CN101432568A - Ruggedized digital low-light viewing device - Google Patents

Ruggedized digital low-light viewing device Download PDF

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CN101432568A
CN101432568A CN 200580035506 CN200580035506A CN101432568A CN 101432568 A CN101432568 A CN 101432568A CN 200580035506 CN200580035506 CN 200580035506 CN 200580035506 A CN200580035506 A CN 200580035506A CN 101432568 A CN101432568 A CN 101432568A
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digital low
device
viewing device
assembly
housing
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CN 200580035506
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Chinese (zh)
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G·帕尔默
G·福尔夏格
J·肯尼迪
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爱克森诺尼克斯公司
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Abstract

A digital low-light viewing device comprises a housing having a first end and an opposing second end, the first end defining an optical input aperture and the second end defining an optical output aperture; an infra-red camera assembly responsive to low intensity light and infra red energy received via the input aperture for generating an output image; a signal processor coupled to the camera assembly for processing the output image; a display assembly coupled to the camera assembly for displaying the processed image; a zoom lens assembly coupled to the camera assembly for electronically variably focusing the output image; and control electronics responsive to a control mechanism disposed on a surface of the housing for controlling operating functions of the low-light viewing device, the control mechanism can be controlled via a user's digit for controlling the operating functions.

Description

耐震的数字弱光观察器件 Ruggedized digital low-light viewing device

技术领域 FIELD

本发明大致涉及能够使观察者在弱光条件下观测、识别、辨认和观察物体的光学器件,更具体涉及手持式耐震数字弱光观察系统。 The present invention relates generally to the observer can observe in low light conditions, identification, identification of objects and the viewing optics, and more particularly relates to seismic handheld digital low-light viewing system.

背景技术 Background technique

弱光观察系统在军事领域广泛应用于为士兵、飞行员和船员提供在夜间或其它弱光条件下观察物体的能力。 Low light viewing system is widely used in the military field provides the ability to observe objects at night or in other low-light conditions for soldiers, pilots and crew. 因此,目前许多弱光观察器件都是根据严格的军用标准和设计来制造的。 Therefore, many devices are low-light observation according to strict military standards and design to manufacture. 同样,许多这样的弱光器件是为了特定的军事应用而制造的,比如各种武器的瞄准镜的一部分或者作为附着到飞行员或士兵的头盔上的眼罩组件的一部分。 Similarly, many such low-light devices are for specific military applications manufactured, such as a part of various weapons sight or as part of a helmet assembly goggles or a pilot attached to the soldier. 然而,许多目前制造的弱光观察器件既昂贵,又不容易适于非军事用途。 However, many low-light viewing device made today are expensive, and not readily adapted to non-military purposes.

弱光观察器件可以分为几大类,包括:(l)图像增强产品,(2) 热成像产品,(3)电荷耦合器件(CCD)和互补型金属氧物半导体(CMOS)弱光相机。 Low light observation device may be divided into several categories, including: (l) image enhancement product, (2) thermal imaging products, (3) charge-coupled device (CCD) and complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) low-light cameras. 经常在军用、执法、消防和消费市场上出现图像增强和热成像器件。 Image enhancement and thermal imaging devices often appears in military, law enforcement, fire protection and consumer markets. 近些年,许多弱光观察器件已经引入到了消费市场,但通常质量差并且/或者为用户提供的功能有限。 In recent years, many low-light viewing device has been introduced to the consumer market, but the difference is usually mass and / or to provide users with limited functionality.

图像增强弱光观察器件倾向于非常昂贵并需要复杂的重透镜来产生远距离的图像。 Enhancing low-light image observation devices tend to be very expensive and requires a complicated doublet lens to generate an image distances. 如果在强光条件下使用,图像增强器件相当容易损坏。 If used in bright light conditions, the image enhancement device is relatively easy to damage. 这个特征导致这些产品在大多数城市地区中实际上毫无作用。 This feature leads to these products in most urban areas is actually useless. 此外,由于高昂的成本,热成像器件没有^皮广泛接受。 Further, due to high cost, thermal imaging devices transdermal ^ not widely accepted.

弱光CCD相机广泛应用在安全应用。 Low-light CCD cameras are widely used in security applications. 近年来,移动电话技术, 以及在安全行业中相机应用的巨大增加,已经要求非常便宜的相机。 In recent years, mobile phone technology, as well as a huge increase in the security industry in the camera application, has asked very cheap camera. 弱光CCD相机设计成对人类不可见的电磁频谱的波长敏感,使得这些相机在弱光条件下非常有效,尤其是如果采用主动红外(IR)照明。 Weak light CCD camera designed to be invisible to the human sensitive to the wavelength of the electromagnetic spectrum, making these cameras very effective in low light conditions, particularly if active infrared (IR) illumination.

使用主动IR照明的器件通常使用一体的LED来照亮黑暗地点。 Using active IR illumination devices typically use one of the LED to illuminate a dark place. 现在市场上的大多数数字弱光观察器件采用必须手动调节的固定焦距透镜,并且是主动的器件,即,提供IR照明来帮助观测,这就使得器件更快地消耗电力。 Most digital low-light viewing device now on the market must be manually adjusted using a fixed focus lens, and are active devices, i.e., providing IR illumination to assist observation, which makes power consumption of the device faster.

上述的器件在几个方面是不完善的,在商业领域以及军事和执法机构均不能实际采用。 The above devices in several ways is imperfect, in business as well as military and law enforcement agencies are not actually used. 这种器件往往是既笨重又易碎的,无法承受由常规的军事或执法用途而产生的沖击震动和磨损,并且很容易渗入导致它们不精确或甚至无法使用的水或湿气。 Such devices tend to be bulky and fragile and can not withstand the impact of a conventional military or law enforcement purposes to produce vibration and wear, and can easily penetrate their lead to inaccurate or water or moisture can not even use.

此外,这种器件通常具有固定的可以让用户观测目标的放大倍率,但缺少让用户在7见测目标后识别并辨认目标的可变的》文大倍率能力。 Further, such devices generally have fixed magnification that allows observation target users, but allows the user to identify and recognize the lack of objective measurement after 7 to see a target variable "text magnification capability. 这些装置还倾向于具有相对短的范围、体积大、在设计方面不符合人体工程学并且缺乏简单的用户控制。 These devices also tend to have relatively short range, bulky, not in terms of design and the lack of simple ergonomic user control. 此外,这些装置相当 Further, these devices rather

昂贵,通常需要专卖的部件和精细的组装技术,使得它们不实用于普遍的军事和执法使用。 Expensive, and often requires fine monopoly member assembly techniques, making them impractical to use universal military and law enforcement.

因此,存在着对能够很好适用于军事、执法、安全和第一反应(first responder)应用的具有可变放大倍率(变焦)能力的耐震手持式数字弱光观察器件的需求,该器件可以用单手操作、轻质并防水, 并且该器件包含先前的器件现在还不具备的其他的特点,并且能够結合现有的弱光传感技术操作。 Accordingly, there is a need for seismic handheld digital low-light viewing device well to capacity with variable magnification (zoom) military, law enforcement, security and first reaction (first responder) of application, the device can be used one-handed operation, lightweight and waterproof, and the device comprises a device other features not yet previously provided, and can be combined with the existing low-light sensor technology operations.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明提供了一种容易单手把握并操作的、防水并以非常低的成本用一体中焦段变焦透镜提供极好的弱光性能的弱光观察器件, The present invention provides an easy to grasp with one hand and operated, and water at a very low cost with the focal length of the zoom lens integrally provided excellent low-light performance of low-light viewing device,

该观察器件可以使用非定制或容易获得或制造的定制部件组装。 The device can be used to observe-the-shelf or custom manufactured readily available or component assembly. 因此进一步降低了制造成本和使用被动成像来降低电力供应的消耗, 有助于降低组组件的尺寸和重量。 Thus further reducing the manufacturing costs and the use of passive imaging to reduce power supply consumption, contributes to reduce the size and weight of the stack assembly. '根据本发明的一个方面, 一种弱光观察系统包含具有第一端和相对的第二端的外壳,第一端限定了光学输入孔径,而第二端限定 'According to one aspect of the present invention, a low-light viewing system includes a second housing having a first end and an opposite end, the first end defining an optical input aperture and the second end defining

了光学输出孔径;响应经输入孔径接收的低强度光和红外能量以便生成输出图像的红外相机组件;连接到相机組件以便处理输出图像的信号处理器;连接到相机组件以便显示处理过的图像的显示组件; 连接到相机组件以便电子可变聚焦输出图像的变焦透镜组件;响应设置于外壳表面上的控制机构以便控制弱光观察系统的操作功能的控制电子设备,该控制机构可由用户的手指操纵,以便控制该操作功能。 Optical output aperture; image to the camera assembly for displaying the processed; in response to infrared light and infrared energy to the camera assembly to generate an output image by the low intensity of the received input aperture; a signal processor coupled to the camera assembly for processing the output image display component; coupled to the camera assembly for electronically variable focus zoom lens assembly of the output image; response control means disposed on the surface of the housing to control operation of the electronic device features low-light viewing system, the control mechanism manipulated by a user's finger to control the operating functions. 本发明的组件使观察者能够以近距离或相当远的距离在弱光条件下)!见测、识别、辨认和^L察目标。 Assembly of the invention allows the observer can be quite close distances or in low light conditions)! See test, identify, target identification and police ^ L.

