CN101075605B - Structure for packing light-emitting diodes, backlight module and liquid crystal display device thereof - Google Patents

Structure for packing light-emitting diodes, backlight module and liquid crystal display device thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101075605B
CN101075605B CN 200610081997 CN200610081997A CN101075605B CN 101075605 B CN101075605 B CN 101075605B CN 200610081997 CN200610081997 CN 200610081997 CN 200610081997 A CN200610081997 A CN 200610081997A CN 101075605 B CN101075605 B CN 101075605B
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light
surface
emitting diode
disposed
light emitting
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CN 200610081997
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101075605A (en
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洪振滨
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奇美电子股份有限公司
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Priority to CN 200610081997 priority Critical patent/CN101075605B/en
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Abstract

A LBD packing structure includes a base, noumenon and several LBD. The noumenon is installed on the base with a circle groove on one side. LBD are fixed in the groove to supply a lateral light for the packing structure. The invention also provides an optical pipe which includes a column and several prisms. The column is of an outer side and an inner reflecting side. The prisms are installed in between the outer and inner sides. By combining the LBD package and the optical pipe, the package is capable of generating diffusion light and be used in apheliotropic module and LCD displayer.

Description

发光二极管封装结构及应用其的背光模组和液晶显示装置技术领域 LED package and a backlight module and a liquid crystal display device using the application Technical Field

[0001] 本发明涉及一种背光模组及应用该背光模组的液晶显示装置,尤其涉及一种可侧向发光的发光二极管封装结构及可将环状光线导引为类似灯管的光线的导光管和应用该导光管的背光模组及液晶显示装置。 [0001] The application relates to a backlight module and a backlight module of the liquid crystal display device of the present invention particularly relates to a light emitting side and a light emitting diode package may be similar to the annular light guide is a light tube application of the light pipe and backlight module and a liquid crystal display the light guide tube device. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着液晶显示装置制作技术快速的进步,以及其具备有轻薄、省电及无辐射等优点,使得液晶显示器大量地被应用于个人数字助理(personal digitalassistant,PDA)、笔记本电脑、数码相机、数码摄像机、移动电话、电脑屏幕及液晶电视等各种电子产品中。 [0002] With the liquid crystal display device fabrication technology rapid progress, and comprising thin and light, and no radiation power, etc., so that a large amount of the liquid crystal display is applied to a personal digital assistant (personal digitalassistant, PDA), notebook computers, digital cameras, digital cameras, mobile phones, computer screens and LCD TVs and other electronic products. 再加上业界积极的投入研发以及采用大型化的生产设备,使液晶显示装置的品质不断提升,且价格持续下降,因此使得液晶显示装置的应用领域迅速扩大。 Coupled with the industry's aggressive R & D investment and the use of large-scale production equipment, the quality of the liquid crystal display device on the rise, and prices continue to fall, thus making the LCD rapidly expanding field of application of the device. 但由于液晶显示装置中的液晶显示面板为非自发光性的显示面板,需要借助背光模组所提供的光线才能产生显示的功能。 However, due to the liquid crystal display panel means a non-self-emitting display panel, the light required by the backlight module is provided in order to produce liquid crystal displays function. 其中,传统的背光模组系以冷阴极萤光灯管或热阴极萤光灯管作为光源。 Wherein, in the conventional backlight module based cold cathode fluorescent tube or a hot cathode fluorescent lamp as a light source.

[0003] 然而,由于冷阴极萤光灯管或热阴极萤光灯管具有汞等有害环境的物质,长久使用后不易资源回收,且容易造成环境污染。 [0003] However, since the cold cathode fluorescent tube or a hot cathode fluorescent lamp having mercury and other substances harmful to the environment, easy recycling after long-term use, and easy to cause environmental pollution. 此外,随着全球环保意识的高涨及炽热,以及现代人对于电子产品讲求可以资源回收的潮流下,以含汞的冷阴极萤光灯管或热阴极萤光灯管作为光源的背光模组,将会显得相当不合乎环保。 Further, as the global awareness of environmental protection and high hot, and the emphasis of modern electronic products can for resource recovery trend, mercury cathode fluorescent tube or a cold cathode fluorescent tube as a heat source of the backlight module, It will seem quite undesirable environmental protection. 如此一来,将会大大地降低背光模组以及液晶显示装置的实用性。 In this way, it will greatly reduce the usefulness of the backlight module and a liquid crystal display device. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 有鉴于此,本发明的目的就是在提供一种发光二极管封装结构及导光管和应用其之背光模组及液晶显示装置。 [0004] In view of this, an object of the present invention is to provide an LED package and a light pipe and application of the backlight module and a liquid crystal display device using. 该可侧向发光的发光二极管封装结构透过导光管对于光线的作用,可以像灯管一样散射光线。 The laterally emitting LED package through the light pipe to the action of light, scattered light may be the same as the lamp. 可见,本发明的发光二极管封装结构及导光管所搭配组成的光源模组,大大地摆脱传统的光源的设计的羁绊。 Visible light emitting diode package and a light guide tube of the present invention is composed of a light source module with greatly prisoners of the traditional design of the light source. 此外,本发明的背光模组应用发光二极管封装结构及导光管所搭配组成的光源模组,可以缩短发光二极管封装结构及扩散板之间的混光距离。 Further, the backlight module and the application of the LED package structure according to the present invention, a light guide tube with light source module composed, possible to shorten the distance between the light-mixing LED package structure and a diffusion plate. 如此一来,可以大大降低背光模组的厚度,进而提高背光模组及液晶显示装置的实用性。 Thus, the thickness of the backlight module can be greatly reduced, thereby increasing the practicality of the backlight module and a liquid crystal display device. 另外,发光二极管封装结构可以经由框架的贯穿孔而在背光模组上直接抽换, 显得相当方便。 Further, the light emitting diode package may be accessible directly on the backlight module frame via the through hole, it is very convenient. 再者,本实施例使用发光二极管芯片以作为光源,可以免除如灯管所面临的资源回收困难及汞污染环境的问题,相当符合环保需求。 Furthermore, the present embodiment uses LED chips as the light source, problems such as lamp difficulties faced by recycling and environmental pollution can remove mercury, quite in line with environmental requirements.

[0005] 根据本发明的目的,提出一种发光二极管封装结构,包括一底座、一本体及数个发光二极管芯片。 [0005] The object of the present invention provides a light emitting diode package structure, comprising a base, a body and a plurality of light emitting diode chips. 本体设置于底座上,并具有一侧面,此侧面具有一边缘环绕凹槽。 Disposed on the base body and having a side surface, the side surface having a recess surrounding the edge. 这些发光二极管芯片设置于此边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以提供发光二极管封装结构的侧向光线。 LED chips disposed on a circumferential edge of the groove bottom thereto to provide a lateral light emitting diode package structure.

[0006] 根据本发明的另一目的,提出一种导光管,包括一柱体及数个棱镜结构。 [0006] According to another object of the present invention, to provide a light pipe, comprising a cylinder and a plurality of prism structures. 柱体具有一外围侧面及一内围反射面,内围反射面用以反射光线。 A cylinder having a peripheral side surface and a reflective surface around the inner circumference reflecting surface for reflecting light. 这些棱镜结构设置于外围侧面及内围反射面之间,用以干涉导光管所接收的光线。 The prism structures arranged in a peripheral side surface and the inner circumference between the reflective surfaces to the interference light received by the light pipe.

[0007] 根据本发明的又一目的,提出一种背光模组,包括一框架、一导光管及一发光二极管封装结构。 [0007] According to a further object of the present invention to provide a backlight module, comprising a frame, a light pipe and a light emitting diode package. 框架具有一底板及一侧板,底板及侧板定义一容置空间。 A frame having a bottom plate and a side plate, a bottom plate and side plates define a receiving space. 导光管包括一柱体及数个棱镜结构,柱体设置于容置空间中,并位于底板之上。 Light pipe comprises a cylinder and a plurality of prism structures, disposed in the cartridge accommodating space, and located above the floor. 柱体具有一外围侧面及一内围反射面,内围反射面用以反射光线。 A cylinder having a peripheral side surface and a reflective surface around the inner circumference reflecting surface for reflecting light. 这些棱镜结构设置于外围侧面及内围反射面之间,内围反射面用以反射光线,用以干涉导光管所接收的光线。 These prismatic structures disposed between the peripheral side surface and the inner reflection surface around the inner circumference reflecting surface for reflecting light to the interference light received by the light pipe. 发光二极管封装结构包括一底座、一本体、数个第一发光二极管芯片及数个第二发光二极管芯片,底座设置于底板上。 The LED package structure includes a base, a body, a first plurality of light emitting diode chips and a plurality of second light-emitting diode chips, the base disposed on the base plate. 本体设置于底座上,而贯穿外围侧面及内围反射面后插入于柱体中。 Disposed on the base body, and through the peripheral side surface and the reflecting surface surrounding the inner cylinder inserted in. 本体具有一第一侧面及一第二侧面,第一侧面及第二侧面分别具有一第一边缘环绕凹槽及一第二边缘环绕凹槽。 A first body having a side surface and a second side, the first side and the second side has a first edge and a second edge surrounding groove surrounding the recess. 这些第一发光二极管芯片设置于第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至导光管的一端中。 The first LED chip is disposed on a bottom edge surrounding the first recess, for emitting light to the side end of the light guide tube. 这些第二发光二极管芯片设置于第二边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至导光管的另一端中。 The second light emitting diode chip is disposed on a bottom edge surrounding the second recess, for emitting light to the other end side of the light guide tube.

[0008] 根据本发明的再一目的,提出一种液晶显示装置,包括一背光模组、一第一偏光板、一液晶显示面板及一第二偏光板。 [0008] According to a further object of the present invention provides a liquid crystal display device comprising a backlight module, a first polarizer, a liquid crystal display panel and a second polarizer. 背光模组包括一框架、一导光管及一发光二极管封装结构。 The backlight module includes a frame, a light pipe and a light emitting diode package. 框架具有一底板及一侧板,底板及侧板定义一容置空间。 A frame having a bottom plate and a side plate, a bottom plate and side plates define a receiving space. 导光管包括一柱体及数个棱镜结构,柱体设置于容置空间中,并位于底板之上。 Light pipe comprises a cylinder and a plurality of prism structures, disposed in the cartridge accommodating space, and located above the floor. 柱体具有一外围侧面及一内围反射面, 内围反射面用以反射光线。 A cylinder having a peripheral side surface and a reflective surface around the inner circumference reflecting surface for reflecting light. 这些棱镜结构设置于外围侧面及内围反射面之间,内围反射面用以反射光线,用以干涉导光管所接收的光线。 These prismatic structures disposed between the peripheral side surface and the inner reflection surface around the inner circumference reflecting surface for reflecting light to the interference light received by the light pipe. 发光二极管封装结构包括一底座、一本体、 数个第一发光二极管芯片及数个第二发光二极管芯片,底座设置于底板上。 The LED package structure includes a base, a body, a first plurality of light emitting diode chips and a plurality of second light-emitting diode chips, the base disposed on the base plate. 本体设置于底座上,而贯穿外围侧面及内围反射面后插入于柱体中。 Disposed on the base body, and through the peripheral side surface and the reflecting surface surrounding the inner cylinder inserted in. 本体具有一第一侧面及一第二侧面, 第一侧面及第二侧面分别具有一第一边缘环绕凹槽及一第二边缘环绕凹槽。 A first body having a side surface and a second side, the first side and the second side has a first edge and a second edge surrounding groove surrounding the recess. 这些第一发光二极管芯片设置于第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至导光管的一端中。 The first LED chip is disposed on a bottom edge surrounding the first recess, for emitting light to the side end of the light guide tube. 这些第二发光二极管芯片设置于第二边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至导光管的另一端中。 The second light emitting diode chip is disposed on a bottom edge surrounding the second recess, for emitting light to the other end side of the light guide tube. 第一偏光板设置于背光模组上,液晶显示面板设置于第一偏光板上,第二偏光板设置于液晶显示面板上。 A first polarizing plate provided on the backlight module, the liquid crystal display panel is disposed on the first polarizer, the second polarizing plate disposed on the liquid crystal display panel. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0009] 以下结合附图和具体实施方式进一步说明本发明的特征和优点,其中: [0009] The following further illustrate the features and advantages of the invention in conjunction with specific embodiments and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[0010] 图IA示出依照本发明的实施例一的发光二极管封装结构的正视图; [0010] FIG IA shows a front view in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention is a light emitting diode package structure of FIG one;

