WO2022016666A1 - Rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times - Google Patents

Rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2022016666A1
WO2022016666A1 PCT/CN2020/112942 CN2020112942W WO2022016666A1 WO 2022016666 A1 WO2022016666 A1 WO 2022016666A1 CN 2020112942 W CN2020112942 W CN 2020112942W WO 2022016666 A1 WO2022016666 A1 WO 2022016666A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
pressure
rotor
engine
work
piston
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2020/112942
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
施炳根
Original Assignee
施炳根
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN202010719427.2A priority Critical patent/CN113969836A/en
Priority to CN202010719427.2 priority
Application filed by 施炳根 filed Critical 施炳根
Publication of WO2022016666A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022016666A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/22Fuel supply systems
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D5/00Blades; Blade-carrying members; Heating, heat-insulating, cooling or antivibration means on the blades or the members
    • F01D5/02Blade-carrying members, e.g. rotors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D5/00Blades; Blade-carrying members; Heating, heat-insulating, cooling or antivibration means on the blades or the members
    • F01D5/12Blades
    • F01D5/14Form or construction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES OR ENGINES, e.g. STEAM TURBINES
    • F01D5/00Blades; Blade-carrying members; Heating, heat-insulating, cooling or antivibration means on the blades or the members
    • F01D5/12Blades
    • F01D5/14Form or construction
    • F01D5/147Construction, i.e. structural features, e.g. of weight-saving hollow blades
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B73/00Combinations of two or more engines, not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C6/00Plural gas-turbine plants; Combinations of gas-turbine plants with other apparatus; Adaptations of gas- turbine plants for special use
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/22Fuel supply systems
    • F02C7/224Heating fuel before feeding to the burner
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02CGAS-TURBINE PLANTS; AIR INTAKES FOR JET-PROPULSION PLANTS; CONTROLLING FUEL SUPPLY IN AIR-BREATHING JET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02C7/00Features, components parts, details or accessories, not provided for in, or of interest apart form groups F02C1/00 - F02C6/00; Air intakes for jet-propulsion plants
    • F02C7/22Fuel supply systems
    • F02C7/232Fuel valves; Draining valves or systems

Abstract

A rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times. A rotor (3) is provided inserted into a closed cavity of an engine. The rotor (3) fits the closed cavity of the engine and is connected to a piston (5) rotating with the rotor (3). A jet burner is provided at one side of the piston (5) correspondingly. A valve (9) opens or closes to cooperate with injection of a pressurized fuel so as to drive the piston (5) to rotate, and to cooperate with burning of the pressurized fuel caused by an ignition device (64) so as to drive the piston (5) to drive rotation of the rotor (3). One of cavities (7,8) stores a pressurized mixed gas produced from burning. After the piston (5) exits the cavity (7, 8) and enters another cavity (2), the gas is discharged outward by means of a gas discharge mechanism and performs work. The above arrangement enables conversion work to be performed two times in at least two consecutive spaces of an engine, thereby providing an engine that has improved efficiency, consumes less energy, and is more environmentally-friendly.

Description

一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机A Rotary Turbojet Fuel Engine with Secondary Work 技术领域technical field
本发明涉及动力能源技术领域,具体为燃料发动机领域,特别是涉及一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机。该二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的技术,可应用于所有由燃料(燃气)发动机提供动力的领域。The invention relates to the technical field of power energy, in particular to the field of fuel engines, and in particular to a rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of secondary work. The technology of the secondary work rotary turbojet fuel engine can be applied to all fields powered by a fuel (gas) engine.
背景技术Background technique
根据目前处于应用中的所有作为转换做功设备的燃料发动机领域,燃料发动机都存在着一次输入能源,并只能在一个空间内完成一次能量转换做功的应用方式。涉及活塞内燃机、燃气轮机、涡轮喷气机等等。到目前为止,还没有看到和想到让燃料燃烧(燃爆)的压力气体可分为两个内能的应用。现在基本的教科书中还是定义为“所有能量的转换做功都是在损失一个能量才能够得到另一个转换的能量”的这样一种思维。申请人知道二次做功的应用可以对全球人类的能源提供一个创造性的变革,让燃料燃烧产生的全压力气体的应用中的做功效率提高到一个更高的阶段,达到真正高效率的应用范畴;高效率的目的就是可以大幅度提高能源的利用效率,让节能的目的和概念得到真正的实际应用并实现。According to all the fields of fuel engines that are currently in use as power conversion devices, fuel engines all have a primary input energy and can only complete one energy conversion and work application in one space. Involves piston internal combustion engines, gas turbines, turbojets, and more. So far, there have been no applications in which the pressure gas that makes the fuel burn (detonate) can be divided into two internal energies. Now the basic textbook is still defined as a kind of thinking that "all energy conversion work is the loss of one energy to obtain another converted energy". The applicant knows that the application of secondary work can provide a creative change to the global human energy, so that the work efficiency in the application of the full-pressure gas generated by fuel combustion can be improved to a higher stage and achieve a truly high-efficiency application range; The purpose of high efficiency is to greatly improve the efficiency of energy utilization, so that the purpose and concept of energy saving can be truly applied and realized.
发明内容SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
本发明旨在提供一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,以解决现有技术中燃料发动机做功效率不够高,未尽可能多的转换内能的上述技术问题。The present invention aims to provide a rotary turbojet fuel engine that performs secondary work, so as to solve the above-mentioned technical problems that the work efficiency of the fuel engine in the prior art is not high enough and the internal energy is not converted as much as possible.
为了实现上述目的,本发明采用的技术方案为:In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme adopted in the present invention is:
一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,包括发动机密闭腔,及固定在发动机密闭腔两端的定子;所述发动机密闭腔内穿设由定子支承起的转子;所述转子与发动机密闭腔之间形成环状的腔室,发动机密闭腔上连接多个阀门,且阀门分隔腔室为多个腔体;所述转子配合发动机密闭腔连接随转子转动的活塞,活塞的一侧设置喷射燃烧器,喷射燃烧器用于向腔体喷射气化的压力燃料;所述阀门启闭以配合压力燃料喷射驱 动活塞转动,和配合压力燃料被喷射燃烧器的点火装置点燃燃烧以驱动活塞带动转子转动;其中一个所述腔体储存燃烧后的带压混合气,在活塞离开该腔体并进入另一腔体后通过排气机构向外排气并做功。A rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of secondary work, comprising an engine airtight cavity and stators fixed at both ends of the engine airtight cavity; a rotor supported by the stator is penetrated in the engine airtight cavity; the rotor is connected to the engine airtight cavity A ring-shaped chamber is formed between them, a plurality of valves are connected to the closed cavity of the engine, and the valve separation chamber is a plurality of cavities; the rotor cooperates with the closed cavity of the engine to connect the piston that rotates with the rotor, and one side of the piston is provided with jet combustion The injection burner is used to inject gasified pressure fuel into the cavity; the valve is opened and closed to cooperate with the injection of the pressure fuel to drive the piston to rotate, and the ignition device of the injection burner to match the pressure fuel to ignite and burn to drive the piston to drive the rotor to rotate; One of the chambers stores the mixed gas under pressure after combustion, and after the piston leaves the chamber and enters the other chamber, it is exhausted to the outside through the exhaust mechanism and performs work.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述转子上连接有轴,轴的中心穿设有燃料送入管道;所述燃料送入管道与轴之间形成空气送入通道,燃料送入管道、空气送入通道分别与喷射燃烧器连通。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power of the present invention, the rotor is connected with a shaft, and the center of the shaft is provided with a fuel feeding pipe; an air feeding channel is formed between the fuel feeding pipe and the shaft, The fuel feeding pipeline and the air feeding channel are respectively communicated with the jet burner.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述排气机构包括开设在定子上的蜗压槽,及开设在转子上的压气槽;所述压气槽设在转子的端面;所述转子转动中腔体内带压混合气进入压气槽、蜗压槽,带压混合气释放冲压转子并驱动其转动。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work of the present invention, the exhaust mechanism includes a scroll pressure groove opened on the stator, and a compressed air groove opened on the rotor; the compressed air groove is provided on the end face of the rotor; During the rotation of the rotor, the pressurized mixed gas in the cavity enters the compressed air groove and the scroll pressure groove, and the pressurized mixed gas releases the stamping rotor and drives it to rotate.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述转子上开设与压气槽连通的排气槽,压气槽、排气槽成对设置且位于转子的两个端面;所述转子转动中腔体内带压混合气通过排气槽进入压气槽、蜗压槽。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work of the present invention, the rotor is provided with an exhaust slot which communicates with the air-compression slot, and the air-compression slot and the exhaust slot are arranged in pairs and are located on two end faces of the rotor; the rotor rotates The mixed gas under pressure in the middle cavity enters the air pressure groove and the scroll pressure groove through the exhaust groove.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述定子分为第一定子、第二定子;所述蜗压槽设置在第一定子和第二定子上;所述第一定子和第二定子形成为端面盖,且第二定子与转子之间配合设置有壳体。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work of the present invention, the stator is divided into a first stator and a second stator; the scroll pressure groove is arranged on the first stator and the second stator; the first stator and the second stator are The stator and the second stator are formed as end face covers, and a casing is fitted between the second stator and the rotor.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述第一定子、第二定子上设置排气口,且位于第一定子、第二定子内的转子的外周连接有排放开关;所述排放开关成形有在转子转动中开启和密封蜗压槽的旋转堵头,旋转堵头开启蜗压槽并通过排气口向外导向排放带压混合气以做功。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power of the present invention, the first stator and the second stator are provided with an exhaust port, and the outer periphery of the rotor located in the first stator and the second stator is connected with a discharge switch The discharge switch is formed with a rotary plug which opens and seals the scroll pressure groove during the rotation of the rotor, and the rotary plug opens the scroll pressure groove and guides the discharge of the mixed gas under pressure outward through the exhaust port to perform work.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述排气机构的向外排气做功以透平方式进行。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power of the present invention, the power of the exhaust gas to the outside of the exhaust mechanism is performed in a turbine manner.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述阀门的数量比两倍活塞数量多一个或二个。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with double power of the present invention, the number of the valves is one or two more than the number of double pistons.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述喷射燃烧器为虹吸结构,且包括喷嘴和虹吸空气口;所述喷射燃烧器连接在活塞的端面上;所述喷射燃烧器配合活塞和腔体设置有多个。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power of the present invention, the jet burner is a siphon structure, and includes a nozzle and a siphon air port; the jet burner is connected to the end face of the piston; the jet burner is matched with A plurality of pistons and chambers are provided.
