CN100395002C - Device for separating incompatible gas-liquid two phase and liquid-liquid two phase - Google Patents

Device for separating incompatible gas-liquid two phase and liquid-liquid two phase Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100395002C
CN100395002C CNB2005101236347A CN200510123634A CN100395002C CN 100395002 C CN100395002 C CN 100395002C CN B2005101236347 A CNB2005101236347 A CN B2005101236347A CN 200510123634 A CN200510123634 A CN 200510123634A CN 100395002 C CN100395002 C CN 100395002C
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China
Prior art keywords
liquid
phase
pipe
separated
inlet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2005101236347A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1966122A (en
Inventor
郑之初
吴应湘
张军
郭军
周永
唐驰
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Institute of Mechanics of CAS
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Institute of Mechanics of CAS
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Priority to CNB2005101236347A priority Critical patent/CN100395002C/en
Publication of CN1966122A publication Critical patent/CN1966122A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a gas-liquid liquid-liquid diverter, wherein the main body has a liquid inlet and two liquid outlets as a container whose chamber has a horizontal divert baffle plate to separate the chamber into upper and lower spaces; the upper spaces through to the upper liquid outlet; the lower space is through to the lower liquid outlet; two spaces are through to the liquid inlet. The invention has simple structure, stable operation, while the baffle plate can adjust based on different densities.

