CA2496006C - Cleaning article having a color identifying label and sanitizer release composition - Google Patents

Cleaning article having a color identifying label and sanitizer release composition

Info

Publication number
CA2496006C
CA2496006C CA 2496006 CA2496006A CA2496006C CA 2496006 C CA2496006 C CA 2496006C CA 2496006 CA2496006 CA 2496006 CA 2496006 A CA2496006 A CA 2496006A CA 2496006 C CA2496006 C CA 2496006C
Authority
CA
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
towel
substrate
sanitizer
used
surfactant
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CA 2496006
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA2496006A1 (en )
Inventor
Jeffrey S. Svendsen
Original Assignee
Jeffrey S. Svendsen
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q17/00Barrier preparations; Preparations brought into direct contact with the skin for affording protection against external influences, e.g. sunlight, X-rays or other harmful rays, corrosive materials, bacteria or insect stings
    • A61Q17/005Antimicrobial preparations
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N25/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests
    • A01N25/34Shaped forms, e.g. sheets, not provided for in any other sub-group of this main group
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES, AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N33/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing organic nitrogen compounds
    • A01N33/02Amines; Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • A01N33/12Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47LDOMESTIC WASHING OR CLEANING; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47L13/00Implements for cleaning floors, carpets, furniture, walls, or wall coverings
    • A47L13/10Scrubbing; Scouring; Cleaning; Polishing
    • A47L13/16Cloths; Pads; Sponges
    • A47L13/17Cloths; Pads; Sponges containing cleaning agents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • A61K8/0208Tissues; Wipes; Patches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/23Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets
    • A61L2/232Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets layered or coated
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor
    • A61L2/16Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor using chemical substances
    • A61L2/23Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets
    • A61L2/235Solid substances, e.g. granules, powders, blocks, tablets cellular, porous or foamed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/62Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/835Mixtures of non-ionic with cationic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D17/00Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties
    • C11D17/04Detergent materials characterised by their shape or physical properties combined with or containing other objects
    • C11D17/049Cleaning or scouring pads; Wipes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/48Medical, disinfecting agents, disinfecting, antibacterial, germicidal or antimicrobial compositions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F23/00Advertising on or in specific articles, e.g. ashtrays, letter-boxes
    • G09F23/06Advertising on or in specific articles, e.g. ashtrays, letter-boxes the advertising matter being combined with articles for restaurants, shops or offices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09FDISPLAYING; ADVERTISING; SIGNS; LABELS OR NAME-PLATES; SEALS
    • G09F3/00Labels, tag tickets, or similar identification or indication means; Seals; Postage or like stamps
    • G09F3/02Forms or constructions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/60Sulfonium or phosphonium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/662Carbohydrates or derivatives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Abstract

A cleaning article made from a substrate such as a woven, nonwoven, or knit fabric. A sanitizer release polymer composition comprising at least one cationic (or alternatively, nonionic) surfactant is bound to the surface of the substrate. Preferably, the cationic surfactant is present in the sanitizer release polymer composition in an amount of about 1 to about 10 weight percent, based on a total weight of the composition. The composition may also include at least one nonionic co-surfactant in combination with the cationic surfactant. The article may also include an indication on its surface to identify a purpose or area of use in which the article is to be utilized. The indication may be a color, an international icon, a tactile label, and/or a label in a plurality of languages identifying the purpose or area where the towel is to be utilized.

