CN100547954C - Radio image monitoring method, device and system - Google Patents

Radio image monitoring method, device and system Download PDF

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CN100547954C
CN100547954C CN 03178525 CN03178525A CN100547954C CN 100547954 C CN100547954 C CN 100547954C CN 03178525 CN03178525 CN 03178525 CN 03178525 A CN03178525 A CN 03178525A CN 100547954 C CN100547954 C CN 100547954C
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image
wireless
alarm
monitoring
module
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CN1487677A (en
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涛 陈
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涛 陈
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Abstract

一种无线图像监控方法、装置和系统,包括至少一个无线图像监控装置、移动通信网和一个监控中心;无线图像监控装置包括图像采集模块、中央处理模块和无线模块。 A wireless image monitoring method, apparatus and system comprising at least one wireless image monitoring apparatus, a mobile communication network and a monitoring center; wireless image monitoring device includes an image acquisition module, the central processing module and the wireless module. 它实现了全国范围内对移动目标和固定目标的图像监控,通过图像识别方法,一旦有异常情况则自动报警,不仅可以提供短消息报警,还可以自动将异常情况的图像实时传送到指定的监控中心,另外监控中心也可以拨号到本装置,主动地查看现场情况。 It implements nationwide moving target image monitoring and fixed targets, the image recognition method, if there is abnormality alarm, the alarm can not only provide a short message, can also automatically real-time transmission of image anomalies to the designated monitoring center, monitoring center may be additionally dialing the present apparatus, the active view scene. 即使犯罪分子事后破坏现场,但由于案发现场图像已传送到监控中心,为公安机关破案提供了有力的线索。 Even criminals after the destruction of the scene, but because of the crime scene image has been transmitted to the monitoring center, the public security organs to solve the case provides a strong clue.

Description

一种无线图像监控方法、装置和系统 A wireless image monitoring method, apparatus and system for

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种图像采集与传输方法、装置和系统,尤其是能自动图像报警和无线传输的方法、装置和系统。 The present invention relates to an image acquisition and transmission methods, apparatus, and systems, methods, especially an automatic image and wireless transmission of alarms, devices and systems. 背景技术 Background technique

现有图像监控系统包括两类:模拟电视监控和数字监控系统。 Existing video surveillance system includes two categories: analog television monitoring and digital surveillance systems. 这两类监控系统都是针对固定目标进行监控。 These two types of monitoring systems are monitored against a fixed target. 模拟监控系统由摄像头、红外探头传感器、 录像机、电视机组成,摄像头和红外探头传感器安装在各个监控点,录像机和电视机安装在监控机房内。 The analog control system by the camera, an infrared sensor probe, VCR, TV composition, and an infrared camera mounted on each probe sensor monitoring points, video recorders and televisions installed in the control room. 摄像头的视频信号经过视频线传输到监控机房,然后在电视机上监视,由录像机进行录像。 Camera video signal transmitted through a video cable to the monitor room, and on the TV monitor, a video recorder for recording. 红外探头传感器用于判断是否有人闯入,其信号也由电缆传输到监控机房。 An infrared sensor probe for determining whether someone broke, its signal is also transmitted to the control room by a cable. 模拟电视监控系统由于不能进行远距离传输,并且只能利用录像机暂停键査看历史画面等固有缺点,已逐渐被淘汰。 Because analog television monitoring system can not be long-distance transmission, and can only use the VCR pause button to view the inherent shortcomings of historical pictures, etc., it has been gradually phased out.

数字监控系统由摄像头、红外探头传感器、图像卡和计算机组成,摄像头和红外探头传感器安装在各个监控点,图像卡和计算机安装在监控机房内。 Digital surveillance system by the camera, an infrared sensor probe, cards and computer images, the camera and the infrared sensor probe mounted on each control point, and the computer image card installed in the control room. 它与模拟电视监控系统的区别在于,使用图像卡进行图像信号的采集,数字化之后存储在计算机硬盘上,通过软件实现对历史画面的査看。 It differs from analog television monitoring system that uses the image acquisition card image signal after digitization on the computer's hard drive, to achieve view of the historical picture through software store. 在监控状态时,通过红外探头等传感器来判断是否有人闯入,以及其它异常情况的发生。 When monitoring state, it is judged by a sensor such as an infrared sensor if someone broke, and the occurrence of other abnormalities. 并且可以通过有线网络,诸如PSTN (公用电话交换网)、ISDN (综合业务数字网)、DDN (数字数据网)、PSPDN (公用分组交换网)或微波将图像传送到远端。 And can be a wired network such as a PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network), the ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network), the DDN (Digital Data Network), a PSPDN (Packet Switched Public Network) or microwave transfer the image to the distal end.

数字监控系统主要有以下四个缺点: Digital monitoring system has the following four drawbacks:

一、 由于釆用图像卡和计算机方式,体积庞大,只能安装在监控机房,安装在汽车等移动目标不合适。 First, because the cards and preclude the use of computer image mode, bulky, can only be installed in the control room, installed in cars and other moving targets inappropriate.

二、 由于传输网络使用的是有线网络,无法应用于移动目标。 Second, since the transport network using a wired network, it can not be applied to a moving target.

三、 由于摄像头、红外探头传感器均需通过电缆连接到监控机房,施工复杂。 Third, because the camera, an infrared sensor probe connected to the control room through the required cables, complicated construction. 特别是,在原有监控系统基础上新增或更改原有监控点,均需重新布线, 不仅施工复杂,而且影响美观。 In particular, the new monitoring system, based on the original or change existing monitoring point, need to re-wiring, construction is not only complicated, but also affect the appearance. 四、使用红外报警,容易产生误报和漏报。 The use of infrared alarm, prone to false positives and false negatives. 如果红外探头的灵敏度调的较高,容易发生误报;反之,如果灵敏度调的较低,又可能发生漏报。 If the infrared sensor of high sensitivity adjustment, prone to false positives; otherwise, if the sensitivity is adjusted lower, and false negatives may occur.

00232856.9号"汽车无线图象防盗装置"实用新型公开了一种无线方式传输图像的方案。 No. 00232856.9 "car antitheft apparatus cordless image" invention discloses a solution for wireless transmission of images. 该方案使用小型的发射器和接收器,主要有两个缺点: This scheme uses a small transmitter and a receiver, has two main drawbacks:

一、 传输距离短。 A, short distance transmission. 由于安装在汽车上的发射器功率有限,因此和接收器相隔距离不能过长,否则接收器无法接收到信号。 Due to the limited power of the transmitter is mounted on an automobile, and a receiver at a distance and therefore not too long, otherwise the receiver can not receive the signal.

二、 也使用传感器作为报警触发。 Second, the sensor is also used as an alarm is triggered. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明要解决的技术问题是为了克服现有技术中的无法实现对移动目标进行图像监控,以及对固定目标监控需要布线的缺点,提出了一种无线图像监控方法和系统,该方法和系统实现在全国范围内对移动目标和固定目标的图像监控,不仅体积小,安装方便,而且采用无线传输图像,无需自动布线,并且能依据图像变化进行自动报警。 The present invention is to solve the technical problem to overcome in the prior art can not achieve an image of the moving object monitoring, and monitoring needs certain disadvantages fixed wiring, wireless image monitor presents a method and system, the method and system implemented image monitoring moving target and stationary object in the country, not only small size, easy installation, and the use of wireless transmission images without automatic routing, and can automatically change the image based on the alarm.

本发明的一种无线图像监控装置,用于通过移动通信网将图像信号传送到监控中心来进行监控,包括输入设备、图像采集模块、中央处理模块和无线模块; A wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention for transmitting an image signal through the mobile communication network to the monitoring center for monitoring, including an input device, an image acquisition module, the central processing module and the wireless module;

所述输入设备的信号输出到所述中央处理模块,所述输入设备至少包括报警启动按钮和灵敏度调节按钮,报警启动按钮用于控制无线图像监控装置当前的状态是监控状态还是正常状态,灵敏度调节按钮用于设置无线图像监控装置的图像报警灵敏度; The input signal output device to the central processing module, the input device comprises at least an alarm sensitivity adjustment start button and buttons, a start button for controlling a wireless alarm image monitoring apparatus to monitor a current state is a state or a normal state, the sensitivity adjustment button is used to set the image sensitivity of the radio alarm image monitoring apparatus;

所述图像采集模块用于对景物图像的摄取,采集摄像头的视频信号,并进行模数变换为数字图像数据; The image acquisition module for picking up the image of the scene, the camera video signal acquisition, analog-digital conversion and digital image data;

所述中央处理模块包括微处理器和存储器,同时与所述图像采集模块和所述无线模块相连;所述微处理器控制所述图像采集模块的图像采集,接收所述图像采集模块输出的数字图像数据,以及控制所述无线模块向监控中心传送报警图像数据;所述存储器与所述微处理器相连,用于存储所述微处理器的程序代码、程序数据和报警图像数据; The central processing module includes a microprocessor and a memory, and connected to the image acquisition module and the wireless module; image acquisition the microprocessor controls the image acquisition module, receiving the digital output of the image acquisition module image data, and control the wireless module transmits image data to the monitoring center alarm; a memory coupled to said microprocessor, said microprocessor for storing program code, program data, image data and alarm;

所述无线模块与所述中央处理模块的微处理器相连,接收所述微处理器输出的报警图像数据,并在所述微处理器的控制下通过移动通信网将报警图像数据传送到监控中心,也可以发送和接收短消息。 The wireless module and a microprocessor connected to said central processing module, receiving the alarm image data outputted from the microprocessor, and the image data to transmit the alarm to the monitoring center over the mobile communication network under control of the microprocessor , you can also send and receive short messages.

7所述图像采集模块包括CMOS图像传感器和图像处理器,所述图像处理器与所述中央处理模块的微处理器通过USB接口连接,用于发送和接收图像数据。 The image acquisition module 7 comprises a CMOS image sensor and an image processor, the image processor and said microprocessor central processing module through the USB interface, for transmitting and receiving image data. 所述图像处理器是数码相机芯片。 The image processor is a digital camera chip.

所述图像采集模块包括CMOS图像传感器和图像处理器,所述图像处理器与所述中央处理模块的微处理器通过数字口连接,用于发送和接收图像数据。 The image acquisition module comprises a CMOS image sensor and an image processor, the image processor and the microprocessor of the central processing module through a digital connection port, for transmitting and receiving image data. 所述图像处理器是数码相机芯片。 The image processor is a digital camera chip.

所述图像采集模块和所述无线模块合一为多媒体消息手机模块,与所述中央处理模块相连。 The image acquisition module and the wireless module is a multimedia message-one phone module, connected to the central processing module. 所述多媒体消息手机模块是MMS手机模块或多媒体邮件手机模块。 The phone module is a multimedia message or the multimedia message MMS phone module phone module.

所述的中央处理模块的微处理器为单片机或嵌入式处理器。 The central processing module microprocessor is a microcontroller or embedded processor. 所述的中央处理模块的存储器为快闪存储器或同步动态随机存储器。 The memory of the central processing module or a flash memory is a synchronous dynamic random access memory. 所述的嵌入式处理器为PowerPC处理器或DSP处理器。 The embedded processor as PowerPC processor or DSP processor.

所述的无线模块是GSM模块,或者是GPRS、 CDMA IS95、 CDMA IX、 WCDMA、 TD-SCDMA、 CDMA2000、 PHS、海事卫星、iDEN、 Tetra模块。 The wireless module is a GSM module, or a GPRS, CDMA IS95, CDMA IX, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA, CDMA2000, PHS, Inmarsat, iDEN, Tetra module.

所述输入设备还包括求救按钮,求救按钮与所述中央处理模块相连,用于当发生紧急情况时,按下求救按钮,求救按钮输出信号输入到所述中央处理模块,无线图像监控装置立即向监控中心发送紧急求救警消息,并且立即将当前图像传送到监控中心。 The input device further comprises a help button, the help button and the central processing module, configured to, when an emergency occurs, press the Help button, help button output signal is input to the central processing module, a wireless image monitoring apparatus immediately monitoring Center sends emergency alert message, and immediately transmits this image to the monitoring center. 使用所述报警启动按钮和灵敏度调节按钮设置的无线图像监控装置参数,也可以通过无线方式设置。 Using the alarm monitoring device starts wireless parameter button image and sensitivity adjustment button provided may be provided wirelessly.

本发明的一种无线图像监控方法,包括以下步骤: A wireless video surveillance method of the present invention, comprising the steps of:

(1) 设置无线图像监控装置为监控状态,设置图像报警灵敏度; (1) setting up a wireless monitoring device to monitor the state of the image, set the image sensitivity of the alarm;

(2) 图像采集模块采集一帧图像; (2) an image acquisition module acquires an image;

(3) 图像采集模块再采集一帧图像; (3) an image acquisition module and then capture an image;

(4) 中央处理模块的微处理器进行图像识别,判断两帧图像是否发生变化, 如果异常点没有超过图像报警灵敏度对应的报警门限,则返回步骤(3); (4) a central processing module microprocessor performs image recognition, it is determined whether the two images changes, does not exceed the outlier image if the alarm corresponding to the alarm sensitivity threshold, then return to step (3);

(5) 如果异常点超过图像报警灵敏度对应的报警门限,则表示发生警情,无线图像监控装置将报警图像通过移动通信网传送到监控中心; (5) If an abnormal alarm sensitivity corresponding to the image point exceeds the alarm threshold, it will indicate that alarm, wireless image monitoring device alarm image transmission to the control center via a mobile communication network;

(6) 警情恢复,停止传输报警图像。 (6) Recovery alarm, the alarm stops transmission image.

步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是电话拨号方式,包括以下步骤-(a) 无线图像监控装置拨打预先设置的监控中心的报警电话; Step (5) of the wireless image monitoring apparatus alarm image transmission to the monitoring center is a telephone dial-up method, comprising the steps of - (a) a wireless image monitoring center monitoring device dials a preset alarm call;

(b) 无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立数据连接; (C)无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送报警图像; (d)报警图像传送完毕后,拆除数据连接。 (B) means for establishing a wireless image monitoring center and the monitoring data connection; (C) image monitoring apparatus transmits wireless alarm image to a monitoring center; (d) the alarm image transfer is complete, remove the data connection.

步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是Intemet方式,包括以下步骤: The method of step (5) of the wireless image monitoring apparatus alarm image transmission to the monitoring center is Intemet manner, comprising the steps of:

(1)无线图像监控装置拨打Intemet接入号; (1) image monitoring apparatus wireless Intemet access number to dial;

(b) 无线图像监控装置接入到Intemet网络; (B) wireless access to the image monitoring apparatus Intemet network;

(c) 无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立通讯连接; (C) a wireless image monitoring device establishes communication with the monitoring center;

(d) 无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送报警图像; (D) monitoring a wireless image transmitting apparatus alarm image to a monitoring center;

(e) 报警图像传送完毕后,拆除通讯连接。 (E) after the alarm image transmission is completed, the removal of the communication connection.

步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是多媒体消息方式,包括以下步骤: The method of step (5) of the wireless image monitoring apparatus alarm image transmission to the monitoring center is a multimedia message, including the steps of:

(a) 设置多媒体消息的内容为报警图像; (A) setting multimedia message to the alarm image content;

(b) 设置多媒体消息的发送目的地址为监控中心的地址; (C)无线图像监控装置发送该多媒体消息; (B) setting multimedia message transmission destination address is the address of the monitoring center; (C) image monitoring apparatus transmits the wireless multimedia message;

(d)多媒体消息中心转发该多媒体消息到监控中心。 (D) the multimedia message center forwarding the multimedia message to the monitoring center. 本发明的一种无线图像监控方法,还包括以下一个或多个步骤: A wireless video surveillance method of the present invention, further comprising one or more of the following steps:

(a) 发生警情时,无线图像监控装置向监控中心发送告警短消息; (A) the alarm occurs, the image monitoring device sends an alarm wireless short message to the monitoring center;

(b) 发生警情时,无线图像监控装置发出声光报警; (B) the alarm occurs, the wireless image monitoring apparatus audible alarm;

(c) 按下无线图像监控装置的输入设备的求救按钮,无线图像监控装置向监控中心发送求救短消息。 (C) pressing the image input apparatus for wireless monitoring device for help button, the wireless device transmits an image monitor to the monitoring center for help message.