根据本发明的另一方面, 一种手持式数字弱光观察器件包含具有第一端和相对的第二端的保护外壳,第一端限定光学输入孔径, 第二端限定光学输出孔径;保护外壳的外形与用户手相符,该外壳容纳:响应经输入孔径接收的低强度光和红外能量以生成输出图像的红外相机组件;连接到相机组件以便处理输出图像的信号处理器; 连接到相机组件以便经输出孔径向观察者显示处理过的图像的显示组件;连接到相机组件以便电子可变聚焦输出图像的变焦透镜组件; 和响应设置于外壳顶面并协同定位于在通过该器件进行观察的过程中用户的单个手指可以访问的外壳区域内的多个用户可激活开关以 According to another aspect of the present invention, a handheld digital low-light viewing device comprises a protective housing having a second end opposite the first end, the first end defining an optical input aperture, a second end defining an optical output aperture; protective housing shape consistent with the user's hand, the housing containing: via the input aperture in response to low intensity light and infrared energy received by an infrared camera assembly to generate an output image; a signal processor coupled to the camera assembly for processing the output image; was coupled to the camera assembly for display output aperture assembly the processed image to the viewer; coupled to the camera assembly for an electronic variable focus zoom lens assembly of the output image; and a response is provided to the housing and co-located on a top surface of the process by the observation device within the housing a plurality of users may access area of ​​a single finger of the user may activate a switch to

便控制数字弱光观察器件的操作功能的控制电子设备。 Control electronics then controlled the operation of the digital low-light viewing device functions. 本发明的组件通过操作性连接到相机组件并连接到信号处理器的用于捕捉和处理图像数据以便进行存储和检索的简单控制机构或开关进一步提供了组件所观察目标的静态图像和/或视频捕捉。 Assembly of the present invention is connected to the camera and operatively connected to the assembly by a simple control signal processor means or a switch for capturing and processing the image data for storage and retrieval assembly is further provided for the observed target still images and / or video capture. 组件中包括足以保存这种图像数据的存储器,并提供了向远程器件(如打印机、计算机或其它外围设备)下载保存或捕捉的图像数据的机构,比如USB端口或其他接口。 Assembly includes sufficient storage memory such image data, and provides a mechanism to download stored or captured to a remote device (e.g. a printer, computer or other peripheral device) image data, such as a USB port or other interface. 本发明的数字弱光观察组件进一步包括用于实现控制程序功能并使用户能够选择与弱光组件相关的特定的程序模式特征的软和/或硬件功能。 Observation digital low-light assembly of the present invention further comprises a control program for realizing the function enables the user to select a particular program mode features associated with the low-light assembly soft and / or hardware functions. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是与本发明的一个实施例一致的示范性弱光观察系统的侧面透 FIG. 1 is a lens consistent with the side one case an exemplary embodiment of the low-light viewing system according to the present invention.

视图; view;

图2是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的顶部平面图; FIG 2 is a top assembly of the exemplary low-light observation plan view of FIG 1;

图3是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的侧面主视图; FIG 3 is a side view of an exemplary low-light observation main assembly shown in Figure 1;

图4是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的底部平面图; FIG 4 is a bottom plan view of the exemplary low-light observation assembly shown in Figure 1;

图5是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的前主视图; FIG 5 is a front view of an exemplary low-light observation main assembly shown in Figure 1;

图6是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的后主视图; FIG 6 is a view of an exemplary low-light observation rear main assembly shown in Figure 1;

图7是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的侧面透视剖视图,其中去 FIG. 7 is a side of an exemplary low-light observation assembly shown in FIG. 1 is a perspective cross-sectional view, to which

除了外壳组件的一部分; In addition to part of the housing assembly;

图8是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件的侧面主剖视图; FIG 8 is an exemplary low-light observation side of the main assembly of the sectional view of FIG 1;

图9是图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件示范性控制系统的框图; FIG 9 is a block diagram of an exemplary low-light observation component of an exemplary control system shown in Figure 1;

图10是根据本发明另一实施例在外壳顶面具有多个用户操作开关的示范性弱光观察组件的侧面示意图; FIG 10 is a further embodiment of the present invention having a plurality of user switches a schematic side view of an exemplary low-light observation component operating in a top surface of the housing;

图11是根据本发明另一实施例在外壳顶面具有多个用户操作开关的 FIG 11 is a further embodiment of the present invention, a user having a plurality of operating switches in the top surface of the housing

示范性弱光观察组件的侧面示意剖视图;以及 Exemplary low light observation component side schematic sectional view; and

图12是根据本发明的原理的弱光观察组件的控制机构的开关结构的 FIG 12 is a configuration of the control mechanism of the switch assembly of weak light observation principles of the present invention.

示范性图示。 Exemplary illustration.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为解决现有技术的问题,本发明提供了一种被动成像耐震的弱光观察系统,该系统能够将低强度可见光和红外能量转换成可视图像。 To solve the problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a passive imaging ruggedized low-light viewing system, the system can be low-intensity visible light and infrared energy into a visible image. 与本发明一致的数字弱光观察组件通常包括静止/视频图像捕捉功能的弱光红外相机,LCD、 OLED、 LCOS、 CRT或等离子显示器和目镜透镜、变焦透镜组件、具有能够当用户操作器件并观察目标时通过用户手的单个手指进行操纵的一个或多个的多位置操作开关的控制电子设备,以及标准电池。 Digital low-light observation consistent with assembly of the present invention generally includes a low-light infrared camera still / video image capture functionality, LCD, OLED, LCOS, CRT or plasma display and eyepiece lens, a zoom lens assembly, the device having a user operation, and can be observed when the target device manipulating the electronic control of one or more multi-position operating switch, and by a standard battery of a single finger when the user's hand. 如下文要进一步详述的,全部部件装入容易组装的防水外壳中。 It is described in further detail below, the entire assembly into the easily assembled waterproof housing.

现在参照图1到图6,显示了与本发明一个实施例一致的示范性 Referring now to FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, it illustrates an exemplary embodiment consistent with the present embodiment of the invention, a

弱光显示组件100的各种视图。 Low-light assembly 100 displays various views. 如图所示,组件100包括外壳组件109,其包括在其相应端部可密凌于连接到前盖108和后盖121的中间部分102。 As shown, the assembly 100 includes a housing assembly 109, which includes at its respective ends 108 can be densely Ling intermediate portion 102 and the rear cover 121 is connected to the front cover. 前盖108和后盖121是可拆卸的(例如通过干扰或摩擦配合)以便访问外壳组件109内部的部件(例如,更换电池或进行维修),或者可以是永久密封的,例如具有以螺紋方式或者通过干扰或摩擦配合设置在在外壳组件109的一部分内的可拆卸或绞接的电池盖1092 (图10)。 The front cover 108 and rear cover 121 is removable (e.g., by interference or friction fit) for access to the internal components of the housing assembly 109 (e.g., battery replacement or maintenance), or may be permanently sealed, for example, a threaded manner or by interference or friction fit is disposed within a portion of the housing assembly 109 is removably or hinged battery cover 1092 (FIG. 10). 如图10-图11中描述的实施例中最佳显示的, 外壳在结构上还可以是单片的,或者可以包括连接在一起的两个半部,例如上盖1090和下盖1091 (和/或左侧盖和右侧盖)。 11 best shown in the embodiment of the embodiment depicted in Figure 10 through the housing in the monolithic structure may also be, or may comprise two halves connected together, for example, the upper cover 1090 and the lower cover 1091 (and / or the left and right side covers). 组件100 的所有外部部件按希望密封到外壳组件109上,以便提供大致防水和防潮的器件。 All external component assembly 100 as desired seal to the housing assembly 109 to provide a generally waterproof and moisture-proof device. 外壳109可以由高保护性材料形成,例如,大尺寸钢、镁、锌、铝、涂橡胶的铝、聚碳酸酯或塑料材料。 Housing 109 may be formed from a highly protective material, e.g., a large-sized steel, magnesium, zinc, aluminum, rubberized aluminum, polycarbonate or plastic material. 如在图1、图】0和图11中最佳显示的,该组件可以形成为带有外形与用户手相符的外壳的单筒器件。 As Figures 1, 0] and best shown in FIG. 11, the assembly may be formed as a monocular device with the housing in line with the shape of the user's hand. (作为备选方案,考虑该器件形成为双筒器件)。 (As an alternative, consider the device is formed as a binocular device). 外壳进一步可以在其内部包含^爰冲元件117 (图7),比如泡沫材料、 软橡胶、塑料或其他衬垫类材料,以便保护内部电子设备和机械部件,包括红外相机组件、显示组件、变焦透镜组件和控制电子设备免受由于跌落、振动和冲击引起的损坏。 Housing may further comprise inside ^ Yuan punch member 117 (FIG. 7), such as a foam material, soft rubber, plastic or other cushion-like material, to protect the internal electronics and mechanical components, including an infrared camera assembly, display assembly, zoom lens assembly and control electronics from damage due to drop, vibration and shock caused damage.

