CA966277A - Catalytic exhaust convertors - Google Patents

Catalytic exhaust convertors

Info

Publication number
CA966277A
CA966277A CA110,740A CA110740A CA966277A CA 966277 A CA966277 A CA 966277A CA 110740 A CA110740 A CA 110740A CA 966277 A CA966277 A CA 966277A
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
convertors
catalytic exhaust
catalytic
exhaust
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA110,740A
Inventor
John F. Tourtellotte
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chemical Construction Corp
Original Assignee
Chemical Construction Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US3335970A priority Critical
Application filed by Chemical Construction Corp filed Critical Chemical Construction Corp
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA966277A publication Critical patent/CA966277A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/30Arrangements for supply of additional air
    • F01N3/32Arrangements for supply of additional air using air pump
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J8/00Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes
    • B01J8/02Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds
    • B01J8/04Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds the fluid passing successively through two or more beds
    • B01J8/0446Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds the fluid passing successively through two or more beds the flow within the beds being predominantly vertical
    • B01J8/0476Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds the fluid passing successively through two or more beds the flow within the beds being predominantly vertical in two or more otherwise shaped beds
    • B01J8/048Chemical or physical processes in general, conducted in the presence of fluids and solid particles; Apparatus for such processes with stationary particles, e.g. in fixed beds the fluid passing successively through two or more beds the flow within the beds being predominantly vertical in two or more otherwise shaped beds the beds being superimposed one above the other
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2839Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration
    • F01N3/2846Arrangements for mounting catalyst support in housing, e.g. with means for compensating thermal expansion or vibration specially adapted for granular supports, e.g. pellets
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2882Catalytic reactors combined or associated with other devices, e.g. exhaust silencers or other exhaust purification devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/28Construction of catalytic reactors
    • F01N3/2882Catalytic reactors combined or associated with other devices, e.g. exhaust silencers or other exhaust purification devices
    • F01N3/2889Catalytic reactors combined or associated with other devices, e.g. exhaust silencers or other exhaust purification devices with heat exchangers in a single housing
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N3/00Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust
    • F01N3/08Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous
    • F01N3/10Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust
    • F01N3/24Exhaust or silencing apparatus having means for purifying, rendering innocuous, or otherwise treating exhaust for rendering innocuous by thermal or catalytic conversion of noxious components of exhaust characterised by constructional aspects of converting apparatus
    • F01N3/30Arrangements for supply of additional air
    • F01N3/34Arrangements for supply of additional air using air conduits or jet air pumps, e.g. near the engine exhaust port
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2240/00Combination or association of two or more different exhaust treating devices, or of at least one such device with an auxiliary device, not covered by indexing codes F01N2230/00 or F01N2250/00, one of the devices being
    • F01N2240/02Combination or association of two or more different exhaust treating devices, or of at least one such device with an auxiliary device, not covered by indexing codes F01N2230/00 or F01N2250/00, one of the devices being a heat exchanger
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2330/00Structure of catalyst support or particle filter
    • F01N2330/08Granular material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2370/00Selection of materials for exhaust purification
    • F01N2370/02Selection of materials for exhaust purification used in catalytic reactors
    • F01N2370/04Zeolitic material
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01NGAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; GAS-FLOW SILENCERS OR EXHAUST APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F01N2510/00Surface coverings
    • F01N2510/06Surface coverings for exhaust purification, e.g. catalytic reaction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/20Exhaust after-treatment
CA110,740A 1970-04-30 1971-04-19 Catalytic exhaust convertors Expired CA966277A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US3335970A true 1970-04-30 1970-04-30

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA966277A true CA966277A (en) 1975-04-22

Family

ID=21869960

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA110,740A Expired CA966277A (en) 1970-04-30 1971-04-19 Catalytic exhaust convertors

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US3656915A (en)
CA (1) CA966277A (en)
DE (1) DE2121158A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2140737A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1328454A (en)