[0011] 图IB示出图IA的发光二极管封装结构的侧视图; [0011] FIG IB illustrates a side view of a light emitting diode package of FIG IA;

[0012] 图IC示出图IA的发光二极管封装结构的底座及本体的立体图; [0012] a perspective view of a base body and a light emitting diode package shown in FIG IC of FIG IA;

[0013] 图ID示出图IA的发光二极管结构还包含萤光粉及胶体时的状态的正视图; A light emitting diode structure [0013] FIG IA to FIG ID shows a state of further comprising phosphor and a front view of the colloid;

[0014] 图IE示出图IA的发光二极管结构还包含萤光粉及胶体时的状态的后视图; A light emitting diode structure [0014] FIG IA is shown in FIG. IE further comprises a rear view showing a state of colloid and phosphor;

[0015] 图2A示出依照本发明的实施例二的导光管的立体图; [0015] FIG 2A shows a perspective view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, two light pipe;

[0016] 图2B示出以图2A的yz平面为剖平面且由_x方向往导光管所视的导光管的剖面图; [0016] FIG. 2B _x direction sectional view of the light pipe to the light pipe as viewed in the yz plane of FIG. 2A is a cross-sectional plane and is shown;

[0017] 图2C示出以图2A的xz平面为剖平面且由_y方向往导光管所视的导光管的放大剖面图; [0017] FIG 2C shows the xz plane in FIG. 2A is a cross-sectional plane and the _y direction towards the light guide tube guiding an enlarged view sectional view of the light pipe;

[0018] 图2D示出图2B的内围反射面由反射管在柱体中形成时的状态的示意图; [0018] FIG 2D is a schematic view showing a state when the tube is formed by a reflective inner cylinder surrounded by the reflecting surface of FIG. 2B;

[0019] 图3示出依照本发明的实施例三的导光管的剖面图; [0019] Figure 3 shows a sectional view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention three light pipe;

[0020] 图4A示出依照本发明的实施例四的导光管的立体图;[0021] 图4B示出以图4A的yz平面为剖平面且由_x方向往导光管所视的导光管的剖面图; [0020] FIG 4A shows a perspective view in accordance with the guide embodiment of the present invention, four of the light pipe; [0021] Figure 4B shows in the yz plane of FIG. 4A is a cross-sectional plane and the _x direction towards the light guide tube depending on conduction cross-sectional view of a light pipe;

[0022] 图5示出依照本发明的实施例五的导光管的立体图; [0022] FIG. 5 shows a perspective view of a guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, five light pipe;

[0023] 图6示出依照本发明的实施例六的导光管的剖面图; [0023] FIG. 6 shows a sectional view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, six light pipe;

[0024] 图7示出依照本发明的实施例七的导光管的剖面图; [0024] FIG. 7 shows a sectional view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, seven light pipe;

[0025] 图8示出依照本发明的实施例八的导光管的剖面图; [0025] FIG. 8 shows a sectional view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, eight light pipe;

[0026] 图9A示出依照本发明的实施例九的背光模组的示意图; [0026] FIG 9A shows a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, a backlight module IX;

[0027] 图9B示出图9A的框架、发光二极管封装结构及导光管的组合立体图; [0027] FIG. 9B shows the frame of FIG. 9A, a combination of a perspective view of a light emitting diode package and the catheter;

[0028] 图9C示出图9B的发光二极管封装结构及导光管在框架上组合时的状态的侧视图; [0028] Figure 9C illustrates a side view when the light pipe assembly on the frame structure and the guide light emitting diode package of FIG 9B;

[0029] 图9D示出图9C的发光二极管封装结构及导光管在框架上组合时的部分区域的放大示意图; [0029] FIG 9D shows an enlarged schematic view of the partial region when the light emitting diode package of FIG. 9C and the guide tube assembly on the frame;

[0030] 图9E示出图9B的框架的示意图; [0030] FIG 9E shows a schematic view of the frame of Figure 9B;

[0031] 图IOA示出依照本发明的实施例十的背光模组的示意图; [0031] FIG IOA illustrates a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the backlight module of ten;

[0032] 图IOB〜IOC示出图IOA的发光二极管封装结构、框架及导光管的二分解示意图; [0032] FIG IOB~IOC IOA diagram showing the structure of the LED package, two exploded view of the frame and the light guide tube;

[0033] 图IOD示出图IOA的框架的立体图;以及 [0033] FIG IOD a perspective view of the frame shown in FIG IOA; and

[0034] 图11示出依照本发明的实施例十一的液晶显示装置的示意图。 [0034] FIG. 11 shows a schematic view of a liquid crystal display device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention XI.

[0035] 10 :发光二极管封装结构 [0035] 10: light emitting diode package

[0036] 11 :底座 [0036] 11: base

[0037] 12 :本体 [0037] 12: main body

[0038] 12a :第一侧面 [0038] 12a: a first side surface

[0039] 12b :第二侧面 [0039] 12b: second side

[0040] 12c :第一边缘环绕凹槽 [0040] 12c: a first groove around the edge

[0041] 12d:第二边原环绕凹槽 [0041] 12d: second edge groove surrounding the original

[0042] 13a :第一发光二极管芯片 [0042] 13a: first LED chip

[0043] 13b :第二发光二极管芯片 [0043] 13b: second LED chip

[0044] 14、23 :反射材料 [0044] 14, 23: reflective material

[0045] 15 :萤光粉 [0045] 15: phosphor

[0046] 16 :胶体 [0046] 16: colloid

[0047] 20a、20b、20c、20d、20e、20f、20g :导光管 [0047] 20a, 20b, 20c, 20d, 20e, 20f, 20g: light pipe

[0048] 21 :柱体 [0048] 21: column

[0049] 21a:外围侧面 [0049] 21a: peripheral side surface

[0050] 21b:内围反射面 [0050] 21b: inner circumference reflection surface

[0051] 21c :贯孔 [0051] 21c: through hole

[0052] 22a、22b、22c、22d、22e、22f、22g :棱镜结构 [0052] 22a, 22b, 22c, 22d, 22e, 22f, 22g: prism structure

[0053] 24 :反射管 [0053] 24: reflex duct

[0054] 90、100 :背光模组 [0054] 90, 100: backlight module

[0055] 91、101:框架 [0055] 91, 101: frame

[0056] 91a、IOla:底板[0057] 91b、IOlb:侧板 [0056] 91a, IOla: bottom [0057] 91b, IOlb: plate

[0058] 91c、IOlc :容置空间 [0058] 91c, IOlc: accommodating space

[0059] 9Id :顶板 [0059] 9Id: Roof

[0060] 91e、IOle:贯穿孔 [0060] 91e, IOle: through-hole

[0061] 97、107:反射片 [0061] 97,107: reflection sheet

[0062] 98、108:扩散板 [0062] 98, 108: diffusion plate

[0063] 99、109:光学薄膜组 [0063] 99,109: an optical film Group

[0064] 106 :导光板 [0064] 106: light guide plate

[0065] 106a :第一表面 [0065] 106a: a first surface

[0066] 106b :第二表面 [0066] 106b: second surface

[0067] 106c :第三表面 [0067] 106c: third surface

[0068] 106d:网点 [0068] 106d: outlets

[0069] 110:液晶显示装置 [0069] 110: Liquid crystal display device

[0070] 111 :第一偏光板 [0070] 111: The first polarizer

[0071] 112:液晶显示面板 [0071] 112: liquid crystal display panel

[0072] 113:第二偏光板具体实施方式 [0072] 113: second polarizer DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0073] 实施例一 [0073] Example a

[0074] 请同时参照图IA〜1E,图IA示出依照本发明的实施例一的发光二极管封装结构的正视图,图IB示出图IA的发光二极管封装结构的侧视图。 [0074] Referring to FIG IA~1E, in accordance with FIG IA shows a front view of a light emitting diode package structure of an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG IB shows a side view LED package of FIG IA. 图IC示出图IA的发光二极管封装结构的底座及本体的立体图,图ID示出图IA的发光二极管结构还包含萤光粉及胶体时的状态的正视图,图IE示出图IA的发光二极管结构还包含萤光粉及胶体时的状态的后视图。 A perspective view of a base and a main body of the light emitting diode package of FIG IC shown in FIG IA, a light emitting diode structure of FIG. ID shown in FIG. IA further comprises a state where the phosphor and colloidal front view, FIG. IE shown in FIG IA, the light emitting diode structure further comprising a rear view showing a state when a fluorescent powder and colloidal.

[0075] 如图IA〜IB所示,发光二极管封装结构10包括一底座11、一本体12及数个第一发光二极管芯片13a。 [0075] As shown in FIG IA~IB, the light emitting diode package structure 10 includes a base 11, a body 12 and a plurality of first light-emitting diode chips 13a. 本体12设置于底座11上,并具有一第一侧面12a,第一侧面1¾ 具有一边缘环绕凹槽12c。 12 disposed on the base body 11, and having a first side surface 12a, a first side surface having an edge surrounding 1¾ recess 12c. 第一发光二极管芯片13a设置于第一边缘环绕凹槽12c的槽底上,用以提供发光二极管封装结构10的单侧向光线,如+y方向的侧向光线。 The first light emitting diode chip 13a provided on the first edge around the bottom of the groove 12c to provide LED package light to one side 10 of the lateral beam, such as the + y direction. 其中,发光二极管封装结构10至少可以发出环状的单侧向光线。 Wherein the light emitting diode package 10 may emit light to at least one side of the ring.