多个脊105可以形成在组4牛100的一侧或双侧以便辅助提供抓取表面。 A plurality of ridges 105 may be formed on one side of the group 4 or the bovine 100 to assist in providing bilateral gripping surface. 脊还可以包括具有高摩擦系数的材料以便增强抓取效果, 如合成橡胶。 The ridges may further include a material having a high coefficient of friction to enhance the gripping effect, such as synthetic rubber. 多个手指收容部或凹部104可以形成在组件100的顶部以增强抓紧能力,并且手指收容部104还可以包括具有高摩擦系数的材料以便增强抓取效果,如合成橡胶。 A plurality of finger receiving portion or recess portion 104 may be formed at the top of the assembly 100 to enhance grip capacity, and the finger receiving portion 104 may also include a material having a high coefficient of friction to enhance the gripping effect, such as synthetic rubber. 同样为了增强抓取效果, 可以在组件100的底部上形成4母指收容部106,并且拇指收容部106 还可以包括高摩擦系数材料以便增强抓取效果,如弹性橡胶。 In order to enhance the gripping effect of the same, may be formed 4 thumb on the bottom of the receiving portion 106 of the assembly 100, and a thumb receiving portion 106 may further include a high coefficient of friction material so as to enhance the gripping effect, such as an elastic rubber.

如下文详细讨论的,用户控制机构107 (或者多个用户控制机构)可以设置在外壳组件109的凹部或手指收容部104或拇指收容部106 的一个或多个内以提供用户控制功能的轻易可及性。 , User control mechanism 107 (or more users control mechanism) discussed in detail below may be provided in a recess or finger or thumb receiving portion 104 receiving portion 106 of the housing assembly 109 to provide one or more of the control functions a user can easily and sex. 一个或多个控制机构可以备选位于外壳组件109上的其他位置。 One or more control mechanisms may alternatively be located elsewhere on the housing assembly 109. 在外壳109内或外壳109上也可提供其他零件,比如透镜盖、三脚架插座、手带或颈带或者可拆卸带的一个或多个安装件。 On the housing 109 or the housing 109 may also provide other components, such as a lens cover, a tripod socket, hand strap or a neck strap or a removable tape or more mounting members. 该器件可以使其外壳的一部分适于安装到用户的头部/头盔上的,或者安装到武器或类似的器件上。 The device may make it part of the housing adapted to be mounted on the user's head / helmet, or mounted to a weapon or similar device. 当然,该器件也可实施为一组护目镜,或附着到(或以其他方式连接到)传统护目镜上以便能够进行弱光观察并且捕捉/记录弱光图像数据。 Of course, the device may also be implemented as a set of goggles, or attached to (or otherwise connected to) a conventional visor in order to enable the observation of low light and capture / recording low light image data.

如图1和图5所最佳显示的,如下文进一步详细讨论的,在外壳组件109 —端(或其它位置)的前盖108内形成允许图像经其由设置于外壳组件109内的变焦透镜组件100接收的孔径103。 1 and best shown in FIG. 5, discussed in further detail below, the housing assembly 109 - allows the image formed through which the assembly is provided within a housing 109 of the zoom lens within the first end cap (or other location) 108 receiving aperture 103 of assembly 100. 护眼罩101设置在外壳组件109的另一端(或其他位置)的孔径的后盖121 上,以便在使用组件100的过程中使用户的眼睛屏蔽外界光。 Eye shield 101 is provided on the rear cover 121 at the other end of the aperture (or other location) of the housing assembly 109, so that the user's eyes during use of the external light shield assembly 100 of the manipulation. 如图6 所最佳显示的,护眼罩101具有形成于其中的孔径125,以便允许用户观察设置于外壳组件109内的显示组件111 (比如LCD、 OLED、 LCOS、 CRT、等离子或其他显示器)上的图像。 As best shown in FIG. 6, the eye shield 101 having an aperture 125 formed therein so as to allow a user to view the display assembly 111 disposed within a housing assembly 109 (such as LCD, OLED, LCOS, CRT, plasma, or other display) Image.

现在转到图7,显示了图1所示的示范性弱光观察组件100的侧面透视剖视图,其中去除了外壳组件109的一部分。 Turning now to FIG. 7, a side in FIG. 1 shows an exemplary low-light observation shown a perspective sectional view of the assembly 100, which, in addition to a portion of the housing assembly 109. 如图所示,组件100的外壳109容纳连接到相机组件112上的变焦透镜组件110, 相机组件112分别连接到显示组件111。 As shown, the housing 100 of the assembly 109 is connected to receive the zoom lens assembly 112 of camera assembly 110, a camera assembly 112 are respectively connected to the display assembly 111. 包含控制电子设备的电路板124邻近设置并连接到变焦透镜组件110、相机组件112和显示组件111上。 An electronic device comprising a control circuit board 124 is provided adjacent to and connected to the zoom lens assembly 110, camera assembly 112 and display assembly 111. 上述的部件由一个或多个电池113或其他电源供电。 Means powered by the above-mentioned one or more batteries 113 or other power source. 电路板]24可以包含各种控制电路,包括用以处理从相机组件输出的图像的一个或多个数字信号处理器,用以与外部通信器件(比如计算机或通过USB端口和连接的其他外围器件)接口的通信;漠块(如无线通信器件),以及响应触觉用户l俞入(通过一个或多个开关)以便控制该弱光观察组件的操作功能的电路。 Circuit board] The control circuit 24 may comprise various, comprising for processing an image outputted from a camera assembly or more digital signal processors to communicate with an external device (such as a computer through a USB port or other peripheral devices connected ) communication interface; desert blocks (e.g., wireless communication devices), and in response to tactile user into Yu l (via one or more switches) for controlling operating functions of the circuit of the low-light observation assembly. 如本领域普通技术人员所理解的,也可使用多种电路板并将其互相连接(比如通过柔性连接器), 以便增强处理功能。 As one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate, a variety of circuit boards may be used and connected to each other (such as by a flexible connector), in order to enhance processing.

可以构思出,通过带有凹槽、突起或设置在其上或其中的其它连接零件的干扰或摩擦配合以使用最少数量的机械紧固件将组件100 的一些或所有部件连接到外壳109,并且彼此连接,以便使组件廉价并且筒单。 Can be devised, by having a recess, or a protrusion disposed on or in which the other connection element to interference or friction fit using a minimum number of mechanical fasteners to connect some or all components of the assembly 100 to the housing 109, and connected to each other, so that the single-cylinder assembly and inexpensive. 这些紧固机构包括但不限于螺钉、螺栓、铆钉、粘合剂和其他类似紧固机构。 These fastening means include but are not limited to, screws, bolts, rivets, adhesives, and other similar fastening means.

如图8所最佳显示的,该图是图1示范性弱光观察组件100的侧立主剖^L图,弹性平面开关片126设置在电^^板124与外壳109 的内部之间。 As best shown in Figure 8, which is a side elevation of FIG. 1 the main assembly 100 of an exemplary low-light observation FIG sectional ^ L, the resilient planar switch sheet 126 is disposed between the internal electrical ^^ plate 124 of the housing 109. 弹性平面开关片】26可以具有至少一个经外壳109内之孔延伸的一体官顶形开关-启动突起127,以便将用户控制机构]07 与电路板124内或上面(例如,表面安装)的至少一开关元件129 机械连接。 At least a promoter protrusion 127, so that the user control means] 07 and the inner circuit board 124 or above (e.g., surface mounted) of - an elastic planar switch sheet] 26 may have at least one official top shape switch a through bore of the housing 109 extending a switching element 129 is connected mechanically. 当然,还构思出其它配置,包括例如设置在具有与电路板上的开关元件电连通的触点的基板上的一个或多个的按压按钮, 通过按压按钮可以激活相应的开关元件。 Of course, other configurations are also contemplated, including, for example, disposed on a substrate having electrical contact with the switching element of the circuit board in communication with one or more push button, the respective switching elements can be activated by pressing a button.

