AU2009341626B2 - Absorbent article comprising a detachable stiffening element - Google Patents

Absorbent article comprising a detachable stiffening element Download PDF

Info

Publication number
AU2009341626B2
AU2009341626B2 AU2009341626A AU2009341626A AU2009341626B2 AU 2009341626 B2 AU2009341626 B2 AU 2009341626B2 AU 2009341626 A AU2009341626 A AU 2009341626A AU 2009341626 A AU2009341626 A AU 2009341626A AU 2009341626 B2 AU2009341626 B2 AU 2009341626B2
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
stiffening element
absorption member
absorbent article
article
article according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
AU2009341626A
Other versions
AU2009341626A1 (en
Inventor
Solgun Drevik
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Essity Hygiene and Health AB
Original Assignee
Essity Hygiene and Health AB
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Essity Hygiene and Health AB filed Critical Essity Hygiene and Health AB
Priority to PCT/SE2009/050237 priority Critical patent/WO2010101500A1/en
Publication of AU2009341626A1 publication Critical patent/AU2009341626A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU2009341626B2 publication Critical patent/AU2009341626B2/en
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/505Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators with separable parts, e.g. combination of disposable and reusable parts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/45Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators characterised by the shape
    • A61F13/47Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins
    • A61F13/4702Sanitary towels, incontinence pads or napkins having a reinforcing member

Abstract

The invention concerns an absorbent article (1, 100, 101, 102), such as a sanitary napkin, a panty liner or an incontinence protector, which article has a longitudinal direction and a transverse direction, a front portion (2), a rear portion (4) and a crotch portion (3) located between the front portion (2) and 5 the rear portion (4), said article (1, 100, 101, 102) comprising an absorption member (20) having an upper side (25) intended to face a wearer during use of the article (1, 100, 101, 102) and a lower side (21) intended to face away from the wearer during use of the article (1, 100, 101, 102), and a stiffening element (6, 60, 70, 70' 80) that, at least during use of the article (1, 100, 101, 10 102), provides the article with a predetermined shape that enhances the fit of the article (1, 100, 101, 102) to the wearer's body. The invention is characterized in that the stiffening element (6, 60, 70, 70' 80) is secured to the upper side (25) of the absorption member (20) such that an outer side (12) of the stiffening element (6, 60, 70, 70' 80) faces away from the 15 absorption member (20); that the stiffening element (6, 60, 70, 70' 80) comprises a material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties, wherein the outer side of the stiffening element (6, 60, 70, 70' 80) exhibits said mechanical fastening properties.

