CN101068914A - Laundry treatment compositions - Google Patents

Laundry treatment compositions Download PDF

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CN101068914A
CN101068914A CN 200580039490 CN200580039490A CN101068914A CN 101068914 A CN101068914 A CN 101068914A CN 200580039490 CN200580039490 CN 200580039490 CN 200580039490 A CN200580039490 A CN 200580039490A CN 101068914 A CN101068914 A CN 101068914A
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dye
particles
acid
blue
selected
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CN 200580039490
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Chinese (zh)
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S·N·巴切洛尔
J·M·伯德
A·P·查普尔
P·格雷厄姆
A·夸迪尔
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荷兰联合利华有限公司
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/40Dyes ; Pigments
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/0034Fixed on a solid conventional detergent ingredient
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/12Water-insoluble compounds
    • C11D3/124Silicon containing, e.g. silica, silex, quartz, glass beads
    • C11D3/1246Silicates, e.g. diatomaceous earth
    • C11D3/1253Layer silicates, e.g. talcum, kaolin, clay, bentonite, smectite, montmorillonite, hectorite, attapulgite
    • C11D3/126Layer silicates, e.g. talcum, kaolin, clay, bentonite, smectite, montmorillonite, hectorite, attapulgite in solid compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/12Water-insoluble compounds
    • C11D3/124Silicon containing, e.g. silica, silex, quartz, glass beads
    • C11D3/1246Silicates, e.g. diatomaceous earth
    • C11D3/128Aluminium silicates, e.g. zeolites
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/37Polymers
    • C11D3/3746Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C11D3/3757(Co)polymerised carboxylic acids, -anhydrides, -esters in solid and liquid compositions
    • C11D3/3761(Co)polymerised carboxylic acids, -anhydrides, -esters in solid and liquid compositions in solid compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL OR VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES OR WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Abstract

The present invention provides a granule comprising one or more shading dyes solubilized in a non-ionic surfactant. The granule, for use in laundry compositions, has reduced spotting properties.

Description

洗衣处理组合物 A laundry treatment composition

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及含有染料的洗衣处理组合物。 The present invention relates to laundry treatment compositions comprising a dye.

发明背景联合利华公司的WO02/10327公开了使用氯化钠降低织物沾污。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Unilever WO02 / 10327 discloses the use of sodium chloride reduced fabric staining.

联合利华公司的US 6,696,400公开了用于颗粒洗衣洗涤剂组合物的亮斑组合物,其中含有多孔粒状载体和至少0.01wt%的基于活性成分的光褪色剂,所述组合物用细碎的高承载能力颗粒材料和/或水溶性材料成层。 Unilever US 6,696,400 discloses a hot spot for granular laundry detergent composition is a composition which comprises a porous particulate carrier and at least 0.01wt% of optical bleaching agent based on active ingredient, of the composition with a finely divided high carrying capacity particulate material and / or water soluble material into a layer.

为了提供粉末着色或者对白色织物着色的益处,将染料用于洗涤剂粉末中。 In order to provide a powder or a coloring benefits to white fabrics colored dye used in detergent powders. 这些粉末的一种缺点是,在某些条件下,在用洗涤剂粉末处理的织物上会发生局部斑点化。 One of the disadvantages of these powders is that under certain conditions, on the fabric treated with the detergent powder of localized spots occur.

发明概述我们已经发现,为了在洗涤条件下降低和/或预防不期望的染料引起的织物斑点,可以将非离子表面活性剂施加到非离子表面活性剂可溶性染料中。 Summary of the Invention We have found that, in order to reduce and / or prevention of undesired textile dye spots caused under washing conditions, non-ionic surfactant may be applied to the non-ionic surfactant soluble dyes. 特别是,本发明适用于对织物直接染色的染料。 In particular, the present invention is applicable to direct dyeing dye fabric.

在本发明的一方面,提供了包括以下物质的颗粒:(i)5~40wt%的非离子表面活性剂,其中已经溶解有0.0001~5%wt%的染料,其中染料在非离子表面活性剂中的溶解度至少为0.01wt%;(ii)20~90wt%的固体载体;(iii)0~20wt%的结合剂;和(iv)0~1wt%的光漂白剂。 In one aspect of the present invention, there is provided particles of a substance comprising: (i) 5 ~ 40wt% nonionic surfactant which has been dissolved 0.0001 ~ 5% wt% of a dye, wherein the dye is a non-ionic surfactant solubility of at least 0.01wt%; (ii) 20 ~ 90wt% of solid support; (iii) 0 ~ 20wt% of the binding agent; and (iv) 0 ~ 1wt% photobleach.

优选溶于非离子表面活性剂的染料的量为0.1~2wt%。 Amount of the dye is preferably dissolved in a non-ionic surfactant is 0.1 ~ 2wt%. 优选所述染料在非离子表面活性剂中的溶解度至少为0.1wt%,更优选1wt%,并且更为优选至少5wt%。 Preferably, the solubility of the dye in a non-ionic surfactant is at least 0.1wt%, more preferably from 1wt%, and more preferably at least 5wt%.

在此涉及的染料的溶解性是在25℃下测量的溶解性。 This relates to the solubility of the dye is measured at 25 deg.] C solubility.

优选染料在人眼中的视觉效应是在织物上的峰值吸收波长为550nm~650nm的单色染料。 Visual effect in the human eye are preferably dyes on fabric absorption peak wavelength of 550nm ~ 650nm monochromatic dye. 最优选外观是蓝色或者紫罗兰色的染料或者其混合物。 Most preferably the appearance of a blue or violet dye or mixtures thereof. 优选所述染料是那些对织物(特别是棉和聚酯)直接染色的染料。 Preferably, the dyes are those dyes of the fabric (especially cotton and polyester) direct dyeing.

在另一方面,本发明提供了含有如本文中所定义的颗粒的洗衣组合物和处理纺织品的方法。 In another aspect, the present invention provides a method of containing a laundry composition as defined herein for treating textiles and granules.

在另一方面,本发明提供了粒化方法,包括以下步骤:(i)将0.0001~5wt%(优选1wt%)的染料溶解在5~40wt%的非离子表面活性剂中,所述染料在非离子表面活性剂中的溶解度至少为0.1wt%;(ii)将染料和非离子表面活性剂溶液与20~90wt%的固体载体混合;和(iii)粒化由步骤(II)得到的混合物。 In another aspect, the present invention provides a granulation method, comprising the steps of: (i) the 0.0001 ~ 5wt% (preferably 1wt%) of the dye dissolved in 5 ~ 40wt% nonionic surfactant, said dye the solubility of non-ionic surfactant is at least 0.1wt%; (ii) mixing the dye and non-ionic surfactant solution with 20 ~ 90wt% of solid carrier; and (iii) granulating obtained from step (II) is a mixture of .

在步骤(ii)和/或步骤(iii)中,优选使用非离子表面活性剂之外的粘合剂。 In step (ii) and / or step (iii), the adhesive is preferably used other than nonionic surfactants.

在此使用的“单位剂量”是用于洗涤、调整或者必需的处理步骤类型所用的洗衣处理组合物的具体量。 "Unit dose" herein is used for washing, or to adjust the amount of laundry treatment composition particularly necessary processing steps of the type used. 所述单位剂量可以为确定体积的粉末、颗粒或者片剂或者单位剂量洗涤剂液体的形式。 The unit dosage form can be determined volume of powder, granules or tablet or unit dose detergent liquid.