Description

A kind of device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of device that different fluid is separated, particularly a kind of device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated in fields such as oil exploitation, environmental protection, chemical industry.
Background technology
Oil gas water separator for offshore oil production platform or seabed subsea production system, not only require to have simple in structure, volume is little, in light weight, separative efficiency is high, treating capacity is big, installation and maintenance easily, characteristics such as safe and reliable, and requirement can adapt to the multiphase flow medium of proportion of composing variation.Existing separator is difficult to reach these requirements.
Conventional gas-liquid is separated with liquid liquid, for example the Jiang Dao of Japan newly sees " method and apparatus of water-oil separating " of abundant application to patent CN2109238---" compound cylindrical shell vertical oil-gas two phase separator " and patent CN87103897 of Xinjiang Petroleum Administration's application---, adopt gravity and centrifugal principle to separate multiphase medium, usually equipment volume is bigger, complex structure.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the problem that prior art exists, providing a kind of has and can regulate at the variable concentrations that comes liquid, ratio, making it to reach device optimal separation state split-flow baffles structure, that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase is separated with liquid liquid two-phase, this separator has solved existing separator because volume is big and complex structure and can not be fit to the problem of production requirement.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
The device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated provided by the invention, comprise a body, described body is the pressure vessel of threeway tubular-shaped structures, the left side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is an inlet, the right side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is a lower liquid outlet, the upper orifice of three-way pipe is a upper liquid outlet, a horizontally disposed split-flow baffles is arranged in the cavity of portion within it, this split-flow baffles is divided into two spaces up and down with cavity, last sheaf space is connected with upper liquid outlet, lower layer space is connected with lower liquid outlet, and two sheaf spaces all are connected with inlet, described intracavity diameter and the equal diameters of coming the liquid pipe that is connected with inlet.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, the end of described split-flow baffles is mutually concordant with the end of described inlet.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, described body is the threeway tubular-shaped structures, and the left side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is an inlet, and the right side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is a lower liquid outlet, and the upper orifice of three-way pipe is a upper liquid outlet.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, there is the plug that this mouth of pipe top is sealed the top that described split-flow baffles is positioned at the three-way pipe right side mouth of pipe one end; Described plug is parabola shaped towards the longitudinal cross-section of inlet one end.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, each mouth of pipe place of described body is provided with to connect and uses flange.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, have on the described chamber body wall one group respectively with two bar-shaped troughs that side matches of split-flow baffles.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, have on the described chamber body wall at least two group height inequality, and can be respectively and two bar-shaped troughs that side matches of split-flow baffles.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, the axis of described body to the ratio of upper liquid outlet height H and current divider inner chamber radius r less than 5.
In above-mentioned technical scheme, the inlet of described body to the ratio of horizontal liquid outlet length L and current divider inner chamber radius r less than 10.
The present invention adopts the design of T type according to the multiphase flow laminar flow principle in long horizontal tube, and is simple in structure, compact.It has an inlet, two liquid outlets; The tool shunting cavity of certain volume can make the bubble floating that is included in the liquid expand; The partition that can regulate step by step, horizontal subdivision is shunted cavity space up and down, can regulate two sheaf space sizes up and down in the certain proportion scope, is beneficial to separate the gas-liquid and the liquid-liquid diphasic flow body of variable concentrations, ratio.
The device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated provided by the invention has following advantage:
1. structural simple and compact, working stability;
2. owing to adopt the split-flow baffles structure, can regulate at the variable concentrations that comes liquid, ratio, to make it to reach the optimal separation state;
3. this device also can use as the preposition separator of meticulous separation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that the current divider of the embodiment of the invention 1 is just cuing open schematic diagram,
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional structural representation of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2,
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3.
Drawing explanation: 10-body; The 11-inlet; The 12-upper liquid outlet;
The horizontal liquid outlet of 13-; The 14-epicoele; The 15-cavity of resorption;
The 16-split-flow baffles; The 16-1-plug; The 17-flange;
The 21-level is come the liquid pipe, 22-T type pipe standpipe, and horizontal tube under the 23-T type pipe,
Horizontal tube on the 24-T type pipe; The last drain pipe of 32-; The horizontal drain pipe of 33-;
The 40-double spiral tube; The outlet of 41-double spiral tube; 42-single-screw pipe;
The outlet of 43-single-screw pipe; 44-first storage tank; 45-second storage tank.
The specific embodiment
Below further describe device of the present invention by concrete embodiment and accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1
Consult Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, make a gas-liquid and liquid liquid current divider, its body 10 is the pressure vessels with threeway tubular-shaped structures, its pressure vessel is provided with an inlet 11, the left side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is an inlet 11, the right side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is a lower liquid outlet 13, and the upper orifice of three-way pipe is a upper liquid outlet 12; Have a horizontally disposed split-flow baffles 16 that cavity is divided into two spaces up and down within it in the cavity of portion, epicoele 14 is connected with upper liquid outlet 12, and cavity of resorption 15 is connected with lower liquid outlet (or horizontal liquid outlet) 13, and two sheaf spaces all are connected with inlet.The end of described split-flow baffles is mutually concordant with the end of described inlet.There is the plug 16-1 that this mouth of pipe top is sealed the top that described split-flow baffles is positioned at the three-way pipe right side mouth of pipe one end, and this plug is parabola shaped towards the longitudinal cross-section of inlet one end.Each mouth of pipe place of the separator body of described three-way pipe structure is provided with and connects with flange 17.Have on the described current divider chamber body wall three groups of height inequality and can be respectively and two bar-shaped troughs that side matches of split-flow baffles.
The L/r=9 of the length overall of current divider body 10 and inner chamber radius, the shunting cavity has suitable volume, the ratio l/r=5 or 6 of inner chamber length and radius, the score H/r=4 of height and inner chamber radius, the current divider internal diameter comes liquid pipe 21 (consulting Fig. 3) internal diameter to equate with level.
Embodiment 2
Consult Fig. 3, what present embodiment related to is the application of embodiment 1 described current divider, and its structure and operation principle are:
1. current divider adopts horizontal mounting means, and inlet 11 is horizontal with liquid outlet 13;
2. gas-liquid or liquid-liquid diphasic flow come liquid pipe 21 to enter current divider body 10 by level, and before entering current divider, because the gravity effect, two phase flow forms has the laminar flow at certain interface;
3. the two phase flow of laminar flow through split-flow baffles 16 effects, is separated gas-liquid in the two phase flow or liquid liquid two-phase at its interface place, and gas phase that density is little or liquid phase enter upper cavity 14, and density is big enters lower chamber 15;
4. regulate shunting partition 16, come liquid concentration to select the suitable cavity of shunting up and down 14,15 ratios at difference, so that separating effect the best;
5. the less relatively liquid of density is discharged through T type pipe standpipe 22 from upper liquid outlet 12 in gas or the two-phase, and another kind of through the liquid after separating by the horizontal liquid outlet 13 of current divider, horizontal tube 23 is discharged under T type pipe;
6. through group and the current divider together and the effect of T type pipe, two kinds of fluids reach the separation purpose.In this embodiment, the profit component is after 1: 1 mixed liquor passes through current divider and the processing of T type pipe, can obtain moisture content in last horizontal tube 24 exits and not be higher than 15% oil, obtains oil content in following horizontal tube 23 exits and is not higher than 15% water.
Embodiment 3
Consult Fig. 4, what present embodiment related to is the application of embodiment 1 described current divider, and its structure and operation principle are:
1. current divider adopts horizontal mounting means, and inlet 11 is horizontal with liquid outlet 13;
2. oil-water two-phase flow enters current divider 10 by horizontal incoming flow pipe 21, and before entering current divider, because the gravity effect, two phase flow forms has the laminar flow at certain interface;
3. the two phase flow of laminar flow through split-flow baffles 16 effects, is separated gas-liquid in the two phase flow or liquid liquid two-phase at its interface place, and gas phase that density is little or liquid phase enter upper cavity 14, and density is big enters lower chamber 15;
4. regulate shunting partition 16, come liquid concentration to select the suitable cavity of shunting up and down 14,15 ratios at difference, so that separating effect the best;
5. the less relatively liquid of density is from upper liquid outlet 12 in gas or the two-phase, and drain pipe 32 is discharged on separator, and another kind of through the liquid after separating by the horizontal liquid outlet 13 of current divider, discharge through the horizontal drain pipe 33 of current divider;
6. enter two, single- screw pipe 40,42 more respectively by 32,33 liquid of discharging and carry out meticulousr water-oil separating, can obtain the lower oil of moisture content at its liquid outlet 41,43 places, and in first storage tank 44, second storage tank 45, obtain the lower water of oil content;
7. current divider and at least one helix tube can be used in combination, thereby reach the separation purpose of different-effect.In this embodiment, the profit component is that the purity that can obtain oil was greater than 95% after 1: 1 mixed liquor passed through current divider and helix tube processing, and oil-containing is less than 5% in the water.
It should be noted last that: above embodiment is the unrestricted technical scheme of the present invention in order to explanation only, although the present invention is had been described in detail with reference to the foregoing description, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: structure of the present invention is made amendment or is equal to replacement, and not breaking away from any modification or partial replacement of the spirit and scope of the present invention, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated, comprise a body, it is characterized in that: described body is the pressure vessel of a threeway tubular-shaped structures, the left side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is an inlet, the right side mouth of pipe of three-way pipe is a lower liquid outlet, the upper orifice of three-way pipe is a upper liquid outlet, there is a horizontally disposed split-flow baffles that cavity is divided into two spaces up and down within it in the cavity of portion, last sheaf space is connected with described upper liquid outlet, lower layer space is connected with described lower liquid outlet, two sheaf spaces all are connected with described inlet, described intracavity diameter and the equal diameters of coming the liquid pipe that is connected with inlet.
2. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the end of described split-flow baffles is mutually concordant with the end of described inlet.
3. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: there is the plug with this mouth of pipe top sealing the top that described split-flow baffles is positioned at the three-way pipe right side mouth of pipe one end.
4. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described plug is parabola shaped towards the longitudinal cross-section of inlet one end.
5. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: each mouth of pipe place of described body is provided with to connect and uses flange.
6. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that: have on the described chamber body wall one group respectively with two bar-shaped troughs that side matches of split-flow baffles.
7. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that: have on the described chamber body wall at least two group height inequality, and can be respectively and two bar-shaped troughs that side matches of split-flow baffles.
8. the device that immiscible gas-liquid two-phase or liquid liquid two-phase are separated as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the inlet of described body to the ratio of length L between the lower liquid outlet and the radius r of current divider inner chamber less than 10, the height H at body axis to upper liquid outlet place and the ratio of inner chamber radius r are less than 5.
CNB2005101236347A 2005-11-18 2005-11-18 Device for separating incompatible gas-liquid two phase and liquid-liquid two phase Expired - Fee Related CN100395002C (en)