除了提供用于使用户控制机构107与电路板124上的开关元件129接触啮合的手段外,f顶形突起127还可以用于与外壳109形成流体不渗透的密封。 In addition to providing for user control mechanism 107 with switching means 129 contacts the engaging element on the circuit board 124 outside, f roof-shaped projections 127 may also be used with the housing 109 to form a fluid impermeable seal. 电路板可以通过以与合成橡胶平面开关片126 啮合的方式粘附在外壳109的内部,平面开关片126可以通过例如防水环氧基树脂或粘合剂胶合或者以其他方式连接到外壳109的内表面,并可以通过例如从外壳109延伸的多个桩4丁(未图示)或组件100的其他部件保持在适当位置,以便于将合成橡胶开关片127 与电子设备板124对齐。 The circuit board can be meshingly plane and synthetic rubber switch sheet 126 may be adhered by, for example within the waterproof epoxy or adhesive glued or otherwise connected to the housing 109 of the internal housing 109, planar switch sheet 126 surface, and can (not shown) through a plurality of piles, for example, 4-butoxy extending from the housing 109 or other components of assembly 100 is held in position, so that the synthetic rubber switch sheet 127 is aligned with the electronics board 124. 用户控制机构107可以包括一个或多个可用以控制或调整各种功能的简单按钮控制,包括但不仅限于组件100 的开/关状态、相机组件112或显示组件111的亮度、变焦透镜组件110的焦点、和/或用以编程或选择与弱光观察组件相关的特定模式的程序功能。 A user control mechanism 107 may include one or more simple button controls may be used to adjust or control various functions, including but not limited opening assembly 100 on / off state, the brightness of the camera assembly 112 or display assembly 111, the zoom lens assembly 110 focus, and / or for selecting a particular program or low light observation mode is associated with a program component functions.

在示范性实施例中,用户控制机构107是一个可沿三个轴线移动的五向导航摇臂开关,其中,例如左/右摇摆控制变焦透镜组件110 的变焦,上/下摇摆控制相机组件112的亮度,而按压开关控制整个组件100开或关。 In an exemplary embodiment, a user control mechanism 107 is movable along three axes of the five-way navigation rocker switch, wherein, for example, left / right rocking controls zoom of the zoom lens assembly 110, up / down swing control camera assembly 112 brightness, and the push switch 100 controls the entire assembly on or off. 在另一个示范性实施例中,导航摇臂开关提供左/ 右变焦控制、用于控制相机功能(例如图像静态捕捉或图像视频机构)的向下控制、用于程序功能(例如翻页、控制日期/时间设置、 左/右手操作和包括相机模式、文件保存、数字变焦、外界亮度条件、 标线开/关在内的编程特征)的向上控制,而按压开关控制整个组件 Provides left / right zoom control, down control for controlling camera functions (e.g. image still capture or image video means) of this embodiment, the navigation rocker switch In another exemplary embodiment, a program functions (e.g., paging, control date / time settings, left / right hand operation, and includes a camera mode, file save, digital zoom, ambient light conditions, reticle on / off programming features including) up control, and controls the entire push switch assembly

100的开或关。 100 on or off. 如本专业普通技术人员可以理解的,用户控制机构中 As those of ordinary skill in the art can be appreciated, the user control mechanism

与操作功能相关的特定方向可以修改。 Specific functions associated with the operation direction may be modified.

特别参考图10-图]2中描述的实施例,用户控制机构107包含一组协同定位在当用户手持该组件并/或使用该组件观察物体使通过用户的单个手指(即即拇指或别的手指)访问的在外壳上区域107a 中的按压按钮。 With particular reference to Figures 10] as described in Example 2, the user control mechanism 107 comprises a set of co-located when the user is holding the assembly and / or use of the components so that a single object is observed by a user's finger (i.e., i.e., a thumb or other finger pressing a button) to access the area 107a on housing. 在如图12示意性显示的一种配置中,该组按压按钮包括用于控制放大/缩小的摇臂开关107,、用于为器件供电的中心开/ 关按钮1072、用于控制静态/视频图像捕捉的相机按钮1073和控制程序模式(例如翻页、控制日期/时间设置、左/右手操作和包括相机模式、文件保存、数字变焦、外界亮度条件、标线开/关在内的编程特征)的程序按钮1074。 In one configuration shown schematically in FIG. 12, the set comprises a push button for controlling enlargement / reduction of the rocker switch 107 ,, a power supply device centered on / off button 1072 for controlling still / video the image capture button 1073 and the camera control program mode (e.g. page, controlling date / time settings, left / right hand operation, and includes a camera mode, file save, digital zoom, ambient light conditions, reticle on / off programming features including ) program button 1074. 各不同的按钮可以分别包括提供不同触感的不同表面,使得用户能够在通过该器件与目标物保持视觉接触的同时可以快速选择所需功能。 The buttons may include various different surfaces provide different tactile sensation, can enable a user to quickly select the desired function while maintaining visual contact with the target substance through the device, respectively.

在如图10所示的一个示范性实施例中,使用图1的实施例中所标识的相同附图标记指示相同部件,以一组配置外壳109顶部的在相应凹部或手指收容部104中的用户操作按钮或开关(例如107P 1072、 1073 )实现控制机构。 In one exemplary embodiment shown in FIG. 10 embodiment, the same reference numerals identified in the embodiment refer to the same parts of the embodiment of FIG. 1, 109 to the top of the housing arranged in a set of corresponding recesses or finger receiving portion 104 the user operates the buttons or switches (e.g. 107P 1072, 1073) to achieve control mechanism. 每个凹部接收相应的手指,尺寸限定为使得各手指能有效地仅访问相应区域(107a、 107b、 107J内的按钮, 以便能够进行与该特定按钮相关的操作功能。在一种配置中,所有的凹部均匀限定尺寸。在另一种配置中,至少有一个凹部或手指收容部配置为与别的不同。如图10进一步显示的, 一个或多个用户操作按钮可以备选设置在接近观察孔形成并适于在用户手持该器件时接收用户的食指的基 Each recess receiving a corresponding finger, such that the size of each finger is defined as effective access to only a corresponding region (107a, 107b, 107J button in order to be able to operate the function associated with the specific button. In one configuration, all recesses defined uniform size. in another configuration, has at least one recess accommodating a finger or other portion configured to be different from the further shown in FIG. 10, one or more user operation buttons may alternatively be disposed near the viewing aperture It is formed and adapted to receive an index finger of the user when the user holds the base of the device

本平坦的壁架部分1008上。 This flat wall portion 1008 on the frame. 控制机构可以全部实现在这个位置,或 Control mechanism can be fully realized in this position, or

者可以包括定位在外壳其他地方的附加控制按钮或开关(例如按钮 May include additional control buttons or switches (e.g., buttons positioned elsewhere in the housing

107。 107. 1072、 1073.......)。 1072, 1073 .......).

现在参考图9,显示了在图1、图10和图11中大致显示的弱光观察组件100的示范性控制系统的框图。 Referring now to Figure 9, a block diagram of an exemplary control system for observation of low light assembly 100 shown generally in FIG. 1, FIGS. 10 and 11. 现在将描述组件100的内部结构。 100 will now be described the internal structure of the component. 变焦透镜组件100、相机组件112、显示组件111和数字信号处理电路1]5全部与微控制器114连接并由其控制,并且上述器件全部经适于在例如5和/或12伏下提供电力的电源转换器116由一个或多个电池113 (例如2或4节1.5伏AA号电池)提供电力。 The zoom lens assembly 100, camera assembly 112, display assembly 111 and the digital signal processing circuit 1] 5 are all connected to and controlled by the microcontroller 114, and all of the above device is adapted to provide power at, for example, via and / or 12 volts 5 the power converter 116 is powered by a battery 113 or more (e.g., two or four 1.5 volt AA size batteries).

经变焦透镜组件100接收的图像由相机组件112接收,在正常模式下,相机组件112将图像输出到数字信号处理器,以便进行后续处理并向用户显示。 Is received by the camera assembly 112 is the image of the zoom lens assembly 100 received in the normal mode, the image output from the camera assembly 112 to the digital signal processor for subsequent display to the user process. 响应用户对视频捕捉或静态图像捕捉功能的选择,相机组件向数字信号处理电路115提供相应的视频或静态图像信号以便进行进行处理并格式化并且保存到存储器中。 Capturing a user response to a video or still image capture function is selected, the camera assembly provides a corresponding video or still image signal to a digital signal processing circuit 115 for processing and formatting and stored in a memory. 处理并格式化的视频信号随后由显示组件111接收以便用户通过目镜101 (图1 )进行观察。 Processed and formatted video signal is subsequently received by the display assembly 111 so that a user observing through the eyepiece 101 (FIG. 1).

