CN101262135B - Parallel non-interrupted power supply system - Google Patents

Parallel non-interrupted power supply system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101262135B
CN101262135B CN2007100858972A CN200710085897A CN101262135B CN 101262135 B CN101262135 B CN 101262135B CN 2007100858972 A CN2007100858972 A CN 2007100858972A CN 200710085897 A CN200710085897 A CN 200710085897A CN 101262135 B CN101262135 B CN 101262135B
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China
Prior art keywords
power supply
connector
uninterruptible power
provider
parallel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2007100858972A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101262135A (en
Inventor
林鸿杰
谢东宏
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Delta Electronics Inc
Delta Optoelectronics Inc
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Delta Optoelectronics Inc
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Priority to CN2007100858972A priority Critical patent/CN101262135B/en
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Publication of CN101262135B publication Critical patent/CN101262135B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a parallel type uninterruptible power supply system which is connected with a power supply and a load, wherein, a first connector of a power distribution circuit, a second connector of a plurality of uninterruptible power supplies and a third connector of a plurality of transmission lines are respectively provided with a plurality of first conductive structures and a plurality of second conductive structures; when the second conductive structure of the third connector and the second conductive structure of the first connector or the second conductive structure of the first connector are separated, the second conductive structures are first mutually separated, which makes that pull-down lines of the corresponding uninterruptible power supplies generate trigger signals to a controller and stop the operation of the uninterruptible power supplies and causes that the third connector is separated from the first connector or the second connector safely, and the corresponding uninterruptible power supplies are maintained or replaced. The parallel type uninterruptible power supply system can maintain and replace failure uninterruptible power supplies safely and have the effect that another uninterruptible power supply can still supply power, thereby having great industrial value.

Description

Parallel non-interrupted power supply system
Technical field
The present invention relates to non-interrupted power supply system, particularly a kind of parallel non-interrupted power supply system.
Background technology
(Uninterruptible Power Supply UPS) is a kind of device that is connected between power supply and the load to uninterruptible power supply provider.Described power supply can be the alternating current (AC) that direct civil power (commercial AC power supply) or process conversion process are crossed.And the main purpose of uninterruptible power supply provider is to work as power supply just often, in advance with electrical power storage in storage battery, when power supply takes place when unusual, the electric energy that storage battery is stored is used for promptly providing load operation required energy, to guarantee the normal operation of load.
For more effective, more safely protect the important electron device, non-interrupted power supply system has been guaranteed the normal operation of various electronic installations by widespread usage.Wherein, more being the selection of the best at the line style parallel non-interrupted power supply system.
See also Fig. 1, it is the configuration diagram of existing known parallel non-interrupted power supply system.As shown in Figure 1, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 10 frameworks comprise power supply 11, first uninterruptible power supply provider 12, second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 and block terminal (distribution box) 14.Wherein, block terminal 14 inside comprise switching circuit 141, and described switching circuit is made up of two switch modules 142 and 143.
During switch module 142 conductings in block terminal 14 internal switch circuit 141 of first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13, receive the alternating current that power supply 11 provides via switch module 142 respectively, treat that first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and 13 pairs of input AC electricity of second uninterruptible power supply provider carry out after rectifying and wave-filtering etc. handles, to produce the output energy respectively, and the switch module 143 of block terminal 14 in switching circuit 141 switches to when being connected with the output of first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13, be used for receiving the output energy that first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 are produced, and provide operating energy according to the demand of load 15.
Because the inside built-up circuit of first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 is identical, only explanations are proposed below therefore with first uninterruptible power supply provider 12.Please consult Fig. 1 again, as shown in Figure 1, uninterruptible power supply provider 12 mainly comprises AC/DC converter (AC/DC converter) 121, charging circuit (charger) 122, battery (battery) 123, DC-DC converter 124 and AC/DC converter (DC/AC converter) 125.
AC/DC converter 121 is used for receiving the alternating current that power supply 11 provides, and converts described alternating current to the direct current form.Described charging circuit 122 is electrically connected with described AC/DC converter 121, be used to receive the direct voltage of described AC/DC converter 121 outputs, and convert described direct voltage to described battery 123 required direct voltage, so that described battery 123 is charged.
