WO2023005780A1 - Process method for knitting fully-formed product by needle separation technology - Google Patents

Process method for knitting fully-formed product by needle separation technology Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2023005780A1
WO2023005780A1 PCT/CN2022/106936 CN2022106936W WO2023005780A1 WO 2023005780 A1 WO2023005780 A1 WO 2023005780A1 CN 2022106936 W CN2022106936 W CN 2022106936W WO 2023005780 A1 WO2023005780 A1 WO 2023005780A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
needle
knitting
needles
spacer
plate
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/106936
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王新泉
董瑞兰
丁慧
乔建成
郭建丽
Original Assignee
内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司 filed Critical 内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司
Priority to ZA2022/13537A priority Critical patent/ZA202213537B/en
Publication of WO2023005780A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023005780A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B7/00Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles
    • D04B7/10Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles with provision for narrowing or widening to produce fully-fashioned goods
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B7/00Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles
    • D04B7/04Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles with two sets of needles
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B7/00Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles
    • D04B7/24Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles for producing patterned fabrics
    • D04B7/28Flat-bed knitting machines with independently-movable needles for producing patterned fabrics with stitch patterns

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the technical field of textiles, and in particular relates to a process method for weaving fully formed products by needle-spacer technology.
  • the textile industry itself is a labor-intensive industry. As my country's population aging problem becomes more and more serious, fewer and fewer young people are engaged in the textile industry. The textile industry is facing problems such as difficulty in recruitment and production that have always plagued enterprise managers.
  • the invention discloses a process method for knitting fully formed seamless products on a double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine by needle-spacer technology.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide a process method for knitting fully formed products with needle spacing technology, which can realize the weaving of fully formed seamless products by using a double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine and using multi-gauge needle spacing technology.
  • Spacer needle technology is a process method for fully formed products.
  • the cylindrical air layer is knitted by needle spacers as the base structure, and the left sleeve, right sleeve and body area are respectively knitted according to different yarn guides.
  • the left and right sleeves are combined with the body, and the front collar is knit with deep needle stop to complete the knitting of the fully formed product.
  • the computerized flat knitting machine has a pair of needle plates facing each other front and back, and at least one needle plate of the front needle plate or the rear needle plate is staggered to the left or right to perform cross-transposition between the coils; the flat knitting machine includes five guides. There are two yarn guides with waste yarn, and the other three yarn guides with main yarn for knitting; the computerized flat knitting machine has three system functions.
  • needle-spaced cylindrical knitting is used as the base tissue structure, which specifically includes: using 1 empty and 1 needle-out needle, circularly knitting the front and rear plate coils, and weaving a cylindrical air layer base tissue coil structure; the front plate and the rear plate knitting needles are The needles are ejected at the wrong positions, that is, when the needles are ejected from the front board, the needles are not ejected from the rear board, or when the needles are ejected from the rear board, the needles are not ejected from the front board, forming the base tissue structure.
  • the empty needle position to reduce the stitches of the front panel and the back panel of the hanging shoulder part respectively, the sleeve mountain of the left sleeve and the right sleeve and the curve of the hanging shoulder position are realized, and the knitting of the combined sleeve body structure is completed.
  • the loops of the rear panel are woven normally, the loops of the collar of the front panel are woven with the needle stopped, and the deep loops of the front collar are gradually stopped from the middle to both sides, and the deep loops of the front collar are correspondingly reduced to meet the requirement of the collar depth.
  • a large-needle crochet needle is installed on a flat knitting machine with a medium-fine gauge, which can hold multiple yarns at the same time;
  • the present invention can also realize the weaving of fully formed products by adopting the traditional double-needle board ordinary computerized flat knitting machine without using special fully formed knitting equipment.
  • the woven fabric conforms to human body wear, does not need to be stitched, is formed at one time, has high production efficiency and low cost, and can realize conventional tissue structures such as weaving with cables.
  • Figure 1a is a schematic diagram of the use of 12 needles/Inch computerized flat knitting needles in the prior art
  • Fig. 1b is a schematic diagram of the use of multi-gauge knitting needles of a 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine in the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the needle coil in the middle of the present invention.
  • Fig. 3 is the rendering of the raglan style in the present invention.
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the partial structure of the Raglan style in the present invention.
  • Fig. 5 is the weaving traveling locus figure among the present invention.
  • Fig. 6a is a plan view of the needle knitting loop of the present invention.
  • Fig. 6b is a schematic diagram of the needle knitting loop of the present invention.
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of twisted flower structure in the present invention.
  • Fig. 8 is a structural diagram of the combined coil of the sleeve body in the present invention.
  • Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of shoulder hanging and needle reduction continuous with the sleeve body merging coil structure diagram in the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a structure diagram of the front collar deep rest knitting loop in the present invention.
  • the computerized flat knitting machine used When using a flat knitting machine to knit products, the computerized flat knitting machine used has a pair of needle plates facing each other front and back. At least one needle plate on the front needle plate or the rear needle plate can be staggered to the left or right to cross the stitches. Transposition; the flat knitting machine has five yarn guides, two of which have waste yarns, and the other three have main yarns for knitting; the flat knitting machine has three system functions, which can reduce the idle running of the machine head and improve Weaving efficiency.
  • the parameter design is as follows:
  • Raw material parameters use 100% pure cashmere yarn with a length of 28-33mm, a fineness of about 15.5 ⁇ m, and a short cashmere rate of less than 16%; the yarn count is 38.5tex*2 (metric count 26s/2*2).
  • Design density The horizontal density of the finished product is 32 needles/10cm, and the vertical density of the finished product is 26 rows/10cm.
  • the knitting principle or knitting form of the computerized flat knitting machine generally includes six needle exit heights: knitting, tucking, float, transfer, stitching and stripping.
  • Knitting 3/4 of the needle-out height forms a new coil to form a loop
  • Floating thread non-knitting: the needle exit height is 0, the needle does not come out, the yarn with yarn does not participate in the knitting action, and the floating thread is pulled;
  • Needle connection 1/4 of the needle exit height to pick up the coil on the transfer needle;
  • Knitting off 3/4 of the needle-out height, start the needle, no yarn without knitting, the latch is closed, and the loop falls off the knitting needle.
  • the multi-gauge computerized flat knitting machine has major changes in knitting needles, and 7 large hook knitting needles are installed on the 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine.
  • FIG. 1a it is a schematic diagram of the use of 12 needles/Inch computerized flat knitting needles in the prior art.
  • FIG. 1b it is a schematic diagram of the use of multi-gauge knitting needles of a 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine in the present invention.
  • the size of the hook width and distance is the key factor in determining the thickness and style of the product.
  • the shuttle eye b of the yarn guide is the channel through which the yarn passes, and the eye distance affects the smooth progress of yarn feeding.
  • FIG. 2 it is a schematic diagram of the structure of the intermediate needle coil of the present invention.
  • Knitting into circles by using the technology of multi-gauge needle spacing there are empty needle positions, and the empty knitting needle positions do not participate in knitting, and no loops will be formed on the empty needles, and the mutual transfer and transfer actions between the target loops are performed with the help of empty needles. It is relatively simple to complete the twisted weave design and the realization of the needle reduction action.
  • the upper part is knitted normally, and the front neck part is knitted with stop stitches, forming a self-leading collar with a deep front collar.
  • FIG. 4 it is a schematic diagram of the partial structure of the raglan style in the present invention.
  • the ready-made garment is mainly composed of upper and lower parts AB, part A of the body from the bottom edge to the armpit, and part B of the shoulder and collar from the armpit to the top of the collar.
