CN101248626A - Apparatus and method for determining WLAN access point position - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for determining WLAN access point position Download PDF

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CN101248626A
CN101248626A CN 200680030990 CN200680030990A CN101248626A CN 101248626 A CN101248626 A CN 101248626A CN 200680030990 CN200680030990 CN 200680030990 CN 200680030990 A CN200680030990 A CN 200680030990A CN 101248626 A CN101248626 A CN 101248626A
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apparatus
method
determining
wlan
access
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CN 200680030990
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Chinese (zh)
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F·凯特比
N·E·特尼
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高通股份有限公司
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通过参考在与WLAN接入点(AP)并在与和该WLAN互通的无线电网络通信的各用户装备类(UE)设备,该AP的位置被确定。 In reference with a WLAN access point (AP) and the respective user equipment class (UE) and a radio communication network and the WLAN interworking device, the position is determined by the AP. 可假定AP位置是与在和该AP通信的任意UE相同的位置。 AP may assume any position and with the UE communicate with the AP in the same position. UE位置可以是多个UE上的平均、同一UE的多个位置上的平均、或此类UE位置的组合。 UE location may be an average over a plurality of UE, an average, or a combination of such a plurality of UE location on the positions of the same UE. 可测量多个UE与该AP之间的往返时间(RTT),并且可从这些RTT测量和这些UE位置来三边测量出AP位置。 And a plurality of UE may measure the round trip time (RTT) between the AP, and the AP can be trilateration position from these measurements and the UE RTT location. 也可从同一UE的位置结合在不同时间测得的AP与该UE之间的RTT来三边测量出AP位置。 It may also be combined from the same position of the UE between different AP and the measured time RTT to the UE trilateration an AP location. AP位置的计算可被主宿在该WLAN或该无线电网络处。 AP location calculation may be primary sink or the WLAN network at the radio.

Description

用于确定WLAN接入点位置的装置和方法在35 USC § 119下的优先权要求本专利申请要求2005年6月24日提交的题为"WLAN Access Point Positioning Via InterworkedUMTS LCS (经由互通的UMTS LCS的WLAN接入点定位)"的临时申请S/N. 60/693,727的优先权。 Means for determining the position of a WLAN access point and a method of priority under 35 USC § 119 requirements This patent application claims, 2005, entitled, filed June 24, "WLAN Access Point Positioning Via InterworkedUMTS LCS (UMTS LCS via interworking No. 60 / 693,727 of the WLAN access point location) "provisional application S / N.. 此临时申请已被转让给本申请的受让人,并且就像是在本文中完全阐述的那样包括所有附图和表地被明确地援引纳入于此。 This provisional application is assigned to the assignee of the present application, and the like, as fully set forth herein are included in the drawings and are expressly incorporated herein cited table. 背景领域本发明一般涉及电信,尤其涉及用于确定与向用户装备类设备提供通信服务的无线电网络互通的无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的方法和装置。 BACKGROUND Field The present invention relates to telecommunications in general, particularly to a method and apparatus for determining the location of the radio network provides communication services to a user equipment type device interworking wireless local area network (WLAN) access points for. 背景人们期望现代的通信系统能为包括语音和数据应用在内的各种应用提供可靠的数据传输。 Background Modern communications systems are expected to provide reliable data transmission for a variety of applications including voice and data applications, including. 在点对多点通信环境中,已知的通信系统基于频分多址(FDMA)、 时分多址(TDMA)、码分多址(CDMA),以及还可能基于其他多址通信方案。 In the multipoint communication environment, known communication systems frequency division multiple access (FDMA), time division multiple access (TDMA), code division multiple access (CDMA), and may also be based on other multiple access communication schemes. CDMA系统可被设计成支持一种或多种CDMA标准,诸如(1) "TIA/EIA-95 双模宽带扩频蜂窝系统的移动站-基站兼容性标准"(此标准及其增强版本A和B 可被称为"IS-95标准")、(2)也称为"IS-98标准"的"TIA/EIA-98-C 双模宽带扩频蜂窝移动站推荐最低标准"、(3)由名为"第三代伙伴项目(3GPP)"的联盟资助、并在包括称为3GTS 25.211、 3GTS 25.212、 3GTS 25.213、以及3G TS 25.214的文档在内的一组文档中体现的标准("W二CDMA标准")、(4)由名为"第三代伙伴项目2" (3GPP2)的联盟资助、并在包括"C.S0002-Acdma2000扩频系统物理层标准"、"C.S0005-Acdma2000扩频系统上层(层3)信令标准"在内的一组文档中体现的标准(统称"cdma2000标准")、(5) lxEV-DO标准"TIA/EIA/IS-856 cdma2000高速率分组数据空中接口规范"、以及(6)某些其他标准。 A CDMA system may be designed to support one or more CDMA standards such as (1) "TIA / EIA-95 Dual-Mode Wideband Spread Spectrum Cellular System Mobile Station - Base Station Compatibility Standard" (this standard and its enhanced version A B may be referred to as "iS-95 standard"), (2) also known as "iS-98 standard," the "TIA / EIA-98-C Dual-Mode wideband spread Spectrum cellular mobile station recommended minimum standard", (3) funded by the Union named "3rd Generation partnership project (3GPP)" and called in a set of documents including 3GTS 25.211, 3GTS 25.212, 3GTS 25.213, and 3G TS 25.214 documents, including the embodied standard ( "W two CDMA standard "), (4) by a consortium named" 3rd Generation partnership project 2 "(3GPP2) Union funding, and including" C.S0002-Acdma2000 spread Spectrum physical layer standard "," C.S0005-Acdma2000 spread Spectrum systems upper layer (layer 3) signaling standard "a set of documents including embodied criteria (collectively," CDMA2000 standard "), (5) lxEV-DO standard" TIA / EIA / iS-856 cdma2000 High rate packet data air Interface specification ", and (6) certain other standards. 上面列出的这些标准就像是在本文中完全阐述的那样包括附文、附录、以及其他附件地被援引纳入于此。 These standards listed above was just like enclosure comprising fully set forth herein, appendices, and other attachments to be incorporated by reference herein. 例如蜂窝电话和个人数字助理(PDA)等的许多用户装备类(UE)设备被配置成可供与多种无线接入技术一起使用。 Such as cellular telephones and personal digital assistant (PDA) like many classes user equipment (UE) device is configured for use with a plurality of radio access technologies. 例如, 一种蜂窝电话将能够连接到CDMA 全球移动电信系统(UMTS)网络,并能够连接到诸如顺应于电气与电子工程师协会(IEEE) 802.11标准中的一个或多个的局域网等的WLAN。 For example, for a cellular phone will be able to connect to the global CDMA Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) network, and can be connected to conform to the 802.11 standard such as Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) one or more local area networks like WLAN. 当这样一个用户装备类设备处于WLAN的一接入点的服务区域中时,该接入点可使该用户装备类设备能够通过该WLAN来进行无线连接,从而减少了蜂窝无线电网络上本来承载此用户装备类设备的话务所需的负荷。 When the service area of ​​such a device in a user equipment type is a WLAN access point, the access point-type device allows the user equipment can be wirelessly connected through the WLAN, thereby reducing the load on the cellular radio network this would required traffic load device user equipment category. (接入点是中介WLAN技术的无线电空中接口与WLAN的有线回程或其他至外界网络的连接的设备)。 (Access point is a radio air interface with the WLAN intermediation of WLAN technology wired backhaul connection, or other network device to the outside). 此外,与用户装备类设备从UMTS无线电网络直接可得的相比,通过WLAN的连接可提供更高的带宽和/或更好的服务质量(QoS)。 Further, as compared with a user equipment device from a UMTS radio network classes available directly, by connecting the WLAN can provide higher bandwidth and / or a better quality of service (QoS). 通信服务的供应商想要并且有时必须知道所服务的电话及其他用户装备类设备的地理位置。 Vendor communications services and sometimes you want to know location phones and other user equipment category for equipment and services. 例如,可能需要知道此地理位置以向应急(例如,在美国是911 而在欧洲某些地区是112)人员标识出该位置;也可能想要为用户提供其他位置特异性服务和广告。 For example, you may need to know the location to emergency (for example, in the United States is 911 while 112 are in some parts of Europe) who identifies the location; also may want to provide other location-specific services and advertising to users. 在常规陆线电话的情形中,确定地理位置通常不构成问题,因为每条陆线都与提供此服务的物理地址相关联。 In the conventional landline phone case, determining the geographic location is usually not a problem, because each land lines and offer this service physical addresses. 在常规的连接到无线电网络的蜂窝电话的情形中,确定电话的物理位置一般也不构成问题。 In the case of the radio network connected to a conventional cellular phone, determining the physical location of the telephone is not generally a problem. 例如,北美电话网(NATN)的911紧急呼叫系统中的增强911(e911) 特征可激活全球定位系统服务,或从无线电网络的各基收发机站来作三角测量/三边测量,以确定该电话的地理位置,然后通过此无线电网络将该位置传送给电话服务供应商和应急人员。 For example, enhanced 911 (E911) North American telephone network (NATN) emergency call system 911 may activate the feature service global positioning system, or from each of the base transceiver stations of the radio network to make a triangulation / trilateration, to determine that phone location, then this radio network transferred to the position of telephone service providers and emergency personnel. 然而,当通过WLAN接入点向用户装备类设备提供连接时,上面描述的方法可能就不适用了。 However, when providing a connection to a user equipment type device via a WLAN access point, the method described above may not be applicable. 即便假定该用户装备类设备就在接入点附近(由于WLAN通信射程相对较短),该接入点本身的位置可能并非已知。 Even assuming that the user equipment type device is near the access point (due to the relatively short range WLAN communications), the location of the access point itself may not be known. 例如,考虑被配置成通过IP电话(VoIP)来提供电话服务的WLAN的接入点。 For example, consider is configured to provide telephony services over IP telephony (VoIP) WLAN access point. 该接入点的地理位置可能并非初始已知的,或者对该接入点的预备可能进行得并不正确。 Geographic location of the access point may not initially known, or the preliminary access point may not be proceeded properly. 即便在该接入点的地理位置在某个时间点上已知并且该接入点被正确地预备,该接入点或整个WLAN 随后也可能被移动或从一不同的物理位置连接到因特网。 Even if the location is known at the access point at some point in time and the access points are properly prepared, the WLAN access point, or a whole may then be moved from one connection or different physical locations to the Internet. 在此情形中,该接入点的新位置对于通过该接入点提供电话服务的供应商而言可能并非已知。 In this case, the new location of the access point for the provision of telephone services through the access point may not be known suppliers. 该新位置可能与老位置在同一建筑物中,或其可能在数千英里之外。 The new location may be related to the old location in the same building, or may be thousands of miles away. 电话服务供应商可能一直不知悉此新位置甚至该接入点已被移动这一事实。 Phone service providers may not have been aware of this new position and even the access point has been moved to this fact. 由此,应急人员将不能够调派应急服务,或可能向老位置而不是此新位置调派应急服务。 As a result, emergency personnel will not be able to deploy emergency services, emergency services or may be deployed to the old location instead of the new location. 对此问题的一个解决方案可能是给WLAN接入点装备一全球定位系统(GPS) 接收机以允许该接入点确定其位置。 One solution to this problem might be to the WLAN access point equipped with a global positioning system (GPS) receiver to allow the access point to determine its location. 然而,此GPS接收机的成本会使得此途径不具竞争力,在WLAN接入点往往是单件的极度价格敏感的硬件的消费者市场中尤甚。 However, the cost of this GPS receiver will make this approach does not competitive, often in WLAN access point is a single piece of hardware is extremely price-sensitive consumer market even worse. 因此本领域中需要能够确定未配备GPS接收机的WLAN接入点的地理位置、 并确定这些WLAN接入点的地理位置的改变的方法和装置。 Thus need in the art is able to determine location of a GPS receiver is not equipped with a WLAN access point, and determining a method and means for changing the location of the WLAN access points. 概要本文中揭示的实施例通过提供一种参考在WLAN接入点的服务区域中的各用户装备类设备来确定该接入点的位置的机制来解决上述需要。 SUMMARY embodiments disclosed herein addresses the above need to provide a mechanism by embodiments with reference to the type of equipment the user equipment in the service area of ​​the WLAN access point to determine the position of the access point. 在一个实施例中,提供了一种用于估计无线局域网的接入点的地理位置的方法。 In one embodiment, a method is provided for estimating a location of a wireless LAN access point. 该方法包括发送对蜂窝无线电网络的用户装备类设备的位置信息的请求,该UE设备正与WLAN上的该接入点通信。 The method includes transmitting a request location information on the type of equipment the user equipment cellular radio network, the UE device is in communication with the access points on the WLAN. 该方法进一步包括接收响应于该请求的位置信息,并指定此位置信息为该接入点的地理位置的估计。 The method further comprises receiving location information in response to the request, and specifies the location of the estimated location information for this access point. 在一个实施例中,提供了一种用于估计无线局域网的接入点的地理位置的方法。 In one embodiment, a method is provided for estimating a location of a wireless LAN access point. 该方法包括发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息。 The method includes transmitting a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of request which requests position information relates to a cellular radio network in communication with a plurality of user equipment or type of equipment. 这一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备处于该接入点的服务区域中。 One or more devices each UE UE device in the service area of ​​the access point. 该方法进一步包括接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复,并至少部分地基于这多个接收到的回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计。 The method further includes receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of position information, and at least in part, on the plurality of received reply to calculate an estimate of the geographic location of the access point. 在一个实施例中提供了一种便于实现无线局域网的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法。 In one embodiment, a method is provided for facilitating the estimated wireless LAN access point locations. 该方法包括从蜂窝无线电网络发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及该蜂窝无线电网络的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息。 The method includes transmitting a cellular radio network from a plurality of requests for location information, the request in each request is directed to the plurality of location information of the cellular radio network a plurality of user equipment or type of equipment. 这一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备在与WLAN上的该接入点通信。 One or more devices each UE in the UE device to communicate with the access points on the WLAN. 该方法进一步包括接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复,并从该蜂窝无线电网络向该接入点传送这多个回复中的每一回复的位置信息。 The method further includes receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information, and each of the plurality of transmitting location information in reply to a reply from the cellular radio network to the access point. 在一个实施例中,提供了一种预备无线局域网的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法。 In one embodiment, there is provided a method of estimating a preliminary WLAN access point locations. 该方法包括从蜂窝无线电网络发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一对位置信息的请求涉及该蜂窝无线电网络的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息。 The method includes transmitting a plurality of requests for location information from the cellular radio network, each request for location information that relates to the plurality of requests location information of the cellular radio network a plurality of user equipment or type of equipment. 这一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备在与WLAN上的该接入点通信。 One or more devices each UE in the UE device to communicate with the access points on the WLAN. 该方法进一步包括接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复,并至少部分地基于这多个回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计。 The method further includes receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of position information, and at least in part, on the plurality of replies to calculate an estimate of the geographic location of the access point. 此估计然后从该蜂窝无线电网络被传送至该接入点。 This estimate is then transmitted to the access point from the cellular radio network. 在一个实施例中,提供了一种预备无线局域网的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法。 In one embodiment, there is provided a method of estimating a preliminary WLAN access point locations. 该方法包括在蜂窝无线电网络处确定多个UE设备位置,每一UE设备位置对应于该蜂窝无线电网络中在与WLAN上的该接入点通信(位于其服务区域内) 的至少一个用户装备类设备的位置。 The method includes determining a plurality of UE devices in the cellular radio network at the positions, each position corresponding to the UE device a cellular radio network in the access points on the WLAN communication with the at least one user equipment class (which is located within the service area) location of the device. 该方法进一步包括至少部分地基于这多个UE 设备位置来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计,并将此估计从该蜂窝无线电网络传送至该接入点。 The method further comprises estimating a plurality of UE devices based on this position to calculate the location of the access point, at least partially, and this estimate is transmitted from the cellular radio network to the access point. 在一个实施例中, 一种WLAN接入点包括WLAN收发机、存储程序代码的机器可读存储器、以及耦合到该存储器并耦合到该WLAN收发机的处理器。 In one embodiment, a WLAN access point comprises a WLAN transceiver, a machine-readable program code stored in a memory, and a processor coupled to the memory and the WLAN transceiver coupled to the processor. 该处理器被配置成使该接入点:(1) 发送对蜂窝无线电网络的用户装备类设备的位置信息的请求,该UE设备在与WLAN上的该接入点通信;(2) 接收响应于该请求的位置信息;以及(3) 指定该位置信息为该接入点的地理位置的估计。 The processor is configured to cause the access points: (1) the location information transmission request device based on the user equipment cellular radio network, the UE device to the access point communications in the WLAN and; (2) receiving a response location information to the request; and estimating (3) specify the location information for the location of the access point. 在一个实施例中, 一种WLAN接入点包括WLAN收发机、至第二网络接口的将该接入点连接至蜂窝无线电网络的连接、存储程序代码的机器可读存储器、以及耦合到该存储器并耦合到该WLAN收发机的处理器。 In one embodiment, a WLAN access point comprises a WLAN transceiver connected to the second network access point interface to the cellular radio network connection, machine-readable memory storing program code, and a processor coupled to the memory and WLAN transceiver coupled to the processor. 该处理器被配置成使该接入点:(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,每一请求涉及在与该蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于该接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;以及(3) 至少部分地基于这多个接收到的回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计。 The processor is configured to cause the access points: (1) transmitting a plurality of requests for location information, each request directed to a service area of ​​the cellular radio communication network and the access point located at or more location information of the user equipment category equipment; (2) receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; and (3) at least in part, on the plurality of received reply the access point is calculated location estimate. 在一个实施例中, 一种机器可读存储器存储可供WLAN接入点的处理器使用的程序代码指令。 In one embodiment the program code instructions embodiment, a machine-readable memory storage available WLAN access points used by the processor. 当由该处理器执行时,该处理器配置该接入点以(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于该接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;以及(3)至少部分地基于这多个接收到的回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计。 When executed by the processor, configure the processor to the access point (1) transmits a plurality of requests for location information, the request in each request is directed to the plurality of communication with the cellular radio network and the access is located in a location area service point or more user equipment type of equipment; (2) receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; and (3) at least in part, on the plurality of received reply to compute the estimated location of the access point. 在一个实施例中,蜂窝无线电网络的一种无线电网络控制器包括至基收发机站的BTS接口、将该无线电网络控制器耦合到具有接入点的WLAN的网络接口、 存储程序代码的机器可读存储器、以及耦合到该存储器、该BTS接口以及该网络接口的处理器。 In one embodiment, a cellular radio network the radio network controller comprises an interface to the base transceiver station BTS, the radio network controller coupled to the network interface, storing program codes of the WLAN access point having a machine read memory, and a processor coupled to the memory, the processor of the BTS interface, and network interface. 该处理器被配置成使该无线电网络控制器(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与该蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于该接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复;(3) 至少部分地基于这多个接收到的回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估计;以及(4) 经由该网络接口将此估计传送给该接入点。 The processor is configured to cause the radio network controller (1) transmits a plurality of requests for location information, each request is directed to the plurality of requests in the service area of ​​the cellular radio communication network and located at the access point location information of a plurality of user equipment or type of equipment; (2) receiving a reply in response to receiving a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; (3) at least in part, on the plurality of received reply to computing the estimated location of the access point; and (4) via the network interface to transmit this to the access point estimates. 在一个实施例中,蜂窝无线电网络的一种无线电网络控制器包括至基收发机站的BTS接口、将此无线电网络控制器耦合到具有接入点的WLAN的网络接口、 存储程序代码的机器可读存储器、以及耦合到该存储器、该BTS接口以及该网络接口的处理器。 In one embodiment, a cellular radio network the radio network controller comprises an interface to the base transceiver station BTS, the radio network controller is coupled to this network interface, storing program codes of the WLAN access point having a machine read memory, and a processor coupled to the memory, the processor of the BTS interface, and network interface. 该处理器被配置成使该无线电网络控制器(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与该蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于该接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置"(曰息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;以及(3) 经由该网络接口将这多个回复传送给该接入点。在一个实施例中, 一种机器可读存储器存储程序代码指令。当这些指令被蜂窝无线电网络的无线电网络控制器的处理器执行时,此处理器配置该无线网络控制器以(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与该蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于WLAN接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;(3) 至少部分地基于这多个回复来计算该接入点的地理位置的估 The processor is configured to cause the radio network controller (1) transmits a plurality of requests for location information, each request is directed to the plurality of requests in the service area of ​​the cellular radio communication network and located at the access point position of one or more user equipment device classes "(said information; (2) receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; and (3) via the network interface to a plurality of these replies transmitting to the access point embodiment, a machine-readable memory storing program code instructions. these instructions, when executed by a processor of a radio network controller of a cellular radio network, the processor configured to control the wireless network in one embodiment is to transmit a plurality of (1) a request for location information, each request is directed to the plurality of requests in a cellular radio network with a communication and the WLAN access point located in the service area of ​​a plurality of user equipment or equipment type position information; (2) receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; (3) at least in part, on the plurality of replies to calculate the location of the access point estimate 计;以及(4) 经由该网络接口将此估计传送给该接入点。在一个实施例中, 一种机器可读存储器存储程序代码指令。当这些指令被蜂窝无线电网络的无线电网络控制器的处理器执行时,该处理器配置该无线电网络控制器以(1) 发送多个对位置信息的请求,这多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与该蜂窝无线电网络通信并位于WLAN接入点的服务区域中的一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置信息;(2) 接收响应于这多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;以及(3) 经由该无线电网络控制器的网络接口来将这些回复传送给该接入点。 参考下面的说明、附图、以及所附权利要求书将能更好地理解本发明的这些及其他实施例和方面。附图简要说明图1是图释包括根据本发明的一个实施例配置的通信网络的系统的组件选集的高层框图;图2是图释在根据本发明的一个实施例配置的 Meter; and (4) via the network interface to the access point transmits this estimate in one embodiment, a machine-readable memory storing program code instructions, when these instructions are radio network controller of a cellular radio network. when executed by a processor, the processor is configured in the radio network controller (1) transmits a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of requests in the request relates to the cellular radio communication network and a WLAN access point is located location information of a service area or a plurality of user equipment based equipment; (2) receiving a reply in response to a plurality of requests with the plurality of location information; and (3) via the network interface of the radio network controller to transfer these responses to the access point with reference to the following description, the drawings, and the appended claims, it will be better understood and other embodiments and aspects of the invention. BRIEF DESCRIPTION oF dRAWINGS FIG 1 is a diagram release system comprises a high level block diagram of a communication network configured in accordance with one embodiment of select components of the present invention; FIG. 2 is disposed on Examples according to one embodiment of the present invention. 信网络中使用的基收发机站的组件选集的高层框图;图3是图释在根据本发明的一个实施例配置的通信网络中使用的用户装备类设备的组件选集的高层框图;图4A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得用户装备类设备的位置数据的一种消息选集交换的图解;图4B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得用户装备类设备的位置数据的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图5A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得可供估计该接入点的位置之用的用户装备位置数据的一种消息选集交换的图解;图5B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得可供估计该接入点的位置之用的用户装备位置数据的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图6A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得可供估计该接入点的位置之用的用户装备位 High-level block diagram illustrating select components of a base transceiver station of a telecommunications network for use; FIG. 3 is a high level block diagram illustrating select components of a user equipment type of equipment emoticons use in a communications network configured in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 4A is FIG release message can thereby obtain a user equipment location data class selection of switching device illustrating an access point according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 4B is an access point emoticons embodiment may according to the present invention, whereby another illustration of the message exchange to obtain a selection of the user equipment based location data device; FIG. 5A is a view for release can be estimated thereby obtaining the position of a user of the access point according to one embodiment of the present invention, the access point embodiment Selection illustrates a messaging exchange equipment location data; FIG. 5B is an access point emoticons embodiment can obtain another alternative whereby estimation of the position of the access point location data of the user equipment in accordance with the present invention. Selected species message exchange diagram; FIG. 6A is emoticons may thereby obtaining the position of the access point for the access point in accordance with the estimated one embodiment of the present invention, a user equipment bit 置和往返时间数据的一种消息选集交换的图解;图6B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得可供估计该接入点的位置之用的用户装备位置和往返时间数据的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图7A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的一种消息选集交换的图解;图7B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图8A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置和往返时间数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的一种消息选集交换的图解;图8B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电 Selection illustrates a messaging exchange apparatus and a round trip time data; FIG. 6B is a diagram for release can be estimated thereby obtaining the position of the access point and the position of the user equipment to and from the access point according to an embodiment of the present invention. another illustration of the message exchange selection of the time data; FIG. 7A is an access point emoticons embodiments may thereby be obtained based on the calculated position data of the user equipment device in a radio-based network access point at the position in accordance with the present invention. illustration estimate selection of message exchanges; FIG. 7B is an access point emoticons embodiment can be obtained whereby the radio network at the user equipment based on the calculated position data of the type of equipment in accordance with a position of the access point of the present invention. another illustration of a selection of messages exchanged estimated; FIG. 8A is a diagram of the access release can be obtained thereby calculated based on the position of the user equipment device class round-trip time and the data in the radio network access point according to an embodiment of the present invention. Selection illustrates a messaging exchange estimated point position; FIG. 8B is a diagram for release in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention embodiments an access point in a radio may be obtained whereby 网络处基于用户装备类设备位置和往返时间数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图8C是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置和往返时间数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图9A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图9B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图10A是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置和往返时间数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的一 Another illustration of the message exchange selection of the estimated network equipment based on the user equipment based location data round-trip time and the calculated access point locations; FIG. 8C is an access point whereby release may be an embodiment of the present invention. Selection exchanged illustrated in estimating the radio network at the user equipment based on device location and the calculated round trip time of the access point locations another message; FIG. 9A is released according to an embodiment of the present invention, an access selection of points can be exchanged illustrating thereby obtaining the estimated radio network at the user equipment based on device location data of the calculated access point locations another message; FIG. 9B is a diagram of an embodiment according to the access release embodiment of the present invention. selection of points can be exchanged illustrating thereby obtaining the estimated radio network at the user equipment based on device location data of the calculated access point locations another message; FIG. 10A is an embodiment according to the access emoticons embodiment of the present invention. point may thereby be obtained based on the calculated position of the user equipment device class round-trip time and the radio network data at the access point to estimate the location of a 消息选集交换的图解;图10B是图释根据本发明的一个实施例的接入点可藉以获得在无线电网络处基于用户装备类设备位置和往返时间数据计算出的该接入点位置的估计的另一种消息选集交换的图解;图11是图解包括根据本发明的另一个实施例配置的通信网络的系统的组件选集的高层框图;并且图12示出一种采用求平均和分别主宿的数据库和计算引擎的方法的一种消息选集交换。 Selection of a message exchange diagram; FIG. 10B is an access point emoticons embodiments may thereby be obtained based on the calculated position of the user equipment device class round-trip time and the radio network data in the access point at a position in accordance with the present invention is estimated selection of another message exchange diagram; FIG. 11 is a high level block diagram illustrating comprises a selection of a communication network system assembly according to another embodiment of the present invention is arranged; and FIG. 12 shows an averaging using respectively primary and sink a messaging method for selection of the calculation engine and database exchange. 具体说明在本文中,使用措词"实施例"、"变体"和类似表达来表示一特定装置、 过程、或制品,而未必是指相同装置、过程、或制品。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION In this document, the term "an embodiment," "variant," and similar expressions are used to represent a particular apparatus, process, or article of manufacture, and not necessarily refer to the same apparatus, process, or article of manufacture. 因此,在一处或一个语境中使用的"一个实施例"(或类似表达)可表示一特定装置、过程、或制品;在另一处的相同或类似表达可表示另一装置、过程、或制品。 Thus, in use or in a context of a "one embodiment" (or similar expressions) may represent a particular apparatus, process, or article of manufacture; the other at the same or a similar expression may represent another apparatus, process, or products. 使用表达"替换实施例"和类似短语来指示数个不同的可行实施例之一。 To indicate one of several different possible embodiments and similar phrases using the expression "alternative embodiment Example." 可行实施例的数目未必限定于两个或任何其他数量。 The number of possible embodiments is not necessarily limited to two or any other number. 本文中使用措词"示例性的"来表示"起到示例、实例、或例示的作用"。 As used herein, the word "exemplary" is used to mean "serving as an example, instance, or illustration.." 在此描述为"示例性"的任何实施例不必要被解释为优于或胜过其他实施例。 Described herein as "exemplary" Any embodiment unnecessary to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other embodiments. 在本说明中描述的所有实施例皆是为使本领域技术人员能制作或使用本发明而并非要限定给予本发明合法保护范围所提供的示例性实施例,本发明的合法保护范围由权利要求及其等效技术方案定义。 All embodiments described in this specification are all to enable those skilled in the art to make or use the invention and are not intended to limit the administration of an exemplary embodiment of the legal scope of the present invention provides the legal scope of the present invention is defined by the claims and equivalents defined. 基收发机站("BTS")和基站控制器("BSC")是称为"无线电网络"、 "RN"、"接入网络"、"AN"、"无线电接入网"、或"RAN"的网络的部件。 Base Transceiver Station ( "the BTS") and base station controllers ( "the BSC") is called "radio network," "the RN," "access network," "the AN", "radio access network", or "the RAN "member of the network. 基站控制器也可被称作无线电网络控制器或"RNC"。 The base station controller may also be referred to as a radio network controller or "RNC". 无线电网络可以是UTRAN 或UMTS地面无线电接入网。 The radio network may be a UTRAN or UMTS terrestrial radio access network. 此无线电网络可在多个用户装备类设备之间传输数据分组。 The radio network may transport data packets between multiple user equipment type device. 此无线电网络可被进一步连接至在此无线电网络外界的其他网络,诸如公司内联网、因特网、或常规的公共交换电话网("PSTN"),并可在每一用户装备类设备与此类外网之间传输数据分组。 The radio network may be further connected to additional networks outside the radio network, such as a corporate intranet, the Internet, or a conventional public switched telephone network ( "PSTN"), and each user equipment device and such outside the class transmission of data packets between networks. 图1是图解包括用户装备类设备(在此为蜂窝电话)110、无线局域网120、 和蜂窝系统无线电网络130的组合100的组件选集的高层框图。 FIG 1 is a schematic-type device 110 includes a user equipment, a combination of high level block diagram of select components of a wireless local area network 120, radio network 130 and cellular systems 100 (in this case a cellular telephone). 用户装备类设备110同与这两个网络通信。 Type device 110 with the user equipment to communicate with both networks. WLAN 120和无线电网络130处于互通关系,并通过分组交换广域网(WAN) 170和分组数据服务器节点180来彼此通信。 WLAN 120 and 130 in the radio network interworking relationship, and through the packet-switched wide area network (WAN) 170 and packet data server node 180 communicate with each other. 此无线电网络包括无线电网络控制器131和基收发机站132。 The radio network 131 includes a radio network controller and a base transceiver station 132. 在一些变体中, 无线电网络130是CDMA UMTS无线电网络。 In some variants, the radio network 130 is a CDMA UMTS radio networks. 无线电网络控制器131通过通信链路133与基收发机站132通信。 The radio network controller 131 via communication link 133 with the base transceiver stations 132 communicate. 如本领域技术人员在研读本文后将理解的,无线电网络130可包括更多的基收发机站、更多的无线电网络控制器、更多的通信链路、 以及其他的组件。 As those skilled in the art upon reading appreciated herein, the network 130 may include more radio base transceiver station, radio network controller more, more communication links, and other components. 无线电网络控制器131进一步通过电话交换器160被耦合至公共交换电话网150,并通过PDSN180被耦合到WAN170。 131 radio network controller 160 is coupled to a further public switched telephone network 150 through the telephone switch, and is coupled to WAN170 by PDSN180. 在诸如无线电网络控制器131和分组数据服务器节点180等的各个网络元之间的数据互换可采用任意数目的协议——例如,网际协议(IP)、异步传输模式(ATM)协议、Tl、 El、帧中继、以及其他协议——来实现。 Any number of data can be interchanged between the radio network controller 131, such as a packet data server node 180 and the like each network element protocol - e.g., the Internet Protocol (the IP), Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) protocol, Tl, El, frame relay, and other protocols - to achieve.