Description

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 ABSORBENT ARTICLE COMPRISING A DETACHABLE STIFFENING ELEMENT TECHNICAL FIELD This invention relates to an absorbent article, such as a sanitary napkin, a 5 panty liner or an incontinence protector, comprising an absorption member and a stiffening element that, at least during use of the article, provides the article with a certain shape that enhances the fit of the article to the wearer's body. 10 BACKGROUND ART Absorbent articles, such as sanitary napkins, incontinence guards, panty liners, diapers etc., are well known in the art. An important function of absorbent articles is to prevent leakage of body exudates during use of the article. Generally, the article should fit well to the user and stay in place 15 during use. This also enhances the user comfort. With regard to at least sanitary napkins, incontinence guards and panty liners, it is previously known to provide the article with stiff or elastic shaping elements that provide the article with a shape that improves the fitting and 20 the ability to stay in place during use. In general, a stiff shaping element has the advantage that the shape of the article is predetermined and maintained during use. On the other hand, stiff shaping elements must be designed with particular care in order not to cause discomfort during use of the article. It is also well known to provide the underside of sanitary napkins and similar 25 absorbent articles with fastening means, such as adhesives, for attachment to the user's garments. WO 0117474 discloses an example of an absorbent article in the form of a sanitary napkin, a panty liner or an incontinence protector, wherein the rear 30 portion of the article includes a longitudinally extending ridge-shaped elevation forming a stiff shaping element that partially extends between the WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 2 wearer's buttocks during use of the article. This provides good protection against rearward leakage. WO 98/22061 discloses an absorbent article in the form of a sanitary napkin 5 having stiff front and crotch portions wherein the front portion is curved and inclined upwards, towards the user, with respect to the crotch portion. Further, the article has a narrow waist in the crotch portion allowing a high stiffness without causing discomfort. The desired stiffness is achieved by e.g. including a rigid shape-retaining, spoon-shaped, plastic or metal layer inside 10 the article. The article according to WO 98/22061 is intended to be kept securely and comfortably in position against the body of the user during use, without the need for particular attachment means. EP 1395218 discloses an adsorbent article in the form of a sanitary towel or 15 incontinence pad comprising a combined, flat stiffening and absorbent element arranged inside the article, which element gives the article in different regions a predetermined two- or three-dimensional shape (including curvature, bowl-shape and a raised part between the buttocks of the wearer) during use of the article, i.e. when the article is affected by compressive 20 forces generated by the thighs of the wearer. In similarity to WO 98/22061, the front and crotch portions are designed to allow anchoring of the article to thigh muscle tendons, which gives the article a good fit and stability in the fitted position. 25 Although the known absorbent articles with stiffening elements in many cases provide for a good fit, there still remains a need to further develop this type of absorbent articles. DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION 30 The object of this invention is to provide a well-fitting absorbent article, such as a sanitary napkin, that exhibits improved properties compared to conventional absorbent articles with stiff shaping elements. This object is 3 achieved by the article defined by the technical features contained in independent claim 1. The dependent claims contain advantageous embodiments, further developments and variants of the invention. 5 The invention concerns an absorbent article having a longitudinal direction and a transverse direction, a front portion, a rear portion and a crotch portion located between the front portion and the rear portion, said article comprising an absorption member having an upper side intended to face a wearer during use of the article and a lower side intended to face away from the wearer during use of 10 the article, and a stiffening element that, at least during use of the article, provides the article with a predetermined shape that enhances the fit of the article to the wearer's body. The invention is further characterized in that the stiffening element that is 15 arranged on the upper side of the absorption member includes a wedge-shaped cutout extending from a rear end edge in a direction toward the crotch portion. The invention is characterized in that the stiffening element is secured to the upper side of the absorption member such that an outer side of the stiffening 20 element faces away from the absorption member; and the stiffening element comprises a material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties, wherein at least a part of the outer side of the stiffening element exhibits said mechanical fastening properties. 25 The term absorption member as used herein refers to an item that comprises an absorption body for absorption of body fluids. The absorption member may also comprise e.g. a liquid permeable top-sheet arranged on the upper side of the absorption body and a liquid-impermeable back sheet arranged on the lower side of the absorption body. 30 The term mechanical fastening properties as used herein refers to mechanical fastening means such as hooks, friction adhesives, clips, friction elements and combinations thereof, which fastening means as such are well known to the person skilled in art and that allow for a detachable attachment.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 4 Thus, a material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties comprises mechanical fastening means of the abovementioned type(s). The inventive absorbent article has the advantage that the stiffening element 5 provides the article with a good body fit and at the same time allows an additional, upper/primary, absorption member to be detachably attached on top of the absorption member to which the stiffening element is secured. Thus, the inventive absorbent article provides a secondary absorption member and a shaping lower part of a two-part absorbent product to which 10 an upper, primary absorption member can be attached, which upper absorption member will be facing the wearer during use. Because the stiffening element provides the article with a suitable shape, it is not necessary that the upper absorption member contributes to the shaping of the article. Thereby it becomes possible to use a very flexible upper 15 absorption member, i.e. a very flexible absorption body, which improves the comfort of the absorbent article. Further, it becomes possible to use a simple and non-expensive upper absorption member. This is useful since in many situations only the upper absorption member will be soiled after use of the article, in which situations only the upper absorbent member will need to be 20 disposed and replaced. Thus, in many situations only the non-expensive, upper part of the two-part product needs to be disposed, whereas the more advanced, lower part can be re-used. Thus, in the inventive absorbent article the stiffening element has a 25 multifunction: shaping and fastening. Such multifunction is generally useful for decreasing the number of components in the absorbent article which makes the manufacture more effective. In the absorbent article disclosed in EP 1395218 multifunction is achieved by providing an absorbent body with a certain stiffness, i.e. stiffening (shaping) and absorbing properties are 30 combined in the same element. However, stiffening and absorbing properties are not easily combined and such a combined element is rather costly. In contrast, the stiffening (shaping) element of the present