CN100384749C - Self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank system - Google Patents

Self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100384749C
CN100384749C CNB2005100232955A CN200510023295A CN100384749C CN 100384749 C CN100384749 C CN 100384749C CN B2005100232955 A CNB2005100232955 A CN B2005100232955A CN 200510023295 A CN200510023295 A CN 200510023295A CN 100384749 C CN100384749 C CN 100384749C
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water
water inlet
ball float
pipe
parallel
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CNB2005100232955A
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CN1634770A (en
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何圣兵
陈建刚
孔海南
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Beijing Zemingyuan Environment Engineering Co., Ltd.
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Shanghai Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a self-regulating parallel running water tank system with alternation of wetting and drying, which is characterized in that each of two parallel water tanks is provided with a water inlet regulating device and a water outlet regulating device; a water inlet three-way pipe is arranged above the two parallel water tanks and can rotate in the vertical direction of the water tanks; one end of the water inlet three-way pipe is connected with an overall sewage inlet pipe, and the other two ends respectively serve as the water inlet ends of the two water tanks; a water inlet floating ball provided with a probe in the water inlet regulating device is limited to a floating ball passage pipe to vertically float; the top of the water outlet regulating device is provided with a fault overflow pipe; a pipe cover of a bottom sewage pipe is connected with a water out floating ball through a buoyant rope. When water in one water tank increases to a certain extent, the water inlet floating ball and the probe make water inlet three-way pipe make, the water tank stops water entries, and the other water tank begins to let the water in; when one water tank is full of water, the pipe cover is opened under the action of the water outlet floating ball to drain water; the alternative running of wetting and drying of the two parallel water tanks can be automatically realized by regulating the time of water entries and drainage. The self-regulating parallel running water tank system with alternation of wetting and drying does not need special extra power and can save cost of running, management and maintenance in the process of sewage treatment.