本发明的一种无线图像监控系统,包括至少一个无线图像监控装置、移动通信网和一个监控中心; A wireless monitoring system according to the present invention an image, the image comprising at least a radio monitoring device, the mobile communication network and a monitoring center;

所述的监控中心至少包括一个应用服务器和配套网络通讯设备; The monitoring center comprising at least one application server and associated network communications equipment;

所述的无线图像监控装置经所述移动通信网连接到所述应用服务器,发生警情时向所述应用服务器发送报警图像数据; The wireless image monitoring apparatus via the mobile communication network connection to the application server, sending an alarm image data to the application server when the alarm occurs;

所述的应用服务器至少包括网络通讯机构和数据接收机构,所述应用服务器通过所述网络通讯机构和所述配套网络通讯设备经所述移动通信网与所述无 The application server and the communication means comprises at least a network data reception means, said application server through the network communication means and the communication network supporting apparatus via the mobile communication network to the non-

9线图像监控装置相连接,所述数据接收机构通过所述网络通讯机构接收所述无线图像监控装置发送的报警图像数据。 9 line image monitoring device is connected to said data receiving means receives the alarm image data transmitted from the wireless device to monitor an image by said communication network means.

所述的应用服务器还包括鉴权认证机构,用于判断接入的无线图像监控装置是否是许可的无线图像监控装置。 The application server further comprises authentication and authorization means for determining whether the wireless image monitoring apparatus is a wireless access permission image monitoring apparatus.

所述的移动通信网是GSM移动通信网,或者是GPRS移动通信网、CDMA 1X移动通信网、PHS移动通信网,CDMA 2000移动通信网、WCDMA移动通信网、TD-SCDMA移动通信网、集群调度移动通信网。 The mobile communication network is a GSM mobile communication network, mobile communication network or a GPRS, CDMA 1X mobile communication network, the PHS mobile communication network, CDMA 2000 mobile communication network, WCDMA mobile communication network, TD-SCDMA mobile communication network, the cluster scheduling mobile communication network.

与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是: Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

由于采用了高性能微处理器使得装置小型化,安装方便,无需布线,应用范围广;使用了图像识别技术替代红外传感器来检测警情, 一旦有异常情况则自动报警,并且对现场图像实施全程记录;使用了移动通讯技术使得无线报警成为现实,不仅可以提供短消息报警,还可以自动将异常情况的图像实时传送到指定的监控中心,另外监控中心也可以拨号到本装置,主动地查看现场情况。 As a result of high-performance microprocessor such that the size of the device, easy to install, no wiring, a wide range of applications; alternatively using an image recognition technique to detect the infrared sensor alarm, once the alarm situation is abnormal, and the implementation of the whole image field record; using mobile communication technology such wireless alarm reality, not only to provide a short message alarm, can automatically send the image abnormality in the real-time transmission to the designated control center, additional monitoring center can dial to the present apparatus, actively view the scene Happening. 本发明不仅达到了对固定目标的无线图像监控,还达到了对移动目标的无线图像监控。 The present invention not only to achieve the target fixed wireless image monitoring, further monitoring of the wireless image reaches a moving target. 由于传输网络是公众移动通信网,因此无需自建网络,并且在全国范围内实施监控,例如目前GSM通信网已实现国际漫游,因此使用本发明还可以做到全球范围内的监控。 Since the transmission network is a public mobile communications network, so no self network, and monitoring the implementation of the country, such as the current GSM communication network has achieved international roaming, the use of the present invention may also be done to monitor worldwide. 本发明可靠性和防破坏性强,由于报警图像立即传送到监控中心,因此即使犯罪分子事后破坏现场,但由于案发现场图像已传送到监控中心,为公安机关破案提供了有力的线索。 The present invention reliability and strong anti-destructive, because the alarm image transmission to the monitoring center immediately, even if the criminals after the destruction of the scene, but because of the crime scene image has been transmitted to the monitoring center, the public security organs to solve the case provides a strong clue.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明的无线图像监控系统的系统组网图; 1 is a system diagram of a wireless network video surveillance system of the present invention;

图2是本发明的无线图像监控装置的系统结构图; FIG 2 is a system configuration diagram of a wireless image monitoring apparatus of the present invention;

图3是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例1的电路原理图; FIG 3 is a circuit schematic diagram of a wireless embodiment of the image monitoring device 1 of the present invention;

图4是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例1的手机模块的详细电路图; FIG 4 is a detailed circuit diagram of an embodiment of a wireless phone module image monitoring apparatus 1 of the present invention;

图5是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例2的电路原理图; FIG 5 is a circuit schematic embodiment of a wireless image monitoring apparatus 2 of the present invention;

图6是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例3的电路原理图; FIG 6 is a circuit schematic diagram of a wireless embodiment of the image monitoring device of the present invention is 3;

图7是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例4的电路原理图; FIG. 7 is a circuit schematic diagram of a wireless embodiment of the image monitoring device 4 of the present invention;

图8是本发明的无线图像监控方法的流程图; FIG 8 is a flowchart of a wireless video surveillance method of the present invention;

图9是CIF格式的图像按8 X 8方块进行分割示意图; FIG 9 is an image of CIF format is divided by 8 X 8 block schematic;

图IO是通过图像识别自动报警的方法的流程图;图11是无线图像监控装置通过电话拨号方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网 FIG IO is a flowchart of an automatic image recognition by the alarm; FIG. 11 is a wireless network system, image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission via telephone dial-up

图; Figure;

图12是无线图像监控装置通过电话拨号方式实现无线图像传输的流程图; 图13是无线图像监控装置通过Internet方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网 12 is a flowchart wireless image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission via telephone dial-up; FIG. 13 is a wireless network system, image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission by way of Internet

图; Figure;

图14是无线图像监控装置通过Internet方式实现无线图像传输的流程图; 图15是无线图像监控装置通过多媒体消息方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网图; FIG 14 is a flowchart of a wireless image monitoring apparatus through the wireless Internet image transmission mode; FIG. 15 is a wireless networking system of FIG image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission by way of a multimedia message;

图16是无线图像监控装置通过多媒体消息方式实现无线图像传输的流程 FIG 16 is a wireless image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission by way of a multimedia message flow

图; Figure;

图17是本发明的无线图像监控系统的系统结构图; FIG 17 is a system configuration diagram of a wireless monitoring system of the image according to the invention;

图18是监控中心对接入的无线图像监控装置的鉴权认证流程图。 FIG 18 is a flowchart showing the authentication and authorization control center to the radio access apparatus of the monitoring image.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面结合附图与具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细描述: 图l是本发明的无线图像监控系统的系统组网图,图中101—装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的汽车,102 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的客车,103 一装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的轮船,104 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的火车,105 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的飞机,106 —装有本发明的本无线图像监控装置的银行,107 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的机场, 108 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的体育馆,109 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的通讯机房,IIO —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的仓库,lll一装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的高速公路,112 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的煤矿,113 —装有本发明的无线图像监控装置的森林,114一装有本发明的无线图像监 The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings DETAILED DESCRIPTION: Figure l is a system diagram of a wireless network video surveillance system of the invention, the car radio in the image monitoring device 101 of FIG containing the present invention, 102-- loaded the present invention has passenger wireless image monitoring apparatus, the ship 103 is equipped with a radio monitoring device according to the present invention, an image of 104 - wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention with the train 105 - wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention with Stadium wireless image monitoring device of the present invention containing 109 - - airport equipped with wireless image monitoring device according to the present invention, 108-- planes 106 - Bank wireless image monitoring apparatus of the present invention is equipped with, with 107 wireless communications room of the image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, IIO - warehouse highway with wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, the wireless image monitoring apparatus of the present invention with a lll 112 - wireless image monitoring with the present invention forest wireless image monitoring image monitoring apparatus equipped with the radio of the present invention, the present invention is equipped with a 114 - coal apparatus, 113 装置的其它目标,201—移动通信网,301—个人电脑,302—厂家客户服务中心,303 —监控中心,304 — 110报警中心。 Other target apparatus, 201- mobile communication network, a personal computer 301, 302 manufacturers Customer Service Center 303 - Monitoring Center, 304--110 alarm center.

本发明的无线图像监控装置可以安装在汽车IOI、客车102、轮船103、火车104、飞机105等移动目标上,也可以安装在银行106、机场107、体育馆108、通讯机房109、仓库IIO、高速公路lll等固定目标上,用于图像监视和监控。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention may be mounted on an automobile IOI, bus 102, ship 103, train 104, the plane 105 and the like moving targets may be installed in the bank 106, the airport 107, stadiums 108, communications room 109, the warehouse the IIO, high speed lll fixed target roads, etc., for video surveillance and monitoring. 还可以安装在煤矿112,用于监控是否有人偷盗煤;以及可以安装在森林113,例如可以安装在进出路口和重要位置,用于监控是否有人偷盗树木或偷猎国家宝贵 112 can also be installed in a coal mine, used to monitor whether someone stealing coal; and 113 can be installed in the forest, for example, can be installed in and out of junctions and important place for monitoring whether someone stealing valuable trees or poaching State

11动物,以及用于监控是否有火灾。 Whether the 11 animals, as well as for monitoring a fire. 不论是有人闯入,还是火灾等异常情况导致图像变化,只要超过预先设置的阀值(或称报警门限,由灵敏度调节按钮设置),本装置都会产生报警,并且通过移动通信网201将报警图像发送到预先设置的个人用户的电脑301上,也可以发送到监控中心303。 Whether someone broke, fire or other abnormal conditions resulting in image change exceeds the threshold value set in advance as long as (or alarm threshold set by the sensitivity adjustment button), the device will generate an alarm, and the mobile communication network 201 through the alarm image send to a personal computer user's preset 301, it can also be sent to the monitoring center 303. 针对个人用户,可以直接指定图像报警发送到个人电脑301,针对单位用户,则可以设立监控中心303,并且监控中心303可以与110报警中心304连接。 For individual users, the alarm image can be specified directly transmitted to the PC 301, the unit for the user, the monitoring center 303 can be established, the monitoring center 303 and 110 may be connected to the alarm center 304. 借助于移动通信网,织成一张无缝的监控天网。 By means of a mobile communication network, monitoring Skynet woven into a seamless. 无线图像监控装置与厂家客户服务中心302,即售后服务中心建立数据连接,则可以实现对无线图像监控装置软件的在线升级。 Wireless image monitoring device 302 customer service centers and manufacturers, namely service centers set up a data connection, you can implement online upgrades of the wireless image monitoring device software.

图2是本发明的无线图像监控装置的系统结构图。 FIG 2 is a system configuration diagram of a wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention. 无线图像监控装置包括七个部分:输入设备1、中央处理模块2、图像采集模块3、输出设备4、无线模块5、外接端口6、电源模块7。 Wireless image monitoring device consists of seven parts: an input device 1, a central processing module 2, the image acquisition module 3, an output device 4, a wireless module 5, an external connection port 6, the power module 7.

输入设备1是无线图像监控装置的各类控制按钮,包括报警启动按钮、灵敏度调节按钮、报警图像自动传输按钮、求救按钮、报警电话设置按钮、声光报警启动按钮、图像格式选择按钮、报警语音选择按钮。 Various types of input device 1 is a radio control button image monitoring apparatus, comprising alarm activation button, button sensitivity adjustment, automatic alarm image transmission button, help button, an alarm button telephone set, sound and light alarm start button, the image format selection button, voice alarm select button. 报警启动按钮用于控制无线图像监控装置当前的状态是监控状态还是正常状态。 Alarm activation button for controlling a current state of the wireless image monitoring apparatus is a monitor state or a normal state. 当处于监控状态时,无线图像监控装置启动自动图像识别功能,自动判断是否有异常情况(如有人闯入)的发生,当异常点超过预先设置的阀值(报警灵敏度)时,无线图像监控装置立即产生报警,并将报警图像传送到监控中心。 When in the monitoring state, the wireless image monitoring apparatus starts automatic image recognition, automatically determines whether there is abnormality (break if a person) occurs when the threshold (alarm sensitivity) exceeds the preset outlier, the wireless image monitoring apparatus immediate alarm, and the alarm image transmission to the monitoring center. 灵敏度调节按钮用于设置无线图像监控装置的自动图像识别的阀值。 Automatic sensitivity adjustment image identified wireless image monitoring apparatus for setting a threshold button. 报警图像自动传输按钮用于设置当无线图像监控装置产生报警时是否自动将报警图像传送到监控中心。 Whether to automatically alarm image transmission to the monitoring center when the alarm button is used for setting the image transmission when the automatic wireless image monitoring device generates an alarm. 求救按钮用于当发生紧急情况时(例如出租车发生抢劫时),按下此按钮,无线图像监控装置将立即向监控中心发送紧急求救警消息,并且立即将当前图像传送到监控中心。 Help button is used when an emergency situation occurs (for example, taxi robbery occurs), this button is pressed, the image monitoring apparatus transmits wireless emergency alert message to the monitoring center immediately, and immediately sent to the monitoring center of the current image. 报警电话设置按钮用于设置监控中心的报警电话号码。 Set the alarm call button is used to set the alarm monitoring center phone number. 声光报警启动按钮用于设置当无线图像监控装置产生报警时是否发出声音告警和光告警。 Sound and light alarm sound alarm, and whether the start button for setting an alarm light when the wireless image monitoring apparatus generates an alarm. 图像格式选择按钮用于设置无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送的图像的分辨率,例如640X480 (VGA) 、 640X400、 320X200、 352X288 (CIF,公共中间格式)、176X144 (QCIF,四分之一公共中间格式)。 Resolution image format selection button for setting a wireless transmission apparatus to the monitoring image monitoring center of the image, such as 640X480 (VGA), 640X400, 320X200, 352X288 (CIF, Common Intermediate Format), 176X144 (QCIF, Quarter Common Intermediate format). 报警语音选择按钮用于设置当无线图像监控装置产生报警时的声音告警的语音。 Selection button for setting a voice alarm when the wireless image monitoring means for generating an alarm sound when the alarm voice. 无线图像监控装置的这些参数设置(如是否启动报警)除了可以使用输入设备1的按钮进行设置之外,还可以通过无线方式设置:监控中心或者用户向无线图像监控装置发送参数设置短消息,无线模块5接收短消息,并根据短消息内容设置相应的参数。 The radio parameter setting image monitoring apparatus (e.g., whether to activate the alarm) In addition to using a button input apparatus 1 is disposed, but also can be provided by a wireless: the monitoring center or the short message to the user setting parameter monitoring wireless image transmitting apparatus, radio module 5 receives the short message, and set the parameters in accordance with the message content. 例如短消息内容为"SET ALARM=ON",表示启动报警,设置当前状态为监控状态;再如短消息内容为"SETNO=1234567",表示设置报警电话号码为1234567。 Such as short messaging content "SET ALARM = ON", the alarm indicates to start, sets the current state to the monitoring state; another example, the message content is "SETNO = 1234567", indicates the phone number to set the alarm 1234567. 另外通过监控中心与无线图像监控装置建立数据连接,也可以设置无线图像监控装置的相关参数。 Further establish data connection with a wireless central monitoring image monitoring apparatus may be provided an image related parameters of the radio monitoring device.

