CN100584611C - Ink jet printer performance adjustment - Google Patents

Ink jet printer performance adjustment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100584611C
CN100584611C CN 200610093595 CN200610093595A CN100584611C CN 100584611 C CN100584611 C CN 100584611C CN 200610093595 CN200610093595 CN 200610093595 CN 200610093595 A CN200610093595 A CN 200610093595A CN 100584611 C CN100584611 C CN 100584611C
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CN
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Prior art keywords
ink
predetermined
printer
sticks
size
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CN 200610093595
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1876374A (en )
Inventor
B·R·琼斯
D·L·克尼林
G·J·于塞姆
J·D·比勒
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施乐公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/17Ink jet characterised by ink handling
    • B41J2/175Ink supply systems ; Circuit parts therefor
    • B41J2/17593Supplying ink in a solid state
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/0057Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material where an intermediate transfer member receives the ink before transferring it on the printing material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/04508Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits aiming at correcting other parameters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/04535Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits involving calculation of drop size, weight or volume
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/04536Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits using history data
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/04581Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits controlling heads based on piezoelectric elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/0459Height of the driving signal being adjusted
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/005Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by bringing liquid or particles selectively into contact with a printing material
    • B41J2/01Ink jet
    • B41J2/015Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process
    • B41J2/04Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand
    • B41J2/045Ink jet characterised by the jet generation process generating single droplets or particles on demand by pressure, e.g. electromechanical transducers
    • B41J2/04501Control methods or devices therefor, e.g. driver circuits, control circuits
    • B41J2/04591Width of the driving signal being adjusted

Abstract

An ink jet printer includes an ink supply system and a printhead with nozzles for ejecting ink drops. The printer determines the average size of the ejected ink drops by comparing the number of ink drops ejected in a predetermined time with the quantity of ink delivered through the printers ink supply system during that time. If the determined average ink drop size does not match predetermined ink drop size criteria, the printer adjusts the activation signals for the ink jet nozzles to alter the ink drop size. A solid ink printer determines the quantity of ink delivered through the ink supply system by counting the number of whole or partial ink sticks that pass a predetermined point in the ink supply system. The counter detects a sensing element formed on an external surface of the ink stick. Exemplary detectors include a mechanical arm, or a thermistor to detect a change in the printer melt plate temperature due to a change in the cross sectional area of an ink stick being melted.

Description

喷墨打印机性能调节 Inkjet printer performance tuning

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及喷墨打印,尤其是从喷墨打印头的各个喷嘴喷射的墨滴的特征. The present invention relates to ink jet printing, particularly from the ink jet print head wherein each nozzle ejected ink droplets.

背景技术 Background technique

喷墨打印包括从打印头的所选择喷嘴喷射或喷出液体墨水滴以在图像接收表面上形成图像,该图像接收表面例如是中间转印表面或介质衬底例如纸张。 Ink-jet printing comprising droplet to form an image of the selected printhead nozzle or ejected from the liquid ink on the image receiving surface of the image receiving surface, for example, the intermediate transfer surface or a media substrate such as paper. 一些喷墨打印机接受液体形式的墨水。 Some ink jet printer ink receiving liquid form. 该液体墨水存储在容器中。 The liquid ink is stored in the container. 其他打印机接受固体形式的墨水。 Other solid ink printer to accept.

发明内容 SUMMARY

根据这里所述设备和方法的一个方面,打印机控制器确定从喷墨墨滴产生器实际喷射的墨滴大小。 According to one aspect of the methods and apparatus described herein, the printer controller determines the size of the ink droplets from the ink jet drop generators actually injected. 打印机判定所确定的墨滴大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准。 The printer determines whether the determined ink drop size meets predetermined drop size criteria. 如果该墨滴大小不符合预定的墨滴大小标准, 例如该墨滴大小超出了特定的大小范围,那么打印机控制器就会改变提供给墨滴喷射器的激励信号以促使该墨滴喷射器喷射大小更接近该预定墨滴标准的墨滴。 If the ink drop size does not meet predetermined drop size criteria, such as the droplet size exceeds a certain size range, the printer controller will change the excitation signal to the drop ejectors to cause the ejection of the drop ejectors droplet size is closer to the predetermined ink drop criteria.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器这样确定从喷墨墨滴产生器喷射的墨滴大小,通过计数在预定时间周期内该墨滴产生器喷射的墨滴数量,测量在该时间周期内流经打印机墨水供给系统的墨水量,并且根据该墨滴数量和所测量的墨水量计算墨滴的平均大小。 According to another aspect of the present apparatus and method, so that the printer controller determines the droplet size ejected from the ink jet drop generators produce ink drops is ejected amount of the ink droplets by counting a predetermined time period, the measurement time the amount of ink passing through the printer ink supply system cycle, and calculating an average droplet size of the ink drops and the ink amount according to the measured quantity.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器通过计数接合熔墨加热器的相同大小墨条的数量来测量在预定时间周期内流经打印机墨水供给系统的墨水量。 Measuring the amount of ink passing through the printer ink supply system within a predetermined period of time according to another aspect of the present apparatus and method, the number of ink sticks of the same size ink melting heater joined by the printer controller counts.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器通过在打印机墨水供给系统中使用专用检测器检测在每个墨条中的特定传感特征来计数接合熔墨加热器的相同大小墨条的数量。 According to another aspect of the present apparatus and method, the printer controller by using a dedicated detector printer ink supply system sensor for detecting a specific feature in each ink bar to engage the same size counts the number of ink sticks melt ink heater .

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器通过在每个墨条的外部表面上检测特定传感特征来计数接合熔墨加热器的相同大小墨条的数量。 Another aspect of the present apparatus and method, the printer controller counts the number of ink sticks engage the same size as the ink melting heater by detecting the ink on the outer surface of each sensing a particular feature of the strip.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器通过使用在每个墨条外表面上的预定位置形成的特定墨条传感特征来计数接合熔墨加热器的相同大小墨条的数量,其中该特定墨条传感特征用于接合该墨水供给系统的墨条供给通道中的可移动检测器元件。 According to a particular feature of the ink sticks sensing apparatus and method of another aspect, the printer controller is formed at a predetermined position on the outer surface of the article by using each of the ink counts the number of ink sticks engage the same size ink melting heater, wherein a movable detector element that ink sticks particular ink supply passage to engage the article wherein the sensor system in the ink supply.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,打印机控制器通过检测与该墨条上形成的特定特征相对应的、该熔墨加热器上的温度变化,来计数接合熔墨加热器的相同大小墨条的数量。 According to another aspect of the present apparatus and method, a particular feature of the printer controller is formed by the detector corresponding to the ink sticks, the temperature change in the ink melting heater to count the same size of bonding fusible ink of the ink heater quantity.

根据本设备和方法的另一方面,每个墨条包括多个特定墨条传感特征,并且该打印机险测墨条上接合该熔墨加热器的部分. According to another aspect of the present apparatus and method, each ink comprising a plurality of strip bars particular ink sensing features, and the molten ink portion engaging the heater measured the printer ink sticks insurance.

附困说明 Description attached trapped

图l是墨水通道盖关闭的相变打印机的透视困。 Figure l is a perspective view of the ink channel cover closed trapped phase change printer.

图2是墨水通道盖打开的相变打印机的放大的部分顶部透视困,显示了位于要被装栽入供给通道的位置的固体墨条. FIG 2 is an ink channel cover enlarged top perspective trapped phase change printer partially open, showing a solid ink sticks to be loaded located in the supply passage Zairu position.

图3是沿图2的3-3线得到的、固体墨水供给系统的供给通道的一个实施例的侧面截面图。 FIG 3 is a side cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the supply passage, the solid ink supply system along line 3-3 of FIG. 2 is obtained.

图4是沿图2的4 - 4线得到的、墨条供给系统的一个实施例的截面图。 Figure 4 is taken along 42 - a, the ink supply system 4 wire bar to give a cross-sectional view of an embodiment.

图5是该墨条供给系统的一个实施例的透视图。 FIG 5 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the supply system of the ink sticks.

图6是喷墨打印机构的一个实施例的示意性框图, FIG 6 is an exemplary inkjet printing mechanism is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment,

图7是喷墨打印机构的墨滴产生器部件的一个实施例的示意性框图。 FIG 7 is a schematic block diagram of one embodiment of an inkjet printing mechanism of the droplet generator member.

图8是用于墨滴大小补偿的示例性过程的流程图。 FIG 8 is a flowchart of an exemplary process for ink drop size compensation.

图9是用于图2-5的墨条供给系统的示例墨条的透视图。 9 is a perspective view of an exemplary ink sticks supply system for ink sticks of FIGS. 2-5.

图IO是图2-5的墨条供给系统的墨条供给通道的横截面图。 FIG IO is a cross-sectional view of an ink feed channel ink sticks strip supply system of Figures 2-5.

图ll是具有墨条计数系统的一个实施例的、墨条供给通道的一部 Fig ll is a one embodiment, the ink passage having an ink supply bar strip counting system

分的程式化透视图。 Stylized perspective view points.

图12是图11的墨条供给通道的一部分的正视图。 FIG 12 is a feed channel ink sticks of FIG. 11 is a front view of a portion.

图13是图11的墨条供给通道的该部分的另一视图。 FIG 13 is another view of the portion of the ink supply passage section 11 of FIG.

图14是具有墨条计数系统的另一实施例的、墨条供给通道的一部 FIG 14 is an, ink sticks having a feed channel ink sticks according to another embodiment of the system of counting

分的程式化正视图。 Min stylized front view.

图15是图14的墨条供给通道的该部分的另一视图。 FIG 15 is another view of the portion of the ink supply passage section 14 of FIG. 图16是图14的墨条供给通道的该部分的另一视图。 FIG 16 is another view of the portion of the ink supply passage section 14 of FIG. 图17是图14的墨条供给通道的变体的程式化正视图。 FIG 17 is a stylized variant feed channel ink sticks of FIG. 14 is a front view of FIG. 图18是用于图14-17的墨条供给系统的示例墨条的透视图。 FIG 18 is a perspective view of an article for an ink supply system ink sticks 14-17 of FIG. 图19是具有另一墨条计数特征的墨条供给通道的一部分的程式化正视困。 FIG 19 is a stylized part of the feed channel ink sticks of ink sticks having other features elevational trapped counts.

图20是图19的墨条供给通道的另一视图。 FIG 20 is another view of the ink supply channel section 19 of FIG. 图21是用于图19和20的墨条供给系统的示例墨条的透视图。 FIG 21 is a perspective view of an exemplary ink sticks of Figure 19 and an ink supply system 20 of the article. 图22是用于图19和20的墨条供给系统的另一示例墨条的透视图。 19 and FIG. 22 is a perspective view of another exemplary ink sticks of FIG. 20 for an ink supply system of the article. 闺23是结合另一墨条计数系统的墨条供给通道的一部分的程式化正视困。 23 is a part of the Inner stylized feed channel ink sticks of ink sticks in combination with another counting system elevational trapped.

图24是具有提供其他墨条计数性能的墨条的、图11 - 13的墨, 给通道的透视图。 FIG 24 is a count of ink sticks provide other properties of the ink sticks, Figure 11 - 13 of ink, a perspective view of a channel.

图25是使用提供其他墨条计数性能的墨条的、图14 - 17的墨*# 给通道的程式化正视图。 FIG 25 is used to provide additional ink sticks counting ink sticks of performance, Figure 14 - # 17 * to the ink passage stylized front view.

图26是用于如图25所示墨条供给系统的示例墨条的透视图。 FIG 26 is a perspective view of an exemplary ink sticks of the ink supply system shown in Article 25 of FIG.

图27是用于在图19、 20和23的墨条供给通道中提供其他墨条计数性能的示例墨条的透视图。 FIG 27 is a counter for providing additional ink sticks perspective view of an ink properties in strip 19, the ink supply passage 20 and the bar 23.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

图1示出了一种固体墨水相变喷墨打印机IO,包括具有顶面12和侧面14的外壳。 Figure 1 shows a solid ink phase change ink jet printer IO, includes a top surface 12 and side surfaces 14 of the housing. 用户接口例如前面板显示屏16显示与该打印机的状态相关的信息和用户指令。 The user interface front-panel display 16 to display the user information and instructions relating to the state of the printer, for example. 按钮18或其他用于控制打印机操作的控制元件与该用户接口显示屏相邻近,或者可以位于打印机上的其他位置. 喷墨打印机构11 (图6)被包含在该外壳内部。 Button 18 or other control elements for controlling operation of the printer with the user interface screen adjacent to, or may be located elsewhere on the printer An ink jet printing mechanism 11 (FIG. 6) is contained inside the housing. 墨水传输系统将墨水传送到该打印机构。 Ink delivery system to transfer the ink to the printing mechanism. 该墨水传输系统被包含在该打印机外壳的顶面之下。 The ink delivery system is contained under the top surface of the printer housing. 该外壳的顶面包括铰接的墨水通道盖20,该墨水通道盖20打开以使得用户可以进入该墨水传输系统,如图2所示。 The top surface of the housing includes a hinged ink channel cover 20, the ink channel cover 20 is opened so that the user can enter the ink delivery system, as shown in FIG.