[0076] 其中,本体12可以为一圆柱体或一多边形柱体,在此以圆柱体为例作说明。 [0076] wherein, the body 12 may be a cylinder or a polygonal cylinder, the cylinder in this example for illustration. 此外, 第一发光二极管芯片13a包含白色发光二极管芯片或红色(R)、绿色(G)及蓝色(B)发光二极管芯片的搭配组合,且第一发光二极管芯片13a可以是一行的RGB等顺序的线性排列或两行的RGB等顺序的上下交错对应排列。 In addition, the first LED chip 13a including a white light emitting diode chips or red (R), with a combination of green (G) and blue (B) LED chip, the LED chip and the first row 13a may be such as RGB order RGB linear array of two rows or the like corresponding to the order of arrangement of staggered up and down. 另外,本体12包含导热材料、反射材料或陶瓷材料,底座12包含散热结构(heat sink),用以供发光二极管封装结构10热传导散热用。 Further, the body 12 comprises a thermally conductive material, a ceramic material or a reflective material, the base 12 comprises a heat dissipating structure (heat sink), is used for the light emitting diode package 10 with a thermally conductive heat sink. 并且,底座12及本体12可以是一体成型的结构。 Further, the base 12 and the body 12 may be integrally formed structure. 再者,底座12上或内部还具有一电路板,电路板用以供第一发光二极管芯片13a的正负极端与一电源或一转换器(converter)电性连接,上述的电路板可以是软性电路板或印刷电路板。 Further, on or inside the base 12 further includes a circuit board, the circuit board is used for the first LED chip 13a and the negative terminal of a power supply or a converter (Converter) is electrically connected to the circuit board may be soft circuit board or printed circuit board.

[0077] 此外,如图IC所示,发光二极管封装结构10还包括一反射材料14,反射材料14设置于第一边缘环绕凹槽12c的槽壁上,而反射材料14例如是铝或银等高反射性金属或金属合金。 [0077] Further, as IC, the light emitting diode package structure 10 further comprises 14, a groove wall of reflective material reflecting material 14 is provided around the edge of the first recess 12c, and the reflective material 14 such as aluminum or silver, for example, highly reflective metal or metal alloy. 另外,如图ID所示,发光二极管封装结构10还包括至少一萤光粉15及一胶体16,萤光粉15涂布于第一发光二极管芯片13a上。 Further, as shown in FIG. ID, a light emitting diode package structure 10 further comprises at least a phosphor 15 and a body 16, a first phosphor 15 coated on the LED chip 13a. 胶体16填充于第一边缘环绕凹槽12c中,并覆盖第一发光二极管芯片13a及萤光粉16。 Body 16 filled in the first recess 12c, a circumferential edge, and covers the first LED chip 13a and the phosphor 16. 例如,第一发光二极管芯片13a包含蓝色发光二极管芯片,且萤光粉15包含黄色萤光粉。 For example, the first LED chip comprises a blue light emitting diode chip 13a, and the phosphor 15 containing a yellow phosphor. 因此,蓝色发光二极管芯片所发出的蓝光遇到黄色萤光粉后即产生白光,则发光二极管封装结构10至少可以发出单侧向白光。 Thus, the blue light emitted from the blue LED chip encountered after the yellow phosphor to produce white light, the LED package can emit at least one side 10 to the white light.

[0078] 至于第一发光二极管芯片13a及萤光粉15的搭配有很多种,例如蓝色发光二极管搭配绿色及红色萤光粉、紫色发光二极管芯片搭配绿色及红色萤光粉或紫色发光二极管芯片搭配红色、绿色及蓝色萤光粉。 [0078] As regards the first LED chip with the phosphor 15 and 13a there are many, for example, a blue LED with a green phosphor and red, purple with a green LED chip and a red phosphor or purple light emitting diode chips with red, green and blue fluorescent powder. 再者,胶体16包含环氧树脂(印oxy),聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯〔poly(meihyl methacrylate),PMMA,俗称压克力〕、聚碳酸酯(polycarbonate, PC)或白色胶体,以不影响发光二极管封装结构10的发光性能为主。 Furthermore, body 16 comprises an epoxy resin (Oxy India), polymethyl methacrylate [poly (meihyl methacrylate), PMMA, commonly known as acrylic], polycarbonate (polycarbonate, PC) or white gel so as not to affect the LED package 10 of the light emitting performance based.

[0079] 如图IE所示,本体12还具有一第二侧面12b相对于第一侧面12a,第二侧面12b 还具有一第二边缘环绕区域12d对应于第一边缘环绕区域12b。 [0079] As shown in FIG. IE, the body 12 further has a second side surface 12b relative to the first side surface 12a, second side surface 12b has a second edge surrounding the first region 12d corresponds to the region around the edge 12b. 发光二极管封装结构10还包括数个第二发光二极管芯片13b,第二发光二极管芯片1¾设置于第二边缘环绕区域12d 中。 LED package 10 further includes a plurality of second LED chip 13b, a second LED chip disposed on the second 1¾ edge 12d surrounding the area. 第二发光二极管芯片1¾用以提供发光二极管封装结构10的单侧向光线,如_y方向的侧向光线。 1¾ second LED chip LED package to provide one side 10 to lateral light rays, such as _y direction. 因此,发光二极管封装结构10可以发出双侧向光线。 Thus, the light emitting diode package structure 10 can emit light to the double-sided. 其中,第二边缘环绕凹槽12d的槽壁上还可具有另一反射材料,第二发光二极管芯片1¾上还可涂布另一萤光粉, 且第二发光二极管芯片13a及其上的萤光粉还可被另一填充于第二边缘环绕凹槽12d中的胶体覆盖。 Wherein the second edge of the wall surrounding the recess groove 12d may also have another reflective material, the second light emitting diode chip may further 1¾ another phosphor coating, and the firefly and the second LED chip 13a on light powder may be further filled in the recess 12d of the second edge surrounding colloidal coverage. 此外,第二发光二极管芯片1¾包含白色发光二极管芯片或红色(R)、绿色(G) 及蓝色(B)发光二极管芯片的搭配组合,且第二发光二极管芯片1¾可以是一行的RGB等顺序的线性排列或两行的RGB等顺序的上下交错对应排列。 Further, the second light emitting diode chips comprise white light emitting diode chips 1¾ or red (R), with a combination of green (G) and blue (B) light emitting diode chip and the second LED chip may be 1¾ such as RGB line sequential RGB linear array of two rows or the like corresponding to the order of arrangement of staggered up and down. 另外,第二发光二极管芯片1¾ 的正负极端还可透过底板12上或内部的电路板与电源或转换器电性连接。 Further, the second positive and negative terminals of the light emitting diode chip may further 1¾ or electrically connected to a power converter 12 through the backplane circuit board or inside.

[0080] 实施例二 [0080] Second Embodiment

[0081] 请同时参照图2A〜2C,图2A示出依照本发明的实施例二的导光管的立体图。 [0081] Referring to FIG 2A~2C, FIG. 2A illustrates a perspective view of an embodiment in accordance with the present invention, the guide two light pipe. 图2B示出以图2A的yz平面为剖平面且由+χ方向往导光管所视的导光管的剖面图,图2C示出以图2A的xz平面为剖平面且由+y方向往导光管所视的导光管的放大剖面图。 2B shows in the yz plane of FIG. 2A is a cross-sectional plane and the + cross-sectional view of a light χ direction towards the light guide tube depending on the catheter, FIG 2C shows in xz plane of FIG. 2A is a cross-sectional plane and the + y direction to view the light guide tube guiding enlarged sectional view of the light pipe. 如图2A〜 2C所示,导光管20a用以至少在其一端接收一光源所发出的光线并进行光线干涉作用。 FIG 2A~ 2C, the light guide tube 20a for receiving at least the light emitted by a light source at one end and light interference effects. 导光管20a包括一柱体21及数个棱镜结构22a。 The light guide tube 20a includes a cylinder 21 and a plurality of prism structures 22a. 柱体21具有一外围侧面21a及一内围反射面21b,内围反射面21b用以反射导光管20a所接收的光线。 A cylinder 21 having a peripheral side surface 21a and the inner peripheral surface of the reflector 21b, the inner peripheral surface 21b for reflecting the light reflected light guiding tube 20a received. 棱镜结构2¾设置于外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间,用以干涉导光管20a所接收的光线,使导光管20a经由外围侧面21a散射出光线至外界。 2¾ prism structures arranged on the periphery of the inner peripheral side surface 21a and the reflective surface between 21b, the interference light pipe to the received light 20a, so that scattering light pipe 20a via the peripheral side surface of the light 21a to the outside. 其中,柱体21及棱镜结构2¾可以是一体成型的结构,且柱体21可以为圆柱体或多边形柱体,在此以圆柱体为例作说明。 Wherein a cylinder and a prism structure 21 may be integrally formed 2¾ structure and cartridge 21 may be a cylinder or a polygonal cylinder, the cylinder in this example for illustration.

[0082] 在本实施例中,棱镜结构2¾设置于外围侧面21a上,而棱镜结构2¾包含数个网点,这些网点可以为凸点。 [0082] In the present embodiment, the prism structures 2¾ mounted on the periphery side 21a, and comprises a plurality of prism structures 2¾ outlets, these outlets may be a bump. 假设光源位于导光管20a的一端,虽然在此以均一大小的网点为例作说明,但为网点的棱镜结构2¾在外围侧面21a上的分布状况并不局限在此。 Suppose light source is located at one end 20a of the light pipe, while a uniform size herein exemplified as a network, but for the distribution of prism structures on the periphery of dot 2¾ side surface 21a is not limited to this. 例如,以y方向而言,为网点的棱镜结构2¾在越接近此光源处,网点的大小可以越小,且网点的分度较疏。 For example, in terms of the y direction, the prism structure of outlets closer to 2¾ in this light, the size of the dots may be smaller and less dense indexing outlets. 因此,可使入射光线能够均勻地到达导光管20a的有效应用范围。 Accordingly, incident light can reach the light can be uniformly effective application conduit 20a. 而在越远离此光源处,网点的大小可以越大,且网点的分布较密,使得入射光线的散射面积较大。 In this farther away from the light source, the size of the dots may be larger and more dense distribution outlets, such that the area of ​​the scattering of the incident light is large. 因此,可以加强导光管20a对于入射光线的折射效果。 Thus, it is possible to strengthen the effect of the light guide tube 20a for refracting the incident light. 在本实施例中,虽然为网点的棱镜结构2¾于χ 方向的分布为均勻分布,但为网点的棱镜结构22a于χ方向的分布可以根据实际应用场合而适当调整。 In the present embodiment, although the structure of the distribution network of the prism to 2¾ χ direction is uniform, but the outlets 22a of the prism structures distributed χ direction may be appropriately adjusted according to the actual application. 因此,可以达到特殊角度的光强度的控制。 Thus, it is possible to control the light intensity of the particular angle. 另外,上述为网点的棱镜结构2¾ 可以为圆形或多边形,在此以圆形为例作说明。 Further, the prism structure 2¾ outlets may be circular or polygonal, circular in this example for illustration. 并且,本实施例的导光管20a可以由光学级压克力(PMMA)或光学级聚碳酸酯(PC)制成,导光管20a可以是实心结构或中空结构。 Further, the present embodiment the guide light pipe 20a may be made of an optical grade acrylic (PMMA) or optical grade polycarbonate (PC), the light pipe 20a may be a solid structure or hollow structure.

[0083] 至于内围反射面21b的形成方式,在此简单说明如下,但本实施例的技术并不局限在此。 [0083] As for the embodiment is formed of the inner peripheral reflecting surface 21b, here briefly described below, but the technique of the present embodiment is not limited to this embodiment. 例如,柱体21还具有一贯孔21c,导光管20a还包括一反射材料23。 For example, cartridge 21 further has a through hole 21c, 20a of the light guide tube 23 further comprises a reflective material. 反射材料23 设置于贯孔21c的内壁上,以在柱体21中形成上述的内围反射面21b。 The reflective material 23 is provided on the inner wall of the through hole 21c, to form the inner cylinder 21 in the surrounding reflecting surface 21b.

