CN100396082C - Image scanner and image reading method - Google Patents

Image scanner and image reading method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100396082C
CN100396082C CNB2005100876280A CN200510087628A CN100396082C CN 100396082 C CN100396082 C CN 100396082C CN B2005100876280 A CNB2005100876280 A CN B2005100876280A CN 200510087628 A CN200510087628 A CN 200510087628A CN 100396082 C CN100396082 C CN 100396082C
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white
zone
data
light
black
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CN1783937A (en
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池野孝宏
须崎与一
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Brother Industries Ltd
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Brother Industries Ltd
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Abstract

To provide a means of improving read picture quality by preventing disturbing light from influencing a white reference part provided on a positioning member on the side of an original placing surface regarding an image reading apparatus and an image read method. The image scanner 1 is equipped with a platen glass 13 having the original placing surface where the original is mounted, an image sensor 21 which is installed on the opposite side from the original placing surface with respect to the platen glass and reads reflected light by irradiation by a light source, and a positioning member 17 which is provided nearby the platen glass 13 and positions the original, a white reference part 17a which is arranged on the positioning member 17 opposite the image sensor 21 across the platen glass 13, and a black reference part 17b which moves in the platen glass 13 and absorbs disturbing light.

Description

Image read-out and image reading method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of image read-out and image reading method, original copy is placed on the original copy placed side of transparent panel, utilization is arranged on the fetch equipment of original copy placed side opposition side by this transparent panel, reads by the light source irradiation original copy from the reverberation of this original copy reflection.
In the past, known image read-out was, on the upper surface of the box-shaped framework that upper surface opens wide, the pressing plate that is made of clear glass was installed, and reading device such as contact-type image sensor (below be called CIS) can reciprocatingly be set at the downside of this pressing plate.In this image read-out, the original copy reading face is placed on the pressing plate down, utilize described CIS to read the image of original copy optically, and this light signal is converted to the signal of telecommunication and forms view data.
In this image read-out that is mounted with CIS, because the deviation of the optical characteristics between the photo detector and each illumination intensity of light source inequality cause the deviation of read value to become big, and be unfavorable for generating image information.Therefore, before utilizing the CIS reading images, must proofread and correct deviation and each illumination intensity of light source inequality between the photo detector.
Usually, before utilizing the CIS reading images, under the state that light source is turned off the light, read, convert the light signal that is read to the signal of telecommunication, and be stored in the buffer storage as black image data for blank or white roller.And, according to this black image data the view data of original copy is proofreaied and correct, thus, can proofread and correct the deviation of the optical characteristics between the photo detector.
Shown in patent documentation 1, the bright lamp of the light source of CIS, from as the imaging and reading on photo detector of the blank of white reference or the resulting reverberation of white roller, convert the light signal that is read to the signal of telecommunication, as the white image storage in buffer storage.And, according to these white image data the view data of original copy is proofreaied and correct.Thus, can proofread and correct (referring to patent documentation 1) to each illumination intensity of light source inequality.
In addition, on image read-out, in order when reading original copy, to cover described pressing plate, can be along manuscript press plate vertically is set (up and down) direction freely openable.But, when reading thicker original copy such as books original copy,,, opening with respect to pressing plate under the state of manuscript press plate from the paper back portion of top extruding books original copy in order to eliminate the shade of bookbinding surplus, utilize CIS to carry out image and read.
In No. 2002/0110389 communique of U.S. Pat, preamble according to its technical scheme 1, put down in writing following a kind of image processing system, it has the transparent file workbench that is used to place glue file to be scanned and is used to make move to read window by the independent transparent file that scans.Be provided with instruction unit above the paper work platform, it is used to make file to stop.Thereunder, see through the paper work platform and can see black datum plate and white reference plate.
Patent documentation 1: the spy opens the 2000-115473 communique
Patent documentation 2:US2002/0110389 communique
When carrying out image under the state of opening original manuscript pressing plate when reading, exist stray light to enter into problem in the device by pressing plate.In addition, so-called stray light is meant from the opening portion of transparent components such as pressing plate or device and enters into room light and outdoor light in the device.In detail, enter into stray light in the device, in the pressing plate internal reflection and move, after seeing through pressing plate, on the inner surface of framework etc., reflect from pressing plate.This stray light incides sometimes as on the blank of white reference or the white roller.Carry out above-mentioned timing under the state that stray light is arranged in incident, because the influence of stray light, the black benchmark of output is greater than original black benchmark.That is, black image data only is the part that incident has stray light, and the output that obtains is greater than original black image data.And owing to be subjected to the influence of stray light, the white reference of output is greater than original white reference.That is, the white image data only are the parts that incident has stray light, and the output that obtains is greater than original white image data.
When black image data that utilizes this influence of light that is interfered and white image data, the image by original copy to be read the view data that obtains carry out timing, the obviously deepening of white of original copy is corrected as dark-coloured image.Promptly, because output for the white in the original copy of interference-free influence of light, less than the white image data of the influence of light that is interfered, so be corrected as light gray, the consequently not reading images deepening in the original copy zone of incident stray light as being lower than the brightness of former adularescent.Especially, the shallow black image of black level is destroyed.Promptly, because the curve of output of CIS gently tilts in black level one side, the output difference is less, so when the output of black image data be interfered light influence and when becoming big, the black level that never is subjected to the original copy that stray light influences to the output of Dark grey degree less than black image data.Consequently, when carrying out reading images after correction, the output from black level to the Dark grey degree all becomes black.
The influence of this stray light especially except pressing plate, also comprises the image read-out of the slit glass that is used for reading the original copy that is transmitted by manuscript handling device, and the superjacent air space that has its slit glass exposes and the problem that enters stray light easily.In detail, pressing plate has as the FBS zone of flat-bed scanner (below be called FBS) and reads ADF zone by original copys that manuscript handling device transmitted such as automatic sheet feeders (below be called ADF), when the original copy placed side side at the positioning element that is used to divide above-mentioned zone is provided with white reference, even the FBS zone is covered by original copy substantially, ADF still exposes in the zone.Therefore, stray light enters in the device from the ADF zone, and incides the original copy placed side side of positioning element.On the other hand, on the FBS zone, because stray light is covered the influence of light so the major part of original copy can not be interfered substantially by original copy.Therefore be easy to produce the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, the present invention relates to a kind of image read-out and image reading method, original copy is placed on the original copy placed side of transparent panel, be arranged on the fetch equipment of the opposition side of original copy placed side by this transparent panel, read by light source irradiation on original copy and from the reverberation of this original copy reflection, its purpose is to provide a kind of equipment, and the white reference portion that can prevent to be located at the transparent panel side of the positioning element influence of light that is interfered reads image quality thereby improve.
(1) image read-out of the present invention comprises: transparent panel has the original copy placed side of placing original copy; Fetch equipment is configured in a side opposite with described original copy placed side by described transparent panel, utilizes light source to carry out illumination and reads this reverberation; Driving arrangement makes described fetch equipment move back and forth along described transparent panel; Setting element is used for the original copy on the original copy placed side that is placed on described transparent panel is positioned; Light absorption department absorbs the stray light that incides the transparent panel side of setting element by described transparent panel; And white reference portion, be located at the transparent panel side of described setting element; It is characterized in that described transparent panel is independent transparent panel; Described setting element is arranged on described transparent panel is divided on the position in a plurality of zones, the described a plurality of zones that are divided into by described setting element comprise mobile Manuscript scanner zone and static Manuscript scanner zone, move in the Manuscript scanner zone at this, the original copy that the upside that described fetch equipment reads in described transparent panel is transmitted by the transfer equipment that is used to transmit original copy, in this static Manuscript scanner zone, when described fetch equipment moved, described fetch equipment read the original copy that is placed on the described transparent panel; With described light absorption department and described white reference portion in abutting connection with the transparent panel side that is configured in described setting element.