在所示示例性打印机中,墨水通道盖20被连接到墨水装栽连接元件22,以便当打印机墨水通道盖20抬高时,该墨水装载连接元件22 滑动并向墨水装栽位置转动,如固2所示,打开该墨水通道盖露出具有键孔24A、 24B、 24C、 24D的键板26。 In the exemplary printer shown, the ink channel cover 20 is connected to the connecting element 22 of the ink package planted, so that when the printer ink channel cover 20 raised, the ink load 22 is connected to the sliding member rotatably mounted ink planting position, such as solid 2, opening the ink channel cover having a keyhole exposed 24A, 24B, keypad 26 24C, 24D of. 每个键孔24A、 24B、 24C、 24D 提供对于该固体墨水传输系统的多个羊独供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D 之一的插入端的进入(见图3、 4和5 )„ Each keyhole 24A, 24B, 24C, 24D provide for 28A, 28B, 28C, inserted into the ends of a plurality of separate supply passages sheep solid ink delivery system of one of 28D (see FIG. 3, 4 and 5). "

每个供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D向对应的熔化器传输一种特定颜色的墨条30,该熔化器例如是熔融元件或熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 32D。 Each feed channel 28A, 28B, 28C, 28D of one particular color to a corresponding melter ink transfer bar 30, which for example is a molten melt element or melt plate 32A, 32B, 32C, 32D. 每个供给通道具有从该供给通道插入端到与该熔融板邻近的该供给通道熔融端的纵向供给方向。 Each feed channel having a feed channel from the insertion end to the longitudinal direction of the feed end of the feed channel adjacent the melt with the melt plate. 该熔融板将该固体墨条熔融为液体形式。 The melt plates melt the solid ink sticks in liquid form. 该熔融的墨水沿该熔融板的表面流动,并通过该供给通道熔融端和该 The melted ink flows along the surface of the melting plate, and by the end of the feed channel and the melt

熔融板之间的间隙33 (图3)滴入到相应的液体墨水储存器31A、 31B、 31C、 31D(图6)。 Gap 33 (FIG. 3) between the molten sheet was added dropwise to a corresponding liquid ink reservoir 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D (FIG. 6). 每个储存器对应于该熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 32D之一,而该熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 32D又相应地对应于墨条供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D之一。 Each reservoir corresponds to the melt plate 32A,, 32C, one 32B 32D, which melt plate 32A, 32B, 32C, 32D and respectively corresponding to the ink supply passage section 28A,,, one 28C 28D 28B. 所示示例性实施例中的每个供给通道包括由驱动力或元件例如恒力弹簧(36A、 36B、 36C、 36D)驱动的推进块34A、 34B、 3化、3祁,用于将该单独的墨条沿该纵向供给通道的长度向位于每个供给通道熔融端的熔融板传导。 As shown in the exemplary embodiment, each feed channel includes advancing block 34A by the driving force or element, such as a constant force spring (36A, 36B, 36C, 36D) driven, 34B, of 3, 3 Qi for the individual the ink sticks along the longitudinal length of the feed channel to the melt end of the feed channel located in each of the molten conductive plate. 该恒力弹簧的张力驱动该推进块向该供给通道的熔融端推进。 The tension of the constant force spring drives the thrust block to the end of the advancing melt supply passage. 该墨水装栽连接元件22耦合到扼状物38,该轭状物38被固定到安装在该推进块上的恒力弹簧。 The ink means 22 is coupled to the connecting element plant was choke 38, the yoke 38 is fixed to the constant force spring mounted on the pusher block. 每个轭状物延伸穿过鍵板26中的对应狭缝25A、 25B、 25C、 25D。 Each yoke extends through the key plate 26 corresponding to the slits 25A, 25B, 25C, 25D. 当该墨水通道盖20被抬高以露出键板26时,与该墨水装栽连接元件22的连M得向该供给通道的插入端牵拉推进块34A、 34B、 34C、 34D,该恒力弹簧可以是表面沿基本垂直的轴定向的片簧。 When the ink channel when the cap 20 is raised to expose the keypad 26, the connection element and the ink 22 is mounted in the plant have to connect M insertion end of the supply passage pulling propulsion blocks 34A, 34B, 34C, 34D, the constant force the spring may be oriented along an axis substantially perpendicular to the surface of the leaf spring. 图4是该墨水传输系统的该组供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D的横截面图。 FIG 4 is 28A, 28B, a cross-sectional view of the feed channel of the ink set of the transmission system 28C, 28D of. 当该墨条沿该供给通道前进或传导时,导轨40A、 40B、 40C、 40D和二级导轨面48A、 48B、 48C、 48D 引导它们。 When the bar when the ink supply passage or the forward conduction along rails 40A, 40B, 40C, 40D and a secondary guide surface 48A, 48B, 48C, 48D guide them. 图5示出了该固体墨水供给系统29,具有加热器和其他控制熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 32D操作的电子设备。 FIG 5 shows the solid ink supply system 29, an electronic control device heaters and other melt plate 32A, 32B, 32C, 32D operation. 本领域技术人员将会理解,可以使用该墨条供给通道的其他定位,并且也可以使用其他技术将该墨条从供给通道插入端移动到熔融端。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the ink can use other positioning strip feed path, and the other techniques may also be used move the ink supply passage from the article insertion end to the melt end.

彩色打印机可以使用四种颜色的墨水(黄,青,品红,和黑色)。 Color printer may use four colors of ink (yellow, cyan, magenta, and black). 每种颜色的墨条30通过该固体墨水供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D中 Each color solid ink sticks 30 through the ink supply passage 28A, 28B, 28C, 28D

相应的单个通道传送。 Corresponding single transmission channel. 该打印机作业的操作员注意避免将一种颜色的墨条插入用于不同颜色的供给通道。 The operator of the printer job care to avoid inserting ink sticks of one color feed channels for different colors. 墨条可以被充满彩色染料或颜料以使得打印机用户很难仅从颜色上辨別哪一种颜色是哪一个。 Ink filled strip may be colored dye or pigment so that the user only from the color printer difficult to distinguish which color is which. 特别地, 很难基于颜色外观从视觉上区分青色、品红和黑色墨条。 In particular, it is difficult to distinguish between the cyan, magenta, and black ink sticks visually based on color appearance. 键板26具有键孔24A、 24B、 24C、 24D以帮助打印机用户确保仅将正确颜色的墨条插入到每个供给通道中。 Key plate 26 having a keyhole 24A, 24B, 24C, 24D to aid the printer user to ensure that only inserted into each feed channel ink sticks of the proper color. 该键板的每个键孔具有惟一的形状。 Each key hole of the key plate has a unique shape. 用于该供给通道的该颜色的墨条30具有对应于该鍵孔形状的形状。 The color of the ink supply passage for the bar 30 having a shape corresponding to that keyhole shape. 对于每个墨水供给通道,该键孔和对应的墨条形状把除了用于该特定打印机的该供给通道的正确颜色的墨条之外的所有颜色的墨条排除在外。 For each of the ink supply channel, the shape of the ink sticks and key holes corresponding to the ink sticks of all colors except the ink sticks of the proper color than the feed channel for that particular printer excluded.

图6是喷墨打印机构11的一个实施例的示意性框图。 FIG 6 is a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of an inkjet printing mechanism 11. 该打印机构包括被适当支撑以固定或移动使用的打印头42,用于将墨滴44喷射在被应用到打印鼓48支撑表面的中间转印表面46上.墨水从墨水供给系统的墨水储存器31A、 31B、 31C、 31D通过连接墨水储存器和打印头"的液体墨水导管35A、 35B、 35C、 35D而供给。该中间转印表面46 可以是液体层,例如可以通过与涂布器例如涂布器組合50的滚筒53 接触而应用的功能油(functional oil)。通过说明性示例的方式,该涂布器组合50可以包括刮片55和储存器57。该涂布器组合50可以被配置成与该打印鼓48选择性接合。 The printing mechanism includes a support is suitably used in a fixed or moving the print head 42 for ejecting ink droplets 44 is applied on the support surface of the print drum 48 to intermediate transfer surface 46 from the ink reservoir of the ink supply system 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D 35A, 35B, 35C, 35D is supplied by connecting an ink reservoir and the print head "of the liquid ink conduits. the intermediate transfer surface layer 46 may be a liquid, for example, by coating applicator e.g. cloth 50 contacts the drum assembly 53 and an oil application function (functional oil). by way of illustrative example, the applicator assembly 50 may include a blade 55 and a reservoir 57. the applicator assembly 50 may be configured into the print drum 48 is selectively engaged.

该示例性打印机构ll还包括衬底引导器61和介质预热器62,用于通过在滚筒68的相对的激励表面和由打印鼓48支撑的中间转印表面46之间形成的夹钳65来引导打印介质衬底64例如纸张。 Ll The exemplary printing mechanism 61 further includes a substrate guide 62 and a media preheater, for between opposing jaw by the excitation surface of the drum 68 and the printing drum supported by the intermediate transfer surface 48 is formed of 46 65 64 to guide the print media substrate such as paper. 剥离销或剥离刃69可以被移动安装,以便在包括沉积墨滴的图像60被传输到打印介质衬底64之后,协助将该打印介质衬底64从中间转印表面46 去除。 After peeling the peeling blade or pin 69 may be movably mounted, so that an image 60 comprising deposited ink drops is transferred to the print medium substrate 64, 64 assist in removing the print medium substrate 46 from the intermediate transfer surface.

在某些喷墨打印机中,打印头的墨滴发生器可以直接将墨滴喷射到打印介质衬底上,而不使用中间转印表面。 In some inkjet printers, the print head drop generator may be directly ejecting ink droplets onto the print media substrate, without using an intermediate transfer surface.

打印控制器70可操作地连接到打印头42。 The print controller 70 is operatively connected to the printhead 42. 该打印控制器向打印头传输激励信号以使得该所逸择打印头的各个墨滴发生器喷射墨滴44。 The printing controller transmitting an excitation signal to the print head so that each drop generator of the printhead Optional Yi 44 ejects ink droplets. 该激励信号为该打印头的各个墨滴发生器供能。 The energizing signal for energizing the respective drop generators of the printhead. 图7是用于生成墨滴44 的打印头的墨滴发生器部件72的一个实施例的示意性框图。 72 FIG. 7 is a schematic block diagram of the embodiment of the printhead to generate ink droplets in drop generators 44 for member. 一个示例性打印头包括多个这种墨滴发生器72。 An exemplary printhead includes a plurality of such drop generators 72. 控制器70通过为每个墨滴发生器提供相应的喷射器激励信号而选择性地为该墨滴发生器供能。 The controller 70 by providing a respective ejector activation signal to each drop generator and for selectively energizing drop generators. 每个墨滴发生器使用响应于该喷射器激励信号的墨滴喷射器。 Each drop generator in response to droplet ejection using an excitation signal to the injector. 示例性墨滴喷射器包括压电换能器,特别地为陶瓷压电换能器.作为其他示例, 每个墨滴发生器可以使用切变模式换能器,环形收缩换能器,电致伸缩换能器,电磁换能器,或磁限定换能器。 Exemplary droplet ejection comprises a piezoelectric transducer, in particular of a ceramic piezoelectric transducer. As another example, each drop generator may use a shear-mode transducer, an annular contraction of the transducer, an electroluminescent telescoping transducer, electromagnetic transducer, or a magnetic transducer defined.

墨滴发生器72包括从歧管、储存器或其他墨水储存结构接收墨水73的注入通道71。 An ink drop generators 72 includes a receiver 73 of the injection passage 71 from the manifold, reservoir or other ink storage structure. 在一个示例中,注入通道71连接到液体墨水导管35A、 35B、 35C、 35D中的一个。 In one example, the injection channel 71 is connected to the liquid ink conduits 35A, 35B, 35C, 35D of a. 墨水73流入压力或泵室75,该压力或泵室75的一侧例如由可弯曲隔板限制„薄膜互连结构78被连接到该可弯曲隔板,例如用于覆盖在该压力室75上。机电换能器79被连接到该薄膜互连结构78。该机电换能器79可以是压电换能器,包括例如设置在电极82和83之间的压电元件81,该电极82和83例如通过该薄膜互连结构78从控制器70接收墨滴发射和不发射激励信号。电极83与控制器70 —样接地,而电极82被活动驱动以通过该互连结构78激励该机电换能器81。机电换能器79的激励使得墨水从压力室75 流向墨滴形成出口通道85,通过该墨滴形成出口通道85可以向接收介质喷射墨滴",该接收介质例如可以是该传输表面46,出口通道85 可以包括喷嘴或喷孔87。 Ink 73 flows into a pressure or pump chamber 75, the pressure side of the pump chamber 75, for example, or by a deflectable diaphragm limits "film interconnect structure 78 is connected to the flexible diaphragm, for example for covering over the pressure chamber 75 the electromechanical transducer 79 is connected to the thin film interconnect structure 78. the electromechanical transducer 79 can be a piezoelectric transducer comprising a piezoelectric element 81 disposed for example between electrodes 82 and 83, the electrodes 82 and 83, for example, the excitation signal by transmitting the thin film interconnect structure 78 and not ink droplets emitted from the controller 70 receives the controller 70 and the electrodes 83 - like the ground, while the active electrode 82 is driven through the interconnect structure 78 of the electromechanical excitation transducer excitation transducer 81. the electromechanical transducer 79 causes ink droplets forming ink flow outlet passage 85 from the pressure chamber 75, the receiving medium may be ejecting ink drops "are formed by the ink droplet outlet channel 85, which receives the transmission medium may be surface 46, the outlet passage 85 can include a nozzle or orifice 87.

有许多因素会影响从喷嘴87喷射的各个墨滴44的特征,要注意的一个墨滴特征是该墨滴的大小,其可以作为包含在该墨滴中的墨水质量而被辨别。 There are many features of the various factors that can affect the ejection of ink droplets from the nozzle 87 to 44, wherein a droplet is to be noted that the size of the ink droplets, which can be distinguished as the quality of ink contained in the ink droplets. 在影响各个墨滴特征的因素中有,喷嘴开口的直径,机电换能器79的物理特性,控制器70应用到该机电换能器79的喷射器激励信号的幅度,和控制器70应用到该机电换能器79的喷射器激励信号的时长。 Factors Affecting the individual ink droplets have features, the diameter of the nozzle opening, the physical characteristics of the electromechanical transducer 79, the controller 70 is applied to the magnitude of the electromechanical transducer 79 of the injector excitation signal, and the controller 70 is applied to when the electromechanical transducer 79 of the injector length excitation signal.