  • the front plate of the No. 3 velvet yarn guide needs to knit the twisted structure a1 with the help of the empty needles relative to the needle plate, and repeat the front and rear plate loops to weave a non-connected single-piece cylindrical air layer structure;
  • the left No. 1 waste yarn guide and the right No. 2 waste yarn guide exit the knitting area at the same time and do not participate in knitting; at the same time, the left side is brought into the No. Sleeves, knit the right sleeve with No. 5 velvet yarn guide on the right side, knit the left sleeve, right sleeve and shirt body with the No. 3 velvet yarn guide in the middle, and complete the knitting of part A;
  • the process of merging the left sleeve, right sleeve and the body is required. As shown in the b1 position in Figure 4, the left sleeve, right sleeve and body are placed in the body through the horizontal needle reduction position, and the purpose of reducing the needles on the front and rear panels is achieved by using empty needles. , change the size to form raglan sleeves, and when merging, part B only uses No. 3 velvet yarn carrier for knitting, and No. 4 velvet yarn carrier for the left sleeve and No. 5 velvet yarn carrier for the right sleeve exit the knitting area at the same time. do not participate in weaving;
  • the rear collar is normally woven with a new loop, while the front collar is knit with the needle stopped, the loop gradually exits the knitting state, and finally forms a new loop together with the stitch at the needle stop position , to meet the required size of the collar depth, in line with human body wearing.
  • FIG. 5 it is a diagram of the weaving progress trajectory in the present invention.
  • the present invention selects 3 system computerized flat knitting machines for weaving.
  • the system S1 When the machine head is knitted with the yarn guide from left to right, the system S1 knits with the No. 2 or No. 5 yarn guide, the system S2 knits with the No. 3 yarn guide, and the system S3 knits with the No. 1 or No. 4 yarn guide ;
  • the system S1 When the machine head is knitted with the yarn guide from right to left, the system S1 knits with the yarn guide 1 or 4, the system S2 knits with the yarn guide 3, and the system S3 knits with the yarn guide 2 or 5
  • the knitting of one row of front board or one row of rear board coils is completed.
  • FIG. 6a it is a plane view of the stitch knitting loop of the present invention
  • Fig. 6b it is a schematic drawing of the stitch knitting loop of the present invention.
  • the process method for weaving fully formed products with spacer needle technology specifically includes the following steps:
  • Step 1 Weave the cylindrical air layer as the base tissue structure through spacer stitches
  • the base structure is the basis for knitting multi-gauge products. By using 1 empty needle and 1 needle every other needle, the loops of the front and rear plates can be knitted to knit the base structure of the cylindrical air layer.
  • the 1st, 3rd, 5th...odd-numbered needles go out to knit a new loop, and the 2nd, 4th, 6th...even-numbered needles on the front board do not go out, do not knit, and pull the floating thread , only the yarn passes through the needle;
  • the 2nd, 4th, 6th...even-numbered needles are used to knit a new loop, and the 1st, 3rd, 5th...odd-numbered needles of the rear panel are not needled out, do not knit, and pull the floating thread , only the yarn passes through the knitting needles, and the front and rear panels weave new loops in turn.
  • the knitting needles on the front and rear boards are ejected according to the staggered needle positions, that is, when the needles are ejected from the front board, the needles are not from the rear board, or when the needles from the rear board are ejected, the needles from the front board are not. There is no obvious difference in the appearance effect between the cylindrical air layer structure and the normal gauge knitting structure.
  • FIG 7 it is a schematic diagram of twisted flower structure in the present invention.
  • Twist weave design with the help of the empty needle position relative to the needle board to perform the cross-over action of the twisted coil, take 2 needles pressing 2 twisting, the direction is right pressing left as an example to illustrate the knitting process, the shaker is wrong board needle
  • the number is an even number of needles, and the number of needles on the shaking table is a multiple of the number of twisted needles.
  • the front panel When the front panel is twisted, first transfer the crossed front panel stitch to the empty needle position on the back panel. At this time, the twisted stitch position on the front panel is empty, and then turn the stitch on the right rear panel to the left by 4 stitches After the position, transfer to the needle position corresponding to the left side of the front board, and finally turn the stitches on the left rear board to the right by 4 needle positions, then transfer to the needle position corresponding to the right side of the front board, and complete the stitching of the right and left side of the front board cross swap.
  • the twisting principle of the rear plate is exactly the same as that of the front plate. Only the direction of the transfer shaker is opposite, so that the coils of the front plate and the rear plate can be twisted separately, and there is no adhesion between the coils of the front and rear plates.
  • Step 2 Knit the left and right sleeves and the body area respectively according to different yarn guides, and combine the sleeves and body with the needle reduction process above the hanging shoulders;
  • FIG. 8 it is a structural view of the combined coil of the sleeve body in the present invention.
  • Fig. 8 is a structural diagram of the combined loops of the sleeve body continuing with the schematic diagram of the raglan section shown in Fig. 4 .
  • the combination of sleeve and body is the key process of sweater technology, which is completed by hanging shoulders and reducing stitches.
  • the left and right sleeves and the body structure are composed of D, E, and F areas.
  • the D area is used to knit the left sleeve part with the No. 4 yarn guide
  • the E area is used to knit the body part with the No. 3 yarn guide
  • the F area is equipped with the No. 5 guide.
  • the yarn device knits the right sleeve part; 3 yarn guides separately knit the respective areas of the body sleeve, and the areas are open and not connected.
  • the left sleeve and right sleeve merge with the middle body, the No. 4 yarn guide in the D area of the left sleeve and the No. 5 yarn guide in the F area of the right sleeve exit knitting.
  • the No. 3 yarn guide combines the loops in the D, E, and F areas through weaving, and then according to the technical requirements, the overall stitching of the loops on the front and rear panels of the hanging shoulders is placed in the E area of the body to form a falling sleeve structure b2, which meets the requirements of sleeves and hanging shoulders.
  • the purpose of the curve craft size is to complete the combined structure of the sleeve body and weave it to fit the human body.
  • FIG. 9 it is an intention diagram of shoulder hanging and stitch reduction continuous with the sleeve body merging loop structure diagram in the present invention.
  • the knitting process is carried out according to the size requirements of the hanging shoulder and the sleeve mountain.
  • the knitting process is illustrated by taking the needle reduction action on the left side as an example.
  • the stitches of the front and rear plates are respectively reduced.
  • weave the base weave loops on the front and back boards then transfer the reducing stitches on the front board to the empty needle position on the back board, move the rear board to the right by 2 needle positions, then turn the back board loops back to the front board, and the stitches are completed
  • the stitch reduction action of the front board stitch in the same way, transfer the stitch reduction stitch of the back board to the empty needle position of the front board, move the rear board to the left by 2 needle positions, and then turn the stitch of the front board back to the back board to complete
  • the needle reduction action of the rear plate coils respectively forms the falling sleeve structure of the front and rear plate coils (shown at X position in Figure 9), the needle plate moves 2 needle positions, and the front and rear plate coils are respectively subtracted by 1 stitch (Y position in Figure 9 shown).
  • Step 3 Knit with a deep stop at the front neck.
  • FIG. 10 it is a structure diagram of the front collar deep rest knitting loop in the present invention.
  • the unique needle selection system of the computerized flat knitting machine can select the function of each knitting needle purposefully, and knitting methods such as looping, tucking, and non-knitting can be performed on the same row at the same time.
  • the rest design is only for the front coil (shown at the O position in Figure 10), the back coil is normally woven, and the front collar depth adopts a gradual rest knitting method from the middle to both sides (shown at the S position in Figure 10), and the front collar deep coil It is reduced accordingly, the more the number of resting rows, the higher the collar depth, and vice versa; because the loops of the front plate are hung on the knitting needles and gradually withdraw from knitting, forming a hole effect, which affects the appearance, and the tuck hanging with 1 stitch at the edge is adopted.
  • To make up the appearance effect caused by the eyelet shown at T position in Figure 10).
  • it can meet the knitting realization of the basic sweater-like molding process, and reduce the production of traditional sweater fitting, upper sleeves and upper collars and other sewing equipment fitting processes under the basic premise of conforming to human body wear, On the basis of not increasing production cost and added value, improve production efficiency, change the direction of product process design, and provide ideas and help for enterprises to develop the production of fully formed products.
  • the size of the needle hook is directly related to the style and needle type of the knitted product. Applying this weaving method to product design can achieve better results in reducing production costs and improving production efficiency.
  • the invention adopts the double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine and the multi-gauge spacer needle technology, which can realize the weaving of fully formed seamless products.

