CA2269648A1 - Coated printing paper and method of manufacture - Google Patents

Coated printing paper and method of manufacture

Info

Publication number
CA2269648A1
CA2269648A1 CA 2269648 CA2269648A CA2269648A1 CA 2269648 A1 CA2269648 A1 CA 2269648A1 CA 2269648 CA2269648 CA 2269648 CA 2269648 A CA2269648 A CA 2269648A CA 2269648 A1 CA2269648 A1 CA 2269648A1
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
parts
printing paper
paper according
glossy printing
coating composition
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA 2269648
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Baheru Yadeta
Lisa A. Gubrud
Thomas A. Waecker
Steven L. Masia
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Warren S D Services Co
Original Assignee
Baheru Yadeta
S.D. Warren Services Company
Lisa A. Gubrud
Thomas A. Waecker
Steven L. Masia
S.D. Warren Company
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US74556196A priority Critical
Priority to US08/745,561 priority
Application filed by Baheru Yadeta, S.D. Warren Services Company, Lisa A. Gubrud, Thomas A. Waecker, Steven L. Masia, S.D. Warren Company filed Critical Baheru Yadeta
Priority to PCT/US1997/020476 priority patent/WO1998020201A1/en
Publication of CA2269648A1 publication Critical patent/CA2269648A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H19/00Coated paper; Coating material
    • D21H19/36Coatings with pigments
    • D21H19/38Coatings with pigments characterised by the pigments
    • D21H19/385Oxides, hydroxides or carbonates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H19/00Coated paper; Coating material
    • D21H19/36Coatings with pigments
    • D21H19/38Coatings with pigments characterised by the pigments
    • D21H19/42Coatings with pigments characterised by the pigments at least partly organic

Abstract

The invention provides a novel high gloss printing paper coated with a coating composition containing at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on total weight of pigment. Preferably, the coating composition further contains titanium dioxide. A method of making a novel printing paper is also provided.

Description

vCA 02269648 1999-04-22 Ref. No. 5011 ; ' .~ ' .
Coated Printing Paper and Method of Manufacture Technical Fietd This invention relates to a coating composition for a novel high brightness, high gloss printing paper and to a method of manufacturing the novel high gloss printing paper.
Background of the Invention The use of calcium carbonate, both natural ground and precipitated) to increase brightness in coating compositions far printing paper is well known in the art. In Europe, relatively high levels of calcium carbonate are routinely used in coating compositions.
High levels of calcium carbonate, however, can lead to a variety of printing problems such as ink rub off, sheet marking and tail picking. Most coating compositions use 80%
by weight or less in an effort to minimize these problems. Precipitated calcium carbonates are also used to reduce these printing problems because they are less abrasive than ground calcium carbonates. In addition, coatings containing high levels of calcium carbonate are generally restricted to matte, lightweight coated or rotogravure papers. In the United States, size press solutions are formulated for use with clay coatings and tend to worsen the printing problems when used with coatings containing high levels of calcium carbonate.
Hollow sphere plastic pigments, each particle containing a single distinct internal void, are promoted by the manufacturers as useful for improving a wide variety of paper properties, such as paper gloss, print gloss, opacity and smoothness. They can also be used to increase bulk with reduced coat weights. The use of hollow sphere plastic pigments with high levels of calcium carbonate is not known.
It is an object of the invention to provide a printing paper that exhibits high brightness and high gloss coupled with minimized printing problems.
It is still another object of the invention to provide a method of manufacturing a high gloss printing paper.
Summary of the Invention The invention provides a glossy printing paper comprising a paper substrate coated on at least one surface with a layer of coating composition comprising at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment. Preferably the coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and 6 to 12 parts hollow AMENpEp SHEET