根据本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,所述喷射燃烧器还包括加温装置和所述点火装置;所述加温装置用于升温气化发动机启动后首次通入的压力燃料,点火装置用于点燃经加温装置升温气化的压力燃料。According to the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power of the present invention, the jet burner further includes a heating device and the ignition device; the heating device is used to heat up the pressure fuel introduced for the first time after the gasification engine is started , the ignition device is used to ignite the pressure fuel heated and vaporized by the heating device.
本发明的有益效果:Beneficial effects of the present invention:
二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,第一是结构改变,采用转子、活塞旋转做功应用方式;第二是技术改变,将现有发动机只能在一个空间内完成一次转换做功,改变为在发动机的两个以上连续的空间内做二次转换做功的应用方式,改变为多空间内一次输入并可二次转换做功的技术。是改变发动机效率的优化应用,达到真正的高效率,且节能环保的目的。The rotary turbojet fuel engine that does secondary work, the first is the structural change, using the rotor and piston rotation to do work application method; the second is the technical change, the existing engine can only complete one conversion to do work in one space, and change it to The application mode of secondary conversion and work in two or more continuous spaces of the engine has been changed to the technology of one-time input and secondary conversion of work in multiple spaces. It is an optimized application to change the efficiency of the engine to achieve real high efficiency, energy saving and environmental protection.
在发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的应用中,可以让喷射的压力燃料燃烧得到的温压混合压力气体(带压混合气)实现二次的做功应用。这是一个更具有高效率的能源转换做功的应用方式,就是把带压燃料燃烧后混合形成的带压混合气的应用分配成两个内能的利用方式;换句话说,就是把燃烧得到的带压混合气分成为压强压力的内能和压力气体质量,可释放透平内能进行分别转换做功的应用。In the application of the invented rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work, the temperature and pressure mixed pressure gas (air mixture with pressure) obtained by burning the injected pressure fuel can be used for secondary work. This is a more efficient application method of energy conversion and work, that is, the application of the pressurized mixture formed by the combustion of the pressurized fuel is divided into two utilization methods of internal energy; in other words, the combustion obtained The mixed gas under pressure becomes the internal energy of the pressure pressure and the mass of the pressure gas, which can release the internal energy of the turbine for the application of converting work separately.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1是本发明优选实施例的结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
图2是图1的剖视示意图(隐藏部分零部件);Fig. 2 is the sectional schematic diagram of Fig. 1 (with hidden parts and components);
图3是发动机密闭腔的结构示意图;Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the engine airtight chamber;
图4是燃料送入管道与轴配合的断面示意图;Figure 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fuel feeding pipeline and the shaft;
图5是喷射燃烧器的示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic view of a jet burner;
附图标记:Reference number:
1-轴,2-第三腔体,3-转子,4-支管,5-活塞,7-第一腔体,8-第二腔体,9-阀门,10-排气孔,11-排气槽,12-压气槽,16-壳体,26-充气槽,27-蜗压槽,28-排气喷射孔,29-排放开关,38-排气口,39-旋转堵头,52-第二定子,53-第一定子,61-喷嘴,62-燃料送入管道,63-加温装置,64-点火装置,65-空气送入通道。1-shaft, 2-third cavity, 3-rotor, 4-branch pipe, 5-piston, 7-first cavity, 8-second cavity, 9-valve, 10-vent, 11-row Air groove, 12-pressure air groove, 16-shell, 26-charge groove, 27-scroll pressure groove, 28-exhaust injection hole, 29-discharge switch, 38-exhaust port, 39-rotating plug, 52- Second stator, 53-first stator, 61-nozzle, 62-fuel feeding pipe, 63-heating device, 64-ignition device, 65-air feeding channel.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下由特定的具体实施例说明本发明的实施方式,熟悉此技术的人士可由本说明书所揭露的内容轻易地了解本发明的其他优点及功效。The embodiments of the present invention are described below by specific embodiments, and those skilled in the art can easily understand other advantages and effects of the present invention from the contents disclosed in this specification.
请参阅附图。须知,本说明书所附图式所绘示的结构、比例、大小等,均仅用以配合说明书所揭示的内容,以供熟悉此技术的人士了解与阅读,并非用以限定本发明可实施的限定条件,故不具技术上的实质意义,任何结构的修饰、比例关系的改变或大小的调整,在不影响本发明所能产生的功效及所能达成的目的下,均应仍落在本发明所揭示的技术内容得能涵盖的范围内。同时,本说明书中所引用的如“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”、“中间”及“一”等的用语,亦仅为便于叙述的明了,而非用以限定本发明可实施的范围,其相对关系的改变或调整,在无实质变更技术内容下,当亦视为本发明可实施的范畴。Please see attached image. It should be noted that the structures, proportions, sizes, etc. shown in the drawings in this specification are only used to cooperate with the contents disclosed in the specification, so as to be understood and read by those who are familiar with the technology, and are not used to limit the implementation of the present invention. Restricted conditions, it does not have technical substantive significance, any structural modification, proportional relationship change or size adjustment, without affecting the effect that the present invention can produce and the purpose that can be achieved, should still fall within the present invention. The disclosed technical content must be within the scope of coverage. At the same time, the terms such as "up", "down", "left", "right", "middle" and "one" quoted in this specification are only for the convenience of description and clarity, and are not used to limit this specification. The implementable scope of the invention, and the change or adjustment of the relative relationship thereof, shall also be regarded as the implementable scope of the present invention without substantially changing the technical content.
实施例一Example 1
请参阅图1-图5,本发明提供了一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,包括发动机密闭腔,及固定在发动机密闭腔两端的定子;所述发动机密闭腔内穿设由定子支承起的转子3;所述转子3与发动机密闭腔之间形成环状的腔室,发动机密闭腔上连接多个阀门9,且阀门9分隔腔室为多个腔体,转子3得以在两个腔体中移动;所述转子3配合发动机密闭腔连接随转子3转动的活塞5,活塞5的一侧设置喷射燃烧器,喷射燃烧器用于向腔体喷射气化的压力燃料;所述阀门9启闭以配合压力燃料喷射驱动活塞5转动,和配合压力燃料被喷射燃烧器的点火装置64点燃燃烧以产生温压压力气体驱动活塞5带动转子3转动;喷嘴61在喷射时虹吸空气进行燃烧并产生温压压力气体;其中一个所述腔体储存燃烧后的带压混合气,在活塞5离开该腔体并进入另一腔体后可对冲做功,和通过排气机构向外排气并做功。Please refer to FIG. 1-FIG. 5, the present invention provides a rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power, including an engine airtight cavity, and stators fixed at both ends of the engine airtight cavity; the engine airtight cavity is penetrated by the stator The supported rotor 3; a ring-shaped chamber is formed between the rotor 3 and the closed cavity of the engine, and a plurality of valves 9 are connected to the closed cavity of the engine, and the valve 9 divides the cavity into multiple cavities, so that the rotor 3 can be placed between two parts. The rotor 3 cooperates with the closed cavity of the engine to connect to the piston 5 that rotates with the rotor 3, and one side of the piston 5 is provided with an injection burner, which is used to inject gasified pressure fuel into the cavity; the valve 9 Open and close to match the pressure fuel injection to drive the piston 5 to rotate, and the pressure fuel is ignited and burned by the ignition device 64 of the injection burner to generate warm pressure gas to drive the piston 5 to drive the rotor 3 to rotate; the nozzle 61 siphons air during injection for combustion and Generating temperature and pressure gas; one of the chambers stores the mixed gas under pressure after combustion, and after the piston 5 leaves the chamber and enters another chamber, it can perform work by hedging, and exhaust the gas through the exhaust mechanism and perform work. .
关于阀门9的设置,其中一种方式具体可为,发动机密闭腔上连接三个阀门9,三个阀门9分隔腔体为第一腔体7、第二腔体8和第三腔体2;阀门9启闭以配合压力燃料喷射驱动活塞5转动,和配合压力燃料被点火装置64点燃燃烧以驱动活塞5带动转子3转动;所述第一腔 体7和/或第二腔体8储存燃烧后的带压混合气,在活塞5进入第三腔体2后通过排气机构向外排气并做功。Regarding the setting of the valve 9, one of the specific ways is that three valves 9 are connected to the closed cavity of the engine, and the three valves 9 separate the cavity into the first cavity 7, the second cavity 8 and the third cavity 2; The valve 9 is opened and closed to match the pressure fuel injection to drive the piston 5 to rotate, and the pressure fuel is ignited and burned by the ignition device 64 to drive the piston 5 to drive the rotor 3 to rotate; the first cavity 7 and/or the second cavity 8 store combustion After the mixed gas under pressure, after the piston 5 enters the third cavity 2, it is exhausted to the outside through the exhaust mechanism and performs work.
