be connected to several wind farms, which more specifically with reference to FIG. 6 described.

[0118] 图6示出了智能管理系统MSY以及可能与此交互的元件的详细视图。 [0118] FIG. 6 shows a detailed view of MSY intelligent management system and possible interactions with the elements thereto. 智能管理系统IMSY根据本发明一实施例包含风电场配置工具WCT,风电场命名空间工具WNT以及智能管理服务器MS。 IMSY intelligent management system, according to an embodiment of the wind park comprising a configuration tool WCT, wind farm tools WNT namespace and intelligent management server MS. 该图还示出了客户端C,公共数据通信网络roCN,多个风电场WF1、WF2、WFn以及存储装置SM。 The figure also shows a client C, the public data communication network roCN, multiple windfarms WF1, WF2, WFn and a storage means SM.

[0119] 借助风电场配置工具WCT,用户可以配置哪些风电场WF1、WF2......WFn连接到智 [0119] With the wind farm configuration tool WCT, which the user can configure the wind farm WF1, WF2 ...... WFn connected to Chi

能管理服务器MS。 Energy management server MS. 这可通过在风电场配置工具WCT中输入风电场配置信息来进行,风电场配置工具WCT可运行为智能管理系统MSY中的应用程序。 This is achieved by the wind farm configuration tool in WCT entered the wind farm configuration information to the wind farm configuration tool WCT can run applications in intelligent management system MSY. 信息可以为例如: Information may be, for example:

[0120]-风电场WF的地址,例如互联网协议(IP)地址。 [0120] - a wind farm WF address, such as Internet Protocol (IP) address.

[0121]-风电场SCADA服务器SCS的用户名和密码。 [0121] - SCS wind farm SCADA server's user name and password.

[0122]-文件传送协议(FTP)连接的用户名和密码。 [0122] - the user name and password file transfer protocol (FTP) connection.

[0123] 风电场命名空间工具WNT为这样的工具:其使得可以确定应该可以由智能管理系统MSY监视和控制风电场WF的哪些元件,并因此包含用于配置用于风电场WF的命名空间的装置。 [0123] namespace wind farm tools WNT such a tool: it makes it possible to determine should be monitored by the intelligent management and control system MSY wind farm WF which elements and thus arranged for comprising a namespace for a wind-farm WF is device.

[0124] 在一个或几个风电场WF的系统中,存在用户访问、管理、存储并可能共享的多种类型的数据。 [0124] In one or more wind-farm WF system, there is a user access, manage, store, and may share various types of data. 命名空间可被提供为统一参照和组织所述不同类型数据的数据结构。 Namespace may be provided as a uniform reference, and the different types of data organization of a data structure.

[0125] 根据本发明一实施例,命名空间可与特定的风电场WF有关,使得一个风电场的所有用户可访问同一数据结构,使用同样的命名空间。 [0125] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace may be associated with a particular wind farm WF, a wind farm such that all users can access the same data structures, using the same namespace. 这非常有利,因为当命名空间N可被保存到与特定风电场有关的存储装置SM时,命名空间对于风电场定义。 This is advantageous, because when a namespace N may be stored in the storage means SM associated with a particular wind farm, the wind farm to the namespace definition. 这使得,当命名空间可从风电场WF检索时,另一用户例如经由智能管理服务器MS连接到同一风电场WF。 This enables, when namespace can be retrieved from the wind farm WF, another connected to the same user, for example via a wind-farm WF intelligent management server MS. 命名空间的这种非集中的存储根据本发明一实施例确保了,即使几个用户可连接到风电场WF,对于风电场WF仅仅可存在一个命名空间。 Such non-centralized storage namespace according to an embodiment of the present invention ensures that, even if a few users may be connected to the wind-farm WF, WF to the wind farm there may be only one name space.

