CN100564831C - Gas turbine installation and assembly method thereof - Google Patents

Gas turbine installation and assembly method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100564831C
CN100564831C CNB2006101355529A CN200610135552A CN100564831C CN 100564831 C CN100564831 C CN 100564831C CN B2006101355529 A CNB2006101355529 A CN B2006101355529A CN 200610135552 A CN200610135552 A CN 200610135552A CN 100564831 C CN100564831 C CN 100564831C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fan assembly
gear
box
live axle
bearing
Prior art date
Application number
CNB2006101355529A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1952364A (en
Inventor
T·O·莫尼兹
R·J·奥尔兰多
Original Assignee
通用电气公司
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Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US11/253932 priority Critical
Priority to US11/253,932 priority patent/US7493753B2/en
Application filed by 通用电气公司 filed Critical 通用电气公司
Publication of CN1952364A publication Critical patent/CN1952364A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100564831C publication Critical patent/CN100564831C/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D25/00Component parts, details, or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, other groups
    • F01D25/18Lubricating arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D25/00Component parts, details, or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart from, other groups
    • F01D25/16Arrangement of bearings; Supporting or mounting bearings in casings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/06Arrangements of bearings; Lubricating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02KJET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02K3/00Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan
    • F02K3/02Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan in which part of the working fluid by-passes the turbine and combustion chamber
    • F02K3/04Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan in which part of the working fluid by-passes the turbine and combustion chamber the plant including ducted fans, i.e. fans with high volume, low pressure outputs, for augmenting the jet thrust, e.g. of double-flow type
    • F02K3/072Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan in which part of the working fluid by-passes the turbine and combustion chamber the plant including ducted fans, i.e. fans with high volume, low pressure outputs, for augmenting the jet thrust, e.g. of double-flow type with counter-rotating fan rotors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T50/00Aeronautics or air transport
    • Y02T50/60Efficient propulsion technologies, e.g. for aircraft

Abstract

Be convenient to assemble the method for gas turbine (10).This method comprises that connection can center on the low-pressure turbine of live axle (34) rotation to the fan assembly (16) of counterrotating, this fan assembly (16) comprises first fan assembly (50) and second fan assembly (52), wherein first fan assembly is in first direction (80) rotation, and second fan assembly rotates in opposite second direction (82).This method comprises that also connection is basically around the radial teeth roller box (100) of live axle, thereby make gear-box input (104) be connected on the low-pressure turbine, gear-box output (106) is connected on the fan assembly of counterrotating, thereby and makes gear-box be arranged on basically in the lubricating fluid storage tank (170) around gear-box.

Description

Gas turbine installation and assembly method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates generally to gas turbine, and relate in particular to gas turbine installation and assembly method thereof.
Background technique
At least some known gas turbines comprise anterior fan, center motor and power turbine.This center motor comprises at least one compressor, burner, high-pressure turbine and low-pressure turbine, and they combine with the serial flow relation.More specifically, compressor and high-pressure turbine pass through a combination with definition high pressure rotor device.Enter into the air of center motor and fuel mix and lighted to form the high energy air-flow.The high energy air flow stream is crossed high-pressure turbine, rotatably driving high-pressure turbine, thereby makes this rotatable Driven Compressor that is being coupling.
When air flow stream is crossed the low-pressure turbine that is arranged on high-pressure turbine the place ahead, this flow expansion.Low-pressure turbine comprises rotor arrangement, and this device has the fan that is connected on the live axle.Low-pressure turbine rotatably drives this fan by live axle.For the ease of increasing engine efficiency, at least one known gas turbine comprises the low-pressure turbine of counterrotating, and this low-pressure turbine is connected on the booster compressor of the fan of counterrotating and/or counterrotating.
Outer buttons rotating cylinder, rotating frame, middle part turbine frame and two concentric shafts all are installed in the gas turbine so that support the low-pressure turbine of counterrotating.The installation of above-mentioned parts can also make the fan assembly of winning be connected on first turbine and second fan assembly is connected on second turbine, thus make win the fan assembly and second fan assembly each respectively with the direction identical with second turbine rotation with first turbine.Therefore, total weight, design complexity and/or the manufacture cost of such motor have increased.
