WO2024021756A1 - Vehicle system and vehicle having same - Google Patents

Vehicle system and vehicle having same Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2024021756A1
WO2024021756A1 PCT/CN2023/093060 CN2023093060W WO2024021756A1 WO 2024021756 A1 WO2024021756 A1 WO 2024021756A1 CN 2023093060 W CN2023093060 W CN 2023093060W WO 2024021756 A1 WO2024021756 A1 WO 2024021756A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
control
subsystem
vehicle
service data
data information
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PCT/CN2023/093060
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高仕宁
于钊
陈兴
李超
刘晔
马菲菲
王长乐
杜雁南
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中国第一汽车股份有限公司
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Publication of WO2024021756A1 publication Critical patent/WO2024021756A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/02Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements
    • B60R16/023Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements for transmission of signals between vehicle parts or subsystems

Definitions

  • the present application relates to the field of vehicle technology, specifically, to a vehicle system and a vehicle having the same.
  • This application requests the priority of the patent application submitted to the State Intellectual Property Office of China on July 28, 2022, with the application number 202210900885.5 and the invention title "Vehicle system and vehicle having the same”.
  • the main purpose of this application is to provide a vehicle system and a vehicle having the same, so as to solve the problem in the prior art that there is no internal layering of the vehicle system, resulting in the need to make a large number of changes to the entire vehicle system when functions are added.
  • a vehicle system including: a vehicle control system for scheduling at least one component system within the vehicle system, and the component system includes at least one of the following: Electric energy system, thermal energy system, and power system; the first control system is used for the vehicle control system to call the first service data information.
  • the first control system is based on the control information of the vehicle control system and controls any two or more components in the component system.
  • Subsystems are deployed and controlled.
  • the subsystems include: high-voltage system, low-voltage system, cooling system, active heating system, and motor system; the second control system is used for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call the second service data information.
  • the second control system controls the subsystem based on the control information of at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system; the equipment information collection system is used to collect the third service data information of the vehicle equipment, and the equipment information collection system collects the third service data information of the vehicle equipment.
  • the third service data information is stored in the target location for call by the second control system, wherein the vehicle equipment includes at least one of the following: engine, PTC heating element, and air intake grille.
  • the vehicle control system includes: an energy control subsystem.
  • the energy control subsystem is used to control the mutual conversion between different energies when one component system in the vehicle system is switched to another component system, wherein the control process It includes at least one of the following: controlling the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the thermal energy of the thermal energy system, and the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the kinetic energy of the power system.
  • the first control system includes: a thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, which is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information.
  • the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem is based on the thermal energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and controls the thermal energy system.
  • the related subsystems are deployed and controlled, including the deployment and control of the cooling system and the active heating system;
  • the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information.
  • the power collaborative control subsystem is based on the energy control subsystem.
  • the electric energy conversion control is used to allocate and control the subsystems related to the electric energy system, including allocating and controlling the high-voltage system and the low-voltage system; the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information and the power collaborative control subsystem.
  • the control subsystem is based on the kinetic energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem and performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the power system.
  • the second control system includes: a thermal management control subsystem, which is used by the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the thermal management control subsystem controls the thermal energy system based on the control information of the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem. Relevant subsystems are controlled, including: controlling the cooling system and controlling the active heating system.
  • the second control system also includes: a low-voltage control subsystem, used for the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information, and the low-voltage control subsystem controls the low-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem;
  • the high-voltage control subsystem is used by the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the high-voltage control subsystem controls the high-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem.
  • the second control system also includes: a driving control subsystem, which is used for the power cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the driving control subsystem is based on the control information of the power cooperative control subsystem, and controls the power system-related Control subsystems, including: controlling the motor system.
  • the equipment information collection system includes: a thermal management subsystem for collecting third service data information of the thermal management system.
  • the thermal management subsystem stores the third service data information of the thermal management system to a target location for heat management.
  • Control subsystem call; active air intake grille subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the active air intake grille, and the active air intake grille subsystem stores the third service data information of the active air intake grille to the target Location to be called by the thermal management control subsystem.
  • the equipment information collection system also includes: a low-voltage battery subsystem, which is used to collect the third service data information of the low-voltage battery.
  • the low-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the low-voltage battery to a target location for the low-voltage control subsystem.
  • System call the high-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the high-voltage battery.
  • the high-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the high-voltage battery to the target location for call by the high-voltage control subsystem.
  • the equipment information collection system also includes: an engine subsystem for collecting the third service data information of the engine.
  • the engine subsystem stores the third service data information of the engine to a target location for the drive control subsystem to call.
  • a vehicle including a vehicle system, and the vehicle system is the above-mentioned vehicle system.
  • the vehicle system is divided into four layers: the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system, and the vehicle control system, the first control system and the second control system
  • the vehicle control system and the equipment information collection system have different functions respectively.
  • the vehicle control system can call the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system.
  • the first control system can call the second control system.
  • the second control system can call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, but the vehicle control system and the third service data information
  • the first control system cannot directly call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, and the equipment information collection system cannot call the second service data information of the second control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the vehicle control system
  • the second control system cannot call the first service data information of the first control system and the data information of the vehicle control system, and the first control system cannot call the data information of the vehicle control system, thus achieving to a certain extent High cohesion and low coupling between the internal systems of the vehicle system.
  • Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the relationship between the vehicle system control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system according to the embodiment of the vehicle system of the present application;
  • Figure 2 shows a structural block diagram of an embodiment of a vehicle system according to the present application.
  • a vehicle system is provided.
  • the vehicle system includes: a vehicle control system, a first control system, a second control system and an equipment information collection system.
  • the vehicle control system is used to schedule at least one component system within the vehicle system.
  • the component system includes at least one of the following: electrical energy system, thermal energy system, and power system.
  • the first control system is used for the vehicle control system to call the first service data information.
  • the first control system allocates and controls any two or more subsystems in the component system.
  • the subsystems include : High-pressure system, low-pressure system, cooling system, active heating system, motor system.
  • the second control system is used for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call the second service data information.
  • the second control system controls the subsystem based on the control information of at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system.
  • the equipment information collection system is used to collect third service data information of vehicle equipment.
  • the equipment information collection system stores the third service data information to a target location for call by the second control system.
  • the vehicle equipment includes at least one of the following: engine , PTC heating element, air intake grille.
  • the vehicle system is divided into four layers: vehicle control system, first control system, second control system and equipment information collection system, and the vehicle control system, first control system, second control system
  • the system and equipment information collection system have different functions respectively.
  • the vehicle control system can call the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system.
  • the first control system can call the second control system.
  • the second service data information, the second control system can call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, but the vehicle control system and the first control system cannot directly call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, and the equipment
  • the information collection system cannot call the second service data information of the second control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the data information of the vehicle control system.
  • the second control system cannot call the first service data of the first control system.
  • Information and data information of the vehicle control system the first control system cannot call the data information of the vehicle control system, thus achieving high cohesion and low coupling between the internal systems of the vehicle system to a certain extent.
  • the vehicle control system includes an energy control subsystem.
  • the energy control subsystem is used to control the conversion between different energies when one component system in the vehicle system is switched to another component system.
  • the control process includes at least one of the following: controlling the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the thermal energy of the thermal energy system, and the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the kinetic energy of the power system. Specifically, if the vehicle is driving in pure electric driving mode and the electric energy of the electric energy system is not enough to ensure the normal driving of the vehicle, the vehicle control system needs to schedule the power system, which involves switching between the electric energy system and the power system.
