ZA7301774B - Two stage gasification of coal with forced reactant mixing and steam treatment of recycled char - Google Patents

Two stage gasification of coal with forced reactant mixing and steam treatment of recycled char

Info

Publication number
ZA7301774B
ZA7301774B ZA731774A ZA7301774A ZA7301774B ZA 7301774 B ZA7301774 B ZA 7301774B ZA 731774 A ZA731774 A ZA 731774A ZA 7301774 A ZA7301774 A ZA 7301774A ZA 7301774 B ZA7301774 B ZA 7301774B
Authority
ZA
South Africa
Prior art keywords
coal
forced
steam treatment
stage gasification
reactant mixing
Prior art date
Application number
ZA731774A
Inventor
E Donath
Original Assignee
Bituminous Coal Research
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US23736072A priority Critical
Application filed by Bituminous Coal Research filed Critical Bituminous Coal Research
Publication of ZA7301774B publication Critical patent/ZA7301774B/en

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/46Gasification of granular or pulverulent flues in suspension
    • C10J3/466Entrained flow processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C07ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C07CACYCLIC OR CARBOCYCLIC COMPOUNDS
    • C07C1/00Preparation of hydrocarbons from one or more compounds, none of them being a hydrocarbon
    • C07C1/02Preparation of hydrocarbons from one or more compounds, none of them being a hydrocarbon from oxides of a carbon
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/46Gasification of granular or pulverulent flues in suspension
    • C10J3/48Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/482Gasifiers with stationary fluidised bed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/46Gasification of granular or pulverulent flues in suspension
    • C10J3/48Apparatus; Plants
    • C10J3/485Entrained flow gasifiers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/721Multistage gasification, e.g. plural parallel or serial gasification stages
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/74Construction of shells or jackets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/74Construction of shells or jackets
    • C10J3/76Water jackets; Steam boiler-jackets
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/78High-pressure apparatus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/82Gas withdrawal means
    • C10J3/84Gas withdrawal means with means for removing dust or tar from the gas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/82Gas withdrawal means
    • C10J3/84Gas withdrawal means with means for removing dust or tar from the gas
    • C10J3/845Quench rings
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/093Coal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0946Waste, e.g. MSW, tires, glass, tar sand, peat, paper, lignite, oil shale
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0959Oxygen
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0973Water
    • C10J2300/0979Water as supercritical steam
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/18Details of the gasification process, e.g. loops, autothermal operation
    • C10J2300/1807Recycle loops, e.g. gas, solids, heating medium, water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/18Details of the gasification process, e.g. loops, autothermal operation
    • C10J2300/1861Heat exchange between at least two process streams
    • C10J2300/1884Heat exchange between at least two process streams with one stream being synthesis gas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/18Details of the gasification process, e.g. loops, autothermal operation
    • C10J2300/1861Heat exchange between at least two process streams
    • C10J2300/1892Heat exchange between at least two process streams with one stream being water/steam
ZA731774A 1972-03-23 1973-03-14 Two stage gasification of coal with forced reactant mixing and steam treatment of recycled char ZA7301774B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US23736072A true 1972-03-23 1972-03-23

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
ZA7301774B true ZA7301774B (en) 1974-10-30

Family

ID=22893398

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ZA731774A ZA7301774B (en) 1972-03-23 1973-03-14 Two stage gasification of coal with forced reactant mixing and steam treatment of recycled char

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US3782913A (en)
JP (1) JPS522924B2 (en)
CA (1) CA991853A (en)
DE (1) DE2312283A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2177089A1 (en)
GB (1) GB1393636A (en)
ZA (1) ZA7301774B (en)