To carry out the original copy that image reads is placed on the original copy placed side of transparent panel along setting element.During utilizing that driving arrangement makes that fetch equipment moves, by light source original copy is carried out illumination, and read reverberation from this original copy.Thus original copy being carried out image reads.Carrying out utilizing driving arrangement that fetch equipment is moved on the position corresponding with light absorption department and white reference portion before this image reads.Afterwards, utilize fetch equipment on light absorption department, to obtain the black reference data, and in white reference portion, obtain the white reference data.At this moment, when the zone of the original copy placed side of not placing original copy was exposed to the outside, stray light entered in the device from this zone.Enter into the stray light of transparent panel from the outside, in transparent panel, reflect and incide the transparent panel side of setting element, or reflect on the inner surface of apparatus main body (framework) by transparent panel and incide the transparent panel side of setting element once more by transparent panel.In the transparent panel side of setting element, light absorption department absorbs the stray light of incident.Therefore, when on light absorption department, obtaining the black reference data, can prevent that stray light from impacting the black reference data.Thus, owing to can obtain the accurately reference data corresponding,, can prevent the deterioration of reading images so under incident has the state of stray light, carry out image when reading with the black of original copy.
In addition, according to the present invention,, setting element is arranged on transparent panel is divided on the position in a plurality of zones in order to constitute compact device, obtain the black reference data being used to absorb on the light absorption department of stray light, thereby can prevent that stray light from impacting the black reference data.
According to the present invention, when make fetch equipment from the position corresponding with white reference portion when moving with the corresponding position of light absorption department, or reverse when mobile, fetch equipment moves small distance and gets final product.Thus, can shorten and obtain the white reference data and obtain blanking time between the black reference data.
According to the present invention, a transparent panel is divided into a plurality of zones, above-mentioned zone is used as mobile Manuscript scanner zone and the difference of static Manuscript scanner.Transparent panel side at the positioning equipment that is used for the zoning is provided with white reference portion and light absorber device.Under the state that transparent panel exposes, stray light incides the transparent panel side of positioning equipment from mobile Manuscript scanner zone and static Manuscript scanner zone.In the present invention, owing to utilize light absorber device to absorb stray light, so by obtaining the black reference data on the light absorber device of stray light and can prevent that stray light from influencing the black reference data being used to absorb.
(2) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described light absorption department is in the transparent panel side of described setting element, is arranged near the central authorities of described setting element.
(3) the present invention is in above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, described fetch equipment reads original copy in mobile Manuscript scanner zone, and this original copy is to be sent to apart from a setting element side far away from the nearer side of distance setting element by the top of transfer equipment along transparent panel.
(4) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described light absorption department is configured to, and described image-reading device stretches out to described mobile original copy transit area side at least from the position that obtains the black reference data.
Light absorption department, image-reading device from the position that obtains the black reference data at least the moving original copy transit area side of image drift stretch out, thereby can effectively prevent from the influence of the stray light of mobile original copy transit area side incident.
(5) the present invention is characterized in that in described image read-out, and the length of described light absorption department on main scanning direction equals or exceeds transparent panel; And described fetch equipment moves back and forth on the sub scanning direction vertical with main scanning direction along described transparent panel.
In the present invention, because the length of described light absorption department on main scanning direction equals or exceeds transparent panel, so can fully be absorbed in the stray light that moves in the transparent panel.
(6) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described white reference portion is configured in mobile Manuscript scanner area side with respect to described light absorption department, and disposes second light absorption department with respect to this white reference portion in mobile Manuscript scanner area side.
Utilize second light absorption department can absorb from the stray light of mobile original copy transit area side incident.
(7) the present invention is in above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, the part of described white reference portion is covered by described light absorption department, so that be provided between described white reference portion and the light absorption department border of extending near the mobile Manuscript scanner zone, and be provided between described white reference portion and the light absorption department two borders of extending near the scanning constant zone along the sub scanning direction of described fetch equipment along the main scanning direction of described fetch equipment.
(8) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and the length of described white reference portion on main scanning direction equals or exceeds the length of transparent panel; And utilize roughly the oolemma that extends along described white reference portion to be connected on the described transparent panel at the edge that joins with mobile Manuscript scanner zone.
(9) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and the 3rd light absorption department is set on the inner surface of apparatus main body.
Because the 3rd light absorption department, can absorb by transparent panel and arrive stray light in the apparatus main body.
(10) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described light absorption department, second light absorption department and the 3rd light absorption department are roughly black.
In the present invention, because described light absorption department, second light absorption department and the 3rd light absorption department are roughly black, so can fully absorb stray light.
(11) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, also comprises the control appliance that is used to control described fetch equipment and described driving arrangement; Described control appliance makes described fetch equipment obtain the white reference data in the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion; And make described fetch equipment in can read the light absorption department zone of described light absorption department, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data.
According to the present invention, owing to fetch equipment being moved and on a plurality of positions of white reference portion, obtaining the white reference data, so even for example the part of white reference portion is adhered to dust, the influence of this part is less, so can carry out bright output calibration exactly.And, owing to aliging with the light absorption department that absorbs stray light and obtain the black reference data in the position that makes fetch equipment, so can obtain black reference data accurately.
(12) the present invention is characterized in that in image read-out, and described control appliance moves described fetch equipment along sub scanning direction in the white reference zone, and obtain the white reference data on a plurality of positions in the white reference zone; Described a plurality of position is mutually different position on sub scanning direction, and each position is the position of extending on the main scanning direction vertical with sub scanning direction of fetch equipment.
(13) the present invention is characterized in that in described image read-out, and described control appliance moves back and forth described fetch equipment in the white reference zone, and reads described white reference data by described fetch equipment.
According to the present invention, when obtaining the white reference data, because fetch equipment is moved back and forth, and on a plurality of positions in the white reference portion, obtain the white reference data, for example, even on the part of white reference portion, be attached with dust, also can dwindle the influence of this part, thereby can carry out bright output calibration exactly.
(14) the present invention is characterized in that in image read-out, and when obtaining described black reference data, described control appliance stops described fetch equipment, obtains a plurality of black reference datas at regular intervals.
According to the present invention,,, can carry out dark output calibration exactly so can not be subjected to the deviation effects of black reference data because this fetch equipment obtains a plurality of black reference datas.
(15) the present invention is in above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, described control appliance makes described fetch equipment move to described light absorption department zone to obtain the black reference data from the position of readiness of regulation, then, make described fetch equipment move to the white reference zone to obtain the white reference data.
According to the present invention,, then obtain the white reference data, so fetch equipment carries out treatment for correcting easily owing to obtain the black reference data earlier.
(16) the present invention is in image read-out, it is characterized in that, described control appliance makes fetch equipment move to described white reference zone to obtain the white reference data from the position of readiness than close described white reference zone, described light absorption department zone, then, further make described fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone to obtain the black reference data.
According to the present invention,,, moves fetch equipment mobile short the getting final product of fetch equipment when fetch equipment carries out timing to same direction because arriving the light absorption department zone from position of readiness through the white reference zone.Therefore, can shorten the required time of correction.
(17) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described control appliance makes described fetch equipment move to described white reference zone from described position of readiness, carries out the light quantity adjustment to the light quantity adjustment of described light source, obtains the white reference data.
According to the present invention, under the light quantity of being adjusted, make the bright lamp of light source, obtain the white reference data, thereby can carry out bright output calibration exactly.
(18) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, and described control appliance keeps the black reference data obtained, adjusts the light quantity of light source when adjusting according to this black reference data carrying out described light quantity.
In order to make the white reference data be output as desirable value, the light quantity adjustment is carried out in the white reference zone with respect to the black reference data.On the other hand, utilize control appliance, make fetch equipment from moving to the white reference zone and obtain the white reference data, and on the light absorption department zone, move and obtain the black reference data than light absorption department zone position of readiness near the white reference zone.Therefore, when the light quantity of carrying out fetch equipment on the white reference zone is adjusted,
(19) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image read-out, described control appliance, make described fetch equipment move to from described white reference zone described light absorption department zone during in, described light source is turned off the light.
