CN101579058B - Special feed for feeding pink-shell egg chicks in 0 to 8 weeks old - Google Patents

Special feed for feeding pink-shell egg chicks in 0 to 8 weeks old Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101579058B
CN101579058B CN2009100230182A CN200910023018A CN101579058B CN 101579058 B CN101579058 B CN 101579058B CN 2009100230182 A CN2009100230182 A CN 2009100230182A CN 200910023018 A CN200910023018 A CN 200910023018A CN 101579058 B CN101579058 B CN 101579058B
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percent
pink
feed
shell
dregs
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CN101579058A (en
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高玉鹏
闽育娜
胡建宏
杜忍让
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Abstract

The invention discloses special feed for feeding a series of pink-shell egg chicks in 0 to 8 weeks old. The feed takes developed nutritional requirements of the pink-shell egg chicks as a basis, and consists of the following raw materials optimized and matched by weight: corn, bean dregs, cotton dregs, rapeseed dregs, fish meal, yeast powder, calcium hydrogen phosphate, stone powder, vegetable fat, trace-element additives, complex vitamins, choline, salt, methionine, lysine and the like, wherein the sum of the percentages of the raw materials is 100 percent. Comparative measurement of the pink-shell egg chicks which are 0 to 8 weeks old and are fed by use of the prior diets prepared by use of nutritional standards of white-shell or brown-shell laying hens shows that the weight uniformity of chicken crowds is increased by 12.4 percent, and the standard-reaching rate thereof is increased by 11.5 percent; the uniformity of tibia length is increased by 8.6 percent, and the standard-reaching rate thereof is 7.9 percent; the survival rate of chickens is 5.3 percent; and the input cost of the feed for each chick reaching the weight standard is reduced by 8.4 percent.

