CN101252777A - Method for realizing user routing - Google Patents

Method for realizing user routing Download PDF

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CN101252777A
CN101252777A CN 200810084568 CN200810084568A CN101252777A CN 101252777 A CN101252777 A CN 101252777A CN 200810084568 CN200810084568 CN 200810084568 CN 200810084568 A CN200810084568 A CN 200810084568A CN 101252777 A CN101252777 A CN 101252777A
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user
network
home network
mobility management
management entity
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CN 200810084568
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101252777B (en )
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丁兆明
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for realizing user routing. The method is used for a mobile communication system comprising a mobility management entity MME, visited network subscription user positioning function SLF-A, visited network intercommunication function IWF-B, home network subscriber positioning function SLF-B, and a home network user server HSS/HLR. When the MME or IWF detects that interaction with the HSS/HLR of a given user is required to be performed, the network address information of next hop can be obtained through the way that number analysis is performed to the identification information of the user in the local area or the way that the subscription user positioning function SLF is inquired, and a request message is sent to the network address information, the network address information can be visited network intercommunication function IWF address information, home network intercommunication function IWF address information or home network user server address information, and is finally routed to the HSS/HLR.

Description

一种实现用户路由的方法技术领域本发明涉及移动通信系统,尤其涉及移动通信系统的架构演进中一种实现用户路由的方法。 TECHNICAL FIELD realizing user route invention relates to a mobile communication system, and particularly relates to a method for a mobile communication system architecture evolution in realizing user routing. 背景技术随着新技术的不断涌现,3GPP ( 3rd Generation Partnership Project,第三代合作伙伴计划)在未来移动通信领域系统架构演进中需要考虑通过从无线接口到核心网络的持续演进和增强,以便在未来十年内保持3GPP在移动通信领域的技术先发优势,为运营商和用户不断增长的需求提供满意的支持。 BACKGROUND With the emergence of new technologies, 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project, Third Generation Partnership Project) in the future mobile communications system architecture evolution to be considered by the wireless interface to the continued evolution of the core network and enhanced in order keeping 3GPP technology in the field of mobile communications within the next decade, first-mover advantage, to provide satisfactory support for the operators and users of the growing demand. 面向全IP的分组i或核心网的演进项目(System Architecture Evolution, SAE 即系统架构演进),现在更名为EPS ( Evolved Packet System,演进分组系统) 正是在这样的背景下启动的。 IP project for the whole evolution of the core network or packet i (System Architecture Evolution, SAE System Architecture Evolution that is), now known as EPS (Evolved Packet System, evolved packet system) it is launched in this context. SAE的目标是"制定一个具有高数据率、低延迟、数据分组化、支持多种无线接入技术为特征的具有可移植性的3GPP系统框架结构"。 SAE goal is to "develop a high data rate, low latency, packet data, supporting multiple radio access technologies portability 3GPP system frame structure is characterized by." SAE网络具有支持端到端的QoS (Quality of Service,月良务质量)保证、 全面分组化、支持多接入技术、增加对实时业务的支持、网络层次扁平化等特点。 QoS (Quality of Service, May good service quality) SAE networks with end to end support to ensure a comprehensive grouping, supporting multiple access technology, adding support for real-time business, network hierarchy flattening features. SAE网络进一步实现了控制面与用户面数据的分离,新增网元移动性管理实体MME ( Mobility Management Entity)作为承接控制面用户数据的网络功能体,MME具有支持漫游、鉴权、承载管理等功能。 SAE network control plane is further achieved the separation of the user plane data, the new network function NE mobility management entity MME (Mobility Management Entity) as a control plane receiving user data, the MME has a support roaming, authentication, bearer management Features. MME与归属签约用户服务器HSS( Home Subscriber Server )之间的S6a接口,参见图1A, 提供了用户数据、鉴权数据的下载等功能。 MME and the home subscriber S6a interface, see FIG. 1A between a subscriber server HSS (Home Subscriber Server), it provides the user data, authentication data download capabilities. 目前标准组织经过讨论后明确S6a接口采用Diameter协议,但需要MME同时支持与不同运营商不同阶段不同版本的HSS实现互通。 After discussing the current standards organizations S6a clear interface uses the Diameter protocol, but need to interconnect with the MME supports different versions of different operators at different stages of HSS. 类型,主要用于区分不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR功能,表明了其支持的协议类型, 定义了如下几种HSS类型:(1 ) Rel-8版本独立HLR(Home Location Register,归属位置寄存器): 仅向Rel-8版本SGSN和Rel-8版本GGSN提供基于MAP协议的Gr+接口;(2 )前Rel-8版本HSS/HLR:仅向前Rel-8版本SGSN和前Rel-8版本GGSN提供基于MAP协议的Gr接口;(3 ) Rel-8版本HSS:主要指向MME提供基于Diameter协议的S6a接口。 Type, mainly used to distinguish different versions of stages HSS / HLR function, indicating its support for the protocol type defines the following HSS types: (1) Rel-8 version independent HLR (Home Location Register, Home Location Register) : only-based MAP protocol Gr + interface to a Rel-8 version SGSN and Rel-8 version GGSN; (2) prior to Rel-8 version HSS / HLR: only Rel-8 version SGSN and before Rel-8 version GGSN forwards to provide Gr interface based MAP protocol; (3) Rel-8 version HSS: S6a interface provides MME directed primarily based on Diameter protocol. 根据上述对HSS类型的定义,不同版本的HSS支持的接口协议也不相同:如传统的运营商,其经营的HSS类型一4殳为前Rel-8版本HSS/HLR或Rel-8版本独立HLR,仅支持面向MAP的接口协议;对于运营商新部署的SAE网络,Rel-8版本的HSS可以支持面向Diameter的接口协议;但如果运营商间签署的漫游协议不支持Diameter协议,例如支持MAP协议,则此种场景下MME不能实现与HSS直"t妻互通。为此,标准组织引入了互通功能IWF(Interworking Function)用于不同网络协议间的映射,解决Diameter协i义与MAP协议之间的映射,以便实现MME与不同类型的HSS互通,满足不同运营商的需求。MME通过IWF与不同类型的HSS实现互通的场景参见图1B。在图IB中:IWF面向Rel-8版本独立HLR或前Rel-8版本HSS/HLR,类似于SGSN (ServiceGSN,服务GPRS支持节点,是核心网侧负责移动性管理的网元) 的功能提供基于MAP的接口协议,使用Gr/Gr+ The definition of the types of HSS, HSS different versions supported interface protocol is not the same: such as conventional carriers, which type of operating a HSS 4 is a front Shu Rel-8 version HSS / HLR or Rel-8 version independent HLR only support for the MAP interface protocol; for operators newly deployed SAE network, Rel-8 version of the HSS can support for the Diameter interface protocol; but if the roaming agreements between operators signed does not support the Diameter protocol, such as support for MAP protocol , such a scenario the MME and the HSS can not be achieved straight "t wife exchange. for this purpose, the standard organization is introduced interworking function IWF (interworking function) for mapping between different network protocols, co i solve Diameter mAP protocol between the sense and mapping, in order to achieve the MME and the HSS interworking of different types to meet the needs of different operators .MME see FIG. 1B by the IWF interworking scenarios with different types of the HSS in FIG. IB:. IWF for Rel-8 version independent HLR or pre-Rel-8 version of the HSS / HLR, similar to the SGSN (ServiceGSN, serving GPRS support node, core network side network element is responsible for mobility management) functions to provide a MAP-based interface protocol, using Gr / Gr + 接口; IWF面向MME, IWF 类似于HSS的功能提供基于Diameter的接口协议,使用S6a接口。 IWF内部完成了Diameter协议与MAP协议之间的转换功能,所述Diameter协议是应用于MME和HSS之间的S6a接口协议,所述MAP协议是应用于MME 和HSS/HLR之间的Gr/Gr+接口协议。如果运营商间签署了基于7号信令的漫游协议,则MME与Rel-8版本HSS之间需要经过至少两个IWF互转,IWF 之间提供基于MAP的接口协议,使用Gr+接口。但是标准组织没有进一步明确IWF的部署方式,也就是说IWF的部署方式由运营商自己决定,同时也没有说明消息的路由机制。 一般地,IWF 的部署方式大致可以分为分布式部署和集中式部署两种方式:所谓分布式部署在本发明中指IWF可以分别位于MME侧和HSS侧进行部署,IWF可以独立部署,也可以集成于MME或HSS中;所谓集中式部署在本发明中指IWF进行独立部署,并由第三方进行控制。 Interface;. MME for the IWF, the IWF function similar HSS Diameter interface-based protocol, using internal S6a interface IWF completed Diameter protocol conversion between the MAP protocol, the Diameter protocol is applied between the MME and the HSS the S6a interface protocol, the MAP protocol is applied Gr / Gr + interface protocol between the MME and the HSS / HLR. If the inter-operator roaming agreements signed based SS7, the MME and the HSS Rel-8 version inter need to go through at least two IWF conversion, providing a MAP-based interface protocol between the IWF, using Gr + interface standards organization, but did not further clarify the IWF deployment, that deployment of the IWF decided by the operators themselves, but also message routing mechanism is not described in general, the deployment IWF can be divided into centralized and distributed deployment deployment in two ways: the so-called distributed deployment in the present invention may be located in the middle IWF and the MME side HSS deployed side, respectively, IWF It can be deployed independently or may be integrated in the HSS MME; so-called independent centralized deployment IWF deployment of the present invention in the middle, controlled by a third party. 进一步地,无论采用何种部署方式,MME和HSS同时集成IWF除夕卜, MME在向对端发送请求消息时,面临是否需要将消息经IWF才殳递到对端或直接投递到对端的选择。同样地,IWF在接收到来自MME的请求消息时, 也面临是否需要将转换后的消息经IWF投递到对端或直接投递到对端的选择,即所述MME和IWF需要面对路由选择的问题。 Further, regardless of what kind of deployment, while the MME and the HSS Eve Bu integrated IWF, the MME in the peer to send a request message, whether the message needs to be faced by the IWF only Shu handed or delivered directly to the end of the selected peer. Similarly, IWF upon receiving a request message from the MME, the message also face the need to IWF converts the delivered or delivered directly to the peer to peer selection, i.e., the IWF and the MME need to face the problem of routing . 综上所述,现有技术存在的问题是:MME如何选择用户3各由? In summary, in the prior art question is: How MME selected by the user 3 each? 即MME是否需要经过IWF访问用户所属HSS; IWF如何选择用户路由? That MME need to go through IWF access user belongs HSS; IWF how to select a user route? 即IWF在接收到来自MME的请求消息后, 是否需要将转换后的消息再次经IWF投递到用户所属HSS。 I.e. IWF after receiving a request message from the MME, whether to re-convert the message delivered to the user via the IWF belongs HSS. 发明内容本发明所要解决的技术问题在于,提供一种实现用户路由的方法,克服现有技术中存在的问题,实现不同网络协议之间用户路由的选择。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The technical problem to be solved is to provide a method for routing user implemented to overcome the problems in the prior art, to achieve the user's route selection between different network protocols. 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供了一种通过SLF查询实现用户路由的方法,使MME或IWF通过SLF查询或用户号码分析获耳又一个合适的网络^各由地址,实现MME或IWF的用户^各由选择。 To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a method for routing user queries implemented by SLF, IWF, or by making SLF MME queries or subscriber number analysis is eligible ear and a suitable network address of each ^, implement user MME or the IWF ^ each of choice. 本发明提供一种实现用户路由的方法,用于包括:移动性管理实体MME、拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF-A、拜访网络互通功能IWF-A、归属网络互通功能IWF-B、归属网络签约用户定位功能SLF-B、归属网络用户服务器HSS/HLR的移动通信系统,该方法包括:移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络用户服务器HSS进行交互时,#4居该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息并向该网络地址信息发送请求消息,该网络地址信息是拜访网络互通功能IWF地址信息、或归属网络互通功能IWF地址信息、或归属网络用户服务器地址信息;当所述的下一跳是拜访网络互通功能的时候,所述拜访网络互通功能在收到所述请求消息,检测到需要与该给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时 The present invention provides a method for implementing a user's route, the method comprising: the MME Mobility management entity, the visited network subscriber location function SLF-A, visited network interworking function IWF-A, the home network interworking function IWF-B, the home network subscription user location function SLF-B, a home network subscriber server HSS / HLR of a mobile communication system, the method comprising: a mobility management entity MME detects that it needs home network subscriber server HSS with a given user's interaction, the # 4 ranking the mode user identification information analyzed by the local number of the visited network or query subscriber location function SLF way to get the network address information of the next hop and the network address information transmission request message, the network address information of the visited network interworking function IWF address information, the network interworking function IWF or home address information, or the user home network server address information; when the next hop is visited network interworking function, when the visited network interworking function upon receipt of the request message, detecting when the need to interact with the subscriber server for a given user's home network 根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息并向该网络地址信息发送请求消息,该网络地址信息是归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息;当所述的下一跳是归属网络互通功能的时候,所述归属网络互通功能在收到所述请求消息,检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询归属网络签约用户定位功能的方式得到归属网络用户服务器地址信息并向所述归属网络用户服务器发送请求消息。 