WO2021196704A1 - Method for adjusting variable section of adjustable lining trolley - Google Patents

Method for adjusting variable section of adjustable lining trolley Download PDF

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WO2021196704A1
WO2021196704A1 PCT/CN2020/134527 CN2020134527W WO2021196704A1 WO 2021196704 A1 WO2021196704 A1 WO 2021196704A1 CN 2020134527 W CN2020134527 W CN 2020134527W WO 2021196704 A1 WO2021196704 A1 WO 2021196704A1
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top mold
vertical
pair
supplementary
mold
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PCT/CN2020/134527
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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陈彬
朱红光
周浩
刘臻武
周松竹
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中铁五局集团有限公司
中铁五局集团电务工程有限责任公司
中铁五局集团第四工程有限责任公司
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Priority to CN202010245325.1A priority Critical patent/CN111365024B/en
Priority to CN202010245325.1 priority
Application filed by 中铁五局集团有限公司, 中铁五局集团电务工程有限责任公司, 中铁五局集团第四工程有限责任公司 filed Critical 中铁五局集团有限公司
Publication of WO2021196704A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021196704A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D11/00Lining tunnels, galleries or other underground cavities, e.g. large underground chambers; Linings therefor; Making such linings in situ, e.g. by assembling
    • E21D11/04Lining with building materials
    • E21D11/10Lining with building materials with concrete cast in situ; Shuttering also lost shutterings, e.g. made of blocks, of metal plates or other equipment adapted therefor
    • E21D11/102Removable shuttering; Bearing or supporting devices therefor

Abstract

A method for adjusting a variable section of an adjustable lining trolley. The method comprises: S1, removing two top mold units (1) at the top of an arch; S2, starting a horizontal adjustment oil cylinder (10) to drive vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanisms (9) on two sides to move towards the two sides for widening; S3, starting a leveling mechanism (4) to drive a pair of top mold supporting beams (3) to move towards two sides for widening, and forming supplementary spaces between the two top mold supporting beams (3) and between the two top mold units (1) located at the top of the arch; S4, mounting a top mold supplementary unit (5) and a top mold supplementary supporting frame (6) into corresponding supplementary spaces, and forming a supplementary connection with corresponding top mold units (1) and the top mold supporting beams (3); S5, starting the leveling mechanism (4) to drive the pair of top mold supporting beams (3) to move to realize centering, and ensuring that the connecting point between two top mold supplementary units (5) located at the top of a new arch coincides with the central line of the top of the arch; and S6, locking the top mold supplementary units (5), the top mold units (1) and a side mold unit (2). The method has the advantages of being simple in structure, low in cost, convenient to operate, capable of meeting the construction requirements of continuous sections, and capable of improving the construction efficiency.

Description

变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法Adjusting method of variable section adjustable lining trolley 技术领域Technical field
本发明主要涉及隧道过渡段断面衬砌施工技术,尤其涉及一种变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法。The invention mainly relates to the construction technology of the section lining of the transition section of the tunnel, in particular to an adjustment method of a variable section adjustable lining trolley.
背景技术Background technique
隧道过渡段断面衬砌台车是进行隧道施工专用设备,其用于对隧道断面的衬砌施工。The section lining trolley for the transition section of the tunnel is a special equipment for tunnel construction, which is used for the lining construction of the tunnel section.
目前,现有的隧道过渡段断面衬砌台车主要包括骨架单元、由顶模板和两个侧模板及两个底模板组成的弧形模板单元、衔接模板单元和支撑单元。支撑单元能够推动各侧模板带着相应的底模板向外摆动,使得模板单元的外轮廓向外扩张,从而满足于不同大小断面的隧道,以降低施工成本。At present, the existing cross-section lining trolley for the transition section of the tunnel mainly includes a skeleton unit, an arc formwork unit composed of a top formwork, two side formwork and two bottom formwork, a connection formwork unit and a support unit. The supporting unit can push each side formwork with the corresponding bottom formwork to swing outwards, so that the outer contour of the formwork unit expands outward, so as to meet the needs of tunnels of different sizes and sections, so as to reduce the construction cost.
由于现有的隧道过渡段断面衬砌台车拱部不能调整,导致隧道有连续多个断面时,台车不能满足施工要求,并且,这种连续多个断面时,衬砌台车无法进行有效调节拓宽。Because the arch of the existing lining trolley in the transition section of the tunnel cannot be adjusted, the trolley cannot meet the construction requirements when the tunnel has multiple continuous sections, and the lining trolley cannot be effectively adjusted and widened when the tunnel has multiple continuous sections. .
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明要解决的技术问题是克服现有技术的不足,提供一种结构简单、成本低廉、操作方便、能满足连续断面的施工需求、可提高施工效率的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法。The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, and provide a method for adjusting the variable section adjustable lining trolley that has simple structure, low cost, convenient operation, can meet the construction requirements of continuous sections, and can improve construction efficiency. .
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用以下技术方案:To solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
一种变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,衬砌台车包括多个顶模单元、一对边模单元、一对顶模支撑梁、一对平调机构、至少一对顶模补充单元、顶模补充支撑架、横移车架、中间支撑柱、一对纵横移升降机构和一对横调油缸,所述中间支撑柱安装在纵向轨道上,一对纵横移升降机构安装在纵向轨道上并位于中间支撑柱两侧,一对横调油缸分别连接中间支撑柱与相应侧的纵横移升降机构,所述横移车架安装在中间支撑柱与两侧的纵横移升降机构顶部,一对顶模支撑梁分别通过相应的平调机构安装在横移车架上,各顶模单元安装在相应的顶模支撑梁上、且各顶模单元相互连接形成弧形拱顶,位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合,一对边模单元安装在纵横移升降机构边侧并与相应的顶模单元连接形成弧形拱边;所述调节方法包括以下步骤:A method for adjusting a variable section adjustable lining trolley. The lining trolley includes a plurality of top mold units, a pair of side mold units, a pair of top mold support beams, a pair of leveling mechanisms, at least a pair of top mold supplementary units, The top mold supplementary support frame, the horizontal movement frame, the middle support column, a pair of vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms and a pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders, the middle support column is installed on the longitudinal rail, and the pair of vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms are installed on the longitudinal rail. And located on both sides of the middle support column, a pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders are respectively connected to the middle support column and the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism on the corresponding side. The horizontal movement frame is installed on the top of the middle support column and the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism on both sides. The top mold support beams are respectively installed on the horizontal moving frame through the corresponding leveling mechanism, each top mold unit is installed on the corresponding top mold support beam, and the top mold units are connected to each other to form an arc-shaped dome, which is located at the top of the arch. The connection point between the two top mold units coincides with the center line of the dome, a pair of side mold units are installed on the sides of the vertical and horizontal shifting lifting mechanism and connected with the corresponding top mold units to form an arc-shaped arch; the adjustment method includes the following steps :
S1:拆除拱顶部的两个顶模单元;S1: Remove the two top mold units at the top of the arch;
S2:启动横调油缸驱使两侧的纵横移升降机构向两侧移动拓宽;S2: Start the horizontal adjustment cylinder to drive the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism on both sides to move and widen on both sides;
S3:启动平调机构驱使一对顶模支撑梁向两侧移动拓宽,两个顶模支撑梁之间以及位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元之间形成补充空间;S3: Start the leveling mechanism to drive a pair of top mold support beams to move and widen on both sides, and supplementary space is formed between the two top mold support beams and between the two top mold units at the top of the arch;
S4:将顶模补充单元和顶模补充支撑架安装至相应的补充空间内并与相应的顶模单元以及顶模支撑梁形成补充连接;S4: Install the top mold supplementary unit and the top mold supplementary support frame into the corresponding supplementary space and form a supplementary connection with the corresponding top mold unit and the top mold support beam;
S5:启动平调机构驱使一对顶模支撑梁移动实现对中,确保位于新的拱顶部的两个顶模补充单元之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合;S5: Start the leveling mechanism to drive a pair of top mold support beams to move to achieve centering, ensuring that the connection point between the two top mold supplementary units at the new arch top coincides with the center line of the arch top;
S6:对顶模补充单元、顶模单元和边模单元进行锁定。S6: Lock the top mold supplementary unit, top mold unit and side mold unit.