在某些打印机中,对于打印头在时间上或使用中的改变会引起从喷嘴87喷射的墨滴特征的变化。 In certain printers, changes to the printhead over time or cause changes in characteristics of ink droplets ejected from the nozzles 87. 例如,在使用中,打印头表面的腐蚀会改变喷嘴开口的直径。 For example, in use, corrosion of the printhead face may change the diameter of the nozzle opening. 确定通过打印头的喷嘴87喷射的墨滴的实际大小以及对于该墨滴大小的变化进行补偿的过程使得打印机可以在时间上保持一致的墨滴大小。 It is determined by the actual size of the nozzles of the printhead 87 and the process of ejecting ink droplets for compensating for the change in the droplet size is such that the printer can maintain a consistent droplet size over time.

图8示出了用于确定从打印头的墨滴发生器所喷射墨滴的墨滴大小或质量和判定该墨滴大小是否符合预定墨滴标准的示例性过程。 FIG 8 illustrates an exemplary process for determining the drop generator from the printhead ink drop size or mass of ink droplet ejection and determines the drop size meets predetermined ink drop criteria. 如果该墨滴大小不符合预定墨滴标准,例如该墨滴大小超出了特定的大小范围,那么打印机控制器会校准该墨滴发生器喷射器以使该墨滴回到预定的墨滴标准。 If the ink drop size does not meet the predetermined ink drop criteria, such as the droplet size exceeds a certain size range, the printer controller may calibrate the drop generator ink drop ejector such that the ink drop back to predetermined criteria. 在一个示例中,该打印机控制器改变提供到墨滴喷射器的激励信号以使得该墨滴喷射器喷射出大小更接近该预定墨滴标准的墨滴。 In one example, the printer controller is provided to change the ink droplet ejector activation signal to cause the drop ejectors ejecting ink droplet size is closer to the predetermined ink drop criteria.

该校准过程开始110,辨识该校准过程发生的特定时间周期111。 The calibration process begins 110, identifying a particular time period 111 of the calibration process occurs. 在该特定校准时间周期内,打印机确定112进入该打印机构42的墨水量,同时确定113在相同的特定校准时间内从打印头喷射的墨滴数量。 In the specific calibration time period, the printer determines 112 the quantity of ink entering the print mechanism 42, while determining the number of ink drops 113 during the same specified calibration time ejected from the printhead. 在该校准时间内,控制器将具有第一信号特征的第一墨滴喷射器激励信号传输到打印头的墨滴发生器,该第一信号特征包括第一预定幅度(即电压)、第一预定时长和第一预定形状,目前许多打印机计算从打印头喷射的墨滴数量以用于各种目的。 A first drop ejector within the measurement time, the controller having a first signal characteristic of the excitation signal to the drop generators of the printhead, wherein the first signal comprises a first predetermined magnitude (i.e., voltage), a first a first predetermined length and a predetermined shape, many printers now calculated number of ink drops ejected from the printhead for various purposes. 因此,该墨滴计数信息可以被设置成可以由打印机控制器使用.根据所确定的进入打印头的墨水量和所确定的从打印头喷射的墨滴数量,可以确定每个墨滴的大小。 Thus, the ink drop count information may be provided by the printer controller can be used. The amount of ink entering the printhead and the determined number of ink drops ejected from the print head on the determined size of each ink droplet may be determined.

在一个示例中,确定在特定校准时间内进入打印机构的墨水质量, 由此可以通过用进入打印头的墨水质量除以在该特定校准时间内从打 In one example, determining the quality of the ink into the printing mechanism in a given calibration time, whereby divided from play in the specific calibration time by entering the printhead with ink mass

印头喷射的墨滴数量来确定每个墨滴的平均质量,通过确定流过打印机墨水传输系统中特定点的墨水质量来确定进入打印机构的墨水质 Number of ink drops ejected print head to determine the average mass of each ink droplet to determine the quality of the ink entering the print mechanism is determined by the quality of the ink flowing through the ink printer a particular point in the transmission system

量。 the amount. 将该确定的墨滴大小与预定墨滴大小标准相比较115。 The determination of droplet size and droplet size of the predetermined criterion is compared 115. 如杲该确定的墨滴大小符合该墨滴大小标准,则控制器继续向墨滴发生器发送116 相同幅度和时长的第一喷射器激励信号。 Gao As the drop size is determined in line with the drop size criteria, the controller 116 continues to transmit the same amplitude and duration of the first injector activation signal to drop generators. 然而,如果该确定的墨滴大小不符合该墨滴大小标准,例如该确定的墨滴大小太大或太小,则控制器改变117该喷射器激励信号以使得墨滴发生器根据预期方向将墨滴大小向该墨滴大小标准靠拢,从而喷射更大或更小的墨滴,然后该控制器向打印头的墨滴发生器传输具有第二信号特征的第二喷射器激励信号,该第二信号特征包括第二预定幅度(即电压)、第二预定时长和第二预定形状。 However, if the determined drop size does not meet the drop size criteria, such as the determined ink drop size is too large or too small, the controller 117 changes the ejector activation signal to cause the drop generator according to the intended direction of to the droplet size standard closer droplet size, thereby ejecting larger or smaller droplets, and a controller having a second signal transfer characteristic to the drop generators of the printhead second ejector activation signal, the second wherein the second signal comprises a second predetermined magnitude (i.e., voltage), a second predetermined duration and the second predetermined shape. 例如,如杲所确定的墨滴大小太大,则降低喷射器激励信号的电压或减少喷射器激励信号的时长可以减少所喷射墨滴的大小。 For example, Gao as determined by droplet size is too large, the voltage is reduced injector activation signal or reducing the duration of the ejector activation signal may reduce the size of the ejected ink droplets. 从而,打印机控制器向墨滴喷射器传输具有第二信号特征的第二喷射器激励信号,该笫二信号特征包括笫二预定幅度和第二预定时长,该第二喷射器激励信号的至少一个特征与该笫一墨水喷嘴激励信号的相应特征不同.该墨水喷嘴激励信号的特征变化以及这些变化如何影响特定打印头的墨滴发生器所喷射的墨滴的细节依赖于该打印头的特定设计和制造。 Second injector so that the printer controller having a second signal characteristic to a drop ejector activation signal transmission, wherein the second signal comprises Zi Zi second predetermined magnitude and a second predetermined duration, the second ejector at least one excitation signal wherein an ink nozzle with the corresponding features of the excitation signal Zi different from how the characteristic change ink nozzles excitation signals and how those changes affect the details of a particular printhead drop generator ejected ink droplets depends on the particular design of the printhead and manufacturing. 该校准可以通过该改变的喷射器激励信号进行再检验119,以判定该改变是否使得墨滴大小进入该墨滴大小标准内。 The calibration can be excited by the signal for changing the injector 119 again tests to determine whether the change is such that the droplet size of the ink droplets into a size standard. 如果判定不需要再检验,则该程序暂时结束120。 If it is determined not need to test, then the routine is terminated 120.

在某些环境中,通过某些打印头,响应于墨滴喷射器激励信号而由墨滴发生器喷射的墨滴大小也可以依赖于某些可变因素,例如该特定的墨滴发生器在前一个时钟循环是否也喷射墨滴,或者在该墨滴发生器墨滴喷射历史的另一方面。 In certain environments, some of the print head by, in response to a drop ejector activation signal from the drop generator ejected droplet size may also depend on certain variable factors, such as the particular drop generator Are also one clock cycle before ejecting ink droplets, the ejection or drop generator history of the droplet on the other hand. 因此,该打印机控制器可以与每个可变因素相关联地保存对于所喷射墨滴数量的分别计数。 Thus, the printer controller may be associated with each of the variables stored in association counted separately for the number of ink drops ejected. 对于特定的打印头类型,可以根据经验确定这些因素。 For a particular type of print head, these factors can be determined empirically. 例如,打印机控制器可以保存对于同一墨滴发生器在前一时间循环也喷射墨滴的情况下的所喷射墨滴数量,和对于同一墨滴发生器在前一时间循环不喷射墨滴的情况下的所喷射墨滴数量的分别计数.从而该打印机控制器可以将该额外信息因子化为关于所确定墨滴大小是否符合该墨滴大小标准的确定,以及如果所确定墨滴大小不符合该墨滴大小标准,如何改变该喷射器激励信号以产生适当的第二喷射器激励信号。 For example, the printer controller can be stored in a case for the same drop generator previous time cycle may also eject ink droplets ejection number of ink drops, and for the same drop generator previous time cycle is not the case of ejecting ink droplets are counted number of ink droplets of the jet. so that the printer controller can be reduced to the additional information about the determined factor determining droplet size of the ink drop size meets the criteria, and if the determined ink drop size does not meet the drop size criteria, how to alter the ejector activation signal to generate an appropriate second ejector activation signal.

即使从墨滴发生器喷射的精确墨水不是与用于该校准过程的、所测量的在特定时间周期内进入打印头的墨水完全相同,也可以执行该校准过程。 Even ejected from ink drop generators is not precisely with the measured entering the printhead during a specific period of time for the ink identical calibration process, the calibration process may be performed. 如果流经该墨水传输系统的墨水是密度一致的,并且连续供给到系统,那么测量流经该墨水供给机构一部分的墨水量是与测量进入打印头的墨水量等价的。 If the ink flowing through the ink delivery system is consistent in density, and is continuously supplied to the system, then measuring the amount of ink flowing through the ink supply mechanism is a part of the amount of ink entering the printhead and the measured equivalent.

墨滴大小114的确定可以考虑在打印过程中使用墨水而不喷射墨滴的某些打印机操作。 Determining droplet size 114 may consider some printers operate in the printing process using an ink without ejecting ink droplets. 例如,喷嘴清洗(用于清除阻塞)或其它打印头维护操作在操作中会消耗一些墨水,而控制器不会将其记录为喷射的 For example, nozzle purging (to remove the obstruction) or other printhead maintenance operation in the operation will consume some ink, and the controller does not record as ejected

墨滴。 Ink droplets. 打印机控制器可以记录这种操作的数量,并且使用对于在每个这种操作中消耗墨水总量的估计来提高确定所喷射墨滴实际大小的精 The printer controller may record the number of such operations, and using an estimate of the total amount of ink consumed in each such operation is determined to increase the actual size of the ink droplet ejected fine

度。 degree. 在另一示例中,可以在该打印机不被用于消耗墨水的非打印操作 In another example, may not be used for non-printing operation in the printer consumes the ink

时进行对于墨滴大小的确定(该校准时间周期)。 When for determining the droplet size (the calibration time period).

该打印机还可以避免在打印机被关掉或再次启动时计算平均墨滴大 The printer also avoid being turned off or re-computing startup in large average droplet printer

小。 small. 在一些情况下,当打印机被关掉和再次启动时,液体墨水储存器31A、 31B、 31C、 31D会将它们的内容清空到废料容器中。 In some cases, when the printer is turned off and started again, the liquid ink reservoirs 31A, 31B, 31C, 31D will empty their contents into the waste container.

一种用于确定在校准周期内进入打印机构的墨水量的技术是确定流经墨水传输系统的墨水量。 A method for determining the quantity of ink entering the print mechanism technology within the calibration period is to determine the amount of ink flowing through the ink delivery system. 在接收由固体墨水材料形成的固体墨条形式的墨水的固体墨水打印系统中,在墨条供给通道中计数该墨条以确定流经墨水传输系统的墨水量。 Upon receiving the solid article in the form of an ink formed of a solid ink material of the ink solid ink printing system, the counting ink sticks in the ink feed channel strip to determine the amount of ink flowing through the ink delivery system. 当该墨条经过墨条供给通道中的预定点时对它们进行计数。 When the ink sticks through a predetermined point in the ink supply passage bar count them. 可以在该墨条与墨条熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 接合时或者稍微在其到达熔融板之前对该墨条进行计数。 Counting the ink sticks can be before the ink sticks and ink sticks melt plate 32A, 32B, 32C, or slightly when engaged reaches its melting plate.

经过任一个单独墨条供给通道的墨条在形状和质量上是彼此相同的。 Through any of a single ink feed channel ink sticks in strip shape and mass are identical to each other. 墨条的紧密制造公差保证了该墨条的质量基本相同,从而对墨条的计数相当于对通过墨水供给系统供给的墨水质量的精确测量。 Ink sticks tight manufacturing tolerances to ensure that the quality of the ink sticks are substantially the same, so that counting ink sticks corresponds to accurate measurement of the mass of ink supplied through the ink supply system.

图9中透视显示了用于图1-6的打印机墨水供给系统的示例性墨条。 Figure 9 shows a perspective view of an exemplary ink sticks for the printer ink supply system of Figures 1-6. 所示墨条由具有多个外表面的三维体墨条材料构成。 FIG ink ink sticks formed of strip material having a plurality of three-dimensional outer surface. 在一个示例 In one example,

14中,该墨条材料在整个墨条体中的质量密度是基本均匀的。 14, the mass density of the ink in the entire ink sticks strip material body is substantially uniform. 在一个示 In one illustrated

例中,该墨条体具有由一般底部外表面52表示的底部,由一般顶部外表面54表示的顶部,以及由两个一般横向側部外表面56和两个末端外表面60表示的側部。 Embodiment, the ink sticks has an outer bottom surface of the bottom 52 is generally represented by the top of the outer surface 54 is generally represented by the top and side portions represented by the outer surface 56 generally two lateral sides and two ends with an outer surface 60 . 该墨条体的外表面不需要是平坦的,也不需要是互相平行或垂直的。 Outer surface of the ink sticks body need not be flat, nor need to be perpendicular or parallel to each other. 然而,这些说明将帮助读者形象化该核心墨条结构,即使该外表面可以具有三维拓朴结构,或者彼此相对成角度. However, these descriptions will aid the reader in visualizing the core ink bar structure, even if the outer surface may have a three-dimensional topology, or the relative angle to each other.