The embodiment of the user identification information analyzed by the local number of the visited network or query subscriber location function mode obtained network address information of the next hop and the network address information transmission request message, the network address information is the home network interworking function address information or the subscriber home network server address information; when the next hop is the home network interworking function, when the home network interworking function upon receipt of the request message, the home detection requires the given user user interaction network server, subscriber location function according to the embodiment of the user identification number information analyzed by the local home network or query way to get the user home network server address information to the home network server sends a request message to the user. 其中,所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF-A和/或归属网络签约用户定位功能SLF-B中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 Wherein said visited network subscriber location function SLF-A and / or home network subscriber location function SLF-B in the subscriber server is arranged to support capability indication S6a interface based on the operator's roaming agreement and the home network, and the operations Suppliers of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information. 其中,所述移动性管理实体MME、和/或拜访网络互通功能IWF-A、和/或归属网络互通功能IWF-B中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 Wherein the MME mobility management entity, and / or the visited network interworking function IWF-A, and / or home network interworking function IWF-B are arranged based on the operator's roaming agreement and the subscriber home network server supports the S6a interface the ability to instruct, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information. 上述各个网元中配置基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,究竟哪个网元上进行配置是可以组合的,其各种组合也是在本发明保护范围内。 Capability of the respective network element is configured based on the operator's roaming subscriber and the home network protocol supported by the server S6a interface an indication whether a configuration which may be combined with the NE that various combinations are within the scope of the present invention. 进一步地,所述移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR进行交互时,若采用所述查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则移动性管理实体得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:MME向所述拜访网络SLF-A发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述拜访网络SLF-A,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向移动性管理实体MME返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体且用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,或者用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回用户所 Furthermore, when the mobility management entity MME detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network subscriber server HSS / HLR interact, if the query using the subscriber visited network positioning function manner, the mobility management entity to obtain the network address of the next hop information comprises: MME to the visited network transmits SLF-a carries the user identifier given user query request message; the visited network SLF-a, according to the query request message the user's user ID and queries for local mobility management entity MME returns a query result, the query: if the query request message from the mobility management entity and the user locally, and based on the configuration information to the user support server subscriber belongs to the home network interface protocol between the mobility management entity or not local users, and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol allows roaming agreement and its supported network protocols , the user is returned to the mobility management entity 归属网络签约用户服务器的地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器不支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,则向移动性管理实体返回一个本地网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议仅允许使用用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体 The home network subscription address of the server user; if the query request message from a mobility management entity, and the user is not local, and configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol, and roaming agreements are not it allows the use of supported network protocols, the mobility management entity returns to the subscriber visited network address of an interworking function; if the query request message from the mobility management entity and the user locally, and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscription user interface protocol between the server does not support the mobility management entity, the interworking function returns the address of a local network to the mobility management entity; If the query request message from the mobility management entity, and the user is not local, and based on the configuration information user belongs to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity to support different protocols and interfaces roaming agreement allows only the user home network belongs to a user subscription network protocol supported by the server, the mobility management entity to 返回一个用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用移动性管理实体所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回一个用户归属网络的互通功能地址。 Returns a subscriber visited interworking function address of the network; and if the query request message from a mobility management entity, and the user is not local, and configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support different interface protocols and Roaming protocol allows a network protocol supported by the mobility management entity, the interworking function returns the address of a user's home network to the mobility management entity. 进一步地,所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向移动性管理实体返回查询结果的步骤进一步包括:如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能查询得知移动性管理实体到用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则在发送给移动性管理实体的响应消息中返回多个路由地址,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由。 Further, the visited network subscriber locally querying step of positioning function and the mobility management entity returns query results according to the query request further comprises a message in the user's user ID: if the query request message from a mobility management entity, the visited network subscriber location function queries a mobility management entity that the user belongs to the home network subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, in response to the message sent to the mobility management entity of the plurality of return routing address, said routing address is a sequential relation, successively specified as the next hop message routing network element. 进一步地,所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,若采用所述查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则拜访网络互通功能得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:拜访网络互通功能向所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向拜访网络互通功能返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自拜访网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则不向拜访网络互通功能返回网络地址;如果查询请求消息来自拜访网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息 Further, the visited network interworking function receives the request message, detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network server for user interaction, if the query mode subscriber visited network using the positioning function, the call network interworking function to obtain the address information of the next hop network comprises: a subscriber visited network interworking function positioning function given user message carrying the user identification query request message to the visited network; the visited network subscriber location function when returning query results based on the query request message in the local user's user ID and the visited network interworking function query, the query: if the query request message from the visited network interworking function and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscription subscriber server and a mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol allows roaming agreement and its supported network protocols, the network address is not returned to the visited network interworking function; if the query request message from the visited network interworking function and the configuration information based on the 用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向拜访网络互通功能返回用户归属网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自拜访网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,则向拜访网络互通功能返回用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器地址。 User belongs to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity to support the same interface and protocol roaming agreement does not allow it to support the network protocol, the interworking function to the visited network returns the user home network address of the interworking function; if the query request message from visited network interworking function and the configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support different protocol interfaces the user belongs to the home network, visited network to the interworking function returns the user belongs to the home network subscriber server address. 进一步地,所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,若采用所述查询归属网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则归属网络互通功能得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:归属网络互通功能向所述归属网络签约用户定位功能发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述归属网络签约用户定位功能,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向归属网络互通功能返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自归属网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,或者基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议但漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则 Further, the home network interworking function receives the request message, detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network server for user interaction, if the query mode subscriber home network using the positioning function, the home network interworking function to obtain the address information of the next hop network comprises: a home network interworking function subscriber location function transmits user carries the user identifier of the given query request message to the home network; the home network subscriber location function , according to the query request message for the user's user ID and queries a local home network interworking function returning query results, query: if the query request message from the home interworking function and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscription subscriber server and a mobility management entity to support different interface protocols or configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol, but it does not allow the roaming protocol supported network protocol is the user belongs to the home network, 归属网络互通功能返回归属网络签约用户服务器地址。 Home network interworking function returns home network subscriber server address. 进一步地,移动性管理实体^r测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,若采用所述通过本地进行号码分析的方式,则得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:移动性管理实体根据用户的请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地分析查询:如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议,或者用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议, 则确定下一跳的网络地址为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器的地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协 Further, the mobility management entity ^ r measured when it needs to interact with the user given the user's home network server, if locally by way of the through number analysis, the obtained network address of the next hop information comprises the step of : mobility management entities local analysis query according to a user's request message the identifier of the user: if the mobility management entity query finds that the user locally, and based on the configuration information to a user relevant to the home network subscriber server and a mobility management entity supports the same interface protocol, or the user is not local, and configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity supports the user belongs to the same network interface protocol, and the home roaming agreement allows it supported network protocols, the next hop is determined network address belongs to the home network for the user address of the user subscription server; mobility management entity if the query finds that the user is not local, and based on the configuration information server and the subscriber mobility management entity to support the same interface for the user belongs to the home network co 且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器不支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个本地网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议仅允许用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器所支持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议允许移动性管理实体所 And roaming agreements do not allow the use of its supported network protocols, determine the network address of the next hop address for a user to visit a network interworking function; if the inquiry found that the mobility management entity in the local user, and based on the configuration information for the user belongs to a home interface protocol between the network server does not support subscriber mobility management entity, determining a next hop address of the interworking function network address of a local network; If the mobility management entity queries the local user is not found, and based on the configuration information subscriber server and a mobility management entity to which the user belongs home network protocols and interfaces to support different roaming agreement allows the user belongs to the home network user subscription network protocol supported by the server, the network address of the next hop is determined for a subscriber visited network interworking function address; mobility management entity if the query finds that the user is not local, and configuration information for the user based on the user belongs to the home network server and the mobility management entity to support different interface protocols and the roaming agreement allowing the mobility management entity 持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个用户归属网络的互通功能地址。 