AT515047B1 - Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems - Google Patents

Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems Download PDF

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Publication number
AT515047B1
AT515047B1 ATA809/2013A AT8092013A AT515047B1 AT 515047 B1 AT515047 B1 AT 515047B1 AT 8092013 A AT8092013 A AT 8092013A AT 515047 B1 AT515047 B1 AT 515047B1
Authority
AT
Austria
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
module
switching
arrangement
modules
Prior art date
Application number
ATA809/2013A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
AT515047A1 (en
Inventor
Ing Uran Herbert
Original Assignee
Es Esolutions Gmbh Elektrotechnik Und Photovoltaik
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Es Esolutions Gmbh Elektrotechnik Und Photovoltaik filed Critical Es Esolutions Gmbh Elektrotechnik Und Photovoltaik
Priority to ATA809/2013A priority Critical patent/AT515047B1/en
Publication of AT515047A1 publication Critical patent/AT515047A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AT515047B1 publication Critical patent/AT515047B1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02HEMERGENCY PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS
    • H02H5/00Emergency protective circuit arrangements for automatic disconnection directly responsive to an undesired change from normal non-electric working conditions with or without subsequent reconnection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S50/00Monitoring or testing of PV systems, e.g. load balancing or fault identification
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/38Arrangements for parallely feeding a single network by two or more generators, converters or transformers
    • H02J3/388Islanding, i.e. disconnection of local power supply from the network
    • Y02E10/563

Abstract

An arrangement for at least partially switching on and off a photovoltaic system (4) comprises a central module (1), a control module (6) and switching modules (5) which are provided between or in photovoltaic modules (3) of the photovoltaic system (4). The switching modules (5) disconnect / close the electrical connection between photovoltaic modules (3) of the photovoltaic system (4) as soon as the central module (1) has received a corresponding switching command from the control module (6). After switching off the switching modules (5), there is no high (dangerous) voltage from the photovoltaic system (4).