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Knitting Machines (AREA)

Abstract

A process method for knitting a fully-formed product by needle separation technology. The process method comprises: knitting a cylindrical air layer as a substrate texture structure by means of a needle separation method, separately knitting a left sleeve area, a right sleeve area and a bodice area according to different yarn guides, combining and forming the left sleeve area, the right sleeve area and the bodice area above a hanging shoulder by means of a needle reduction process, and stopping a needle and stopping processing to knit a front collar; and finishing the knitting of the fully-formed product. A double-needle-plate computerized flat knitting machine is adopted, the multi-needle-pitch needle separation technology is used, and knitting of fully-formed seamless products can be achieved.

Description

隔针技术编织全成形产品的工艺方法The Technology of Weaving Fully Formed Products by Spacer Technique
本申请基于申请号为202110843057.8、申请日为2021年07月26日的中国专利申请提出,并要求该中国专利申请的优先权,该中国专利申请的全部内容在此引入本申请作为参考。This application is based on a Chinese patent application with application number 202110843057.8 and a filing date of July 26, 2021, and claims the priority of this Chinese patent application. The entire content of this Chinese patent application is hereby incorporated by reference into this application.
技术领域technical field
本发明属于纺织技术领域,具体涉及一种隔针技术编织全成形产品的工艺方法。The invention belongs to the technical field of textiles, and in particular relates to a process method for weaving fully formed products by needle-spacer technology.
背景技术Background technique
纺织行业本身是一个劳动密集型产业,随着我国人口老龄化问题越来越严重,从事纺织产业的年轻人越来越少,纺织行业面临招工难、生产难等问题一直困扰着企业管理人员。The textile industry itself is a labor-intensive industry. As my country's population aging problem becomes more and more serious, fewer and fewer young people are engaged in the textile industry. The textile industry is facing problems such as difficulty in recruitment and production that have always plagued enterprise managers.
纺织行业要想降低成本,就必须有所创新,向管理要效益、向技术要效益,向科技要效益。目前,“全成形产品”(WHOLEGARMENT)是针织行业内一个高频率词汇,也被称为“天衣无缝”或“一线成衣”产品,常常被描述为“一根纱线进去、一件成衣出来”,全成形产品以其无缝制、无套合,节省多道工序,编织效率高,减少生产时间,制作成本低而广受业内人士的关注。If the textile industry wants to reduce costs, it must innovate, seek benefits from management, seek benefits from technology, and seek benefits from technology. At present, "WHOLEGARMENT" is a high-frequency vocabulary in the knitting industry, also known as "seamless" or "one-line ready-to-wear" products, and is often described as "a yarn goes in and a garment comes out". Fully formed products are widely concerned by people in the industry because of their seamless, non-fitting, multi-process saving, high weaving efficiency, reduced production time, and low production cost.
市场中的全成形产品以日本岛精公司生产的四针板或五针板全成形电脑横机及其设计软件为主要编织设备,但这种设备价格相对昂贵,是普通双针板电脑横机价格的4到5倍,大部分生产企业还是以双针板普通电脑横机为主要生产设备。The fully-formed products in the market use the four-needle board or five-needle board computerized flat knitting machine and its design software as the main knitting equipment. 4 to 5 times the price, most manufacturers still use double-needle board ordinary computerized flat knitting machines as their main production equipment.
通过隔针技术在双针板电脑横机上编织全成形无缝产品的工艺方法。The invention discloses a process method for knitting fully formed seamless products on a double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine by needle-spacer technology.
发明内容Contents of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种隔针技术编织全成形产品的工艺方法,采用双针板电脑横机使用多针距隔针技术,能够实现全成形无缝产品的编织。The purpose of the present invention is to provide a process method for knitting fully formed products with needle spacing technology, which can realize the weaving of fully formed seamless products by using a double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine and using multi-gauge needle spacing technology.
为达到上述目的,本发明使用的技术解决方案是:For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,通过隔针编织圆筒状空气层作为基底组织结构,按照不同的导纱器分别编织左袖、右袖和大身区域,挂肩以上通过减针工艺对左袖、右袖与大身合并成型,深停针休止编织前领,完成全成形产品的编织。Spacer needle technology is a process method for fully formed products. The cylindrical air layer is knitted by needle spacers as the base structure, and the left sleeve, right sleeve and body area are respectively knitted according to different yarn guides. The left and right sleeves are combined with the body, and the front collar is knit with deep needle stop to complete the knitting of the fully formed product.
进一步,电脑横机具有前后相向的一对针板,前针板或后针板至少有一块针板向左或向右错板摇床进行线圈间的交叉换位;横编机包括五把导纱器,其中二把导纱器带废纱, 另外三把导纱器带主纱编织;电脑横编机具有三个系统功能。Further, the computerized flat knitting machine has a pair of needle plates facing each other front and back, and at least one needle plate of the front needle plate or the rear needle plate is staggered to the left or right to perform cross-transposition between the coils; the flat knitting machine includes five guides. There are two yarn guides with waste yarn, and the other three yarn guides with main yarn for knitting; the computerized flat knitting machine has three system functions.
进一步,通过加大织针的针钩弯曲距离,提高钩取或握持纱线数量。Further, by enlarging the bending distance of the hook of the knitting needle, the number of hooked or held yarns is increased.
进一步,隔针圆筒编织作为基底组织结构,具体包括:采用1空1隔针出针,轮回编织前后板线圈,编织出圆筒状空气层基底组织线圈结构;前板、后板织针按照相错针位出针,即前板出针时、后板不出针,或后板出针时、前板不出针,构成基底组织结构。Further, needle-spaced cylindrical knitting is used as the base tissue structure, which specifically includes: using 1 empty and 1 needle-out needle, circularly knitting the front and rear plate coils, and weaving a cylindrical air layer base tissue coil structure; the front plate and the rear plate knitting needles are The needles are ejected at the wrong positions, that is, when the needles are ejected from the front board, the needles are not ejected from the rear board, or when the needles are ejected from the rear board, the needles are not ejected from the front board, forming the base tissue structure.
进一步,采用1空1隔针编织成圈时,借助相对针板的空针进行线圈的翻针和移位动作,实现绞花、网眼镂空或减针动作,以完成组织结构和工艺成型。Further, when knitting with 1 empty and 1 spaced needle to form a loop, use the empty needles on the opposite needle plate to perform stitch transfer and shifting actions to realize twisting, mesh hollowing or needle reduction actions, so as to complete the organizational structure and process shaping.
进一步,通过借助空针针位进行挂肩部位的前板、后板线圈分别减针,实现左袖、右袖的袖山和挂肩位置曲线形成,并完成袖身合并结构编织。Further, by using the empty needle position to reduce the stitches of the front panel and the back panel of the hanging shoulder part respectively, the sleeve mountain of the left sleeve and the right sleeve and the curve of the hanging shoulder position are realized, and the knitting of the combined sleeve body structure is completed.
进一步,后板线圈正常编织,前板领部线圈采用停针休止编织,前领深线圈由中间向两侧逐渐休止,前领深线圈相应减少,达到领深尺寸要求。Further, the loops of the rear panel are woven normally, the loops of the collar of the front panel are woven with the needle stopped, and the deep loops of the front collar are gradually stopped from the middle to both sides, and the deep loops of the front collar are correspondingly reduced to meet the requirement of the collar depth.
本发明技术效果包括:Technical effect of the present invention comprises:
本发明通过在中细针距的横机上,安装有大针钩织针,可同时握持多根纱线;隔针技术进行成形工艺编织完成的粗针型全成形插肩款产品。In the present invention, a large-needle crochet needle is installed on a flat knitting machine with a medium-fine gauge, which can hold multiple yarns at the same time;
