CN101363180B - Clothes washing method and laundry machine - Google Patents

Clothes washing method and laundry machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101363180B
CN101363180B CN200810215293XA CN200810215293A CN101363180B CN 101363180 B CN101363180 B CN 101363180B CN 200810215293X A CN200810215293X A CN 200810215293XA CN 200810215293 A CN200810215293 A CN 200810215293A CN 101363180 B CN101363180 B CN 101363180B
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China
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interior bucket
barrel
clothing
water
washing
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CN101363180A (en
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徐献民
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SHANGHAI SHANGQIANG ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI SHANGQIANG ENVIRONMENT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN200810032797.8 priority
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Priority to CN200810215293XA priority patent/CN101363180B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The invention relates to a laundry method. Detergent and water are injected in the clearance between an inner drum and an external drum. Simultaneously, the inner drum starts rotating to drive water flow to make annular movement along the inner side of the external drum and speed up the dissolving process of the detergent. Rising gradually right along the inner side of the external drum, the water flow can not enter the inner drum through via holes on the inner drum due to the function of centrifugal force. Clothes in the inner drum are always relatively separated from the water. Thus, the clothes in the inner drum are still in dry state. The water flow finally enters the inner drum through the opening of the inner drum and spreads to the dry clothes in the inner drum. After passing by the clothes, the water flow gets back to the clearance between the inner drum and the external drum through the via holes on the inner drum. The dry clothes are soaked by detergent solution to be washed. With the laundry method adopted, the washing efficiency of a washing machine can be improved by more than 30 percent. And detergent and water are saved.

Description

A kind of laundering process and washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to the washing machine of a kind of laundering process and employing the method, particularly use the washing machine of method and employing the method for washing powder or liquid detergent washing clothes.
Background technology
Washing machine comes washed with washing powder or liquid detergent, and the using method of washing powder, should be " first with detergent dissolving in water, again clothing is steeped " (can with reference to the using method of printing on " white cat " board Washing powder packaging bag); Here said clothing refers to the clothing of " doing ", and namely the washing of drum type washing machine clothing also must steep the clothing of " doing " in the washing powder (liquid).Expert in the washing industry knows that on physics permeability principle, the clothing of " doing " immerses in the washing powder solution, and detersive efficiency is the highest.Because it is inner and discharge air molecule that washing powder solution can penetrate into clothes fiber and dirt easily, cleaning ingredients also just be easy to wetting wherein spot and spot peeled off; And if clothing is soaked in water in advance, the diffusion that cleaning ingredients need to be by concentration difference and the forced convertion (stirring) of solution just can enter clothes fiber inside, and then wetting wherein spot.Therefore need stronger washing force, need higher washing powder concentration, perhaps higher temperature, longer wash time.If other conditions are identical, wash " wetting " clothing and consume washing powder 1-3 doubly than " doing " clothing more.
In addition, clothing is soaked in advance, to make the pH value of clothing be converted into alkalescent by faintly acid rapidly, cause spot and dirt generation chemical change in the clothes fiber to produce deposited material, firm attachment is not easy to wash-out in clothes fiber more, and, iron ion in the running water is deposited on the clothes fiber, also is one of reason that causes the clothing jaundice.
Accomplish the clothing of " doing " is immersed in washing powder (liquid) solution, in existing washing machine, also can accomplish.The consumer can be first take out laundry item from interior bucket, then inwardly bucket drops into washing powder (liquid) and adds water, starts washing machine and fully after the dissolving, drops into the clothing of " doing " to interior barrel by washing powder (liquid) again, carries out formal washing.
In fact, existing washing machine, comprise full-automatic or automanual, the clothing of not considering " doing " steeps this key element in washing powder (liquid) solution, its washing process comprises: water inlet (double washing powder or the liquid detergent of adding), washing, rinsing, dehydration supervisor, and in fill phase, water, washing powder and clothing are added together in the interior bucket of washing machine, until water level arrives the water level of setting, just begin washing procedure, the clothing of " doing " steeps in clear water at first, rather than bubble is in washing powder (liquid) solution.
