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CN101070462B - Environment-protection type floor blocking agent and preparing method therefor - Google Patents

Environment-protection type floor blocking agent and preparing method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101070462B
CN101070462B CN 200710061906 CN200710061906A CN101070462B CN 101070462 B CN101070462 B CN 101070462B CN 200710061906 CN200710061906 CN 200710061906 CN 200710061906 A CN200710061906 A CN 200710061906A CN 101070462 B CN101070462 B CN 101070462B
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agent
environment
methacrylate
ethyl
material
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CN 200710061906
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CN101070462A (en )
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王士元
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保定维特瑞交通设施工程有限责任公司
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Abstract

An environment-protecting ground barrier agent and the preparative method which belongs to lubricating agent technical field, for forbidding vehicle and people through toughly. It consists of the following material by weight proportion: methylacrylic19-25%,methyl methacrylate 2.5-3.5%, ethyl methacrylate1.2-1.9%, butyl methacrylate 3.15-3.75%, ethyl hydroxide 14.5-15.5%, aqua ammonia 5.47-6.53%, azobisisobutyronitrile(AIBN)0.015-0.045%, benzoic peroxide 0.04-0.06%, the rest of material is demonized water. After temperature reaction, refluxing, insulation, emulsion, dilution, it turns into a thick liquid with high lubricity and viscidity. The product is atoxigenic colorless, flavorless, uninflammable, and has no harm for human and environment.

Description

一种环保型地面阻隔剂及制备方法 An environmentally friendly method for preparing ground barrier agent

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种高分子聚合物,特别是可阻止人员、车辆通行的地面阻隔剂,属润滑剂技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to a polymer, in particular, can prevent the art, the ground vehicle traffic blocking agents, lubricants technical field belongs.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在一些特殊场合,需要阻止人员、车辆通行时,目前所采用的方法是设置隔离栏、 指示牌等对过往行人、车辆等提出止行警示,这种方式可以说是一种“软阻拦”方式,它对于一些不听劝告强行通过的行人、车辆起不到约束作用。 [0002] In some special cases, need to prevent and, where vehicular traffic, the method currently used is to set up fences, signs, etc. to passers-by and vehicles made only warning line, this approach can be said to be a "soft block "approach, which some do not listen to the advice of force by pedestrians, vehicles would not achieve the binding effect. 如近年来经常发生在高速路收费站的车辆强行闯关事件,不但使公共利益受到损失,而且助长了某些人的不法行为,更有甚者对执行公务的收费人员造成人身安全乃至生命的威胁。 In recent years, as often happens in a vehicle highway toll station forced to pass through the event, the public interest not only suffer, but also contributed to some wrongdoing, and some even pose a threat to the personal safety and life of the person who performs public of charge . 因而,如果能够有一种技术可以在不采用武力的情况下强行阻止人员、车辆通行,且简便易行、不对其它人员和环境造成伤害,显然对于公共秩序的维护和社会安定大有益处。 Thus, if there is a technique that can be forcefully prevented without the use of force personnel, vehicle traffic, and the simple, it does not harm other people and the environment, apparently to maintain public order and social stability of great benefit.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是:提供一种可使人员和车辆打滑以至不能行走的、 无毒、无色、无味、不易燃的环保型地面阻隔剂及制备方法。 [0003] The present invention solves the technical problem are: to provide a person can not walk and skidding as well as, non-toxic, colorless, odorless, nonflammable environmentally friendly surface barrier agent and preparation method.