invention is a WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 5 separate item in relation to the absorption element and instead of combining stiffening and absorbing properties it combines stiffening and fastening properties which are easier to combine. For instance, improvement of the fastening properties of a piece of material does not normally lead to any 5 corresponding impairment of the stiffening properties. Further, because the absorbing function does not have to be taken into account it is not necessary that the stiffening element has a shape in the lateral plane of the article that is adapted to this function; i.e. the stiffening element secured to the upper side of the absorption member in the inventive way may be e.g. rectangular 10 to avoid or reduce wastage in the production. Because stiffening and fastening properties are easier to combine it becomes possible to manufacture the absorbent article in a more cost-effective way. In an advantageous embodiment of the invention the material exhibiting 15 mechanical fastening properties also contributes significantly to the stiffness of the stiffening element. This means that the same material provides both the fastening function and, at least a great deal of, the shaping/stiffening function. This way, the structure of the stiffening element can be simplified in that the need for using particular stiffening components or layers is 20 diminished, or even eliminated. In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention the material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties is a hook material having hooks protruding from the outer side of the stiffening element for fastening to a textile material. 25 Mechanical fasteners in the form of hooks are well known in the field of absorbent products to be suitable for attachment to textile materials such as a non-woven material of an upper, primary absorption member. Preferably, the hook material comprises a hook carrier layer to which layer the hooks are secured, wherein the hook material significantly contributes to the stiffness of 30 the stiffening member. Thereby, the hook material provides both the fastening and the stiffening/shaping functions. In a variant of this embodiment, the hook material constitutes the stiffening element. With such WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 6 a design, no further materials are needed for providing the stiffening element with said functions. In another advantageous embodiment of the invention the material exhibiting 5 mechanical fastening properties is a friction adhesive material. Thus, the surface of the material exhibits a stickiness that is useful for attaching the stiffening element to e.g. a back sheet of an upper absorption member. Also friction adhesive materials are well known to the person skilled in the art. In a variant of this embodiment, the friction adhesive material constitutes the 10 stiffening element. With such a design, no further materials are needed for providing stiffening element with said functions. The hook material and the friction adhesive material may be combined in that certain parts of the stiffening element can include hook material and other 15 parts can include friction adhesive material. Moreover, the absorbent article can comprise a plurality of stiffening elements separated from each other, which stiffening elements can include different materials. A further possibility is that the hook carrier material exhibits a stickiness. 20 In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention the stiffening element exhibits a stiffness that is higher than a part of the absorbent article that surrounds the stiffening element. This has the effect that folding indications are provided along and/or around the stiffening element. These folding indications, together with e.g. the size and geometry of the stiffening element, 25 determine which shape the article will acquire during use. Preferably, the stiffening element is stiffer than the absorbent member to which it is secured. In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention the absorbent member comprises an absorbent body for absorbing body fluids and a liquid 30 impermeable back sheet arranged at the lower side of the absorption member. Thus, the back sheet faces away from the wearer and covers the absorbent body in a conventional way.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 7 In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention the absorbent member comprises a liquid-permeable top-sheet arranged at the upper side of the absorption member, wherein the absorbent body is arranged between 5 the top-sheet and the back sheet. In a variant of this embodiment, the stiffening element forms at least a part of the top-sheet. In other words, the stiffening element takes the place of the top-sheet at some part or parts of the upper side of the absorption member. Thus, it is not necessary to make use of a conventional top-sheet that completely covers the upper side of the 10 absorbent member. By using a stiffening element that allows through-flow of bodily fluids, it is possible to allow liquid to flow from an upper absorption member attached to the stiffening element towards the secondary, lower absorption member in the same manner as when using a conventional top sheet. Through-flow of bodily fluids can be achieved by making the stiffening 15 element in a liquid-permeable material and/or by providing the stiffening element with openings. In a further advantageous embodiment of the invention the article comprises an upper, primary absorption member that is detachably attachable to the 20 stiffening element such as to be positioned on top of the absorbent member to which the stiffening element is secured. Preferably, the absorption member to which the stiffening element is secured extends further in the transversal direction, and preferably also in the longitudinal direction, than the upper, primary absorption member. 25 As used herein a permanent fixation, bond or attachment is a fixation, bond or attachment that is intended to withstand normal use and wear and that cannot be broken without destroying or damaging at least one of the items involved in the fixation. An example of a permanent fixation is the securing of 30 the stiffening element to the upper side of the absorption member. A releasable or detachable join is a bond or attachment that can be broken without damaging or destroying the items involved.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 8 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS In the description of the invention given below reference is made to the following figure, in which: 5 Figure 1 shows, in a schematic, sectional side view, a first preferred embodiment of the invention, Figure 2 shows the top side of an adsorbent article according to another preferred embodiment of the invention, Figure 3 shows the top side of an adsorbent article according to another 10 preferred embodiment of the invention, and Figure 4 shows the top side of an adsorbent article according to still another preferred embodiment of the invention. EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION 15 Figure 1 shows, in a schematic, sectional, cut side view, and in a disassembled state, a first preferred embodiment of an absorbent article 1, in this case a sanitary napkin, according to the invention. The absorbent article 1 has a longitudinal direction, i.e. the left-right direction in figure 1, and a transverse direction, i.e. a direction perpendicular to the plane of figure 1. 20 Further, the article 1 has a front portion 2, a rear portion 4 and a crotch portion 3 located between the front portion 2 and the rear portion 4. The division of the article 1 into these portions is not strict but describes, in a conventional way, the intended positioning of the article 1 in relation to a wearer. 