作为上述技术方案的进一步改进:As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
在平调机构的调节时,启动平移油缸,平移油缸两端的支撑台通过扣轮在横移车架上滑动,支撑台带动顶模支撑梁移动拓宽和对中。When the leveling mechanism is adjusted, the translation cylinder is activated, and the support platforms at both ends of the translation cylinder slide on the transverse frame through the buckle wheels, and the support platform drives the top mold support beam to move, widen and center.
还包括顶模单元的弧度适应调节,顶模单元包括顶模板、顶模支撑件和横向拉件,顶模支撑件包括竖向支撑杆和斜向支撑杆,竖向支撑杆包括竖向丝杆和一对竖向螺纹套杆,斜向支撑杆包括斜向丝杆和一对斜向螺纹套杆,横向拉件包括横向丝杆和一对横向螺纹套杆,包括以下步骤:It also includes the adjustment of the curvature of the top mold unit. The top mold unit includes a top template, a top mold support and a horizontal pull member. The top mold support includes a vertical support rod and an oblique support rod. The vertical support rod includes a vertical screw rod. And a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods, the diagonal support rod includes an oblique screw rod and a pair of oblique threaded sleeve rods, the transverse puller includes a transverse screw rod and a pair of transverse threaded sleeve rods, including the following steps:
S101:调节竖向丝杆改变一对竖向螺纹套杆之间的间距,以调节顶模板到顶模支撑梁之间的间距;S101: Adjust the vertical screw rod to change the distance between a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods to adjust the distance between the top mold plate and the top mold support beam;
S102:调节斜向丝杆改变一对斜向螺纹套杆之间的间距,以调节顶模板的弧度;S102: Adjust the oblique screw rod to change the distance between a pair of oblique thread sleeve rods to adjust the curvature of the top template;
S103:调节横向丝杆改变一对横向螺纹套杆之间的间距,以调节竖向螺纹套杆的稳固性;S103: Adjust the horizontal threaded rod to change the distance between a pair of horizontally threaded sleeve rods to adjust the stability of the vertical threaded sleeve rod;
S104:调整后,在各相邻的顶模板之间安装锁紧机构,安装具体为:将一对连接座分设在相邻的顶模板上,再将锁片的两端分别与相应的连接座紧固连接。S104: After adjustment, install the locking mechanism between the adjacent top templates. The installation is specifically as follows: separate a pair of connecting seats on the adjacent top templates, and then connect the two ends of the locking plate to the corresponding connecting seats. Fasten the connection.
还包括边模单元的弧度适应调节,边模单元包括边模板和边模支撑件,边模支撑件包括边模支撑杆和边模锚杆,边模支撑杆包括边模螺纹套杆和一对边模丝杆,包括以下分步骤:It also includes the adjustment of the curvature of the side mold unit. The side mold unit includes a side template and a side mold support. The side mold support includes a side mold support rod and a side mold anchor rod. The side mold support rod includes a side mold threaded sleeve rod and a pair of side mold support rods. The side die screw includes the following sub-steps:
S201:调节边模螺纹套杆改变一对边模丝杆之间的间距,以调节边模板到纵横移升降机构边侧的间距和边模板在弧度;S201: Adjust the side mold threaded sleeve rod to change the distance between a pair of side mold screw rods to adjust the distance between the side mold plate and the side of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism and the side mold plate in the arc;
S201:调整后,通过模锚杆连接隧道底部和边模板形成锁定。S201: After adjustment, connect the bottom of the tunnel with the side template through the anchor rod to form a lock.
还包括顶模补充单元的弧度适应调节,顶模补充单元包括顶模补充板和补充支撑杆,补充支撑杆包括竖向补充丝杆和一对竖向补充螺纹套杆,通过调节竖向补充丝杆改变一对竖向补充螺纹套杆之间的间距,以调节顶模补充板到顶模支撑梁之间的间距和弧度。It also includes the adjustment of the curvature of the top mold supplement unit. The top mold supplement unit includes a top mold supplement plate and a supplementary support rod. The supplementary support rod includes a vertical supplementary screw rod and a pair of vertical supplementary threaded rods. The vertical supplementary wire is adjusted The rod changes the spacing between a pair of vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rods to adjust the spacing and radian between the top mold supplementary plate and the top mold support beam.
所述横移车架包括内固定梁和一对外横移套架,其调节具体为:通过横调油缸驱使两侧 的纵横移升降机构向两侧移动拓宽,纵横移升降机构带动一对外横移套架沿内固定梁移动;在内固定梁的两端加装延长块以延长外横移套架的移动行程。The lateral movement frame includes an internal fixed beam and an external lateral movement sleeve frame. The adjustment is specifically as follows: the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms on both sides are driven to move to both sides by a lateral adjustment cylinder, and the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism drives a lateral movement. The sleeve frame moves along the inner fixed beam; the two ends of the inner fixed beam are equipped with extension blocks to extend the moving stroke of the outer transverse moving sleeve frame.
所述横移升降机构包括纵横移架和升降油缸,升降油缸安装在纵横移架上,升降油缸底部安装有纵移滚轮,所述纵横移架底部设有横移滚轮,调节时,先铺设横移轨道,横移滚轮落在横移轨道上,升降油缸收缩,使纵移滚轮脱离纵移轨道,横调油缸驱使两侧的纵横移架向两侧移动拓宽。The horizontal movement lifting mechanism includes a vertical and horizontal movement frame and a lifting cylinder. The lifting cylinder is installed on the vertical and horizontal movement frame. The bottom of the lifting cylinder is equipped with vertical movement rollers. When moving the track, the horizontal moving roller falls on the horizontal moving track, the lifting cylinder shrinks, so that the vertical moving roller is separated from the vertical moving track, and the horizontal adjusting cylinder drives the vertical and horizontal moving frame on both sides to move and widen.