发明详述非离子表面活性剂可溶性染料用于本发明颗粒中的染料或者染料混合物在非离子表面活性剂或者其混合物中的溶解度%需要为至少0.1wt%。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION nonionic surfactant soluble dyes for a dye or dye mixtures according to the present invention, the solubility of the particles in a nonionic surfactant or mixtures thereof needs to be at least% 0.1wt%.

优选单一染料或者为染料混合物的染料在人眼上的视觉效果是在纺织品上的峰值吸收波长为550nm~650nm的单一染料,最优选570nm~630nm。 Preferably a single dye or mixture of dyes in the dye human visual effect is a peak absorption wavelength on a textile of a single dye 550nm ~ 650nm, most preferably 570nm ~ 630nm. 该视觉效果提供了随后使得消费者察觉为白色的蓝色至紫罗兰色的外观。 The visual effect is then provided so that the consumer perceived as white, blue to violet appearance. 优选用于着色聚酯的染料为疏水性染料和优选用于着色棉的染料为:水解活性染料;酸性染料;和直接染料。 Preferred dyes for polyester colored dye is a hydrophobic dye for colored cotton and is preferably: hydrolysed reactive dye; acid dye; and direct dyes.

以下公开的染料可以单独使用或者与本发明混合使用,并且这些染料是举例提供,但是是优选的染料。 Disclosed the following dyes may be used alone or in combination with the present invention, by way of example and to provide these dyes, it is preferred dyes.

疏水性染料疏水性染料的定义为在400~750nm的波长下最大消光系数大于1000L/mol/cm并且在pH值为7~11的水溶液中不带电荷的有机化合物。 Defined hydrophobic dye is a hydrophobic dye at a wavelength of 400 ~ 750nm of maximum extinction coefficient greater than 1000L / mol / cm and an aqueous solution of an organic compound at pH 7 to 11 uncharged. 疏水性染料缺少极性增溶基团。 Hydrophobic dyes lack polar solubilizing groups. 特别是,所述疏水性染料不含有任何磺酸、羧酸或者季铵基团。 In particular the hydrophobic dye does not contain any sulphonic acid, carboxylic acid or quaternary ammonium groups. 优选染料生色团选自:偶氮;蒽醌;酞菁;苯并二呋喃;喹酞酮;氮杂噻吩;偶氮苯并噻唑和三苯甲烷生色团。 Dye chromophore is preferably selected from: azo; anthraquinone; phthalocyanine; benzodifuranes; quinophthalone; aza-thienyl; benzothiazole azo and triphenylmethane chromophores. 最优选的生色团是偶氮和蒽醌染料生色团。 The most preferred chromophores are azo and anthraquinone dye chromophores.

在溶剂和分散染料类染料中可以发现多种疏水性染料的实例。 Solvent and disperse dyes may be found in a variety of examples of hydrophobic dyes.

白色衣服的色调调节可以使用任何颜色进行,这取决于消费者的喜好。 White clothes of any color tone adjustment can be, depending on consumer preferences. 蓝色和紫罗兰色是特别优选的色调,从而优选染料或者染料混合物是在白色上产生蓝色或者紫罗兰色色调的那些染料或者染料混合物。 Blue and Violet are particularly preferred shades, so that the dye or dye mixtures are preferably those which produce a dye or mixture of dyes in the blue or violet shades of white. 可以使用多种适宜的溶剂和分散染料。 You can use a variety of suitable solvent and disperse dyes. 然而,详细的毒理学研究已经表明,许多所述染料是可能的致癌物质,例如分散蓝1。 However detailed toxicological studies have shown that many of the dyes are possible carcinogens, for example disperse blue 1. 不优选这种染料。 Such dyes are not preferred. 更适宜的染料可以选自那些用于化妆品的溶剂和分散染料。 More suitable dyes may be selected from those solvent and disperse dyes used in cosmetics. 例如由欧盟在指令76/768/EEC Annex IV part 1中所列举的那些。 For example the EU Directive 76/768 / EEC Annex IV part 1. those listed. 例如,分散紫罗兰27和溶剂紫罗兰13。 For example, a solvent dispersion Violet Violet 27 and 13.

优选用于本发明中的偶氮疏水染料为:分散蓝10,11,12,21,30,33,36,38,42,43,44,47,79,79:1,79:2,79:3,82,85,88,90,94,96,100,101,102,106,106:1,121,122,124,125,128,130,133,137,138,139,142,146,148,149,165,165:1,165:2,165:3,171,173,174,175,177,183,187,189,193,194,200,201,202,205,206,207,209,210,211,212,219,220,222,224,225,248,252,253,254,255,256,257,258,259,260,264,265,266,267,268,269,270,278,279,281,283,284,285,286,287,290,291,294,295,301,303,304,305,313,315,316,317,319,321,322,324,328,330,333,335,336,337,338,339,340,341,342,343,344,345,346,351,352,353,355,356,358,360,366,367,368,369,371,373,374,375,376和378,分散紫罗兰2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,16,24,25,33,39,42,43,4 Preferred for use in the present invention is hydrophobic the azo dyes: Disperse Blue 10,11,12,21,30,33,36,38,42,43,44,47,79,79: 1,79: 2,79 : 3,82,85,88,90,94,96,100,101,102,106,106: 1,121,122,124,125,128,130,133,137,138,139,142,146 , 148,149,165,165: 1,165: 2,165: 3,171,173,174,175,177,183,187,189,193,194,200,201,202,205,206,207 , 209,210,211,212,219,220,222,224,225,248,252,253,254,255,256,257,258,259,260,264,265,266,267,268,269 , 270,278,279,281,283,284,285,286,287,290,291,294,295,301,303,304,305,313,315,316,317,319,321,322,324 , 328,330,333,335,336,337,338,339,340,341,342,343,344,345,346,351,352,353,355,356,358,360,366,367,368 , 369,371,373,374,375,376 and 378, disperse violet 2,3,5,6,7,9,10,12,13,16,24,25,33,39,42,43,4 5,48,49,50,53,54,55,58,60,63,66,69,75,76,77,82,86,88,91,92,93,93:1,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,102,103,104,106或者107,Dianix紫罗兰cc,和CAS-No为42783-06-2,210758-04-6,104366-25-8,122063-39-2,167940-11-6,52239-04-0,105076-77-5,84425-43-4,和87606-56-2的染料。 5,48,49,50,53,54,55,58,60,63,66,69,75,76,77,82,86,88,91,92,93,93: 1,94,95, 96,97,98,99,100,102,103,104,106 or 107, Dianix violet cc, and CAS-No was 42783-06-2,210758-04-6,104366-25-8,122063-39 -2,167940-11-6,52239-04-0,105076-77-5,84425-43-4, dyes and 87606-56-2.