[0126] 在本发明另一实施例中,与个体用户相关联的个体或私用命名空间可能存在,或者具有与命名空间的指定成员相关联的命名空间。 [0126] In embodiments, the individual or individuals associated with the user namespace private namespaces can be used, or the members having the specified namespace associated with another embodiment of the present invention. 例如,风电场WF能被实现或设置,使得仅仅被指定的成员可访问与风电场WF相关联的关键数据。 For example, the wind-farm WF can be implemented or arranged so that only members of the specified access key data associated with wind farm WF. 因此,在本发明的范围内,几个命名空间N可能对于一个风电场存在,该风电场可借助风电场命名空间工具WNT受到用户——例如管理者——的控制。 Thus, within the scope of the present invention, several namespace N may exist for a wind farm, the wind farm via the wind farm may namespace WNT tool by the user - e.g. Manager - control.

[0127] 另外,风电场命名空间工具WNT包含用于向命名空间N中的元素或数据定义可能以及适当的缩放因子的装置。 [0127] Further, the wind farm comprising a namespace may WNT tool and means suitable scaling factor to the element definition namespace N or data. 风电场命名空间工具WNT可由例如系统管理者使用,以便定义智能管理服务器MS可连接到的各个风电场WF的缩放因子。 Wind farm tools WNT namespace may be used such as a system administrator, to define the intelligent management server MS may be connected to the wind-farm WF respective scaling factor. 命名空间中的数据的缩放意味着与几个风电场通信的智能管理服务器MS可获得来自风电场的统一的输出。 Scaling means that the electric field communication with several wind intelligent data management server MS namespace available unified output from the wind farm. 特别地,可以直接将来自不同风电场的数据进行比较。 In particular, data from different wind farm directly from the comparison. 另外,根据本发明一实施例,风电场命名空间工具WNT可以应用与命名空间有关的数据的处理。 Further, according to an embodiment of the present invention, a wind farm tools WNT namespace may be applied for processing data associated with the namespace. 数据的处理例如可为从摄氏度到华氏度或从千瓦到兆瓦的数据重新计算。 Processing data, for example, the data may be recalculated from Celsius to Fahrenheit or from kilowatts to megawatts. 处理还可涉及数据的预计算,例如特定数据的替换。 Also it relates to data processing precomputed, for example, replacement of particular data. 根据命名空间的数据缩放可直接在风电场WF的SCADA服务器SCS上或与智能管理系统IMSY有关地执行,例如在智能管理服务器MS上。 The scaling may namespace data or intelligent management system relating IMSY performed directly on a wind-farm WF is SCADA server SCS, for example on a smart management server MS. 下面构成可如何将对不同风电场的参照转换为统一的参照的实例。 The following constitute How will convert different reference wind farm is an example of a unified reference.

[0128] 在具有类型X风力涡轮机的第一风电场WFl中,提及有功功率产生的实例: [0128] In a first type of a wind farm having WFl X wind turbine, the generated active reference examples:

[0129] Turbl.Generator.ActivePowerProduction (以KWh 为单位) [0129] Turbl.Generator.ActivePowerProduction (in KWh)

[0130] 在具有类型y风力涡轮机的第二风电场WF2中,提及有功功率产生: [0130] In a second type of a wind farm having a wind turbine y WF2, active power reference is generated:

[0131] WTG2.Gen.ActivePower.Prod (以MWh 为单位)[0132] 在根据本发明一实施例经由命名处理数据并对于智能管理服务器IMS缩放命名空间之后,参照可以是统一的,如下所示: [0131] WTG2.Gen.ActivePower.Prod (in units of MWh) [0132] In the following an embodiment of the present invention and zoom namespace naming process via intelligent data management server for the IMS, reference may be uniform, as shown in FIG. :

[0133] T01.Generator.Production.ActivePower (以KWh 为单位) [0133] T01.Generator.Production.ActivePower (in KWh)

[0134] T02.Generator.Production.ActivePower (缩放到KWh) [0134] T02.Generator.Production.ActivePower (scaled to KWh)

[0135] 如所示出的,有功功率可以根据统一的处理后的命名空间以同质的方式被访问。 [0135] As shown, the active power can unified namespace processed in a homogeneous manner is accessed.