When the civil power normal power supply, after the alternating current that power supply 11 provides converts direct voltage to through described AC/DC converter 121, see through on the one hand described charging circuit 122 and convert described direct voltage to described battery 123 required direct voltage, so that battery 123 is charged; Then convert ac output voltage to through described AC/DC converter 125 on the other hand, the switch module 143 via described switching circuit 141 exports load 15 to again.
When civil power interrupts, transfer to described AC/DC converter 125 after then boosting via described DC-DC converter 124 by described battery 123 output dc voltages, again after described AC/DC converter 125 is converted to ac output voltage, export load 15 to by the switch module 143 of switching circuit 141.
Since between first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 for being arranged in parallel, therefore when wherein one when breaking down, must earlier switch module 142 be closed to make between power supply 11 and first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 and open circuit, and switch module 143 switched to bypass (Bypass) loop, directly provide to load 15 with the alternating current that power supply 11 is provided, make the distribution of receiving the fault uninterruptible power supply provider not charged, the uninterruptible power supply provider of fault could be removed parallel system so that maintenance.Though above-mentioned mode can reach the purpose that safety is changed the uninterruptible power supply provider that damages; but because the load 15 of this moment is directly to be provided by the output in bypass (Bypass) loop; thereby make load 15 can't be subjected to the protection of any continuous power supply unit, in case and then make that load 15 can't normal operation when power supply 11 generations were unusual.
See also Fig. 2, it is the configuration diagram of another kind of existing known parallel non-interrupted power supply system.As shown in Figure 2, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 10 frameworks comprise power supply 11, first uninterruptible power supply provider 12, second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 and block terminal 14 equally, and add a no-fuse switch (Breaker) 144 respectively be connected to the wiring of first uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 13 on block terminal 14 before.
For framework shown in Figure 2, when wherein uninterruptible power supply provider 12 or 13 broke down, another uninterruptible power supply provider still can provide load 15 power supplys.But when keeping in repair, must earlier the no-fuse switch 144 that is connected to fault uninterruptible power supply provider 12 or 13 be cut off, make the distribution of receiving fault uninterruptible power supply provider 12 or 13 not charged, just the uninterruptible power supply provider 12 or 13 of fault can be removed so that keep in repair in non-interrupted power supply system 10.
The shortcoming of framework shown in Figure 2 is to use no-fuse switch 144, and employed no-fuse switch 144 must can cut off all live ends.For example, if the input of uninterruptible power supply provider 12 and 13 has the live wire and the neutral line (Line and Neutral), then the no-fuse switch 144 of Shi Yonging must have 2 polarity (poles).In addition, the cost of no-fuse switch 144 is high and take up space.
Therefore, how to develop a kind of parallel non-interrupted power supply system that improves above-mentioned prior art shortcoming, real in pressing for the problem of solution at present.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of parallel non-interrupted power supply system; it is by first connector of power distribution circuit; second connector of uninterruptible power supply provider and the 3rd connector of transmission line have a plurality of first conductive structures and short a plurality of second conductive structures of more described first conductive structure of length respectively; when second conductive structure is separated in the connector of the connector of transmission line and power distribution circuit or uninterruptible power supply provider; the pull-down circuit of the uninterruptible power supply provider of described transmission line correspondence will produce triggering signal to controller; to stop the uninterruptible power supply provider running; make transmission line safe escape power distribution circuit or uninterruptible power supply provider; and carry out the described uninterruptible power supply provider of maintain and replace correspondence; when carrying out the uninterruptible power supply provider maintenance to solve traditional non-interrupted power supply system; load is directly provided and can't be subjected to the problem of any uninterruptible power supply provider protection by the output of bypass loop; and traditional non-interrupted power supply system must cut off all live ends when using no-fuse switch and just can make the distribution that connects the fault uninterruptible power supply provider not charged, and the cost of no-fuse switch is high and shortcoming such as take up space.