CN101357023B - Flexible dome toothbrush - Google Patents

Flexible dome toothbrush Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101357023B
CN101357023B CN 200810212985 CN200810212985A CN101357023B CN 101357023 B CN101357023 B CN 101357023B CN 200810212985 CN200810212985 CN 200810212985 CN 200810212985 A CN200810212985 A CN 200810212985A CN 101357023 B CN101357023 B CN 101357023B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
portion
container
toothbrush
head
inner
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200810212985
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101357023A (en
Inventor
B·M·拉塞尔
J·施托尔茨
R·莫斯科维奇
T·库赫勒
T·朗格纳
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高露洁-棕榄公司
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Priority to US60/402,162 priority Critical
Priority to US60/402170 priority
Priority to US40217002P priority
Priority to US40216202P priority
Priority to US60/402,170 priority
Priority to US60/402162 priority
Priority to US60/402670 priority
Priority to US60/402,670 priority
Priority to US40267002P priority
Application filed by 高露洁-棕榄公司 filed Critical 高露洁-棕榄公司
Priority to CN03824060.2 priority
Priority to CN03824060.22003.08.08 priority
Publication of CN101357023A publication Critical patent/CN101357023A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101357023B publication Critical patent/CN101357023B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0054Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
    • A46B5/0062Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body being flexible or resilient during use
    • A46B5/007Inserts made of different material, e.g. springs, plates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B3/00Brushes characterised by the way in which the bristles are fixed or joined in or on the brush body or carrier
    • A46B3/20Brushes characterised by the way in which the bristles are fixed or joined in or on the brush body or carrier the bristles being fixed or joined in rubber bodies, e.g. in soft rubber
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0025Brushes with elastically deformable heads that change shape during use
    • A46B5/0029Head made of soft plastics, rubber or rubber inserts in plastics matrix
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B5/00Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware
    • A46B5/002Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions
    • A46B5/0054Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body
    • A46B5/0062Brush bodies; Handles integral with brushware having articulations, joints or flexible portions designed to allow relative positioning of the head to body being flexible or resilient during use
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B2200/00Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
    • A46B2200/10For human or animal care
    • A46B2200/1066Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or dentures

Abstract

A toothbrush comprising a handle(212), a head(214) mounted to said handle, said head having a longitudinal axis, a spine(222) extending collinear with said longitudinal axis dividing said head(214) into a pair of side by side longitudinal sections(224,226) connected to said spine, said spine(222) being confined to said head, a plurality of cleaning elements(230,228) on each of said sections extending outwardly from said sections in a direction away from said longitudinal axis, and said spine(222) forming a hinge axis made of a resilient material to comprise a spring-like hinge whereby said sections(224,226) may pivot from and to an original position. The said side by side longitudinal sections(224,226) form an obtuse angle with respect to each other at said initial position.