Holding network protocol, it is determined that the network address of the next hop address of the home network interworking function to a user. 进一步地,所述移动性管理实体根据用户请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地号码分析并确定下一跳网络地址的步骤进一步包括:所述移动性管理经本地号码分析,若确定移动性管理实体到用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则进一步确定转发请求消息所需的多个路由地址,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由。 Further, the mobility management entity according to a user requesting the user's user ID number for the local message and the step of analyzing the determined next-hop network address further comprises: the mobility management via the local number analysis, to determine if the Mobility Management belongs to the home network entity to the user subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, it is further required to determine a forwarding address request message to the plurality of routes, the routing address is sequential relationship, followed by next-hop network element specified message routing. 进一步地,所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,采用所述本地号码分析的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:所述拜访网络互通功能根据所述请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行如下本地分析查询:如果拜访网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则号码分析结果为空;如果拜访网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户归属网络的互通功能地址;如果拜访网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归 Furthermore, when the visited network interworking function receives the request message, it detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, number analysis using the local network address of the next hop manner to obtain the information comprising the step of: the visited network interworking function analysis follows local query message according to the request of the user in the user ID: If the visited network interworking function inquiry for the discovery of configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity supports the same interface protocol and roaming agreements allow the use of its supported network protocols, the number of results is empty; server and user mobility management entity to support interworking function if the inquiry found that the visited network configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network contract the same interface protocol and roaming agreements do not allow the use of its supported network protocols, a network address of the next address information for the user home network interworking function is determined; if the visited network interworking function inquiry found that the configuration information based on the user belongs return 网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户所属的归属网络签约用户服务器的地址。 Network subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support different interface protocols, network address information to a user belongs to the home network address of the user's subscription is determined at the server. 进一步地,所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,采用所述本地号码分析的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:所述归属网络互通功能根据所述请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行如下本地分析查询:如果归属网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,或者基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议但漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户所属的归属网络签约用户服务器的地址。 Furthermore, when the home network interworking function receives the request message, it detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, number analysis using the local network address of the next hop manner to obtain the information comprises: the home network interworking function analysis follows local query message according to the request of the user in the user ID: If the home network interworking function discovery query information based on the configuration of the server and the subscriber mobility management for the user belongs to the home network entity supports different interface protocols or configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol user belongs to the home network but roaming agreement does not allow it to support the network protocols, the network address information of the next one is determined subscriber server for the home network address of the user belongs. 进一步地,所述HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示是指运营商网络部署的不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR是否支持基于Diameter协议的S6a接口, 如果不支持S6a接口则表明其至少支持基于MAP协议的Gr或Gr+接口。 Further, the HSS / HLR supports S6a interface capability indication refers to different versions of the different stages of network operators to deploy HSS / HLR supports S6a interfaces based on Diameter protocol, if the interface does not support S6a indicates that it supports at least based on MAP or Gr Gr + interface protocol. 进一步地,所述用户的标识信息是指用户的国际移动设备标识IMSI。 Further, the user identification information is the user's International Mobile Equipment Identity IMSI. 本发明还提供另一种实现用户路由的方法,用于包括:移动性管理实体、拜访网络签约用户定位功能、拜访网络互通功能、归属网络互通功能、 归属网络签约用户定位功能、归属网络用户服务器的移动通信系统,该方法包括:移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式确认该移动性管理实体与归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则确定多个网元路由地址,并向所确定的第一跳路由地址发送请求消息,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由,该路由地址信息包括拜访网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息;若所述 The present invention further provides another method for implementing user route, the method comprising: a mobility management entity, subscriber location function visited network, the visited network interworking function, the home network interworking function, the home network subscriber location function, the user home network server mobile communication system, the method comprising: a mobility management entity MME detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network when the subscriber server HSS / HLR interact, perform number analysis by the local according to the user identification information of a manner or query visited network subscriber location function being confirmed that the mobility management entity of the home network subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, determining a plurality of routing network element address, and a first determined route hop sending an address request message, the routing address is sequential relation, successively specified as the next hop message routing network element, the routing address information includes address information of the visited network interworking function, or the address information of the home network interworking function, or home network subscriber server address information; if the 定的多个网元中的所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息, 检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息及下一跳网络地址发送请求消息,该下一跳网络地址信息是归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络用户服务器地址信息;若所述确定的多个网元中的所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息, 检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息及下一跳网络地址消息得到归属网络用户服务器地址信息并向所述归属网络签约用户服务器发送请求消息。 Said predetermined plurality of network elements in visited network interworking function receives the request message, when detection requires the user's home network for a given user to interact with the server, transmits the identification information according to the user's network address and the next hop request message, the network address information of the next hop is the home network address information of the interworking function, the user or the home network server address information; and the home network of a plurality of network interworking function if the determining element in the received request message, when the detection requires a contract with the given user's home network server for user interaction, the user home network server to obtain the address information according to the user identity information and network address of the next hop message to the home network subscriber server sends a request message. 进一步地,所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能和/或归属网络签约用户定位功能中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a 接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 Further, the visited network subscriber location function and / or a subscriber home network is configured with positioning function based on subscriber server operator roaming agreements and network support capability indication home S6a interface, and all users and operators in It is bound to a user's home network interworking function address and subscriber server address information. 进一步地,所述移动性管理实体、和/或拜访网络互通功能、和/或归属网络互通功能中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 Further, the mobility management entity and / or the visited network interworking function, and / or home network interworking function is arranged subscriber server based on the operator's roaming agreements and network support home S6a interface capability indication, and operation and Suppliers of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information. 进一步地,所述用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示是指运营商网络部署的不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR是否支持基于Diameter协议的S6a接口,如果不支持S6a接口则表明其至少支持基于MAP协议的Gr或Gr+接口。 Further, the user's home network subscriber server HSS / HLR support capability indication S6a interface refer to different versions of the operators at different stages of network deployment HSS / HLR supports S6a interfaces based on Diameter protocol, if the interface does not support S6a at least it indicates that it supports MAP protocol-based or Gr + Gr interfaces. 进一步地,所述用户的标识信息是指用户的国际移动设备标识IMSI。 Further, the user identification information is the user's International Mobile Equipment Identity IMSI. 本发明针对不同网络协议之间的用户路由问题,通过在SLF配置基于运营商的HSS类型和漫游协议,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS地址信息,为MME或IWF提供SLF查询,或在MME或IWF配置相同的数据信息并应用用户号码分析的方法实现MME与HSS之间的用户路由,从而达到了使MME与不同运营商不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR互通的目的。 The present invention is directed to a user issues between different network routing protocol by carrier-based configuration SLF type HSS and roaming agreements with the operator and all users in a user bound to the HSS address and IWF address information, provide for the MME or IWF SLF query the same data or configuration information in the MME and the IWF or application user number analysis method for implementing user route between the MME and the HSS, so as to achieve the MME and the different operators at different stages of different versions of HSS the purpose / HLR interworking. 