Chinese patent (the patent No.: 99120576.6) disclose a kind of dissolving with washing powder and clothes washing and split washing machine in different spaces, its washing powder is dropped in the space of inner barrel and outer barrel and dissolves, but it does not accomplish that the clothing of " doing " steeps in the laundry solution, because, in the water inlet program, bucket in clothing drops into, after in the space between the washing powder adding inner barrel and outer barrel, start simultaneously priming apparatus and interior bucket rotation, carry out the course of dissolution of washing powder, but because inside bucket adds water simultaneously, clothing is got wet, and the clothing of " doing " is to steep in clear water at first, rather than bubble is in washing powder solution, this situation and conventional laundry apparatus are with clothing, water, washing powder puts together to stir does not have essential distinction, does not meet the using method of washing powder yet.
Also have, in existing washing machine, have at the water supply water stream channel washing powder cabin is set, allow feed water flow through the washing powder cabin, washing powder (liquid) is dissolved, and this one side washing powder is not easy dissolving, even has dissolved the aspect in addition, also be not easy to be evenly distributed in the water of flowing through, so have little significance.
So, in the prior art, no matter be laundering process or washing machine, all do not meet the requirement in washing powder (liquid) using method.Such result, the detersive efficiency of natural washing machine is had a greatly reduced quality, and the consumer not only lost time, but also waste washing powder (liquid).
The below further specifies laundering process and the washing machine of original washing machine with common rotary drum washing machine and roller washing machine.
The washing of drum type washing machine clothing has so three kinds, and the first is that clothing, water, washing powder (liquid) are placed in no particular order in the space and wash; The second is that washing powder is dissolved in a space, and clothing soaks into clear water in another space, and so latter two space connects, and then wet clothing bubble washs in washing powder (liquid) solution; The third is that washing powder is dissolved in a space, and clothing keeps the state of " doing " in another space, and so latter two space connects, and the clothing of " doing " is immersed in washing powder (liquid) solution.The third laundering process meets the using method of washing powder (liquid) most, and detersive efficiency is the highest.
Traditional rotary drum washing machine generally adopts the first laundering process, the formation such as shown in Figure 1, washing machine mainly contains water supply mechanism, is located at the drainage mechanism of outer barrel bottom, driving mechanism, control system and interior bucket, outer barrel.Particularly, the interior bucket 18 that outer barrel 17 will set with freely rotating wraps in the inside, and is suspended in by suspension rod 19 on the body 1 of washing machine.Bucket 18 in motor 21 drives by reducing gear 22 revolutions, and with the impeller 25 of interior bucket 18 coaxial lines.The upper rear portion of body 1 is provided with feed water inlet 8, and feed water inlet 8 connects with water tap mutually by flexible pipe 8a, and electromagnetic valve 23 is opened, and water is through inwardly bucket 18 interior water supply of water inlet 27, and the water level of interior bucket 18 is consistent by the water level in through hole 18e and the outer barrel 17.Draining valve 13 is discharged the washings in the outer barrel 17.Also have between water inlet 27 and electromagnetic valve 23 waterworks 9 that comprise washing powder cabin 26 are set, allow current through washing powder cabin 26.
Its water inlet procedure operation process is, open cover plate clothing is dropped into interior bucket 18 through outer barrel opening 17a and interior bucket opening 18a, then control system is sent instruction, opens solenoid valve 23, inwardly bucket 18 interior water supply, washing powder pours interior bucket when supplying water, perhaps directly add in the interior bucket, when water level arrives the water level of setting, shut electromagnetic valve 23, stop to supply water, open simultaneously wash switch and enter washing procedure.
In the washing procedure, control system is sent instruction, and motor drives the rotation of impeller 25 both forward and reverse directions through reducing gear 22 and begins washing, the time of washing through setting, motor 21 switches disconnect, and impeller 25 stops, and then control the electromagnetic valve action of draining valve 13, draining valve 13 is opened, waste water effluxes toward machine, simultaneously motor 21 energisings, bucket 18 High Rotation Speeds in driving, dewater, enter subsequently rinsing program.