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides a kind of parallel non-interrupted power supply system, it is connected with power supply and load, and it comprises: power distribution circuit, it is connected with described power supply and described load, and has a plurality of first connectors; A plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers, it has controller, second connector and pull-down circuit respectively, and described pull-down circuit is connected with described controller and described second connector; A plurality of transmission lines, its two ends have the 3rd connector, are used for being connected with described first connector of described power distribution circuit and described second connector of described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers respectively; Wherein, described first connector, described second connector and described the 3rd connector have a plurality of first conductive structures and a plurality of second conductive structure respectively, when being separated when described first connector of described the 3rd connector or with described second connector, break away from mutually earlier between described a plurality of first conductive structures that will be more corresponding between described second conductive structure of described second conductive structure of described the 3rd connector and described second conductive structure of described first connector or described second connector, make the described pull-down circuit of the described uninterruptible power supply provider of its correspondence produce a triggering signal to described controller, described controller will stop described uninterruptible power supply provider running according to the driving of this triggering signal, make described first connector of the described first conductive structure safe escape or described second connector of described the 3rd connector, and carry out the described uninterruptible power supply provider of maintain and replace correspondence.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1, the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system commonly known in the art;
Fig. 2, the configuration diagram of another kind of known parallel non-interrupted power supply system in the prior art;
Fig. 3, the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system first preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 A, the isolating construction schematic diagram of connector shown in Figure 3;
Fig. 4 B, the combining structure schematic diagram of connector shown in Figure 3;
Fig. 4 C, the part isolating construction schematic diagram of connector shown in Figure 3;
Fig. 5, the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system second preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6, the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system the 3rd preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7, the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system the 4th preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Main description of reference numerals is as follows in the accompanying drawing:
Parallel non-interrupted power supply system 10,30,50,60,70;
Power supply 11,21;
First uninterruptible power supply provider 12,32,52;
Second uninterruptible power supply provider 13,33,53;
Block terminal 14,31,51,61,71;
Switching circuit 141;
Switch module 142,143;
AC/DC converter 121,321,521;
Charging circuit 122,322,522;
Battery 123,323,523;
DC-DC converter 124,324,524;
AC/DC converter 125,325,525;
Load 15,22;
No-fuse switch 144;
Diverter switch 311,511;
First connector 312,313,512,513;
Controller 326,526;
External communication ports 327,337,527;
Pull-down circuit 328,528;
Second connector 3291,3292,5211,5311;
Transmission line 341,342,35,54,55;
Male seat 41;
The first metal clamping part 411;
The second metal clamping part 412;
Rib 413;
Female seat 42;
Guide rail 421;
Guide groove 422;
Power line 414,424;
Holding wire 415,426;
First conducting strip 423;
Second conducting strip 425.
Embodiment
Embodying some exemplary embodiments of feature of the present invention and advantage will introduce in the back segment explanation in detail.Be understood that the present invention can have various variations on different execution modes, its neither disengaging protection scope of the present invention, and explanation wherein and be shown in essence for illustrative purposes only usefulness, and be not to be used to limit the present invention.
See also Fig. 3, it is for the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system first preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 3, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 30 of the present invention is connected with power supply 21 and load 22, be used to receive the alternating current that power supply 21 provides, main purpose is to work as power supply 21 just often, in advance with the part electrical power storage in non-interrupted power supply system 30, when power supply 21 generations were unusual, the electric energy that non-interrupted power supply system 30 is stored in advance were used for promptly providing load 22 runnings required energy, to guarantee the normal operation of load 22.
In the present embodiment, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 30 is made up of power distribution circuit, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32, second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 and 341,342 of a plurality of transmission lines.
Wherein, power distribution circuit is good with block terminal 31, first connector 312 and 313 that its inside comprises diverter switch 311 and is arranged at block terminal 31 outputs and input respectively.
Because the built-up circuit of first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 and all identical, only explanations are proposed below therefore with first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 with the annexation of block terminal 31 and transmission line 341,342.