本发明在不使用特殊的全成形编织设备的前提下,采用传统双针板普通电脑横机也能实现全成形产品的编织。所编织物符合人体学穿着,无需缝合、一次成形、生产效率高、成本低,同时可实现编织带有绞花类等常规组织结构。The present invention can also realize the weaving of fully formed products by adopting the traditional double-needle board ordinary computerized flat knitting machine without using special fully formed knitting equipment. The woven fabric conforms to human body wear, does not need to be stitched, is formed at one time, has high production efficiency and low cost, and can realize conventional tissue structures such as weaving with cables.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1a是现有技术中12针/Inch电脑横机织针的使用示意图;Figure 1a is a schematic diagram of the use of 12 needles/Inch computerized flat knitting needles in the prior art;
图1b是本发明中12针电脑横机多针距织针的使用示意图;Fig. 1b is a schematic diagram of the use of multi-gauge knitting needles of a 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine in the present invention;
图2是本发明中隔针线圈结构示意图;Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the needle coil in the middle of the present invention;
图3是本发明中插肩款式的效果图;Fig. 3 is the rendering of the raglan style in the present invention;
图4是本发明中插肩款式的分部结构示意图;Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the partial structure of the Raglan style in the present invention;
图5是本发明中的编织行进轨迹图;Fig. 5 is the weaving traveling locus figure among the present invention;
图6a是本发明中隔针编织线圈的平视图;Fig. 6a is a plan view of the needle knitting loop of the present invention;
图6b是本发明中隔针编织线圈的意匠图;Fig. 6b is a schematic diagram of the needle knitting loop of the present invention;
图7是本发明中绞花组织意匠图;Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of twisted flower structure in the present invention;
图8是本发明中袖身合并线圈结构图;Fig. 8 is a structural diagram of the combined coil of the sleeve body in the present invention;
图9是本发明中与袖身合并线圈结构图相连续的挂肩减针意匠图;Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of shoulder hanging and needle reduction continuous with the sleeve body merging coil structure diagram in the present invention;
图10是本发明中前领深休止编织线圈结构图。Fig. 10 is a structure diagram of the front collar deep rest knitting loop in the present invention.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
以下描述充分地示出本发明的具体实施方案,以使本领域的技术人员能够实践和再现。The following description illustrates specific embodiments of the invention sufficiently to enable those skilled in the art to practice and reproduce it.
使用横编机编织产品时,其使用的电脑横机具有前后相向的一对针板,前针板或后针板至少有一块针板可以向左或向右错板摇床进行线圈间的交叉换位;横编机具有五把导纱器,其中二把导纱器带废纱,另外三把导纱器带主纱编织;横编机具有三个系统功能,减少机头空跑,提高编织效率。When using a flat knitting machine to knit products, the computerized flat knitting machine used has a pair of needle plates facing each other front and back. At least one needle plate on the front needle plate or the rear needle plate can be staggered to the left or right to cross the stitches. Transposition; the flat knitting machine has five yarn guides, two of which have waste yarns, and the other three have main yarns for knitting; the flat knitting machine has three system functions, which can reduce the idle running of the machine head and improve Weaving efficiency.
本优选实施例中,参数设计如下:In this preferred embodiment, the parameter design is as follows:
原料参数:选用长度28~33mm,细度15.5μm左右,短绒率16%以下的100%纯羊绒纱线;纱支38.5tex*2(公制支数26s/2*2)。Raw material parameters: use 100% pure cashmere yarn with a length of 28-33mm, a fineness of about 15.5μm, and a short cashmere rate of less than 16%; the yarn count is 38.5tex*2 (metric count 26s/2*2).
设计密度:成品横密为32针/10cm,成品纵密为26行/10cm。Design density: The horizontal density of the finished product is 32 needles/10cm, and the vertical density of the finished product is 26 rows/10cm.
横机参数:Flat knitting machine parameters:
Figure PCTCN2022106936-appb-000001
Figure PCTCN2022106936-appb-000001
电脑横编机的编织原理或编织形式一般包括成圈、集圈、浮线、翻针、接针和脱圈六种出针高度。The knitting principle or knitting form of the computerized flat knitting machine generally includes six needle exit heights: knitting, tucking, float, transfer, stitching and stripping.
1、成圈(编织):出针高度3/4形成新线圈即成圈;1. Knitting (knitting): 3/4 of the needle-out height forms a new coil to form a loop;
2、集圈(吊目):出针高度2/4形成集圈吊目;2. Tuck (tuck): 2/4 of the needle output height forms a tuck;
3、浮线(不织):出针高度0不出针,带纱线不参加编织动作,拉浮线;3. Floating thread (non-knitting): the needle exit height is 0, the needle does not come out, the yarn with yarn does not participate in the knitting action, and the floating thread is pulled;
4、翻针:出针高度4/4形成翻针;4. Transfer: 4/4 of the needle exit height forms a transfer;
5、接针:出针高度1/4接走翻针上的线圈;5. Needle connection: 1/4 of the needle exit height to pick up the coil on the transfer needle;
6、脱圈(不编织):出针高度3/4,起针、不带纱线不编织,针舌关闭,线圈从织针上脱落。6. Knitting off (no knitting): 3/4 of the needle-out height, start the needle, no yarn without knitting, the latch is closed, and the loop falls off the knitting needle.
采用以上6种编织形式与多针距隔针编织技术相结合,再借助相对针板的空针针位进 行线圈的翻针和移位动作,即可实现粗针型全成形款式产品的编织工艺。Combining the above 6 kinds of knitting forms with multi-gauge spacer knitting technology, and then using the empty needle position of the relative needle board to perform stitch transfer and shifting actions, the knitting process of thick-needle full-formed products can be realized .
多针距电脑横机设备主要在织针上有较大变化,在12针电脑横机上安装有7针大针钩织针。The multi-gauge computerized flat knitting machine has major changes in knitting needles, and 7 large hook knitting needles are installed on the 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine.
如图1a所示,是现有技术中12针/Inch电脑横机织针的使用示意图。As shown in Fig. 1a, it is a schematic diagram of the use of 12 needles/Inch computerized flat knitting needles in the prior art.
织针针钩的弯曲位置的宽度距离约为1mm(a位置宽度=1mm)。The width distance of the bent position of the hook of the knitting needle is about 1 mm (a position width = 1 mm).
如图1b所示,是本发明中12针电脑横机多针距织针的使用示意图。As shown in Figure 1b, it is a schematic diagram of the use of multi-gauge knitting needles of a 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine in the present invention.
12针电脑横机多针距织针,织针的针钩弯曲位置的宽度为2mm(a位置宽度=2mm)。For a 12-needle computerized flat knitting machine multi-gauge knitting needle, the width of the hook bending position of the knitting needle is 2mm (a position width=2mm).
说明针钩宽度距离越小,织针握持纱线越少,编织产品越细腻;针钩宽度距离越大,织针握持纱线越多,编织产品越粗犷。所以针钩宽度距离的大小是决定产品粗细风格的关键因素。It shows that the smaller the hook width distance, the less yarn the knitting needle holds, and the finer the knitting product; the larger the hook width distance, the more yarn the knitting needle holds, and the rougher the knitting product. Therefore, the size of the hook width and distance is the key factor in determining the thickness and style of the product.
另外,导纱器的梭嘴眼b是纱线经过的通道,眼距影响纱线喂入的顺利进行。In addition, the shuttle eye b of the yarn guide is the channel through which the yarn passes, and the eye distance affects the smooth progress of yarn feeding.
如图2所示,是本发明中隔针线圈结构示意图。As shown in FIG. 2 , it is a schematic diagram of the structure of the intermediate needle coil of the present invention.
根据织针的变化,在一台特定机号的电脑横机设备上能够编织粗细不同针距效果的产品。According to the change of knitting needles, products with different needle distance effects can be knitted on a computerized flat knitting machine with a specific machine size.
用1空1隔针成圈的编织形式,当奇数1列编织成圈,偶数2列不编织、拉浮线,或奇数1列不编织、拉浮线,偶数2列编织成圈;即可编织出7针粗针型效果的纬平针组织结构,是成圈组织与浮线组织的联动。Use the knitting form of 1 empty and 1 stitch to form a loop, when the odd number 1 row knits into a loop, the even number 2 rows do not knit and pull the floating thread, or the odd number 1 row does not knit and pull the floating thread, and the even number 2 rows knit into a loop; The weft plain stitch structure with the effect of 7 thick needles is knitted, which is the linkage of the loop-forming structure and the floating thread structure.