[0004] 本发明所称问题是由以下技术方案解决的: [0004] The present invention solves the problems referred to by the following technical solution:

[0005] 一种环保型地面阻隔剂,它由增塑剂、改性剂、乳化剂、引发剂、溶剂及稀释剂配制而成,所述增塑剂为甲基丙烯酸甲脂,所述改性剂为甲基丙烯酸乙脂和甲基丙烯酸丁脂,所述乳化剂为氨水,所述引发剂为偶氮二异丁晴和过氧化苯甲酰,所述稀释剂为去离子水,其组成按重量百分比计为:甲基丙烯酸19〜25%,甲基丙烯酸甲脂2. 5〜3. 5%,甲基丙烯酸乙脂1. 2〜1. 9%,甲基丙烯酸丁脂3. 15〜3. 75%,乙醇14. 5〜15. 5%,氨水5. 47〜 6. 53%,偶氮二异丁晴0. 015〜0. 045%,过氧化苯甲酰0. 04〜0. 06%,余量为去离子水。 [0005] A ground environment-blocking agent, which consists of plasticizers, modifiers, emulsifiers, initiators, solvents and thinners preparation, the plasticizer is methyl methacrylate, the change agent is methyl ethyl acrylate and methacrylic acid butyl ester, the emulsifier is ammonia, the initiator is azobisisobutyronitrile Qinghe benzoyl peroxide, the diluent is deionized water which composition as percentages by weight: 19~25% methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate 2. 5~3 5% methyl ethyl acrylate 2~1 1. 9% methacrylic acid butyl ester 3. 15~3. 75%, ethanol 14 5~15 5% aqueous ammonia 5. 47~ 6.53%, azobisisobutyronitrile Clear 0.5 015~0 045% benzoyl peroxide 0.04 ~ 0. 06%, the balance being deionized water.

[0006] 上述环保型地面阻隔剂,所述甲基丙烯酸可采用羟甲基丙酸,所述改性剂可采用丙烯晴和丙烯酸丁脂,所述溶剂可采用乙二醇和甲醇。 [0006] The blocking agent is environmentally friendly ground, the methacrylic acid employed hydroxymethyl group, the modifier can be employed acrylonitrile and acrylic acid butyl ester, the solvent can be ethylene glycol and methanol.

[0007] 上述环保型地面阻隔剂,所述去离子水为20万〜50万欧姆去离子水。 [0007] The blocking agent is environmentally friendly ground, the deionized water as 200,000 ohms ~ 50 Wan deionized water.

[0008] 上述环保型地面阻隔剂的制备方法,它采用下述工艺步骤: Preparation [0008] The method of the above-described blocking agent of environmentally friendly ground, it uses the following process steps:

[0009] a.按照配比称取各组成物: . [0009] a composition according to the composition of each was weighed out:

[0010] b.将乙醇抽入反应釜内加温,回流温度82°C ; . [0010] b Ethanol was pumped into the kettle heating, the reflux temperature of 82 ° C;

[0011] c.将甲基丙烯酸、甲脂、乙脂、丁脂继续加入反应釜内升温,回流温度82°C ; . [0011] c methacrylic acid, methyl ester, ethyl ester, butyl aliphatic continue heating the kettle was added, the reflux temperature of 82 ° C;

[0012] d.加入偶氮二异丁晴和过氧化苯甲酰继续保持温度82V 6小时; . [0012] d azobisisobutyronitrile was added benzoyl peroxide Qinghe temperature maintained 82V 6 hours;

[0013] e.加入氨水中和乳化,保持1小时; . [0013] e was added and emulsified aqueous ammonia for 1 hour;

[0014] f.用真空机抽出多余氨水,加入去离子水,保温82°C 2小时,放料。 [0014] f. Surplus ammonia out by a vacuum dryer, deionized water was added and incubated 82 ° C 2 hours to discharge.

