CN100547313C - A kind of thimble-tube boiler - Google Patents

A kind of thimble-tube boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100547313C
CN100547313C CNB2006100168949A CN200610016894A CN100547313C CN 100547313 C CN100547313 C CN 100547313C CN B2006100168949 A CNB2006100168949 A CN B2006100168949A CN 200610016894 A CN200610016894 A CN 200610016894A CN 100547313 C CN100547313 C CN 100547313C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
thimble
combustion chamber
tube
hot water
chamber
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB2006100168949A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101082447A (en
Inventor
朴显泽
白德锺
朴昌德
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNB2006100168949A priority Critical patent/CN100547313C/en
Publication of CN101082447A publication Critical patent/CN101082447A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100547313C publication Critical patent/CN100547313C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A kind of thimble-tube boiler mainly comprises, combustion chamber, hydroecium, outlet flue, water inlet, hot water or steam (vapor) outlet are provided with Heat Room above combustion chamber and hydroecium, and the top of Heat Room is provided with hot flue gas and compiles chamber and hot water steam chest; Be provided with the vertical sleeve pipe of vertically evenly arranging in Heat Room, sleeve pipe is made of interior pipe and outer tube; The combustion chamber is connected by interior pipe and the hot flue gas chamber of compiling; Hydroecium is connected with the hot water steam chest by the gap that forms between the inner and outer pipe; Central part at Heat Room is provided with the semi-open type central tube, and flue gas compiles the chamber and is connected with outlet flue by semi-open type central tube, Heat Room; Water in the boiler narrow space is through repeatedly, repeatedly, under the situation about heating, form superheated steam or hot water rapidly; This invention can utilize oil, gas, coal, living beings to act as a fuel, and under the situation of the equal heat of output, volume is little, water is few, heat exchange area is big, the thermal efficiency is high, heat production is fast, fuel saving.

Description

A kind of thimble-tube boiler
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heating equipment, the boiler that particularly a kind of heat supply is used
Background technology
Have not yet to see the report of thimble-tube boiler, the center that the mostly is flue of Shi Yonging on the market, smoke pipe is arranged in the hydroecium, and flue gas returns the body of heater bottom and discharges.Its weak point is that body of heater is huge, heat exchange area is little, the thermal efficiency is low, water consumption is big, output hot water or steam time are long.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly in order to overcome the deficiency of prior art, proposes that a kind of body of heater is little, heat exchange area is big, heat exchanger effectiveness is high, output hot water or steam is fast, the thimble-tube boiler of fuel saving.
This goal of the invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
This invention mainly comprises, mainly comprise, mainly comprise, water pump 1, combustion chamber 2, hydroecium 3, furnace base 4, outlet flue 5, water inlet 6, hot water or steam (vapor) outlet 7, it is characterized in that: be provided with Heat Room 8 above combustion chamber 2 and hydroecium 3, the top of Heat Room 8 is provided with hot flue gas and compiles chamber 9 and hot water steam chest 10; In Heat Room 8, be provided with the vertical sleeve pipe of vertically evenly arranging, sleeve pipe is to be made of interior pipe 11 and outer tube 12, be with outer tube 12 in the outside of interior pipe 11, leave the gap between interior pipe 11 outer walls and outer tube 12 inwalls, constitute water, vapour passage 13, hydroecium 3 is connected with hot water steam chest 10 by water, the vapour passage 13 that forms between the inner and outer pipe; Combustion chamber 2 is compiled chamber 9 by interior pipe 11 and hot flue gas and is connected; Central part at Heat Room 8 is provided with semi-open type central tube 14, and hot flue gas compiles chamber 9 and is connected with Heat Room 8 by semi-open type central tube 14, and Heat Room 8 is connected with outlet flue 5.
Wherein: hydroecium 3 is made of formed narrow space between combustion chamber cylindrical shell 15, burning chamber tube sheet 16 and hydroecium cylindrical shell 17, the hydroecium tube sheet 18; Hot water steam chest 10 compiles chamber tube sheet 21, hot flue gas by hot water steam chest tube sheet 19, hot water steam chest end socket 20 and hot flue gas and compiles that formed narrow space is constituted between the chamber end socket 22; In the middle part of hot water steam chest 10 is that hot flue gas compiles chamber 9.