The invention summary
In one aspect, be provided for assembling the method for gas turbine.This method comprises that connection can be round the low-pressure turbine of live axle rotation to the fan assembly of counterrotating, the fan assembly of this counterrotating comprises first fan assembly and second fan assembly, and wherein first fan assembly rotates with opposite second direction with the first direction rotation and second fan assembly.This method comprises that also connection is basically around the epicyclic gearbox of live axle, thereby make the input of gear-box be connected on the low-pressure turbine and the output of gear-box is connected on the fan assembly of counterrotating, and make gear-box be arranged in the storage tank of lubricating fluid, this storage tank is basically around gear-box.
In yet another aspect, provide gas turbine installation.This gas turbine comprises low-pressure turbine, the fan assembly of counterrotating, the storage tank of epicyclic gearbox and lubricating fluid.The fan assembly of counterrotating comprises with first fan assembly of first direction rotation and second fan assembly that rotates with opposite second direction.Low-pressure turbine is connected on the fan assembly by live axle.Epicyclic gearbox comprises input and output.This gear-box input is connected on the low-pressure turbine, and the output of gear-box is connected on the fan assembly of counterrotating.The storage tank of lubricating fluid to small part is limited by live axle.Epicyclic gearbox is contained in the fluid tanks, thereby makes the storage tank of lubricating fluid basically around epicyclic gearbox.Described fuel wheel machine also comprises at least one thrust-bearing that is communicated with lubricating fluid storage tank fluid, and described at least one thrust-bearing is connected between low-pressure turbine and the gear-box.
Preferably, described second fan assembly is in the rear portion of described first fan assembly, and described lubricating fluid storage tank to small part is limited by described live axle and the supporting member that is connected on described second fan assembly.
Replacedly, described second fan assembly is in the rear portion of described first fan assembly, and described gear-box is connected around described live axle, and described gear-box does not comprise shell.
Replacedly, described gear-box also comprises first portion, second portion and is connected spline device between them that this spline device is convenient to axial move of described thrust bearing device with respect to described gear-box.
Replacedly, described lubricating fluid storage tank is kept apart the axial load of the fan assembly generation of described gear-box and described counterrotating.
Further, provide gas turbine installation.This engine device comprises the fan assembly of counterrotating, center motor, the storage tank of epicyclic gearbox and lubricating fluid.The fan assembly of this counterrotating comprises with first fan assembly of first direction rotation and second fan assembly that rotates with opposite second direction.The center motor is from the downstream of the fan assembly of counterrotating and be connected to by live axle on the fan assembly of counterrotating.Epicyclic gearbox is connected on the fan assembly of counterrotating.The storage tank of lubricating fluid is connected between the fan assembly of center motor and counterrotating.The storage tank of lubricating fluid to small part is limited by live axle.Gear-box is contained among the storage tank of lubricating fluid, thereby makes gear-box keep apart with the axial load that the fan assembly of counterrotating produces basically.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the viewgraph of cross-section of the turbine plant part of example;
Fig. 2 is the viewgraph of cross-section of amplification of the fan assembly part of counterrotating shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 3 is the viewgraph of cross-section of amplification of the fan assembly part of counterrotating shown in Figure 2; With
Fig. 4 is the viewgraph of cross-section of amplification of the fan assembly part of counterrotating shown in Figure 2.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the viewgraph of cross-section of turbine plant 10 parts with example of the longitudinal axis 11.In the embodiment of example, turbine plant 10 comprises the center gas turbine 12 that is limited by framework 13 usually.Low-pressure turbine 14 axially is connected to the rear portion of center gas turbine 12, and counter-rotatable fans device 16 axially is connected to the front portion of center gas turbine 12.
Center gas turbine 12 comprises shell 20, and it has defined annular center motor inlet 22.Shell 20 round low-pressure charging compressor 24 so that the pressure that increases air inlet to first stress level.In one embodiment, center gas turbine 12 is center C FM56 gas turbines, and it can obtain from the General Electric aeroengine company of Cincinnati, Ohio.