如图1中所示,无线电网络控制器131包括至基收发机站132的BTS接口(I/O) 135、至PDSN180的PDSN接口136、至电话交换器160的PTSN接口137、以及 As shown in Figure 1 includes a radio network controller 131 to the base transceiver station BTS interface (I / O) 135, a PDSN interface 136 to PDSN180 132, to the telephone switch interface 137 PTSN 160, and

用于进行位置存储的数据库(DB) 140。 A position storage database (DB) 140. 数据库140也可被实现为存储器139的一部分。 Database 140 may be implemented as part of the memory 139. 数据库140和接口135、 136及137在执行存储在一个或多个存储器设备139 中的程序代码的一个或多个处理器138的控制下操作。 Database interface 135 and 140, 136 and 137 operate under control of a one or more memory devices 139 storing program code for performing one or more of the processor 138.

图2是图解基收发机站132的组件选集的高层框图。 FIG 2 is a high level block diagram illustrating select components of a base transceiver station 132. 在此实施例中,基收发机站132包括无线接收机210、无线发射机212、无线电网络控制器接口214、存储器216、处理器218、以及编码器/解码器电路系统220。 In this embodiment, a base transceiver station 132 includes a radio receiver 210, a wireless transmitter 212, a radio network controller interface 214, memory 216, processor 218, and an encoder / decoder circuitry 220. 接收机210、发射机212、 RNC接口214、以及编码器/解码器220由在存储于存储器216中的程序代码控制下操作的处理器218配置成建立与用户装备类设备110的前向和反向链路以便向/ 从该用户装备类设备IIO发送和接收数据分组。 Receiver 210, a transmitter 212, RNC interface 214, and an encoder / decoder 220 by a processor operating under a program code stored in the memory 216 of the control 218 is configured to establish a user equipment type device 110 forward and reverse to / packet type of the user equipment device IIO to send and receive data from the link. 在例如数据服务的情形中,基收发机站132通过分组数据服务器节点180并通过无线电网络控制器131接收来自分组交换网170的前向链路数据分组,并将这些分组传送给用户装备类设备IIO。 For example, in the case of data services, base transceiver station 132 through a packet data server node 180, and 131 receives from the packet-switched network link 170 before the data packets to a radio network controller, and the packets transmitted to the user equipment based equipment IIO. 基收发机站132接收在用户装备类设备110处始发的反向链路数据分组,并通过无线电网络控制器131和分组数据服务器节点180将这些分组转发给分组交换网170。 Base transceiver station 132 is received at the originating user equipment 110 based equipment reverse link data packets, and forwards 180 the packet-switched network to the radio network controller 170 through a packet data server node 131 and the packets. 在电话服务的情形中,基收发机站132通过电话交换器160并通过无线电网络控制器131接收来自电话网150的前向链路数据分组,并将这些分组传送给用户装备类设备110。 In the case of telephone services, the base transceiver station 132,160 and 131 received through the telephone exchange via the radio network controller 150 from the telephone network before the data packet to the link, and the packets transmitted to the user equipment device 110 class. 在用户装备类设备IIO处始发的携带语音的分组在基收发机站132处被接收,并经由无线电网络控制器131和电话交换器160被转发给电话网150。 In carrying voice packets originating at user equipment IIO class device 132 is received in the base transceiver station, and is forwarded to the telephone network 150 via the radio network controller 131 and telephone exchange 160. 电话/ 语音服务也可通过WAN170来路由。 Telephone / voice services can also be routed through WAN170.

在图释的实施例中,蜂窝无线电网络130既向用户装备类设备110提供数据通信服务又向其提供语音电话服务。 In the embodiment of emoticons, the cellular radio network 130 provides both data communication services to a user equipment device 110 and the class to which the voice call. 在替换实施例中,蜂窝无线电网络130可仅向用户装备类设备110提供数据服务或仅向其提供语音电话服务。 In an alternative embodiment, the cellular radio network 130 may provide only data services to a user equipment device 110 or only the class to which the voice call.

取决于惯例并取决于具体的实现变体,基收发机站132可采取其他形式,并可由其他名称来表示,诸如B节点或基站系统("BSS")。 Depending on the usual practice is implementation dependent variants, a base transceiver station 132 may take other forms, and may be represented by other names, such as Node B or Base Station System ( "BSS"). 类似地,无线电网络控制器131可采取其他形式,并可由其他名称来表示,诸如基站控制器、移动交换中心、或服务GPRS支持节点。 Similarly, the radio network controller 131 may take other forms, and may be represented by other names, such as base station controller, a mobile switching center, or serving GPRS support node. 本发明的范围延及这些以及类似的无线通信系统组件。 Extend the range of these and similar wireless communication system components of the present invention.