Please consult Fig. 3 again, as shown in Figure 3, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 mainly comprises AC/DC converter 321, charging circuit 322, battery 323, DC-DC converter 324, AC/DC converter 325, controller 326, external communication ports 327, pull-down circuit 328 and second connector 3291 and 3292.Wherein, AC/DC converter 321 mainly receives the alternating current that power supply 21 provides via second connector 3291 of input, and convert described alternating current to the direct current form, 322 of charging circuits are electrically connected with AC/DC converter 321, be used to receive the direct voltage of AC/DC converter 321 outputs, and convert described direct voltage to battery 323 required direct voltage so that battery 323 is charged.
As for, 324 of DC-DC converters are when power supply 21 is unusual, with the direct voltage that receives by battery 323 outputs, and transfer to AC/DC converter 325 after described direct voltage boosted, be converted to ac output voltage after export load 22 to through AC/DC converter 325 again by second connector 3292 of output.
Controller 326 is connected with second connector 3292 of AC/DC converter 321, charging circuit 322, DC-DC converter 324, AC/DC converter 325, external communication ports 327, pull-down circuit 328 and output, the output voltage that is used to control the running of AC/DC converter 321, charging circuit 322, DC-DC converter 324, AC/DC converter 325 and monitors first uninterruptible power supply provider 32.
The input of first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and output respectively by transmission line 341 and 342 with the electric connection of block terminal 31 outputs and input, and the two ends of transmission line 341 and 342 have the 3rd connector (not shown) respectively, transmission line 341 can be connected with first connector 312 of block terminal 31 outputs and second connector 3291 of first uninterruptible power supply provider, 32 inputs, and transmission line 342 then is connected with first connector 313 of block terminal 31 inputs and second connector 3292 of first uninterruptible power supply provider, 32 inputs.
See also Fig. 4 A, it is the structural representation of connector shown in Figure 3.Shown in Fig. 4 A, the 3rd connector of transmission line 341 and 342 1 ends and first connector 312,313, and the structure between the 3rd connector of the transmission line 341 and 342 other ends and second connector 3291,3292 is set to the fixing that cooperatively interacts of form with male seat 41 and female seat 42.Kenel as for configuration can be according to the actual demand adjustment, for example: the 3rd connector of transmission line 341 and 342 1 ends can be male seat 41 design and first connector 312,313 can be female seat 42 designs, and the 3rd connector of the transmission line 341 and 342 other ends can be female seat 42 designs and second connector 3291,3292 can be male seat 41 designs.And no matter connector is that male seat 41 or female seat 42 designs all need and will contract in the charged part, pulls out transmission line 341 or can touch live terminal at 342 o'clock and meet accident to prevent the user.
In the present embodiment, transmission line 341 and 342 can be power transmission line (power cord), and male seat 41 shown in Fig. 4 A and female seat 42 have a plurality of first conductive structures and a plurality of second conductive structure respectively.Wherein, first conductive structure of male seat 41 can be the first metal clamping part 411, the one end is respectively applied for clamping power line 414, and second conductive structure to be length more described second short metal clamping part 412 of the first metal clamping part 411, the same holding wire 415 of one end clamping of described a plurality of second metal clamping parts 412 makes 412 of described a plurality of second metal clamping parts be connected to each other (shown in Fig. 4 C).
And described a plurality of first conductive structures of female seat 42 can be first conducting strip 423, the one end is respectively applied for clamping power line 424, and a plurality of second conductive structures can be second conducting strip 425, the same holding wire 426 of one end clamping of a plurality of second conducting strips 425 makes 425 of a plurality of second conducting strips be connected to each other (shown in Fig. 4 A and Fig. 4 C).
After male seat 41 and female seat 42 connections, first conducting strip 423 will be connected with the first metal clamping part 411, and second conducting strip 425 will be connected (shown in Fig. 4 B) with the second metal clamping part 412; Otherwise, when male seat 41 and female seat 42 breaks away from, will separate with the first metal clamping part 411 than first conducting strip 423 between second conducting strip 425 and the second metal clamping part 412 in advance.See also Fig. 4 C, it shows when the distance of separation between male seat 41 and the female seat 42 is L, has finished between second conducting strip 425 and the second metal clamping part 412 and has separated.
