CN101534057B - A double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor - Google Patents

A double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor Download PDF

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CN101534057B
CN101534057B CN2009101114418A CN200910111441A CN101534057B CN 101534057 B CN101534057 B CN 101534057B CN 2009101114418 A CN2009101114418 A CN 2009101114418A CN 200910111441 A CN200910111441 A CN 200910111441A CN 101534057 B CN101534057 B CN 101534057B
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CN101534057A (en
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陈道炼
陈亦文
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Fuzhou University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor. The circuit structure thereof is formed by connecting multiple high frequency inverter circuits which are isolated from one another and have input LC filters with a shared output rectifying filter circuit through a multi-input single-output high frequency energy storage transformer. Each output end of the high frequency energy storage transformer is connected with the output end of each high frequency inverter circuit one by one. The output end of the high frequency energy storage transformer is connected with the input end of the output rectifying filter circuit. The invention has the input direct current electric sources in the same place or different places, double isolations among the high frequency inverter circuits and between the input and the output, and strong voltage matching capacity. Multiple input electric sources supply power according to different time, and the circuit topology is the simplest. The high frequency energy storage transformer and an output loop are shared. The power density is high, the conversion efficiency is high, the reliability is high in the load short circuit and the cost is low. The invention provides a key technique for low- and small-power distributed power supply system associatively supplying power by multiple reproducible energy sources.

Description

Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor
Technical field
Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor involved in the present invention belongs to the Technics of Power Electronic Conversion technology.
Background technology
DC converter is a power semiconductor device applications, and a kind of direct current energy is transformed into the static converting means of another kind of direct current energy, supplies DC load to use.The converter of high frequency electrical isolation is arranged between output DC load and input DC power, be called isolated DC transducer.The high frequency electrical isolation element has mainly played following effect in converter: 1) realized the electrical isolation between converter output and the input, improved the security reliability and the Electro Magnetic Compatibility of converter operation; 2) realized coupling between converter output voltage and the input voltage, realized promptly that the output voltage of converter can be higher than, be equal to or less than the technique effect of input voltage that its range of application has obtained widening greatly; 3) when the operating frequency of high frequency transformer or high frequency storage transformer when 20kHz is above, its volume, weight greatly reduce, audio noise has been eliminated.Therefore, be the secondary transformation of electrical energy occasion of main dc power supply with DC generator, storage battery, solar cell and fuel cell etc., isolated DC transducer has important use and is worth.
Regenerative resources (being also referred to as green energy resource) such as solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy and geothermal energy have cleanliness without any pollution, cheapness, advantage such as reliable, abundant, thereby are with a wide range of applications.Because fossil energy (the non-renewable energy) growing tensions such as oil, coal and natural gas, environmental pollution are serious, cause the production of global warming and nuclear energy can produce reasons such as nuke rubbish and contaminated environment again, the development and utilization of regenerative resource more and more receives people's attention.Renewable energy power generation mainly contains types such as photovoltaic, wind-force, fuel cell, waterpower, underground heat, all exist supply of electric power unstable, discontinuous, with defectives such as weather conditions variations, therefore need to adopt various energy resources to unite the distributed power supply system of power supply.
Traditional regenerative resource distributed power supply system, as shown in Figure 1.This system normally adopts a plurality of single input DC converters that the direct current of renewable energy power generation equipment such as solar cell, fuel cell, wind-driven generator output is transformed into the needed common DC bus voltage U of load converter Dc, and then through the load converter that links to each other with dc bus with U DcBe transformed into needed direct current of load or alternating voltage, select the type of load converter according to the character of load.In order to make the renewable energy power generation part can co-ordination; Various energy resources must carry out respectively being connected on the public dc bus behind the transformation of electrical energy; Therefore need a plurality of single input DC converters and in addition parallel connection of output, thereby have defectives such as circuit structure complicacy, cost height.
In order to simplify circuit structure, can use a multi-input direct current converter to replace a plurality of single input DC converters, form novel regenerative resource distributed power supply system, as shown in Figure 2.Multi-input direct current converter allows the various energy resources input, and the character of input source, amplitude and characteristic can be identical, and is also can difference very big.This electric power system has that circuit structure is succinct, cost is low, HF switch in the cycle a plurality of input sources can be simultaneously or timesharing powers to the load, can improve system stability and flexibility, can realize the advantages such as preferential utilization of the energy.