该墨条包括引导装置,用于当该墨条沿固体墨水供给系统的供给通道28A、 28B、 28C、 28D行进或传导时引导该墨条。 The ink sticks comprises guiding means for 28A, 28B, 28C, 28D guide the ink sticks when traveling or when conducting ink sticks along the feed channel of the solid ink supply system. 形成在该墨条体上的第一引导元件66构成该墨条引导装置的一部分。 A first guide member formed on the ink sticks 66 constituting the body portion of the device to guide ink sticks. 在一个示例中,该第一墨条引导元件66是与该墨条体的横向重心横向偏离的。 In one example, the first ink guiding member 66 is a strip member with the lateral center of gravity laterally offset ink sticks. 在本示例性实施例中,该第一引导元件66与墨条体的一个横向側部相邻.在所示实施例中,笫一墨条引导元件66在墨条体上形成为实质上位于垂直中心下方的低墨条引导元件66。 In the present exemplary embodiment, a lateral side portion of the first guide member 66 and the body adjacent ink sticks. In the illustrated embodiment, Zi ink sticks is formed on the guide member 66 is located substantially ink strip body low ink bar below the vertical center of the guide member 66. 在图9所示实施例中,该低墨条引导元件形成在墨条体的底部外表面52上,特别地,形成为从该墨条底部外表面的突起。 In the embodiment shown in FIG. 9, the low ink sticks is formed on the outer bottom of the guide element of the ink on the surface of the strip body 52, in particular, is formed to protrude from an outer surface of the bottom portion of the ink sticks. 该突起引导元件在该底部外表面的第一横向边缘58A 上或其附近形成。 The guide projection member is formed near a first lateral edge 58A of the outer bottom surface thereof. 该引导元件具有大约3.0咖的横向尺寸和从该墨条底部外表面的大约2.0-5.0 mm的突起。 The guide element having a transverse dimension of about 3.0 protrusion coffee and about 2.0-5.0 mm from the outer surface of the bottom of the ink sticks.

图10示出了该固体墨水供给系统的纵向供给通道28D的特定示例性实施例的横截面图。 FIG 10 shows a cross-sectional view of a specific embodiment of an exemplary embodiment of the longitudinal feed channel 28D of the solid ink supply system. 该供给通道包括设置在该供给通道下部的供给通道导轨40D.该供给通遣导轨40D提供用于在供给通道中引导墨条30 的供给系统引导装置。 The supply passage includes a supply passage disposed at a lower portion of the rail supply passage 40D. The removal rail supply through 40D provide guiding means for guiding the ink sticks in the supply system 30 of the supply passage. 第一墨条引导元件66与供给通道的第一部分特别是供给通道导轨40D相互作用,以沿着供给通道28D引导该墨条。 In particular a first portion of the first ink supply passage member 66 and the guide strip feed channel guide rail 40D interacts 28D guide the ink sticks along the feed channel. 该固体墨水供给系统的供给通道导轨4OD和形成在墨条体上的第一引导元件66是互相适合的,例如具有互补的形状。 The feed channel guide rail 4OD solid ink supply system and the first guide member formed on the ink strip body 66 are fit together, for example, have complementary shapes. 该互补形状允许该墨条体的低导轨元件66滑行接合该墨条供给通道的供给通道导轨。 The complementary shapes allow the lower guide ink sticks body sliding member 66 engages the supply channel of the ink supply passage guide bar.

该供给通道导轨的宽度实质上小于该供给通道的宽度。 The width of the feed channel guide rail is substantially less than the width of the feed channel. 该供给通道底部的大部分是凹进或打开的,从而不会接触墨条30的底面52。 Most of the bottom of the feed channel is recessed or open, so that the ink does not contact the bottom surface 30 of the strip 52. 该供给通道的凹进或打开的底部允许该墨条材料的薄片或碎片脱落,从而 The feed channel is recessed or open bottom allowing the ink sheet or strip material chips off, thus

使得这种薄片或碎片不会妨碍墨条沿该供给通道的滑动。 So that such flakes or chips do not interfere with the slide of the ink sticks along the feed channel. 该导轨围绕该供给通道宽度的不到30%,特别地为5% - 25% ,更特別地为大约15 %。 The rail about 30% less than the width of the feed channel, in particular 5% --25%, more particularly about 15%.

如上所述,计数在预定校准时间周期内经过该墨条传输系统的墨条数量是一种确定在该校准时间周期内进入打印机构的墨水量(质量) 的方式。 As described above, after counting the number of ink sticks of the ink sticks is a transmission system to determine the amount of ink entering the print mechanism (mass) in a manner within the measurement period of time within a predetermined calibration time period. 在一个示例中,通过计数经过该墨水传输系统的单个墨条供给通道的预定位置的墨条数量来完成这种计数。 In one example, the number of the ink supply section of the predetermined location of the channel to accomplish this count by counting individual ink sticks through the ink delivery system. 检测器确定墨条的特定部分经过该墨水供给通道预定位置的时间.然后检测器确定该第一墨条之后的相同墨条的相应部分经过同一位置的时间。 Respective portions of the same position of the same elapsed time after the ink sticks of a particular portion of the detector determines the time of ink sticks through the ink supply passage predetermined positions. The detector then determines that the first ink sticks. 该墨水传输系统包括具有检测器的设备,该检测器检测当墨条行进或者被传导通过该墨条供给通道中预定位置时每个墨条中的传感特征。 The ink delivery system includes apparatus having a detector, which detects when the ink sticks are conducted or travel sensor strips wherein each of the ink when a predetermined position of the supply passage through which ink sticks. 该墨条传感特征接合该检测器以在该墨条传感元件经过该检测器时记录墨条计数, Characterized in that the ink sticks sensing detector to engage the article in the ink sensing element passes the detector count recording ink sticks,

可以使用机械计数系统对墨条计数。 You can use mechanical counting system counting ink sticks. 例如,每个墨条可以被形成为具有接合墨水供给通道中的可移动机械计数机构的传感元件.替代地, 可以将电子传感元件附加到墨条的外表面或嵌入在墨条中。 For example, each of the ink sticks may be formed having a sensing element movable mechanical counting mechanism engages an ink supply passage. Alternatively, an electronic sensing element can be attached to the outer surface of the ink in the ink strip or embedded strips. 在另一替代情况中,可以配置光学检测器以探测形成在或附加到墨条上的传感元件。 In another alternative case, the optical detector may be configured to detect in the form of ink or a strip attached to the sensing element. 墨条供给通道中或其附近的电子计数系统可以检测该电子传感元件的存在,光学系统可以包括与墨条供给通道相邻的光源,和也与墨条供给通道相邻的光传感器,当墨条经过时,可以使用墨条外表面上的荧光漆或其他颜色的斑点反射来自该光源的光,该光传感器检测该反射,从而可以计数经过的墨条。 Article ink supply passage or near the electronic counting system can detect the presence of the electronic sensing element, the optical system may include an ink supply passage section adjacent the light source, and also the optical sensor with the ink supply passage adjacent strip, when when the ink sticks through, fluorescent paint may be used, or other colors of ink spots on the outer surface of the article reflected light from the light source, the light sensor detects the reflection, so that after the ink sticks may be counted.

图11 - 13示出了用于机械计数墨条的示例性墨条传感元件和墨水供给通道计数系统。 FIG 11 - 13 shows an exemplary ink sticks sensing element and ink feed channel counting system for mechanical counting of the ink sticks. 在示例中显示了第四个墨水供给通道28D。 Shows the fourth ink feed channel 28D in the example. 图11 - 13中所示计数系统的某些元件的比例被放大以便于观察该部件及其操作.墨条供给通道的某些元件包括供给通道导轨40D在图中被省略。 Figure 11 - the proportion of certain elements of the counting system 13 is shown enlarged in order to observe the operation of certain elements of the member and the ink passage includes a supply strip feed channel guide rail 40D is omitted in FIG. 在其他每个墨水供给通道28A、 28B、 28C中设置有完全相同的计数系统。 In each of the other ink supply channels 28A, 28B, 28C is provided with identical numbering system. 墨条沿着该供给通道在墨条供给方向161上行进。 Ink sticks travel bar 161 on the ink supply passage to the feed direction. 每个墨条30包括设置成接合墨水通道计数机构160的传感元件150,在图11 - 13所示的实施例中,该墨水通道计数机构包括可移动的检测器元件,该检测器元件包括附加到旋转臂164的指状物162。 Each ink bar 30 comprises a sensing element arranged to engage an ink channel counting mechanism 160 150, in Figure 11 - 13 shown embodiment, the ink channel counting mechanism includes a movable detector element, the detector element comprises rotating arm 164 attached to fingers 162. 臂164的一端包括接合检测器例如光传感器170的标记166。 Engaging end of the arm 164 includes a detector sensor such as an optical marker of 166,170. 在一个示例中,该墨条的传感元件150是在墨条外表面上形成的特征。 In one example, the sensing element 150 ink sticks is characterized in that the outer surface of the ink sticks is formed. 在一个示例中,该传感元件由该墨条材料形成。 In one example, the sensor element is formed with the ink strip material. 在一个特定示例中,该传感元件150在墨条的顶面中形成。 The sensor element 150 is formed on the top surface of the ink sticks in a particular example. 墨条可以具有当墨条体被模制成型时在墨条体外侧形成的元件。 When the ink sticks may have elements formed in ink sticks to the outside when the ink sticks are molded body. 指状物162和臂164相互固定以作为一个单元围绕固定的枢轴点165 运动。 Finger 162 and the arm 164 fixed to one another as a unit about a fixed pivot point 165 of the motion. 参照图12和13,当墨条沿供给通道28D在供给方向161上前进时,该供给通道计数机构160的指状物162的远端滑行接合墨条的表面。 Referring to FIGS. 12 and 13, when the ink sticks along the feed channel 28D 161 advances in the feeding direction, the feed channel counting mechanism 160 refers to the distal end of the fingers 162 engage the sliding surface of the ink strip. 当墨条传感元件150经过该指状物162的远端或末梢时,该指状物进入该传感元件,并且该计数机构的指状物162和臂164围绕枢轴点165旋转,导致光传感器170检测到又一个墨条在经过该计数机构, 在所示特定示例中,当指状物162的远端(末梢)接合墨条的原始表面时,标记166阻挡光传感器170的光束(困12)。 When the ink sticks through the sensing element 150 or the distal end of the finger-like tip 162, the finger enters the sensing element, and refers to the counter mechanism 162 and the fingers 164,165 rotating arm about the pivot point, resulting in the optical sensor 170 detects the ink and a counter mechanism through the strip, in the specific example illustrated, the fingers 162 when the distal end (tip) of the strip engaging the original surface of the ink, marking beam 166 blocks the light sensor 170 ( sleepy 12). 当传感元件150经过该墨水通道计数机构时,指状物162的末梢进入该凹进的墨条传感元件150,导致臂164以顺时针方向旋转,相应地导致标记166从光传感器170移除(图13)。 When the sensing element 150 passes the ink channel counting mechanism, the tip of the finger 162 enters the recessed ink sticks 150 of the sensing element, resulting in the arm 164 rotates in a clockwise direction, resulting in a corresponding mark 166 shifted from the optical sensor 170 In addition (Figure 13). 随着标记166从光传感器移除,来自光源172 的光束被光检测器174检测到。 As the marker 166 is removed from the light sensor, the light beam from the light source 172 is detected by the optical detector 174. 对于该继续沿供给通道移动的墨条, 指状物162离开该传感元件并且返回到与墨条表面相邻的位置,导致臂164以逆时针方向旋转,从而使得标记166再次进入该光传感器, 断开该光束。 For the continued movement of the ink sticks along the feed channel, the finger 162 leaves the sensing element and returns to the bar adjacent the ink surface position, to cause the arm 164 rotates counterclockwise so that the flag 166 again enters the photosensor disconnect the beam. 由光源172发出的光不能到达光检测器174。 Light does not reach the light detector from the light source 172,174. 计数器180 通过电路板182连接到光传感器170。 Counter 180 is connected to the light sensor 170 through the circuit board 182. 该计数器保存关于该光传感器检测到该臂被移动的次数的计数以指示又一个墨条经过该计数器。 The counter is stored on the optical sensor detects the count of the number of the arm is moved to indicate another ink sticks through the counter. 计数器180还可以是电子打印机控制器70的一部分(图6)。 Counter 180 may also be part (FIG. 6) of the electronic printer controller 70.