  • the energy control subsystem of the vehicle control system controls the mutual conversion of the electrical energy of the battery system and the kinetic energy of the power system.
  • the control process of the energy control subsystem also includes the mutual conversion of chemical energy of the fuel cell system and electrical energy of the electrical energy system.
  • the energy control subsystem can also provide status information of energy conversion and energy usage.
  • the first control system includes a thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, an electric energy collaborative control subsystem and a power collaborative control subsystem.
  • the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information.
  • the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is based on the thermal energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the thermal energy system, including the cooling system. Perform deployment control with the active heating system, specifically, process and coordinate through the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem. Cutting off heating and cooling requests to monitor and adjust the thermal energy system, and coordinate the heating capacity of the active heating system and the cooling capacity of the cooling system through the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem, thereby controlling the temperature of the coolant and the oil temperature of the engine and transmission.
  • the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information.
  • the power collaborative control subsystem is based on the power conversion control of the energy control subsystem and performs deployment control on subsystems related to the power system, including high-voltage systems. Perform deployment control with the low-voltage system.
  • the electric energy cooperative control subsystem processes electrical load activation requests, provides status information of the electric energy system through the electric energy cooperative control subsystem, and monitors and regulates the electric energy system through the electric energy cooperative control subsystem.
  • the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. Based on the kinetic energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, the power collaborative control subsystem performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the power system, including the motor system. and engine system deployment control.
  • the second control system includes a thermal management control subsystem.
  • the thermal management control subsystem is used by the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the thermal management control subsystem is based on the control information of the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem.
  • Control subsystems related to the thermal energy system including: control of the cooling system and control of the active heating system. Specifically, it includes controlling the cooling fan, active air intake grille, cooling water pump, water valve, etc. in the cooling system, as well as controlling the PTC heating element in the active heating system and controlling the natural heat dissipation temperature of the engine.
  • the second control system also includes a low-voltage control subsystem and a high-voltage control system.
  • the low-voltage control subsystem is used for the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the low-voltage control subsystem is based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem. , to control the low-voltage system.
  • the high-voltage control subsystem is used by the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the high-voltage control subsystem controls the high-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem.
  • the low-voltage control subsystem is responsible for controlling low-voltage power equipment and monitoring the status and discharge of low-voltage loads and low-voltage batteries.
  • the high-voltage control subsystem is responsible for controlling high-voltage equipment and monitoring the status and charge and discharge of high-voltage loads and high-voltage batteries.
  • the second control system also includes a drive control subsystem.
  • the drive control subsystem is used for the power collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information.
  • the drive control subsystem controls the power based on the control information of the power collaborative control subsystem.
  • System-related subsystems are controlled, including: controlling the motor system.
  • the drive control subsystem is also used to control the engine system and the power equipment (clutch, gearbox, brake, etc.) in the power system.
  • the equipment information collection system includes a thermal management subsystem and an active air intake grille subsystem.
  • the thermal management subsystem is used to collect third service data information of the thermal management system.
  • the thermal management subsystem integrates the third service data of the thermal management system.
  • the data information is stored in the target location for call by the thermal management control subsystem.
  • the active air intake grille subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the active air intake grille.
  • the active air intake grille subsystem stores the third service data information of the active air intake grille to the target location for heating management. Control subsystem calls.
  • the equipment information collection system also includes a low-voltage battery subsystem and a high-voltage battery subsystem, which are used to collect the third service data information of the low-voltage battery.
  • the low-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the low-voltage battery to the target location, so as to Called by the low voltage control subsystem.
  • the high-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the high-voltage battery.
  • the high-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the high-voltage battery to a target location for call by the high-voltage control subsystem.
  • the equipment information collection system also includes an engine subsystem.
  • the engine subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the engine.
  • the engine subsystem stores the third service data information of the engine to a target location for the drive control subsystem to call. .
  • the equipment information collection system also includes 48V battery subsystem, DCDC subsystem, vehicle charger subsystem, DC/DC charging interface subsystem, gearbox subsystem and accelerator pedal subsystem.
  • the equipment information collection system collects battery, DCDC, Service data information of vehicle equipment such as on-board chargers, DC/DC charging interfaces, gearboxes and accelerator pedals, and the control capabilities and status information of corresponding vehicle equipment are provided through the equipment information collection system for use by the second control system.
  • the whole vehicle control system divides the whole vehicle control system into energy control subsystems according to the functional characteristics of the whole vehicle control system
  • the first control system divides the first control system into thermal energy collaborative control subsystems according to the functional characteristics of the first control system.
  • electric energy collaborative control subsystem and power collaborative control subsystem divides the second control system into thermal management control subsystem, low voltage control subsystem, high voltage control subsystem and drive control according to the functional characteristics of the second control system.
  • subsystem and divide the equipment information collection system into thermal management subsystem, active air intake grille subsystem, low-voltage battery subsystem, high-voltage battery subsystem, and 48V battery subsystem according to the functional characteristics of the equipment information collection system.
  • the second control system reads the third service data information of the corresponding vehicle equipment from the equipment information collection system, and controls the corresponding vehicle equipment, thereby realizing control over the subsystems in the component system. control.
  • multiple control modules of the energy control subsystem can call each other data information
  • the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, the electric energy collaborative control subsystem and the power collaborative control subsystem Mutual calls between control subsystems should be avoided as much as possible
  • mutual calls between the thermal management control subsystem, low voltage control subsystem, high voltage control subsystem and drive control subsystem should be avoided as much as possible
  • equipment information collection there are thermal management subsystem, active air intake grille subsystem, low-voltage battery subsystem, high-voltage battery subsystem, 48V battery subsystem, DCDC subsystem, vehicle charger subsystem, DC/DC charging interface subsystem, engine subsystem
  • the system, gearbox subsystem and accelerator pedal subsystem are prohibited from calling each other.
  • the overall principle of vehicle system layering is that the upper-layer system can call the lower-layer system, but it cannot directly call the lower-layer system, and the lower-layer system cannot call the upper-layer system.
  • the bottom system is the equipment information collection system.
  • the second control system is the upper-level system relative to the equipment information collection system. It is the lower-level system relative to the first control system and the vehicle control system.
  • the first control system is relative to the first control system and equipment information.
  • the acquisition system is an upper-level system, while the vehicle control system is a lower-level system.
  • the vehicle control system is an upper-level system relative to the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system.
  • the vehicle system can be further layered, reducing the strong dependence between the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system in the vehicle system, and further realizing the vehicle There is high cohesion and low coupling between the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system within the system.
  • it is necessary to change the third service data information of the equipment information collection system it is not necessary to It will affect the data information of the vehicle control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system. It solves the problem that there is no layering inside the vehicle system in the existing technology, resulting in the need for additional functions.
  • the problem of making a large number of changes to the entire vehicle system further reduces resource consumption at the entire vehicle level.
  • the vehicle system in the above embodiment can also be applied to the field of vehicle technology. That is, according to another specific embodiment of the present application, a vehicle is also provided, including a vehicle system.
  • the vehicle system is the vehicle system in the above embodiment.
  • spatially relative terms can be used here, such as “on", “on", “on the upper surface of", “above”, etc., to describe what is shown in the figure.
  • the exemplary term “over” may include both orientations “above” and “below.”
  • the device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.