与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention are:
本发明的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,该调节方法使得纵横移升降机构和顶模单元均可以实现横向拓宽移动,即实现了纵横移升降机构和拱部调节拓宽功能,再通过顶模补充单元和顶模补充支撑架与拓宽后的补充空间形成弥补,构成了适应新断面的拱部结构,其结构简单、操作方便,能满足连续断面的施工需求,大大降低了施工成本,提高了施工效率。The adjusting method of the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention enables the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism and the top mold unit to realize the lateral widening movement, that is, realizing the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism and the arch adjustment and widening function, and then through the top The mold supplementary unit and the top mold supplementary support frame complement the widened supplementary space to form an arch structure that adapts to the new section. Its structure is simple, easy to operate, and can meet the construction needs of continuous sections, greatly reducing construction costs and improving Improve construction efficiency.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1是本发明变断面可调式衬砌台车的结构示意图。Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention.
图2是图1的A处放大结构示意图。FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at A in FIG. 1.
图3是图1的B处放大结构示意图。Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at B in Fig. 1.
图4是图1的C处放大结构示意图。Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at C in Fig. 1.
图5是本发明变断面可调式衬砌台车调节状态的结构示意图。Fig. 5 is a structural schematic diagram of the adjustable state of the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention.
图6是本发明变断面可调式衬砌台车调节补充后的结构示意图。Figure 6 is a structural schematic diagram of the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention after adjustment and supplementation.
图7是图6的D处放大结构示意图。FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of an enlarged structure at D in FIG. 6.
图8是本发明变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法的流程图。Fig. 8 is a flow chart of the adjusting method of the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention.
图中各标号表示:The labels in the figure indicate:
1、顶模单元;11、顶模板;12、顶模支撑件;121、竖向支撑杆;1211、竖向丝杆;1212、竖向螺纹套杆;122、斜向支撑杆;1221、斜向丝杆;1222、斜向螺纹套杆;13、横向拉件;131、横向丝杆;132、横向螺纹套杆;14、锁紧机构;141、连接座;142、锁片;2、边模单元;21、边模板;22、边模支撑件;221、边模支撑杆;2211、边模螺纹套杆;2212、边模丝杆;222、边模锚杆;3、顶模支撑梁;4、平调机构;41、平移油缸;42、支撑台;43、扣轮;5、顶模补充单元;51、顶模补充板;52、补充支撑杆;521、竖向补充丝杆;522、竖向补充螺纹套杆;6、顶模补充支撑架;61、补充横梁;62、支撑横梁;63、竖梁;7、横移车架; 71、内固定梁;72、外横移套架;73、延长块;8、中间支撑柱;9、纵横移升降机构;91、纵横移架;92、升降油缸;93、纵移滚轮;94、横移滚轮;10、横调油缸。1. Top mold unit; 11, top template; 12, top mold support; 121, vertical support rod; 1211, vertical screw rod; 1212, vertical threaded sleeve rod; 122, diagonal support rod; 1221, diagonal 1222, diagonal thread sleeve rod; 13, transverse pull piece; 131, transverse thread rod; 132, transverse thread sleeve rod; 14, locking mechanism; 141, connecting seat; 142, lock plate; 2. side Mold unit; 21, side mold; 22, side mold support; 221, side mold support rod; 2211, side mold threaded rod; 2212, side mold screw rod; 222, side mold anchor rod; 3. Top mold support beam 4. Horizontal adjustment mechanism; 41. Translation cylinder; 42, support platform; 43, buckle wheel; 5. Top mold supplement unit; 51, Top mold supplement plate; 52, Supplementary support rod; 521, Vertical supplementary screw rod; 522. Vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rod; 6. Top mold supplementary support frame; 61. Supplementary beam; 62. Support beam; 63. Vertical beam; 7. Transverse frame; 71. Internal fixed beam; 72. External transverse shift Set of frame; 73. Extension block; 8. Middle support column; 9. Vertical and horizontal shifting lifting mechanism; 91. Vertical and horizontal shifting frame; 92. Lifting cylinder; 93. Vertical shifting roller; 94. Lateral shifting roller; 10. Horizontal adjusting cylinder.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
以下将结合说明书附图和具体实施例对本发明做进一步详细说明。Hereinafter, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments of the specification.
图1至图8示出了本发明变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法的一种实施例,衬砌台车包括多个顶模单元1、一对边模单元2、一对顶模支撑梁3、一对平调机构4、至少一对顶模补充单元5、顶模补充支撑架6、横移车架7、中间支撑柱8、一对纵横移升降机构9和一对横调油缸10,中间支撑柱8安装在纵向轨道上,一对纵横移升降机构9安装在纵向轨道上并位于中间支撑柱8两侧,一对横调油缸10分别连接中间支撑柱8与相应侧的纵横移升降机构9,横移车架7安装在中间支撑柱8与两侧的纵横移升降机构9顶部,一对顶模支撑梁3分别通过相应的平调机构4安装在横移车架7上,各顶模单元1安装在相应的顶模支撑梁3上、且各顶模单元1相互连接形成弧形拱顶,位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元1之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合,一对边模单元2安装在纵横移升降机构9边侧并与相应的顶模单元1连接形成弧形拱边;调节方法包括以下步骤:Figures 1 to 8 show an embodiment of the method for adjusting the variable section adjustable lining trolley of the present invention. The lining trolley includes a plurality of top mold units 1, a pair of side mold units 2, and a pair of top mold support beams. 3. A pair of leveling mechanisms 4, at least a pair of top mold supplementary units 5, a top mold supplementary support frame 6, a horizontal movement frame 7, an intermediate support column 8, a pair of vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms 9 and a pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders 10 , The middle support column 8 is installed on the longitudinal rail, a pair of vertical and horizontal shift lifting mechanisms 9 are installed on the longitudinal rail and located on both sides of the middle support column 8, a pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders 10 are respectively connected to the middle support column 8 and the corresponding side vertical and horizontal shift The lifting mechanism 9 and the horizontal moving frame 7 are installed on the top of the middle support column 8 and the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 on both sides. A pair of top mold support beams 3 are respectively installed on the horizontal moving frame 7 through the corresponding leveling mechanism 4, Each top mold unit 1 is installed on the corresponding top mold support beam 3, and each top mold unit 1 is connected to each other to form an arc-shaped dome, and the connection point between the two top mold units 1 at the top of the dome coincides with the center line of the dome , A pair of side mold units 2 are installed on the sides of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 and connected with the corresponding top mold unit 1 to form an arc-shaped arch; the adjustment method includes the following steps:
S1:拆除拱顶部的两个顶模单元1;S1: Remove the two top mold units 1 at the top of the arch;
S2:启动横调油缸10驱使两侧的纵横移升降机构9向两侧移动拓宽;S2: Start the horizontal adjustment cylinder 10 to drive the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism 9 on both sides to move and widen on both sides;
S3:启动平调机构4驱使一对顶模支撑梁3向两侧移动拓宽,两个顶模支撑梁3之间以及位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元1之间形成补充空间;S3: Start the leveling mechanism 4 to drive the pair of top mold support beams 3 to move to both sides to widen, and a supplementary space is formed between the two top mold support beams 3 and between the two top mold units 1 at the top of the arch;
S4:将顶模补充单元5和顶模补充支撑架6安装至相应的补充空间内并与相应的顶模单元1以及顶模支撑梁3形成补充连接;S4: Install the top mold supplementary unit 5 and the top mold supplementary support frame 6 into the corresponding supplementary space and form a supplementary connection with the corresponding top mold unit 1 and the top mold support beam 3;
S5:启动平调机构4驱使一对顶模支撑梁3移动实现对中,确保位于新的拱顶部的两个顶模补充单元5之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合;S5: Start the leveling mechanism 4 to drive a pair of top mold support beams 3 to move to achieve centering, ensuring that the connection point between the two top mold supplementary units 5 at the new arch top coincides with the center line of the arch top;
S6:对顶模补充单元5、顶模单元1和边模单元2进行锁定。S6: Lock the top mold supplement unit 5, the top mold unit 1, and the side mold unit 2.
