CA2213564A1 - Foamable polyurethane preparations which exhibit good flow behavior, anda process for producing foamed polyurethane moldings - Google Patents

Foamable polyurethane preparations which exhibit good flow behavior, anda process for producing foamed polyurethane moldings

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Publication number
CA2213564A1
CA2213564A1 CA 2213564 CA2213564A CA2213564A1 CA 2213564 A1 CA2213564 A1 CA 2213564A1 CA 2213564 CA2213564 CA 2213564 CA 2213564 A CA2213564 A CA 2213564A CA 2213564 A1 CA2213564 A1 CA 2213564A1
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CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
weight
component
based
isocyanate
optionally
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA 2213564
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Werner Rasshofer
Thomas Gross
Achim Symannek
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Bayer AG
Original Assignee
Bayer AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19634392.5 priority Critical
Priority to DE1996134392 priority patent/DE19634392A1/en
Application filed by Bayer AG filed Critical Bayer AG
Publication of CA2213564A1 publication Critical patent/CA2213564A1/en
Application status is Abandoned legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
    • C08G18/00Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates
    • C08G18/06Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates with compounds having active hydrogen
    • C08G18/28Polymeric products of isocyanates or isothiocyanates with compounds having active hydrogen characterised by the compounds used containing active hydrogen
    • C08G18/30Low-molecular-weight compounds
    • C08G18/36Hydroxylated esters of higher fatty acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
    • C08G2101/00Foams
    • C08G2101/0041Foams having specified density
    • C08G2101/0058> 50 and < 150 kg/m
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08GMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED OTHERWISE THAN BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING UNSATURATED CARBON-TO-CARBON BONDS
    • C08G2101/00Foams
    • C08G2101/0083Foams prepared using water as the sole blowing agent

Abstract

A foamable reaction mixture comprising A) 100 % by weight of a polyol component consisting of a) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, b) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component, preferably a chain extending and/or a crosslinking component containing reactive hydroxyl groups, c) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally d) auxiliary materials and/or additives, B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

The present invention also relates to foamed polyurethane molding produced by reacting A) with B), optionally in the presence of C), and to a process for the production of foamed polyurethane moldings based on these foamable reaction mixtures.

Description

CA 02213=,64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US / Ptlngb/S-P

FOAMABLE POLYURETHANE PREPARATIONS WHICH EXEIIBIT
GOOD FLOW BEHAVIOR, AND A PROCESS FOR PRODUCING
S FOAMED POLYURETIIANE MOLDINGS

BACKGROUND OF TE~ INVENTION

The present invention describes a foamable reaction mixture which is capable of forming a foamed polyurethane molding. This foamable reaction mixture exhibits improved flow properties and the resultant foamed polyurethane moldings exhibit improved energy absorption properties. In this respect, a foamable reaction mixture is understood to be a polyol component and an isocyanate component, which are reacted, optionally with the addition of other auxiliary materials, to form a polyurethane foamed material. The present invention also describes a process forproducing foamed moldings from the polyurethane system according to the 1 5 invention.

The object of the present invention was to provide a foamable reaction mixture which is free from chlorofluorocarbons and which exhibits improved flow behavior. In particular, this foamable reaction mixture has an adjustable working life, which can be extremely long if desired, and polyurethane foamed moldings produced from these foamable reaction mixtures exhibit a very low heat tone and improved energy absorption properties. In addition, another object of the present invention was to provide a process for the production of polyurethane foamed moldings from the foamable reaction mixture of the invention.

Surprisingly, it has been found that the objects of the invention can be achieved by the use of a foamable reaction mixture containing castor oil.

SIJMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a foamable reaction mixture which comprises:

A) 100 % by weight of a polyol component comprising:

a) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, CA 02213',64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

b) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, c) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally, d) additives, and B) an isocyanate component, 10 and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.
It is preferred that these foamable reaction mixtures comprise:
A) 100 % by weight of a polyol component comprising:

a) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, b) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, c) 01 to 5~JO by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A~, of water, and d) additives comprising:

CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

- i) from 0.01 to 5 % by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of at least one catalyst, and ii) 0.01 to 5 % by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of cell stabilizers, and B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

10 Other additives which may optionally be included in these foamable reaction mixtures as a portion of component A)d) include, for example, mold release agents, anti-foaming agents, flame retardants, etc. The present invention also provides foamed polyurethane moldings having a density of from 10 g/l to l100 g/l (without inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents), produced from a 15 foamable reaction mixture which comprises:

A) 100 % by weight of a polyol component comprising:

a) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, b) 0 9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, c) 01 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally, d) additives, CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

and B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

5 It is preferred that component d), i.e. the additives, of this reaction mixture comprlse i) 0.01 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of at least one catalyst, ii) 0.01 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A) of cell stabilizers.