[0136] 智能管理服务器MS可在客户端上向用户呈现图形用户界面(⑶I),其包含表示从一个或几个风电场WF检索的监视数据的多个元件。 [0136] Intelligent management server MS may present a graphical user interface (⑶I) to a user on the client, which includes information indicating a plurality of elements from one or several wind-farm WF retrieve monitoring data. 根据本发明一实施例,智能管理服务器MS可提供用于根据用户的授权许可控制或改变图形用户界面的装置。 According to an embodiment of the present invention, may provide intelligent management server MS or the admission control means for a graphical user interface changed according to user's authorization. 这可以为借助隐藏图形用户界面GUI中的特定控制,如果用户未被授权查看或改变它们的话。 You can hide a specific control in a graphical user interface GUI for the aid, if the user is not authorized to view or change their words.

[0137] 与智能管理服务器MS有关的优点以及向几个风电场传送的可能性有关的优点依赖于,与现有技术的系统不同,数据一例如来自不同风电场的测量一的整合可被直接集成到合适的数据库中,由此避免风电场与智能管理服务器MS之间或智能管理服务器IMS上非同质数据转换的复杂设置。 [0137] advantages associated with intelligent management server MS and advantages related to the possibility of transmission depends on several wind farms, and systems of the prior art is different from the measurement data a different example, a wind farm may be directly integrated suitable integrated into the database, thus avoiding the IMS managing server or a smart set of complex data conversion between non-homogeneous and intelligent wind farm management server MS.

[0138] 这一点的另一实施形态为,数据转换可在风电场上应用或与之密切相关地应用。 [0138] Another embodiment of this aspect is the data converting wind farm may be closely related to the application or applications.

[0139] 图7示出了根据本发明一实施例的风电场配置工具WCT的某些原理。 [0139] FIG. 7 shows a configuration tool WCT certain principles of wind farm according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0140] 风电场配置工具WCT适用于建立到风电场WF1、WF2......WFn的连接的目的。 [0140] wind farm configuration tool WCT suitable for establishing wind farms WF1, WF2 ...... WFn purpose of the connection.

[0141] 在所示出的实施例中,连接经由数据通信网络——例如公共数据通信网络PDCN——或任何其他合适的通信装置建立。 [0141] In the embodiment shown, the connection via the data communication network - e.g. PDCN-- public data communication network, or any other suitable communication means establishes.

[0142] 图8示出了SCADA服务器SCS1、SCS2......SCSn与智能管理服务器MS之间的命 [0142] FIG. 8 shows a SCADA server SCS1, SCSn between life and intelligent management server MS SCS2 ......

名空间定义传送的原理。 Name space definition of the principle of the transfer. 根据本发明一实施例,命名空间定义NSD1、NSD2......NSDn在风 According to an embodiment of the present invention, the definition namespace NSD1, NSD2 ...... NSDn wind

电场中与SCADA服务器SCS1、SCS2......SCSn有关地存储,或者,至少其表示可被传送到智 Electric field with the SCADA server SCS1, SCS2 ...... SCSn related storing, or may be transferred to at least representing chi

能管理服务器MS。 Energy management server MS. 命名空间定义NSD1、NSD2......NSDn的传送可在智能管理服务器MS Namespace definition NSD1, NSD2 ...... NSDn MS can be transmitted in Intelligent Management Server

连接到风电场时进行。 When connecting the wind farm to be. 或者,命名空间定义NSD1、NSD2......NSDn的传送可连续进行,例 Alternatively, the namespace definition NSD1, NSD2 ...... NSDn transfer can be performed continuously, for example

如,更新的命名空间定义可每一个小时一次被传送到智能管理服务器MS。 The namespace definition updates may be transmitted to the time every hour intelligent management server MS. 在本发明另一实 In another embodiment of the present invention,

施例中,命名空间定义NSD1、NSD2......NSDn可以与SCADA服务器SCS1、SCS2......SCSn Embodiment, the namespace definition NSD1, NSD2 ...... NSDn the SCADA server may SCS1, SCS2 ...... SCSn

或风电场WF没有物理关系地存储。 Or wind farm WF no physical relationship store. 然而,应当注意,命名空间定义NSD1、NSD2......NSDn However, it should be noted that namespace definition NSD1, NSD2 ...... NSDn

可表示根据特定风电场WF的数据结构。 The data structure may represent a particular wind farm WF is.