Ref. No. 5011 ' sphere plastic pigment. The invention further provides a glossy printing paper wherein the layer of coating composition includes titanium dioxide pigment. The invention also provides a glossy printing paper wherein the layer of coating composition comprises less than 6 parts clay pigment. Preferably the dried coat weight of the coating composition is 8.9 to 16.3 g/m2 (6 to 11 1b/3300 ft2)) the hollow sphere plastic pigment is composed of an acrylic styrene copolymer with an average diameter of approximately 1.0 Nm and a void volume of 55%, and the precipitated calcium carbonate has a median particle size of approximately 0.6 Nm, a surtace area of approximately 10 mZ/g, and an aspect ratio of 2:1 to 3:1.
The invention further provides a method of making a glossy printing paper by applying a layer of coating composition to at least one surface of a paper substrate, the coating composition comprising at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, drying the coated substrate, and calendering the dried coated substrate. The method may also incorporate the other coating compositions described.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention.
Description of Preferred Embodiments of the Invention The glossy printing paper of the present invention is made by coating a paper substrate with a coating composition comprising at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate (hereinafter PCC) and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
The use in combination, in accordance with the invention, of at least 80 parts PCC
and at least 5 parts hollow plastic pigment unexpectedly produced a printing paper with superior quality characteristics and with substantially improved printability.
The combination provides improved coating-ink interaction, ink absorption) fountain solution absorption as well as a smooth uniform surface with high gloss and high brightness.
The resulting printed image has high ink gloss, high ink uniformity and low microgloss.
The printing paper of the invention also exhibits excellent blister resistance. The improved runnability and printability of the paper is demonstrated in the substantially eliminated tail picking, marking and scuffing.
The coating composition of the invention comprises at least 80 parts by weight of PCC and at least 5 parts by weight of hollow sphere plastic pigment. Examples of AMENDED SHEEt Ref. No. 5011 suitable PCC's include Albaglos L and Albaglos S, manufactured by Specialty Minerals, Inc. The PCC preferably has a median particle size of approximately 0.6 Nm and a surface area of approximately 10 m2/g. Most preferably, the PCC has an aspect ratio range of 2:1 to 3:1.
Suitable hollow sphere plastic pigments, each particle containing a single distinct internal void, are available from Rohm & Haas Company, such as Ropaque HP-1055 (with an average particle size of 1.0 Nm, a void diameter of 0.82 Nm, and a void volume of 55%), OP-96 (average particle size 0.5 Nm, void diameter 0.38 Nm, and void volume 43%) and HP-91 96 (average particle size 1.0 Nm, void diameter 0.80 Nm, and void volume 50%). Preferably, the hollow sphere plastic pigment has an average particle diameter of approximately 1.0 Nm and a void volume of approximately 55%. Most preferably, the hollow sphere plastic pigment is composed of an acrylic styrene copolymer.
The coating composition of the invention can further comprise less than 6 parts by weight clay. Those skilled in the art will know that the use of clay in coating compositions will decrease the brightness while improving other properties. In contrast, addition of clay in the present invention unexpectedly also decreased paper gloss and other final product attributes. The desired final product attributes will determine the quantity of clay used in these coating formulations. Examples of suitable clays include 2o Astra-Plus, available from ECC1, and Ansilex 93, available from Engelhard Corporation.
Preferably, the coating compositions of the invention further comprise natural or synthetic non-clay pigments, alone or in a mixture. Examples of suitable pigments include titanium dioxide, both anatase or rutile forms, aluminum hydroxide, satin white, silica, organic pigments etc. It is to be understood that these pigments are listed by way of example and the pigments used for this invention are not limited to those listed. Most preferably, the non-clay pigment is titanium dioxide. An example of a suitable anatase titanium dioxide is TiONA-A2000, available from SCM Chemicals.
The preferred coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts PCC and 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based by weight of total pigment. For products requiring high opacity, the most preferred coating composition comprises 80 to 84 parts PCC, 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and 9 to 12 parts titanium dioxide, parts based by weight of total pigment. Otherwise, the most preferred coating composition, balancing both final product quality and cost of production, comprises 85 AMENDEp SNEET