Families Citing this family (39)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2097624A5 (en) * 1970-07-16 1972-03-03 Peugeot & Renault
US3911676A (en) * 1970-10-19 1975-10-14 Knud Jensen Exhaust system
US3771969A (en) * 1971-05-10 1973-11-13 Arvin Ind Inc Catalytic converter
US3729936A (en) * 1971-05-24 1973-05-01 Universal Oil Prod Co Method and means for catalytically treating engine exhaust gases
US3963447A (en) * 1971-07-20 1976-06-15 Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. Catalytic reactor for exhaust gases
US3867508A (en) * 1971-10-29 1975-02-18 Union Oil Co Exhaust gas conversion process and apparatus
US3867507A (en) * 1972-04-24 1975-02-18 Exxon Research Engineering Co Method for removing the oxides of nitrogen as air contaminants
JPS523634B2 (en) * 1973-01-31 1977-01-28
DE2306395C3 (en) * 1973-02-09 1978-08-10 Deutsche Gold- Und Silber-Scheideanstalt Vormals Roessler, 6000 Frankfurt
US3953176A (en) * 1973-05-22 1976-04-27 Texas Instruments Incorporated Catalytic converter
US3896048A (en) * 1973-08-20 1975-07-22 Gte Sylvania Inc Catalyst composition
US4003854A (en) * 1974-06-03 1977-01-18 Gennady Alexeevich Skvortsov Catalyst of supported vanadium oxide and manganese oxide and method of producing same
JPS5437591B2 (en) * 1975-03-08 1979-11-15
US4584177A (en) * 1982-05-24 1986-04-22 Fernbach Erwin A Catalytic unit for gas phase catalysis, more especially for use with wood- and other solid fuel-burning stoves
US4957710A (en) * 1985-01-11 1990-09-18 Toyota Motor Corporation Catalytic combustion type exhaust gas processing device and drying furnace for use in coating utilizing the same
US4656831A (en) * 1985-05-14 1987-04-14 Chamberlain Manufacturing Corporation Apparatus and method of recovering water from engine exhaust gases
JPH0611381B2 (en) * 1986-10-17 1994-02-16 株式会社豊田中央研究所 Exhaust gas purification method
JPH0169626U (en) * 1987-10-26 1989-05-09
US5356598A (en) * 1989-02-16 1994-10-18 Mohamed Boubehira Catalytic exhaust unit for an automobile vehicle
US5010051A (en) * 1989-11-08 1991-04-23 Engelhard Corporation Staged three-way conversion catalyst and method of using the same
DE4017360A1 (en) * 1990-05-30 1991-12-05 Fev Motorentech Gmbh & Co Kg IC engine exhaust catalytic conversion during cold starting - involves preheating of active material by direct current supplied to coating on supporting wall of converter
JP2603033B2 (en) * 1991-08-30 1997-04-23 ブリッグス アンド ストラットン コーポレイション Exhaust system muffler
US5285640A (en) * 1992-07-21 1994-02-15 Olivo John R Integrated post-engine emissions heater, catalytic converter and muffler
EP0605991A1 (en) * 1993-01-07 1994-07-13 Ford Motor Company Limited Base metal only catalyst system for internal combustion engines
DE69321093T2 (en) * 1993-01-08 1999-02-25 Ford Werke Ag Two-stage catalyst system for an internal combustion engine
US5339629A (en) * 1993-03-05 1994-08-23 Briggs & Stratton Corporation External catalytic converter for small internal combustion engines
US6497848B1 (en) 1999-04-02 2002-12-24 Engelhard Corporation Catalytic trap with potassium component and method of using the same
JP3559858B2 (en) * 2000-02-07 2004-09-02 東ソー株式会社 Organic compound combustion removal catalyst and combustion removal method
TW593871B (en) * 2003-07-08 2004-06-21 Trivision Technology Taiwan Co Intelligent diesel engine exhaust treatment system
AT500745B8 (en) * 2005-02-02 2007-02-15 Pankl Emission Control Systems Emission control device
EP1895118A1 (en) * 2006-08-29 2008-03-05 Tecumseh Products Company Passive secondary air muffler
US20080282672A1 (en) * 2007-05-17 2008-11-20 Wu Keith Method and System for Controlling Emission from an Off-Road Engine
US8071037B2 (en) * 2008-06-25 2011-12-06 Cummins Filtration Ip, Inc. Catalytic devices for converting urea to ammonia
DE102010012016A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 Dr. Ing. H.C. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Drive device for vehicle, has combustion engine and gear unit, where combustion engine is provided downstream to exhaust gas plant with exhaust gas cleaning device
US8936011B2 (en) 2011-03-04 2015-01-20 Brb/Sherline, Inc. Method for imposing variable load on the internal combustion engine used in vapor destruction applications
EP2689115A1 (en) 2011-03-24 2014-01-29 BRB / Sherline, Inc. Method of increasing volumetric throughput of an internal combustion engines used in vapor destruction applications
US20140335626A1 (en) * 2013-05-10 2014-11-13 Cdti Test Bench Gas Flow Control System and Method
US10376872B2 (en) * 2017-01-05 2019-08-13 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Solution-based approach to make porous coatings for sinter-resistant catalysts
US10562017B2 (en) 2017-01-05 2020-02-18 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Ion adsorption of oxide layers to hinder catalyst sintering

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2831548A (en) * 1955-12-05 1958-04-22 Barkelew Mfg Company Exhaust gas muffler and oxidizer
US3086839A (en) * 1960-03-30 1963-04-23 Universal Oil Prod Co Method for multiple zone treating of waste gas streams
US3172738A (en) * 1960-05-12 1965-03-09 Oxy Catalyst Inc Catalytic exhaust purifier for internal combustion engines
US3228746A (en) * 1960-09-29 1966-01-11 Du Pont Method of treating exhaust gases of internal combustion engines
US3168806A (en) * 1962-05-03 1965-02-09 Oxy Catalyst Inc Apparatus for improving the purification of exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine
US3203168A (en) * 1962-05-21 1965-08-31 Oxy Catalyst Inc Method and apparatus for improving the purification of exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine
US3255123A (en) * 1963-06-18 1966-06-07 Universal Oil Prod Co Formed catalyst shapes and method of preparation
US3176461A (en) * 1963-10-01 1965-04-06 Willard R Calvert Internal combustion engine exhaust gas converters
US3380810A (en) * 1963-11-26 1968-04-30 Universal Oil Prod Co Catalytic converter-muffler with a protected catalyst retainer means
US3544264A (en) * 1968-09-25 1970-12-01 Universal Oil Prod Co Method and means for two-stage catalytic treating of engine exhaust gases

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US3656915A (en) 1972-04-18
FR2140737A5 (en) 1973-01-19
CA966277A1 (en)
DE2121158A1 (en) 1972-11-09
GB1328454A (en) 1973-08-30

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