替代地,传感元件150可以是从墨条正面的突起。 Alternatively, the sensing element 150 may be a protrusion from the ink positive. 在其他替代情况中,该传感特征可以形成为墨条外表面而不是顶面上的凹陷或突起. 在示例中,滚筒(未示出)可以被安装在指状物162末端以减少指状物162和墨条表面之间的摩擦。 In other alternative cases, the sensing feature may be formed in an outer surface of the ink sticks rather than the top surface of depressions or protrusions. In an example, a drum (not shown) may be mounted on the end of the fingers 162 to reduce the fingers friction between the object 162 and the ink surface of the strip. 指状物162的末梢U够大的,并且 U tip finger 162 is large enough, and

相邻墨条之间的间隙保持足够小,从而使得当该指状物经过相邻墨条之间的间隙时,臂164不能充分旋转以触发光传感器170。 A gap between adjacent ink sticks kept small enough so that when the finger passes over the gap between adjacent ink sticks, the arm 164 can not rotate sufficiently to trigger an optical sensor 170. 然而,在其他实施例中,墨条可以这样形成,通过允许臂164充分旋转以触发该光传感器检测器,从而使得相邻墨条之间的间隙执行传感元件150的功能。 However, in other embodiments, the ink sticks may be formed by allowing the arm 164 to rotate sufficiently to trigger the optical sensor detector, so that the gap between the sensing element performs ink sticks 150 of the adjacent function. 本领域技术人员也将理解,光传感器170和标记166可以被配置成使得标记166通常在光传感器之外,从而使得来自光源172的光束正常完成到该光检测器的路径.响应于墨条传感元件的经过的、臂164 Those skilled in the art will also appreciate that the optical sensor 170 and the marker 166 may be configured such that the marker 166 is generally out of the optical sensor, the light beam from the light source 172 so that the normal completion of the path to the light detector response to transfer ink sticks after sensing element, the arm 164

的运动导致标记166断开该光束。 The movement causes the flag 166 breaks the light beam.

图14-17示出了一个实施例,其中墨条供给通道计数器检测在墨 14-17 shows an embodiment in which the ink sticks in the ink feed channel counter detects

条底部形成的传感元件,特别地是在墨条底面的引导元件中形成的传感元件。 A sensing element formed in the bottom strip, in particular a sensing element formed in the bottom surface of the guide element in the ink sticks. 围18示出了与图14 - 17的墨条供给通道计数器配合使用的示例性墨条。 18 shows a confining Figure 14 - an exemplary ink sticks of the ink supply channel counter 17 is used in conjunction strip.

17图18所示的墨条与图9所示的墨条实质上相同,除了形成在墨条引导元件66上的传感元件150。 Ink sticks and ink sticks shown in FIG. 9 is substantially the same as shown in Figure 17 18, in addition to the sensing element 150 is formed on the guide member 66 in the ink sticks. 墨水通道计数机构160包括具有指状物162的可移动一体计数器臂,其远端滑行接合墨条的一部分,例如突起引导元件66。 The ink channel counting mechanism 160 includes a movable arm having a finger integral counter 162, a distal end portion of the sliding engagement of the ink strip, the guide element 66 such as a protrusion. 当指状物162接触到在墨条上形成的墨条传感元件150时,计数器臂160围绕固定枢轴点165旋转,传感器例如光传感器170检测该传感器臂的运动并且向计数器180发送信号。 When the ink sensing element strip contacting the finger 162 formed on the ink sticks 150, the counter arm 160 rotating about a fixed pivot point 165, such as an optical sensor of the sensor arm sensor 170 detects the motion and sends a signal to the counter 180. 在一个示例中,通过偏置结构例如弹簧偏置该传感器臂,以相对于供给通道中的墨条体而推进指状物162。 In one example, the sensor arm is spring-biased by a biasing structure, for example, with respect to an ink supplying passage article propelling the fingers 162. 当指状物162接合引导元件66时,计数器臂160围绕柩轴点165旋转到笫一位置,从而将标记166移出光传感器170的光束路径。 When the finger 162 engages the guide element 66, the counter arm 160 to rotate about pivot point 165 to the bier Zi position, so as to mark the sensor 166 out of the optical path of the light beam 170. 墨条传感元件150形成为墨条引导元件66中的凹陷(见图18),从而当指状物66接触到墨条传感元件150时,该臂旋转到笫二位置,其中该标记部分166进入该光传感器并且断开光传感器170的光束。 Article 150 of the ink sensing element is formed as a guide recess ink sticks (see FIG. 18) in member 66, so that when the finger 66 contacts the ink sticks sensor element 150, the arm is rotated to the second position Zi, wherein the tag part 166 enters the optical sensor and light beam sensor 170 is turned off.

虽然墨条传感元件150被显示为位于墨条的一端,但是该墨条传感元件也可以形成在引导元件66的任何部分上。 Although the ink sticks sensor element 150 is shown at one end of the ink sticks, but the ink sticks sensing element may be formed on any portion of the guide member 66. 此外,该传感元件可以形成在墨条底部外表面的不同部分上,或者墨条的另一外表面上。 In addition, the sensor element may be formed on different portions of the outer surface of the bottom of the ink sticks, the outer surface of the ink or other article. 在替代配置中,该墨条传感元件可以是从墨条外表面的突起。 In an alternative configuration, the sensing elements may be ink projecting strip from the outer surface of the ink sticks. 在示例中, 供给通道计数器被这样设置,以使其在墨条的前端外表面最初接触熔融板时检测墨条的墨条传感特征。 In an example, the feed channel counter is set such that it detects a sensing feature ink sticks ink sticks in the outer surface of the front end of the ink initially contacted molten strip plate.

可以使用直接光学传感器来检测墨条传感元件150.在一个示例中,光源指引光束穿过墨条引导元件66的,。 Direct optical sensor can be used to detect the ink sticks sensor element 150. In one example, a light source directing light beams through the ink guiding member 66 bar. 该墨条引导元件通常阻挡该光束,从而使得位于该墨条引导元件路径的相对側的光检测器不能检测到该光束。 The ink sticks guide element generally blocks the light beam, the light detector so that the opposite side of the guide element of the ink sticks can not detect the path of the beam. 当墨条传感元件150经过该光源时,墨条传感元件150的缺少经过该光源,墨条引导元件的缺少使得该光束能够到达该检测器。 When the ink sticks through the light sensing element 150, the sensing element is missing ink sticks through the light source 150, such that the lack of ink sticks beam directing element capable of reaching the detector.

参照困16,墨条供给通遺计数器也能够检测供给通道中的墨条供给接近耗尽的时刻。 Referring trapped 16, the ink supply section can be detected through the counter left ink feed channel strip feed timing near depletion. 墨条跟踪器,例如供给通道的推进块34D,包括其轮廓被构造成至少部分接合墨条供给通道中的低导轨40D的引导跟踪器或扫描元件176。 Tracker ink sticks, such as the propulsion supply passage block 34D, is configured to include a contour which at least partially engage the ink sticks in the feed channel guide rail low or trace scanning element 40D 176. 在一种配置中,位于该推进块前部的凹陷或检测部分178不接合该低导轨,使得与当具有墨条传感元件150的墨条后跟具有墨条引导元件66的另一墨条时相比,将该计数机构的指状物162 保持在第二位置更长的时间长度。 In one configuration, the recess is located in the front portion of the pusher block 178 or the detection section does not engage the lower guide rail, so that the ink sticks having ink sticks when the sensing element 150 is followed by another ink having an ink guiding member Article Article 66 compared to the count finger mechanism 162 in a second position a longer length of time. 使用关于墨条被熔融时指状物162被预期维持在其第二位置的预期时长的信息对计数器180进行编程。 Use on fingers when article 162 is melted ink is expected to remain at its second position when the expected length of the counter 180 for programming information. 激活的预期墨^熔融率的信息进行估计。 Activation information expected ink melt rate estimate ^. 、 "- 、 "-,

图n示出了一种示例性墨条计数器的另一实施方式,具有指示该打印机接近其所装栽的固体墨条供给尽头的功能。 FIG n shows another embodiment of an exemplary ink sticks counter, indicating that the printer has a nearly solid ink sticks planted it means the end of the supply function. 当最后的墨条末端 When the final end of the ink sticks

经过指状物162的远端时,计数器臂160移动到第三位置。 After the distal end of the fingers 162, the counter arm 160 moves to the third position. 在一个示例中,从第二位置进一步逆时针旋转该第三位置。 In one example, is further rotated counterclockwise from the second position to the third position. 第二传感器检测该计数器臂160位于其第三位置。 A second sensor for detecting the counter arm 160 is in its third position. 在一个示例中,当该计数器臂位于其第三位置时第二光传感器177检测标记166,其中这样设置以使得该标记断开该笫二光传感器的光束。 In one example, when the counter arm is in its third position of the second optical sensor 177 detects flag 166, wherein such mark-off arranged such that the second optical beam sensor Zi. 该计数器被这样设置,以使其在墨条的前边缘或尖端接触到墨水供给通道的熔融板时检测该"低墨水"条件,保留预定数量的完整墨条在该特定墨水供给通道中。 Detecting a "low ink" condition when the counter is arranged so as to make the leading edge or tip contacts the ink sticks melt plate of the ink supply passage, a predetermined number of complete retention of that particular ink in the ink supply channel. 如果打印机控制器已经确定了当前的平均墨滴大小,则打印机控制器能够计算在墨水供给完全耗尽之前能够喷射的墨滴数量, If the printer controller has determined the current average ink drop size, the printer controller is able to calculate the number of ink drops in the ink supply prior to injection can be fully depleted,

使用具有指示打印机接近其所装载的固体墨条供给尽头的功能的墨条计数器使得该打印机可以辨别哪一种墨水颜色具有较低供给,从而实质上不需要其他部件.现有的打印机已经可以辨别至少一个墨水供给通道具有低墨水供给的时刻,但是不能辨别哪一个墨水供给通道具有该低供给。 Ink sticks having a counter indicating the printer solid ink sticks near the feed end of its loaded function so that the printer can recognize what kind of ink color has a low supply, so that substantially no additional components. Already existing printer can be identified at least one ink feed channel having a low ink supply in time, but can not identify which one of the ink supply passage having a low supply.

用于当墨条被熔融板32A、 32B、 32C、 32D熔融时计数墨条的、替代的墨条计数机构包括,熔融板的温度測量热敏元件和该墨条的横截面面积的改变,该热敏元件检测当该改变的横截面形状接触到该熔融板时该熔融板上的温度变化。 When the ink sticks are melted to the plate 32A, 32B, 32C, the count of ink sticks, ink sticks alternative counter mechanism 32D includes melting, the melt temperature of the plate was measured changing cross sectional area of ​​the sensing element and the ink sticks, which the melting temperature sensitive element when the detection plate when the changed cross-sectional shape of the plate contacts the molten. 例如,墨条中的空隙或间隙导致墨条材料的更小面积接触到该熔融板,导致该熔融板上的温度升高。 For example, ink sticks voids or gaps resulting in a smaller area of ​​ink sticks to the molten material in contact with the plate, causing the temperature of the melt plate rises.

图19和20示出了一个示例,其中当墨条传感元件150接触到该熔融板时检测该熔融板上的温度变化,从而计数被熔融板熔融的墨条。 19 and 20 illustrate an example in which the detected temperature change of the melt plate when the sensor element 150 contacts the ink sticks to the melt plate to plate count melted ink sticks melt. 在一个示例中,温度传感器例如热敏元件210被附加到每个熔融板的一部分上,例如第四墨水供给通道28D的熔融板32D。 In one example, a temperature sensor, such as a thermal element 210 is attached to a portion of each melt plate, such as a fourth ink feed channel 28D of the melt plate 32D. 该热敏元件检测 The thermal detection element

熔融板上的温度,并且被连接以将该温度信息传输到电子控制模块例如打印机控制器70 (图6)。 Temperature of the melt plate, and is connected to the temperature information to the electronic control module, such as the printer controller 70 (FIG. 6). 在一种配置中,打印机以基本恒定的速率向熔融板供能以加热该熔融板。 In one configuration, the printer at a substantially constant rate of energy supplied to the melt plate to heat the melt plate. 该能量被转化以在连续基础上熔融该墨条。 The energy is converted to melt the ink sticks on a continuous basis. 每个墨条一部分的垂直于墨条供给方向的标定横截面面积是基本不变的,从而该熔融板的温度在熔融过程中保持相对不变。 Each vertical portion of the ink to the ink calibration strip feed direction of the cross-sectional area is substantially constant, so that the temperature of the melt plate remains relatively constant during the melting process. 该墨条 The ink sticks

包含传感元件150,改变该墨条横向于墨条传输方向的横截面面积,其在该墨条被消耗的时间期间接触到该用于熔融的熔融板,如闺19所示。 Comprising a sensing element 150, changing the cross-sectional area of ​​the ink transversely to the direction of transmission of the ink sticks, the time during which the contact strip is consumed ink to the melt plate for melting, Gui 19 as shown. 当被熔融的墨水量改变时,输入到熔融板的恒定能量导致熔融板的温度变化.在一个示例中,传感元件150是墨条体中的凹陷或空隙,从而利用熔融板熔融墨水的减少量。 When the molten ink amount changes, the constant energy input to the melt plate causes the temperature of the melt plate changes. In one example, the sensing element 150 is an ink strip body depressions or voids, thereby reducing the melt plate using a molten ink the amount. 随着相对于熔融板的墨水的减少, 熔融板的温度升高。 With respect to the reduction in the ink melt plate, the temperature of the melt plate rises. 热敏元件210检测该改变的熔融板温度,并且将该信息传输到该电子控制模块.该电子控制模块分析来自该热敏元件的温度信息以确定该改变的温度是否指示墨条传感元件150的存在。 Thermosensitive element 210 detects the temperature of the melt plate changes, and transmits the information to the electronic control module. The electronic control module analyzes the temperature information from the sensitive element to determine whether the change is indicative of the temperature sensor element 150 ink sticks The presence. 该墨条传感元件足够大以使得该电子控制模块不会将该墨条某些地方可能出现的小间隙错误计数为墨条传感元件。 The ink sticks sensing element is large enough to cause the electronic module does not control the ink sticks small gaps that may occur in some parts of ink sticks error count sensor element. 墨条上具有该墨条传感元件的部分具有与该墨条远离墨条传感元件的部分的横截面面积实质上不同的橫截面面积。 The ink sticks having a portion of the ink sensing element having a cross sectional area of ​​the portion of the ink away from the article sensing element and the ink sticks are substantially different cross-sectional area. 在示例中,位于垂直于行进方向161的平面内的墨条在该传感元件处的横截面面积与其他部分的横截面面积相差至少20%,从而随着该墨条传感元件的凹进,在该墨条传感元件处的墨条部分的横截面面积少于该墨条其他部分的横截面面积的80%,并且可以是少于该墨条其他部分的橫截面面积的75 %或者甚至是66 % (2/3),最低到该其他横截面面积的大约50%。 In an example, positioned perpendicular to the traveling direction of the ink strip 161 in a plane cross-sectional area of ​​the sensing element at the other portions of the cross-sectional area by at least 20%, so that as the ink sticks recessed sensor element in the cross-sectional area of ​​the ink of the ink sticks of the strip portion at a sensing element is less than 80% of the cross-sectional area of ​​other portions of the ink sticks, and may be less than 75% cross-sectional area of ​​the other portions of the ink sticks or and even 66% (2/3), to which about 50% of the minimum cross-sectional area of ​​the other. 该墨条传感元件还具有在墨条供给方向上的尺寸。 The ink sticks sensing element also has a dimension in the feed direction of the ink sticks. 该供给方向尺寸是该供给方向的至少大约10%,并且可以拥有多达20% - 25%的该墨条供给方向尺寸。 The feed direction dimension is at least about 10% of the feed direction, and may have up to 20% --25% of the feed direction dimension of the ink sticks. 该可变横截面形状的墨条可以通过加压成型或压模成型技术形成。 The variable cross-sectional shape of the ink can be molded or compression molded article formed by pressing techniques.