优选用于本发明中的蒽醌疏水性染料为:溶剂紫罗兰11,13,14,15,15,26,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,26,37,38,40,41,42,45,48,59;溶剂蓝11,12,13,14,15,17,18,19,20,21,22,35,36,40,41,45,59,59:1,63,65,68,69,78,90;分散紫罗兰1,4,8,11,11:1,14,15,17,22,26,27,28,29,34,35,36,38,41,44,46,47,51,56,57,59,60,61,62,64,65,67,68,70,71,72,78,79,81,83,84,85,87,89,105;分散蓝2,3,3:2,8,9,13,13:1,14,16,17,18,19,22,23,24,26,27.28,31,32,34,35,40,45,52,53,54,55,,56,60,61,62,64,65,68,70,72,73,76,77,80,81,83,84,86,87,89,91,93,95,97,98,103,104,105,107,108,109,11,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,123,126,127,131,132,134,136,140,141,144,145,147,150,151,152,153,1 Preferred for use in the present invention, the hydrophobic anthraquinone dyes: Solvent Violet 11,13,14,15,15,26,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,26,37,38,40, 41,42,45,48,59; 11,12,13,14,15,17,18,19,20,21,22,35,36,40,41,45,59,59 solvent blue: 1, 63,65,68,69,78,90; 1,4,8,11,11 dispersion Violet: 1,14,15,17,22,26,27,28,29,34,35,36,38, 41,44,46,47,51,56,57,59,60,61,62,64,65,67,68,70,71,72,78,79,81,83,84,85,87, 89,105; disperse blue 2,3,3: 2,8,9,13,13: 1,14,16,17,18,19,22,23,24,26,27.28,31,32,34, 35,40,45,52,53,54,55,, 56,60,61,62,64,65,68,70,72,73,76,77,80,81,83,84,86,87 , 89,91,93,95,97,98,103,104,105,107,108,109,11,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,123,126,127,131 , 132,134,136,140,141,144,145,147,150,151,152,153,1 54,155,156,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,166,167,168,169,170,176,179,180,180:1,181,182,184,185,190,191,192,196,197,198,199,203,204,213,214,215,216,217,218,223,226,227,228,229,230,231,232,234,235,236,237,238,239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,249,252,261,262,263,271,272,273,274,275,276,277,289,282,288,289,292,293,296,297,298,299,300,302,306,307,308,309,310,311,312,314,318,320,323,325,326,327,331,332,334,347,350,359,361,363,372,377和379。 54,155,156,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,166,167,168,169,170,176,179,180,180: 1,181,182,184,185,190, 191,192,196,197,198,199,203,204,213,214,215,216,217,218,223,226,227,228,229,230,231,232,234,235,236, 237,238,239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,249,252,261,262,263,271,272,273,274,275,276,277,289,282, 288,289,292,293,296,297,298,299,300,302,306,307,308,309,310,311,312,314,318,320,323,325,326,327,331, 332,334,347,350,359,361,363,372,377 and 379.

其它用于本发明中的优选(非-偶氮)(非-蒽醌)疏水性染料为:分散蓝250、354、364、366,溶剂紫罗兰8,溶剂蓝43,溶剂蓝57、Lumogen F Blau 650和Lumogen F紫罗兰570。 Other preferred for use in the present invention (non - azo) - is a hydrophobic dye (non-anthraquinone): Lumogen F Blau Disperse Blue 250,354,364,366, solvent Violet 8, Solvent Blue 43, Solvent Blue 57, 650 and Lumogen F Violet 570.

水解活性染料可以认为活性染料由与锚定部分连接的生色团组成。 Hydrolysed reactive dye may be considered a reactive dye chromophore is connected to the anchor moiety. 所述生色团可以直接连接在锚定部分上或者经桥接基团连接在锚定部分上。 The chromophore may be attached directly to the anchor portion connected via a bridging group or on the anchor portion. 生色团用于提供颜色,和锚定部分连接织物基质。 Chromophore for providing color, and the anchor portion connected to the textile substrate.

活性颜料相对于直接染料的显著优点在于它们的化学结构更为简单、它们的吸收带更为狭窄和染色/色调调节更为明亮;industrialDyes,K.Hunger主编,Wiley-VCH 2003ISBN 3-527-30426-6。 Reactive pigments significant advantages with respect to direct dyes is that their chemical structure is much simpler, their absorption bands narrower and the dyeing / brighter color tone adjustment; industrialDyes, K.Hunger editor, Wiley-VCH 2003ISBN 3-527-30426 -6. 然而,哺乳动物与活性染料接触会导致对呼吸道和/或皮肤产生刺激和/或敏化作用。 However, mammalian contact with reactive dyes can cause irritation and / or sensitization of the respiratory tract and / or skin. 此外,由于沉积效率低,因此对染料沉积的洗涤条件并不理想。 Further, since the deposition efficiency is low, and therefore not preferable for the deposition of dye wash conditions.

考虑到降低刺激和/或敏化作用,优选对各种活性染料的各个锚定基团进行水解,从而使得所述染料锚定基团的最活性基团得到水解。 View of reducing irritation and / or sensitization, preferably the anchor group of each reactive dyes of various hydrolyzed, such that the most reactive dye anchoring groups hydrolyzable group is obtained. 就此方面,术语“水解活性染料”包括完全和部分水解的活性染料。 In this regard, the term "hydrolysed reactive dye" includes fully and partially hydrolysed reactive dyes.

所述活性染料可以具有多于一个锚定基团。 The reactive dye may have more than one anchor group. 如果所述染料具有多于一个锚定基团,那么需要将各个有助于刺激和/或敏化作用的锚定基团水解至上述程度。 If the dye has more than one anchor group, it needs help to stimulate the individual and / or the anchor group sensitization to the above-described degree of hydrolysis.

所述水解染料包括共价连接的生色团和锚定基团,并且可以表示为以下方式:生色团-锚定基团。 The hydrolysis dye comprises a chromophore covalently attached and an anchor group, and may be expressed in the following manner: chromophore - anchor group. 优选生色团和锚定基团之间的连接由-NH-CO-、-NH-、NHCO-CH2CH2-、-NH-CO-或者-N=N-提供。 The connection between the chromophore and an anchor is preferably a group represented by -NH-CO - NH-CO- or provide -N = N- -, - NH-, NHCO-CH2CH2 -,.

优选所述水解活性染料含有共价连接到锚定基团上的生色团部分,所述锚定基团用于连接棉,所述锚定基团选自:杂芳环,优选含有氮杂原子、具有至少一个共价连接至杂芳香环的-OH取代基,和 Covalently linked to the chromophore portion of the anchoring group, the anchoring group for connection to cotton, the anchoring group is preferably selected from the hydrolysed reactive dye comprises: a heteroaromatic ring, preferably comprising azepine atoms having at least one covalent heteroaromatic ring connected to the -OH substituent group, and 优选所述锚定基团为以下形式: Preferably the anchor group is of the following form: 其中:n取1~3的数值;X选自:-Cl、-F、NHR、季铵基团、-OR和-OH;R选自:芳基、苄基、C1-C6-烷基;和,其中至少一个X为-OH。 Wherein: n takes a value of 1 to 3; X is selected from the group: -Cl, -F, NHR, a quaternary ammonium group, -OR and -OH; R is selected from: aryl, benzyl, C1-C6- alkyl; and, wherein at least one X is -OH. 优选R选自萘基、苯基和-CH3。 Preferably R is selected from naphthyl, phenyl, and -CH3. 最优选所述锚定基团选自: Most preferably the anchor group is selected from: 优选所述生色团选自:偶氮、蒽醌、酞菁、甲 Preferably, the chromophore is selected from: azo, anthraquinone, phthalocyanine, A 和triphendioaxazine。 And triphendioaxazine.

优选所述生色团通过选自以下的桥连接在水解锚定基团上:-NH-CO-、-NH-、NHCO-CH2CH2-、-NH-CO-和-N=N-。 Preferably, the chromophore is connected by a bridge selected from the following hydrolysis on the anchor group: -NH-CO -, - NH-, NHCO-CH2CH2 -, - NH-CO-, and -N = N-.