According to the present invention, make fetch equipment move to from the white reference zone light absorption department zone during in, light source is turned off the light.Therefore, when fetch equipment arrives the light absorption department zone, can carry out dark output calibration immediately.
(20) image reading method of the present invention, use above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, comprise: the white reference data are obtained operation, described fetch equipment is moved in the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion, and under the state that utilizes the described white reference of described light source irradiation portion, make described fetch equipment obtain a plurality of locational white reference data of described white reference portion; Obtain operation with the black reference data, make described fetch equipment in described white reference zone or described light absorption department below stop, under the state that described light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data at regular intervals.
According to the present invention, because light absorption department absorbs stray light, so stray light can not incide fetch equipment from light absorption department.Therefore, under the state that light source is turned off the light, read light absorption department by making fetch equipment, thereby can obtain the black reference data that is rich in tonal gradation, can carry out dark output calibration exactly.
(21) image reading method of the present invention, use above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, comprise: the black reference data is obtained operation, make described fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read described light absorption department, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data for this light absorption department zone from the position of readiness of regulation; Obtain operation with the white reference data, described fetch equipment moves to the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion from described light absorption department zone, obtain the white reference data for this white reference zone.
Obtain operation in the black reference data, make fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read light absorption department, on this light absorption department zone, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data from the position of readiness of regulation.Owing to can be absorbed into the stray light that is mapped to light absorption department, so can not incide fetch equipment by stray light.And because light source is turned off the light, the light beyond the stray light can not incide light absorption department.Therefore, fetch equipment can obtain the black reference data not absorbing fully under the catoptrical state.Thus, can realize dark accurately output calibration.Like this, owing to can realize the accurately output calibration corresponding,, can prevent the image quality deterioration of reading images so under incident has the state of stray light, carry out image when reading with the black of original copy.
(22) image reading method of the present invention uses above-mentioned image read-out, it is characterized in that, comprising: the standby operation, make described fetch equipment than described light absorption department near the position of readiness of described white reference portion on standby; The white reference data are obtained operation, and described fetch equipment moves to the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion from described position of readiness, obtains the white reference data for this white reference zone; Obtain operation with the black reference data, make described fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read described light absorption department, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data for this light absorption department zone from described white reference zone.
In the standby operation, make fetch equipment in position of readiness standby than the close white reference portion of light absorption department.Light absorption department is in the transparent panel side of setting element, is arranged near the central authorities of moving direction of fetch equipment.And, white reference portion is arranged on the transparent panel side of setting element.That is,, white reference portion is configured in the either side of the moving direction of fetch equipment with respect to light absorption department.If position of readiness is in a side that disposes white reference portion with respect to light absorption department, can be the territory, a lateral areas of placement original copy, or the opposite side zone of not placing original copy.
Obtain in the operation in the white reference data, make fetch equipment move to the white reference zone that can read white reference portion, on this white reference zone, obtain the white reference data from position of readiness.Fetch equipment when moving to the position corresponding with setting element from position of readiness, arrived the white reference zone before arriving the light absorption department zone.Therefore, can before obtaining the black reference data, obtain white reference data, thereby be effective for the white reference zone.
Obtain in the operation in the black reference data, make fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read light absorption department from the white reference zone, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data for this light absorption department zone.Fetch equipment is unidirectional from position of readiness through the path that the white reference zone moves to the light absorption department zone.Therefore, fetch equipment is moved swimmingly rapidly.And, owing to can be absorbed into the stray light that is mapped to light absorption department, so can not reflex on the fetch equipment.And because light source is turned off the light, the light beyond the stray light can not incide on the light absorption department.Therefore, fetch equipment can obtain the black reference data not absorbing fully under the catoptrical state.Thus, can realize dark rapidly and accurately output calibration.Like this, owing to can realize,, can prevent the image quality deterioration of reading images so under incident has the state of stray light, carry out image when reading corresponding to the white of original copy and the output calibration rapidly and accurately of black.
(23) the present invention is in above-mentioned image reading method, it is characterized in that, described white reference data are obtained operation, before obtaining the white reference data for described white reference zone, this white reference zone are carried out the adjustment of the light source light quantity of described fetch equipment.
Obtain in the operation at described white reference, when fetch equipment moves on the white reference zone from position of readiness, can adjust the light quantity of the light source of fetch equipment.Carry out the light quantity adjustment, the white reference data of the feasible white reference that obtains for the white reference zone become desirable output.Thus, the light source of fetch equipment can be adjusted into desirable light quantity.Afterwards, under the light quantity of being adjusted, make the bright lamp of light source and obtain the white reference data, thereby can carry out bright output calibration exactly.
(24) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image reading method, and described white reference data are obtained operation, adjust the light quantity of described light source according to the black reference data of having obtained.
In order to make white reference data be output as desirable value, the light quantity adjustment is carried out in the white reference zone with respect to the black reference data.On the other hand, at first make fetch equipment move to the white reference zone from position of readiness.Therefore, when the light quantity of carrying out fetch equipment in the white reference zone is adjusted, though do not obtain the black reference data as yet, but the black reference data that maintenance has been obtained, and carry out the light quantity adjustment of light source according to this black reference data, so before obtaining the black reference data, can carry out light quantity adjustment accurately.
(25) the present invention is characterized in that in above-mentioned image reading method, and described black reference data is obtained operation, make described fetch equipment move to from described white reference zone described light absorption department zone during in, described light source is turned off the light.
When make fetch equipment move to from the white reference zone light absorption department zone during in, light source is turned off the light.Thus, fetch equipment is arrived after the light absorption department zone, can obtain the black reference data immediately.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 (a) is the perspective view of the structure of the image read-out 1 under expression main body cover 5 closed conditions, and Fig. 1 (b) is the perspective view of the structure of the image read-out 1 under expression main body cover 5 open modes;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the superstructure of the apparatus main body 3 on the presentation video reading device 1;
Fig. 3 is the general profile chart of expression along the cross-section structure of the length direction of image read-out 1;
Fig. 4 is the block diagram of the electric structure of presentation video reading device 1;
Fig. 5 (a) is the vertical view of structure of the lower surface of expression positioning element 17, and Fig. 5 (b) is the cutaway view of expression along the A-A section;
Fig. 6 is that presentation video reading device 1 practiced image reads the flow chart of processing;
Fig. 7 is the key diagram of 1 practiced light quantity adjustment of presentation video reading device and shadow data computing;
Fig. 8 is the key diagram of 1 practiced light quantity adjustment of presentation video reading device and shadow data computing;
Fig. 9 is the key diagram of peripheral structure of the pressuring plate glass 13 of presentation video reading device 1
Figure 10 is the key diagram that is illustrated in the action of the imageing sensor 21 when carrying out light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing;
Figure 11 is the key diagram that is illustrated in the action of the imageing sensor 21 when carrying out light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing;
Figure 12 is the key diagram of peripheral structure of the pressuring plate glass 13 of presentation video reading device 1;
Figure 13 is the key diagram of 1 practiced light quantity adjustment of presentation video reading device and shadow data computing.
Specific embodiment
Below, the example (embodiment) of image read-out of the present invention and image reading method is described.
Embodiment 1
(a) at first, utilize Fig. 1~Fig. 3 that the overall structure of the image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1 is described.
The image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1 constitutes plate scanning means, the main body cover 5 that can be provided with unlimitedly on apparatus main body 3.Apparatus main body 3 forms the box-formed shape of upper surface open, and portion can be along sub scanning direction (being left and right directions in Fig. 3) configuration image transducer (fetch equipment, CIS) 21 reciprocatingly within it.And, utilize double-sided belt that pressuring plate glass (transparent panel) 13 is fixed on the peristome of going up cover of apparatus main body 3.Pressuring plate glass 13 is made of transparent glass or resin, and its upper surface constitutes the original copy placed side of placing original copy.