[0084] 请参照图2D,其示出图2B的内围反射面由反射管在柱体中形成时的状态的示意图。 [0084] Referring to Figure 2D, a schematic view showing a state where the tube is formed by a reflective inner cylinder surrounded by the reflecting surface 2B of FIG. 导光管20a还包括一反射管24,反射管M沿着箭头的方向插入贯孔21c内,以在柱体21中形成上述的内围反射面21b。 The light guide tube 20a further comprises a reflex duct 24, the reflective tube is inserted into the direction of arrow M along the through hole 21c, to form the inner cylinder 21 in the surrounding reflecting surface 21b. 其中,柱体21可以于模具中先装反射管M,再作二次射出成形,以将柱体21及反射管M —体成型。 Wherein the cartridge 21 may be first installed in the mold M reflex duct, and then for the secondary injection molding to the cylinder tube 21 and the reflector M - shaping. 或者是,反射管M可以是裁切好的反射片所卷叠而成,于柱体21射出成形后与柱体21 —体成型且定形。 Alternatively, M may be a reflective tube cut good reflected by said volume are laminated, in the injection molding cylinder 21 and cylinder 21 - molded and shaped.

[0085] 当导光管20a为中空结构时,则可以在一管柱中埋入另一支管柱,于模具中作二次射出成形后形成导光管20a。 [0085] When the light guide tube 20a has a hollow structure, may be embedded in another column in a column support, the guide is formed in a mold for injection molding the second light pipe 20a. 或者是,先压出成形一片状体,此片状体表面具有棱镜结构22a,再以棱镜结构2¾面向外界的方式将片状体折弯而形成导光管20a。 Alternatively, the first extrusion molding a sheet-like body, this sheet-like structure having a prism surface 22a, and then to the outside of the prism structures for 2¾ manner is formed by folding the sheet-like light guide tube 20a. 此外,为网点的棱镜结构2¾可以透过射出成形、印刷、压出或滚油墨等方式形成于柱体21的外围侧面21a 上。 Further, the prism structure may be 2¾ outlets through injection molding, printing, extruding, or the like is formed on the ink roller on the peripheral side surface 21a of the cylinder 21.

[0086] 在本实施例的导光管20a中,由于外围侧面21a上设置有棱镜结构22a,使导光管20a可以适用于任何对应于外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间区域的环状光源。 Bicyclo [0086] In the present embodiment, the guide 20a of the light pipe, due to the structure of a prism 22a is provided on the peripheral side surface 21a, so that the light pipe 20a may be applied to any corresponding to the peripheral side surface 21a and 21b between the inner peripheral region of the reflective surface light source. 例如,当导光管20a的外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域对应于实施例一的发光二极管封装结构10的第一边缘环绕凹槽12c时,发光二极管封装结构10所发出的环状的侧向光线可以经由导光管20a的外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域进入导光管20a。 For example, when the peripheral side surface of the light guide tube 20a around the region between the reflection surfaces 21a and 21b corresponding to the LED package structure diagram of a first embodiment of the edge 10 around the recess 12c, the light emitting diode package 10 emitted the peripheral side surface of the annular lateral light via the light guide tube 20a, 21a and 21b between the inner peripheral region of the reflection surface enters the light guide tube 20a. 因此, 透过棱镜结构22a、内围反射面21b以及柱体21本身材质对于光线的作用,使导光管20a可以经由外围侧面21a散射出光线至外界。 Thus, through the prism structures 22a, 21b and the inner peripheral surface of the reflective material to the action of the cylinder 21 itself is light, so the light pipe 20a may scatter light through the peripheral side surface 21a to the outside. 所以,本实施例的导光管20a,可以将实施例一的发光二极管封装结构10或其他光源的环状光线调整为类似灯管所发出的光线。 Therefore, the present embodiment of the optical guide pipe 20a, an embodiment of a light emitting diode package 10 or other annular light source is adjusted to light emitted from the lamp can similarly be implemented.

[0087] 实施例三 [0087] Example three

[0088] 请参照图3,其示出依照本发明的实施例三的导光管的剖面图。 [0088] Referring to FIG 3, which is a sectional view showing the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention three light pipe. 本实施例的导光管20b与实施例二的导光管20a不同的处在于棱镜结构22b,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment, the guide tube 20b according to the second embodiment of the light pipe 20a of different structure that the prism 22b, as for the other constituent elements continue to use the same reference numerals and will not be repeated.

[0089] 如3图所示,虽然本实施例的棱镜结构22b与实施例二的棱镜结构2¾都是网点, 但是本实施例的网点为凹点,即棱镜结构22b为凹点。 [0089] As shown in FIG. 3, although the structure of the present embodiment the prism 22b and the prism structure of the embodiment according to the second embodiment of the outlets are 2¾, but the present embodiment is a dot pits, i.e., pits of prism structure 22b. 至于导光管20b的形成方式,大致上与实施例二的导光管20a的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 As to the light pipe embodiment 20b is formed, substantially with the guide according to the second embodiment formed in the same manner as the light pipe 20a, and are not repeated here. 此外,至于棱镜结构22b的分布状况及形成方式,大致上与实施例二的棱镜结构22a的分布状况及形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 Further, as for the distribution of prism structure and 22b is formed so, substantially prismatic structure and distribution of the Example II embodiment and 22a formed in the same manner, is not repeated herein. 另外,上述为网点的棱镜结构22b可以为圆形或多边形,在此以圆形为例作说明。 Further, the prism structure outlets 22b may be circular or polygonal, circular in this example for illustration. 并且,本实施例的导光管20b可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成。 Further, the present embodiment the guide light pipe 20b may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate. 再者,导光管20b可以是实心结构或中空结构,且棱镜结构22b及柱体21可以是一体成型的结构。 Furthermore, light pipe 20b may be a solid structure or hollow structure, and the cartridge 21 and the prism structures 22b may be integrally formed structure.

[0090] 实施例四 [0090] Fourth Embodiment

[0091] 请同时参照图4A〜4B,图4A示出依照本发明的实施例四的导光管的立体图,图4B示出以图4A的yz平面为剖平面且由+χ方向往导光管所视的导光管的剖面图。 [0091] Referring to FIG 4A~4B Meanwhile, FIG. 4A shows a perspective view of an embodiment in accordance with the present invention, the guide fourth light pipe, FIG. 4B shows in the yz plane of FIG. 4A is a cross-sectional plane and to the light guide direction by the + χ FIG sectional view of the light pipe of the catheter. 本实施例的导光管20c与实施例二的导光管20a及实施例三的导光管20c不同的处在于棱镜结构22c,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment, guide tube 20c and the light guide according to the second embodiment of the light pipe 20a and the pipe 20c according to a third embodiment is different from the structure that the prism 22c, the same components as to the other labels continue to be used, and will not be repeated.

[0092] 如4A〜4B图所示,本实施例的棱镜结构22c可以是螺纹棱镜,且此螺纹棱镜包含凹螺纹棱镜。 As shown in [0092] As FIG 4A~4B, the prism structure of the present embodiment the prism 22c may be threaded, this thread and the female thread prism comprises a prism. 此外,每一螺纹棱镜的螺纹为连续或非连续,在此以连续的螺纹棱镜为例作说明。 Furthermore, each thread of the thread of the prism continuously or discontinuously, in a continuous thread in this example for illustration of the prism. 假设光源位在导光管20a的一端外,导光管22c用以在其一端接收此光源所发出的光线并进行光线干涉作用。 Suppose a light source located in the outer end 20a of the light pipe, the light pipe 22c at one end thereof for receiving light emitted from this light source and light interference effects. 虽然在此以均一螺距的螺纹棱镜为例作说明,但为螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构22c在外围侧面21a上的分布状况并不局限在此。 Although herein a uniform pitch thread exemplified as a prism, but the prism structure for the distribution of the thread on the periphery 22c of the prism side surface 21a is not limited to this. 例如,以y方向而言,为螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构22c在越接近此光源处的螺距可以越小,且螺纹棱镜的分度较疏。 For example, in terms of the y direction, the prism structure of the prism 22c of the screw closer to the light source at this pitch can be smaller, and the indexing less dense thread prisms. 因此,使入射光线能够均勻地到达导光管20c的有效应用范围。 Accordingly, the effective range of incident light to reach the light pipe 20c is applied uniformly. 而在越远离此光源处的螺距的大小可以越大,且螺纹棱镜的分布较密。 Away from this and the size of the light source in the pitch can be larger and more dense distribution of the thread of the prism. 因此,使得入射光线的散射面积较大,以加强导光管20c对于入射光线的折射效果。 Thus, the area of ​​incident light so that scattering is large, to enhance the effect of the light guide tube 20c for refracting incident light. 在本实施例中,虽然为螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构22c于χ方向的分布为连续结构,但为螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构22c于χ方向的分布可以根据实际应用场合而适当调整成非连续结构。 In the present embodiment, although the prism structure of the prism 22c to the thread direction χ continuous distribution structure, but the structure of the prism of the prism 22c of the thread distributed in a direction χ may be appropriately adjusted according to the actual structure of a non-continuous application. 因此,可以达到特殊角度的光强度的控制。 Thus, it is possible to control the light intensity of the particular angle.

[0093] 此外,本实施例的导光管20c可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成。 [0093] Further, the present embodiment of the optical guide tube 20c may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate. 另外, 导光管20c可以是实心结构或中空结构,且棱镜结构22c及柱体21可以是一体成型的结构。 Further, the light pipe 20c may be a solid structure or hollow structure, and 22c and the prism structures cartridge 21 may be integrally formed structure. 至于导光管20c的形成方式,大致上与实施例二的导光管20a的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 As to the light pipe 20c formed in a way, substantially the guide according to the second embodiment formed in the same manner as the light pipe 20a, and are not repeated here.

[0094] 实施例五 [0094] Embodiment V

[0095] 请参照图5,其示出依照本发明的实施例五的导光管的立体图。 [0095] Referring to FIG 5, there is shown a perspective view of an embodiment in accordance with the present invention, the guide five light pipe. 本实施例的导光管20d与实施例四的导光管20c不同的处在于棱镜结构22d,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment, the guide pipe 20d according to a fourth embodiment of the light pipe 20c is different in that the prism structure 22d, As for the other constituent elements continue to use the same reference numerals and will not be repeated.

[0096] 如图5所示,虽然本实施例的棱镜结构22d与实施例四的棱镜结构22c都是螺纹棱镜,但是本实施例的螺纹棱镜为凸螺纹棱镜,即棱镜结构22d为凸螺纹棱镜。 [0096] As shown in FIG. 5, although the structure of the present embodiment the prism 22d and the fourth embodiment of prismatic structures prism 22c is threaded, the thread of the prism but the present embodiment is a male threaded prism, the prism structure of the prism 22d is a male thread . 至于导光管20d的形成方式,大致上与实施例四的导光管20c的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 As to the light pipe 20d is formed in a manner, substantially guide light pipe according to a fourth embodiment is formed the same way 20c and is not repeated herein. 此外,至于棱镜结构22d的分布状况及形成方式,大致上与实施例四的棱镜结构22c的分布状况及形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 Further, as for the distribution of the prism 22d and the structure is formed so, distribution of substantially prismatic structure according to a fourth embodiment and 22c formed in the same manner, is not repeated herein. 另外,每一个为螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构22d可以是连续或非连续结构,本实施例的导光管20d可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成。 Further, each of which is threaded prism 22d prism structures may be continuous or discontinuous structure, the light guide tube 20d of the present embodiment may be made from optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate. 再者,导光管20d可以是实心结构或中空结构,且棱镜结构22d及柱体21可以是一体成型的结构。 Further, the light pipe 20d may be a solid structure or hollow structure, and 22d and the prism structures cartridge 21 may be integrally formed structure.