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  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Electric Propulsion And Braking For Vehicles (AREA)

Abstract

A vehicle system, comprising: a vehicle control system for scheduling at least one component system in a whole vehicle system; a first control system for the vehicle control system to call first service data information, wherein the first control system performs deployment control on any two or more subsystems in the component system on the basis of control information of the vehicle control system; a second control system for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call second service data information, wherein the second control system controls the sub-systems on the basis of the control information of at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system; and a device information acquisition system for acquiring third service data information of a vehicle device, wherein the device information acquisition system stores the third service data information to a target position, so that the second control system calls the third service data information. The system solves the problem in the prior art of no layering in vehicle systems. Also disclosed is a vehicle having the system.

Description

车辆系统及具有其的车辆Vehicle systems and vehicles having the same 技术领域Technical field
本申请涉及车辆技术领域,具体而言,涉及一种车辆系统及具有其的车辆。本申请要求于2022年07月28日提交至中国国家知识产权局、申请号为202210900885.5、发明名称为“车辆系统及具有其的车辆”的专利申请的优先权。The present application relates to the field of vehicle technology, specifically, to a vehicle system and a vehicle having the same. This application requests the priority of the patent application submitted to the State Intellectual Property Office of China on July 28, 2022, with the application number 202210900885.5 and the invention title "Vehicle system and vehicle having the same".
背景技术Background technique
目前,随着汽车电气化程度的提高,车辆的功能趋于智能化、场景化,因此需要更多地考虑用户场景及用户体验。更多新的整车功能促进全新的电子电气架构发展,而整车的功能又依赖于车辆系统的控制实现,然而现有的用于控制车辆的动力系统和能量系统的车辆系统为一个整体的系统,车辆系统内部无分层,当车辆系统具有的某一功能变更或者需要增加车辆系统的功能时,需要对整个车辆系统进行大量的更改,造成更大的开发成本,而且实现的效果也不是很理想。At present, as the degree of electrification of automobiles increases, the functions of vehicles tend to be intelligent and scene-based, so more user scenarios and user experience need to be considered. More new vehicle functions promote the development of a new electronic and electrical architecture, and the functions of the vehicle rely on the control of the vehicle system. However, the existing vehicle system used to control the vehicle's power system and energy system is an integral System, there is no layering within the vehicle system. When a certain function of the vehicle system is changed or the functions of the vehicle system need to be added, a large number of changes need to be made to the entire vehicle system, resulting in greater development costs, and the effect achieved is not Very ideal.
发明内容Contents of the invention
本申请的主要目的在于提供一种车辆系统及具有其的车辆,以解决现有技术中车辆系统内部无分层,造成功能增加时需对整个车辆系统进行大量的更改的问题。The main purpose of this application is to provide a vehicle system and a vehicle having the same, so as to solve the problem in the prior art that there is no internal layering of the vehicle system, resulting in the need to make a large number of changes to the entire vehicle system when functions are added.
为了实现上述目的,根据本申请的一个方面,提供了一种车辆系统,包括:整车控制系统,用于对整车系统内的至少一个组件系统进行调度,组件系统包括如下至少之一:电能系统、热能系统、动力系统;第一控制系统,用于供整车控制系统调用第一服务数据信息,第一控制系统基于整车控制系统的控制信息,对组件系统内的任意两个或多个子系统进行调配控制,子系统包括:高压系统、低压系统、冷却系统、主动加热系统、电机系统;第二控制系统,用于供第一控制系统和整车控制系统调用第二服务数据信息,第二控制系统基于第一控制系统和整车控制系统中至少一个的控制信息,对子系统进行控制;设备信息采集系统,用于采集车辆设备的第三服务数据信息,设备信息采集系统将第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供第二控制系统调用,其中,车辆设备包括如下至少之一:发动机、PTC加热件、进气格栅。In order to achieve the above object, according to one aspect of the present application, a vehicle system is provided, including: a vehicle control system for scheduling at least one component system within the vehicle system, and the component system includes at least one of the following: Electric energy system, thermal energy system, and power system; the first control system is used for the vehicle control system to call the first service data information. The first control system is based on the control information of the vehicle control system and controls any two or more components in the component system. Subsystems are deployed and controlled. The subsystems include: high-voltage system, low-voltage system, cooling system, active heating system, and motor system; the second control system is used for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call the second service data information. The second control system controls the subsystem based on the control information of at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system; the equipment information collection system is used to collect the third service data information of the vehicle equipment, and the equipment information collection system collects the third service data information of the vehicle equipment. The third service data information is stored in the target location for call by the second control system, wherein the vehicle equipment includes at least one of the following: engine, PTC heating element, and air intake grille.
进一步地,整车控制系统包括:能量控制子系统,能量控制子系统用于控制整车系统内的一个组件系统切换为另一个组件系统时,控制不同能量之间的互相转换,其中,控制过程包括如下至少之一:控制电能系统的电能与热能系统的热能之间的互相转换、电能系统的电能与动力系统的动能之间的互相转换。Further, the vehicle control system includes: an energy control subsystem. The energy control subsystem is used to control the mutual conversion between different energies when one component system in the vehicle system is switched to another component system, wherein the control process It includes at least one of the following: controlling the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the thermal energy of the thermal energy system, and the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the kinetic energy of the power system.
进一步地,第一控制系统包括:热能协同控制子系统,用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,热能协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的热能转换控制,对与热能系统相 关的子系统进行调配控制,包括对冷却系统与主动加热系统进行调配控制;电能协同控制子系统,用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,电能协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的电能转换控制,对与电能系统相关的子系统进行调配控制,包括对高压系统与低压系统进行调配控制;动力协同控制子系统,用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,动力协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的动能转换控制,对与动力系统相关的子系统进行调配控制。Further, the first control system includes: a thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, which is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The thermal energy collaborative control subsystem is based on the thermal energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and controls the thermal energy system. The related subsystems are deployed and controlled, including the deployment and control of the cooling system and the active heating system; the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The power collaborative control subsystem is based on the energy control subsystem. The electric energy conversion control is used to allocate and control the subsystems related to the electric energy system, including allocating and controlling the high-voltage system and the low-voltage system; the power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information and the power collaborative control subsystem. The control subsystem is based on the kinetic energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem and performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the power system.
进一步地,第二控制系统包括:热管理控制子系统,用于供热能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,热管理控制子系统基于热能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与热能系统相关的子系统进行控制,包括:对冷却系统进行控制、对主动加热系统进行控制。Further, the second control system includes: a thermal management control subsystem, which is used by the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The thermal management control subsystem controls the thermal energy system based on the control information of the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem. Relevant subsystems are controlled, including: controlling the cooling system and controlling the active heating system.
进一步地,第二控制系统还包括:低压控制子系统,用于供电能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,低压控制子系统基于电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对低压系统进行控制;高压控制子系统,用于供电能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,高压控制子系统基于电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对高压系统进行控制。Further, the second control system also includes: a low-voltage control subsystem, used for the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information, and the low-voltage control subsystem controls the low-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem; The high-voltage control subsystem is used by the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The high-voltage control subsystem controls the high-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem.