Description

柔性穹顶形牙刷技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及一种手动保持和操作的牙刷或者涉及一种包括刷柄和刷头的动力牙刷。 The flexible dome-shaped toothbrush Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to a hand held and operated toothbrush or to a powered toothbrush comprising a handle and a brush head. 例如刷毛簇的清洁元件被安装在刷头上。 For example tufts of cleaning elements are mounted on the brush head. 当牙膏被涂在清洁元件上后,使用者将刷头插入口中并以已公知的方式刷牙。 When toothpaste is applied to the cleaning member, the brush head is inserted into the mouth of the user and in known manner brushing. 背景技术[0002] 常规牙刷的刷头通常具有平的或略微改变的表面,清洁元件被附接到所述表面上。 [0002] Conventional toothbrushes usually brush head has a flat or slightly altered surface, the cleaning element is attached to the surface. 清洁元件通常是形成簇或其它组群的塑性材料股。 Cleaning element is typically a plastic material to form clusters or other groups of stocks. 刷毛股组群在形成刷柄前或形成刷柄后被附接到刷头上。 Unit bristle groups before forming the handle after the handle is formed or attached to the head. [0003] 为给附接刷毛的方式提供柔性已进行了各种尝试。 [0003] to provide flexibility to the bristles attachment manner, various attempts have been made. 也已经采取了各种方法,其中刷头的刷毛承载面不是平的。 Various approaches have also been taken wherein the bristle carrying surface of the head is not flat. 例如,美国专利No. 1,688, 581披露了一种具有通常向内弯曲进入中空刷头内的刷毛承载构件的牙刷。 For example, U.S. Patent No. 1,688, 581 discloses a toothbrush having a generally curved inwardly into the bristle bearing member within the hollow brush head. 刷毛承载构件可通过操控安装在牙刷内的金属丝被向外弯曲。 The bristle carrier member may be bent outwardly by manipulating a wire mounted in the toothbrush. [0004] 美国专利No. 5,483,772披露了一种具有弹性柔性刷毛支座的牙刷,所述支座跨过彼此隔开的平行的刷柄延伸部。 [0004] U.S. Patent No. 5,483,772 discloses a toothbrush having a resiliently flexible bristle holder, said holder parallel to each other spaced across the handle portion extends. 该牙刷的不同实施例包括具有向内弯曲或向外弯曲的支座。 Different embodiments of the toothbrush comprising a curved outwardly or inwardly curved abutment. [0005] 美国专利No. 5,325,560涉及一种包括多种刷毛行的畸齿矫正牙刷,所述多种刷毛行包括位于中心且纵向布置的刷毛组,所述刷毛组被安装在气囊上方的柔性构件上。 [0005] U.S. Patent No. 5,325,560 relates to an orthodontic correction plurality of rows of bristles of the toothbrush, the bristle group comprising a plurality of rows of bristles and longitudinally disposed in the center of the airbag is mounted bristle on top of the flexible member. [0006] 美国专利No. 5,799,354披露了一种摇杆成形的牙刷,其中基底部分通过铰链被连接在一起。 [0006] U.S. Patent No. 5,799,354 discloses a toothbrush shaped rocker, wherein the base portions are joined together by a hinge. 该牙刷还包括基底部分下面的空洞。 The toothbrush further comprises a substrate below the hollow portion. [0007] 美国专利No. 5,454,133披露了一种具有不可压缩介质,例如在刷毛承载基底构件下面流动的压缩气体,的通道的闭合系统的牙刷。 Toothbrush closure system [0007] U.S. Patent No. 5,454,133 discloses a non-compressible medium having, for example, the base member in the bristle carrier following the compressed gas flow, channels. [0008] 美国专利No. 6,088,870披露了一种具有柔性安装的刷毛的牙刷头,所述刷毛通过使用柔性弹性格型网络使得刷毛在刷动过程中偏斜以符合牙齿的弧形表面进行柔性安装。 [0008] U.S. Patent No. 6,088,870 discloses a head for a toothbrush having flexibly mounted bristles, the bristles by using a flexible resilient lattice network such that the bristles deflect during brushing to conform to the arcuate tooth flexible mounting surface. [0009] 于1935年5月28日授权给坎贝尔(Campbell)等的美国专利No. 2,003,243披露了包括刷毛组的区段,所述刷毛被安装在附接到刚性牙刷头上的柔性金属丝上(第一页, 第二列,45-55行)。 [0009] on May 28, 1935 issued to Campbell (Campbell), etc. U.S. Patent No. 2,003,243 discloses a bristle group comprising segments, the bristles are mounted in the brush head attached to a rigid a flexible wire (first page, second column, lines 45-55). 该安装金属丝的柔性有助于刷毛符合正被清洁的牙齿的形状。 This flexible mounting facilitates wire bristle conform to the shape of the teeth being cleaned. [0010] 于1955年4月沈日授权给布莱克曼(Blackman)的美国专利No. 2,706, 825披露了一种牙刷的可拆卸的刷毛保持器,其相对于牙刷体的纵向轴线上下挠曲。 [0010] in April 1955, issued to Shen Blackman (Blackman) U.S. Pat. No. 2,706, 825 discloses a detachable toothbrush bristle holder of the toothbrush with respect to the longitudinal axis of the upper and lower flexible body song. 该柔性构件改变位置。 Changing the position of the flexible member. 其加上牙刷对牙齿的压力和牙刷移动允许牙刷以不同的符合程度与牙齿接触(第二列,15-18 行)。 Which together with the teeth of the toothbrush to allow the toothbrush pressure and moves the toothbrush in a different degree of compliance in contact with the teeth (second column, lines 15-18). [0011] 于1985年6月4日授权给彼得斯(Peters)的美国专利No. 4,520,526具有刷柄内的柔性部分,其允许刷头部分在一个平面中相对于牙刷刷柄部分移动。 [0011] issued to June 4, 1985 to Peters (Peters) U.S. Pat. No. 4,520,526 having a flexible portion within the handle, which allows the head portions in a plane with respect to the toothbrush handle portion mobile. 该专利建议所述柔性避免损害脆弱的牙齿材料和齿龈组织(第一列,42-44行)。 The patent suggests flexible to avoid damaging the delicate gum tissue and dental materials (the first column, lines 42-44). 在美国专利No. 5,146,645 中披露了用于给牙刷头提供柔性从而降低对牙齿和齿龈的磨损的相似结构。 It is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,146,645 for providing flexibility to the brush head similar structure to reduce wear on the teeth and the gums. [0012] 美国专利Nos. 3,355,546和5,839,149中披露了牙刷清洁元件的其它柔性安装方法。 [0012] U.S. Patent Nos. 3,355,546 and 5,839,149 disclose a method other flexible mounting of toothbrush cleaning elements. 在这些专利中,牙刷头被置于垂直于牙齿平面的平面中的牙齿的咬入表面下方。 In these patents, the tooth brush head is placed in a plane perpendicular to the plane of the tooth bites into the bottom surface. 如此取向的刷头在其中部具有较短刷毛,所述较短刷毛按压咬入表面从而致使较长外部刷毛与牙齿的侧部和齿龈线旋转接合。 Which is oriented in the brush head portion having a shorter bristles, the shorter bristles pressing longer bite into the outer surface causing the bristles with the teeth and gum line side rotational engagement. [0013] 于1999年11月23日授权给Heuler的美国专利No. 5,987,690披露了一种具有刷柄和刷头之间的联接以利于刷头的偏斜,使得在使用中自由刷毛端相对于刷柄保持平行排列。 [0013] licensed to Heuler in 1999 November 23, US Patent No. 5,987,690 discloses a brush head deflection in order to facilitate a connection between the handle and the brush head has so freely in use bristle end with respect to the handle holder are arranged in parallel. [0014] 于1999年12月21日授权的美国专利No. 6,003, 189披露了一种位于刷柄和刷头之间的牙刷的柔性部分,以吸收一部分牙刷使用者施加在牙刷上的力。 [0014] U.S. Patent December 21, 1999 authorized No. 6,003, 189 discloses a brush located at the head of the toothbrush between the handle and the flexible portion to absorb a portion of the toothbrush on a toothbrush user applies force. 弹性震动吸收装置被插入这个部分中以使刷头向其不操作位置偏斜。 An elastic shock absorbing means are inserted into this portion to its inoperative position so that the head skew. [0015] 美国专利No. 6,141,817披露了一种具有中心纵向轴线的牙刷头,所述中心纵向轴线位于包含刷毛的弹性构件的中段下面。 [0015] U.S. Patent No. 6,141,817 discloses a toothbrush head having a longitudinal central axis, the central longitudinal axis comprises an elastic member located below the middle of the bristles. 该中心轴线限制了弹性构件中段的变形。 This limits the deformation of the center axis of the middle elastic member. 在中心轴线任一侧上的刷头的平衡被倾斜以允许柔性构件产生较大的移动,从而致使外部刷毛向外张开。 The balance of the head on either side of the central axis is inclined to allow greater movement of the flexible member, thereby causing the outer bristles flared outwardly. 该向外张开被认为可提高刷毛的缝隙侵入能力(第二列,40-46行)。 The flared bristle is believed to improve the ability to invade the gap (second column, lines 40-46). [0016] 于1991年10月30日出版的欧洲专利公告04M625A1披露了一种可用于改变刷头相对于刷柄的角度取向的牙刷柄中的凸轮。 [0016] on October 30, 1991, published European Patent Bulletin 04M625A1 discloses a brush can be used to alter the relative angular orientation of the brush handle of the toothbrush handle cam. [0017] 在美国专利No. 5,228,466和W090/01281中描述了现有技术中为提供一些清洁元件的移动形式而进行的其它尝试,所述专利披露了一种牙刷,其中刷柄和刷头被纵向铰接以提供横跨在一行牙齿上的可替换的刷毛。 [0017] described in U.S. Patent No. 5,228,466 and W090 / 01281 Other attempts in the prior art to provide some form of movement of the cleaning member is performed, the patent discloses a toothbrush wherein the handle and the head is hinged to provide alternative vertical bristles across the teeth on one line. [0018] 美国专利No. 1,616,484披露了一种沿刷柄长度被铰接的牙刷以使得两个彼此隔开的刷头部分可相对于彼此背对背设置。 [0018] U.S. Patent No. 1,616,484 discloses a hinged along the length of the handle of the toothbrush so that the two head portions separated from each other with respect to one another back to back. 美国专利No. 1,616,484披露了一种可提供从三个不同方向刷牙的铰接的牙刷。 U.S. Patent No. 1,616,484 discloses a brushing may be provided from three different directions articulated toothbrush. 美国专利Nos. 5,528,782和5,269, 083披露了以摆动方式被安装的刷毛。 US Patent Nos. 5,528,782 and 5,269, 083 disclose the bristles mounted in a swinging manner. 美国专利No. 5,799,3M披露了利用空洞以提供铰接作用。 US Patent No. 5,799,3M disclose the use of hollow to provide a hinging action. 美国专利No. 1,924,152披露了一种具有多行橡胶刷毛的牙刷。 U.S. Patent No. 1,924,152 discloses a toothbrush having a plurality of rows of rubber bristles. 美国专利No. 301,644披露了一种具有多行安装在橡胶舌部中的刷毛的牙刷。 U.S. Patent No. 301,644 discloses a toothbrush having a plurality of rows of bristles mounted in the rubber portion of the tongue. [0019] 美国专利No. Des. 421,843示出了一种牙刷,其中刷毛承载面呈现为非平面的。 [0019] U.S. Pat. No. Des. 421,843 illustrates a toothbrush in which the bristle carrier exhibits non-planar surface. [0020] 美国专利No. 