该调节方法使得纵横移升降机构9和顶模单元1均可以实现横向拓宽移动,即实现了纵横移升降机构9和拱部调节拓宽功能,再通过顶模补充单元5和顶模补充支撑架6与拓宽后的补充空间形成弥补,构成了适应新断面的拱部结构,其结构简单、操作方便,能满足连续断面的施工需求,大大降低了施工成本,提高了施工效率。This adjustment method enables both the vertical and horizontal shifting and lifting mechanism 9 and the top mold unit 1 to achieve lateral widening movement, that is, the vertical and horizontal shifting and lifting mechanism 9 and the arch adjustment and widening function are realized, and then the top mold supplement unit 5 and the top mold supplement support frame 6 Complementing the widened supplementary space, it forms an arch structure that adapts to the new section. Its simple structure and convenient operation can meet the construction needs of continuous sections, greatly reduce construction costs and improve construction efficiency.
本实施例中,在平调机构4的调节时,启动平移油缸41,平移油缸41两端的支撑台42 通过扣轮43在横移车架7上滑动,支撑台42带动顶模支撑梁3移动拓宽和对中。当需要横向拓宽时,启动平移油缸41,由于支撑台42通过扣轮43滑装在横移车架7上,支撑台42会在横移车架7实现横向移动,而带动顶模单元1以及顶模支撑梁3向两侧移动,到达所需位置时,由平移油缸41自身约束和支撑台42下压力实现定位,保证拓宽后的稳定性,其结构简单,设计巧妙。In this embodiment, when the leveling mechanism 4 is adjusted, the translation cylinder 41 is activated, and the support platform 42 at both ends of the translation cylinder 41 slides on the transverse frame 7 through the buckle wheel 43, and the support platform 42 drives the top mold support beam 3 to move Broaden and center. When lateral widening is required, the translation cylinder 41 is activated. Since the support platform 42 is slidably mounted on the transverse frame 7 through the buckle wheel 43, the support platform 42 will move laterally on the transverse frame 7 and drive the top mold unit 1 and The top mold support beam 3 moves to both sides, and when it reaches the required position, the positioning is realized by the self-constraint of the translation cylinder 41 and the downward pressure of the support platform 42 to ensure the stability after widening. The structure is simple and the design is ingenious.
本实施例中,还包括顶模单元1的弧度适应调节,顶模单元1包括顶模板11、顶模支撑件12和横向拉件13,顶模支撑件12包括竖向支撑杆121和斜向支撑杆122,竖向支撑杆121包括竖向丝杆1211和一对竖向螺纹套杆1212,斜向支撑杆122包括斜向丝杆1221和一对斜向螺纹套杆1222,横向拉件13包括横向丝杆131和一对横向螺纹套杆132,包括以下步骤:In this embodiment, it also includes the adjustment of the curvature of the top mold unit 1. The top mold unit 1 includes a top template 11, a top mold support 12, and a horizontal pull member 13, and the top mold support 12 includes a vertical support rod 121 and an oblique The support rod 122, the vertical support rod 121 includes a vertical screw 1211 and a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods 1212, the oblique support rod 122 includes an oblique screw 1221 and a pair of obliquely threaded sleeve rods 1222, and a horizontal pull member 13 Including a transverse screw rod 131 and a pair of transverse threaded sleeve rods 132, including the following steps:
S101:调节竖向丝杆1211改变一对竖向螺纹套杆1212之间的间距,以调节顶模板11到顶模支撑梁3之间的间距;S101: Adjust the vertical screw rod 1211 to change the distance between a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods 1212 to adjust the distance between the top mold plate 11 and the top mold support beam 3;
S102:调节斜向丝杆1221改变一对斜向螺纹套杆1222之间的间距,以调节顶模板11的弧度;S102: Adjust the oblique screw rod 1221 to change the distance between a pair of oblique screw sleeve rods 1222 to adjust the curvature of the top template 11;
S103:调节横向丝杆131改变一对横向螺纹套杆132之间的间距,以调节竖向螺纹套杆1212的稳固性;S103: Adjust the horizontal screw rod 131 to change the distance between a pair of horizontally threaded sleeve rods 132 to adjust the stability of the vertical threaded sleeve rod 1212;
S104:调整后,在各相邻的顶模板11之间安装锁紧机构14,安装具体为:将一对连接座141分设在相邻的顶模板11上,再将锁片142的两端分别与相应的连接座141紧固连接。S104: After adjustment, install the locking mechanism 14 between each adjacent top template 11, the specific installation is: separate a pair of connecting seats 141 on the adjacent top template 11, and then separate the two ends of the lock piece 142 It is tightly connected with the corresponding connecting seat 141.