In addition, be equipped with double-deck waste heat cylindrical shell 23, middlely constitute waste heat chamber 24, which is provided with water inlet pipe 25 and waste heat outlet pipe 26, can utilize once more waste heat in the outer periphery of Heat Room 8.
As utilize oil or gas to act as a fuel, can 2 one sides burner 27 be set and see burner 28 in the combustion chamber; As utilize solid fuel, and can charging aperture 29, fire door 30 be set 2 one sides in the combustion chamber, 2 bottom is provided with fire grate 31 in the combustion chamber, and a side of furnace base 4 is provided with cleaning door 32 below fire grate 31; As steam boiler, also must Pressure gauge 34 be set at the top that body of heater one side is provided with water level meter 33, stove.
Because these invention 2 spaces, combustion chamber are big, the water in the hydroecium 3 is distributed in around the combustion chamber 2 and the narrow space of top, can be heated rapidly; Hot flue gases in the combustion chamber 2 heat once more to the water in the inner and outer pipe water of flowing through, the vapour passage 13 during by interior pipe 11; Xu was to entering outside hot water in the hot water steam chest 10 or steam heat once again when hot flue gas entered hot flue gas and compiles chamber 9 by interior pipe 11, hot flue gas enters Heat Room 8 by semi-open type central tube 14 belows one side opening, around outer tube 12 outer wall lateral flow, the hot water in the inner and outer pipe water of flowing through, the vapour passage 13 is heated it once again from outer tube 12; Make water temperature increase formation steam or hot water rapidly through interior pipe 11 and outer tube 12 double-deck heating, when hot water or steam enter into narrow hot water steam chest, entered into hot flue gas and compiled hot flue gases heating again again in the chamber 9, be in the water in the boiler narrow space, through repeatedly, repeatedly, under the situation about heating simultaneously of both sides, form superheated vapor or hot water fast; Therefore, this is invented under the situation of the equal heat of output, and volume is little, water is few, heat exchange area is big, the thermal efficiency is high, heat production is fast, fuel saving.In addition, this invention can utilize oil, gas, coal, living beings etc. to act as a fuel; Simultaneously, this invention promptly can be used as steam boiler and uses, and can be used as hot-water boiler again and uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is this invention structural representation
Fig. 2 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 1
Fig. 4 is embodiment 1 fuel oil, gas and hot water thimble-tube boiler structural representation
Fig. 5 is embodiment 2 fuel oils, combustion and steam thimble-tube boiler structural representation
Fig. 6 is embodiment 3 combustion solid fuel hot water jacket pipe boiler structural representations
Fig. 7 is embodiment 4 combustion solid fuel steam jacket boiler structure schematic diagrames
Wherein:
1-water pump 2-combustion chamber 3-hydroecium 4-furnace base 5-outlet flue 6-water inlet 7-hot water or the hot flue gas of steam (vapor) outlet 8-Heat Room 9-compile chamber 10-hot water steam chest 11-inner tube 12-outer tube 13-water, cylindrical shell 16-combustion chamber, the vapour passage 14-semi-open type central tube 15-combustion chamber hot flue gas of tube sheet 17-hydroecium cylindrical shell 18-hydroecium tube sheet 19-hot water steam chest tube sheet 20-hot water steam chest end socket 21-and compile the chamber hot flue gas of tube sheet 22-and compile the double-deck waste heat cylindrical shell of chamber end socket 23-24-waste heat chamber 25-water inlet pipe 26-waste heat outlet pipe 27-burning 28-and see burner 29-charging aperture 30-fire door 31-fire grate 32-cleaning door 33-water-level gauge 34-Pressure gauge
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments in bottom:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, this invention mainly comprises, water pump 1, combustion chamber 2, hydroecium 3, furnace base 4, outlet flue 5, water inlet 6, hot water or steam (vapor) outlet 7; Be provided with Heat Room 8 above combustion chamber 2 and hydroecium 3, the top of Heat Room 8 is provided with hot flue gas and compiles chamber 9 and hot water steam chest 10; Wherein: hydroecium 3 is made of formed narrow space between combustion chamber cylindrical shell 15 and combustion chamber tube sheet 16 and hydroecium cylindrical shell 17 and the hydroecium tube sheet 18; Hot water steam chest 10 