Description

The self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device, is a kind of waste disposal plant that power just can be realized water inlet automatically and draining that need not, and belongs to field of environmental engineering sewage treatment.
Background technology
Along with development and national economy, the water pollution situation of China progressively becomes the social concern that influences Economic development and people's quality of life, caused national great attention, the plan of " 95 ", " 15 " country " 863 " has all dropped into the pollution prevention technique that the substantial contribution research and development are fit to China's national situation.
Because China's level of economic development is also relatively backward generally, in the city, the capital cost of sewage work and during-operation service expense restrict a great problem of sewage disposal often; In the Rural areas that accounts for China population overwhelming majority, the sewage of generation does not just directly enter water body through handling basically, thus seek to have good treatment effect but simultaneously the lower sewage treatment facility of capital construction running cost just become the focus that people pay close attention to.Relative reactivity mud method sewage work, the capital construction running cost of technology such as biological filter, artificial swamp is lower, and these technology often all exist how to promote the reoxygenation effect improving the problem of processing efficiency, during actually operating normally the alternation of wetting and drying operation by parallel processing apparatus reach and improve reoxygenation this purpose.In some materialization absorbing process, equally also existing needs the device alternation of wetting and drying filtrate to be carried out the demand of activating and regenerating in addition.The alternation of wetting and drying operation of present parallel water treatment device is normally controlled by the opening-closing valve of electronic control, and the running maintenance cost is than higher relatively, and brings inconvenience to management work.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device is provided, need not power and just can realize water inlet and draining automatically, the operation of varitrol alternation of wetting and drying, construction, the Operations, Administration and Maintenance cost of reduction waste disposal plant.
For realizing this purpose, two parallel flumes in the self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device of the present invention respectively are provided with a water inlet regulating mechanism and water outlet regulating mechanism, the water inlet Y-tube is positioned at two groove middle upper parts and can rotates in the tank vertical direction, one end connects main inget manifold for polluted water, and two ends are respectively the feed-water end of two tanks in addition.Fixedly install the ball float passage pipe in the water inlet regulating mechanism, the water inlet ball float that has probe is limited in fluctuating in the ball float passage pipe.After the water surface in the groove rose to a certain degree, Y-tube rotated under the effect of probe, made this groove stop into water and another groove begins water inlet.The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle, and the mouth of pipe that is fixed on the outfall sewer of bottom is provided with barrier, and the pipe lid connects the water outlet ball float by buoyant rope.When the water in the groove advances to expire, open the beginning draining at the effect lower tube cap of water outlet ball float, being discharged to a certain degree up to water, pipe lid in back closes again automatically.Regulate water inlet and water discharge time, make water discharge time be less than or equal to flooding time, just can realize the alternation of wetting and drying operation of two parallel flumes automatically.
Self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device concrete structure of the present invention comprises two parallel flumes, two water inlet regulating mechanisms and two water outlet regulating mechanisms, the entrance end of duplicate two parallel flumes of structure function respectively is provided with a water inlet regulating mechanism, and exit end respectively is provided with a water outlet regulating mechanism.Y-tube is positioned at two water inlet regulating mechanism tops, and can freely rotate in the tank vertical direction, one end of Y-tube connects main inget manifold for polluted water by sliding pearl flywheel, two ends lay respectively at the top of two tanks in addition, be the feed-water end of two tanks, in two tanks, pour into treatment sewage respectively.Each water inlet fixedly installs a ball float passage pipe in regulating mechanism, and the water inlet ball float is limited in can fluctuating in the ball float passage pipe, and an end of probe is fixed on on the water ball float.Ball float passage pipe below sewage porose and in the tank is communicated with.The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle, and the mouth of pipe that is fixed on the outfall sewer of bottom is provided with barrier, and it is buoyant rope to be arranged and connect the water outlet ball float by buoyant rope that pipe covers.
When a tank begins to intake, the water inlet ball float of water inlet regulating mechanism is along with the water surface rises gradually in this tank, after the water inlet ball float rises to a certain degree, the probe of water inlet on the ball float touches Y-tube and along with the rising of the water surface is increasing to the reactive force of Y-tube, gradually Y-tube is up pushed up Y-tube is rotated, water distribution in the tank is reduced and gradually to another tank water distribution of doing, pile water and sewage flows to another tank fully up to this tank.
When the water in the tank advances to expire, water outlet ball float in the water outlet regulating mechanism rises, buoyant rope is strained by the water outlet ball float, the power of drawing on pipe lid produced one, make the pipe lid open, sewage is discharged by outfall sewer, and draining is arrived to a certain degree, pipe covers under the effect of gravity and closes again, and this tank is carried out the preparation of water inlet again again.When device broke down, sewage can be discharged from the upflow tube on water outlet regulating mechanism top.
Water inlet ball float of the present invention inside can add some sandstone or other weight provides center of gravity to keep probe all the time vertically upward.The ball float passage pipe directly on the sewage disposal filler of fixed placement in tank, also can settle a crossbeam to be attached thereto fixing on the tank sidewall.The effect of the barrier of outfall sewer mouth of pipe setting is to prevent that filler or impurity from entering the obstruction that outfall sewer causes system, its material can be selected plastics or metal for use, can be designed to netted or strip according to practical situation, the situation of impurity be adjusted in filler that the interval of mesh or barrier bar can be used according to water treatment and the sewage.
The present invention utilizes buoyancy and fluid mechanics principle, do not need special additionaling power, need not Artificial Control and just can realize water inlet and draining automatically, the operation of varitrol alternation of wetting and drying, apparatus structure is simple and cost is very low, can save the Operations, Administration and Maintenance cost in sewage treatment process.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Among Fig. 1, A, B are the tank of two parallel runnings, and 1 is the Y-tube that can rotate, and 2 is the ball float passage pipe, and 8 is outfall sewer, and 9 is barrier, and 10 is upflow tube.
Fig. 2 is the water inlet regulating mechanism structural representation among the present invention.
Among Fig. 2,1 is the Y-tube that can rotate, and 2 is the ball float passage pipe, and 3 are the water inlet ball float, and 4 is probe, and 11 is crossbeam.
Fig. 3 is the water outlet regulating mechanism structural representation among the present invention.
Among Fig. 3,5 are the water outlet ball float, and 6 is buoyant rope, and 7 are the pipe lid, and 8 is outfall sewer, and 9 is barrier, and 10 is upflow tube.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing technical scheme of the present invention is further described.