Description

A kind of be exclusively used in 0~8 the week age powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks feed
Technical field
The invention belongs to the livestock-raising technology in the agriculture field, relate to a kind of high-efficiency feed that powder shell layer chicken series of products brood time (0~8 age in week) is raised that is exclusively used in.
Background technology
The powder shell layer chicken number of animals raised is rapider in China's development in recent years, and the whole nation is above 400,000,000 at present.Its advantage mainly shows: the one, and the imitative native characteristic and the market price of powder shell egg are higher; The 2nd, powder shell layer chicken breed comparative effectiveness is good.It belongs to the filial generation of white shell egg chicken and brown shell layer, is easy to raise, and premunition is stronger, and egg laying performance is with the obvious advantage, and the more brown shell egg of the fishlike smell of egg is obviously low.Just because of the powder shell layer chicken is offspring with the less white shell egg chicken hybridization of the bigger brown shell layer of body weight and body weight, thereby physiological properties such as its build and basic metabolism both be different from brown shell layer, also be different from white shell egg chicken, and growing and the Nutrition and Metabolism characteristics of demand of its uniqueness arranged.Yet, in producing at present for want of to the evidence of its nutritional need systematic Study, so be the trophic level of " using " white shell or the brown shell layer preparation daily ration of " fastening one person's story upon another person " substantially, do not have special-purpose mixed feed, its result causes powder shell layer chicken retarded growth, production performance normally not to bring into play.According to studies show that of applicant: nutritional needs such as the energy of powder shell layer chicken daily ration, protein all have evident difference with white shell, brown shell layer.If use the trophic level preparation daily ration of white shell egg chicken, its main nutrient matter level is higher, is easy to bring out metabolic disease; If use the trophic level preparation daily ration of brown shell layer, particularly energy level is lower for its main nutrient matter, is easy to make that the higher protein of price is converted into energy and " wasting one's talent on a petty job " by the gluconeogenesis approach in the feed, causes the protein feed resource waste.
Summary of the invention
In order to change the present situation of using white shell or brown shell layer trophic level preparation powder shell layer chicken daily ration at present, the objective of the invention is to, a kind of powder shell egg brood time special feed that (0~8 age in week) raises is provided, with reduce feed conversion in the negative effect that produced or even the harm that causes, give full play to the production advantage of powder shell layer chicken kind.
In order to realize above-mentioned task, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of be exclusively used in 0~8 the week age powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks feed, it is characterized in that, this feed that makes is formulated by following raw materials by weight: corn: 60%~65%, dregs of beans: 60%~65%, cotton dregs: 3%~4%, the dish dregs of rice: 3%~4%, fish meal: 1%~3%, dusty yeast: 2%~4%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.5%~1%, stone flour: 0.5%~1%, vegetable fat: 0.5%~1.5%, trace mineral supplement: 0.5%~1.5%, B B-complex: 0.01%~0.05%, choline: 0.05~0.15%, salt: 0.1~0.5%, methionine: 0.1~0.2%, lysine: 0.05~0.15%, the percentage sum of raw material is 100%.
The special feed that is used for the powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks of the present invention, with the existing daily ration of using the trophic level preparation of white shell or brown shell layer raise respectively 0~8 age in week the powder pink-shell egg chicks, through comparative measurements: chicken colony weight average evenness improves 12.4%, and compliance rate improves 11.5%; The long uniformity of shin bone improves 8.6%, compliance rate 7.9%; Adult livability improves 5.3%; Every average input feed cost of chick that reaches weight standard reduces by 8.4%.
The specific embodiment
The applicant furtherd investigate under the different diets of different nutrition level conditions 0~8 age in week the powder shell layer chicken growth and development characteristics, therefrom determined main nutrition parameters such as suitable daily ration metabolizable energy, crude protein and main essential amino acid.On this basis, based on main feed resources such as the western corn of China, dregs of beans, the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, intend at the beginning of 15 developing the high-efficiency feed prescription that is exclusively used in powder shell layer chicken brood time (0~8 age in week) raising the raising screening test of feed formula.
1. study powder shell layer chicken brood time (0~8 age in week) the main nutrition parameters of daily ration
Based on main feed resources such as the western corn of China, dregs of beans, the dish dregs of rice, cotton dregs, utilize 4 * 4 feeding experiment methods for designing, by further investigate under the different diets of different nutrition level conditions 0~8 age in week powder shell layer chicken brood time chicken weightening finish index, input and output (feed/body weight) price than the health indicator of index, shin bone length index and chicken etc.Set up the main trophic level of 0~8 week powder shell layer chicken daily ration in age---the regression relation between energy level (X1) and protein level (X2) and weightening finish (Y1) and the shin bone long (Y2):
Y1=13.2395+1.6070X1+0.2274X2(R2=0.898,P<0.001);
Y2=-143.039+13.074X1+3.1267X2(R2=0.7877,P<0.001)。
Determined 0~8 age in week powder shell layer chicken brood time daily ration optimum main nutrition parameters: metabolizable energy: 12.12MJ/kg; Crude protein: 19%; Calcium: 0.9%; Total phosphorus: 0.7%; Available phosphorus: 0.4%; Methionine 0.32%; Methionine+cystine: 0.67%; Lysine: 0.80%.
2. be foundation with the main nutrition parameters of establishing of daily ration, development is exclusively used in powder shell layer chicken brood time (0~8 age in week) high-efficiency feed prescription
With the main nutrition parameters of 0~8 week powder pink-shell egg chicks daily ration in age, according to mixed feed production standard preparation perfect compound feed; The applicant is based on the western feed resource of China, the high-efficiency feed prescription that is used for the powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks of intending developing the raising screening test of feed formula optimization at the beginning of 15 is as follows: corn: 60%~65%, dregs of beans: 60%~65%, cotton dregs: 3%~4%, the dish dregs of rice: 3%~4%, fish meal: 1%~3%, dusty yeast: 2%~4%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.5%~1%, stone flour: 0.5%~1%, vegetable fat: 0.5%~1.5%, trace mineral supplement: 0.5%~1.5%, B B-complex: 0.01%~0.05%, choline: 0.05~0.15%, salt: 0.1~0.5%, methionine: 0.1~0.2%, lysine: 0.05~0.15%, the percentage sum of raw material is 100%.
The feed formula that preferably is used for the powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks that experiment showed, through the applicant is; Corn: 62.5%; Dregs of beans: 20.8%; Cotton dregs: 3.5%; The dish dregs of rice: 3.7%; Fish meal: 2%; Dusty yeast: 3%; Calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.7%; Stone flour: 0.4%; Oyster shell whiting: 0.5%; Vegetable fat: 1.2%; Trace mineral supplement: 1%; B B-complex: 0.02%; Choline: 0.1%; Salt: 0.35%; Methionine: 0.13%; Lysine: 0.1%.
The above-mentioned feed that is used for the powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks should be noted that in preparation process:
A. raw material is selected:
The nutritional labeling of above-mentioned raw materials should meet relevant national standard, especially animal derived feedstuff (as fish meal) is needed strict its contamination index of detecting;
Vegetable fat is selected soybean oil, rapeseed oil or vegetable fat well known in the art.
B B-complex, trace mineral supplement, choline, methionine, lysine are all selected commercially available product.
B. feed processing:
According to pellet production standard prescription is processed into powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks pellet, the feed of preparation be adapted to 0~8 the week age powder pink-shell egg chicks series of products.
3. feeding effect
The powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks high-efficiency feed of being developed according to the main nutrition parameters of daily ration that meets powder pink-shell egg chicks growth-development law and nutritional need characteristics, according to the breeding chickling standard raise 0~8 the week age powder shell layer chicken, after measured: chicken colony weight average evenness reaches 92.4%, and compliance rate is 97.6%; The long uniformity of shin bone reaches 96.8%, compliance rate 98.7%; Adult livability 99.4%.