在示范性实施例中,变焦透镜组件110是10x可变光学变焦透镜组件,其焦距为大约7.1mm至35.5mm,孔径为大约f/2.8并且具有多层消反射透镜覆层以便减少反射和增加对比度,例如德国Oberkochen的Carl Zeiss生产的Vano SonnarTM 丁*变焦透镜。 In an exemplary embodiment, the zoom lens assembly 110 is a 10x variable optical zoom lens assembly, a focal length of about 7.1mm to 35.5 mm, a pore size of about f / 2.8 lens and having a multilayer antireflection coating to reduce reflection and to increase contrast, Carl Zeiss of Oberkochen, Germany, for example, the production of D * Vano SonnarTM zoom lens. 这种变焦透镜组件包括在数字视频相机/录相机中,例如日本东京Sony公司生产的DCR-PC350。 This zoom lens components included in the digital video camera / recorder, such as manufactured by Sony Corporation, Tokyo, Japan DCR-PC350. 当然,其他变焦透镜组件以及放大倍数(例如, 5x、 25x等等)都可以结合本发明使用,以便提供依照控制机构的自动可变焦能力以及与根据本发明的耐震数字弱光观察系统相关联的轻质特征。 Of course, other zoom lens assemblies and magnifications (e.g., 5x, 25x, etc.) may be used in conjunction with the present invention is to provide an automatically in accordance with the zoom control mechanism and a seismic observation in accordance with the present invention, a digital low-light system associated lightweight characteristics.

在示范性实施例中,相机组件112是采用半(1/2)英寸的行间转换CCD图像传感器的极高敏感度(近红外光镨)的单色相机组件, In an exemplary embodiment, the camera assembly 112 is the use of a half (1/2) of an inch CCD line image sensor converts a high sensitivity (near-infrared light praseodymium) monochrome camera assembly,

其具有带电平控制/自动增益控制(例如HI:5-50dB,LO:5J32dB )的电子光圈、大约46dB的信噪比、无闪烁才莫式、背景光补偿、大约752 至768x494至582的有效像素分辨率、F1.4下的大约0.0003勒克斯的最小照明条件、大约1/50至1/100000秒范围内的可变快门速度、 输出75ohm非平衡视频信号并且使用电流为大约160mA的12V±10% 的直流电源。 With level control / automatic gain control (e.g., HI: 5-50dB, LO: 5J32dB) Electronic aperture, signal to noise ratio of about 46dB, no flicker was Mohs, backlight compensation, an effective 768x494 to about 752 to 582 pixel resolution, a minimum illumination of approximately 0.0003 lux at F1.4 conditions, variable shutter speeds in the range of from about 1/50 to 1/100000 second output 75ohm unbalanced video signal and using a current of about 160mA of 12V ± 10 % of the DC power supply. 这种相机组件可以体现为由台湾台北市Watec有限公司生产的WAT-902H2 SupremeTM单色相机。 This camera components can be embodied as Watec Taipei, Taiwan Co., Ltd. of WAT-902H2 SupremeTM monochrome camera. 当然要理解,还可以使用别的图像/影像传感器,例如CMOS (互补型金属氧化物半导体) 图像传感器(该传感器可以在比CCD图像传感器更低的电压工作)。 Is to be understood, of course, also possible to use other image / image sensor, for example, a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) image sensor (the image sensor may be lower than the working voltage of the CCD sensor).

显示组件111优选的是空间分辨率大约320x240、利用单晶绝缘层上外延硅(SOI)起始材料以高速、低功率CMOS工艺制作的有源矩阵液晶显示器(LCD)。 The display assembly 111 is preferably approximately 320x240 spatial resolution, the use of epitaxial silicon (SOI) layer of single-crystal insulating material starting at a high speed, low-power CMOS process of the active matrix liquid crystal display (LCD). 显示组件111还采用带薄膜晶体管的集成水平和垂直移位寄存器,其在大约3.3到5.0伏的电平下以高达每秒大约72帧的速率接收补充冲莫拟视频输入并且消耗功率大约12mW。 The display module 111 also features an integrated horizontal and vertical shift registers with thin film transistors, in which the level of about 3.3 to 5.0 volts up to a rate of about 72 frames per second punch receiving complementary analog video inputs Mo and the power consumption is about 12mW. 这种显示器可以体现为由马萨诸塞州Taunton的Kopin公司生产的KCD-QDOl-AA CyberDisplay™ 320LCD显示器。 This monitor can be embodied as Kopin of Taunton, Massachusetts produced by KCD-QDOl-AA CyberDisplay ™ 320LCD display. 在该显示器中通过红(或其他颜色)光提供"低电量"指示器。 In this display light is provided "low battery" indicator by a red (or other color). 当然要理解, 可以使用不同空间分辨率(例如600x800空间分辨率)的各种类型的显示组件,其中这种显示器包括但不仅限于LCD (液晶显示器), LCOS (硅基液晶)和OLED (有机发光器件)、CRT (阴极射线管) 和等离子显示器。 It is to be understood, of course, possible to use different spatial resolutions (e.g., 600x800 spatial resolution) of the assembly of various types of display, such a display which includes but not limited to LCD (liquid crystal display), LCOS (liquid crystal on silicon), OLED (Organic Light Emitting device), CRT (cathode ray tube) and a plasma display.

数字信号处理电路组件115包含用于处理和格式化由相机组件112输出的信号的并且在显示组件111上显示相应图像的电路。 Digital signal processing circuit 115 comprises components for processing and formatting the signal output by the camera assembly 112 and the corresponding circuit images on the display assembly 111. 数字信号处理电路组件115优选是在大约290x218单色显示器上提供复合NTSC或PAL视频信号的视频模块,该视频模块提供屏幕显示、 对NTSC/P AL选择的用户可调控制、背光亮度、视频对比度和亮度〜伽马调节以及色彩抑制过滤器,例如由马萨诸塞州Taunton的Kopin公司生产的CyberDisplay M KCD-1MQ01-BA视频冲莫块。 Digital signal processing circuit assembly 115 is preferably a video module to provide a composite NTSC or PAL video signal at about 290x218 monochrome display screen of the video display module, for NTSC / P AL selection user adjustable control, backlight brightness, video contrast and brightness ~ gamma adjustment, and color suppression filter, for example, from Kopin of Taunton, Massachusetts produced CyberDisplay M KCD-1MQ01-BA video Mo punch block.

微控制器】14为变焦透镜组件110提供例如变焦、滤波、光圈和聚焦控制信号并且向相机组件112、数字信号处理电路115和显示组件111提供控制信号。 ] The microcontroller 14 provides control signals to provide, for example, the camera assembly 112, digital signal processing circuit 115, and a display assembly 111 zoom, filter, iris, and focus control signal and a zoom lens assembly 110. 微控制器114从用户控制机构107接收控制信号以便控制特定功能,包含但不限于变焦、静态/视频捕捉、程序功能和开关组件100。 The microcontroller 114 from the user control means 107 receives a control signal for controlling a specific function, including but not limited to zoom, still / video capture, program functions and a switch assembly 100. 外部电源123可以与电源转换器116和/或电池113连接以便提供用于对电池113进行充电和/或在正常工作过程中向组件100提供电力的充电电路117,例如使用110V电流或便携外部AC或DC电源。 The external power source 123 may be connected to the power converter 116 and / or 113 in order to provide a battery for charging the battery 113 and / or provide the assembly 100 during normal operation of the power charging circuit 117, for example, a current or a portable external AC 110V or DC power source.

在特定实施例中,微型控制器114还可以向一体或外部无线通信组件122提供控制信号和/或数据信号。 In certain embodiments, the microcontroller 114 may also provide control signals and / or data signals to integral or external wireless communications assembly 122. 该无线通信组件122还可以直接与数字信号处理电路115接口。 The wireless communication component 122 may also directly interface circuit 115 is a digital signal processing. 例如,无线通信组件122可以包含TCP/IP堆栈118、收发器119和天线120,并且可以用于向远程设备传输来自相机组件112的未经处理的视频信号以便进行远程处理和格式化,或者是由数字信号处理电路组件115输出的处理和格式化的视频信号。 For example, wireless communications component 122 may include a TCP / IP stack 118, a transceiver 119 and an antenna 120, and may be used without processing the video signal from the remote transmission device 112 of the camera assembly for remote processing and formatting, or processing and formatting component 115 by a digital signal output from the video signal processing circuit. 因而,无线通信组件122可以允许组件100 通过标准的无线宽带路由器与现有的局域网接口,或者是与用于无 Accordingly, the wireless communication component 122 can allow the assembly 100 by standard wireless broadband router and the existing LAN interface, or with a non-

线接收通信信号的其他外部设备接口。 Receiving a communication signal line of another external device interface. 可以提供视频输出插口1010 (图10)以便将视频信号有线传输到外部设备,例如监视器、电视或录像机。 It may provide a video output socket 1010 (FIG. 10) so as to transmit video signals to an external wired device, such as a monitor, TV or VCR. 数据经设置在外壳上的端口输出,例如USB端口或者其他这样的接口。 Via data output port disposed on the housing, such as a USB port or other such interface. 作为为限制性实例,提供USB 2.0顺从连接器以便以每秒12兆比特的速率传递数据。 As a limiting example, USB 2.0 compliant connector provided in order to transmit data at 12 megabits per second.