附图说明图1A是MME与HSS之间直连的接口示意图; 图1B是MME经IWF与不同类型的HSS交互场景示意图; 图2A是本发明通过SLF查询实现用户路由的系统框架图; 图2B是本发明通过用户号码分析实现用户路由的系统框架图; 图3A是本发明MME通过SLF查询实现用户路由的流程图; 图3B是本发明IWF通过SLF查询实现用户路由的流程图;图3D是本发明IWF通过用户号码分析实现用户路由的流程图;图4A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询直接与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;路由实现用户注册的流程图;图5A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络的IWF,且IWF通过位于拜访网络的SLF查询与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;图5B是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于归属网络的IWF,且IWF通过位于归属网络的SLF查询与HSS^各由实现用户注册的 1A is a schematic view of the interface is directly connected between the MME and the HSS; FIG. 1B is a schematic view of the IWF and the MME via a different type of interaction scenarios HSS; FIG. 2A of the present invention is achieved by SLF query framework system of FIG user route; FIG. 2B the present invention is achieved by a subscriber number analysis of the system of FIG user routes the frame; FIG. 3A is a flowchart of the present invention MME queries implemented by the SLF user route; FIG. 3B is a flowchart of the present invention IWF route query by a user to achieve the SLF; FIG. 3D is IWF flowchart for the present invention by a subscriber number analysis route implemented; FIG. 4A is an embodiment of the MME for the present invention is applied by SLF and registered user queries HSS flowchart direct route; flowchart realize user registration route; FIG. 5A is for MME embodiment of the present invention by the application query SLF indirectly through located in the visited network IWF, and the IWF is achieved by a flowchart of user registration with the HSS query routing SLF located in the visited network; FIG. 5B is an embodiment of the MME for the present invention is applied by SLF query indirectly via located in the home network IWF, and the IWF located in the home network through a query ^ SLF and the HSS by the realization of every registered user 程图;图5C是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过IWF,图5D是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询获取多个网络地址间接通过一个IWF与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;图5E是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过用户号码分析间接通过图6A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF,且IWF分别通过其所属域的SLF查询与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;图6B是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF,且IWF分别通过用户号码分析与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;图6C是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询获取多个网络地址间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图;图6D是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过用户号码分析间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络 Chart; FIG. 5C is directed to embodiments of the MME by the present invention is applied indirectly through the IWF query SLF, it is directed to FIG. 5D MME embodiment of the invention is applied by SLF query to obtain a plurality of network addresses indirectly by a user with the HSS Routing Registry IWF flowchart; FIG. 5E MME embodiment is directed to the present invention is applied indirectly by analysis of the subscriber number is directed to FIG. 6A through MME embodiment of the present invention is applied indirectly via a query by SLF in the visited network and the home network of the IWF, respectively and the IWF SLF routing queries HSS which belongs to the domain user registration flowchart implemented; FIG. 6B is directed to embodiments of the MME by SLF present invention is applied indirectly via a query in the visited network and the home network of the IWF, and the IWF, respectively, with the HSS via the subscriber number analysis routing of user registration to achieve a flowchart; Figure 6C is an embodiment of the application for the MME queries the present invention by obtaining a plurality of network addresses of user registration SLF flowchart indirectly through located in the visited network and the home network routing the IWF and the HSS; 6D is for MME embodiment of the invention is applied indirectly by analysis in the visited and home networks via the subscriber number IWF,且IWF分别通过用户号码分析与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图。 A flowchart of a user registration IWF, and the IWF, respectively, achieved with the HSS subscriber number analysis route. 具体实施方式为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,以下结合附图对本发明作进一步地详细说明。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be described in further detail. 图2A是本发明通过SLF查询实现用户路由的系统框架图,所涉及的网络单元包括MME A301、 SLFA302、 IWF A303、 IWF A304、 SLF A305和HSS /HLR A306,其中需要新增IWF和SLF之间的接口,本文中定义为Di 接口, MME与SLF之间的接口为Ds接口, SLF A302与SLF A305分别位于用户拜访网络和归属网络。 2A is a system for implementing the present invention, the frame of FIG user query through the SLF routing, network elements involved include MME A301, SLFA302, IWF A303, IWF A304, SLF A305 and HSS / HLR A306, where the need to add between the IWF and SLF interface, herein defined as an interface between the interface Di, Ds is the MME interfaces with SLF, SLF SLF A302 and A305 are located at the subscriber visited network and the home network. 图2B是本发明通过用户号码分析实现用户if各由的系统框架图,所涉及的网络单元包括MMEB301、 IWFB302、 IWF B303和HSS/HLRB304, IWF B302与IWFB303分别位于用户拜访网络和归属网络。 2B is a user if the present invention is achieved through analysis of the subscriber number of each frame by the system of FIG network element involved include MMEB301, IWFB302, IWF B303 and HSS / HLRB304, IWF B302 are positioned with IWFB303 subscriber visited network and the home network. 进一步地,可以通过图2A和图2B的组合来实现用户^各由,例如,MME 通过查询SLF实现用户路由,IWF通过用户号码分析实现用户路由。 Further, it may be implemented by a combination of FIGS. 2A and 2B by a user respective ^, e.g., MME SLF routing achieved by querying the user, the user is routed through the IWF analysis achieved subscriber number. 为了便于描述,本文中"HLR"表示不支持S6a接口的归属用户服务器, 可以是Rel-8版本独立HLR或前Rel-8版本HSS/HLR,提供基于MAP协议的Gr接口或Gr+接口; "HSS"表示支持S6a接口的归属用户服务器,即Rel-8版本HSS,提供基于Diameter协议的S6a接口。 For convenience of description, herein, "HLR" indicates no support home subscriber server S6a interface can be pre Rel-8 version independent HLR or Rel-8 version of the HSS / HLR, to provide MAP protocol-based Gr interface or Gr + Interface; "HSS "expressed support for the home subscriber server S6a interface that Rel-8 version of the HSS, provided S6a interfaces based on Diameter protocol. 根据图2A和/或图2B所示的实现用户路由的系统框架图,实现MME 到用户所属HSS/HLR的可能路由路径包括如下几条:(1) 若用户在本地且用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,或用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,并且用户所属运营商与漫游地运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,则路由路径为MME直接路由至用户所属HSS;(2) 若用户在本地且用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,则路由路径为: MME经本地网络IWF路由至用户所属HLR;(3 )若用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口, 并且用户所属运营商与漫游地运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter 协议但允许使用MAP协议,则路由路径为:MME经拜访网络IWF、归属网络IWF路由至用户所属HSS;(4 )若用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS不支持S6a接口, 并且用户所属运营商与漫游地运营商之间的漫 Framework system according to FIG. 2A and implementing user routing / or FIG. 2B, the MME may achieve the user belongs routing path HSS / HLR comprises the several: (1) if the user belongs to the user and the local support HSS S6a interface or not in the local user and the user home network operator belongs HSS support S6a interface, and belongs to the roaming agreements between operators and users roam operator allows the Diameter protocol, the routing path is routed directly to the user belongs MME HSS; ( 2) If the user does not support the S6a interface locally and the user belongs to the HLR, the routing path is: MME via the local network IWF routed to a user belongs to HLR; (3) if the user is not local and the user home network operator belongs HSS support S6a interface, and the user belongs to a roaming agreement between the operator of the roaming operator is not allowed to use the Diameter protocol, but allows the use of the MAP protocol, the routing path is: MME IWF via a visited network, the home network is routed to the IWF user belongs HSS; (4) if not in the local user and the user belongs to the home network operator does not support the HSS S6a interface, and diffuse between the operator and the user belongs roam operator 游协议不允i午使用Diameter 协议但允许使用MAP协议,则路由路径为:MME经拜访网络IWF路由至用户所属HLR;(5 )若用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS不支持S6a接口, 并且用户所属运营商与漫游地运营商之间的漫游协议允许-使用Diameter协议,则路由路径为:MME经归属网络IWF路由至用户所属HLR。 L i swim protocol does not allow to use the Diameter protocol, but allows the use of the MAP protocol, the routing path is: MME routed through the visited network to which the user belongs IWF HLR; (5) If the user is not in the local user and the home network operator does not support the relevant HSS S6a interface , and belongs to the roaming agreements between operators and users roam operator allows - Diameter protocol is used, the routing path is: MME routed via the home network to which the user belongs IWF HLR. 针对上述几种^各由路径中,MME在接到用户的请求消息后,需要将请求消息发送到对端的归属签约用户服务器HSS/HLR,则MME、或拜访网络IWF、或归属网络IWF就需要转发该请求消息时获知下一跳的网络地址,确定下一跳网络地址的方式,可以包括如下方式:MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF查询本地网络中配置的对应SLF,该SLF中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示, 以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR地址信息,由SLF根据用户标识信息从其配置信息中查询得到MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF应^各由至的下一跳网络地址;或者,MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF自身配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS地址信息,由MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF根据用户 For each of the above several ^ path, the MME after receiving the user's request message, sends a request message to the needs of the home subscriber server-side HSS / HLR, then the MME, IWF, or the visited network, the home network or the IWF requires forwarding the request message to know the network address of the next hop, the next hop manner determined network address may include the following manner: MME, or visits IWF, or home IWF SLF corresponding to the query local network configuration, is disposed in the SLF ability of the operator's roaming agreements and HSS / HLR interface-based support S6a instructions, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the IWF address and HSS / HLR address information by the SLF according to the user identification information from obtain the configuration information inquiry MME, IWF, or visiting, or home IWF should ^ each to the next hop of the network address; or, MME, or visits IWF, or home IWF itself disposed on operator roaming agreements and HSS / HLR support S6a interface capability indication, as well as operators of all users bound to a user's address and HSS IWF address information from the MME, or visit the IWF, according to IWF or home user 识信息从自身的配置信息中利用号码分析确定其下一跳网络地址;在MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF通过查询SLF或者通过本地进4亍号码解析得到其下一跳网络地址后,可以将所收到的请求消息发送到下一跳网络地址,这样通过逐级网元最终将该请求消息发送到用户归属网络的签约用户服务器上;再由MME和HSS直接或间接通过IWF进4亍交互,完成相应地业务操作。 Analysis of the identification information to determine the next-hop network by using the address number from the own configuration information; parsed to obtain next hop network address by querying the SLF, or through a local number in the right foot into 4 MME, or visits IWF, or home IWF, can sends a request message to the next hop of the received network address, so that by the final stepwise NE request message to the user home subscriber server network; IWF through the inlet 4 directly or indirectly, from right foot HSS and MME that interacts business operations accordingly. 所述MME、或拜访IWF、或归属IWF可以二者择一的选择确定下一跳网络地址的方式,例如,三个网元可以都采用号码分析方式,也可以都采用查询SLF方式,还可以MME采用号码分析方式而IWF采用查询SLF方式, 或MME采用查询SLF方式而IWF采用号码分析方式,其它可能的方式组合也在本发明的保护范围,在此不再——列举。 With the MME, or visits IWF, or home IWF may alternatively determine the manner of selecting a next hop network address, e.g., the network element may be three numbers are used analytical methods may be employed are SLF query mode, also number analysis using MME IWF manner using SLF query mode, or using the query MME SLF manner IWF analysis mode using numbers, other possible combination of the protection scope of the present invention, which is not - exemplified. 为实现本发明MME或IWF查询签约用户定位功能SLF(Subscription Locator Function)获得路由信息,则需要在运营商网络所部署的签约用户定位功能SLF配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR 地址信息;同时,提供SLF与IWF之间的接口,为IWF才是供基于用户标识的数据查询服务;所述MME与SLF之间的接口,采用Ds接口,所述SLF 也为MME提供基于用户标识的数据查询服务。 In order to achieve the present invention, the MME or IWF query subscriber location function SLF (Subscription Locator Function) to get routing information is available, deployed in the operator's network subscriber location function SLF configured based on operator roaming agreements and HSS / HLR support S6a interface the ability to instruct, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the IWF address and HSS / HLR address information; the same time, provides an interface between the SLF and the IWF, is based on data for the user ID for the IWF queries; an interface between the MME and SLF, Ds using the interface, the MME SLF also provides data query service based on the user's identity. 所述SLF,用于提供用户归属网络地址,如HSS。 Said the SLF, for providing user home network address, such as HSS. SLF依据所配置的基于运营商之间的漫游协议和23HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示信息,为MME或IWF提供一个合适的路由地址,方法描述详见图3A和图3B。 SLF configured based on information indicating the roaming agreements between operators and capacity 23HSS / HLR supports S6a interface based on providing a routing address for the appropriate MME or the IWF, the method described in detailed in FIGS 3A and 3B. 