进一步地,第二控制系统还包括:驱动控制子系统,用于供动力协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,驱动控制子系统基于动力协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与动力系统相关的子系统进行控制,包括:对电机系统进行控制。Further, the second control system also includes: a driving control subsystem, which is used for the power cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The driving control subsystem is based on the control information of the power cooperative control subsystem, and controls the power system-related Control subsystems, including: controlling the motor system.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统包括:热管理子系统,用于采集热管理系统的第三服务数据信息,热管理子系统将热管理系统的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供热管理控制子系统调用;主动进气格栅子系统,用于采集主动进气格栅的第三服务数据信息,主动进气格栅子系统将主动进气格栅的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供热管理控制子系统调用。Further, the equipment information collection system includes: a thermal management subsystem for collecting third service data information of the thermal management system. The thermal management subsystem stores the third service data information of the thermal management system to a target location for heat management. Control subsystem call; active air intake grille subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the active air intake grille, and the active air intake grille subsystem stores the third service data information of the active air intake grille to the target Location to be called by the thermal management control subsystem.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统还包括:低压电池子系统,用于采集低压电池的第三服务数据信息,低压电池子系统将低压电池的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供低压控制子系统调用;高压电池子系统,用于采集高压电池的第三服务数据信息,高压电池子系统将高压电池的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供高压控制子系统调用。Further, the equipment information collection system also includes: a low-voltage battery subsystem, which is used to collect the third service data information of the low-voltage battery. The low-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the low-voltage battery to a target location for the low-voltage control subsystem. System call; the high-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the high-voltage battery. The high-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the high-voltage battery to the target location for call by the high-voltage control subsystem.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统还包括:发动机子系统,用于采集发动机的第三服务数据信息,发动机子系统将发动机的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供驱动控制子系统调用。Further, the equipment information collection system also includes: an engine subsystem for collecting the third service data information of the engine. The engine subsystem stores the third service data information of the engine to a target location for the drive control subsystem to call.
根据本申请的另一方面,提供了一种车辆,包括车辆系统,车辆系统为上述的车辆系统。According to another aspect of the present application, a vehicle is provided, including a vehicle system, and the vehicle system is the above-mentioned vehicle system.
应用本申请的技术方案,通过将车辆系统分为整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统四层,并且整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统分别具有不同的功能,整车控制系统能够调用第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息,第一控制系统能够调用第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息,第二控制系统能够调用设备信息采集系统的第三服务数据信息,但整车控制系统和第 一控制系统不可直接调用设备信息采集系统的第三服务数据信息,且设备信息采集系统不可调用第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息、第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和整车控制系统的数据信息,第二控制系统不可调用第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和整车控制系统的数据信息,第一控制系统不可调用整车控制系统的数据信息,从而在一定程度上实现了车辆系统的内部系统之间的高内聚,低耦合,当需要对车辆系统内部的某一功能信息更改时,则只对包含该功能信息的系统进行更改即可,从而在整车层面上降低了资源的消耗,解决了现有技术中车辆系统内部无分层,造成功能增加时需对整个车辆系统进行大量的更改的问题。By applying the technical solution of this application, the vehicle system is divided into four layers: the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system, and the vehicle control system, the first control system and the second control system The vehicle control system and the equipment information collection system have different functions respectively. The vehicle control system can call the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system. The first control system can call the second control system. Second service data information, the second control system can call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, but the vehicle control system and the third service data information The first control system cannot directly call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, and the equipment information collection system cannot call the second service data information of the second control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the vehicle control system The second control system cannot call the first service data information of the first control system and the data information of the vehicle control system, and the first control system cannot call the data information of the vehicle control system, thus achieving to a certain extent High cohesion and low coupling between the internal systems of the vehicle system. When a certain functional information within the vehicle system needs to be changed, only the system containing the functional information can be changed, thereby reducing the cost at the entire vehicle level. It reduces the consumption of resources and solves the problem in the existing technology that there is no layering inside the vehicle system, resulting in the need to make a large number of changes to the entire vehicle system when functions are added.
附图说明Description of drawings
构成本申请的一部分的说明书附图用来提供对本申请的进一步理解,本申请的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本申请,并不构成对本申请的不当限定。在附图中:The description and drawings that constitute a part of this application are used to provide a further understanding of this application. The illustrative embodiments and their descriptions of this application are used to explain this application and do not constitute an improper limitation of this application. In the attached picture:
图1示出了根据本申请的车辆系统的实施例的整车系统控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统的关系示意图;Figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the relationship between the vehicle system control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system according to the embodiment of the vehicle system of the present application;
图2示出了根据本申请的车辆系统的实施例的结构框图。Figure 2 shows a structural block diagram of an embodiment of a vehicle system according to the present application.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。下面将参考附图并结合实施例来详细说明本申请。It should be noted that, as long as there is no conflict, the embodiments and features in the embodiments of this application can be combined with each other. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
需要注意的是,这里所使用的术语仅是为了描述具体实施方式,而非意图限制根据本申请的示例性实施方式。如在这里所使用的,除非上下文另外明确指出,否则单数形式也意图包括复数形式,此外,还应当理解的是,当在本说明书中使用术语“包含”和/或“包括”时,其指明存在特征、步骤、操作、器件、组件和/或它们的组合。It should be noted that the terms used herein are only for describing specific embodiments and are not intended to limit the exemplary embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms are also intended to include the plural forms unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. Furthermore, it will be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "includes" are used in this specification, they indicate There are features, steps, operations, means, components and/or combinations thereof.
需要说明的是,本申请的说明书和权利要求书及上述附图中的术语“第一”、“第二”等是用于区别类似的对象,而不必用于描述特定的顺序或先后次序。应该理解这样使用的术语在适当情况下可以互换,以便这里描述的本申请的实施方式例如能够以除了在这里图示或描述的那些以外的顺序实施。此外,术语“包括”和“具有”以及他们的任何变形,意图在于覆盖不排他的包含,例如,包含了一系列步骤或单元的过程、方法、系统、产品或设备不必限于清楚地列出的那些步骤或单元,而是可包括没有清楚地列出的或对于这些过程、方法、产品或设备固有的其它步骤或单元。It should be noted that the terms "first", "second", etc. in the description and claims of this application and the above-mentioned drawings are used to distinguish similar objects and are not necessarily used to describe a specific order or sequence. It is to be understood that the terms so used are interchangeable under appropriate circumstances so that the embodiments of the application described herein can, for example, be practiced in sequences other than those illustrated or described herein. In addition, the terms "including" and "having" and any variations thereof are intended to cover non-exclusive inclusions, e.g., a process, method, system, product, or apparatus that encompasses a series of steps or units and need not be limited to those explicitly listed. Those steps or elements may instead include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to the process, method, product or apparatus.
现在,将参照附图更详细地描述根据本申请的示例性实施方式。然而,这些示例性实施方式可以由多种不同的形式来实施,并且不应当被解释为只限于这里所阐述的实施方式。应当理解的是,提供这些实施方式是为了使得本申请的公开彻底且完整,并且将这些示例性实施方式的构思充分传达给本领域普通技术人员,在附图中,为了清楚起见,有可能扩大了层和区域的厚度,并且使用相同的附图标记表示相同的器件,因而将省略对它们的描述。 Now, exemplary embodiments according to the present application will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These exemplary embodiments may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. It should be understood that these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete and will fully convey the concepts of these exemplary embodiments to those skilled in the art, and the drawings, which may be exaggerated for clarity, The thicknesses of layers and regions are reduced, and the same reference numerals are used to refer to the same devices, and thus their descriptions will be omitted.
结合图1和图2所示,根据本申请的具体实施例,提供了一种车辆系统。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 , according to specific embodiments of the present application, a vehicle system is provided.