现在,结合图10-图12参考图1,本发明弱光观察组件的示范性操作模式如下所述。 Now, with reference to FIGS. 10 to 12 in FIG. 1, an exemplary mode of operation of the present invention, weak light was observed following the assembly. 用户手持组件100 (例如,左手或右手)并按压用户控制机械开关(例如1072 )以便打开组件100。 The user holds the assembly 100 (e.g., left or right hand) and pressed by a user to control a mechanical switch (e.g. 1072) to open the assembly 100. 用户将组件100 的后端升高到用户的眼睛并通过目镜101进行观看,同时将组件]00 的前端指向用户想观察的位置。 The rear end user assembly 100 is raised to a user's eye viewing through the eyepiece 101 and, while the tip assembly] 00 point position of the user wants to see. 用户可以通过目镜101观察显示组件111上的图像,并且可以向左或向右移动用户机械控制摇臂开关(例如107。(参见图12)以便放大并缩小,可以按压用户机械控制开关(例如1073 )以便捕捉静态图像或视频图像,或者可以按压用户机械控制开关(例如1074 )以便控制与弱光器件相关的程序功能。 The user can display an image on the observation eyepiece assembly 111,101 by the user and can be moved left or right to control a mechanical rocker switch (e.g., 107. (see FIG. 12) so as to amplify and narrow, the user may press mechanical control switch (e.g. 1073 ) in order to capture still images or video images, or the user may press mechanical control switch (e.g. 1074) to control program functions associated with the low-light device.

更具体的是,参考图12的配置,通过用于静态/视频捕捉的开关1073可以选择相机/视频功能操作。 More specifically, with reference to the configuration of FIG. 12, through the static / video capture switch 1073 can select the camera / video function operations. 例如,对于右手操作的用户来说, 用户可以通过按压和释放开关1073来捕捉静态视频图像,或者按压并保持开关1073以便开始记录^L频数据。 For example, for right-handed user, the user can capture still and video images by pressing the release switch 1073, or pressing and holding the switch 1073 to start recording audio data ^ L. 随后,用户可以释放开关以便停止记录。 The user can then release the switch to stop recording. 在执行相机功能后,用户可以再次按压开关,回到"正常"操作(即弱光图像观察并且准备捕捉别的图像),或者该系统可以预置为自动返回"正常"操作。 After performing the camera function, the user can press the switch again to return to "normal" operation (i.e. low-light image viewing and ready to capture another image), or the system may be preset to automatically return to "normal" operation.

完成视频图像处理后,会出现提示命令,警告用户他/她是否想要"保存,,或"删除"捕捉的视频。用户可以通过在一个方向上(例如向左代表"是")或者另一个方向(例如向右代表"否")移动程序开关1074或者是选择性按压程序按钮以将显示器推进到所需选择来作出响应,以便于保存或是删除视频数据。与开关1074相关的程序模式功能包括将器件置于相机模式、保存/删除文件、数字变焦、 控制外界亮度条件(例如设定阈值值),并且提供反向功能按钮(例如进行左手操作)、时间和语言信息、标线开/关特征。在一种配置中,按钮或开关1074的选择将器件置于程序模式,这使得其他各按钮对应于特定的功能,例如107,左》左滚,107!右》右滚,1072->选择,1073->上滚,1074->下滚。 After the completion of the video image processing, command prompt will appear to warn the user that he / she wants to "Save, or" delete "captured video. Users can in one direction (eg left for" Yes ") or another direction (e.g. to the right for "NO") or moving the program switch 1074 selectively pressing program button to advance the display to the desired selection responsive, in order to save or delete the video data associated with the switching mode function program 1074 the device comprising a camera placed mode, saving / deleting files, digital zoom, controlling ambient light conditions (e.g. setting a threshold value), and providing reverse function buttons (e.g. for left-handed operation), time and language information, reticle on / off characteristics. in one configuration, the selection button or switch 1074 places the device in program mode, which allows each of the other buttons correspond to specific functions, such as 107, the left "left roll, 107! right", the right roller, 1072- > select, 1073-> roll-on, roll 1074-> next.

程序模式进一步使用户能够根据用于是左手还是右利手改变与给定按钮几何形状相关的功能。 Program mode further enables a user to be used in accordance with the right-handed or left-hand button changes the function related to the geometry given. 在示范性处理流程中,右手个体使用组件100的正常操作包括107,左->放大,107!右》缩小,1072->电源选择,1073->相机静态/视频和1074->程序模式(参见图12)。 In an exemplary process flow, normal operation of the right hand 100 of individual components used include 107, left -> amplification, 107 right "narrow, 1072-> Power select, 1073-> still camera / video and 1074-> Mode (see! Figure 12). 程序模式包括使用户能够根据用户是用左手还是右手改变各控制机构的相关功能的编程。 Comprising program mode enables the user to change the programming related functions of each control mechanism with left or right hand according to the user. 在示范性配置中,在选择"左手"操作后,用户运行程序以便改变与这些位置相关的功能能力,使得配置此时变成 In the exemplary configuration, after selecting "left hand" operation, the user runs the program in order to change the functional capabilities associated with these positions, this time so that the configuration becomes

]07,左》缩小,1(^右々放大,1072->电源选择,1073->程序模式,1074-> 相机静态/视频。当然可想到,其他配置也是可能的。用户在用完组件IOO后,用于按压用户控制机纟戒开关1072—秒钟以便关闭组件100。 要理解,具有功能选择能力的处理器、存储器和操作系统可以由硬件、软件、固件或其组合实现。在优选实施例中,处理器功能选择、阈值处理、面板选择和才莫式配置以存储在存储器中中的软件实现。要知道,在功能选择由软件、固件或者两者实现时,处理指令可以存储或传输到任何计算才几可读介质上,以便由指令执行系统、 设备或装置使用或与其连接,例如基于计算机的系统、包含处理器的系统,或者能够从该指令执行系统、设备或装置获取指令并且执行该指令的其他系统。 ] 07, left "reduction, 1 (^ Right 々 amplification, 1072-> Power select, 1073-> program mode, 1074-> still camera / video course contemplated that other configurations are possible. IOO user runs the component after a user presses a switch controlled machine Si 1072- ring assembly 100. the second is to be understood so as to close, having a processor function selection capability, a memory and an operating system can be implemented by hardware, software, firmware, or a combination thereof. in a preferred embodiment embodiment, the processor functionality selection, threshold processing, panel selection and only Mo is configured to store the formula in a memory implemented in software. You know, when implemented in software, firmware, or both in the function selection, processing instructions may be stored or transmitted to only a few on any computer-readable medium, for execution by the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device or connected thereto, for example, computer-based system, processor-containing system, or can fetch instructions from the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device and other systems that execute instructions.

此外,要理解,程序存储介质制约相关的处理器的操作,并且在方法步骤中,由处理器对数字弱光观察组件的信号和数据处理网络中的消息的协同操作执行。 Furthermore, it is understood that the operation program storage medium constraints associated processor, and in method step, the cooperative operation by the processor for signal and data processing network of the digital low-light observation component of the message is performed. 这些过程可以以具有或多或少的主动或被动成分的各种形式存在。 These processes may exist in various forms having more or less active or passive components. 例如,它们以由源代码或目标代码、 可执行代码或别的格式的程序指令组成的软件程序形式存在。 For example, a software program is present in the form of their source code or object code, executable code or other form of program instructions. 上迷任何一种形式都可以体现在计算机可读介质上,其包括存储器件以及压缩或是解压形式的信号。 Any form of the fans may be embodied on a computer-readable medium, which include a memory device and a signal compressed or decompressed form. 示范性计算机可读存储器件包括传统的计算机系统RAM(随机存取存储器)、ROM(只读存储器)、EPROM (可擦可编程ROM) 、 EEPROM (电可擦可编程ROM)、闪存和磁盘、光盘或磁带。 Exemplary computer readable storage devices include conventional computer system RAM (random access memory), ROM (Read Only Memory), EPROM (erasable programmable ROM), the EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable ROM), flash memory, and disk, CD or tape. 示范性计算机可读信号(无论是否使用载体调制)是主处理(hostmg)或运行该计算机程序的计算机系统可以配置为可以访问到的信号,包括通过互联网或其他网络下载的信号。 Exemplary computer readable signals (whether modulated using a carrier) is the main process (hostmg) or a computer system running the computer program can be configured to signal to the access, including signals downloaded through the Internet or other networks. 上述例子包括CD ROM上的或是经由互联网下载的程序分布。 Examples include the above on CD ROM or via Internet download distribution program.