Description

Patent Office
Description: The invention relates to an arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems on and off in accordance with the preamble of patent claim 1.
If work is to be carried out on photovoltaic systems, for example by emergency personnel in the event of a fire or in other dangerous situations, it is necessary that the build-up of dangerous voltages which could endanger the operational personnel is prevented. In particular, it is important that the current shortcomings regarding the correct extinguishing behavior of fire brigades in photovoltaic systems are eliminated.
DE 10 2010 054 354 A1, from which the invention is based, shows, in particular in FIG. 5 in conjunction with paragraph [0054], a system for switching off a photovoltaic system in an emergency situation. In paragraph [0005] safety for firefighters in use is mentioned. In DE 10 2010 054 354 A1, switches are arranged between photovoltaic modules. According to paragraph [0055] of DE 2010 054 354 A1, a single switch-off signal is generated and fed in via the electrical conduction means of the string of the individual photovoltaic modules. According to DE 10 2010 054 354 A1, a device for generating a shutdown signal common to the photovoltaic modules is provided.
US 2013/0249297 A1 and EP 2 662 844 A2 deal with the monitoring of photovoltaic systems, an alarm being to be triggered in the event of a malfunction, and the photovoltaic system possibly being switched off by the triggered alarm.
The invention has for its object to provide an arrangement that does justice to the above-mentioned fact.
This object is achieved according to the invention with an arrangement which has the features of claim 1.
Preferred and advantageous embodiments of the arrangement according to the invention are the subject of the dependent claims.
In the invention, bidirectional communication is possible, whereas in DE 10 2010 054 354 A1 only unidirectional communication is provided, which is moreover only possible when it is switched on.
In the invention, communication with any switching module is possible at any time. The switching states can be changed at any time.
Since at least one central module is provided in the arrangement according to the invention, to which at least one control module and at least one switching module is assigned, the status of the photovoltaic system can be queried using the control module by emergency personnel after entering a unique system code and, if this is switched on, the at least partially switching off the photovoltaic system are triggered. The control module does not have to be permanently assigned to the central module, but can be used for any central module.
In a preferred embodiment, the control module enables emergency personnel after entering the system code to query the status of the photovoltaic system and to switch off the system in particular wirelessly, that is to say from a safe distance. The invention provides that the current state of the photovoltaic system is displayed on the control module and that possible errors and dangers are pointed out.
In a preferred embodiment, the central module provided in the arrangement according to the invention takes up the entire logic of the system, that is to say the arrangement including the photovoltaic system. The central module is used to monitor the status of the photovoltaic system, to switch it on and off and to provide the status to the control module.
In a preferred embodiment, the monitoring of the state comprises every / 6
AT515 047 B1 2019-08-15 Austrian
Patent Office
Switch modules and the central module itself.
The switching on or off of the photovoltaic system is carried out in the invention when a corresponding signal is sent from a control module within the range of the central module. The prerequisite for this to be carried out is that a unique system code (code of the central module) is entered on the control module.
It can be provided within the scope of the invention that a very specific procedure is followed during switching operations (when switching on and off).
In a preferred embodiment it is provided that the current state of the photovoltaic system is only delivered to the control module if the correct system code has been entered.
The at least one switch module provided in the arrangement according to the invention interrupts in a preferred embodiment photovoltaic cable between photovoltaic modules of the photovoltaic system or separates the photovoltaic module from the rest of the photovoltaic system as soon as the central module has received the corresponding command from a control module. In this way, the voltage on the photovoltaic system is reduced to such an extent that there are no more voltages that can be dangerous for the emergency services.
When the photovoltaic system is switched on again, it is provided that the switch in at least one switching module returns to the conductive state or connects the photovoltaic module again to the rest of the photovoltaic system.
[0019] The arrangement according to the invention can additionally comprise an evaluation module that establishes a connection to the Internet. The current status and the current and previous electrical parameters of the photovoltaic system are transmitted from the evaluation module to a central server. In this way, the functionality and the system performance can be monitored.
In one embodiment of the invention, it can be provided that when problems occur in the photovoltaic system, these are recognized and prompted with the aid of the evaluation module, so that maintenance personnel are prompted to correct the fault in the photovoltaic system.
Further details and advantages and features of the invention will become apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment with reference to the drawing, in which an arrangement according to the invention is shown schematically.
The centerpiece of the arrangement according to the invention is a central module 1, which is connected to the photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4 via photovoltaic cables 2.
Between or in the photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4, switching modules 5 are arranged which can be actuated via the central module 1 for switching on and off, so that the sum of the voltage of all photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4 is not applied to the photovoltaic cables 2, but only the voltage of individual photovoltaic modules 3, since the connection between or in the individual photovoltaic modules 3 is interrupted or bridged by the switching modules 5 when these are in the non-conductive state. Depending on the need, a switching module 5 can be arranged between two photovoltaic modules 3 or only partially between two photovoltaic modules 3, or it can be in each photovoltaic module 3 or only a part of the photovoltaic modules 3, e.g. a switching module 5 can be arranged at every 3rd or 4th photovoltaic module 3.