在一个示例中,该电子控制模块记录一个熔融循环的峰值温度,并 In one example, the electronic control module records the peak temperature of a melting cycle, and

且将该峰值温度与多个在前温度读数的均值和标准差相比较。 And the peak temperature is compared with a plurality of mean and standard deviation of the preceding temperature readings. 例如, 可以将该记录的峰值温度与在前10个温度读数的均值相比较。 For example, the recorded peak temperature compared with the average of the preceding ten temperature readings. 如果该比较显示当前记录的峰值温度比在前温度读数均值超出了一个显著差数,则该电子控制模块记录检测到墨条传感元件150,并且计数追加一个墨条被熔融。 If the comparison shows that the current recorded peak temperature than the previous temperature reading exceeds the average of a significant difference in the number, the electronic control module records the detected ink sticks sensor element 150, and counts an additional ink sticks are melted. 例如,如果当前记录的温度读数比在前温度读数的均值超出了至少一个预定阈值量,则该电子控制模块会记录墨条计数, 在一个示例中,该阈值可以是在前温度读数的至少3个标准差。 For example, if the current recorded temperature reading exceeds the mean and the previous temperature reading of at least a predetermined threshold amount, the electronic control module records the ink sticks count, in one example, the threshold may be at least three previous temperature reading standard deviations.

在一些情况中,墨水供给通道中的墨水堵塞会阻止供给通道中的墨条到达熔融板。 In some cases, the ink supply passage prevents clogging of the ink feed channel ink sticks from reaching the melt plate. 在熔融板处缺少墨条会导致墨条的错误计数,如果该缺少被看作是存在墨条传感元件的话。 Article lack of ink causes an error count of ink sticks, if the lack of presence of ink sticks is regarded as the sensing element of the plate, then the melt. 因而,在一个实施例中,该电 Thus, in one embodiment, the electrical embodiment

20子控制模块测量该热敏元件检测到缺少墨条材料的时间。 Sub-control module 20 measures the heat sensitive element detects the lack of time the ink strip material. 如杲该时间大于与该传感特征预期长度相关的预定时间,则该电子控制模块不记录墨条的计数。 As the Gao than the predetermined time associated with the expected length of the sensing feature, the electronic control module does not record a count of ink sticks. 在这种情况下,该电子控制模块会发出警报显示(可视或可听的)给用户,警告用户可能的墨水堵塞,或者墨水供给通道中的墨条供给可能耗尽。 In this case, the electronic control module alarm display (visual or audible) to the user, the user may be warned of the clogged ink or ink sticks in the ink feed channel may be exhausted supply. 在这种示例中,该电子控制模块在温度测量指示存在墨水传感元件的时刻后的第二时刻测量温度。 In this example, the electronic control module indicative of the measured temperature a second time after the time at the presence of the ink sensing element temperature measurement. 如杲该第一和笫二温度测量之间的间隔超出了希望该墨水传感元件存在的时间,并且该温度测量指示该墨水传感元件仍然存在,则该电子控制模块不会增加墨条计数器,并且会发出被显示的警报。 Gao The spacing between the first and second temperature measurements exceeds Zi desirable that the ink sensing element present time, and the temperature measurement indicates that the ink sensing element is still present, the electronic control module does not increase the ink sticks counter and alerts are displayed. 该温度测量会指示墨条传感元件的连续存在,表现为该第二温度测量更接近于该第一温度测量而不是在前温度测量的均值,或者该笫二温度测量是在该在前温度测量均值周围的预定可变范围之外。 The continuous temperature measurement indicates the presence of ink sticks sensing element, a second temperature measurement for the performance closer to the first temperature measurement than the previous average of the measured temperature, or the undertaking of the second temperature measurements at the previous temperature measured variable outside a predetermined range around the mean.

该供给通道机构包括偏置机构,用于协助确保在墨条熔融时该墨条 The feed channel mechanism includes a biasing mechanism, to assist in ensuring the ink sticks in the molten ink sticks

不会改变它们在熔融板上的位置。 Do not change their positions in the melt plate. 墨条的这种移动会改变热敏元件210 所探测的温度,并从而干扰墨条传感元件的检测。 Such movement of the ink sticks will change the temperature detected by the thermosensitive element 210, and thus interfere with the detection of the ink sensing element strip. 在一个示例中,该熔融板被设置成一个角度以帮助确保墨条在熔融时不会沿熔融板的表面向上移动。 In one example, the melt plate is arranged at an angle to help ensure that the ink does not melt when the article is moved upward along the surface of the molten sheet. 该熔融板可以被设置成一个角度,以使得该熔融板的下端比该熔融板的上端位于墨条供给通道的更"下游"位置。 The melt plate may be disposed at an angle, so that the lower end of the melt plate is positioned in the ink supply passage than the upper end section of the melting plate further "downstream" position. 在一个示例中,熔融板可以相对于墨水供给通道的导轨成80- 85度的角,特别地为85度. In one example, the melt plate may be relative to the rail of the ink supply path into a 80-85 degree angle, particularly 85 degrees.

图21和22中示出了具有墨条传感元件空隙的其他示例性墨条。 FIGS 21 and 22 illustrate other exemplary ink sticks having ink sticks sensing element voids. 该墨条传感元件在墨条供给方向的长度设定了待检测温度变化信号的长度。 The ink sticks sensor element in the longitudinal direction of the ink supply section is set to a temperature change of the length of the signal to be detected. 该传感元件延伸穿过墨条的整体尺寸。 The sensing element extends through the overall size of the ink sticks. 在图22所示的示例性墨条中,墨条传感元件空隙150延伸穿过墨条体的上部,并且被定向为基本垂直于在墨水供给通道中行进的墨条的方向。 In the exemplary ink sticks shown in Figure 22, ink sticks sensing element void 150 extends through the upper portion of the ink sticks body and is oriented substantially perpendicular to the direction of travel of ink sticks in the ink supply passage. 该墨条传感元件空隙延伸到墨条的至少一个侧边,如图所示是延伸到墨条的两个侧边,从而使得在该热敏元件能够检测该空隙存在之前,熔融的墨水不会填充该传感元件空隙150。 The ink sticks of the ink sensing element void extends to at least one side of the strip, as shown in FIG extending to both sides of the ink sticks, so that prior to the heat-sensitive element capable of detecting the presence of the gap, the molten ink does not the sensor element fills the void 150. 基于本说明,本领域技术人员将会理解,该墨条可以包括扩大横截面的区域作为该墨条传感元件,这种扩大横截面的区域导致减少的熔融板温度,因为在熔融更多数量的墨水时会消耗更多的能量。 Based on this description, one skilled in the art will appreciate, ink sticks may include the enlarged cross-sectional area of ​​the ink sticks as a sensing element, such the expansion of the cross-sectional area results in a reduction of the melt plate temperature, as more number molten It will consume more energy when ink.

在图23所示的另一示例中,墨条熔融区域的温度通过嵌入在熔融板的熔融区域中的直接温度传感器222直接测量。 In another example shown in FIG. 23, the temperature of the molten ink sticks region directly measured by the direct temperature sensor is embedded in the molten zone melting plate 222. 在一个示例中,该直接温度传感器222是设置在该熔融板的一面上的第二热敏元件,该该熔融板的一面是定向为远离该接触到墨条的一面的面。 In one example, the direct temperature sensor 222 is disposed on one side of the second element of the thermal melting plate, which is on one side of the melt plate directed away from the contact with the side surface of ink sticks. 该第二热敏元件伸出穿过该熔融板,以使得当墨条被相对于熔融板32D按压和熔融时,该笫二热敏元件接触到该墨条和墨条传感元件. The second thermal member protrudes through the melt plate so that when the ink sticks are melted with respect to the pressing plate 32D and melted, the thermal element Zi two contact strips of the ink sticks and ink sensing element.

该电子控制模块最初将第二热敏元件加热到相对高的温度例如150 "C。在所示示例中,第二热敏元件被设置成检测熔融板的墨条熔融区域中的温度。当墨条材料熔融时,笫二热敏元件检测该墨水的熔融温度,其大约为1101C.在所示墨条中,墨条传感元件150是凹陷或空隙。 当该形成传感元件的空隙接触到第二热敏元件直接温度传感器222时, 该第二热敏元件的温度再次升高到相对高的温度150"C。 The electronic control module initially heated to a temperature of the second thermal-sensitive element a relatively high temperature, for example 150 "C. In the illustrated example, a second thermal elements are arranged to detect the ink sticks melt plates melt region. When the ink Article molten material, the thermosensitive element detects two Zi melting temperature of the ink, which is about 1101C. in the illustrated ink sticks, ink sticks sensing element 150 is a recess or void when the void is formed in contact with the sensor element second thermal element temperature sensor 222 directly, the temperature of the second thermal element is again raised to a relatively high temperature of 150 "C. 第二热敏元件 The second thermal-sensitive element

所检测的温度信息被沿着信号导线224传输到电子控制模块例如打印机控制器170。 The detected temperature information is transmitted to the electronic control module 224, for example, the printer controller 170 along the signal line. 笫一热敏元件210也被提供以检测与熔融板32D相关的其他温度信息。 Zi thermosensitive element 210 is also provided to the melt plate 32D detect other temperature related information. 该电子控制模块执行一个或多个分析算法以决定,即所辨识的温度变化实际上指示了墨条传感元件的存在,以证明增加墨条计数的正确些。 The electronic control module performs one or more analysis algorithms to determine, i.e., the identified temperature change actually indicates the presence of ink sticks sensing element to justify the added ink sticks counting more correctly. 该分析算法可以包括将所记录的温度与先前记录的温度相比较,以确定当前记录的温度是否与先前所记录温度的均值显著不同。 The algorithm may include analyzing the recorded temperature compared with temperatures previously recorded, to determine whether the current record of previously recorded temperatures mean temperatures are significantly different.

在某些实施例中,该墨条传感元件可以由墨条横截面的改变形成, 而不需要改变墨条的整体横截面面积。 In certain embodiments, the ink sticks sensing element can change the cross-section is formed by the ink strips, without changing the overall cross-sectional area of ​​the ink strip. 例如,图23所示热敏元件布置所使用的墨条可以利用设置成接触该直接温度传感器222的空隙形成。 For example, ink sticks shown in Figure 23 used in the thermosensitive element may be arranged by using the gap arranged to contact the direct temperature sensor 222 is formed. 但是,该墨条可以具有保持墨条整体橫截面面积的其他突起。 However, the ink sticks may have a cross-sectional area of ​​the ink holding strip integral other projections.

在其他实施例中,该直接温度传感器222可以被设置在熔融板上不被墨条体接触的区域.然后,该墨条传感元件可以形成为该墨条体上的突起,设置和配置成接触该直接温度传感器, In other embodiments, the direct temperature sensor 222 may be disposed in the region of the melt plate untouched ink strip body. Then, the ink sticks sensing element may be formed on the projection body for the ink sticks, arranged and configured to directly contacting the temperature sensor,

通过在每个墨条中包括其他墨条传感元件并且适当配置该墨条计数器,打印机可以更频繁地确定墨水消耗。 By including additional ink sticks sensing elements in each ink bar and appropriately configuring the ink sticks counter, the printer can determine ink consumption more frequently. 在墨条供给通道中使用的墨条可以在每个墨条上包括多个墨条传感元件。 Ink sticks used in the ink supply section may include a plurality of ink passage strip sensing elements on each ink bar. 该多个墨条传感元件被这样布置,以使得该墨条沿供给通道在供给方向上移动,在该计数器的重复事件之间的时间内,质量基本相同的墨条材料经过供给通道中计数器所在的点。 The plurality of ink sticks sensing elements are located so as to cause the ink sticks move in the feed direction of the feed channel, during the time between repeated events of the counter, substantially the same quality of the strip material through the ink supply passage counter point is located.