输入设备1与中央处理模块2相连,输入设备1的输出作为中央处理模块2 的输入。 The input device 1 is connected to the central processing module 2, the output of the input apparatus 1 as the input 2 of the central processing module. 中央处理模块2依据输入设备1的不同按钮的输出设置相关参数,例如当前状态(监控状态还是正常状态)、图像格式等。 Central processing module 2 according to the output setting parameters different button input device 1, such as the current state (normal state or the monitoring state), the image format.

中央处理模块2,是本发明的无线图像监控装置的控制中枢,同时与其它六个部分相连。 Central processing module 2, is the central control of the wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, while the other is connected to the six parts. 它包括微处理器、存储器、时钟电路和复位电路。 It includes a microprocessor, memory, clock circuit and a reset circuit. 微处理器控制对图像的采集、压縮、存储以及传输。 Microprocessor control image acquisition, compression, storage and transmission. 存储器用于存储微处理器的程序代码、 程序数据和图像数据。 Program code in the microprocessor memory for storing program data and image data. 当无线图像监控装置产生报警时,报警图像保存在存储器中,相当于黑匣子功能,以便事后公安机关调查取证用。 When the wireless image monitoring apparatus generates an alarm, the alarm image stored in the memory, corresponding to black box function, so that after the public security organs with investigation. 时钟电路提供微处理器时钟。 The clock circuit provides the microprocessor clock. 复位电路是一个"WatchDog电路",实现当系统软件崩溃后自动对微处理器复位。 A reset circuit is "WatchDog circuit", implemented when the automatic reset of the microprocessor system software crashes.

如果微处理器不与输入设备l、图像采集模块3、输出设备4直接相连,则中央处理模块2还需包括控制模块。 If the microprocessor is not directly connected with the apparatus 4 L, the image acquisition module 3, the input output device, the central processing module includes a control module 2 needs. 控制模块同时与输入设备l、图像采集模块3、 输出设备4相连,执行微处理器相关指令。 At the same time the control module 3, an output device coupled to the input device L, the image acquisition module 4, the microprocessor performs the relevant instructions. 微处理器通过控制模块与图像采集模块3相连,实现对图像采集的控制。 Connected to the microprocessor by the control module to the image acquisition module 3, to achieve control of the image acquisition. 微处理器通过控制模块与输入设备l相连, 接收输入设备l的各类按钮的输出信号。 Microprocessor control module is connected to an input device l, various types of button input receives the output signal of the apparatus l. 微处理器通过控制模块与输出设备4相连,实现对输出设备4的控制,例如声光告警等。 Connected to the microprocessor via the control module and the output device 4, to achieve control of the output device 4, such as sound and light alarms. 控制模块通常与微处理器合 The control module is typically engaged with the microprocessor

微处理器与无线模块5相连,实现将图像采集模块3所采集的图像经过无线模块5,再通过移动通信网传送到监控中心。 And a wireless module connected to the microprocessor 5, to realize the image acquisition module 3 via a wireless image acquisition module 5, and then sent to the monitoring center through the mobile communication network.

中央处理模块2的微处理器是单片机或者是嵌入式处理器(MCU/DSP), 可选用不同性能的模块,可以是MCS-51系列单片机、PowerPC处理器或DSP处理器。 2 the central processing module microprocessor is a microcontroller or embedded processor (MCU / DSP), a module can choose different properties, may be MCS-51 microcontroller family, PowerPC processor, or DSP processor. 如果微处理器是嵌入式处理器(如Motorola MPC860,采用PowerPC内核),则微处理器运行的操作系统是嵌入式操作系统,例如VxWorks、 Java、 Lirmx。 If the microprocessor embedded processors (such as the Motorola MPC860, using PowerPC core), the operating system is microprocessor running an embedded operating system such as VxWorks, Java, Lirmx. 如果图像采集模块3输出的图像数据是原始图像数据(未经过图像压縮),则微处理器实现对图像的软件压縮,压缩算法可以是Motion-JPEG、JPEG-2000、 MPEG-l 、 MPEG-2、 MPEG-4、 H.261、 H.263、 H.264。 3 if the image data output from the image acquisition module is an original image data (non-compressed image), the microprocessor software image compression, the compression algorithm may be a Motion-JPEG, JPEG-2000, MPEG-l, MPEG -2, MPEG-4, H.261, H.263, H.264. 中央处理模块2的存储器为快闪存储器(Flash Memory)或同步动态随机存储器(SDRAM)。 2 the central processing module memory is a flash memory (Flash Memory) or a synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM).

图像采集模块3,包括摄像头和图像采集电路,与中央处理模块2相连。 Image acquisition module 3, includes a camera and an image acquisition circuit, connected to the central processing module 2. 摄像头实现对景物图像的摄取,与图像采集电路相连。 Camera to achieve uptake of the subject image, the image acquisition circuit connected. 图像采集电路实现对摄像头的图像信号的放大、模数变换(A/D)和采集,并将数字化的图像数据输入到中央处理模块2中。 An image acquisition circuit to achieve amplification of the image signal of the camera, analog-digital conversion (A / D) and collected, and the digitized image data are input to the central processing module 2. 图像采集电路接受中央处理模块2的微处理器的采集指令,例如开始采集、停止采集等。 The image acquisition circuit receiving a microprocessor central processing module acquiring instruction 2, e.g. began collecting, stopping acquisition. 图像采集模块3还包括时钟电路,用于模数变换的时钟。 Image acquisition module 3 further includes a clock circuit, the clock for analog to digital conversion.

输出设备4,包括液晶屏、喇叭、警示灯、状态指示灯,与中央处理模块2 相连。 An output device 4, comprises a LCD screen, speakers, warning lights, status indicator connected to the central processing module 2. 液晶屏用于显示当前时间、接收到的短消息、以及配置信息。 LCD for message display the current time, received, and configuration information. 喇叭和警示灯实现声光报警。 Warning lights and horn to achieve sound and light alarm. 状态指示灯用于显示装置当前的运行状态,包括正常状态、告警状态、故障状态。 Status indicator means for displaying the current operating status, including normal state, warning state, failure state.

无线模块5,与中央处理模块2的微处理器相连,在微处理器的控制下,可以发送/接收短消息,也可以拨号建立数据呼叫。 Wireless module 5, and a microprocessor connected to the central processing module 2, under the control of the microprocessor can send / receive a short message, data call can be dialed-up. 实现报警信息以短消息方式发送,以及将图像传输到远端。 For alarm information is sent short message, and transmitting the image to a distal end. 无线模块5可以是GSM模块,也可以是GPRS、 CDMA IS95 (窄带CDMA) 、 CDMA IX (宽带CDMA) 、 CDMA EVDO、 WCDMA、 TD-SCDMA、 CDMA 2000、 PHS (小灵通)、海事卫星、iDEN、 Tetra (集群调度系统)模块。 The wireless module may be a GSM module 5, may be a GPRS, CDMA IS95 (narrow band CDMA), CDMA IX (Wideband CDMA), CDMA EVDO, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA, CDMA 2000, PHS (PHS), Inmarsat, iDEN, TETRA (cluster scheduling system) module. 如果无线模块5是多媒体消息手机(例如中国移动的彩信手机,或者中国联通的彩e手机)模块,则图像采集模块3与无线模块5合 If the wireless phone module 5 is a multimedia message (MMS e.g. China Mobile phones, or mobile phones China Unicom color e) module, the image acquisition module 3 and 5 in the wireless module

外接端口6,实现与外接设备的接口,包括串口和以太网口,与中央处理模块2相连。 6 external port for interfacing to external devices, including serial and an Ethernet port, 2 is connected to the central processing module. 通过串口和以太网口都可以实现与外接计算机的连接,计算机可通过串口或以太网口实现对本发明的无线图像监控装置的在线诊断测试以及微处理器软件的在线升级。 Serial and Ethernet ports can be achieved by connecting an external computer, a computer-implemented online online diagnostic testing wireless image monitoring apparatus of the present invention and a microprocessor and software upgrade through the serial port or Ethernet port. 计算机可对本装置进行操作维护,包括在线诊断测试和相关参数设置,包括报警电话号码、报警灵敏度、是否自动传输报警图像、是否允许声光报警、是否启动报警、报警语音、图像格式、图像压縮算法、区域报警范围。 The computer may be made to the unit operation and maintenance, including online diagnostic tests and associated parameters, including alarm telephone numbers, alarm sensitivity, whether the automatic transmission of the alarm image, whether to allow the alarm and whether to activate the alarm, the alarm voice, image format, image compression algorithm, alarm range area.

电源模块7,给装置提供各类电源,同时与其它六个部分相连。 The power module 7, to provide various types of power supply apparatus, while the other is connected to the six parts.

14本发明的无线图像监控装置,如果没有设置为自动传输报警图像,则监控中心在接收到报警短消息之后,可主动拨打无线图像监控装置的无线模块5,建立数据呼叫,接收报警图像。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus 14 of the present invention, if the alarm is not set to automatically transmit the image, after the monitoring center receives the alarm message, the wireless module 5 may be a wireless call active image monitoring apparatus, establishing a data call received alarm image. 在平时,监控中心可随时拨打无线图像监控装置的无线模块5,建立数据呼叫,査看现场图像。 In normal times, the monitoring center can always call the radio wireless image monitoring device module 5, to establish a data call, to view the scene image.

本发明的无线图像监控装置,如果按下输入设备l的求救按钮,则无线模块5向预先设置的报警电话发送求救短消息,但不进行声光报警。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, if the input device l SOS button is pressed, the wireless module 5 sends preset short message alarm call for help, but do not sound and light alarm. 现场图像是否自动传输依据自动传输报警图像状态确定。 Determining whether the field image based on the automatic transmission to automatically transmit an alarm image state.

本发明的无线图像监控装置,监控中心可以通过与无线图像监控装置建立数据呼叫,或者通过短消息指令,设置相关参数(诸如报警电话号码、报警灵敏度、是否自动传输报警图像、是否允许声光报警、是否启动报警、图像格式),以及进行操作维护,包括在线诊断测试和相关参数设置。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, the monitoring center can establish a data with the wireless image monitoring apparatus call or by short message instruction, set the relevant parameters (such as the alarm telephone number, alarm sensitivity, whether the automatic transmission of the alarm image, whether to allow the sound and light alarm , whether to activate the alarm, image format), as well as operation and maintenance, including online diagnostic tests and related parameters.

本发明的无线图像监控装置,既可以通过外接端口6连接计算机实现对中央处理模块2的微处理器软件的在线升级,也可以通过无线模块5拨号与厂家客户服务中心或监控中心建立数据连接,实现在线升级。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, may be connected to the central computer for online processing module 2 is microprocessor software upgrade through external port 6, the data connection may be established via the wireless module 5 and manufacturers dial the customer service center or the monitoring center, realize online upgrade.

本发明的无线图像监控装置,输出设备4的喇叭播放的报警语音可以进行更改,各种报警语音均存储在中央处理模块2的存储器中,用户可根据喜好选择报警语音。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus according to the present invention, the alarm horn voice playback output device 4 can be changed, a variety of voice alarm is stored in the memory of the central processing module 2, a user may select voice alarm according to preference. 通过外接端口6连接计算机,还可以增加新的报警语音。 The computer is connected through an external port 6, you can also add a new alarm voice.

图3是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例1。 Example 1 FIG. 3 is a wireless image monitoring device of the present invention. 无线图像监控装置的输入设备,包括各类按钮ll。 Image monitoring apparatus for wireless input devices, including various types of buttons ll. 无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块,包括微处理器21、 存储器、总线收发器25、控制模块26、复位电路27和时钟电路28。 An image processing module for wireless central monitoring apparatus 21 includes a microprocessor, memory, a bus transceiver 25, control module 26, the reset circuit 27 and a clock circuit 28. 存储器又包括引导存储器22、程序存储器23、数据存储器24。 The memory further comprises boot memory 22, program memory 23, data memory 24. 无线图像监控装置的图像采集模块,包括摄像头30、视频放大电路31、模数变换电路32、同步分离电路33。 A wireless image acquisition module image monitoring apparatus 30 includes a camera, video amplifier circuit 31, analog-digital conversion circuit 32, a synchronization separating circuit 33. 无线图像监控装置的输出设备,包括液晶屏41、喇叭42、警示灯43、状态指示灯44,以及配套电路,包括语音编解码器45、功放46、告警音电路47。 An image output apparatus for wireless monitoring device, comprising a liquid crystal panel 41, the speaker 42, the warning lamp 43, status indicators 44, and supporting circuitry, including a speech codec 45, amplifier 46, sound alarm circuit 47. 无线图像监控装置的无线模块,包括无线模块51和天线52。 A wireless module for wireless image monitoring apparatus, comprising a wireless module 51 and antenna 52. 无线图像监控装置的外接端口,包括串口61、以太网口62,以及配套电路,包括串行接口63、以太网收发器64、变压器65。 External port wireless image monitoring apparatus 61 comprises a serial port, an Ethernet port 62, and a matching circuit comprising a serial interface 63, Ethernet transceiver 64, a transformer 65. 以上各部分可以集成到一块或多块芯片中。 The above sections may be integrated into the one or more chips.

按钮ll包括报警启动按钮、灵敏度调节按钮、报警图像自动传输按钮、求救按钮、报警电话设置按钮、声光报警启动按钮、图像格式选择按钮、报警语音选择按钮。 Ll start button includes an alarm button, button sensitivity adjustment, automatic alarm image transmission button, help button, an alarm button telephone set, sound and light alarm start button, the image format selection button, an alarm voice selection button. 按钮型号为通用的开关按钮、旋转按钮。 Button model common switch button, a spin button. 用户通过选择不同的按 By selecting different users by

15钮来设置无线图像监控装置的参数,包括是否启动报警、报警灵敏度、是否自动传输报警图像、监控中心报警电话号码、是否允许声光报警、图像格式、报警语音。 The radio button 15 to set parameters of the image monitoring device, including whether to activate the alarm, the alarm sensitivity, whether the automatic transmission of the alarm image, alarm monitoring center telephone number, whether to allow the light alarm sound, image formats, voice alarm. 按钮11的输出信号经过控制模块26转换成不同的数字信号,输入到微处理器21,然后微处理器21根据输入信号作相应处理。 Converting an output signal of the button 11 via the control module 26 into a different digital signal, is input to the microprocessor 21, the microprocessor 21 then the processing according to the input signal accordingly.

本实施例的图像采集模块采用分立元器件构成,具体而言包括摄像头30、 视频放大电路31、模数变换电路32、同步分离电路33。 The image capture module of the present embodiment is configured using discrete components, specifically includes a camera 30, a video amplifier 31, analog-digital conversion circuit 32, a synchronization separating circuit 33. 它与中央处理模块相连,在中央处理模块的微处理器指令控制下开始采集图像,中央处理模块的控制模块26提供图像采集所需的时序信号,所采集的图像数据存储到中央处理模块的存储器24中。 Which is connected to the central processing module, the microprocessor under control of the central processing command start image acquisition module, the central processing module of the control module 26 to provide the desired image acquisition timing signal, the acquired image data stored in the memory to the central processing module 24.

摄像头30可以是黑白摄像头,也可以是彩色摄像头,制式可以是PAL制, 也可以是NTSC制。 Camera 30 may be a monochrome camera, a color camera may be, may be a standard PAL system, NTSC system may be. 本实施例中选用PAL制的JVC TK-C1381EG。 In selected embodiments of the PAL system JVC TK-C1381EG present embodiment.