In the rinsing program, control system is sent instruction, and draining valve 13 cuts out, simultaneously opens solenoid valve 23, inwardly bucket 18 interior water supply, detect through condensate tank of dehumidifier, arrive 21 energisings of rinsing water level rear motor, drive impeller 25 alternately both forward and reverse directions rotation carries out rinsing, then dewater, incipient stage after this process is finished in the repetition rinsing program, so repeatedly several times, enter next program: dehydration procedure.
This washing machine, in the water inlet program, clothing, washing powder and water are placed in the interior bucket 18 and stir together, and clothing at first is immersed in water, and also not dissolving of washing powder, so detersive efficiency is low.
Also have in the rotary drum washing machine and adopt the second laundering process, in China Patent No.: in the 99120576.6 disclosed patents, because being added in the space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17, washing powder dissolves, after dissolving is finished, bucket 18 soaked clothing in water added, then enter washing procedure and wash, be equivalent to wet clothing is steeped in the washing powder solution, so this rotary drum washing machine belongs to the second laundering process.
Traditional roller washing machine adopts the first laundering process usually, as shown in Figure 2, is provided with in the body 1 of roller washing machine: the outer barrel 17 that is supported by damping 2; With freely rotatable interior bucket 18 (swing rollers) that are bearing in the outer barrel 17.The axis c of interior bucket 18 and the angle of horizontal line H are e.Interior bucket 18 is driven by the motor 21 on the outer bottom that is fixed on outer barrel 17 and rotates.Front one side of body 1 is provided with switching gate 6 freely, after gate 6 is opened, and just can be by the face side opening portion 18a on the face side opening 17a on the outer barrel 17 and the interior bucket 18 at interior bucket 18 interior inputs, taking-up clothing.
In addition, the electromagnetic valve 23 of control water inlet is set in the upper space in the body 1, the upper rear portion of body 1 is provided with feed water inlet 8, and feed water inlet 8 connects with water tap mutually by flexible pipe 8a.The place ahead of electromagnetic valve 23 is provided with waterworks 9, the inside of waterworks 9 is provided with the washing powder cabin 26 that can freely pull out, plays the effect of washing powder feeding device, and washing powder is under the washing away of water, flow into interior bucket 18 with current, the water level of interior bucket 18 is consistent by through hole 18e and outer barrel 17.
In addition, the bottom rear of outer barrel 17 is provided with water discharge outlet 12, and water discharge outlet connects mutually with draining valve 13.When draining valve 13 was opened, the water in the outer barrel 17 can be discharged to outside the machine by drainpipe 14.
This roller washing machine, in the water inlet program, clothing is put into bucket 18, and control system is sent instruction, and opens solenoid valve 23 supplies water and adds washing powder, and until water level reaches the water level of setting washing, electromagnetic valve 23 cuts out and stops to supply water, and enters next program: washing procedure.In washing procedure, control system is sent instruction, motor 21 drives interior barrel 18 both forward and reverse directions that hockets and rotates, clothing is brought to eminence in interior bucket 18, then freely falling body falls under the self gravitation effect, washs the time of washing through setting, motor 21 switches disconnect, and impeller 25 stops.Then control the electromagnetic valve action of draining valve 13, draining valve 13 is opened, and water effluxes toward machine, simultaneously motor 21 energisings, and bucket 18 High Rotation Speeds dewater in driving, and enter subsequently rinsing program.
In the rinsing program, control system is sent instruction, draining valve 13 cuts out, simultaneously opens solenoid valve 23, inwardly barrel 18 interior water supply, arrive 21 energisings of rinsing water level rear motor, rinsing is carried out in the rotation of bucket 18 both forward and reverse directions in driving, and then dewaters the incipient stage after this process is finished in the repetition rinsing program, so repeatedly several times, rinsing enters next program after complete: dehydration procedure dewaters.