25 The absorbent article 1 shown in figure 1 comprises an upper, primary absorbent member 5, stiffening elements 6 (which in this example are two in number) and a lower, secondary absorption member 20. Each stiffening element 6 is secured to the lower absorption member 20. The upper 30 absorption member 5 is, via a lower side 11, detachably attachable to the stiffening elements 6, and thus to the lower absorbent member 20, such as to form a two-part product with two absorption members. In figure 1 the WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 9 absorbent article 1 is disassembled. An arrow 29 indicates that the two absorption members 5, 20 may be detachably attached to each other. The lower absorption member 20 has an upper side 25 intended to face a 5 wearer during use of the article 1 and a lower side 21 intended to face away from the wearer during use of the article 1. The lower absorption member 20 exemplified in figure 1 is in principal structured in a conventional way and comprises a liquid-permeable top-sheet 20a, an absorbent body 20b for absorbing body fluids, and a liquid-impermeable back sheet 20c. The top 10 sheet 20a and the back sheet 20c are interconnected around an outer edge of the absorbent body 20b such as to form a cover around the absorbent body 20b (not shown in figure 1). The lower side 21 of the secondary absorption member 20 is provided with 15 fastening means 22, for instance in the form of adhesives, for attaching the absorbent article 20 to the undergarments of a user. The fastening means 22 are optional. Suitable materials and material combinations for forming the top-sheet 20a, 20 the absorbent body 20b and the back sheet 20c are well known to the person skilled in the art. Examples of suitable materials are non-woven fabrics and perforated plastic films for the top-sheet 20a; cellulose fibers, absorbing foam material and super absorbants (SAP) for the absorbent body 20b; and polyethylene film and non-woven fabrics treated with hydrophobing agents 25 for the back sheet 20c. Each of the stiffening elements 6 extends longitudinally and transversely along the upper side 25 of the lower absorption member 20 such that an outer side 12 of the stiffening element 6 faces away from said absorption 30 member 20. The stiffening element 6 is in this example secured to the lower absorption member 20 by being glued to the top-sheet 20a.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 10 In the example shown in figure 1, the stiffening element 6 is entirely made of a hook material comprising a hook carrier layer (hook substrate) 9 facing and being secured to the absorbent member 5 and further comprising a plurality of hooks 8 secured to the hook carrier layer 9. The hooks 8 protrude from the 5 hook carrier layer 9, i.e. they protrude from the outer side 12 of the stiffening element 6. Hooks constitute one example of mechanical fasteners that are suitable for detachable attachment to textile materials. Thus, the stiffening element 6 in figure 1 is made of a material that exhibits mechanical fastening properties, wherein the outer side 12 of the stiffening element 6 exhibits said 10 mechanical fastening properties. Other mechanical fasteners that may be used are clips or friction elements. Combinations of different types of mechanical fasteners may also be used. As can be seen in figure 1, one of the stiffening elements 6 is positioned in 15 the front portion 2 of the article 1 and the other extends longitudinally from the crotch portion 3 into the rear portion 4. This is similar to what is described in relation to figure 3. The purpose of figure 1 is, however, only to give a schematic view of the structure of the absorbent article. Different shapes of stiffening elements are described below. 20 The upper absorption member 5 has a similar structure as the lower absorption member 20, i.e. it comprises a liquid-permeable top-sheet 5a, an absorbent body 5b for absorbing body fluids, and a back sheet 5c. However, the back sheet 5c of the upper absorption member 5 is liquid permeable to 25 allow through-flow of body fluids towards the lower absorbent member 20. The top-sheet 5a and the back sheet 5c are interconnected around an outer edge of the absorbent body 5b such as to form a cover around the absorbent body 5b (not shown in figure 1). In this case the back sheet 5c is made of non-woven fabrics which allows for a good attachment to the hooks 8. A back 30 sheet made of e.g. foam or airlaid also allows for a good attachment.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 11 The stiffening element 6 is in this example liquid permeable to allow through flow of bodily fluids towards the lower absorption member 20. As can be seen in figure 1, the secondary absorption member 20 extends 5 further in the longitudinal direction (i.e. sideways in figure 1) than does the primary, upper absorption member 5. The secondary absorption member 20 also extends further in the transversal direction than does the primary, upper absorption member 5. Accordingly, the secondary absorption member 20 surrounds the primary, upper absorption member 5 as seen from above, i.e. 10 the secondary absorption member 20 exhibits a larger area as seen in a direction towards a user of the absorbent article than does the primary, upper absorption member 5. In short, in the example shown the secondary absorption member 20 is both longer and wider than the upper absorption member 5. This is useful for increasing the leakage protection. 15 With regard to figure 1 it should be noted that it is not necessary that the back sheet 5c and the stiffening element 6 are liquid permeable to allow body fluids to be transferred to the secondary absorption member 20. If either or both of the back sheet 5c and the stiffening element 6 are liquid 20 impermeable, body fluids may flow transversely (and longitudinally) and pass an outer edge of either or both of these components and then reach the secondary absorption member 20. At least if the back sheet 5c is liquid impermeable it is of particular importance that the secondary absorption member 20 is wider, and preferably also longer, than the primary, upper 25 absorption member 5. If the stiffening element 6 has a large area of distribution, it may be equally important that the secondary absorption member 20 is larger. However, the stiffening element 6 may be arranged in the form of narrow strips or bars with openings in-between, or be provided with openings, in order to allow liquid to pass through without requiring the 30 structuring material to be liquid permeable.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 12 After use of the absorbent article 1, it is possible to dispose and replace only the upper absorption member 5, i.e. the lower absorption member 20 can be reused. To avoid unnecessary soiling of the lower absorption member 20 it is useful to provide the upper absorption member 5 with a liquid impermeable 5 back sheet 5b. It may be noted that it is not necessary that the upper absorption member 5 is smaller, i.e. less wide and less long, than the lower absorption member 20. However, a smaller absorption member is sufficient in many situations and 10 since less material is required for manufacturing a smaller absorption member it is a cost-advantage to use a smaller upper absorption member 5. The larger lower absorption member 20 can thus be regarded as an additional, safety member. 15 Suitable hook materials for the embodiments shown in figures 1 and 2 are available as KHKO002 or CHK 00752 from 3M Company. These materials have a suitable stiffness for giving the article 1 a good shape during use and provides for a good attachment. 20 The hooks 8 can, of course, be chosen such as to be adapted to the intended use. That is, the hooks 8 can be adapted to interact particularly well with a certain type of material at the lower side 11 of the upper absorption member 5. 25 As an alternative to the hook material described above, the stiffening element 6 can, at least partly, be made of a friction adhesive material, i.e. of a material that exhibits a stickiness that can be used to mechanically fasten the stiffening element 6 to the upper absorption member 5. In such a case, the back sheet 5c of the primary absorption member 5 can be made of e.g. a 30 nonwoven material or a perforated plastic film which allows for a good attachment to the friction adhesive material.