视频放大电路31实现对摄像头30输入的视频信号的放大,电压从1V放大到5V,满足图像模数变换电路32要求,型号为MAXIMMAX404。 Video amplifier 31 amplifies the video signal to realize the camera input 30, amplifies the voltage from 1V to 5V, the image to meet the requirements of 32 analog-digital conversion circuit model MAXIMMAX404.

模数变换电路32的基准电压为5V,型号为CA3306或CA3318,分别提供6位或8位灰度级别图像,本实施例采用CA3318。 Analog-digital conversion circuit reference voltage 32 is 5V, model CA3306 or CA3318, providing six or eight, respectively, the image gray levels, the present embodiment employs CA3318. 模数变换电路32在控制模块26的控制下进行图像采样,采样频率由时钟电路28经控制模块26分频提供。 Analog-digital conversion circuit 32 samples an image under the control of the control module 26, control module 26 via the sampling frequency provided by the clock frequency dividing circuit 28. 时钟电路28提供各种不同的时钟,分别为图像采集模块和微处理21提供时钟。 The clock circuit 28 provides a variety of clocks, respectively, a clock 21 provides image acquisition module and a microprocessor. 时钟电路28釆用50MHz晶振,型号为SG-8002CA-50.0000M,与控制模块26相连。 Preclude the use 50MHz clock oscillator circuit 28, connected as model SG-8002CA-50.0000M, the control module 26. 例如,对于图像格式为640x400,采样频率为12.5MHz,则由控制模块26对50MHz 频率进行四分频后输入到模数变换电路32的CLK管脚。 For example, for a 640x400 image format, the sampling frequency is 12.5MHz, the control module 26 pairs of 50MHz by the frequency input to the CLK pin of analog-digital conversion circuit 32 after a divide.

同步分离电路33实现从摄像头30输入的视频信号分离出奇偶场信号OD/EN、行场复合同步信号CSN、场同步信号VSN、色同步信号B/BP,型号为LM1881 。 Sync separating circuit 33 separates a video signal to achieve the camera 30 from the odd and even field input signal OD / EN, a composite horizontal and vertical sync signal CSN, field sync signal VSN, color burst signal B / BP, model LM1881. 同步分离电路33的各信号输入到控制模块26中。 Synchronizing signal separated circuit 33 is input to the control module 26.

控制模块26使用可编程逻辑器件,型号为ALTERA公司的EPM7256ATC144。 The control module 26 uses a programmable logic device, model ALTERA's EPM7256ATC144. 该器件内部有5000个门、256个逻辑单元,有110个I/O脚和4 个专门输入脚。 The device has an internal door 5000, 256 logic cells, 110 I / O pins and four dedicated input pins. 控制模块26控制模数变换电路32是否进行模数变换,以及使用同步分离电路33输出的信号控制图像数据向数据存储器24的写入时序。 Signal controls the control module 26 controls the image data conversion circuit 32 is analog-digital analog-digital conversion, and the sync separation circuit 33 using the output of the write timing of data into the memory 24.

微处理器21采用Motorola公司的嵌入式微处理器MPC860,为PowerPC处理器,提供四个串行通信控制器(SCC)和两个串行管理控制器(SMC)。 The microprocessor 21 has an embedded microprocessor MPC860 Motorola company as a PowerPC processor, four serial communication controller (SCC) and two serial management controller (SMC). 串行通信控制器l (SCC1)与以太网外接端口相连,串行通信控制器2 (SCC2)与喇叭相连,串行管理控制器l (SMC1)与串口外接端口相连,串行管理控制器2 (SMC2)与无线模块相连。 Serial Communication Controller l (SCC1) is connected to an external Ethernet port, a serial communication controller 2 (SCC2) connected to the speaker, is connected to the serial management controllers l (SMC1) and the external serial port, a serial management controller 2 (SMC2) is connected with the radio module. 微处理器21运行的操作系统是嵌入式操作系统 The microprocessor 21 operating system is running an embedded operating system

VxWorks或Linux或Java,实现图像采集控制、图像自动报警算法、图像压縮(图像采集模块3输出的图像数据是未经过压縮的图像数据)、数据传输等功 The Java or Linux or VxWorks, image acquisition control, the image automatic alarm algorithm, image compression (image data output from the image acquisition module 3 is not subjected to the compressed image data), data transmission and other functions

能。 can. Motorola公司的MPC860芯片说明文档给出了设计参考电路,本实施例的该 Motorola MPC860's documentation given chip reference circuit design, the present embodiment

部分详细电路原理图与其类似。 Portions of the detailed circuit diagram analogous thereto.

微处理器21具有32位地址总线和数据总线,通过总线收发器25与引导存储 The microprocessor 21 has 32-bit address bus and a data bus, via a storage bus transceiver 25 and the guide

器22、程序存储器23和数据存储器24相连。 22, a program memory 23 and data memory 24 are connected.

引导存储器22用于存储MPC860的引导程序,是只读存储器(ROM),容 Boot memory 22 stores a boot program for the MPC860, read-only memory (ROM), Yung

量为128Kbyte,型号为SST公司的SST39VF010;容量也可以是512Kbyte,型号 The amount of 128Kbyte, Model SST's SST39VF010; capacity can also be 512Kbyte, model

为SST39VF040。 As SST39VF040.

程序存储器23用于存储微处理器的应用程序,是快闪存储器(Flash Memory),是一种非易失性存储器,容量为16M/8M/4Mbyte可选,不同容量的存储器管脚兼容,本实施例中选用Intel公司的J3系列Flash,型号为E28F128J3A。 An application program memory 23 for storing a microprocessor, a flash memory (Flash Memory), a nonvolatile memory capacity of 16M / 8M / 4Mbyte Alternatively, different capacity memory pin-compatible, the present Example selection of Intel Corporation J3 series Flash, model E28F128J3A.

数据存储器24是同步动态随机存储器(SDRAM)和快闪存储器,同步动态随机存储器容量为16Mbyte,型号为HY57V641620HGT,两片扩展成32位总线,用于微处理器软件运行时数据缓冲器。 Data memory 24 is a synchronous dynamic random access memory (SDRAM), and flash memory, synchronous dynamic random access memory capacity 16Mbyte, model HY57V641620HGT, extended to two 32-bit bus, a data buffer for the microprocessor software is running. 快闪存储器用于存储发生报警时的图像,相当于"黑匣子",便于事后公安机关破案。 A flash memory for storing the image when an alarm occurs, corresponds to the "black box", to facilitate detection after the public security organs.

总线收发器25型号为PI74LPT16245。 Bus transceiver 25 model PI74LPT16245.

微处理器21的串行通信控制器2 (SCC2)通过语音编解码器45,并经过功放46放大,驱动喇叭42发出语音报警。 Microprocessor serial communication controller 2 (SCC2) speech codec 21 through 45, and amplified through the amplifier 46, driving the speaker 42 a voice alarm. 语音编解码器45型号为TP3067WM,功放46型号为LM4871MM,喇叭42的阻抗为8Q (欧姆),功率为3W (瓦),型号为AU2T321BU。 A speech codec 45 model TP3067WM, amplifier 46 model LM4871MM, speaker impedance is 42 8Q (ohms), 3W power (Watts), model AU2T321BU.

微处理器21的串行通信控制器1 (SCC1)通过10Base-T以太网收发器64, 并经过变压器65适配为RJ45以太网端口62,提供10Mbps全双工/半双工数据传输速率。 Microprocessor serial communication controller 1 (SCC1) via 10Base-T Ethernet transceiver 21, 64, 65 and through the transformer RJ45 Ethernet port 62 adapted to provide 10Mbps full / half duplex data transmission rate. 10Base-T以太网收发器型号为LXT905,变压器型号为PE-68023。 10Base-T Ethernet transceiver model LXT905, the transformer model PE-68023.

微处理器21的串行管理控制器1 (SMC1)通过串行接口63提供串行端口61,符合RS-232规范,波特率大于9600 bps。 Serial management microprocessor 21 of the controller 1 (SMC1) to provide serial interface 63 through a serial port 61, meet the RS-232 specification, the baud rate greater than 9600 bps. 串行接口63是一个RS232收发器, 型号为MAX232ECWE。 63 is an RS232 serial interface transceiver, Model MAX232ECWE.

17微处理器21的串行管理控制器2 (SMC2)与无线模块51相连。 17 Serial management microprocessor 21 of the controller 2 (SMC2) with the wireless module 51 is connected. 无线模块51 采用西门子GSM手机模块MC35,通过天线52实现信号的收发。 Wireless module 51 Siemens GSM mobile phone module MC35, send and receive signals via antenna 52. 天线52为车载GSM双频天线,型号为CNU179B。 Car GSM dual-band antenna 52 to the antenna, model CNU179B.

微处理器21的复位电路27,实现当系统软件崩溃后自动对微处理器21复位,型号为MAX706TCSA,其RESET管脚通过100欧电阻与微处理器21的PORESET管脚相连。 Microprocessor 21 is reset circuit 27, when the system software crashes achieved automatically reset the microprocessor 21, model MAX706TCSA, which is connected to the RESET pin through 100 ohm resistor 21 and a microprocessor PORESET pin.

微处理器21运行频率为50MHz,由时钟电路28提供。 The microprocessor 21 running at 50MHz, provided by clock circuit 28. 时钟电路28采用50MHz晶振,型号为SG-8002CA-50.0000M,与微处理器21的EXTCLK管脚相连。 50MHz crystal clock circuit 28 uses, as the model SG-8002CA-50.0000M, connected to pin 21 of the microprocessor EXTCLK.

报警语音除了微处理器21通过语音编解码器45产生之外,还可以通过告警音电路47产生。 In addition to the voice alarm is generated by microprocessor 21 speech codec 45, 47 may also be generated by the alarm tone circuit. 告警音电路47由2片555电路ICM7555IBA组成。 Warning tone circuit 47 is constituted by two circuit 555 ICM7555IBA composition. 不同之处在于, 通过微处理器21可以发出预存的各种语音,用户可选择播放有特色的音响。 Except that the various voice can be issued by the microprocessor 21 is stored, the user may select audio playback characteristics.

控制模块26不仅与模数变换32、同步分离33相连,还与液晶屏41相连。 The control module 26 not only to analog-digital conversion 32, connected to a sync separator 33, is also connected to the liquid crystal panel 41. 液晶屏41型号为DG240128-01,显示的信息由微处理器21通过控制模块26写入。 41 LCD model DG240128-01, the information displayed is written by the microprocessor 21 by the control module 26.

控制模块26还与各种按钮11相连,将按钮的输入转换成信号提供给微处理器21,然后微处理器21根据输入信号作相应处理。 The control module 26 is also connected to the various buttons 11, converts the input button to signal to the microprocessor 21, the microprocessor 21 then the processing according to the input signal accordingly.

控制模块26还与警示灯43、状态指示灯44相连。 The control module 26 and further warning lights 43, 44 is connected to the status indicator. 当发生异常情况时,微处理器21通过控制模块26控制警示灯43的显示,发出光报警。 When an exception occurs, the microprocessor 21 controlled by the control module 43 displays the warning lamp 26 emits light alarm. 根据系统运行情况,微处理器21通过控制模块26控制状态指示灯44的显示。 The operation of the system, the microprocessor 21 displays the indicator 44 by the control module 26 controls the state. 警示灯43的型号为B-2233X,状态指示灯44型号为通用的发光二极管。 Warning lamp 43 is model B-2233X, general status indicator 44 is a light emitting diode type.

电源模块7提供各类电源,包括5V、 3.3V、 4V电压。 7 provides various types of power supply module, comprising 5V, 3.3V, 4V voltage.

本实施例的图像采集模块的详细电路图可以参见中国专利号95111013.6, 申请日1995年4月19日,发明创造的名称为四画面图像采集器智能监控装置,该发明详细公开了一种使用分立器件构成的图像采集装置。 Detailed circuit diagram of the image acquisition module of the present embodiment can refer to China Patent No. 95111013.6, filed April 19, 1995, title of the invention to create a screen image for the four collector intelligent monitoring device, the invention discloses in detail a method of using discrete devices the image acquisition device configuration. 本实施例的手机模块的详细电路图如图4所示。 Detailed circuit diagram of the cell phone module of the present embodiment shown in FIG. 图4中XI为40芯扁平插座,用于与西门子GSM手机模块MC35相连;X3是SIM卡座;D5是6通道ESD防护二极管阵列,型号为PACDN006。 XI in FIG. 4 is a 40-pin flat socket for connection to a GSM mobile phone module Siemens MC35; X3 is a SIM card; D5 is 6-channel ESD protection diode array, model PACDN006.

图5是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例2的电路原理图。 FIG 5 is a circuit schematic embodiment of a wireless image monitoring apparatus 2 of the present invention. 本实施例与实施例1的最大区别在于,本实施例的图像采集模块采用高集成度的芯片来完成,包括一块CMOS图像传感器、 一片图像处理器芯片。 The maximum difference between the embodiment 1 and the embodiment of the present embodiment in that the image acquisition module according to the present embodiment employs a highly integrated chip to complete, including a CMOS image sensor, an image processor chip. CMOS图像传感器实 CMOS image sensor solid

18现对摄像头视频信号的釆集,例如STMicroelectronics公司(意法半导体公司) 的VV6501图像传感器内部包括一个10bit的模数变换器(ADC),输出VGA 18 is now set to preclude the camera video signal, for example, the company STMicroelectronics (STMicroelectronics) inside VV6501 image sensor includes a 10bit analog to digital converter (the ADC), VGA output

(640X480)分辨率的原始图像数据(未经过压縮),每秒最高可达30帧图像。 (640X480) resolution of the original image data (non-compressed), up to 30 frames per second. 不同型号的CMOS图像传感器可以输出不同的图像分辨率,例如STMicroelectronics公司VV6411输出的图像分辨率为CIF (352x288)。 Different types of CMOS image sensor may output a different image resolution, for example, the image resolution is outputted from STMicroelectronics VV6411 CIF (352x288). 图像处理器STV0680B是STMicroelectronics公司出品的数码相机芯片,支持W6501 和W6411 CMOS图像传感器,通过USB 口或RS232 口输出图像数据。 The image processor is STV0680B STMicroelectronics chip companies produce digital cameras, support W6501 and W6411 CMOS image sensor, through the USB port or RS232 port output image data.

CMOS图像传感器W6501与镜头、红外过滤镜(IR Filter) —起构成图像的前端处理,输出VGA分辨率的原始图像数据流,作为图像处理器STV0680B 的输入。 W6501 CMOS image sensor and lens, through the infrared filter (IR Filter) - from front-end processing, the output of the VGA resolution image constituting the original image data stream, as an input image processor STV0680B. STV0680B通过I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit)对W6501进行参数配置,例如曝光设置等。 STV0680B parameter configuration of W6501 by I2C (Inter-Integrated Circuit), such as exposure settings. STV0680B的时钟由外部12MHz XTAL晶振提供。 STV0680B provided by an external clock of 12MHz XTAL crystal. STV0680B接收W6501输出的原始图像数据流,并通过Memory接口将图像数据保存到SDRAM中。 W6501 STV0680B receiving the output stream of original image data, and stores image data by the Memory Interface to the SDRAM. STV0680B可以配置16Mbit或64Mbit SDRAM, 16Mbit SDRAM可以保存20张CIF格式(352x288)图像,64Mbit SDRAM可以保存80张CIF格式图像,或者26张VGA格式(640x480)图像。 STV0680B may be configured or 16Mbit 64Mbit SDRAM, 16Mbit SDRAM 20 can be saved in CIF format (352x288) images, 64Mbit SDRAM 80 can be saved in CIF format image, 26 or VGA format (640x480) images. 图像处理器STV0680B具有USB (Universal Serial Bus,通用串行总线)接口,并通过USB 接口输出图像数据。 The image processor STV0680B with USB (Universal Serial Bus, Universal Serial Bus) interface, and the image data is output via the USB interface.