则需要在MME和/或IWF配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a 接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR地址信息;所述MME与IWF之间采用S6a接口。 You need the ability to MME and / or IWF configuration is based on operator's roaming agreements and HSS / HLR interface support S6a instructions, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the IWF address and HSS / HLR address information ; using S6a interface between the MME and the IWF. MME或IWF依据所配置的基于运营商之间的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示信息进行用户号码分析,从而选择一个合适的路由地址,方法描述详见图3C和图3D。 Based on the ability of roaming agreements between operators and HSS / HLR S6a interface is configured to support the IWF according to the MME or the user instruction information number analysis, to select a suitable routing address, the method described in detailed in FIGS. 3C and 3D. 图3A是本发明MME通过SLF查询实现用户路由的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤A301,MME检测到其需要与给定用户归属网络HSS/HLR交互时, 必须查询用户签约数据的位置信息,即用户签约数据位于的HSS/HLR地址信息。 3A is a flowchart of the present invention MME queries implemented by the SLF routing a user, comprising the following steps: Step A301, when the MME detects that it needs home network HSS / HLR interaction with a given user, the user must query the location information of subscription data, i.e., user subscription data located HSS / HLR address information. MME向本地网络SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identitiy,国际移动用户标识)标识信息;步骤A302, SLF根据请求的用户标识查询本地数据库,其中SLF配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营行如下的步骤:如果用户在本地且用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,或用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,SLF返回用户所属HSS地址信息;如果用户在本地且用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口, SLF返回本地网络IWF地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议, SLF返回位于本地网络IWF (拜访网络IWF )地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支 MME sends a local network SLF Ds-SLF- query request message includes a user IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identitiy, international mobile subscriber identity) identification information; step A302, SLF queries the local database according to a user identification request, wherein the configuration based on the operator SLF ability a roaming agreement and the HSS / HLR supports S6a interface an indication, steps, and the operation line is as follows: if the user belongs to the local and the user HSS support S6a interface, or the user is not local and the user home network operator belongs HSS support S6a interface , and roaming agreements between operators to allow the use of the Diameter protocol, the SLF HSS returns the address information of the user belongs; if the user does not support the S6a interface and the user belongs to a local HLR, SLF returns the address information of the local network IWF; if the user is not in the local user and the home网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议, SLF返回位于本地网络IWF (拜访网络IWF )地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支 S6a冲妄口, 并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF返回用户拜访网络IWF地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支持S6a冲妻口, 并且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,SLF返回用户归属网络IWF地址信息;进一步地,如果SLF查询到MME到用户所属HSS/HLR之间的i青求消息需要途经多个网元,可以在响应消息中返回多个路由地址,如第一跳路由地址、第二跳路由地址、第三跳路由地址等等,该路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明了消息路由,使用方法详见具体实施例;步骤A303, SLF向MME返回Ds-SLF-响应应答消息,消息中包括查询到的下一跳网络地址信息,该网络地址信息是用户签约数据位于的HSS/HLR地址信息,或者IWF地址信息;步骤A304, MME根据获取的网络地址信息,向IWF或HSS发送基于Diameter协i义的S6a消息。图3B是本发明IWF通过SLF查询实现用户路由的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤B301, IWF-A检测到其需要与给定用户归属网络HSS交互时,必须查询用户签约数据的位置信息,即用户签约数据位于的HSS/HLR地址信息。 IWF-A向本地网络SLF发送Di-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI 标识4言息;步骤B302, SLF根据请求的用户标识查询本地数据库,其中SLF配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR地址信息,并执行如下的步骤:如果发送查询请求消息的IWF-A位于用户归属网络,SLF返回用户所属HSS/HLR地址信息;如果发送查询请求消息的IWF-A位于用户拜访网络,进一步执;f亍如下的步骤:如果用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF返回位于用户归属网络的IWF-B地址信息;如果用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,SLF返回一个异常响应,不包含网络地址信自•如果用户归属运营商所属H LR不支持S6a接口, SLF返回用户所属HLR 地址信息;步骤B303, SLF向IWF-A返回Di-SLF-响应应答消息,消息中包括查询到的下一跳网络地址信息,该网络地址信息是用户签约数据位于的HSS/HLR地址信息,或者IWF-B地址信息;步骤B304, MME根据获取的网络地址信息,向IWF-B或HLR发送经过IWF-A执行网络协议转换后的基于MAP协议的7号信令消息。图3C是本发明MME通过用户号码分析实现用户路由的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤C301, MME接收到来自用户的请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识信息,其中MME配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a 接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR地址信息,并执行如下的基于用户IMSI标识的号码分析步骤:如果用户在本地且用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,或用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,号码分析结果为用户所属HSS地址;如果用户在本地且用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,号码分析结果为本地IWF地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议, 号码分析结果为位于用 拜访网络的IWF地址;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支持S6a接口, 并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,号码分析结果为用户拜访网络IWF地址信息;如果用户不在本地且用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支持S6a 4^口, 并且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,号码分析结果为用户归属网络IWF地址信息;步骤C302, MME根据用户号码分析的结果,向IWF或HSS发送基于Diameter协议的S6a用户请求消息。图3D是本发明IWF通过用户号码分析实现用户路由的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤D301, IWF-A接收到来自MME或其它IWF的请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识信息,其中IWF-A配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF地址和HSS/HLR地址信息,并执行如下的基于用户IMSI 标识的号码分析步骤:如果IWF-A位于用户归属网络,号码分析的结果为用户所属HSS/HLR 地址;如果IWF-A位于用户拜访网络,进一步执行以下步骤:如果用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,号码分析结果为位于用户归属网络的IWF地址;如果用户归属网络运营商所属HSS支持S6a接口,且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,号码分析结果为空,即不存在一个可 的用户3各由地址;如果用户归属网络运营商所属HLR不支持S6a接口,号码分析结果为用户所属HLR地址;步骤D302, IWF-A根据用户号码分析的结果,向IWF-B或HLR发送经过IWF-A协议转换后的基于MAP协议的7号信令消息。本方明方法通过在SLF配置基于运营商的漫游协议和HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的IWF 地址和HSS/HLR地址信息,为MME或IWF提供SLF查询,或在MME或IWF配置相同的数据信息并应用用户号码分析的方法实现MME与HSS/HLR之间的用户路由,从而达到了使MME与不同运营商不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR互通的目的。为了进一步理解本发明的实质,结合具体的实施例对本发明作进一步阐述。图4A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询直接与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤A401, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HSS 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户所属HSS地址信息,执行步骤A402;步骤A402, MME向SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询请求消息,该请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤A403, SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议支持Diameter漫游,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302 的查询过程,返回用户所属HSS地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息, 响应消息中包括HSS地址信息;步骤A404, MME基于查询到的HSS地址,向用户所属HSS发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时保存HSS地址信息;步骤A405, HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息,如果HSS拒绝用户注册,MME清除HSS地址信息。图4B是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过用户号码分析直接与HSS 路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤B401, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,执行步骤B402;步骤B402, MME基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议支持Diameter 漫游,执行上述图3C步骤C301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为用户所属HSS地址,MME将号码分析得出的HSS地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤B403, MME向用户所属HSS发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息;步骤B404, HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息。图5A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络的IWF,且拜访网络IWF通过位于用户拜访网络的SLF查询与用户所属HLR路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤A501 , MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HLR执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HLR 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HLR地址信息,执行步骤A502;步骤A502, MME向拜访网络SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤A503, SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302 的查询过程,返回位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括用户拜访网络的IWF地址信息;步 A504, MME基于查询到的拜访网络IWF地址,向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时保存IWF地址信息;步骤A505, IWF没有检测到用户所属HLR的地址信息,向位于用户拜访网络的SLF发送Di-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤A506, SLF接收到来自IWF的Di-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口, SLF执行上述图3B步骤B302的查询过程,返回用户所属HLR地址,并向拜访网络IWF发送Di-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括用户归属网络所属HLR地址信息;步骤A507,拜访网络IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,并将查询到的HLR地址信息填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HLR,并保存用户所属HLR地址信息;步骤A508,用户归属网络HLR向拜访网络IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消 ;步骤A509,拜访网络IWF验证用户数据,马全证通过向HLR返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过,响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤A510,用户归属网络HLR向拜访网络IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS 位置响应消息,如果HLR拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤A511,拜访网络IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS 位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HLR拒绝用户注册,拜访网络IWF和MME需要分别清除保存的用户所属HLR地址信息和IWF地址信息。图5B是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过拜访网络SLF查询间接通过位于归属网络的IWF,且归属网络IWF通过位于归属网络的SLF查询与用户所属HLR路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤B501 , MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HLR执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HLR 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HLR地址信息,执行步骤B502;步骤B502, MME向拜访网络SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤B503,拜访网络SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,拜访网络SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程,返回位于用户归属网络的IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括归属网络IWF地址信息;步骤B5 04, MME基于查询到的归属网络IWF地址,向位于用户归属网络的IWF发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时保存归属网络IWF地址信息;步骤B505,归属网络IWF如果没有检测到用户所属HLR的地址信息, 则向位于用户归属网络的SLF发送Di-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI 标识;步骤B506,归属网络的SLF接收到来自归属网络IWF的Di-SLF-查询, 基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,归属网络SLF 执行上述图3B步骤B302的查询过程,返回用户所属HLR地址,并向归属网络IWF发送Di-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括HLR地址信息;步骤B507,归属网络IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,并将查询到的HLR地址信息填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HLR,并保存用户所属HLR地址信息;步骤B508, HLR向归属网络IWF发送M AP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤B509,归属网络IWF验证用户数据,验证通过向HLR返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过,响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤B510,HLR向归属网络IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息, 如果HLR拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤B511,归属网络IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS 位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HLR拒绝用户注册,归属网络IWF和MME需要分别清除保存的用户所属HLR地址信息和IWF地址信息。过用户拜访网络IWF或用户归属网络IWF,且IWF通过用户号码分析与用户所属HLR路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤C501 , MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HLR执行用户注册过程,如果没有检测到用户所属HLR的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HLR地址信息,执行步骤C502;步骤C502, MME向拜访网络SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤C503,拜访网络SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF执行上述图3A 步骤A302的查询过程,返回用户拜访网络IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括用户拜访网络IWF地址信息;或者基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口, 且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程, 返回用户归属网络IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括用户归属网络IWF地址信息;步骤C504, MME基于查询到的IWF地址,向IWF发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识,同时保存IWF地址信息;步骤C505, IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a 接口,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为用户所属HLR地址,IWF将号码分析得出的HLR地址填入^"求消息的目的地址中;步骤C506, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HLR;步骤C507, HLR向IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤C508, IWF验证用户数据,验证通过向HSS返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消 ,如果验证不通过,响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤C509, HLR向IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HLR 拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包4舌拒绝原因值;步骤C510, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HLR拒绝用户注册,MME需要清除保存的IWF地址信息。