CN100505473C - 太阳能照明应急系统 - Google Patents

太阳能照明应急系统 Download PDF

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CN100505473C
CN100505473C CNB2006100388417A CN200610038841A CN100505473C CN 100505473 C CN100505473 C CN 100505473C CN B2006100388417 A CNB2006100388417 A CN B2006100388417A CN 200610038841 A CN200610038841 A CN 200610038841A CN 100505473 C CN100505473 C CN 100505473C
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light source
power supply
storage battery
led light
solar energy
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CN101039043A (zh
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张晓云
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Anhui Yunlong Science & Technology Development Co., Ltd.
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张晓云
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Abstract

太阳能照明应急系统,是由太阳能光电板(A)、主蓄电池(B1)、备用蓄电池(B2)、充电器(C)、切换电路(D)、红外开关(E)、LED光源(F)组成。红外开关(E)控制照明指示时LED光源(F)的通断,切换电路(D)为消防应急提供备用电源;火灾情况时,备用蓄电池(B2)直接为光源(F)提供电源;主蓄电池(B1)的电压过低时,备用蓄电池(B2)为光源(F)提供电源,同时报警模块(I)发射报警信号,本发明的主蓄电池(B1)为楼宇对讲的门口机(G)和室内机(H)提供供电电源。本发明为了降低系统的功耗,光源用低功耗的高亮度LED。

Description

太阳能照明应急系统
技术领域:
本发明涉及一种利用太阳能提供电源的公用照明、应急灯具和楼字对讲装置系统。
背景技术:
目前,建筑上的照明灯具由交流电供电,火灾情况下启用消防应急灯,在停电情况下,照明灯具便失去作用,楼宇对讲采用交流电转换为直流电供门口机和室内机供电。
发明内容:
本发明的目的在于提供一种完全由太阳能供电的照明与应急装置系统,不仅能起到照明示,又能起到消防应急作用,同时能够为楼宇对讲提供电源。
本发明的技术方案是:太阳能照明应急系统,是由太阳能光电板A、主蓄电池B1、备用蓄电池B2、充电器C、切换电路D、红外开关E、LED光源F组成;红外开关E控制照明指示时LED光源F的通断,切换电路D为消防应急提供备用电源;火灾情况时,AN启动,SCR导通,J1动作,其常开触点J1-1闭合,备用蓄电池B2直接为光源F提供电源;主蓄电池B1的电压低于10V时,T2导通,J2动作,其常开触点J2-1闭合,备用蓄电池B2为光源F提供电源,同时T2输出高电平,为报警模块I供电,报警模块I发射报警信号。
本发明的主蓄电池B1为楼宇对讲的门口机G和室内机H提供供电电源;本发明为了降低系统的功耗,光源用低功耗的高亮度LED。
与已有技术相比,本发明的有益效果体现在:
1、木发明用太阳能供电,具有节约能源、环保、安全、可靠的使用性能。
2、本发明采用发光二极管为光源,具有低功耗、使用寿命长的性能。
附图说明
图1是本发明的系统组成图。
图2是本发明的光源原理图
图3是本发明的充电与应急控制原理图。
具体实施方式
在图1实施例中,太阳能光电板A通过充电器C对主蓄电池B1充电,在照明指示时,红外开关E控制光源F的通断,火灾情况下,启动切换电路D,备用蓄电池B2为光源F提供电源。
参见图2,本实施例中,以高亮度发光二极管为光源,该高亮度发光二极管包括LED红、LED绿、LED蓝和LED白四色.红、绿、蓝、白四色管进行位置上的排布。为了安全地工作,在LED电路中必须串联限流电阻R,限流电阻可按下式计算:R=(Vcc-Vfxn)/IF
参见图3,本实施例中,充电过程采用二阶段恒流限压方式,U1的9端电位高于8端时,U1输出高电位,T4导通,充电器以恒定电流给蓄电池充电,当蓄电池接近充足时,充电器自动转入限压浮充状态,U3、LED3及外围元件构成充电指示。
图3中,切换电路由AN、SCR、J1、RD24、RD26、T1、T2组成。AN可以是应急启动按钮,也可以是与烟感、温感联网的继电器常开触点,火灾情况时,AN启动,SCR导通,J1动作,其常开触点J1-1闭合,备用蓄电池B2直接为光源F提供电源,LED1是火灾指示灯;主蓄电池B1的电压低于10V时,T2导通,J2动作,其常开触点J2-1闭合,备用蓄电池B2为光源F提供电源,同时T2输出高电平,为报警模块I供电,报警模块I发射报警信号,LED2是报警指示灯。
图3中,主蓄电池B1为楼宇对讲的门口机G和室内机H提供供电电源。

Claims (4)

1、一种太阳能照明应急系统,是由太阳能光电板(A)、主蓄电池(B1)、备用蓄电池(B2)、充电器(C)、切换电路(D)、红外开关(E)、LED光源(F)组成;红外开关(E)控制照明指示时LED光源(F)的通断,切换电路(D)为消防应急提供备用电源;火灾情况时,切换电路中的应急启动按钮AN启动,可控硅SCR导通,继电器J1动作,其常开触点J1-1闭合;备用蓄电池(B2)直接为LED光源(F)提供电源;主蓄电池(B1)的电压低于10V时,切换电路中三极管T2导通,继电器J2动作,其常开触点J2-1闭合,备用蓄电池(B2)为LED光源(F)提供电源,同时三极管T2输出高电平,为报警模块(I)供电,报警模块(I)发射报警信号。
2、根据权利要求1所述的太阳能照明应急系统,其特征是正常情况下,LED光源(F)作为普通照明,火灾情况下,LED光源(F)作为消防应急灯具。
3、根据权利要求1所述的太阳能照明应急系统,其特征是主蓄电池(B1)为楼宇对讲的门口机(G)和室内机(H)提供供电电源。
4、根据权利要求1或2所述的太阳能照明应急系统,其特征是所述LED光源(F)为低功耗的高亮度LED。
CNB2006100388417A 2006-03-15 2006-03-15 太阳能照明应急系统 Expired - Fee Related CN100505473C (zh)

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DE102008057976A1 (de) * 2008-11-19 2010-05-20 Zumtobel Lighting Gmbh Beleuchtungssystem mit Sicherheitsbeleuchtung
CN102053209A (zh) * 2010-11-10 2011-05-11 永贵能源开发有限责任公司 煤矿供电开关跳闸报警的方法及装置
CN103138348A (zh) * 2013-02-20 2013-06-05 杨敏杰 太阳能应急开关
CN105375562B (zh) * 2015-10-28 2018-01-26 乐清市华尊电气有限公司 一种恒流限压式锂电池充电器

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