所述转子3上连接有轴1,轴1为空心轴,轴1的中心穿设有燃料送入管道62(以套管形式);所述燃料送入管道62与轴1之间形成空气送入通道65,燃料送入管道62、空气送入通道65分别与喷射燃烧器连通。具体为,燃料送入管道62与喷射燃烧器的喷嘴61相通,空气送入通道65与喷射燃烧器的虹吸空气口相通。The rotor 3 is connected with a shaft 1, the shaft 1 is a hollow shaft, and a fuel feeding pipe 62 (in the form of a sleeve) is passed through the center of the shaft 1; an air feeding pipe 62 is formed between the fuel feeding pipe 62 and the shaft 1 The inlet channel 65, the fuel inlet pipe 62 and the air inlet channel 65 are respectively communicated with the jet burner. Specifically, the fuel feeding pipeline 62 communicates with the nozzle 61 of the jet burner, and the air feeding channel 65 communicates with the siphon air port of the jet burner.
所述排气机构包括开设在定子上的蜗压槽27,及开设在转子3上的压气槽12;所述压气槽12设在转子3的端面;所述转子3转动中腔体内带压混合气进入压气槽12、蜗压槽27,带压混合气释放冲压转子3并驱动其转动。The exhaust mechanism includes a scroll pressure groove 27 provided on the stator, and a compressed air groove 12 provided on the rotor 3; the compressed air groove 12 is provided on the end face of the rotor 3; the cavity is mixed with pressure during the rotation of the rotor 3. The air enters the compressed air groove 12 and the scroll pressure groove 27, and the pressurized air mixture releases the punching rotor 3 and drives it to rotate.
另外,关于排气机构,所述转子3上开设与压气槽12连通的排气槽11,压气槽12、排气槽11成对设置且位于转子3的两个端面;所述转子3转动中腔体内带压混合气通过排气槽11进入压气槽12、蜗压槽27。In addition, regarding the exhaust mechanism, the rotor 3 is provided with an exhaust slot 11 that communicates with the air compression slot 12. The air compression slot 12 and the exhaust slot 11 are paired and located on both end faces of the rotor 3; the rotor 3 is rotating during the rotation. The pressurized mixed gas in the cavity enters the air pressure groove 12 and the scroll pressure groove 27 through the exhaust groove 11 .
所述定子分为第一定子53、第二定子52;所述蜗压槽27设置在第一定子53和第二定子52上;所述第一定子53和第二定子52形成为端面盖,且第二定子52与转子3之间配合设置有壳体16。The stator is divided into a first stator 53 and a second stator 52; the scroll pressure groove 27 is provided on the first stator 53 and the second stator 52; the first stator 53 and the second stator 52 are formed as The end face cover is provided, and the second stator 52 and the rotor 3 are fitted with a casing 16 .
所述第一定子53、第二定子52上设置排气口38,且位于第一定子53、第二定子52内的转子3的外周连接有排放开关29;所述排放开关29成形有在转子3转动中开启和密封蜗压槽27的旋转堵头39,旋转堵头39开启蜗压槽27并通过排气口38向外导向排放带压混合气。引导排气可喷射做功。The first stator 53 and the second stator 52 are provided with an exhaust port 38 , and the outer periphery of the rotor 3 located in the first stator 53 and the second stator 52 is connected with a discharge switch 29 ; the discharge switch 29 is formed with a During the rotation of the rotor 3 , the rotary plug 39 that opens and seals the scroll pressure groove 27 , the rotary plug 39 opens the scroll pressure groove 27 and guides and discharges the pressurized mixture through the exhaust port 38 . Guided exhaust can be injected to do work.
所述排气机构的向外排气做功以透平方式进行。The exhaust work of the exhaust mechanism is performed in a turbine manner.
所述阀门9的数量比两倍活塞5的数量还多一个或二个。The number of said valves 9 is one or two more than twice the number of pistons 5 .
所述喷射燃烧器为虹吸结构,且包括喷嘴61和虹吸空气口;所述喷射燃烧器连接在活塞5的端面上;所述喷射燃烧器配合活塞5和腔体设置有多个。The jet burner is a siphon structure, and includes a nozzle 61 and a siphon air port; the jet burner is connected to the end face of the piston 5 ; a plurality of the jet burners are arranged in cooperation with the piston 5 and the cavity.
所述喷射燃烧器还包括加温装置63和所述点火装置64;所述加温 装置63用于升温气化发动机启动后首次通入的压力燃料,点火装置64用于点燃经加温装置63升温气化的压力燃料。The jet burner also includes a heating device 63 and the ignition device 64; the heating device 63 is used to heat up the pressure fuel introduced for the first time after the gasification engine is started, and the ignition device 64 is used to ignite the heated device 63. Pressure fuel that heats up and vaporizes.
上述中,这个高效率的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的发明,在实施中可以应用在所有需要能源动力的场合。In the above, the invention of this high-efficiency secondary work rotary turbojet fuel engine can be applied to all occasions that require energy and power in practice.
其应用的方式是“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”(专利申请号为CN2018109947700)的技术在应用中,直接采用燃料燃气进行产生温压压力气体以进行转换做功的新结构设想的补充。其具体的实施必须是配置在具有多个空间的且为二次做功应用的产品上。The method of its application is the technology of "Pressure Gas Piston Jet Rotary Engine System for Two Power Applications" (patent application number CN2018109947700). In the application, fuel gas is directly used to generate temperature and pressure gas for conversion and work Complementary to the new structure envisaged. Its specific implementation must be configured on products with multiple spaces and for secondary work applications.
其根本的结论就是对产生的压力气体通过气体的压强压力完成第一次做功应用后,然后完成第二次做功中第一部分的全部做功的应用。也就是第一次做功对活塞5进行压强压力的作用力推动以后;然后确定因为活塞5的移动让腔室内的阀门9开启和关闭;腔室内阀门9关闭以后,腔体对送入的全部压力气体进行存储保存;然后由排气槽11、压气槽12跟着转子3旋转,压气槽12、排气槽11排放气体,其排放的第一步就是我们这个发明设计的实际的应用。The fundamental conclusion is that after the first work is applied to the generated pressure gas through the pressure of the gas, and then the application of all the work of the first part of the second work is completed. That is, after the first work pushes the piston 5 by the force of the pressure pressure; then it is determined that the valve 9 in the chamber is opened and closed because of the movement of the piston 5; after the valve 9 in the chamber is closed, the chamber will feed all the pressure. The gas is stored and stored; then the exhaust groove 11 and the air pressure groove 12 rotate with the rotor 3, and the compressed air groove 12 and the exhaust groove 11 discharge the gas. The first step of the discharge is the practical application of our invention design.
通过排气槽11和压气槽12对定子上的可设为三角形状的蜗压槽27进行排放,相对应的,压气槽12满压力后对转子3产生反作用力进行做功;在蜗压槽27做功应用以后,槽内的压力气体对外喷射排放同时做剩余功的应用,以增加压力气体排放时的辅助做功作用。然后进行压力气体的释放透平做功,这个对汽轮机的做功应用就是我们定义的第二次做功,也可以算是第二个辅助做功单元。The triangular-shaped scroll pressure groove 27 on the stator is discharged through the exhaust groove 11 and the air pressure groove 12. Correspondingly, when the pressure air groove 12 is full of pressure, it generates a reaction force on the rotor 3 to perform work; in the scroll pressure groove 27 After the work is applied, the pressure gas in the tank is sprayed and discharged to the outside and the residual work is applied to increase the auxiliary work effect when the pressure gas is discharged. Then the pressure gas is released to do the work of the turbine. The application of this work to the steam turbine is the second work defined by us, and it can also be regarded as the second auxiliary work unit.
在每个阀门9一侧的最近位置设置有排放剩余压力气体的排气孔10,排气孔10设置在转子3上。在经过几个定子的蜗压槽27做功后,腔体内的压力已经应用了一定的压力容积数量,但是不可能用完;所以如果需要排空活塞5对应腔体内的压力气体,必须对腔体内的压力气体进行排空。在活塞5需要进入到前面一个阀门9的腔体内还有压力气体的存在,如果在活塞5运行的后面存在有压力气体,那么对活塞5的做功效率会产生影响;所以排空是必须的一个内容。确定在活塞5的后面 还有存在的压力气体;因为这个压力会造成活塞5的阻力;让活塞5的后面保证是正常大气压力。所以我们设计剩余的压力气体采用后面的喷射排放口进行排放应用;这样排放存在压力气体中的应用同样也是通过角向的排气喷射孔28让它去做汽轮机喷射的辅助功;这个做功我们的定义也是第二次做功以后的第三个辅助做功单元的应用。A vent hole 10 for discharging residual pressure gas is provided at the nearest position on one side of each valve 9 , and the vent hole 10 is provided on the rotor 3 . After the work has been done through the scroll pressure grooves 27 of several stators, the pressure in the cavity has been applied to a certain amount of pressure volume, but it is impossible to use it up; therefore, if the pressure gas in the cavity corresponding to the piston 5 needs to be emptied, the cavity must be emptied. pressure gas to be evacuated. There is also pressure gas in the cavity where the piston 5 needs to enter the previous valve 9. If there is pressure gas after the piston 5 runs, it will have an impact on the work efficiency of the piston 5; so emptying is a must. content. Make sure that there is still pressure gas behind the piston 5; because this pressure will cause the resistance of the piston 5; let the back of the piston 5 ensure normal atmospheric pressure. Therefore, we design the remaining pressurized gas to use the rear jet discharge port for discharge application; in this way, the application of discharging the pressurized gas is also through the angular exhaust jet hole 28 to make it do the auxiliary work of the steam turbine injection; this work is our The definition is also the application of the third auxiliary work unit after the second work.
实施例二Embodiment 2
请参阅图1-图5,实施例一提供的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的一种具体应用。Please refer to FIG. 1 to FIG. 5 , a specific application of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power provided by the first embodiment.