4,240, 452披露了一种弹性基底的牙刷,其中刷毛承载平板被安装在橡胶管上方。 [0020] U.S. Patent No. 4,240, 452 discloses a toothbrush elastic substrate, wherein the bristle carrier plate is mounted above the rubber tube. [0021] 多个专利披露了具有非平面表面的一些牙刷和/或齿龈按摩装置。 [0021] The patent discloses a number of a plurality of toothbrushes and / or gum massaging device having a non-planar surface. 例如英国专利No. 524135涉及一种齿龈按摩装置,所述齿龈按摩装置具有充有空气的中空橡胶头以为齿龈按摩构件提供气垫。 For example, British Patent No. 524135 relates to a gum massaging apparatus, said apparatus having a gingival massage hollow air-filled rubber gum massaging head member that provides an air cushion. 美国专利No. 1,058,273披露了一种具有内部气隙的按摩装置。 US Patent No. 1,058,273 discloses a massage device has an internal air gap. 美国专利No. 2,148,483披露了一种包括充满空气的空腔的牙齿和齿龈按摩器和训练器。 US Patent No. 2,148,483 discloses an air-filled cavity, including teeth and massage gums and trainer. 美国专利No. 2,176,309还披露了一种具有气囊的齿龈按摩器。 U.S. Patent No. 2,176,309 also discloses an airbag having a gum massager. [0022] 各种专利还披露了具有穹顶形外表面的发刷。 [0022] Various patents also discloses a hairbrush having a domed outer surface. 这些专利的实例包括美国专利Nos. 3,739,419,4,500,939 和5,581,840。 Examples of such patents include U.S. Patent Nos. 3,739,419,4,500,939 and 5,581,840. 相似地,美国专利No. Des. 892,299 示出具有凸形刷毛承载面的厕所刷。 Similarly, U.S. Pat. No. Des. 892,299 shows a toilet having a convex bearing surface bristle brush. 发明内容[0023] 本发明的一个目的是提供一种具有穹顶形或者蹦床型清洁元件承载面的牙刷头,从而提供提高的清洁元件柔性。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION [0023] An object of the present invention is to provide a toothbrush head has a dome shape or a trampoline-type cleaning element carrying surface, so as to provide enhanced flexibility of the cleaning elements. [0024] 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种牙刷,其中刷头沿与刷头的纵向轴线共线的铰链轴被链接。 [0024] Another object of the present invention is to provide a toothbrush in which the hinge axis collinear with the longitudinal axis of the head along the brush head is linked. [0025] 本发明还有另一个目的是提供这样一种牙刷,所述牙刷使用可包绕牙齿边缘以同时与牙齿前部和顶部接触的清洁元件。 [0025] Yet another object of the present invention to provide such a toothbrush using the cleaning elements surround the teeth edges to simultaneously contact with the front teeth and the top portion. [0026] 本发明还有另一个目的是提供制造这种牙刷的制造技术。 Still another object of the [0026] present invention is to provide manufacturing techniques for manufacturing such a toothbrush. [0027] 根据本发明的一个方面,牙刷包括以基底具有直立的壁部以形成周框的形式存在的刷头。 [0027] In accordance with one aspect of the invention, a toothbrush includes a base having an upright wall portion to form a peripheral frame in the form of the brush head. 薄的弹性隔膜被安装到框部上,在隔膜和框部之间存在空隙。 Thin elastic membrane is attached to the frame portion, there is a gap between the diaphragm and the frame portion. 在其初始条件下,当牙刷未被使用时,所述隔膜是凸出的以使得其初始形状是类穹顶形的。 In its initial condition, when the toothbrush is not in use, the diaphragm is convex such that its original shape is domed type. 当由隔膜承载的清洁元件在牙齿上刷动以在这种使用中任意恢复初始形状时,隔膜能够在使用中挠曲以改变初始形状。 When the cleaning element is carried by the diaphragm on the tooth brushing to any use in this restore the original shape, the membrane can be flexed in use to alter the original shape. [0028] 清洁元件优选通过模内技术被固定到隔膜上的刷毛。 [0028] The cleaning element is preferably secured to the bristles on the membrane by in-mold technique. [0029] 在本发明的一种优选实施方式中,牙刷头是椭圆形的且隔膜也是椭圆形的。 [0029] In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the brush head is elliptical and the separator is elliptical. 隔膜在其纵向和横向方向上都是凸出的。 The diaphragm in the longitudinal and transverse directions are convex. [0030] 根据另一个方面,本发明提供了一种获得刷头和刷柄中的所需柔性的简便且有效的方法。 [0030] According to another aspect, the present invention provides a simple and flexible to obtain the desired effective method in the brush head and the handle. 类似于蹦床,至少承载刷毛的刷头部分被解释为允许刷毛在使用中容易变形,其提高了与牙齿的接触性能及对牙齿的清洁性能。 Trampoline like, at least a head portion carrying the bristles of the bristle interpreted to permit easy deformation during use, which improves the performance in contact with the teeth and the teeth cleaning performance. 刷毛上的对牙齿的压力致使刷头连同刷毛一起偏斜,但柔性刷头被设计以一旦施加在刷毛上的压力得到减轻即返回其初始位置。 Tooth brush head pressure causes deflection of the bristles along with bristles together, the brush head is designed to flex upon application of pressure on the bristles is alleviated i.e. return to their initial position. 在刷柄上的压力从重压到无压力的转变过程中,刷毛由于牙刷头内在具有的柔性而保持与牙齿连续接触。 Pressure on the weight of the handle to the transition from no pressure in the toothbrush head having the bristles due to the inherent flexibility while maintaining continuous contact with the teeth. [0031] 根据本发明的另一个方面,牙刷头具有与刷头的纵向轴线共线延伸的脊部,从而将刷头分成一对与该脊部相连的并排的纵向部分。 [0031] According to another aspect of the invention, the brush head portion having a ridge extending longitudinal axis collinear with the brush head, whereby the head into the side by side longitudinal portions of the pair connected to the ridge. 该脊部形成由弹性材料制成的铰链轴, 其起到弹簧的作用以允许所述部分响应与牙齿的接触从初始位置和向初始位置移动。 The hinge shaft is formed ridge portion made of an elastic material, which acts as a spring to allow the contact portion of the tooth and the response from an initial position to the initial position. [0032] 在本发明的该方面的一种优选实施方式中,所述并排部分还可包括软质柔性材料。 [0032] In a preferred embodiment of this aspect of the invention, the portion may further comprise a soft flexible material arranged side by side. 每个所述部分上的清洁元件优选包括比一组内部清洁元件长度更长的一组外部清洁元件。 Preferably the cleaning elements on each of said sections comprises a set longer than the length of the interior cleaning elements a set of external cleaning elements. 所述外部清洁元件可起到牙斑去除刷毛的作用,其具有足够的长度以沿牙齿部分地延伸,而内部清洁元件则清刷牙齿。 The outer cleaning member may serve the role of plaque removing bristles having a length sufficient to extend along the teeth part, and the inner cleaning member is brushing teeth. 当所述部分位于其初始位置时,内部清洁元件组的末端表面优选使并排部分的两组内部清洁元件成钝角以最大化与牙齿的接触。 When the portion is in its initial position, the inner end surface of the cleaning member is preferably set so that the cleaning member inside the two parallel portions at an obtuse angle to maximize contact with the teeth. 在使用中,刷头给牙齿边缘加压从而致使柔性铰链在清洁过程中打开和闭合。 In use, the head pressure to the edge of the teeth causing the flexible hinge to open and close during cleaning. 附图说明[0033] 图1是根据本发明的牙刷的透视图;[0034] 图2是图1所示的牙刷的侧视图;[0035] 图3是如图1-图2所示的牙刷的正视图;[0036] 图4是从图3中沿线4-4截取的剖视图;[0037] 图5是根据本发明的动力牙刷的正视图;[0038] 图6是根据本发明的另一个实施例的牙刷的透视图,所述牙刷在刷头和刷柄中具有弹性区域以允许牙刷、刷毛和刷柄偏斜从而更好地进行牙齿清洁和进行控制;[0039] 图7是图6所示的牙刷的侧视图;[0040] 图8是图6-图7所示的牙刷的顶部平面图;[0041] 图9是示出刷毛和刷柄区域下方的空隙区域中的偏斜的图6所示的牙刷的侧视图;[0042] 图10是根据本发明的图6-图9所示实施例的动力牙刷的顶部平面图;[0043] 图11是根据本发明的另一个实施例形成的牙刷的透视图;[0044] 图12是图11所示的牙刷的侧视图;[0045] 图13是图11-图12所示的牙刷的顶部平面图 BRIEF DESCRIPTION [0033] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a toothbrush according to the invention; [0034] FIG. 2 is a side view of the toothbrush shown in FIG. 1; [0035] FIG. 3 is illustrated in Figures 1-2 the toothbrush 2 a front view; [0036] FIG. 4 is a sectional view taken along line 4-4 in FIG. 3; [0037] FIG. 5 is a front view of a powered toothbrush in accordance with the present invention; [0038] FIG 6 is another embodiment according to the invention a perspective view of an embodiment of a toothbrush, the toothbrush having elastic areas in the head and the handle to allow the toothbrush bristles and the handle so as to deflect better teeth cleaning and control; [0039] FIG. 7 is an a side view of the toothbrush shown; [0040] FIG. 8 is a top plan view of the toothbrush shown in FIGS. 6 to 7; [0041] FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating the skew of the void region below the bristles and the handle area a side view of the toothbrush shown in FIG. 6; [0042] FIG. 10 is a top power toothbrush in accordance with the embodiment shown in plan view in FIG. 6-9 of the present invention; [0043] FIG. 11 is formed in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a perspective view of a toothbrush; [0044] FIG. 12 is a side view of the toothbrush shown in FIG. 11; [0045] FIG. 13 is a top 12 of the toothbrush shown in Figure 11 a plan view of FIG. [0046] 图14是图11-图13所示的牙刷位于其初始闭合位置时的端视图;[0047] 图15是从图13中沿线15-15截取的剖视图,但是刷头位于其铰链打开位置且省略了一些清洁元件;和[0048] 图16是根据本发明的图11-图15所示实施例的动力牙刷的正视图。 [0046] FIG. 14 is the toothbrush 13 shown in FIGS. 11 located at the end view of its initial closed position; [0047] FIG. 15 is a sectional view taken along line 15-15 in FIG. 13, but the brush head in its hinged open the position and number of cleaning elements omitted; and [0048] FIG. 16 is a powered toothbrush embodiment of Figure 15 a front view of the present invention according to FIG 11- FIG. 具体实施方式[0049] 图1-图4示出了根据本发明的一个实施例的牙刷10。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0049] Figures 1-4 illustrate a toothbrush 10 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. 如图中所示,牙刷10包括刷柄12和刷头14。 As shown therein, toothbrush 10 includes a handle 12 and the head 14. 刷柄12可包括由弹性体材料制成的适当的紧握衬垫16。 The handle 12 may include a suitable grip pad 16 made of an elastomeric material. 