[0097] 实施例六 [0097] Sixth Embodiment

[0098] 请参照6图,其示出依照本发明的实施例六的导光管的剖面图。 [0098] Referring to FIG 6, which is a sectional view showing the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, six light pipe. 本实施例的导光管20e与实施例二的导光管20a不同的处在于棱镜结构2¾邻近于内围反射面21b,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment and the embodiment of the tube 20e of the light guide according to the second embodiment is different in that the tube 20a 2¾ prism structure adjacent to the inner peripheral surface of the reflector 21b, as for the other constituent elements continue to use the same reference numerals and will not be repeated.

[0099] 如6图所示,本实施例的棱镜结构2¾包含网点,且此网点为凹点,即棱镜结构22e 为邻近于内围反射面21b的凹点。 [0099] As shown in FIG. 6, the prism structure of the present embodiment comprises a 2¾ network, and this network is pits, i.e. 22e prism structure adjacent to the inner peripheral surface of the concave reflecting point 21b. 至于导光管20b的形成方式,在此简单说明如下。 As to the light pipe 20b is formed in the embodiment, briefly described herein below. 先压出成形一片状体,此片状体表面具有棱镜结构22e,再以棱镜结构2¾不面向外界的方式将片状体折弯而形成导光管20e。 Extrusion molding a first sheet-like member, the sheet-like structure having a prism surface 22e, and then to the outside does not face the prism structure 2¾ manner is formed by folding the sheet-like light pipe 20e. 或者是,先射出成形一反射式结构,其外围侧面具有棱镜结构22e。 Alternatively, a first injection molding reflective structure, a prism structure having a peripheral side surface 22e. 再将此反射式结构置入模具中,以作柑入式的二次射出成形,而获得导光管20e。 This reflective structure and then into the mold to make orange-in secondary injection molding, to obtain a light pipe 20e. 此外,至于棱镜结构22e的分布状况,大致上与实施例二的棱镜结构22a的分布状况相同,在此不再赘述。 Further, as for the distribution of the prism structure 22e, and a substantially prismatic structures according to the second embodiment is the same as the distribution 22a, which is not repeated herein. 另外,上述为网点的棱镜结构2¾可以为圆形或多边形,在此以圆形为例作说明。 Further, the prism structure 2¾ outlets may be circular or polygonal, circular in this example for illustration. 本实施例的导光管20e可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成。 The light guide tube 20e of the present embodiment may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate. 再者,导光管20e可以是实心结构或中空结构。 Further, the light pipe 20e may be a solid structure or hollow structure.

[0100] 实施例七 [0100] Seventh Embodiment

[0101] 请参照图7,其示出依照本发明的实施例七的导光管的剖面图。 [0101] Referring to FIG 7, which is a sectional view showing the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, seven light pipe. 本实施例的导光管20f与实施例六的导光管20e不同的处在于棱镜结构22f,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment, the light guide tube 20f of the sixth embodiment in that the different tubes 20e 22f prism structures, as for the other constituent elements continue to use the same reference numerals and will not be repeated.

[0102] 如图7所示,虽然本实施例的棱镜结构22f与实施例六的棱镜结构2¾都是网点, 但是本实施例的网点为凹点,即棱镜结构22f为凹点。 [0102] As shown in FIG 7, although the prism structure 22f of the present embodiment and the embodiment of the prism structure according to a sixth embodiment are 2¾ outlets, but the present embodiment is a dot pits, i.e., pits of prism structures 22f. 至于导光管20f的形成方式,大致上与实施例六的导光管20e的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 As the light guide tube 20f are formed embodiment of the guide according to a sixth embodiment is substantially the same as light pipe 20e is formed in a manner, which will not be repeated herein. 此外,至于棱镜结构22f的分布状况,大致上与实施例三的棱镜结构22b的分布状况相同,在此不再赘述。 Further, as for the distribution of prism structure 22f of the embodiment is substantially the same as the distribution of prism structure according to a third and 22b, are not repeated here. 另外,上述为网点的棱镜结构22f可以为圆形或多边形,在此以圆形为例作说明。 Further, the prism structure of outlets 22f may be circular or polygonal, circular in this example for illustration. 再者,本实施例的导光管20f可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成,导光管20f可以是实心结构或中空结构。 Further, the present embodiment of the optical guide tube 20f may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate, 20f of the light guide tube may be a hollow structure or a solid structure.

[0103] 实施例八 [0103] Example eight

[0104] 请参照图8,其示出依照本发明的实施例八的导光管的剖面图。 [0104] Referring to FIG. 8, which shows a sectional view of the guide in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, eight light pipe. 本实施例的导光管20g与实施例四的导光管20c不同的处在于棱镜结构22g邻近于内围反射面21b,至于其他相同的构成要件继续沿用标号,并不再赘述。 The light guide according to the present embodiment, the guide tube 20g according to a fourth embodiment of the light pipe 20c is different in that the prism structure adjacent to the inner peripheral 22g reflection surface 21b, as for the other constituent elements continue to use the same reference numerals and will not be repeated.

[0105] 如图8所示,本实施例的棱镜结构22g包含螺纹棱镜,且此螺纹棱镜为凹螺纹棱镜,即棱镜结构22g为邻近于内围反射面21b的凹螺纹棱镜。 [0105] As shown in FIG. 8, the present embodiment of the prism structure comprises threads 22g prism, and this female screw thread of the prism of the prism, the prism reflecting surface surrounding structure 22g adjacent to the female threaded prism 21b. 至于导光管20g的形成方式, 大致上与实施例六的导光管20e的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 As to the light pipe is formed of 20g embodiment, substantially guide light pipe according to a sixth embodiment of the same is formed so 20e, are not repeated here. 此外,至于棱镜结构22g 的分布状况,大致上与实施例四的棱镜结构22c的分布状况相同,在此不再赘述。 Further, as for the distribution of 22g of prism structure, the structure is substantially the same as the distribution of the prism 22c of the fourth embodiment, and are not repeated here. 另外,本实施例的导光管20g可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成。 Further, the light guide tube 20g of the present embodiment may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate. 再者,导光管20g可以是实心结构或中空结构。 Further, the light guide tube 20g may be a solid structure or hollow structure.

[0106] 根据本实施例而依此类推,为凹螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构亦可邻近于柱体21的内围反射面21b,以形成不同型态的导光管。 [0106] According to the present embodiment and so on, may also be adjacent to the inner cylinder 21 around the reflective surface 21b, to form a guide for the different types of prism structures of the prism light pipe threaded recess. 此导光管的形成方式,大致上与实施例六的导光管20e的形成方式相同,在此不再赘述。 This formed an optical catheter, substantially as in Example VI the light pipe 20e the same manner as the formation, which is not repeated herein. 此导光管可以由光学级压克力或光学级聚碳酸酯制成,且此导光管可以是实心结构或中空结构。 This light guide tube may be made of an optical grade acrylic or optical grade polycarbonate, and this light guide tube may be a hollow structure or a solid structure. 至于邻近于内围反射面21b且为凹螺纹棱镜的棱镜结构的分布状况,大致上与实施例五的棱镜结构22d的分布状况相同,在此不再赘述。 As adjacent to the inner peripheral surface 21b and the reflection of the distribution of prism structure of the prism female thread, is substantially the same distribution of prism structures 22d five cases, are not repeated here.

[0107] 上述实施例一的发光二极管封装结构及实施例二〜八的任一导光管所搭配形成的光源模组,可以应用在日光灯组、室内特殊照明组合、室外广告看板、手电筒组合或液晶显示装置的背光模组等照明装置上。 [0107] The light source module of the embodiment described above and any one of an LED package structure according to a second embodiment of a to 8-a of the light guide tube with the formation of groups can be used in fluorescent lamps, indoor lighting special composition, outdoor billboards, or a combination of the flashlight a backlight module the liquid crystal display device such as a lighting apparatus.

[0108] 实施例九 [0108] Embodiment 9

[0109] 请同时参照图9A〜9E,图9A示出依照本发明的实施例九的背光模组的示意图, 图9B示出图9A的框架、发光二极管封装结构及导光管的组合立体图。 [0109] Referring to FIG. 9A~9E, a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, the backlight module of nine 9A shows, FIG 9B shows the frame of FIG. 9A, a combination of a perspective view of a light emitting diode package and the catheter. 图9C示出图9B的发光二极管封装结构及导光管在框架上组合时的状态的侧视图,图9D示出图9C的发光二极管封装结构及导光管在框架上组合时的部分区域的放大示意图,图9E示出图9B的框架的示意图。 FIG 9C illustrates a side view of a state when the light pipe assembly on the frame structure and guiding the light emitting diode package of FIG. 9B, 9D shows a partial region of FIG. 9C when the light emitting diode package and the guide tube assembly on the frame an enlarged schematic view, FIG 9B is a schematic view of the frame shown in FIG. 9E.

[0110] 如图9A〜9E所示,背光模组90包括一框架91、至少一导光管及至少一发光二极管封装结构,在此背光模组90以直下式背光模组为例作说明。 [0110] As shown in FIG 9A~9E, the backlight module 90 comprises a frame 91, at least one light pipe and at least one light emitting diode package structure, in which the backlight module backlight module 90 to be described as an example. 背光模组90的发光二极管封装结构以实施例一的发光二极管封装结构10为例作说明,发光二极管封装结构10可以发出单侧向光线或双侧向光线。 The backlight module of the LED package structure 90 to implement a LED package structure of the embodiment 10 described as an example, the light emitting diode package 10 may emit light to one side or both sides of the light. 背光模组90的导光管可以是上述实施例二〜八的导光管其中的一种导光管,在此以6支导光管20a为例作说明。 The backlight module light guide tube 90 may be a light guide two to eight above-described embodiment] A guide tube wherein the light pipe, where the light pipe to 6 exemplified as 20a. 每一支导光管20a以搭配5个发光二极管封装结构10为例作说明,但本实施例的技术并不局限在此。 Each of the light guide tube 20a to match a five LED package 10 as an example for illustration, the techniques of this embodiment is not limited to this. 由于发光二极管封装结构10及导光管20a的结构已分别于实施例一〜二中揭露且说明,在此不再赘述。 Since the light emitting diode package structure 10 and the guide tube 20a has a respective Examples II ~ and described in the disclosed embodiments, not described herein again.