顶模单元1包括顶模板11和顶模支撑件12,顶模板11通过顶模支撑件12与顶模支撑梁3连接。该结构中,各顶模板11通过顶模支撑件12与顶模支撑梁3形成连接,构成对顶模板11的支撑体系,其结构简单可靠。顶模支撑件12包括竖向支撑杆121和斜向支撑杆122,竖向支撑杆121连接顶模板11和顶模支撑梁3,斜向支撑杆122连接竖向支撑杆121和顶模支撑梁3。通过竖向支撑杆121和斜向支撑杆122的配合,大大提高了支撑体系的强度。竖向支撑杆121包括竖向丝杆1211和一对竖向螺纹套杆1212,一根竖向螺纹套杆1212与顶模板11铰接,另一根竖向螺纹套杆1212与顶模支撑梁3固接,竖向丝杆1211与一对竖向螺纹套杆1212螺纹连接,斜向支撑杆122连接位于上部的竖向螺纹套杆1212。该结构中,通过铰接结构,能够适应弧形的变化;而通过竖向丝杆1211和竖向螺纹套杆1212的螺纹连接,能实现顶模板11与顶模支撑梁3之间间距的可调性,进一步提高了整体结构的适应能力。斜向支撑杆122包括斜向丝杆1221和一对斜向螺纹套杆1222,一对斜向螺纹套杆1222分别与竖向螺纹套杆1212以及顶模支撑梁3铰接,斜向丝杆1221与一对斜向螺纹套杆1222螺纹连 接。通过铰接结构,能够适应弧形的变化;而通过斜向丝杆1221和斜向螺纹套杆1222的螺纹连接,能实现顶模板11与顶模支撑梁3之间间距的可调性,进一步提高了整体结构的适应能力。位于拱顶部的两根竖向支撑杆121之间连接有横向拉件13。该横向拉件13的设置,提高了位于拱顶部的两根竖向支撑杆121之间的稳定性和强度。横向拉件13包括横向丝杆131和一对横向螺纹套杆132,一对横向螺纹套杆132分别与两侧的竖向螺纹套杆1212铰接,横向丝杆131与一对横向螺纹套杆132螺纹连接。通过铰接结构,能够适应弧形的变化;而通过横向丝杆131和横向螺纹套杆132的螺纹连接,能实现位于拱顶部的两根竖向支撑杆121之间间距的可调性,进一步提高了整体结构的适应能力。各相邻的顶模板11之间相互铰接。通过顶模板11之间的相互铰接,保证了弧度的可调性,能够适应弧形的变化。各相邻的顶模板11之间设有锁紧机构14。该锁紧机构14的设置,能对顶模板11通过铰接调整后进行锁定,大大提高了施工质量。锁紧机构14包括一对连接座141和一块锁片142,一对连接座141分设在相邻的顶模板11上,锁片142的两端分别与相应的连接座141紧固连接。该结构中,当各顶模板11调整到所需位置时,通过锁片142与连接座141形成紧固连接以完成锁定,其结构简单易行。The top mold unit 1 includes a top mold 11 and a top mold support 12, and the top mold 11 is connected to the top mold support beam 3 through the top mold support 12. In this structure, each top mold plate 11 is connected with the top mold support beam 3 through the top mold support 12 to form a support system for the top mold plate 11, and its structure is simple and reliable. The top mold support 12 includes a vertical support rod 121 and an oblique support rod 122. The vertical support rod 121 connects the top template 11 and the top mold support beam 3, and the diagonal support rod 122 connects the vertical support rod 121 and the top mold support beam. 3. Through the cooperation of the vertical support rod 121 and the oblique support rod 122, the strength of the support system is greatly improved. The vertical support rod 121 includes a vertical threaded rod 1211 and a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods 1212. One vertical threaded sleeve rod 1212 is hinged to the top template 11, and the other vertical threaded sleeve rod 1212 is connected to the top mold support beam 3. For fixed connection, the vertical screw rod 1211 is threadedly connected with a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods 1212, and the oblique support rod 122 is connected with the vertical threaded sleeve rod 1212 located on the upper part. In this structure, through the hinge structure, it can adapt to the change of the arc; and through the threaded connection of the vertical screw rod 1211 and the vertical thread sleeve rod 1212, the distance between the top template 11 and the top mold support beam 3 can be adjusted. It further improves the adaptability of the overall structure. The oblique support rod 122 includes an oblique threaded rod 1221 and a pair of oblique threaded sleeve rods 1222. A pair of obliquely threaded sleeve rods 1222 are respectively hinged to the vertical threaded sleeve rod 1212 and the top mold support beam 3, and the oblique threaded rod 1221 Threaded connection with a pair of oblique threaded sleeve rods 1222. Through the hinge structure, it can adapt to the change of the arc; and through the threaded connection of the oblique screw rod 1221 and the oblique thread sleeve rod 1222, the adjustability of the distance between the top mold plate 11 and the top mold support beam 3 can be realized, and the adjustability of the distance between the top mold plate 11 and the top mold support beam 3 can be further improved. The adaptability of the overall structure is improved. A horizontal pulling member 13 is connected between the two vertical support rods 121 at the top of the arch. The arrangement of the transverse pulling member 13 improves the stability and strength between the two vertical support rods 121 at the top of the arch. The transverse puller 13 includes a transverse screw rod 131 and a pair of transverse threaded sleeve rods 132. A pair of transverse threaded sleeve rods 132 are respectively hinged to the vertical threaded sleeve rods 1212 on both sides, and the transverse screw rod 131 and a pair of transversely threaded sleeve rods 132 Threaded connection. Through the articulated structure, it can adapt to the change of the arc; and through the threaded connection of the transverse screw rod 131 and the transverse thread sleeve rod 132, the adjustability of the distance between the two vertical support rods 121 at the top of the dome can be realized, which further improves The adaptability of the overall structure is improved. The adjacent top templates 11 are hinged to each other. Through the mutual hinge connection between the top templates 11, the adjustability of the arc is ensured, and the arc can be adapted to the change of the arc. A locking mechanism 14 is provided between each adjacent top template 11. The setting of the locking mechanism 14 can lock the top formwork 11 after hinge adjustment, which greatly improves the construction quality. The locking mechanism 14 includes a pair of connecting seats 141 and a lock piece 142. The pair of connecting seats 141 are separately provided on the adjacent top template 11, and the two ends of the locking piece 142 are respectively firmly connected to the corresponding connecting seats 141. In this structure, when each top template 11 is adjusted to a desired position, the locking piece 142 is tightly connected with the connecting seat 141 to complete the locking, and the structure is simple and easy to implement.
本实施例中,还包括边模单元2的弧度适应调节,边模单元2包括边模板21和边模支撑件22,边模支撑件22包括边模支撑杆221和边模锚杆222,边模支撑杆221包括边模螺纹套杆2211和一对边模丝杆2212,包括以下分步骤:In this embodiment, it also includes the adjustment of the curvature of the side mold unit 2. The side mold unit 2 includes a side mold 21 and a side mold support 22. The side mold support 22 includes a side mold support rod 221 and a side mold anchor rod 222. The mold support rod 221 includes a side mold threaded sleeve rod 2211 and a pair of side mold screw rods 2212, and includes the following sub-steps:
S201:调节边模螺纹套杆2211改变一对边模丝杆2212之间的间距,以调节边模板21到纵横移升降机构9边侧的间距和边模板21在弧度;S201: Adjust the side mold threaded sleeve rod 2211 to change the distance between the pair of side mold screw rods 2212, so as to adjust the distance between the side mold plate 21 and the side of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 and the side mold plate 21 in an arc;
S201:调整后,通过模锚杆222连接隧道底部和边模板21形成锁定。S201: After adjustment, connect the bottom of the tunnel and the side template 21 through the anchor rod 222 to form a lock.