然而本发明主要涉及刷头14的结构。 However, the present invention relates to the structure of the head 14. 如图4所示,刷头14具有基底部分18,所述基底部分18具有直立的壁部20以形成在基底部分18上方向外延伸的周框。 4, the head 14 has a base portion 18, the base portion 18 has a wall 20 to form upstanding peripheral frame extending outwardly above base portion 18. 根据本发明,隔膜22沿其周边完全地附接到框部20上。 According to the present invention, the diaphragm 22 is completely attached along its perimeter to the frame portion 20. 处于其初始未使用状态的隔膜22是凸出的或向外弯曲的,如图4 最佳所示。 In its initial unused state of the diaphragm 22 is convex or curved outwardly, as best shown in FIG. 4. 优选在纵向和横向方向上均凸出弯曲,从而呈现类似穹顶形的外表面24,清洁元件26与所述外表面M相连。 Preferably convexly curved in both longitudinal and transverse directions, thus presenting a similar dome-shaped outer surface 24, the cleaning member 26 is connected to the outer surface of M. [0050] 本发明在所有实施例中特别适于通过模内工艺(IMT :In-moldedtechnology)方法被附接的以刷毛股或刷毛形式存在的清洁元件,所述模内工艺(IMT)方法通常需要小横截面的材料,刷毛股被永久附接到所述材料中。 [0050] The present invention is particularly suitable for in-mold process in all embodiments: a generally (IMT In-moldedtechnology) elements present in the cleaning method of the bristles or bristle shares attached form, the in-mold process (IMT) Method requires a small cross-section of the material, the bristle strands are permanently attached to the material. 利用IMT方法的刷毛股优选在牙刷柄的形成过程中或至少在刷头的形成过程中进行附接,所述刷头是牙刷的一部分,刷毛股和其它材料被附接到所述刷头上。 The method of using the IMT bristles or shares preferably during formation of the toothbrush handle, at least during formation of the head attachment part of the brush head is a toothbrush, the bristle strands and other materials are attached to the brush head . 图1-图4和图5中所示的本发明的关键特征是利用薄横截面材料制成隔膜22。 Figures 1-4 and key features of the present invention shown in FIG. 5 is a cross-section of material using a thin diaphragm 22. 隔膜22是柔性的和弹性的。 Diaphragm 22 is flexible and resilient. 例如,如图4所示横截面形成类似新月形, 从而呈类似于穹顶的形状。 For example, the cross-section shown in Figure 4 is similar to crescent formation, so similar to the shape of a dome. [0051] 由于基底部分18和隔膜22之间存在空隙28,当清洁元件或刷毛沈与牙齿接触时,隔膜可从其初始类穹顶形状移动以被扭曲成其它形状。 [0051] Since there is a gap 28 between the diaphragm 22 and the base portion 18, when the cleaning element or bristle contact with the teeth sink, the separator may be moved from its original dome shape classes to be distorted into other shapes. 因此,穹顶22具有薄隔膜,所述隔膜由可在刷动过程中挠曲以任意从其初始形状改变并恢复其初始形状的材料或材料的组合制成。 Accordingly, the dome 22 has a thin diaphragm, the diaphragm can flex by a brushing process and any change is made to restore the material or material combination original shape of its original shape. 刷毛26被附接到柔性穹顶形膜上并相应地移动而形成任意拓扑结构,由此提高了对牙齿的清洁能力。 Bristles 26 are attached to the flexible dome and move the film to form an arbitrary topology, thereby improving the ability to clean the teeth. 活动刷毛股比其它牙刷具有更大的移动程度并从而提供不同的和独特的刷牙装置。 Unit movable bristles have a greater degree of movement than other toothbrushes and to provide different and unique tooth brushing device. [0052] 在本发明如图所示的实施例中,刷头14大体上是椭圆形的且隔膜22具有相应的椭圆形状,参见图3。 [0052] In an embodiment of the present invention as shown, the brush head 14 is generally elliptical and diaphragm 22 has a corresponding oval shape, see Fig. [0053] 任何适当形式的清洁元件可被用作本发明的广义实施方式中的清洁元件沈。 Generalized Embodiment [0053] Any suitable form of cleaning elements may be used in the present invention, the cleaning element sink. 术语“清洁元件”旨在用于一般意义,其可包括常规的纤维刷毛或者按摩元件或其它形式的清洁元件,例如以圆形横截面形状或包括平直部分或正弦曲线部分的任何所需形状布置的弹性体指部或壁部。 The term "cleaning element" is intended for the general sense, which may include conventional fiber bristles or massage elements or other forms of cleaning elements, for example, any desired shape or a circular cross-sectional shape including straight portions or sinusoidal portions arrangement elastomeric fingers or walls portions. 在刷毛使用的地方,通过延伸穿过成簇区段中的适当的开口使得刷毛的基底被安装在成簇区段内或其下面和隔膜22下面,刷毛可被安装到成簇区段或部分上。 Where bristles use, extending through suitable openings in the cluster section of the substrate such that the bristles is mounted within or below tufting zone and below the diaphragm 22, may be mounted to the bristle clusters segment, or portion on. [0054] 应该理解清洁元件的具体图示示例仅为示例目的。 [0054] It should be appreciated that the specific example of the cleaning element illustrated exemplary purposes only. 可使用相同或不同清洁元件构造的各种组合(例如扎成束的刷毛或模内工艺刷毛,无锚固工艺(AFT)刷毛等)和/或使用相同的刷毛或清洁元件材料(例如尼龙刷毛、螺旋形刷毛、橡胶刷毛等),实施本发明。 Various combinations may be the same or different cleaning element configurations (e.g., bristles or in-mold process tied bundles of bristles, anchor free technology (AFT) bristles, etc.) and / or with the same bristle or cleaning element materials (such as nylon bristles, spiral bristles, rubber bristles, etc.), embodiments of the present invention. 相似地,虽然图2示出清洁元件通常垂直于刷头14的外表面M或者隔膜22,但是清洁元件中的一些或全部可相对于刷头14的外表面成不同角度。 Similarly, while Figure 2 illustrates the cleaning elements generally perpendicular to the outer surface of the head 14 M or diaphragm 22, but the cleaning elements with respect to some or all of the outer surface 14 of the head at different angles. 因此有可能选择清洁元件构造、材料和取向的组合以实现特定的预期结果,从而提供附加的口腔保健利益,如增强的清洁性能、 牙齿增光、牙齿增白和/或齿龈按摩。 Thus it is possible to select a combination of cleaning element configurations, materials and orientations to achieve specific intended results, to provide additional oral health benefits, such as enhanced cleaning performance, credit teeth, tooth whitening and / or massaging the gums. [0055] 然而,由于模内工艺刷毛需要刷毛股被附接到其中的小横截面材料,且本发明的优选实施方式中的隔膜22具有小横截面,因此清洁元件沈优选为模内工艺刷毛。 [0055] However, since the inner bristle-molding process requires bristle strands are attached to a small cross section wherein the material, and a preferred embodiment of the present invention the diaphragm 22 has a small cross-section, so the cleaning element is preferably within a molding process Shen bristle . [0056] 尽管图1-图3示出隔膜22大体上占据整个刷头14,但是本发明还可被实施,其中刷头14具有足够大的尺寸使其可包含其它与穹顶形隔膜22相邻的刷毛承载面。 [0056] Although Figures 1 to 3 shows the head 22 substantially occupies the entire diaphragm 14, but the present invention may also be practiced where the head 14 has a sufficiently large size so that it may include other and adjacent the dome-shaped diaphragm 22 bristle bearing surface. [0057] 尽管图1-图4示出一种手动操作的牙刷,本发明还可被实施,其中刷头包括一个或多个承载清洁元件的动力或电动操作的活动部分。 [0057] Although Figures 1 to 4 shows a manually operated toothbrush, the present invention may also be practiced where the head includes one or more power or electrically operated movable portion carrying cleaning elements. 这种活动部分可以旋转方式振动或者相对于刷头的纵向轴线沿纵向方向线性振动或者相对于刷头的纵向轴线沿侧向或横向方向线性振动。 Such rotatably movable portion may vibrate in the longitudinal direction or longitudinal axis of the linear or longitudinal axis of the vibration of the head in a lateral or transverse direction with respect to the linear vibration with respect to the head. 该活动部分可沿朝向或远离刷头外表面的方向进进出出地振动。 The vibration of the movable portion can be in and out in a direction toward or away from the outer surface of the head. 该活动部分可相对于刷头外表面前后摆动。 The active portion relative to the front after swinging brush appearance. 该活动部分可沿相同方向连续旋转,而不是振动。 The movable portion may be continuously rotated in the same direction, rather than vibration. 任何适当的驱动机构可被用于给活动部分提供所需移动。 Any suitable drive mechanism may be used to provide the required movement to the movable portion. 在使用多个活动部分的地方,所有活动部分可具有相同类型和方向的移动,或者可使用不同移动的组合。 Where a plurality of the movable portion, the movable portion may have all of the same type and direction of movement, or combinations of different movements may be used. [0058] 图5示出了包括具有清洁元件的动力驱动的活动圆盘或者部分30的牙刷10A。 [0058] FIG. 5 shows a power having a cleaning member comprising a drive disc or the activity portion 30 of the toothbrush 10A. 例如通过使用美国专利No. 5,625,916中所述类型的驱动机构可使该活动部分30旋转振动, 或者使用美国专利No. Re35, 941中所述类型的驱动机构可使该活动部分进进出出地移动, 两个专利的所有细节通过到其上的参考被合并于此。 5,625,916, for example, the type of drive mechanism allows the movable section by using a 30 U.S. Patent No. rotational vibration, or in U.S. Patent No. Re35, 941 of the type of drive mechanism can feed the movable portion the moving in and out, all the details of both patents are incorporated herein by reference thereto to. 另一种可选方式是,上述提到的其它类型的驱动装置可使得部分30以其它方式和方向进行移动。 Alternatively, the other types of drive means may be such that the above-mentioned portion 30 is moved in other ways and directions. 尽管图5示出活动部分30位于刷头的远端,但是活动部分或者多个活动部分可位于刷头上的任何所需位置处。 Although Figure 5 shows a distal end of the active portion 30 of the head, but the plurality of movable portion or the movable portion may be positioned at any desired location on the head. [0059] 刷柄12、基底18和框部20优选由用于手动牙刷的硬质塑性材料制成。 [0059] The handle 12, the base portion 18 and the frame 20 is preferably made of a hard plastic material for a manual toothbrush. 然而,正如所示,穹顶形隔膜22的一个特征是其由柔弹性材料,例如能够从其初始位置移动并随后返回该初始位置的弹性体,制成。 However, as shown, wherein a dome-shaped diaphragm 22 which is made of flexible, resilient material, for example, and then returns to the initial position of the elastic member is moved from its initial position, is made. [0060] 隔膜22可以以任何适当的方式被固定到框部20上。 [0060] The separator 22 may be secured in any suitable manner to the frame part 20. 因此,例如,框部20包括用于接收隔膜22的向内倾斜的表面。 Thus, for example, frame section 20 includes inwardly inclined surfaces for receiving membrane 22. 其它结构性布置可在本发明的实施方式中使用以将隔膜22安装到刷头14上。 Other structural arrangements may be used in the diaphragm 22 is mounted to the head 14 in the embodiment of the present invention. [0061] 图6-图9示出根据本发明的另一种实施方式的手动牙刷110。 [0061] Figures 6-9 illustrates a manual toothbrush 110 according to another embodiment of the present invention. 这是先前实施方式的变型,其利用蹦床型结构以实现上下移动。 This embodiment is a variation of the previous embodiment, which is implemented using a trampoline type structure to move up and down. 如其中所示,牙刷Iio包括刷柄112和刷头114。 As shown therein, toothbrush comprising a handle 112 and Iio the head 114. 刷柄112可包括由弹性体材料制成的适当区域116。 The handle 112 may include a suitable area 116 made of an elastomeric material. 刷柄的该弹性体部分优选模制成具有空隙区域118,使用者易于使所述空隙区域变形。 The body portion is preferably an elastic modulus of the handle is made with a void region 118, the user can easily deform the void region. 在刷柄112的顶侧上的弹性体材料116 (如图6、图7和图9所示)将在使用者的手指压力下屈服以提供对刷柄更好的握紧,同时提供对刷柄更舒服的触感。 The elastomeric material 116 on the top side of the handle 112 (Figure 6, 7 and 9) will yield under the user's finger pressure to provide better grip on the handle, while providing a brush handle more comfortable to the touch. 图9示出处于压下状态的刷柄112的这种弹性体部分116。 9 illustrates the handle in a depressed state, the elastic body 112 such portion 116. 该图中的向下箭头表示由牙刷使用者施加的压力。 Down arrow in the figure represents the pressure applied by the toothbrush user. 空隙区域118因而被最小化。 Void region 118 is thus minimized. 一旦使用者的压力被释放,刷柄112的弹性体部分116的性能使弹性体材料116回复其初始形状,如图6所示。 Once the user pressure is released, the elastic properties of the handle portion 116 of the body 112 so that the elastomeric material 116 returns to its original shape, as shown in Fig. [0062] 通过将弹性体部分122包括在刷头中并覆在空隙区域120上方,在刷头中形成相似的柔性的、可变形的空隙区域120。 [0062] By the elastic body 122 includes a brush head portion and covering over the void region 120 is formed similar flexible, deformable region void 120 in the brush head. 清洁元件IM被排列在刷头的弹性体部分中并通过包括模内工艺(IMT)的已公知的方法被固定到其上。 IM cleaning elements are arrayed in the elastomeric portion of the head and is secured thereto by known methods including in-mold process (IMT) a. 利用IMT方法进行的刷毛附接优选发生在刷柄的形成过程中或者至少在刷头114的弹性体部分122的形成过程中。 A method for using the IMT bristles attachment preferably takes place during formation of the handle or at least during formation of the head 114 of the elastomeric portion 122. [0063] 在使用中,牙刷使用者施加的压力致使产生了牙齿对清洁元件124的类似压力, 如图9中的箭头所示。 [0063] In use, the pressure exerted by the user causes the toothbrush produces similar pressure on the tooth cleaning element 124, as shown in FIG. 9 by arrows. 这使得刷头114的弹性体部分122产生偏斜,其进一步致使清洁元件相对于正被清洁的牙齿重新取向。 This makes the head portion 114 of the elastic body 122 deflect, which causes further cleaning element with respect to the teeth being cleaned reorientation. 当使用者的压力减小时,刷头114的空隙区域120打开,致使清洁元件跟随正被清刷的牙齿的形状,从而提高对牙齿的清洁性能。 When the user's pressure is reduced, the void region 114 of the head 120 is opened, causing the cleaning elements to follow the shape being brushing teeth, thereby improving cleaning performance of the teeth. 当使用者的所有压力被释放后,空隙区域120返回其初始形状。 When all user pressure is released, the void region 120 returns to its original shape. [0064] 刷头114的弹性体部分122应为可在刷动过程中挠曲以任意地改变其初始形状并恢复其初始形状的材料或者材料的组合。 Elastomeric portion 122 [0064] 114 the head should be in order to flex during brushing to arbitrarily change and recover its original shape or material composition of the material of the initial shape. 清洁元件,例如刷毛,被附接到柔性隔膜上,形成清洁元件124的柔性取向,其提高了对牙齿的清洁性能。 Cleaning elements, for example bristles, is attached to the flexible membrane, the flexible orientation of cleaning elements 124 are formed, which improve the cleaning performance of the teeth. 活动刷毛股具有相当大的移动程度并从而提供独特的牙齿刷动体验。 Movable bristles shares have a considerable degree of movement and to provide a unique tooth brushing experience. [0065] 任何适当形式的清洁元件可被用作本发明的广义实施方式中的清洁元件124,正如以图1-图5所示实施例所讨论的。 [0065] Any suitable form of cleaning elements may be used as a generalized embodiment of the invention the cleaning element 124, as shown in Figures 1-5 of the embodiments discussed. 应该理解清洁元件的具体图示示例仅为示例目的。 It should be understood that the specific example of the cleaning element illustrated exemplary purposes only. 可使用相同或不同清洁元件构造的不同组合(例如扎成束的刷毛或模内工艺刷毛,无锚固工艺(AFT)刷毛等)和/或使用相同的刷毛或清洁元件(例如尼龙刷毛、螺旋形刷毛、橡胶刷毛等),实施本发明。 May use different combinations of the same or different cleaning element configurations (e.g., bristles or in-mold process tied bundles of bristles, anchor free technology (AFT) bristles, etc.) and / or with the same bristle or cleaning elements (such as nylon bristles, spiral bristles, rubber bristles, etc.), embodiments of the present invention. 相似地,虽然图7和图9示出清洁元件通常垂直于刷头114的弹性体部分122,但是清洁元件中的一些或全部可成不同角度。 Similarly, while FIGS. 7 and FIG. 9 illustrates the cleaning elements generally perpendicular to the resilient body portion 122 of the head 114, some or all of the cleaning elements may be at a different angle. 因此有可能选择清洁元件构造、材料和取向的组合以实现具体的预期结果,从而提供附加的口腔保健利益,如增强的清洁性能、牙齿增光、牙齿增白和/或齿龈按摩。 Thus it is possible to select a combination of cleaning element configurations, materials and orientations to achieve specific intended results, to provide additional oral health benefits, such as enhanced cleaning performance, credit teeth, tooth whitening and / or massaging the gums. [0066] 刷柄112和刷头114的部分可以由用于手动牙刷的硬质塑性材料制成。 [0066] The handle portion 112 and the head 114 may be made of a rigid plastic material for a manual toothbrush. 然而,正如所示,该牙刷的一个特征是使用了刷柄的弹性体部分116和/或刷头114的弹性体部分122,例如能够从其初始位置移动并随后返回该初始位置的弹性体。 However, as shown, a feature of this toothbrush is use of elastomeric portions of the handle 116 an elastic and / or the head portion 114 of the body 122, for example, and then returns to the initial position of the elastic member is moved from its initial position. [0067] 本发明还可以被实施,其中刷头114包括一个或多个承载清洁元件的动力或电动操作的活动部分。 [0067] The present invention may also be practiced where the head 114 includes one or more power or electrically operated movable portion carrying cleaning elements. [0068] 图10示出了包括具有清洁元件的动力驱动的活动圆盘或者部分150的牙刷110A。 [0068] FIG. 10 shows a cleaning member comprising a driving power having the activity or disc portion 150 of the toothbrush 110A. 活动部分150可与图5所示部分30相类似。 Movable portion 150 may be similar to the portion 30 shown in Fig. 尽管图10示出活动部分150位于刷头的一端, 与图5相类似,但是活动部分或者多个活动部分可位于刷头上的任何所需位置处。 Although Figure 10 shows movable portion 150 located at one end of the head, similar to FIG. 5, but a plurality of the movable portion or the movable portion may be positioned at any desired location on the head. [0069] 在本发明的另一个实施例中,牙刷包括通过柔性铰链结构被纵向分成数个并排区域的刷头,所述柔性铰链结构起到使刷头材料和清洁区域返回其初始位置的弹簧的作用。 [0069] In another embodiment of the present invention, a toothbrush includes a brush head is divided into a plurality of side by side longitudinal region by a flexible hinge, said flexible hinge serves to return the brush head materials and cleaning areas of the spring to its initial position role. 图11-图13示出包括细长刷柄212和刷头214的牙刷210。 Figure 11 Figure 13 shows a toothbrush comprising an elongate handle and the head 214 of 210,212. 一部分刷柄212可在肩部218 和220之间的握持区域216处被凹进。 A grip portion of the handle region 212 may be between 218 and 220 at the shoulder portion 216 is recessed. 肩部218可向外延伸足够的距离以起到钩或凸缘的作用从而利于悬挂处于倒置状态的牙刷。 Shoulder portion 218 may extend outwardly a distance sufficient to function as hooks or flanges thereby facilitating hanging the toothbrush in an inverted state. [0070] 刷头214和刷柄212是细长的并具有纵向轴线。 [0070] The handle 212 and the head 214 is elongated and has a longitudinal axis. 如图14和图15所示,刷头214 包括与牙刷柄和牙刷头的纵向或主轴线共线延伸的脊部222。 As shown in FIG. 14 and FIG. 15, the head 214 includes a ridge portion extending in the longitudinal or main axis collinear with the handle and the head 222 of the toothbrush. 因此,刷头214被分成与脊部222相连的两个并排纵向部分224、226。 Accordingly, the head 214 is divided into two ridge portions 222 connected to the longitudinal portions 224, 226 side by side. 脊部222由弹性材料例如弹性体制成,所述弹性材料为足够柔性的以至于是活动的从而返回其初始位置。 The ridge portion 222, for example, made of an elastic elastomer material, the resilient material is sufficiently flexible that is active to return to its initial position. 因此,脊部222起到铰链轴的作用,通过所述铰链轴,当并排部分224、2沈上的清洁元件与牙齿接触吋,并排部分224、2沈可移动或绕脊部从图14所示的初始位置旋转到如图15所示的打开位置。 Thus, the ridge portion 222 functions as a hinge axis, said hinge shaft by, when the cleaning member contact with the teeth on the parallel portion inch sink 224,2, 224,2 sink side by side movable portion or from about ridge portion 14 in FIG. the initial rotational position to the open position shown in Figure 15. 所述部分224、2沈随后在弾性铰链或者脊部222的作用下返回其初始位置。 224,2 the portion returns to its original position and then sink in Tan role of a hinge or a ridge portion 222. 铰链或者脊部222优选被限于刷头214的范围内。 The hinge or spine portion 222 is preferably limited to the range of the head 214.