Therefore; It is extremely urgent to seek one type of multi-input direct current converter that allows multiple regenerative resource to unite power supply, for the simplified system circuit structure, a plurality of input sources simultaneously or timesharing powers to the load, improves stability and the flexibility of system, the preferential utilization of realization regenerative resource will have crucial meaning in the cycle to reduce cost, allow a HF switch.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks to provide a kind of and do not have input DC power altogether or not altogether; Between the high-frequency inverter circuit and two isolation between output and the input; The voltage matches ability is strong; A plurality of input power supply time sharing power supplies; Circuit topology is the most succinct; Shared high frequency storage transformer and output loop; Power density is high; Conversion efficiency is high; Reliability is high during load short circuits; Be suitable for middle low power output; Cost is low; The double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor of advantages such as application prospect is extensive.
Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor of the present invention; Be high-frequency inverter circuit a plurality of mutual isolation, that have input LC filter and a shared output rectifier and filter connection to be constituted by the single high frequency storage transformer of exporting of input more than; Each input of high frequency storage transformer and the corresponding one by one connection of the output of each high-frequency inverter circuit, the output of high frequency storage transformer and the input of output rectifier and filter link; Said each high-frequency inverter circuit that has an input LC filter by input LC filter, can bear the high-frequency inverter cascade in regular turn that two quadrant high frequency power switches of bi-directional voltage stress and unidirectional current stress constitute and constitute, said output rectifier and filter is made up of hf rectifier, the cascade in regular turn of output capacitance filter that or two high-frequency rectification diodes constitute; A plurality of input sources of said converter can devote oneself to work simultaneously and a HF switch in the cycle with identical or different duty ratio timesharing to electric, a plurality of input sources of said converter are not altogether or not altogether; The circuit topology of said converter is two-tube inverse-excitation type, the two-tube inverse-excitation type of paralleling and interleaving, paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit.
The present invention is with a plurality of single input DC converter circuit structure of output parallel connection in traditional regenerative resource distributed power supply system; Be configured to the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit structure, proposed double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor new ideas, circuit structure and topological family.
Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor of the present invention; Can with a plurality of altogether or not altogether, unsettled input direct voltage is transformed into a required voltage size, stable, high-quality output dc voltage, have input DC power altogether or not altogether, between the high-frequency inverter circuit and twoly between output and the input isolate, the voltage matches ability by force, import power supply time sharing power supply, the most succinct, the shared high frequency storage transformer of circuit topology and output loop more, advantages such as power density is high, conversion efficiency is high, reliability height during load short circuits, cost is low, application prospect is extensive.The combination property of double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor will be more superior than a plurality of single input DC converter of traditional output parallel connection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, traditional regenerative resource distributed power supply system.
Fig. 2, novel regenerative resource distributed power supply system.
Fig. 3, the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor theory diagram.
Fig. 4, the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit structure diagram.
Fig. 5, principle oscillogram during the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor time sharing power supply.
Fig. 6, double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit topology instance one---two-tube reverse excitation circuit schematic diagram.
Fig. 7, double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit topology instance two---the two-tube reverse excitation circuit schematic diagram of paralleling and interleaving.
Fig. 8, double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit topology instance three---paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit schematic diagram.
Fig. 9, master-slave mode voltage, current instantaneous value FEEDBACK CONTROL block diagram during the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor time sharing power supply.
Figure 10, master-slave mode voltage, current instantaneous value feedback control principle oscillogram during the double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor time sharing power supply.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further specified.
The double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit structure; Be high-frequency inverter circuit a plurality of mutual isolation, that have input LC filter and a shared output rectifier and filter connection to be constituted by the single high frequency storage transformer of exporting of input more than; Each input of high frequency storage transformer and the corresponding one by one connection of the output of each high-frequency inverter circuit; The output of high frequency storage transformer and the input of output rectifier and filter link; Said each high-frequency inverter circuit that has input LC filter is by input LC filter, high-frequency inverter cascade in regular turn formation, and said output rectifier and filter is made up of hf rectifier, the cascade in regular turn of output capacitance filter.
