CN101380881A - Deformable flying device - Google Patents

Deformable flying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101380881A
CN101380881A CNA2007101463053A CN200710146305A CN101380881A CN 101380881 A CN101380881 A CN 101380881A CN A2007101463053 A CNA2007101463053 A CN A2007101463053A CN 200710146305 A CN200710146305 A CN 200710146305A CN 101380881 A CN101380881 A CN 101380881A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
motor
vertical
controllable
tail
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2007101463053A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘新广
Original Assignee
刘新广
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘新广 filed Critical 刘新广
Priority to CNA2007101463053A priority Critical patent/CN101380881A/en
Publication of CN101380881A publication Critical patent/CN101380881A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a deformable flying vehicle. Two sides of the left and the right of a vehicle body of a fixed wing aircraft are provided with wings which can be folded into the body. The tail of the body is provided with a vertical empennage and a horizontal empennage. The vertical empennage is provided with a rudder or is not provided with the rudder, and the left and the right of the vertical empennage are provided with a compressed air spouts. The bottom of the vehicle body is provided with a plurality of wheels which are driven by a controllable motor. The vehicle body is internally provided with a vertical ducted fan and also is provided with a horizontal thrust engine with controllable rotation pause and rotation speed. The compressed air is introduced from the horizontal thrust engine to the sprout through a control valve. The deformable flying vehicle achieves running, elevating, hovering and flying by controlling the wheels, the vertical ducted fan, the horizontal thrust engine, the wings and the empennages. The deformable flying vehicle has performance for both the ground and the air, is safe, flexible, economical and environmental protective for running and flying and is convenient for using.