[0015] 本发明所述的阻隔剂系丙烯酸脂类高分子共聚合物,它易溶于水,无毒、无色、无味、不易燃、不含有各种危害类有机溶剂、不含各种重金属,使用时对人体和环境均不会造成安全隐患。 [0015] blocking agent based acrylics polymer copolymer according to the present invention, it is soluble in water, non-toxic, colorless, tasteless, non-flammable, does not contain various harmful organic solvent, free of a variety of heavy metals, humans and the environment will not pose a security risk when used. 它具有极强的润滑性和粘稠性能,使用时将本品布洒于目标处,被阻拦人员或车辆一旦踏入目标地面,脚下或车轮就会打滑,使之站立、行驶困难,从而达到阻拦目的,使用完毕用水冲刷即可。 It is highly viscous lubrication properties, when used to sprinkle the product distribution at the target, is blocked by a person or vehicle once into a target ground, the foot will slip or wheel so as to stand, with difficulty, to achieve blocking purposes, it can be washed with water after use. 本发明产品适用于警方在不使用武力的情况下拦阻嫌疑人、车辆,防止非法上访或聚众闹事,或工业大件产品做短距离拖移及用于粮库、饭店或私人住宅粘捕老鼠、蟑螂等场合。 The present invention is applicable to the product in the case of police arresting suspects without the use of force, vehicles, or petition to prevent illegal mob, industrial or bulky goods short distances and for dragging the grain, restaurants or private homes sticky catch a mouse, cockroaches and other occasions.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0016] 本发明产品是一种阴离子型丙烯酸脂类高分子聚合物,为无色透明粘稠体,PH值: 7士1,固成分:55士1 %,有极强的润滑性和粘稠性,粘度:(NDJ-I) 6000厘泊它无毒、无味、 不易燃、不含各种重金属,使用时无安全顾虑。 [0016] The product of the present invention is an anionic polymer acrylics, as a colorless transparent viscous, PH value: 7 ± 1, solid content: 55 ± 1%, the lubricity and strong adhesion thick, viscosity: (NDJ-I) 6000 cps its non-toxic, odorless, nonflammable, does not contain heavy metals, when used without security concerns. 它是一种水溶性粘稠体,易清洁,使用完毕用水冲刷即可,不会对环境产生污染,使用十分方便。 It is a water soluble viscous, easy to clean, the used wash water can not pollute the environment, is easy to use.

[0017] 配方中甲基丙烯酸或替代物羟甲基丙酸起增大分子量作用,甲基丙烯酸甲脂为增塑剂,甲基丙烯酸乙脂或替代物丙烯晴、甲基丙烯酸丁脂或替代物丙烯酸丁脂为改性剂,乙醇或替代物为乙二醇+甲醇为有机溶剂,少量的偶氮二异丁晴、过氧化苯甲酰为引发剂,氨水为乳化剂,去离子水为稀释剂。 [0017] Formulation methacrylic acid or propionic acid plays alternative action increasing the molecular weight, plasticizers methacrylate, ethyl acrylate or methacrylic substitute acrylonitrile, methacrylic acid, butyl ester or alternatively starch-acrylic acid butyl ester as modifier, ethanol or methanol + alternatives to ethylene glycol is an organic solvent, a small amount of azobisisobutyronitrile clear, benzoyl peroxide as initiator, as emulsifier ammonia, deionized water diluent. 上述组成物经升温回流、保温、乳化、稀释等步骤制成粘稠液体。 The composition described above was heated to reflux, insulation, emulsifying, diluting and other steps are made viscous liquid. 以下给出几个具体实施例: Several specific examples are given below:

[0018] 实施例1 : [0018] Example 1:

[0019] 按配比称取各组成物共100g,其中甲基丙烯酸22g,甲基丙烯酸甲脂3g,甲基丙烯酸乙脂1. 55,甲基丙烯酸丁脂3. 45g,乙醇15g,氨水6g,偶氮二异丁晴0. 03g,过氧化苯甲酰 [0019] according to the ratio of each composition were weighed 100g, wherein the methyl methacrylate 22g, 3g fat methacrylate, ethyl acrylate 1.55 methyl methacrylate, butyl ester 3. 45g, ethanol 15g, ammonia 6g, Partly azobisisobutyronitrile 0. 03g, benzoyl peroxide

0. 05g,去离子水余量。 0. 05g, deionized water margin.