High pressure, multistage, axial flow compressor 26 receive air pressurized from booster compressor 24, and the pressure that further increases air is to the second higher stress level.High-pressure air is directed into firing chamber 28 and mixes mutually with fuel.Fuel-air mixture is lighted to promote the temperature and the energy level of forced air.The high energy products of combustion flow to first or high-pressure turbine 30 to be used for by first rotatable drive shaft, 32 Driven Compressor 26, flow into then second or low-pressure turbine 14 so that drive counter-rotatable fans device 16 and booster compressors 24, this second rotatable drive shaft 34 and 32 coaxial connections of first live axle by second rotatable drive shaft 34.After driving low-pressure turbine 14, products of combustion leaves turbine plant 10 so that the jet-propelled thrust of propelling to be provided by exhaust nozzle 36.
Counter-rotatable fans device 16 comprises first or anterior fan assembly 50 and second or the fan assembly 52 at rear portion, and they are configured around the longitudinal axis 11 rotations.It is the upstreams that axially are connected fan assembly 52 that term " anterior fan " and " fan at rear portion " are used herein to expression fan assembly 50.In one embodiment, fan assembly 50 and 52 is set at the front end of center gas turbine 12, as Figure 1-3.In an alternate embodiments, fan assembly 50 and 52 is arranged on the rear end of center gas turbine 12.Fan assembly 50 and 52 each comprise at least one row's rotor blade 60 and 62 respectively, and be arranged among the gondola 64.Rotor blade 60 is connected on the rotor disk 66 and rotor blade 62 is connected on the rotor disk 68.
In one embodiment, booster compressor 24 comprises many row's rotor blades 70, and these rotor blades 70 are connected on the corresponding rotor disk 72.Booster compressor 24 is arranged on the rear portion of inlet guide vane device 74 and is connected on the fan assembly 52 at rear portion, thereby makes booster compressor 24 be rotated with the rotating speed of fan assembly 52 rotating speeds that are substantially equal to the rear portion.Though being illustrated, booster compressor 24 only has three row's rotor blades 70, booster compressor 24 can have any suitable number and/or row's rotor blade 70, for example single rotor blade 70 or arrange rotor blade 70, they intersect mutually with many row's guide vanes 76 more.In one embodiment, inlet guide vane 76 is fixed or is connected to reliably on the pressurized machine housing 78.In an alternate embodiments, rotor blade 70 is rotatably connected on the rotor disk 72, thereby makes that inlet guide vane 76 is movably at the motor run duration, so that change the air quantity that is conducted through booster compressor 24.In another alternate embodiments, turbine plant 10 does not comprise booster compressor 24.
As shown in Figure 1, low-pressure turbine 14 is connected on the anterior fan assembly 50 by axle 34, makes anterior fan assembly 50 be rotated with first sense of rotation 80.The fan assembly 52 at rear portion is connected on live axle 34 and/or the low-pressure turbine 14, makes the fan assembly 52 at rear portion be rotated with the second opposite sense of rotation 82.
Fig. 2 is the schematic representation of counter-rotatable fans device 16 parts as shown in Figure 1.In one embodiment, first fan assembly 50 comprises the cone 84 that is provided with around the longitudinal axis 11.Cone 84 first or front end 86 is connected on the rotor disk 66 and second or rear end 88 be connected on the live axle 34, as shown in Figure 2.Second fan assembly 52 comprises the cone 90 of the coaxial setting of at least a portion along the longitudinal axis 11 around cone 84.Cone 90 first or front end 92 be connected on the rotor disk 68, and second or rear end 94 be connected in the output of gear-box 100 and/or be connected to by rolling bearing system on the rear end 88 of cone 84, as described in greater detail.
Fig. 3 is the schematic representation of fan assembly 16 parts of counterrotating as shown in Figure 2.In one embodiment, the fan assembly 16 of counterrotating also comprises gear-box 100, and it is connected between the fan assembly 52 at rear portion and the live axle 34 so that with the fan assembly 52 at the sense of rotation 82 rotation rear portions opposite with the direction 80 of fan assembly 50 rotations of front portion.Gear-box 100 has the general toroidal shape and is constructed to and is provided with around live axle 34, to extend around live axle 34 basically.As shown in Figure 3, gear-box 100 comprises supporting structure 102, is connected at least one gear 103, the input 104 among the supporting structure 102 and exports 106.