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CN100395002C true CN100395002C (en) 2008-06-18

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102423551A (en) * 2011-08-15 2012-04-25 北京百恒达石油技术有限公司 Efficient gas-liquid separator
CN111659190A (en) * 2020-07-01 2020-09-15 温州如剑环保科技有限公司 Vapor-liquid double-state sulfide treatment process without harmful byproducts
CN112520869B (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-08-10 兰州理工大学 Factory sewage treatment device
CN113482593B (en) * 2021-07-06 2022-12-13 河南亚盛电气有限责任公司 Accurate metering device for oil field well head liquid production amount and oil production amount

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2411831Y (en) * 2000-03-13 2000-12-27 顾飞 Buried oil/water separator
CN1343133A (en) * 1999-03-05 2002-04-03 国际壳牌研究有限公司 Three-phase separator
CN1474710A (en) * 2000-11-21 2004-02-11 ���տ�ŵ�����޹�˾ Combined degassing and flotation tank
CN2721190Y (en) * 2003-07-02 2005-08-31 冯锦堃 Oil and water separator

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1343133A (en) * 1999-03-05 2002-04-03 国际壳牌研究有限公司 Three-phase separator
CN2411831Y (en) * 2000-03-13 2000-12-27 顾飞 Buried oil/water separator
CN1474710A (en) * 2000-11-21 2004-02-11 ���տ�ŵ�����޹�˾ Combined degassing and flotation tank
CN2721190Y (en) * 2003-07-02 2005-08-31 冯锦堃 Oil and water separator

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Title
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Granted publication date: 20080618

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