In addition, though this image read-out 1 for example can comprise the part of the compounding machine of scanner function, printer function and facsimile function as one, but in the present invention, the function except that scanner function is arbitrarily, can certainly nonoculture be scanner.
On the upper surface of apparatus main body 3, the pressuring plate glass 13 that is made of a glass is installed, the upper surface of this pressuring plate glass 13 can be covered by main body cover 5, and wherein, this main body cover 5 can be that fulcrum opens and closes along the vertical direction with device rear side (upside among Fig. 2).End in main body cover 5 is equipped with manuscript handling device (transfer equipment) 40, can cover pressuring plate glass 13 with main body cover 5.And, on the lower surface of main body cover 5, the compacting part that is made of sponge and blank etc. is set on the position relative with pressuring plate glass 13.Utilize this compacting part to compress the original copy that is placed on the pressuring plate glass 13.In addition, Fig. 1 (a) expression is closed main body cover 5 and is covered state on the pressuring plate glass 13.Fig. 1 (b) expression is opened main body cover 5 and state that whole pressuring plate glass 13 is exposed.
Front surface side (downside among Fig. 2) at apparatus main body 3 is provided with operating portion 15, and this operating portion 15 comprises various switches and LCD panels such as numerical key.By the key of this operating portion 15 is operated the instruction of importing, be to carry out by hereinafter described CPU101.In addition, image read-out 1 can followingly constitute: link to each other with external information machines such as computers, the instructions that software sent such as scanner driver that are installed on this computer etc. are carried out by CPU101.
The upper surface of going up cover of apparatus main body 3 forms opening, and pressuring plate glass 13 is installed on its peristome.And, the imageing sensor 21 that can move back and forth along sub scanning direction (left and right directions among Fig. 3) is set on the inner space of apparatus main body 3.The position of this imageing sensor 21 is in the downside of pressuring plate glass 13.On the other hand, the original copy placed side is the upper surface of pressuring plate glass 13.In other words, the position of imageing sensor 21 is positioned at the opposition side of original copy placed side with respect to pressuring plate glass 13.
Imageing sensor 21 is the contact-type read sensor, comprising: point source of lights such as LED (below be called light source) are made of three kinds of colors of R, G, B of the original copy on the pressuring plate glass 13 being carried out illumination; セ Le Off オ Star Network (registered trade mark) lens are used to assemble the reverberation from original copy P; With a plurality of photo detectors, up be configured to row with the interval of stipulating.The spread length of the photo detector of imageing sensor 21 is basic identical with the length of pressuring plate glass 13.
Inside at apparatus main body 3 has driving arrangement, and this driving arrangement comprises: DC motor 23, be located at an end of the length direction (sub scanning direction) of apparatus main body 3, and make motor reel be positioned at the below; Be installed in the belt pulley 25a on this motor reel; And be erected at endless-belt 25b between the above-mentioned belt pulley 25a.Utilize this driving arrangement, imageing sensor 21 is moved along sub scanning direction (device length direction).Thus, as described later, imageing sensor 21 can move back and forth between static Manuscript scanner zone of pressuring plate glass 13 (first reading part) 11 and mobile Manuscript scanner zone (second reading part) 12 and constitute.
In the original copy placed side of pressuring plate glass 13 side, positioning element 17 (setting element) is set.Positioning element 17 is used for the original copy placed side of pressuring plate glass 13 is divided into a plurality of zones, particularly, is divided into static Manuscript scanner zone 11 and mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12.When image read-out 1 was used as FBS, static Manuscript scanner zone 11 was the surface that is used to place original copy P, and when using manuscript handling device 40, mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 is the surface that is used to read the original copy P that is transmitted.As shown in Figure 2, by positioning element 17 pressuring plate glass 13 is divided into two zones, make in formation regulation zone in a narrow margin, the left side of the sub scanning direction (left and right directions among Fig. 2) that installs, form the regulation zone of the wide cut that can place the full-size original copy P that can read on the right side.The zone in a narrow margin in this left side is static Manuscript scanner zone 11, and the zone of the wide cut on right side is mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12.
When this image read-out 1 is used as FBS, under the state of Fig. 1 (b), will reads original copy P and be placed on down on the pressuring plate glass 13.In detail, with the end benchmark of positioning element 17, the reading face of original copy P down is placed on the static Manuscript scanner zone 11 of pressuring plate glass 13 as original copy P.And shown in Fig. 1 (a), making main body cover 5 once more is that rotate downwards at the center with the fulcrum, becomes the state that compresses original copy P from the top, reads thereby original copy P is carried out image.When reading original copy P, shown in Fig. 3 (b), make right-hand move of imageing sensor 21 in Fig. 3 that is installed on the endless-belt 25b by motor 23 rotations, and utilize light source to carry out illumination, make reverberation from original copy P via lens imaging on photo detector, and convert light signal to the signal of telecommunication.
As shown in Figure 3, on main body cover 5, be mounted with manuscript handling device 40 (ADF).This manuscript handling device 40 comprises: paper supply tray 41, the reading face of original copy P is placed down; Paper delivery pallet 42 is configured in the top of paper supply tray 41, and reading face piles up up and reads the original copy P that finishes; With transfer path 55, between above-mentioned paper supply tray 41 and the paper delivery pallet 42 from below form U type turning shape.Along continuous straight runs disposes paper supply tray 41 and paper delivery pallet 42 with staggering, makes the superjacent air space of paper supply tray 41 open wide.Therefore, with paper delivery pallet 42 is configured in paper supply tray 41 directly over the time compare, have and be easy to original copy P is set in advantage on the paper supply tray 41.In addition, utilize paper supply tray 41 and paper delivery pallet 42, the original copy P before and after reading can remained under the state of each self-separation on paper supply tray 41 or the paper delivery pallet 42.
Be stacked on the original copy P on the paper supply tray 41, send, and separate one by one, thereby be sent to the downstream of transfer path 55 by the paper feed roller 44,45 that is disposed at paper supply tray 41 belows.In the downstream of paper feed roller 44,45, configuration can be sent to original copy P the mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 that is in upper/lower positions thus by the transfer roller 47,48 of roller to constituting.On the mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 of this pressuring plate glass 13, be configured to the relative upper plate of predetermined distance 49.Standby is gone up in utilization in mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 (ADF reads the position) imageing sensor 21 reads the original copy P that is sent successively.Be provided for making the bailing bucket parts of the front end deflection of the original copy P that on pressuring plate glass 13, moves at an end of pressuring plate glass 13 (Fig. 3 left end).And by means of upwards counter-rotating and sending of a pair of transfer roller 51,52, and reading face is discharged to paper delivery pallet 42 up by means of distributing roller 53,54.
The structure of above-mentioned conveyer 40 only is an example, for example obviously can change the position relation of paper supply tray 41 and paper delivery pallet 42, or change the formation and the configuration of each roller such as paper feed roller 44,45, transfer roller 47,48, distributing roller 53,54, perhaps change transfer path 55 etc., the structural change of conveyer 40 is become the structure of other known conveyers.
(b) then, the structure of positioning element 17 is described with reference to Fig. 5.In addition, Fig. 5 (a) is the figure of the lower surface (glass interface) of expression positioning element 17, and the above-below direction among Fig. 5 (a) is a main scanning direction, is equivalent to the above-below direction among Fig. 2.And the left-hand among Fig. 5 (a) is the left-hand among Fig. 2.Therefore, in Fig. 5 (a), the left side of positioning element 17 is that mobile original copy reads zone 12, and the right side of positioning element 17 is that static original copy reads zone 11.In addition, Fig. 5 (b) is the cutaway view along the A-A section among Fig. 5 (a).
Positioning element 17 is roughly rectangular plate-shaped member, and the length of its main scanning direction (being the above-below direction among Fig. 5 (a)) is identical with length on the main scanning direction of pressuring plate glass 13.Therefore, when on the upper surface that along main scanning direction positioning element 17 is configured in pressuring plate glass 13 as shown in Figure 2, positioning element 17 has enough length, can arrive the other end from an end of pressuring plate glass 13.