无线局域网120提供局部地理区域——例如,办公室套间或建筑物、住所、商店、购物中心、电脑咖啡吧、或交通工具(列车、飞机、船舶)——内的无线接 Wireless LAN 120 provides local geographic area - such as office suites or buildings, homes, shops, shopping centers, computer coffee bar, or transportation (trains, aircraft, ships) - within the radio access

入。 Into. 通常,WLAN 120提供比无线电网络130的基收发机站132短得多的通信射程。 Typically, WLAN 120 over radio network 132 to provide much of the base transceiver station 130 communicating short range. 在一些实施例中,WLAN 120的每一接入点的射程1000米或以下;在更个别的实施例中,WLAN120的每一接入点的射程在IOO米或以下。 In some embodiments, the range of the WLAN access point 120 for each 1000 m or less; In a more particular embodiment, each access point of the range in WLAN120 IOO m or less. 在一些实施例中,基收发机站132在至少一些覆盖区域中的射程至少是WLAN 120的每一接入点的射程的两倍;在更个别的实施例中,基收发机站132在至少一些区域中的射程是WLAN 120的每一接入点的射程的至少十倍。 In some embodiments, a base transceiver station 132 in at least some range of coverage area is at least twice the range of the WLAN access point 120 each; In a more particular embodiment, the base transceiver station at least 132 some regions is at least ten times the range of range of each access point of the WLAN 120. 在一些实施例中,WLAN 120顺应由IEEE LAN/MAN标准委员会的工作组11开发的802.11 Wi-Fi标准族地操作,此标准族还包括这些标准的各个修正版。 In some embodiments, WLAN 120 conform to the Working Group IEEE LAN / MAN Standards Committee developed a standard 11 802.11 Wi-Fi family to operate, this family of standards comprises the standards of the respective further revision. 具体而言,WLAN 120可在IEEE 801.1 la、 802.1 lb、 802.1 lg Wi-Fi标准下操作。 Specifically, WLAN 120 may operate in IEEE 801.1 la, 802.1 lb, 802.1 lg Wi-Fi standard. 802.11b和802.1 lg标准规定了2.4 GHz频带中的工作, 而802.11标准规定了5 GHz频带中的操作。 802.11b and 802.1 lg standards work in the 2.4 GHz band, while 802.11 standard specifies operation in the 5 GHz band. 在旨在于美国使用的一些实施例中, 无需许可证即可运作WLAN 120。 In some embodiments are intended to be used in the United States without a license to operate WLAN 120. 在旨在于美国使用的一些实施例中,无需许可证即可在电磁谱的业余无线电频带中运作WLAN 120。 In some embodiments intended to be used in the United States, to WLAN 120 operating in amateur radio bands of the electromagnetic spectrum without the license. 通常,WLAN 120和无线电网络130在不同频率上工作并使用不同编码技术。 Typically, WLAN 120 and a radio network 130 and use different coding techniques work on different frequencies.

应当注意,本发明不必被限定于在802.11标准下工作的WLAN。 It should be noted that the present invention is not necessarily limited to operating at 802.11 WLAN standard. WLAN 120包括耦合到网络接口124的接入点122,网络接口124进而经由回程线126耦合(直接地或间接地)到WAN 170。 WLAN 120 comprises a network interface 124 coupled to an access point 122, network interface 124 and then to WAN 170 via a coupling (directly or indirectly) the return line 126. 应当注意到,WLAN120可被耦合到除WAN 170以外的其他网络,或可耦合到包括WAN 170在内的数个网络。 It should be noted that, WLAN120 may be coupled to other networks other than the WAN 170, or may be coupled to WAN 170 comprises a number of networks including. WAN 170如在本文中稍后更加详细讨论地提供无线电网络130与WLAN 120之间的互通连接。 WAN 170 as discussed in greater detail provided later herein radio network 130 is connected between the interworking 120 WLAN.

接入点122中介WLAN 120技术的无线电空中接口与由WLAN 120提供的内部连接——例如将接入点122连接到网络接口124的线125的连接。 WLAN 120 access point 122 intermediary art radio air interface provided by the internal WLAN 120 is connected - for example, access point 122 is connected to network 124 is connected to a line interface 125. 应当注意到, 在一些实施例中,网络接口124可被纳入到接入点122中并变成其一部分,由此接入点122中介WLAN 120的无线电空中接口120与回程线126。 It should be noted that in some embodiments, the network interface 124 may be incorporated into the access point 122 and becomes a part of, whereby the intermediary WLAN access point 122 and the radio air interface to the backhaul line 120 120 126.

如图1中所示,接入点122包括存储指令的存储器123、耦合到存储器123 并被配置成执行这些指令的处理器121、以及耦合到处理器121并被配置成在可适用的标准——诸如上面讨论的IEEE 802.11标准下工作的无线收发机(Tx/Rx)127。 As shown in FIG. 1, the access point 122 comprises a memory 123 storing instructions, memory 123 is coupled to and configured to execute the instructions of the processor 121, coupled to the processor 121 and is configured to applicable standards - - such as a wireless transceiver (Tx / Rx) 127 operating under the IEEE 802.11 standards discussed above.

回程线126可以是有线的、无线的、或组合有线和无线节段两者。 The return line 126 may be wired, wireless, or a combination of both wired and wireless segments.

用户装备类设备110可以是蜂窝电话、具有无线能力的个人数字助理、无线PC卡、外置或内置无线调制解调器、或其他移动通信设备。 User equipment device 110 may be a type cellular phone, a personal digital assistant with wireless capability, a wireless PC card, external or internal modem, wireless, or other mobile communication device. 图3是示出用户装备类设备110的一个实施例的组件选集的高层框图。 3 is a diagram illustrating a user equipment device 110 class high level block diagram of one embodiment of a selection of the components. 如图3中所示,用户装备类设备110包括无线电网络收发机(无线电网络接收机和发射机)311、无线局域网收发 As shown in FIG user equipment type device 1103 includes a radio network transceiver (receiver and transmitter radio network) 311, wireless LAN transceiver

机(WLAN接收机和发射机)312、编码器暨解码器电路系统313、显示器314 (例如,LCD)、用户输入设备315 (例如,小键盘)、处理器316、存储器317、以及位置服务模块318 (LCS,例如全球定位系统接收机)。 Machine (WLAN receiver and transmitter) 312, an encoder cum decoder circuitry 313, display 314 (e.g., the LCD), a user input device 315 (e.g., a keypad), processor 316, memory 317, and a location service module 318 (LCS, such as global positioning system receiver). 无线电网络收发机311、 WLAN收发机312、编码器暨解码器电路系统313、显示器314、用户输入设备315、 以及位置服务模块318由执行存储在存储器317中的代码的处理器316配置。 The radio network transceiver 311, WLAN transceiver 312, encoder circuitry cum decoder 313, a display 314, a user input device 315, and a location service module 318 by the execution code stored in the memory 317 of the processor 316 configuration. 用户装备类设备110被配置成通过无线通信链路134来与无线电网络130通信。 Class 110 is a user equipment device configured to communicate via a wireless communication link 134 to the radio network 130. 用户装备类设备IIO与无线电网络130之间的通信采用无线蜂窝网络传输协议,诸如上面描述的蜂窝分组传输协议等。 Communication using a wireless cellular network transmission protocol between a user equipment and the radio network IIO-type device 130, such as the cellular packet transmission protocols described above. 用户装备类设备110被进一步配置成通过无线通信链路128来与WLAN 120通信。 User equipment class device 110 is further configured to communicate with the WLAN 120 via wireless communication link 128. 用户装备类设备110与WLAN 120之间的通信采用无线局域网协议,诸如IEEE 802.11标准顺应性协议等。 User equipment based communication between the device 110 and 120 WLAN wireless local area network protocol, such as IEEE 802.11 standard compliant protocol.

在执行本文中所描述的各种方法时,接入点122、 UE 110、 BTS 132、以及RNC 131可由执行存储在其各自相应的存储器中的代码的其各自相应的控制器来恰适地配置成实行过程步骤(例如,发送和接收通信消息)。 When performing the various methods described herein, the access point 122, the code of the UE 110, BTS 132, and RNC 131 may be performed by their respective stored in the memory of the controller to their respective appropriate configuration of to carry out process steps (e.g., sending and receiving the communication message).

如图1中所示,组合IOO包括一个公共交换电话网和一个分组交换广域网。 As shown in FIG composition comprising a IOO 1 public switched telephone network and a packet-switched WAN. 本领域技术人员在研读本文之后将会认识到,根据本发明诸方面的替换实施例无需被限定于特定数目的这些或其他网络。 Those skilled in the art upon examination of the article will be appreciated, an alternative embodiment of aspects of the present invention need not be limited to a specific number of these or other networks. 例如,通信网络100可将用户装备类设备110连接到一个或多个外加的通信网络,诸如具有数个无线用户装备类设备的第二无线通信网络等。 For example, communication network 100 may be a user equipment like device 110 is connected to one or more additional communication networks, such as a second wireless communication network having a number of wireless user equipment device type and the like. WLAN 120可经由回程线126连接到除WAN 170以外的其他网络(其被连接至PDSN180) 。 WLAN 120 via backhaul lines 126 may be connected to other networks other than the WAN 170 (which is connected to PDSN180). WLAN120可被间接地——例如通过一个或多个其他网络连接到WAN 170。 WLAN120 may be indirectly - for example, connected to the WAN 170 through one or more other networks. 除UE 110以外还可以有其他用户装备类设备,并且它们与WLAN 120和RNC 130通信。 UE 110 may also be other than another user equipment device classes, and they communicate with WLAN 120 130 and RNC.

通过参考(基于)用户装备类设备110的位置数据,以及还可能参考在与接入点122和无线电网络130两者通信的其他类似用户装备类设备的位置数据,接入点122的地理位置被确定。 By reference (based) location data of the user equipment 110, equipment type, and possibly also the position of the reference geographic data other similar type of equipment the user equipment to communicate with both the access point 122 and radio network 130, the access point 122 is determine. 用户装备类设备110的(以及其他用户装备类设备的) 位置估计可由无线电网络通过例如从多个基收发机站作三角测量或三边测量来确定。 Position (and other type of equipment the user equipment) based user equipment device 110 may be estimated from a radio network, for example, as a plurality of triangular base transceiver stations or trilateration determined by. 用户装备类设备110的以及其他用户装备类设备的位置估计也可通过用户装备类设备各自相应的位置服务模块——诸如GPS接收机等^"来确定。 And the location of other user equipment category class device user equipment device 110 may also be estimated by the user equipment device a respective location based service module - such as a GPS receiver or the like to determine ^. "

用户装备类设备110可将其位置估计直接传达给接入点122。 User equipment device 110 may be based location estimate 122 went directly to the access point. 这已在图4A中图释,图4A示出在组合100中WLAN接入点122可藉以获得用户装备类设备110 的以及在与接入点122WLAN通信的其他用户装备类设备的位置估计的消息选集的交换400。 This has emoticons, FIG 4A is shown in FIG. 4A may thereby obtaining user equipment device 110 and the message class is estimated at a position other user equipment category 122WLAN communication equipment in the combination of the access point 100. WLAN access point 122 Selection of exchange 400. 在消息交换400的过程中,接入点122采用为诸如控制消息和用于向接入点122提供位置估计的消息等消息的交换而设计的互通协议来或通过WLAN 链路128、或通过回程线126、 WAN 170、 PDSN 180、和无线电网络130向用户装备类设备110发送位置请求消息410。 During the message exchange 400, the access point 122 communicate using a control such as a message protocol for exchanging messages, and other messages to provide location estimate 122 to the access point or be designed by a WLAN link 128, or via backhaul line 126, WAN 170, PDSN 180, and a radio network 130 a request message 410 to the user equipment 110 transmits a location-based device. 用户装备类设备110通过其WLAN收发机312或通过无线电网络130接收消息410,并响应于接收到位置请求消息410使用WLAN收发机312向WLAN 120发送测量响应消息420。 User equipment device classes through its WLAN transceiver 110 or 312 receives the message 410 through the radio network 130, in response to receiving the location request message 410 using the WLAN transceiver 312 transmits a response message 420 to the WLAN 120 measurements. 注意到用户装备类设备110可响应于接收到消息420来估计其位置,或其可用先前获得并存储的位置估计来作响应。 Notice that the user equipment device 110 may class in response to receiving message 420 estimate its location, or obtained and stored previously available location estimate to make a response. 注意到这种存储的响应应当是相对近期地在该用户装备类设备处于该接入点的服区域中时获得的。 In response to this storage it should be noted is relatively recent service area obtained at the user equipment device is in the class of the access point. 测量响应消息420包含用户装备类设备110的位置估计。 Measuring a response message 420 comprising the user equipment 110 based device location estimate. 接入点122通过其WLAN收发机(未示出)接收消息420以及其中所包含的用户装备类设备110的位置估计。 WLAN access point 122 via its transceiver (not shown) receives the message 420 and the location of the user equipment type device which contains 110 estimates.

用户装备类设备110也可自动地——即并非响应于来自WLAN 120的位置请求地向WLAN 120提供其位置估计。 User equipment class device 110 may automatically - that is not in response to a location request from the WLAN 120 to provide its position estimate to the WLAN 120. 例如,用户装备类设备IIO在处于接入点122 的服务区域中时可定期地向WLAN 120提供其位置估计。 For example, user equipment type device IIO provide its position estimate to the WLAN 120 when the service area of ​​an access point 122 may periodically.

图4B示出组合100中的另一种消息选集交换450。 4B shows a combination with another selection of the message exchange 100 450. 在消息交换450的过程中, WLAN接入点122通过线125、WLAN网络接口124、回程线126、WAN 170、PDSN 180、和PDSN接口136向无线电网络130的无线电网络控制器131发送位置请求消息460。 During the message exchange 450, WLAN access point 122 via line 125, WLAN network interface 124, the return line 126, WAN 170, PDSN 180, and PDSN interface 136 a request message to a radio network the radio network controller 131 transmits the location 130 460. WLAN 120与无线电网络130之间的信令是采用在WLAN 120与无线电网络130之间通信用的互通协议来执行的。 Signaling between the WLAN 120 and the radio network 130 is employed to perform the protocol interworking between the WLAN 120 130 communication with the radio network. RNC 131接收位置请求消息460,并且响应于消息460与BTS 132通信以使BTS 132经由无线电网络空中接口向用户装备类设备110发送测量控制消息470。 RNC 131 receives the location request message 460, message 460 in response to communication with a BTS 132 so BTS 132 transmits a measurement control message to the user equipment device 110 via a radio network-based air interface 470. (此空中接口可实现UMTS信令。)测量控制消息470包括对用户装备类设备110的位置估计的请求。 (This UMTS air interface signaling may be implemented.) The measurement control message 470 includes a request for location-based user equipment device 110 estimated.

用户装备类设备110接收消息470,并且作为响应经由该空中接口向无线电网络130发送测量响应消息480。 User equipment device 110 receives a message type 470, and in response to the radio network 130 sends a measurement via a message 480 in response to the air interface. 测量响应消息480包括用户装备类设备110的位置估计。 Measuring the response message 480 comprises a location of the user equipment category estimation device 110. 如在图4A中所示的交换中那样,用户装备类设备110可响应于接收到消息470而估计其位置,或其可用先前获得并存储的位置估计来作响应。 As above, the user equipment device 110 may respond based on the exchange shown in FIG. 4A in the received message 470 and its estimated location, or obtained and stored previously available location estimate to make a response. 注意到这种存储的估计应当是相对近期地在用户装备类设备处于该接入点的服务区域中时获得的。 It should be noted that the storage estimate is obtained at relatively recent service area of ​​the user equipment device is in the class of the access point.