边模单元2包括边模板21和边模支撑件22,边模板21与顶模板11铰接,边模板21通过边模支撑件22与纵横移升降机构9边侧连接。该结构中,各边模板21通过边模支撑件22与纵横移升降机构9形成连接,构成对边模板21的支撑体系,其结构简单可靠。边模支撑件22包括边模支撑杆221和边模锚杆222,边模板21通过边模支撑杆221与纵横移升降机构9边侧连接,边模板21还通过边模锚杆222与隧道底部连接。通过边模支撑杆221和边模锚杆222的配合,大大提高了支撑体系的强度。边模支撑杆221包括边模螺纹套杆2211和一对边模丝杆2212,一对边模丝杆2212分别与边模板21以及纵横移升降机构9边侧铰接,边模螺纹套杆2211分别与一对边模丝杆2212螺纹连接。通过铰接结构,能够适应弧形的变化;而通过边模丝杆2212和边模螺纹套杆2211的螺纹连接,能实现边模板21与纵横移升降机构9之间间距的可调性,进一步提高了整体结构的适应能力。The side mold unit 2 includes a side mold 21 and a side mold support 22. The side mold 21 is hinged to the top mold 11, and the side mold 21 is connected to the side of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 through the side mold support 22. In this structure, each side mold plate 21 is connected with the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 through the side mold support 22 to form a supporting system for the opposite side mold plate 21, and its structure is simple and reliable. The side mold support 22 includes a side mold support rod 221 and a side mold anchor rod 222. The side mold plate 21 is connected to the sides of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 through the side mold support rod 221, and the side mold plate 21 is also connected to the bottom of the tunnel through the side mold anchor rod 222. connect. Through the cooperation of the side mold support rod 221 and the side mold anchor rod 222, the strength of the support system is greatly improved. The side mold support rod 221 includes a side mold threaded sleeve rod 2211 and a pair of side mold screw rods 2212. The pair of side mold screw rods 2212 are hinged to the side of the side mold plate 21 and the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism 9 respectively, and the side mold threaded sleeve rods 2211 are respectively hinged. Threaded connection with a pair of side die screws 2212. Through the articulated structure, it can adapt to the change of the arc; and through the threaded connection of the side mold screw 2212 and the side mold thread sleeve rod 2211, the distance between the side mold plate 21 and the vertical and horizontal shifting lifting mechanism 9 can be adjusted to further improve The adaptability of the overall structure is improved.
本实施例中,还包括顶模补充单元5的弧度适应调节,顶模补充单元5包括顶模补充板51和补充支撑杆52,补充支撑杆52包括竖向补充丝杆521和一对竖向补充螺纹套杆522,通过调节竖向补充丝杆521改变一对竖向补充螺纹套杆之间的间距,以调节顶模补充板51到顶模支撑梁3之间的间距和弧度。顶模补充单元5包括顶模补充板51和补充支撑杆52,顶模补充板51设置在补充空间内并与顶模板11铰接,补充支撑杆52连接顶模补充板51和顶模补充支撑架6。通过顶模补充板51与两侧的顶模板11铰接形成新的拱顶结构,再通过补充支撑杆52形成支撑,保证新的拱顶结构的稳定性。补充支撑杆52包括竖向补充丝杆521和一对竖向补充螺纹套杆522,一根竖向补充螺纹套杆522与顶模补充板51铰接,另一根竖向补充螺纹套杆522与顶模补充支撑架6固接,竖向补充丝杆521与一对竖向补充螺纹套杆522螺纹连接。通过铰接结构,能够适应弧形的变化;而通过竖向补充丝杆521和竖向补充螺纹套杆522的螺纹连接,能实现顶模补充板51与顶模补充支撑架6之间间距的可调性,进一步提高了整体结构的适应能力。In this embodiment, the adjustment of the curvature of the top mold replenishment unit 5 is also included. The top mold replenishment unit 5 includes a top mold replenishment plate 51 and a supplementary support rod 52. The supplementary support rod 52 includes a vertical supplementary screw rod 521 and a pair of vertical The supplementary threaded sleeve rod 522 is adjusted by adjusting the vertical supplementary threaded rod 521 to change the distance between a pair of vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rods to adjust the distance and curvature between the top mold supplementary plate 51 and the top mold support beam 3. The top mold supplement unit 5 includes a top mold supplement board 51 and a supplement support rod 52. The top mold supplement board 51 is arranged in the supplement space and is hinged to the top mold 11. The supplement support rod 52 connects the top mold supplement board 51 and the top mold supplement support frame. 6. The top mold supplementary plate 51 is hinged with the top mold plates 11 on both sides to form a new dome structure, and the supplementary support rods 52 are used to form a support to ensure the stability of the new dome structure. The supplementary support rod 52 includes a vertical supplementary screw rod 521 and a pair of vertical supplementary threaded bushing rods 522. One vertical supplementary threaded bushing rod 522 is hinged to the top mold supplementary plate 51, and the other vertical supplementary threaded bushing rod 522 is connected to the top mold supplementary plate 51. The top mold supplementary support frame 6 is fixedly connected, and the vertical supplementary screw rod 521 is threadedly connected with a pair of vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rods 522. Through the hinged structure, it can adapt to the change of the arc; and through the threaded connection of the vertical supplementary screw 521 and the vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rod 522, the distance between the top mold supplementary plate 51 and the top mold supplementary support frame 6 can be realized. The tonality further improves the adaptability of the overall structure.
本实施例中,顶模补充支撑架6包括补充横梁61、支撑横梁62和多根竖梁63,补充横梁61设置在补充空间内并与顶模支撑梁3连接,支撑横梁62通过多根竖梁63安装在补充横梁61上,竖向补充螺纹套杆522与支撑横梁62固接。该结构中,通过补充横梁61、支撑横梁62和多根竖梁63构成新的拱顶结构的支撑体系,保证新的拱顶结构的稳定性。In this embodiment, the top mold supplementary support frame 6 includes supplementary beams 61, support beams 62, and multiple vertical beams 63. The supplementary beams 61 are arranged in the supplementary space and connected to the top mold support beam 3, and the support beams 62 pass through multiple vertical beams. The beam 63 is installed on the supplementary beam 61, and the vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rod 522 is fixedly connected to the supporting beam 62. In this structure, supplementary beams 61, supporting beams 62 and multiple vertical beams 63 form the support system of the new vault structure to ensure the stability of the new vault structure.