In one embodiment, gear-box has about 2.0 to 1 velocity ratio, thereby makes anterior fan assembly 50 be rotated with about 2 times rotating speed of the rotating speed of the fan assembly 52 at rear portion.In another embodiment, Qian Bu fan assembly 50 is to be rotated than the rotating speed between the rotating speed fast about 0.67 of the fan assembly 52 at rear portion and about 2.1 times.In this embodiment, anterior fan assembly 50 with greater than, the rotating speed that is equal to or less than fan assembly 52 rotating speeds at rear portion is rotated.
In one embodiment, the clutch shaft bearing device for example at the thrust bearing device 110 shown in Fig. 1-3, is provided with around the live axle 34 and/or the longitudinal axis 11.Thrust bearing device 110 can move in conjunction with and/or be installed between the framework 13 of live axle 34 and center gas turbine 12.Further referring to Fig. 3, in one embodiment, thrust bearing device 110 comprises the inner ring 111 that radially is provided with, and it is installed with respect to live axle 34.As shown in Figure 3, inner ring 111 is installed on the live axle extension 112, and this extension 112 is operably connected on the live axle 34, thereby makes inner ring 111 to be rotated around the longitudinal axis 11 with live axle 34.In a certain embodiments, live axle extension 112 splines are connected on the live axle 34.Inner ring 111 has the surface 113 of the inside groove 114 that defines thrust bearing device 110.The surface 113 that limits inside groove 114 has roughly arc profile.
Thrust-bearing 110 also comprises the outer ring 116 that radially is provided with, and it is fixedly connected on the framework 13.In one embodiment, outer ring 116 and/or framework 13 are used to transmit thrust loading and/or active force by counter-rotatable fans device 16 and/or booster compressor 24 development or generation, as following discussed in detail as ground.Outer ring 116 has surface 117, and it is relative with surface 113 usually, and this surface 117 has formed the water jacket 118 of thrust bearing device 110.The surface 117 that limits water jacket 118 has roughly arc profile.At least one roller element, for example a plurality of bearings 119 are arranged between inner ring 111 and the outer ring 116 movably.Each bearing 119 rolls with water jacket 118 with inside groove 114 and contacts, and rotates freely with respect to gear-box 100 to allow live axle 34.
Referring to Fig. 4, second bearing means, for example thrust bearing device 120, radially are provided with around the longitudinal axis 11.In one embodiment, thrust bearing device 120 can move in conjunction with and/or be installed in the fore-end (for example be in or near the front end 86 of cone 84) of first fan assembly 50 and the fore-end of second fan assembly 52 (for example be in or near the front end 92 of cone 90) between the two.In one embodiment, thrust-bearing 120 comprises the inner ring 122 that radially is provided with, and its outer surface with respect to cone 84 is installed.As shown in Figure 4, inner ring 122 is installed on the cone 84, thereby makes that the inner ring 122 and first fan assembly 50 are rotatable around the longitudinal axis 11.Inner ring 122 has surface 123, and it defines the inside groove 124 of thrust bearing device 110.The surface 123 that limits inside groove 124 has roughly arc profile.
Thrust bearing device 120 comprises the outer ring 126 that radially is provided with, and its internal surface with respect to cone 90 is installed.As shown in Figure 4, inner ring 122 is installed on the cone 90, thereby makes that outer ring 126 can be with second fan assembly 52 around the longitudinal axis 11 rotations.Outer ring 126 has surface 127, and it is relative with surface 123 usually, and this surface 127 has formed the water jacket 128 of thrust bearing device 120.The surface 127 that limits water jacket 128 has roughly arc profile.At least one roller element, for example a plurality of bearings 129 are arranged between inner ring 122 and the outer ring 126 movably.Each bearing 129 rolls with water jacket 128 with inside groove 124 and contacts, so that carry out the relative rotary motion of first fan assembly 50 and/or second fan assembly 52.