In order to prevent that the user from pulling out transmission line 341 or can touch live terminal at 342 o'clock and meet accident, first metal clamping part 411 of male seat 41 and first conducting strip 423 of the second metal clamping part 412 and female seat 42 and second conducting strip 425 all are arranged at enclosure interior, and for male seat 41 and female seat 42 can firmly be combined, have a plurality of ribs 413 on the male seat 41, female seat 42 then has guide rail 421 and guide groove 422 structures, when both are plugged on a time-out a plurality of ribs 413 are inserted in the corresponding guide rail 421 and guide groove 422, so that male seat 41 and female seat 42 firmly are plugged on together (shown in Fig. 4 B) respectively.
Please consult Fig. 3 again, a signal terminal is connected with resistor R 1 in second connector 3291 of first uninterruptible power supply provider 32, and another signal terminal then is connected with pull-down circuit 328.Therefore, when the 3rd connector at transmission line 341 two ends is plugged in second connector 3291 of first connector 312 of block terminal 31 and first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 respectively, first connector 312 of block terminal 31, transmission line 341 and the resistor R 1 that is connected with second connector 3291 and 328 of pull-down circuits will form a loop, and voltage source will transmit 5V voltage to resistor R 1.
The circuit structure and the connected mode of second connector 3292 of first connector 313, transmission line 342 and first uninterruptible power supply provider, 32 outputs that comprised as for block terminal 31 inputs, all second connector 3291 with above-mentioned first connector 312, transmission line 341 and first uninterruptible power supply provider, 32 inputs is identical, so do not repeat them here.
When the two ends of transmission line 341 and 342 all normally are plugged on the block terminal 31 and first uninterruptible power supply provider 32, will be via first connector 312 of block terminal 31, transmission line 341 and the resistor R 1 that is connected with second connector 3291 and 328 formed loops of pull-down circuit, transmit the voltage signal of 5V to pull-down circuit 328 by resistor R 1 end, and pull-down circuit 328 will transmit the voltage signal of 5V to controller 326, and controller 326 will judge that operating all at present normally keeps 32 normal operations of first uninterruptible power supply provider according to this voltage signal this moment.
Otherwise, when if the user pulls out an end of transmission line 341 or 342, owing to will separate with the first metal clamping part 411 than first conducting strip 423 between second conducting strip 425 of the described connector that the present invention uses and the second metal clamping part 412 in advance, therefore the second metal clamping part 412 of male seat 41 will break away from female seat 42 (shown in Fig. 4 C) earlier than the first metal clamping part 411, when in case the second metal clamping part 412 of male seat 41 breaks away from second conducting strip 425 of female seat 42, first connector 312 or 313 of block terminal 31, transmission line 341 or 342 and can't form a loop with second connector 3291 or 3292 resistor R that are connected 1 and 328 of pull-down circuits, make pull-down circuit 328 will transmit the voltage signal of 0V to controller 326, controller 326 will judge that described first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 takes place unusual according to this voltage signal (being the driving of triggering signal) this moment, and will produce control signal control AC/DC converter 321 and AC/DC converter 325 decommissions, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 is decommissioned, make the output of block terminal 31 can not transmit electric current to the first uninterruptible power supply provider 32.Therefore, when the first metal clamping part 411 of male seat 41 breaks away from first conducting strip 423 of female seats 422, because no current and will can not produce arc discharge phenomenon (promptly producing spark), thereby can be safely first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 of fault be removed.
Hence one can see that, and for being arranged in parallel, therefore when wherein one when breaking down, load 22 can continue to provide voltage by an other uninterruptible power supply provider 32 or 33 between first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33.And, can be safely the uninterruptible power supply provider 32 or 33 of fault be removed parallel system and repair so that send as long as the transmission line 341 or 342 that the uninterruptible power supply provider 32 or 33 of fault is connected to block terminal 31 removes.
As for, the block terminal 31 inner diverter switches 311 that are provided with are mainly used in to switch to when first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and/or 33 normal operations of second uninterruptible power supply provider first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and/or second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 are electrically connected with load 22 through connector 313, the required voltage of load 22 runnings to be provided and when power supply 21 generations are unusual, to continue power supply, to guarantee the normal operation of load 22; Otherwise, when if first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 all damage, switch module 311 will switch to bypass (Bypass) loop, even also power supply 21 directly is connected with load 22, directly provide to load 22 with the alternating current that power supply 21 is provided.Wherein, pull-down circuit 328 can be made up of resistor R 2 and electric capacity, but not as limit.