消息480中包含的用户装备位置估计从BTS 132被转发至RNC 131 。 User equipment location estimate contained in message 480 is forwarded from BTS 132 to the RNC 131. RNC 131 然后将位置响应消息490发回给WLAN接入点122。 RNC 131 location response message 490 is then sent back to the WLAN access point 122. 消息490可采用互通协议, 并横贯与消息460相同的路由(但为逆序)。 Message 490 may employ interworking protocol, and the message traverses the same route (but in reverse) 460. 无线电网络130可如在前面几段中讨论的那样通过响应于位置请求消息460 的消息470和480来获得用户装备类设备110的位置估计。 The radio network 130 may be as in response to as discussed in the previous paragraphs location request message 460 and message 470 the user equipment 480 to obtain location-based device 110 estimates. 在一些情况下,无线电网络130可具有用户装备类设备110相对当前的位置估计。 In some cases, the radio network 130 may have a user equipment category estimation device 110 relative to the current position. 例如,无线电网络130 可能是在接收到位置请求消息460前不久(即,在预定时段内)从用户装备类设备110获得此位置估计。 For example, radio network 130 may be a request message 460 shortly before receiving the location (i.e., within a predetermined period) this position estimate is obtained from a user equipment device 110 class. 在此情形中,消息470和480可被省略,并且带有用户装备类设备110的位置估计的位置响应消息490可被无延迟地发送给该接入点。 In this case, the message 470 and 480 may be omitted, and with the position of the user equipment category estimation apparatus 110 a response message 490 may be sent without delay to the access point. 在其他实施例中,无线电网络130无需显性地向用户装备类设备110请求位置估计也可通过在网络130处可用的位置服务来获得用户装备类设备110的位置估计。 In other embodiments, the radio network 130 need not explicitly requested by the position estimation can also be available at the network location service 130 to obtain the position of the user equipment category estimation device 110 to the user equipment device 110 class. 例如,无线电网络130可使两个或多个基收发机站中的每一个确定其各自相对于用户装备类设备110的方向,然后通过三边测量来估计用户装备类设备110的位置。 For example, the radio network 130 enables two or more base transceiver stations is determined for each direction with respect to each class of user equipment device 110, and estimates the position of the user equipment category device 110 by trilateration. 类似地,无线电网络130可使多个基收发机站通过测量至用户装备类设备110 的往返时间(RTT)来确定其各自至设备110的距离,然后通过三边测量来估计用户装备类设备110的位置。 Similarly, the radio network 130 enables a plurality of base transceiver stations by measuring the round-trip to a time (RTT) based user equipment device 110 to determine its distance from each of the device 110, and then to estimate the user equipment device 110 through trilateration based s position. 在这些实施例中,无线电网络130无需求助于消息470 和480也可获得其对用户装备类设备110的位置的估计,并将如此获得的估计包括在位置响应消息490中。 In these embodiments, without recourse to the radio network 130 and message 470 480 which can be obtained location estimate for a user equipment type device 110, and the thus obtained estimated positions included in the message 490 in response. 接入点122在与用户装备类设备(例如,设备110)通信之时(或接近此时间) 可简单地假定自己与获得了其位置估计的该用户装备类设备同位共处。 Co-located with the access point 122 in the user equipment type device (e.g., device 110) of the communication (or close to that time) can be obtained simply assume its own position estimates with the parity device user equipment category. 接入点122然后可存储此位置估计并在需要时——例如每当通过WLAN 120连接的呼叫的源的地理位置被请求时——提供此位置估计。 The access point 122 may then store this location estimate and when required - for example, each time a call connection through the WLAN location source 120 is requested - provide this location estimate. 此位置估计的误差以WLAN服务区域的大小为界。 This position estimation error to the size of the WLAN service area is bounded. 此大小可能相对较小。 This size may be relatively small. 例如,802.11b/g的服务射程常被估计在100 米。 For example, 802.11b / g services are often estimated in the range of 100 meters. 在实践当中,往往发现此服务射程因不理想的信号传播环境而甚至更短。 In practice, often find this service range due to the unfavorable signal propagation environment or even less. 此级定位误差对于诸如位置耙向广告等的许多位置敏感的服务而言是胜任的,但是其对于其他服务而言可能是不可接受的。 This stage positioning error such as a position of the rake is sensitive for a number of locations to advertising service competent, but for other services which may be unacceptable. 例如,在具有密集住所的环境中定位紧急呼叫源可能要求在接入点的位置估计上有更高的准确性。 For example, in an environment having a dense residence positioned in an emergency call may require a source location of the access point on a higher estimation accuracy. 此外,未来的WLAN标准(例如,802.11n)有望提供某种程度上更大的射程,并且在实际WLAN 标准之外的方案(例如,中继器和交换机)会大大拓展WLAN的有效覆盖区域, 在一些情形中甚至拓展到千米级射程。 In addition, future WLAN standard (e.g., 802.1 In) is expected to provide somewhat greater range, and the program (e.g., repeaters and switches) in addition to the actual WLAN standards will greatly expand the effective coverage area of ​​the WLAN, in some cases, even extended to the meter scale range. 定位误差由此将相应增大。 Thereby positioning error will increase accordingly. 因此,增强估计的接入点位置的准确性将是有益的。 Therefore, to enhance the accuracy of the estimated location of the access point would be helpful. 我们进而描述提高基于用户装备类设备的位置估计的接入点位置估计的准确性的几种技术。 We then several techniques based on the accuracy of the location of the user equipment category equipment estimated access point location estimation described improved. 根据求平均技术,接入点获得多个用户装备类设备位置估计,并对它们求平均以逼近其自己的位置。 Obtaining a plurality of user equipment based location estimation apparatus according to an averaging technique, the access point, and they are averaged to approximate its own location. 接入点可独立地向数个用户装备类设备请求用户装备类设备位置估计。 The access point may independently be equipped with a number of user equipment requesting user equipment category class device location estimate. 我们称此求平均技术为"UE分集平均"。 We call this averaging technique is "UE diversity average." 接入点也可请求同一移动用户装备类设备的但与不同时间相关联以允许此用户装备类设备周游遍该WLAN 的服务(覆盖区域)的数个用户装备类设备位置估计。 But with different time associated with the user equipment to allow this type of equipment traveled periphery of the WLAN service (coverage area) of a number of user equipment based location of the access point device may be a mobile user equipment requests for the same type of equipment estimation. 我们将称此求平均方法为"时间分集平均"。 We will call this the averaging method is "average time diversity." 接入点还可组合UE与时间分集平均,从而多个用户装备类设备被利用,并且这些用户装备类设备中至少有一个提供其在不同时间的多个位置估计。 The access point can also be combined with the average time diversity UE, user equipment such that a plurality of class device is utilized, the user equipment and the type of equipment which is provided in at least one of a plurality of positions estimated at different times. 我们将此求平均方法称作"组合式UE/时间分集平均"。 We called this averaging method "compound UE / average time diversity." 图5A示出使WLAN接入点能利用UE分集平均来计算并存储其位置估计的消息选集交换500。 FIG 5A shows the case where message selection of the WLAN access point can use diversity UE calculates and stores its average position estimate exchange 500. 此交换涉及两个不同的用户装备类设备——UE1和UE2,并且对于这些设备中的每一个此交换与图4B中所示的交换450相同(或基本相似)。 This switching involves two different user equipment type and --UE1 equipment UE2, and the same exchange for each of these devices illustrated in FIG. 4B This exchange 450 (or substantially similar). 在消息交换500的过程中,WLAN接入点采用互通协议向无线电网络发送UE1位置请求消息505。 During the message exchange 500, WLAN access point uses the protocol interworking UE1 transmits a location request message 505 to the radio network. 无线电网络接收到UE1位置请求消息505,并经由无线电网络空中接口来向用户装备类设备UE1发送UE1测量控制消息510。 The radio network receives a location request message 505 to the UE1, and UE1 transmits a measurement control message 510 to the user equipment UE1 via a radio network equipment based air interface. 用户装备类设备UE1 接收到消息510,并且作为响应经由此空中接口向无线电网络发送UE1测量响应消息515。 User equipment UE1 receives the message-type device 510, and in response UE1 transmits via this air interface measurement response message 515 to the radio network. UE1测量响应消息515包括用户装备类设备UE1的位置估计。 UE1 measurement response message 515 comprises a user equipment device UE1 based location estimate. 用户装备类设备UE1可响应于接收到消息505而估计其位置,或其可用先前获得并存储的位置估计来作响应。 User equipment UE1 equipment category in response to receiving the message 505 and estimate its location, or obtained and stored previously available location estimate to make a response. 注意到这种存储的估计应当是相对近期地——例如,在UE1 处于该接入点的服务区域中时获得的。 It should be noted that the storage estimate is relatively recent to - for example, obtained when the service area of ​​the access points in the UE1. 无线电网络向WLAN接入点返回位置响应消息520,此消息包括UE1的位置估计。 The radio network 520 returns the location response message to the WLAN access point, this message comprising a position estimate UE1. 然后使用消息525、 530、 535和540来对用户装备类设备UE2重复此过程。 Then using message 525, 530, 535, and 540 to repeat this procedure for the user equipment based equipment UE2. 注意到UE2位置请求消息525可在UE1位置响应消息520被接收到之前就被发送。 Noted UE2 location request message 525 is sent before the message 520 is received in response to UE1 position. 例如,接入点可大致在同一时间发送消息505和525,然后等待位置响应消息520和540。 For example, the access point may send a message 505 and 525 is substantially at the same time, and then waits for a response message positions 520 and 540. 此外,来自无线电网络的单个广播或多播测量控制消息就可包含对多个用户装备类设备的位置估计的请求。 In addition, the radio network from a single broadcast or multicast request measurement control message can contain a plurality of user equipment based on the location of the device estimated. 还应理解,求平均并不限定于两个用户装备类设备。 It should also be appreciated that averaging is not limited to two classes user equipment device. 一旦接入点获得带有两个或多个用户装备类设备的位置估计的位置响应,它就对这些位置估计求平均以获得对其自己地理位置的改善的估计,并存储此后者估计以供将来之用,例如便于向911应急人员提供此地理位置。 Once the access point obtains the location with two or more user equipment category in response to a position estimation device, it is estimated that these positions are averaged to obtain an estimate of their own geographic location improved, and thereafter are stored for estimation future use, for example, facilitate the provision of this location to 911 emergency personnel. 图5B示出使WLAN接入点能利用时间分集平均来获得并存储其位置估计的消息选集交换550。 FIG. 5B shows the case where message selection of the WLAN access point using the time diversity can be obtained and stored in its average position estimate exchange 550. 消息交换550类似于交换500,其主要区别之处在于位置请求消息和位置请求响应是向/从同一用户装备类设备但在不同时间点上发送/接收的。 Message exchange 550 is similar to the exchange 500, the main difference is that the location request message and the location request response is to / from the same type of equipment but the user equipment transmits at different time points / reception. 这两个位置响应之间的时间差使得该用户装备类设备很可能在这两次测量之间的区间里移动了不小的距离,即至少有十米的距离或是构成该接入点的覆盖区域最长一维的相对较大部分(例如,至少10%)的距离。 Time between these two positions in response to a difference so that the user equipment may be a mobile type device is not a small distance in the interval between these two measurements, the distance that is at least ten meters or configured to cover the access point from a relatively large portion (e.g., at least 10%) up to one-dimensional area. 例如,此时间差可以是至少一分钟、至少十分钟、至少一小时、或至少一天。 For example, the time difference may be at least one minute, at least ten minutes, at least one hour, or at least one day. 另一种用于改善接入点的位置估计的技术是让接入点测量此接入点与这一个或多个用户装备类设备之间的往返时间(RTT)。 Another technique to improve estimating the location of the access point for the access point is to measure the round trip time (RTT) between this access point and the one or more user equipment type device. 有了三个RTT测量——无论其是关于不同用户装备类设备的还是关于单个移动的用户装备类设备的,接入点就能对其自己的位置作三边测量。 With three RTT measurement - whether it is on a different type of equipment the user equipment or mobile user equipment on a single type of equipment, the access point will be able to make its own location trilateration. 还可将此技术与多个用户装备类设备和来自这些用户装备类设备之一的多个测量的组合一起使用。 This technique may also be used with a plurality of user equipment from a combination of the class and the plurality of measurement devices of one of these type of equipment and user equipment. 例如,可从第一移动的用户装备类设备获得两个位置测量,并从第二用户装备类设备获得第三个位置测量。 For example, measurements may be obtained from the first two positions of the mobile user equipment class device, and obtain the third position from the second user equipment type measuring device. 注意到在这方面, 一个用户装备类设备可能与另一个一样好;亦即,在不同时间从单个用户装备类设备取得的三个测量可能与来自三个不同用户装备类设备的测量起到一样好的作用,其前提是此单个用户装备类设备在诸测量之间的确移动了。 Notes in this regard, a user equipment may be as good as the type of equipment to another; i.e., three measurements taken from a single user equipment devices in different classes with three measurement time may differ from the user equipment plays the same type of equipment good effect, provided that this single class of user equipment device does moved between the various measurements. 图6A示出使WLAN接入点能利用RTT数据和三边测量来获得并存储其位置估计的消息选集交换600。 FIG 6A shows the case where a selection message WLAN access point and can utilize data RTT trilateration obtain and store its location estimate 600 of the exchange. 此交换类似于图4B和5A的交换450和500,但其涉及三个用户装备类设备——UE1至UE3,以及用于测量RTT的附加消息。 This is similar to FIGS. 4B and 5A switching exchange 450 and 500, but it involves three user equipment to the UE3 --UE1 type device, and additional information for measuring the RTT. 这里,也假定接入点以单独事务的形式来向无线电网络请求每一用户装备类设备位置。 Here, it is assumed that the access point as a separate transaction to request the location of each user equipment to the radio network device type. 具体而言,接入点向无线电网络发送三个位置请求消息606、 614和622。 Specifically, three access point sends a location request message to a radio network 606, 614 and 622. 这些消息中的每一个涉及一不同的用户装备类设备。 Each of these messages relate to a different type of user equipment devices. 响应于这些位置请求消息中的每一个,无线电网络向相应的用户装备类设备发送一测量控制消息:测量控制消息608被发送给UE1,测量控制消息616被发送给UE2,而测量控制消息624被发送给UE3。 In response to these positions each request, the radio network message sends a measurement control message to the corresponding user equipment type of equipment: a measurement control message 608 is sent to the UE1, the measurement control message 616 is sent to the UE2, the measurement control message 624 is send to UE3. 在每一用户装备类设备接收到发送给自己的测量控制消息之后,它向无线电网络发回一包含其位置的估计的测量响应消息:UE1发送测量响应消息610、 UE2 发送测量响应消息618、而UE3发送测量响应消息626。 After each user equipment device based sent to their receiving a measurement control message, it sends back to the radio network a position estimate comprises measuring a response message: UE1 sends a measurement response message 610, UE2 618 sends a measurement response message, and UE3 626 sends a measurement response message. 当无线电网络接收到这些UE位置估计中的每一个时,它向接入点发送相应的位置相应消息:位置响应消息612携带UE1的位置估计,位置响应消息620携带UE2的位置估计,而位置响应消息628携带UE3的位置估计。 When the estimated radio network receives these positions each UE, it sends to the access point corresponding to a position corresponding message: location response message 612 carries the position estimate of the UE1, UE2 location response message 620 carries the position estimate, and in response to the position message 628 carries UE3 position estimate. 接入点接收这些位置响应消息中的每一个,并通过与提供该位置估计的相应用户装备类设备交换RTT测量消息来测量其自己与该用户装备类设备之间的往返时间:接入点交换(1) RTT测量消息613以测量其自己与UE1之间的往返时间, (2)RTT测量消息621以测量其自己与UE2之间的往返时间,以及(3)RTT测量消息629以测量其自己与UE3之间的往返时间。 The access point receives a response from each of these positions in the message, and to measure the round-trip time between its own device and the user equipment category class by a respective user equipment devices to exchange messages and providing the measured RTT location estimate: an access point switch (1) RTT measurement message 613 to measure a round trip time between its own and UE1, (2) RTT measurement message 621 to measure a round trip time between its own and UE2, and (3) RTT measurement to measure its own message 629 and round-trip time between UE3. 这些RTT测量消息中的每一个优选在接收到来自无线电网络的相应位置相应消息后很短的时间内(例如,尽快地或在下一消息来自接入点之际)被发送。 Each of these messages RTT measurement is preferably in the respective positions corresponding to the received message from the radio network of a short time (e.g., as soon as possible or at the occasion of the next message from an access point) to be transmitted. 以此方式,关于用户装备类设备的位置响应就包含与关于同一用户装备类设备的RTT测量基本上在相同时间获得的该设备的位置估计。 In this manner, in response to the position of the user equipment device class contains the position estimate of the RTT measurement device on the same type of equipment the user equipment at the same time substantially obtained. 从这些RTT,接入点计算出其自己与这些用户装备类设备中的每一个之间的距离。 Calculate the distance between each one of them with its own user equipment device from these classes RTT, the access point. 给定这三个距离以及这些用户装备类设备的相应位置,接入点就可通过三边测量来估计其自己的位置。 Given to the respective positions of the three classes from the user equipment and the equipment, the access point can estimate its own position by trilateration. 接入点存储其位置的这一估计以供将来之用,例如,以便向911应急人员提供其地理位置。 This estimate its access point storage location for future use, e.g., 911 to provide its geographic location to emergency personnel. 应当理解,在消息交换600中,UE2位置请求消息614可在UE1位置响应消息612被接收到之前就被发送,并且UE3位置请求消息622可在UE2位置响应消息620被接收到之前就被发送。 It should be appreciated that, in the message exchange 600, UE2 location request message 614 is sent before the message 612 is received in response in the UE1 position, and UE3 location request message 622 is sent before the message 620 is received may be a response UE2 position. 例如,接入点可大致在同一时间发送消息606、 614 和622,然后等待位置响应消息612、 620和628。 For example, the access point may transmit at substantially the same time message 606, 614 and 622, and then waits for a response message positions 612, 620 and 628. 此外,单个位置响应消息就可包含对两个或多个用户装备类设备的位置估计的请求。 Further, a single message can contain the requested location response to the position of two or more user equipment category estimation device. 图6B示出使WLAN接入点能利用RTT数据并从单个用户装备类设备作三边定位来获得并存储其位置估计的消息选集交换650。 FIG 6B shows the case where message selection of the WLAN access point and can utilize RTT data from a single user equipment device for trilateration based targeting to obtain and store its location estimate 650 of the exchange. 此交换十分类似于交换600, 但这三个位置请求消息和这三个相应的位置响应消息是向/从在每一UE位置估计之时位于接入点的服务区域中的不同地方的同一移动用户装备类设备发送/接收的。 This is very similar to the switching exchange 600, but three and three location request message corresponding to the same location response message is moved to / from the access point located at different places in estimating the location of each UE in the service area of transmitting user equipment device class / reception. 