Description

ChEANING ARTICLE HAVING A COLOR IDENTIFYING
T.AREh .AND SANITIZER RELEASE COMPOSITION
TECHNICAL FIELD
This invention relates to cleaning supplies. More particularly, and not by way of limitation, the present invention is directed to a cleaning article having a color label to identify the purpose or area in which the article is to be utilized, and a sanitizer release polymer composition that maintains the effectiveness of a cleaning solution by releasing cationic sanitizers.
BACKGROUND ART
For a variety of reasons, it has been difficult for many individuals to easily identify and use the proper tool drawn from a collection of similar tools for use on a specific task. This problem is especially evident in the restaurant industry. A common tool used in the restaurant business is a towel. However, for obvious hygienic reasons, different towels are used for different tasks and .different areas within the restaurant. For example, specific towels are used to clean the restrooms, other towels are used for cleaning the dining area, while still other towels are used in the kitchen area. However, to many employees, there is no easy way to differentiate which towel is to be used in which area of the restaurant. Additionally, many employees in the restaurant may not be able. to read a label or easily understand which towel should be used in a specific area .
The supervisors of these employees, although overseeing the employees, also may not be able to easily identify which towel is being used by the employee. Thus it is difficult for employees, as well as supervisors, to easily identify the proper towel for the proper task in the restaurant.
In various industries, there are numerous examples where labeling and coding techniques have been used to distinguish selected tools for use on specific tasks. For example, in the restaurant industry, labels have been applied to towels or other tools used in the restaurant. However, as discussed above, some employees may be illiterate, and other employees, although able to read in one language, are not able to read the language of the labels. In other industries, such as the transportation industry, color coding has ,been used to identify various goods. For example, hazardous cargo is sometimes identified by a series of red stripes displayed on the outer surface of a container holding the hazardous cargo.
However, although the red stripes may be easy for many employees to identify, some employees are color blind and may not be able to easily recognize the hazardous cargo. In other industries, internationally recognized symbols have been used to convey information about particular products.
For example, the familiar "skull and cross bones" has been used to identify poisonous materials. However, for tools such as towels in a restaurant, international symbols may become obscured by grease or dirt. In addition, it may be inconvenient to have to spread out a towel to locate an international symbol each time the towel is going to be used.
Review of current cleaning towels utilized in restaurants reveals no disclosure or suggestion of a cleaning towel that provides a solution to the aforementioned problems. Thus, it would be a distinct advantage to have a cleaning towel that identifies the area of the restaurant where each towel is supposed to be used, even when various employees using the towels may be illiterate, may speak and read different languages, or may be color-blind. It is an object of the present invention to provide such a cleaning towel.
Another problem encountered in restaurants is the control of microbial growth on surfaces such as tables, kitchen counters, and bathroom fixtures. To control microbial growth on a surface, a cleaning solution containing _2_ antimicrobials such as sanitizers is applied to the surface with a woven or nonwoven fabric. A sanitizer is a compound that reduces microbial contaminants to safe levels as determined by government Public Health requirements.
Currently, the safe level is a 99.9990 reduction in the bacterial count.
In the field of sanitizers, guidelines exist for the minimum concentration of sanitizer in a sanitizing solution to avoid outbreaks of pathogenic enteric bacteria. The two l0 most common sanitizers in sanitizing solutions are quaternary ammonium compound (QAC)-based or chlorine-based sanitizers.
For example, by law, QAC-based sanitizer sanitizing solutions must maintain a concentration level of 200-400 parts per million to achieve the 99.9990 reduction in the bacterial count. When QACs are applied directly to surfaces, their effect is not long-lasting due to leaching of the compound from the surface. Therefore, frequent applications may be needed to achieve prolonged antimicrobial effects.
For the process to be effective, the cleaning solution must maintain a certain concentration of sanitizer. A
serious problem occurs when the woven or nonwoven fabric of the cleaning towel dilutes the concentration of sanitizer in the cleaning solution. For example, a nonwoven fabric, is repeatedly rinsed in a cleaning solution contained in a bucket, while cleaning the table top surfaces of a restaurant. If the nonwoven fabric is diluting the sanitizer in the cleaning solution, then the table top surfaces are not being disinfected. This can lead to an outbreak of pathogenic enteric bacteria, such as nearly all members of the genus Salmonella or E. coli. Pathogenic enteric bacteria can cause illness, or worse death.
As noted above, QAC-based sanitizers are in common use in cleaning solutions, A QAC is an ion, that is a molecule that carries an electric charge. More specifically, a QAC
is a cation, that is an ion that posses a positive charge.

A nonionic molecule is an ion that posses a neutral charge.
An anion is an ion that posses a negative charge. The charge of a molecule affects that molecule's intermolecular interactions. For example, a cation is attracted to an anion, and a cation repels another canon.
The existing woven and nonwoven fabrics used in conjunction with sanitizing solutions to sanitize and disinfect surfaces reduce the concentration of sanitizer in the sanitizing solution rendering the sanitizing solution ineffective. Over a short period of time and under normal use, the existing fabrics reduce the concentration of sanitizer in the sanitizing solution to less than 200 parts per million. The surfaces of woven fabrics are treated with a surfactant to achieve the surface quality desired. A
sufactant is a chemical additive that changes the surface attraction between two liquids, or between a liquid and a solid, by changing the surface energy of one or both components. Woven fabrics in common use today with sanitizing solutions are made with anionic surfactants.
Nonwoven fabrics are constructed of loose strands of material that are bound together with binders. A binder is an adhesive, applied with a solvent or by melting a softenable plastic, to bond fibers together in a web or one web to another.
Nonwoven fabrics in common use today with cleaning solutions are made with anionic binders and surfactants. The negative charge of the anionic binders and surfactants utilized in nonwoven fabrics attracts and bonds the cationic QAC-based sanitizer to the fabric thereby diluting and neutralizing the concentration of sanitizer in the cleaning solution. Moreover, woven fabrics comprise many interwoven strands of material, thereby creating a large irregular surface area that captures a large number of cationic QAGs during use, thereby diluting the concentration of sanitizer in the cleaning solution. Existing methods to solve this problem are to regularly replace the cleaning solution or regularly replenish the concentration of sanitizes. However, these existing methods are not without limitations.
These existing methods are time consuming and expensive.
Regularly monitoring and replacing or replenishing the cleaning solution involves considerable employee time and the expense associated with replacing or replenishing the cleaning solution. Additionally, during busy times in many restaurants, replacement or replenishment of the cleaning solution is often forgotten, resulting in insufficient levels of microbial reduction.
Therefore, a need has arisen for a cleaning towel having a sanitizes release polymer composition that is capable of preventing today's fabrics from bonding to sanitizes.
Further, a need has arisen for a towel made from a fabric that does not bond to or neutralize the sanitizes. It is a further obj ect of the present invention to provide such a cleaning towel.
DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
In one aspect, the present invention is directed to an article for sanitizing a surface utilizing a sanitizing solution that includes a sanitizes at an effective concentration level. The article includes a substrate that absorbs and holds the sanitizing solution, and a composition covering at least a portion of the substrate. The substrate may be, for example, a woven, nonwoven, or knit fabric, a foam or sponge, or other structure suitable for absorbing and holding a sanitizing solution while wiping off a surface.
The substrate has a structure that enables a user to wipe the surface with the substrate, thereby applying the sanitizing solution to the surface. The composition is operable to maintain the concentration level of the sanitizes at the effective level.