[0020] 实施例2 : [0020] Example 2:

[0021] 按配比称取各组成物共100g,其中甲基丙烯酸25g,甲基丙烯酸甲脂2. 5g,甲基丙烯酸乙脂1. 9,甲基丙烯酸丁脂3. 15g,乙醇14. 5g,氨水6. 53g,偶氮二异丁晴0. 015g,过氧化苯甲酰0. 04g,去离子水余量。 [0021] according to the ratio of each composition were weighed 100g, wherein the methyl methacrylate 25g, methyl methacrylate 2. 5g, 1.9 methyl ethyl acrylate, butyl methacrylate, fat 3. 15g, 14. 5g ethanol , ammonia 6. 53g, azobisisobutyronitrile clear 0. 015g, benzoyl peroxide 0. 04g, balance deionized water.

[0022] 实施例3 : [0022] Example 3:

[0023] 按配比称取各组成物共100g,其中羟甲基丙酸19g,甲基丙烯酸甲脂3. 5g,丙烯晴 [0023] according to the ratio of each composition were weighed 100g, wherein the propionic acid 19g, methyl methacrylate 3. 5g, acrylonitrile

1. 2g,丙烯酸丁脂3. 75,乙二醇+甲醇各半共15g,氨水5. 47g,偶氮二异丁晴0. 045g,过氧化苯甲酰0. 06g,去离子水余量。 1. 2g, fat 3.75 butyl acrylate, ethylene glycol + methanol were half 15g, ammonia 5. 47g, azobisisobutyronitrile clear 0. 045g, benzoyl peroxide 0. 06g, deionized water remainder .

[0024] 实施例4 : [0024] Example 4:

[0025] 按配比称取各组成物共100g,其中甲基丙烯酸21. 5g,甲基丙烯酸甲脂3. 2g,甲基丙烯酸乙脂1. 6g,甲基丙烯酸丁脂3. 5g,乙醇14. 5g,氨水5. Sg,偶氮二异丁晴0. 03g,过氧化苯甲酰0. 053g,去离子水余量。 [0025] according to the ratio of each composition were weighed 100g, wherein the methacrylic 21. 5g, methyl methacrylate 3. 2g, methyl ethyl acrylate 1. 6g, methacrylic acid butyl ester 3. 5g, 14 ethanol . 5g, ammonia 5. Sg, azobisisobutyronitrile clear 0. 03g, benzoyl peroxide 0. 053g, balance deionized water.

[0026] 制备方法:将乙醇抽入反应釜内加热,回流温度82°C,将甲基丙烯酸、甲脂、乙脂、 丁脂继续加入反应釜内升温,回流温度82°C,加入偶氮二异丁晴和过氧化苯甲酰继续保持温度82°C 6小时;加入氨水中和乳化,保持反应釜转速80转/分钟,氨水滴加速度为30分钟滴加完毕,保持1小时;用真空机抽出多余氨水,加入去离子水,保温82°C 2小时,放料。 [0026] Preparation: Ethanol pumped into the kettle was heated, at reflux temperature of 82 ° C, methacrylic acid, methyl ester, ethyl ester, butyl aliphatic continue heating the kettle was added, the reflux temperature of 82 ° C, was added azobis benzoyl peroxide diisobutyl Qinghe continue maintaining the temperature 82 ° C 6 hours; aqueous ammonia was added and emulsified, to maintain the reaction kettle speed 80 rev / min, ammonia dropping addition was complete 30 minutes, held for 1 hour; in vacuo machine out excess ammonia, deionized water was added and incubated 82 ° C 2 hours to discharge.