[0143] 图9示出了根据本发明一实施例命名空间N可如何作为一个聚合命名空间或是片段命名空间被应用的原理。 [0143] FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of an embodiment of the present invention, the namespace may be used as a principle of how the N namespace namespace segment is applied or aggregation. 该图示出了聚合命名空间AN和多个片段命名空间FN1、FN2、 The figure shows the polymerization of AN and a plurality of segments namespace namespace FN1, FN2,

FN3......FNn。 FN3 ...... FNn. 聚合命名空间AN表示根据风电场WF的完整的可用命名空间N的实例。 AN denotes the polymerization namespace example of a complete list of available namespaces N of the wind farm WF. This

意味着,聚合命名空间AN表示用户客户端可连接到的风电场的所有可能的逻辑元素和子元素。 It means the polymerization namespace AN represents all possible logic and child elements may be connected to the user client of the wind farm. 然而,系统管理者可借助风电场命名空间工具WNT设置特定的配置,即独立配置哪些片段应当被包含在用于各个用户的片段命名空间中。 However, the system administrator can by means of the wind farm tools WNT namespace specific configuration settings, i.e., a standalone configuration which fragments should be included in the segment designated for each user space. ,

[0144] 该图示出了根据本发明一实施例的片段命名空间FN1、FN2、FN3......FNn的不同 [0144] The figure shows a segment according to an embodiment of the present invention namespace FN1, different FN2, FN3 ...... FNn of

实例。 Instance. 这些实例显示,可提供不同的命名空间片段。 These examples show, provides a different namespace segment. 例如,片段命名空间FN2可仅仅包含一个小片段,其显示,被分配给该片段命名空间的用户仅仅可访问完整聚合命名空间AN的非常有限的部分。 For example, namespace segment FN2 may contain only a small fragment of that display, the user is assigned to the namespace segment can only access the complete AN polymerizable very limited portion of the namespace.

[0145] 控制认证和/或授权特性的方法因此可借助向不同用户依赖于其相应的授权特性分配聚合命名空间的不同片段,即片段命名空间FN。 [0145] Control authentication and / or authorization characteristics may therefore means to different users depending on their respective assigned authorization characteristics different segments of the polymerization namespaces, namespace segment i.e. FN. 不同的聚合和/或片段命名空间向不同用户的分配可借助例如与SCADA服务器SCS有关地在相应的风电场上进行的用户认证来进行。 Different polymerization and / or fragments namespace assigned to different users, for example, to the SCADA server user authentication in the related SCS corresponding wind farm can be performed by. 聚合命名空间AN到片段命名空间FN的分段可与风电场WF有关地进行,或者,在智能管理服务器中依赖于当前用户和授权特性来进行。 AN polymerization namespace namespace segment to segment FN may be performed in relation to the wind-farm WF, or, depending on the intelligent management server to the current user and authorization features.

[0146] 根据本发明进一步的实施例,各个片段命名空间FNl、FN2、FN3......FNn可专门 [0146] According to a further embodiment of the present invention, each segment namespace FNl, FN2, FN3 ...... FNn may be specially

用于特定风电场与智能管理服务器之间的通信。 For communication between specific wind farms and intelligent management server. 换句话说,参照图6,片段命名空间FNl可参照智能管理服务器系统MSY与风电场WFl之间的通信,片段命名空间FN2可参照智能管理服务器系统MSY与风电场WF2之间的通信,等等。 In other words, referring to FIG. 6, the namespace segment can refer FNl communications between the intelligent management server system MSY wind farm Wfl, FN2 namespace segment can refer to the communication between the smart management server system MSY WF2 wind farm, and the like .

[0147] 图1OA与图1OB示出了根据本发明某些实施例的片段命名空间应用的进一步的特征。 [0147] FIG 1OA and FIG 1OB shows a further feature according to certain namespace segment embodiments of the present invention is applied.