申请人此前申请了“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”的专利,专利申请号为CN2018109947700,并且经PCT途径递交了国际专利申请。此次申请的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的技术方案,在“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”的技术上进行改进。本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,直接采用燃料燃气燃烧喷射技术以实现二次做功的应用做功作为技术要点。并且,在第二次做功时,采用了压力气体对冲模式作为第一个做功应用的增加的技术效果。The applicant has previously applied for a patent for "Pressurized Gas Piston-Jet Rotary Engine System with Two Power Applications", the patent application number is CN2018109947700, and has submitted an international patent application through the PCT route. The technical scheme of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with double power application applied this time is improved in the technology of "pressurized gas piston jet rotary engine system with double power application". The rotary turbojet fuel engine for secondary work directly adopts the fuel gas combustion injection technology to realize the application work of secondary work as the technical point. And, in the second work, the pressurized gas hedging mode is employed as an added technical effect of the first work application.
二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的技术在业内还没有设想和组合应用;也就是,还没人有这样的动机让一次输入的燃料或者是燃气产生的内能可以分两个部分进行二次转换做功应用,同样也没有与活塞5同心设置的转子轴旋转无间隙连续旋转做功和不间断旋转的应用技术。The technology of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work has not been conceived and applied in combination in the industry; that is, no one has such a motivation to allow the primary input of fuel or the internal energy generated by the gas to be divided into two parts. In the application of secondary conversion work, there is also no application technology that the rotor shaft arranged concentrically with the piston 5 rotates without gaps and continuously rotates to perform work and uninterrupted rotation.
二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的技术中,转换做功应用就是在发动机的活塞5通过压力气体压强压力内能进行推动做功,然后因为在发动机内部实现建立的多空间结构,让燃烧得到的压力气体保存到腔体的另一个空间内,再去完成第二次的转换做功模式,以实现两次转换做功的应用。In the technology of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work, the application of conversion work is that the piston 5 of the engine can push the work through the pressure of the pressure gas, and then because of the multi-space structure established inside the engine, the combustion obtained The pressurized gas is stored in another space of the cavity, and then the second conversion work mode is completed, so as to realize the application of two conversion work.
定义燃料发动机转换设备完成两个及以上的空间应用技术为关键,需要改变并让燃料发动机的应用转换效率提高。由于燃料发动机转换做功是一个巨大的应用技术,对完成如何提高这个设备应用系统的做功转换效率,是我们这辈人中具有这方面技术的专家和技术人员需要去做的 努力和追求。经过大家的努力完善,做功系统的合理性、正确性和更加高的应用效率是需要大家共同努力才能够完成设备推广的一个目标。让真正的绿水青山走入我们的生活。It is the key to define fuel engine conversion equipment to complete two or more space application technologies, and it is necessary to change and improve the application conversion efficiency of fuel engines. Since the conversion of fuel engine work is a huge application technology, how to improve the work conversion efficiency of this equipment application system is the effort and pursuit of our generation of experts and technicians with this technology. After everyone's efforts to improve, the rationality, correctness and higher application efficiency of the power system is a goal that requires everyone's joint efforts to complete the equipment promotion. Let the real lucid waters and lush mountains come into our lives.
本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机是改变了燃料发动机的结构方式产生多个空间的结构的改变,让一次输入的燃料燃烧内能完成两个空间内同步连续的两次做功应用,并且改变了原来活塞工作方式的所有低效率问题,对改变目前在应用的燃料发动机设备技术领域进行改进提高。申请人的想法就是改变燃料发动机应用设备中存在的缺陷。申请人在经过研究开发及实际应用中发现了能源燃料应用过程的设备中存在着缺少应用空间技术的缺陷,就是在所有应用燃料发动机的设备中只有一个应用空间的概念,及没有能够实现两次做功的应用。申请人认为存在的问题就是解决燃料发动机应用设备多个空间结构的建立,就是需要实现在一台燃料发动机转换应用设备系统中建立两个及以上的做功应用空间,来完成一次输入的燃料能源燃烧或燃爆所产生混合压力气体的能源,以产生实现压力气体两次转换做功的应用模式。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power is a change in the structure of the fuel engine to generate multiple spaces, so that the combustion of the fuel input can complete two simultaneous and continuous power applications in two spaces, and It has changed all the inefficiency problems of the original working mode of the piston, and improved and improved the technical field of the currently applied fuel engine equipment. The applicant's idea is to correct the deficiencies that exist in fuel engine applications. Through research and development and practical application, the applicant found that there is a defect of lack of application space technology in the equipment of energy fuel application process, that is, there is only one concept of application space in all equipment using fuel engine, and there is no concept that can be realized twice. work application. The applicant believes that the existing problem is to solve the establishment of multiple space structures of fuel engine application equipment, that is, it is necessary to realize the establishment of two or more work application spaces in a fuel engine conversion application equipment system to complete the combustion of one input fuel energy. Or the energy of the mixed pressure gas generated by the explosion to generate an application mode that realizes the double conversion of the pressure gas to do work.
申请人这次申请的发明专利就是在“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”的应用中,对燃料发动机在第一次实现压强压力做功以后储存于腔体内存在的压力气体进行同步后续的第二次做功的具体应用。对第一次做功过程以后存储而存在的气体压强压力(膨胀压力)需要再做功的形式进行后续的设计应用,让第一次压强压力扩充做功和第二次压力气体的压强压力和释放(透平)的压力气体质量排放以充分完全做功的利用形式。申请人发明设计的第二次做功中做功采用矩形的三角槽对角对冲压原理的方式先进行做压强压力的功,后进行蜗压槽27同步释放喷射和释放透平的做功的应用。申请人定义在燃料燃气完成燃烧以后产生的压力气体第一步做功完成以后再进行第二步的释放(透平)的过程中首先完成压强压力的做功应用,以完成一次输入的压力气体可以完成两次以上全部做功的应用,并得以实现。The invention patent applied by the applicant this time is in the application of the "pressure gas piston injection type rotary engine system with two power applications", the pressure stored in the cavity of the fuel engine after the first realization of pressure and pressure work. The specific application of the gas to synchronize the subsequent second work. The subsequent design and application of the stored gas pressure (expansion pressure) after the first work process requires rework, so that the first pressure expansion work and the second pressure gas pressure and release (penetration) Flat) pressure gas mass discharge in the form of utilization that is fully and fully done. In the second work done by the applicant's invention and design, the rectangular triangular groove is used to perform the work of the pressure and pressure first, and then the scroll pressure groove 27 is used to release the work of the jet and the turbine synchronously. The applicant defines that the pressure gas generated after the combustion of the fuel gas is completed, and then the second step of release (turbine) is completed after the first step of work is completed, and the work application of pressure and pressure is first completed to complete the input of the pressure gas. More than twice the application of all the work, and it can be realized.
进一步的,二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,就是对“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”中原来发动机的结构进 行提升改进,由压力气体送入转换做功,改变为燃料燃气直接燃烧产生温压压力气体提供给发动机直接进行二次做功的应用。可知,燃料的燃烧可以混合空气然后对混合的空气进行热膨胀产生温压压力气体(P1*V1)/T1=(P2*V2)/T2;而喷射的燃料压力决定了后面所产生的压力气体压强(例如涡轮喷气发动机);然而对燃料的加压是一个比较小的能量要求,所以确定可以实现高效率转换的应用模式。Further, the rotary turbojet fuel engine with double power is to improve the structure of the original engine in the "pressure gas piston jet rotary engine system with double power application", and the pressure gas is fed into the conversion to do work. It is changed to the application of direct combustion of fuel gas to generate temperature and pressure gas and supply it to the engine to directly perform secondary work. It can be seen that the combustion of fuel can mix air and then thermally expand the mixed air to generate temperature and pressure gas (P1*V1)/T1=(P2*V2)/T2; and the injected fuel pressure determines the pressure of the pressure gas generated later (eg turbojet); however, pressurization of the fuel is a relatively small energy requirement, so determine the mode of application that can achieve high-efficiency conversion.