The arrangement according to the invention further comprises a control module 6, which communicates with the central module 1 via a secure communication channel 7, in particular an encrypted communication channel 7, in order to issue control commands for switching the switching modules 5 and, if provided, information about the central module 1 receives the state of the photovoltaic system 4.
2.6
AT515 047 B1 2019-08-15 Austrian
Patent Office In the embodiment of the arrangement according to the invention shown in the drawing, an evaluation module 8 is also provided, which is linked to the central module 1, for example via a radio link 9, and supplies an evaluation server 10 with relevant system data via the Internet 11.
The control module 6 provided in the arrangement according to the invention is able to establish a secure communication 7 with the central module 1. The system code of the photovoltaic system 4 to be controlled can be entered via the control module 6.
At the control module 6, the structure of the photovoltaic system 4, the system code has been entered, can be shown schematically. It is provided that the schematic representation of the photovoltaic system 4 is output by the central module 1 to the control module 6.
With the help of the control module 6, after the secure communication channel 7 has been set up and the correct system code has been entered, the switching off and on again of the photovoltaic system 4 or the switching of the switching modules 5 can be triggered.
Any errors that occur during switching operations can be displayed on the control module 6. In the invention, it is considered to display status codes for the switching modules 5 on the control module 6 by means of appropriate displays, for example:
[0030] switched on (red),
Switched off (green),
Unreachable / warning (orange).
In addition, a display can be provided on the control module 6, which is active when an attempted power cut was unsuccessful. This display can be a visual and / or acoustic signal.
The central module 1 is able to establish a secure communication channel 7 to the control module 6.
In the central module 1, the system code is clearly entered in the factory and preferably cannot be changed. The schematic representation of the photovoltaic system 4 that can be transmitted to the control module 6 is stored in the central module 1.
In the central module 1, a non-volatile memory can be provided, which retrospectively logs every access to the photovoltaic system 4 by a control module 6 or an evaluation module 8.
The control module 6 sends authorized commands to those central modules for which the correct system code has been entered, whereupon the central module 1 causes the switching modules 5 to carry out switching operations.
The central module 1 emits a corresponding feedback or error message to the control module 6 connected to it after the execution of commands.
It is further provided that the central module 1 communicates with all the switching modules 5 arranged in a photovoltaic system 4 at regular intervals. Switching modules 5 that do not respond are marked internally as unreachable. This circumstance is passed on to the control module 5 and / or the evaluation module 8 when a control module and / or the evaluation module 8 is connected to the central module 1.
[0038] The shutdown process can, for example, proceed as follows:
Switching off the direct current flow and instructing all switch modules 5 located in the photovoltaic system 4 to open their switch. The switch-on method can look as follows:
3.6
AT515 047 B1 2019-08-15 Austrian
Patent Office [0042] - Application to the switching modules 5 to close their switches and [0043] - Reactivation of the direct current flow.
The switching modules 5 provided in the arrangement according to the invention between photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4 (string) can also be able to communicate with the central module 1 when the switch is open and the direct current flow is switched off.
In one embodiment it is provided that photovoltaic cables 2 are the exclusive communication medium between switching modules 5 and central module 1. Instructions for switching the switching modules 5 on and off are preferably carried out immediately upon receipt of the command (from the control module 6 via the central module 1).
The possibly provided evaluation module 8 can receive an IP address via DHCP. In particular, it is provided that the evaluation module 8 automatically establishes a connection to the Internet 11.
In one embodiment, the evaluation module 8 is designed such that it can establish a secure communication channel 9 with the central module 1.
In the evaluation module 8, the connection status to the evaluation server 10 on the one hand and to the central module 1 on the other hand can be visibly displayed. The system code can be stored in encrypted form on the evaluation module 8.
In a preferred embodiment, the evaluation module 8 reads the state and electrical parameters of the photovoltaic system 4 from the central module 1 at regular intervals and sends the state and electrical parameters of the photovoltaic system 4 to the evaluation server 10.
The evaluation server 10 controlled by the evaluation module 8 is able to receive the state and electrical parameters of photovoltaic systems 4 from any number of evaluation modules 8.
The data received in the process can be stored in a DB structure. It is important to ensure that the data is always assigned to the correct central module 1.
Furthermore, the location belonging to each central module 1 and the responsible fitter can be stored in the evaluation server 10.
Faults in the photovoltaic system 4 or in the arrangement according to the invention can immediately trigger an optical and / or acoustic alarm.
In summary, an embodiment of the arrangement according to the invention can be described as follows:
An arrangement for at least partially switching a photovoltaic system 4 on and off comprises a central module 1, a control module 6 and switching modules 5 which are provided between or in the case of photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4. The switching modules 5 separate / close the electrical connection between or in the case of photovoltaic modules 3 of the photovoltaic system 4 as soon as the central module 1 has received a corresponding switching command from the control module 6. After switching off the switching modules 5, there is no high (dangerous) voltage from the photovoltaic system 4.