Self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank apparatus structure of the present invention as shown in Figure 1, the entrance end of two parallel flume A, B respectively is provided with a water inlet regulating mechanism, exit end respectively is provided with a water outlet regulating mechanism.The Y-tube 1 that links to each other with main inget manifold for polluted water is positioned at into water regulating mechanism top, fixedly installs ball float passage pipe 2 in the water inlet regulating mechanism, and the water inlet ball float that has probe is limited in the ball float passage pipe 2.The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle 10, and the mouth of pipe that is fixed on the outfall sewer 8 of bottom is provided with barrier 9, and the pipe lid connects the water outlet ball float by buoyant rope.
Two parallel flume A, B can select materials such as cement concrete, glass reinforced plastic, plastics, metal to make according to the practical situation at scene, function is the function filter material of placing in sewage disposal filler or the materialization adsorption treatment, needed place when sewage disposal is provided.The structure function of A, B tank is just the same, the one after the other operation, and promptly B groove state is for handling draining when A groove state is the retaining processing, and vice versa, so moves in circles.
Two water inlet regulating mechanism structure functions among the present invention are identical, as shown in Figure 2.Y-tube 1 is positioned at two tank middle upper parts, can freely rotates in the tank vertical direction, can make by plastics tubing (that common is PVC) or metal tube, one termination main inget manifold for polluted water of Y-tube 1, and loading onto little sliding pearl flywheel with the junction of main inget manifold for polluted water, realizing Y-tube rotation under external force.The other two ends of Y-tube lay respectively at the top of A, B tank, and effect is to provide sewage to enter A, B groove respectively.Water inlet fixedly installs ball float passage pipe 2 in the regulating mechanism, and ball float passage pipe 2 directly on the sewage disposal filler of fixed placement in tank, also can be settled a crossbeam 11 on the tank sidewall, and the other end of crossbeam 11 is fixedlyed connected with ball float passage pipe 2.Ball float passage pipe 2 can be made by plastics or metal.Water inlet ball float 3 is limited in the ball float passage pipe 2 and can fluctuates, and an end of probe 4 is fixed on on the water ball float 3.Water inlet ball float 3 is made by the plastics of light wear-resistant, and probe 4 can be made by rigid plastics or metal.The effect of ball float passage pipe 2 is positions of relative fixed water inlet ball float 3 and makes water inlet ball float 3 and impurity and filler isolate, and the boring of ball float passage pipe 2 belows is communicated with sewage in the tank.Water inlet ball float 3 inside can add some sandstone or other weight provides center of gravity to keep probe all the time vertically upward.Water inlet ball float 3 swims on the water surface all the time, and diameter be slightly less than ball float passage pipe 2 make its can be in the ball float passage pipe along with the water surface up and down unimpeded motion be unlikely to again to rotate.Two water inlet regulating mechanisms be symmetrically arranged in two tanks and all be positioned at Y-tube 1 under, when the A groove begins to intake, water inlet ball float 2 in the A groove water inlet regulating mechanism is along with the water surface rises gradually, probe 4 touches that end water distributor that Y-tube 1 is arranged in the A groove after water inlet ball float 2 rises to a certain degree, and along with the reactive force of 4 pairs of Y-tubes 1 of rising probe of the water surface is increasing, gradually Y-tube 1 is up pushed up, Y-tube 1 is rotated under the effect of probe 4, A groove water distribution reduces also gradually to the B groove water distribution of doing, after the water surface in the A groove continues to rise to a certain degree, Y-tube 1 is no longer intake in the A groove and sewage is flowed to the B groove fully, water inlet ball float 2 in the regulating mechanism of A groove water inlet simultaneously no longer rises, and the A groove is piled water B groove and begun comprehensive water inlet at this moment.
Two water outlet regulating mechanism structure functions of the present invention are identical, as shown in Figure 3.The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle 10, and the bottom is outfall sewer 8 fixedly, and the mouth of pipe of outfall sewer 8 is provided with barrier 9, and it is the buoyant rope 6 of light plastic system to be arranged and connect water outlet ball float 5 by buoyant rope 6 that pipe covers on 7.Water outlet ball float 5 adopts light plastics to make, pipe cover 7 and outfall sewer 8 make by plastics or metal.When in the A groove when anhydrous, pipe cover 7 at the self gravitation effect lower cover water pipe 8 of staying, and water can not flow away and accumulate gradually when beginning to intake in the A groove this moment, and water outlet ball float 5 is along with water surface rising.When the water in the A groove advances to expire, buoyant rope 6 is by 5 tensions of water outlet ball float, pipe cover the power that 7 generations are drawn on one, make pipe cover 7 and open that sewage enters outfall sewer 8, this moment, the A groove began draining, and the effect lower tube cap 7 at current can not shut automatically, water in the A groove is drained to a certain degree, and pipe covers 7 and closes again under the effect of gravity, and the A groove is carried out the preparation of water inlet again again.The barrier 9 of outfall sewer 8 mouth of pipe settings can be designed to netted or strip according to practical situation, the situation of impurity is adjusted in filler that the interval of mesh or barrier bar can be used according to water treatment and the sewage, the material of barrier 9 can be selected plastics or metal for use, and the effect of barrier 9 is to prevent that filler or impurity from entering the obstruction that outfall sewer causes system.The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle 10, and sewage is discharged from upflow tube 10 when the device of alternation of wetting and drying operation has an accident.
The water yield of setting device water inlet, the size of tank, caliber, water inlet ball float and the size of water outlet ball float of rising pipe, the length of water inlet place probe, the vertical useful length of water outlet place rope etc. can be controlled the time that discharges water and intake, suitable adjusting can be so that A groove lucky B groove water of when water inlet advances full, when A groove water advances to expire, the water of B groove drains simultaneously, vice versa, be that water discharge time is smaller or equal to flooding time, and A, B two groove alternations, so move in circles, but the just automatic alternation of wetting and drying operation of assurance device.
A concrete application example of the present invention is described below:
This example device is used for regulating automatically the alternation of wetting and drying operation of a certain artificial swamp.Two parallel identical sink sizes are long 15m, wide 1.5m, high 1m, the plantation reed, filler is selected gravel for use, and water inlet Y-tube 1 usefulness diameter is the pvc pipe of 200mm, receive bilge main with the flywheel that the little ball of diameter 10mm is made, and oil addition makes Y-tube freely to rotate; Water inlet ball float 3 usefulness PF engineering plastics are made, diameter 180mm, and interior dress 50g sand is regulated center of gravity; Probe 4 is made long 100mm for the cast iron that scribbles rust-inhibiting paint; Water inlet ball float passage pipe 2 is that the pvc pipe of 200mm is made high 1m by diameter; Water outlet ball float 5 usefulness PE engineering plastics are made diameter 400mm; Buoyant rope 6 usefulness PE plastics are made long 0.95m; Pipe covers 7 makes diameter 220mm by the cast iron that scribbles rust-inhibiting paint; Outfall sewer 8 is the PVC material, diameter 200mm, high 50mm; Barrier 9 sizes are 400mm * 400mm * 400mm, are made by the PE plastics, and mesh diameter is less than 20mm; Accident upflow tube 10 usefulness diameters are that the pvc pipe of 200mm is made.According to the average discharge of sewage in scene, tank advances full water needs 2 hours, and the time that sewage is discharged tank is 40 minutes.In the device trial run 2 years, operational excellence always except the accident that causes obstruction because of accidental pollutent can realize automatically intaking and draining, reaches the purpose of alternation of wetting and drying operation.