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 13 Friction adhesive materials, which also are referred to as friction materials, should not be confused with conventional fastening adhesives. A general difference between these materials is that the pressure sensitive adhesive of conventional fastening material does provide reasonable tack, peel and 5 shear after a bond has been initiated by putting pressure onto the system. Different to such a behaviour a friction adhesive material will mainly provide shear. This shear or friction is proportional to the force used to press the friction material onto a second surface. After release of the pressure the system will show basically no remaining tack, peel or friction. 10 An example of a suitable friction adhesive material is 5401 Traction Tape available from 3M Company. Hook material and friction adhesive material may be combined in the 15 absorbent article 1 in that some parts of the stiffening element 6 (or some of the stiffening elements if a plurality is present) comprises hook material and some comprises friction adhesive material. It is also possible to use a material that has both properties, for instance a hook material that exhibits a stickiness. 20 The stiffening element of the invention is sufficiently stiff for, as far as possible, preventing the absorbent article from being compressed or otherwise deformed in an uncontrolled manner during use of the article. 25 The stiffening element 6 should exhibit a stiffness that is higher than the material of the absorbent article 1 that surrounds the stiffening element. In relation to the embodiment described here, this means that the stiffening element 6 should be stiffer than the (lower) absorbent member 20. That the stiffness of the stiffening element 6 is higher than its surroundings has the 30 effect that folding indications are provided along and/or around the stiffening element 6. These folding indications, together with e.g. the size and WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 14 geometry of the stiffening element 6, determine which shape the article 1 will acquire during use. Preferably, the stiffening element 6 exhibits a stiffness in a dry state in the 5 order of 1-15 N as measured according to ASTM D 4032-82. The stiffening elements can have a variety of shapes and positions depending on the shape desired. Various advantageous shapes of absorbent articles are known to the person skilled in the art. In any case, the stiffening 10 element(s) is/are arranged to, at least during use of the article, provide the article with a certain, predetermined shape that enhances the fit of the article to the wearer's body. A stiffening element may have a flat form before use but take a three-dimensional shape upon use of the article, i.e. when the article is affected by compressive forces generated by the thighs of the 15 wearer. Alternatively, a stiffening element may have a three-dimensional shape already before use of the article. Preferably, the stiffening element(s) 6 is/are arranged such as to, at least during use of the article, provide the article with one or several of the 20 following shapes: - A width H at a transition 27 (see figure 2) between the crotch portion 3 and the front portion 2 that is less than the width at the front portion 2. This allows anchoring of the article to/between the thigh muscle tendons of the user and prevents the article from moving backwards during use. Preferably, the width 25 H is in the range 15-45 mm. - A three-dimensional bowl-like shape in an area in the front portion 2. This enhances the body fit. - A ridge-shaped elevation that partially extends between the wearer's buttocks during use of the article. This prevents rearward leakage. 30 - A raised portion (hump) intended to make contact with the genitals of the wearer during use of the article. This provides for better absorption of bodily fluids.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 15 Figures 2-4 show absorbent articles according to the invention as seen from above with the main purpose of showing examples of preferred geometries of the stiffening element(s) 6. Thus, the upper side 25 of the (lower) absorption 5 member and the outer side 12 of the stiffening element face upwards in these figures. Any upper absorption members are not shown. The position of the absorbent body 20b is indicated with a dashed line. Figure 2 shows an absorbent article 100 according to the invention with a first 10 example of a suitable shape of a stiffening element 60. In this example the stiffening element 60 is flat and has a shape similar to what is shown in EP 1395218. A peripheral edge of the stiffening element 60 is indicated by the reference number 62. 15 Main features of the stiffening element 60, besides the flatness, are inter alia: i) that it extends in the longitudinal direction of the article 100 over the crotch portion 3 and at least some way in over the front portion 2; ii) that it has a width H at the transition 27 between the crotch and front portions 3, 2 that is within the range of 15-45 mm; iii) that it has a length G in the crotch portion 3 20 within the range of 70-120 mm; iv) that the side edges of the stiffening element 60, in the direction from the crotch area in over the front portion 2, form an acute angle a (i.e. < 900, preferably 35-550) with a line in the longitudinal direction of the article 100; and v) that it also extends some way in over the rear portion 4 and has a wedge-shaped cutout 66 extending from 25 a rear end edge of the stiffening element 60 in a direction towards the crotch portion 3, as a result of which the product is during use imparted a fold along the longitudinal direction of the article 100 in said cutout 66, which fold extends into the cleft between the buttocks of the wearer during use of the article 100. These features all contribute to the fit of the article to the wearer 30 during use. One or several of these features may be used to enhance the fit of the article.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 16 Figure 3 shows, in a schematic view, an absorbent article 101 according to the invention with a second example of a suitable shape of a stiffening element. In this case the stiffening element comprises three parts; one front element 70 located in the front portion 2 and two rear, elongated elements 5 70' that extend in parallel in the longitudinal direction in part of the rear portion 4 and part of the crotch portion 3 of the article 101. In the example shown, the rear elements 70, 70' are rectangular in order to simplify production and avoid wastage. Of course, these elements may be more or less rounded off such as to increase comfort (avoid chafe). Also the front 10 element 70 may be rectangular, and perhaps rounded off, to simplify production and avoid wastage. The front element provides a three dimensional bowl-like shape in an area in the front portion 2. The rear elements provide a fold in the longitudinal direction of the article 101 in similarity to the rear part of the stiffening element shown in figure 2. In the 15 example shown in figure 3, an absence of stiffening elements in the transition zone 27 between the front and crotch portions 2, 3 provides for a suitable width of the article 101 in this position. As shown in figures 2 and 3, the inventive absorption article 100, 101 may be 20 provided with fastening wings 30 provided with adhesives (not shown in the figures) for enhanced attachment of the article to the undergarments of the wearer. Such wings are well known to the person skilled in the art. Figure 4 shows, in a schematic view, an absorbent article 102 according to 25 the invention with a third example of a suitable shape of a stiffening element 80. In this case the stiffening element 80 has the shape of a spoon with a three-dimensional bowl-shaped part located in the front portion 2 and a more narrow part extending longitudinally and centrally over the crotch portion 3, where a hump is formed, and somewhat into the rear portion 4 as to produce 30 a rearward leakage protection as described above.