[0148] 在图1OA的实施例中,多个风电场WFl、WF2......WFn——即两个以上的——可借 [0148] In the embodiment of FIG 1OA, a plurality of wind farm WFl, WF2 ...... WFn-- i.e. two or more - may by

助基于片段命名空间FN的通信关联到对风电场WF1、WF2......WFn进行监视和/或控制的 Promoter fragment associated namespace based communication to FN wind farm WF1, WF2 ...... WFn to monitor and / or control

智能管理服务器頂S。 Top intelligent management server S. 这些片段命名空间FN可对于各个风电场WFl、WF2......WFn不同, These fragments may be FN namespace for each windfarm WFl, WF2 ...... WFn different,

并由此可向智能管理服务器MS提供不同的授权特性。 And thus can provide different characteristics to the smart authorization management server MS. 片段命名空间可有利地包含如联系上面阐释的图9阐释的聚合命名空间AN的受限版本。 Namespace segment can advantageously comprise contact as explained above in FIG. 9 illustrates a polymerization namespace limited version AN.

[0149] 在本发明另一实施例中,智能管理服务器到风电场WF1、WF2......WFn的连接可 [0149] embodiment, the wind farm management server to the intelligent WF1, WF2 ...... WFn may be connected to another embodiment of the present invention,

基于聚合命名空间或聚合命名空间AN以及片段命名空间FN的组合来建立。 Based polymeric or polymerized namespace namespace namespace AN and FN fragments combined established.

[0150] 图1OB的实施例示出了可关联到风电场WF的几个智能管理服务器MS1、IMS......頂Sn。 Example [0150] FIG 1OB shows a wind-farm WF may be associated to several intelligent management server MS1, IMS ...... top Sn.

[0151] 几个智能管理服务器MS1、IMS2......1MSn的数量可以为两个或两个以上。 [0151] Several intelligent management server MS1, the number IMS2 ...... 1MSn may be two or more.

[0152] 几个智能管理服务器MS1、IMS2......1MSn中的一个可以包含例如具有管理者 [0152] Some intelligent management server MS1, one of IMS2 ...... 1MSn may comprise for example, a manager

权限的管理者。 Administrator authority. 这些权限可以例如促进所关联的风电场与智能管理服务器之间基于未受限命名空间即聚合命名空间的通信。 These rights can be based, for example, facilitate unrestricted communication polymerization namespace namespace i.e. between the wind farm and associated intelligent management server. 例如,这可能暗含着,例如智能管理服务器IMSl的管理者一一例如风电场的风力涡轮机的制造者——出于控制、维护、测试、更新软件等目的可具有完整的访问,而风电场的用户一例如操作者一可借助例如智能管理服务器MS2基于受限命名空间仅仅与风电场WF通信。 For example, this may imply, for example, intelligent management server IMSl managers-for example wind turbines of the wind farm maker - out of control, maintenance, testing, software updates and other purposes can have full access, and wind farms for example, a user may be an operator, for example by means of intelligent management server based on the MS2 communicates with only limited namespace wind farm WF.

[0153] 如上面所阐释,与个体风电场和智能管理服务器之间的通信有关的片段命名空间的这种分段和专用可由组合德风电场配置工具WCT以及命名空间工具WNT在管理者的位置——例如在智能管理服务器系统MSY中,如关于图6所阐释——建立和定义。 [0153] As explained above, a fragment related to communication between the individual windfarms and intelligent management server that namespace segment can be a combination of dedicated and de wind farm configuration tools and WCT namespace manager tool position WNT - e.g. MSY intelligent management server system, as explained with respect to Figure 6 - is defined and established. 显然,这些工具也可是分立的和专用的,如果希望这样的话。 Obviously, these tools may also be separate and dedicated, if so desired.

[0154] 应当注意,在几个智能管理服务器MS可交叉连接到几个风电场的情况下,上面提到的两个实施例还可组合。 [0154] It should be noted that in several intelligent management server MS may be connected to the case where the cross several wind farms, the above-mentioned two embodiments may also be implemented in combination. 例如,图1Oa的风电场WFl可与一个以上的智能管理服务器IMS相关联,例如如关于图1Ob所阐释。 For example, wind farm WFl FIG 1Oa may be associated with one or more intelligent management of the IMS server, for example, as explained with respect to FIG 1Ob.