图5D是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询获耳又多个网络地址间接通过一个IWF与用户所属HLR路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤D501, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HLR执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HLR 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HLR地址信息,执行步骤D502;步骤D502, MME向SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI 标识;步骤D503, SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口, SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程,进一步地SLF分析出请求消息需要经过一个IWF发送到用户所属HLR,返回第一跳路由地址IWF地址和第二跳路由地址用户所属HLR地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括IWF地址和HLR 地址信息;步骤D504, MME基于查询到的第一跳路由地址IWF地址,向IWF发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识和下一跳路由地址HLR地址,同时保存第一跳路由地址IWF地址和第二跳路由地址用户所属HLR地址;步骤D505, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,并将请求消息中的下一跳^各由地址HLR地址信息填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HLR, 请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤D506, HSS向IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤D507, IWF验证用户数据,验证通过向HLR返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过,响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤D508,HLR向IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HLR 拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤D509, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更 位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME; 如果HLR拒绝用户注册,MME需要清除保存的第一跳路由地址IWF地址和第二跳路由地址用户所属HLR地址。图5E是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过用户号码分析间接通过用户拜访网络IWF或用户归属网络IWF,且IWF通过用户号码分析与用户所属HLR^各由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤E501 , MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HLR执行用户注册过程,执行步骤E502;步骤E502, MME基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a 接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,执行上述图3C步骤C301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为用户拜访网络IWF地址,并将IWF地址填入到请求消息中的目的地址中; 或者MME基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a接口,并且运营商之间的漫游协议允许使用Diameter协议,执行上述图3C步骤C301 的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为用户归属网络IWF地址,并将I WF 地址填入到请求消息中的目的地址中34步骤E503, MME向IWF发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识; .步骤E504, IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HLR不支持S6a 接口,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为用户所属HLR地址,IWF将号码分析得出的HLR地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤E505, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HLR;步骤E506, HLR向IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤E507, IWF验证用户数据,验证通过向HLR返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过,响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤E508,HLR向IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HLR 拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤E509, IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME。图6A是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF,且IWF分别通过其所属域的SLF查询与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤A601 , MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HSS 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HSS地址信息,执行步骤A602;步骤A602, MME向位于用户拜访网络的SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤A603,位于用户拜访网络的SLF 4妄收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不支持Diameter漫游,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程,返回位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括IWF地址信息;步骤A604, MME基于查询到的IWF地址,向位于用户拜访网络的IWF 发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时保存位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址;步骤A605,位于用户拜访网络的IWF没有4全测到用户所属HSS的地址信息,向位于拜访网络的SLF发送Di-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI 标识;步骤A606,位于用户拜访网络的SLF接收到来自IWF的Di-SLF-查询, 基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不支持Diameter漫游,SLF执行上述图3B步骤B302的查询过程,返回位于用户归属网络的IWF地址,并向发送查询请求的IWF发送Di-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括位于归属网络的IWF地址信息;步骤A607,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,并将查询到的位 用户归属网络的IWF地址信息填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到位于用户归属网络的IWF,并保存位于用户归属网络的IWF地址信息;步骤A608,位于用户归属网络的IWF没有^r测到用户所属HSS的地址信息,向位于用户归属网络的SLF发送Di-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤A609,位于用户归属网络的SLF接收到来自IWF的Di-SLF-查询, 基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,SLF执行上述图3B 步骤B302的查询过程,返回用户所属HSS地址,并向发送查询请求的IWF 发送Di-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括HSS地址信息;步骤A610,位于用户归属网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息转换为Diameter-更新位置请求消息,并将查询到的用户所属HSS地址信息填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HSS,并保存用户所属HSS地址信息;步骤A61 1 , HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息;步骤A612,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤A613,位于用户拜访网络的IWF-验证用户数据,验证通过向位于用户归属网络的IWF返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过, 响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤A614,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HSS拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值,并清除保存的用户所属HSS地址信息;步骤A615,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HSS拒绝用户注册,位于用户拜访网络的IWF和MME需要分别清除保存的位于用户归属网络的IWF地址信息和位于用 拜访网络的IWF地址信息。图6B是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF,且IWF分别通过用户号码分析与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤B601, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,没有^f全测到用户所属HSS 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HSS地址信息,执行步骤B602;步骤B602, MME向位于用户拜访网络的SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤B603,位于用户拜访网络的SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不允许〗吏用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程,返回位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响 消息中包括IWF地址信息;步骤B604 , MME基于查询到的IWF地址,向位于用户拜访网络的IWF 发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时保存位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址4吕息',步骤B605,位于用户拜访网络的IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不支持Diameter漫游,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为位于用户归属网络的IWF地址,位于用户拜访网络的IWF将号码分析得出的IWF地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤B606,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,同时将-清求消息发送到位于用户归属网络的IWF;步骤B607,位于用户归属网络的IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用 号码分析过程, 号码分析结果为用户所属HSS地址,位于用户归属网络的IWF将号码分析得出的HSS地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤B608,位于用户归属网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息转换为Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HSS;步骤B609, HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息;步骤B610,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤B611,位于用户拜访网络的IWF验证用户数据,-验证通过向位于用户归属网络的IWF返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过, 响应消息中包括失败原因<t;38步骤B612,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HSS拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括「 拒绝原因值;步 B613,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HSS拒绝用户注册,MME需要清除保存的位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址信息。图6C是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过SLF查询获取多个网络地址间接通过位于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF与HSS路由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤C601, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,没有检测到用户所属HSS 的地址信息,因此必须查询用户归属网络HSS地址信息,执行步骤C602;步骤C602, MME向位于用户拜访网络的SLF发送Ds-SLF-查询,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识;步骤C603,位于用户拜访网络的SLF接收到来自MME的Ds-SLF-查询,基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不允许使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,SLF执行上述图3A步骤A302的查询过程,进一步地SLF分析出请求消息需要经过两个IWF发送到用户所属HSS,返回第一跳路由 址位于用户归属网络的IWF地址、第二跳路由地址位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址和第三跳路由地址用户所属HSS地址,并向MME发送Ds-SLF-响应消息,响应消息中包括拜访网络IWF地址、归属网络IWF地址和HSS地址信息;步骤C604, MME基于查询到的IWF地址,向位于用户f早i方网络的IWF 发送Diameter-更新位置请求消息,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识、下一跳^各由J4址位于用户^早访网络的IWF地址和后一跳路由i也址用户所属HSS ;也址,同时保存第一跳路由地址位于用户归属网络的IWF地址、第二跳;洛由地址位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址和第三跳路由地址用户所属HSS地址信自•步骤C605,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,并将请同时将请求消息发送到位于用户归属网络的IWF,请求消息中包括用户IMSI标识和下一 路由地址用户所属HSS地址;步骤C606,位于用户归属网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息转换为Diameter-更新位置请求消息,并将请求消息中的下一跳路由地址用户所属HSS地址填入目的地址中,同时将请求消息发送到用户所属HSS;步骤C607, HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息;步骤C608,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤C609,位于用户拜访网络的IWF—睑证用户数据, -睑证通过向位于用户归属网络的IWF返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过, 响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤C610,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HSS拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤C611,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行 络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME;如果HSS拒绝用户注册,MME需要清除保存的第一跳路由地址位于用户归属网络的IWF地址、第二跳路由地址位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址和第三跳路由地址用户所属HSS地址信息。图6D是本发明应用实施例的针对MME通过用户号码分析间接通过4立于拜访网络和归属网络的IWF,且IWF分别通过用户号码分析与HSS ^各由实现用户注册的流程图,包括以下步骤:步骤D601, MME接收到用户附着网络请求消息,且用户初次附着网络, MME需要向用户所属HSS执行用户注册过程,执行步骤D602;步骤D602, MME基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不允许-使用Diameter协议但允许使用MAP协议,执行上述图3C步骤C301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为位于用户拜访网络的IWF地址,MME将号码分析得出的IWF地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤D603, MME向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送Diameter-更新位置^青求消息;步骤D604,位于用户拜访网络的IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,且用户归属网络运营商与拜访网络运营商签署的漫游协议不支持Diameter漫游,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用户号码分析过程,号码分析结果为位于用户归属网络的IWF地址,位于用户拜访网乡各的IWF将号码分析得出的IWF地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤D605,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将Diameter-更新位置请求消息转换为MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息,同时将请求消息发送到位于用户归属网络的IWF;步骤D606,位于用户归属网络的IWF基于用户IMSI标识分析出用户所属HSS支持S6a接口,执行上述图3D步骤D301的用户号码分析过程, 号码分析结果为用户所属HSS地址,位于用户归属网络的IWF将号码分析得出的HSS地址填入请求消息的目的地址中;步骤D607,位于用户归属网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置请求消息转换为Diameter-更新位置请求消息,同时将请 消息发送到用户所属HSS;步骤D608, HSS进一步处理用户注册消息后,向MME返回Diameter-更新位置应答消息;步骤D609,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF发送MAP-插入用户数据请求消息;步骤D610,位于用户拜访网络的IWF-验证用户数据,^睑i正通过向位于用户归属网络的IWF返回MAP-插入用户数据响应消息,如果验证不通过, 响应消息中包括失败原因值;步骤D611,位于用户归属网络的IWF向位于用户拜访网络的IWF返回MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息,如果HSS拒绝用户注册,响应消息中包括拒绝原因值;步骤D612,位于用户拜访网络的IWF执行网络协议转换功能,将MAP-更新GPRS位置响应消息转换为Diameter-更新位置应答消息,同时将响应消息发送到MME。本文所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。因此,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进以及更新等等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (19)

  1. 1. 一种实现用户路由的方法,用于包括:移动性管理实体MME、拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF-A、拜访网络互通功能IWF-A、归属网络互通功能IWF-B、归属网络签约用户定位功能SLF-B、归属网络用户服务器HSS/HLR的移动通信系统,该方法包括: 移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络用户服务器HSS进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息并向该网络地址信息发送请求消息,该网络地址信息是拜访网络互通功能IWF地址信息、或归属网络互通功能IWF地址信息、或归属网络用户服务器地址信息; 当所述的下一跳是拜访网络互通功能的时候,所述拜访网络互通功能在收到所述请求消息,检测到需要与该给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,根据 A method for implementing a user's route, the method comprising: the MME Mobility management entity, the visited network subscriber location function SLF-A, visited network interworking function IWF-A, the home network interworking function IWF-B, the home network subscriber positioning function SLF-B, a home network subscriber server HSS / HLR of a mobile communication system, the method comprising: a mobility management entity MME detects that it needs to interact with a given user's home network subscriber server HSS when the user's identity in accordance with number analysis manner by local or query information visited network subscriber location function SLF way to get the network address information of the next hop and the network address information transmission request message, the network address information of the visited network interworking function IWF is the address information, network interworking function IWF or the home address information, or the user home network server address information; when the next hop is visited network interworking function, when the visited network interworking function upon receipt of the request message, detects the need to when the subscriber server interaction for a given user's home network, according to 用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息并向该网络地址信息发送请求消息,该网络地址信息是归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息; 当所述的下一跳是归属网络互通功能的时候,所述归属网络互通功能在收到所述请求消息,检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询归属网络签约用户定位功能的方式得到归属网络用户服务器地址信息并向所述归属网络用户服务器发送请求消息。 Mode user identification information analyzed by the local number of the visited network or query subscriber location function mode obtained network address information of the next hop and the network address information transmission request message, the network address information is address information of the home network interworking function or the home subscriber server network address information; when the next hop is the home network interworking function, when the home network interworking function upon receipt of the request message, the detection requires a given user's home network users server interaction, subscriber location function in the manner according to the user identification number information analyzed by the local home network or query way to get the user home network server address information to the home network server sends a request message to the user.