The roller washing machine that adopts the second laundering process is also arranged, such as the tumbling-box washing machine (patent No.: 200510070429.9), washing powder dissolves in the space of interior bucket (cylinder) and outer barrel first, after washing powder fully dissolves, toward the water filling of interior bucket, clothing is soaked into, then wash, wet clothing steeps in the washing powder solution.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of washing machine that meets the laundering process of washing powder instructions for use and use the method, that is to say, the clothing of " doing " can be soaked in the washing powder solution and at the high concentration washing powder solution and wash away lower laundering process and the washing machine that obtains washing.The problem that solves is, clothing is arranged on a space, and the dissolving of washing powder is arranged on another space; Keep clothing to be in the state of " doing " during the detergent dissolving; After detergent dissolving was finished or substantially finished, two spaces connected by current, and the clothing of " doing " is soaked by washing powder solution, and the current scour that is constantly formed by washing powder solution, penetrated, and clothing obtains washing.
The present invention can save more than the washing powder 30-70%, improves detersive efficiency more than 50%, greatly reduces the concentration of washing powder, reduces the washing dynamics, protection clothing, protection of the environment.
Laundering process of the present invention, the first scheme, clothing is placed in an interior bucket jatharapanvartanasana, an end opening, the outer barrel of another end opening is set in this outer coaxial line of bucket, interior bucket sidewall is provided with a lot of through holes, and interior bucket can be with freely rotating around common axis revolution, and this axis and horizontal angle e spend less than or equal to 90 more than or equal to 0 degree.During beginning, washing powder and water are injected in the space between the outer barrel and inner barr, simultaneously in the bucket beginning toward a direction rotation, so in the outer bottom of bucket and the effect that lateral surface plays stirring vane, drive current and do circulatory motion along the medial surface of outer barrel, accelerate the course of dissolution of washing powder.Continuous adding along with water, the medial surface that current are close to outer barrel raises gradually, because the effect of centrifugal force, current are unlikely to enter interior bucket by the through hole on the interior bucket, clothing in the interior bucket and water remain relative isolation, thereby the clothing in keeping barrel still is in the state of " doing ".When water level further raises, at this moment also fully dissolving of washing powder forms washing powder solution, and current just enter interior bucket by interior bucket opening, spread the clothing of " doing " in the inside bucket, and passes clothing from interior barrel of through hole got back to space between the inner barrel and outer barrel.So water circulation endlessly, the clothing of " doing " is soaked, soaks into by washing powder solution, because of the washing away of high concentration washing powder solution current, clothing obtains washing simultaneously.
Alternative plan according to the described laundering process of the first scheme, when the water that adds arrives water level, stops into water, the water level when this water level is just crossed interior bucket opening and entered interior bucket more than or equal to current.
Preferably, water level is enough to and is slightly larger than clothing is penetrated fully by current, forms between the inner barrel and outer barrel space, crosses interior bucket opening and enter interior bucket, pass clothing and get back between the inner barrel and outer barrel the so needed water level of water circulation process in space.
Third party's case according to the described laundering process of alternative plan, arrives after the water level, and interior bucket is stopping behind a direction rotation certain hour, then toward the another one direction rotation, makes the clothing changing position accept current scour, washs.
Cubic case, according to the described laundering process of the first scheme, the speed of interior bucket rotation is not high enough, current do not reach the height of interior bucket opening, continuation adding along with water, washing powder is fully dissolving, and current enter interior bucket from interior bucket through hole and spread to clothing, and the clothing of " doing " is steeped in washing powder solution.
The present invention provides a kind of washing machine simultaneously, and establishing axis and horizontal angle is e, then be divided into two kinds of situation: e and spend greater than 45 less than or equal to 90 degree, and e is more than or equal to 0 degree and less than 45 degree.For the former, compare with existing rotary drum washing machine, one of structural difference is to have cancelled impeller, so the water level of its washing process is not subjected to the restriction of impeller, water level only has 1/3 to 1/2 of rotary drum washing machine, the concentration of corresponding washing powder (liquid) improves greatly, has reduced the washing dynamics, can not damage clothing.
Washing machine of the present invention from the running water of hose access, is two-way through threeway with moisture, and the electromagnetic valve of leading up to imports to the interior bucket of washing machine; Another road connects the washing powder cabin by another electromagnetic valve, leads to the space between washing machine inner tub, the outer barrel again.Clothing is seated in the interior bucket in advance, and washing powder adds from the washing powder cabin.