In another aspect, the present invention is directed to a cleaning towel utilized to clean in one of a plurality of areas in a restaurant. The towel includes a substrate with a sanitizer release polymer composition bound thereto. The substrate may be, for example, a woven, nonwoven, or knit fabric, a foam or sponge, or the like. The sanitizer release polymer composition may include at least one cationic surfactant. Preferably, the cationic surfactant is present in the sanitizer release polymer composition in an amount of about 1 to about 10 weight percent, based on a total weight of the sanitizer release polymer composition. The sanitizer release polymer composition may also include at least one nonionic co-surfactant. The towel also includes a color label on the surface of the towel to identify the area of the restaurant in which the cleaning towel is to be utilized.
Optionally, the towel may include an international icon, a tactile label, and/or a label in a plurality of languages identifying the area where the towel is to be utilized.
In yet another aspect, the present invention is directed to a restaurant cleaning towel that includes a substrate which is preferably a nonwoven fabric having a nonwoven surface with a sanitizer release polymer composition bound thereto. In this embodiment, the sanitizer release polymer composition comprises at least one nonionic surfactant. The towel may optionally include a color label on the surface of the towel to identify the area of the restaurant in which the cleaning towel is to be utilized.
In still yet another aspect, the present invention is directed to a method of treating a substrate utilized with a sanitizing solution to maintain a sanitizer in the sanitizing solution at an effective concentration level. The method includes the steps of selecting a substrate, selecting a cationic (or nonionic) surfactant for applying to the substrate, and applying the surfactant to the substrate. The surfactant may be a component in a sanitizer release polymer composition in which the surfactant is present in an amount of about 0.1 to about 99 weight percent, based on a total weight of the sanitizer release polymer composition. The composition may be applied to the substrate by diluting the composition with water or an organic solvent, and applying the diluted composition by dip coating, spray coating, or foam coating.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The invention will be better understood and its numerous objects and advantages will become more apparent to those skilled in the art by reference to the following drawings, in conjunction with the accompanying specification, in which:
FIG. 1 is a front view of one embodiment of a restaurant cleaning towel for use in a restroom;
FIG. 2 is a front view of another embodiment of a restaurant cleaning towel for use in a kitchen area of a restaurant;
FIG. 3 is a front view of another embodiment of a restaurant cleaning towel for use as a dining room sanitizer;
FIG. 4 is a flow chart outlining the steps for ensuring the proper utilization of restaurant cleaning towels or other specialized tools by individuals according to the teachings of the present invention; and 35 FIG. 5 is a flow chart outlining the steps of a process for manufacturing a restaurant cleaning towel in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
In the drawings, like or similar elements are designated with identical reference numerals throughout the several views thereof, and the various elements depicted are not necessarily drawn to scale.
MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
A restaurant cleaning towel for ensuring the proper utilization of cleaning towels, and for maintaining the required concentration of sanitizers is disclosed. In many . industries, there are situations where many specialized tools or goods must be used for specific tasks. Many problems arise with employees identifying and understanding which tools should be used for specific tasks. In many instances, these problems are exacerbated by employees who cannot read, do not understand the language in which labels may be written, or are unable to distinguish colors (i.e., color blind) .
The restaurant industry is one area where this particular problem is especially acute. One such example can be seen in the utilization of cleaning tools. For example, a towel or rag that is used to clean a restroom should not be used to wipe tables or clean the kitchen. Therefore, to provide a simple method of ensuring that an employee utilizes the proper towel for each particular task, each towel is coded with a plurality of indicators to provide easy identification of the proper tool for the proper task.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a towel 10 for use in a restroom. The towel includes a colored stripe 12 prominently displayed on the towel. For example, in FIG. 1, the stripe is blue to designate that the towel is for use in the restroom and is located on a top border of the towel.
Additionally, the towel includes a label 13 having a textual message in several languages, indicating that the towel is to be used for restrooms. The towel also includes an international symbol 14 illustrating a toilet, which also provides an indication that the towel is to be used in the restroom.
FIG. 2 is a front view of a towel 20 for use in a kitchen area of a restaurant. The towel includes a colored stripe 22, (green in FIG. 2), an international symbol 24 for a kitchen, and a label 26 indicating that the towel is to be used for the kitchen. In a similar fashion as the towel 10, the towel is labeled in several languages.
_g_ FIG. 3 is a front view of a towel 30 for use as a dining room sanitizes. The towel may be used to clean tables located within the dining area. The towel includes a colored stripe 32 utilizing the color red for a sanitizes, and an international symbol 34 to indicate that the towel is to be used as a dining room sanitizes. Additionally, a label 36 is also used to indicate, in several languages, that the towel is for use as a dining room sanitizes.
By providing several types of indicators in coding each towel for a specific task, practically any employee can easily and quickly determine which towel is used for each particular task. Since some employees are color blind, a color coding may not be helpful. Thus, labeling in several languages is provided for those employees that are able to read. Additionally, for those employees that cannot read, each towel may also include an international symbol easily understood by most individuals. For example, a symbol of a toilet may be used to indicate a towel is to be used in a restroom.
FIG. 4 is a flow chart outlining the steps for ensuring the proper utilization of restaurant cleaning towels or other specialized tools by individuals according to the teachings of the present invention. Specifically, FIG. 4 outlines the steps for properly using different towels in specific areas of a restaurant. With reference to FIGS. 1-4, the steps of the method will now be described. Beginning with step 40, a plurality of tools are classified into specific categories .
In the example with towels, towels are divided by area and function within the restaurant. Since it is not desired to intermingle the towels from different areas for hygienic reasons, the categories are selected by the location of where the towels are to be utilized. For example, the categories are divided into restroom usage, kitchen usage, and dining room usage.

