CA2514679A1 - High efficiency power amplification apparatus with multiple power mode - Google Patents

High efficiency power amplification apparatus with multiple power mode Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CA2514679A1
CA2514679A1 CA002514679A CA2514679A CA2514679A1 CA 2514679 A1 CA2514679 A1 CA 2514679A1 CA 002514679 A CA002514679 A CA 002514679A CA 2514679 A CA2514679 A CA 2514679A CA 2514679 A1 CA2514679 A1 CA 2514679A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
power
matching unit
impedance matching
stage
impedance
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA002514679A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Junghyun Kim
Dae-Hee Lee
Sang Hwa Jung
Youngwoo Kwon
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
WAVICS CO Ltd
Original Assignee
Wavics Co., Ltd.
Junghyun Kim
Dae-Hee Lee
Sang Hwa Jung
Youngwoo Kwon
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2003-0000208 priority Critical
Priority to KR10-2003-0000208A priority patent/KR100518938B1/en
Application filed by Wavics Co., Ltd., Junghyun Kim, Dae-Hee Lee, Sang Hwa Jung, Youngwoo Kwon filed Critical Wavics Co., Ltd.
Priority to PCT/KR2003/000020 priority patent/WO2004062095A1/en
Publication of CA2514679A1 publication Critical patent/CA2514679A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03FAMPLIFIERS
    • H03F1/00Details of amplifiers with only discharge tubes, only semiconductor devices or only unspecified devices as amplifying elements
    • H03F1/02Modifications of amplifiers to raise the efficiency, e.g. gliding Class A stages, use of an auxiliary oscillation
    • H03F1/0205Modifications of amplifiers to raise the efficiency, e.g. gliding Class A stages, use of an auxiliary oscillation in transistor amplifiers
    • H03F1/0277Selecting one or more amplifiers from a plurality of amplifiers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03FAMPLIFIERS
    • H03F3/00Amplifiers with only discharge tubes or only semiconductor devices as amplifying elements
    • H03F3/72Gated amplifiers, i.e. amplifiers which are rendered operative or inoperative by means of a control signal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03FAMPLIFIERS
    • H03F2203/00Indexing scheme relating to amplifiers with only discharge tubes or only semiconductor devices as amplifying elements covered by H03F3/00
    • H03F2203/72Indexing scheme relating to gated amplifiers, i.e. amplifiers which are rendered operative or inoperative by means of a control signal
    • H03F2203/7239Indexing scheme relating to gated amplifiers, i.e. amplifiers which are rendered operative or inoperative by means of a control signal the gated amplifier being switched on or off by putting into parallel or not, by choosing between amplifiers and shunting lines by one or more switch(es)

Abstract

The present invention relates to a power amplification apparatus provided in a wireless communications terminal and, particularly, to a high efficiency power amplification apparatus which may efficiently amplify power in accordance with various output power levels without using bypass switching circuits. The high efficiency power amplification apparatus according to the present invention makes it possible to amplify various levels of power without using bypass switching circuits so that problems in the multi-mode power amplification apparatus of the related art, such as the power loss caused by bypass switching circuits used, the increase of size of the power amplification apparatus, the decline of price competitiveness, etc., may be solved. Also, the high efficiency power amplification apparatus according to the present invention reduces the DC power loss at the low power mode so that the power added efficiency characteristic of the power amplification apparatus may be improved.