参照图24所示的示例,该机械计数机构与图11-13所示的相同。 Referring to the example shown in FIG. 24, the same as in the mechanical counting mechanism 11-13 in FIG. 每个墨条包括在墨条外表面上的多个墨条传感元件150。 Each strip includes a plurality of ink sticks of the ink sensing element of the ink sticks 150 in the outer surface. 在一个特定示例中,每个墨条包括两个墨条传感元件,但是也可以包括其他数量的墨条传感元件'在另一个特定示例中,墨条传感元件150沿墨条体的供给方向均匀散布,以使得相等的墨条质量经过每个传感元件之间的墨条计数器。 In one particular example, each strip comprises two ink sticks of the ink sensing element, but may also include other numbers of ink sticks sensing elements' In another particular example, sensor element 150 ink sticks along an ink strip body spread evenly feeding direction, so that an equal mass of ink sticks through the ink sticks counter between each sensing element. 在另一示例中,该墨条传感元件被这样^:置在墨条上, 以使得最接近于一个墨条体尾端的传感元件150B和最接近于随后墨条前端的传感元件150A之间的墨条质量与单个墨条上的相邻传感元件之间的墨条质量相同。 In another example, the sensor element is such ink sticks ^: ink placed on the strip, so that the sensing element 150B closest to a trailing end of the strip body and the ink is closest to the front end of the ink sticks subsequent sensing element 150A the same ink sticks mass between the mass of the ink strip between adjacent sensing elements on a single ink sticks. 这种分布允许该墨条计数器被配置成使得每个被检测的墨条传感元件与对应于每个墨条上的传感元件数量的墨条片段相关联,从而允许该墨条计数器计数局部墨条。 This distribution allows the ink sticks counter is configured such that the number of ink sticks of each sensor element is detected on the sensing element corresponding to each ink bar strip segment associated with the ink, allowing the ink sticks counter topical ink sticks. 为达到此目的,相对于该行进供给通道161,第一或前端墨条传感元件150A相对更接近该墨条体的前端。 For this purpose, with respect to the traveling supply passage 161, a first or front end of ink sticks 150A relatively closer to the sensor element front end of the ink sticks body. 最后或尾端墨条传感元件150B更接近于墨条体的尾端, 比更年期墨条体的尾端与前端相对。 Finally, the trailing end or ink sticks sensing element 150B closer to the trailing end of the ink strip body opposite to the front end than the rear end of the ink menopause strip body. 从墨条体前端到前端墨条传感元件150A的前端距离191加上从尾端墨条传感元件150B到墨条体尾端的尾端距离193,与沿供给方向在相邻墨条传感元件之间的元件间距离195。 Article 191 plus the distance from the front end thereof to a front end of the ink from the front end 150A of the ink sticks from the end of the sensing element the sensing element 150B to the ink sticks ink sticks tail trailing end 193 thereof, adjacent to the ink supply direction sensing strip the inter-element distance 195 between the elements. 图24所示的示例包括在每个墨条上的两个墨条传感元件150。 The example shown in Figure 24 includes two ink sticks sensing elements 150 on each ink bar. 可以包括沿着供给方向的其他墨条传感元件150,每个与相邻的墨条传感元件相距该元件间距195,每个墨条传感元件沿着供给方向161也具有相同尺寸。 It may include additional ink sticks along the feed direction of the sensor element 150, each of the adjacent ink sticks of the element spacing distance of the sensing elements 195, each of the ink sticks along the feed direction of the sensor element 161 have the same size.

该局部墨条计数器辨识预定质量的墨水经过该计数器的时刻.在一些应用中,该墨条的质量沿着墨条长度可以不是恒定的.在这种应用中,该墨条传感元件沿着墨条长度分布以使得该计数器臂的连续运动之间的墨条质量是相同类型。 The partial ink sticks ink counter elapsed time identifying the predetermined mass of the counter. In some applications, the mass of the ink sticks along the length of the bar ink may not be constant. In this application, the ink sticks along an ink sensing element section length distribution such that the mass of the ink strip between the continuous movement of the counter arm of the same type. 例如,如果该墨条具有可变的横截面面积(从而具有可变的每单元长度的质量),或者变化的该墨条材料密度, 那么在连续墨条传感元件的前端边缘之间的墨条质量可以是相同的, 但是这些边缘之间的纵向距离不同。 For example, the ink sticks if the ink density of the material strip has a variable cross-sectional area (per unit mass and thus have a variable length), or changes in, the front end edge of the ink between the ink strip continuous sensing element Article quality may be the same, but different distances between the longitudinal edges.

局部或片段墨条计数使得打印机可以执行图8所示的校准过程而不需要等待完整的墨条被消耗。 Count partial ink sticks or fragment thereof may be performed so that the printer calibration process shown in FIG. 8 without the need to wait for complete article ink is consumed. 此外,这种片段墨条计数改善了打印机获得不寻常事件之间的墨条计数的性能,例如喷嘴清洗或其他打印头维护工作。 Further, such fragments printer ink sticks count improved performance obtained ink sticks counted between unusual events, such as nozzle purging or other printhead maintenance work.

图25示出了配置成计数片段墨条的图14-17所示的墨条计数机构。 FIG 25 shows ink sticks counter mechanism 14-17 shown in segment configured to count the ink sticks of FIG. 该墨条计数机构使用具有多个墨条传感元件150的墨条。 The counter mechanism using ink sticks having a plurality of ink sticks ink sticks 150 of the sensing element. 在一个示例中,传感元件1S0沿着墨条引导元件66均匀分布,在另一示例中, 该传感元件之间的间距分布在供给方向161上,以使得在供给通道中相邻墨条上的传感元件间的间距与单个墨条上的传感元件间的间距相同。 In one example, the sensing element 1S0 ink sticks along the guide member 66 uniformly distributed, in another example, the spacing between the sensing elements distributed in the feeding direction 161, such that adjacent ink sticks in the feed channel the same pitch spacing between the sensing element on the individual strips between the ink sensing element. 这种分布允许该打印机被配置成使得每个被检测墨条传感元件与对应于每个墨条上传感元件数量的墨条片段相关联。 This distribution allows the printer is configured such that each sensor element is detected and uploads ink sticks sensing element number of ink sticks associated with the segment corresponding to each ink sticks. 在图25所示的特定示例中,在墨条体的一端特別地为尾端,形成一个传感元件。 In the particular example shown in Figure 25, ink sticks at one end thereof in particular for the trailing end, forming a sensing element. 在本示例中,从尾端墨条传感元件150B到墨条尾端没有尾端距离。 In the present example, the trailing end of the ink from the article sensing element 150B to the trailing end of the ink does not strip from the trailing end. 从墨条前端到前端墨条传感元件150A的前端距离191与相邻墨条传感元件之间的元件间距离195相同。 Ink sticks from the front end 195 to the same as the distance between the element 191 and the adjacent ink sticks sensing element distal from the sensor element front end 150A of ink sticks. 每个墨条传感元件在供给方向上具有相同距离197,以使得墨条在供给方向上移动时,传感元件150前端i^之间的墨条质量相同。 Each ink sticks sensor element 197 having the same distance in the feeding direction, so that when moved in the feeding direction, the same mass of the ink strip between the sensing element 150 distal i ^ ink sticks. 图26示出了在图25所示系统中使用的墨条, FIG 26 shows ink sticks for use in the system shown in FIG. 25,

根据本说明,本领域技术人员将会认识到,可以在墨条前端形成前端墨条传感元件,具有在尾端墨条传感元件和墨条尾端之间的尾端距离。 According to the present description, one skilled in the art will recognize, may be formed in the front end of the ink in the ink sensing element distal section bar, having a tail section between the trailing end of the ink sensing element and the trailing end of the ink sticks distance. 本领域技术人员还将认识到,可以在墨条的前端和尾端形成前端和第二墨条传感元件,从而使得计数器将一个墨条的尾端传感元件和 Those skilled in the art will also recognize that the leading end may be formed and a second ink sensing element strip leading and trailing ends of the ink sticks so that ink sticks counter to a sensing element and the trailing end

随后墨条的前端或第一传感元件的组合辨识为单个传感元件。 Then a combination of the leading or first sensing element of the ink sticks identified as individual sensor elements. 在一个实施例中,每个前端和尾端墨条传感元件在供给方向上具有位于墨条中间的墨条传感元件尺寸的一半尺寸。 In one embodiment, each of the leading and trailing ink sticks having half the size of the sensing element the sensing element is sized ink sticks located in the middle of the ink sticks in the feed direction.

图27示出了适用于供给系统的具有多个传感元件的墨条,其中当 27 shows ink sticks having a plurality of sensor elements applied to the supply system, wherein when

该墨条传感元件接触到熔融板时检测该熔融板上的温度变化,该供给系统例如图19-20和23中所示的系统。 The ink detection sensor strip contact element to the temperature change of the molten melting plate board system shown in FIGS. 19-20 and 23, for example, the supply system. 在示例中,在每个墨条传感元件相应边缘之间的墨条质量是相同的。 In an example, the sensing element corresponding to each ink bar mass of the ink strip between the edges is the same.

打印机中的墨条可以是由用户、系统管理员或服务技术人员相对于在每个墨条上出现的墨条传感元件数量进行配置的.这种可配置性允许该打印机可以被调节以接纳不同的墨条。 The ink sticks may be a printer with a user, system administrator or service technician to configure the number of ink sticks sensing elements that appear on each ink bar. This configurability allows the printer can be adjusted to receive different ink sticks. 这种可配置性可以通过前面板显示屏16上的指令和按钮18的组合,或者通过安装在相关联计算机上的打印机驱动器来提供。 Such configurability can be combined instruction display screen 18 and buttons on the front panel 16, or provided by a printer driver installed on an associated computer.

在一种响应于墨水喷嘴激励信号而从打印头墨水喷嘴喷射墨滴的喷墨打印机中, 一种调节墨滴大小的方法,该方法包括:向打印头墨水 The method of the ink jet printer one responsive to the excitation signal ink nozzle ejects ink droplets from the printhead ink nozzles in a droplet size adjustment, the method comprising: the ink to the print head

喷嘴发送第一墨水喷嘴激励信号;确定在特定时间周期内经过打印机中预定点的墨水量;确定在该特定时间周期内从该打印机墨水喷嘴喷射的墨滴数量;根据在该特定时间周期内经过该打印机中预定点的墨水量和所喷射的墨滴数量确定每个墨滴的确定大小;其中该墨水作为实质为固体墨水的离散墨条而经过该打印机中的预定点,每个墨条具有预定质量;并且其中确定在该特定时间周期内经过该打印机中的预定点的墨水量包括,计数经过该打印机中预定点的墨条数量。 Transmitting a first ink nozzle nozzle excitation signal; determining the amount of ink in the printer through a predetermined point within a specified period of time; determining the number of ink drops within a certain time period from the printer ink ejection nozzles; according to the elapsed time period in the specific point a predetermined amount of ink and the number of ink drops ejected determined size of each ink droplet is determined in the printer; wherein the ink passes the predetermined point as the spirit of the printer as discrete ink sticks of solid ink, each ink sticks having a predetermined mass; and wherein determining the amount of ink passes the predetermined point in the printer comprises in the specific period of time, counting the number of ink sticks through a predetermined point in the printer.

计数经过该打印机中预定点的墨条数量包括,计数经过该打印机中预定点的墨条片段. After counting the number of ink sticks predetermined point in the printer comprises counting ink sticks through the segment a predetermined point in the printer.

Claims (22)