After determining the different categories for which each towel is to be used, the towels are coded with a plurality of indicators providing easy identification to most individuals utilizing the towels. The method moves from step 40 to step 42 where a colored stripe (12, 22, and 32) is prominently displayed on the towels. The colored stripe of each towel is color coded and associated with a specific category. The color coding provides a readily identifiable label to most people. In the examples described in FIGS. 1-3, the restroom category is blue, the kitchen category is green, and the dining room sanitizer category is red.
Next in step 44, a textual label written in a plurality of languages specifying the category each towel belongs is placed upon each towel. For example, a towel for use in the bathroom would include the word for restroom in several languages, such as English, Spanish, and French. In step 46, a symbol identifying each tool to its associated category is applied to the towel. In the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the symbol is a universally recognizable symbol allowing individuals from any country to understand which category the towel belongs. For example, in the restroom category, a symbol of a toilet may be used. In the kitchen category, a symbol of a stove may be used. The dining room sanitizer may include a symbol of a table to indicate that the towel is used for cleaning within the dining room.
By providing a plurality of indications, all~employees can easily identify which towel should be used for each specific task. For those employees who cannot readily identify various colors, other forms of indicators associating the tools to their selected categories are provided. By labeling the tools in several languages, employees who do not understand English are still able to read tlae label. Additionally, since many employees cannot read, international symbols provide another easily identifiable indication of the specific category the tool should be used for.
There are other possible variations on the coding scheme which may also be used for identifying the proper tool for the desired task. For example, a plurality of indentations in a selected pattern, similar to Braille, may be used to provide the tool with a different tactile feel, and to identify the tool with its specific category. Additionally, numbers, geometric symbols, and icons may also be used to identify the tool. Any coding scheme which provides a plurality of indicators to identify and associate the specific tool to the proper category may be used. For example, referring to FIG. 1, a tactile symbol 16, the Braille "letter R" is disposed on the towel 10 to identify the towel 10 for use in the restroom. Referring to FIG. 2, a tactile symbol 28, the Braille "letter K" is disposed on the towel 20 to identify the towel for use in the kitchen.
Referring to FIG. 3, a tactile symbol 38, the Braille "letter S" is disposed on the towel 30 to identify the towel for use with a sanitizes. Each tactile symbol 16, 28, 38 has a different tactile feel to provide a tactile coding scheme that allows blind employees to identify each towel 10, 20, 30, respectively, with its specific category.
In addition to the usage of the coding scheme on towels in the restaurant industry, the method of identifying tools may also be used for various other items . For example, other cleaning tools, such as mops, cleaning containers, trash can liners, dusters, clothing apparel and cleaning supplies may all include coded indicators providing easy identification of the proper tool for the proper task by individuals.
Additionally, other tools such as kitchen utensils requiring segregation may be coded. One such example can be seen in the use of knives. Knives used in the preparation of chicken and vegetables should not be interchanged for health reasons .