最优选所述水解活性染料为水解活性红2、水解活性蓝4、水解活性黑5和水解活性蓝19。 Most preferably the hydrolysed reactive dye is hydrolyzed Reactive Red 2, Reactive Blue 4 hydrolysis, hydrolysis hydrolyzed Reactive Black 5 and Reactive Blue 19.

酸性染料以下为优选的酸性染料类。 Acid dyes the following are preferred classes of acid dyes.

该组包括以下结构的蓝色和紫罗兰色酸性染料: The group comprising blue and violet acid dyes of the following structures: 其中X和Y中至少一个必须为芳基,优选两个都是芳基,所述芳基可以为取代的苄基或者萘基,其可以被非水溶性基团(比如烷基或者烷氧基或者芳氧基)取代,X和Y不可以被水溶性基团(比如磺酸根或者羧酸根)取代,最优选其中X为硝基取代的苄基和Y为苄基。 Wherein at least one of X and Y must be an aromatic group, preferably both are aryl groups, the aryl group may be a substituted benzyl or naphthyl group, which may be a non-water-soluble group (such as an alkyl or alkoxy group or an aryl group) substituted, X and Y may not be substituted with water solubilising groups (such as carboxylate or sulfonate), most preferably wherein X is a nitro substituted benzyl group and Y is benzyl.

该组包括以下结构的红色酸性染料: The group comprising red acid dyes of the following structures:

其中B为可以被非水溶性基团(比如烷基或者烷氧基或者芳氧基)取代的萘基或者苄基,B不可以被水溶性基团(比如磺酸根或者羧酸根)取代。 Wherein B is a group may be a water-insoluble (such as an alkyl or alkoxy or aryloxy group) substituted naphthyl or benzyl group, B may not be substituted with water solubilising groups (such as sulfonate or carboxylate).

以下结构的基团: The structure of the group: 其中:萘基在一种选自以下的关于环的定位下被两个SO3-基团取代:7,8;6,8;5,8;4,8;3,8;7,6;7,5;7,4;7,3;6,5;6,4;5,4;5,3和4,3;B为选自苯基和萘基的芳基,所述芳基被独立地选自以下的基团取代:一个-NH2基团;一个-NH-Ph基团;一个-N=N-C6H5;一个-N=N-C10H7基团;一个或多个-OMe;和一个或多个-Me。 Wherein: the naphthyl group is substituted with two SO3- groups in one of the positioning of the ring selected from: 7,8; ​​5,8;; 6,8 4,8; 3,8; 7,6; 7 , 5; 7,4; 7,3; 6,5; 6,4; 5,4; 5,3 and 4,3; B is selected from phenyl and naphthyl as aryl, the aryl group is independently selected from groups substituted with: one -NH2 group; a -NH-Ph group; a -N = N-C6H5; a -N = N-C10H7 group; one or more -OMe; and a or more -Me.

以下结构的基团: The structure of the group:

其中:X选自-OH和-NH2;R选自-CH3和-OCH3;n为选自0、1、2和3的整数;和环A、B和C中的一个环被一个磺酸根取代。 Wherein: X is selected from -OH and -NH2; R is selected from -CH3 and -OCH3; n is an integer selected from 0, 1 and 3; and a ring A, B and C is substituted by one sulphonate .

以下是可以与本发明一起使用的优选酸性染料的实例:酸性黑24、酸性蓝25、酸性蓝29、酸性黑1、酸性蓝113、酸性红17、酸性红51、酸性红73、酸性红88和酸性红87、酸性红91、酸性红92、酸性红94和酸性紫罗兰17。 The following are examples of preferred acid dyes that may be used with the present invention: acid black 24, Acid Blue 25, Acid Blue 29, Acid Black 1, Acid Blue 113, Acid Red 17, Acid Red 51, Acid Red 73, Acid Red 88 and acid red 87, acid red 91, acid red 92, acid red 94 and acid Violet 17.

直接染料以下是可以与本发明一起使用的直接染料的实例。 The following are examples of direct dyes that may be used with the present invention, direct dyes.

优选直接染料选自下式含有三-偶氮直接蓝染料的组: Preferably the direct dye is selected from the formula containing tris - azo direct blue dyes of the group: 其中A、B和C萘基环中的至少两个被磺酸根基团取代,C环可以在5-位被NH2或者NHPh基团取代,X是被高达两个磺酸根基团取代的苄基或者萘基环并且可以在2位上被OH基团取代和还可以被NH2或者NHPh基团取代。 Wherein the at least two sulfonate groups is substituted with A, B and C in the naphthyl ring, C ring may be substituted with NH2 or NHPh group at the 5-position, X is a sulfonate group substituted up to two benzyl or naphthyl ring and may be substituted and may be further substituted with NH2 or NHPh group at the 2-position OH group.

其它优选的直接染料选自下式含有二-偶氮直接紫罗兰色染料的组: Other preferred direct dyes are selected from the following formulas contain di - azo direct violet dyes of the group: 其中Z为H或者苯基,优选环A在箭头所示的位置上被甲基和甲氧基取代,环A还可以为萘基环,Y基团是苄基或者萘基环,它被硫酸根基团取代并且可以被甲基单取代或者二取代。 Wherein Z is H or phenyl, Ring A is preferably substituted with a methyl and methoxy group at the positions indicated by arrows, the ring A may also be a naphthyl ring, Y is a benzyl group or a naphthyl ring, which is sulfuric acid radicals and may be substituted with mono or di substituted with a methyl group.

这些染料的非限制性实例为直接紫罗兰5、7、9、11、31和51。 Non-limiting examples of these dyes are direct violet 5,7,9,11,31 and 51. 这些染料的其它非限制性实例还为直接蓝34、70、71、72、75、78、82和120。 Other non-limiting examples of these dyes are also direct blue 34,70,71,72,75,78,82 and 120. 优选所述染料为直接紫罗兰9。 Preferably the dye is direct violet 9.

混合纤维染料混合物当衣服是混合纤维时,例如,聚酯棉,优选直接染色到各相应纤维上的染料,因为否则甚至穿过纤维丝线的白色都不能得到保持。 When the dye mixture blended fibers are mixed fibers of clothes, for example, cotton, polyester, preferably directly to the respective dyeing dye corresponding fibers, because otherwise even through the fiber filaments white can not be maintained. 就此而言,所述颗粒可以含有不同的染料或者染料混合物,从而使得含有本发明颗粒的洗衣组合物包含0.001~0.01wt%的用于聚酯的色调调节疏水性染料和/或0.001~0.01wt%的一种或者多种选自以下的棉直接染色色调调节染料的其它染料:水解活性染料;酸性染料;和直接染料。 In this regard, the particles may contain different dyes or dye mixtures, such that the composition containing laundry particles according to the present invention comprises 0.001 ~ 0.01wt% of adjusting the color tone of the polyester for a hydrophobic dye and / or 0.001 ~ 0.01wt % of one or more direct dye selected from cotton dye hue adjustment other dyes: hydrolysed reactive dye; acid dye; and direct dyes. 在此洗衣组合物中公开的染料水平通过如本文中所定义的颗粒中的染料得到提供。 The level of dye in the laundry composition is provided by particles obtained disclosed herein defined as a dye. 关于上述,最优选洗衣组合物中的全部染料为0.001~0.01wt%。 Above, most preferably laundry compositions all dye is 0.001 ~ 0.01wt%.