本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,包括一组或多组活塞5组成的活塞结构体,活塞结构体配合发动机密闭腔。活塞5的后部采用喷嘴61对通过燃料送入管道62输入的带压力燃料进行加温然后进行喷射燃烧而形成混合的温压压力气体,其产生的压力气体压强由喷射燃料的压力决定。通过喷嘴61喷射压力推力和在活塞5后面产生的温压压力气体的压力推动活塞5转动。在活塞5后面的阀门9(关闭)的作用下,活塞5在压力气体的压强压力作用下第一次做功,其转换做功方式技术就是让发动机的转子3上的活塞5端面因为阀门9的存在,喷射产生的压力气体在受到阀门9的阻力让活塞5受到压强压力做旋转移动。设计转子3上的活塞5是在超扭矩负载的情况下可正常工作,所以燃料燃气的压力决定了压力气体的高低,并决定活塞5可变扭矩进行旋转移动。这样确定了活塞5的第一次做功流程,然后确定在一组活塞5的移动过程中,存在腔体内的是因活塞5的扭矩阻力而遗留存在的且具有压力的气体,所以我们确定活塞5转动以后得到的是因活塞5的扭矩阻力而存在腔体内的基本原压力气体容积,定义存储在腔体内的是活塞5扭矩阻力下存在的是全部压力气体的能量。可从图2中看到当移动的活塞5移出阀门9,进入第二腔体8。后面推动活塞5移动的压力气体储存在腔体(第一腔体7)内,然后当移动的活塞5移动过后面的第二个阀门9关闭后,活塞5可以继续做连续喷射燃烧并和前面一样连续做功,然后可以继续向后面腔体(第三腔体2)内继续通入压力气体,然后产生在两个阀门9中间的腔体(第一腔体7、第二腔体8)内具有因输入存储下来的压力气体的全部。本发明的主要方面就是把燃料燃气燃烧后形成的喷射燃烧合成温压压力气体进行两次做功应用,设计在第二次做功的 范围内实现两个做功过程,就是对第一次转换做功以后的储存压力气体进行第二次的转换做功应用;在第二次做功中,第一步做功应用流程中采用对冲压力进行转换做功,第二步就是对冲做功以后排放压力气体的释放透平转换做功应用,这就是进行第二次做功的两步转换做功应用程序。The rotary turbojet fuel engine for secondary work includes a piston structure composed of one or more groups of pistons 5, and the piston structure cooperates with the closed cavity of the engine. The rear of the piston 5 uses the nozzle 61 to heat the pressurized fuel input through the fuel feeding pipe 62 and then injects and burns to form a mixed warm and pressurized gas. The pressure of the generated gas is determined by the pressure of the injected fuel. The piston 5 is driven to rotate by the pressure thrust of the injection pressure through the nozzle 61 and the pressure of the warm pressure gas generated behind the piston 5 . Under the action of the valve 9 (closed) behind the piston 5, the piston 5 performs work for the first time under the pressure of the pressure gas. , the pressure gas generated by the injection is subject to the resistance of the valve 9 to make the piston 5 rotate and move under the pressure. The piston 5 on the rotor 3 is designed to work normally under excessive torque load, so the pressure of the fuel gas determines the level of the pressure gas, and determines the variable torque of the piston 5 to rotate and move. In this way, the first work process of the piston 5 is determined, and then it is determined that during the movement of a group of pistons 5, the gas that exists in the cavity is the gas with pressure left over due to the torque resistance of the piston 5, so we determine that the piston 5 What is obtained after rotation is the basic original pressure gas volume in the cavity due to the torque resistance of the piston 5. It is defined that what is stored in the cavity is the energy of all the pressure gas existing under the torque resistance of the piston 5. It can be seen in FIG. 2 when the moving piston 5 moves out of the valve 9 and into the second chamber 8 . The pressure gas that pushes the piston 5 to move in the back is stored in the cavity (the first cavity 7), and then when the moving piston 5 moves past the second valve 9 at the back to close, the piston 5 can continue to do continuous injection combustion and communicate with the front The same continuous work is performed, and then the pressure gas can continue to be fed into the rear cavity (the third cavity 2), and then generated in the cavity (the first cavity 7, the second cavity 8) between the two valves 9 With all of the pressure gas stored due to the input. The main aspect of the present invention is to apply the jet combustion synthetic temperature and pressure gas formed after the combustion of fuel gas to do work twice, and design to realize the two work processes within the scope of the second work, that is, to convert the work after the first conversion. Store the pressure gas for the second conversion work application; in the second work work, the first step is to use the hedging pressure in the work application process to perform the conversion work, and the second step is to release the pressure gas after the hedging work. , which is the two-step conversion work application that does the second work.
此发明所表述的就是对燃料燃气喷射燃烧后产生得到的压力气体进行第一次的转换做功,然后进行储存压力气体再进行二次做功的应用的一种结构方式。该结构的技术要求就是通过“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”中,用于燃料燃气喷射供料的喷嘴61在通过对输入的有压燃料燃气进行喷射,并且混合空气以进行喷射燃烧并产生压力气体,以通过转子3上的活塞5进行第一次做功,之后的压力气体被储存在腔体内,然后进行对腔体内的压力气体进行排放喷射出来实现对冲和透平释放的第二次转换做功应用。第一次的做功应用是一个简单的工作过程,就是应用了燃料燃气的压力然后进行喷射。因为在喷射的过程中需要混合空气才能够燃烧;然后燃烧以后因为燃烧具有让空气膨胀产生一个具有压力燃料压力决定的燃烧排出压力;这样就建立一个具有压力的燃烧温热压压力气体。活塞5的第一次做功就是在这个压强压力的推动下进行移动做功的。因为转子3的旋转移动,所以在转子3上的排气槽11同步活塞5进入到下一步位置的工作,就是转子3在旋转过程中通过排气槽11上斜面喷口进行对腔体的空间内压力气体喷射应用,再通过蜗压槽27的第一次对冲做功应用;这是第一次做功后第二次做功应用的第一步的压强压力对冲压力应用模式,该第一步就是采用蜗压槽27对应转子3上压气槽12的方式进行对气体压力的做功应用。也就是通过转子3的旋转,让转子3和定子之间的腔体内的压力气体由斜面喷口再通过压气槽12对应定子上的多个蜗压槽27做一个排放压力气体进行斜对角压强压力的应用,产生对冲的压力让转子3多受一个受压力的作用力而旋转。发明的旋转式燃料发动机具有两个以上的做功应用空间,所以可以完成两个独立的做功应用模式,就是因为具有两个完全独立的空间,所以可以完成做两次或多次独立的转换做功应 用。根据研究表明,容积压缩是高效率的转换做功作用的这样一个实际;所以确定设计气槽的形式让需要排出压力气体先完成第一步的对冲做功应用。设计在两边的定子上建立的多个布满对称的矩形蜗压槽27,在转子3端面上同样也是设置两个相同尺寸规格的排气槽11和转子3端面上设计两个相同尺寸的压气槽12和两个间隔的矩形的充气槽26,充气槽26可以对应多个设置在定子上的矩形的蜗压槽27,转子3转动中逐个实现蜗压槽27的压力喷射排放和蜗压压力推动做功,做功的概念就是定子的蜗压槽27的端面面积通过转子3的压气槽12对应转子3、腔体的面积的压强作用力,两个冲压反作用力大小由蜗压槽27内的端面平面面积和压气槽12槽口的大小面积决定做功作用压力的大小。这样相对于转子3和定子、腔体形成两个压力可充胀腔体(气体压强)产生的反作用力,让排出来的压力气体进行第二次的第一步做功应用:在整个定子上可以设立多个配置有矩形的蜗压槽27;同样在转子3上设置和定子上同样大小的压气槽12和两个间隔隔离的矩形的充气槽26;在转子3旋转的情况下通过转子3上的排气槽11可以有多次向蜗压槽27内进行冲压,然后转子3两边的端面上排气槽11向定子对蜗压槽27排放压力气体产生反作用力,以实现对冲压力做功应用。同样在每做一次做功应用之后,相对于腔体内的压力也同时的下降,因为转子3是旋转的,所以确定在经过几个对蜗压槽27进行排压充气,然后由转子3的排放开关29也同样旋转,排放开关29产生开启和关闭对蜗压槽27内的压力气体由排气口38进行排出,在排出过程中,排气开关的出气槽设计成斜面;所以在蜗压槽27喷射排放时可以同样的做辅助释放透平的功。在经过排放之后因为蜗压槽27和腔体容积具有容积的不对称性,所以在几个充压做功流程应用的过程后,压力气体还在腔体内并具有降低的压力气体容积存在。随着转子3带动的排放开关29的转动,通过排气口38对存在蜗压槽27内的压力气体进行排放,所以相对在腔体内的压力气体会发生减少的趋势;故腔体在输入压力通过排放的状态下,以实现相对的降低一个程度。但是在腔体内还有部分剩余压力气体的存在,这个在经过压气槽12多次的充压排放输出做功之后,还有剩余压 力仍然存在在腔体内,因为这个做功设计是应用腔体在比较高压强压力下完成压强压力转换做功。作为第一步的转换做功应用,所以在第一部分转换做功后;腔体内继续会有压力气体的存在,这个气体在第一次的压气槽12对应蜗压槽27做功应用之后,需要再通过排放开关29和排气口38对蜗压槽27进行喷射排放做功。对通过第一次排放后仍然存在在腔体内的剩余压力气体我们设计在定子的盖板上安放起到最后排放作用的角向的排气喷射孔28对腔体进行排空处理,所以通过转子3的压气槽12配合定子的排气喷射孔28对应汽轮机叶片排放腔体内的剩余压力气体,对汽轮机叶片的冲动和气体质量释放透平做转换功的应用,这个就是进行第二次第二步做功的应用模式。在使用高压力气体情况下排空的压力气体应用模式就是向汽轮机做角向喷射应用方式。确定转子3的旋转经过可放气的排放开关29对蜗压槽27的多次喷射排放,如果是采用高压力气体使用情况下,确定具有压力的压力气体排放同样可以进入汽轮机的应用方式以进行角向喷射释放(透平)的做功应用。此汽轮机做功定义在前面的专利申请里已经有确认和表述;而且有附图;所以对于汽轮机做功的应用模式我们不再进行表述。What this invention expresses is a structural method of applying the first conversion to do work on the pressure gas generated after the fuel gas injection and combustion, and then storing the pressure gas and then performing the second work. The technical requirement of this structure is that in the "pressurized gas piston injection type rotary engine system with two power applications", the nozzle 61 for fuel gas injection and feeding is used to inject the input pressurized fuel gas and mix it. The air is injected and burned to generate pressure gas, so that the piston 5 on the rotor 3 performs the first work, and then the pressure gas is stored in the cavity, and then the pressure gas in the cavity is discharged and injected to achieve hedging and penetration. The second conversion of the flat release does work applied. The first work application is a simple work process, that is, the pressure of the fuel gas is applied and then injected. Because in the process of injection, it is necessary to mix air to be able to burn; then after combustion, because the combustion has the ability to expand the air to generate a combustion discharge pressure with a pressure fuel pressure; this creates a combustion temperature with pressure. Hot pressure gas. The first work of the piston 5 is to move and work under the push of this pressure. Because of the rotational movement of the rotor 3, the exhaust groove 11 on the rotor 3 synchronizes the piston 5 into the next position, that is, the rotor 3 passes through the inclined surface nozzle on the exhaust groove 11 during the rotation process. Pressurized gas injection application, and then through the first hedging work application of the scroll pressure groove 27; this is the first pressure pressure hedging pressure application mode of the second work application after the first work, and the first step is to use the scroll The pressure groove 27 performs work application to the gas pressure in the manner of the pressure groove 12 on the rotor 3 . That is to say, through the rotation of the rotor 3, the pressure gas in the cavity between the rotor 3 and the stator is made a discharge pressure gas through the inclined plane nozzle and then through the pressure gas groove 12 corresponding to the plurality of scroll pressure grooves 27 on the stator to carry out the diagonal pressure pressure. The application of the hedging pressure causes the rotor 3 to be rotated by an additional pressure force. The invented rotary fuel engine has more than two work application spaces, so it can complete two independent work application modes, that is, because it has two completely independent spaces, it can complete two or more independent conversion work applications. . According to the research, volumetric compression is such a reality that high-efficiency conversion work is performed; therefore, the design of the gas groove is determined so that the pressure gas needs to be discharged to complete the first step of hedging work application. A plurality of symmetrical rectangular scroll pressure grooves 27 are designed on the stators on both sides, and two exhaust grooves 11 of the same size are also arranged on the end face of the rotor 3 and two compressors of the same size are designed on the end face of the rotor 3. Slot 12 and two spaced rectangular air-filled grooves 26, the air-filled grooves 26 can correspond to a plurality of rectangular scroll pressure grooves 27 provided on the stator, and the pressure jet discharge and scroll pressure of the scroll pressure grooves 27 are realized one by one during the rotation of the rotor 3. Pushing to do work, the concept of work is that the end face area of the scroll pressure groove 27 of the stator passes through the pressure force of the air pressure groove 12 of the rotor 3 corresponding to the area of the rotor 3 and the cavity. The