Claims (3)

  1. 1. 一种环保型地面阻隔剂,其特征在于,它由甲基丙烯酸、增塑剂、改性剂、乳化剂、引发剂、溶剂及稀释剂配制而成,所述增塑剂为甲基丙烯酸甲酯,所述改性剂为甲基丙烯酸乙酯和甲基丙烯酸丁酯,所述乳化剂为氨水,所述引发剂为偶氮二异丁腈和过氧化苯甲酰,所述稀释剂为去离子水,其组份按重量百分比计为:甲基丙烯酸19〜25%,甲基丙烯酸甲酯2. 5〜3. 5%,甲基丙烯酸乙酯1. 2〜1. 9%,甲基丙烯酸丁酯3. 15〜3. 75%,乙醇14. 5〜 15. 5 %,氨水5. 47〜6. 53 %,偶氮二异丁腈0. 015〜0. 045 %,过氧化苯甲酰0. 04〜 0. 06%,余量为去离子水。 An environmentally friendly ground blockers, characterized in that it consists of methacrylic acid, plasticizers, modifiers, emulsifiers, initiators, solvents and thinners preparation, the plasticizer is methyl methacrylate, the modifiers are ethyl methacrylate and butyl methacrylate, the emulsifier is ammonia, the initiator is azobisisobutyronitrile and benzoyl peroxide, the diluent agent is deionized water, which components as percentage by weight: 19~25% methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate, 5% 2. 5~3, ethyl methacrylate 2~1 1. 9%. , butyl methacrylate 3. 15~3. 75%, ethanol 14 -5 to 15.5%, aqueous ammonia 5. 47~6. 53%, azobisisobutyronitrile 0.5 015~0 045% benzoyl peroxide 0.05 04~ 0.06%, the balance being deionized water.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的环保型地面阻隔剂,其特征在于:所述去离子水为20万〜50 万欧姆去离子水。 2. The environmental protection ground according to claim claim 1 blocker, wherein: said deionized water as 200,000 ohms ~ 50 Wan deionized water.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述环保型地面阻隔剂的制备方法,它采用下述工艺步骤:a.按照配比称取各组成物:b.将乙醇抽入反应釜内加温,回流温度82°C ;c.将甲基丙烯酸、甲基丙烯酸甲酯、甲基丙烯酸乙酯、甲基丙烯酸丁酯继续加入反应釜内升温,回流温度82°C ;d.加入偶氮二异丁腈和过氧化苯甲酰继续保持温度82°C 6小时;e.加入氨水中和乳化,保持1小时;f.用真空机抽出多余氨水,加入去离子水,保温82°C 2小时,放料。 The environment-friendly method of preparation of the ground 1 blocker claim, which uses the following process steps:. A weighed according to the composition of each composition:. B Ethanol was pumped into the reaction kettle was warmed the reflux temperature of 82 ° C;. c methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate, ethyl methacrylate, butyl methacrylate, was added to continue heating the reactor, the reflux temperature of 82 ° C; d and azobisisobutyronitrile was added. benzoyl peroxide to maintain a temperature of 82 ° C 6 hours;. E was added and emulsified aqueous ammonia for 1 hour;. F drawn by a vacuum dryer excess ammonia, deionized water was added and incubated 82 ° C 2 hours to discharge.
CN 200710061906 2007-05-22 2007-05-22 Environment-protection type floor blocking agent and preparing method therefor CN101070462B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1078280A (en) 1992-05-04 1993-11-10 明尼苏达州采矿制造公司 Conformable pavement marking tape
CN1234419A (en) 1998-04-16 1999-11-10 罗姆和哈斯公司 Method for making wear-resising traffic signs and paint used therefor
CN1297971A (en) 1999-11-25 2001-06-06 罗姆和哈斯公司 Process for producing fast drying multicomponent water paint composition
EP1505127B1 (en) 2003-08-04 2005-11-09 Rohm And Haas Company Aqueous traffic paint and method of application

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1078280A (en) 1992-05-04 1993-11-10 明尼苏达州采矿制造公司 Conformable pavement marking tape
CN1234419A (en) 1998-04-16 1999-11-10 罗姆和哈斯公司 Method for making wear-resising traffic signs and paint used therefor
CN1297971A (en) 1999-11-25 2001-06-06 罗姆和哈斯公司 Process for producing fast drying multicomponent water paint composition
EP1505127B1 (en) 2003-08-04 2005-11-09 Rohm And Haas Company Aqueous traffic paint and method of application

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