Description

HIGH EFFICIENCY POWER AMPLIFICATION APPARATUS WITH
MULTIPLE POWER MODE
TECHNICAL FIELD
The present invention relates to a power amplifier in a mobile handset.
More particularly, the present invention relates to a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency appropriate for amplifying power corresponding to various output power levels without using bypass switching circuits.
BACKGROUND ART
Recently, as mobile handsets used for wireless communication services are becoming smaller and lighter, many studies are conducted to extend talle time of mobile handsets having small-size batteries. In a conventional mobile handset, the Radio Frequency (RF) power amplifier consumes most of the power consumed by the overall system of the mobile handset. Thus, low efficiency of the RF power amplifier degrades the efficiency of the overall system and thus reduces the talk time.
For this reason, most of the researches in this field concentrate on increasing efficiency of the RF power amplifier. A multiple power mode power amplifier is one of the devices introduced recently as a result of such researches conducted to increase efficiency of the RF power amplifier.
The multiple power mode power amplifier is configured to operate its own power stage corresponding to desired situations and is operated in several operation modes corresponding to output power levels. Usually, bypass switching circuits are used for such operations of the multiple power mode power amplifier.
If low output power is required, path of power transmission is adjusted to bypass power stage. In contrast, if the high output power is required, path of power transmission is adjusted to pass the power stage in order to provide high output power. Using the conventional multiple power mode power amplifier that selectively performs mode transition corresponding to desired output power levels, it is possible to reduce DC power consumption at the time of transferring signals of low output power.
However, more than one power stages among a plurality of power stages connected to each other in serial should be switched in order to implement the multiple power mode power amplifier and more than one bypass switching circuits and a complex logical control circuit for controlling the bypass switching circuits are required for the switching operation.
Power losses caused by switching operations at the bypass switching circuits causes reduction of output power and the reduction of output power causes reduction of efficiency of the multiple power mode power amplifier. Further, there is another problem in that Adjacent Channel Power Ratio (ACPR) gets worse.
Furthermore, the size of the entire system gets larger due to bypass switching circuits and the complex logical control circuit additionally added for controlling the bypass switching circuits, so that the related art multiple power mode power amplifier is considered as retrogressive considering a trend towards a small-sized mobile handset and the enlarged size of the entire system is disadvantageous in price competitiveness.
Hereinafter, a detailed explanation will be given as to a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using bypass switching circuit with reference to the attached drawings.
Figure 1 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using bypass switching circuits. The multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 1 is configured using 3 bypass switching circuits. -If the power amplifier is operated in the high power mode, both a first switch 31 and a second switch 32 are closed and a third switch 33 is open, so that output of a driver 10 including an impedance matching unit is inputted into a power stage 22. In contrast, if the power amplifier is operated in the low power mode, both the first switch 31 and the second switch 32 are open and the third switch 33 is closed, so that output of the driver 10 including the impedance matching unit bypasses the power stage 22.
Since the multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 1 uses 3 bypass switching circuits, the degree of freedom in configuration of the multiple power mode power amplifier increases. However, at the same time, it has disadvantages in that the size of the entire system increases and power loss of the entire system increases due to power loss of the bypass switching circuits.
Especially, power loss of the second switch 32 connected to an output terminal of the power stage affects efficiency and linearity of the operation in the high power mode a lot, so that a bypass switching circuit having great power capacity and excellent loss characteristic should be used and the necessity of using the bypass switching circuit requires high cost.
Figure 2 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using other bypass switching circuits. The multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 2 is configured using not serial switches but shunt switches.
In the high power mode, a shunt switch of a second bypass switching circuit 49 is connected to the ground and is operated with a third impedance transformer 48 as an impedance matching unit. A first impedance transformer 47 transforms a load of an output stage including the second bypass switching circuit 49 and the ~ third impedance transformer 48 into the optimum impedance Zopt that S makes an output of a power stage 45 maximum. A switch of a first bypass switching circuit 44 is connected to an input terminal 43 of the power stage.
In the low power mode, the second bypass switching circuit 49 is connected to an output terminal of a second impedance transformer and the first impedance transformer 47 forms an impedance matching unit together with the second impedance transformer 46 and the third impedance transformer 48 by transforming an output impedance of the power stage 45 which is off into impedance of j50ohms. The switch of the first bypass switching circuit 44 is connected to the input terminal of the second impedance transformer 46, so that a bypass is formed. The first bypass switching circuit 44 may be configured using two diode switches and the second bypass switching circuit 49 may be configured using one shunt diode switch.
Since the power amplifier illustrated in Figure 2 should use at least 3 switches, characteristic gets worse due to own losses of the switches and price competitiveness also gets worse due to an increase of the power amplifier's size.
Figure 3a illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using a bypass switching circuit, of which switching circuit is connected to an output terminal of ~,/4 bypass transmission line. The multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 3a includes a carrier amplifier 51 and has a bypass implemented by a bypass switching circuit configured by using ~,/4 bypass transmission line 52 and a shunt switch 53.

In the high power mode, the shunt switch 53 of the bypass switching circuit is connected to the ground and the bypass switching circuit including the shunt switch 53 is operated as an open stub by being connected to the 7~/4 bypass transmission line 52.
In the low power mode, the shunt switch 53 of the bypass switching circuit is connected to an output terminal of the carrier amplifier 51 and is operated as an bypass together with the ~,/4 bypass transmission line 52.
Figure 3b illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using a bypass switching circuit, of which switching circuit is connected to an input terminal of ~,/4 bypass transmission line.
The difference between the multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 3b and the multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figure 3a is only the order of a ~,/4 bypass transmission line and a bypass switching circuit.
Since the multiple power mode power amplifier illustrated in Figures 3a and 3b includes only one bypass switching circuit, it has an advantage in that the size of the entire system is small. However, at the same time, it has an disadvantage in that bandwidth is limited due to use of a ~,/4 bypass transmission line.
Figure 4 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using other bypass switching circuits.
Q3 (65) is a carrier amplifier and Q2 (62) is an operational amplifier. A
serial switch 66 comprises two parallel diodes and anodes of the diodes are connected to Vcc of the carrier amplifier.
In the high power mode, Q1 (68) is off and the serial switch 66 is open.