magnitude of the two stamping reaction forces is determined by the end face of the scroll pressure groove 27. The plane area and the size area of the notch of the compressed air groove 12 determine the size of the working pressure. In this way, the reaction forces generated by two pressure-inflatable cavities (gas pressure) are formed relative to the rotor 3, the stator and the cavity, so that the discharged pressure gas can be used for the second first step of work application: the entire stator can be Set up a plurality of rectangular scroll pressure grooves 27; also set the rotor 3 and the stator with the same size of the compressed air grooves 12 and two spaced apart rectangular air-filled grooves 26; when the rotor 3 rotates, pass through the rotor 3 The exhaust groove 11 can be punched into the scroll pressure groove 27 for many times, and then the exhaust grooves 11 on both sides of the rotor 3 produce a reaction force to the stator to discharge the pressure gas to the scroll pressure groove 27, so as to realize the application of the punching pressure. Also after each work application, the pressure relative to the cavity also decreases at the same time. Because the rotor 3 is rotating, it is determined that the scroll pressure groove 27 is discharged and inflated after several times, and then the discharge switch of the rotor 3 29 is also rotated, and the discharge switch 29 opens and closes the pressure gas in the scroll pressure groove 27 to be discharged from the exhaust port 38. During the discharge process, the air outlet groove of the exhaust switch is designed as an inclined plane; therefore, in the scroll pressure groove 27 The same can be done to assist the discharge of the turbine during jet discharge. After the discharge, because the scroll pressure groove 27 and the volume of the cavity have volume asymmetry, the pressure gas still exists in the cavity and has a reduced pressure gas volume after several charging work processes are applied. With the rotation of the discharge switch 29 driven by the rotor 3, the pressure gas in the scroll pressure groove 27 is discharged through the exhaust port 38, so the relative pressure gas in the cavity will decrease; Through the state of discharge, a degree of relative reduction is achieved. However, there is still some residual pressure gas in the cavity. After the pressure and discharge output of the air pressure tank 12 times, the residual pressure still exists in the cavity, because this work design is to apply the cavity to the relatively high pressure. Complete pressure-to-pressure conversion work under strong pressure. As the first step conversion work application, so after the first part conversion work; there will continue to be pressure gas in the cavity. After the first work application of the gas pressure groove 12 corresponding to the scroll pressure groove 27, the gas needs to be discharged through the The switch 29 and the exhaust port 38 perform jet discharge work on the scroll pressure groove 27 . For the residual pressure gas that still exists in the cavity after the first discharge, we design to place the angular exhaust injection holes 28 on the cover plate of the stator that play the role of final discharge to evacuate the cavity. The compressor groove 12 of 3 cooperates with the exhaust injection hole 28 of the stator to correspond to the residual pressure gas in the discharge cavity of the steam turbine blade, and the application of the conversion work to the impulse of the steam turbine blade and the gas mass release turbine, this is the second step. Work done application mode. The pressure gas application mode evacuated under the condition of using high pressure gas is the angular injection application mode to the steam turbine. It is determined that the rotation of the rotor 3 passes through the discharge switch 29 that can be deflated to discharge multiple injections of the scroll pressure groove 27. If high-pressure gas is used, it is determined that the discharge of the pressure gas with pressure can also enter the application mode of the steam turbine. Angular jet release (turbine) work application. The definition of the work done by the steam turbine has been confirmed and expressed in the previous patent application; and there are drawings; therefore, we will not describe the application mode of the work done by the steam turbine.
上述中燃烧热能温度的利用:根据热能学定律,燃料燃烧过程产生的能量是可以分为几个部分的内容,设计在整个做功系统中对热能的利用就是采用液化压力气体的附带应用;其应用的结构是采用“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”这个技术的配合应用;也就是说“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”的内容可以作为本专利申请的内容的一部分。通过上面这个专利的资料我们可以理解到发动机具有非常高的效率;所以我们可以采用这个热能进行利用;让这个发动机的所有能量进行全部的利用;提高系统的转换效率。Utilization of the above-mentioned combustion heat energy temperature: According to the law of thermodynamics, the energy generated by the fuel combustion process can be divided into several parts. The design of the utilization of heat energy in the entire work system is the incidental application of liquefied pressure gas; its application The structure is the application of the technology of "pressure gas piston injection type rotary engine system with double power application"; that is to say, the content of "pressure gas piston injection type rotary engine system with double power application" can be as part of the content of this patent application. Through the information of the above patent, we can understand that the engine has a very high efficiency; so we can use this heat energy for utilization; let all the energy of the engine be fully utilized; improve the conversion efficiency of the system.
本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,改变原来现有的发动机只能在一个空间对燃烧/燃爆产生的温压气体完成一次做功的应用,实现在两个空间内完成对燃烧产生的温压压力气体二次做功的目的。本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机在结构上的改变,例如活塞5发动机的往复 运动改变为直接旋转运动,实现活塞5在多空间内(环状的腔体)连续做功运行的方式进行转换做功的应用。本发明的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,在活塞5进行第一次做功后让活塞5转动后留下的全部燃烧喷射混合温压压力气体进行第二次的再做功。其技术就是实现多空间内(第一腔体7、第二腔体8和第三腔体2)两次转换做功应用。其工作方式就是在第一次因为带压燃料的燃烧喷射产生的温压混合压力气体做第一次的压强压力功;然后,转动前的空间内存储的压力气体再做第二次压力气体质量透平释放功。综上,本二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的作用是改变了燃料发动机的结构,以产生多个空间的结构改变,让一次输入的燃料燃烧内能,并完成在两个空间内同步连续二次做功的应用。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power is changed from the existing engine that can only perform work on the warm and pressure gas generated by combustion/detonation in one space, and realizes the completion of the combustion generated in two spaces. The purpose of secondary work done by the temperature and pressure gas. The structural change of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power, for example, the reciprocating motion of the piston 5 engine is changed to direct rotational motion, so as to realize the continuous power operation of the piston 5 in multiple spaces (an annular cavity). The application of conversion work. In the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work of the present invention, after the piston 5 performs the first work, all the combustion injection mixed with the warm and pressure gas left after the piston 5 rotates performs the second work again. Its technology is to realize two conversion work applications in multiple spaces (the first cavity 7 , the second cavity 8 and the third cavity 2 ). Its working method is to do the first pressure and pressure work on the temperature-pressure mixed pressure gas generated by the combustion injection of the fuel under pressure for the first time; then, the pressure gas stored in the space before the rotation is used for the second pressure gas mass. Turbine release work. To sum up, the function of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power is to change the structure of the fuel engine, so as to produce structural changes in multiple spaces, so that the fuel input at one time burns the internal energy and completes the synchronization in the two spaces. The application of continuous work twice.
上述中,二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机的技术要点如下,并可作为对上述技术方案的补充。Among the above, the technical points of the rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work are as follows, and can be used as a supplement to the above technical solution.
1、在同一个系统设备上(指燃料发动机)完成一次喷射燃烧温压混合空气产生压力气体,并可以在两个空间内同步连续完成两次做功的应用,就是对第一次做功以后的压力气体进行存储然后第二次再做功应用的设备。送入一个压力可变量的燃料燃气,再通过燃料送入管道62送入发动机密闭腔体内的活塞5上,实现喷射燃烧混合成具有压力的且含有空气的混合气体以喷出压力气体成为活塞5后具有压力压强推动活塞5的转动移动并进行旋转做功的能量,在推动转子3、活塞5旋转移出第一个阀门9的腔体后,因为在腔体内多个阀门9间,活塞5位置改变实现进入第二个阀门9对应的腔体后活塞5在该腔体内继续燃烧喷射完成连续做功,活塞5燃烧喷射混合的压力气体由于活塞5的力矩阻力在第一个阀门9对应的腔体内得到压力气体的存储,然后将存储的压力气体再做第二次压强压力和释放喷射的两个转换做功。1. On the same system equipment (referring to the fuel engine), one injection and combustion of warm and pressure mixed air is completed to generate pressure gas, and two applications of work can be completed synchronously and continuously in two spaces, which is the pressure after the first work. A device in which gas is stored and then applied for work a second time. A fuel gas with a variable pressure is fed, and then sent to the piston 5 in the closed cavity of the engine through the fuel feeding pipeline 62 to realize the injection combustion and mixing into a pressured and air-containing mixed gas to eject the pressure gas to become the piston 5 After the pressure pressure pushes the rotation of the piston 5 and performs the rotational work, after pushing the rotor 3 and the piston 5 to rotate out of the cavity of the first valve 9, the position of the piston 5 changes among the multiple valves 9 in the cavity. After entering the cavity corresponding to the second valve 9, the piston 5 continues to burn and inject in the cavity to complete continuous work. The pressure gas mixed by the combustion and injection of the piston 5 is obtained in the cavity corresponding to the first valve 9 due to the torque resistance of the piston 5. The storage of the pressure gas, and then the stored pressure gas will do the two conversions of the second pressure pressure and the release injection to do the work.