The first scheme is, during beginning, " another electromagnetic valve " opened, and water enters the washing powder cabin, and washing powder is washed away, and flows into the space between washing machine inner tub and the outer barrel.Meanwhile, electrical power, bucket beginning one direction rotation in driving.Current are in dissolving washing powder, do circulatory motion and constantly high, finally cross interior bucket opening and spread inside bucket, and under the effect of centrifugal force, pass clothing and get back to space between the inner barrel and outer barrel from interior bucket, clothing immersion that will " doing ", be soaked in the washing powder solution.
Alternative plan, according to the described washing machine of the first scheme, the condensate tank of dehumidifier sensed water level arrives after the water level of setting, should " another electromagnetic valve " cut off the power supply, water supply stops, and bucket rotated at this moment motor continued to drive, produce circulating water flow, the current brute force penetrates clothing, and clothing obtains washing.
Arrive after the water level of setting, the interior bucket continuation operation regular hour, then motor switches direction of rotation, and interior bucket stops under the motor-driven and moves toward the another one direction, makes the clothing changing position washing in the interior bucket.Open draining valve after so switching the direction of rotation several times, clothes dewatering, waste water are by outside the drainpipe discharge machine, and bucket stopped the rotation in then motor cut off the power supply, and finished the double washing procedure of water inlet.
Third party's case, according to the described washing machine of alternative plan, in the rinsing program, close first draining valve, then connect " electromagnetic valve " and add water toward interior bucket, should " electromagnetic valve " outage stop to add water later on until add to the rinsing water level, bucket replaced the both forward and reverse directions rotation in electrical power drove simultaneously, carry out rinsing, then open draining valve, outside the waste water discharge machine.Rinsing repeated several times like this, rinsing program finishes, and enters next program dehydration procedure and dewaters.
In rinsing program, the rotation mode of interior bucket and the water circulation of generation, basic identical with the mode in washing procedure is held concurrently in water inlet, all be by producing between the inner barrel and outer barrel space, crossing interior bucket opening and enter interior bucket, pass the such water circulation in space that clothing gets back between the inner barrel and outer barrel and come clothing is carried out rinsing.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the longitudinal section of existing rotary drum washing machine.
Fig. 2 is the longitudinal section of existing roller washing machine.
Fig. 3 is laundering process of the present invention, and interior barrel of axis c and the horizontal line H angle e with outer barrel spends less than or equal to 90 greater than 45 degree.
Fig. 4 is laundering process of the present invention, and interior bucket is less than or equal to 45 degree more than or equal to 0 degree with axis c and the horizontal line H angle e of outer barrel.
Fig. 5 is that the A-A of Fig. 4 cuts view.
Fig. 6 is washing machine embodiment 1 of the present invention: interior barrel of axis c and the horizontal line H angle e with outer barrel spends the longitudinal section of washing machine greater than 45 degree less than or equal to 90.
Fig. 7 is washing machine embodiment 2 of the present invention: interior bucket is less than or equal to 45 degree, the longitudinal section of washing machine more than or equal to 0 degree with axis c and the horizontal line H angle e of outer barrel.
The specific embodiment
Below, with reference to laundering process and the washing machine of description of drawings example of the present invention.In addition, with the equal mark prosign of existing washing machine same structure, and the description thereof will be omitted.
(laundering process example 1)
Fig. 3, bucket 18 in the containing of outer barrel 17 coaxial lines, and interior bucket 17 is rotatable freely rotates around axis c, on the interior bucket 18 densely covered through hole 18a is set, the angle e of axis c and horizontal line H spends greater than 45 less than or equal to 90 degree, bucket 18 is the setting shape with the axis c of outer barrel 17 in general, interior bucket 18 and outer barrel 17 shape can be as shown in the figure circle drum, also can be common cylindrical.