In addition, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 include external communication ports 327 and 337 respectively, mainly come to transmit about the state of its internal circuit running and relevant data signals uninterruptible power supply provider to the other side for first uninterruptible power supply providers 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 by signal transmssion line 35, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 can be linked up, with the required energy of equalization of incidence load 22 mutually; Perhaps, when any uninterruptible power supply provider can't operate, transmit signal by external communication ports 327 and 337 and make the another one uninterruptible power supply provider adjust the supply of its energy.
See also Fig. 5, it is for the structural representation of parallel non-interrupted power supply system second preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 5, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 50 is connected with power supply 21 and load 22 equally, and form by block terminal 51, first uninterruptible power supply provider 52, second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 and transmission line 54 and 55, and the inside built-up circuit of first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 is identical in fact.
Wherein, circuit framework, design principle and the purpose that can reach of AC/DC converter 521, charging circuit 522, battery 523, DC-DC converter 524, AC/DC converter 525, controller 526, external communication ports 527 and pull-down circuit 528 that first uninterruptible power supply provider, 52 inside comprise and effect all have been specified in first preferred embodiment introduction, so do not repeat them here.
In the present embodiment, block terminal 51 inside also comprise first connector 512 and 513 that is arranged at output and input respectively except diverter switch 511, and transmission line 54 and 55 two ends all have the 3rd connector.As for, first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 have one second connector 5211 and 5311 respectively, because the built-up circuit of first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 and all identical, only explanations are proposed below therefore with first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 with the annexation of block terminal 51 and transmission line 54,55.
Certainly, the present invention's first connector 512 and 513, second connector 5211 and 5311, and the 3rd connector uses connector construction shown in Fig. 4 A, Fig. 4 B, Fig. 4 C equally.The discrepancy of the present embodiment and first preferred embodiment is, product manufacturer can be arranged at the voltage input end and the output of uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and 53 with on a connector, so the 3rd connector of first connector 512 and 513 of block terminal 51, transmission line 54 and 55 and second connector 5211 and 5311 inside of first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 all need have the end points that is used for transmitting input voltage and output voltage simultaneously.Like this, only need to be connected between first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and the block terminal 51, and only need to be connected between second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 and the block terminal 51 by a transmission lines 55 by a transmission lines 54.
When the two ends of transmission line 54 all normally are plugged on second connector 5211 of the block terminal 51 and first uninterruptible power supply provider 52, will be via first connector 511 of block terminal 51, transmission line 54 and the resistor R 1 that is connected with second connector 5211 and 528 formed loops of pull-down circuit, transmit the voltage signal of 5V to pull-down circuit 528 by resistor R 1 end, and pull-down circuit 528 will transmit the voltage signal of 5V to controller 526, and controller 526 will judge that operating all at present normally keeps 52 normal operations of first uninterruptible power supply provider according to this voltage signal this moment.
Otherwise, when if the user pulls out an end of transmission line 54, owing to will separate with the first metal clamping part 411 than first conducting strip 423 between second conducting strip 425 of the described connector that the present invention uses and the second metal clamping part 412 in advance, therefore the second metal clamping part 412 of male seat 41 will break away from female seat 42 (shown in Fig. 4 C) earlier than the first metal clamping part 411, when in case male seat 41 second metal clamping parts 412 break away from female seat 42 second conducting strips 425, first connector 512 of block terminal 31, transmission line 54 and the resistor R 1 that is connected with second connector 5211 and 528 of pull-down circuits can't form a loop, make pull-down circuit 528 will transmit the voltage signal of 0V to controller 526, controller 526 will judge that described first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 takes place unusual according to this voltage signal (also being the driving of triggering signal) this moment, and will produce control signal control AC/DC converter 521 and AC/DC converter 525 decommissions, first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 is decommissioned, make the output of block terminal 51 can not transmit electric current to the first uninterruptible power supply provider 52.Therefore, when the first metal clamping part 411 of male seat 41 breaks away from first conducting strip 423 of female seats 42, because no current and will can not produce arc discharge phenomenon (also promptly producing spark), thereby can be safely first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 of fault be removed.