Ref. No. 5011 to 92 parts PCC, 8 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and less than 6 parts titanium dioxide, parts based by weight of total pigment.
The coating compositions of the invention are suitable for both sheet and web printing grades without modifications. Practitioners skilled in the art know that coating compositions generally must be modified for web grades because of the speeds and high temperatures involved in web printing. Web printing papers tend to have lower moisture and more porous coating layers to reduce blistering during drying.
The coating composition of the invention further comprises a binder system, required for all paper coatings. Those skilled in the art will know that a binder system with starch will decrease brightness. It is preferred to use a latex binder system with minimum quantities of starch. Latex binders that can be used in the invention include acrylic, styrene-butadiene, styrene-acrylate, urethane, acrylonitrile, carboxylated latices) etc. It is to be understood that these binders are listed by way of example and the binders used for this invention are not limited to those listed. Preferably, a blend of two latex types, styrene-butadiene and styrene-acrylate, is used in the invention.
Practitioners skilled in the art know that coating formulations can include a variety of additives, such as dyes, fluorescent brighteners, dispersants, thickeners, lubricants, pH
control agents, etc. The use of coating additives is determined by the final product attributes. It is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the additive 2o components listed.
The paper substrate of the invention is obtained by conventional papermaking techniques using any papermaking fibers. Preferably, the paper substrate will be woodfree. Those skilled in the art will understand that final product attributes and productivity factors will determine the particular mixture of papermaking fibers used. In addition, the substrate is preferably sized with a starch precoat.
The coating composition of the invention can be applied by a variety of coating technologies. Examples of coating applications include bent blade, bevel blade, rod) short dwell, curtain coating, air knife etc. Practitioners skilled in the art will know that the invention is not limited to these techniques. In addition, those skilled in the art know that 3o modifications to the theology of the coating compositions of the invention will be necessary depending on the coating technique employed.
The most preferred method of applying the coating composition of the invention is with a bent blade coater at a dried coat weight of 8.9 to 16.3 g/mz (6 to 11 1b/3300 ftz) per side. The invention, however, includes paper products coated on only one side as AMEP;hc:Q SIaFE~

Ref. No. 5011 well as products double-coated on one or both sides. Practitioners skilled in the art will know that both the rheology and applied coat weights will vary depending on the final product attributes desired. In addition, the coating operation can be in a continuous in-line operation with the papermaking operation.
The invention includes the finishing step of calendering the dried coated paper. The method of calendering the paper of the invention is not restrictive. The paper can be calendered as a separate step, on a stand alone calender or supercalender) or can be calendered in a continuous in-line operation with the papermaking operation and/or the coating operation.
1 o The following examples illustrate the invention and enable those skilled in the art to understand the invention. It shall be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular examples given below. Unless otherwise stated, all parts and percentages are by weight.
Table 1 lists the formulations and final product attributes of both invention and comparative examples. Examples 1 through 5 illustrate the present invention.
Examples C 1 through C3 are listed for comparison. All coating compositions were mixed in laboratory size batches, with a final coating solids of 58-60%. Bodystock with a basis weight of 71.0 g/m2 (48 1b/3300 ftz) was coated on one side with each coating.
The final coat weight was approximately 14.8 g/mZ (10 1b/3300 ftz). The coated and dried 2o samples were calendered in a laboratory calender, through one nip at high temperature and pressure. The tests were performed after the samples had conditioned for 24 hours in a constant humidity of 50%.

AMENOEO SNEtT

CA 02269648 1999-04-22 _ Ref. No. 5011 ' Table 1 Formulations:

PCC 81 88 86 88 90 100 96.5 0 Hollow sphere8 6 8 8 6 0 3.5 0 lastic i ment TiOz 11 6 6 4 0 0 0 0 Clay 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 75 Ground 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 Calcium Carbonate Properties:

Brightness 92.8 94.0 93.8 92.0 91.3 93.5 94.4 86.3 75 Paper 80.7 76.0 81.0 81.0 73.1 50.0 50.0 81.1 Gloss 20 Ink Gloss66.0 69.0 68.5 73.0 57.3 30.4 28.0 60.5 Microgloss 273 272 270 320 400 189 230 505 Microgloss is a measure of point to point variation in gloss, which relates to image quality. It is measured using a 1.5 mm microgloss head in the Tobias Mottle tester. The lower the value, the more uniform the gloss of the surface.
The embodiments of the invention illustrated by the examples balance the desired final product attributes of high brightness, high paper gloss, high ink gloss and low microgloss.
While the preferred forms of the invention have been described and illustrated in the examples, variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art. The invention is not limited to these embodiments and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claims.
It is claimed:

AMENDED SHEET

Claims (30)

1. A glossy printing paper with improved printability comprising a paper substrate coated on at least one surface with a top layer of coating composition comprising at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, each plastic pigment particle containing a single distinct intemai void, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
2. A glossy printing paper according to claim 1 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
3. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the coating composition further comprises other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments.
4. A glossy printing paper according to claim 3 wherein at least one of the other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments is titanium dioxide.
5. A glossy printing paper according to claim 4 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 84 parts precipitated calcium carbonate, 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and 9 to 12 parts titanium dioxide, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
6. A glossy printing paper according to claim 4 wherein the coating composition comprises 85 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate, 8 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and less than 6 parts titanium dioxide, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
7. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the dried coat weight of said layer of coating composition is 6 to 11 1b/3300 ft 2.
8. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the hollow sphere plastic pigment has an average diameter of 0.5 to 1.0 Nm.
9. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the hollow sphere plastic pigment is composed of an acrylic styrene copolymer.
10. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the precipitated calcium carbonate has a median particle size of approximately 0.6 µm and a surface area of approximately 10 m2/g.
11. A glossy printing paper according to claims 1 or 2 wherein the precipitated calcium carbonate has an aspect ratio range of 2:1 to 3:1.
12. A glossy printing paper according to claim 1 wherein the coating composition further comprises less than 6 parts clay.
13. A glossy printing paper according to claim 12 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
14. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the coating composition further comprises other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments.
15. A glossy printing paper according to claim 14 wherein at least one of the other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments is titanium dioxide.
16. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the dried coat weight of said layer of coating composition is 6 to 11 1b/3300 ft 2.
17. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the hollow sphere plastic pigment has an average diameter of 0.5 to 1.0 µm.
18. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the hollow sphere plastic pigment is composed of an acrylic styrene copolymer.
19. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the precipitated calcium carbonate has a median particle size of approximately 0.6 µm and a surface area of approximately 10 m2/g.
20. A glossy printing paper according to claims 12 or 13 wherein the precipitated calcium carbonate has an aspect ratio range of 2:1 to 3:1.
21. A method of making a glossy printing paper with improved printability by a. applying a top layer of coating composition to at least one surface of a paper substrate, the coating composition comprising at least 80 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and at least 5 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, each plastic pigment particle containing a single distinct internal void, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment, b. drying the coated substrate, and c. calendering the dried coated substrate.
22. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 21 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment particles.
23. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claims 21 or 22 wherein the coating composition further comprises other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments.
24. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 23 wherein at least one of the other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments is titanium dioxide.
25. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 24 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 8,4 parts precipitated calcium carbonate, to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and 9 to 12 parts titanium dioxide, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
26. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 24 wherein the coating composition comprises 85 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate, 8 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment and less than 6 parts titanium dioxide, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
27. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 21 wherein the coating composition further comprises less than 6 parts clay.
28. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 27 wherein the coating composition comprises 80 to 92 parts precipitated calcium carbonate and 6 to 12 parts hollow sphere plastic pigment, parts based on 100 parts by weight of total pigment.
29. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claims 27 or 28 wherein the coating composition further comprises other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments.
30. A method of making a glossy printing paper according to claim 29 wherein at least one of the other natural or synthetic non-clay pigments is titanium dioxide.
CA 2269648 1996-11-08 1997-11-07 Coated printing paper and method of manufacture Abandoned CA2269648A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US74556196A true 1996-11-08 1996-11-08
US08/745,561 1996-11-08
PCT/US1997/020476 WO1998020201A1 (en) 1996-11-08 1997-11-07 Coated printing paper and method of manufacture