Accordingly, output of Q2 (62) is inputted into Q3 (65) and a first impedance matching unit 63 is an impedance matching unit that transforms input impedance into impedance of l5ohms.
In the low power mode, base bias of Q3 (65) is off and Ql (68) is on, so that the switch 66 is closed. A second impedance matching unit 64 is an impedance matching unit that transforms load impedance into impedance of 25ohms. The second impedance matching unit 64 has smaller impedance than input impedance of Q3 (65) when the switch 66 is closed and has bigger impedance than input impedance of Q3 (65) when the switch 66 is open. Thus, the second impedance matching unit 64 is operated as a bypass.
DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
An object of the present invention is to solve at least the above problems of the related art multiple power mode power amplifier using bypass switching circuits and to provide a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency that may amplify power of various levels without using bypass switching circuits by making a path for bypassing a power stage and a path for passing through a power stage join at optimum point and implementing optimum impedance transformer on the path for bypassing the power stage.
There is provided a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency including: a power stage for receiving power amplified by a driver through a first impedance matching unit connected in serial to the driver amplifying input power and a second impedance matching unit connected to the first impedance matching unit in serial, re-amplifying the power and outputting the re-amplified power; an applied voltage control circuit, connected to the power stage in parallel, for controlling applied voltages corresponding to a first power mode and a second power mode; an impedance transformer for receiving power amplified by the driver through the first impedance matching unit, according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit; a third impedance matching unit, connected to the power stage in serial, for receiving power amplified by the power stage, according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit; and a fourth impedance matching unit, connected to the third impedance matching unit in serial and connected to the impedance transformer in serial, for transferring power, transferred from the third impedance matching unit or the impedance transformer, to an output stage according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit.
Preferably, the power stage is connected to the second impedance matching unit in serial and, in the second power mode, the power stage receives power amplified by the driver through the second impedance matching unit and re amplifies the power.
Preferably, the applied voltage control circuit adjusts voltage applied to the power stage in order for the power stage to be off in the first power mode and in order for the power stage to be on in the second power mode.
Preferably, the impedance transformer is connected in parallel to the second impedance matching unit, the power stage and the third impedance matching unit and, in the first power mode, the impedance transformer receives through the first impedance matching unit the power amplified by the driver and outputs the power to the fourth impedance matching unit. Further, the impedance transformer has the structure of a band-pass filter.
Preferably, the third impedance matching unit prevents power transferred through the impedance transformer from leaking to the power stage.
Preferably, the fourth impedance matching unit receives power from the impedance transformer in the first power mode and the fourth impedance matching unit receives power from the third impedance matching unit in the second power mode.
Preferably, a path, that power which passed through the first impedance matching unit is transferred to the fourth impedance matching unit, is determined by comparing impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the power stage and impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer.
Preferably, the impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer forms an inter-stage matching unit between the driver and the power stage together with the first impedance matching unit in the second power mode.
There is provided another multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency including: a driver for variably amplifying gain of input signal using a variable gain amplifier; a power stage for receiving power amplified by the driver through a first impedance matching unit connected to the driver in serial and a second impedance matching unit connected to the first impedance matching unit in serial, re-amplifying the power and outputting the re-amplified power; an applied voltage control unit, connected to the power stage in parallel, for controlling an applied voltage corresponding to the first power mode and the second power mode;
an impedance transformer for receiving through the first impedance matching unit power amplified by the driver according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit; a third impedance matching unit, connected to the power stage in serial, for receiving power amplified by the power stage according to operations of the applied power control circuit; and a fourth impedance matching unit, connected to the third impedance matching unit in serial and connected to the impedance transformer in serial, for transferring the power transferred from the third impedance matching unit or the impedance transformer, to an output stage according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit.
Preferably, the power stage is connected to the second impedance matching unit in serial and, in the second power mode, the power stage receives through the second impedance matching unit power amplified by the driver and re-amplifies the power.
Preferably, the applied voltage control circuit controls the driver in order for gain of signal inputted into the driver to be differently amplified corresponding to the first power mode and the second power mode. The applied voltage control circuit adjusts voltage applied to the power stage in order for the power stage to be off in the first power mode and in order for the power stage to be on in the second power mode.
Preferably, the impedance transformer is connected in parallel to the second impedance matching unit, the power stage and the third impedance matching unit and, in the first power mode, the impedance transformer receives through the first impedance matching unit power amplified by the driver and outputs the power to the fourth impedance matching unit. The impedance transformer has the structure of a band-pass filter.
Preferably, the third impedance matching unit prevents power transferred through the impedance transformer from leaking to the power stage.
Preferably, the fourth impedance matching unit receives power from the impedance transformer in the first power mode and the fourth impedance matching unit receives power from the third impedance matching unit, Preferably, a path, that power which passed through the first impedance matching unit is transferred to the fourth impedance matching unit, is determined by comparing impedance as viewed from the f rst impedance matching unit towards the power stage and impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer.
Preferably, the impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer forms an inter-stage matching unit between the driver and the power stage together with the first impedance matching unit in the second power mode.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figure 1 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using bypass switching circuits.
Figure 2 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using other bypass switching circuits.
Figure 3a illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using a bypass switching circuit, of which switching circuit is connected to an output terminal of ~,/4 bypass transmission line.
Figure 3b illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using a bypass switching circuit, of which switching circuit is connected to an input terminal of ~,/4 bypass transmission line.
Figure 4 illustrates a related art multiple power mode power amplifier using other bypass switching circuits.
Figure 5 illustrates a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency using power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 6 illustrates the multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency illustrated in Figure 5 in detail for explaining power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit.
Figure 7a is a graph illustrating gain characteristic corresponding to the high power mode and the low power mode of the multiple power mode power amplifier according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 7b is a graph illustrating Power Added Efficiency (PAE) characteristic corresponding to the high power mode and the low power mode of the multiple power mode power amplifier according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Figure 8 illustrates a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency using power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
Hereinafter, a detailed explanation will be given with reference to the attached drawings as to the multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency in accordance with preferred embodiments of the present invention.
Hereinafter, the first power mode is called as the low power mode and the second power mode is called as the high power mode.