Description

Deformable flying device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of carplane, particularly a kind of deformable flying device.
Background technology
People want to invent a kind of vehicle-carplane that can on the way travel and can fly already aloft.Though existing many kinds of design plans, and produced multiple sample car are because of performance is too poor, efficient is very low and the energy consumption significant deficiency that is difficult to overcome such as huge is difficult to practicality.Manufacture and design a kind of empty carplane that performance meets the requirements and energy consumption is little in land that has both, luring numerous scientists and engineers for a long time.
Summary of the invention
The present invention discloses a kind of deformable flying device, and the empty performance in land has both, travel and flight safety, flexibly, economy, environmental protection, easy to use.
The present invention realizes by following technical scheme.
In the vehicle body left and right sides that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage, setting can be taken in the wing in the vehicle body; At tail of body vertical tail and tailplane are set, tailplane is fixed on vertical tail, and can regain with vertical tail and paste mutually, under requirement is had a smooth flight in assurance, tailplane can be set, vertical tail band yaw rudder or be not with yaw rudder and about vertical tail, establish the pressure gas spout; At body bottom a plurality of controllable motor wheel driven are set, perhaps motor and wheel are made of one; Vertical ducted fan is set in vehicle body, it is driven by following any controllable motor: magneto-electric machine, reluctance motor, permanent magnetic energy machine, superconduction electric machine, superconductive engine etc., I have submitted application for a patent for invention to " permanent magnetic energy machine " and " superconductive engine ", and by first trial, the application number of " permanent magnetic energy machine " is 2007101069023, the application number of " superconductive engine " is 2007100050871, sees patent specification for details; Being provided with in vehicle body changes the horizontal propelling motor of stopping with controllable rotation speed, horizontal propelling motor can adopt following any: the reluctance motor of the superconduction electric machine of the magneto-electric machine of band turbine, band turbine, the permanent magnetic energy machine of band turbine, band turbine, the superconductive engine, turbojet, fanjet, turbo oar engine, propfan engine, pulse duct, corona ion driving engine etc. of band turbine, described horizontal propelling motor utilizes jet counteraction that driving is produced propulsive force; From horizontal propelling motor impulse contract gas through by-pass valve control to described gas spout.
Start and the control wheel electrical machine, deformable flying device can on the way travel, and in order to reduce size and resistance, wing is received in the vehicle body, also tailplane can be regained and paste mutually with vertical tail; When deformable flying device will take off, start vertical ducted fan, its fan blade rotation, deformable flying device is vertical uplift under aerodynamic effect, can hover to the height of desiring to reach, and takes off vertically or when rising, to the tailplane deformable flying device is set, regains tailplane and reduce resistance; When flying before wanting, start horizontal propelling motor, and open wing and tailplane locks it, increase along with horizontal velocity, aerodynamic force increases the driving buoyancy, can make ducted fan decelerate to zero gradually in this process, and at this moment pneumatic driving buoyancy and the driving of making is equal in weight; Driving also can start horizontal propelling motor along continuous straight runs when rising quickens, and driving will climb.
When described deformable flying device will land, make horizontal propelling motor degree of subtracting earlier, discharge vertical ducted fan simultaneously and become can rotate freely, wait a moment and regain wing slowly, in this process, deformable flying device dives, when horizontal velocity is kept to zero, but just vertical landing; Certainly, also can reduce horizontal velocity component gradually near zero the time, vertical landing again.In the landing process, can utilize up current to drive ducted fan and drive its drive motor (electrical motor becomes electrical generator) regenerative electric power, recuperated energy, this process fan plays the effect of parachute, during landing, also recoverable tailplane.
Described deformable flying device heading is controlled perhaps steering rudder control by control vertical tail air nozzle ejection pressure gas; On the way travel direction is by the control of control vehicle wheel rotational speed.
To described deformable flying device, if all adopt controllable motor drive wheels and vertical ducted fans, horizontal propelling motor also adopts the controllable motor of band turbine, and adopts sealing drive technology and correlation technique, and deformable flying device can be parked on the water, landing, navigation.
The effect that the present invention is useful is:
1, the advantage of composite vehicle of the present invention, helicopter and fixed wing aircraft can on the way be travelled, and the energy vertical takeoff and landing can aloft be hovered and fly, and flying speed is higher, takes advantage of the charge material amount big; Be the desirable easily vehicle of a kind of multipurpose high-efficiency;