[0111] 框架91具有一底板91a及一侧板91b,底板91a及侧板91b定义一下凹的容置空间91c。 [0111] frame 91 has a bottom 91a and a side plate 91b, the bottom plate 91a and side plates 91b define at the concave receiving space 91c. 导光管20a的柱体21设置于容置空间91c中,并位于底板91a之上,发光二极管封装结构10的底座11设置于底板91a上。 Cylinder 20a of the light guide tube 21 is disposed in the accommodating space 91c, and over the bottom plate 91a, a light emitting diode package structure 10 of the base 11 is disposed on the base plate 91a. 如图9C〜9D所示,发光二极管封装结构10的本体12沿着箭头方向贯穿导光管20a的外围侧面及内围反射面后,而插入于柱体21中。 FIG 9C~9D, the body 10 of the LED package 12 through the light pipe guides the direction of arrow 20a and the inner peripheral side surface of the rear quarter reflecting surface, it is inserted in the cylinder 21. 因此,使得排列在中间位置的3个发光二极管封装结构10的第一边缘环绕凹槽及第二边缘环绕凹槽对应于外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域,而排列在最外围位置的2个发光二极管封装结构10的第一边缘环绕凹槽或第二边缘环绕凹槽对应于外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域。 Thus, such that three light emitting diode package arranged in an intermediate position a first edge 10 and second edge encircling groove surrounding the peripheral side surface corresponding to the recess 21a and the inner peripheral region between the reflection surface 21b, are arranged at the outermost periphery position two LED package around a first edge 10 and second edge grooves corresponding to the groove around the periphery of the inner peripheral side surface 21a and the region between the reflecting surface 21b. 在每一支导光管20a中,排列在中间位置的3个发光二极管封装结构10,将以朝向导光管20a的二端的方向,射出双侧向光线至导光管20a中。 3 in the light of each LED package structure 20a in a guide tube arranged in the intermediate position 10, will guide the light pipe toward the direction of the ends 20a of the emitted light to the light guide to the double-sided pipe 20a. 排列在最外围位置的2个发光二极管封装结构10至少以朝向导光管20a的方式,射出单侧向光线至导光管20a中。 Arranged in the outermost peripheral position of the two LED package 10 at least in the way toward the guide 20a of the light pipe, the light emitted from one side to the light guide tube 20a.

[0112] 在本实施例中,发光二极管封装结构10可贯穿底板91a后与底板91a连接,如发光二极管封装结构10贯穿底板91a后与底板91a扣接、黏接、螺接、销接、焊接、卡接、铆接或套接。 After the plate 91a is connected to the rear [0112] In the present embodiment, the light emitting diode package structure 10 through the bottom plate 91a, such as a light emitting diode package 10 and the base plate 91a through plate 91a fastening, bonding, screwing, pinning, welding , card access, riveting or socket. 其中,底板91a的螺丝孔可以是盲孔但不为贯穿孔,如此可以减少灰尘进入容置空间91c中,并且降低漏光现象的产生机率。 Wherein a screw hole 91a of the bottom plate may be a blind hole but not through-holes, so dust can be reduced into the accommodating space 91c, and reduces the chance of generating light leakage. 如图9E所示,底板91a具有数个贯穿孔91e,每一个贯穿孔91e用以供部分的发光二极管封装结构10贯穿底板91a。 9E, the bottom plate 91a having a plurality of through-holes 91e, 91e for each of the through-hole for the LED package 10 through the bottom plate portion 91a. 因此,使得发光二极管封装结构10可以在背光模组90中直接抽换,相当方便。 Thus, the light emitting diode package 10 may be directly accessible in the backlight module 90, very convenient. 另外,背光模组90还包括一反射片97或一反射层,反射片97设置于底板91a及侧板91b上,用以反射光线。 Further, the backlight module 90 further comprises a reflective sheet or a reflective layer 97, the reflective sheet 97 disposed on the bottom plate 91a and side plates 91b, for reflecting light. 反射层涂布于底板91a及侧板91b上,亦可用以反射光线。 A reflective layer coated on the bottom plate 91a and side plates 91b, also be used to reflect light. 其中,发光二极管封装结构10贯穿反射片97或反射层后而凸设于反射片97或反射层上。 After which, the light emitting diode package structure 10 through the reflective sheet 97 or the reflective layer protruding from the sheet 97 or the reflection layer. 再者,框架91还具一顶板91d,顶板91d通过侧板91b与底板91a连接。 Furthermore, the frame 91 further has a top plate 91d, 91d connected to the top plate and the bottom plate 91a through plate 91b. 背光模组90还包括一扩散板98,扩散板98设置于顶板91d 上,并封住容置空间91c的开口,用以扩散光线。 The backlight module 90 further includes a diffusion plate 98, the diffusion plate 98 is disposed on the top plate 91d, and seals the accommodating opening space 91c for diffusing light. 背光模组90还包括一光学膜片组99,光学膜片组99设置于扩散板98上,并包含扩散片、棱镜片或增光膜等光学薄膜,用以将所接收的光线处理为平面光线。 The backlight module 90 further comprises a set of optical film 99, the optical film set 99 disposed on the diffusion plate 98, and includes a diffusion sheet, a brightness enhancement film, a prism sheet or the optical film, for processing the received light to planar light . 上述的底板91a、侧板91b及顶板91d可以是一体成型的结构,且可包含金属或导热材料。 Above the bottom plate 91a, side plates 91b and the top panel 91d may be integrally formed structure, and may include a metal or a thermally conductive material.

[0113] 本实施例的背光模组90,因其应用发光二极管封装结构10及导光管20a所搭配组成的光源模组,可以缩短发光二极管封装结构10及扩散板98之间的混光距离。 Mixing of light from the light source module 98 between the [0113] embodiment of the backlight module 90 of the present embodiment, because the application LED package 10 and the light guide tube 20a with the composition, the LED package structure can be shortened and the diffusion plate 10 . 如此一来, 可以大大降低背光模组90的厚度,且提高背光模组90的实用性。 As a result, it can greatly reduce the thickness of the backlight module 90, and improve the usefulness of the backlight module 90.

[0114] 实施例十 [0114] Embodiment 10 Embodiment

[0115] 请同时参照图IOA〜10D,图IOA示出依照本发明的实施例十的背光模组的示意图。 [0115] Referring to FIG IOA~10D, FIG IOA illustrates a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention, a backlight module of ten. 图IOB〜IOC示出图IOA的发光二极管封装结构、框架及导光管的二分解示意图,图IOD示出图IOA的框架的立体图。 FIG IOB~IOC IOA diagram showing the LED package, and the two split optical frame catheter schematic, perspective view of the frame of FIG IOD diagram showing the IOA. 如图IOA〜IOD所示,背光模组100包括一框架101、至少一导光管及至少一发光二极管封装结构,在此背光模组100以旁侧式背光模组为例作说明。 FIG IOA~IOD, the backlight module 100 comprises a frame 101, at least a light pipe and at least one light emitting diode package structure, in which the backlight module 100 to the side-type backlight module as an example for illustration. 背光模组100的发光二极管封装结构以实施例一的发光二极管封装结构10为例作说明,发光二极管封装结构10可以发出单侧向光线或双侧向光线。 The backlight LED package module 100 to implement a LED package structure of the embodiment 10 described as an example, the light emitting diode package structure 10 can emit light to the light to one side or both sides. 背光模组100的导光管可以是上述实施例二〜八的导光管其中的一种导光管,在此以2支导光管20a为例作说明。 The backlight module light pipe 100 may be the above-described embodiment, the light guide two to eight] A guide tube wherein the light pipe, where the light pipe to 2 exemplified as 20a. 此二支导光管20a以搭配1个可发出双侧向光线的发光二极管封装结构10及2个可发出单侧向光线的发光二极管封装结构10为例作说明,但本实施例的技术并不局限在此。 This two optical conduit 20a to be sent with a bilateral exemplified as the light emitting diode package 10 to the light emitting diode package 10 and the light can issue two sided, but the technique of the present embodiment and It is not limited to this. 由于发光二极管封装结构10及导光管20a的结构已分别于实施例一〜二中揭露且说明,在此不再赘述。 Since the light emitting diode package structure 10 and the guide tube 20a has a respective Examples II ~ and described in the disclosed embodiments, not described herein again.

[0116] 框架101具有一底板IOla及一侧板101b,底板IOla及侧板IOlb定义一下凹的容置空间101c。 [0116] frame 101 having a bottom plate and a side plate IOla 101b, bottom and side IOlb IOla defined at a concave accommodating space 101c. 二支导光管20a的柱体21以串联相接方式设置于容置空间IOlc中,并位于底板IOla之上,发光二极管封装结构10的底座11设置于底板IOla上。 Two light guiding tube 21 of the cylinder 20a connected in series provided in the accommodating space in IOlc, and positioned above the floor Iola, LED package base 11 is provided on the base plate 10 IOla. 如图IOB〜IOC 所示,发光二极管封装结构10的本体12贯穿导光管20a的外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b 后,而插入于柱体21中。 FIG IOB~IOC, the body 10 of the LED package 12 through the light pipe 20a of the peripheral side surface 21a and the inner peripheral surface of the rear reflector 21b, is inserted in the cylinder 21. 因此,使得排列在中间位置的1个发光二极管封装结构10的第一边缘环绕凹槽及第二边缘环绕凹槽分别对应于2支导光管20a的外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域,而排列在最外围位置的2个发光二极管封装结构10的第一边缘环绕凹槽或第二边缘环绕凹槽分别对应于2支导光管20a的外围侧面21a及内围反射面21b之间的区域。 21b between Accordingly, such arrangement and the second recess around the edge of an LED package 10, a first intermediate position of the edge surrounding the recess respectively correspond to the two guide 20a of the peripheral side surface 21a and the inner peripheral surface of the reflection light pipe region, are arranged at the outermost peripheral position of the two LED package 10 surrounding the first edge or the second edge groove surrounding the peripheral side surface of the recess respectively correspond to the two light guide tubes 21a and 20a of the inner peripheral surface of the reflector 21b the area between. 排列在中间位置的1个发光二极管封装结构10,将以朝向2支导光管20a的相对二端的方向,射出双侧向光线至2支导光管20a中。 Arranged at an intermediate position of an LED package 10, will the light pipe toward the opposite ends 20a of the two guide emitted light to the two double-sided light guide tube 20a. 排列在最外围位置的2个发光二极管封装结构10分别以朝向2支导光管20a的方式,射出单侧向光线至2支导光管20a中。 Arranged in the outermost peripheral position of the two LED package 10 are turned toward the two way 20a of the light pipe, the light emitted from one side to the two light pipe 20a.