In one embodiment, thrust bearing device 110 and/or 120 helps to keep the fan assembly 50 of front portion and/or the fan assembly 52 at rear portion at relatively-stationary axial position.At the run duration of counter-rotatable fans device 16, the thrust loading and/or the active force that are produced by first fan assembly 50 directly are sent in first thrust bearing device 110 from first fan assembly 50.And, at run duration, the thrust loading and/or the active force that are produced by second fan assembly 52 and/or booster compressor 24 are sent to second thrust bearing device 120 from second fan assembly 52 and/or booster compressor 24, and are sent to first thrust-bearing 110 by live axle 34 from second thrust bearing device 120.As transmitting thrust loading and/or the active force result to thrust bearing device 110 and/or thrust bearing device 120, the thrust loading of the gear-box 100 by being operably connected to second fan assembly 52 and/or the transmission of active force can prevent or limit.In an alternate embodiments, known for those skilled in the art and bearing means any appropriate that can be guided out by the instruction that provides at this can be used in bearing means 110 and/or bearing means 120 or except they other uses.
In one embodiment, be in or near of the outer surface setting of 92 places, rear end, as shown in Figure 4 such as the bearing means of roller bearing device 130 around cone 90.Roller bearing device 130 is connected between framework 13 and the front end 92.In one embodiment, roller bearing device 130 combines with thrust bearing device 120 as the differential shaft bearing apparatus to support second fan assembly 52 and/or to transmit thrust loadings and/or active force to framework 13 from second fan assembly 52.In one embodiment, roller bearing device 130 comprises inner ring 132, and it is installed with respect to cone 90, as shown in Figure 4.Inner ring 132 is installed on the front end 92 of cone 90, thereby makes that inner ring 132 can be with second fan assembly 52 around the longitudinal axis 11 rotations.Inner ring 132 has the surface 133 of the inside groove 134 that limits roller bearing device 130.
Roller bearing device 130 comprises the outer ring 136 that can be fixedly attached on the framework 13.In one embodiment, outer ring 136 is permanently connected with respect to structural support 15 and/or framework 13.Structural support 15 and/or framework 13 are as the fan assembly 16 and/or booster compressor 24 development or the thrust loading that produces and/or the ground of active force that are used to transmit by counterrotating.Outer ring 136 has surface 137, and it is relative with surface 133 usually, and this surface 137 forms the water jacket 138 of roller bearing device 130.At least one roller element, for example a plurality of rollers 139 are arranged between inner ring 132 and the outer ring 136 movably.Each roller 139 rolls with water jacket 138 with inside groove 134 and contacts.
In one embodiment, such as the bearing means of roller bearing device 140 be in or near rear end 88 outside around the outer surface setting of cone 84, as shown in Figure 3.Roller bearing device 140 is connected between cone 84 and the cone 90.Roller bearing device 140 comprises the inner ring of installing with respect to rear end 88 142, as shown in Figure 2.Inner ring 142 is installed on the cone 84, thereby makes that inner ring 142 can be with first fan assembly 50 around the longitudinal axis 11 rotations.Inner ring 142 has the surface 143 of the inside groove 144 that limits roller bearing device 140.
Roller bearing device 140 comprises the outer ring 146 of installing with respect to the rear end 94 of cone 90, as shown in Figure 3.Outer ring 146 is installed on the cone 90, thereby makes that outer ring 146 can be with second fan assembly 52 around the longitudinal axis 11 rotations.Outer ring 146 has surface 147, and it is relative with surface 143 usually, and this surface 147 forms the water jacket 148 of roller bearing device 140.At least one roller element, for example a plurality of rollers 149 are arranged between inner ring 142 and the outer ring 146 movably.Each roller 149 rolls with water jacket 148 with inside groove 144 and contacts so that relative the rotatablely moving of cone 84 and/or cone 90.
In this embodiment, roller bearing device 130 and 140 is convenient to provide rotation to support to the fan assembly 52 at rear portion, thereby makes the fan assembly 52 at rear portion to rotate freely with respect to the fan assembly 50 of front portion.Therefore, roller bearing device 130 and 140 is convenient to keep the fan assembly 52 at rear portion among the fan assembly 16 of counterrotating with relatively-stationary radial position.In alternate embodiments, known for those skilled in the art and bearing means any appropriate that can be guided out by the instruction that provides at this can be used in bearing means 130 and/or bearing means 140 or except they other uses.