图像处理器STV0680B与中央处理模块的微处理器相连, 一方面通过USB 接口将采集的图像数据传送给中央处理模块的微处理器;另一方面通过GPIO 接口接受微处理器的指令,例如采集一帧图像等。 STV0680B image processor and a microprocessor connected to the central processing module, the microprocessor transmits the image data collected via the USB interface on the one hand to the central processing module; the other hand via the GPIO interface receiving instructions of a microprocessor, for example, a collection frame images. STMicroelectronics公司的W6501和STV0680B芯片说明文档给出了设计参考电路,本实施例的该部分详细电路原理图与其相同。 W6501 STV0680B from STMicroelectronics and documentation given chip reference circuit design, the portion of the detailed circuit diagram of the present embodiment is identical thereto.

本实施例中微处理器采用Motorola的MPC850微处理器,它是一个多用途的通用芯片,内部集成了微处理器和常用外围组件。 Examples of microprocessors Motorola MPC850 microprocessor of the present embodiment, it is a general-purpose chip, integrated inside the microprocessor and peripheral components used. 它是Motorola的MPC860应用于通信系统的低成本实现,提供的了更高性价比,并且提供了USB的支持。 It is a low-cost Motorola MPC860 applied to the communication system implementations, provides a more cost-effective, and provides USB support. MPC850集成了嵌入式PowerPC核和一个为通信使用的专门的RISC的通信处理器模块(CPM) 。 MPC850 integrated embedded PowerPC core and specialized RISC communications processor module (CPM) a use for communication. MPC850的CPM支持6个串行通道: 一个串行通信控制器 MPC850 supports 6 CPM of serial channels: a serial communication controller

(SCC), 一个通用串行总线通道(USB),两个串行管理控制器(SMS), 一个PC接口,和一个串行外围接口电路(SPI)。 (The SCC), a universal serial bus channel (USB), two serial management controllers (SMS), a PC interface and a peripheral interface (SPI) serial. 微处理器MPC850的USB 口与图像处理器STV0680B的USB 口相连,微处理器MPC850作为主控USB角色(Master),图像处理器STV0680B作为外设 MPC850 microprocessor and the image processor USB port of the USB port is connected STV0680B, MPC850 microprocessor role as a USB master (Master), the image processor as a peripheral STV0680B

(Slave)。 (Slave). 图像处理器STV0680B输出的图像数据是未经过压缩的图像数据, 为了提高图像传输效率(由无线图像监控装置传送到监控中心),微处理器MPC850需要进行软件图像压縮,压縮算法可以是Motion-JPEG、 JPEG-2000、 MPEG-1、 MPEG-2、 MPEG-4、 H.261、 H.263、 H.264。 The image data output from the image processor STV0680B is not compressed image data, the image in order to improve the transmission efficiency (the image transmitted by the radio monitoring device to the control center), MPC850 microprocessor requires software image compression, compression algorithms may be Motion -JPEG, JPEG-2000, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, H.261, H.263, H.264.

与实施例1的微处理器MPC860类似,微处理器MPC850也有引导存储器、 程序存储器和数据存储器。 Analogously to Example microprocessor MPC860 1, the guide also MPC850 microprocessor memory, program memory and data memory. 数据存储器既有同步动态随机存储器,也有快闪存储器,快闪存储器用于存储发生报警时的图像,相当于"黑匣子",便于事后公安机关破案。 Existing data storage synchronous dynamic random access memory, but also a flash memory, flash memory for storing the image when the alarm occurs, corresponds to the "black box", to facilitate detection after the public security organs. 图像处理器STV0680B的SDRAM存储器仅仅用于暂时存储所采集的图像数据。 The image processor STV0680B only SDRAM memory temporarily storing the image data acquired.

中央处理模块的其它部分电路,例如MPC850的周边电路(存储器接口、与无线模块的串口接口、以太网接口等)的电路图与实施例l基本相同,输入设备、输出设备、外接端口、无线模块的电路图与实施例l相同。 Other portions of the central processing circuit modules, for example MPC850 circuit diagram of peripheral circuits (the memory interface, the wireless module with the serial interface, Ethernet interface, etc.) of the embodiment is substantially the same as in Example l, input devices, output devices, an external connection port, the wireless module Example l with the same circuit diagram.

图6是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例3的电路原理图。 FIG 6 is an embodiment of a wireless image monitoring apparatus of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a schematic circuit. 本实施例与实施例2类似,图像采集模块也采用高集成度的芯片来完成,包括一块CMOS图像传感器、 一片图像处理器芯片。 This embodiment is similar to Example 2, the image acquisition module also uses highly integrated chips to complete, including a CMOS image sensor, an image processor chip. 与实施例2不同的是,本实施例的中央处理模块与图像采集模块之间不是USB接口,而是Digiport接口。 Example 2 except that, between the central processing module and the image acquisition module of the present embodiment is not a USB interface, but the Digiport interface. Digiport是一个双向数据口,用于输入输出图像数据。 Digiport is a bidirectional data port for outputting the input image data.

本实施例的图像采集模块的镜头、红外过滤镜、CMOS图像传感器与实施例2完全相同,CMOS图像传感器同样采用W6501或者VV6411。 Camera image acquisition module according to the present embodiment, the infrared filter too, CMOS image sensors identical to Example 2, CMOS image sensors also uses W6501 or VV6411. 图像采集模块的图像处理器采用STMicroelectronics公司的STV0676,它是一个数字视频处理器,完成图像的采集与输出,输出的图像数据既可以是未经过压縮的YCbCr或RGB图像数据,也可以是经过JPEG压缩的图像数据。 Image acquisition module image processor from STMicroelectronics STv0676, which is a digital video processor to complete the acquisition of the output image, the output image data may be uncompressed YCbCr or RGB image data passes through it may be JPEG-compressed image data. STV0676既可以以USB方式输出图像数据,也可以以Digiport方式输出图像数据。 STV0676 image data may be output in a USB manner, image data can also be output Digiport manner. STV0676的时钟由外部12MHzXTAL晶振提供。 STV0676 12MHzXTAL clock provided by an external oscillator. STV0676与实施例2的STV0680B的区别主要有四点:a. 无需外置的存储器;b.内置视频压縮器,压缩算法为Motion-JPEG (M-JPEG) ; c.提供Digiport图像数据输出接口, Digiport是一个10bit的双向数据口,用于将图像数据从STV0676输出,或者将图像数据输入到STV0676; d.内置8052内核微处理器。 The difference STV0680B STV0676 Example 2 mainly has four points:. A no external memory; B built video compression, the compression algorithm Motion-JPEG (M-JPEG); c Digiport providing image data output interface. , the Digiport 10bit a bidirectional data port for outputting the image data from the STv0676, or the input image data to the STV0676;. d 8052 microprocessor core.

20图像处理器STV0676也可以与实施例2—样,使用USB接口与中央处理模块相连,在本实施例中它通过Digiport接口与中央处理模块的微处理器相连。 The image processor 20 may STV0676 Example 2 and sample embodiment, using the USB interface with the central processing module, which is connected to the microprocessor embodiment Digiport interface to the central processing module in the present embodiment. 中央处理模块的微处理器通过^C接口控制STV0676,例如STV0676图像数据输出格式等。 Central processing module via the microprocessor ^ C interface control STV0676, e.g. STv0676 image data output format. 本实施例的中央处理模块的微处理器既可以选用MotorolaMPC860,也可以选用Motorola MPC850。 A microprocessor central processing module of the present embodiment can either choose MotorolaMPC860, you can also use Motorola MPC850. 由于图像压縮可以由STV0676来完成,因此本实施例对中央处理模块的微处理器还可以选用MCS-51单片机。 Since the image compression can be done by STV0676, microprocessor central processing module embodiment therefore the present embodiment can also use MCS-51 microcontroller.

STMicroelectronics公司的VV6501和STV0676芯片说明文档给出了设计参考电路,本实施例的该部分详细电路原理图与其相同。 From STMicroelectronics and STV0676 chips VV6501 documentation given reference circuit design, the portion of the detailed circuit diagram of the present embodiment is identical thereto. 本实施例的输入设备、 输出设备、外接端口、无线模块的电路图与实施例l相同。 The input device of this embodiment, a circuit diagram of the embodiment of an output device, the external port, a wireless module, the same as Example l.

图7是本发明的无线图像监控装置的实施例4的电路原理图。 FIG. 7 is a circuit schematic diagram of a wireless embodiment of the image monitoring device 4 of the present invention. 本实施例与实施例1、 2、 3的最大区别在于,本实施例的图像采集模块和无线模块采用了高集成度的模块来完成,即多媒体消息手机模块。 The present embodiment in Example 1, the maximum difference between the 2, 3 in that the image acquisition module and the wireless module of the present embodiment uses a highly integrated module to complete, i.e., a multimedia message mobile phone module. 目前多媒体消息手机主要分为两类: 一是在GPRS网络上应用的MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service )手机,例如中国移动的彩信手机;二是在CDMA网络上应用的多媒体邮件手机, 例如中国联通的彩e手机。 MMS phones currently divided into two categories: one is the application over GPRS MMS (Multimedia Messaging Service) mobile phones, such as China Mobile's MMS mobile phone; the second is the application on the CDMA mobile phone network multimedia messages, such as China Unicom's color e phone.

目前中国移动已经在GPRS网络中建立了多媒体消息(MMS)系统,并开通了彩信业务。 At present, China Mobile has established a GPRS network multimedia messaging (MMS) systems, and opened a multimedia message service. MMS系统主要遵循3GPP的MMS标准,为终端用户提供图片、铃声等带有多媒体特性的信息(Messaging)服务。 MMS MMS system mainly follows the 3GPP standard, providing end users with pictures, ring tones and other information (Messaging) services with multimedia features.

目前中国联通在CDMA网络中建立了多媒体邮件(UIMAP)系统,并开通了彩e业务。 Currently China Unicom's CDMA network in the establishment of a multimedia message (UIMAP) systems, and opened color e business. UIMAP主要采用直接架构在IP协议之上的邮件客户端标准一一IMAP4及其变体。 UIMAP major direct mail client architecture over standard IP protocol IMAP4 one by one and their variants. 由于IMAP4协议主要为有线网络设计,因此在无线环境下运行时,各CDMA运营商均采用其变体以提高效率,如KDDI的cIMAP 等。 Since the main wired network IMAP4 protocol design, so when operating in a wireless environment, each of the CDMA carriers are used to improve the efficiency of a variant thereof, such as the KDDI cIMAP like. UIMAP和标准IMAP4协议的差别主要在于,根据无线网络环境的实际情况,对标准协议的内容和表示方法进行了精简和压缩,从而大大提供了运行效 UIMAP standard IMAP4 protocol differences mainly in that, according to the actual wireless network environment, and the content representation standard protocol was streamlined and compression, thereby providing significantly efficient running

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MMS和UIMAP是一种端到端的应用,非实时的消息交互,支持多媒体的内容。 MMS and UIMAP is an end to end applications, non-real-time message exchange, support multimedia content. 用户可以通过支持的移动终端,收发内容丰富的多媒体内容,包括格式化的文本、声音、图像以及视频内容。 The mobile user terminal can support, the transceiver rich multimedia content, including formatted text, audio, image, and video content.

多媒体消息手机模块在内部结构中也包括图像采集模块、微处理器和无线接口三部分,由图像采集模块完成景物图像的摄取、模数变换为数字化的图像数据,然后由微处理器将图像数据构建成MMS或UIMAP数据格式,再通过无线接口部分将图像数据以MMS或UIMAP方式通过GPRS或CDMA移动通信网发送出去。 Mobile multimedia message module also includes three internal structure of the partial image acquisition module, a microprocessor and a wireless interface, complete image of a scene taken by the image acquisition module, digitized analog-digital conversion of the image data, the image data and then by the microprocessor UIMAP constructed MMS or data format, and then through the wireless interface section or the image data to MMS sent by way UIMAP GPRS or CDMA mobile communication network.

本实施例中中央处理模块的微处理器与多媒体手机模块相连,中央处理模块的微处理器控制多媒体手机模块进行图像采集,并将图像数据构建成MMS 或UIMAP数据格式,以及控制多媒体手机模块将采集的图像以MMS或UIMAP方式发送到监控中心。 In this embodiment the central processing module connected to the microprocessor and multimedia mobile phone module, a microprocessor module controlling a central processing multimedia phone module for image acquisition, the image data constructed UIMAP data format or MMS, multimedia mobile phone, and a control module acquired image is sent to the monitoring center or MMS UIMAP manner. 中央处理模块的微处理器可以选用MCS-51系列单片机、或者Motorola MPC嵌入式处理器、或者DSP。 A microprocessor central processing module can use MCS-51 series microcontroller, or Motorola MPC embedded processor, or DSP. 本实施例的输入设备、输出设备、外接端口的电路图与实施例l相同。 The input device according to the present embodiment, the output device, the external port is a circuit diagram of the same embodiment as in Example l.

本实施例与实施例1、 2、 3的最大区别在于,与监控中心的图像传输方式不同,实施例1、 2、 3的无线图像监控装置与监控中心之间的图像传输使用拨号方式或者Internet方式进行传输。 The present embodiment in Example 1, the maximum difference between the 2, 3 is that, unlike the image transmission control center, using dial-up image transmission between the wireless center and the monitoring image monitoring apparatus in Example 1, 2, 3 or Internet embodiment way transmission. 本实施例的无线图像监控装置与监控中心之间的图像传输使用标准的MMS或UIMAP协议进行传输。 Image transmission between the wireless center and the monitoring image monitoring apparatus of the present embodiment uses a standard protocol for transmission UIMAP or MMS.

图8是本发明的无线图像监控方法的流程图。 FIG 8 is a flowchart of a wireless video surveillance method of the present invention. 步骤801为开始步骤,无线图像监控装置上电。 Step 801 is a start step, an electrical monitoring device on a wireless image. 步骤802为设置无线图像监控装置各种参数,例如监控中心报警电话、是否启动报警(监控状态还是正常状态)等。 Step 802 is provided to monitor various parameters of wireless video devices, such as a monitor police call center, whether to activate the alarm (monitoring state or normal state) and the like. 假设设置无线图像监控装置的参数为监控状态、报警图像自动传输、启动声光报警。 Suppose the wireless parameter setting image monitoring apparatus to monitor a state, automatic alarm transfer image, sound and light alarm starts. 在步骤803 中,判断是否发生警情。 In step 803, it is determined whether the alarm occurs. 对于判断是否发生警情,既可以通过红外传感器、微波传感器等检测,还可以通过本发明提供的图像识别功能来自动判断是否有异常情况发生,即是否有警情发生。 For determining whether the image recognition alarm function, may be detected by the infrared sensor, microwave sensor, etc., may also be provided by the present invention to automatically determine if there occurs abnormality occurs, i.e., whether an event has occurred. 若步骤803中为是,则执行步骤804,表示发生警情,无线图像监控装置将立即启动无线图像传输功能,将报警图像传送到监控中心。 If YES in step 803, step 804 is executed to indicate the alarm, the wireless image monitoring apparatus immediately starts wireless image transmission function to transmit the alarm images to the monitoring center. 若步骤803中为否,则继续执行步骤803,即继续检测是否发生警情。 If NO in step 803, proceed to Step 803, i.e., to continue detecting whether an alarm occurs. 步骤804为无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块通过无线模块向监控中心发送告警短消息。 Step 804 sends an alarm message to the central monitoring center the image processing module for wireless monitoring device via the wireless module. 歩骤805为无线图像监控装置的输出设备发出声光报警,即输出设备的喇叭发出告警音,警示灯闪烁。 Ho step 805 an image output apparatus for wireless monitoring device audible alarm, i.e. an alarm horn sound output device, the warning light flashes. 步骤806为无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立数据连接,以便将报警图像传输到监控中心。 Step 806 to establish a data connection to a wireless image monitoring device and the monitoring center, so as to transmit the alarm images to the monitoring center. 图12、图14、图16 给出了三种无线图像传输流程图。 FIG 12, FIG 14, FIG 16 shows a flowchart of three wireless image transmission. 步骤807为无线图像监控装置将报警图像通过移动通信网传送到监控中心。 Step image monitoring device 807 is a wireless alarm image transmission to the control center via the mobile communication network. 为了方便日后公安机关破案,需要将发生警情时整个过程的图像连续的记录下来,步骤808为将报警图像存储到无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块的存储器中,相当于"黑匣子"。 Image of the entire process continuously recorded when the public security organs in order to facilitate future detection, alarm needs to occur, the step 808 of the alarm image stored in the memory of the central processing module in the wireless image monitoring apparatus, corresponding to the "black box." 由于目前移动通信网 Due to the current mobile communication network

22络的数据传输带宽还是窄带的,GPRS数据带宽目前通常只能达到'20-40Kbps, 因此监控中心接收到无线图像监控装置发送的图像帧频小于25帧/秒。 Data transfer bandwidth network 22 or narrowband, GPRS data bandwidth is typically present only reach '20 -40Kbps, so the monitoring center receives the image transmitted from the wireless device to monitor the image frame rate less than 25 frames / sec. 为了更真实的记录案发时现场的情况,本地中央处理模块的存储器中存储的图像数据是连续的,最高可到25帧/秒(摄像头信号为PAL帝ij)或30帧/秒(摄像头信号为NTSC制)。 In order to provide true recording the crime scene situation, the image data memory local central processing module stored is continuous, up to 25 frames / sec (camera signal is PAL Emperor ij of) or 30 frames / sec (camera signal for the NTSC system).