[0071] 如图所示,每个所述部分224、2沈包括多组清洁元件。 [0071] As shown, each of said sections comprising a plurality of sets of 224,2 sink cleaning elements. 例如,一組外部清洁元件228位于每个部分224、226的外周边处,而ー组内部清洁元件230位于脊部222附近。 For example, a set of cleaning elements 228 is located outside the outer periphery of each section 224, 226, and 230 ー group of cleaning elements is located inside the ridge portion 222. 内部清洁元件230的末端表面232优选朝向铰链轴222逐渐变细以使得当刷头位于其初始位置吋,每组内部清洁元件的相邻末端232形成如图14中字母A所示的钝角。 Inner end surface 232 is preferably the cleaning member 230 toward the hinge shaft 222 is tapered such that when the head is in its initial position inch, adjacent each end of the inner cleaning elements 232 forming an obtuse angle as shown in FIG letters 14 A.

[0072] 外部清洁元件2¾组比内部清洁元件230从并排部分的外表面向外延伸更长的距离。 [0072] The outer group of cleaning elements 230 extend outwardly 2¾ longer distance from the outer portion than the inner side-cleaning element. 因此,组合清洁元件被设计以包绕牙齿边缘从而可能同时与牙齿前部和顶部接触,參见图14。 Thus, a combination of cleaning element is designed so as to wrap the edges of the teeth may also contact with the front teeth and a top portion, see Figure 14. 在使用中,刷头按压牙齿边缘,致使柔性铰链在使用中打开和闭合。 In use, the head pressing the edge of the teeth, causing the flexible hinge to open and close in use.