相继的位置响应消息之间的时间差使得此用户装备类设备很可能在两个相继测量之间移动了不小的距离。 The time between successive messages in response to a position difference between the user equipment such that this type of equipment is not likely to move a small distance between two successive measurements. 例如,此时间差可以是至少一分钟、至少十分钟、至少一小时、或至少一天。 For example, the time difference may be at least one minute, at least ten minutes, at least one hour, or at least one day. 在接入点接收到来自同一用户装备类设备的这三个位置估计中的每一个之后,它测量至该用户装备类设备的距离。 In the access point receives the three positions from the same type of equipment the user equipment after each of the estimates, which measure the distance to the user equipment device class. 在一些实施例中,接入点进而在与其发送针对相应用户装备类设备的位置请求基本相同的时间,或在接收到涉及该同一用户装备类设备的位置响应的相对较短的时间内测量关于该同一设备的RTT。 In some embodiments, the access points in its turn transmitting a request for the location of the respective user equipment class device substantially the same time, or measuring the position in the receiving user equipment relating to the same type of equipment in response to a relatively short time of about RTT the same device. 以此方式,用户装备类设备的位置响应包含与该用户装备类设备的相应RTT测量基本在相同的时间获得的该设备的位置估计。 In this way the position of the user equipment comprises a class of devices in response to the position of the device substantially at the same time to obtain an estimated RTT measurement corresponding to the type of equipment the user equipment. 当接入点有了这三个位置估计以及这三个相关联的RTT测量时,接入点通过三边测量来计算其自己位置的估计,并存储其位置的这一估计以供将来之用。 When the access point has three positions RTT measurement and estimation of the three associated access point to estimate its own position calculated by trilateration, and stores this estimate of its location for future use . 可利用求平均来进一步提高用RTT测量计算出的接入点位置估计的精度。 Averaging can be used to further improve the accuracy of the calculated position of the access point by measuring the RTT estimate. 亦即,消息交换600和650可被重复,然后对时间求平均以对初始测量误差作补偿。 That is, message exchange 600 and 650 may be repeated, then time averaged to compensate for the initial measurement error. 此求平均可使用相同的一个或一组用户装备类设备或是不同的一个或一组用户装备类设备来执行。 This averaging may be performed using the same equipment a user class or a group of devices or a different class or a group of user equipment devices. 例如,可首先获得从三个不同用户装备类设备获得的估计以及相应的RTT测量(如图6A中所示),然后可利用来自单个用户装备类设备的三个位置测量和相应的RTT测量来获得第二估计(如图6B中所示),并可对这两个估计求平均以获得接入点位置的更精确的估计。 For example, the first estimate is obtained from three different user equipment type of equipment available and the corresponding measured RTT (shown in FIG. 6A), then three positions can be used from a single type of equipment the user equipment and the corresponding measured RTT measurements obtaining a second estimate (shown in FIG. 6B), and averaging these two estimated position of the access point to obtain a more accurate estimate. 类似地,可对从第一组三个用户装备类设备获得的接入点第一位置估计与从第二组三个用户装备类设备获得的接入点第二位置估计求平均。 Similarly, an estimate of the available user equipment from a first set of three-type device and the access point a first position obtained from the second group of three classes user equipment device a second access point location estimate averaging. 这两组中一些或甚至全部的用户装备类设备可以是相同的,或者这两组中的每一组可包括全部不同的设备。 This sets some or even all of the user equipment may be the same type of equipment, or for each group of these two groups may comprise all different devices. 可以对接入点的两个以上的位置估计求平均。 It can be more than two positions on the access point estimates averaged. 对利用RTT和三边测量获得的接入点位置估计求平均有助于减小用户装备位置的纯时间平均潜在可能的偏斜影响。 The position of the access point and using trilateration RTT estimate obtained pure averaging helps to reduce the average time a user equipment location potential impact deflection. 当然,任何时间平均方案在接入点在诸测量之间移动的情况下都易产生检测不到的误差;由此取时间上合理地靠拢的测量是合乎需要的。 Of course, any time averaging scheme are not easy to produce detected error in the case of movement between the various measured at the access point; thereby taking the time measurements are reasonably close desirable. 此外,如果两个接入点位置估计相差大于预定距离,则可在合理的确定性下推断该接入点已被移动。 Further, if the two access points differ by more than a predetermined distance from the estimated positions, it may be inferred that the access point has been moved at reasonable certainty. 在此情形中,接入点可存储最近的位置估计(忽视掉较早前的接入点位置估计),或者接入点可使所存储的位置估计无效并发起新的一组位置测量。 In this case, the access point may store recent location estimate (overlooked earlier access point location estimate) or the access point can estimate the position of the stored invalid and initiates a new set of position measurement. 触发此类动作的预定距离必须被设得比此估计接入点位置的过程中的任何现实可能的测量误差要大。 Any measurement errors reality may trigger a predetermined distance such actions must be made larger than the estimated access point location of this process is larger. 例如,此预定距离可被设为大于接入点的服务区域最长的一维。 For example, this predetermined distance may be set to be greater than the access point service area longest dimension. 注意到依赖于用户装备位置测量和RTT测量两者的这些方法的准确性对位置测量的时间与相应的RTT测量的时间之间的延迟敏感,因为UE在这两个测量的时间之间可能移动了一些距离。 Noting equipment depends on the position measuring accuracy of these methods and RTT measurements of both the user of the position-sensitive measurement of the time delay between the time corresponding to the measured RTT, because the UE may move between two measured time some distance. 因此这两个测量尽可能接近地同步是合乎需要的。 So these two measurements synchronized as closely as possible is desirable. 迄今所讨论的这些方法可被视为主宿在WLAN接入点上,因为从可用数据计算接入点位置的责任归于该接入点。 These methods discussed thus far may be regarded as the main places in the WLAN access point, because of the responsibility of calculating the position of the access point from the access point attributable to the available data. 因此,除了对至无线电网络的互通接口的普遍性支持以外,接入点还包括配制成执行诸如求平均计算等的其他各种步骤的软件。 Thus, in addition to the universal support interworking interface to the radio network, the access point further comprises executing software formulated into various other steps such as the averaging calculation. 因为接入点软件可能不统一或不易于升级,因此改为将最终计算主宿在无线电网络上可能是合乎需要的。 Because the access point software non-uniform or may not readily upgrade, so the final calculation to the main places in the radio network may be desirable. 在与无线电网络主宿的方式相容的实施例中,WLAN与无线电网络之间的互通接口包括预备接入点向无线网络请求其自己的位置。 In an embodiment the radio network is compatible with the master sink, the intercommunication between the interface and the radio network comprises a WLAN access point requests the preliminary position to its own wireless network. 无线网络有与以上关于WLAN主宿的方法描述的相同的定位选项对其开放。 Wireless networks have the same targeting options above with respect to methods described in WLAN master sink opening thereof. 在上面描述的第一且最简单的情形(在其中接入点假定其自己与在其服务区域中的任何给定用户装备类设备同位共处)中,定位计算从接入点主宿变为无线电网络主宿几乎没有什么差别,因为接入点向无线电网络请求单个用户装备类设备位置,正如图4A中所示。 The first and simplest case described above (in which the access point is assumed to own user equipment with any given type of equipment coexist in the same position in its service area), the positioning calculation from the radio access point becomes the primary sink network master sink almost no difference, since the access point requests a single user equipment to a radio network based location device, as shown in FIG. 4A. 当通过求平均和/或RTT测量技术增强了接入点位置估计的准确性时,对最终位置计算的主宿的选择变得更为重要。 When the access point to enhance the accuracy of the location estimate by averaging and / or RTT measurement techniques, the final selection of the master sink position calculation becomes more important. 在用求平均实现接入点位置估计的无线电网络主宿版本的实施例中,接入点向无线电网络发布位置请求。 The average seek to achieve access point locations by estimating radio network version of the master sink embodiment, the access point location request to release the radio network. 无线电网络然后负责确定在该WLAN接入点的服务区域中的多个用户装备类设备的位置,并对这些位置求平均以得到估计的接入点位置。 The radio network is then responsible for determining the location of a plurality of user equipment-type device in the service area of ​​a WLAN access point, and these positions are averaged to obtain the position estimate of the access point. 正如在类似的WLAN主宿的位置计算的情形中那样,此求平均方法可以是UE 分集方法、时间分集方法、或是组合式的UE/时间分集方法。 As, in the case of this averaging method similar location calculation WLAN master sink may be a UE diversity method, the time diversity method, or a combination of UE / time diversity method. 图7A示出根据使用UE分集平均的无线电网络主宿方法的消息选集交换700。 FIG 7A shows a message using a selection diversity UE average primary sink radio network 700 exchange method. 此交换涉及两个不同的用户装备类设备——UE1和UE2。 This switching involves two different user equipment type device --UE1 and UE2. 在消息交换700的过程中,WLAN接入点采用互通协议来向无线电网络发送位置请求消息705。 During the message exchange 700, WLAN access point using the message exchange protocol to request 705 sent to the network location of the radio. 消息705 请求该接入点的位置估计。 Message 705 requesting the access point location estimate. 无线电网络接收到消息705并经由无线电网络空中接口向用户装备类设备UE1发送测量控制消息710。 The radio network receives the message 705 and the user equipment UE1 transmits a measurement-based device via a radio air interface network 710 control messages. 用户装备类设备UE1接收到消息710,并且作为响应经由此空中接口向无线电网络发送测量响应消息715。 User equipment UE1 receives the message-type device 710, and in response sends a measurement via this air interface response message 715 to the radio network. 测量响应消息715包括用户装备类设备UE1的位置估计。 Measuring the response message 715 comprises a location of the user equipment category estimation device UE1. 根据一般用于在无线电网络中定位UE的位置定位过程,用户装备类设备UE1可相应于接收到消息710而估计其位置,或其可用先前获得的位置估计来作响应。 The UE is used to locate the position location procedure in the radio network, user equipment UE1 may equipment category corresponding to the received message 710 and its estimated location, or the previously obtained position estimate available for the response. 该无线电网络还经由此无线电网络空中接口向第二用户装备类设备UE2发送测量控制消息730。 The radio network via which the further radio network control message over the air interface 730 the second user equipment UE2 transmits the measurement to the type of equipment. 用户装备类设备UE2接收到消息730,并且作为响应经由此空中接口向无线电网络发送测量响应消息735。 User equipment category equipment UE2 730 receives the message, and in response sends a measurement via this air interface response message 735 to the radio network. 测量响应消息735包括用户装备类设备UE2的位置估计。 Measuring the response message 735 comprises a location of the user equipment category estimation device UE2. 根据一般用于在无线电网络中定位UE的位置定位过程,用户装备类设备UE2可响应于接收到消息730而估计其位置,或其可用先前获得的位置估计来作响应。 The UE is used to locate the position location procedure in the radio network, the user equipment UE2 equipment category in response to receiving the message 730 estimates its position, or a position estimate can be used to make the previously obtained response. 注意到如果使用的是先前获得并存储的估计,则这些估计应当是相对近期地在相应用户装备类设备处于该接入点的服务区域中时获得的。 If a note is to estimate previously obtained and stored, these estimates should be obtained at relatively recent service area corresponding to the user equipment device is in the class of the access point. 一旦无线电网络(例如,该无线电网络的无线电网络控制器)获得了带有UE1 和UE2用户装备类设备的位置估计的位置响应,它就对这些用户装备类设备的位置估计求平均以获得该接入点的位置的估计。 Once the radio network (e.g., the radio network's radio network controller) to obtain the location of the user equipment UE1 and UE2 with the type of equipment in response to the estimated position, position it on these type of equipment the user equipment estimates averaged to obtain the contact the position of the point estimate. 无线电网络然后在位置响应消息740 中将接入点的位置估计发送给此接入点。 Location of the radio network and the access point in response to message 740 will be sent to the location estimate this access point. 接入点存储此估计以供将来之用,例如, 以便向911应急人员提供其位置。 The access point stores this estimate for future use, e.g., 911 to provide its position to the emergency personnel. 消息730可在消息710之前、之后、或与其在基本上相同的时间被发送。 Message 730 until message 710 may, after, or instead of being transmitted at substantially the same time. 此外,单个广播或多播位置请求消息可包含对多个设备的位置估计的请求。 Furthermore, a single broadcast or multicast a location request message may comprise a plurality of devices request for location estimation. 还应理解,求平均并不限定于两个用户装备类设备。 It should also be appreciated that averaging is not limited to two classes user equipment device. 图7B示出根据使用时间分集的无线电网络主宿方法的消息选集交换750。 7B shows a selection of the radio network in accordance with message master sink method using time diversity exchange 750. 此交换涉及单个用户装备类设备。 This switching equipment involves a single user equipment category. 在消息交换750的过程中,WLAN接入点采用互通协议向无线电网络发送位置请求消息755。 During the message exchange 750, WLAN access point 755 using the interworking protocol request message sent to the network location of the radio. 消息755请求接入点的位置估计。 Message 755 requesting access point location estimate. 无线电网络接收到消息755并经由该无线电网络空中接口向此用户装备类设备发送测量控制消息760。 The radio network control receives message 755 and message 760 to the user equipment sends a measurement-based device via the radio network air interface. 此用户装备类设备接收到消息760,并且作为响应经由该空中接口向无线电网络发送测量响应消息765。 This type of equipment the user equipment 760 receives the message, and in response to the radio network sends a measurement via the air interface response message 765. 测量响应消息765包括此用户装备类设备在处于此接入点的服务区域中的时间Tl上时的位置估计。 Measuring the response message 765 comprises a location-based user equipment when the equipment is in the service area of ​​this access point in a time Tl estimates. 无线电网络还经由该无线电网络空中接口向此用户装备类设备发送测量控制消息780。 The radio network control message 780 is also transmitted to the user equipment Measuring apparatus via an air interface of the radio network. 此用户装备类设备接收到消息780,并且作为响应经由此空中接口向无线电网络发送测量响应消息785。 This type of equipment the user equipment 780 receives the message, and in response sends a measurement via this air interface response message 785 to the radio network. 测量响应消息785包括此用户装备类设备在处于此接入点的服务区域中的时间T2上时的位置估计。 Measuring the response message includes user equipment 785 based on the position when the device is in the service area of ​​this time T2 in the access point estimates. 消息765和785中此用户装备类设备对其自己位置的估计应当在时间上并因而在空间上有分集。 765 and 785 messages in user equipment like equipment for its own estimate of the position and therefore should be a diversity in space in time. 这两个位置估计之间的时间差可使此用户装备类设备很可能在这两个估计之间移动了不小的距离。 These two difference between the estimated position of the time to make this type of equipment the user equipment is not likely to move a small distance between the two estimates. 例如,此时间差可为至少一分钟、至少十分钟、至少一个小时、或至少一天。 For example, the time difference is at least one minute, at least ten minutes, at least an hour, or at least one day. 一旦无线电网络(例如,该无线电网络的无线电网络控制器)获得带有该用户装备类设备的位置估计的位置响应,它就对此用户装备类设备的这些位置估计求平均以获得该接入点的位置的估计。 Once the radio network (e.g., the radio network's radio network controllers) obtains the location of the user equipment with the type of equipment in response to the estimated position, which positions it to this type of equipment the user equipment estimates averaged to obtain the access point the estimated location. 无线电网络然后在位置响应消息790中向该接入点发送接入点的位置估计。 The radio network location message 790 is then transmitted to the access point to the access point in response to a location estimation. 接入点存储此估计以供将来之用,例如以便于向911 应急人员提供其地理位置。 The access point stores this estimate for future use, for example in order to provide its location to the 911 emergency personnel. 还应理解,时间平均并不限定于对两个位置估计求平均。 It should also be appreciated that the time average of the two positions is not limited to the estimation averaging. 此无线电网络主宿的方式还可采用组合式UE/时间分集平均方法,根据此方法,无线电网络通过对(1) 一个用户装备类设备的多个位置估计与(2)至少一个其他用户装备类设备的至少一个位置估计求平均来计算接入点位置的估计。 This radio network may also employ a main sink / average time diversity combined method the UE, according to this method, the radio network estimates and (2) at least one other user equipment via a plurality of positions based on (1) a user equipment device class at least one location estimation device estimates averaging calculated access point locations. 这些通过获得用户装备类设备位置以及相关联的RTT测量继之以三边测量来估计接入点位置的方法还可由无线电网络主宿。 These followed by obtaining user equipment location and the type of equipment associated with the RTT measurements to estimate the trilateration method may access point locations by a radio network master sink. 在此,互通接口可提供无线电网络向WLAN请求从接入点至特定用户装备类设备的RTT测量的手段。 Here, the radio network interface may provide interworking means from an access point to a particular class of user equipment devices RTT measurement request to the WLAN. 根据此方式, 无线电网络确定用户装备类设备位置,并向WLAN请求关于响应用户装备类设备的RTT测量。 According to this embodiment, the radio network determining a user equipment location based equipment, to request RTT measurements on WLAN user equipment in response to the type of equipment. 无线电网络可对数个用户装备类设备相继地作此处理。 This process can be used for the radio network to a number of user equipment device classes successively. 图8A示出根据一个此类方法的消息选集交换800。 8A illustrates a message exchange 800 in accordance with a selection of such a method. 在消息交换800的过程中, 接入点向无线电网络(例如,向无线电网络控制器)发送AP位置请求消息802。 During the message exchange 800, the access point (e.g., to a radio network controller) 802 transmits AP location request message to a radio network. 为获得用于计算接入点位置的原始数据,无线电网络向用户装备类设备UE1发送测量控制消息804。 To obtain the raw data used to calculate the position of the access point, the radio network to the user equipment sends a measurement control message 804 based equipment UE1. 消息804包括对UEl的位置估计的请求。 Message 804 comprises a location estimate for UEl request. UEl用包括UEl位置估计的测量测量响应消息806来作响应。 UEl comprising UEl position estimate with measurement response message 806 to make a response. 无线电网络向WLAN发送请求其向无线电网络提供此接入点与UEl之间的往返时间的UEl RTT测量请求消息808。 Sending a request to the WLAN radio network which provides UEl RTT measuring round-trip time between this access point and the UEL request message 808 to the radio network. 为测量至UEl的往返时间,WLAN的接入点实行与UEl的RTT测量过程810。 To measure the round-trip time to the UEl, WLAN access points implement RTT measurement process 810 with UEl. WLAN 然后在UEl RTT测量响应消息812中将测得的UEl RTT发送给无线电网络。 WLAN 812 will then respond to the message UEl RTT measurement measured UEl RTT transmission to the radio network. 注意到这里与在贯穿本文描述的其他利用RTT的方法中一样,RTT应在接近相关联UE 的位置(UE1位置)被测量的点的时间被测量,由此使得该设备在其RTT被测量与位置被测量的时间之间尚未移动很大距离。 Noting this, as in other methods described herein through use of the RTT, the time should be measured at a position closer to the associated UE (UE1 position) of the point is measured RTT, thereby enabling the device to be measured with RTT thereof position between a measured time has not moved a large distance. 