[0117] 在本实施例中,发光二极管封装结构10可贯穿底板IOla后与底板IOla连接,如发光二极管封装结构10贯穿底板IOla后与底板IOla扣接、黏接、螺接、销接、焊接、卡接、 铆接或套接。 After [0117] In the present embodiment, the light emitting diode package 10 may extend through the bottom plate and the bottom plate IOla IOla connection, such as a light emitting diode package structure 10 through the bottom plate and the bottom plate IOla IOla fastening, bonding, screwing, pinning, welding , card access, riveting or socket. 其中,底板IOla的螺丝孔可以是盲孔但不为贯穿孔,如此可以减少灰尘进入容置空间IOlc中,并且降低漏光现象的产生机率。 Wherein the base plate IOla screw hole may be a blind hole but not through-holes, so dust can be reduced into the accommodating space IOlc, and reduce the chances of generating light leakage. 如图IOC〜IOD所示,底板IOla具有数个贯穿孔101e,每一个贯穿孔IOle用以供部分的发光二极管封装结构10贯穿底板101a。 FIG IOC~IOD, the bottom plate having a plurality of through-holes IOla 101e, each of the through holes to the light emitting diode package IOle supply portion 10 through the bottom plate 101a. 因此,使得发光二极管封装结构10可以在背光模组100中直接抽换,相当方便。 Thus, the light emitting diode package 10 may be directly accessible in the backlight module 100, very convenient. 另外,背光模组100还包括一导光板106及一反射片107,导光板106具有一第一表面106a、一第二表面106b及一第三表面106c。 Further, the backlight module 100 further includes a guide plate 106 and a reflective sheet 107, the light guide plate 106 having a first surface 106a, a second surface 106b, and a third surface 106c. 第二表面106b连接第一表面106a及第三表面106c,并对应于容置空间IOlc的开口设置。 A second surface 106b connected to the first surface 106a and the third surface 106c, and is provided corresponding to the opening of the accommodating space IOlc. 反射片107设置于第三表面106c上,用以反射光线,使经由第二表面106b进入导光板106的光线从第一表面106a射出至外界。 The reflective sheet 107 disposed on the third surface 106c, for reflecting light so that the light entering the light guide plate 106b through the second surface 106 is emitted to the outside from the first surface 106a. 其中,第三表面106c 上具有网点106d,如凸点,离第二表面106b越近的网点越小,且网点分布较密。 Wherein, 106d having a dot on the third surface 106c, such as bumps, away from the second surface 106b closer to the smaller dots and dense distribution network. 此外,离第二表面106b越远的网点越大,且网点分布较松。 In addition, the larger the farther away from the surface of the second outlets 106b, and a loose distribution network. 背光模组100还包括一扩散板108,扩散板108设置于第一表面106a上,用以扩散光线。 The backlight module 100 further includes a diffusion plate 108, the diffusion plate 108 disposed on the first surface 106a, for diffusing light. 背光模组100还包括一光学膜片组109,光学膜片组109设置于扩散板108上,并包含扩散片、棱镜片或增光膜等光学薄膜,用以将所接收的光线处理为平面光线。 The backlight module 100 further includes a set of optical film 109, an optical film assembly 109 is disposed on the diffusion plate 108, and includes a diffusion sheet, a brightness enhancement film, a prism sheet or the optical film, the received light to planar light processing .

[0118] 实施例i^一 [0118] Example i ^ a

[0119] 请参照图11,其示出依照本发明的实施例十一的液晶显示装置的示意图。 [0119] Referring to FIG 11, which shows a schematic view of a liquid crystal display device in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention XI. 在11图中,液晶显示装置Iio包括一第一偏光板111、一液晶显示面板112、一第二偏光板113及一背光模组。 In FIG. 11, the liquid crystal display device Iio comprises a first polarizer 111, a liquid crystal display panel 112, a second polarizer 113 and a backlight module. 其中,液晶显示装置100的背光模组可以是实施例九的背光模组90或实施例十的背光模组100,在此以背光模组90为例作说明。 Wherein the liquid crystal display device backlight module 100 may be a backlight module according to a ninth embodiment of the backlight module 90 or ten Example 100, to the backlight module 90 in this example for illustration. 第一偏光板111设置于背光模组90上, 液晶显示面板112设置于第一偏光板111上,第二偏光板113设置于液晶显示面板112上。 The first polarizing plate 111 disposed on the backlight module 90, the liquid crystal display panel 112 disposed on the first polarizer 111 and second polarizer 113 disposed on the liquid crystal display panel 112. 其中,第一偏光板111及第二偏光板113的光穿透轴实质上相互垂直。 Wherein the first polarizing plate 111 and the second light polarizer transmission axis 113 is substantially perpendicular to each other.

[0120] 本发明上述实施例所揭露的发光二极管封装结构及导光管和应用其的背光模组及液晶显示装置,其可侧向发光的发光二极管封装结构透过导光管对于光线的作用,可以像灯管一样散射光线。 LED package and the guide [0120] embodiment of the present invention, the above disclosed light pipe and backlight module and a liquid crystal application display device thereof, which laterally emitting LED package through the light pipe to the action of light It may be the same lamp as the light scattering. 可见,本实施例的发光二极管封装结构及导光管所搭配组成的光源模组,大大地摆脱传统的光源的设计的羁绊。 Visible light emitting diode package according to the present embodiment and the guide tube light source module composed with greatly prisoners of the traditional design of the light source. 此外,本实施例的背光模组应用发光二极管封装结构及导光管所搭配组成的光源模组后,可以缩短发光二极管封装结构及扩散板之间的混光距离。 After the addition, the backlight module and the application of the LED package structure according to the present embodiment, the light guide tube of the light source module composed of the mix, can shorten the distance between the light-mixing LED package structure and a diffusion plate. 如此一来,可以大大降低背光模组的厚度,进而提高背光模组及液晶显示装置的实用性。 Thus, the thickness of the backlight module can be greatly reduced, thereby increasing the practicality of the backlight module and a liquid crystal display device. 另外,发光二极管封装结构可以经由框架的贯穿孔而在背光模组上直接抽换,显得相当方便。 Further, the light emitting diode package may be accessible directly on the backlight module frame via the through hole, it is very convenient. 再者,本实施例使用发光二极管芯片以作为光源,可以免除如灯管所面临的资源回收困难及汞污染环境的问题,相当符合环保需求。 Furthermore, the present embodiment uses LED chips as the light source, problems such as lamp difficulties faced by recycling and environmental pollution can remove mercury, quite in line with environmental requirements.

[0121] 综上所述,虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭露如上,但是这些实施例并非用以限定本发明,任何本领域技术人员,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,可作出种种等效的替换及修改,因此本发明的保护范围以所附的权利要求书所界定者为准。 [0121] Although the present invention has been described by reference to preferred embodiments, but these embodiments are not intended to limit the present invention, anyone skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention may be made various equivalent substitutions and modifications shall be defined and therefore the scope of the present invention, whichever of the appended claims.

Claims (47)