[0073] 如图11-图13中本发明的ー种优选实施方式所示,外部清洁元件2¾组为牙斑刷毛的刷毛束。 [0073], the outer cleaning elements 2¾ group plaque bristle tuft FIG 11- FIG ー species preferred embodiment 13 of the present invention. 内部清洁元件230组可为由模内エ艺(IMT)形成的刷毛,其中刷毛组一端被熔合在一起且熔合端在刷头制造过程中被插入模腔内。 Bristles within the interior cleaning elements 230 may be set by arts die Ester (IMT) is formed, wherein an end of the bristle group are fused together and the fused end is inserted into the mold cavity in the head manufacturing process.

[0074] 图15示出处于其打开位置的部分224、226。 [0074] FIG. 15 is shown in its partially open position 224. 图15省略了一些清洁元件以提供对如何安装清洁元件的更好的理解。 Figure 15 omits some of the cleaning elements to provide a better understanding of how to mount the cleaning elements. 如其中所示,牙斑刷毛(plaque bristle) 2¾呈被插入刷毛容器236中的单孔234中的刷毛束或簇的形式。 As shown therein, the plaque bristles (plaque bristle) 2¾ form the bristle container 236 is inserted into the hole 234 in the bristle bundles or tufts. 内部清洁元件230组为安装在IMT容器238中的IMT刷毛。 Internal cleaning element 230 is set IMT bristles mounted in IMT container 238. 该IMT容器238可由软质柔性弾性体材料与铰链轴222 —体制成, 如图15所示。 The IMT containers 238 may be made of a soft flexible material and the Tan hinge shaft 222 - SYSTEM as shown in Figure 15.

[0075] 如图11-图13所示,刷毛容器236未完全延伸至刷头214的远端。 As shown in [0075] FIG 11- FIG 13, the bristle container 236 does not extend fully to the distal end 214 of the head. 因此,在刷头的每个侧面设置侧板对0,所述侧板240与刷毛容器236纵向邻接且与容器238相对设置用于完成容器238的剩余长度,从而使得沿刷头214的侧面形成平滑的轮廓。 Thus, the head is provided on each side of the 0 side, the side plate 240 and bristle container 236 and the container 238 and longitudinally adjacent opposite provided for completion of the remaining length of the container 238, so that the side surface 214 is formed along the brush head smooth contours. 侧板240还可由软质柔性弾性体材料制成。 Side plates 240 may also be made of a soft flexible material Dan.

[0076] 如图11-图12中最佳示出,每行IMT刷毛230使其刷毛彼此隔开或交错以使得每个部分的倾斜IMT刷毛可装配在另ー个部分的相邻IMT刷毛的间隔之间。 [0076] As shown in FIG 11- FIG 12 best shown, each row of IMT bristles 230 so that the bristles spaced apart or staggered so that the inclined IMT bristles of each section may fit in the other portions ー adjacent IMT bristles spacing between.

[0077] 尽管图11-图15示出清洁元件的优选方式为牙斑刷毛和IMT刷毛,但是任何适当形式的清洁元件可被用作如前所述的清洁元件2¾和230。 [0077] Although FIG 11- FIG 15 illustrates a preferred embodiment of the cleaning elements plaque bristles and IMT bristles, any suitable form of cleaning elements may be used as the cleaning element 230 as described above and 2¾. 因此术语“清洁元件”旨在用于一般意义,其可包括常规的纤维刷毛或者按摩元件或其它形式的清洁元件,例如以圆形横截面形状或包括平直部分或正弦曲线部分的任何所需形状布置的弾性体指部或壁部。 The term "cleaning element" is intended for the general sense, which may include conventional fiber bristles or massage elements or other forms of cleaning elements, for example, any desired cross-sectional shape or comprising a circular flat portion or sinusoidal portion to Tan body arranged in the shape of the finger portion or wall portion. 在刷毛使用的地方,通过延伸穿过成簇区段的适当的开ロ使得刷毛的基底被安装在成簇区段内或其下面,刷毛可被安装到成簇区段或部分上。 Where bristles use, extending through an appropriate opening ro clustered segments such that the bristles is mounted within the substrate or below tufting zone, the bristles can be mounted to a portion or segment clusters.

[0078] 相似地,应该理解清洁元件的具体图示示例仅为示例目的。 [0078] Similarly, it should be understood that the specific illustration of an example of cleaning elements for illustrative purposes only. 可使用相同或不同清洁元件构造的不同組合(例如扎成束的刷毛或模内エ艺刷毛,无锚固エ艺(AFT)刷毛等) 和/或使用相同的刷毛或清洁元件(例如尼龙刷毛、螺旋形刷毛、橡胶刷毛等),实施本发明。 May use different combinations of the same or different cleaning element configurations (e.g., bristles or bristles Ester arts die tied into bundles, anchor free Ester Yi (AFT) bristles, etc.) and / or with the same bristle or cleaning elements (such as nylon bristles, spiral bristles, rubber bristles, etc.), embodiments of the present invention. 相似地,虽然图2示出清洁元件通常垂直于刷头214的外表面,但是清洁元件中的ー些或全部可相对于刷头214的外表面成不同角度。 Similarly, while Figure 2 illustrates the cleaning elements generally perpendicular to the outer surface of the head 214, but the cleaning elements ー some or all of the outer surface of the head 214 with respect to the different angles. 因此有可能选择清洁元件构造、材料和取向的組合以实现具体的预期結果,从而提供附加的口腔保健利益,如增强的清洁性能、牙齿增光、牙齿增白和/或齿龈按摩。 Thus it is possible to select a combination of cleaning element configurations, materials and orientations to achieve specific intended results, to provide additional oral health benefits, such as enhanced cleaning performance, credit teeth, tooth whitening and / or massaging the gums.

[0079] 刷柄212可由常规的硬质塑性材料制成,然而其可包括与刷头214靠近的软质弹性体部分对2。 [0079] The handle 212 may be formed of conventional hard plastic material, however, it may include a soft elastomer section 214 near the head of the two. 刷毛容器236、236也可由硬质塑性材料制成,而侧板240和IMT容器238由软质弾性体材料制成。 Bristle containers 236, 236 can be made of a hard plastic material, and the side plates 240 and IMT containers 238 are made of a soft material Dan. 通过使刷毛容器236与IMT容器238相对安装,刷毛容器236及其清洁元件2¾随着响应IMT刷毛230与牙齿接触而移动的IMT容器238 —起移动。 By making the bristle container 236 and IMT containers 238 mounted opposite the bristle containers 236 and their cleaning elements with the response 2¾ container IMT IMT bristles 230 contacting the teeth moved 238-- move together. 如有所需,刷毛容器236还可由软质弾性体材料制成。 If desired, the bristle containers 236 may also be made of a soft material Dan.