The lower surface of positioning element 17, its whole zone are that the 17a of white reference portion covers by white thin-plate member basically.And on the lower surface of the 17a of this white reference portion, it is the 17b of black benchmark portion (light absorption department) that the black thin-plate member also is installed.The 17b of portion is configured to this black benchmark, is not capped from the zone of the left end about 1/3 of the 17a of white reference portion and exposes.In other words, on the 17a of white reference portion, about 1/3 from mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides, about 2/3 being covered of right side (static Manuscript scanner zone 11) by the black benchmark 17b of portion.
The part that is not covered by the black benchmark 17b of portion among the 17a of white reference portion and expose is used to obtain white reference data described later and carries out the light quantity adjustment.And about 1/3 the zone of the black benchmark 17b of portion central cut exposed the 17a of white reference portion.The line of the left end 17f of the black benchmark 17b of portion, that is, the border of 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion becomes the reference position of the subscan of imageing sensor 21.That is, determine that according to left end 17f energising is during initialization and read HP (position of readiness) after the end.
On the right side of the black benchmark 17b of portion, the border, two places of the main scanning direction by the excision 17a of white reference portion that forms of central portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion becomes the reference position 17d of the main scanning of imageing sensor 21.In addition, in the image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1, the center of two reference position 17d is defined as the center of original copy P.On this reference position 17d, 17f, because the white of the 17a of white reference portion and the black of the black benchmark 17b of portion, color (brightness) changes obviously, so can clearly judge according to the output of imageing sensor 21.
The part that the black benchmark 17b of portion links to each other with the main scanning direction of imageing sensor 21, in other words, be equivalent to positioning element 17 imageing sensor 21 sub scanning direction central authorities near part, be used to obtain black reference data described later.Obtaining of black reference data is not that the width with respect to the sub scanning direction of the black benchmark 17b of portion carries out on whole zone, but on the position 17h of the main scanning line of the photo detector that is equivalent to be disposed with imageing sensor 21, carry out.With respect to the position 17h that obtains this black reference data, near the width the central authorities of the black benchmark 17b of portion is very broad, and the black benchmark 17b of portion stretches out from the promptly mobile to the left Manuscript scanner of this position 17h zone 12 sides at least.Certainly, the 17b of black benchmark portion also can from position 17h to the right (static Manuscript scanner zone 11) stretch out.
On the right-hand member zone in the lower surface of positioning element 17, post transparent double-sided belt 17c.This double-sided belt 17c comprises: thicker double-sided belt 17c1 is attached near the central authorities of the above-below direction among Fig. 5 (a); Double-sided belt 17c2 with thin is attached near the top and bottom among Fig. 5 (a).The thickness difference of above-mentioned double-sided belt 17c1,17c2 is equivalent to the thickness difference of 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion.On the position of posting double-sided belt 17c1, excise the 17a of white reference portion according to the shape of double-sided belt 17c1, and double-sided belt 17c1 directly is attached on the positioning element 17.On the other hand, double-sided belt 17c2 is attached on 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion overlappingly.
The left end of the 17a of white reference portion, outstanding to the left side of positioning element 17, on the upper surface of institute's ledge, transparent band 17e is installed.The right-hand member of the band 17e that this is transparent is fixed on the positioning element 17, and its left end is outstanding to the left side of the 17a of white reference portion.
As mentioned above, 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion are configured on the lower surface of positioning element 17, by double-sided belt 17c1,17c2 and band 17e, this positioning element 17 is adjacent on the upper surface that is installed in pressuring plate glass 13, that is, the 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion are configured in the transparent panel side of positioning element 17.Thus, the 17a of white reference portion is arranged on mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides in the transparent panel side of positioning element 17, and, the black benchmark 17b of portion is configured in the central authorities of the sub scanning direction of imageing sensor 21 in the transparent panel side of positioning element 17.
(c) utilize the electric structure of the block diagram illustrations image read-out 1 of Fig. 4 below.
CPU101 according to the control program that is stored among the ROM102, controls the each several part of image read-out 1, for example control motor 23 rotating, carry out speed control or the light source that imageing sensor 21 had carried out bright lamp/light-off control etc.
The ROM102 storage is used to control the program of image read-out 1.RAM103 is used for view data that temporary transient memory image transducer 21 read and view data from the PC that is connected with image read-out 1.RAM103 has at least: black benchmark buffer area 103a, the black reference data that storage is used to proofread and correct the scale grade characteristic between the photo detector; With white reference buffer area 103b, storage is used to proofread and correct the white reference data of the light quantity deviation of point source of light.
Correcting circuit 104 carries out processing such as black correction, white correction and γ correction line by line to color R, G and B respectively.That is, the image for the original copy P that imageing sensor 21 read carries out various corrections such as shadow correction.
Image processing part 106 is handled, and carries out the view data after proofreading and correct level and smooth and increases the weight of to handle and the RGB data are converted to CMYK (dark green-magenta-yellow-black) data that can print the RGB data etc.
(d) utilize Fig. 6~Figure 10 that the practiced processing of CPU101 of image read-out 1 is described below.
At first, utilize the overview of the practiced processing of flowchart text CPU101 of Fig. 6.
In step 100, CPU carries out the light quantity adjustment and shadow data calculates.Below this processing is elaborated.
Then, in step 110, CPU101 reads original copy P and generates picture signal.Wherein, the original copy P that reads on the static Manuscript scanner zone 11 that is placed on pressuring plate glass 13 as mentioned below.CPU101 controls motor 23, meanwhile, is reading the original copy P that is placed on the static Manuscript scanner zone 11 on the imageing sensor 21.That is, CPU101 makes imageing sensor 21 move along sub scanning direction by means of driving arrangement, and is reading the original copy P that is placed on the static Manuscript scanner zone 11 on this imageing sensor 21.
The original copy P that is transmitted by manuscript handling device 40 that reads as described below.CPU101 is fixed on imageing sensor 21 below in mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12.Then, CPU101 controls manuscript handling device 40, and the original copy P that is placed on the paper supply tray 41 is transmitted one by one to mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12.As this original copy P during, make imageing sensor 21 read this original copy P by mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12.
From the picture signal that the imageing sensor 21 that reads original copy P is exported, utilize internal circuit to carry out digitlization, as mentioned below, utilize corrective loop 104 to generate digitized picture signal, or carry out known shadow correction etc. according to the shadow data after upgrading.The picture signal that to carry out after the shadow correction is stored among the RAM103, by means of the action of CPU101, offers as compounding machine and one has the device for image forming that the external information machine is a computer via interface 105.
Then, utilize Fig. 7, Fig. 9 and Figure 10 that the processing that practiced light quantity adjustment of CPU101 and shadow data calculate is described.In addition, Fig. 7 is the flow chart of expression light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing, and Fig. 9, Figure 10 are the key diagrams of the position of the imageing sensor 21 in the above-mentioned processing of expression.
One of light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing
Before beginning processing, imageing sensor 21 is positioned at initial position (HP, position of readiness).This HP is than the position of readiness (referring to Figure 10) of the black benchmark 17b of portion near the 17a of white reference portion.Reference position 17f according to sub scanning direction shown in Figure 5 determines this position of readiness.That is, when energising, CPU101 moves imageing sensor 21 and reads reference position 17f below positioning element 17 under the state that light source is turned off the light.Reference position 17f is the white and the border of black, owing to the output of photo detector along with above-mentioned catoptrical variation changes, so CPU101 judges reference position 17f according to the output variation of imageing sensor 21.To expose the side of the 17a of white reference portion from reference position 17f, and promptly on mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12, make position that imageing sensor 21 moves a certain distance as position of readiness (standby operation).In addition, from carrying out the light quantity adjustment and obtaining the viewpoint of the high speed of correction data, position of readiness is near the positioning element 17.