compiles chamber tube sheet 21, hot flue gas by hot water steam chest tube sheet 19, hot water steam chest end socket 20 and hot flue gas and compiles that formed narrow space is constituted between the chamber end socket 22; In the middle part of hot water steam chest 10 is that hot flue gas compiles chamber 9; In Heat Room 8, be provided with the vertical sleeve pipe of vertically evenly arranging, sleeve pipe is to be made of interior pipe 11 and outer tube 12, be with outer tube 12 in the outside of interior pipe 11, leave the gap between interior pipe 11 outer walls and outer tube 12 inwalls, constitute water, vapour passage 13, hydroecium 3 is connected with hot water steam chest 10 by water, the vapour passage 13 that forms between the inner and outer pipe; Combustion chamber 2 is compiled chamber 9 by interior pipe 11 and hot flue gas and is connected; Central part at Heat Room 8 is provided with semi-open type central tube 14, and its top is compiled chamber 9 with hot flue gas and is connected, and the side of its Lower Half is provided with opening, and the direction of opening is opposite with the direction of outlet flue 5, and is connected with Heat Room 8; Hot cell 8 is connected with outlet flue 5.
Wherein: hydroecium 3 is made of formed narrow space between combustion chamber cylindrical shell 15, burning chamber tube sheet 16 and hydroecium cylindrical shell 17, the hydroecium tube sheet 18; Described hot water steam chest 10 compiles chamber tube sheet 21, hot flue gas by hot water steam chest tube sheet 19, hot water steam chest end socket 20 and hot flue gas and compiles that formed narrow space is constituted between the chamber end socket 22; In the middle part of hot water steam chest 10 is that hot flue gas compiles chamber 9.
In addition, be equipped with double-deck waste heat cylindrical shell 23, middlely constitute waste heat chamber 24, which is provided with water inlet pipe 25 and waste heat outlet pipe 26, can utilize once more waste heat in the outer periphery of Heat Room 8.
Embodiment 1 is fuel oil, gas and hot water thimble-tube boiler, and as shown in Figure 4: the side in above-mentioned thimble-tube boiler combustion chamber 2 is provided with burner 27 and sees burner 28; Its top is provided with hot water outlet 7.
Embodiment 2 is fuel oil, combustion and steam thimble-tube boiler, and as shown in Figure 5: the side in above-mentioned thimble-tube boiler combustion chamber 2 is provided with burner 27 and sees burner 28; Its top is provided with Pressure gauge 34 and steam (vapor) outlet 7, and in body of heater one side water level meter 33 is set
Embodiment 3 is combustion solid fuel hot water jacket pipe boiler, as shown in Figure 6: the side in above-mentioned thimble-tube boiler combustion chamber 2, charging aperture 29, fire door 30, bottom are set fire grate 31, cleaning door 32 are set, its top is provided with hot water outlet 7.
Embodiment 4 is combustion solid fuel steam jacket boiler, as shown in Figure 7: a side in above-mentioned thimble-tube boiler combustion chamber 2, charging aperture 29, fire door 30, bottom are set fire grate 31, cleaning door 32 are set, its top is provided with steam (vapor) outlet 7 and Pressure gauge 34 and in body of heater one side water level meter 33 is set.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of thimble-tube boiler, mainly comprise, water pump [1], combustion chamber [2], hydroecium [3], furnace base [4], outlet flue [5], water inlet [6], hot water or steam (vapor) outlet [7], it is characterized in that: the top of [2] and hydroecium [3] is provided with Heat Room [8] in the combustion chamber, and the top of Heat Room [8] is provided with hot flue gas and compiles chamber [9] and hot water steam chest [10]; In Heat Room [8], be provided with the vertical sleeve pipe of vertically evenly arranging, sleeve pipe is to be made of interior pipe [11] and outer tube [12], be with outer tube [12] in the outside of interior pipe [11], leave the gap between interior pipe [11] outer wall and outer tube [12] inwall, constitute water, vapour passage [13], hydroecium [3] is connected with hot water steam chest [10] by water, the vapour passage [13] that forms between the inner and outer pipe; Combustion chamber [2] is compiled chamber [9] by interior pipe [11] and hot flue gas and is connected; Central part at Heat Room [8] is provided with semi-open type central tube [14], and hot flue gas compiles chamber [9] and is connected with Heat Room [8] by semi-open type central tube [14], and Heat Room [8] is connected with outlet flue [5].
2, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described hydroecium [3] is made of formed narrow space between combustion chamber cylindrical shell [15] and combustion chamber tube sheet [16] and hydroecium cylindrical shell [17] and the hydroecium tube sheet [18]; Described hot water steam chest [10] compiles chamber tube sheet [21], hot flue gas by hot water steam chest tube sheet [19], hot water steam chest end socket [20] and hot flue gas and compiles that formed narrow space is constituted between the chamber end socket [22]; In the middle part of hot water steam chest [10] is that hot flue gas compiles chamber [9].
3, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the outer periphery at Heat Room [8] is equipped with double-deck waste heat cylindrical shell [23], and middle formation waste heat chamber [24] which is provided with water inlet pipe [25] and waste heat outlet pipe [26].
4, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: [2] one sides are provided with burner [27] and see burner [28] in the combustion chamber, constitute fuel oil or gas and hot water thimble-tube boiler.
5, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 3 is characterized in that: one side of [2] is provided with burner [27] and sees burner [28] in the combustion chamber, constitutes fuel oil or gas and hot water thimble-tube boiler.
6, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 3 is characterized in that: one side of [2] is provided with burner [27] and sees burner [28] in the combustion chamber; Above thimble-tube boiler, be provided with Pressure gauge [34], be provided with water level meter [33], constitute fuel oil or combustion and steam thimble-tube boiler in a side of thimble-tube boiler.
7, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: [2] one sides are provided with charging aperture [29] and fire door [30] in the combustion chamber, the bottom of [2] is provided with fire grate [31] in the combustion chamber, below furnace base [4] one sides at fire grate [31] are provided with cleaning door [32], constitute the various solid-fuelled hot water jacket pipe boilers of burning.
8, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: [2] one sides are provided with charging aperture [29] and fire door [30] in the combustion chamber, the bottom of [2] is provided with fire grate [31] in the combustion chamber, below furnace base [4] one sides at fire grate [31] are provided with cleaning door [32], constitute the various solid-fuelled hot water jacket pipe boilers of burning.
9, a kind of thimble-tube boiler according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: [2] one sides are provided with charging aperture [29] and fire door [30] in the combustion chamber, the bottom of [2] is provided with fire grate [31] in the combustion chamber, in below furnace base [4] one sides of fire grate [31] cleaning door [32] is set; Above thimble-tube boiler, be provided with Pressure gauge [34], be provided with water level meter [33], constitute the various solid-fuelled steam jacket boilers of burning in a side of thimble-tube boiler.
CNB2006100168949A 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 A kind of thimble-tube boiler Expired - Fee Related CN100547313C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100168949A CN100547313C (en) 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 A kind of thimble-tube boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100168949A CN100547313C (en) 2006-05-31 2006-05-31 A kind of thimble-tube boiler

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101082447A CN101082447A (en) 2007-12-05
CN100547313C true CN100547313C (en) 2009-10-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101659786B1 (en) * 2014-12-24 2016-09-26 최명헌 Finsless double pipe heat exchanger
CN107131493A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-05 辽宁柯尔克锅炉制造有限公司 A kind of gas fuel steam, hot-water boiler
CN108800090B (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-03-31 温州盛淼工业设计有限公司 Main furnace of biomass evaporator

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Granted publication date: 20091007

Termination date: 20100531