[0080] 尽管图11-图13示出手动操作的牙刷,本发明还可被实施,其中刷头包括ー个或多个承载清洁元件的动カ或电动操作的活动部分。 [0080] Although FIG 11- FIG 13 shows a manually operated toothbrush, the present invention may also be practiced where the head includes one or more movable part ー grades or electrically operated movable cleaning element carrier. 图16示出包括具有清洁元件的动カ驱动活动圆盘或部分250的牙刷210A,与牙刷IOA和IlOA的活动部分相似。 Figure 16 shows activity comprising a movable disc drive or ka 210A toothbrush having a cleaning element portion 250, and the toothbrush IOA IlOA activities similar parts.

Claims (11)

1. 一种牙刷,包括:刷柄012),安装到所述刷柄上的刷头014),所述刷头具有纵向轴线.一入,与所述纵向轴线共线延伸的脊部022),其将所述刷头(214)分成一对与所述脊部连接的并排纵向部分0对、2沈),所述脊部(222)受限于所述刷头范围内;每个所述部分上的从所述部分沿远离所述纵向轴线的方向向外延伸的多个清洁元件030、2观),所述多个清洁元件包括一组内部清洁元件(230)和一组外部清洁元件0观), 所述内部清洁元件组O30)为模内工艺刷毛,所述外部清洁元件组0¾)为安装在单行内的牙斑刷毛,且所述脊部(22¾形成由弹性材料制成的铰链轴,所述铰链轴起到弹簧的作用,由此所述部分(224、226)可从和向初始位置进行枢转,其中所述每组模内工艺刷毛(230)被安装在朝向所述刷头014)的远端延伸的模内工艺容器038)中,且所述每组牙斑刷毛被安装在 1. A toothbrush comprising: a handle 012), mounted to the brush head on the brush handle 014), the head having a longitudinal axis into a ridge portion and the longitudinal axis 022 which extends collinear). that the brush head (214) into a pair of longitudinal side by side with the part 0 ridges connected Shen 2), the ridge (222) is limited within the range of the head; each of a plurality of cleaning elements extending from 030,2 View direction away from said longitudinal axis along a portion of said portion of the outwardly), a plurality of cleaning elements comprise a set of internal cleaning element (230) and a set of external cleaning View element 0), the inner cleaning element group O30) within a bristle-molding process, the outer cleaning element group 0¾) of plaque bristles mounted in a single line, and the ridge portion (22¾ made of elastic material is formed the hinge shaft, the hinge shaft acts as a spring, whereby the portion (224, 226) and can be pivoted from the initial position, wherein each said bristle-molding process (230) is mounted towards the in-mold process vessel brushhead 014) extending the distal end 038), the bristles and the plaque is mounted in each 毛容器036)内,所述刷毛容器(236)沿每个所述部分的所述模内工艺容器的侧面设置并与所述模内工艺容器连接,所述模内工艺容器比所述刷毛容器从所述刷柄(21¾延伸得更远,侧板(MO)与每个所述刷毛容器纵向邻接且与所述模内工艺容器相对设置用于完成每个所述部分上的所述模内工艺容器的剩余长度从而在每个所述部分处形成所述刷头的平滑连续的外侧面。 Inner hair container 036), said bristle container (236) is provided and connected to the inner side surface of the molding process of the container along said inner portion of said mold in each process vessel, the in-mold process vessel than the bristle container from said handle (21¾ extends further, within the mold portion on each of said side plates (MO) longitudinally adjacent to each said bristle container and the inner container are provided for the molding process is completed the remaining length of the process vessel to form a smooth continuous outer surface of the brush head in each of the portion.
2.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述内部清洁元件组(230)具有的末端(232)朝向由所述脊部(22¾形成的所述铰链轴逐渐变细,使得每组所述内部清洁元件组O30)的相邻的所述末端(23¾在所述刷头(214)处于其初始位置时彼此形成钝角。 2. The toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein the hinge axis of the inner cleaning elements (230) having a distal end (232) toward a ridge portion formed by the (22¾ tapered, such that each of the form an obtuse angle with each other when the inner end of the cleaning element group O30) adjacent (23¾ in the brush head (214) in its initial position.
3.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述外部清洁元件组0¾)比所述内部清洁元件组(230)更长。 3. A toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein the outer cleaning element group 0¾) longer than the internal cleaning elements (230).
4.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述内部清洁元件组(230)在每个内部组内具有彼此隔开的间隙,且所述组内的所述间隙相对于彼此偏移以形成交错图案。 4. The toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein said inner set of cleaning elements (230) spaced apart with a gap from each other in the interior of each group, and the gap within the set are offset relative to each other to form staggered pattern.
5.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述模内工艺容器O30)由软质柔性材料制成。 5. The toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein the in-mold process vessel O30) is made of a soft flexible material.
6.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述侧板O40)由软质柔性材料制成。 6. The toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein said side plates O40) is made of a soft flexible material.
7.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述模内工艺容器(238)与所述脊部(22¾成一整体,且所述刷毛容器由硬质塑性材料制成。 7. The toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein the in-mold process vessel (238) with the ridge (22¾ integral, and the bristle container is made of a hard plastic material.
8.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述内部清洁元件组(230)被安装在内部容器内, 且所述外部清洁元件组被安装在外部容器内,所述外部容器沿所述内部容器的侧面设置并与所述内部容器连接。 8. A toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein said inner set of cleaning elements (230) are mounted within the interior of the container, and the outer group of cleaning elements is mounted within the outer container, the outer container along the inner side of the container is provided and connected to the inner container.
9.根据权利要求8所述的牙刷,其中所述内部容器由软质柔性材料与脊部一体制成。 9. The toothbrush of claim 8, wherein said inner container is made of a soft flexible material integrally with the ridge.
10.根据权利要求8所述的牙刷,其中所述内部容器比所述外部容器远离所述刷柄向外延伸更远的距离,且每个所述部分具有侧板,所述侧板与所述外部容器纵向邻接且与所述内部容器相对设置用于完成所述内部容器的剩余长度从而在每个所述部分处形成所述刷头的平滑连续的外侧面。 10. The toothbrush according to claim 8, wherein the inner container than said outer handle extending outwardly away from said container a further distance, and each said portion having a side plate with the longitudinally adjacent said outer container and the inner container are provided for completing the remaining length of the inner container so as to form a smooth continuous outer surface of the brush head in each of the portion.
11.根据权利要求1所述的牙刷,其中所述刷柄包括凹进的握持部分。 11. A toothbrush according to claim 1, wherein said handle comprises a grip portion recessed.
CN 200810212985 2002-08-09 2003-08-08 Flexible dome toothbrush CN101357023B (en)

Priority Applications (11)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US40217002P true 2002-08-09 2002-08-09
US40216202P true 2002-08-09 2002-08-09
US60/402,170 2002-08-09
US60/402162 2002-08-09
US60/402,162 2002-08-09
US60/402170 2002-08-09
US40267002P true 2002-08-12 2002-08-12
US60/402670 2002-08-12
US60/402,670 2002-08-12
CN03824060.22003.08.08 2003-08-08
CN03824060.2 2003-08-08

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KR (1) KR101011308B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101357023B (en)
AU (2) AU2003259079B2 (en)
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CA (2) CA2495026C (en)
MX (3) MX343715B (en)
WO (1) WO2004014181A1 (en)

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AU2003259079B2 (en) 2010-09-23
KR101011308B1 (en) 2011-01-28
CA2495026C (en) 2014-09-30
WO2004014181A1 (en) 2004-02-19
CA2858709A1 (en) 2004-02-19
CN101357023A (en) 2009-02-04
MX354782B (en) 2018-03-21
BR0313316A (en) 2005-06-14
AU2010257380A1 (en) 2011-01-20
EP1534100A4 (en) 2011-12-07
MX343715B (en) 2016-11-18
CA2495026A1 (en) 2004-02-19
AU2003259079A1 (en) 2004-02-25
EP1534100A1 (en) 2005-06-01
MXPA05001586A (en) 2005-04-25
KR20050065524A (en) 2005-06-29
AU2010257380B2 (en) 2012-07-05

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