Mold release agents and flame retardants, etc. may also be present as additives in the above reaction mixture.

The present invention also provides a process for the production of polyurethanefoamed moldings, comprising reacting 15 A) 100 % by weight of a polyol component comprising:

a) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, b) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, c) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally, CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

d) additives, with B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, 5 C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

The foamed polyurethane moldings produced from the foamable reaction mixtures of the present invention exhibit a horizontal progression of the curve in the Audi compression test.

Advantages of the polyurethane foamed moldings produced from the foamable 10 reaction mixtures according to the invention include, for example, a very lowwater uptake, a high rigidity at a low density, low brittleness despite high rigidity and low density, and that very low densities can be obtained by foaming with water, without resulting in discoloration of the core of the foamed molding.

The foamable reaction mixtures and polyurethane foamed moldings produced 15 according to the invention comprise components A) and B), and, optionally, C).

Component A) is the polyol component and comprises the individual components a) to c) as described herein, or a) to c) and d)i) and/or d)ii).

Suitable for use as component a) is castor oil of the known, commercially available degree of purity.

20 Suitable compounds for use as component b) include, for example, those polyols and/or polyamines which contain isocyanate-reactive groups. Such compounds fall into two areas, 1) those having relatively low molecular weights which are commonly referred to as chain extenders and/or crosslinking agents, and 2) relatively high molecular weight compounds. Castor oil (i.e. component a) above)25 is of course, excluded from suitable compounds for use as component b) in the present invention.

Le A 31 641-US

Chain extenders and/or crosslinking agents for use as component 1) of b) typically include water and those compounds having molecular weights in the range of from 60 to 1799, preferably of from 62 to 500, most preferably of from 62 to 400, which contain at least two groups capable of reacting with isocyanate groups.
Some examples of suitable compounds include polyhydric alcohols such as those disclosed in, for example, U.S. Patents 4,774,263 and 4,774,264, the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference. The following alcohols are particularly preferred for use as component b): ethylene glycol (EG), diethylene glycol (DEG), triethylene glycol (TEG), propylene glycol (PG), dipropylene glycol (DPG), tripropylene glycol (TPG), butanediol, hexanediol. Suitable compounds also include aliphatic polyamines which contain ether groups such as, for example, polypropylene oxides of the above molecular weight range which may contain terminal primary amino groups for example, and also aliphatic polyhydroxyl compounds which contain ether groups such as, for example, addition compounds of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide with trimethylolpropane, pentaerythritol or ethylenediamine. Polyols which contain cycloaliphatic rings are also suitable.
Some examples of these compounds containing cycloaliphatic rings include 1,4-dihydroxycyclohexane or 1,4-bis-hydroxymethyl-cyclohexane, for example, and polyamines, such as 1,4-cyclohexane diamine, isophorone diamine, bis-(4-amino-cyclohexyl)-methane or bis-(3-methyl-4-aminocyclohexyl)-methane, for example.
The compounds containing hydroxyl groups are preferred over the compounds containing amine groups.

Suitable compounds having relatively high molecular weight and containing isocyanate reactive groups for use as component 2) of b) include, for example, those compounds having molecular weights in the range of from 1800 to 12,000, preferably 3000 to 7000. These compounds must also contain groups which are capable of reacting with isocyanate groups, or mixtures of compounds of this type, wherein component b)2) has an (average) functionality greater than about 2.5, preferably of 2.6 to 3.0, and most preferably of 2.8 to 3.0, which are capable of reacting with isocyanate groups in an isocyanate addition reaction. Compound~
which are particularly suitable as component b) include, for example, polyether polyols or mixtures of polyether polyols which fall within the above categories.These include, for example, those compounds which are disclosed in, for example,U.S. Patent 4,218,543, the disclosure of which is herein incorporated by reference.
Suitable preferred polyether polyols are described as those in which at least 50%, more preferably at least 80%, of the hydroxyl groups consist of primary hydroxyl CA 02213',64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

groups. Suitable compounds include, for example, polyesters, polythioethers, polyacetals, polycarbonates or polyester amides which contain hydroxyl groups.
Examples of these compounds are disclosed in, for example, U.S. Patent 4,218,543. Such compounds are, however, less preferred than are the polyether 5 polyols.