2, by the wing that can actuate is set, deformable flying device has both the good characteristic of automobile, helicopter and fixed wing aircraft.Regain wing, deformable flying device becomes like the streamline contour automobile, size decreases, it is little with the lifting resistance to travel, open wing, deformable flying device becomes fixed wing aircraft, adopts controllable motor directly to utilize electric energy drive wheels and vertical ducted fan, motor is littler, in light weight than combustion engine volume, power density is high, there is not mechanical transmission device, so it is the car load volume is little, in light weight, it is little with flight resistance to travel, the efficient height;
3, the present invention adopts high efficiency motor drive wheels and vertical ducted fan, and energy consumption is little; If all adopt permanent magnetic energy machine or superconductive engine drive wheels and vertical ducted fan, horizontal propelling motor also adopts the permanent magnetic energy machine of band turbine or the superconductive engine of band turbine, provide power supply with battery or solar cell than low capacity, perhaps use just energy meet requirements of microwave transmission electric energy, so energy consumption is very little;
4, deformable flying device is in flight course, utilize the airflow scouring wheel to drive the original reverse generating of car electricity turbine (electrical motor becomes electrical generator), on the way during travelling brake (brake), also utilize the reverse generating of car electricity turbine, in the process of deformable flying device landing in like manner, utilize the vertical ducted fan of airflow scouring to drive the original reverse generating of motor, like this can recuperated energy;
5, driving engine of the present invention adopts the motor that is similar to magneto-electric machine or superconduction electric machine, have many good qualities: energy consumption is little, the reliability height does not produce pernicious gas, vibration is little, noise is little, heating is less, loss is little, efficient is high, weight is little, maintenance maintenance is easy, road-holding property good;
6, vertical driving engine of the present invention is the ducted fan driving engine, promptly at the driving engine of a cylinder of fan blade overcoat, compares with separate propellers, and advantage such as the ducted fan aeroperformance is good, size is little, efficient is high and safety is good sees relevant documents and materials for details;
7, owing to above advantage, economy of the present invention, convenience, safety, environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention one;
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Schematic top plan view when Fig. 4 is the driving lifting of the embodiment of the invention one;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view in driving when flight of the embodiment of the invention one;
Schematic top plan view when Fig. 6 on the way travels for the driving of the embodiment of the invention one;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention two;
Fig. 8 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the left view of Fig. 7;
Schematic top plan view when Figure 10 is the driving lifting of the embodiment of the invention two;
Figure 11 is the schematic top plan view in driving when flight of the embodiment of the invention two;
Schematic top plan view when Figure 12 on the way travels for the driving of the embodiment of the invention two;
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment one: show as Fig. 1 to Fig. 3.In the left and right sides of the vehicle body 1 that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage, setting can be taken in the wing 2 in the vehicle body; At tail of body vertical tail 3 and tailplane 4 are set, tailplane 4 is fixed on vertical tail 3, and can regain with vertical tail and paste mutually, vertical tail band yaw rudder, or be not with yaw rudder and about vertical tail, establish pressure gas spout (not drawing among the figure); At body bottom four controllable motor wheel driven 5 are set, perhaps motor and wheel 5 are made of one; The right and left is provided with vertical ducted fan 6 on vehicle body 1, drive by following any controllable motor: magneto-electric machine, reluctance motor, permanent magnetic energy machine, superconduction electric machine, superconductive engine etc., vertical ducted fan 6 is with the top cover 7 of controlled folding, when the driving landing, open, show, close when driving on the way travels or when aloft flying and close as Fig. 4, produce resistance to avoid fan mouth rough air, show that as Fig. 5, Fig. 6 when driving was parked, the pass was closed top cover 7 and prevented that foreign matter from falling into; Being provided with in vehicle body changes the horizontal propelling motor 8 of stopping with controllable rotation speed, horizontal propelling motor 8 can adopt following any: the reluctance motor of the superconduction electric machine of the magneto-electric machine of band turbine, band turbine, the permanent magnetic energy machine of band turbine, band turbine, the superconductive engine, turbojet, fanjet, turbo oar engine, propfan engine, pulse duct, corona ion driving engine etc. of band turbine, from horizontal propelling motor impulse contract gas through by-pass valve control to described gas spout.
Embodiment two: show as Fig. 7 to Figure 12.Vertical ducted fan 6 and controllable drive motor thereof and controlled opposite opened top cover 10 are set in the front and back of the vehicle body 9 that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage, and choosing with embodiment one of motor is described; When the driving landing, open, show, close when driving on the way travels or when aloft flying and close, avoid fan mouth rough air and produce resistance, show, when driving is parked, close and close top cover 10 and prevent that foreign matter from falling into as Figure 11, Figure 12 as Figure 10; Being provided with in the vehicle body left and right sides changes the horizontal propelling motor 11 of stopping with controllable rotation speed, and horizontal propelling motor is chosen with embodiment one described; Other is described with embodiment one.