[0155] 图11示出了智能管理服务器MS可如何将两个或两个以上的命名空间合并到一个合并命名空间MN的有利原理。 [0155] FIG. 11 illustrates how the intelligent management server MS may be two or more namespaces advantageously combined into a combined principle namespace MN.

[0156] 该图示出了智能管理服务器MS、两个风电场WFl与WF2、两个命名空间NS I与NS2以及合并命名空间丽。 [0156] The figure shows the intelligent management server MS, and the two wind farms WFl WF2, two namespaces NS I and NS2 and combining namespace Korea. 由于风电场WFI与WF2之间的可能的不同,可连接到不同风电场WFI与WF2的MS或客户端可具有完全不同的命名空间N。 Due to a possible difference between the wind farm and WF2 WFI, may be connected to a different wind farm and WF2 of WFI or client MS may have different namespaces N. 根据现有技术,这可涉及这样的问题:风电场WFl与WF2中的数据可能被不同地呈现,并可能进一步依赖于不同的专用客户端C。 According to the prior art, which may involve a problem: the wind farm WFl and WF2 data might be presented differently, and may further rely on different dedicated client C. 该图显示,智能管理服务器MS能够将两个不同的命名空间NSl与NS2合并到一个合并空间MN。 The figure shows, intelligent management server MS can be two different namespaces NSl and NS2 merged into a combined space MN. 显然,这将带来对来自所有所连接风电场的数据的容易且统一的概览,但可涉及:用户——例如操作者——可以以同质的方式且甚至是同时地控制几个风电场。 Obviously, this will lead to an easy and consistent overview of all the data from the connected wind farms, but may involve: user - such as operator - in a homogeneous manner and can even simultaneously control several wind farms . 根据合并命名空间使得风电场数据统一的实例在下面示出:第一风电场中的风力涡轮机的齿轮油温可通过读取下面的特性来计量: The combined unified namespace such that the wind farm example data shown below: a first gear oil in a wind farm of wind turbines may be metered by reading the following characteristics:

[0157] Turbinel.gear, oiItemp [0157] Turbinel.gear, oiItemp

[0158] 第二风电场中的风力涡轮机的齿轮油温可通过读取下面的特性来计量: [0158] The second gear oil in the wind farm of wind turbines may be metered by reading the following characteristics:

[0159] Turbinel.gear, oiItemp [0159] Turbinel.gear, oiItemp

[0160] 风力涡轮机I的齿轮油温可在合并的命名空间丽中参照为:WF1.turbinel.gear,oiltemp [0160] The wind turbine gear oil I may be combined with reference to the namespace as Li: WF1.turbinel.gear, oiltemp

[0161] 风力涡轮机I的齿轮油温可在合并的命名空间丽中参照为:WF2.turbinel.gear,oiltemp [0161] The wind turbine gear oil I may be combined with reference to the namespace as Li: WF2.turbinel.gear, oiltemp

[0162] 通过这种方式,通过在参照中插入风电场名称,智能管理服务器MS可区别两个不同的特性。 [0162] In this manner, by inserting a reference to the name in the wind farm, intelligent management server MS may distinguish between two different properties. 然而,注意,上面的实例不应被理解为限制性的,而是仅仅构成使得数据具有同质性的实例。 However, it is noted that the above examples should not be construed as limiting, but merely examples of data having a configuration such that homogeneity.

[0163] 应当提到,该图所示的两个命名空间NSl与NS2可以为聚合的或片段的。 [0163] It should be noted, NSl and NS2 two namespaces shown in the figure or may be a polymeric segment.

[0164] 因此,根据本发明,非常有利的发明为聚合或联合的命名空间,其使得可以以统一且同质的方式连接到具有不同命名空间的不同风电场。 [0164] Thus, according to the present invention, the invention is very advantageous to the polymerization or co namespace, which makes it possible in a uniform and homogenous manner to the different wind farms with different namespaces.