通过采用消息814、 816、 818、 820和822的类似过程,无线电网络获得关于UE2的位置估计和RTT;通过采用消息824、 826、 828、 830和832的另一类似过程,无线电网络获得关于UE3的位置估计和RTT测量。 By using message 814, 816, 818, 820 and 822 similar to the process, obtain information about the position of the radio network and the RTT estimate UE2; through the use of message 824, 826, 828, another similar process, the radio network 830 and obtain information about UE3 832 RTT location estimate and measure. 在无线电网络具有这三个位置估计以及关于UE1、 UE2和UE3的相应RTT测量之后,无线电网络(例如, RNC)通过三边测量计算出接入点位置的估计,并经由AP位置相应消息834将此估计发送给WLAN接入点。 In a radio network having a location estimate and on the three following UE1, UE2 and UE3 corresponding RTT measurements, the radio network (e.g., the RNC) calculates the estimated position of the access points by trilateration and the position of the respective message via the AP 834 this estimate is sent to the WLAN access point. 可利用求平均来改善此接入点位置估计。 Averaging can be used to improve the location estimate this access point. 在一些替换实施例中,WLAN随初始位置请求一起向无线电网络提供一RTT 测量列表,由此消除了对支持单独的RTT测量请求的互通协议的需要。 In some alternative embodiments, WLAN provided with an initial position along with the request to a radio network RTT measurement list, thereby eliminating the need for a separate support for RTT measurement request interworking protocols. 但是,此简化会因各用户装备类设备的RTT测量与位置估计测量之间的延迟而影响结果所得的位置估计的准确性。 However, this simplification will affect the accuracy of the results obtained and the position estimate RTT by measuring the position of each class of user equipment devices estimated delay between measurements. 准确度依赖于用户装备类设备的速度以及测量之间的延迟。 Accuracy dependent on the type of equipment the user equipment and the delay between the velocity measurements. 如果对用户装备类设备的速度测量对无线电网络可用(例如,通过位置服务), 则通过反向传播估计出的位置以获得在RTT测量的时间上大致的用户装备类设备位置,此方法的准确性就可被提高。 If the speed of the user equipment based measuring equipment available (e.g., by a location service), then the reverse spread estimate of a radio network to obtain a position substantially at the time RTT measurement equipment based user equipment location, this method is accurate resistance can be improved. 图8B示出根据此方法的消息选集交换840。 8B shows a selection method according to the message exchange 840. 正如在WLAN主宿的计算的情形中那样,使用RTT测量和三边测量的无线电网络主宿方法可对单个移动的用户装备类设备使用时间分集方式。 As used trilateration RTT measurement and calculation in the case of a WLAN radio network master sink master sink diversity method for a user equipment of a single type of equipment movement time. 图8C示出根据一个此类方法的无线电网络主宿实施例所用的消息选集交换850。 8C shows a selection message in accordance with the embodiment of the radio network master sink such a method embodiment 850 of the exchange. 在消息交换850的过程中,接入点向无线电网络(例如,向无线电网络控制器)发送AP位置请求消息852。 During the message exchange 850, the access point (e.g., to a radio network controller) 852 transmits AP location request message to a radio network. 无线电网络向用户装备类设备发送Tl (时间点1)测量控制消息854。 The radio network to a user equipment transmits Tl-type device (1 time) measurement control message 854. 消息854包括对Tl时此用户装备类设备的位置估计的请求。 Message 854 includes a request for the position of Tl When this type of equipment the user equipment estimates. 此用户装备类设备用包括此用户装备类设备位置估计的Tl测量响应消息856来响应于消息854。 This equipment comprises a user equipment category Tl measured by the user equipment based location estimation device 856 in response to message 854 in response to the message. 无线电网络还向WLAN发送请求其测量Tl时或其左右该接入点与该用户装备类设备之间的往返时间的T1 RTT测量请求消息858。 When the radio network also sends a request to the WLAN Tl which measures the round trip time between or around the access point and the user equipment type of equipment T1 RTT measurement request message 858. 为执行所请求的测量,WLAN 的接入点与此用户装备类设备交换T1 RTT测量消息860。 To perform the requested measurement, WLAN access point and user equipment category T1 RTT measurement device swap message 860. WLAN然后在T1 RTT测量响应消息862中向无线电网络发送测得的T1RTT (其对应于T1)。 WLAN then T1 RTT measurement response message 862 is transmitted to the radio network measured T1RTT (which corresponds to T1). 通过采用消息864、 866、 868、 870和872的类似过程,无线电网络获得关于T2 (时间点2)的位置估计及相应的RTT;通过采用消息874、 876、 878、 880和882的类似过程,无线电网络获得关于T3 (时间点3)的位置估计及相应的RTT。 864, 866, 868, similar processes 870 and 872, the radio network obtain information about the position T2 (time point 2) of the estimated and the corresponding RTT by using messages; through the use of message 874, 876, similar to the process 878, 880 and 882, the radio network is obtained regarding the position of T3 (time point 3) and the corresponding estimated RTT. Tl、 T2与T3之间的时间区间使得此用户装备类设备很可能在这些区间中的每一个里移动了不小的距离。 Tl, the time interval between T2 and T3 type such that the user equipment device is likely within the regions of each mobile's distance is not small. 在无线电网络有了关于T1、 T2和T3的这三个不同的位置估计及相应的RTT测量之后,无线电网络(例如,RNC)通过三边测量来计算出接入点位置的估计,并经由AP位置响应消息884将此估计发送给WLAN接入点。 With regard to After T1, T2 three different positions and T3 and corresponding estimated RTT measurement in a radio network, a radio network (e.g., the RNC) calculates the estimated position of the access points by trilateration, via AP location response message to the WLAN access point 884 transmits this estimation. 可使用求平均来改善接入点位置估计。 Averaging may be used to improve the location estimate access point. 还可使用UE分集(多个UE)与时间分集(涉及这些UE之一的多个测量) 技术的组合。 UE may use diversity (s UE) and time diversity (directed to one of a plurality of measurements of the UE) a combination of techniques. 使用RTT测量的无线电网络主宿的实施例可采用求平均来增强接入点位置估计的准确性。 Example RTT measurement using a radio network master sink averaging may be employed to enhance the accuracy of the estimated access point locations. 例如,消息交换800和/或850可被重复,并且结果所得的多个QP 位置估计被求平均以减小个体测量误差的影响。 For example, message exchange 800 and / or 850 may be repeated and the results obtained the plurality of QP position estimates are averaged to reduce the effect of the individual measurement errors. 这多个AP位置估计可使用相同的一个或一组用户装备类设备或不同的一个或一组用户装备类设备来获得。 This position estimate may be a plurality of AP using the same equipment a user class or a group of devices or a different class or a group of user equipment devices obtained. 这与上面已描述的在使用RTT测量的WLAN主宿实施例中使用求平均是相类似的。 RTT measurement using a WLAN master sink which has been described above with embodiments using a similar averaging. 如已简略提及的,无线电网络可无需接入点作显性的先验请求而自治地维护接入点位置数据库。 As already mentioned briefly, the radio network without an access point may be dominant prior to autonomously request service access point location database. 例如,当与特定WLAN接入点互通时,该网络可从由该特定接入点服务的各个用户装备类设备取得定位测量,并将它们存储在数据库140中以供时间平均之用。 For example, when interworking with a specific WLAN access point, the network may obtain location measurement from each user equipment by the particular type of equipment the service access point, and stores them in the database 140 for an average time of use. 本质上,这与时间平均式定位的无线电网络主宿形式是相同的, 不过是自治地而不是响应于来自接入点的请求而发起的。 Essentially, this time with the average formula primary sink positioned radio network form is the same, but is not autonomously in response to a request from the access point initiated. 如果后来有这样的请求到达,则无线电网络可用其当前估计的位置来对作请求的接入点作出响应。 If there is such a request arrives later, the radio network can be used to estimate its current location in response to a request for an access point. 此数据库还可存储这些估计的易失性信息,例如就在前一预定长度的时段内——诸如一分钟内——此估计离当前值的最大偏离等。 This database may also store volatile information in these estimates, for example, within the first period to a predetermined length - such as within one minute - this estimate from the current value of the maximum deviation and the like. 图9A示出根据一个此类实施例的消息选集交换900。 FIG 9A illustrates a selection of a message exchange 900 such embodiments. 无线电向处于一WLAN 接入点的服务区域内的第一用户装备类设备UE1发送UE1位置请求消息905。 Radio transmission to the first user equipment UE1 position type equipment UE1 is within a service area of ​​a WLAN access point request message 905. 消息905包括对第一用户装备类设备UE1的用户装备类设备位置请求。 Message 905 includes a request for location of the user equipment device a first class type of equipment the user equipment UE1. 第一用户装备类设备UE1用包括第一用户装备类设备UE1地理位置估计的测量响应消息910 来作响应。 The first class of user equipment comprises a measuring equipment UE1 with a first class of user equipment UE1 location estimation device 910 as a response message in response. 无线电网络类似地向第二用户装备类设备UE2发送带有对UE2的用户装备类设备位置请求的UE位置请求消息915。 Similarly, the radio network transmits the user equipment UE with the location-based equipment UE2 position request to a second user equipment UE2 equipment category request message 915. 用户装备类设备UE2用包括UE2 地理位置估计的测量响应消息920来作响应。 Type with the user equipment UE2 includes a measurement device UE2 location estimate for a response message 920 in response. 无线电网络(例如,该无线电网络的无线电网络控制器)对这两个位置估计(以及还可能有其他用户装备类设备位置估计)求平均,并存储结果所得的WLAN接入点位置估计。 A radio network (e.g., the radio network's radio network controllers) estimation of these two positions (and possibly other user equipment like device location estimate) are averaged, and the results obtained are stored WLAN access point location estimate. 继而,WLAN发送带有对接入点位置估计的请求的消息925。 In turn, WLAN 925 sends a message with a request for the location estimate of the access point. 无线电网络接收到消息925,并用包括接入点位置估计平均值的AP位置响应消息930来作响应。 The radio network receives the message 925, and by including access point AP location estimate of the average location response message 930 to make a response. 注意到无线电网络现在无需等待来自一个或多个用户装备类设备的位置估计就可响应于AP位置请求消息。 Noting now the radio network location from one or more user equipment can estimate the type of equipment in response to a location request message to the AP without waiting. 图9B示出根据无线电网络自治地位于接入点位置数据库(例如,图1中的数据库140)的另一个实施例的消息选集交换950。 9B shows a selection message according to another embodiment of the radio network access points located autonomously location database (e.g., database 140 in FIG. 1) exchange 950. 在此,使用同一移动用户装备类设备在其与同一接入点通信时获得其位置的多个测量。 Here, a mobile user equipment using the same type of equipment which the plurality of measurements obtained when the same position of the access point communication. 无线电网络不必首先被接入点请求就获得这些数据。 The radio network access point without first being requested data is obtained. 当对AP位置的请求(消息975)到来时,无线电网络现在无需等待位置估计就可作出响应。 When a request for position AP (message 975) come, now without waiting for the radio network can respond to position estimation. 正如在非自治式无线电网络主宿方法中那样,可将对来自同一用户装备类设备的多个位置求平均与对多个设备的位置估计求平均相结合。 As a plurality of positions, it will be from the same type of equipment the user equipment in a non-autonomous radio network master sink method of averaging the position estimate of averaging a plurality of devices combined. 使用RTT测量的无线电网络主宿实施例也可被适应性调整为自治式的实施例。 RTT measurement using a radio network master sink embodiments may be adaptively adjusted to autonomous embodiment. 换言之,无线电网络无需来自QLAN的初始AP位置请求即可执行RTT方法(如在图8A-8C中那样)。 In other words, the radio network a request to execute the RTT method (as in FIGS. 8A-8C) without AP from the initial position of QLAN. 一旦WLAN请求到来,无线电网络就能够以短得多的延迟来作出响应。 Once the request comes in WLAN, the radio network can be much shorter delay respond. 在上面的讨论中,我们假定了RTT测量是由WLAN作出的。 In the above discussion, we assume that the RTT measurement is made by the WLAN. 但是,从用户装备类设备测量RTT也是可行的。 However, from the user equipment category RTT measurement equipment it is also possible. 由此,可通过消除无线电网络与WLAN之间用于请求和提供RTT测量的消息交换、并添加向用户装备类设备请求并从其接收RTT测量的消息来修改上面这些依赖于RTT测量的方法。 Thereby, RTT measurements for requesting and providing a message exchange between a radio network and by eliminating the WLAN, and to add and modify these methods depends on the RTT measurement to the above request from a user equipment type message receiving apparatus RTT measurement. WLAN与无线电网络之间的互通协议由此可被简化。 Protocol interworking between the WLAN and the radio network can thus be simplified. 图IOA示出根据其中无线电网络(例如,RNC)从三个不同的用户装备类设备三边测量出接入点位置的一个此类无线电网络主宿的实施例的消息选集交换1000。 FIG IOA illustrates such a radio network in which the radio network in accordance with the master sink (e.g., RNC) measured from three different classes of user equipment devices a triangular position of the access point selection of a message exchange embodiment 1000. 消息交换1000类似于上面描述的消息交换800,其区别之处在于无线电网络是从用户装备类设备而不是WLAN获得往返时间。 Message 1000 similar to the above described message exchange to exchange 800, the difference is that the radio network is to obtain the round trip time from the user equipment type device rather than a WLAN. 图IOB示出根据其中无线电网络(例如,RNC)从在不同时间取得的同一用户装备类设备的三个位置估计来三边测量出接入点位置的另一无线电网络主宿实施例的消息选集交换1050。 FIG IOB shows wherein the radio network (e.g., RNC) is estimated from the three positions on the same type of equipment the user equipment acquired at different times to the another radio network trilateration sink main access point locations of the message Selection Example 1050 exchange. 消息交换1050类似于上面描述的消息交换850,其区别之处在于无线电网络是从用户装备类设备而不是WLAN获得往返时间。 Message 1050 similar to the above described message exchange to exchange 850, the difference is that the radio network is to obtain the round trip time from the user equipment type device rather than a WLAN. 在RTT由(各)用户装备类设备测量的一些实施例中,向同一用户装备类设备请求UE位置估计的消息和请求RTT的消息可被合并。 It may be incorporated in some embodiments of the RTT message (s) measured by the user equipment device class location request UE user equipment to the same type of equipment and the estimated message requesting the RTT. 例如,消息1004和1008可被组合成单个消息;消息1054和1058也可被组合成单个消息。 For example, messages 1004 and 1008 may be combined into a single message; message 1054 and 1058 may be combined into a single message. 类似地,向无线电网络提供UE位置估计的消息和提供相应RTT的消息可被组合成单个消息。 Similarly, a UE location estimate to the radio network RTT message and provide a corresponding message may be combined into a single message. 例如,消息1006中的位置估计可被包括到消息1012中;并且消息1056中的位置估计可被包括到消息1062中。 For example, message 1006 may be incorporated into the location estimate message 1012; and 1056 of the message may be incorporated into the location estimate message 1062. 通过消除以接入点作请求来触发交换的需要,RTT由用户装备类设备测量的无线电网络主宿实施例可为自治式操作进行适应性调整。 By eliminating an access point as a trigger request to be exchanged, RTT implemented by a radio network master sink device measuring user equipment based embodiment may be adaptively adjusted to autonomous operation. 当作了如此的适应性调整时,来自接入点的对其位置估计的请求可在任何时候——例如在其他消息已被交换并且无线电网络已经计算并存储了对作请求的接入点的位置估计之后——被无线电网络接收。 Such as when the adaptation, its position estimate from the access point may request at any time - for example, other messages have been exchanged and stored, and an access point a request for a radio network that has been calculated after the position estimate - the radio network is received. 更加一般化地,各个接入点的位置计算和数据库存储位置信息两者可由在与无线电网络和/或这些接入点通信的分别的实体来主宿。 More general, both the various access points and database storage position calculation by the position information in the radio network and / or access points communicate with each of these entities to the main places. 图11是图释与图1的组合100相类似并且包括用户装备类设备110、无线局域网120、和蜂窝系统无线电网络130的组合1100的组件选集的高层框图。 FIG 11 is a view of FIG. 1 combination release 100 and includes a high level block diagram similar to the user equipment based device 110, a combination of wireless local area network 120, and a cellular radio system network 130 select components 1100.另外,图11示出基于网络的计算引擎1100和基于网络的位置数据库1120。计算引擎1100和数据库1120两者皆可经由WAN 170与无线电网络130和/或WLAN 120通信。在图11中所示的实施例中, 计算引擎1110包括存储器1114、网络接口1116、以及执行存储在存储器1114中的代码并配置网络接口1116以发送和接收实现接入点位置估计、存储和预备过程所需的网络消息的处理器1112。数据库1120包括存储器1124、网络接口1126、 位置存储(诸如硬盘驱动器)1128、以及执行存储在存储器1124中的代码并配置网络接口1126和位置存储1128以发送和接收实现接入点位置估计、存储和预备过程所需的网络消息的处理器1122。数据库1120可存储由接入点标识符作关键字的多个接入点的位置信息,由此可用接入点标识符来査询数据库1120以获得与査询中所使用的标识符相对应的接入点的位置。图12示出采用求平均和分别主宿的数据库和计算引擎的方法的消息选集交换1200。在消息交换1200的过程中,无线电网络向UE1发送UE1位置请求消息1204。 UE1用其携带UE1位置信息的位置估计消息1208来作响应。无线电网络接收到位置估计消息1208,并在UE1位置消息1212中将此UE1位置信息转发给该计算引擎。类似地,无线电网络向UE2发送UE2位置请求消息1216,在位置估计消息1220中接收到UE2位置信息,并在UE2位置消息1224中将此UE2位置信息转发给该计算引擎。该计算引擎接收到UE1和UE2位置信息,并对这多个UE位置求平均并生成AP算出位置。该计算引擎然后在AP位置消息1226中将AP算出位置发送给该数据库。应当注意到,该计算引擎可应接收到每一新的UE位置(关于一特定接入点)来生成一新的AP算出位置,或其可在预定的时间、或在接收到恰适的命令之际作此处理。当WLAN需要接入点的位置时,它向该数据库发送AP算出位置请求消息1228。在AP算出位置已被存储的情况下,数据库用AP算出位置响应消息1232 来作响应,此消息将接入点的算出位置带给WLAN。注意到,该数据库无需首先向接入点或向无线电网络请求其他信息就可作此处理。图11的组合1110还可执行上面结合在无线电网络或在接入点中实现了计算和/或数据库的这些实施例描述的其他方法。例如,在研读本文之后,本领域普通技术人员将能够修改图12的消息交换1200以实现:(1) UE时间分集平均(基于来自同一UE的位置信息的平均),(2) 组合式UE和时间分集平均(基于来自同一UE和来自多个UE的多个位置测量的平均),(3) 基于UE分集的三边测量(基于来自不同UE的多个位置和RTT测量的三边测量),(4) 基于时间分集的三边测量(基于来自同一UE的多个位置和RTT测量的三边测量),以及(5) 基于组合式UE和时间分集的三边测量(基于来自同一UE的多个位置/RTT测量对与来自不同UE的位置/RTT测量对的三边测量)。尽管在本公开中是顺序地描述了各个方法的步骤(以及相应的消息),但是这些步骤中的一些可由分别的元件协同地或并行地、异步地或同步地、以流水线方式、或以其他方式执行。没有任何要按与本说明列出的步骤次序相同的次序来执行这些步骤的特殊要求,除非是显性地指出了,或是从上下文中可以明确,或是固有地要求的。此外,并非所示的步骤或通信消息在根据本发明的每一实施例中都是必要的,在根据本发明的一些实施例中,没有特别示出的一些步骤或通信消息反而可能是合乎需要的。类似地,没有任何要严格按所示次序来执行图中所示的通信消息的要求,除非是显性地指出了,或是从上下文中可以明确,或是固有地要求的。本领域技术人员将可理解,信息和信号可由各种不同技术和技艺中的任何一种来表示。例如,贯穿上面说明始终可能被引述到的数据、指令、命令、信息、信号、比特、码元、和码片可由电压、电流、电磁波、磁场或磁粒子、光场或光粒子、 或其任意组合来表示。本领域技术人员将可进一步领会,结合本文中公开的这些实施例描述的各个说明性逻辑框、模块、电路、和算法步骤可被实现为电子硬件、计算机软件、或这两者的组合。为清楚地说明硬件和软件的这一可互换性,各个说明性的组件、框、模块、电路、和步骤在上面是以其功能集的形式作一般化描述的。此类功能集是被实现为硬件、软件、还是硬件与软件的组合取决于具体应用和强加于整个系统的设计约束。本领域技术人员可针对每一特定应用以不同方式实现所描述的功能集,但此类实现决策不应被解释为致使脱离本发明的范围。结合本文中公开的实施例描述的各个说明性逻辑框、模块、和电路可用统用处理器、数字信号处理器("DSP")、专用集成电路("ASIC")、现场可编程门阵列("FPGA")、或其他可编程逻辑器件、分立门或晶体管逻辑、分立硬件组件、或其设计成执行本文中描述的功能的任意组合来实现或执行。统用处理器可以是微处理器,但在替换方案中,处理器可以是任何常规处理器、控制器、微控制器、或状态机。处理器也可被实现为计算设备的组合,例如DSP与微处理器的组合、多个微处理器、与DSP核心协作的一个或多个微处理器、或任何其他此类配置。结合本文中公开的实施例描述的方法或算法的步骤可直接在硬件中、在由处理器执行的软件模块中、或在这两者的组合中体现。 软件模块可驻留在RAM存储器、闪存、ROM存储器、EPROM存储器、EEPROM存储器、寄存器、硬盘、可移动盘、CD-ROM、或本领域中所知的任何其他形式的存储介质中。 Any other form of storage medium software module may reside in RAM memory, flash memory, ROM memory, EPROM memory, EEPROM memory, registers, hard disk, a removable disk, CD-ROM, or are known in the art.示例性的存储介质被耦合到处理器以使该处理器能从/向该存储介质读取或写入信息。在替换方案中,存储介质可整合到处理器中。 处理器和存储介质可驻留在ASIC中。 The processor and the storage medium may reside in an ASIC. ASIC 可驻留在用户装备类设备中。替换地,处理器和存储介质可作为分立组件驻留在用户装备类设备中。提供对所公开的实施例的以上描述是为使本领域任何技术人员皆能够制作或使用本发明。对这些实施例的各种修改对于本领域技术人员将是显而易见的,并且本文中所定义的普适原理可被应用于其他实施例而不会脱离本发明的精神或范围。由此,本发明无意被限定于本文中所示出的实施例,而是应根据与本文中所公开的原理和新颖性特征一致的最广义的范围来授权。