Figure 5 illustrates a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency using power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency illustrated in Figure 5 includes: a driver 100 for amplifying input power; a power stage 120 for receiving power amplified by the driver 100 through a first impedance matching unit 130 connected in serial to the driver and a second impedance matching unit 140 connected to the first impedance matching unit 130 in serial, re-amplifying the power and outputting the re-amplified power; an applied voltage control circuit 90, connected to the power stage 120 in parallel, for controlling applied voltages corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode; an impedance transformer 170 for receiving power amplified by the driver 100 through the first impedance matching unit 130, according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit 90 and transferring the power to a fourth impedance matching unit 160;
a third impedance matching unit 150, connected to the power stage 120 in serial, for transferring power amplified by the power stage 120 to the fourth impedance matching unit 160; and the fourth impedance matching unit 160, connected to the third impedance matching unit 150 in serial and connected to the impedance transformer 170 in serial, for transferring power, transferred from the third impedance matching unit 150 or the impedance transformer 170, to an output stage 78 according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit 90.
The applied voltage control circuit 90 adjusts voltage applied to the power stage 120 by exterior control signal inputs corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. Since output power is gained by passing through not the power stage 120 but, the optimized first impedance matching unit 130 and the optimized impedance transformer 170, in the low power mode, the applied voltage control circuit 90 adjusts voltage applied to the power stage 120 in order for transistors of the power stage 120 to be off.
In contrast, since output power is obtained by passing through the first impedance matching unit 130, the second impedance matching unit 140 and the power stage 120, the applied voltage control circuit 90 applies voltage appropriate for operations of transistors of the power stage 120.
The driver 100 in the low power mode amplifies input power and transfers the amplified power to the impedance transformer I70 through the optimized first impedance matching unit 130. In contrast, the driver 100 in the high power mode amplifies input power and transfers the amplified power to the power stage 120 through the optimized first impedance matching unit 130 and the optimized second impedance matching unit 140.
The power stage 120 in the low power mode is off by the applied voltage control circuit 90 and the power stage 120 in the high power mode amplifies signal, amplified by the driver 100 and inputted into the power stage 120.
The first impedance matching unit 130 is a circuit optimized for optimal operations corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. The first impedance matching unit 130 selectively transfers input power amplified by the driver 100 corresponding to operation modes to the impedance transformer 170 or the power stage 120.
The second impedance matching unit 140 is a circuit optimized for optimal operations corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. The second impedance matching unit 140 transfers power, amplif ed by the driver and transferred through the first impedance matching unit 130, to the impedance transformer 170 in the low power mode and to the power stage 120 in the high power mode.
The impedance transformer 170 is an impedance transforming circuit that transforms impedance appropriately corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. In the low power mode, the impedance transformer 170 forms a path that bypasses the power stage 120, so that output of the driver 100 is transferred to output stage 78 of the power amplifier.
Figure 6 illustrates the multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency illustrated in Figure 5 in detail for explaining power mode transition structure without bypass switching circuit.
Output power of the driver 100 reaches a junction 72 dividing paths corresponding to power modes via the first impedance matching unit 130.
In the low power mode, the power stage 120 is off by voltage applied by the applied voltage control circuit 90 and input impedance Z rrrT-H Of the power 1 S stage 120 as viewed from the first impedance matching unit 130 is quite larger than input impedance Z irrT-z of a path bypassing the power stage 120 as viewed from the first impedance matching unit 130. Thus, power amplified by the driver 100 and transferred to the junction 72 is optimized so that the amount of power inputted into the impedance transformer 170 is quite larger than the amount of power inputted into the power stage 120. The output power is transferred to the output stage with minimizing power leakage to the power stage by the third impedance matching unit 150 and the fourth impedance matching unit 160.
In the high power mode, the power stage 120 is on by voltage applied by the applied voltage control circuit 90 and input impedance Z nrT-H Of the power stage 120 as viewed from the first impedance matching unit 130 is smaller than input impedance Z ~T-L Of a path bypassing the power stage 120 as viewed from the first impedance matching unit 130. Thus, most power, amplified by the driver and transferred to the junction 72, is amplified by the power stage 120 and is transferred to the output stage 78 of the power amplifier with minimizing power leakage to the impedance transformer 170 by the optimized third impedance matching unit 150 and the optimized fourth impedance matching unit 160.
Input impedance Z ~T-L Of a path bypassing the power stage 120 as viewed from the first impedance matching unit 130 forms an inter-stage matching unit between the driver 100 and the power stage 120 together with the first impedance matching unit 130 in the high power mode, so that output power of the driver I00 is well transferred to the power stage 120.
Figure 7a is a graph illustrating gain characteristic corresponding to the high power mode and the low power mode of the multiple power mode power amplifier according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
In the low power mode, the power stage 120 is off by the applied voltage control circuit 90, so that output of the driver 100 is not amplified by the power stage 120 and the output of the driver 100 is transferred to the output stage through the impedance transformer 170. Thus, it is impossible to get such gain characteristic at the time of being amplified by the power stage 120. However, DC
power consumption by the power stage 120 can be removed, so that PAE
characteristic is excellent.
In contrast, output of the driver 100 is amplified by the power stage 120 and reaches the output stage 78, in the high power mode, so that the gain characteristic at the time of being amplified by the power stage 120 is added to the gain characteristic by the operation in the low power mode and PAE
characteristic depends on the power stage 120 having generally high output power level.