Hence one can see that, between first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 for being arranged in parallel, therefore when wherein one when breaking down, load 22 can continue to provide voltage by an other uninterruptible power supply provider 52 or 53, and, can be safely the uninterruptible power supply provider 52 or 53 of fault be removed parallel system and repair so that send as long as the transmission line 54 or 55 that fault uninterruptible power supply provider 52 or 53 is connected to block terminal 51 removes.
Please consult Fig. 6 again, it is the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system the 3rd preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 6, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 60 is connected with power supply 21 and load 22, and form by block terminal 61, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32, second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 and 341,342 of a plurality of transmission lines, and have first connector 312 and 313 in the block terminal 61.Wherein, first connector 312 of block terminal 61 and 313, first uninterruptible power supply provider 32, second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 and the circuit design principle of transmission line 341,342 and the purpose that can reach and effect all have been specified in first preferred embodiment introduction shown in Figure 3, so do not repeat them here.
In the present embodiment, the not design in bypass (Bypass) loop of block terminal 61.When first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and/or second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 just often, the required voltage of load 22 runnings will be provided by first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and/or second uninterruptible power supply provider 33; Otherwise,, make the load 22 can't normal operation if first uninterruptible power supply provider 32 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 33 all take place will not have any voltage and be sent to load 22 when unusual.
Please consult Fig. 7 again, it is the configuration diagram of parallel non-interrupted power supply system the 4th preferred embodiment of the present invention.As shown in Figure 7, parallel non-interrupted power supply system 70 is connected with power supply 21 and load 22, and form by block terminal 71, first uninterruptible power supply provider 52, second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 and transmission line 54 and 55, and have first connector 512 and 513 in the block terminal 71.Wherein, first connector 512 of block terminal 71 and 513, first uninterruptible power supply provider 52, second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 and the circuit design principle of transmission line 54,55 and the purpose that can reach and effect all have been specified in second preferred embodiment introduction shown in Figure 5, so do not repeat them here.
In the present embodiment, the not design in bypass (Bypass) loop of block terminal 71.When first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and/or second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 just often, the required voltage of load 22 runnings will be provided by first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and/or second uninterruptible power supply provider 53; Otherwise,, make the load 22 can't normal operation if first uninterruptible power supply provider 52 and second uninterruptible power supply provider 53 all take place will not have any voltage and be sent to load 22 when unusual.
In sum, parallel non-interrupted power supply system of the present invention is by first connector of power distribution circuit, second connector of uninterruptible power supply provider and the 3rd connector of transmission line have a plurality of first conductive structures and short a plurality of second conductive structures of more described first conductive structure of length respectively, when second conductive structure is separated in the connector of the connector of transmission line and power distribution circuit or uninterruptible power supply provider, the pull-down circuit of the uninterruptible power supply provider of described transmission line correspondence will produce triggering signal to controller, to stop the charger running of not cutting off the power supply, make transmission line safe escape power distribution circuit or uninterruptible power supply provider, and carry out the described uninterruptible power supply provider of maintain and replace correspondence, can reach safe repair and replacement uninterruptible power supply provider and load can continue power supply by another uninterruptible power supply provider.
In a word, parallel non-interrupted power supply system of the present invention has industrial value, and therefore proposes patent application in accordance with the law.
One of ordinary skill in the art of the present invention when carrying out modifying as all according to spirit of the present invention and principle, and right protection range of the present invention is as the criterion with defining of appended claims.