Other suitable substances for use as component b) include, for example, aminopolyethers or mixtures of aminopolyethers, i.e. polyethers containing groups which are capable of reacting with isocyanate groups wherein at least 50 equivalent %, preferably at least 80 equivalent % of the isocyanate reactive groups 10 are composed of primary and/or secondary, aromatically or aliphatically, preferably aromatically bonded amino groups. The remainder of the isocyanate reactive groups of these aminopolyethers being composed of primary and/or secondary, aliphatically bonded hydroxyl groups. Examples of suitable amino-polyethers of this type are the compounds are described in, for example, U.S.
Patents 4,774,263 and 4,774,264, the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference.

Polyesters which contain amino groups, are also suitable as starting component b)2), but are less preferred.

Any mixtures of the polyhydroxyl compounds described above as suitable 20 examples with any of the aminopolyethers described above as suitable examplescan, of course, also be used as component b)2). In the present invention, compounds having molecular weights of from 1800 to 12,000 are optionally used.

Suitable for use in the present invention as component c) is water. It is also possible to use complexes, addition compounds, inclusion compounds, etc., which 25 release water. It is preferred, however, that free water be used.

The foamable reaction mixtures of the present invention may optionally include component d) additives. Some examples of the various auxiliary materials and/or additives which are optionally used in conjunction during the production of the polyisocyanate addition polymerization products include internal mold release 30 agents (IMRs), catalysts for the polyisocyanate addition polymerization reaction, foaming agents, surface-active additives, cell regulators, organic and inorganicpigments, colorants, UV and thermal stabilizers, plasticizers or substances with a CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

fungistatic or bacteriostatic effect, such as those described in, for example, U.S.
Patents 4,774,263 and 4,774,264, the disclosures of which are herein incorporated by reference.

Examples of suitable catalysts to be used as additives in the present invention 5 include tertiary amines, tin compounds and/or organic acids such as acetic acid.
Specific catalysts which fall within these broader groups of catalysts are well known in the art.

Suitable for component B), the isocyanate component of the present invention, are the aromatic polyisocyanates known in the art. These aromatic polyisocyanates 10 have an NCO group content of 10 to 50% by weight, and include, for example, methylene diphenylene diisocyanate and toluene diisocyanate.

Other suitable isocyanates for the present invention include those isocyanates having a molecular weight higher than 137, and preferably of 168 to 290, and which exclusively contain (cyclo)aliphatically bonded isocyanate groups. Examples of such compounds include isocyanates such as 1,6-diisocyanatohexane, 1,12-diisocyanatododecane, 1,3-diisocyanatocyclobutane, 1,3- and 1,4-diisocyanato-cyclohexane and any mixtures of these isomers, 1-isocyanato-3,3,5-trimethyl-5-isocyanato-methylcyclohexane (IPDI) or 2,4- and/or 4,4'-diisocyanatodicyclo-hexyl-methane for example, or any mixtures of simple (cyclo)aliphatic polyiso-20 cyanates of this type.

In addition, polyisocyanates which are suitable include those which are modifiedby urethane, allophanate, isocyanurate, urea, biuret and/or uretdione groups, and which are based on the aromatic and (cyclo)-aliphatic diisocyanates cited by wayof example or which are based on mixtures thereof. Mixtures of unmodified 25 diisocyanates with the modified polyisocyanates can also be used as component B).

The foamable reaction mixtures and the foamed polyurethane moldings of the present invention may optionally comprise component C), inorganic fillers and/orreinforcing agents. Suitable for use as fillers and/or reinforcing agents in the30 present invention are those materials known in the art such as, for example, barium sulphate, kieselguhr, whitening, mica, and particularly glass fibers, LC
fibers, glass flakes, glass spheres, or aramid or carbon fibers for example. They CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

are preferably incorporated in component A), the polyol component, or in the case of continuous reinforcing materials they may also be inserted into the mold.
Materials can also be used which are employed in order to reduce the bulk density, such as, for example, pumice stone or other synthetic or naturally 5 occurring inorganic materials of low density.

Foamable reaction mixtures of the present invention which are slow reacting mixtures can be processed by manual means. It is preferred to use mechanical mixing and/or mechanical loading of molds when the foamable reaction mixtures of the present invention are fast reacting mixtures, or more rapid than can be 10 m~nll~lly mixed effectively. The processing of foamable reaction mixtures andfoamed polyurethane molding is known. The details can be found in, for example, G. Oertel (editor), Polyurethane, Hanser-Verlag, Munich, 3rd Edition, 1993.

The molding compositions of the present invention can be used, for example, in the construction and leisure industries for filling any hollow cavities or hollow 15 chamber sections with foam. These can also be used in the automobile industry for the production of energy-absorbing foamed materials.