Accordingly, as illustrated in Figure 7a, gain characteristic is comparatively low in the low power mode and gain characteristic is comparatively high in the high power mode.
Figure 7b is a graph illustrating Power Added Efficiency characteristic corresponding to the high power mode and the low power mode of the multiple power mode power amplifier according to one preferred embodiment of the present invention.
As illustrated in Figure 7a, PAE characteristic in the low power mode is excellent because DC power consumption by the power stage 120 can be removed.
In the high power mode, output of the power stage 120 is transferred to the output stage 78 through the third impedance matching unit 150 and the fourth impedance matching unit 160, and the third impedance matching unit 150, the fourth impedance matching unit 160 and the impedance transformer 170 do not use a switch, so that output of the power stage 120 is transferred to the output stage 78 without loss and thus PAE characteristic in the high power mode is excellent.
Figure 8 illustrates a multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency using power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention.
The multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency using power mode transition structure without a bypass switching circuit according to another preferred embodiment of the present invention comprises: a driver 210 for variably amplifying gain of input signal using a variable gain amplifier; a power stage 220 for receiving power amplified by the driver 210 through a first impedance matching unit 230 connected to the driver 210 in serial and a second impedance matching unit 240 connected to the first impedance matching unit 230 in serial, re-amplifying the power and outputting the re-amplified power; an applied voltage control unit 190, connected to the power stage 220 in parallel, for controlling an applied voltage corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode;
an impedance transformer 270 for receiving through the first impedance matching unit 230 power amplified by the driver 210 according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit 190; a third impedance matching unit 250, connected to the power stage 220 in serial, for receiving power amplified by the power stage according to operations of the applied power control circuit; and a fourth impedance matching unit 260, connected to the third impedance matching unit 250 in serial and connected to the impedance transformer 270 in serial, for transferring the power transferred from the third impedance matching unit 250 or the impedance transformer 270, to an output stage 178 according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit.
The applied voltage control circuit 190 controls the driver in order for gain of signal inputted into the driver to be differently amplified corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. The applied voltage control circuit adjusts voltage supplied to the power stage 220 by exterior control signal inputs corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. Since output power is gained by passing through not the power stage 220 but, the optimized first impedance matching unit 230 and the optimized impedance transformer 270, in the low power mode, the applied voltage control circuit 190 adjusts voltage applied to the power stage 220 in order for transistors of the power stage 220 to be off.
In contrast, since output power is obtained by passing through the first impedance matching unit 230, the second impedance matching unit 240 and the power stage 220, the applied voltage control circuit 190 applies voltage appropriate for operations of transistors of the power stage 220.
The variable gain amplifier variably amplifies gain of signal inputted through an input terminal 180 of the power amplifier according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit 190 and supplies the amplified gain to the first impedance matching unit 230, the power stage 220 and the impedance transformer 270. The variable gain amplifier performs a role of not only a driver but also a linearizer, so that efficiency and linearity of circuit can be optimized.
Further, discontinuous gain characteristic of the power amplifier illustrated in Figure 7a can be adjusted corresponding to use.
The power stage 220 in the low power mode is off by the applied voltage control circuit 190 and the power stage 220 in the high power mode amplifies signal, amplified by the driver 210 and inputted into the power stage 220.
The first impedance matching unit 230 is a circuit optimized for optimal operations corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. The first impedance matching unit 230 selectively transfers input power amplified by the driver 210 corresponding to operation modes to the impedance transformer 270 or the power stage 220.
The second impedance matching unit 240 is a circuit optimized for optimal operations corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode. The second impedance matching unit 240 transfers power, amplified by the variable gain amplifier and transferred through the first impedance matching unit 230, to the impedance transformer 270 in the low power mode and to the power stage 220 in the high power mode. ' The impedance transformer 270 is an impedance transforming circuit that transforms impedance appropriately corresponding to the low power mode and the high power mode, In the low power mode, the impedance transformer 270 forms a path that bypasses the power stage 220, so that output of the driver 210 is transferred to output stage 17~ of power amplifier.
The multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention is not limited to the preferred embodiments and may be implemented without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention as disclosed in the accompanying claims by various modification by those skilled in the art.
INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY
The multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention amplifies power of various levels without using a bypass switching circuit, so that problems in that losses caused by using bypass switching circuits in a related art multiple power mode power amplifier, an increase of the size of the power amplifier, price competitiveness deterioration and etc. can be solved.
Further, the multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention reduces l~C power consumption in the low power mode practically affecting battery lifetime, so that PAE characteristic of the power amplifier may be improved and talk time of a mobile handset equipped with the multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention may be extended.
Further, the present invention that adopts a variable gain amplifier as a driver minimizes losses of the related art multiple power mode power amplifier in the high power mode, so that PAE characteristic in the high power mode may be improved and bad linearity in the high power mode may be solved. Further, improvement of speech quality of a mobile handset equipped with the multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention and reduction of the size of the mobile handset equipped with the multiple power mode power amplifier according to the present invention may be implemented.