In the step 200 of Fig. 7, when the start button of push portion 15, send instruction by CPU101, motor 23 rotations are in order to obtain the black reference data and white reference data image transducer 21 begins to move.After imageing sensor 21 leaves initial position HP certain distance, below the black benchmark 17b of portion, stop ((1) HP from Figure 10 moves to (2) black benchmark portion).Shown in Fig. 9 (b), the imageing sensor 21 after moving is positioned at the below (light absorption department zone) of the black benchmark 17b of portion.
In step 210 (the black reference data is obtained operation), obtain the black reference data.In detail, under the state that the light source of imageing sensor 21 is turned off the light, repeatedly read for the black benchmark 17b of portion.Then, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by the number of times that on each photo detector, reads, as black benchmark storage in the black benchmark buffer area 103a of RAM103.
In step 220, setting the black reference data finishes, CPU101 is drive motor 23 once more, thereby makes imageing sensor 21 move to the below (white reference zone) ((2) the black benchmark portion from Figure 10 to (3) white reference portion move) of the 17a of white reference portion from the black benchmark 17b of portion.
In step 230, the 17a of white reference portion is carried out the light quantity adjustment.In detail, at first, with very little light quantity the 17a of white reference portion is carried out illumination by the light source of imageing sensor 21, and read this reverberation by photo detector.If the light quantity of light source is little, then the output of photo detector is little.And interim ground or increase the light quantity of light source continuously reaches desirable value up to the output of photo detector, and the light source light quantity the when output of photo detector reached desired value is stored among the RAM103 as the light quantity adjusted value.In addition, set the desirable output of photo detector, make the white reference data be output as desirable value with respect to the black reference data.
In step 240 (obtaining operation), make imageing sensor 21 read the 17a of white reference portion in the white reference data.In detail, carry out illumination by the light source of imageing sensor 21 with described light quantity adjusted value, and read the reverberation of the 17a of white reference portion by photo detector.Thereby obtain the white reference data.When obtaining the white reference data, CPU101 makes motor 23 rotatings, and imageing sensor 21 is moved back and forth below the 17a of white reference portion.The scope that moves back and forth is between A point and B point, and wherein, the A point is corresponding to the position of the distance white reference 17a of portion left end 1mm, and the B point is corresponding to the position (referring to the part of (3) the white reference portion among Figure 10) of the distance white reference 17a of portion right-hand member 1mm.Carrying out this when moving back and forth, make photo detector on the diverse location on the 17a of white reference portion, obtain a plurality of data.And, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by the number of times that on each photo detector, reads, and as the white reference storage in the 103b of the white reference buffer area of RAM103.
In step 250, CPU101 utilizes the black reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps 210 to generate the black shade data, and utilizes the white reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps 240 to generate the shadow data of white.The shadow data of every kind of color being generated is stored among the RAM103.
In addition, the versicolor shadow data that is generated is used for picture signal is carried out shadow correction.When regenerating at every turn all the shadow data to every kind of color being generated upgrade.
In step 260, CPU101 moves to imageing sensor 21 and reads the starting position.When reading the original copy that is transmitted by manuscript handling device 40, this reads the starting position is that the ADF shown in Fig. 3 (a) reads the position.Be placed on static original copy when reading the original copy of zone on 11 when reading, shown in the part that (4) among Fig. 3 (b) and Figure 10 read the starting position, for being positioned at below the left end that static original copy reads zone 11.And, as mentioned above, by the light source of imageing sensor 21 original copy P is carried out illumination, and read reverberation by photo detector, thereby being carried out image, reads original copy P.
(e) the following describes the image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1 and the effect that read method is played.
I) image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1 obtains the black reference data under imageing sensor 21 is in state under the black benchmark 17b of portion.The black benchmark 17b of portion is in original copy placed side (lower surface) side of positioning element 17.Therefore, indication is carried out image and is read under the state that main body cover 5 is opened, and its both sides are static Manuscript scanner zone 11 and mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 when exposing, may the incident stray light.Especially, when adopting image read-out 1 to read the original copy with thickness as FBS, main body cover 5 is difficult to close fully, and owing to original copy P is not placed on the mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12, so be easy to the incident stray light.Incide the stray light of the transparent panel side of positioning element 17 like this, absorb by the black benchmark 17b of portion.Thus, the stray light that incides the black benchmark 17b of portion can not reflex on the imageing sensor 21.And, make the light source light-off of imageing sensor 21 and obtain the black reference data, thereby can obtain black reference data accurately for the black benchmark 17b of portion, and the influence of light that can not be interfered.Therefore, in the image read-out 1 of present embodiment 1, the black reference data that is rich in tonal gradation can be obtained, and shadow correction can be carried out exactly.
Ii) in present embodiment 1,17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion are configured in original copy placed side (lower surface) side of positioning element 17, and positioning element 17 are configured on the original copy placed side (upper surface) of pressuring plate glass 13.Therefore, 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion are configured on the original copy placed side (upper surface) of pressuring plate glass 13.
Thus, the distance from imageing sensor 21 to the 17a of white reference portion and from the distance of imageing sensor 21 to the black benchmark 17b of portion all equals from imageing sensor 21 to the distance that is placed on the original copy P on the pressuring plate glass 13.In other words, white reference data of obtaining for white reference portion 17 and the black reference data of obtaining for the black benchmark 17b of portion are identical with the condition of the view data of obtaining original copy P.Thus, the reading device 1 of present embodiment 1 can utilize white reference portion 17 accurately to obtain the white reference data, and utilizes the black benchmark 17b of portion accurately to obtain the black reference data.
Iii) in present embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 5, since the 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion along the sub scanning direction of imageing sensor 21 in abutting connection with arrangement, so when imageing sensor 21 being moved towards the below of the black benchmark 17b of portion from the below of the 17a of white reference portion or make it reverse when mobile, less the getting final product of imageing sensor 21 displacements.Thus, can shorten and obtain the white reference data and obtain blanking time between the black reference data.Therefore, can generate shadow data at short notice.
Iv) in present embodiment 1, as shown in Figure 5, the 17b of portion is configured to the black benchmark, moves Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides from the mediad of the sub scanning direction of the imageing sensor 21 of positioning element 17 and stretches out.Thus, from obtaining the position 17h of black reference data, with respect to mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides that are easy to the incident stray light, the zone that can fully guarantee the black benchmark 17b of portion.Therefore, incident light reflects in pressuring plate glass 13 from motion scan zone 12 incidents, perhaps reflexes in the framework by pressuring plate glass 13, incides the transparent panel side of positioning element 17, and can utilize the black benchmark 17b of portion to absorb reliably.
V) in present embodiment 1, greater than the length of pressuring plate glass 13 on main scanning direction, the black benchmark 17b of portion arrives the other end from an end of pressuring plate glass 13 to the black benchmark 17b of portion in the length on the main scanning direction.Therefore, the 17b of black benchmark portion can fully be absorbed in the stray light that moves in the pressuring plate glass 13.
Vi) in present embodiment 1, because imageing sensor 21 is moved back and forth, and on a plurality of positions of the 17a of white reference portion, obtain the white reference data, so even dust is attached on a part of white reference 17a of portion, also can subtract the little influence of this part, thereby can obtain the white reference data exactly.
Vii) in present embodiment 1,, can not be subjected to the influence of the deviation of black reference data so the black reference data can be obtained exactly because imageing sensor 21 obtains a plurality of black reference datas.
Viii) in present embodiment 1, when adopting the processing method (with reference to Fig. 7) of light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing one,, obtain the white reference data again, so carry out the light quantity adjustment easily owing to obtain the black reference data earlier.
Light quantity adjust and the shadow data computing its two
In present embodiment 1, the processing that light quantity adjustment and shadow data calculate can followingly be carried out.Utilize Fig. 8, Fig. 9 and Figure 11 that this processing is described.In addition, Fig. 8 is the flow chart of expression light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing, and Fig. 9, Figure 11 are the key diagrams of the position of the imageing sensor in the above-mentioned processing of expression.