2、改变活塞5往复运动转变为活塞5的旋转连续做功运动方式。设计送入的燃料加温蒸发喷射燃烧或燃气采用直接连续喷射燃烧,并引入有加压空气产生压力气体且为不间断转换做功应用模式,本设计采用两个以上空间并为连续可做功的应用方式,其二次做功的流程设计在同 一个设备上进行同步运行做功的工作方式,以实现燃料燃气高效率的全能利用。2. Change the reciprocating motion of the piston 5 into the rotational continuous work motion of the piston 5. The fuel is designed to be heated by evaporative injection combustion or the gas adopts direct continuous injection combustion, and pressurized air is introduced to generate pressure gas, and it is an application mode of uninterrupted conversion of power. This design uses more than two spaces and is continuous work The process of its secondary work is designed to perform synchronous operation and work on the same equipment, so as to realize the high-efficiency and all-round utilization of fuel gas.
3、送入压力可变量燃料燃气以燃气涡喷的方式将可燃烧物料送入喷嘴61进行燃烧喷射,活塞5因为燃烧喷射并且虹吸入的空气产生压力气体推动活塞5转动移动。阀门9包括第一个阀门、第二个阀门、第三个阀门。当活塞5经过第一个阀门9和第二个阀门9组成的空间位置后,活塞5移动到第二个和第三个阀门9之间继续燃烧喷射并携带空气产生混合压力气体推动活塞5继续旋转移动以做功,在活塞5完成连续移动做功的形式后,因为活塞5的力距阻力让燃烧喷射混合具有压力的气体存储在活塞5后面的第一个阀门9和第二个阀门9对应的腔体内,存储的压力气体再进行第二次做功,第二次做功可定义为两个部分的做功形式,也就是做压力气体压强的斜角对压的膨胀功,在做完对压膨胀的功后再完成(汽轮机)压力气体质量释放的喷射转换做功。3. Injecting the variable amount of pressure fuel The gas feeds combustible materials into the nozzle 61 in the form of gas whirlpool for combustion injection, and the piston 5 generates pressure gas due to the combustion injection and the siphoned air to push the piston 5 to rotate and move. The valve 9 includes a first valve, a second valve, and a third valve. When the piston 5 passes through the space composed of the first valve 9 and the second valve 9, the piston 5 moves between the second and the third valve 9 to continue the combustion injection and carry the air to generate mixed pressure gas to push the piston 5 to continue Rotational movement to do work, after the piston 5 completes the continuous movement to do work, because of the force distance resistance of the piston 5, the combustion injection mixes the gas with pressure and is stored in the first valve 9 and the second valve 9 behind the piston 5 corresponding to In the cavity, the stored pressure gas performs the second work. The second work can be defined as the work form of the two parts, that is, the expansion work of the oblique opposite pressure of the pressure gas pressure. After the work is completed, the injection conversion work of the (steam turbine) pressure gas mass release is completed.
4、活塞5安装在转子3上,设计的活塞5为矩形结构;设计的活塞5可以为双向可柔性应用的结构,以适应燃烧产生的轴1向偏移和燃烧冲击力的延迟阻尼作用,其活塞5的数量根据转子3的大小设计以确定配置数量,从燃烧喷射混合空气输入到腔体的压力气体在两个阀门9间的存在,燃料送入管道62采用单向输入的防回退火结构;其在活塞5结构上燃烧的喷嘴61的数量根据实际计算应用配置。转子3上设计排气槽11、压气槽12根据活塞5配置个数的同等数量等距离布置。4. The piston 5 is installed on the rotor 3, and the designed piston 5 is a rectangular structure; the designed piston 5 can be a two-way flexible application structure, so as to adapt to the shaft 1 axial offset generated by combustion and the delayed damping effect of the combustion impact force, The number of pistons 5 is designed according to the size of the rotor 3 to determine the number of configurations, the pressure gas input from the combustion injection mixed air to the cavity exists between the two valves 9, and the fuel feeding pipeline 62 adopts unidirectional input anti-backward annealing Structure; the number of nozzles 61 which burn on the structure of the piston 5 is configured according to the actual calculation application. The exhaust grooves 11 and the air pressure grooves 12 are designed on the rotor 3 and arranged at equal distances according to the same number as the number of the pistons 5 to be arranged.
5、输入混合燃料燃气设计为在转子3的一端中心经其内部输入。其方式是通过发动机一端的轴1口采用套管工艺同时输入燃料燃气和压力空气以进入发动机密闭腔,内部的燃料送入管道62和空气送入通道65送入燃料和助燃的空气到活塞5上的喷嘴61,该喷嘴61采用喷射虹吸空气混合共同送入腔体。可设计加温装置63和点火装置64,以及自动控制燃烧装置,以有效完成活塞5在腔体内的可做功工作过程。5. The input mixed fuel gas is designed to be input at the center of one end of the rotor 3 through its interior. The method is to input fuel gas and pressurized air through the shaft 1 port at one end of the engine at the same time to enter the closed cavity of the engine, and the internal fuel feeding pipeline 62 and air feeding channel 65 feed the fuel and combustion-supporting air to the piston 5. Nozzle 61 on the upper part, the nozzle 61 is mixed with jet siphon air and sent into the cavity together. A heating device 63, an ignition device 64, and an automatic control combustion device can be designed to effectively complete the workable process of the piston 5 in the cavity.
6、腔体由定子和转子3协同阀门9、活塞5组成密闭的环形腔,在腔体里设计有根据活塞5数量的多少配套建立的多个可以让活塞5移动并做功的应用空间。其阀门9数量是活塞5数量乘二加一个或二个,阀 门9隔断腔体,将阀门9安装在发动机密闭腔上的应用结构以建立多个应用空间的成立。设计建立每个活塞5做功工作流程中拥有两个及以上的可做功应用空间。6. The cavity is composed of the stator and the rotor 3 in conjunction with the valve 9 and the piston 5 to form a closed annular cavity. In the cavity, there are multiple application spaces established according to the number of the pistons 5 that can allow the pistons 5 to move and perform work. The number of valves 9 is the number of pistons 5 multiplied by two plus one or two, the valve 9 blocks the cavity, and the application structure of installing the valve 9 on the closed cavity of the engine can establish the establishment of multiple application spaces. It is designed and established that each piston 5 has two or more workable application spaces in the work flow.
7、压力燃料燃气在喷嘴61喷射燃烧时,腔体具有压力,故在喷射时必须引入混合周边的空气同时进入腔体。因为燃烧需要氧气,同时使得进入腔体的空气膨胀使活塞5后面具有压力气体在腔体内产生,然后可以推动活塞5移动。7. Pressurized fuel When the fuel gas is injected and burned in the nozzle 61, the cavity has pressure, so the air around the mixture must be introduced into the cavity during injection. Oxygen is required for combustion, and at the same time, the expansion of the air entering the cavity causes a pressure gas behind the piston 5 to be generated in the cavity, which can then push the piston 5 to move.
8、在第二次做功应用时,设计具有三个做功的方式;第一个做功是对冲蜗压槽27做压强压力的对冲功,然后是蜗压槽27内压力气体排放质量的释放喷射功;第三个是腔体内剩余压力气体质量的释放冲动的应用功。具体做功方式是设计在两边定子上加工有三角斜面切槽,在转子3的相对位置设计有压气槽12,在定子的内部设计有随转子3旋转的排放开关29,排放开关29的压力气体做功方式为喷射做功设计,定子的两个端面盖上设计有连通腔体内最后剩余气体的排气喷射孔28,以排放最后存在在腔体内的所有剩余压力气体,并以完成汽轮机的冲动释放透平做功应用。8. In the second work application, the design has three ways of work; the first work is the hedging work of the pressure and pressure of the hedging scroll pressure groove 27, and then the release injection work of the discharge mass of the pressure gas in the scroll pressure groove 27 ; The third is the applied work of the release impulse of the residual pressure gas mass in the cavity. The specific way of doing work is to design a triangular bevel groove on both sides of the stator, design a pressure gas groove 12 at the relative position of the rotor 3, and design a discharge switch 29 inside the stator that rotates with the rotor 3, and the pressure gas of the discharge switch 29 does work. The method is designed to work by injection. The two end face covers of the stator are designed with exhaust injection holes 28 that communicate with the last remaining gas in the cavity, so as to discharge all the remaining pressure gas in the cavity at last, and release the turbine with the impulse to complete the steam turbine. Work application.
9、本发明涉及可以安装两套装置在同一个系统设备的转换做功应用,就是让燃料燃气燃烧过程中涉及产生的热量再做功利用,根据发动机产生的热量设计可以在同一个设备上配套设计采用液化压力气体的辅助同步做功应用,应用的结构方式是采用“两次做功应用的压力气体活塞喷送型旋转式发动机系统”的技术;其专利申请号为CN2018109947700。9. The present invention relates to the conversion work application in which two sets of devices can be installed in the same system equipment, that is, the heat generated during the combustion of fuel gas can be used for work. According to the heat generated by the engine, it can be designed and used on the same equipment. The auxiliary synchronous work application of liquefied pressure gas adopts the technology of "pressure gas piston jet rotary engine system for twice work application"; its patent application number is CN2018109947700.