Laundry item places in the interior bucket 18; Water and washing powder are injected space between outer barrel 17 and the interior bucket 18 (Fig. 3 is from charging aperture 34, also can from other local injection), bucket 18 rotations in the simultaneously power drive gradually; Because interior bucket 18 or played the effect of stirring vane with interior bucket 18 adjuncts that are fixed connection, order about current and do circulatory motion with interior bucket 18 equidirectionals, the washing powder in the water is stirred dissolving; Along with water inlet constantly adds, water level rises, and current begin to raise along the medial surface of outer barrel 17, so that surpass the height of clothing in the interior bucket 18; Because the effect of centrifugal force, current are close to outer barrel 17 medial surfaces, and the through hole 18e that is unlikely to see through interior bucket 18 sides enters interior bucket 18 clothing is got wet, and clothing and current keep the dynamic isolation state; When current continue to raise, washing powder is fully dissolving, in two kinds of situation, a) rotating speed of bucket is not enough to produce enough stirrings and impels current further to raise in, current enter interior bucket through the through hole 18e of interior bucket 18 sides, clothing is got wet, finished the process that the clothing of " doing " is soaked by washing powder solution; B) the enough height of rotating speed of bucket in, under the stirring action of interior bucket 18, continuous inflow along with water, current are crossed interior bucket opening 18a and are entered interior bucket 18 (outer barrel opening 17a is less than interior bucket opening 18a), and pass clothings in the interior bucket 18 and get back to space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17, finish the process that the clothing of " doing " is soaked by washing powder solution, clothing is subject to simultaneously the brute force of washing powder solution and washes away, and obtains washing.
When the water that adds arrives water level, stop into water, this water level is crossed interior bucket opening 18a more than or equal to current and is entered 18 o'clock water level of interior bucket.This water level is preferably talked about, should be slightly larger than clothing is penetrated fully by current, formation from the space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17, cross interior bucket opening 18a and enter interior bucket 18, pass clothing and get back to the so needed water level of water circulation process in space between interior barrel 18 and the outer barrel 17, preferably can be greater than 20%, so that clothing obtains fully by the intensity of current scour, and don't can because water level is too high, reduce the concentration of wash solution.
Arrive after the water level, interior bucket 18 continues to stop behind the rotation certain hour, then toward the another one direction rotation, makes the clothing changing position accept current scour, washs.
If the speed of interior bucket 18 rotations is not high enough, the current maximum height does not reach the height of interior bucket opening, and along with the continuation of water adds, current enter interior bucket 18 from interior bucket through hole 18e and spread to clothing, and the clothing of " doing " is steeped in washing powder solution.But thus, clothing can not get sufficient by the effect of current scour, and the washing insufficient strength need to arrange a washing procedure in addition, and is necessary in interior bucket 18 impeller 25 (Fig. 1) to be set, to increase washing intensity.
(laundering process example 2)
Fig. 4, less than 45 degree, interior bucket 18 is horizontal with outer barrel 17 to e more than or equal to 0 degree, and namely interior bucket 18 is the e degree with the axis c of outer barrel 17 and the angle of horizontal line H.This method is compared with example 1, because interior bucket opening 18a is in lower position, the current ratio is easier to enter interior bucket from interior bucket opening 18a, but current also are lower than the former to the scouring intensity of clothing.Specifically, laundry item places in the interior bucket 18, and water and washing powder are passed into space between outer barrel 17 and the interior bucket 18, bucket 18 rotations in the simultaneously power drive gradually from charging aperture 34; Since interior bucket 18 or be the adjunct of fixed connection with interior bucket 18 and contact with current in the space, the interior barrel of effect of having played stirring vane, and the washing powder in the water is stirred dissolving; Along with water constantly flows into from charging aperture 34, current begin to raise along the medial surface of outer barrel 17, as long as the speed of interior bucket 18 is enough fast, current will be crossed the top of outer barrel 17 medial surfaces, do the circulatory motion of sealing along outer barrel 17 medial surfaces; Because the effect of centrifugal force, current will be close to outer barrel 17 medial surfaces, and the opening that is unlikely to see through on the interior bucket 18 enters interior bucket 18; Water continues (such as from charging aperture 34) and flows into, at this moment also fully dissolving of washing powder, because outer barrel opening 17a is closed by gate 6, current have to enter interior bucket 18 through interior bucket opening 18a, and pass clothings in the interior bucket 18 and get back to space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17, finish the process that the clothing of " doing " is soaked by washing powder solution, clothing is subject to the brute force of washing powder solution and washes away, and obtains washing.