Claims (11)

  1. Patent Office
    claims
    1. Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems (4) on and off with at least two photovoltaic modules (3), a switching module (5) being provided between the photovoltaic modules (3), which provides the electrical connection between the photovoltaic modules (3) of the photovoltaic system (4 ) separates or closes, characterized in that a central module (1) and a control module (6) are provided, the central module (1) actuating the switching module (5) after receiving a command from the control module (6) in order to switch the switching module (5 ) to switch on or off that the connection between control module (6) and central module (1) is a communication channel (7), in particular a secured communication channel (7), is that the control module (6) shows the current state of the photovoltaic system (4), in particular indicates the switching state of the switching module (5) or at least one of the switching modules (5) and that on the control module (6) a display device for the states is switched on, switched off and / or the switch modules (5) of the photovoltaic system (4) are not accessible.
  2. 2. Arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the control module (6) after entering the code of the photovoltaic system (4) is connected to the central module (1).
  3. 3. Arrangement according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that an evaluation module (8) is provided, via which the central module (1) transmits the state and electrical parameters of the photovoltaic system (4) to an evaluation server (10).
  4. 4. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that a display device for displaying the photovoltaic system (4) is provided on the central module (1).
  5. 5. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that a non-volatile memory is provided in the central module (1), in which accesses by the control module (6) and / or the evaluation module (8) are stored for at least a predetermined time are.
  6. 6. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the central module (1) via photovoltaic cable (2) with the photovoltaic modules (3) of the photovoltaic system (4) is connected.
  7. 7. Arrangement according to one of claims 3 to 6, characterized in that the evaluation module (8) via the Internet (11) is connected to an evaluation server (10).
  8. 8. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that on the control module (1) a display for a preferably schematic representation of the photovoltaic system (4) and its actual state is provided.
  9. 9. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the central module (1), the control module (6) and / or the optionally provided evaluation module (8) is assigned a signal device for emitting acoustic and / or optical signals, wherein the signals indicate the result of a switching operation.
  10. 10. Arrangement according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that a preferably schematic representation of the photovoltaic system (4) is stored in the central module (1).
  11. 11. Arrangement according to one of claims 3 to 10, characterized in that the evaluation module (8) is assigned an evaluation server (10) on which the states and electrical parameters of at least one photovoltaic system (4) are output.
ATA809/2013A 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems AT515047B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ATA809/2013A AT515047B1 (en) 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ATA809/2013A AT515047B1 (en) 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AT515047A1 AT515047A1 (en) 2015-05-15
AT515047B1 true AT515047B1 (en) 2019-08-15

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Family Applications (1)

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ATA809/2013A AT515047B1 (en) 2013-10-21 2013-10-21 Arrangement for switching photovoltaic systems

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AT (1) AT515047B1 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011028457A2 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 Tigo Energy, Inc. Systems and methods for an enhanced watchdog in solar module installations
DE102010054354A1 (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-06-14 Ingmar Kruse Method for switching off a photovoltaic system and photovoltaic system
US20130249297A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-09-26 Paceo Corp. Energy recovery from a photovoltaic array
EP2662844A2 (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-11-13 Area Energy Limited Alarm apparatus for connection to a photovoltaic array

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011028457A2 (en) * 2009-09-03 2011-03-10 Tigo Energy, Inc. Systems and methods for an enhanced watchdog in solar module installations
DE102010054354A1 (en) * 2010-12-13 2012-06-14 Ingmar Kruse Method for switching off a photovoltaic system and photovoltaic system
US20130249297A1 (en) * 2012-01-12 2013-09-26 Paceo Corp. Energy recovery from a photovoltaic array
EP2662844A2 (en) * 2012-05-11 2013-11-13 Area Energy Limited Alarm apparatus for connection to a photovoltaic array

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