优选在400~750nm的波长下,染料的最大消光系数大于1000L/mol/cm。 Preferably at a wavelength of 400 ~ 750nm, a maximum extinction coefficient of the dye is greater than 1000L / mol / cm. 相应染料在组合物中的水平调和将使得染料在聚酯和棉上的沉积得到美学匹配。 Harmonic level corresponding dyes in the composition will be such that dye deposition to the polyester and cotton obtain aesthetic match. 优选染料的峰值吸收波长为550nm~650nm,优选570nm~630nm。 The peak absorption wavelength of the dye is preferably 550nm ~ 650nm, 570nm ~ 630nm is preferred. 可以使用合起来对人眼睛具有如同单一染料一样视觉效果的染料组合,其在聚酯或者棉上的峰值吸收波长为550nm~650nm,优选570nm~630nm。 Combination of dyes may be used as a single dye having the same visual effect on the human eye together, in which the polyester or cotton peak absorption wavelength of 550nm ~ 650nm, preferably 570nm ~ 630nm. 这可以例如通过混合红色和绿色-蓝色染料得到制备,从而得到蓝色或者紫罗兰色色调。 This may for example by mixing a red and green - blue dye was prepared to give a blue or violet shade. 酸性染料的具体实例是酸性红17、酸性红88、酸性红51和/或酸性红73与酸性黑1和/或酸性蓝25的混合物。 Specific examples of acid dyes are Acid Red 17, Acid Red 88, 51 or mixtures and / or Acid Red 73 and Acid Black 1 and / or Acid Blue 25, Acid Red. 对于棉和聚酯直接染色染料,需要相同的光谱参数。 Cotton and polyester for the direct dyeing dyes, require the same spectral parameters.

非离子表面活性剂优选的非离子表面活性剂为,例如,聚乙氧基化的醇、乙氧基化的烷基苯酚、脱水山梨醇和烷氧基化的脱水山梨醇酯。 Non-ionic surfactants are preferably nonionic surfactants, for example, polyethoxylated alcohols, ethoxylated alkyl phenols, sorbitan and alkoxylated sorbitan esters. 优选的非离子型表面活性剂的实例为由Shell Chemical Company制造和出售的聚乙氧基化的醇,商标为“Neodol”。 Examples of preferred nonionic surfactants manufactured by Shell Chemical Company and sold polyethoxylated alcohols, trademark "Neodol". 优选Neodols的实例为Neodol 25-7,它是12~15碳链长的醇与每分子约7个氧化乙烯基团的混合物;Neodol23-65,具有约6.5摩尔氧化乙烯的C12-13混合物;Neodol 25-9,具有约9摩尔氧化乙烯的C12-13混合物;和Neodol 45-7,C14-15与约七摩尔氧化乙烯的混合物。 Examples of preferred Neodols are Neodol 25-7, which is a mixture of long chain alcohols from 12 to 15 carbons per molecule with about 7 ethylene oxide groups; Neodol23-65, having about 6.5 moles of ethylene oxide C12-13 mixture; Neodol 25-9, having about 9 moles of ethylene oxide C12-13 mixture; and Neodol 45-7, C14-15 mixture with about seven moles of ethylene oxide. 其它可用于本发明的非离子型表面活性剂包括三甲基壬基聚乙二醇醚(比如由Union Carbide Corporation制造和销售的产品,商标为Tergitol)、Rohm和Haas以商标Triton销售的辛基苯氧基聚乙氧基乙醇和聚氧乙烯醇(比如Brij 76和Brij 97,Atlas Chemical Co的注册产品)。 Other nonionic surfactants useful in the present invention include trimethyl nonyl polyethylene glycol ether (such as manufactured and sold by Union Carbide Corporation product, trademark Tergitol), Rohm and Haas under the trademark Triton sold octyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol and polyoxyethylene alcohols (such as Brij 76 and Brij 97, Atlas Chemical Co registered products). 优选其亲水亲油平衡(HLB)低于约13,并且更优选低于10。 Preferably its hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) of less than about 13, and more preferably less than 10.

当使用团聚工艺并且优选其中沸石和/或粘土为载体时,优选载体与表面活性剂的比例为约1∶1~10∶1,更优选约2∶1~5∶1。 When using the process and preferably wherein the agglomerated zeolite and / or clay when the carrier, preferably the ratio of carrier to surfactant is from about 1/1 to 10:1, more preferably about 2 ~ 5:1. 使用非离子表面活性剂混合物同样在本发明的范围内。 Using a mixture of nonionic surface-active agent is also within the scope of the present invention. 最优选所述非离子表面活性剂为乙氧基化的表面活性剂。 Most preferably the nonionic surfactant is an ethoxylated surfactant.

载体所述载体可以为水/表面活性剂可溶性载体或者水/表面活性剂不可溶性载体。 The carrier may support a water / surfactant soluble carrier or water / surfactant insoluble carrier. 优选水/表面活性剂可溶性载体的实例为碳酸钠、硫酸钠、氯化钠和柠檬酸钠。 Examples of preferred water / surfactant soluble carrier is sodium carbonate, sodium sulfate, sodium chloride, and sodium citrate. 然而,优选的所述载体为水/表面活性剂不可溶性载体,就此而言,优选载体为沸石(例如,沸石4A和沸石MAP)、粘土和矿物质;最优选粘土。 However, the carrier is preferably water / surfactant insoluble carrier, for that matter, the carrier is preferably a zeolite (e.g., zeolite 4A and zeolite the MAP), and clay minerals; most preferably clay. 优选所述粘土为皂土。 Preferably the clay is bentonite.

颗粒优选所述颗粒的最大宽度为180~1000微米。 The maximum width of the particles of the particles is preferably 180 to 1000 microns. 这由所述颗粒通过分级筛网的能力反映。 This is reflected by the ability of the particles pass through a sizing screen.

荧光剂最优选所述颗粒含有荧光剂(荧光增白剂)。 Most preferably, the phosphor particles contain a fluorescent agent (optical brightener). 荧光剂是熟知的荧光剂并且多种所述荧光剂都可以市场购买到。 Fluorescent agents are well known in the plurality of phosphor and the phosphor can be commercially available. 通常,这些荧光剂都以它们的碱金属盐(例如,钠盐)的形式提供和使用。 Usually, these fluorescent agents are available and are used in their alkali metal salts (e.g., sodium) salts. 用于洗衣处理组合物中的荧光剂的总量通常为0.005~2wt%,更优选0.01~0.1wt%。 The total amount used in laundry treatment composition is generally from fluorescent agent 0.005 ~ 2wt%, more preferably 0.01 ~ 0.1wt%. 优选的荧光剂类别为:二-苯乙烯基联苯基化合物(例如,(Tinopal(商标)CBS-X)、二胺芪二磺酸化合物(例如,Tinopal DMS pure Xtra和Blankophor(商标)HRH)和吡唑啉化合物(例如Blankophor SN)。优选的荧光增白剂为:2-(4-苯乙烯基-3-磺基苯基)-2H-萘并[1,2-d]三唑钠、4,4'-二{[(4-苯胺基-6-(N-甲基-N-2-羟乙基)氨基-1,3,5-三嗪-2-基)]氨基}茋-2,2'-二磺酸二钠、4,4'-二{[(4-苯胺基-6-吗啉代-1,3,5-三嗪-2-基)]氨基}茋-2,2'-二磺酸二钠和4,4'-二(2-磺基苯乙烯基(sulfoslyryl))联苯基二钠。 Preferred classes of fluorescer are: Di - styryl biphenyl compounds (e.g., (Tinopal (trademark) CBS-X), a diamine stilbene disulfonic acid compound (e.g., Tinopal DMS pure Xtra and Blankophor (trademark) HRH) . and pyrazoline compounds (e.g., Blankophor SN) preferred fluorescers are: 2- (4-styryl-3-sulfophenyl) -2H- naphtho [1,2-d] trazole , 4,4'-bis {[(4-anilino--6- (N- methyl -N-2- hydroxyethyl) amino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)] amino} stilbene 2,2'-disulfonate, disodium 4,4'-bis {[(4-anilino-6-morpholino-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)] amino} stilbene - and 2,2'-disulfonate, disodium 4,4'-bis (2-sulfostyryl (sulfoslyryl)) biphenyl disodium.