All the other are identical with laundering process example 1.
(washing machine example 1)
Fig. 6, at washing machine of the present invention, interior bucket is 90 degree with axis and the horizontal line angle e of outer barrel.A washing powder cabin 26 of adding washing powder is set at the washing machine top, connect the feed water inlet 8 of a threeway 30 by flexible pipe 8a from the running water of hose access, feed water inlet 8 is two-way by threeway 30 with moisture, and the electromagnetic valve 23 of leading up to imports to the interior bucket 18 of washing machine; Another road water imports washing powder cabin 26 by another electromagnetic valve 23 '.The upper end of the bottom material receiving tube 32 in washing powder cabin, the lower end of material pipe 32 is from outer barrel 17 accesses of washing machine.
In washing procedure is held concurrently in water inlet, behind the washing powder that adds washing institute expense in washing powder cabin 26, control system is sent instruction, opens another electromagnetic valve 23 ', running water pours washing powder cabin 26, carries washing powder through material pipe 32 enters space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17 from charging aperture 34.Meanwhile, motor 21 energisings are slowed down by reducing gear 22, and the dissolving that current accelerate washing powder is stirred in bucket 18 beginning one direction rotations in driving.Rotation along with the continuous inflow of water and interior bucket 18, current enter interior bucket 18 from interior bucket opening 18a and spread to clothing, and under the effect of centrifugal force, pass clothing and get back to space between interior bucket 18 and the outer barrel 17 from interior bucket 18, clothing immersion that will " doing ", be soaked in the washing powder solution.
The condensate tank of dehumidifier sensed water level arrives after the water level of setting, another electromagnetic valve 23 ' outage, and water supply stops, and bucket 18 rotations produced circulating water flow at this moment motor 21 continued to drive, and constantly clothing were carried out brute force and washed away, and made clothing obtain washing.
Interior bucket is after 18 operation regular hours, motor 21 outages, interior bucket 18 stops, and bucket 18 made the clothing changing position washing in the interior bucket 18 toward the operation of another one direction in then motor 21 drove, and so forth behind the several times, control system is sent instruction and is opened draining valve 13 by the electromagnetic valve action, and clothes dewatering is outside the waste water discharge machine, then bucket 18 stops the rotation in motor 21 outages, finishes the washing procedure of holding concurrently of intaking.
In the rinsing program, control system is sent instruction, closes draining valve 13 by the electromagnetic valve action, connects electromagnetic valve 23 and adds water toward interior bucket 18, electromagnetic valve 23 short electricity stopped to add water after water added to the rinsing water level, the both forward and reverse directions rotation is carried out in simultaneously motor 21 energisings, carries out rinsing, opens draining valve 13 drainings again, repeated several times like this, rinsing program finishes, and enters next program dehydration procedure and dewaters, and the washing process of whole clothing is finished.
(washing machine example 2)
Fig. 7, washing machine of the present invention, interior bucket is acute angle with axis and the horizontal line angle e of outer barrel.Compare with washing machine example 1, the double washing procedure of water inlet is identical, and rinsing program and dehydration procedure are also identical.But because interior bucket opening 18a is lower, the intensity of interior bucket 18 water circulation that produce is also low, it is corresponding low that clothing is passed the washing intensity that obtains by current, therefore, the sort of washing procedure that can keep its conventional rollers formula washing machine (Fig. 2), clothing is further washed, with further raising wash degree.
All the other are identical with washing machine example 2.