The following examples further illustrate details for the process of this invention.
The invention, which is set forth in the foregoing disclosure, is not to be limited either in spirit or scope by these examples. Those skilled in the art will readily 20 understand that known variations of the conditions of the following procedures can be used. Unless otherwise noted, all temperatures are degrees Celsius and all percentages are percentages by weight.

CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

EXAMPLES

The following components were used in the examples:

POLYOL 1: a crosslinking agent having an OH number of 1000, and being produced by the addition of propylene oxide to trimethylolpropane.

S ISO 1: polymeric diphenylmethane polyisocyanate (commercially available as Desmodur 44V20 from Bayer) having an NCO group content of 31.5% by weight.

CAT 1: acetic acid CAT 2: a tertiary amine catalyst, commercially available as Dabco 33LV
from Air Products .

STAB 1: cell stabilizer based on polysiloxane, commercially available as SR 242 from Goldschmidt.

Example 1 A foamable reaction mixture was formed which comprised the following polyol 15 component A), and isocyanate component B).

Polyol formulation (OH number = 516 mg KOH/g):

castor oil77 parts POLYOL 1 4 parts diethylene glycol 16 parts STAB 1 1 part water 3 parts CAT 1 0.1 part CAT 2 1 part The above polyol component was mixed with ISO 1, having an NCO group 25 content of 31.5% to form the foamable reaction mixtures of the present CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le A 31 641-US

application. The quantity of ISO I added was sufficient to provide an isocyanateindex of 1 10.

Processing characteristics:

Start Time: 15 seconds rise time: 25 seconds curing timel: 22 seconds mold material aluminum mold release agent wax mold temperature 25~C
Bulk density (g/l) 55 g/l 1: time to become stringy Mechanical properties of a foamed polyurethane molding produced from the above reaction mixture:

compressive hardness (70 % compressive deformation): 94 kPa.

15 Example 2:

A foamable reaction mixture was formed which comprised the following polyol component A), and isocyanate component B).

Polyol formulation (OH number = 406 mg KOH/g):

castor oil 77 parts POLYOL I 4 parts diethylene glycol 16 parts STAB I I part water 1 part CA 02213~64 1997-08-21 Le ~ 31 641-US

The above polyol component was mixed with ISO 1, having an NCO group content of 31.5% to form the foamable reaction mixtures of the present application. The quantity of ISO 1 added was sufficient to provide an isocyanateindex of 1 10.

5 Processing characteristics: -start time 285 seconds rise time about 20 mins.
curing time1 about 15 mins.
mold material aluminum mold release agent wax mold temperature 25~C
Bulk density (g/l) 150 g/l 1: time to become stringy Mechanical properties of a foamed polyurethane molding produced from the above reaction mixture:

compressive hardness (70 % compressive deformation): 1162 kPa.

This formulation was capable of flowing over extended flow paths of severalmeters, even with low wall thicknesses, and foamed extremely uniformly. The cell structure, the uniformity of the cells and the density were completely identical over a vertically upward flow path of 3 meters, for example.

Although the invention has been described in detail in the foregoing for the purpose of illustration, it is to be understood that such detail is solely for that purpose and that variations can be made therein by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention except as it may be limited by 25 the claims.

Claims (6)

1 A foamable reaction mixture comprising:

A) 100% by weight of a polyol component comprising:

1) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil,
2) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups,
3) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally,
4) additives, B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

2. The foamable reaction mixture of Claim 1, wherein:

A) said polyol component comprises:

1) 50 to 98.98% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, 2) 0 9 to 49 88% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, 3) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and 4) additives comprising:

i) from 0.01 to 5% by weight, base on 100% by weight of component A), of catalysts, and ii) 0.01 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A) of cell stabilizers;
B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and or reinforcing agents.

3. A foamed polyurethane molding having a density of 10 g/l to 1 100g/l, and comprising the reaction product of A) 100% by weight of a polyol component comprising:

1) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, 2) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, 3) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally, 4) additives, B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.

4. The foamed polyurethane molding of Claim 3, wherein A) said polyol component comprises:

1) from 70 to 95% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil.
5. The foamed polyurethane molding of Claim 4, wherein:

A) said polyol component comprises:

1) 80 to 90% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil.
6. A process for the production of foamed polyurethane moldings, comprising reacting:

A) 100% by weight of a polyol component comprising:

1) 50 to 99% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of castor oil, 2) 0.9 to 49.9% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of an isocyanate-reactive component containing hydroxyl groups, 3) 0.1 to 5% by weight, based on 100% by weight of component A), of water, and, optionally, 4) additives, with B) an isocyanate component, and, optionally, C) inorganic fillers and/or reinforcing agents.
CA 2213564 1996-08-26 1997-08-21 Foamable polyurethane preparations which exhibit good flow behavior, anda process for producing foamed polyurethane moldings Abandoned CA2213564A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19634392.5 1996-08-26
DE1996134392 DE19634392A1 (en) 1996-08-26 1996-08-26 Foaming polyurethane formulations with good flow behavior and a process for producing foamed polyurethane moldings

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2213564A1 true CA2213564A1 (en) 1998-02-26

Family

ID=7803687

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Country Status (7)

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EP (1) EP0826706A3 (en)
JP (1) JPH1087777A (en)
KR (1) KR19980018973A (en)
BR (1) BR9704493A (en)
CA (1) CA2213564A1 (en)
DE (1) DE19634392A1 (en)
MX (1) MX9706476A (en)

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GB2454990A (en) * 2007-11-21 2009-05-27 3Gates Patent Ltd Polyurethane or polyisocyanurate foam compositions
US8062710B2 (en) 1998-09-17 2011-11-22 Urethane Soy Systems Company Vegetable oil-based coating and method for application
US8183302B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2012-05-22 Bayer Materialscience Ag Visco-elastic polyurethane foam with castor oil
US8333905B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2012-12-18 Tandem Polymers, Inc. Transesterified polyol having selectable and increased functionality and urethane material products formed using the polyol
RU2435795C9 (en) * 2006-01-27 2013-02-27 Басф Се Method of producing viscoelastic polyurethane plasticised foam plastic with open cells

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US6455605B1 (en) 1997-09-10 2002-09-24 H. B. Fuller Licensing & Financing Inc. Foamable composition exhibiting instant thixotropic gelling
US6288133B1 (en) 1997-09-10 2001-09-11 H. B. Fuller Licensing & Financing Inc. Foaming urethane composition and methods of using such compositions
US6180686B1 (en) * 1998-09-17 2001-01-30 Thomas M. Kurth Cellular plastic material
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US7671104B2 (en) 1999-02-13 2010-03-02 Bayer Materialscience Ag Fine cell, water-blown rigid polyurethane foams
CN100355799C (en) * 2003-06-06 2007-12-19 伊藤制油株式会社 Polyurethane and process for producing the same
AU2007271313B2 (en) * 2006-07-04 2011-11-10 Huntsman International Llc Process for making visco-elastic foams
DE102008014032A1 (en) 2008-03-13 2009-09-17 Bayer Materialscience Ag Polyether polyol composition, useful to produce viscoelastic polyurethane foams, comprises polyether polyols with specific hydroxyl-functionality, -number and propylene oxide content, and renewable raw materials with one hydroxyl group
JP5596040B2 (en) 2008-10-24 2014-09-24 ビーエーエスエフ ソシエタス・ヨーロピアBasf Se Method of manufacturing a viscoelastic polyurethane flexible foam
JP5627333B2 (en) * 2010-08-12 2014-11-19 住化バイエルウレタン株式会社 Integral skin foam for polyurethane composition
KR101119709B1 (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-03-20 최영완 Binder for construction

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US5451615A (en) * 1994-10-20 1995-09-19 The Dow Chemical Company Process for preparing polyurethane foam in the presence of a hydrocarbon blowing agent

Cited By (7)

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US8062710B2 (en) 1998-09-17 2011-11-22 Urethane Soy Systems Company Vegetable oil-based coating and method for application
US8449946B2 (en) 1998-09-17 2013-05-28 Tandem Polymers, Inc. Vegetable oil-based coating and method for application
US8333905B1 (en) 2000-09-06 2012-12-18 Tandem Polymers, Inc. Transesterified polyol having selectable and increased functionality and urethane material products formed using the polyol
RU2435795C9 (en) * 2006-01-27 2013-02-27 Басф Се Method of producing viscoelastic polyurethane plasticised foam plastic with open cells
GB2454990A (en) * 2007-11-21 2009-05-27 3Gates Patent Ltd Polyurethane or polyisocyanurate foam compositions
US8183302B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2012-05-22 Bayer Materialscience Ag Visco-elastic polyurethane foam with castor oil
CN101959959B (en) 2008-02-27 2013-12-11 拜耳材料科技股份有限公司 Viscoelastic polyurethane foam containing castor oil

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Publication number Publication date
EP0826706A2 (en) 1998-03-04
DE19634392A1 (en) 1998-03-05
MX9706476A (en) 1998-02-28
EP0826706A3 (en) 1998-06-03
BR9704493A (en) 1999-01-05
KR19980018973A (en) 1998-06-05
JPH1087777A (en) 1998-04-07

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