采用多针距隔针技术编织成圈,有空针位置存在,空针织针位置不参加编织,空针上就不会形成任何线圈,借助空针进行目标线圈间的相互翻针和移圈动作,来完成绞花组织设计和减针动作的实现就显得较为简单。Knitting into circles by using the technology of multi-gauge needle spacing, there are empty needle positions, and the empty knitting needle positions do not participate in knitting, and no loops will be formed on the empty needles, and the mutual transfer and transfer actions between the target loops are performed with the help of empty needles. It is relatively simple to complete the twisted weave design and the realization of the needle reduction action.
如图3所示,是本发明中插肩款式的效果图。As shown in Figure 3, it is an effect diagram of the raglan style in the present invention.
这是一款前片带有绞花的基本款,大身侧缝和袖子侧缝都没有缝迹,下摆和袖口为自起底模式;前后板线圈采用轮回编织到领部位置时,后领部正常编织,前领部为停针休止编织,形成有前领深高度的自带领。This is a basic style with cable on the front, no seams on the side seams of the body and sleeves, and a self-starting pattern on the hem and cuffs; The upper part is knitted normally, and the front neck part is knitted with stop stitches, forming a self-leading collar with a deep front collar.
如图4所示,是本发明中插肩款式的分部结构示意图。As shown in Fig. 4, it is a schematic diagram of the partial structure of the raglan style in the present invention.
由图4可知,成衣主要由AB上下两部分构成,从底边到腋下为大身A部分,从腋下到领顶为挂肩和领部B部分。It can be seen from Fig. 4 that the ready-made garment is mainly composed of upper and lower parts AB, part A of the body from the bottom edge to the armpit, and part B of the shoulder and collar from the armpit to the top of the collar.
为了能够与半袖位置相连续,起底时,左边带入1号废纱导纱器编织,右边带入2号废纱导纱器编织,中间带入3号绒纱导纱器,编织大身,3号绒纱导纱器前板要借助相对针板的空针编织出绞花组织结构a1,反复进行前后板轮回方式编织出无连接的单片圆筒空气层结构;In order to be continuous with the half-sleeve position, when starting the bottom, weave with No. 1 waste yarn guide on the left, knit with No. 2 waste yarn guide on the right, and knit with No. 3 cashmere yarn guide in the middle , the front plate of the No. 3 velvet yarn guide needs to knit the twisted structure a1 with the help of the empty needles relative to the needle plate, and repeat the front and rear plate loops to weave a non-connected single-piece cylindrical air layer structure;
待编织到半袖绒纱起口位置时,左边1号废纱导纱器和右边2号废纱导纱器同时退出编织区域、不参加编织;同时,左边带入4号绒纱导纱器编织左袖,右边带入5号绒纱导纱器编织右袖,与中间3号绒纱导纱器共同编织左袖、右袖和衫身部分,完成A部分编织;When weaving to the opening position of the half-sleeve velvet yarn, the left No. 1 waste yarn guide and the right No. 2 waste yarn guide exit the knitting area at the same time and do not participate in knitting; at the same time, the left side is brought into the No. Sleeves, knit the right sleeve with No. 5 velvet yarn guide on the right side, knit the left sleeve, right sleeve and shirt body with the No. 3 velvet yarn guide in the middle, and complete the knitting of part A;
需将左袖、右袖和大身合并过程,图4中b1位置所示,左袖、右袖和大身通过横向减针位置在大身中,借助空针达到前后板分别减针的目的,改变尺寸、形成插肩袖,合并时B部分仅使用3号绒纱导纱器编织,左袖的4号绒纱导纱器和右袖的5号绒纱导纱器同时退出编织区域,不参加编织;The process of merging the left sleeve, right sleeve and the body is required. As shown in the b1 position in Figure 4, the left sleeve, right sleeve and body are placed in the body through the horizontal needle reduction position, and the purpose of reducing the needles on the front and rear panels is achieved by using empty needles. , change the size to form raglan sleeves, and when merging, part B only uses No. 3 velvet yarn carrier for knitting, and No. 4 velvet yarn carrier for the left sleeve and No. 5 velvet yarn carrier for the right sleeve exit the knitting area at the same time. do not participate in weaving;
到达领部位置,图中b2位置所示,后片领部正常编织新线圈,而前片领部采用停针休止编织,线圈逐渐退出编织状态,最后再与停针位置的线圈共同形成新线圈,达到领深要求尺寸,符合人体学穿着。Arriving at the collar position, as shown in the position b2 in the figure, the rear collar is normally woven with a new loop, while the front collar is knit with the needle stopped, the loop gradually exits the knitting state, and finally forms a new loop together with the stitch at the needle stop position , to meet the required size of the collar depth, in line with human body wearing.
如图5所示,是本发明中的编织行进轨迹图。As shown in Fig. 5, it is a diagram of the weaving progress trajectory in the present invention.
为了提高编织效率,减少机头空跑过程,本发明选用3系统电脑横机编织。In order to improve the weaving efficiency and reduce the empty running process of the machine head, the present invention selects 3 system computerized flat knitting machines for weaving.
当机头带导纱器由左向右编织前板线圈时,系统S1带2或者5号导纱器编织,系统S2带3号导纱器编织,系统S3带1或者4号导纱器编织;当机头带导纱器由右向左编织后板线圈时,系统S1带1或者4号导纱器编织,系统S2带3号导纱器编织,系统S3带2或者5号导纱器编织,机头每行进一个过程,即完成一行前板或一行后板线圈的编织。When the machine head is knitted with the yarn guide from left to right, the system S1 knits with the No. 2 or No. 5 yarn guide, the system S2 knits with the No. 3 yarn guide, and the system S3 knits with the No. 1 or No. 4 yarn guide ;When the machine head is knitted with the yarn guide from right to left, the system S1 knits with the yarn guide 1 or 4, the system S2 knits with the yarn guide 3, and the system S3 knits with the yarn guide 2 or 5 For knitting, each time the machine head advances a process, the knitting of one row of front board or one row of rear board coils is completed.
如图6a所示,是本发明中隔针编织线圈的平视图;如图6b所示,是本发明中隔针编织线圈的意匠图。As shown in Fig. 6a, it is a plane view of the stitch knitting loop of the present invention; as shown in Fig. 6b, it is a schematic drawing of the stitch knitting loop of the present invention.
隔针技术编织全成形产品的工艺方法,具体包括以下步骤:The process method for weaving fully formed products with spacer needle technology specifically includes the following steps:
步骤1:通过隔针编织圆筒状空气层作为基底组织结构;Step 1: Weave the cylindrical air layer as the base tissue structure through spacer stitches;
基底组织结构是编织多针距产品的基础,采用1空1隔针出针,轮回编织前后板线圈,即可编织出圆筒状空气层基底组织结构。The base structure is the basis for knitting multi-gauge products. By using 1 empty needle and 1 needle every other needle, the loops of the front and rear plates can be knitted to knit the base structure of the cylindrical air layer.
由前板①的方向引进纱线,第1、3、5……奇数针出针编织新线圈,则前板第2、4、6……偶数针则不出针、不编织、拉浮线,仅纱线从织针上通过;Introduce the yarn from the direction of the front plate ①, the 1st, 3rd, 5th...odd-numbered needles go out to knit a new loop, and the 2nd, 4th, 6th...even-numbered needles on the front board do not go out, do not knit, and pull the floating thread , only the yarn passes through the needle;
当后板②的方向引出纱线,第2、4、6……偶数针出针编织新线圈,则后板第1、3、5……奇数针则不出针、不编织、拉浮线,仅纱线从织针上通过,前后板轮回编织新线圈。When the yarn is drawn out from the direction of the rear panel ②, the 2nd, 4th, 6th...even-numbered needles are used to knit a new loop, and the 1st, 3rd, 5th...odd-numbered needles of the rear panel are not needled out, do not knit, and pull the floating thread , only the yarn passes through the knitting needles, and the front and rear panels weave new loops in turn.
前后板织针按照相错针位出针,即前板出针时、后板不出针,或后板出针时、前板不出针,这样采用多针距隔针技术编织出的圆筒状空气层结构与正常针距编织的结构外观效果无明显差异。The knitting needles on the front and rear boards are ejected according to the staggered needle positions, that is, when the needles are ejected from the front board, the needles are not from the rear board, or when the needles from the rear board are ejected, the needles from the front board are not. There is no obvious difference in the appearance effect between the cylindrical air layer structure and the normal gauge knitting structure.
如图7所示,是本发明中绞花组织意匠图。As shown in Figure 7, it is a schematic diagram of twisted flower structure in the present invention.