Also, although the towels use a coding scheme located on the upper portion of each towel, the indicators may be located on other areas of each tool. For example, a mop may include a stitched band located on the mop head. The band .
may include a colored label, an international symbol, and a textual label in several languages. Additionally, the coding scheme may be set to an industry-wide standard. Thus, specific colors, labels and icons may be consistently used and positioned on tools for a particular industry. This standard coding scheme allows employees jumping from one job to another job at a different location to utilize the proper tool for the proper task while avoiding confusion and additional training.
The disclosed method has been exemplified for the usage of specific tools within a restaurant, however, this method may also be used in other industries. For example, in the medical industry, several tools must be used for specific tasks or specific patients and not used with other tasks or patients. A patient having a contagious disease that requires the use of a specific medical tool may have a coded tool indicating that the tool is only to be used for that specific patient or patients with the same exact ailment, thus preventing the spread of the disease to other patients.
As discussed above, the coded tool includes a plurality of indicators allowing the entire medical staff a simple way of identifying the proper tool for the proper task.
Another industry where this method may be particularly useful is within the semiconductor manufacturing industry.
During the manufacture of semiconductors, it is imperative that the manufacturing process remain in a sterile environment. Thus the carriage of particles within a "clean room" where the semiconductors are manufactured must be reduced or eliminated. Typically, specialized garments and tools are sterilized prior to use within the clean room. In addition, various areas of the clean room require additional sterilization procedures. It would be advantageous to code various garments, tools, and devices which are allowed to be used within selected areas of the clean room environment with a plurality of indicators identifying the garments, tools, and devices as properly being used within the specified areas of the clean room.
Still another area where the disclosed method can be used is in the safety industry. Various locations within a work area requires the use of a variety of equipment or protective gear. For example, special non-conductive shoes may be required in an area where the production of electricity is present. Therefore, this specific area may be indicated by labeling both the location and the garments with a plurality of indicators, such as colored stripes, labels in a variety of languages, and international symbols to provide easily identifiable indicators to the employees.
Although the method may be used in the industries described above, the method may also be used in other areas not described herein. The disclosed method provides many advantages over existing methods. First, the method provides a simple and easily recognizable indication to various types of people on which specific tools should be used for selected tasks. Additionally, the method may be used by people not normally capable of comprehending the typical coding schemes prevalent in various industries. Additionally, the coding provides indicators which may be readily recognized from a distance. This allows supervisors to identify those individuals that are utilizing the wrong tools for the wrong task, without having to closely watch each employee.
The present invention also provides a substrate with an enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition bound to the surface of the substrate. The substrate may be, for example, a woven, nonwoven, or knit fabric, a foam or sponge, or other structure suitable for absorbing and holding a cleaning solution while wiping off a surface. The enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition may contain at least one cationic surfactant. Optionally, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition may contain a co-surfactant. Optionally, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition may contain one or more additive agents that functionally and chemically improve the bonding of the cationic surfactant and optional co-surfactant(s) to a particular substrate.
Optionally, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition may contain one or more fillers. In an alternative embodiment, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition contains only nonionic surfactants.
The purpose of any finish, such as a surfactant, is to improve the aesthetic, functional or processing properties of fabrics. Surfactants are a class of materials broadly characterized as being made of molecules containing hydrophilic groups adequately separated from hydrophobic groups. The hydrophobic groups have an affinity for the fiber , surface. The hydrophilic groups are attached predominantly to the aqueous medium. Existing fabrics used in the field of sanitizers use anionic surfactants that attract the cationic QAC-based and cationic chlorine-based sanitizers thereby diluting the concentration of sanitizer in the cleaning solution. The enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition of the present invention achieves its unexpectedly superior sanitizer release properties by preferably utilizing a cationic surfactant that repels the cationic QAC-based and cationic chlorine-based sanitizers thereby not diluting the concentration of sanitizer in the cleaning solution. Alternatively, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition utilizes a nonionic surfactant that, although not repelling the cationic sanitizers, does not attract the sanitizers like existing anionic surfactants.
As noted above, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer compositions may optionally contain a co-surfactant.
Suitable co-surfactants are selected from nonionic, anionic, amphoteric, zwitterionic and semi-polar surfactants. A
combination of cationic surfactants and co-surfactants may also be utilized. Preferably, the enhanced sanitizer release polymer compositions are prepared with either cationic surfactants or a combination of cationic and nonionic surfactants.
Suitable cationic surfactants include, for example:
~ dieicosyldimethyl ammonium chloride;
~ didocosyldimethyl ammonium chloride;
~ dioctadecyidimethyl ammonium chloride;
~ dioctadecyldimethyl ammonium methosulphate;
~ ditetradecyldimethyl ammonium~chloride and naturally occurring mixtures of above fatty groups, e.g.
di(hydrogenated tallow) dimethyl ammonium chloride;
~ ~ di(hydrogenated tallow) dimethyl ammonium metho-sulphate;
~ ditallow dimethyl ammonium chloride; and ~ dioleyidimethyl ammonium chloride.
Suitable cationic surfactants also include imidazolinium compounds, for example, 1-methyl-1-(tallowylamido-) ethyl-2-tallowy14,5-dihydroimidazolinium methosulphate and 1-methyl-1-(palmitoylamido)ethyl-2-octadecyl 4,5-dihydro-imidazolinium methosulphate. Other useful imidazolinium materials are 2-heptadecyl-1-methyl-1(2-stearoylamido)-ethyl-imidazolinium methosulphate and 2-lauryl-lhydroxyethyl-1-oleyl-imidazolinium chloride.
Further examples of suitable cationic surfactants include:
~ dialkyl (C1~ - C2~) dimethylammonium chloride;
~ alkyl(coconut)dimethylbenzylammonium chloride;
~ octadecylamine acetate salt;
~ tetradecylamine acetate salt;
~ tallow alkylpropylenediamine acetate salt;