步骤809为判断警情是否已经解除或者监控中心是否已经确认警情。 Step 809 determines whether the alarm has been released or whether the monitor has been confirmed alarm center. 例如无线图像监控装置的监控区域中有人闯入,则无线图像监控装置通过图像识别判断发生警情,无线图像监控装置向报警图像传送到监控中心,并且将报警图像存储到中央处理模块的存储器中。 Monitoring such as monitoring the image area of ​​a wireless device was broken into, the wireless alarm image monitoring apparatus is determined by the image recognition occurs, the wireless device transmits an image to the alarm monitoring image to the monitoring center, and the alarm images stored in the memory to the central processing module . 如果该犯罪嫌疑人离开监控区域,则无线图像监控装置通过图像识别判断警情解除,并向监控中心发送告警恢复短消息以及停止报警图像的传输。 If the suspect leaving the monitored area, the wireless image monitoring apparatus is determined by the image recognition alarm is released, and sends an alarm monitoring center, and stops transmission of the short message recovery alarm image. 或者监控中心接收到无线图像监控装置发送的报警图像后,立即进行确认,如果确认警情是真实的,则监控中心将立即联系110 出警,缉拿犯罪嫌疑人。 Or after the alarm monitoring center receives an image transmitted from the wireless monitoring device images, immediately confirm, if the alarm confirmation is true, then the monitoring center will immediately contact 110 police apprehend suspects. 若步骤809中为是,则执行步骤810。 If in step 809 is yes, step 810 is executed. 若步骤809中为否,则继续执行步骤807,即继续将报警图像传送到监控中心。 If NO in step 809, proceed to Step 807, i.e., the image continues to transmit the alarm to the monitoring center. 步骤810为无线图像监控装置停止向监控中心传输报警图像。 Step 810 stops the alarm image to the monitoring center for the wireless transmission of the image monitoring device. 步骤811为拆除无线图像监控装置与监控中心的数据连接。 Step 811 is connected to the image data of the wireless monitoring device and removal of the monitoring center. 步骤812为无线图像监控装置的输出设备停止发出声光报警,即输出设备的喇叭停止发出告警音,警示灯停止闪烁。 Step 812 is stopped audible alarm, i.e., the output of the speaker device emits an alarm sound stops, stops flashing warning lights wireless image output device monitoring device. 警情解除后或者监控中心确认警情后,无线图像监控装置继续检测是否发生警情。 After the dissolution or alarm monitoring center alarm acknowledgment, the wireless device continues to monitor the image detecting whether an alarm occurs.

图8中步骤803判断是否发生警情,除了可以采用红外等传感器之外,本实施例还提供了图像识别方式来检测。 In step 8803 of FIG determines whether an alarm occurs, in addition to the infrared sensor and the like may be employed outside the present embodiment also it provides a way to detect an image recognition. 为了提高图像识别的精确度,本发明将一幅图像分成8X8、或者4X4、或者16X16的方块,然后检测每个方块的图像是否发生变化,以及发生变化的方块比例来判断是否有异常情况。 In order to improve the accuracy of image recognition, the present invention is an image into 8X8, or 4X4, 16X16, or blocks, and each block of the image detecting whether a change occurs, and the proportion of block changes to determine whether there is abnormality. 图9给出了一幅CIF (352X288)格式的图像按8X8方块进行分割,共可以分割成44X 36个方块。 Figure 9 shows a CIF (352X288) image format 8X8 block is divided by the total 44X 36 may be divided into squares.

图IO是通过图像识别自动报警的方法的流程图。 FIG IO is a flowchart of an automatic image recognition by the alarm. 步骤1001为开始步骤。 Step 1001 as the start procedure. 步骤1002为设置图像报警灵敏度,包括块报警门限(或阀值)和系统报警门限两部分。 Step 1002 is the alarm sensitivity setting an image block including alarm threshold (or threshold) and the two part system alarm thresholds. 块报警门限是指图9所述的方块是否有异常情况的判断门限值;系统报警门限是值整个图像是否有异常情况的判断门限值。 Alarm Threshold block refers to whether the block of FIG. 9 has the abnormality determination threshold; system alarm threshold value of the entire image if there is a threshold determination of abnormality. 步骤1003为采集第N+1 幅图像。 Step 1003 is a collection of N + 1 images. 步骤1004为将第N幅和第N+l幅图像按照图9方式进行分块。 Step 1004 is the first web N and N + l images divided into blocks 9 according to FIG. 步骤1005为置异常方块数为0。 Step 1005 is set to 0 the number of abnormal block. 步骤1006为计算第N+l幅和第N幅图像对应方块 Step 1006 to calculate the first amplitude and the second N + l N images corresponding to block

23亮度值误差。 23 luminance error. 假设方块的大小为8x8像素,则一个方块共有64个像素,两幅图像对应方块64个像素的亮度值相减的绝对值之和,即: Suppose a block size of 8x8 pixels, a total of 64 pixel block, the luminance values ​​of two pixels corresponding to the image block 64 by subtracting the sum of absolute values, namely:

63 63

方块亮度值误差二-paO Two luminance block error -paO

其中pa^为第n+l幅图像的一方块第i个像素的亮度值,pa^'为第n幅图 Where pa ^ is the luminance value of a block n + l images of the i-th pixel, pa ^ 'n for the first web of FIG.

像的对应方块第i个像素的亮度值。 Corresponding to the i-th block like the luminance values ​​of pixels.

在步骤1007中,判断步骤1006的方块亮度值误差计算结果是否超过块报警门限。 In step 1007, the block luminance value of the error is determined in step 1006 whether the calculation result exceeds the alarm threshold block. 若步骤1007中为否,则执行步骤1009。 If NO in step 1007, step 1009 is executed. 若步骤1007中为是,则执行步骤100s。 If step 1007 is YES, step 100s. 步骤1008为异常方块数加1。 Step 1008 adds 1 to the number of squares is abnormal. 异常方块数是指超过预先设置的块报警门限的方块的总数。 Exception block number of the squares is the total number exceeds the preset alarm limit gate squares. 在步骤1009中,判断所有方块的亮度值误差是否计算完毕。 In step 1009, the luminance is determined whether the error has been calculated for all the blocks. 若步骤1009中为否,则继续执行步骤1006。 If NO in step 1009, proceed to Step 1006. 若步骤1009中为是,则执行步骤1010。 If in step 1009 is YES, step 1010 is executed. 在步骤1010中,判断异常方块数比例是否超过预先设置的系统报警门限。 In step 1010, it is determined whether the ratio exceeds the number of abnormal block system alarm threshold set in advance. 若步骤1010中为否,则表示没有异常情况发生,重新执行步骤1003,继续进行图像识别。 If in step 1010 is NO, it indicates that no abnormality occurs, re-execute step 1003, continue to perform image recognition. 若步骤1010中为是,则表示出现异常情况,执行步骤1011。 If step 1010 is YES, it indicates an abnormal situation, step 1011. 歩骤1011为图像识别结果为发生异常情况,即发生警情,无线图像监控装置将向监控中心传送报警图像。 Ho to step 1011 where the image recognition result is abnormal, i.e., an alarm occurs, the wireless central monitoring image monitoring apparatus will transmit alarm images. 步骤1012为结束步骤。 Step 1012 to end step.

本发明的无线图像监控装置的图像自动识别并自动报警。 Image wireless image monitoring device of the present invention, automatic recognition and automatic alarm. 图像自动报警分为两种:图像全局报警和图像区域报警。 Automatic alarm image is divided into two: the overall image area and an image warning alarm.

所谓图像全局报警,就是摄像头所摄像到整个区域为报警区域,该装置自动判断图像是否发生变化,如果变化幅度超过预先设定的阀值(灵敏度),则表示在报警区域内发生异常情况,系统自动报警。 The so-called global alarm image, the camera is imaging the entire area of ​​the alarm zone, the device automatically determines whether an image changes, if the change by more than a predetermined threshold (sensitivity), then the abnormality occurs in the warning area, the system Automatic alarm. 图9和图io给出的实施例就是图像全局报警,它以整幅图像作为报警区域。 Embodiment of FIGS. 9 and io is given according to image global alarm, it entire image area as an alarm.

所谓图像区域报警是指在摄像头所摄像到区域中设定一个方形、圆形、多边形区域作为报警区域。 The so-called image region alarm refers to the imaging area of ​​the camera is set in a square, circular, polygonal area as a warning area. 该装置自动判断报警区域内的图像是否发生变化,如果变化幅度超过预先设定的阀值(灵敏度),则表示在报警区域内发生异常情况,系统自动报警。 The apparatus automatically determines whether the image in the alarm zone changes, if the change by more than a predetermined threshold (sensitivity), then the occurrence of an abnormality in the alarm area, alarm system. 例如,可以将汽车或保险柜的钥匙孔作为一个区域, 一旦有人接触钥匙孔,则自动报警。 E.g., keyhole car or can be used as a safe area, once a person touches the key hole, the automatic alarm. 与图9类似,报警区域同样可以划分为若干个8x8或4x4或16x16的方块,然后图像识别判断只针对该报警区域进行,流程类似于图10。 Similar to FIG. 9, the same alarm region may be divided into a plurality of 8x8 or 4x4 or 16x16 blocks, and then the image recognition is determined only for the alarm region, the flow 10 is similar to FIG. 用户可通过无线图像监控装置的输入设备的灵敏度调节按钮可以进行报警灵敏度设置。 Button the user can adjust the sensitivity of the wireless image input device monitoring device can be set alarm sensitivity. 在最灵敏情况下,可达到1/25=0.04秒(PAL制)或1/30=0.033 秒(NTSC制)报警。 In the most sensitive cases, up to 1/25 = 0.04 seconds (PAL system) or 1/30 = 0.033 seconds (NTSC) was alarm. 一旦检测到摄像头无视频信号,则无线图像监控装置的无线模块立即向预先设置的报警电话发送告警短消息。 Upon detecting a camera without video signal, the wireless module for wireless image monitoring device sends an alarm message to a preset alarm call immediately.

当无线图像监控装置通过图像识别检测到警情时,如果设置为报警图像自动传输,则报警图像将通过移动通信网传送到监控中心。 When the wireless image monitoring means detects by image recognition alarm, if the alarm is set to automatically transmit the image, the image will be transmitted to the alarm monitoring center through a mobile communication network. 无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送图像数据主要有三种方式: Wireless image transmission device to the monitoring center monitoring data of the image there are three main ways:

1. 电话拨号方式,无线图像监控装置通过拨打监控中心的报警电话,建立数据连接,然后将图像传送到监控中心; 1. telephone dial-up, wireless image monitoring apparatus monitoring center by dialing alarm call, data connection is established, and then transfers the image to the monitoring center;

2. Internet方式,无线图像监控装置通过Internet与监控中心建立数据连接,然后将图像传送到监控中心; 2. Internet embodiment, the image monitoring device wireless data connection with the monitoring center over the Internet, and then transfer the image to the monitoring center;

3. 多媒体消息方式,无线图像监控装置将报警图像以多媒体消息方式发送到监控中心。 3. The multimedia message mode, the wireless image monitoring apparatus transmits an alarm to the control center the image in a multimedia message mode. 它与前两种图像传输方式的区别在于:监控中心无法连续观看被监控的目标的图像,因为多媒体消息(MMS或UIMAP)只是一种消息交互, 它将图像数据以消息包方式发送,监控中心只能观看到一个个图像数据包,即观看到非连续的一个个图像片断。 It differs from the first two in that the image transmission mode: continuous monitoring center can not view the monitor image of the object, since the multimedia message (MMS or UIMap) just an interactive message, it transmits the image data in a packet mode message, the monitoring center a view only to image data packets, i.e. a non-continuous viewed image segment.

图11是无线图像监控装置通过电话拨号方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网图。 FIG 11 is a view of a system wireless networking image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission via telephone dial-up. 假设无线图像监控装置的无线模块是GSM无线模块,移动通信网是GSM 移动通信网,则无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块的微处理器通过串口发送标准AT拨号指令,拨打监控中心的报警电话(由输入设备的报警电话设置按钮设置),建立数据连接,然后将图像传送到监控中心。 Image monitoring apparatus is assumed that the wireless module is a wireless GSM wireless module, a mobile communication network is a GSM mobile communication network, the microprocessor central processing module of a wireless image transmission monitoring device through the serial port standard AT dialing command, alarm call to call the monitoring center ( provided by the alarm call setting button input device), a data connection and then transfers the image to the monitoring center. 移动通信网络通过IWF (Inter-working Function)实体提供数据业务。 The mobile communication network provides data services via IWF (Inter-working Function) entity. 无线图像监控装置通过IWF功能实体与监控中心建立端到端的电路交换数据连接,数据传输速率为9600bps。 Image monitoring means for establishing wireless end IWF function entity by the monitoring center circuit switched data connection, the data transmission rate of 9600bps.

监控中心包括应用服务器、GSM无线模块、有线MODEM, GSM无线模块和有线MODEM通过串口与应用服务器相连。 Monitoring center comprising an application server, GSM wireless module, a wired MODEM, GSM wireless and wired MODEM module through the serial port the application server. 假设监控中心的GSM无线模块的电话号码为13805160000,有线MODEM与固定电话相连,固定电话号码为025-3611111,则移动电话号码13805160000和固定电话号码025-3611111都是监控中心的报警电话,无线图像监控装置无论拨打移动电话号码13805160000和固定电话号码025-3611111都可以与监控中心的应用服务器建立 Suppose GSM radio module monitoring center phone number is 13805160000, MODEM cable connected to the fixed telephone, fixed telephone number 025-3611111 is, the mobile telephone number 13805160000 and are fixed telephone number 025-3611111 alarm monitoring center phone, a wireless image whether monitoring device to dial mobile phone number 13805160000 and fixed telephone number 025-3611111 monitoring center can be established with an application server

25数据连接,例如本实施例中,无线图像监控装置A拨打移动电话号码13805160000,无线图像监控装置B拨打固定电话号码025-3611111。 Data connection 25, for example according to the present embodiment, the image monitoring apparatus A dials the wireless mobile telephone number 13805160000, wireless image monitoring device B landline telephone number 025-3611111. 图11中PSTN是公用电话交换网,虚线是指图像传输的数据流。 In FIG. 11 is a PSTN public switched telephone network, a dashed line refers to a data stream of image transmission.