光漂白剂所述颗粒还可以含有光漂白剂,所述光漂白剂是吸收290~750nm的光线的化合物。 Photobleach The particles may also contain a photobleach, the photobleaching agent is a compound absorbs light of 290 ~ 750nm. 通过吸收光线,光漂白剂以高量子产率(>0.05)产生可以漂白污点的活性物质,比如单纯氧或者自由基。 By absorption of light, light bleach high quantum yields (> 0.05) can produce a bleaching stains active substances, such as singlet oxygen or radicals. 光漂白剂的实例为自由基光引发剂,比如维生素K3和产生单纯氧的染料(比如金属化的酞菁(CIBA市售的商品名称为TINOLUX))。 Examples of photobleaches are radical photoinitiators, such as vitamin K3 and singlet oxygen produced dye (such as a metal phthalocyanine (CIBA commercially available under the trade name TINOLUX)).

洗衣洗涤剂组合物本发明的颗粒自身可以为洗衣洗涤剂组合物。 Granular laundry detergent compositions of the present invention may be itself laundry detergent compositions. 相反并且优选,本发明的颗粒可以与其它制剂辅料和载体混合,从而组成洗衣洗涤剂组合物。 Instead and preferably, the particles of the present invention may be mixed with the other formulation excipients and carriers, thereby constituting a laundry detergent composition. 这些其它制剂辅料和载体可以包括,比如上述所列的组分、非离子表面活性剂、阳离子表面活性剂和阴离子表面活性剂、助洗剂、酶、消泡剂、污垢消除聚合物、过碳酸钠、活化剂、过渡金属催化剂、螯合剂、染料转印抑制聚合物和增光剂。 These other formulation excipients and carriers may include, for example components listed above, nonionic surfactants, cationic surfactants and anionic surfactants, builders, enzymes, antifoaming agents, polymeric soil elimination, percarbonates sodium, activators, transition metal catalyst, chelating agents, dye transfer inhibiting polymer and brighteners. 优选包括含有颗粒的染料的洗衣洗涤剂组合物使得在总洗涤剂组合物颗粒中染料的水平为0.00005~0.01wt%,优选0.001~0.01wt%。 Preferred laundry detergent comprising particles containing a dye such that the dye compositions in the total level of the detergent composition particles is 0.00005 ~ 0.01wt%, preferably 0.001 ~ 0.01wt%.

试验实施例1将酸性黑1溶于COCO 7EO非离子表面活性剂中,从而使得其浓度为1wt%。 Test Example 1 Acid Black 1 was dissolved in COCO 7EO nonionic surfactant, such that a concentration of 1wt%. 将染料/NI溶液(2.5g)加入到10g皂土粉末中并且将其充分混合。 The dye / NI solution (2.5g) was added to the powder and 10g of bentonite mixed well. 在此水平上,混合物仍然是易流动性粉末。 At this level the mixture is still free-flowing powder. 然后,用3gSokalan CP5聚合物溶液的40%溶液对所得粉末进行粒化。 Then, a 40% solution 3gSokalan CP5 polymer solution of the resultant powder granulated. 然后,在80℃的烘箱中对所得颗粒进行干燥,并且最后对其进行过筛,从而得到180~1000微米的颗粒。 Then, in an oven at 80 deg.] C the resulting granules were dried, sieved and finally subjected to obtain granules of 180 to 1000 microns.

这些颗粒的无水组合物,颗粒A为: The anhydrous composition of these particles, the particles A is:

无非离子表面活性剂的对比颗粒通过以下方式进行制备:将0.025g染料与10g皂土混合,然后用4g CP5溶液对上述混合物进行粒化,在80℃下对所得颗粒再次进行粒化,和最后对其进行过筛,从而得到180~1000微米的颗粒。 Comparative nothing ionic surfactant granules were prepared in the following manner: mixing the dye and 10g 0.025g bentonite, followed by 4g CP5 solution of the above mixture is granulated, the resulting granules granulated again at 80 ℃, and finally It is sieved to obtain granules of 180 to 1000 microns.

由此,所述颗粒的无水组合物,颗粒B为: Accordingly, anhydrous compositions of the particles, the particles B is:

实施例2将实施例1的颗粒单独加入到碱洗涤粉末中并且将其充分混合,从而得到最终染料水平为按重量计0.004%的粉末。 Example 1 Example 2 particles will be added to a separate embodiment of a base washing powder and thoroughly mixed to give a final dye level of 0.004% by weight of the powder. 所述洗涤粉末含有18%NaLAS、73%盐(硅酸盐,三聚磷酸钠、硫酸盐、碳酸盐),3%含有过硼酸盐、荧光增白剂和酶的次要组分以及剩余量的杂质和水。 The washing powder contained 18% NaLAS, 73% salts (silicate, sodium tripolyphosphate, sulphate, carbonate), 3% over a minor component comprising borate salt, optical brighteners and enzymes and the remaining amount of impurities and water.

将一片20×20cm的白色漂白的编织非丝光处理棉置于水溶液中,使得该布料平坦,和流体与布料的比例为3∶1。 20 × 20cm piece of white bleached mercerized cotton non-woven is placed in an aqueous solution, so that the fabric flat, and the ratio of fluid to 3:1 fabric. 将10g粉末涂抹在布料上并且将其放置30分钟。 10g of powder is spread on the fabric and to stand for 30 minutes. 然后对该布料进行充分清洗、干燥并且对可见涂料斑点的数目进行计数。 The fabric is then sufficiently washed, dried and the coating on the number of visible spots were counted. 所得结果示于以下。 The obtained results are shown below.

具有颗粒A的粉末具有62个斑点。 A powder having particles having 62 spots. 具有颗粒B的粉末具有385个斑点。 Powder having particles B having 385 spots.

具有非离子表面活性剂的染料颗粒显示出了显著更少的斑点。 Dye particles having a non-ionic surfactant showed significantly less spots.

实施例3重复实施例1和2的试验,但是使用直接紫罗兰51作为染料。 Example 3 Test Example 1 and 2 was repeated, but using 51 as a direct violet dye.

所得结果示于以下。 The obtained results are shown below.

具有颗粒A类的粉末具有2个斑点。 A powder having a particle type has two spots. 具有颗粒B类的粉末具有78个斑点。 Class B powder with a particle having 78 spots.

具有非离子表面活性剂(A类)的染料颗粒显示出了显著更少的斑点。 Dye particles having a non-ionic surfactant (A class) showed significantly less spots.