Principle waveform when double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor theory diagram, circuit structure, time sharing power supply, respectively like Fig. 3,4, shown in 5.Because double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor is a current type converter, its principle is equivalent to the stack of a plurality of buck-boost type list input DC converters at the input electric current, i.e. output voltage U oWith input direct voltage (U I1, U I2..., U In), the high frequency storage transformer turn ratio (N 2/ N 11, N 2/ N 12..., N 2/ N 1n), duty ratio (D 1, D 2..., D n) between relation be U o=(D 1U I1N 2/ N 11+ D 2U I2N 2/ N 12+ ... + D nU InN 2/ N 1n)/(1-D 1-D 2-...-D n).U oAt suitable duty ratio (D 1, D 2..., D n) and the high frequency storage transformer turn ratio (N 2/ N 11, N 2/ N 12..., N 2/ N 1n) time can greater than, be equal to or less than U I1+ U I2+ ... + U InSo the high frequency storage transformer in this quasi-converter circuit structure has not only played security reliability and the Electro Magnetic Compatibility that improves the converter operation; The more important thing is the effect of having played matched output voltage and input voltage, realized that promptly the output voltage of converter is higher than, be equal to or less than input direct voltage sum U I1+ U I2+ ... + U InTechnique effect, its range of application has obtained widening greatly.As 0.5<D 1+ D 2+ ... + D n<1 or 0<D 1+ D 2+ ... + D n, there is U respectively at<0.5 o'clock o>U I1N 2/ N 11+ U I2N 2/ N 12+ ... + U InN 2/ N 1nOr U o<U I1N 2/ N 11+ U I2N 2/ N 12+ ... + U InN 2/ N 1n, i.e. output dc voltage U oBe higher or lower than input direct voltage (U I1, U I2..., U In) and the high frequency storage transformer turn ratio (N 2/ N 11, N 2/ N 12..., N 2/ N 1n) the sum of products (U I1N 2/ N 11+ U I2N 2/ N 12+ ... + U InN 2/ N 1n); Because the n of converter isolates individual having between the high-frequency inverter circuit of importing the LC filter each other, isolation each other between converter output DC load and the input power supply is so be called double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor with this quasi-converter again.High-frequency inverter in this circuit structure is made up of a plurality of two quadrant high frequency power switches that can bear bi-directional voltage stress, unidirectional current stress, and hf rectifier is made up of one or more high-frequency rectification diodes.N input source of this circuit structure can only be supplied power to DC load in the cycle at a HF switch in timesharing, and duty ratio can identical (D 1=D 2=...=D n), also can different (D 1≠ D 2≠ ... ≠ D n).
When power supply during to load transfer power, high-frequency inverter is modulated into the high frequency pulse dc current i with input direct voltage N11, i N12..., i N1n, after high frequency storage transformer T electrical isolation, transmission and currents match, behind high-frequency rectification, capacitive filter, obtain high-quality direct voltage U o, the high frequency pulse dc current i N11, i N12..., i N1nThrough input LC filter L I1-C I1, L I2-C I2..., L In-C InThe back is at input DC power U I1, U I2..., U InIn can obtain level and smooth input dc power stream I I1, I I2..., I InAt a HF switch in the cycle, each high frequency pulse dc current i N12, i N13..., i N1nInitial value and i N11, i N12..., i N1 (n-1)Peak value satisfy the magnetic potential balance equation.
Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor of the present invention; Because a shared high frequency storage transformer and an output rectifier and filter, exist important difference with the parallelly connected a plurality of single DC converter circuit structures of importing of output in the traditional regenerative resource distributed power supply system.Therefore; Converter according to the invention is creative; Have between the high-frequency inverter circuit and output and input between twoly isolate, reliability height when conversion efficiency high (meaning that energy loss is little), power density high (mean volume, weight little), load short circuits, advantage such as cost is low, application prospect is extensive; Build today energy-saving, conservation-minded society vigorously advocating, have more important value.
The double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor circuit topology embodiment of family is like Fig. 6,7, shown in 8.Fig. 6 is two-tube reverse excitation circuit, and Fig. 7 is the two-tube reverse excitation circuit of paralleling and interleaving, and Fig. 8 is a paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit.Clamping diode circuit among Fig. 6,7 is to be used for suppressing the shutoff voltage spike that the former limit of high frequency storage transformer leakage inductance causes.Look sideways from high-frequency inverter, the voltage stress of two-tube inverse-excitation type, the two-tube reverse excitation circuit high frequency power of paralleling and interleaving switch is input voltage value (U I1, U I2..., U In), the voltage stress of paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit high frequency power switch is input voltage value and converts the output voltage values (U on former limit I1+ U oN 11/ N 2, U I2+ U oN 12/ N 2..., U In+ U oN 1n/ N 2).See that from the output hf rectifier voltage stress of high-frequency rectification diode is input voltage value and the output voltage values sum [max (U that secondary is arrived in maximum conversion I1N 2/ N 11, U I2N 2/ N 12..., U InN n/ N 1n)+U o].Two-tube inverse-excitation type, the two-tube reverse excitation circuit of paralleling and interleaving are applicable to high pressure input conversion occasion, and paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit is applicable to low pressure input conversion occasion.The two-tube inverse-excitation type of paralleling and interleaving, paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit are applicable to middle Power Conversion occasion, and two-tube reverse excitation circuit is applicable to small-power conversion occasion.This circuit topology family be applicable to a plurality of altogether or not altogether, unsettled input direct voltage is transformed into a required voltage size, stable, high-quality output dc voltage; Can be used to realize to have the multi-input direct current converter in the novel renewable energy middle low power distributed power supply system of premium properties and wide application prospect, with multiple input sources such as wind power generation 24-36-48VDC/360VDC, large-scale wind generating 1000VDC/360VDC DC load is supplied power like photovoltaic cell 40-60VDC/360VDC, 10kw Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 85-120V/360VDC, middle-size and small-size family.