~ octadecyltrimethylammonium chloride;
~ alkyl(tallow)trimethylammonium chloride;
~ dodecyltrimethylammonium chlorid;
~ alkyl(coconut)trimethylammonium chloride;
~ hexadecyltrimethylammonium chloride;
~ biphenyltrimethylammonium chloride, alkyl(tallow)-imidazoline quaternary salt;
~ tetradecylmethylbenzylammonium chloride;
~ octadecyidimethylbenzylammonium chloride;
~ dioleyidimethylammonium chloride;
~ polyoxyethylene dodecylmonomethylammonium chloride;
~ polyoxyethylene alkyl (C1z - C22) benzylammonium chloride;
~ polyoxyethylene laurylmonomethyl ammonium chloride;
~ 1-hydroxyethyl-2-alkyl(tallow)-imidazoline quaternary salt; and ~ a silicone cationic surfactant having a siloxane group as a hydrophobic group, a fluorine-containing cationic surfactant having a fluoroalkyl group as a hydrophobic group.
Suitable anionic surfactants include, for example:
~ from Ca to Coo alkylbenzenesulfonates;
~ from C$ to CZO alkanesulfonates;
~ from C8 to C2o alkylsulfates;
~ from Ca to Coo alkylsulfosuccinates; and ~ from Ce to Czo sulfated ethoxylated alkanols.
Suitable nonionic surfactants include, for example, from C6 to C12 alkylphenol ethoxylates, from C8 to Coo alkanol alkoxylates, and block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide. Optionally, the end groups of polyalkylene oxides can be blocked, whereby the free OH groups of the polyalkylene oxides can be etherified, esterified, acetalized and/or aminated. Another modification consists of reacting the free OH groups of the polyalkylene oxides with isocyanates. The nonionic surfactants also include~C4 to C1$
alkyl glucosides as well as the alkoxylated products obtainable therefrom by alkoxylation, particularly those obtainable by reaction of alkyl glucosides with ethylene oxide.
Suitable amphoteric surfactants contain both acidic and basic hydrophilic groups. Amphoteric surfactants are preferably derivatives of secondary and tertiary amines, derivatives of quaternary ammonium, quaternary phosphonium or tertiary sulfonium compounds. The cationic atom in the quaternary compound can be part of a heterocyclic ring. The amphoteric surfactant preferably contains at least one aliphatic group, containing about 3 to about 18 carbon atoms .
At least one cationic surfactant is present in the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition in an amount of from about 0.1 to about 99 weight percent, preferably from 0.5 to 50 weight percent, more preferably from 1 to 10 weight percent, based on the total weight of the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition. Preferable surfactants, such as the surfactants discussed above, can be obtained from Chicopee, Inc. of Dayton, New Jersey, a part of Polymer Group Inc. (PGI).
The composition of the additive agents, such as, for example, crosslinking or curing agents, that functionally and chemically improve the bonding of the cationic surfactant and optional co-surfactant~to a particular substrate will depend on the composition and rheology of the substrate.
FIG. 5 is a flow chart outlining the steps of a process for manufacturing a restaurant cleaning towel in a preferred embodiment of the present invention. At step 50, a suitable cationic (or alternatively, a nonionic) surfactant is selected for use in. the sanitizer release polymer composition. At step 52, it is determined whether or not a co-surfactant is also to be utilized in the composition. If not, the process moves to step 60. However, if a co-surfactant is to be utilized, the process moves to step 54 where a surfactant is selected from nonionic, anionic, amphoteric, zwitterionic, or semi-polar surfactants. At step 56, it is determined whether or not an additive agent is also to be utilized in the composition. If not, the process moves to step 60. However, if an additive agent is to be utilized, the process moves to step 58 where an additive agent such as, for example, a cross-linking or curing agent is selected.
At step 60, the concentration of the cationic surfactant is preferably adjusted in the composition to a range of 1 to 10 weight percent, based on the total weight of the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition. At step 62, the enhancedsanitizer release polymer composition is.applied to the surface of the substrate. It should be understood by one skilled in the art that the bonding of the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition to a substrate will depend on the composition and rheology of the substrate. The enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition of the present invention can be applied to the surface of the substrate by any suitable method. For example, the method may be diluting the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition with an organic solvent or water, and then applying the solution to the surface of the material to be treated by dip coating, spray coating or foam coating.
At step 64, identifying indicia are applied to the towel to indicate the area of the restaurant where each towel is to be utilized. As indicated above, the indicia may include a color-coded strip, a textual label in a plurality of languages, an international symbol, and/or a tactile symbol such as a Braille letter.
Table 1 below summarizes test results obtained with a substrate treated with the enhanced sanitizer release polymer composition in accordance with the teachings of the.present invention. The test results show the QAT concentration (ppm) of a sanitizing solution that was utilized with different substrates over a four-hour period. The results for each substrate are compared with the QAT concentration of a control solution that was not used during the test period.
Generic Terry Control Invention 2oz FST Cloth Linen After first Use 203 203 177 180 174 After 1 hour 202 197 159 147 130 After 2 hours 202 203 133 119 88.

After 4 hours 203 203 124 91 62 Table 1 It can be readily seen that the inventive substrate and composition maintained the QAT concentration at the original level throughout the four-hour test period, matching the control solution which was not used. Traditional substrates such as the generic 2-oz Food Service Towel (FST), the Terry cloth, and the linen all substantially reduced the QAT
concentration of the sanitizing solution during the test period.
It is to be understood that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, the disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of size, shape, and arrangement of parts within the principles of the invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed.