具体地,如图1所示,车辆系统包括:整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统。整车控制系统用于对整车系统内的至少一个组件系统进行调度,组件系统包括如下至少之一:电能系统、热能系统、动力系统。第一控制系统用于供整车控制系统调用第一服务数据信息,第一控制系统基于整车控制系统的控制信息,对组件系统内的任意两个或多个子系统进行调配控制,子系统包括:高压系统、低压系统、冷却系统、主动加热系统、电机系统。第二控制系统用于供第一控制系统和整车控制系统调用第二服务数据信息,第二控制系统基于第一控制系统和整车控制系统中至少一个的控制信息,对子系统进行控制。设备信息采集系统用于采集车辆设备的第三服务数据信息,设备信息采集系统将第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供第二控制系统调用,其中,车辆设备包括如下至少之一:发动机、PTC加热件、进气格栅。Specifically, as shown in Figure 1, the vehicle system includes: a vehicle control system, a first control system, a second control system and an equipment information collection system. The vehicle control system is used to schedule at least one component system within the vehicle system. The component system includes at least one of the following: electrical energy system, thermal energy system, and power system. The first control system is used for the vehicle control system to call the first service data information. Based on the control information of the vehicle control system, the first control system allocates and controls any two or more subsystems in the component system. The subsystems include : High-pressure system, low-pressure system, cooling system, active heating system, motor system. The second control system is used for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call the second service data information. The second control system controls the subsystem based on the control information of at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system. The equipment information collection system is used to collect third service data information of vehicle equipment. The equipment information collection system stores the third service data information to a target location for call by the second control system. The vehicle equipment includes at least one of the following: engine , PTC heating element, air intake grille.
应用本实施例的技术方案,通过将车辆系统分为整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统四层,并且整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统分别具有不同的功能,整车控制系统能够调用第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息,第一控制系统能够调用第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息,第二控制系统能够调用设备信息采集系统的第三服务数据信息,但整车控制系统和第一控制系统不可直接调用设备信息采集系统的第三服务数据信息,且设备信息采集系统不可调用第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息、第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和整车控制系统的数据信息,第二控制系统不可调用第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和整车控制系统的数据信息,第一控制系统不可调用整车控制系统的数据信息,从而在一定程度上实现了车辆系统的内部系统之间的高内聚,低耦合,当需要对车辆系统内部的某一功能信息更改时,则只对包含该功能信息的系统进行更改即可,从而在整车层面上降低了资源的消耗,解决了现有技术中车辆系统内部无分层,造成功能增加时需对整个车辆系统进行大量的更改的问题。By applying the technical solution of this embodiment, the vehicle system is divided into four layers: vehicle control system, first control system, second control system and equipment information collection system, and the vehicle control system, first control system, second control system The system and equipment information collection system have different functions respectively. The vehicle control system can call the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system. The first control system can call the second control system. The second service data information, the second control system can call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, but the vehicle control system and the first control system cannot directly call the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, and the equipment The information collection system cannot call the second service data information of the second control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the data information of the vehicle control system. The second control system cannot call the first service data of the first control system. Information and data information of the vehicle control system, the first control system cannot call the data information of the vehicle control system, thus achieving high cohesion and low coupling between the internal systems of the vehicle system to a certain extent. When it is necessary to control the vehicle When a certain functional information within the system is changed, only the system containing the functional information is changed, thereby reducing resource consumption at the vehicle level and solving the problem of no layering within the vehicle system in the existing technology. The problem of requiring extensive changes to the entire vehicle system as functionality is added.
如图2所示,整车控制系统包括能量控制子系统,能量控制子系统用于控制整车系统内的一个组件系统切换为另一个组件系统时,控制不同能量之间的互相转换,其中,控制过程包括如下至少之一:控制电能系统的电能与热能系统的热能之间的互相转换、电能系统的电能与动力系统的动能之间的互相转换。具体地,若车辆以纯电动驾驶模式行驶,而电能系统的电能不足以保证车辆的正常行驶时,此时需要整车控制系统对动力系统进行调度,则此时涉及到电能系统与动力系统的切换控制,这时通过整车控制系统的能量控制子系统控制电池系统的电能与动力系统的动能的互相转换。在本实施例中,能量控制子系统的控制过程还包括燃料电池系统的化学能和电能系统的电能的互相转换,能量控制子系统还能够提供能量转换及能量使用的状态信息。As shown in Figure 2, the vehicle control system includes an energy control subsystem. The energy control subsystem is used to control the conversion between different energies when one component system in the vehicle system is switched to another component system. Among them, The control process includes at least one of the following: controlling the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the thermal energy of the thermal energy system, and the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the kinetic energy of the power system. Specifically, if the vehicle is driving in pure electric driving mode and the electric energy of the electric energy system is not enough to ensure the normal driving of the vehicle, the vehicle control system needs to schedule the power system, which involves switching between the electric energy system and the power system. Control, at this time, the energy control subsystem of the vehicle control system controls the mutual conversion of the electrical energy of the battery system and the kinetic energy of the power system. In this embodiment, the control process of the energy control subsystem also includes the mutual conversion of chemical energy of the fuel cell system and electrical energy of the electrical energy system. The energy control subsystem can also provide status information of energy conversion and energy usage.
进一步地,第一控制系统包括热能协同控制子系统、电能协同控制子系统和动力协同控制子系统。热能协同控制子系统用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,热能协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的热能转换控制,对与热能系统相关的子系统进行调配控制,包括对冷却系统与主动加热系统进行调配控制,具体地,通过热能协同控制子系统处理并仲 裁加热和冷却的请求,以监控和调节热能系统,并通过热能协同控制子系统协调主动加热系统的加热能力和冷却系统的冷却能力,进而控制冷却液的温度和发动机、变速箱的油温,并提供整车的热能状态信息。电能协同控制子系统用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,电能协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的电能转换控制,对与电能系统相关的子系统进行调配控制,包括对高压系统与低压系统进行调配控制,具体地,通过电能协同控制子系统处理电气负载激活的请求,并通过电能协同控制子系统提供电能系统的状态信息,以及通过电能协同控制子系统监控和调节电能系统。动力协同控制子系统用于供能量控制子系统调用第一服务数据信息,动力协同控制子系统基于能量控制子系统的动能转换控制,对与动力系统相关的子系统进行调配控制,包括对电机系统和发动机系统进行调配控制。Further, the first control system includes a thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, an electric energy collaborative control subsystem and a power collaborative control subsystem. The thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is based on the thermal energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the thermal energy system, including the cooling system. Perform deployment control with the active heating system, specifically, process and coordinate through the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem. Cutting off heating and cooling requests to monitor and adjust the thermal energy system, and coordinate the heating capacity of the active heating system and the cooling capacity of the cooling system through the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem, thereby controlling the temperature of the coolant and the oil temperature of the engine and transmission. And provide thermal energy status information of the entire vehicle. The power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The power collaborative control subsystem is based on the power conversion control of the energy control subsystem and performs deployment control on subsystems related to the power system, including high-voltage systems. Perform deployment control with the low-voltage system. Specifically, the electric energy cooperative control subsystem processes electrical load activation requests, provides status information of the electric energy system through the electric energy cooperative control subsystem, and monitors and regulates the electric energy system through the electric energy cooperative control subsystem. The power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. Based on the kinetic energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, the power collaborative control subsystem performs deployment control on the subsystems related to the power system, including the motor system. and engine system deployment control.