Double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor can be used to realize the various energy resources time sharing power supply; Can adopt the 1st, 2 ..., n-1 road power output is fixed and the n road replenishes master-slave mode voltage, the current instantaneous value feedback control strategy of the required deficit power of load, its control block diagram and control principle waveform respectively like Fig. 9, shown in 10.With converter 1,2 ..., n-1 input current feedback signal I I1f, I I2f..., I I (n-1) fRespectively with reference current I I1r, I I2r..., I I (n-1) rCompare, its error signal has obtained error current amplifying signal I behind proportional and integral controller 1e, I 2e..., I (n-1) e, with the output voltage feedback signal U of converter OfWith reference voltage U rCompare, its error signal has obtained error voltage amplifying signal U behind proportional and integral controller e, I 1e, I 2e..., I (n-1) e, U eRespectively with zigzag carrier wave u cHand over and cut, obtained pwm signal u Hf1, u Hf2..., u HfnAnd reverse signal u Hf12, u Hf22..., u Hfn2u Hf1Respectively with trailing edge two divided-frequency signal u SyAnd reverse signal With, behind drive circuit, obtain power switch S 12(S 13), S 11(S 14) drive signal; u Hf2..., u HfnRespectively with u Hf1, u Hf2..., u Hfn-1Reverse signal with the back, more respectively with u Sy,
Figure GFW00000056120600052
With, behind drive circuit, obtain power switch S 22(S 23) and S 21(S 24), S 32(S 33) and S 31(S 34) ..., S N2(S N3) and S N1(S N4) drive signal.
Therefore, when input voltage or load variations, through regulating reference voltage U rWith reference current I I1r, I I2r..., I I (n-1) r, promptly regulated error voltage signal U eWith error current signal I 1e, I 2e..., I (n-1) eChange duty ratio D 1, D 2..., D n, just can realize the stable of double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor output voltage, input current (power output) and regulate.
For two-tube reverse excitation circuit shown in Figure 6, duty ratio (D 1, D 2..., D n) be exactly the duty ratio of corresponding power switch, i.e. D 1=T ON1/ T S, D 2=T ON2/ T S..., D n=T ONn/ T S(T SBe the HF switch cycle), for Fig. 7, the two-tube inverse-excitation type of paralleling and interleaving shown in 8, paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit, duty ratio (D 1, D 2..., D n) be exactly the twice of corresponding power duty cycle of switching, i.e. D 1=T ON1/ (T S/ 2), D 2=T ON2/ (T S/ 2) ..., D n=T ONn/ (T S/ 2).

Claims (2)

1. double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor; It is characterized in that: this converter is made up of high-frequency inverter circuit a plurality of mutual isolation, that have input LC filter and a shared output rectifier and filter connection the high frequency storage transformer of the single output of input more than; Each input of high frequency storage transformer and the corresponding one by one connection of the output of each high-frequency inverter circuit, the output of high frequency storage transformer and the input of output rectifier and filter link; Said each high-frequency inverter circuit that has an input LC filter by input LC filter, can bear the high-frequency inverter cascade in regular turn that two quadrant high frequency power switches of bi-directional voltage stress and unidirectional current stress constitute and constitute, said output rectifier and filter is made up of hf rectifier, the cascade in regular turn of output capacitance filter that or two high-frequency rectification diodes constitute; A plurality of input sources of said converter can devote oneself to work simultaneously and a HF switch in the cycle with identical or different duty ratio timesharing to electric, a plurality of input sources of said converter are not altogether or not altogether; The circuit topology of said converter is two-tube inverse-excitation type, the two-tube inverse-excitation type of paralleling and interleaving, paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit.
2. double-isolation boosting and step-down multi-input direct current convertor according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said two-tube inverse-excitation type, the two-tube inverse-excitation type of paralleling and interleaving, paralleling and interleaving single tube reverse excitation circuit adopt the multichannel duty ratio identical or different the 1st, 2 ..., n-1 road power output is fixed and the n road replenishes the master-slave mode voltage of the required deficit power of load, the time sharing power supply that the current instantaneous value feedback control strategy is realized various energy resources, wherein n is the natural number greater than 1.
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CN102158107B (en) * 2011-03-09 2013-07-03 福州大学 Single-stage single-phase current type inverter with high step-up ratio
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