Claims (10)

1. A multiple power mode power amplifier with high efficiency comprising:

a power stage configured to receive power amplified by a driver through a first impedance matching unit connected in serial to the driver amplifying input power and a second impedance matching unit connected to the first impedance matching unit in serial, re-amplify the power and output the re-amplified power;
an applied voltage control circuit, connected to the power stage in parallel, configured to control applied voltages corresponding to a first power mode and a second power mode;
an impedance transformer configured to receive power amplified by the driver through the first impedance matching unit, according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit;
a third impedance matching unit, connected to the power stage in serial, configured to receive power amplified by the power stage, according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit; and a fourth impedance matching unit, connected to the third impedance matching unit in serial and connected to the impedance transformer in serial, configured to transfer power, transferred from the third impedance matching unit or the impedance transformer, to an output stage according to operations of the applied voltage control circuit.
2. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the power stage is connected to the second impedance matching unit in serial and, in the second power mode, the power stage receives power amplified by the driver through the second impedance matching unit and re-amplifies the power.
3. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the applied voltage control circuit adjusts voltage applied to the power stage in order for the power stage to be off in the first power mode and in order for the power stage to be on in the second power mode.
4. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the impedance transformer is connected in parallel to the second impedance matching unit, the power stage and the third impedance matching unit and, in the first power mode, the impedance transformer receives through the first impedance matching unit the power amplified by the driver and outputs the power to the fourth impedance matching unit.
5. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the third impedance matching unit prevents power transferred through the impedance transformer from leaking to the power stage.
6. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the fourth impedance matching unit receives power from the impedance transformer in the first power mode and receives power from the third impedance matching unit in the second power mode.
7. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein a path, that power which passed through the first impedance matching unit is transferred to the fourth impedance matching unit, is determined by comparing impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the power stage and impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer.
8. The multiple power mode, power amplifier of claim 7, wherein the impedance as viewed from the first impedance matching unit towards the impedance transformer forms an inter-stage matching unit between the driver and the power stage, together with the first impedance matching unit in the second power mode.
9. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 1, wherein the driver is a variable gain amplifier configured to variably amplify gain of an input signal.
10. The multiple power mode power amplifier of claim 9, wherein the applied voltage control circuit controls the driver in order for gain of signal inputted into the driver to be differently amplified corresponding to the first power mode and the second power mode and adjusts voltage applied to the power stage in order for the power stage to be off in the first power mode and in order for the power stage to be on in the second power mode.