其中,第二控制系统包括热管理控制子系统,热管理控制子系统用于供热能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,热管理控制子系统基于热能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与热能系统相关的子系统进行控制,包括:对冷却系统进行控制、对主动加热系统进行控制。具体地,包括对冷却系统内的冷却风扇、主动进气格栅、冷却水泵、水阀等进行控制,以及对主动加热系统内的PTC加热件进行控制和对发动机的自然散热温度进行控制等。Among them, the second control system includes a thermal management control subsystem. The thermal management control subsystem is used by the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The thermal management control subsystem is based on the control information of the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem. Control subsystems related to the thermal energy system, including: control of the cooling system and control of the active heating system. Specifically, it includes controlling the cooling fan, active air intake grille, cooling water pump, water valve, etc. in the cooling system, as well as controlling the PTC heating element in the active heating system and controlling the natural heat dissipation temperature of the engine.
进一步地,第二控制系统还包括低压控制子系统和高压控制系统,低压控制子系统用于供电能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,低压控制子系统基于电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对低压系统进行控制。高压控制子系统用于供电能协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,高压控制子系统基于电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对高压系统进行控制。具体地,低压控制子系统负责控制低压电源设备和监控低压负载、低压电池的状态及放电情况,高压控制子系统负责控制高压设备和监控高压负载、高压电池的状态及充放电情况。Further, the second control system also includes a low-voltage control subsystem and a high-voltage control system. The low-voltage control subsystem is used for the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The low-voltage control subsystem is based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem. , to control the low-voltage system. The high-voltage control subsystem is used by the power supply energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The high-voltage control subsystem controls the high-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem. Specifically, the low-voltage control subsystem is responsible for controlling low-voltage power equipment and monitoring the status and discharge of low-voltage loads and low-voltage batteries. The high-voltage control subsystem is responsible for controlling high-voltage equipment and monitoring the status and charge and discharge of high-voltage loads and high-voltage batteries.
进一步地,第二控制系统还包括驱动控制子系统,驱动控制子系统用于供动力协同控制子系统调用第二服务数据信息,驱动控制子系统基于动力协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与动力系统相关的子系统进行控制,包括:对电机系统进行控制。其中,驱动控制子系统还用于对发动机系统以及动力系统内的动力设备(离合器、变速箱、制动器等)进行控制。Further, the second control system also includes a drive control subsystem. The drive control subsystem is used for the power collaborative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The drive control subsystem controls the power based on the control information of the power collaborative control subsystem. System-related subsystems are controlled, including: controlling the motor system. Among them, the drive control subsystem is also used to control the engine system and the power equipment (clutch, gearbox, brake, etc.) in the power system.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统包括热管理子系统和主动进气格栅子系统,热管理子系统用于采集热管理系统的第三服务数据信息,热管理子系统将热管理系统的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供热管理控制子系统调用。主动进气格栅子系统用于采集主动进气格栅的第三服务数据信息,主动进气格栅子系统将主动进气格栅的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供热管理控制子系统调用。Further, the equipment information collection system includes a thermal management subsystem and an active air intake grille subsystem. The thermal management subsystem is used to collect third service data information of the thermal management system. The thermal management subsystem integrates the third service data of the thermal management system. The data information is stored in the target location for call by the thermal management control subsystem. The active air intake grille subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the active air intake grille. The active air intake grille subsystem stores the third service data information of the active air intake grille to the target location for heating management. Control subsystem calls.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统还包括低压电池子系统和高压电池子系统,用于采集低压电池的第三服务数据信息,低压电池子系统将低压电池的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供低压控制子系统调用。高压电池子系统用于采集高压电池的第三服务数据信息,高压电池子系统将高压电池的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供高压控制子系统调用。 Further, the equipment information collection system also includes a low-voltage battery subsystem and a high-voltage battery subsystem, which are used to collect the third service data information of the low-voltage battery. The low-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the low-voltage battery to the target location, so as to Called by the low voltage control subsystem. The high-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the high-voltage battery. The high-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the high-voltage battery to a target location for call by the high-voltage control subsystem.
进一步地,设备信息采集系统还包括发动机子系统,发动机子系统用于采集发动机的第三服务数据信息,发动机子系统将发动机的第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供驱动控制子系统调用。Further, the equipment information collection system also includes an engine subsystem. The engine subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the engine. The engine subsystem stores the third service data information of the engine to a target location for the drive control subsystem to call. .
进一步地,设备信息采集系统还包括48V电池子系统、DCDC子系统、车载充电机子系统、直流/直流充电接口子系统、变速箱子系统和加速踏板子系统,通过设备信息采集系统采集电池、DCDC、车载充电机、直流/直流充电接口、变速箱和加速踏板等车辆设备的服务数据信息,并通过设备信息采集系统提供对应车辆设备的控制能力及状态信息,以供第二控制系统进行使用。Furthermore, the equipment information collection system also includes 48V battery subsystem, DCDC subsystem, vehicle charger subsystem, DC/DC charging interface subsystem, gearbox subsystem and accelerator pedal subsystem. The equipment information collection system collects battery, DCDC, Service data information of vehicle equipment such as on-board chargers, DC/DC charging interfaces, gearboxes and accelerator pedals, and the control capabilities and status information of corresponding vehicle equipment are provided through the equipment information collection system for use by the second control system.