绞花组织设计,借助相对针板的空针针位进行绞花线圈的翻针交叉动作,以2针压2 针绞花,方向为右压左为例说明其编织工艺,摇床错板针数为偶数针,且摇床错板针数为绞花针数的倍数。Twist weave design, with the help of the empty needle position relative to the needle board to perform the cross-over action of the twisted coil, take 2 needles pressing 2 twisting, the direction is right pressing left as an example to illustrate the knitting process, the shaker is wrong board needle The number is an even number of needles, and the number of needles on the shaking table is a multiple of the number of twisted needles.
当前板绞花时,首先将绞花交叉的前板线圈翻针到后板空针针位上,此时,前板绞花针位为空,然后右面后板的线圈向左摇4个针位后翻针到前板对应左面的针位上,最后再将左面后板的线圈向右摇4个针位后翻针到前板对应右面的针位上,完成前板右面和左面线圈的交叉互换。同理,后板绞花原理与前板绞花原理完全相同,仅翻针摇床方向相反,即可达到前板和后板线圈分别绞花的目的,且前后板线圈相互间无粘连。When the front panel is twisted, first transfer the crossed front panel stitch to the empty needle position on the back panel. At this time, the twisted stitch position on the front panel is empty, and then turn the stitch on the right rear panel to the left by 4 stitches After the position, transfer to the needle position corresponding to the left side of the front board, and finally turn the stitches on the left rear board to the right by 4 needle positions, then transfer to the needle position corresponding to the right side of the front board, and complete the stitching of the right and left side of the front board cross swap. In the same way, the twisting principle of the rear plate is exactly the same as that of the front plate. Only the direction of the transfer shaker is opposite, so that the coils of the front plate and the rear plate can be twisted separately, and there is no adhesion between the coils of the front and rear plates.
步骤2:按照不同的导纱器分别编织左右袖和大身各自区域,挂肩以上减针工艺对袖与身合并成型;Step 2: Knit the left and right sleeves and the body area respectively according to different yarn guides, and combine the sleeves and body with the needle reduction process above the hanging shoulders;
如图8所示,是本发明中袖身合并线圈结构图。As shown in FIG. 8 , it is a structural view of the combined coil of the sleeve body in the present invention.
图8是与图4所示的插肩款分部结构示意图相连续的袖身合并线圈结构图。Fig. 8 is a structural diagram of the combined loops of the sleeve body continuing with the schematic diagram of the raglan section shown in Fig. 4 .
袖身合并是毛衫工艺的关键工艺,通过挂肩减针完成。由D、E、F三个区域构成左右袖和大身结构,其中D区域带4号导纱器编织左袖部位,E区域带3号导纱器编织大身部位,F区域带5号导纱器编织右袖部位;3把导纱器单独编织身袖各自区域,区域与区域间为开口状态、无连接。The combination of sleeve and body is the key process of sweater technology, which is completed by hanging shoulders and reducing stitches. The left and right sleeves and the body structure are composed of D, E, and F areas. Among them, the D area is used to knit the left sleeve part with the No. 4 yarn guide, the E area is used to knit the body part with the No. 3 yarn guide, and the F area is equipped with the No. 5 guide. The yarn device knits the right sleeve part; 3 yarn guides separately knit the respective areas of the body sleeve, and the areas are open and not connected.
a2处所示,当编织到腋下挂肩位置时,左袖和右袖与中间大身合并,左袖D区域4号导纱器和右袖F区域5号导纱器退出编织,同时,3号导纱器将D、E、F区域的线圈通织合并,再通过工艺要求将挂肩前后板线圈整体减针在大身E区域位置,形成堕套组织b2,达到符合袖山和挂肩曲线工艺尺寸的目的,完成袖身合并结构编织、贴合人体。As shown in a2, when weaving to the armpit hanging shoulder position, the left sleeve and right sleeve merge with the middle body, the No. 4 yarn guide in the D area of the left sleeve and the No. 5 yarn guide in the F area of the right sleeve exit knitting. At the same time, The No. 3 yarn guide combines the loops in the D, E, and F areas through weaving, and then according to the technical requirements, the overall stitching of the loops on the front and rear panels of the hanging shoulders is placed in the E area of the body to form a falling sleeve structure b2, which meets the requirements of sleeves and hanging shoulders. The purpose of the curve craft size is to complete the combined structure of the sleeve body and weave it to fit the human body.
如图9所示,是本发明中与袖身合并线圈结构图相连续的挂肩减针意匠图。As shown in FIG. 9 , it is an intention diagram of shoulder hanging and stitch reduction continuous with the sleeve body merging loop structure diagram in the present invention.
袖身导纱器合并后,按照挂肩和袖山尺寸要求,进行减针工艺编织,以左侧减针动作为例说明其编织工艺。After merging the yarn guides for the sleeve body, the knitting process is carried out according to the size requirements of the hanging shoulder and the sleeve mountain. The knitting process is illustrated by taking the needle reduction action on the left side as an example.
借助相对针板的空针针位进行前后板线圈分别减针动作。首先,编织前后板基底组织线圈,然后将前板减针线圈翻针到后板空针针位上,后板向右移动2个针位后,再将后板线圈翻回到前板,完成前板线圈减针动作;同理,将后板减针线圈翻针到前板空针针位上,后板向左移动2个针位后,再将前板线圈翻回到后板,完成后板线圈减针动作,分别形成有前后板线圈的堕套组织(图9中X位置所示),针板移动2个针位,前后板线圈分别被减掉1针(图9中Y位置所示)。With the help of the empty needle position of the relative needle plate, the stitches of the front and rear plates are respectively reduced. First, weave the base weave loops on the front and back boards, then transfer the reducing stitches on the front board to the empty needle position on the back board, move the rear board to the right by 2 needle positions, then turn the back board loops back to the front board, and the stitches are completed The stitch reduction action of the front board stitch; in the same way, transfer the stitch reduction stitch of the back board to the empty needle position of the front board, move the rear board to the left by 2 needle positions, and then turn the stitch of the front board back to the back board to complete The needle reduction action of the rear plate coils respectively forms the falling sleeve structure of the front and rear plate coils (shown at X position in Figure 9), the needle plate moves 2 needle positions, and the front and rear plate coils are respectively subtracted by 1 stitch (Y position in Figure 9 shown).
步骤3:前领深停针休止编织。Step 3: Knit with a deep stop at the front neck.
如图10所示,是本发明中前领深休止编织线圈结构图。As shown in FIG. 10 , it is a structure diagram of the front collar deep rest knitting loop in the present invention.
电脑横机特有的选针系统可以对每一根织针的作用有目地的选择,在同一行上可以同 时进行成圈、集圈、不织等编织方式的进行。The unique needle selection system of the computerized flat knitting machine can select the function of each knitting needle purposefully, and knitting methods such as looping, tucking, and non-knitting can be performed on the same row at the same time.
休止设计只针对前板线圈(图10中O位置所示),后板线圈正常编织,前领深采取由中间向两侧逐渐休止编织方式(图10中S位置所示),前领深线圈被相应减少,休止的行数越多领深尺寸越高,反之则越低;由于前板线圈挂在织针上逐渐退出编织,形成有孔眼效应,影响外观,采取边缘1针的集圈吊目组织,与停针线圈钩取,弥补孔眼造成的外观效果(图10中T位置所示)。The rest design is only for the front coil (shown at the O position in Figure 10), the back coil is normally woven, and the front collar depth adopts a gradual rest knitting method from the middle to both sides (shown at the S position in Figure 10), and the front collar deep coil It is reduced accordingly, the more the number of resting rows, the higher the collar depth, and vice versa; because the loops of the front plate are hung on the knitting needles and gradually withdraw from knitting, forming a hole effect, which affects the appearance, and the tuck hanging with 1 stitch at the edge is adopted. To make up the appearance effect caused by the eyelet (shown at T position in Figure 10).
编织完成后,再以前后板线圈一起编织结束领部。领部休止编织顺序为:初始点带导纱器由左向右行进,按照后板线圈→前板线圈(右)→前板线圈(右)→后板线圈→前板线圈(左)→前板线圈(左),按此循环方向即可编织出“后高前低”带有前领深高度的领部工艺,符合领深尺寸。After the knitting is completed, weave the front and back panel loops together to end the collar. The rest knitting sequence of the collar is: the initial point with the yarn guide travels from left to right, in accordance with the rear coil → the front coil (right) → the front coil (right) → the rear coil → the front coil (left) → the front Plate coil (left), according to this cycle direction, you can knit a "back high front low" collar technology with a front collar depth, which conforms to the collar depth size.