—如前面所讨论的,本发明的数字弱光观察组件包括与相机组件和变焦透镜组件连接的数字信号处理器。 - e.g., a digital low-light observation component of the present invention previously discussed includes a digital signal processor connected to the camera assembly and zoom lens assembly. 该数字处理器可操作为响应输入以便控提供程序功能(例如增益、集成(integration)、时钟功能、左/右手操作和开关按钮功能)、电源开/关功能和放大/缩小能力。 The digital processor is operable in response to an input control program to provide functions (such as gain, integration (Integration), clock functions, left / right hand operation, and switch button functions), power on / off function and zoom in / out capabilities. 在示范性配置中,可以使用单个控制开关(例如按压和释放开关)进行图像捕捉,以便捕捉静态图像并将该图像保存在存储器里以便以后检索和/或下载。 In the exemplary configuration, a single control switch (e.g. a press and release switch) for capturing images to capture a still image and saves the image in memory for later retrieval and / or downloading.

在示范性实施例中,由于使用了轻质且便宜的光学部件,组件100 In an exemplary embodiment, the use of lightweight and inexpensive optical components, assemblies 100

特别轻,而且制造简单、造价低廉,长度D大约仅有4英寸,并且 Particularly light and simple to manufacture, low cost, length D is only about 4 inches, and

可以容易且不明显地进行隐藏、携带,或是放在口袋和用户的手中。 Obviously you can not easily hide, carry, or on the hands and pockets of users.

示范性实施例中的组件100可以在超弱光的条件下使用,例如0.003 勒克斯,并且可以用于观察2 />里(km)以外的物体。 Assembly 100 embodiment can be used under conditions Ultraweak, e.g. 0.003 lux, and can be used for viewing objects 2 /> Lane (km) other than the exemplary embodiment. 采用用于组件100的所有用户控制功能的单手指用户控制机构107不需要用户在使用中从组件100上移动手或手指,或是把组件100从眼睛上移开来定位外壳109上的控制开关。 107 does not require all users to use a single finger of the user control means of user control functions of the assembly 100 from moving, in use, the hand or finger assembly 100, or the assembly 100 is removed from the eye to locate a control switch on the housing 109 . 在示范性配置中,用于容纳控制机构的区域107a的相对尺寸大约是0.75英寸。 In the exemplary configuration, the control means receiving the relative size of the region 107a is approximately 0.75 inches.

进一步构思,与本发明一致的装置除了具有作为独立的手持观察器的用途,还可以具有用于其他应用的特殊用途,例如作为枪或其他武器的瞄准器。 Further contemplated, the apparatus consistent with the present invention in addition to having utility as a separate handheld viewer, may also have particular use for other applications, such as a gun or other weapon sight. 虽然前面描述和图示的实施例配置成单筒器件, Although the embodiments described above and illustrated arranged monocular device,

这种双筒器件结构的外形还设计成外形与用户手相符,使其操作简单,易于使用。 Such binocular device configuration profile is also designed to match the shape and the user's hand, it is simple and easy to use.

因而,可以看到本发明提供了可以简单并且廉价制造的数字弱光观察器件,由此使该装置可供给消费者、执法机构、安全力量、 第一反应和军事应用。 Thus, it can be seen that the present invention provides a simple and inexpensive means for producing a digital low-light observation, whereby the apparatus may be supplied to consumers, law enforcement agencies, security forces, first reactor and military applications.

虽然已经依据本申请所描述的实例阐述了本发明,但要理解这些公开内容仅是示范性的并且不解释为限制。 Although the present invention has been explained based on the examples described herein, it is to be understood that these disclosures are exemplary only and are not to be construed as limiting. 因此,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围,本领域技术人员在阅读了前面的公开内容后无疑可以想出本发明的各种变更、^修改和/或备选应用。 Thus, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, those skilled in the art upon reading the foregoing disclosures undoubtedly devise various modifications of the invention, ^ modifications and / or alternative applications. 因此,倾向于将本发明解释为包括落在本发明的真正精神和范围内的所有变更、修改或备选应用。 Accordingly, the present invention tends to be construed as fall within the present invention include all modifications within the true spirit and scope of, or alternatively to modify the application.

Claims (33)