Claims (4)

1. self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device, the entrance end that it is characterized in that two parallel flumes (A, B) respectively is provided with a water inlet regulating mechanism, exit end respectively is provided with a water outlet regulating mechanism, Y-tube (1) is positioned at two water inlet regulating mechanism tops, and can rotate in the tank vertical direction, one end of Y-tube (1) connects main inget manifold for polluted water by sliding pearl flywheel, and two ends are respectively the feed-water end of two tanks in addition; Fixedly install ball float passage pipe (2) in each water inlet regulating mechanism, water inlet ball float (3) is limited in fluctuating in the ball float passage pipe (2), one end of probe (4) is fixed on on the water ball float (3), and ball float passage pipe (2) below sewage porose and in the tank is communicated with; The top of water outlet regulating mechanism is provided with failure branch nozzle (10), and the mouth of pipe that is fixed on the outfall sewer (8) of bottom is provided with barrier (9), and pipe lid (7) connects water outlet ball float (5) by buoyant rope (6).
2. according to the self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device of claim 1, it is characterized in that described barrier (9) is netted or strip, the situation of impurity is adjusted in filler that the interval of mesh or barrier bar is used according to water treatment and the sewage.
3. according to the self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device of claim 1, it is characterized in that described ball float passage pipe (2) and the crossbeam (11) that is fixed on the tank sidewall are fixedly connected.
4. according to the self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank device of claim 1, it is characterized in that the inside interpolation weight of described water inlet ball float (3) provides center of gravity to keep probe (4) all the time vertically upward.
CNB2005100232955A 2005-01-13 2005-01-13 Self-adjusting dry-wet alternated parallel-operation water tank system Expired - Fee Related CN100384749C (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515358A (en) * 2011-12-09 2012-06-27 上海交通大学 Vertical flow type constructed wetland batch injection system
CN108033580A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-05-15 南京大学 A kind of modularization rural household's life decentralized wastewater treatment equipment and application method
CN115215472B (en) * 2022-06-30 2023-07-18 温州市城南市政建设维修有限公司 Greening water circulation system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2358399Y (en) * 1998-09-02 2000-01-12 潘海峰 Temp. control boiling water device
US6453938B1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2002-09-24 Gewofag Gemeinnützige Wohnungsfürsorge AG Warm drinking water conduit system
JP2003080250A (en) * 2001-09-07 2003-03-18 Shimadzu Corp Equipment for producing electrolytic water

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2358399Y (en) * 1998-09-02 2000-01-12 潘海峰 Temp. control boiling water device
US6453938B1 (en) * 1999-07-12 2002-09-24 Gewofag Gemeinnützige Wohnungsfürsorge AG Warm drinking water conduit system
JP2003080250A (en) * 2001-09-07 2003-03-18 Shimadzu Corp Equipment for producing electrolytic water

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