至此,由这4个步骤即完成一款插肩袖全成形产品的编织工艺。So far, the weaving process of a fully formed raglan sleeve product has been completed through these four steps.
按以上实施例,能够满足毛衫类基本款成型工艺的编织实现,在符合人体学穿着的基本前提下,减少传统毛衫的合身、上袖和上领等缝盘设备套合工序的制作,在不增加生产成本和附加值的基础上,提高生产效率,改变产品工艺设计方向,对企业开发全成形产品的制作提供思路和帮助。According to the above embodiments, it can meet the knitting realization of the basic sweater-like molding process, and reduce the production of traditional sweater fitting, upper sleeves and upper collars and other sewing equipment fitting processes under the basic premise of conforming to human body wear, On the basis of not increasing production cost and added value, improve production efficiency, change the direction of product process design, and provide ideas and help for enterprises to develop the production of fully formed products.
在不脱离本发明宗旨的范围内能适当的改变实施。适合于其它不同机型的粗纺针织物编织;款式结构不仅限于本发明中所列举的实施范围,可进行七分袖、长袖等常规基本款式的实施变更;组织结构也不仅限于本发明中所列举的绞花方向、绞花大小,也可以是一些网眼镂空或其它电脑复合组织结构的编织实现。另外,针钩大小是钩取或握持纱线的主要因素,Appropriate changes can be made without departing from the gist of the present invention. It is suitable for the weaving of woolen knitted fabrics of other different models; the style structure is not limited to the scope of implementation listed in the present invention, and the implementation changes of conventional basic styles such as three-quarter sleeves and long sleeves can be carried out; The twisted flower direction and twisted flower size listed can also be achieved by the weaving of some mesh hollows or other computer composite tissue structures. In addition, the size of the needle hook is the main factor for hooking or holding the yarn,
针钩大小与编织产品的风格和针型区别有直接关系。将这种编织方法应用到产品设计中,可在降低生产成本,提高生产效率等方面收获较好的目的效果。The size of the needle hook is directly related to the style and needle type of the knitted product. Applying this weaving method to product design can achieve better results in reducing production costs and improving production efficiency.
本发明所用的术语是说明和示例性、而非限制性的术语。由于本发明能够以多种形式具体实施而不脱离技术方案的精神或实质,所以应当理解,上述实施例不限于任何前述的细节,而应在随附权利要求所限定的精神和范围内广泛地解释,因此落入权利要求或其等效范围内的全部变化和改型都应为随附权利要求所涵盖。The terms used herein are terms of description and illustration, rather than limitation. Since the present invention can be embodied in various forms without departing from the spirit or essence of the technical solution, it should be understood that the above-mentioned embodiments are not limited to any of the foregoing details, but should be widely used within the spirit and scope defined by the appended claims. Therefore, all changes and modifications that come within the scope of the claims or their equivalents are intended to be covered by the appended claims.
工业实用性Industrial Applicability
本发明采用双针板电脑横机使用多针距隔针技术,能够实现全成形无缝产品的编织。The invention adopts the double-needle board computerized flat knitting machine and the multi-gauge spacer needle technology, which can realize the weaving of fully formed seamless products.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,通过隔针编织圆筒状空气层作为基底组织结构,按照不同的导纱器分别编织左袖、右袖和大身区域,挂肩以上通过减针工艺对左袖、右袖与大身合并成型,深停针休止编织前领,完成全成形产品的编织。A process method for a fully formed product with spacer needle technology, which is characterized in that the cylindrical air layer is knitted by spacer needles as the base tissue structure, and the left sleeve, right sleeve and body area are respectively knitted according to different yarn guides, and the hanging shoulders The left sleeve, the right sleeve and the body are merged and formed through the needle reduction process above, and the front collar is knit with a deep stop of the needle to complete the knitting of the fully formed product.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,电脑横机具有前后相向的一对针板,前针板或后针板至少有一块针板向左或向右错板摇床进行线圈间的交叉换位;横编机包括五把导纱器,其中二把导纱器带废纱,另外三把导纱器带主纱编织;电脑横编机具有三个系统功能。The process method for fully formed products with spaced-needle technology according to claim 1, wherein the computerized flat knitting machine has a pair of needle plates facing each other front and back, and at least one needle plate of the front needle plate or the rear needle plate faces left or right The staggered board shaker performs the cross-transposition between the coils; the flat knitting machine includes five yarn guides, two of which carry waste yarns, and the other three yarn guides carry the main yarn for knitting; the computerized flat knitting machine has three System functions.
  3. 如权利要求1所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,通过加大织针的针钩弯曲距离,提高钩取或握持纱线数量。The process method of fully formed products with spacer needle technology according to claim 1, characterized in that the number of hooked or held yarns is increased by increasing the hook bending distance of the knitting needles.
  4. 如权利要求1所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,隔针圆筒编织作为基底组织结构,具体包括:采用1空1隔针出针,轮回编织前后板线圈,编织出圆筒状空气层基底组织线圈结构;前板、后板织针按照相错针位出针,即前板出针时、后板不出针,或后板出针时、前板不出针,构成基底组织结构。The process method of the fully formed product with spacer needle technology as claimed in claim 1, wherein the needle spacer cylindrical knitting is used as the base tissue structure, which specifically includes: using 1 empty space and 1 spacer needle to output needles, knitting the front and rear plate loops in a cycle, knitting Cylindrical air layer base tissue coil structure; the needles of the front plate and the rear plate are output according to the staggered needle position, that is, when the front plate is out of the needle, the back plate is out of the needle, or when the back plate is out of the needle, the front plate is out of the needle. Needles form the underlying tissue structure.
  5. 如权利要求4所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,采用1空1隔针编织成圈时,借助相对针板的空针进行线圈的翻针和移位动作,实现绞花、网眼镂空或减针动作,以完成组织结构和工艺成型。The process method of fully formed products with spacer needle technology as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that, when knitting with one empty needle and one spacer needle to form a loop, the stitches are transferred and shifted by means of the empty needles on the opposite needle plate to realize Cable, mesh openwork or reduced stitch motions for texture and craft shaping.
  6. 如权利要求4所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,通过借助空针针位进行挂肩部位的前板、后板线圈分别减针,实现左袖、右袖的袖山和挂肩位置曲线形成,并完成袖身合并结构编织。The process method of fully formed products with spacer needle technology as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that, the stitches of the front plate and the rear plate coils of the hanging shoulder part are respectively reduced by means of the empty needle position, so as to realize the sleeve height of the left sleeve and the right sleeve The curve is formed at the hanging shoulder position, and the sleeve body is completed with a structural weave.
  7. 如权利要求4所述的隔针技术全成形产品的工艺方法,其特征在于,后板线圈正常编织,前板领部线圈采用停针休止编织,前领深线圈由中间向两侧逐渐休止,前领深线圈相应减少,达到领深尺寸要求。The process method of fully formed products with spacer needle technology as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the coils of the back panel are normally woven, the collar coils of the front panel are woven with needles stopped, and the deep coils of the front collar are gradually stopped from the middle to both sides, The front collar depth coil is correspondingly reduced to meet the collar depth size requirement.
PCT/CN2022/106936 2021-07-26 2022-07-21 Process method for knitting fully-formed product by needle separation technology WO2023005780A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ZA2022/13537A ZA202213537B (en) 2021-07-26 2022-12-14 Process of knitting whole garment by alternated stitch technique