Before beginning processing, imageing sensor 21 is in initial position (HP).Make the method (standby operation) of imageing sensor 21 standby on position of readiness, same as described above.In the step 300 of Fig. 8, when the start button of push portion 15, send instruction by CPU101, motor 23 rotations, in order to obtain black reference data and white reference data, imageing sensor 21 begins to move from HP.Imageing sensor 21 moves a certain distance from HP, and (white reference zone) stops below the 17a of white reference portion.((1) HP from Figure 11 moves to (2) white reference portion).Shown in Fig. 9 (a), the imageing sensor 21 after moving is positioned at the below of white reference portion 17.
In step 310, CPU101 is adjusted into the light quantity that is suitable for reading in the white reference data with the light quantity of the light source of imageing sensor 21.Though it is identical with the light quantity adjustment shown in the step 230 that this light quantity is adjusted, and do not obtain the black reference data.On the other hand, before obtaining the black reference data, with the black benchmark storage of carrying out before being obtained when image reads in the black benchmark buffer area 103a of RAM103.Therefore, CPU101 carries out the light quantity adjustment according to the black reference data of having obtained, and makes that the white reference data are desirable output.
In step 320 (the white reference data are obtained operation), make imageing sensor 21 read the 17a of white reference portion.At this moment, make motor 23 rotatings, imageing sensor 21 is moved back and forth below the 17a of white reference portion.The scope that moves back and forth is between A point and B point, and wherein, the A point is corresponding to the position of the distance white reference 17a of portion left end 1mm, and the B point is corresponding to the position (referring to the part of (2) the white reference portion among Figure 11) of the distance white reference 17a of portion right-hand member 1mm.And, carrying out this when moving back and forth, on the diverse location of the 17a of white reference portion, make the photo detector of imageing sensor 21 obtain a plurality of data.And, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by at each photo detector at the number of times that reads, and as the white reference storage in the 103b of the white reference buffer area of RAM103.
In step 330, CPU101 makes imageing sensor 21 move to the below (light absorption department zone) ((2) the white reference portion from Figure 11 moves to (3) black benchmark portion) of the black benchmark 17b of portion from the below of the 17a of white reference portion.Imageing sensor 21 after moving shown in Fig. 9 (b), is positioned at the below of the black benchmark 17b of portion.And CPU101 turns off the light the light source of imageing sensor 21, arrives the below of the black benchmark 17b of portion until imageing sensor 21.
In step 340 (the black reference data is obtained operation),, under the state that the light source of imageing sensor 21 is turned off the light, repeatedly read in order to read the black reference data.Because the light source of imageing sensor 21 is turned off the light, so, when imageing sensor 21 is in the below of the black benchmark 17b of portion, can obtain the black reference data immediately.And, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by the number of times that on each photo detector, reads, and as black benchmark storage on the black benchmark buffer area 103a of RAM103.
In step 350, CPU101 utilizes the black reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps S340 to generate the shadow data of black, and utilizes the white reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps S320 to generate the shadow data of white.The versicolor shadow data that is generated is recorded on the RAM103.
In step 360, CPU101 moves to imageing sensor 21 and reads the starting position.This reads the starting position, when reading the original copy that is transmitted by manuscript handling device 40, for the ADF shown in Fig. 3 (a) reads the position.And, be placed on static original copy when reading the original copy of zone on 11 when reading, shown in the part that (4) among Fig. 3 (b) and Figure 11 read the starting position, read the below of regional 11 left end for static original copy.And as mentioned above, 21 couples of original copy P carry out illumination by imageing sensor, and read reverberation by photo detector, thereby carry out reading of original copy P.
Like this, in the present embodiment, when adopting light quantity adjustment and its processing method of two (with reference to Fig. 8) of shadow data computing, because make imageing sensor 21 arrive the below of the black benchmark 17b of portion and unidirectional moving from initial position via the below of the 17a of white reference portion, institute's image taking sensor 21 moves than short distance and gets final product.Thereby can shorten the required time of shadow data that generates.
Embodiment 2
The structure of the image read-out 1 among the embodiment 2 is identical with the foregoing description 1 basically with effect.
But in present embodiment 2, as shown in figure 12,12 sides have the second light absorption department 17g (second light absorption department) in the mobile Manuscript scanner zone of positioning element 17.This second light absorption department 17g, its lower surface is a level, and upper surface is (mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides) plate-shaped member of the inclination of step-down gradually laterally.And the lower surface of the second light absorption department 17g and the 17a of white reference portion, the black benchmark 17b of portion are in same plane, and with the black benchmark 17b of portion be black equally.
The image read-out 1 of present embodiment 2 has the second light absorption department 17g, as shown in figure 12, thereby can absorb from the stray light of mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 side incidents in mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides than the 17a of white reference portion.Therefore, the stray light that incides the 17a of white reference portion can be further reduced, and shadow data can be generated more accurately.
In present embodiment 2, the medial surface 3a of the basket of apparatus main body 2 is a black, as the 3rd light absorption department.Therefore, can absorb the stray light that sees through pressuring plate glass 13 arrival basket medial surface 3a by medial surface 3a, and can not arrive the 17a of white reference portion.Therefore, in present embodiment 2, the stray light that incides the 17a of white reference portion can be further reduced, and shadow data can be further generated exactly.
Embodiment 3
The structure of the image read-out 1 in the present embodiment 3 is basic identical with the foregoing description 1 with effect.But, in embodiment 3, carry out light quantity adjustment and shadow data computing as shown in figure 13.
In step 400, when the start button of push portion 15, CPU101 sends instruction, and motor 23 rotations in order to obtain black reference data and white reference data, make imageing sensor 21 begin to move.Imageing sensor 21 moves a certain distance from home position HP, and stops below the 17a of white reference portion.Shown in Fig. 9 (a), the imageing sensor 21 after moving is positioned at the below of the 17a of white reference portion.In addition, the position of readiness of imageing sensor 21 is that the method (standby operation) of HP and imageing sensor 21 standby on position of readiness is identical with the foregoing description 1.
In step 410 (the black reference data is obtained operation),, under the state that imageing sensor 21 light sources are turned off the light, repeatedly read in order to read scanning black reference data for the 17a of white reference portion.And, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by the number of times that on each photo detector, reads, and as black benchmark storage in the black benchmark buffer area 103a of RAM103.
In step 420, CPU101 is adjusted into the light quantity that is suitable for reading in afterwards the white reference data with the light source light quantity of imageing sensor 21.The method that light quantity is adjusted is identical with the foregoing description 1.
In step 430 (white reference data operation), make imageing sensor 21 read the 17a of white reference portion.At this moment, make motor 23 rotatings, imageing sensor 21 is moved back and forth below the 17a of white reference portion.The scope that moves back and forth is between A point and B point, and wherein, the A point is corresponding to the position of the distance white reference 17a of portion left end 1mm, and the B point is corresponding to the position of the distance white reference 17a of portion right-hand member 1mm.When moving back and forth, make the photo detector of imageing sensor 21 on the diverse location of the 17a of white reference portion, obtain a plurality of data.In addition, for the data of being obtained are averaged, divided by the number of times that on each photo detector, reads, and as the white reference storage in the 103b of the white reference buffer area of RAM103.
In step 440, CPU101 utilizes black reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps 410 and the white reference data of obtaining in above-mentioned steps 430 to generate shadow data.The shadow data that is generated is stored among the RAM103.
In step 450, CPU101 moves to imageing sensor 21 and reads the starting position.And, with embodiment in the same manner, by the light source of imageing sensor 21 original copy P is carried out illumination, and read reverberation, thereby the image that carries out original copy P reads by photo detector.Like this, in present embodiment 3, obtain the black reference data by reading the 17a of white reference portion under the state of turning off the light at imageing sensor 21 light sources.