  1. 1. 一种数字弱光观察器件,包括:具有第一端和相对的第二端的保护外壳,所述第一端限定光学输入孔径,所述第二端限定光学输出孔径;所述保护外壳容纳:响应经所述输入孔径接收到的低强度可见光和红外能量以便产生输出图像的红外相机组件;与所述相机组件连接以处理所述输出图像的信号处理器;与所述相机组件连接以便经所述输出孔径向观察者显示所述已处理图像的显示组件;与所述相机组件连接以便电子可变聚焦所述输出图像的变焦透镜组件;以及响应设置在所述外壳表面上的控制机构以便控制所述数字弱光观察器件的操作功能的控制电子设备,所述控制机构可由用户手指操纵以便控制所述操作功能。 A digital low-light viewing device, comprising: a first end having a protective shell and an opposite second end, said first end defining an optical input aperture, said second end defining an optical output aperture; said protective housing containing : response received via the input aperture to low intensity visible light and infrared energy to produce an output image of the infrared camera assembly; a signal processor connected to process the output image of the camera assembly; connected to the camera assembly by said output aperture to a viewer of the display assembly displaying processed images; connected to said camera assembly so that the electronic variable focus zoom lens assembly of the output image; and in response to a control mechanism disposed on the housing surface so as control electronics for controlling the operating functions of the digital low-light viewing device, said control means may be manipulated to control the user's finger operating functions.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:由所述控制机构控制的所述操作功能至少包括变焦、电源和程序功能。 2. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said control means controls the operation of a function comprising at least zoom, power and program functions.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述保护外壳包括顶盖和与所述顶盖配合连接的底盖,所述外壳由大尺寸钢、镁、锌、铝、涂橡胶的铝、聚碳酸酯和塑胶材料中的一种材料形成。 3. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said protective housing comprises a top and bottom of the cap mating connector, the housing by the large size of steel, magnesium, zinc, aluminum, rubberized aluminum, polycarbonate, and one material is formed of plastic material.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求3所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述顶盖和所述底盖密封连接以实现防水密封。 4. The digital low-light viewing device according to claim 3, wherein: said top cover and the bottom cover sealingly connected to achieve a waterproof seal.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:还包括设置在所述外壳内部的緩沖材料,以保护所述红外相机组件、 所述显示组件、所述变焦透镜组件和所述控制电子设备避免跌落、 摆动和震动。 5. The digital low-light viewing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising a cushioning material disposed inside the housing to protect the infrared camera assembly, the display assembly, zoom lens assembly and the avoid dropping the control electronics, the wobble and vibration.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:还包舍没置在所述外壳中的可拆卸、可再充电的电池。 6. The digital low-light viewing device of claim 1, characterized in that: no further round removably placed in said housing, a rechargeable battery.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求6所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:还包括用于对所述电池进行充电的电源充电电路。 6 7. The digital low-light viewing device according to claim, characterized in that: a charging circuit further includes a power supply for charging the battery.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求1所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:与所述相机组件连接的以便处理所述输出图像的信号处理器提供静态和视频图像捕捉、存储和重放以及向外部器件的图像输出。 According to claim 1 digital low-light viewing device, wherein: the camera assembly connected to a signal processor for processing the output image to provide still and video image capture, storage and playback device to the outside and the image output.
  9. 9. 根据权利要求8所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:还包括设置在所述外壳中并响应控制信号以便向外部器件传输视频的无线通信组件。 9. The method of claim 8 digital low-light viewing device, characterized by: further comprising a disposed in the housing and responsive to control signals for the wireless communication device to an external component video transmission.
  10. 10. 根据权利要求9所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述传输的视频包括以下信号中的一种:a)来自所述相机组件的视频输出;和b)来自所述数字信号处理组件的处理视频输出。 9 10. The digital low-light viewing device according to claim, wherein: said transmitted video comprises one of the following signals: a) video output from said camera assembly; and b) said digital signal from processing the video output processing assembly.
  11. 11. 根据权利要求1所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述控制机构包含设置在所述外壳表面上的一个或多个用户操作开关。 11. The method of claim 1 digital low-light viewing device, characterized in that: said control means comprises a housing disposed on a surface of the one or more user operation switches.
  12. 12. 根据权利要求11所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述一个或多个用户操作开关包括可沿三个轴线移动以便至少控制电源、变焦、图像捕捉以及可编程功能的开关。 12. The method of claim 11 digital low-light viewing device, wherein: the one or more users to control the operation switches include at least power, zoom, image capture and programmable functions along the three axes of the mobile switch.
  13. 13. 根据权利要求11所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:还包含沿所述外壳表面形成的并适于接收所述用户相应手指的多个凹部,其中所述一个或多个用户^t喿作开关形成在所述凹部的至少一个内。 13. The method of claim 11 digital low-light viewing device, characterized by: further comprising a housing along the surface and adapted to receive the user's fingers a respective plurality of recesses, wherein said one or more users ^ t Qiao for switching said at least one recess formed in the inner portion.
  14. 14. 根据权利要求13所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述多个凹部中的至少一个凹部的尺寸与所述多个凹部中的其他凹部不同。 14. The method of claim 13 digital low-light viewing device, characterized in that: the size of the at least one recess of the plurality of recesses in the other recess of the plurality of recessed portions different.
  15. 15. 根据权利要求13所迷数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:用于接收用户的相应食指的第一凹部包括靠近所述输出孔径设置的基本平坦的壁架部分,所述壁架部分支撑所述用户操作开关中的至少一A 15. The fan as claimed in claim 13 digital low-light viewing device, comprising: a respective first recess portion receives a user's forefinger near the output comprises substantially planar ledge portion disposed in the aperture, the ledge portion of the support the user operates the switch at least one of a
  16. 16. 根据权利要求]5所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:单个用户操作开关设置在所述基本平坦的壁架部分上,并可操作为沿第一轴线控制电源,沿第二轴线控制变焦,沿第三轴线控制a)图像捕捉和b)程序功能。 According to claim] 5 The digital low-light viewing device, characterized in that: a single user operated switch is disposed on said substantially planar ledge portion and operable along a first axis to control power, along a second axis zoom control along the third axis to control a) image capture and b) program functions.
  17. 17. 根据权利要求15所述数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:多个用户操作开关设置在所述基本平坦的壁架部分上,可分别按压并可操作为控制相应的电源、变焦、图像捕捉和程序功能。 17. The method of claim 15 digital low-light viewing device, wherein: a plurality of user operation switch is disposed on said substantially planar ledge portion, and the pressing operation can respectively control the corresponding power, zoom, image capture and program functions.
  18. 18. 根据权利要求14所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于: 所述用户操作开关全部形成在所述凹部中的一个内,并定位在单个手指可访问的区域内。 18. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 14, wherein: all of said user operated switch is formed in a portion of the inner recess, and positioned within the area of ​​a single finger access.
  19. 19. 根据权利要求13所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于: 在所述外壳的顶面形成至少三个凹部,各凹部用于4妄收相应的手指, 并且其中相应的用户操作开关形成在各所述凹部中以便能够进行所述操作功能。 19. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 13, wherein: forming at least three recesses in the top surface of the housing, each recess for receiving a respective finger jump to 4, and wherein a corresponding user operated switch It is formed so as to enable the operation of each function in the recess.
  20. 20. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于述信号处理对所述光学图像进行数字放大。 20. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said optical signal processing on the digital image to enlarge.
  21. 21. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件, 述显示组件是主动矩阵LCD、 LCOS和OLED显示 21. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, said display component is an active matrix LCD, LCOS, and OLED display
  22. 22. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件, 述相机组件是CCD图像传感器。 22. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, said image sensor is a CCD camera assembly.
  23. 23. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述相机组件是CMOS图像传感器。 23. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said camera assembly is a CMOS image sensor.
  24. 24. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观述器件是外形与用户手相符的手持单筒器件 Concept 24. The digital low-light according to claim 1 is an external device of said user's hand is consistent with a handheld monocular device
  25. 25. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观述器件是外形与用户手相符的手持双筒器件。 25. The digital low-light according to claim 1 said device concept is consistent with the user's hand holding the shape binocular device.
  26. 26. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述器件是头戴式器件。 26. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said device is a head-mounted device. 其特征在于:'器中的一种。 Wherein: 'one kind of vessel. 其特征在于:所所所.器件,其特征在于:所.器件,其特征在于:所 Characterized in that: the device is being characterized in that: the device, characterized in that: the
  27. 27. 根据权利要求1所述的数字弱光观察器件,其特征在于:所述器件的外形设定为安装在武器或类似的辅助器件平台上。 27. The digital low-light viewing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the shape of the device is set to be mounted on a weapon or similar auxiliary device platform.
  28. 28. —种手持数字弱光观察器件,包括:具有有第一端和相对的第二端的保护外壳,所述第一端限定光学输入孔径,所述第二端限定光学输出孔径;所述保护外壳外形与用户手相符,所述外壳容纳:响应经所述输入孔径接收的低强度光和红外能量以便生成输出图像的红外相机组件;与所述相机组件连接以便处理所述输出图像的信号处理器;与所述相机组件连接以1更经所述输出孔径向观察者显示所述已处理图像的的显示组件;与所述相机组件连接以^_电子可变聚焦所述输出图像的变焦透4竟组件;控制电子设备,其响应用户激活开关以便控制所述数字弱光观察器件的操作功能,其中,所述用户激活开关设置在所述外壳顶面上并协同定位于在通过所述装置进行观察的过程中用户的单个手指可以访问的所述外壳的区域内的。 28. - kind of handheld digital low-light viewing device, comprising: a first end having a protective shell and an opposite second end, said first end defining an optical input aperture, said second end defining an optical output aperture; the protection housing shape consistent with the user's hand, said housing containing: an infrared camera assembly in response to the received input aperture through said low intensity light and infrared energy to generate an output image; and the camera signal processing assembly is connected to the output image processing ; a display assembly connected to a further display to a viewer through the output aperture of the processed image and the camera assembly; and the camera assembly is connected to the electronic ^ _ variable focus zoom lens of the output image 4 actually assembly; control electronics, in response to user activation of a switch for controlling operational functions of the digital low-light viewing device, wherein the user activation switch disposed on a top surface of said housing and co-located on the device by in the region of the housing during the observation of a single finger of the user can access.
  29. 29. 根据权利要求28所述的手持器件,其特征在于:所述保护外壳由大尺寸钢、镁、锌、铝、涂橡胶的铝、聚碳酸酯和塑胶材料中的一种材料制成。 29. The handheld device of claim 28, wherein: the protective housing by the large size steel, magnesium, zinc, aluminum, rubberized made of aluminum, plastic material and polycarbonate material.
  30. 30. 根据权利要求28所述的手持器件,其特征在于:所述外壳是防水外壳。 30. The handheld device of claim 28, wherein: said housing is a waterproof housing.
  31. 31. 根据权利要求28所述的手持器件,其特征在于:还包括设置在所述外壳中的可拆卸、可再充电的电池。 31. The hand-held device according to claim 28, characterized in that: further comprising removably disposed in said housing, a rechargeable battery.
  32. 32. 根据权利要求28所述的手持器件,其特征在于:还包括设置在所述外壳中并响应控制信号以便向外部器件传输视频的无线通信组件。 32. The handheld device of claim 28, wherein: said housing further comprises in response to the control signal and to a wireless communication device to an external component video transmission.
  33. 33. 根据权利要求28所述的手持器件,其特征在于:所述操作功能包括可操作为根据用户偏好切换所述用户激活开关的功能的程序模式。 33. The handheld device of claim 28, wherein: the user activates the switch to switch the function mode according to user preference program functions include operations operable.
CN 200580035506 2004-10-22 2005-10-24 Ruggedized digital low-light viewing device CN101432568A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104735329A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eye protecting type night vision instrument eliminating fluctuation interference
CN104730810A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Waterproof type night using photographic device
CN104730811A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Waterproof type night vision instrument eliminating fluctuation interference
CN104730812A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eyecare type night using photographic device
CN104749859A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-01 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eye-protective nighttime camera shooting equipment

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104735329A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eye protecting type night vision instrument eliminating fluctuation interference
CN104730810A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Waterproof type night using photographic device
CN104730811A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Waterproof type night vision instrument eliminating fluctuation interference
CN104730812A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-06-24 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eyecare type night using photographic device
CN104749859A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-07-01 成都科美光电科技有限公司 Eye-protective nighttime camera shooting equipment
CN104730812B (en) * 2015-04-13 2017-11-21 成都科美光电科技有限公司 One kind of eye-type night imaging device

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