其中,整车控制系统按照整车控制系统的功能特性将整车控制系统分为能量控制子系统,第一控制系统按照第一控制系统的功能特性将第一控制系统分为热能协同控制子系统、电能协同控制子系统和动力协同控制子系统,第二控制系统按照第二控制系统的功能特性将第二控制系统分为热管理控制子系统、低压控制子系统、高压控制子系统和驱动控制子系统,并将设备信息采集系统按照设备信息采集系统的功能特性将设备信息采集系统分为热管理子系统、主动进气格栅子系统、低压电池子系统、高压电池子系统、48V电池子系统、DCDC子系统、车载充电机子系统、直流/直流充电接口子系统、发动机子系统、变速箱子系统和加速踏板子系统等。第二控制系统基于第一控制系统的控制信息,从设备信息采集系统内读取相应的车辆设备的第三服务数据信息,并对相应的车辆设备进行控制,进而实现对组件系统内的子系统的控制。在本实施例中,整车控制系统内,能量控制子系统的多个控制模块之间可以相互调用数据信息,而第一控制系统内,热能协同控制子系统、电能协同控制子系统和动力协同控制子系统之间应尽量避免相互调用,以及第二控制系统内,热管理控制子系统、低压控制子系统、高压控制子系统和驱动控制子系统之间应尽量避免相互调用,但设备信息采集系统内,热管理子系统、主动进气格栅子系统、低压电池子系统、高压电池子系统、48V电池子系统、DCDC子系统、车载充电机子系统、直流/直流充电接口子系统、发动机子系统、变速箱子系统和加速踏板子系统等则禁止相互调用。具体地,车辆系统分层的整体原则为上层系统可调用下层系统,但不可直接调用底层系统,下层系统则不可调用上层系统。其中,底层系统即为设备信息采集系统,第二控制系统相对设备信息采集系统为上层系统,相对第一控制系统和整车控制系统为下层系统,第一控制系统相对第一控制系统和设备信息采集系统为上层系统,而相对整车控制系统为下层系统,整车控制系统则相对第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统均为上层系统。通过这种分层方式,能够进一步将车辆系统内部分层,降低车辆系统内整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统之间的强依赖性,进一步实现了车辆系统内部的整车控制系统、第一控制系统、第二控制系统和设备信息采集系统之间的高内聚、低耦合,当需要对设备信息采集系统的第三服务数据信息进行更改时,不会影响整车控制系统的数据信息、第一控制系统的第一服务数据信息和第二控制系统的第二服务数据信息,解决了现有技术中车辆系统内部无分层,造成功能增加时需对整个车辆系统进行大量的更改的问题,更加在整车层面上降低了资源的消耗。Among them, the whole vehicle control system divides the whole vehicle control system into energy control subsystems according to the functional characteristics of the whole vehicle control system, and the first control system divides the first control system into thermal energy collaborative control subsystems according to the functional characteristics of the first control system. , electric energy collaborative control subsystem and power collaborative control subsystem. The second control system divides the second control system into thermal management control subsystem, low voltage control subsystem, high voltage control subsystem and drive control according to the functional characteristics of the second control system. subsystem, and divide the equipment information collection system into thermal management subsystem, active air intake grille subsystem, low-voltage battery subsystem, high-voltage battery subsystem, and 48V battery subsystem according to the functional characteristics of the equipment information collection system. system, DCDC subsystem, vehicle charger subsystem, DC/DC charging interface subsystem, engine subsystem, gearbox subsystem and accelerator pedal subsystem, etc. Based on the control information of the first control system, the second control system reads the third service data information of the corresponding vehicle equipment from the equipment information collection system, and controls the corresponding vehicle equipment, thereby realizing control over the subsystems in the component system. control. In this embodiment, in the vehicle control system, multiple control modules of the energy control subsystem can call each other data information, and in the first control system, the thermal energy collaborative control subsystem, the electric energy collaborative control subsystem and the power collaborative control subsystem Mutual calls between control subsystems should be avoided as much as possible, and within the second control system, mutual calls between the thermal management control subsystem, low voltage control subsystem, high voltage control subsystem and drive control subsystem should be avoided as much as possible, but equipment information collection Within the system, there are thermal management subsystem, active air intake grille subsystem, low-voltage battery subsystem, high-voltage battery subsystem, 48V battery subsystem, DCDC subsystem, vehicle charger subsystem, DC/DC charging interface subsystem, engine subsystem The system, gearbox subsystem and accelerator pedal subsystem are prohibited from calling each other. Specifically, the overall principle of vehicle system layering is that the upper-layer system can call the lower-layer system, but it cannot directly call the lower-layer system, and the lower-layer system cannot call the upper-layer system. Among them, the bottom system is the equipment information collection system. The second control system is the upper-level system relative to the equipment information collection system. It is the lower-level system relative to the first control system and the vehicle control system. The first control system is relative to the first control system and equipment information. The acquisition system is an upper-level system, while the vehicle control system is a lower-level system. The vehicle control system is an upper-level system relative to the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system. Through this layering method, the vehicle system can be further layered, reducing the strong dependence between the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system in the vehicle system, and further realizing the vehicle There is high cohesion and low coupling between the vehicle control system, the first control system, the second control system and the equipment information collection system within the system. When it is necessary to change the third service data information of the equipment information collection system, it is not necessary to It will affect the data information of the vehicle control system, the first service data information of the first control system and the second service data information of the second control system. It solves the problem that there is no layering inside the vehicle system in the existing technology, resulting in the need for additional functions. The problem of making a large number of changes to the entire vehicle system further reduces resource consumption at the entire vehicle level.
上述实施例中的车辆系统还可以应用于车辆技术领域,即根据本申请的另一个具体实施例,还提供了一种车辆,包括车辆系统,车辆系统为上述实施例中的车辆系统。 The vehicle system in the above embodiment can also be applied to the field of vehicle technology. That is, according to another specific embodiment of the present application, a vehicle is also provided, including a vehicle system. The vehicle system is the vehicle system in the above embodiment.
为了便于描述,在这里可以使用空间相对术语,如“在……之上”、“在……上方”、“在……上表面”、“上面的”等,用来描述如在图中所示的一个器件或特征与其他器件或特征的空间位置关系。应当理解的是,空间相对术语旨在包含除了器件在图中所描述的方位之外的在使用或操作中的不同方位。例如,如果附图中的器件被倒置,则描述为“在其他器件或构造上方”或“在其他器件或构造之上”的器件之后将被定位为“在其他器件或构造下方”或“在其他器件或构造之下”。因而,示例性术语“在……上方”可以包括“在……上方”和“在……下方”两种方位。该器件也可以其他不同方式定位(旋转90度或处于其他方位),并且对这里所使用的空间相对描述作出相应解释。For the convenience of description, spatially relative terms can be used here, such as "on...", "on...", "on the upper surface of...", "above", etc., to describe what is shown in the figure. The spatial relationship between one device or feature and other devices or features. It will be understood that the spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if a feature in the figure is turned upside down, then one feature described as "above" or "on top of" other features or features would then be oriented "below" or "below" the other features or features. under other devices or structures". Thus, the exemplary term "over" may include both orientations "above" and "below." The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
除上述以外,还需要说明的是在本说明书中所谈到的“一个实施例”、“另一个实施例”、“实施例”等,指的是结合该实施例描述的具体特征、结构或者特点包括在本申请概括性描述的至少一个实施例中。在说明书中多个地方出现同种表述不是一定指的是同一个实施例。进一步来说,结合任一实施例描述一个具体特征、结构或者特点时,所要主张的是结合其他实施例来实现这种特征、结构或者特点也落在本申请的范围内。In addition to the above, it should also be noted that "one embodiment", "another embodiment", "embodiment", etc. mentioned in this specification refer to the specific features, structures or structures described in conjunction with this embodiment. Features are included in at least one embodiment generally described herein. The appearance of the same expression in multiple places in the specification does not necessarily refer to the same embodiment. Furthermore, when a specific feature, structure or characteristic is described in connection with any embodiment, it is intended that implementation of such feature, structure or characteristic in conjunction with other embodiments also falls within the scope of the present application.
在上述实施例中,对各个实施例的描述都各有侧重,某个实施例中没有详述的部分,可以参见其他实施例的相关描述。In the above embodiments, each embodiment is described with its own emphasis. For parts that are not described in detail in a certain embodiment, please refer to the relevant descriptions of other embodiments.