1. 一种发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,包括: 一底座;一本体,设置于所述底座上,并具有一第一侧面,所述第一侧面具有一第一边缘环绕凹槽;以及多个第一发光二极管芯片,设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以提供所述发光二极管封装结构的侧向光线。 1. A light emitting diode package structure, comprising: a base; a body disposed on the base and having a first side, said first side having a first edge surrounding the recess; and a first plurality of bottom LED chip disposed on a first edge surrounding the recess, for providing said lateral light emitting diode package structure.
2.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述本体为一圆柱体或一多边形柱体。 The light emitting diode package structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said body is a cylinder or a polygonal cylinder.
3.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述第一发光二极管芯片包含白色发光二极管芯片或红色、绿色及蓝色发光二极管芯片的搭配组合。 The light emitting diode package structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first LED chip or chips comprise white light emitting diodes of red, green, and with a combination of blue light emitting diode chip.
4.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述本体包含导热材料、反射材料或陶瓷材料。 The light emitting diode package according to claim 1, wherein the body comprises a thermally conductive material, reflective material, or a ceramic material.
5.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,还包括: 一反射材料,设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽壁上。 The light emitting diode package according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a reflective material disposed on the first edge of the tank wall surrounding the recess.
6.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,还包括: 萤光粉,涂布于所述第一发光二极管芯片上;以及胶体,填充于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽中,并覆盖所述第一发光二极管芯片及所述萤光粉。 The light emitting diode package according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising: a phosphor, coated on the first light emitting diode chip; and colloid filled in a groove surrounding the first edge in and covering the first LED chip and the phosphor.
7.如权利要求6所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述第一发光二极管芯片包含蓝色发光二极管芯片,且所述萤光粉包含黄色萤光粉。 The light emitting diode package according to claim 6, wherein the first LED chip comprises a blue light emitting diode chip, and the phosphor comprises a yellow phosphor.
8.如权利要求6所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述胶体包含环氧树脂,聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯或白色胶体。 The LED package structure as claimed in claim 6, wherein said colloid comprises epoxy, polymethyl methacrylate or white colloid.
9.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述底座包含散热结构。 The light emitting diode package structure as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the base comprises a heat dissipating structure.
10.如权利要求1所述的发光二极管封装结构,其特征在于,所述本体还具有一第二侧面相对于所述第一侧面,所述第二侧面具有一第二边缘环绕区域对应于所述第一边缘环绕区域,所述发光二极管封装结构还包括:多个第二发光二极管芯片,设置于所述第二边缘环绕区域中,用以提供所述发光二极管封装结构的侧向光线。 10. The LED package structure according to claim 1, wherein said body further having a second side surface with respect to said first side, said second side having a second region corresponding to the surrounding edge said first edge region surrounding the light emitting diode package structure further comprises: a second plurality of light emitting diode chip, disposed on the second edge surrounding region to provide the lateral light emitting diode package structure.
11. 一种背光模组,其特征在于,包括:一框架,具有一底板及一侧板,所述底板及所述侧板定义一容置空间; 导光管,包括:一柱体,设置于所述容置空间中,并位于所述底板之上,所述柱体具有一外围侧面及一内围反射面,所述内围反射面用以反射光线;及多个棱镜结构,设置于所述外围侧面及所述内围反射面之间,所述内围反射面用以反射光线,用以干涉所述导光管所接收的光线;以及发光二极管封装结构,包括: 一底座,设置于所述底板上;一本体,设置于所述底座上,而贯穿所述外围侧面及所述内围反射面后插入于所述柱体中,所述本体具有相对的一第一侧面及一第二侧面,所述第一侧面及所述第二侧面分别具有一第一边缘环绕凹槽及一第二边缘环绕凹槽,所述第一边缘环绕凹槽与所述第二边缘环绕凹槽相对;多个第一发光二极管芯片 A backlight module, comprising: a frame having a bottom plate and a side plate, said bottom plate and said side plates defining a receiving space; light pipe, comprising: a cylinder provided to the accommodating space, and above said base plate, said cylinder having a peripheral side surface and an inner peripheral surface reflection, enclosed internal reflection surface for reflecting the light; and a plurality of prism structures arranged in the peripheral side surface and the reflective surface between the inner peripheral, surrounding said inner reflecting surface for reflecting light rays to guide the interference light received by the light pipe; and a light emitting diode package structure, comprising: a base provided on said bottom plate; a body disposed on the base, and the reflective surface of the rear quarter through the inner peripheral side and inserted in the cylinder, the body having a first side surface and opposing a a second side, the first side and the second side surface each having a first edge and a second edge surrounding groove surrounding the recess, said recess surrounding the first edge and the second edge an encircling recess opposing; a first plurality of light emitting diode chips 设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至所述导光管的一端中;及多个第二发光二极管芯片,设置于所述第二边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至所述导光管的另一端中。 Disposed to the first edge surrounding the bottom of the groove, for emitting light to the side end of the light guide tube; and a plurality of second light emitting diode chip, disposed in said second groove surrounding edge on the bottom for guiding the emitted light to the other lateral end of the light pipe.
12.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构还包括: 一反射材料,设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽壁上。 12. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said light emitting diode package structure further comprises: a reflective material disposed on the first edge of the tank wall surrounding the recess.
13.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构还包括: 萤光粉,涂布于所述第一发光二极管芯片上;以及胶体,填充于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽中,并覆盖所述第一发光二极管芯片及所述萤光粉。 And colloids, the first filled; phosphor, coated on the first light emitting diode chip: 13. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said light emitting diode package structure further comprises a groove around the edge, and covers the first LED chip and the phosphor.
14.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述柱体还具有一贯孔,所述导光管还包括:一反射材料,设置于所述贯孔的内壁上,以在所述柱体中形成所述内围反射面。 14. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said cylinder further having a through hole, the light pipe further comprises: a reflective material disposed on the inner wall of the through hole, in order to the cylinder is formed around the inner reflecting surface.
15.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述柱体还具有一贯孔,所述导光管还包括:一反射管,插入所述贯孔内,以在所述柱体中形成所述内围反射面。 15. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said cylinder further having a through hole, the light pipe further comprising: a reflecting tube, is inserted into the holding space to the column said body is formed around the reflective surface.
16.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构设置于所述外围侧面上或邻近于所述内围反射面。 16. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein the prism structure disposed on or adjacent to the peripheral side surface of the reflection surface to the inner circumference.
17.如权利要求16所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构包含多个网点。 17. The backlight module according to claim 16, wherein the prism structure comprises a plurality of outlets.
18.如权利要求17所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述网点为凸点或凹点。 18. The backlight module according to claim 17, wherein said network is a bump or a pit.
19.如权利要求16所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构包含多个螺纹棱镜。 19. The backlight module according to claim 16, wherein the prism structure comprises a plurality of threads prisms.
20.如权利要求19所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述螺纹棱镜包含凹螺纹棱镜或凸螺纹棱镜。 20. The backlight module according to claim 19, wherein said prism comprises a female screw thread or male thread prism prism.
21.如权利要求19所述的背光模组,其特征在于,每一螺纹棱镜的螺纹为连续或非连续。 21. The backlight module as claimed in claim 19, characterized in that the screw threads of each prisms is continuous or discontinuous.
22.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构贯穿所述底板后与所述底板连接。 22. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said base plate is connected to the light emitting diode package through said rear base plate.
23.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,还包括:一反射片,设置于所述底板及所述侧板上,用以反射光线,所述发光二极管封装结构贯穿所述反射片后而凸设于所述反射片上。 23. The backlight module according to claim 11, characterized in that, further comprising: a reflection sheet disposed on the bottom plate and the side plate, for reflecting light, the light emitting diode package structure through the after the reflection sheet disposed on the reflective projection sheet.
24.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,所述框架还具有一顶板,所述顶板通过所述侧板与所述底板连接,所述背光模组还包括:一扩散板,设置于所述顶板上,并封住所述容置空间的开口,用以扩散光线。 24. The backlight module according to claim 11, wherein said frame further includes a top plate connected to said base plate through said side plates, the backlight module further comprising: a diffusion plate disposed on said top plate, and seals the accommodating opening of the space for light diffusion.
25.如权利要求M所述的背光模组,其特征在于,还包括: 一光学膜片组,设置于所述扩散板上。 The backlight module M according to claim 25, characterized in that, further comprising: a set of optical film, disposed on the diffusion plate.
26.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,还包括:一导光板,具有一第一表面、一第二表面及一第三表面,所述第二表面连接所述第一表面及所述第三表面,并对应于所述容置空间的开口设置;以及一反射片,设置于所述第三表面上,用以反射光线,使经由所述第二表面进入所述导光板的光线从所述第一表面射出至外界。 26. The backlight module according to claim 11, characterized in that, further comprising: a light guide plate having a first surface, a second surface and a third surface, the second surface of the first connector surface and the third surface, and corresponding to the opening of the receiving space is provided; and a reflective sheet disposed on the third surface for reflecting light entering through the second surface of the guide light panel light emitted from the first surface to the outside.
27.如权利要求11所述的背光模组,其特征在于,还包括: 一扩散板,设置于所述第一表面上,用以扩散光线。 27. The backlight module according to claim 11, characterized in that, further comprising: a diffusion plate disposed on said first surface for diffusing light.
28.如权利要求27所述的背光模组,其特征在于,还包括: 一光学膜片组,设置于所述扩散板上。 28. The backlight module as claimed in claim 27, characterized in that, further comprising: a set of optical film, disposed on the diffusion plate.
29. 一种液晶显示装置,其特征在于,包括: 一背光模组,包括:一框架,具有一底板及一侧板,所述底板及所述侧板定义一容置空间; 导光管,包括:一柱体,设置于所述容置空间中,并位于所述底板之上,所述柱体具有一外围侧面及一内围反射面,所述内围反射面用以反射光线;及多个棱镜结构,设置于所述外围侧面及所述内围反射面之间,所述内围反射面用以反射光线,用以干涉所述导光管所接收的光线;及发光二极管封装结构,包括: 一底座,设置于所述底板上;一本体,设置于所述底座上,而贯穿所述外围侧面及所述内围反射面后插入于所述柱体中,所述本体具有相对的一第一侧面及一第二侧面,所述第一侧面及所述第二侧面分别具有一第一边缘环绕凹槽及一第二边缘环绕凹槽,所述第一边缘环绕凹槽与所述第二边缘环绕凹槽相对;多 29. A liquid crystal display device comprising: a backlight module, comprising: a frame having a bottom plate and a side plate, said bottom plate and said side plates defining a receiving space; a light guide pipe, comprising: a cylinder disposed in the accommodating space, and above said base plate, said cylinder having a peripheral side surface and an inner peripheral surface of the reflector, around the inner reflection surface for reflecting light; and a plurality of prism structures, disposed between the peripheral side surface and a reflecting surface surrounded by said inner circumference of said inner reflecting surface for reflecting light rays to guide the interference light received by the light pipe; and a light emitting diode package , comprising: a base disposed on the base plate; a body disposed on the base, and a reflecting surface around the through-inserted in the peripheral side surface of said cylinder and said inner, said body having opposing a first side and a second side, the first side and the second side surface each having a first edge and a second edge surrounding groove surrounding the recess, said first recess and surrounded by the edge an encircling recess opposite said second edge; multiple 个第一发光二极管芯片,设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至所述导光管的一端中;及多个第二发光二极管芯片,设置于所述第二边缘环绕凹槽的槽底上,用以射出侧向光线至所述导光管另一端中;一第一偏光板,设置于所述背光模组上; 一液晶显示面板,设置于所述第一偏光板上;以及一第二偏光板,设置于所述液晶显示面板上。 A first light emitting diode chip, disposed on the first edge surrounding the bottom of the groove, for emitting light to the side end of the light guide tube; and a plurality of second light emitting diode chip, disposed on the surrounding the bottom edge of said second recess, for emitting light to the side of the other end of the light guide tube; a first polarizer disposed on the backlight module; a liquid crystal display panel disposed in said first polarizing plate; and a second polarizer disposed on the liquid crystal display panel.
30.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构还包括:一反射材料,设置于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽的槽壁上。 30. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein, the light emitting diode package structure further comprises: a reflective material disposed on the first edge of the tank wall surrounding the recess.
31.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构还包括:萤光粉,涂布于所述所述第一发光二极管芯片上;以及胶体,填充于所述第一边缘环绕凹槽中,并覆盖所述所述第一发光二极管芯片及所述萤光粉。 31. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein, the LED package structure further comprising: a phosphor, coated on the first light emitting diode chip; and colloid, the filled said first edge around the groove and covers the first LED chip and the phosphor.
32.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述柱体还具有一贯孔,所述导光管还包括:一反射材料,设置于所述贯孔的内壁上,以在所述柱体中形成所述内围反射面。 32. The liquid crystal display device according to claim four, characterized in that said cartridge further has a through hole, the light pipe further comprises: a reflective material disposed on the inner wall of the through hole, in order to the cylinder is formed around the inner reflecting surface.
33.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述柱体还具有一贯孔,所述导光管还包括:一反射管,插入所述贯孔内,以在所述柱体中形成所述内围反射面。 33. The liquid crystal display device according to claim four, characterized in that said cartridge further has a through hole, the light pipe further comprising: a reflecting tube, is inserted into the holding space to the column said body is formed around the reflective surface.
34.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构设置于所述外围侧面上或邻近于所述内围反射面。 34. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein the prism structure disposed on or adjacent to the peripheral side surface of the reflection surface to the inner circumference.
35.如权利要求34所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构包含多个网点。 35. The liquid crystal display device of claim 34, wherein the prism structure comprises a plurality of outlets.
36.如权利要求35所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述网点为凸点或凹点。 35 36. The liquid crystal display device as claimed in claim, characterized in that the outlets of pits or bumps.
37.如权利要求34所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述棱镜结构包含多个螺纹棱境。 37. The liquid crystal display of claim 34 said apparatus, wherein the prism structure comprises a plurality of ribs threaded environment.
38.如权利要求37所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述螺纹棱镜包含凹螺纹棱镜或凸螺纹棱镜。 38. The liquid crystal display of claim 37 said apparatus, wherein said prism comprises a female screw thread or male thread prism prism.
39.如权利要求37所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,每一螺纹棱镜的螺纹为连续或非连续。 39. The liquid crystal display device of claim 37, wherein the screw thread of each prism is continuous or discontinuous.
40.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述发光二极管封装结构贯穿所述底板后与所述底板连接。 40. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein, the light emitting diode package structure through the bottom plate is connected to the rear base plate.
41.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述背光模组还包括:一反射片,设置于所述底板及所述侧板上,用以反射光线,所述发光二极管封装结构贯穿所述反射片后而凸设于所述反射片上。 41. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein said backlight module further comprising: a reflection sheet disposed on the bottom plate and the side plate, for reflecting light, a light emitting diode after the package structure through the reflective sheet and disposed on the reflective projection sheet.
42.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述框架还具一顶板,所述顶板通过所述侧板与所述底板连接,所述背光模组还包括:一扩散板,设置于所述顶板上,并封住所述容置空间的开口,用以扩散光线。 42. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein said frame further has a top plate connected to said base plate through said side plates, the backlight module further comprising: a diffusion plate disposed on said top plate, and seals the accommodating opening of the space for light diffusion.
43.如权利要求42所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述背光模组还包括: 一光学膜片组,设置于所述扩散板上。 43. The liquid crystal display of claim 42 apparatus, wherein said backlight module further comprising: a set of optical film, disposed on the diffusion plate.
44.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述背光模组还包括: 一导光板,具有一第一表面、一第二表面及一第三表面,所述第二表面连接所述第一表面及所述第三表面,并对应于所述容置空间的开口设置;以及一反射片,设置于所述第三表面上,用以反射光线,使经由所述第二表面进入所述导光板的光线从所述第一表面射出至外界。 44. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein said backlight module further comprising: a light guide plate having a first surface, a second surface and a third surface, the second surface an opening is provided connecting the first surface and the third surface, and corresponding to the accommodating space; and a reflective sheet disposed on the third surface for reflecting light so that the second via surface of the light entering the light guide plate is emitted from the first surface to the outside.
45.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述背光模组还包括: 一扩散板,设置于所述第一表面上,用以扩散光线。 45. The liquid crystal display device according to claim four, characterized in that said backlight module further comprising: a diffusion plate disposed on said first surface for diffusing light.
46.如权利要求45所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述背光模组还包括: 一光学膜片组,设置于所述扩散板上。 46. ​​The liquid crystal display of claim 45 apparatus, wherein said backlight module further comprising: a set of optical film, disposed on the diffusion plate.
47.如权利要求四所述的液晶显示装置,其特征在于,所述第一偏光板及所述第二偏光板的光穿透轴相互垂直。 47. The liquid crystal display according to claim four apparatus, wherein said first light polarizing plate and the second polarizing plate transmission axis perpendicular to each other.
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