In one embodiment, gear-box 100 is connected on the fixing or static parts of gas turbine 10, for example on the framework 13 of center turbo machine 12, as shown in Figure 3.Gear-box input 104 is rotatably connected on second live axle 34 by live axle extension 112, and these live axle extension 112 splined are to live axle 34.Gear-box output 106 is rotatably connected on the fan assembly 52 at rear portion by export structure 160.The first end splined of export structure 160 to gear-box output 106 and second end of export structure 160 be connected to the rear portion fan on front axle 168 so that drive the fan assembly 52 at rear portion.
Referring to Fig. 3, in one embodiment, gas turbine installation 10 comprises and is used for the spline system 200 of mounting teeth roller box 100 to the fan assembly 16 of counterrotating.Gear-box 100 is fixed or is connected to reliably on the framework 13 of center gas turbine 12, for example at gear-box supporting structure 102 places.Spline system 200 keeps apart gear-box 100 and first fan assembly 50 and/or second fan assembly 52 to prevent or to limit thrust loading and/or the active force on the gear-box 100 of being applied to as counter-rotatable fans device 16 operation results.First fan assembly 50 is rotatably connected to input 104 places, thereby makes the fan assembly 50 of winning with the first direction rotation, and is represented as the rotation arrow 80 among Fig. 1.Second fan assembly 52 is rotatably connected to output 106 places, thereby makes second fan assembly 52 with the second direction rotation opposite with first direction, and is represented as the rotation arrow 82 among Fig. 1.
As shown in Figure 3, spline system 200 comprises a plurality of spline devices, and for example the spline device 202,204,206 and/or 208.In one embodiment, the first spline device 202 connects input 104 to live axle extension 112.Live axle extension 112 comprises first portion 210 and second portion 212, as shown in Figure 3.The first spline device 202 connect input 104 to first portion 210 and second splined section 204 (identical or similar) with the first spline device 202 connect first portion 210 to the second portion 212 rotatably to connect input 104 to live axle 34.And second spline device 204 be convenient to thrust bearing device 110 and move with respect to the axial of gear-box 100, promptly along or be parallel to the longitudinal axis 11 of turbine plant 10.
In one embodiment, spline device 204 comprises the parts that form a plurality of splines, and these splines are provided with around these parts.These parts that are connected on the second portion 212 of live axle extension 112 can be arranged in the chamber, this chamber is formed in the cooperation housing that is connected in the first portion 210, thereby make a plurality of spend strong be formed in this housing the engagement of the groove on week or interfere, to transmit torsional loads and/or active force from second portion 212 to the first portion 210 of live axle extension 112.And these parts are arranged among the cooperation housing so that these parts move in housing vertically, for example along or be parallel to the longitudinal axis 11, convenient like this second portion 212 moving axially with respect to first portion 210.
In a certain embodiments, each spline device 204,206 and 208 is identical or similar, as described at spline device 204.The 3rd spline device 206 engages output 106 slidably to export structure 160.The 3rd spline device 206 is convenient to the fan at rear portion to front axle 168 moving axially with respect to gear-box 100.In one embodiment, the 4th spline device 208 connects the second portion 212 of live axle extension 112 slidably to live axle 34.In running, spline device 202,204,206 and/or 208 only transmit reverse or torque load and/or active force to gear-box 100, thereby make gear-box 100 keep fixing basically position with respect to the framework of low-pressure turbine 14.
In one embodiment, live axle extension 112 and/or export structure 160 comprise at least one flexible arm of the radial deflection that compensates gear-box 100.In a certain embodiments, first portion 210 comprises inner radial 230, and inner radial 230 is connected in the input 104 and radially outer 232 by spline device 202, and this radially outer 232 is connected on the second portion 212 by spline device 204.First portion 210 is being in or contiguous inner 230 places have first thickness and are being in or contiguous outside 232 places have second thickness, and second thickness is less than first thickness.In this certain embodiments, the thickness of first portion 210 is 232 minimizings gradually from inner radial 230 to radially outer.When second thickness is selected such that the torsional load be scheduled to when first portion 210 and/or active force, first portion 230 will separate from second portion 232, and promptly first portion 210 will rupture.At the run duration of engine device 10, big relatively radial load and/or active force may be applied on the fan assembly 52 at rear portion.In order to compensate big relatively radial load and/or active force, and guarantee the motor operation that continues, first portion's fracture makes anterior fan assembly 50 continuous services in one embodiment, and the fan assembly 52 at rear portion moves with inertia simultaneously.