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2269648A1 true CA2269648A1 (en) 1998-05-14

Family

ID=24997218

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA 2269648 Abandoned CA2269648A1 (en) 1996-11-08 1997-11-07 Coated printing paper and method of manufacture

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0937179A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2000514145A (en)
KR (1) KR20000048809A (en)
AU (1) AU721381B2 (en)
BR (1) BR9712932A (en)
CA (1) CA2269648A1 (en)
NZ (1) NZ335030A (en)
WO (1) WO1998020201A1 (en)

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AU4227499A (en) * 1998-06-02 1999-12-20 Mead Corporation, The Printing paper
US6242047B1 (en) 1999-04-12 2001-06-05 Westvaco Corporation High gloss coated paper
US6531183B1 (en) 1999-07-28 2003-03-11 Meadwestvaco Corporation Method of producing high gloss paper
SE518629C2 (en) * 2000-03-20 2002-11-05 Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags Ab Coating composition for paper, the use of organic particles in the coating composition and the paper coated with the composition
ES2294316T3 (en) 2002-10-01 2008-04-01 Sappi Netherlands Services B.V. Stamped print sheet and manufacturing procedure of the same.
WO2004114014A1 (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-12-29 Newpage Corporation Pigment selection for photographic base stock
US7413796B2 (en) 2004-02-17 2008-08-19 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Printing media for color electrophotographic applications
FR2872526B1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-10-27 Lafarge Platres Sa Plaster plate comprising at least one siding paper with soldering sauce comprising plastic pigments, sleeping sauce, production method therefor
JP5047458B2 (en) * 2004-12-02 2012-10-10 日本製紙株式会社 Coated paper for printing
JP4645237B2 (en) * 2004-12-22 2011-03-09 日本製紙株式会社 Method for producing coated paper for printing and coated paper
DK2326770T3 (en) * 2008-09-09 2015-01-12 Omya Int Ag Compositions of calcium carbonates / pigments for paper formulations showing average reduction
JP5946233B2 (en) * 2009-01-14 2016-07-05 Jsr株式会社 Method for producing paper coating composition and method for producing coated paper
EP2930266A1 (en) * 2014-04-09 2015-10-14 Coatex Paper coating composition comprising void latex particles and calcium carbonate
CN104928976B (en) * 2015-05-27 2018-01-09 金东纸业(江苏)股份有限公司 The coating fluid preparation method of printing paper, the manufacture craft and printing paper of printing paper
BR112019007285A2 (en) * 2016-11-11 2019-07-09 Westrock Mwv Llc cardboard with low coating weight and high smoothness

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US3779800A (en) * 1968-05-27 1973-12-18 Dow Chemical Co Coatings containing plastic pigments
US3931061A (en) * 1973-08-15 1976-01-06 Westvaco Corporation Blushed polystyrene pigment
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US4264742A (en) * 1978-07-14 1981-04-28 Champion International Corporation Opacifying agents and process for production
BR9207160A (en) * 1992-08-19 1995-10-31 Dow Chemical Co Particle hollow polymer coating composition and processes for preparing a hollow polymer particle and preparing a coating compsoção
US5677043A (en) * 1996-01-30 1997-10-14 Crown Paper Co. Opaque thermal transfer paper for receiving heated ink from a thermal transfer printer ribbon
US5851651A (en) * 1996-11-20 1998-12-22 Westvaco Corporation Coating for inkjet recording

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AU5251598A (en) 1998-05-29
JP2000514145A (en) 2000-10-24
WO1998020201A1 (en) 1998-05-14
KR20000048809A (en) 2000-07-25
EP0937179A1 (en) 1999-08-25
AU721381B2 (en) 2000-06-29
BR9712932A (en) 2000-03-28
NZ335030A (en) 2001-01-26

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