Two examples of above washing machine, with regard to the professional and technical personnel, can also make some apparent modifications, such as, in the water inlet program, bucket 18 does not rotate in the control, and in the space of interior bucket 18 and outer barrel 17 coaxial line a centrifugal mixer impeller is set, utilize the centrifugal mixer impeller to stir water in the space, make detergent dissolving, and finally order about current and enter interior bucket 18 by interior bucket 18 openings or interior bucket through hole 18e, " doing " is immersed in the washing powder solution.Again such as, in the water inlet program, in the space of interior bucket 18 and outer barrel 17, arrange one with the pumping system of water inlet end and water side, the work of pump makes the current that produce ring rotation in this space, with the current that replace interior bucket rotation to produce.Suchlike like this example all is one of metamorphosis of the invention process form, its essence is that the clothing with " doing " is immersed in the washing powder solution, so also should be within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. laundering process, it is characterized in that: clothing is placed in an interior bucket jatharapanvartanasana, an end opening, the outer barrel of one end opening should be set the outer coaxial line of interior bucket, the densely covered through hole of interior bucket sidewall, and interior bucket can be with freely rotating around common axis rotation, and the angle e of this axis c and horizontal line H spends less than or equal to 90 more than or equal to 0 degree;
Washing powder and water are injected in the space between the inner barrel and outer barrel, simultaneously in the bucket beginning toward a direction rotation, drive current and do circulatory motion along the medial surface of outer barrel, accelerate the course of dissolution of washing powder;
Continuous adding along with water, the medial surface that current are close to outer barrel raises gradually, because the effect of centrifugal force, current are unlikely to enter interior bucket by the through hole on the interior bucket, clothing in the interior bucket and water remain relative isolation, thereby the clothing in keeping barrel still is in the state of " doing ";
When water level further raises, at this moment also fully dissolving of washing powder, current just enter interior bucket by interior bucket opening, spread the clothing of " doing " in the inside bucket, and pass clothing from interior bucket through hole is got back to space between the inner barrel and outer barrel, the clothing of " doing " is soaked, soaks into by washing powder solution, and because being subject to penetrating, washing away of washing powder solution current, clothing obtains washing simultaneously.
2. described laundering process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: when the water that adds arrives water level, stop into water, this water level is enough to and is slightly larger than clothing is penetrated fully by current, forms between the inner barrel and outer barrel space, crosses interior bucket opening and enter interior bucket, pass clothing and get back between the inner barrel and outer barrel the so needed water level of water circulation process in space.
3. described laundering process according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: arrive after the water level, interior bucket is stopping toward a direction rotation certain hour after, and then past another one direction rotation makes the clothing changing position accept current scour, washs.
4. washing machine, comprise an interior bucket jatharapanvartanasana, an end opening, the outer barrel of the outer end opening that is coaxially set of bucket in being somebody's turn to do, the densely covered through hole of interior bucket sidewall, and can rotate around axis c with freely rotating, the angle e of this axis c and horizontal line H spends less than or equal to 90 more than or equal to 0 degree, it is characterized in that: when the double washing procedure of water inlet began, " another electromagnetic valve " opened, and water enters the washing powder cabin, washing powder is washed away, flow into the space between washing machine inner tub and the outer barrel; Simultaneously, electrical power slows down by reducing gear, bucket beginning one direction rotation in driving; Current are done circulatory motion and constantly high in dissolving washing powder, finally cross interior bucket opening and spread inside bucket, and under the effect of centrifugal force, pass clothing and get back to space between the inner barrel and outer barrel from interior bucket, and the clothing of " doing " is soaked, soaks into, washes away.
5. described washing machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: from the running water of hose access, be two-way through threeway with moisture, the electromagnetic valve of leading up to imports to the interior bucket of washing machine, another road connects the washing powder cabin by another electromagnetic valve, leads to the space between washing machine inner tub, the outer barrel.
6. described washing machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the condensate tank of dehumidifier sensed water level arrives after the water level of setting, should " another electromagnetic valve " outage, water supply stops, and bucket rotation at this moment motor continues to drive produces circulating water flow, the current brute force penetrates clothing, and clothing obtains washing.
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CN2008101360136A Active CN101307546B (en) 2008-01-18 2008-07-01 Washing machine fitting washing powder (liquor ) use method
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CN101302696B (en) 2013-07-10
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CN101302696A (en) 2008-11-12
CN201165610Y (en) 2008-12-17

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