实施例4如下所述的颗粒C和D按照与实施例1相似的方式进行制造,但是使用不同浓度的组分。 D 4 C particles and the following Example is manufactured in the manner similar to Example 1, but using different concentrations of components. 在所有情形中,都是使用酸性黑1染料。 In all cases, Acid Black 1 dye are used. 对于颗粒E,将皂土替代为沸石(4A)。 For particles E, replace the bentonite zeolite (4A).

颗粒C C particles

颗粒D D particles

颗粒E Particles E

实施例5使用实施例5中制造的颗粒重复实施例2的试验。 Example 5 Example 5 using particles produced in Example embodiments Test 2 was repeated.

具有颗粒C类的粉末具有54个斑点。 Class C powder having particle having 54 spots.

具有颗粒D类的粉末具有62个斑点。 Powder having particles having D-62 spots.

具有颗粒E类的粉末具有123个斑点。 Class E powders having particles having 123 spots.

颗粒C和D含有为大约颗粒A(实施例1)两倍水平的非离子表面活性剂,但是其斑点接近。 C and D particles comprising particles of from about A (Example 1) that is twice the level of nonionic surfactants, but the spots close. 同颗粒C相比,颗粒D具有两倍浓度的染料,(由此在洗衣洗涤剂组合物中剂量水平为一半重量),但是具有类似的负载。 C as compared with the particles, the particles having two-fold concentration of dye D, (whereby the dose level in the laundry detergent composition is half the weight), but with a similar load. 基于沸石的颗粒E显示了比颗粒B更少的斑点,颗粒B没有非离子表面活性剂但是具有更多的粘土颗粒。 Based on the zeolite particles less than the particle E shows the spot B, no particles B nonionic surfactants but have more clay particles.

实施例6为了检查染料颗粒的相对性能,就对棉的平均颜色传递方面,制备60ml具有0.5g/L相应颗粒的1g/L碱(base)粉末溶液。 1g / L alkali (base) solution of powder Example 6 To examine the relative performance of the dye particles, the average color transfer on cotton aspect, the preparation has 60ml 0.5g / L of the corresponding particles. 在此溶液中对2g编织棉布进行洗涤、对其进行清洗和干燥,利用反射分光计将其与用另外加入染料颗粒的溶液洗涤的棉布进行比较,将颜色上的差异表示为ΔE。 To this solution 2g of cotton knit was washed subjected to washing and drying, using reflection spectrometer compares it with the cotton was washed with additional dye particles was added, and the color difference is expressed as ΔE.

所得结果示于下表中。 The obtained results are shown in Table.

应当指出,在颗粒D的试验中,加入的染料是其它颗粒中的两倍。 It should be noted that the test particles D, the dyes are added twice that of other particles. 就对布料的均匀颜色传递方面,具有较低水平的非离子表面活性剂的颗粒,A和E,与没有非离子表面活性剂的颗粒(B)一样好。 Granules, A and E are non-ionic surfactants uniform color transfer on the aspect of the fabric, having a lower level, with no particles of a non-ionic surfactant (B) as well. 更高水平的非离子颗粒C和D,相对于单位重量的染料,传递更少的颜色。 Higher levels of nonionic particles C and D, relative to the unit weight of the dye transfer fewer colors.

实施例7将溶剂紫罗兰13溶于COCO 7EO非离子表面活性剂中,从而得到1%wt的溶液。 Example 7 The solvent violet 13 was dissolved in COCO 7EO nonionic surfactant to give a solution of 1% wt. 将染料/NI溶液(2.5g)加入到10g皂土粉末中并且将其充分混合。 The dye / NI solution (2.5g) was added to the powder and 10g of bentonite mixed well. 在此水平上,混合物仍然是易流动性粉末。 At this level the mixture is still free-flowing powder. 然后,用3g Sokalan CP5聚合物溶液的40%溶液作为结合剂对所得粉末进行粒化。 Then, the resulting powder was granulated with a 40% solution of the polymer solution 3g Sokalan CP5 as a binding agent. 然后,在80℃的烘箱中对所得颗粒进行干燥,并且最后对其进行过筛,从而得到180~1000微米的颗粒。 Then, in an oven at 80 deg.] C the resulting granules were dried, sieved and finally subjected to obtain granules of 180 to 1000 microns.

这些颗粒的无水组合物为: These particles anhydrous composition:

实施例8重复实施例7的试验,但是首先将溶剂紫罗兰13溶于COCO 3EO非离子表面活性剂中,从而得到1wt%的溶液。 Test Example 8 Example 7 was repeated, but first the solvent violet 13 was dissolved in COCO 3EO nonionic surfactant, 1wt% to obtain a solution.

实施例9制备固体溶剂紫罗兰13和coco 7EO非离子表面活性剂的混合物,从而得到1%wt的染料。 Example 9 Preparation of a mixture of a solid solvent violet 13 and coco 7EO nonionic surfactant to obtain 1% wt of the dye. 在实验室烘箱中,在玻璃容器中将上述混合物加热至80℃。 In a laboratory oven in a glass container the mixture was heated to above 80 ℃. 将此混合物熔化,从而形成染料溶液,然后将其倾倒在Sirman高剪切混合器中的沸石A24载体固体上,并且按比例对其进行充分混合,所述比例使团聚作用最大化。 The mixture was melted to form a dye solution, which was then poured into a high shear mixer Sirman zeolite A24 carrier solid, and proportionally mixing them sufficiently, the ratio is maximized so that agglomeration. 如本领域所熟知,加入太少液体结合剂导致仅仅部分存在的固体团聚作用,而加入过量结合剂导致湿物质或者浆团形成。 As known in the art, too little liquid is added binding agent that causes agglomeration of the solid only partially present, the addition of excess binding agent that causes a group formed wet mass or paste.

对所得颗粒进行过筛,从而除去过大的物质(>1000um),并且将其贮存在密封容器中。 The resulting granules were sieved to remove oversize material (> 1000um), and it is stored in a sealed container.

实施例10重复类似于实施例9的试验,但是使用染料分散蓝79:1。 Example 10 similarly to Test Example 9 was repeated, but using the dye disperse blue 79: 1. 染料和溶剂的混合物通常浓度较低,为0.4~0.6%wt。 A mixture of dye and solvent, typically a lower concentration of 0.4 ~ 0.6% wt. 据此,形成的颗粒具有以下组分。 Accordingly, particles formed having the following composition.

实施例6~10的颗粒显示出了较少斑点并且对聚酯具有良好的染料传递。 Particles of Examples 6 to 10 showed fewer spots and has good transfer dye polyester.

制备与实施例7和8类似的其它颗粒,但是使用碳酸钠而不是沸石。 Preparation Examples 7 and 8 and similar other particles, but using sodium carbonate instead of zeolite. 制备与实施例9类似的颗粒,但是将沸石/轻苏打灰的混合物(1∶2)用作载体物质。 Similar particles prepared Example 9, but the mixture of zeolites / light soda ash (1:2) is used as carrier material.

将实施例7~10的颗粒单独加入到碱洗涤粉末中并且将其充分混合,从而得到最终染料水平为按重量计0.001~0.004%的粉末。 The granules of Examples 7 to 10 were washed separately added to a base powder and mixed well to give a final dye level of from 0.001 to 0.004% of the powder. 所述洗涤粉末含有18%NaLAS、73%盐(硅酸盐,三聚磷酸钠、硫酸盐、碳酸盐),3%含有过硼酸盐、荧光增白剂和酶的次要组分以及剩余量的杂质和水。 The washing powder contained 18% NaLAS, 73% salts (silicate, sodium tripolyphosphate, sulphate, carbonate), 3% over a minor component comprising borate salt, optical brighteners and enzymes and the remaining amount of impurities and water.