WO 2010/101500 PCT/SE2009/050237 17 The invention is not limited by the embodiments described above but can be modified in various ways within the scope of the claims. For instance, the inventive stiffening element 6, 60, 70, 70', 80 irrespective of whether it comprises hook material, friction adhesive material or a combination thereof, 5 does not necessarily have to be made entirely of this or these materials. The stiffening element may e.g. comprise layers of different materials that together build up the total stiffness. What is important is that the stiffness is sufficient for giving the absorbent article a suitable, predetermined shape during use and that the outer side of the stiffening element exhibits 10 mechanical fastening properties. The inventive absorbent article 1, 100, 101, 102 may or may not include the upper absorption member 5 shown in figure 1. The upper and lower absorption members 5, 20 may be packaged or sold separately and be 15 assembled by a user prior to use. Either or both of the upper and lower absorption members 5, 20 is/are preferably provided with markers for proper positioning of the upper absorption member 5 onto the lower absorption member 20. For instance, the upper side 25 of the lower absorption member 20 can be provided with a marker in the form of a line corresponding to an 20 outer edge of the upper absorption member 5. The stiffening element 6, 60, 70, 70', 80 may be articulated for increasing longitudinal flexibility of the article. "Hinges" for this purpose can be arranged in the form of longitudinally distributed slits or hook-free regions if the piece of 25 material making up the stiffening element comprises a hook material. Foam is an example of a material useful for forming the stiffening element 6, 60, 70, 70', 80. 30 The stiffening element 6, 60, 70, 70', 80 can be secured to the upper side 25 of the absorption member 20 by means of e.g. adhesives and/or treatment by ultrasonic waves, heat or lazer.