Claims (1)

  1. One kind be exclusively used in 0~8 the week age powder feeding pink-shell egg chicks feed, it is characterized in that, this feed that makes is formulated by following raw materials by weight: corn: 62.5%, dregs of beans: 20.8%, cotton dregs: 3.5%, the dish dregs of rice: 3.7%, fish meal: 2%, dusty yeast: 3%, calcium monohydrogen phosphate: 0.7%, stone flour: 0.4%, oyster shell whiting: 0.5%, vegetable fat: 1.2%, trace mineral supplement: 1%, B B-complex: 0.02%, choline: 0.1%, salt: 0.35%, methionine: 0.13%, lysine: 0.1%.
CN2009100230182A 2009-06-22 2009-06-22 Special feed for feeding pink-shell egg chicks in 0 to 8 weeks old Expired - Fee Related CN101579058B (en)

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101803690B (en) * 2010-05-06 2013-02-06 西北农林科技大学 Special feed for growing period of hens laying pink shell eggs
CN102379378B (en) * 2010-09-06 2013-11-13 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 0-7 day-old broiler feed and preparation method thereof
CN102178090B (en) * 2011-04-22 2012-11-07 中国农业科学院饲料研究所 Feed for mouth-open period of chickens as well as preparation method and application method thereof
CN102258150B (en) * 2011-08-25 2013-03-27 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Granulated feed for 0-4 day broilers and preparation method thereof
CN102258159A (en) * 2011-08-30 2011-11-30 长治市郊区建刚禽业专业合作社 Special feed for layer chickens
CN102389037B (en) * 2011-10-20 2013-06-05 郑诚 Bio-fermented and extruded pellet feed for chuckling and preparation method thereof
CN102440338A (en) * 2011-12-12 2012-05-09 张荣斌 Compound feed for increasing quality of chicken meat
CN102613433B (en) * 2012-04-25 2013-12-04 西宁天谷农牧科技有限公司 Daily feed for rearing more-than-three-month Tibetan chicken in pens and preparation method for daily feed
CN103262958B (en) * 2013-05-31 2015-05-13 北京市华都峪口禽业有限责任公司 Fortified young bird feed
CN104095155A (en) * 2014-05-10 2014-10-15 安徽林苑农副食品有限公司 Free-range chicken brood-phase feed and feeding method thereof
CN104171693A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-03 北京市华都峪口禽业有限责任公司 Chick starter
CN105211660A (en) * 2015-08-26 2016-01-06 蚌埠经济开发区燕山养殖场 A kind of plant feed for 1-5 laying hen in age in week and preparation method thereof
CN105995151A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-12 田东雄桂牧业有限公司 Feed for consumption of baby chickens
CN105851663A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-17 环山集团有限公司 Egg-laying chick feed and production method thereof

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