上述实施例仅例示性说明本发明的原理及其功效,而非用于限制本发明。任何熟悉此技术的人士皆可在不违背本发明的精神及范畴下,对上述实施例进行修饰或改变。因此,举凡所属技术领域中具有通常知识者在未脱离本发明所揭示的精神与技术思想下所完成的一切等效修饰或改变,仍应由本发明的权利要求所涵盖。The above-mentioned embodiments merely illustrate the principles and effects of the present invention, but are not intended to limit the present invention. Anyone skilled in the art can modify or change the above embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, all equivalent modifications or changes made by those with ordinary knowledge in the technical field without departing from the spirit and technical idea disclosed in the present invention should still be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,包括发动机密闭腔,及固定在发动机密闭腔两端的定子;所述发动机密闭腔内穿设由定子支承起的转子;所述转子与发动机密闭腔之间形成环状的腔室,发动机密闭腔上连接多个阀门,且阀门分隔腔室为多个腔体;所述转子配合发动机密闭腔连接随转子转动的活塞,活塞的一侧设置喷射燃烧器,喷射燃烧器用于向腔体喷射气化的压力燃料;所述阀门启闭以配合压力燃料喷射驱动活塞转动,和配合压力燃料被喷射燃烧器的点火装置点燃燃烧以驱动活塞带动转子转动;其中一个所述腔体储存燃烧后的带压混合气,在活塞离开该腔体并进入另一腔体后通过排气机构向外排气并做功。A rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary power is characterized in that it comprises an engine airtight cavity and stators fixed at both ends of the engine airtight cavity; a rotor supported by the stator is penetrated in the engine airtight cavity; the rotor A ring-shaped chamber is formed between the airtight chamber of the engine and the airtight chamber of the engine, and the airtight chamber of the engine is connected with a plurality of valves, and the valve separation chamber is a plurality of chambers; the rotor cooperates with the airtight chamber of the engine to connect the piston that rotates with the rotor, and a A jet burner is arranged on the side, and the jet burner is used to inject gasified pressure fuel into the cavity; the valve is opened and closed to drive the piston to rotate in accordance with the pressure fuel injection, and the ignition device of the jet burner is ignited and burned to drive the piston in accordance with the pressure fuel. The rotor is driven to rotate; one of the chambers stores the mixed gas under pressure after combustion, and after the piston leaves the chamber and enters another chamber, it is exhausted through the exhaust mechanism to perform work.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述转子上连接有轴,轴的中心穿设有燃料送入管道;所述燃料送入管道与轴之间形成空气送入通道,燃料送入管道、空气送入通道分别与喷射燃烧器连通。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 1, wherein a shaft is connected to the rotor, and a fuel feeding pipe is passed through the center of the shaft; the fuel feeding pipe is connected to the shaft. An air feeding channel is formed between them, and the fuel feeding pipeline and the air feeding channel are respectively communicated with the jet burner.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述排气机构包括开设在定子上的蜗压槽,及开设在转子上的压气槽;所述压气槽设在转子的端面;所述转子转动中腔体内带压混合气进入压气槽、蜗压槽,带压混合气释放冲压转子并驱动其转动。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 1, wherein the exhaust mechanism comprises a scroll pressure groove opened on the stator, and a compressed air groove opened on the rotor; the compressed air groove It is arranged on the end face of the rotor; when the rotor rotates, the pressurized mixed gas in the cavity enters the compressed air groove and the scroll pressure groove, and the pressurized mixed gas releases the stamping rotor and drives it to rotate.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述转子上开设与压气槽连通的排气槽,压气槽、排气槽成对设置且位于转子的两个端面;所述转子转动中腔体内带压混合气通过排气槽进入压气槽、蜗压槽。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 3, wherein the rotor is provided with an exhaust slot communicating with the air pressure slot, and the air compression slot and the exhaust slot are arranged in pairs and are located at two sides of the rotor. an end face; the mixed gas under pressure in the cavity during the rotation of the rotor enters the air pressure groove and the scroll pressure groove through the exhaust groove.
  5. 根据权利要求3或4所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述定子分为第一定子、第二定子;所述蜗压槽设置在第一定子和第二定子上;所述第一定子和第二定子形成为端面盖,且第二定子与转子之间配合设置有壳体。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 3 or 4, wherein the stator is divided into a first stator and a second stator; the scroll pressure groove is arranged between the first stator and the second stator. on the second stator; the first stator and the second stator are formed as end face covers, and the second stator and the rotor are fitted with a casing.
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述第一定子、第二定子上设置排气口,且位于第一定子、第二定子内的转子的外周连接有排放开关;所述排放开关成形有在转子 转动中开启和密封蜗压槽的旋转堵头,旋转堵头开启蜗压槽并通过排气口向外导向排放带压混合气以做功。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 5, wherein the first stator and the second stator are provided with exhaust ports, and the exhaust ports are located in the first stator and the second stator. The outer circumference of the rotor is connected with a discharge switch; the discharge switch is formed with a rotary plug that opens and seals the scroll pressure groove during the rotation of the rotor. acting.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述排气机构的向外排气做功以透平方式进行。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 1, characterized in that, the work done by the exhaust gas to the outside of the exhaust mechanism is performed in a turbine manner.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述阀门的数量比两倍活塞数量多一个或二个。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with double power generation according to claim 1, wherein the number of the valves is one or two more than the number of double pistons.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述喷射燃烧器为虹吸结构,且包括喷嘴和虹吸空气口;所述喷射燃烧器连接在活塞的端面上;所述喷射燃烧器配合活塞和腔体设置有多个。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 1, wherein the jet burner is a siphon structure and includes a nozzle and a siphon air port; the jet burner is connected to the end face of the piston ; The jet burner is provided with a plurality of pistons and a cavity.
  10. 根据权利要求1或9所述的二次做功的旋转式涡喷燃料发动机,其特征在于,所述喷射燃烧器还包括加温装置和所述点火装置;所述加温装置用于升温气化发动机启动后首次通入的压力燃料,点火装置用于点燃经加温装置升温气化的压力燃料。The rotary turbojet fuel engine with secondary work according to claim 1 or 9, wherein the jet burner further comprises a heating device and the ignition device; the heating device is used for heating up and gasification The pressure fuel introduced for the first time after the engine is started, and the ignition device is used to ignite the pressure fuel heated and vaporized by the heating device.
PCT/CN2020/112942 2020-07-23 2020-09-02 Rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times WO2022016666A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010719427.2A CN113969836A (en) 2020-07-23 2020-07-23 Rotary turbojet fuel engine doing work secondarily
CN202010719427.2 2020-07-23

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2022016666A1 true WO2022016666A1 (en) 2022-01-27

Family

ID=79585462

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2020/112942 WO2022016666A1 (en) 2020-07-23 2020-09-02 Rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113969836A (en)
WO (1) WO2022016666A1 (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1072239A (en) * 1991-11-04 1993-05-19 王长顺 Synchronous birotor combination engine
US5408824A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-04-25 Schlote; Andrew Rotary heat engine
US6021746A (en) * 1995-06-29 2000-02-08 Pyon; Sang-Bok arc-piston engine
CN102121402A (en) * 2010-01-08 2011-07-13 郭文清 Steam engine
CN108138570A (en) * 2015-06-08 2018-06-08 李伟德 Rotary pulsed detonation engine includes its electricity generation system, and production and preparation method thereof
CN207538866U (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-06-26 陈贤 Two-stage cantilevered axis stream expanding machine
CN110872956A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 上海渠岸能源科技有限公司 Pressure gas piston spraying type rotary engine system applied by two-time work doing

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1072239A (en) * 1991-11-04 1993-05-19 王长顺 Synchronous birotor combination engine
US5408824A (en) * 1993-12-15 1995-04-25 Schlote; Andrew Rotary heat engine
US6021746A (en) * 1995-06-29 2000-02-08 Pyon; Sang-Bok arc-piston engine
CN102121402A (en) * 2010-01-08 2011-07-13 郭文清 Steam engine
CN108138570A (en) * 2015-06-08 2018-06-08 李伟德 Rotary pulsed detonation engine includes its electricity generation system, and production and preparation method thereof
CN207538866U (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-06-26 陈贤 Two-stage cantilevered axis stream expanding machine
CN110872956A (en) * 2018-08-29 2020-03-10 上海渠岸能源科技有限公司 Pressure gas piston spraying type rotary engine system applied by two-time work doing

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN113969836A (en) 2022-01-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9777627B2 (en) Engine and combustion system
US9828907B2 (en) Rotary internal combustion engine
US4382771A (en) Gas and steam generator
WO1990002259A1 (en) Rotary piston engine
US7958862B2 (en) Rotary positive displacement combustor engine
US20050144959A1 (en) Scalable power generation using a pulsed detonation engine
US11066990B2 (en) Constant-volume combustion module for a turbine engine, comprising communication-based ignition
US20160326875A1 (en) Rotary energy converter with retractable barrier
US20060065232A1 (en) Engine and method of generating power
US11078834B2 (en) Rotary valve continuous flow expansible chamber dynamic and positive displacement rotary devices
RU2418970C1 (en) Liquid-propellant engine and turbo-pump unit
WO2022016666A1 (en) Rotary turbojet fuel engine capable of performing work two times
CN101718236A (en) Multitube pulse detonation combustion chamber communicated with jet deflector
RU2263799C2 (en) Method of operation of heat internal combustion engine and device for implementing the method
RU2643274C1 (en) Rotary internal combustion engine
EP3205886B1 (en) Thermal and thrust management in dynamic pressure exchangers
US5555866A (en) Rotary engine
JP4729041B2 (en) Rotary device and method of operating rotary device
CN201103494Y (en) Air injection rotor engine
CN101149027A (en) Combustion-explosion type air injection rotor engine
JP6093966B2 (en) Double leaf constant volume rotary engine with steam explosion
FI129141B (en) Method of controlling deflagration combustion process in pistonless combustor
RU2425226C1 (en) Gas-rotor drive
CN110145396A (en) Concentric circumferences rotor-type internal combustion engine
CN114320666A (en) Air turbine rocket engine system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 20946281

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1