Claims (19)

1.一种风电场监视与控制系统,所述系统包含: -至少一个风电场(WF), -至少一个智能管理服务器(MS),其可经由数据通信网络(DCN)连接到所述至少一个风电场(WF), -与所述智能管理服务器(MS)有关的至少一个风电场配置工具(WCT),用于建立到所述至少一个风电场(WF)的至少一个连接, -定义了所述至少一个风电场的一组逻辑元素的命名空间(N),用于所述至少一个风电场的监视和控制,各个逻辑元素对应于风力涡轮机和气象站中至少一个的系统和部件中的至少一个, 其中,命名空间由所述至少一个智能管理服务器在数据通信网络上获得,并用于对来自所述至少一个风电场的数据进行解释, 所述智能管理服务器(MS)被配置为借助到所述至少一个风电场(WF)的所述连接并根据与所述至少一个风电场(WF)有关的所述命名空间(N)与所述至少一个风电场(WF)通ί目。 1. A wind farm monitoring and control system, said system comprising: - at least one wind farm (WF), - at least one intelligent management server (MS), which may be connected via a data communication network (the DCN) to said at least one wind farm (WF), - with the smart management server (MS) about the at least one wind farm configuration tool (the WCT), for establishing the at least one wind farm (WF) of at least one connector, - the definition of at least said at least one set of logical elements namespace of a wind farm (N), for monitoring and controlling at least one wind farm, each logic element corresponding to the wind turbine and at least one of weather systems and components a, wherein at least one intelligent namespace management server on a data communication network by the obtained and used for the data from the at least one wind farm will be explained, the intelligent management server (MS) is configured to aid the said at least one wind farm (WF) connected to and in accordance with the at least one wind farm (WF) of the relevant namespace (N) and said at least one wind farm (WF) through ί mesh.
2.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述风电场(WF)还包含用于根据所述命名空间(N)处理数据的处理器。 The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the wind farm (WF) further comprises a processor for (N) for processing data in accordance with the namespace.
3.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间(N)根据用户特有的认证和/或授权特性受到限制。 3. The wind farm monitoring and control system according to claim 1, wherein the namespace (N) is restricted according to a user-specific authentication and / or authorization characteristics.
4.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间(N)根据连接的智能管理服务器(MS)来定义。 The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the namespace (N) defined according to the intelligent management server (MS) is connected.
5.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述风电场监视与控制系统还包含可经由数据通信网络连接到所述智能管理服务器(MS)的客户端(C),以便经由所述智能管理服务器(IMS)监视和控制所述风电场(WF)。 The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein said wind farm further comprising a monitoring and control system may be connected via a data communication network to the intelligent management server (MS) to the client (C), so that via the intelligent management server (IMS) to monitor and control the wind farm (WF).
6.根据权利要求5的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述客户端(C)可借助所述风电场命名空间工具(WNT)编辑和控制所述命名空间(N)。 6. The wind farm monitoring and control system according to claim 5, wherein said client (C) by means of the wind farm may namespace tool (the WNT) and edit the controls namespace (N).
7.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述风电场配置工具(WCT)包含用于定义到至少一个风电场的风电场连接(WFC)的定义器。 The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the wind farm configuration tool (the WCT) comprises a definer for defining the wind farm to the at least one wind farm connection (the WFC) is.
8.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间(N)与所述风电场(WF)有关地被存储。 8. The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the namespace (N) of the wind farm (WF) is stored in relation to.
9.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间(N)与监视控制与数据采集(SCADA)服务器(SCS)有关地被存储在风电场(WF)中。 9. The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the name space (N) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) server (SCS) is stored in relation to the wind farm (WF) in the.