Claims (79)

  1. 1.一种估计无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的方法,该方法包括: 发送对蜂窝无线电网络的一用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息的请求,该UE设备正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信; 接收响应于所述请求的所述位置信息;以及指定所述位置信息为所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 1. A method for location of a wireless LAN (WLAN) access point estimation, the method comprising: transmitting a request for location information of a cellular radio network the user equipment class (UE) device, and the device is the UE the communication access point of said on the WLAN; in response to receiving the location information request; and estimate information specifying the geographic location of the access point.
  2. 2. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 在所述接入点处存储所述地理位置的估计。 L The method according to claim 2, characterized in that, further comprising: estimating the geographic location of the storage access point.
  3. 3. 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述发送请求以及接收位置信息的步骤是在所述接入点处执行的,并且所述接收步骤包括从所述蜂窝无线电网络接收所述位置信息。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the step of requesting and receiving the location information of the transmission is performed at the access point, and the receiving step comprises receiving from the cellular radio network the location information.
  4. 4. 如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 从所述接入点经由所述WLAN向所述UE提供电话服务。 4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, further comprising: from the access point to provide telephone service to the UE via the WLAN.
  5. 5. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处具有100米或以下的WLAN射程。 5. The method according to claim 4, wherein, said WLAN having 100 m or less at a range of the WLAN access point.
  6. 6. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处有1000米以下的WLAN射程。 The method according to claim 6, wherein, said WLAN WLAN 1000 meters below the range at the access point.
  7. 7. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蜂窝无线电网络具有至少是所述WLAN的射程两倍长的蜂窝射程。 7. The method according to claim 4, wherein said cellular radio network having at least twice as long as the range of the WLAN cell range.
  8. 8. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 根据802.11标准操作所述接入点;其中所述蜂窝无线电网络是全球移动电信系统(UMTS)顺应性系统。 8. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that, further comprising: operating according to the 802.11 standard of the access point; wherein the cellular radio network is a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) system compliance.
  9. 9. 如权利要求4所述的方法,其特征在于,所述发送请求、接收位置信息、 指定位置信息、以及存储位置信息的步骤是定期执行的。 9. The method according to claim 4, wherein the transmission request, receive location information designated location information, and a step of storing position information is executed periodically.
  10. 10. 如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述发送请求以及接收位置信息的步骤是在所述接入点处执行的,并且所述接收步骤包括通过WLAN接口从所述UE设备接收所述位置信息。 10. The method according to claim 2, wherein the step of receiving the location information request and the transmission is performed at the access point, and the receiving step includes the UE device from the WLAN interface receiving the location information.
  11. 11. 如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述发送请求以及接收位置信息的步骤是在所述蜂窝无线电网络处执行的。 11. The method according to claim 1, wherein the step of receiving the transmission request and the position information are executed at the cellular radio network.
  12. 12. 如权利要求ll所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 将来自所述蜂窝无线电网络的所述估计传送给所述接入点。 12. The method according to claim ll, characterized in that, further comprising: a cellular radio network from the estimated transmitted to the access point.
  13. 13. 如权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括-在所述蜂窝无线电网络处接收对所述估计的请求; 其中所述发送步骤是响应于接收到所述对估计的请求而执行的。 13. The method according to claim 12, characterized in that, further comprising - receiving a request for the estimated at the cellular radio network; wherein said transmitting step is in response to receiving the request for estimation of the implemented.
  14. 14. 一种估计无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的方法,该方法包括:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE 设备中的每一UE设备正处在所述WLAN上的所述接入点的服务区域中; 接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复;至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 14. A method of estimating a wireless LAN (WLAN) access point location method, the method comprising: transmitting a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of requests in the request relates to cellular radio communications network location information for one or more user equipment class (UE) devices, each of the one or the UE device is in the service area of ​​the WLAN access point in the plurality of UE devices; receiving a response a plurality of said plurality of receiving a reply with the requested location information; at least in part to calculate an estimate of the access point based on the geographic location of the plurality of received reply.
  15. 15. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:经由所述WLAN从所述接入点向所述一个或多个UE设备中的至少一个UE 设备提供电话服务。 15. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that, further comprising: the WLAN telephone services to the one or more UE devices via the at least one UE from the access point apparatus.
  16. 16. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处具有100米或以下的WLAN射程。 16. The method according to claim 14, wherein, said WLAN having 100 m or less at a range of the WLAN access point.
  17. 17. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处具有1000米以下的WLAN射程。 17. The method according to claim 14, wherein, said WLAN having a range of 1,000 meters at the WLAN access point.
  18. 18. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蜂窝无线电网络具有至少是所述WLAN的射程两倍长的蜂窝射程。 18. The method according to claim 14, wherein said cellular radio network having at least twice as long as the range of the WLAN cell range.
  19. 19. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 根据802.11标准操作所述接入点;其中所述蜂窝无线电网络是全球移动电信系统(UMTS)。 19. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that, further comprising: operating according to the 802.11 standard of the access point; wherein the cellular radio network is a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).
  20. 20. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述发送、接收、以及计算的步骤被定期重复。 20. The method according to claim 14, wherein said transmitting, receiving, and the step of calculating is repeated periodically.
  21. 21. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述接入点向所述一个或多个UE设备传送所述多个请求;以及所述接收以及计算步骤是在所述接入点处执行的。 21. The method according to claim 14, wherein: said step of transmitting from the access point comprises transmitting the request to the UE device or a plurality of said plurality; and said receiving and calculating steps performed at the access point.
  22. 22. 如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计算步骤包括对所述各接收到的回复中的位置信息求平均。 22. The method according to claim 21, wherein said calculating step includes the position information of each received reply averaged.
  23. 23. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述接入点向所述蜂窝无线电网络传送所述多个请求;以及所述接收步骤是在所述接入点处执行的。 23. The method according to claim 14, wherein: said transmitting step includes the plurality of transfer request from the access point to the cellular radio network; and at said step of receiving said access at the point of execution.
  24. 24. 如权利要求23所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及一不同UE设备的位置信息。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to a different UE devices.
  25. 25. 如权利要求23所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及同一UE设备的位置信息。 25. The method according to claim 23, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to the same UE device.
  26. 26. 如权利要求23所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求包括涉及第一时间的第一UE的第一请求、涉及第二UE的第二请求、以及涉及第二时间的所述第一UE的第三请求,所述第二时间与所述第一时间不同,所述第二UE与所述第一UE不同。 26. The method according to claim 23, wherein said plurality of first request comprises a first request directed to the UE a first time, a second request directed to the second UE, and to the second time said third request the first UE, the second time and the first time is different from the first UE and the second UE are different.
  27. 27. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述蜂窝无线电网络向所述一个或多个UE设备传送所述多个请求;并且所述接收以及计算步骤是在所述蜂窝无线电网络处执行的。 27. The method according to claim 14, wherein: said step of transmitting from the cellular radio network comprises transmitting the request to the plurality of the one or more UE device; and the receiver and the calculating step is performed at the cellular radio network.
  28. 28. 如权利要求27所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计算步骤包括对所述各接收到的回复中的位置信息求平均。 28. The method according to claim 27, wherein said calculating step includes the position information of each received reply averaged.
  29. 29. 如权利要求28所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及一不同UE设备的位置信息。 29. The method according to claim 28, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to a different UE devices.
  30. 30. 如权利要求28所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及同一UE设备的位置信息。 30. The method according to claim 28, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to the same UE device.
  31. 31. 如权利要求28所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求包括涉及第一时间的第一UE的第一请求、涉及第二UE的第二请求、以及涉及第二时间的所述第一UE的第三请求,所述第二时间与所述第一时间不同,所述第二UE与所述第一UE不同。 31. The method according to claim 28, wherein said request comprises a first request for a first plurality of the UE related to the first time, a second request directed to the second UE, and to the second time said third request the first UE, the second time and the first time is different from the first UE and the second UE are different.
  32. 32. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个接收到的回复包括带有第一位置信息的第一接收回复、带有第二位置信息的第二接收回复、以及带有第三位置信息的第三接收回复,所述方法进一步包括:测量所述接入点与和所述第一位置信息相关联的第一UE设备之间的第一往返时间(RTT);测量所述接入点与和所述第二位置信息相关联的第二UE设备之间的第二RTT;并且测量所述接入点与和所述第三位置信息相关联的第三UE设备之间的第三RTT;其中所述计算步骤包括从所述第一位置信息、所述第二位置信息、所述第三位置信息、所述第一RTT、所述第二RTT、和所述第三RTT来三边测量出所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 32. The method according to claim 14, wherein the plurality of received reply includes receiving a first reply with first location information, second location information having a second received reply, and with third receiving position information of a third reply, said method further comprising: a first round-trip time between the first measuring device UE and the access point and the location information associated with the first (the RTT); measured the RTT between the second access point device and the second UE and the second location information associated with; and measuring the access point and the third position and a third information associated with the UE device between third RTT; wherein said calculating step includes information from said first position, said second position information, the third position information, the first RTT, RTT said second, and said three RTT trilateration to the estimated location of the access point.
  33. 33. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述接入点向所述一个或多个UE设备传送所述多个请求;以及所述接收步骤是在所述接入点处执行的。 33. The method according to claim 32, wherein: said transmitting step comprises transmitting said plurality of access points from the one or more requests to the UE device; and in that said receiving step is performed at said access point.
  34. 34. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于: 所述发送步骤包括从所述蜂窝无线电网络传送所述多个请求;并且所述接收步骤是在所述无线电网络处执行的。 34. The method according to claim 32, wherein: said transmitting step includes transmitting the plurality of requests from the cellular radio network; and said step of receiving is performed at the radio network.
  35. 35. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述接入点向所述蜂窝无线电网络传送所述多个请求;以及所述接收步骤是在所述接入点处执行的。 35. The method according to claim 32, wherein: said transmitting step includes the plurality of transfer request from the access point to the cellular radio network; and at said step of receiving said access at the point of execution.
  36. 36. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 从所述接入点经由所述WLAN向所述一个或多个UE设备中的至少一个UE设备提供电话服务。 36. The method according to claim 32, characterized in that, further comprising: providing a telephone service to one or more UE devices in at least one UE from the access point device via the WLAN.
  37. 37. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处具有100米或以下的WLAN射程。 37. The method according to claim 32, wherein, said WLAN having 100 m or less at a range of the WLAN access point.
  38. 38. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,所述WLAN在所述接入点处具有1000米以下的WLAN射程。 38. The method according to claim 32, wherein, said WLAN having a range of 1,000 meters at the WLAN access point.
  39. 39. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,所述蜂窝无线电网络具有至少是所述WLAN的射程两倍长的蜂窝射程。 39. The method according to claim 32, wherein said cellular radio network having at least twice as long as the range of the WLAN cell range.
  40. 40. 如权利要求32所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 根据802.11标准操作所述接入点;其中所述蜂窝无线电网络是全球移动电信系统(UMTS)。 40. The method according to claim 32, characterized in that, further comprising: operating according to the 802.11 standard of the access point; wherein the cellular radio network is a Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).
  41. 41. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个接收到的回复包括带有在第一时间第一UE设备的第一位置信息的第一接收回复、带有在第二时间所述第一UE的第二位置信息的第二接收回复、以及带有在第三时间所述第一UE设备的第三位置信息的第三接收回复,所述方法进一步包括:测量在所述第一时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第一往返时间(RTT);测量在所述第二时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第二RTT;并且测量在所述第三时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第三RTT; 其中所述计算步骤包括从所述第一位置信息、所述第二位置信息、所述第三位置信息、所述第一RTT、所述第二RTT、和所述第三RTT三边测量出所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 41. The method according to claim 14, wherein the plurality of received reply includes a first receiver having a first position in a first time information of the first UE device replies with the second receiving a second reply time of the second location information of the first UE, and a third with a third receiving position information of the first UE device in response to the third time, the method further comprising: measuring the said first access time of the first roundtrip time (RTT) between the UE device and the first point; measuring said second time said first access point between the UE and the first device RTT two; and at the third time measuring the RTT between a third access point and the first UE device; wherein said calculating step includes information from said first position, said second position information the third location information, the first RTT, RTT the second, the third and the estimated RTT trilateration geographic location of the access point.
  42. 42. 如权利要求41所述的方法,其特征在于: 所述发送步骤包括从所述蜂窝无线电网络传送所述多个请求;并且所述接收步骤是在所述无线电网络处执行的。 42. The method according to claim 41, wherein: said transmitting step includes transmitting the plurality of requests from the cellular radio network; and said step of receiving is performed at the radio network.
  43. 43. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个接收到的回复包括来自第一UE设备的第一接收回复以及来自所述第一UE设备的第二接收回复,所述第一回复包含与所述第一UE设备在第一时间点的位置相关联的位置信息,所述第二回复包含与所述第一UE设备在第二时间点的位置相关联的位置信息,所述第一和第二时间点有分集,从而使得所述第一设备在所述第一时间点的位置与所述第一UE设备在所述第二时间点的位置相差至少10米。 43. The method according to claim 14, wherein the plurality of received reply includes a first device to receive responses from the first UE and a second UE from the first device receiving the reply, the first reply containing location information of the first UE device in a position associated with the first time point, the second reply includes the location information of the UE device in a first position of the second point in time associated, the first and the second time point a diversity, so that the position of the first device at the first time point with the first UE device by at least 10 m at a position of the second time point.
  44. 44. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,在所述计算步骤中使用的各个接收到的回复中没有任何两个是从同一UE设备始发的。 44. The method according to claim 14, wherein each received reply used in the calculating step is not any two devices originating from the same UE.
  45. 45. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括在所述接入点处从所述无线电网络接收在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信的所述一个或多个UE 设备中的所述每一UE设备的标识。 45. The method according to claim 14, characterized in further comprising receiving from the radio network at the access point and a point of the communication on the access of the WLAN or more each device identifier of the UE UE device.
  46. 46. 如权利要求14所述的方法,其特征在于:所述发送步骤包括从所述蜂窝无线电网络向所述一个或多个UE设备传送所述多个请求;所述接收步骤是在所述蜂窝无线电网络处执行的;并且所述计算步骤是在计算弓I擎处执行的;所述方法进一步包括:通过通信网络将所接收到的各个回复中的位置信息通报给计算引擎; 通过所述通信网络将所述估计从所述计算引擎传达给位置数据库;并且在所述数据库处存储所述估计。 46. ​​The method according to claim 14, wherein: said sending step comprises radio from the cellular network to the plurality of said one or more transfer request of the UE device; said receiving step is the performed at the cellular radio network; and the calculating step is executed in a computing engine at the bow I; the method further comprising: communications through a communication network position information of each received in reply to the compute engine; by the communicating communications network from the estimated position of the compute engine to the database; and the estimate at said database.
  47. 47. 如权利要求46所述的方法,其特征在于,所述计算步骤包括对所接收到的各个回复中的位置信息求平均。 47. A method according to claim 46, wherein said calculating step includes the respective position information received in return averaged.
  48. 48. 如权利要求47所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及一不同UE设备的位置信息。 48. The method according to claim 47, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to a different UE devices.
  49. 49. 如权利要求47所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及同一UE设备的位置信息。 49. The method according to claim 47, wherein each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to the same UE device.
  50. 50. 如权利要求47所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个请求包括涉及第一时间的第一UE的第一请求、涉及第二UE的第二请求、以及涉及第二时间的所述第一UE的第三请求,所述第二时间与所述第一时间不同,所述第二UE与所述第一UE不同。 50. The method according to claim 47, wherein said plurality of first request comprises a first request directed to the UE a first time, a second request directed to the second UE, and to the second time said third request the first UE, the second time and the first time is different from the first UE and the second UE are different.
  51. 51. 如权利要求46所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个接收到的回复包括带有第一位置信息的第一接收回复、带有第二位置信息的第二接收回复、以及带有第三位置信息的第三接收回复,所述方法进一步包括:测量所述接入点与和所述第一位置信息相关联的第一UE设备之间的第一往返时间(RTT);测量所述接入点与和所述第二位置信息相关联的第二UE设备之间的第二RTT;并且测量所述接入点与和所述第三位置信息相关联的第三UE设备之间的第三RTT;其中所述计算步骤包括从所述第一位置信息、所述第二位置信息、所述第三位置信息、所述第一RTT、所述第二RTT、和所述第三RTT来三边测量出所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 51. A method according to claim 46, wherein the plurality of received reply includes receiving a first reply with first location information, second location information having a second received reply, and with third receiving position information of a third reply, said method further comprising: a first round-trip time between the first measuring device UE and the access point and the location information associated with the first (the RTT); measured the RTT between the second access point device and the second UE and the second location information associated with; and measuring the access point and the third position and a third information associated with the UE device between third RTT; wherein said calculating step includes information from said first position, said second position information, the third position information, the first RTT, RTT said second, and said three RTT trilateration to the estimated location of the access point.