  2. 2、 如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于:所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能SLF-A和/或归属网络签约用户定位功能SLF-B中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the visited network subscriber location function SLF-A and / or home network subscriber location function SLF-B are arranged in carrier-based home network and roaming agreements ability subscriber server support S6a interface instructions, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information.
  3. 3、 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于:所述移动性管理实体MME、和/或拜访网络互通功能IWF-A、和/或归属网络互通功能IWF-B中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 3. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the mobility management entity, the MME, and / or the visited network interworking function IWF-A, and / or home network interworking function IWF-B are arranged on carriers roaming agreements and the home network subscriber server support capability indication S6a interface, and all users and operators of a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information.
  4. 4、 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于:所述移动性管理实体MME、和/或拜访网络互通功能IWF-A、和/或归属网络互通功能IWF-B中配置有基于运营商的和漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 4. The method of claim l, wherein: the mobility management entity, the MME, and / or the visited network interworking function IWF-A, and / or home network interworking function IWF-B are arranged on carriers and roaming agreements and the home network subscriber server support capability indication S6a interface, and all users and operators of a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information.
  5. 5、 如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于:所述移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR进行交互时,若采用所述查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则移动性管理实体得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:MME向所述拜访网络SLF-A发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述拜访网络SLF-A,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向移动性管理实体MME返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体且用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,或者用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议 5. The method of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein: when the mobility management entity MME detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network subscriber server HSS / HLR interaction, the use of the query visited network subscriber location function manner, the mobility management entity to obtain the network address of the next hop information comprises: MME to the visited network transmits SLF-a carries the user identifier given user query request message; the said visited network SLF-a, according to the query request message in the user's user ID and queries a local mobility management entity MME returns a query result, query: if the query request message from the mobility management entity and the user is local, and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscription interface protocol between the user and the server to support mobility management entity, or the user is not local, and based on the configuration information server and the subscriber mobility management entity supports the user belongs to the same home network interface protocols and roaming agreements allow the use of its network protocols supported 则向移动性管理实体返回用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器的地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器不支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,则向移动性管理实体返回一个本地网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议仅允许使用用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器所支 The mobility management entity returns the user belongs to the home network subscription address of the server user; if the query request message from a mobility management entity, and the user is not local, and configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscriber server and a mobility management entity support the same interface protocol and a roaming agreement does not allow it to support the network protocols, the mobility management entity returns to the subscriber visited network address of an interworking function; if the query request message from the mobility management entity and the user locally, and based on the interface protocol between the user configuration information server belongs to the home network does not support subscriber mobility management entity, the mobility management entity to return a local network address of the interworking function; if the query request message from a mobility management entity, and not in the local user, and configuration information for the user based on the subscriber belongs to the home network server and the mobility management entity to support different protocols and interfaces roaming agreement allows only the user belongs subscriber home network server branched 的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回一个用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,且用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用移动性管理实体所支持的网络协议,则向移动性管理实体返回一个用户归属网络的互通功能地址。 Network protocol, the mobility management entity returns a subscriber visited network interworking function address; if the query request message from a mobility management entity, and the user is not local, and configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobile users belongs to a home network management entity to support different interfaces and protocols using a network protocol roaming agreement allowing the mobility management entity supported by the interworking function returns the address of a user's home network to the mobility management entity.
  6. 6、 如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于:所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向移动性管理实体返回查询结果的步骤进一步包括:如果查询请求消息来自移动性管理实体,所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能查询得知移动性管理实体到用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则在发送给移动性管理实体的响应消息中返回多个路由地址,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由。 6. The method as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the visited network subscriber locally querying step of positioning function and the mobility management entity returns a query result based on the query request message in the user's user ID is further comprising: if the query request message from a mobility management entity of the visited network subscriber location function queries a mobility management entity that the user belongs to the home network subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, the transmission a plurality of return addresses to the route response message of the mobility management entity, the routing address is a sequential relation, successively specified as the next hop message routing network element.
  7. 7、 如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于:所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,若采用所述查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则拜访网络互通功能得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:拜访网络互通功能向所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向拜访网络互通功能返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自拜访网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则不向拜访网络互通功能返回网络地址;如果查询请求消息来自拜访 7. A method as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein: the visited network interworking function when receiving the request message, detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, the use of said step of positioning a subscriber visited network query function mode, the visited network interworking function to obtain the network address of the next hop information comprising: a subscriber visited network interworking function message carrying the user location function given user to the visited network query request message identifier; the visited network subscriber location function, according to the query local query request message in the user's user ID and the visited network interworking function returning query results, query: if the query request message from the visited network the interworking function, and based on the configuration information server and the subscriber mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol user belongs to a home network and a roaming agreement allows it supports the use of network protocols, the network address is not returned to the visited network interworking function; if query request message from the visit 网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向拜访网络互通功能返回用户归属网络的互通功能地址;如果查询请求消息来自拜访网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,则向拜访网络互通功能返回用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器地址。 Network protocol network interworking function, and configuration information based on the subscriber server and a mobility management entity supports the same interface protocol for the user belongs to a home network and a roaming agreement does not allow it supports, the visited network to the home network interworking function returns the user the interworking function address; if the query request message from the visited network interworking function, and based on configuration information of a subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support different interface protocol is a user belongs to a home network, the visited network interworking function returns the user belongs to the home network subscriber server address.
  8. 8、如权利要求2或3所述的方法,其特征在于:所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,若采用所述查询归属网络签约用户定位功能的方式,则归属网络互通功能得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:归属网络互通功能向所述归属网络签约用户定位功能发送携带该给定用户的用户标识的查询请求消息;所述归属网络签约用户定位功能,根据所述查询请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地查询并向归属网络互通功能返回查询结果,查询时:如果查询请求消息来自归属网络互通功能,且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,或者基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议但漫游协议不 8. A method as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein: the home network interworking function when receiving the request message, detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, the use of the step of the home network query subscriber location function mode, the home network interworking function to obtain the address information of the next hop network includes: a subscriber home network interworking function carries the user location function of transmitting to the given user's home network query request message identifier; home network when the subscriber location function, according to the local query in the query request message identifier of the user home network interworking function and return query results, queries: query request message if the home network from the interworking function and the configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management for the user belongs to the home network entity to support different interface protocols, or a configuration based on the information of subscriber server and mobility management for the user belongs to the home network entity support the same interface protocol but not roaming agreements 许使用其所支持的网络协议,则向归属网络互通功能返回归属网络签约用户服务器地址。 Use it supports many network protocols, network interworking function to return to the home subscriber server address of the home network.
  9. 9、 如权利要求3或4所述的方法,其特征在于:移动性管理实体检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,若釆用所述通过本地进行号码分析的方式,则得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:移动性管理实体根据用户的请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地分析查询:如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议,或者用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议, 则确定下一跳的网络地址为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器的地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器 9. A method as claimed in claim 3 or claim 4, wherein: when the mobility management entity detects that it needs a given user's home network server for user interaction, if the preclude the use of locally manner by the number analysis , is obtained next hop network address information comprises: a mobility management entity according to a user's request message the identifier of the user query local analysis: if a mobility management entity queries found in the local user, and configuration information based on the the same for the user belongs to the home network subscriber server and a mobility management entity supports the interface protocol, or the user is not local, and configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol for the user belongs to the home network and the roaming agreement allowing it supports the use of network protocols, then determine the network address of the next hop for the user belongs to the home network address of the user signing server; if the mobility management entity queries users who are not local, and subscriber based on configuration information for the user belongs to a home network server 移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器不支持与移动性管理实体之间的接口协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个本地网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议且漫游协议仅允许用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器所支持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个用户拜访网络的互通功能地址;如果移动性管理实体查询发现用户不在本地,并且基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议 The mobility management entity supports the same interface protocol and roaming agreements do not allow the use of its supported network protocols, determine the network address of the next hop address for a user to visit a network interworking function; if the inquiry found that the mobility management entity in the local user, and the configuration information based on the user belongs to the home network subscriber server does not support the interface protocol between the mobility management entity, determining a next hop address of the interworking function network address of a local network; If the mobility management entity inquiry found not in the local user, and the configuration information based on the subscriber server and the mobility management entity supports the user belongs to a different home network and a roaming protocol interface protocols only allow the user belongs to the home network user subscription network protocol supported by the server, determining a next hop the network address of a user visited network interworking function address; if the mobility management entity queries users who are not local, and configuration information for the user based on the user belongs to the home network server and a mobility management entity supports different interface protocols 且漫游协议允许移动性管理实体所支持的网络协议,则确定下一跳的网络地址为一个用户归属网络的互通功能地址。 And the roaming agreement allowing the network protocol supported by the mobility management entity, determining the home network address of the next hop address of the network interworking function to a user.