In present embodiment 3, owing to obtain black reference data and white reference data under the state below imageing sensor 21 is in the 17a of white reference portion, institute's image taking sensor 21 moves less number of times and gets final product, and moving of imageing sensor 21 gets final product than short distance.Therefore, be easy to imageing sensor 21 is controlled, and shortened the required time of shadow data that generates.
The invention is not restricted to the foregoing description, can in the scope that does not break away from purport of the present invention, advance in every way to implement.
For example, in the foregoing description 1~3, the configuration of 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion can be opposite.That is, can be on the lower surface of positioning element 17 the black benchmark 17b of portion be configured in mobile Manuscript scanner zone 12 sides, and the 17a of white reference portion be configured in the center of positioning element 17 lower surfaces.
In the foregoing description 1~3, though with the 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion as different parts, and the black benchmark 17b of portion is set, but also can distinguishes etc. and constitute 17a of white reference portion and the black benchmark 17b of portion by coating white and black by parts in the mode that covers the white reference 17a of portion.
In addition, in the foregoing description 1~3, though adopting CIS is imageing sensor 21 as fetch equipment, except the such contact-type imageing sensor of fetch equipment CIS of the present invention, for example can also adopt the ccd image sensor of scaled-down version optical system.

Claims (25)

1. image read-out comprises:
Transparent panel has the original copy placed side of placing original copy;
Fetch equipment is configured in a side opposite with described original copy placed side by described transparent panel, utilizes light source to carry out illumination and reads this reverberation;
Driving arrangement makes described fetch equipment move back and forth along described transparent panel;
Setting element is used for the original copy on the original copy placed side that is placed on described transparent panel is positioned;
Light absorption department absorbs the stray light that incides the transparent panel side of setting element by described transparent panel; And
White reference portion is located at the transparent panel side of described setting element; It is characterized in that,
Described transparent panel is independent transparent panel;
Described setting element is arranged on described transparent panel is divided on the position in a plurality of zones, the described a plurality of zones that are divided into by described setting element comprise mobile Manuscript scanner zone and static Manuscript scanner zone, move in the Manuscript scanner zone at this, the original copy that the upside that described fetch equipment reads in described transparent panel is transmitted by the transfer equipment that is used to transmit original copy, in this static Manuscript scanner zone, when described fetch equipment moved, described fetch equipment read the original copy that is placed on the described transparent panel;
With described light absorption department and described white reference portion in abutting connection with the transparent panel side that is configured in described setting element.
2. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described light absorption department is in the transparent panel side of described setting element, is arranged near the central authorities of described setting element.
3. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described fetch equipment reads original copy in mobile Manuscript scanner zone, and this original copy is to be sent to apart from a setting element side far away from the nearer side of distance setting element by the top of transfer equipment along transparent panel.
4. image read-out as claimed in claim 1 wherein, disposes described light absorption department, makes described image-reading device stretch out to described mobile original copy transit area side at least from the position that obtains the black reference data.
5. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the length of described light absorption department on main scanning direction equals or exceeds transparent panel; And described fetch equipment moves back and forth on the sub scanning direction vertical with main scanning direction along described transparent panel.
6. image read-out as claimed in claim 1 wherein, is configured in mobile Manuscript scanner area side with described white reference portion with respect to described light absorption department, and disposes second light absorption department with respect to this white reference portion in mobile Manuscript scanner area side.
7. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the part of described white reference portion is covered by described light absorption department, so that the border of extending along the main scanning direction of described fetch equipment is being provided near the mobile Manuscript scanner zone, and providing two borders of between described white reference portion and light absorption department, extending near the scanning constant zone along the sub scanning direction of described fetch equipment between described white reference portion and light absorption department.
8. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the length of described white reference portion on main scanning direction equals or exceeds the length of transparent panel; And utilize roughly the oolemma that extends along described white reference portion to be connected on the described transparent panel at the edge that joins with mobile Manuscript scanner zone.
9. image read-out as claimed in claim 6 wherein, also comprises the 3rd light absorption department on the inner surface that is arranged on apparatus main body.
10. image read-out as claimed in claim 9, wherein, described light absorption department, second light absorption department and the 3rd light absorption department are roughly black.
11. image read-out as claimed in claim 1, wherein,
Also comprise the control appliance that is used to control described fetch equipment and described driving arrangement;
Described control appliance makes described fetch equipment obtain the white reference data in the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion; And
Make described fetch equipment in can read the light absorption department zone of described light absorption department, under the state that light source is turned off the light, obtain the black reference data.
12. image read-out as claimed in claim 11, wherein, described control appliance moves described fetch equipment along sub scanning direction in the white reference zone, and obtain the white reference data on a plurality of positions in the white reference zone; Described a plurality of position is mutually different position on sub scanning direction, and each position is the position of extending on the main scanning direction vertical with sub scanning direction of fetch equipment.
13. image read-out as claimed in claim 12, wherein, described control appliance moves back and forth described fetch equipment in the white reference zone, and utilizes described fetch equipment to obtain described white reference data.
14. image read-out as claimed in claim 12, wherein, when obtaining described black reference data, described control appliance stops described fetch equipment, obtains a plurality of black reference datas at regular intervals.
15. image read-out as claimed in claim 11, wherein, described control appliance makes described fetch equipment move to described light absorption department zone and obtain the black reference data from the position of readiness of regulation, then, make described fetch equipment move to described white reference zone and obtain the white reference data.
16. image read-out as claimed in claim 11, wherein, described control appliance makes described fetch equipment from moving to described white reference zone and obtain the white reference data than the position of readiness of described light absorption department zone near described white reference zone, then, make described fetch equipment further move to described light absorption department zone and obtain the black reference data.
17. image read-out as claimed in claim 16, wherein, described control appliance makes described fetch equipment move to described white reference zone from described position of readiness, carries out the light quantity adjustment adjusting the light quantity of described light source, and obtains the white reference data.
18. image read-out as claimed in claim 16, wherein, described control appliance keeps the black reference data obtained, and adjusts the light quantity of light source when adjusting according to this black reference data carrying out described light quantity.
19. image read-out as claimed in claim 16, wherein, make described fetch equipment move to from described white reference zone described light absorption department zone during in, described control appliance is turned off the light described light source.
20. an image reading method uses image read-out as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprising:
The white reference data are obtained operation, described fetch equipment is moved in the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion, and under the state that utilizes the described white reference of described light source irradiation portion, make described fetch equipment on a plurality of positions of described white reference portion, obtain the white reference data; With
The black reference data is obtained operation, makes described fetch equipment in described white reference zone or stop below described light absorption department, obtains the black reference data at regular intervals under the state that described light source is turned off the light.
21. an image reading method uses image read-out as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprising:
The black reference data is obtained operation, makes described fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read described light absorption department from the position of readiness of regulation, obtains the black reference data for this light absorption department zone under the state that light source is turned off the light; With
The white reference data are obtained operation, and described fetch equipment moves to the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion from described light absorption department zone, obtain the white reference data for this white reference zone.
22. an image reading method uses image read-out as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprising:
The standby operation, make described fetch equipment than described light absorption department near the position of readiness of described white reference portion on standby;
The white reference data are obtained operation, make described fetch equipment move to the white reference zone that can read described white reference portion from described position of readiness, obtain the white reference data for this white reference zone; With
The black reference data is obtained operation, makes described fetch equipment move to the light absorption department zone that can read described light absorption department from described white reference zone, obtains the black reference data for this light absorption department zone under the state that light source is turned off the light.
23. image reading method as claimed in claim 22, wherein, described white reference data are obtained operation, before obtaining the white reference data for described white reference zone, carry out the adjustment of the light source light quantity of described fetch equipment for this white reference zone.
24. image reading method as claimed in claim 23, wherein, described white reference data are obtained operation, adjust the light quantity of described light source according to the black reference data of having obtained.
25. image reading method as claimed in claim 22, wherein, described black reference data is obtained operation, make described fetch equipment move to from described white reference zone described light absorption department zone during in, described light source is turned off the light.
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