18 The lower, secondary absorption member 20 may be arranged to be capable of absorbing larger volumes of fluids and thereby be suitable for handling of urination, or it could be arranged to be capable of absorbing only small volumes of fluids, a few ml, and thereby mainly work as an additional, safety absorption 5 member. Of course, it can also be arranged to be capable of absorbing fluid volumes that are between "larger" and "small". Comprises/comprising and grammatical variations thereof when used in this specification are to be taken to specify the presence of stated features, integers, 10 steps or components or groups thereof, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, components or groups thereof. 15

Claims (17)

1. An absorbent article having a longitudinal direction and a transverse direction, a front portion, a rear portion, and a crotch portion located between the front portion and the rear portion, said article comprising: - an absorption member having an upper side intended to face a wearer during use of the article and a lower side intended to face away from the wearer during use of the article, and - a stiffening element that, at least during use of the article, provides the article with a predetermined shape that enhances the fit of the article to the wearer's body, wherein the stiffening element is secured to the upper side of the absorption member such that an outer side of the stiffening element faces away from the absorption member, and the stiffening element comprises a material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties, wherein at least a part of the outer side of the stiffening element exhibits said mechanical fastening properties, and wherein the stiffening element that is arranged on the upper side of the absorption member includes a wedge shaped cutout extending from a rear end edge in a direction toward the crotch portion.
2. The absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties also contributes to the stiffness of the stiffening element.
3. The absorbent article according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties is a hook material having hooks protruding from the outer side of the stiffening element.
4. The absorbent article according to claim 3, wherein the hook material comprises a hook carrier layer to which layer the hooks are secured, and wherein the hook material contributes to the stiffness of the stiffening member.
5. The absorbent article according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the hook material constitutes the stiffening element. 20
6. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the material exhibiting mechanical fastening properties is a friction adhesive material.
7. The absorbent article according to claim 6, wherein the friction adhesive material constitutes the stiffening element.
8. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the stiffening element exhibits a stiffness that is higher than a part of the absorbent article that surrounds the stiffening element.
9. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the stiffening element is stiffer than the absorption member.
10. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the absorption member includes an absorbent body for absorbing body fluids and a liquid-impermeable back sheet arranged at the lower side of the absorption member.
11. The absorbent article according to claim 10, wherein the absorbent member comprises a liquid-permeable top-sheet arranged at the upper side of the absorption member, and wherein the absorbent body is arranged between the top-sheet and the back sheet.
12. The absorbent article according to claim 11, wherein the stiffening element forms at least a part of the top-sheet.
13. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the article further comprises an upper absorption member that is detachably attachable to the stiffening element such as to be positioned on top of the absorption member to which the stiffening element is secured.
14. The absorbent article according to any one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the absorption member to which the stiffening element is secured extends further to the transversal direction than the upper absorption member. 21
15. The absorbent article according to claim 14, wherein the absorption member to which the stiffening element is secured also extends further in the longitudinal direction than the upper absorption member.
16. The absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the stiffening element is arranged to allow through-flow of body fluids.
17. The absorbent article according to claim 1, wherein the stiffening element that is arranged on the upperside of the absorption member includes a circular portion arranged in the front portion. SCA HYGIENE PRODUCTS AB WATERMARK PATENT AND TRADE MARKS ATTORNEYS P34743AU00
AU2009341626A 2009-03-06 2009-03-06 Absorbent article comprising a detachable stiffening element Expired - Fee Related AU2009341626B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/SE2009/050237 WO2010101500A1 (en) 2009-03-06 2009-03-06 Absorbent article comprising a detachable stiffening element

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU2009341626A1 AU2009341626A1 (en) 2011-09-22
AU2009341626B2 true AU2009341626B2 (en) 2014-10-30

Family

ID=42709892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU2009341626A Expired - Fee Related AU2009341626B2 (en) 2009-03-06 2009-03-06 Absorbent article comprising a detachable stiffening element

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US8715260B2 (en)
EP (1) EP2403449A4 (en)
CN (1) CN102341070B (en)
AU (1) AU2009341626B2 (en)
RU (1) RU2478355C1 (en)
WO (1) WO2010101500A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20120109092A1 (en) * 2010-11-03 2012-05-03 Austin Jennifer J Quick-attach sanitary absorbent article assembly
PL2545798T3 (en) * 2011-07-13 2018-07-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Sanitary product system

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030163105A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a pair of fringes