  10. 10、 如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于:所述移动性管理实体根据用户请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行本地号码分析并确定下一跳网络地址的步骤进一步包括:所述移动性管理经本地号码分析,若确定移动性管理实体到用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则进一步确定转发请求消息所需的多个路由地址,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由。 The mobile: 10, A method as claimed in claim 9, wherein: the mobility management entity identifier of the user for the message and the local number determining step analyzes the network address of the next hop according to a user request further comprises number analysis by the local management, mobility management entity determines if the user belongs to the home network subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, it is further required to determine the routing address of the plurality of forwarding the request message, the routing address is sequentially relation, successively specified as the next hop message routing network element.
  11. 11、 如权利要求3或4所述的方法,其特征在于:所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,采用所述本地号码分析的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步骤包括:所述拜访网络互通功能根据所述请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行如下本地分析查询:如果拜访网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则号码分析结果为空;如果拜访网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议且漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户归属网络的互通功能地址;如果拜访网络互通功能查 11. A method as claimed in claim 3 or claim 4, wherein: the visited network interworking function when receiving the request message, detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, using the way analysis of said local number obtained next hop network address information comprises the step of: identifying the visited network interworking function analysis follows local user query message according to the request of the user: if the visited network interworking functions based discovery query configuration information for the user belongs to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity supports the same interface protocol and network protocol roaming agreements allow the use of its support, the number analysis result is null; if the visited network interworking function inquiry found based on configuration information subscriber server and a mobility management entity supports the user belongs to the same home network and the roaming protocol interface protocol does not allow it to support the network protocol, a network address information at the interworking function address of the user's home network is determined; If the visited network interworking function check 发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户所属的归属网络签约用户服务器的地址。 Found based on the configuration information to the user relevant to the home network server and subscriber mobility management entity to support different interface protocols, the network address information of a home network for the subscriber belongs to the user address of the server is determined.
  12. 12、 如权利要求3或4所述的方法,其特征在于:所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,采用所述本地号码分析的方式得到下一跳的网络地址信息的步-骤包括:所述归属网络互通功能根据所述请求消息中该用户的用户标识进行如下本地分析查询:如果归属网络互通功能查询发现基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持不同的接口协议,或者基于的配置信息为用户所属归属网络签约用户服务器与移动性管理实体支持相同的接口协议但漫游协议不允许使用其所支持的网络协议,则确定下一条网络地址信息为用户所属的归属网络签约用户服务器的地址。 12. The method of claim 3 or claim 4, wherein: the home network interworking function when receiving the request message, detects that it needs a given subscriber server and the user's home network interacting, using the way analysis of said local number obtained network address information of the next hop step - step comprises: the home network interworking function analysis follows local query message according to the request of the user in the user ID: If the home network interworking function inquiry found based on the configuration information to a user relevant to the home network subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support different interface protocols, or configuration-based information to the user relevant to the home network subscriber server and the mobility management entity to support the same interface protocol, but a roaming agreement does not it allows the use of supported network protocols, network address information is determined at a signing server address of the user's home network for the user belongs.
  13. 13、 如权利要求2至4中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:所述HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示是指运营商网络部署的不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR是否支持基于Diameter协议的S6a接口,如果不支持S6a接口则表明其至少支持基于MAP协议的Gr或Gr+接口。 13. A method as claimed in any one of claims 2-4, wherein: the HSS / HLR capability indication S6a interface support refers to different versions of the operator at different stages of network deployment HSS / HLR whether the supports S6a Diameter protocol interfaces, if you do not support the S6a interface indicates that at least supports MAP protocol-based or Gr + Gr interfaces.
  14. 14、 如权利要求1至4中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于: 所述用户的标识信息是指用户的国际移动设备标识IMSI。 14. The method of claim 1 to any one of claim 4, wherein: the user identification information is the user's International Mobile Equipment Identity IMSI.
  15. 15、 一种实现用户路由的方法,用于包括:移动性管理实体、拜访网络签约用户定位功能、拜访网络互通功能、归属网络互通功能、归属网络签约用户定位功能、归属网络用户服务器的移动通信系统,该方法包括:移动性管理实体MME检测到其需要与给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息通过本地进行号码分析的方式或查询拜访网络签约用户定位功能的方式确认该移动性管理实体与归属网络签约用户服务器之间的请求消息需要途经多个网元,则确定多个网元路由地址,并向所确定的第一跳路由地址发送请求消息,所述路由地址为顺次关系,依次为下一跳网元指明消息路由,该路由地址信息包括拜访网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息;若所述确定的多个网 15. A method for routing user implemented, the method comprising: a mobility management entity, subscriber location function visited network, the visited network interworking function, the home network interworking function, the home network subscriber location function, the user of the mobile communication network server's home system, the method comprising: a mobility management entity MME detects that it needs to contract with a given user's home network when the subscriber server HSS / HLR interacts, according to the way number analysis of the user identification information by local or survey network subscription user location function being confirmed that the mobility management entity of the home network subscription request message server needs between users via a plurality of network elements, a plurality of network elements is determined routing address, to the determined routing address of the first hop transmission request message, the routing address is sequential relation, successively specified as the next hop message routing network element, the routing address information includes address information of the visited network interworking function, or the address information of the home network interworking function, a network or home subscriber server address information ; determining if the plurality of network 元中的所述拜访网络互通功能收到所述请求消息, 检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络用户服务器进行交互时,根椐该用户的标识信息及下一跳网络地址发送请求消息,该下一跳网络地址信息是归属网络互通功能地址信息、或归属网络用户服务器地址信息;若所述确定的多个网元中的所述归属网络互通功能收到所述请求消息,检测需要与该给定用户的归属网络签约用户服务器进行交互时,根据该用户的标识信息及下一跳网络地址消息得到归属网络用户服务器地址信息并向所述归属网络签约用户服务器发送请求消息。 The visited network element is an interworking function receives the request message, when detection requires the user's home network for a given user to interact with the server, noted in the user identification information and the address of the next-hop network sends a request message, the address information of the next hop network is a home network interworking function address information, or the user home network server address information; and the home network interworking function determining if the plurality of network element received in the request message, detects the need when a given user's home network subscriber server interaction, the user home network server to obtain the address information according to the user identity information and network address of the next hop message to the home network subscriber server sends a request message.
  16. 16、 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于:所述拜访网络签约用户定位功能和/或归属网络签约用户定位功能中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 16. The method as claimed in claim 15, wherein: the visited network subscriber location function and / or home network subscriber are arranged based positioning function operator roaming agreements subscriber and the home network server supports S6a interface the ability to instruct, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information.
  17. 17、 如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于:所述移动性管理实体、和/或拜访网络互通功能、和/或归属网络互通功能中配置有基于运营商的漫游协议和归属网络签约用户服务器支持S6a接口的能力指示,以及与运营商中所有用户中的某个用户相绑定的互通功能地址和归属网络签约用户服务器地址信息。 17. The method as claimed in claim 15, wherein: the mobility management entity and / or the visited network interworking function, and / or home network interworking function is arranged based on the operator's home network subscription and roaming agreements ability of the user interface server supports S6a instructions, as well as with operators of all users in a user bound to the interworking function address and the home subscriber server network address information.
  18. 18、 如权利要求15至17中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于:所述用户的归属网络签约用户服务器HSS/HLR支持S6a接口的能力指示是指运营商网络部署的不同阶段不同版本的HSS/HLR是否支持基于Diameter协议的S6a接口,如果不支持S6a接口则表明其至少支持基于MAP 协议的Gr或Gr+4妄口。 18. A method as claimed in any one of claims 15 to 17, wherein: the user's home network subscriber server HSS / HLR S6a interface support refers to the ability of the different versions indicating different stages of the network operators to deploy the HSS / HLR supports S6a interface based on the Diameter protocol, if it does not support the S6a interface indicate that they support at least MAP protocol-based Gr Gr + 4 or jump port.
  19. 19、 如权利要求15至17中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于: 所述用户的标识信息是指用户的国际移动设备标识IMSI。 19, 15 to 17 The method of any one of the preceding claims, wherein: the user identification information is the user's International Mobile Equipment Identity IMSI.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010072149A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-07-01 华为技术有限公司 Method, apparatus and system for realizing user equipment handover
WO2011095343A1 (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-08-11 Deutsche Telekom Ag Interworking function between in and hlr/hss
CN103781047A (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-05-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Data routing method in roaming, intercommunication service router and access service router

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN100340126C (en) 2004-02-05 2007-09-26 Ut斯达康通讯有限公司 System and method for incoming notifying service
CN1870696B (en) 2005-12-15 2010-05-05 华为技术有限公司 Method for implementing dailed terminal call waiting

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2010072149A1 (en) * 2008-12-22 2010-07-01 华为技术有限公司 Method, apparatus and system for realizing user equipment handover
CN101765094B (en) 2008-12-22 2012-07-04 华为技术有限公司 Method for realizing switching of user equipment as well as device and system therefor
US8687595B2 (en) 2008-12-22 2014-04-01 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. Method, apparatus, and system for implementing user equipment handover
WO2011095343A1 (en) * 2010-02-05 2011-08-11 Deutsche Telekom Ag Interworking function between in and hlr/hss
US8792424B2 (en) 2010-02-05 2014-07-29 Deutsche Telekom Ag Interworking function between an intelligent network and a home location register/home subscriber server
CN103781047A (en) * 2012-10-23 2014-05-07 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Data routing method in roaming, intercommunication service router and access service router

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