将实施例7~10的颗粒单独加入到碱洗涤粉末中并且将其充分混合,从而得到最终染料水平为按重量计0.0005~0.002%的粉末。 The granules of Examples 7 to 10 were washed separately added to a base powder and mixed well to give a final dye level by weight of powder of 0.0005 to 0.002%. 所述洗衣粉末含有10%NaLAS,5%7EO非离子表面活性剂,1%肥皂,17%沸石A24,12%过碳酸盐,4%TAED,40%盐(硫酸钠,碳酸钠),余量为荧光增白剂、酶、抗再沉积试剂、水份、芳香剂、(多价)螯合剂、抗灰化试剂、消泡剂和分散剂。 End containing the detergent 10% NaLAS, 5% 7EO nonionic surfactant, 1% soap, 17% zeolite percarbonate A24,12%, 4% TAED, 40% salts (sodium sulfate, sodium carbonate), I an amount of optical brighteners, enzymes, anti-redeposition agent, water, fragrance, (polyvalent) a chelating agent, an anti-ashing agents, antifoaming agents and dispersing agents.

Claims (18)

1.一种颗粒,包括:(i)5~40wt%的非离子表面活性剂,其中溶解有0.0001~5%wt%的染料,其中所述染料在非离子表面活性剂中的溶解度至少为0.01wt%;(ii)20~90wt%的固体载体;(iii)0~20wt%的结合剂;和(iv)0~1wt%的光漂白剂。 A particle, comprising: (i) 5 ~ 40wt% nonionic surfactant which is dissolved 0.0001 ~ 5% wt% of a dye, wherein the solubility of the dye in a non-ionic surfactant is at least 0.01 wt%; (ii) 20 ~ 90wt% of solid support; (iii) 0 ~ 20wt% of the binding agent; and (iv) 0 ~ 1wt% photobleach.
2.根据权利要求1的颗粒,其中所述颗粒包括10~25wt%的非离子表面活性剂。 2. The particles according to claim 1, wherein said particles comprises 10 ~ 25wt% of non-ionic surfactants.
3.根据权利要求1或者2的颗粒,其中所述固体载体不溶于水和表面活性剂。 3. The particles according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said solid support is insoluble in water and a surfactant.
4.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中染料对织物直接染色,并且其对人眼上的视觉效果如同在纺织品上的峰值吸收波长为550nm~650nm的单一染料。 The particles of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the fabric substantive dye staining, and its visual effect on the human eye as a peak absorption wavelength on a textile of 550nm ~ 650nm in a single dye.
5.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中所述结合剂的存在量为2~10wt%。 The particles of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the binding agent is present in an amount of 2 ~ 10wt%.
6.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中所述载体选自沸石、粘土和矿物质。 The particles of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the carrier is selected from zeolite, clay and minerals.
7.根据权利要求6的颗粒,其中所述载体选自皂土、沸石4A和沸石MAP。 7. A particle according to claim 6, wherein said carrier is selected from bentonite, zeolite 4A and zeolite MAP.
8.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中所述结合剂选自聚丙烯酸酯、聚乙二醇和聚丙烯酸酯/马来酸酯共聚物。 According to any one of the preceding claims particles, wherein said binding agent is selected from polyacrylates, polyethylene glycol, and polyacrylate / maleate copolymer.
9.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中载体与表面活性剂的比例为约1∶1~10∶1。 9. The particles of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ratio of carrier to surfactant is from about 1/1 to 10:1.
10.根据权利要求9的颗粒,其中载体与表面活性剂的比例为约2∶1~5∶1。 10. The particles of claim 9, wherein the ratio of carrier to surfactant is about 2 ~ 5:1.
11.根据权利要求1~10任一项的颗粒,其中所述染料选自:疏水性染料;水解活性染料;酸性染料;和直接染料。 11. The particle according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein said dye is selected from: a hydrophobic dye; hydrolysed reactive dye; acid dye; and direct dyes.
12.根据权利要求1~10任一项的颗粒,其中所述染料为疏水性染料和选自以下的染料的混合物:水解活性染料;酸性染料;和直接染料。 12. A particle according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein said dye is a mixture of a hydrophobic dye and a dye selected from the group consisting of: hydrolysed reactive dye; acid dye; and direct dyes.
13.根据任何一项在先权利要求的颗粒,其中所述疏水性染料为溶剂染料或者分散性染料。 13. A particle according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the hydrophobic dye is a disperse dye or solvent dye.
14.根据权利要求1~10任一项的颗粒,其中所述疏水性染料选自:分散蓝79:1、溶剂黑3、溶剂紫罗兰13、溶剂蓝59、溶剂蓝35、溶剂红24、分散红1、分散蓝3和分散蓝106。 14. A particle according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the hydrophobic dye is selected from: disperse blue 79: 1, solvent black 3, solvent violet 13, solvent blue 59, Solvent Blue 35, Solvent Red 24, dispersion red 1, Disperse blue 3, and Disperse blue 106.
15.根据权利要求1~10任一项的颗粒,其中所述染料选自:酸性黑24、酸性蓝25、酸性蓝29、酸性黑1、酸性蓝113、酸性红17、酸性红51、酸性红73、酸性红88和酸性红87、酸性红91、酸性红92、酸性红94、直接紫罗兰9和酸性紫罗兰17。 15. A particle according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein said dye is selected from: acid black 24, Acid Blue 25, Acid Blue 29, Acid Black 1, Acid Blue 113, Acid Red 17, Acid Red 51, Acid red 73, acid red 88 and acid red 87, acid red 91, acid red 92, acid red 94, direct violet 9 and acid violet 17.
16.含有如任何一项在先权利要求所定义的颗粒的洗衣洗涤剂组合物,其中在总洗涤剂组合物中,来自颗粒中的染料水平为0.00005~0.01wt%。 16. A laundry detergent composition comprising particles of any one of the preceding claims as defined above, wherein the total detergent composition, from the level of the dye particles is 0.00005 ~ 0.01wt%.
17.根据权利要求16的包括颗粒的洗衣洗涤剂组合物,其中在总洗涤剂组合物中,来自颗粒中的染料水平为0.001~0.01wt%。 17. The particles of claim 16 comprising a laundry detergent composition, wherein the total detergent composition, from the level of the dye particles is 0.001 ~ 0.01wt%.
18.一种粒化方法,包括以下步骤:(i)将0.0001~1%重量百分比的染料溶解在5~40wt%的非离子表面活性剂中,其中所述染料在非离子表面活性剂中的溶解度至少为0.1wt%;(ii)将所述染料和非离子表面活性剂溶液与20~90wt%的固体载体混合;和(iii)对得自于步骤(ii)的混合物进行粒化。 18. A method of granulation comprising the steps of: (i) 0.0001 to 1% by weight of dye is dissolved in 5 ~ 40wt% of non-ionic surfactant, wherein the dye is non-ionic surfactant in the solubility of at least 0.1wt%; (ii) mixing the dye and non-ionic surfactant solution with 20 ~ 90wt% of solid carrier; and (iii) the mixture obtained from step (ii) is granulation.
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