Claims (12)

1. a parallel non-interrupted power supply system is connected with power supply and load, it is characterized in that, includes:
Power distribution circuit, it is connected with described power supply and described load, and has a plurality of first connectors;
A plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers, it has controller, second connector and pull-down circuit respectively, and described pull-down circuit is connected with described controller and described second connector; And
A plurality of transmission lines, its two ends have the 3rd connector, are used for being connected with described first connector of described power distribution circuit and described second connector of described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers respectively;
Wherein, described first connector, described second connector and described the 3rd connector have a plurality of first conductive structures and a plurality of second conductive structure respectively, when being separated when described the 3rd connector and described first connector or with described second connector, break away from mutually earlier between described a plurality of first conductive structures that will be more corresponding between described second conductive structure of described second conductive structure of described the 3rd connector and described second conductive structure of described first connector or described second connector, make the described pull-down circuit of the described uninterruptible power supply provider of its correspondence produce a triggering signal to described controller, described controller will stop described uninterruptible power supply provider running according to the driving of described triggering signal, make described first connector of the described first conductive structure safe escape or described second connector of described the 3rd connector, and carry out the described uninterruptible power supply provider of maintain and replace correspondence.
2. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described power supply is used to provide alternating current.
3. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described power distribution circuit is a block terminal, be used for the described alternating current that described power supply provides is sent to described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply provider, and the alternating current that described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply provider is exported is sent to described load.
4. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described power distribution circuit also includes diverter switch, it is connected with described power supply, described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers and described load, when described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers all damage, described diverter switch makes described power supply be connected with described load switching, and the described alternating current that described power supply is provided directly provides to described load.
5. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers also include AC/DC converter, charging circuit and battery respectively;
Described AC/DC converter is used to receive the described alternating current that described power supply provides, and converts described alternating current to direct current;
Described charging circuit is connected with described AC/DC converter, is used for converting described direct voltage to described battery required direct voltage, so that described battery is charged.
6. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply provider also includes DC-DC converter and AC/DC converter respectively, described DC-DC converter is connected with described battery, be used for when described power supply is unusual, the described direct voltage of described battery output is boosted and transfer to described AC/DC converter, be sent to described load to convert alternating current to.
7. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply provider also includes external communication ports respectively, and it is connected with described controller, and links up by signal transmssion line and other described uninterruptible power supply provider.
8. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described the 3rd connector of described transmission line one end and described first connector, and described the 3rd connector of the described transmission line other end and the structure between described second connector be set to the fixing that cooperatively interacts of form with male seat and female seat, and wherein said male seat and described female seat will contract in the charged part.
9. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, described a plurality of first conductive structures of described male seat are the first metal clamping part, the one end is respectively applied for the clamping power line, and described a plurality of second conductive structure to be length more described second short metal clamping part of the first metal clamping part, the same holding wire of one end clamping of described a plurality of second metal clamping parts makes between described a plurality of second metal clamping part to be connected to each other; And described a plurality of first conductive structures of described female seat are first conducting strip, the one end is respectively applied for clamping one power line, and described a plurality of second conductive structure is second conducting strip, the same holding wire of one end clamping of described a plurality of second conducting strips makes between described a plurality of second conducting strip to be connected to each other.
10. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, when described male seat with after described female seat is connected, described first conducting strip will be connected with the described first metal clamping part, described second conducting strip will be connected with the described second metal clamping part; When described male seat and described female seat break away from, between described second conducting strip and the described second metal clamping part more described first conducting strip is separated with the described first metal clamping part in advance.
11. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that, when described second connector of described first connector of described the 3rd connector of described a plurality of transmission lines and described power distribution circuit and described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers is connected, described second connector, resistor and the described pull-down circuit of described transmission line, described non-interrupted power supply system will form the loop.
12. parallel non-interrupted power supply system as claimed in claim 11, it is characterized in that, when described second connector of described first connector of described the 3rd connector of described a plurality of transmission lines and described power distribution circuit or described a plurality of uninterruptible power supply providers breaks away from, described the 3rd connector and described first connector, or described the 3rd connector and described second connector, will more described first conducting strip between described second conducting strip that comprises and the described second metal clamping part with the described first metal clamping part between separate in advance, make the described pull-down circuit of the described uninterruptible power supply provider of its correspondence will produce described triggering signal to described controller, to stop described uninterruptible power supply provider running, make described first connector of described the 3rd connector safe escape or described second connector, and carry out the described uninterruptible power supply provider of maintain and replace correspondence.
CN2007100858972A 2007-03-09 2007-03-09 Parallel non-interrupted power supply system Expired - Fee Related CN101262135B (en)

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