CA002514679A 2003-01-03 2003-01-07 High efficiency power amplification apparatus with multiple power mode Abandoned CA2514679A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2003-0000208 2003-01-03
KR10-2003-0000208A KR100518938B1 (en) 2003-01-03 2003-01-03 High Efficiency Power Amplification Apparatus with Multiple Power Mode
PCT/KR2003/000020 WO2004062095A1 (en) 2003-01-03 2003-01-07 High efficiency power amplification apparatus with multiple power mode

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2514679A1 true CA2514679A1 (en) 2004-07-22

Family

ID=36094029

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA002514679A Abandoned CA2514679A1 (en) 2003-01-03 2003-01-07 High efficiency power amplification apparatus with multiple power mode

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1586162A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2006512847A (en)
KR (1) KR100518938B1 (en)
CN (1) CN100547910C (en)
AU (1) AU2003201928A1 (en)
CA (1) CA2514679A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2004062095A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100757706B1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2007-09-13 아바고테크놀로지스코리아 주식회사 High Efficiency Bypass Switching Power Amplification Apparatus with Multiple Power Modes By using Selective Bias Control
KR100749932B1 (en) * 2004-03-05 2007-08-16 아바고테크놀로지스코리아 주식회사 Multiple Power Mode Power Amplifier Without Bypass Switches
WO2006114792A1 (en) * 2005-04-27 2006-11-02 Paragon Communications Ltd. Transformer-capacitor enhancement circuitry for power amplifiers
KR100681496B1 (en) * 2005-06-01 2007-02-12 한국과학기술원 Power amplifier
US7479827B2 (en) * 2006-03-21 2009-01-20 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation Multi-mode power amplifier with high efficiency under backoff operation
US8102205B2 (en) * 2009-08-04 2012-01-24 Qualcomm, Incorporated Amplifier module with multiple operating modes
CN101917166B (en) * 2010-07-28 2012-09-19 锐迪科创微电子(北京)有限公司 Configurable radio-frequency power amplifier and radio-frequency transmitting front-end module with same
US8237501B2 (en) * 2010-09-09 2012-08-07 Mks Instruments, Inc. Power amplifier with transistor input mismatching
WO2012053086A1 (en) * 2010-10-21 2012-04-26 三菱電機株式会社 Output mode switching amplifier
KR101771720B1 (en) 2011-05-26 2017-08-28 삼성전기주식회사 Multi-mode power amplifier
KR101208274B1 (en) * 2011-09-23 2012-12-05 삼성전기주식회사 Multi mode power amplifier
CN103178790B (en) * 2011-12-26 2018-02-06 Qorvo美国公司 Multi-mode radio frequency amplifying device
CN102437819A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-05-02 三维通信股份有限公司 Large dynamic cascade Doherty power amplifier
CN102983822A (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-03-20 上海集成电路研发中心有限公司 Power amplifier
TWI492549B (en) 2012-10-09 2015-07-11 Realtek Semiconductor Corp Multi-modes power amplifier circuit, multi-mode wireless transmitting module and method therefor
CN103780209B (en) * 2012-10-22 2017-04-12 瑞昱半导体股份有限公司 Multi-mode power amplifying circuit, multi-mode wireless transmitting module and method thereof
US8981852B2 (en) * 2012-11-12 2015-03-17 Avago Technologies General Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd. Providing an integrated directional coupler in a power amplifier
KR101452063B1 (en) 2012-12-10 2014-10-16 삼성전기주식회사 Front end module
CN105024651B (en) * 2014-04-29 2019-03-15 瑞昱半导体股份有限公司 Radio-frequency power amplifier and the method for improving power added efficiency and the linearity
US9853603B2 (en) * 2014-11-14 2017-12-26 Microsoft Technology Licensing, Llc Power amplifier for amplifying radio frequency signal
KR102105449B1 (en) * 2017-09-11 2020-05-29 한국과학기술원 Beam-forming circuit for 5g mobile communication and radar
CN109104671A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-28 林汉民 A kind of sound equipment power amplifier output-stage circuit