Claims (28)

1. ~An article for sanitizing a surface utilizing a sanitizing solution that includes a sanitizer comprising positively charged ions at an effective concentration level, said article comprising:

a substrate that absorbs and holds the sanitizing solution, said substrate having a structure that enables a user to wipe the surface with the substrate, thereby applying the sanitizing solution to the surface; and an adhesive binder that binds together the structure of the substrate, said binder including positively charged ions that provide the substrate with a predominantly positive charge that prevents the substrate from neutralizing the positively charged ions in the sanitizer when the substrate comes in contact with the sanitizer, thereby maintaining the concentration level of the sanitizer at the effective level.
2. ~The article of claim 1, further comprising an indication on the article to identify to a user, a preferred use for the article.
3. ~The article of claim 2, wherein the article is a cleaning towel, and the indication includes a color label that identifies to a user, an area where the cleaning towel is to be utilized.
4. ~The article of claim 1, wherein the binder includes the positively charged ions in an amount of about 0.5 to about 50 weight percent, based on a total weight of the binder.
5. ~The article of claim 1, wherein the binder also includes at least one filler.
6. ~The article of claim 1, wherein the article is further treated with a cationic surfactant applied to the surface of the substrate.
7. ~The article of claim 6, wherein the cationic surfactant is selected from the group consisting of:
dieicosyldimethyl ammonium chloride;
didocosyldimethyl ammonium chloride;
dioctadecyldimethyl ammonium chloride;
dioctadecyldimethyl ammonium methosulphate;
ditetradecyldimethyl ammonium chloride and naturally occurring mixtures of fatty groups;

di(hydrogenated tallow) dimethyl ammonium metho-sulphate;
ditallow dimethyl ammonium chloride; and dioleyldimethyl ammonium chloride.
8. ~The article of claim 6, wherein the article is also treated with a co-surfactant selected from the group consisting of:
a nonionic surfactant;
an anionic surfactant;
an amphoteric surfactant;
a zwitterionic surfactant; and a semi-polar surfactant.
9. ~The article of claim 6, wherein the cationic surfactant includes. at least one additive agent that provides for improved bonding of the cationic surfactant to the substrate.
10. ~The article of claim 6, wherein the article is also treated with at least one nonionic co-surfactant selected from the group consisting of:
C6 to C12 alkylphenol ethoxylates;
C8 to C20 alkanol alkoxylates;
block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide;
C4 to C18 alkyl glucosides; and alkoxylated products obtainable from C4 to C18 alkyl glucosides by alkoxylation.
11.~The article of claim 1, wherein the article is further treated with a nonionic surfactant applied to the surface of the substrate.
12. ~The article of claim 11, wherein the nonionic surfactant is selected from the group consisting of:
C6 to C12 alkylphenol ethoxylates;
C8 to C20 alkanol alkoxylates;
block copolymers of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide;
C4 to C18 alkyl glucosides; and alkoxylated products obtainable from C4 to C18 alkyl glucosides by alkoxylation.
13. ~The article of claim 1, wherein the substrate is a nonwoven fabric comprising a multiplicity of strands of material that are bound together by the adhesive binder.
14. ~The article of claim 1, wherein the substrate is selected from the group consisting of woven fabrics, nonwoven fabrics, knit fabrics, and foams.
15. A method of manufacturing a substrate, said substrate being utilized with a sanitizing solution that includes a sanitizer comprising positively charged ions, said method comprising the steps of:
selecting an adhesive binder comprising predominantly positively charged ions; and applying the binder to a plurality of loose strands of material to bind the strands together into a web-like structure forming the substrate;
whereby, when the substrate is utilized with the sanitizing solution, the positively charged ions in the binder prevent the substrate from neutralizing the positively charged ions in the sanitizer.
16. The method of claim 15, further comprising applying a color label on the substrate to identify a use for the substrate.
17. The method of claim 15, wherein the step of selecting a substrate includes selecting a substrate from the group consisting of woven fabrics, nonwoven fabrics, knit fabrics, and foams.
18. The method of claim 15, further comprising applying a cationic surfactant to the surface of the substrate.
19. The method of claim 18, further comprising the steps of:
selecting a nonionic co-surfactant for use with the cationic surfactant;
mixing the nonionic co-surfactant with the cationic surfactant to form a composition; and applying the composition to the substrate.
20. The method of claim 18, further comprising the steps of:
selecting an additive agent for use with the cationic surfactant, said additive agent being operable to improve bonding of the cationic surfactant to the substrate;
mixing the additive agent with the cationic surfactant to form a composition; and applying the composition to the substrate.
21. A combination for sanitizing a surface, said combination comprising:
a liquid sanitizing solution that includes a sanitizer comprising positively charged ions at an effective concentration level; and a cationic substrate that absorbs and holds the sanitizing solution, said substrate having a structure that enables a user to wipe the surface with the substrate, thereby applying the sanitizing solution to the surface, said substrate having a predominantly positive charge that prevents the substrate from neutralizing the positively charged ions in the sanitizer when the substrate comes in contact with the sanitizer, thereby maintaining the concentration level of the sanitizer at the effective level.
22. The combination of claim 21, wherein the cationic substrate is a cleaning towel, and the substrate includes an indication on the substrate that identifies to a user, an area where the cleaning towel is to be utilized.
23. The combination of claim 21, wherein the cationic substrate includes an adhesive binder that binds together the structure of the substrate, said binder including positively charged ions that provide the substrate with the predominantly positive charge.
24. The combination of claim 21, wherein the sanitizer in the sanitizing solution is a quaternary ammonium compound (QAC)-based sanitizer.
25. The combination of claim 21, wherein the cationic substrate includes a cationic surfactant bonded to the surface of the substrate during manufacturing to provide the substrate with the predominantly positive charge.
26. A method of manufacturing an article for sanitizing surfaces, said article being utilized with a sanitizing solution that includes a sanitizer comprising positively charged ions, said method comprising the steps of:
selecting a substrate for the article having a structure suitable for absorbing and holding the sanitizing solution during use;
selecting a cationic surfactant comprising predominantly positively charged ions; and bonding the cationic surfactant to the surface of the substrate to provide the substrate with a predominantly positive charge;
whereby, when the article is subsequently utilized with the sanitizing solution, the positively charged substrate prevents the article from neutralizing the positively charged ions in the sanitizer.
27. The method of claim 26, further comprising applying an indication on the substrate to identify a preferred use for the substrate.
28. The method of claim 27, wherein the substrate is a cleaning towel, and the indication includes a color label that identifies to a user, an area where the cleaning towel is to be utilized.
CA 2496006 2000-06-12 2002-11-14 Cleaning article having a color identifying label and sanitizer release composition Active CA2496006C (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US10/210,994 2002-08-02
US10210994 US6794352B2 (en) 2000-06-12 2002-08-02 Cleaning towel having a color identifying label and sanitizer release polymer composition
US10/217,294 2002-08-12
US10217294 US6667290B2 (en) 2001-09-19 2002-08-12 Substrate treated with a binder comprising positive or neutral ions
PCT/US2002/036623 WO2004012508A1 (en) 2002-08-02 2002-11-14 Cleaning article having a color identifying label and sanitizer release composition