1.在一种响应于墨水喷嘴激励信号而从打印头墨水喷嘴喷射墨滴的喷墨打印机中,一种调节墨滴大小的方法,该方法包括: 向该打印头墨水喷嘴发送第一墨水喷嘴激励信号; 确定在特定时间周期内流经打印机中预定点的墨水量; 确定在该特定时间周期内从该打印头墨水喷嘴喷射的墨水滴数; 根据在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中预定点的墨水量和所喷射的墨滴数量确定每个墨滴的确定大小; 确定每个墨滴的确定大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准;和如果每个墨滴的确定大小不符合预定的墨滴大小标准,则向该打印头墨水喷嘴发送第二墨水喷嘴激励信号,其中该第二墨水喷嘴激励信号与第一墨水喷嘴激励信号不同。 1. In a method of the excitation signal in response to the ink in the ink nozzle ejects ink droplets from the print head nozzles of inkjet printers, an adjustment of the droplet size, the method comprising: sending to the printhead ink nozzles first ink nozzle excitation signal; determining the amount of ink flowing through the printer in a predetermined point within a specified period of time; determined in the specific time period of the ink from the print head nozzles of ink drops ejected; the flows in the specific period of time in the printer a predetermined amount of ink dots ejected ink droplets and the amount determining the size of each droplet is determined; determining determines the size of each ink drop meets predetermined drop size criteria; and if it is determined size of each ink drop does not meet predetermined the drop size criteria, sending to the printhead ink nozzles second ink nozzle activation signal, wherein the second excitation signal with the first ink nozzle ink nozzles different excitation signals.
2. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中确定在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中预定点的墨水量包括:为在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中预定点的墨水测量质量, 2. The method according to claim l, wherein determining the amount of ink flowing through the predetermined point in the printer comprises in the specific period of time: for the ink flowing through the printer a predetermined quality measurement points within the specific time period,
3. 如权利要求2所述的方法,其中:该墨水作为实质为固体墨水的离散墨条而流经该打印机中的预定点,每个墨条具有预定质量;和测量在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中的预定点的墨水质量包括,计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条数量. 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein: the ink to flow through the substance as a predetermined point in the printer as discrete ink sticks of the solid ink, ink sticks each having a predetermined mass; and measuring the time period specified in passing through a predetermined point in the printer including ink quality, counting the number of ink sticks passing through a predetermined point in the printer.
4. 如权利要求3所述的方法,其中:确定每个墨滴的确定大小包括为每个墨滴确定确定质量;和确定每个墨滴的确定大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准包括,确定每个墨滴的确定质量是否符合预定的墨滴质量标准. 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein: determining comprises determining the size of each ink droplet is determined for each droplet is determined by mass; and the size of each ink droplet OK OK meets predetermined drop size criteria comprises, are you sure you determine the quality of each drop of ink droplet meets a predetermined quality standards.
5. 如权利要求3所述的方法,其中计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条数量包括计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条片段. 5. The method according to claim 3, wherein the counter flow through a predetermined point in the printer section includes a count number of ink flowing through the ink strip segment a predetermined point in the printer.
6. 如权利要求3所述的方法,其中:在该特定时间周期内从该打印头墨水喷嘴喷射的墨滴至少有一些是在打印搮作期间喷射的;确定在该特定时间周期内从该打印头墨水喷嘴喷射的墨滴数量包括确定在打印操作期间喷射的的墨滴数量;和确定每个墨滴的确定大小附加地包括对不在打印採作期间喷射的墨滴的补偿. 6. The method according to claim 3, wherein: in the specific period of time from ink nozzles of the print head ejecting ink droplets at least some of the ejected during printing as Li; determining from that in the specific period of time number of ink drops ejected printhead ink nozzles comprises determining a number of ink drops ejected during a printing operation; and a size of each ink droplet OK additionally include compensation for the printing period is not taken for the ejected ink droplets.
7. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中:在该特定时间周期内从该打印头墨水喷嘴喷射的墨滴至少有一些是在打印搮作期间喷射的;确定喷射的墨滴数量包括确定在打印採作期间喷射的的墨滴数量;和确定每个墨滴的确定大小附加地包括对不在打印搮作期间喷射的墨滴的补偿, 7. The method according to claim l, wherein: in the specific period of time from ink nozzles of the print head ejecting ink droplets at least some of Li for ejection during printing; determining a number of ink drops ejected comprises determining number of prints taken for droplet ejection period; and determining the size of each ink drop additionally comprises compensating determined not during the printing of ejected ink droplets as Li,
8. 如权利要求l所述的方法,其中:确定每个墨滴的确定大小包括确定每个墨滴的确定质量;和确定每个墨滴的确定大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准包括,确定每个墨滴的确定质量是否符合预定的墨滴质量标准, 8. The method according to claim l, wherein: determining comprises determining the size of each ink droplet of each droplet of determining the quality determination; and determining the size of each ink droplet determining meets predetermined drop size criteria comprises, OK quality of each drop of ink drop meets predetermined quality standards,
9. 如权利要求l所述的方法,附加地包括,如果每个墨滴的确定大小符合预定的墨滴大小标准,发送诶该打印头墨水啧嘴附加的笫一墨水喷嘴激励信号. 9. The method according to claim l, additionally comprising, if it is determined size of each ink drop meets predetermined drop size criteria, sending to the printhead ink eh Tut nozzles Zi ink nozzles additional excitation signal.
10. —种喷墨打印机,包括:具有多个喷墨喷嘴的喷墨打印头;墨水供给系统;其中该墨水供给系统被连接以向该喷墨打印头传输墨水; 墨水测量系统,用于确定在预定时间内流经该墨水供给系统的墨水量;多个墨滴喷射器,每个被连接以使得该喷墨喷嘴之一响应于喷嘴激励信号而选择性喷射墨滴;配置成生成喷嘴激励信号的激励控制器;墨滴计数器,用于确定在该预定时间内从该打印头的喷墨啧嘴喷射的墨滴数量;和控制模块;其中该控制模块被可操作地连接以从该墨滴计数器和墨水测重系统接收信息;其中该控制模块配置成,确定在该预定时间内从该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴的平均大小;其中该控制模块配置成,确定该确定的墨滴的平均大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准;和其中该控制模块配置成,如果该确定的墨滴的平均大小不符合预定的墨滴 10. - kind of the ink jet printer comprising: an inkjet printhead having a plurality of ink jet nozzles; an ink supply system; wherein the ink supply system is connected to the ink jet print head to transfer ink; an ink measuring system for determining the amount of ink flowing through the ink supply system within a predetermined time; a plurality of droplet ejection devices, each connected to one of said inkjet nozzle such that the nozzle in response to the excitation signal for selectively ejecting ink droplets; nozzle configured to generate excitation excitation control signal; ink drop counter for determining the predetermined time Tut number of ink drops ejected from the ink jet nozzles of the print head; and a control module; wherein the control module is operably coupled to the ink from drop counter and the ink receiving information weighing system; wherein the control module is configured to determine an average size within the predetermined time from the inkjet nozzles ejecting ink droplets; wherein the control module is configured to determine determines that the ink droplets the average size meets predetermined drop size criteria; and wherein the control module is configured to, if the average droplet size is determined does not meet the predetermined ink drop 小标准,则使得该激励控制器改变该喷嘴激励信号. Standard small, so that the controller changes the excitation signal excitation of the nozzle.
11. 如权利要求10所述的打印机,其中该激励控制器和该控制模块包括在单个打印机控制器中. 11. The printer according to claim 10, wherein the pump controller and the control module comprises a single printer controller.
12. 如权利要求10所述的打印机,其中: 该墨水供给系统配置成,接收实质为固体墨水的离散墨条;和该墨水测量系统包括用于计数流经该墨水供给系统的离散墨条数量的墨条计数器. 12. The printer according to claim 10, wherein: the ink supply system is configured to receive the substance as discrete ink sticks of the solid ink; and the ink measuring system comprises counting the number of discrete ink sticks passing through the ink supply system for ink bar counter.
13. 如权利要求12所述的打印机,其中:该墨条计数器计数在该预定时间流经该墨水供给系统的离散墨条数量;和该控制模块用每个实质上为固体墨水的墨条的预定质量进行配置;该控制模块配置成,根据在该预定时间内流经该墨水供给系统的离散墨条的计数数量和在该预定时间内从该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴的墨滴确定平均质量的计数数量进行确定;和该控制模块配置成,确定该墨滴的确定平均质量是否符合预定的墨滴质量标准. 13. The printer of claim 12, wherein: the counter counts the number of discrete ink sticks passing through the ink sticks of the ink supply system within the predetermined time; and a control module with each of the ink sticks of substantially solid ink quality predetermined configuration; the control module is configured to determine the average droplet from the nozzle of the ink jet ink droplets ejected in accordance with the count number of discrete ink sticks passing through the ink supply system within the predetermined time within the predetermined time and quality determination count number; and a control module configured to determine whether the determined average mass of the ink drops meets predetermined drop mass criteria.
14. 如权利要求13所述的打印机,其中该墨条计数器配置成,计数在该预定时间内流经该墨水供给系统的离散墨条片段的板量. 14. The printer according to claim 13, wherein the ink sticks counter configured to count the amount of flow through the plate in the ink supply system within the predetermined time segments of the discrete ink sticks.
15. 如权利要求10所述的打印机,其中:该墨水测量系统适合于确定该预定时间内流经该墨水供给系统的墨水的质量;该控制模块配置成,根据在该预定时间内流经该墨水供给系统的墨水质量和在该预定时间内从该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴的墨滴确定平均质量的计数数重进行确定;和该控制模块配置成,确定该墨滴的确定平均质量是否符合预定的墨滴质量标准, 15. The printer according to claim 10, wherein: the ink measuring system is adapted to determine the mass flow through the ink supply system of the ink within the predetermined time; the control module is configured to, according to the flows within the predetermined time an ink supply system and the mass of the ink droplet of the ink droplet within the predetermined time from the inkjet nozzle of the quality determination count number average weight was determined; and the control module is configured to determine the average mass of the ink drops to determine whether conform to a predetermined drop quality standards,
16. 如权利要求15所迷的打印机,其中:该打印机配置成,流经墨水供给系统的墨水的一部分在非打印搮作中消耗掉;和该控制模块配置成,对在该非打印搮作中消耗掉的墨水进行补偿. 16. The printer of claim 15 fans claim, wherein: the printer is arranged, a part of the ink flowing through the ink supply system is consumed in non-printing as Li; and the control module is configured to, on the non-printing as Li the ink consumed to compensate.
17. 如权利要求10所述的打印机,其中:该打印机配置成,流经墨水供给系统的墨水的一部分在非打印操作中消耗掉;和该控制模块配置成,对在该非打印搮作中消耗掉的墨水进行补偿. 17. The printer according to claim 10, wherein: the printer is arranged, a part of the ink flowing through the ink supply system is consumed in non-printing operation; and a control module configured to, on the non-printing as in Li ink is consumed to compensate.
18. —种用于喷墨打印机的控制器,其中墨水喷嘴激励信号选择性地促使喷墨喷嘴喷射墨滴,该控制器包括:信息输入,配置成接收表示在笫一预定时间周期内流经墨水供给系统的墨水量的墨水量信息,和用于接收表示在该笫一预定时间周期内由该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴数重的墨滴信息;计算元件,配置成计算在该第一预定时间周期内由该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴的计算平均大小,确定该计算平均墨滴大小是否符合预定的墨滴大小标准,和确定在该笫一预定时间周期内由该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴数量和该在第一预定时间周期内流经墨水供给系统的墨水量是否符合预定标准;补偿元件,配置成如果在该第一预定时间周期内由该喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴数量和该在第一预定时间周期内流经墨水供给系统的墨水量不符合该预定标准,則改变发送到该喷墨喷嘴以从喷墨打 18. - kind of controller for an inkjet printer, wherein the ink nozzles excitation signal selectively cause ink jet nozzles for ejecting ink drops, the controller comprising: an information input configured to receive a flowed for a predetermined period of time Zi the amount of ink in the ink supply system of the ink quantity information, and for receiving a multiplicity of ink droplets in the droplet information Zi a predetermined period of time by the ink jet ejection nozzle; calculating element configured to calculate the first calculating an average size of ink droplets ejected within a predetermined time period from the inkjet nozzle, the mean droplet size determines the computing meets predetermined drop size criteria, and is determined by the ejection of the ink jet nozzles in the undertaking of a predetermined period of time the number and amount of ink droplets of the ink supply system flows within a first predetermined period of time meets predetermined criteria; compensating element, if the number of ink drops arranged in a first predetermined period of time within which the nozzle of the inkjet and flows through the ink supply system in a period of time within a first predetermined amount of ink does not meet the predetermined criteria, then changing the transmission to the ink jet from the ink jet nozzles to play 印机的喷嘴喷射墨滴的墨水喷嘴激励信号. Printing ink droplets ejected from nozzles of the ink nozzle activation signal.
19. 如权利要求18所述的控制器,其中该计算元件附加地配置成, 为用于非打印目的的墨水进行补偿。 19. The controller according to claim 18, wherein the computing element is additionally configured to compensate for non-ink printing purposes.
20. 如权利要求19所述的控制器,其中:该信息输入配置成,接收包括实质上为回体墨条的计数的墨水量该计数元件配置成,使用墨条的计数和喷射墨滴的数量来计算由喷墨喷嘴喷射的墨滴的计算平均墨滴大小,和用预定的墨滴大小标准来比较该计算平均墨滴大小;和该补偿元件配置为,如果该计算平均墨滴大小不满足预定的墨滴大小标准,则使该墨水喷嘴激励信号改变. 20. The controller according to claim 19, wherein: the information input configured to receive a count of the amount of ink substantially strip back to the ink body element is configured to count, and the counting strips using the ink jet ink droplets calculate the number of ink droplets to calculate the average droplet size ejected from the inkjet nozzles, and compared with a predetermined drop size criteria which calculates the average droplet size; and the compensation element is configured to, if the average droplet size is not calculated meet predetermined drop size criteria, so that the excitation signal change ink nozzles.
21. 在一种响应于墨水喷嘴激励信号而从打印头墨水喷嘴喷射墨滴的喷墨打印机中, 一种调节墨滴大小的方法,该方法包括:向打印头墨水喷嘴发送第一墨水喷嘴激励信号;确定在特定时间周期内流经打印机中预定点的墨水量; 确定在该特定时间周期内从该打印头墨水喷嘴喷射的墨水滴数;根据在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中预定点的墨水量和所喷射的墨滴数量确定每个墨滴的确定大小;其中流经该打印机中预定点的墨水是实质上为固体墨水的离散墨条,每个墨条具有预定的质量;和其中确定在该特定时间周期内流经该打印机中预定点的墨水量包括计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条的数量. 21. In an excitation signal in response to the ink nozzles of the ink nozzle ejects ink droplets from the printhead ink jet printer, an adjusting droplet size, the method comprising: transmitting ink to the print head nozzles first ink nozzle excitation signal; determining the amount of ink flowing through the printer in a predetermined point within a specified period of time; determined in the specific time period of the ink drops ejected from ink nozzles of the print head; according to predetermined flow through the printer in the particular time period and the amount of ink dots ejected ink droplet amount determined size of each ink droplet is determined; wherein flowing the predetermined point in the printer's inks are discrete substantially solid ink sticks of the ink, ink sticks each having a predetermined mass; and wherein determining the flow through the predetermined point in the printer in the particular time period comprises counting the amount of ink passing through the printer ink sticks number of predetermined points.
22.如权利要求21所述的方法,其中计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条的数量包括计数流经该打印机中预定点的墨条的片段. 22. The method according to claim 21, wherein the count number of segments ink sticks of ink sticks passing through a predetermined point in the printer comprises counting flowing through the predetermined point in the printer.
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