10.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间(N)至少部分地分布在所述风电场(WP)和所述智能管理服务器(IMS)之间。 10. The wind farm monitoring and control system according to claim 1, wherein the namespace (N) is at least partially distributed among the wind farm (WP) and the intelligent management server (IMS).
11.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述智能管理服务器(MS)包含用于在与风电场(WF)的连接中从风电场(WF)检索命名空间(N)的检索器。 11. The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the intelligent management server (MS) comprises means for the namespace from the wind farm (WF) connected to the wind farm retrieve (WF) in the (N), retriever.
12.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述风电场(WF)包含用于维护事件日志的维护器,事件日志涉及事件的类型和时间的存储。 12. The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the wind farm (WF) for maintaining comprises maintaining an event log, the event log relates to a memory type and time of the event.
13.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述智能管理服务器(IMS)包含安全设施。 13. The wind farm monitoring and control system of claim 1, wherein the intelligent management server (IMS) comprising a security facility.
14.根据权利要求1的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述至少一个连接基于由风电场命名空间工具(WNT)建立的命名空间(AN,FNl,FN2, FN3,...Fn)来通信。 14. The wind farm monitoring and control system according to claim 1, wherein the at least one connecting tool based namespace namespace by the wind farm (the WNT) established (AN, FNl, FN2, FN3, ... Fn) to communication.
15.根据权利要求14的风电场监视与控制系统,其中,所述命名空间工具(WNT)被关联到所述风电场配置工具(WCT)或者包含在所述风电场配置工具(WCT)之中。 15. The wind farm monitoring and control system according to claim 14, wherein the namespace tool (the WNT) associated to the wind farm configuration tool (the WCT) or comprises configuration tool (the WCT) in the wind park in .
16.一种监视和控制风电场(WF)的方法,其包含以下步骤: -基于借助风电场配置工具(WT)建立的定义,建立从智能管理服务器(MS)到至少一个风电场(WF)的风电场连接(WFC), -从所述至少一个风电场(WF)获得命名空间, -借助所述风电场连接(WFC)并根据获得的所述命名空间,在所述智能管理服务器(IMS)上从所述至少一个风电场(WF)获得测量或监视数据, 其中,命名空间(N)定义了所述至少一个风电场的一组逻辑元素,用于所述至少一个风电场的监视和控制,各个逻辑元素对应于风力涡轮机和气象站中至少一个的系统和部件中的至少一个,且命名空间由智能管理服务器在数据通信网络上获得,并用于对来自多数至少一个风电场的数据进行解释。 16. A method for monitoring and controlling a wind farm (WF), comprising the steps of: - by means of a wind farm configuration tool (WT) based on the definition established, the establishment of the intelligent management server (MS) to the at least one wind farm (WF) the wind farm is connected (the WFC), - a wind farm (WF) of the obtained at least from a namespace, - by the wind park is connected (the WFC) according to the namespace and obtained in the intelligent management server (IMS a) obtaining from said at least one wind farm (WF) measured or monitored data, wherein the namespace (N) defines a set of logical elements of the at least one wind farm, and for monitoring the at least one wind farm controlling each logic element corresponding to the wind turbine and the meteorological station at least one of the systems and components at least one, and namespace obtained by the smart management server on a data communication network and for data from the majority of the at least one wind farm is Explanation.
17.根据权利要求16的监视和控制风电场(WF)的方法,其中,所述方法还包含控制所述风电场(WF)的至少一个逻辑元素的步骤。 17. The monitoring and controlling a wind farm (WF) of the method according to claim 16, wherein said method further comprises the step of controlling at least one logical element of the wind farm (WF) of.
18.根据权利要求16的监视和控制风电场(WF)的方法,其中,所述风电场连接(WFC)定义在其之间建立或将建立连接的至少一个规定的风电场和至少一个规定的智能管理服务器(MS)。 18. The monitoring and controlling a wind farm (WF) of the method as claimed in claim 16, wherein the wind park is connected (the WFC) defined therebetween to establish or to establish at least a predetermined connection wind farm and at least one predetermined intelligent management server (MS).
19.根据权利要求16的监视和控制风电场(WF)的方法,其中,所述方法还包含借助风电场命名空间工具(WNT)将命名空间(N)专门用于所述连接的步骤。 19. A method of monitoring and controlling a wind farm (WF) as claimed in claim 16, wherein said method further comprises means namespace wind farm tool (the WNT) namespace (N) dedicated to the connection step.
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