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2496006A1 true CA2496006A1 (en) 2004-02-12
CA2496006C true CA2496006C (en) 2007-11-20

Family

ID=31498029

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2496006 Active CA2496006C (en) 2000-06-12 2002-11-14 Cleaning article having a color identifying label and sanitizer release composition

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CA (1) CA2496006C (en)
WO (1) WO2004012508A1 (en)

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3283357A (en) * 1964-10-06 1966-11-08 Michigan Tool Co Disinfecting cleansing pad
CA1252604A (en) * 1984-05-11 1989-04-18 Gavin B. Rowe Wiping article
US4946617A (en) * 1988-11-15 1990-08-07 Nordico, Inc. Substantially dry cleaning wipe capable of rendering a cleaned surface static free
US5962001A (en) * 1997-11-03 1999-10-05 Illinois Tool Works, Inc. Disinfecting and sanitizing article
US6794352B2 (en) * 2000-06-12 2004-09-21 Jeffrey S. Svendsen Cleaning towel having a color identifying label and sanitizer release polymer composition
US20020183233A1 (en) * 2000-12-14 2002-12-05 The Clorox Company, Delaware Corporation Bactericidal cleaning wipe

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2496006A1 (en) 2004-02-12 application
WO2004012508A1 (en) 2004-02-12 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Rusin et al. Comparative surface‐to‐hand and fingertip‐to‐mouth transfer efficiency of gram‐positive bacteria, gram‐negative bacteria, and phage
Windler et al. Comparative evaluation of antimicrobials for textile applications
US6444230B1 (en) Synergistic composition of peracetic acid and amine oxide
US6387865B1 (en) Antimicrobial multi purpose containing a cationic surfactant
Green et al. Food worker hand washing practices: an observation study
US6090771A (en) Low residue aqueous hard surface cleaning and disinfecting compositions
US6841527B2 (en) Bactericidal cleaning wipe containing a cationic biocide
US6080706A (en) All Purpose liquid cleaning compositions
US6121224A (en) Antimicrobial multi purpose microemulsion containing a cationic surfactant
US5911915A (en) Antimicrobial multi purpose microemulsion
US20030197122A1 (en) System and method for tracking germ contamination
US20060293214A1 (en) Synergistic acidic ternary biocidal compositions
US6844308B1 (en) Antibacterial cleaning wipe
US6143710A (en) Aqueous cleaning and disinfecting compositions having reduced irritation characteristics based on quaternary ammonium compounds including block copolymer surfactants and further surfactants
US7048806B2 (en) Cleaning substrates having low soil redeposition
US20030109411A1 (en) Bactericidal cleaning wipe
US3969134A (en) Process for using clear rinsing agents in mechanical dishwashing
US4212759A (en) Acidic hydrocarbon-in-water emulsions
US5908854A (en) Mycobacterial compositions and methods for their use
US6514923B1 (en) Hard surface cleaning and disinfecting compositions comprising fluorosurfactants
Moore et al. Problems associated with traditional hygiene swabbing: the need for in‐house standardization
US6753306B2 (en) Germicidal and disinfectant composition
US20050020471A1 (en) Organic compositions
US20040076792A1 (en) Topically applied antimicrobial carpet treatment
US4998984A (en) Premoistened prepackaged disposable disinfectant wiper

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
EEER Examination request