图12是无线图像监控装置通过电话拨号方式实现无线图像传输的流程图。 12 is a flowchart wireless image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission via telephone dial-up. 步骤1201为开始步骤。 Step 1201 is a start step. 步骤1202为无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块的微处理器通过无线模块拨号,拨打预先设置的监控中心的报警电话。 Step 1202 is a microprocessor central processing module of a wireless image monitoring device via the wireless module dialing, call monitoring center preset alarm call. 步骤1203为无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立数据连接。 The step of establishing a data connection 1203 to wireless image monitoring apparatus and the monitoring center. 步骤1204为无线图像监控装置向监控中心传输图像数据,无线图像监控装置和监控中心之间的数据传输协议既可可以是自定义协议,也可以是TCP/IP协议。 Step 1204 transmitting the image data to the control center for the wireless image monitoring apparatus, a data transfer protocol between the wireless image monitoring apparatus and the monitoring center may be either a custom protocol may be a TCP / IP protocol. 步骤1205为图像数据传输结束后,无线图像监控装置拆除与监控中心之间的数据连接。 After the transfer of the image data, the image data between the wireless monitoring device and the monitoring center connection removal step 1205. 步骤1206为结束步骤。 Step 1206 to end the procedure.

图13是无线图像监控装置通过Internet方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网图。 FIG 13 is a view of a system wireless networking image monitoring apparatus through the wireless Internet image transmission mode. 假设无线图像监控装置的无线模块是GPRS或CDMA 1X无线模块,移动通信网是GSM或CDMA 1X移动通信网,无线图像监控装置通过无线模块拨打Internet接入号接入到Internet网络,例如中国移动的接入号为17266、中国联通的接入号为165。 Image monitoring apparatus is assumed that the wireless radio module is a GPRS or CDMA 1X wireless module, a mobile communication network is a GSM or CDMA 1X mobile communication network, a wireless Internet access image monitoring apparatus to dial numbers to access the Internet via the wireless module, for example, China Mobile access code is 17266, China Unicom's access code is 165. GPRS和CDMA IX具有"永远在线"的优点,即无线图像监控装置随时与GPRS或CDMA1X网络保持联系。 GPRS and CDMA IX has "always on" advantage that wireless image monitoring device to keep in touch with GPRS or CDMA1X network. 在进行数据传输时,只需一个激活的过程, 一般只需要几秒的时间就能登录至Internet网络。 During data transfer, only one activation process, generally only takes a few seconds will be able to log on to the Internet.

监控中心包括应用服务器,该应用服务器是Web应用服务器,与Internet 网络相连,具有固定的Internet公网IP地址。 Monitoring center includes an application server, the application server is a Web application server, connected to the Internet network, the Internet has a fixed public IP address. 由于无线图像监控装置已通过拨号接入到Internet网络,因此无线图像监控装置和监控中心的应用服务器属于Internet网络的两个节点,无线图像监控装置作为客户端(Client),监控中心的应用服务器作为服务器端(Server)。 Since the two nodes via a wireless image monitoring device has dial-up access to the Internet network, wireless monitoring device and the monitoring center the image of the application server belongs to the Internet, the wireless image monitoring apparatus as a client (Client), the application server as a monitoring center server (server). 无线图像监控装置通过Socket连接至监控中心的应用服务器,建立数据通讯链路,这之后无线图像监控装置就可以向监控中心传输图像数据。 Image monitoring device via the wireless connection to the monitoring center Socket application server, to establish a data communication link, a wireless image monitoring apparatus can transmit image data to the monitoring center after that.

图14是无线图像监控装置通过Internet方式实现无线图像传输的流程图。 FIG 14 is a flowchart of a wireless image monitoring apparatus through the wireless Internet image transmission mode. 步骤1401为开始步骤。 Step 1401 as the start procedure. 歩骤1402为无线图像监控装置的中央处理模块的微处理器通过无线模块拨号,拨打Internet接入号。 Ho step 1402 as a microprocessor central processing module of a wireless image monitoring device via the wireless module dial, dial the Internet access number. 步骤1403为无线图像监控装置接入到Internet网络。 Step 1403 is a wireless access to the Internet network image monitoring apparatus. 步骤1404为无线图像监控装置通过Socket建立通讯连接。 Step 1404 is a wireless communication link is established by image monitoring apparatus Socket. 步骤1405为无线图像监控装置向监控中心传输图像数据,无线图像监控装 Step 1405 transmitting the image data to the control center for the wireless image monitoring apparatus, a wireless image monitoring apparatus

26置和监控中心之间的数据传输协议是TCP/IP协议。 Data transmission protocol between the control center 26 and opposing the TCP / IP protocol. 步骤1406为图像数据传输结束后,无线图像监控装置关闭Socket,拆除与监控中心之间的通讯连接。 Step 1406 is the image data after transmission, wireless monitoring device off the Socket image, and the removal of the communication connection between the monitoring center. 步骤1407为结束步骤。 Step 1407 to end the procedure.

图15是无线图像监控装置通过多媒体消息方式实现无线图像传输的系统组网图,图中MMSC (Multimedia Messaging Service Center)指多媒体消息中心。 FIG 15 is a network diagram a wireless image transmission system of a wireless image monitoring apparatus is achieved by way of a multimedia message, FIG MMSC (Multimedia Messaging Service Center) means the multimedia message center. 假设无线图像监控装置的多媒体消息手机模块为中国移动的MMS手机模块,即彩信手机模块;移动通信网是中国移动GPRS移动通信网,MMSC是中国移动的多媒体消息中心。 Image monitoring apparatus is assumed that the wireless phone a multimedia message MMS module China Mobile phone module, i.e. MMS phone module; mobile communication network is a GPRS mobile communication network, China Mobile, China Mobile the MMSC is a multimedia message center. 无线图像监控装置将报警图像以彩信方式发送给监控中心,依据监控中心与MMSC之间连接方式的不同,可以分为以下四种方式: Wireless image monitoring apparatus as MMS sending the alarm image to the monitoring center, depending on the connection between the monitoring center and the MMSC, can be divided into the following four ways:

1. 如图15(a)所示,监控中心与MMSC没有连接,监控中心包括应用服务器和多媒体消息手机模块(本实施例为MMS手机模块)。 1. FIG. 15 (a), the monitoring center and the MMSC is not connected, the monitoring center comprising an application server and a mobile phone module multimedia message (MMS according to the present embodiment is a mobile phone module). 无线图像监控装置的多媒体消息手机模块在发送彩信时,将监控中心的多媒体消息手机模块的号码(例如13805160000)作为接收者地址,即完成报警图像以彩信方式从无线图像监控装置传送到监控中心。 Mobile multimedia message image monitoring module for wireless device when sending a multimedia message, the multimedia message center number phone monitoring module (e.g. 13805160000) as a receiver address, i.e., the completion of the alarm image in the image MMS transmitted from the wireless monitoring device to the monitoring center. 无论是MMS方式还是多媒体邮件方式,都与短消息类似,是一种存储转发机制,非实时的,存在一定时延。 Either way MMS or multimedia mail, all with a similar message, a store and forward mechanism, non-real-time, there is a certain delay.

2. 如图15(b)所示,监控中心作为SP (Service Provider),通过专线的方式接入到MMSC。 2. FIG. 15 (b), the control center as an SP (Service Provider), access to the leased line by way of MMSC. 中国移动给每一个SP分配一个SP服务代码。 China Mobile to each SP is assigned a SP service code. SP服务代码以数字表示,它是用户使用彩信的发送、上传等上行类业务时,需要输入的发送号码。 SP service code in the digital representation, which is sent using the MMS user number sent, uploading uplink traffic class, need to enter. 与图15(a)的区别在于: 一是监控中心的应用服务器与MMSC相连,使得彩信传输时延较短,而且彩信传输也更稳定和可靠;二是无线图像监控装置的多媒体消息手机模块在发送彩信时,将监控中心的SP服务代码作为接收者地址。 Differs from FIG. 15 (a) is characterized by: first monitoring center MMSC is connected to the application server, MMS transmission delay so short and multimedia message transmission is more reliable and stable; the second is a multimedia message mobile phone module in a wireless image monitoring apparatus when sending a multimedia message, the monitoring center of SP service code as the recipient address. 监控中心包括应用服务器,应用服务器与MMSC之间通过中国移动的MM7接口规范进行通讯。 Monitoring center including application servers, application servers and between MMSC communicates through China Mobile MM7 interface specification.

3. 如图15(c)所示,与第二种方式(如图15(b)所示)的唯一区别点就是: 它不是通过专线,而是通过Internet的方式接入到MMSC。 15 (c) shown in the second embodiment (FIG. 15 (b) below) in FIG. 3. The only point of difference is that: it is not through the line, but access to the MMSC through the Internet. 监控中心包括应用服务器,应用服务器与MMSC之间通过中国移动的MM7接口规范进行通讯。 Monitoring center including application servers, application servers and between MMSC communicates through China Mobile MM7 interface specification.

4. 组网图与第三种方式相同,如图15(c)所示,监控中心包括应用服务器, 该应用服务器是邮件服务器,与Internet网络相连。 4. FIG Networking same with the third embodiment, FIG. 15 (c), the monitoring center comprising an application server, the application server is a mail server, connected to the Internet network. 邮件服务器包括一个专门接收彩信的邮箱地址,假设为guard@montemet.com。 Mail server includes a dedicated e-mail address to receive multimedia messages, assumed guard@montemet.com. 彩信业务支持手机终端与邮件系统的互通,无线图像监控装置的多媒体消息手机模块把报警图像作为彩信发送至应用服务器的guard@monternet.com邮箱中。 MMS supports the mobile terminals communicate with the mail system, a mobile phone module for wireless multimedia message image monitoring apparatus is sent as the alarm image to the MMS application server guard@monternet.com mailbox.

图16是无线图像监控装置通过多媒体消息方式实现无线图像传输的流程图。 FIG 16 is a flowchart wireless image monitoring apparatus for wireless image transmission by way of a multimedia message. 步骤1601为开始步骤。 Step 1601 as the start procedure. 步骤1602把报警图像作为多媒体消息的内容。 Step 1602 an alarm image as a content of the multimedia message. 步骤1603把多媒体消息的发送目的地址设置为监控中心的地址,该地址可以是监控中心的多媒体消息手机的号码、监控中心的SP服务代码、或者监控中心的邮件应用服务器的邮箱地址。 Step 1603 sends the destination address of the multimedia message to the address of the monitoring center, the address may be a multimedia messaging phone numbers of the monitoring center, the monitoring center of SP service code, or monitoring e-mail address of the mail server application center. 步骤1604为无线图像监控装置的多媒体消息手机模块将多媒体消息发送出去,由多媒体消息中心将该多媒体消息转发到监控中心。 Step 1604 the multimedia message is a multimedia message sent phone module for wireless image monitoring apparatus, the multimedia message center forwarding the multimedia message to the monitoring center. 步骤1605为结束步骤。 Step 1605 to end the procedure.

图17是本发明的无线图像监控系统的系统结构图。 FIG 17 is a system configuration diagram of a wireless monitoring system of the image of the present invention. 无线图像监控系统包括至少一个无线图像监控装置、移动通信网和一个监控中心。 Wireless video surveillance system comprising at least one wireless image monitoring apparatus, a mobile communication network and a monitoring center. 本实施例共包括四个无线图像监控装置:无线图像监控装置A、无线图像监控装置B、无线图像监控装置C和无线图像监控装置D,分别安装在移动监控目标和固定监控目标上。 The present embodiment includes four image monitoring wireless apparatus: wireless image monitoring device A, the wireless image monitoring apparatus B, Radio image monitoring device C and the wireless image monitoring apparatus D, are mounted on the moving target and stationary monitoring a monitoring target. 移动通信网201可以是GSM移动通信网、GPRS移动通信网、CDMA IX 移动通信网、PHS移动通信网,CDMA 2000移动通信网、WCDMA移动通信网、TD-SCDMA移动通信网、或者集群调度移动通信网。 The mobile communication network 201 may be a GSM mobile communication network, GPRS mobile communication network, CDMA IX mobile communication network, scheduling a mobile communication PHS mobile communication network, CDMA 2000 mobile communication network, WCDMA mobile communication network, TD-SCDMA mobile communication network, or the cluster network. 监控中心303至少包括一个应用服务器800和相关配套网络通讯设备600,例如有线MODEM 601 、 无线模块602、多媒体消息手机模块603、以太网卡604。 Monitoring center 303 includes at least one application server 800 and related network communications device 600 such as a wired MODEM 601, a wireless module 602, the multimedia message cell phone module 603, Ethernet card 604. 应用服务器800至少包括网络通讯机构801和数据接收机构802,网络通讯机构801和以太网卡604 等相关配套网络通讯设备600提供各种网络连接,提供自定义和TCP/IP通讯协议。 At least a network application server 800 comprises communication means 801 and the data reception means 802, communication means 801 and the Ethernet network cards 604 and other related network communications device 600 to provide various network connections, and provide custom TCP / IP communication protocol. 应用服务器800通过网络通讯机构801和相关配套网络通讯设备600与移动通信网201和其它通信网(如Internet网202、 PSTN网203)相连接,实现与无线图像监控装置的数据通讯。 Application Server 800 is connected to a network via the communication means 801 and related network communications device 600 and the mobile communication network and other communication networks 201 (e.g., Internet network 202, PSTN network 203), data communication with the wireless image monitoring apparatus. 应用服务器800的数据接收机构802通过网络通讯机构801接收无线图像监控装置发送的图像数据。 The application server 802 of the data reception means 800 transmitting and receiving wireless image monitoring device 801 via the network communication means image data.

无线图像监控装置A、 B、 C、 D可以按照图12、图14、图16给出的电话拨号、Internet方式、多媒体消息方式通过无线模块经移动通信网201和Intemet/PSTN其它通信网,再经相关网络通讯设备600连接到应用服务器800,之后就可以进行无线图像传输。 Wireless image monitoring apparatus A, B, C, D can follow 12, 14, 16 shows a telephone dial-up, the Internet mode, the multimedia message via the wireless module by way of a mobile communication network 201 and Intemet / PSTN other communication network, and then related network communications device 600 via connection 800 to the application server, then the wireless image transmission can be performed. 监控中心303的无线模块602除用于与无线图像监控装置建立数据连接传输图像数据之外,还用于接收无线图像监控装置发送的各类报警短消息,以及用于向无线图像监控装置发送短消息。 The monitoring center 303. In addition to the wireless module 602 for establishing data connections with a wireless transmission of the image data of the image monitoring device, but also to receive various types of alarm message transmitted from the wireless image monitoring apparatus, and means for transmitting the image monitoring device to the wireless short messages.