以上所述仅为本申请的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本申请,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本申请可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本申请的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本申请的保护范围之内。 The above descriptions are only preferred embodiments of the present application and are not intended to limit the present application. For those skilled in the art, the present application may have various modifications and changes. Any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principles of this application shall be included in the protection scope of this application.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种车辆系统,其特征在于,包括:A vehicle system, characterized by including:
    整车控制系统,用于对整车系统内的至少一个组件系统进行调度,所述组件系统包括如下至少之一:电能系统、热能系统、动力系统;The vehicle control system is used to schedule at least one component system in the vehicle system. The component system includes at least one of the following: electrical energy system, thermal energy system, and power system;
    第一控制系统,用于供所述整车控制系统调用第一服务数据信息,第一控制系统基于所述整车控制系统的控制信息,对所述组件系统内的任意两个或多个子系统进行调配控制,所述子系统包括:高压系统、低压系统、冷却系统、主动加热系统、电机系统;The first control system is used for the vehicle control system to call the first service data information. The first control system controls any two or more subsystems in the component system based on the control information of the vehicle control system. Carry out deployment control, and the subsystems include: high-pressure system, low-pressure system, cooling system, active heating system, and motor system;
    第二控制系统,用于供所述第一控制系统和所述整车控制系统调用第二服务数据信息,第二控制系统基于所述第一控制系统和所述整车控制系统中至少一个的控制信息,对所述子系统进行控制;The second control system is used for the first control system and the vehicle control system to call the second service data information. The second control system is based on at least one of the first control system and the vehicle control system. Control information to control the subsystem;
    设备信息采集系统,用于采集车辆设备的第三服务数据信息,所述设备信息采集系统将所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述第二控制系统调用,其中,所述车辆设备包括如下至少之一:发动机、PTC加热件、进气格栅。An equipment information collection system is used to collect third service data information of vehicle equipment. The equipment information collection system stores the third service data information to a target location for call by the second control system, wherein, the Vehicle equipment includes at least one of the following: engine, PTC heating element, and air intake grille.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述整车控制系统包括:The vehicle system according to claim 1, characterized in that the vehicle control system includes:
    能量控制子系统,所述能量控制子系统用于控制所述整车系统内的一个组件系统切换为另一个组件系统时,控制不同能量之间的互相转换,其中,控制过程包括如下至少之一:控制电能系统的电能与热能系统的热能之间的互相转换、电能系统的电能与动力系统的动能之间的互相转换。Energy control subsystem, the energy control subsystem is used to control the mutual conversion between different energies when one component system in the vehicle system is switched to another component system, wherein the control process includes at least one of the following : Control the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the thermal energy of the thermal energy system, and the mutual conversion between the electric energy of the electric energy system and the kinetic energy of the power system.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述第一控制系统包括:The vehicle system according to claim 2, wherein the first control system includes:
    热能协同控制子系统,用于供所述能量控制子系统调用所述第一服务数据信息,所述热能协同控制子系统基于所述能量控制子系统的热能转换控制,对与所述热能系统相关的所述子系统进行调配控制,包括对所述冷却系统与主动加热系统进行调配控制;Thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The thermal energy cooperative control subsystem is based on the thermal energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and performs the thermal energy system-related The subsystems are deployed and controlled, including the deployment and control of the cooling system and the active heating system;
    电能协同控制子系统,用于供所述能量控制子系统调用所述第一服务数据信息,所述电能协同控制子系统基于所述能量控制子系统的电能转换控制,对与所述电能系统相关的所述子系统进行调配控制,包括对所述高压系统与所述低压系统进行调配控制;An electric energy cooperative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The electric energy cooperative control subsystem is based on the electric energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and is related to the electric energy system. The subsystems are deployed and controlled, including the deployment and control of the high-pressure system and the low-pressure system;
    动力协同控制子系统,用于供所述能量控制子系统调用所述第一服务数据信息,所述动力协同控制子系统基于所述能量控制子系统的动能转换控制,对与所述动力系统相关的所述子系统进行调配控制。A power collaborative control subsystem is used for the energy control subsystem to call the first service data information. The power collaborative control subsystem is based on the kinetic energy conversion control of the energy control subsystem, and is related to the power system. The subsystems are deployed and controlled.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述第二控制系统包括:The vehicle system according to claim 3, characterized in that the second control system includes:
    热管理控制子系统,用于供所述热能协同控制子系统调用所述第二服务数据信息,所述热管理控制子系统基于所述热能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与所述热能系统相关的所述子系统进行控制,包括:对所述冷却系统进行控制、对所述主动加热系统进行控制。 Thermal management control subsystem is used for the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The thermal management control subsystem is based on the control information of the thermal energy cooperative control subsystem, and controls the thermal energy system. The relevant subsystems are controlled, including: controlling the cooling system and the active heating system.
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述第二控制系统还包括:The vehicle system according to claim 3, characterized in that the second control system further includes:
    低压控制子系统,用于供所述电能协同控制子系统调用所述第二服务数据信息,所述低压控制子系统基于所述电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对所述低压系统进行控制;A low-voltage control subsystem is used for the electric energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information, and the low-voltage control subsystem controls the low-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem;
    高压控制子系统,用于供所述电能协同控制子系统调用所述第二服务数据信息,所述高压控制子系统基于所述电能协同控制子系统的控制信息,对所述高压系统进行控制。A high-voltage control subsystem is used for the electric energy cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The high-voltage control subsystem controls the high-voltage system based on the control information of the electric energy cooperative control subsystem.
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述第二控制系统还包括:The vehicle system according to claim 3, characterized in that the second control system further includes:
    驱动控制子系统,用于供所述动力协同控制子系统调用所述第二服务数据信息,所述驱动控制子系统基于所述动力协同控制子系统的控制信息,对与所述动力系统相关的所述子系统进行控制,包括:对所述电机系统进行控制。The drive control subsystem is used for the power cooperative control subsystem to call the second service data information. The drive control subsystem is based on the control information of the power cooperative control subsystem. The subsystem controls, including: controlling the motor system.
  7. 根据权利要求4所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述设备信息采集系统包括:The vehicle system according to claim 4, characterized in that the equipment information collection system includes:
    热管理子系统,用于采集热管理系统的所述第三服务数据信息,所述热管理子系统将所述热管理系统的所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述热管理控制子系统调用;The thermal management subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the thermal management system, and the thermal management subsystem stores the third service data information of the thermal management system to a target location for use by the thermal management system. Management control subsystem call;
    主动进气格栅子系统,用于采集主动进气格栅的所述第三服务数据信息,所述主动进气格栅子系统将所述主动进气格栅的所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述热管理控制子系统调用。The active air intake grille subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the active air intake grille. The active air intake grille subsystem collects the third service data information of the active air intake grille. Store it in the target location for calling by the thermal management control subsystem.
  8. 根据权利要求5所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述设备信息采集系统还包括:The vehicle system according to claim 5, characterized in that the equipment information collection system further includes:
    低压电池子系统,用于采集低压电池的第三服务数据信息,所述低压电池子系统将所述低压电池的所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述低压控制子系统调用;The low-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the low-voltage battery. The low-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the low-voltage battery to a target location for call by the low-voltage control subsystem. ;
    高压电池子系统,用于采集高压电池的第三服务数据信息,所述高压电池子系统将所述高压电池的所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述高压控制子系统调用。The high-voltage battery subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the high-voltage battery. The high-voltage battery subsystem stores the third service data information of the high-voltage battery to a target location for the high-voltage control subsystem to call. .
  9. 根据权利要求6所述的车辆系统,其特征在于,所述设备信息采集系统还包括:The vehicle system according to claim 6, characterized in that the equipment information collection system further includes:
    发动机子系统,用于采集发动机的第三服务数据信息,所述发动机子系统将所述发动机的所述第三服务数据信息存储至目标位置,以供所述驱动控制子系统调用。The engine subsystem is used to collect the third service data information of the engine. The engine subsystem stores the third service data information of the engine to a target location for the drive control subsystem to call.
  10. 一种车辆,其特征在于,包括车辆系统,所述车辆系统为权利要求1-9中任一项所述的车辆系统。 A vehicle, characterized in that it includes a vehicle system, and the vehicle system is the vehicle system according to any one of claims 1-9.
PCT/CN2023/093060 2022-07-28 2023-05-09 Vehicle system and vehicle having same WO2024021756A1 (en)

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