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110843057.8 2021-07-26
CN202110843057.8A CN113584697A (en) 2021-07-26 2021-07-26 Process for knitting fully formed product by needle separating technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2023005780A1 true WO2023005780A1 (en) 2023-02-02

Family

ID=78250078

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2022/106936 WO2023005780A1 (en) 2021-07-26 2022-07-21 Process method for knitting fully-formed product by needle separation technology

Country Status (3)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113584697A (en)
WO (1) WO2023005780A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA202213537B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113584697A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-02 内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司 Process for knitting fully formed product by needle separating technology
CN114836888B (en) * 2022-05-21 2024-05-24 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of right shoulder yarn-mouth belt inserting structure of full-formed flat-shoulder round-neck garment
CN115029845B (en) * 2022-06-08 2024-05-28 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of jacquard float thread winding front tissue of two-needle plate flat knitting machine and knitted fabric
CN114855344B (en) * 2022-06-08 2024-05-28 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of jacquard weave pattern weave of two-needle plate flat knitting machine and knitted fabric
CN114855345B (en) * 2022-06-08 2024-05-24 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of jacquard positive and negative needle tissues of two-needle plate flat knitting machine and knitted fabric
CN114960007B (en) * 2022-06-08 2024-06-25 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of jacquard hole-picking tissue of two-needle-plate flat knitting machine and knitted fabric
CN114960008B (en) * 2022-06-08 2024-06-25 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method of jacquard float thread winding front tissue of four-needle plate flat knitting machine and knitted fabric

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0533612A2 (en) * 1991-09-19 1993-03-24 José Maria Picaza Azpiroz Process for knitting a seamless garment on flat knitting machines
CN1396967A (en) * 2000-01-26 2003-02-12 株式会社岛精机制作所 Method of knitting neck portion of knit wear by weft knitting machine and the knit wear
CN1488013A (en) * 2001-02-02 2004-04-07 株式会社岛精机制作所 Method of knitting rope-form patterns in tubular knitted fabric
CN111691052A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 福建睿能科技股份有限公司 Method, apparatus and storage medium for knitting full-fashioned transfer patterns
CN113584697A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-02 内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司 Process for knitting fully formed product by needle separating technology

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5826445A (en) * 1996-02-09 1998-10-27 Shima Seiki Manufacturing Ltd. Knitting method on a flat knitting machine and a knit fabric thus produced
US6315009B1 (en) * 1998-05-13 2001-11-13 Georgia Tech Research Corp. Full-fashioned garment with sleeves having intelligence capability
TW446774B (en) * 1998-08-28 2001-07-21 Shima Seiki Mfg Knitwear knitting method
CN102071525A (en) * 2010-09-13 2011-05-25 宁波普罗蒂电脑横机有限公司 Scientific knit-and-wear knitting process
CN110042546B (en) * 2019-05-06 2020-10-09 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method for changing narrowing before and after full forming and forming fabric thereof
CN110791863B (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-06-01 斓帛职业培训学校(桐乡)有限公司 Full-forming Moire pattern structure and weaving method thereof
CN110952220B (en) * 2019-11-22 2021-05-11 针知运纺织科技(上海)有限公司 Knitting method of tubular knitted fabric with pocket
CN112176517B (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-11-30 嘉兴市蒂维时装有限公司 Knitting method for improving knitting efficiency of flat knitting machine full-molded clothes

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0533612A2 (en) * 1991-09-19 1993-03-24 José Maria Picaza Azpiroz Process for knitting a seamless garment on flat knitting machines
CN1396967A (en) * 2000-01-26 2003-02-12 株式会社岛精机制作所 Method of knitting neck portion of knit wear by weft knitting machine and the knit wear
CN1488013A (en) * 2001-02-02 2004-04-07 株式会社岛精机制作所 Method of knitting rope-form patterns in tubular knitted fabric
CN111691052A (en) * 2020-06-16 2020-09-22 福建睿能科技股份有限公司 Method, apparatus and storage medium for knitting full-fashioned transfer patterns
CN113584697A (en) * 2021-07-26 2021-11-02 内蒙古鹿王羊绒有限公司 Process for knitting fully formed product by needle separating technology

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN113584697A (en) 2021-11-02
ZA202213537B (en) 2023-07-26

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
WO2023005780A1 (en) Process method for knitting fully-formed product by needle separation technology
WO2021258846A1 (en) Imitated carved knitted fabric and weaving method therefor
CN111778621B (en) Method for knitting integrated braided fabric with accessories
CN102071525A (en) Scientific knit-and-wear knitting process
KR101498443B1 (en) Method for knitting knitted fabric
CN112481787B (en) Ribbon-shaped tassel tissue and weaving method thereof
CN110863287A (en) Ultra-light forming double-sided knitted school uniform fabric and weaving method thereof
WO2007051398A1 (en) Method for knitting out semi-turn x yarn semi-turn y yarn structural texture and yarn guiding mouth thereof
CN216338256U (en) Shuttle-woven-like weft-knitted elastic terry fabric
TW201641764A (en) Method of knitting single knit jacquard pattern and knitted composite fabrics obtainable thereby
CN108754805B (en) Knitting method, knitting structure, knitted fabric and garment
CN110685065B (en) Double-needle bed double-jacquard mesh jacquard V and bottom layer jacquard process
CN109853118B (en) Single-sided weft-knitted fabric with double-sided effect and production method thereof
CN110387637B (en) One-needle edge drawing process for warp knitting fabric
CN113073418B (en) Weaving method for controlling uniformity of size of edge coil of tubular fabric
CN106192193A (en) Warp knit shapes entirely without latasuture T-shirt and method for weaving thereof
CN206034012U (en) Warp knitting is shaping no latasuture T -shirt entirely
KR102080798B1 (en) Knitting system of circular knitting machine for functional fabric
CN215828983U (en) Elastic loop-transfer rib jacquard fabric
CN219731221U (en) Improved modal blend fiber fabric
CN113684599B (en) Three-plane-weave piece based on bird eye weaving method
CN111549430B (en) Weaving method for adding decorative floating thread tissues to tatting-like fabric
CN113755999B (en) Three-dimensional flat circular knitting structure and fabric knitted by using same
CN114182421B (en) Knitting method for improving skew of edge of fully-formed rib lower hem top fly and knitted fabric
CN107574561B (en) Technological weaving method of rough warp knitted fabric

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 22848385

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1

NENP Non-entry into the national phase

Ref country code: DE