28应用服务器800还包括鉴权认证机构803和数据库804,鉴权认证机构803 用于判断接入的无线图像监控装置是否是许可的无线图像监控装置。 The application server 28 authentication and authorization mechanism 800 further includes a database 803 and 804, image monitoring device authentication and authorization of wireless means 803 for determining whether access is permitted wireless image monitoring apparatus. 数据库804主要保存三方面内容: 一是保存无线图像监控装置相关信息,例如无线图像监控装置ID、无线图像监控装置的无线模块的电话号码;二是保存监控目标对象的相关信息,假设监控目标对象为机动车,则相关信息包括车主姓名、车主联系方式、车牌号码、车辆颜色、车辆型号等;三是保存监控目标对象的报警信息和报警图像。 The main database 804 stored in three aspects: First, the image monitoring apparatus to save the radio related information, such as a telephone number of a wireless radio module image monitoring Device ID, wireless image monitoring device; Second stores the monitoring information related to the target object, the target object is assumed to monitor motor vehicle, the information including name of the owner, the owner contact details, license plate number, vehicle color, vehicle type and so on; Third, save the monitoring target object alarm information and alarm image.

图18是监控中心对接入的无线图像监控装置的鉴权认证流程图。 FIG 18 is a flowchart showing the authentication and authorization control center to the radio access apparatus of the monitoring image. 步骤1801为开始步骤。 Step 1801 as the start procedure. 步骤1802为无线图像监控装置与监控中心的应用服务器建立通讯连接。 Step 1802 a communication connection to the wireless image monitoring apparatus and the monitoring center of the application server. 步骤1803为无线图像监控装置把无线图像监控装置ID发送给应用服务器。 Step 1803 transmits to the application server for the wireless device for wireless image monitoring image monitoring apparatus ID. 另外应用服务器自动识别通讯对方的无线图像监控装置的无线模块的电话号码(例如中国联通CDMA无线模块的电话号码是133********)。 Further application server telephone number automatically recognize each other's radio communication wireless module image monitoring apparatus (e.g., a telephone number of China Unicom CDMA wireless module 133 ********). 应用服务器的鉴权认证机构从数据库中根据无线图像监控装置ID检索该无线图像监控装置的相关信息,判断无线图像监控装置ID、无线图像监控装置的无线模块号码是否有效,如果有效,则判定接入的无线图像监控装置是许可的无线图像监控装置;如果无线图像监控装置ID或无线图像监控装置的无线模块的电话号码无效,则判定接入的无线图像监控装置是未许可的无线图像监控装置。 Application server authentication and authorization mechanism retrieved from the database according to the wireless image monitoring apparatus ID information of the wireless image monitoring apparatus, determines whether the wireless module ID number of the wireless image monitoring apparatus, a wireless image monitoring apparatus is valid, if valid, then it is determined the wireless image monitoring device is a wireless image monitoring apparatus permitted; telephone number if the wireless module of the wireless image monitoring apparatus or a wireless image monitoring apparatus ID is not valid, the wireless device for wireless image monitoring image monitoring apparatus is unlicensed access is determined .

在步骤1804中,判断是否通过应用服务器的鉴权认证。 In step 1804, it is determined whether or not the authentication by the authentication application server. 若步骤1804中为是,则执行步骤1805,无线图像监控装置向应用服务器传送图像数据。 If YES in step 1804, step 1805, the wireless image monitoring apparatus transmits image data to the application server. 若步骤1804中为否,则表示接入的无线图像监控装置是未许可的无线图像监控装置, 执行步骤1806。 If NO in step 1804, the image monitoring apparatus of a radio access to the image monitoring device is a wireless unlicensed, step 1806. 步骤1806为应用服务器拆除与无线图像监控装置之间的通讯连接。 Step 1806 is connected for communication between the application server and the wireless dismantling image monitoring apparatus. 步骤1807为结束步骤。 Step 1807 to end the procedure.

上述实施例仅为说明本发明而例举,并非用于限制本发明,任何基于上述实施例的等同变换,均应在本发明的专利保护范围之内。 The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of the invention and include, not intended to limit the present invention, based on equivalent converted to any of the embodiments described above, should be within the patent scope of the present invention.

Claims (20)

1.一种无线图像监控装置,用于通过移动通信网将图像信号传送到监控中心来进行监控,包括图像采集模块;所述图像采集模块用于对景物图像的摄取,采集摄像头的视频信号,并进行模数变换为数字图像数据;其特征在于:还包括输入设备、中央处理模块和无线模块; 所述输入设备的信号输出到所述中央处理模块,所述输入设备至少包括报警启动按钮和灵敏度调节按钮,报警启动按钮用于控制无线图像监控装置当前的状态是监控状态还是正常状态,灵敏度调节按钮用于设置无线图像监控装置的图像报警灵敏度; 所述中央处理模块包括微处理器和存储器,同时与所述图像采集模块和所述无线模块相连;所述微处理器控制所述图像采集模块的图像采集,接收所述图像采集模块输出的数字图像数据,以及控制所述无线模块向监控中心传送报警图像数据 A wireless image monitoring means for transferring the image signal via the mobile communication network to the monitoring center for monitoring, including image acquisition module; image acquisition module for the uptake of the subject image, the camera video signal acquisition, and analog-digital conversion into digital image data; characterized by: further comprising an input device, a central processing module and the wireless module; the signal output apparatus is inputted to said central processing module, the input device comprises at least a start button and an alarm sensitivity adjustment button, an alarm start button for controlling a wireless image monitoring apparatus to monitor a current state is a state or a normal state, the sensitivity adjustment button image for setting sensitivity of the radio alarm image monitoring apparatus; said central processing module includes a microprocessor and a memory while connected to the image acquisition module and the wireless module; image acquisition the microprocessor controls the image acquisition module, the acquisition module receiving the image data output from the digital image, and controlling the wireless module to monitor image data to transmit the alarm center ;所述存储器与所述微处理器相连,用于存储所述微处理器的程序代码、程序数据和报警图像数据; 所述无线模块与所述中央处理模块的微处理器相连,接收所述微处理器输出的报警图像数据,并在所述微处理器的控制下通过移动通信网将报警图像数据传送到监控中心,也可以发送和接收短消息。 ; Coupled to the memory and the microprocessor, said microprocessor for storing program code, program data, and the alarm image data; a wireless module and a microprocessor coupled to said central processing module, receiving the the image data outputted from the microprocessor alarm, and under control of the microprocessor through the mobile communication network transmits the image data to the alarm control center can also send and receive short messages.
2. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述图像采集模块包括CMOS图像传感器和图像处理器,所述图像处理器与所述中央处理模块的微处理器通过USB接口连接,用于发送和接收图像数据。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim l, wherein: the image acquisition module CMOS image sensor includes a microprocessor and an image processor, the image processor and the central processing module through the USB interface connection, for transmitting and receiving image data.
3. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述图像采集模块包括CMOS图像传感器和图像处理器,所述图像处理器与所述中央处理模块的微处理器通过数字口连接,用于发送和接收图像数据。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim l, wherein: the image acquisition module comprises a CMOS image sensor and an image processor, the image processor and the microprocessor of the central processing module through the digital port connection, for transmitting and receiving image data.
4. 根据权利要求2或3所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述图像处理器是数码相机芯片。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus of claim 2 or claim 3, wherein: the image processor chip is a digital camera.
5. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述图像采集模块和所述无线模块合一为多媒体消息手机模块,与所述中央处理模块相连。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim l, wherein: the image acquisition module and the wireless module is a multimedia message-one phone module, connected to the central processing module.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述多媒体消息手机模块是MMS手机模块或多媒体邮件手机模块。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the mobile phone module is a multimedia message or the multimedia message MMS phone module phone module.
7. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述输入设备还包括求救按钮,求救按钮与所述中央处理模块相连,用于当发生紧急情况时,按下求救按钮,求救按钮输出信号输入到所述中央处理模块,无线图像监控装置立即向监控中心发送紧急求救警消息,并且立即将当前图像传送到监控中心。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim l, wherein: the input device further comprises a help button, help button connected to the central processing module, configured to, when an emergency occurs, press the Help button, SOS button output signal is input to the central processing module, a wireless image monitoring apparatus immediately transmits emergency alert message to the monitoring center, and immediately sent to the monitoring center of the current image.
8. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述的中央处理模块的微处理器为单片机或嵌入式处理器。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus as claimed in claim l, wherein: said central processing module microprocessor is a microcontroller or embedded processor.
9. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述的中央处理模块的存储器为快闪存储器或同步动态随机存储器。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus as claimed in claim l, wherein: said central processing module memory is a flash memory or a synchronous dynamic random access memory.
10. 根据权利要求8所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述的嵌入式处理器为PowerPC处理器或DSP处理器。 The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: said processor is embedded PowerPC processor or DSP processor.
11. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:所述的无线模块是GSM模块,或者是GPRS、 CDMA IS95 、 CDMA IX、 WCDMA、 TD-SCDMA、 CDMA 2000、 PHS、海事卫星、iDEN、 Tetra模块。 11. The wireless image monitoring apparatus as claimed in claim l, wherein: said wireless module is a GSM module, or a GPRS, CDMA IS95, CDMA IX, WCDMA, TD-SCDMA, CDMA 2000, PHS, Inmarsat , iDEN, Tetra modules.
12. 根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置,其特征在于:使用所述报警启动按钮和灵敏度调节按钮设置的无线图像监控装置参数,也可以通过无线方式设置。 12. The wireless image monitoring apparatus according to claim l, wherein: the alarm start using radio buttons and image parameter monitoring device disposed sensitivity adjustment button may be provided wirelessly.
13. —种无线图像监控方法,包括以下步骤:(1) 设置无线图像监控装置为监控状态,设置图像报警灵敏度;(2) 图像采集模块采集一帧图像;(3) 图像采集模块再采集一帧图像;(4) 中央处理模块的微处理器进行图像识别,判断两帧图像是否发生变化, 如果异常点没有超过图像报警灵敏度对应的报警门限,则返回步骤(3);(5) 若步骤(4)中检测的结果为是,则表示发生警情,无线图像监控装置将报警图像通过移动通信网传送到监控中心;(6) 警情恢复,停止传输报警图像。 13. - kind of wireless video surveillance method, comprising the steps of: (1) image monitoring means arranged to monitor radio state, the alarm sensitivity setting image; (2) an image acquisition module acquires an image; (3) an image acquisition module reacquired frame image; (4) a microprocessor central processing module to perform image recognition, it is determined whether the two images changes, does not exceed the outlier image if the alarm corresponding to the alarm sensitivity threshold, then return to step (3); (5) if step results (4) to be detected, said alarm occurs, the alarm monitoring device wireless image transmission to the control center the image through the mobile communication network; (6) recovery alarm, the alarm stops transmission image.
14. 根据权利要求13所述的无线图像监控方法,其特征在于:步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是电话拨号方式,包括以下步骤:(a)无线图像监控装置拨打预先设置的监控中心的报警电话;(b)无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立数据连接; (C)无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送报警图像; (d)报警图像传送完毕后,拆除数据连接。 The wireless video surveillance method of claim 13, wherein: (5) the step of monitoring device alarm wireless image transmitting method of an image to the monitoring center is a telephone dial-up, comprising the steps of: (a) wireless image monitoring apparatus call the monitoring center of a preset alarm call; (b) a wireless image monitoring device establishes a data connection with the monitoring center; (C) wireless image monitoring apparatus transmit alarm images to the monitoring center; (d) alarm image transfer is complete after , removal of the data connection.
15. 根据权利要求13所述的无线图像监控方法,其特征在于:步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是Internet方式,包括以下步骤:(a) 无线图像监控装置拨打Intemet接入号;(b) 无线图像监控装置接入到Intemet网络;(c) 无线图像监控装置与监控中心建立通讯连接;(d) 无线图像监控装置向监控中心传送报警图像;(e) 报警图像传送完毕后,拆除通讯连接。 15. The wireless image monitoring method according to claim 13, wherein: the step (5) of the wireless device to transmit the alarm image monitoring image to the monitoring center is Internet method, including the steps of: (a) radio image monitoring apparatus Intemet access number to dial; (b) wireless access to the image monitoring apparatus Intemet network; establish a communication connection (c) a wireless image monitoring device and the monitoring center; (d) image monitoring apparatus transmits wireless alarm image to a monitoring center; (e) after the alarm image transmission is completed, the removal of the communication connection.
16. 根据权利要求13所述的无线图像监控方法,其特征在于:步骤(5)所述的无线图像监控装置将报警图像传送到监控中心的方法是多媒体消息方式,包括以下步骤:(a) 设置多媒体消息的内容为报警图像;(b) 设置多媒体消息的发送目的地址为监控中心的地址;(c) 无线图像监控装置发送该多媒体消息;(d) 多媒体消息中心转发该多媒体消息到监控中心。 16. The wireless image monitoring method according to claim 13, characterized in that: (5) the step of monitoring device alarm wireless image transmitting method of an image to the monitoring center is a multimedia message, including the steps of: (a) provided multimedia message content for alarm image; provided multimedia message (b) transmitting a destination address is the address the monitoring center; (c) a wireless image monitoring apparatus transmits the multimedia message; (d) the multimedia message center forwarding the multimedia message to the monitoring center .
17. 根据权利要求13所述的无线图像监控方法,其特征在于:还包括以下一个或多个步骤:(a) 发生警情时,无线图像监控装置向监控中心发送告警短消息;(b) 发生警情时,无线图像监控装置发出声光报警;(C)按下无线图像监控装置的输入设备的求救按钮,无线图像监控装置向监控中心发送求救短消息。 17. The wireless image monitoring method according to claim 13, characterized in that: further comprising one or more of the following steps: (a) the alarm occurs, the image monitoring device sends an alarm wireless short message to the monitoring center; (b) when the alarm occurs, the wireless image monitoring apparatus audible alarm; help button (C) of the monitoring device is pressed wireless image input device, image monitoring apparatus transmits wireless help message to the monitoring center.
18. —种无线图像监控系统,其特征在于:包括至少一个根据权利要求l所述的无线图像监控装置、移动通信网和一个监控中心;所述的监控中心至少包括一个应用服务器和配套网络通讯设备; 所述的无线图像监控装置经所述移动通信网连接到所述应用服务器,发生警情时向所述应用服务器发送报警图像数据;所述的应用服务器至少包括网络通讯机构和数据接收机构,所述应用服务器通过所述网络通讯机构和所述配套网络通讯设备经所述移动通信网与所述无线图像监控装置相连接,所述数据接收机构通过所述网络通讯机构接收所述无线图像监控装置发送的报警图像数据。 18. - kind of wireless video surveillance system, characterized by: at least comprises a wireless image monitoring apparatus as claimed in claim l, and a mobile communication network monitoring center; the control center includes at least one application server and supporting network communications apparatus; the wireless image monitoring apparatus is connected via the mobile communication network to the application server, sending an alarm image data to the application server when an alarm occurs; the application server and the communication means comprises at least a network data reception means said application server through the network communication means and said communication apparatus via the network supporting mobile radio communication network and the image monitoring apparatus is connected to said data receiving means for receiving the image through the wireless communication network means alarm image data transmitted from the monitoring device.
19. 根据权利要求18所述的无线图像监控系统,其特征在于:所述的应用服务器还包括鉴权认证机构,用于判断接入的无线图像监控装置是否是许可的无线图像监控装置。 19. The wireless image monitoring system according to claim 18, wherein: said application server further comprises authentication and authorization means for determining whether the wireless image monitoring apparatus is a wireless access permission image monitoring apparatus.
20. 根据权利要求18所述的无线图像监控系统,其特征在于:所述的移动通信网是GSM移动通信网,或者是GPRS移动通信网、CDMA 1X移动通信网、 PHS移动通信网,CDMA 2000移动通信网、WCDMA移动通信网、TD-SCDMA 移动通信网、集群调度移动通信网。 20. The wireless image monitoring system according to claim 18, wherein: said mobile communication network is a GSM mobile communication network, mobile communication network or a GPRS, CDMA 1X mobile communication network, the PHS mobile communication network, CDMA 2000 mobile communication network, WCDMA mobile communication network, TD-SCDMA mobile communication network, mobile communication network cluster scheduling.
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