Claims (3)

1. deformable flying device, it is characterized in that: in the vehicle body left and right sides that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage, setting can be taken in the wing in the vehicle body; At tail of body vertical tail and tailplane are set, tailplane is fixed on vertical tail, and can regain with vertical tail and paste mutually, under requirement is had a smooth flight in assurance, tailplane can be set, vertical tail band yaw rudder or be not with yaw rudder and about vertical tail, establish the pressure gas spout; At body bottom a plurality of controllable motor wheel driven are set, perhaps motor and wheel are made of one; Vertical ducted fan is set in vehicle body, and it is driven by controllable motor; Being provided with in vehicle body changes the horizontal propelling motor stop with controllable rotation speed, from horizontal propelling motor impulse contract gas through by-pass valve control to described gas spout;
If all adopt controllable motor drive wheels and vertical ducted fans, horizontal propelling motor also adopts the controllable motor of band turbine, and adopts sealing drive technology and correlation technique, and deformable flying device can be parked on the water, landing, navigation.
2. deformable flying device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the wing (2) in the vehicle body can be taken in the left and right sides in the vehicle body that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage (1), setting; At tail of body vertical tail (3) and tailplane (4) are set, tailplane (4) is fixed on vertical tail (3), and can regain with vertical tail and paste mutually, vertical tail band yaw rudder, or be not with yaw rudder and about vertical tail, establish the pressure gas spout; At body bottom four controllable motor wheel driven (5) are set, perhaps motor and wheel (5) are made of one; Go up the right and left at vehicle body (1) vertical ducted fan (6) is set, vertical ducted fan (6) is with the top cover (7) of controlled folding; Being provided with in vehicle body changes the horizontal propelling motor (8) stop with controllable rotation speed, from horizontal propelling motor impulse contract gas through by-pass valve control to described gas spout.
3. deformable flying device according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: vertical ducted fan (6) and controllable drive motor thereof and controlled opposite opened top cover (10) are set in the front and back of the vehicle body that is similar to the fixed wing aircraft fuselage (9); Being provided with in the vehicle body left and right sides changes the horizontal propelling motor (11) of stopping with controllable rotation speed; Other is described with claim 2.
CNA2007101463053A 2007-09-04 2007-09-04 Deformable flying device CN101380881A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007101463053A CN101380881A (en) 2007-09-04 2007-09-04 Deformable flying device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007101463053A CN101380881A (en) 2007-09-04 2007-09-04 Deformable flying device

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CN101380881A true CN101380881A (en) 2009-03-11

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101961974A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-02-02 北京理工大学 Land, water and air multi-domain engine-driven carriage vehicle
CN102001440A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-04-06 陈敬萍 Multi-stage powerful fan and vertical takeoff and landing aircraft
CN102555710A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-11 李德彬 Multifunctional flying fish used in water, land and sky
CN103419924A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-04 哈尔滨市奇正水稻种植专业合作社 All-round sea, land and air wing type airflow orientation aircraft
CN103935512A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-07-23 马轶 High endurable multi-rotor craft
CN107139665A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 湖南顶立科技有限公司 A kind of folded paddle hovercar
CN108639333A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-10-12 成都军融项目管理有限公司 A kind of more power fixed wing aircrafts with vertical lift function
WO2019205187A1 (en) * 2018-04-28 2019-10-31 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 Transport device

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101961974A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-02-02 北京理工大学 Land, water and air multi-domain engine-driven carriage vehicle
CN102001440A (en) * 2010-11-05 2011-04-06 陈敬萍 Multi-stage powerful fan and vertical takeoff and landing aircraft
CN102001440B (en) * 2010-11-05 2013-07-17 陈敬萍 Multi-stage powerful fan and vertical takeoff and landing aircraft
CN102555710A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-07-11 李德彬 Multifunctional flying fish used in water, land and sky
CN103419924A (en) * 2013-08-28 2013-12-04 哈尔滨市奇正水稻种植专业合作社 All-round sea, land and air wing type airflow orientation aircraft
CN103419924B (en) * 2013-08-28 2016-02-24 哈尔滨市奇正水稻种植专业合作社 The all-round wing-type air-flow directional aircraft of aeroamphibious
CN103935512A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-07-23 马轶 High endurable multi-rotor craft
CN107139665A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-09-08 湖南顶立科技有限公司 A kind of folded paddle hovercar
WO2019205187A1 (en) * 2018-04-28 2019-10-31 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 Transport device
CN108639333A (en) * 2018-07-06 2018-10-12 成都军融项目管理有限公司 A kind of more power fixed wing aircrafts with vertical lift function

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Open date: 20090311