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06103809B2 (en) * 1988-06-10 1994-12-14 三菱電機株式会社 Amplifier circuit
FI81931C (en) * 1989-05-12 1990-12-10 Nokia Mobira Oy Method of generating low power levels in the transmitter of a radiotelephone
JPH06303154A (en) * 1993-04-19 1994-10-28 Oki Electric Ind Co Ltd Transmission power control system in transmitter
US5541554A (en) * 1995-03-06 1996-07-30 Motorola, Inc. Multi-mode power amplifier
JPH09148852A (en) * 1995-11-24 1997-06-06 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Transmission output variable device
US6205318B1 (en) * 1997-04-07 2001-03-20 Gateway 2000, Inc. Power management controller for computer system
US6069526A (en) * 1998-08-04 2000-05-30 Qualcomm Incorporated Partial or complete amplifier bypass
US6487419B1 (en) * 1998-08-06 2002-11-26 Ericsson Inc. Systems and methods for management of current consumption and performance in a receiver down converter of a wireless device
US6374116B1 (en) * 1999-06-14 2002-04-16 Qualcomm Incorporated Adjusting maximum transmit power to maintain constant margin for adjacent channel power rejection
JP2001011450A (en) * 1999-06-28 2001-01-16 Dainippon Ink & Chem Inc Electrical optics
JP2001326537A (en) * 2000-05-16 2001-11-22 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Highly efficient amplifier, radio transmitter provided with the highly efficient amplifier and measuring instrument for evaluating the highly efficient amplifier
US6363685B1 (en) * 2000-05-19 2002-04-02 William E. Kugler Method and apparatus for selectively adjusting the elevation of an undulating or plannar surface
JP2002252565A (en) * 2001-02-26 2002-09-06 Sharp Corp Transmission device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN100547910C (en) 2009-10-07
KR20040062711A (en) 2004-07-09
AU2003201928A1 (en) 2004-07-29
KR100518938B1 (en) 2005-10-05
CN1742428A (en) 2006-03-01
WO2004062095A1 (en) 2004-07-22
EP1586162A4 (en) 2006-09-20
JP2006512847A (en) 2006-04-13
EP1586162A1 (en) 2005-10-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6806767B2 (en) Power amplifier with load switching circuit
EP0954095B1 (en) Power amplifier
US8421539B2 (en) Multi-mode high efficiency linear power amplifier
KR101014065B1 (en) Efficient modulation of rf signals
EP1936804B1 (en) Balanced power amplifier with a bypass structure
RU2144260C1 (en) Network for multiplexing high-frequency signal power amplifier and double-mode communication device
US7952433B2 (en) Power amplifiers with discrete power control
CA2234335C (en) High efficiency power amplifier
EP0977354B1 (en) Amplifier for radio transmission
US6865399B2 (en) Mobile telephone apparatus
US6366788B1 (en) Mobile telephone system
US6091966A (en) Dual-band, dual-mode power amplifier
KR100651159B1 (en) High power amplifier
US6603359B2 (en) High-frequency power amplifying apparatus
US7944291B2 (en) Power amplifier having parallel amplification stages and associated impedance matching networks
KR100423854B1 (en) High-frequency amplifier, transmitting device and receiving device
US7345535B2 (en) Power amplification apparatus of portable terminal
US6784748B1 (en) Power amplifying system with supply and bias enhancements
US6819941B2 (en) Single output stage power amplification for multimode applications
US7482868B2 (en) Dual mode power amplifier
Fowler et al. Efficiency improvement techniques at low power levels for linear CDMA and WCDMA power amplifiers
US6215987B1 (en) Mobile communication transmitter capable of selectively activating amplifiers
US6744321B2 (en) Bias control circuit for power amplifier
US7382186B2 (en) Amplifiers with high efficiency in multiple power modes
US7728662B2 (en) Saturated power amplifier with selectable and variable output power levels

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
EEER Examination request
FZDE Dead