Family Cites Families (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1242551A (en) * 1983-12-19 1988-10-04 Morris K. Swieringa Reinforced batt for disposable absorbent article
AT148831T (en) 1991-07-23 1997-02-15 Procter & Gamble Curved absorbent moldings
US5260015A (en) 1991-08-16 1993-11-09 Velcro Industries, B.V. Method for making a laminated hook fastener
WO1993021879A1 (en) 1992-04-28 1993-11-11 The Procter & Gamble Company Generally thin, flexible sanitary napkin with stiffened center
US5300058A (en) 1992-12-10 1994-04-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Disposable absorbent article having an improved mechanical fastening system
US5778457A (en) 1995-12-20 1998-07-14 Intellitecs International Ltd. Hygienic panty and quick-attach pad
JP2899795B2 (en) 1996-02-08 1999-06-02 充加 貫名 Multilayered sanitary articles and a method for manufacturing the same, and a composite absorbent sheet for multi-layer catamenial
DE69713357D1 (en) 1996-10-21 2002-07-18 Procter & Gamble combined absorbent article
SE514455C2 (en) 1996-11-15 2001-02-26 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article such as a sanitary napkin, an incontinence pad, a panty liner or the like
JPH10201504A (en) 1997-01-20 1998-08-04 Ykk Corp Engaging member for hook-and-loop fastener obtained by unified molding
SE509537C2 (en) 1997-06-24 1999-02-08 Moelnlycke Ab Absorbent article with improved body contact
SE514972C2 (en) 1999-09-09 2001-05-21 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Sanitary napkin with a longitudinal ridge in its rear part
US6764477B1 (en) 1999-10-01 2004-07-20 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Center-fill absorbent article with reusable frame member
US6543099B1 (en) 2000-06-02 2003-04-08 Velcro Industries B.V. Varying the loop engageability of fastener element arrays
SE518908C2 (en) * 2001-04-20 2002-12-03 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article with improved fit
SE518910C2 (en) 2001-04-20 2002-12-03 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article with improved fit
SE518909C2 (en) * 2001-04-20 2002-12-03 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article with improved fit
SE520686C2 (en) * 2001-12-06 2003-08-12 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article with improved fit
US7156832B2 (en) 2001-12-06 2007-01-02 Sca Hygiene Products Ab Absorbent Article having a stiffening element and elongate through-hole
DE10310893B4 (en) 2003-03-11 2015-07-02 Caterpillar Global Mining Europe Gmbh Assembly of the hydraulic components as well as actuators and / or sensors for underground mining
US20040260258A1 (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-12-23 Adrienne Hall Absorbent article having removable, edge-stiffening element
SE0302433D0 (en) 2003-09-12 2003-09-12 Sca Hygiene Prod Ab Absorbent article comprising a retaining system
US20050131372A1 (en) 2003-12-10 2005-06-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles with removable protective wing portions
US7608070B2 (en) 2004-09-30 2009-10-27 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Foam-based fasteners
EP1702599A1 (en) 2005-03-18 2006-09-20 3M Innovative Properties Company Absorbent article
CN101321546A (en) 2005-11-30 2008-12-10 Sca卫生产品股份公司 Absorbent article
JP4976067B2 (en) 2006-07-03 2012-07-18 大王製紙株式会社 The absorbent article
AT464804T (en) 2006-11-10 2010-05-15 Velcro Ind Flexible Velcro products
CN201070423Y (en) 2007-08-08 2008-06-11 杨玉花 Bamboo fibre diaper

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030163105A1 (en) * 2002-02-22 2003-08-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent article having a pair of fringes

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2478355C1 (en) 2013-04-10
WO2010101500A1 (en) 2010-09-10
EP2403449A1 (en) 2012-01-11
US20110319856A1 (en) 2011-12-29
US8715260B2 (en) 2014-05-06
AU2009341626A1 (en) 2011-09-22
CN102341070A (en) 2012-02-01
CN102341070B (en) 2014-07-09
EP2403449A4 (en) 2013-06-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
KR100738793B1 (en) Pant-like Disposable Absorbent Articles with a Releasable Line of Weakness and a Fastener
EP1194097B1 (en) Disposable absorbent article with waist barrier including body-friendly adhesive
CN102300532B (en) Dynamic fitting body adhering absorbent article
AU642435B2 (en) A sanitary napkin or incontinence guard
US6114597A (en) Absorbent product for receiving body fluids
US6632210B1 (en) Sanitary napkin with intergluteal strip
US6613031B2 (en) Sanitary napkin with intergluteal strip
KR100837198B1 (en) Absorptive products
US7122022B2 (en) Absorbent product with fastening arrangements
JP4350791B2 (en) Pants-type disposable diaper cover
US7927322B2 (en) Body-adhering personal care product
EP0776186B1 (en) A sanitary napkin
EP0985397A2 (en) Sanitary napkin
US6423043B1 (en) Absorbent articles with improved body contact
JP2006181156A (en) Sanitary napkin
US20090062761A1 (en) Attachment Pattern for Undergarment Attached Absorbent Articles
EP1208823A1 (en) Absorbent articles with asymmetric flaps
KR20090091318A (en) Absorbing article
JP2010246614A (en) Absorptive article
JPH07328063A (en) The absorbent article
CZ20022029A3 (en) Sanitary napkin with adjustable length intergluteal strip
KR101663848B1 (en) Article with fluid-activated barriers
JP2010131297A (en) Absorbent article
HU217879B (en) Absorbent diapers
KR20020077282A (en) Dynamic fitting compound sanitary napkin

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
MK1 Application lapsed section 142(2)(a) - no request for examination in relevant period
NB Applications allowed - extensions of time section 223(2)

Free format text: THE TIME IN WHICH TO REQUEST EXAMINATION HAS BEEN EXTENDED TO 06 APR 2014 .

MK25 Application lapsed reg. 22.2i(2) - failure to pay acceptance fee