At run duration, when 34 rotations of second live axle, second live axle 34 causes importing 104 with 80 rotations of first sense of rotation, and it makes output 106 with the second opposite sense of rotation 82 subsequently.Because export structure 160 is connected on the fan assembly 52 at rear portion, live axle 34 causes the fan assembly 52 at rear portion to be rotated with relative second direction 82 by gear-box 100.In one embodiment, gear-box 100 is positioned within the storage tank 170, and this storage tank 170 to small part is limited between export structure 160 and the part structural support 15, and this part structural support 15 is configured the fan assembly 52 that supports the rear portion.At run duration, gear-box 100 is partially immersed among the lubricating fluid that is included in the storage tank 170 at least, with at motor run duration continuous lubrication gear-box 100.
More specifically, storage tank 170 has the inner radial border that is limited by cone 84, the axial front boundary that limits by bearing means 130, the radially outer border that limits by supporting structure 15, and by structure 13, high speed compressor 26 and the axle 34 axial rear boundary that limit.
When gas turbine 10 rotations, because centrifugal force lubricant oil is forced to radially outward.This oil is directed into bearing means 110,120, and 130 and 140 with lubricating bearings.And, lubricating fluid be directed around and by gear-box 100 so that lubricated various gears and the bearing that is connected in the gear-box.More specifically, gear-box 100 does not comprise shell, thereby makes the lubricating fluid that is inducted into storage tank 170 flow through gear and the bearing that exposes in gear-box 100.
After gear-box 100 and bearing means 110,120,130 and 140 were lubricated, used oil was conducted through and is limited to the opening 115 among the structural element 13 and discharges gas turbine 10.More specifically, because gas turbine 10 is in rotation status, centrifugal force causes lubricant oil to be forced to radially outwardly towards the internal surface of structural element 15, and wherein lubricant oil is guided along element 15 backward by the opening 115 that extends in wherein.This oil is conducted through engine housing 20 then.
Gas turbine installation described here comprises the fan assembly of counterrotating, and it has the low-pressure turbine of gear-driven unidirectional rotation.This device is convenient to reduce at least a portion complexity relevant with known counterrotating low-pressure turbine.More specifically, gas turbine described here comprises the annular tooth roller box, and it radially extends and be connected basically among the gear-box that radially is shaped round live axle.Because this gear-box does not comprise shell, the direct geared in gear-box is exposed in the lubricating fluid that is inducted into storage tank.Therefore, the size of gas turbine installation and weight obtain reducing by eliminating the shell that surrounds the known gears case apparatus.
The method of above-mentioned gas turbine installation and assembling gas turbine installation allows rotor thrust load and/or the active force by the rotor thrust that the fan assembly of counterrotating and/or booster compressor produce is loaded and/or active force comes balance to be produced by low-pressure turbine.More specifically, the thrust bearing device that the rotor thrust load that produced by anterior fan assembly and/or active force directly are sent to the rear portion is convenient in the present invention.Thrust bearing device by the front portion of rotor thrust load that produces by the fan assembly of rear end and/or booster compressor and/or active force, be sent on the thrust-bearing at rear portion by live axle.Therefore, load and/or active force by the rotor thrust that rear end fan assembly and/or booster compressor produce, and the rotor thrust load and/or the active force that produce by the fan assembly of front portion, all the thrust bearing device by the rear portion is carried, and by equally by the rotor thrust load and/or the reverse balance of active force of the low-pressure turbine that thrust bearing device carried at rear portion.And the rotor thrust load and/or the active force that are sent to gear-box can be prevented from or limit, thereby make gear-box only carry torsional load and/or active force.
The method of the embodiment of the example of gas turbine installation and assembling gas turbine is described in detail in the above.These apparatus and method are not limited to certain embodiments described here, but the step of the parts of device and/or method can be utilized separately and discretely with other parts described here and/or step.And described device feature and/or method step also can be limited to or be used in combination with other device and/or method, and are not limited only to device described herein and/or method.
Although the present invention is described with regard to different specific embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the present invention can carry out the modification within the claim spirit and scope.