  52. 52. —种便于实现无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法, 该方法包括:从蜂窝无线电网络发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及所述蜂窝无线电网络的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复;并且将所述多个回复中的每一接收到的回复的位置信息从所述蜂窝无线电网络传送至所述接入点。 52. - Method species estimated geographic facilitate wireless local area network (WLAN) access point implementation, the method comprising: transmitting a plurality of requests for location information from the cellular radio network, each of the plurality of requests in a request location information of each UE device one or more user equipment category relates to the cellular radio network (UE) device, the one or more UE devices is communicating with the access point on the the WLAN; receiving a response to a plurality of said plurality of receiving a reply with the requested location information; and said plurality of position information in the response of each received reply transmission from the cellular radio network to the access point .
  53. 53. 如权利要求52所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 将所述蜂窝无线电网络作为全球移动电信系统(UMTS)来操作; 其中所述接入点是在802.11标准下操作的。 53. The method according to claim 52, characterized in that, further comprising: a cellular radio network as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is operated; wherein the access point is operating at 802.11.
  54. 54. —种预备无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法,该方法包括:从蜂窝无线电网络发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一个对位置信息的请求涉及所述蜂窝无线电网络的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复; 至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计;并且将所述估计从所述蜂窝无线电网络传送至所述接入点。 54. - Method of kinds of preliminary location estimates a wireless LAN (WLAN) access points, the method comprising: transmitting a request from a plurality of radio cells of the network position information, the position of each of said plurality of requests request information relates to a cellular radio network the user equipment one or more classes (UE) device location information, the one or more devices each UE in the UE device is the access to the WLAN in point communication; receiving a response to a plurality of receiving a reply with location information to the plurality of requests; at least in part to calculate an estimate of the geographic location of the access point based on the plurality of received reply; and the said estimate from said cellular radio network to the access point.
  55. 55. 如权利要求54所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 在所述蜂窝无线电网络处接收来自所述接入点的对所述地理位置的估计的请求;其中所述发送步骤是响应于接收到对所述地理位置的估计的请求而执行的。 55. The method according to claim 54, characterized in that, further comprising: receiving a request for estimating the geographic location from the access point in the cellular radio network at; wherein said transmitting step is in response to on receiving a request for the geographic location estimation being performed.
  56. 56. 如权利要求44所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 将所述蜂窝无线电网络作为全球移动电信系统(UMTS)来操作; 其中所述接入点是在802.11标准下操作。 56. The method according to claim 44, characterized in that, further comprising: a cellular radio network as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is operated; wherein the access point is operating in the 802.11 standard.
  57. 57. 如权利要求54所述的方法,其特征在于,所述多个接收到的回复包括来自第一UE设备的第一接收回复和来自所述第一UE设备的第二接收回复,所述第一回复包含与所述第一UE设备在第一时间点的位置相关联的位置信息,所述第二回复包含与所述第一UE设备在第二时间点的位置相关联的位置信息,所述第一和第二时间点有分集,从而使得所述第一UE设备在所述第一时间点的位置与所述第一UE设备在所述第二时间点的位置相差至少10米。 57. The method according to claim 54, wherein the plurality of received reply includes a first device to receive responses from the first UE and a second UE from the first device receives a reply, the first reply containing location information of the first UE device in a position associated with the first time point, the second reply includes the location information of the UE device in a first position of the second point in time associated, the first and the second time point a diversity so that the UE device a first position at the first time point and the position of the first UE device in said second time point by at least 10 meters.
  58. 58. 如权利要求44所述的方法,其特征在于,在所述计算步骤中使用的各个接收到的回复中没有任何两个是从同一UE设备始发的。 58. The method according to claim 44, wherein each received reply used in the calculating step is not any two devices originating from the same UE.
  59. 59. —种预备无线局域网(WLAN)的接入点的地理位置的估计的方法,该方法包括:在蜂窝无线电网络处确定多个UE设备位置,每一UE设备位置对应于所述蜂窝无线电网络的至少一个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置,所述至少一个UE设备正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信;至少部分地基于所述多个UE设备位置来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计;并且将所述估计从所述蜂窝无线电网络传送至所述接入点。 59. - Method of kinds of preliminary location estimates a wireless LAN (WLAN) access points, the method comprising: determining a plurality of UE devices in the cellular radio network at the positions, each position corresponding to the UE device a cellular radio network the position of at least one user class equipment (UE) device, the device is the at least one UE on the access point communicating with the WLAN; at least in part on the plurality of calculated positions of said UE device access the estimated location of the point; and the estimated transmitted from said cellular radio network to the access point.
  60. 60. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定步骤是通过角度测量和三角测量来执行的。 60. The method according to claim 59, wherein said determining step is performed by triangulation and angle measurement performed.
  61. 61. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定步骤是通过往返时间(RTT)测量和三边测量来确定的。 61. The method according to claim 59, wherein said determining step is determined by measuring and trilateration roundtrip time (RTT) of.
  62. 62. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 将所述蜂窝无线电网络作为全球移动电信系统(UMTS)来操作; 其中所述接入点是在802.11标准下操作。 62. The method according to claim 59, characterized in that, further comprising: a cellular radio network as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) is operated; wherein the access point is operating in the 802.11 standard.
  63. 63. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 在所述无线电网络处接收正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信的所述至少一个UE设备的一个或多个标识。 63. The method according to claim 59, characterized in that, further comprising: receiving a is the access point for communication with the at least one of the WLAN UE device or in the radio network at a plurality of identity.
  64. 64. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 在所述蜂窝无线电网络处存储所述估计的易失性信息。 64. The method according to claim 59, characterized in that, further comprising: a volatile storage of information in the cellular radio network at the estimate.
  65. 65. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定步骤是由所述蜂窝无线电网络自治地发起的。 65. The method according to claim 59, wherein said determining step is initiated by the cellular radio network to autonomously.
  66. 66. 如权利要求65所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 在所述确定步骤之后在所述蜂窝无线电网络处接收由所述接入点发送的对所述估计的请求;其中所述传送步骤是响应于所述接收对估计的请求的步骤而执行的。 66. The method according to claim 65, characterized in that, further comprising: receiving a request for the estimated transmitted by the access point in the cellular radio network at the step of after said determining; wherein said the step of transmitting in response to said step of receiving a request for the estimation performed.
  67. 67. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括: 重复所述确定以及计算步骤以获得所述接入点的地理位置的多个估计;并且对所述多个估计求平均。 67. The method according to claim 59, characterized in that, further comprising: repeating said determining and calculating step to obtain a plurality of estimates of the location of the access point; and averaging the plurality of estimation.
  68. 68. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于:所述多个UE设备位置包括第一UE设备位置、第二UE设备位置、以及第三UE设备位置;所述确定步骤包括:在所述蜂窝无线电网络处从所述接入点接收对应于所述第一UE设备位置的第一往返时间(RTT)测量、对应于所述第二UE设备位置的第二RTT测量、 以及对应于所述第三UE设备位置的第三RTT测量,并且从所述第一UE设备位置、所述第二UE设备位置、所述第三UE设备位置、所述第一RTT测量、所述第二RTT测量、和所述第三RTT测量三边测量出所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 68. The method according to claim 59, wherein: said plurality of positions includes a first UE device UE device position, a second position of the UE device, the device location and a third UE; the determining step comprises: in the said second RTT measurement cellular radio network to receive a first roundtrip time corresponds to the first position of the UE device (RTT) measured from the access point, corresponding to the second UE device's location, and corresponding to the said third position the third UE RTT measurement apparatus, and device location from the first UE, the UE device a second position, the third position of the UE device, the first RTT measurement, said second RTT measure, the third and the estimated RTT measurement trilateration geographic location of the access point.
  69. 69. 如权利要求59所述的方法,其特征在于:所述确定步骤包括在所述蜂窝无线电网络处确定所述多个UE设备位置的步骤;并且所述计算步骤包括至少部分地基于所述多个UE设备位置来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计的步骤。 69. A method according to claim 59, wherein: said determining step includes determining a position of said plurality of UE devices in the cellular radio network at step; and said calculating step comprises at least in part on the the step of the access point of the geographical location of the estimated position to calculate a plurality of UE devices.
  70. 70. 无线局域网(WLAN)的一种接入点,包括: 收发机;存储程序代码的存储器;以及耦合到所述存储器并耦合到所述收发机的处理器,其中所述处理器被配置成使所述接入点:发送对蜂窝无线电网络一用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息的请求,所述UE设备正在与所述WLAN上的所述接入点通信; 接收响应于所述请求的所述位置信息;并且指定所述位置信息为所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 70. The wireless local area network (WLAN) is an access point, comprising: a transceiver; a memory storing program code; and a processor coupled to the memory and transceiver coupled to the processor, wherein the processor is configured to the access point: sending a request to the cellular radio network a class of a user equipment (UE) device position information, the UE device is on the access point communicating with the WLAN; receiving a response to the request the position information; and estimated position information specifying the geographic location of the access point.
  71. 71. 如权利要求70所述的接入点,其特征在于,进一步包括: 第二网络接口:其中所述处理器配置所述接入点以经由所述WLAN和所述第二网络接口向所述UE设备提供电话服务。 71. The access point according to claim 70, characterized in that, further comprising: a second network interface: wherein the processor is configured to the access point and the WLAN via said second network interface to the said UE device to provide telephone services.
  72. 72. 无线局域网(WLAN)的一种接入点,包括: 收发机;至第二网络接口的将所述接入点连接至蜂窝无线电网络的连接; 存储程序代码的存储器;以及耦合到所述处理器并耦合到所述收发机的处理器,其中所述处理器被配置成使所述接入点:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与所述蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在所述WLAN上的所述接入点的服务区中; 接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复;并且至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 72. The wireless local area network (WLAN) is an access point, comprising: a transceiver; access point to the second network interface is connected to the connection of the cellular radio network; a memory storing program code; and a processor coupled to the a processor coupled to the transceiver and a processor, wherein the processor is configured to cause the access point: transmitting a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of requesting the request relates and the position information of the one or more cell-based user equipment (UE) of a radio network communication device, the one or more UE devices each UE on the WLAN device is in the access point service area; receiving a response to a plurality of receiving a reply with location information to the plurality of requests; and at least partially the access to calculate an estimate of the geographic location of the plurality of points based on the received reply.
  73. 73. 如权利要求72所述的接入点,其特征在于:所述多个回复包括带有第一UE设备的第一位置信息的第一回复、带有第二UE设备的第二位置信息的第二回复、以及带有第三UE设备的第三位置信息的第三回复;所述处理器被进一步配置成使所述接入点:测量所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第一往返时间(RTT); 测量所述接入点与所述第二UE设备之间的第二RTT; 测量所述接入点与所述第三UE设备之间的第三RTT; 从所述第一位置信息、所述第二位置信息、所述第三位置信息、所述第一RTT、所述第二RTT、和所述第三RTT三边测量出所述地理位置的估计。 73. The access point according to claim 72, wherein: said first reply comprises a plurality of a first reply with first location information of the UE device, the position information of the second UE with the second device a second reply, a reply with the third UE and a third device of the third position information; the processor is further configured to cause the access point: measuring a first access point and the UE device second measuring the RTT between the access point and the second UE device;; a first round trip time between (RTT) between the measured RTT said third access point and the third UE device ; from the first location information, the second location information, the third location information, the first RTT, RTT said second, and said third RTT said geographic position of trilateration estimate.
  74. 74. 如权利要求72所述的接入点,其特征在于:所述多个回复包括带有第一UE设备在第一时间的第一位置信息的第一回复、 带有所述第一UE设备在第二时间的第二位置信息的第二回复、以及带有所述第一UE设备在第三时间的第三位置信息的第三回复;所述处理器被进一步配置成使所述接入点:测量在约所述第一时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第一往返时间(RTT);测量在约所述第二时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第二RTT; 测量在约所述第三时间所述接入点与所述第一UE设备之间的第三RTT;并且从所述第一位置信息、所述第二位置信息、所述第三位置信息、所述第一RTT、所述第二RTT、和所述第三RTT三边测量出所述地理位置的估计。 74. The access point according to claim 72, wherein: said first reply comprises a plurality of reply device information with a first UE in a first position of the first time, with the first UE the second reply information a second time a second position of the device, the location information of the first UE and a third device with a third time said third reply; the processor is further configured to cause the contact point: measuring a first time about the access of the first roundtrip time (RTT) between the first point and the UE device; measured at about the time the second access point and the the second RTT between the first UE device; measured at approximately the third time RTT between the third access point and the first UE device; and the information from the first position, the second two location information, the third location information, the first RTT, RTT said second, and said third estimate of the RTT trilateration a geographic location.
  75. 75. —种包含指令的机器可读介质,所述指令在被无线局域网(WLAN)接入点执行时使得所述接入点执行包括如下的动作:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及正在与蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在所述WLAN上的所述接入点的服务区中; 接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复;以及至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计。 75. - kind of machine-readable medium comprising instructions, the instructions cause the access point, when executed perform a wireless LAN (WLAN) access point comprising the acts of: transmitting a plurality of requests for location information, the each request being directed to the plurality of requests location information of the cellular network in communication with a plurality of user equipment or a radio based (UE) devices, each UE of the one or more devices in the UE device is in the the service area of ​​the access point in the WLAN; receiving a response to a plurality of receiving a reply with location information to the plurality of requests; and at least in part on the plurality of received reply calculating the ground the geographical location of the point estimate.
  76. 76. 蜂窝无线电网络中的一种无线电网络控制器,所述无线电网络控制器包括:至基收发机站的BTS接口;用于将所述无线电网络控制器耦合到包含接入点的无线局域网(WLAN)的网络接口;存储程序代码的存储器;以及耦合到所述存储器、所述BTS接口、和所述网络接口的处理器;其中所述处理器被配置成使所述无线电网络控制器:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与所述蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在所述WLAN上的所述接入点的服务区域中;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复; 至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计;并且经由所述网络接口将所述估计传送给所述接入点。 76. A cellular radio network in a radio network controller, the radio network controller comprising: an interface to a base transceiver station BTS; means for the radio network controller coupled to a wireless local area network includes an access point ( WLAN) network interface; memory storing program code; and a processor coupled to the memory, the BTS interface, the network interface and a processor; and wherein the processor is configured to cause the radio network controller: send a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to (UE) device in a cellular radio network in communication with the one or more user equipment category, the one or more UE each UE device apparatus is in the service area of ​​the WLAN access point; receiving a plurality of response to receiving a reply with location information to the plurality of requests; at least in part on the a plurality of the received reply calculating an estimated location of the access point; via the network interface and the estimated transmitted to the access point.
  77. 77. 蜂窝无线电网络中的一种无线电网络控制器,所述无线电网络控制器包括:至基收发机站的BTS接口;用于将所述无线电网络控制器耦合到包含接入点的无线局域网(WLAN)的网络接口;存储程序代码的存储器;以及耦合到所述存储器、所述BTS接口、和所述网络接口的处理器; 其中所述处理器被配置成使所述无线电网络控制器:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与所述蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在所述WLAN上的所述接入点的服务区域中;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;并且经由所述网络接口将所述多个回复传送给所述接入点。 77. A cellular radio network in a radio network controller, the radio network controller comprising: an interface to a base transceiver station BTS; means for the radio network controller coupled to a wireless local area network includes an access point ( WLAN) network interface; memory storing program code; and a processor coupled to the memory, the BTS interface, the network interface and a processor; and wherein the processor is configured to cause the radio network controller: send a plurality of requests for location information, each of the plurality of requesting the location information request is directed to (UE) device in a cellular radio network in communication with the one or more user equipment category, the one or more UE each UE device apparatus is in the service area of ​​the WLAN access point; receiving a reply with a plurality of position information in response to said plurality of requests; via the network interface and the reply is transmitted to the plurality of the access point.
  78. 78. —种包含指令的机器可读介质,所述指令在被蜂窝无线电网络的无线电网络控制器的处理器执行时使所述蜂窝无线电网络执行包括如下的操作:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与所述蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在一无线局域网(WLAN)接入点的服务区域中;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的接收回复; 至少部分地基于所述多个接收到的回复来计算所述接入点的地理位置的估计;并且经由所述网络接口将所述估计传送给所述接入点。 78. - kind of machine-readable medium comprising instructions, the instructions cause the cellular radio network comprises performing the following operations when executed by a processor in the radio network controller of a cellular radio network: a plurality of transmitting a request for location information each of the plurality of request requesting the location information relates to a device and the cellular network or a radio communication type more user equipment (UE), the UE device in one or more of each UE device is in the service area of ​​a wireless LAN (WLAN) access point; receiving a plurality of requests in response to said plurality of receiving reply with location information; at least in part on the plurality of received reply calculated estimating the geographic location of the access point; via the network interface and the estimated transmitted to the access point.
  79. 79. —种包含指令的机器可读介质,所述指令在被蜂窝无线电网络的无线电网络控制器的处理器执行时使所述蜂窝无线电网络执行包括如下的操作:发送多个对位置信息的请求,所述多个请求中的每一请求涉及在与所述蜂窝无线电网络通信的一个或多个用户装备类(UE)设备的位置信息,所述一个或多个UE设备中的每一UE设备正处在一无线局域网(WLAN)接入点的服务区域中;接收响应于所述多个请求的多个带有位置信息的回复;并且经由所述无线电网络控制器的所述网络接口将所述各回复传送给所述接入点。 79. - kind of machine-readable medium comprising instructions, the instructions cause the cellular radio network comprises performing the following operations when executed by a processor in the radio network controller of a cellular radio network: a plurality of transmitting a request for location information each of the plurality of request requesting the location information relates to a device and the cellular network or a radio communication type more user equipment (UE), the UE device in one or more of each UE device is in the service area of ​​a wireless local area network (WLAN) access point; receiving a reply with a plurality of position information in response to said plurality of requests; via the network interface and the radio network controller the transmitting said reply to each of the access point.
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US8892127B2 (en) 2008-11-21 2014-11-18 Qualcomm Incorporated Wireless-based positioning adjustments using a motion sensor
US9645225B2 (en) 2008-11-21 2017-05-09 Qualcomm Incorporated Network-centric determination of node processing delay
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