Families Citing this family (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL7314390A (en) * 1973-10-19 1975-04-22 Shell Int Research A process for the preparation of a gas.
JPS5735232B2 (en) * 1974-07-03 1982-07-28
US4135893A (en) * 1974-07-08 1979-01-23 Cogas Development Company Mixing method and device
SE390420B (en) * 1974-10-01 1976-12-20 Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags Ab Except for the conversion of carbonaceous materials into a gas mixture containing spirit CO and H71? 2
US3971636A (en) * 1974-12-23 1976-07-27 Gulf Oil Corporation Condensate scrubbing of coal gasifier product
US3971637A (en) * 1974-12-23 1976-07-27 Gulf Oil Corporation Coal gasification process utilizing waste water from an external process
JPS5348202B2 (en) * 1975-04-05 1978-12-27
US3945809A (en) * 1975-07-08 1976-03-23 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Energy Research And Development Administration Method and apparatus for removing coarse unentrained char particles from the second stage of a two-stage coal gasifier
DE2609320C3 (en) * 1976-03-06 1978-08-17 Kraftwerk Union Ag, 4330 Muelheim
US4069024A (en) * 1977-05-09 1978-01-17 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Two-stage gasification system
US4168956A (en) * 1977-08-18 1979-09-25 Combustion Engineering, Inc. Method of operating a coal gasifier
US4152122A (en) * 1977-12-05 1979-05-01 Syngas International, Ltd. Apparatus for the production of methane containing gas by hydrogasification
US4278445A (en) * 1979-05-31 1981-07-14 Avco Everett Research Laboratory, Inc. Subsonic-velocity entrained-bed gasification of coal
US4278446A (en) * 1979-05-31 1981-07-14 Avco Everett Research Laboratory, Inc. Very-high-velocity entrained-bed gasification of coal
EP0050863A1 (en) * 1980-10-24 1982-05-05 Hitachi, Ltd. Process of and apparatus for gasifying coals
GB2086411B (en) * 1980-10-27 1984-03-28 British Gas Corp Efg process
JPS5776088A (en) * 1980-10-31 1982-05-12 Nippon Kokan Kk <Nkk> Coal gasification using powdered coal and its device
JPS57177091A (en) * 1981-04-24 1982-10-30 Hitachi Ltd Coal gasification furnace
JPS58225191A (en) * 1982-06-24 1983-12-27 Nippon Kokan Kk <Nkk> Coal gasification by fluidized bed and its apparatus
US4415431A (en) * 1982-07-14 1983-11-15 Cities Service Company Integrated oxygasification and hydropyrolysis process for producing liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons
JPS59204686A (en) * 1983-05-10 1984-11-20 Babcock Hitachi Kk Coal gasification furnace
DE3330750A1 (en) * 1983-08-26 1985-03-14 Huels Chemische Werke Ag A process for the production of acetylene and synthesis or reduction gas from coal in an electric arc process
US4606761A (en) * 1983-11-29 1986-08-19 Union Steel Corp. (of So. Africa) Ltd. Reduction of metal compounds
JPS61250095A (en) * 1985-04-30 1986-11-07 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Apparatus for gasifying solid fuel
US4872886A (en) * 1985-11-29 1989-10-10 The Dow Chemical Company Two-stage coal gasification process
FI80066C (en) * 1986-01-22 1991-07-29 Ahlstroem Oy Foerfarande and the arrangement of the Foer foergasning kolhaltigt material.
JPH0455634B2 (en) * 1986-04-09 1992-09-03 Hitachi Ltd
GB2191782A (en) * 1986-06-17 1987-12-23 Midrex Int Bv Method and apparatus for producing upgraded synthetic fuel gas from coal
FI86219C (en) * 1989-04-13 1992-07-27 Ahlstroem Oy Foerfarande and the arrangement of the Foer tillvaratagande vaerme ur fraon foergasnings- eller foerbraenningsprocesser avskilt solid material.
US5431703A (en) * 1993-05-13 1995-07-11 Shell Oil Company Method of quenching synthesis gas
NL9401709A (en) * 1994-10-17 1996-06-03 Kema Nv Method and installation for the gasification of solid fuel.
US20040006917A1 (en) * 2002-07-09 2004-01-15 Wakefield David W. Clean fuel gas made by the gasification of coal
DE102007006981B4 (en) * 2007-02-07 2009-01-29 Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg Process, gasification reactor and plant for entrained flow gasification of solid fuels under pressure
US8221513B2 (en) * 2008-01-29 2012-07-17 Kellogg Brown & Root Llc Low oxygen carrier fluid with heating value for feed to transport gasification
US8460410B2 (en) * 2008-08-15 2013-06-11 Phillips 66 Company Two stage entrained gasification system and process
DE102008049716A1 (en) * 2008-09-30 2010-04-08 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Use of the sensible heat of the raw gas in the flow stream gasification
US20100132257A1 (en) * 2008-12-01 2010-06-03 Kellogg Brown & Root Llc Systems and Methods for Increasing Carbon Dioxide in Gasification
TW201026395A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-07-16 Conocophillips Co Tar-free gasification system and process
US9234148B2 (en) 2009-03-04 2016-01-12 Thyssenkrupp Industrial Solution Ag Process and apparatus for the utilization of the enthalpy of a syngas by additional and post-gasification of renewable fuels
DE102010008384A1 (en) * 2010-02-17 2011-08-18 Uhde GmbH, 44141 Method for utilizing enthalpy of synthesis gas during endothermic gasification reaction of biological raw material, involves introducing fuel into gas so that thermal enthalpy of gas is utilized for gasification reaction of material
DE102010018219A1 (en) * 2010-04-23 2011-10-27 Uhde Gmbh Apparatus and method for the thermal pretreatment of solid feedstocks in a concentric fluidized bed
WO2012073130A2 (en) * 2010-12-03 2012-06-07 Sasol Technology (Proprietary) Limited Gasification of a carbonaceous material
WO2014094217A1 (en) * 2012-12-18 2014-06-26 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Improved coal gasification
MX366490B (en) * 2016-03-04 2019-06-27 Lummus Tech Llc Two-stage gasifier and gasification process with feedstock flexibility.
CN107880938A (en) * 2016-09-30 2018-04-06 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 Pre-heated classification gasification method and device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2177089A1 (en) 1973-11-02
JPS497306A (en) 1974-01-23
CA991853A1 (en)
JPS522924B2 (en) 1977-01-25
US3782913A (en) 1974-01-01
CA991853A (en) 1976-06-29
DE2312283A1 (en) 1973-10-11
AU5351773A (en) 1974-09-26
GB1393636A (en) 1975-05-07

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