Parts catalogue table
10 turbine plants
11 longitudinal axis
12 center turbines
13 frameworks
14 low-pressure turbines
15 structural supports
16 rotary fan devices
20 shells
22 motors inlet
24 booster compressors
26 high speed compressor
28 firing chambers
30 high-pressure turbines
32 first rotatable drive shafts
34 second rotatable drive shafts
36 exhaust nozzles
50 first fan assemblys
52 second fan assemblys
60 rotor blades
62 rotor blades
64 gondolas
66 rotor disks
68 rotor disks
70 rotor blades
72 rotor disks
74 inlet guide vane devices
76 inlet guide vanes
78 pressurized machine housings
80 first sense of rotation
82 second sense of rotation
84 cones
86 first or front end
88 second or the rear end
90 cones
92 first or front end
94 second or the rear end
100 gear-boxes
102 gear box casings
103 gears
104 inputs
106 outputs
110 first thrust bearing devices
111 inner rings
112 bearing support structures
113 surfaces
114 inside grooves
115 openings
116 outer rings
117 surfaces
118 water jackets
More than 119 bearing
120 second thrust bearing devices
122 inner rings
123 surfaces
124 inside grooves
126 outer rings
127 surfaces
128 water jackets
More than 129 bearing
130 roller bearing devices
132 inner rings
133 surfaces
134 inside grooves
136 outer rings
137 surfaces
138 water jackets
More than 139 roller
140 roller bearing devices
142 inner rings
143 surfaces
144 inside grooves
146 outer rings
147 surfaces
148 water jackets
More than 149 roller
159 openings
160 export structures
168 aft fans are to front axle
170 storage tanks
200 spline systems
204 second spline systems
206 the 3rd spline systems
208 the 4th spline systems
210 first portions
212 second portions
230 inside
232 outsides

Claims (5)

1. a gas turbine installation (10), it comprises:
Low-pressure turbine (14),
The fan assembly of counterrotating (16), it is included in rotatable first fan assembly of first direction (50) and at rotatable second fan assembly of opposite second direction (82) (52), described low-pressure turbine is connected on the described fan assembly by live axle (34); With
Gear-box (100), it comprises input (104) and output (106), and described gear-box input is connected on the described low-pressure turbine, and described gear-box output is connected on the fan assembly of described counterrotating;
Lubricating fluid storage tank (170), it is limited by described live axle to small part, and described gear-box is contained in the described fluid tanks, thereby makes described lubricating fluid storage tank around described gear-box; With
With at least one thrust-bearing (110) that described lubricating fluid storage tank (170) fluid is communicated with, described at least one thrust-bearing is connected between described low-pressure turbine (14) and the described gear-box (100).
2. gas turbine installation as claimed in claim 1 (10), wherein said second fan assembly (52) is in the rear portion of described first fan assembly (50), described lubricating fluid storage tank (170) to small part by described live axle (34) be connected to supporting member restriction on described second fan assembly.
3. gas turbine installation as claimed in claim 1 (10), wherein said second fan assembly (52) is in the rear portion of described first fan assembly (50), described gear-box (100) is connected around described live axle (34), and described gear-box does not comprise shell (102).
4. gas turbine installation as claimed in claim 1 (10), wherein said gear-box (100) also comprises first portion (210), second portion (212) and is connected spline device (204) between them that this spline device is convenient to axial move of described thrust bearing device (110) with respect to described gear-box.
5. gas turbine installation as claimed in claim 1 (10), wherein said lubricating fluid storage tank (170) is kept apart the described gear-box (100) and the axial load of fan assembly (16) generation of described counterrotating.
CNB2006101355529A 2005-10-19 2006-10-19 Gas turbine installation and assembly method thereof CN100564831C (en)

Priority Applications (2)

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CN100564831C true CN100564831C (en) 2009-12-02

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EP (1) EP1777391A3 (en)
JP (1) JP5111823B2 (en)
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Publication number Publication date
US20070084185A1 (en) 2007-04-19
US7493753B2 (en) 2009-02-24
JP2007113575A (en) 2007-05-10
JP5111823B2 (en) 2013-01-09
EP1777391A3 (en) 2014-01-22
CN1952364A (en) 2007-04-25
EP1777391A2 (en) 2007-04-25

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