本实施例中,横移车架7包括内固定梁71和一对外横移套架72,其调节具体为:通过横调油缸10驱使两侧的纵横移升降机构9向两侧移动拓宽,纵横移升降机构9带动一对外横移套架72沿内固定梁71移动;在内固定梁71的两端加装延长块73以延长外横移套架72的移动行程。横移车架7包括内固定梁71和一对外横移套架72,内固定梁71与中间支撑柱8顶部固定连接,外横移套架72滑装在内固定梁71上,一对纵横移升降机构9与相应侧的外横移套架72固定连接,一对平调机构4与相应侧的外横移套架72滑接。该结构中,横调油缸10驱动纵横移升降机构9横向移动,从而带动外横移套架72在内固定梁71上移动,最终实现拓宽功能,其结构简单巧妙。该延长块73的设置能够补长内固定梁71,相当延长了外横移套架72可变行程,能适应于大跨度的变断面隧道施工,其结构简单,构思巧妙。In this embodiment, the lateral movement frame 7 includes an inner fixed beam 71 and an outer lateral movement sleeve frame 72. The adjustment is specifically as follows: the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms 9 on both sides are driven by the lateral adjustment cylinder 10 to move and widen on both sides. The lifting and lowering mechanism 9 drives a pair of outer laterally shifting frames 72 to move along the inner fixed beam 71; two ends of the inner fixed beam 71 are equipped with extension blocks 73 to extend the moving stroke of the outer laterally shifting frame 72. The traversing frame 7 includes an inner fixed beam 71 and an outer traverse sleeve frame 72. The inner fixed beam 71 is fixedly connected to the top of the middle support column 8, and the outer traverse sleeve frame 72 is slidably mounted on the inner fixed beam 71. The lifting and lowering mechanism 9 is fixedly connected with the outer lateral shifting frame 72 on the corresponding side, and the pair of leveling mechanisms 4 is slidably connected to the outer lateral shifting frame 72 on the corresponding side. In this structure, the horizontal adjustment cylinder 10 drives the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism 9 to move laterally, thereby driving the outer lateral movement sleeve 72 to move on the inner fixed beam 71, and finally realizes the widening function, and the structure is simple and ingenious. The arrangement of the extension block 73 can lengthen the inner fixed beam 71, considerably extend the variable stroke of the outer lateral shifting sleeve frame 72, and can be adapted to the construction of large-span variable-section tunnels. The structure is simple and the conception is ingenious.
本实施例中,横移升降机构9包括纵横移架91和升降油缸92,升降油缸92安装在纵横移架91上,升降油缸92底部安装有纵移滚轮93,纵横移架91底部设有横移滚轮94,调节时,先铺设横移轨道,横移滚轮94落在横移轨道上,升降油缸92收缩,使纵移滚轮93脱离纵移轨道,横调油缸10驱使两侧的纵横移架91向两侧移动拓宽。纵横移升降机构9包括纵横移架91和升降油缸92,外横移套架72与纵横移架91固定连接,横调油缸10与相应侧的 纵横移架91连接,升降油缸92安装在纵横移架91上,升降油缸92底部安装有纵移滚轮93,纵横移架91底部设有横移滚轮94。当需要拓宽时,可先铺设横移轨道,通过纵横移架91底部的横移滚轮94承载在横移轨道上,此时,升降油缸92收缩,使纵移滚轮93脱离纵移轨道,再启动横调油缸10,驱动纵横移升降机构9横向移动,从而带动外横移套架72在内固定梁71上移动,最终实现拓宽功能。升降油缸92还可以带动顶模单元1下降,利于脱模。In this embodiment, the horizontal movement lifting mechanism 9 includes a vertical and horizontal movement frame 91 and a lifting cylinder 92. The lifting cylinder 92 is installed on the vertical and horizontal movement frame 91. The bottom of the lifting cylinder 92 is equipped with a vertical movement roller 93. When adjusting the roller 94, first lay the transverse track, the transverse roller 94 falls on the transverse track, the lifting cylinder 92 shrinks, the longitudinal roller 93 is separated from the longitudinal track, and the transverse adjusting cylinder 10 drives the vertical and horizontal moving frames on both sides 91 moves to the sides to widen. The vertical and horizontal shifting lifting mechanism 9 includes a vertical and horizontal shifting frame 91 and a lifting cylinder 92. The outer lateral shifting sleeve frame 72 is fixedly connected with the vertical and horizontal shifting frame 91. On the frame 91, a vertical movement roller 93 is installed at the bottom of the lifting cylinder 92, and a horizontal movement roller 94 is installed at the bottom of the vertical and horizontal movement frame 91. When widening is required, the horizontal movement track can be laid first, and the horizontal movement roller 94 at the bottom of the vertical and horizontal movement frame 91 is carried on the lateral movement track. At this time, the lifting cylinder 92 contracts to make the vertical movement roller 93 separate from the longitudinal movement track, and then start The horizontal adjustment cylinder 10 drives the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism 9 to move horizontally, thereby driving the outer lateral movement sleeve 72 to move on the inner fixed beam 71, and finally realizes the widening function. The lifting cylinder 92 can also drive the top mold unit 1 to descend, which facilitates demolding.
虽然本发明已以较佳实施例揭示如上,然而并非用以限定本发明。任何熟悉本领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明技术方案范围的情况下,都可利用上述揭示的技术内容对本发明技术方案做出许多可能的变动和修饰,或修改为等同变化的等效实施例。因此,凡是未脱离本发明技术方案的内容,依据本发明技术实质对以上实施例所做的任何简单修改、等同变化及修饰,均应落在本发明技术方案保护的范围内。Although the present invention has been disclosed as above in preferred embodiments, it is not intended to limit the present invention. Anyone familiar with the art, without departing from the scope of the technical solution of the present invention, can use the technical content disclosed above to make many possible changes and modifications to the technical solution of the present invention, or modify it into equivalent implementations of equivalent changes. example. Therefore, all simple modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the present invention without departing from the technical solution of the present invention should fall within the protection scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于,衬砌台车包括多个顶模单元(1)、一对边模单元(2)、一对顶模支撑梁(3)、一对平调机构(4)、至少一对顶模补充单元(5)、顶模补充支撑架(6)、横移车架(7)、中间支撑柱(8)、一对纵横移升降机构(9)和一对横调油缸(10),所述中间支撑柱(8)安装在纵向轨道上,一对纵横移升降机构(9)安装在纵向轨道上并位于中间支撑柱(8)两侧,一对横调油缸(10)分别连接中间支撑柱(8)与相应侧的纵横移升降机构(9),所述横移车架(7)安装在中间支撑柱(8)与两侧的纵横移升降机构(9)顶部,一对顶模支撑梁(3)分别通过相应的平调机构(4)安装在横移车架(7)上,各顶模单元(1)安装在相应的顶模支撑梁(3)上、且各顶模单元(1)相互连接形成弧形拱顶,位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元(1)之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合,一对边模单元(2)安装在纵横移升降机构(9)边侧并与相应的顶模单元(1)连接形成弧形拱边;所述调节方法包括以下步骤:A method for adjusting a variable section adjustable lining trolley is characterized in that the lining trolley includes a plurality of top mold units (1), a pair of side mold units (2), a pair of top mold support beams (3), and a Leveling adjustment mechanism (4), at least one pair of top mold supplementary units (5), top mold supplementary support frame (6), horizontal movement frame (7), middle support column (8), a pair of vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanisms ( 9) and a pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders (10), the middle support column (8) is installed on the longitudinal rail, and a pair of vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanisms (9) are installed on the longitudinal rail and located on both sides of the middle support column (8) , A pair of horizontal adjustment cylinders (10) are respectively connected to the middle support column (8) and the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism (9) on the corresponding side, and the horizontal movement frame (7) is installed on the middle support column (8) and the two sides On the top of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism (9), a pair of top mold support beams (3) are respectively installed on the horizontal moving frame (7) through the corresponding leveling mechanism (4), and each top mold unit (1) is installed on the corresponding On the top mold support beam (3) and each top mold unit (1) is connected to each other to form an arc-shaped dome, the connection point between the two top mold units (1) at the top of the dome coincides with the center line of the dome, a pair The side mold unit (2) is installed on the side of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism (9) and connected with the corresponding top mold unit (1) to form an arc-shaped arch; the adjustment method includes the following steps:
    S1:拆除拱顶部的两个顶模单元(1);S1: Remove the two top mold units (1) at the top of the arch;
    S2:启动横调油缸(10)驱使两侧的纵横移升降机构(9)向两侧移动拓宽;S2: Start the horizontal adjustment cylinder (10) to drive the vertical and horizontal shifting and lifting mechanisms (9) on both sides to move and widen on both sides;
    S3:启动平调机构(4)驱使一对顶模支撑梁(3)向两侧移动拓宽,两个顶模支撑梁(3)之间以及位于拱顶部的两个顶模单元(1)之间形成补充空间;S3: Start the leveling mechanism (4) to drive a pair of top mold support beams (3) to move to both sides to widen, between the two top mold support beams (3) and between the two top mold units (1) at the top of the arch Form a supplementary space between;
    S4:将顶模补充单元(5)和顶模补充支撑架(6)安装至相应的补充空间内并与相应的顶模单元(1)以及顶模支撑梁(3)形成补充连接;S4: Install the top mold supplementary unit (5) and the top mold supplementary support frame (6) into the corresponding supplementary space and form a supplementary connection with the corresponding top mold unit (1) and the top mold support beam (3);
    S5:启动平调机构(4)驱使一对顶模支撑梁(3)移动实现对中,确保位于新的拱顶部的两个顶模补充单元(5)之间的连接点与拱顶部中线重合;S5: Start the leveling mechanism (4) to drive a pair of top mold support beams (3) to move to achieve centering, ensuring that the connection point between the two top mold supplementary units (5) at the new arch top coincides with the center line of the arch top ;
    S6:对顶模补充单元(5)、顶模单元(1)和边模单元(2)进行锁定。S6: Lock the top mold supplement unit (5), top mold unit (1) and side mold unit (2).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:在平调机构(4)的调节时,启动平移油缸(41),平移油缸(41)两端的支撑台(42)通过扣轮(43)在横移车架(7)上滑动,支撑台(42)带动顶模支撑梁(3)移动拓宽和对中。The adjusting method of the variable section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 1, characterized in that: when the leveling mechanism (4) is adjusted, the translation cylinder (41) is activated, and the support platforms ( 42) The buckle wheel (43) slides on the transverse frame (7), and the support platform (42) drives the top mold support beam (3) to move, widen and center.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:还包括顶模单元(1)的弧度适应调节,顶模单元(1)包括顶模板(11)、顶模支撑件(12)和横向拉件(13),顶模支撑件(12)包括竖向支撑杆(121)和斜向支撑杆(122),竖向支撑杆(121)包括竖向丝杆(1211)和一对竖向螺纹套杆(1212),斜向支撑杆(122)包括斜向丝杆(1221)和一对斜向螺纹套杆(1222),横向拉件(13)包括横向丝杆(131)和一对横向螺纹套杆(132),包括以下步骤:The adjusting method of the variable cross-section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 2, characterized in that it further comprises the adjustment of the curvature of the top mold unit (1), and the top mold unit (1) includes a top template (11) and a top mold. The support (12) and the transverse pull (13). The top mold support (12) includes a vertical support rod (121) and an oblique support rod (122). The vertical support rod (121) includes a vertical screw rod ( 1211) and a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods (1212), the oblique support rod (122) includes an oblique screw rod (1221) and a pair of obliquely threaded sleeve rods (1222), the transverse pull piece (13) includes a transverse wire The rod (131) and a pair of transversely threaded rods (132) include the following steps:
    S101:调节竖向丝杆(1211)改变一对竖向螺纹套杆(1212)之间的间距,以调节顶模板(11)到顶模支撑梁(3)之间的间距;S101: Adjust the vertical screw rod (1211) to change the distance between a pair of vertical threaded sleeve rods (1212) to adjust the distance between the top template (11) and the top mold support beam (3);
    S102:调节斜向丝杆(1221)改变一对斜向螺纹套杆(1222)之间的间距,以调节顶模板(11)的弧度;S102: Adjust the diagonal threaded rod (1221) to change the distance between a pair of diagonally threaded sleeve rods (1222) to adjust the curvature of the top template (11);
    S103:调节横向丝杆(131)改变一对横向螺纹套杆(132)之间的间距,以调节竖向螺纹套杆(1212)的稳固性;S103: Adjust the horizontal threaded rod (131) to change the distance between a pair of horizontally threaded sleeve rods (132) to adjust the stability of the vertical threaded sleeve rod (1212);
    S104:调整后,在各相邻的顶模板(11)之间安装锁紧机构(14),安装具体为:将一对连接座(141)分设在相邻的顶模板(11)上,再将锁片(142)的两端分别与相应的连接座(141)紧固连接。S104: After adjustment, install the locking mechanism (14) between the adjacent top templates (11). The specific installation is: separate a pair of connecting seats (141) on the adjacent top templates (11), and then The two ends of the lock piece (142) are respectively fastened to the corresponding connecting seat (141).
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:还包括边模单元(2)的弧度适应调节,边模单元(2)包括边模板(21)和边模支撑件(22),边模支撑件(22)包括边模支撑杆(221)和边模锚杆(222),边模支撑杆(221)包括边模螺纹套杆(2211)和一对边模丝杆(2212),包括以下分步骤:The adjusting method of the variable cross-section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 3, characterized in that it further includes the arc adaptive adjustment of the side mold unit (2), and the side mold unit (2) includes the side template (21) and the side mold. The support (22), the side mold support (22) includes a side mold support rod (221) and a side mold anchor rod (222), and the side mold support rod (221) includes a side mold threaded sleeve rod (2211) and a pair of side molds. The die screw (2212) includes the following sub-steps:
    S201:调节边模螺纹套杆(2211)改变一对边模丝杆(2212)之间的间距,以调节边模板(21)到纵横移升降机构(9)边侧的间距和边模板(21)在弧度;S201: Adjust the side mold thread sleeve rod (2211) to change the distance between the pair of side mold screw rods (2212) to adjust the distance between the side mold plate (21) and the side of the vertical and horizontal moving lifting mechanism (9) and the side mold plate (21) ) In radians;
    S201:调整后,通过模锚杆(222)连接隧道底部和边模板(21)形成锁定。S201: After adjustment, connect the bottom of the tunnel and the side template (21) through the anchor rod (222) to form a lock.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:还包括顶模补充单元(5)的弧度适应调节,顶模补充单元(5)包括顶模补充板(51)和补充支撑杆(52),补充支撑杆(52)包括竖向补充丝杆(521)和一对竖向补充螺纹套杆(522),通过调节竖向补充丝杆(521)改变一对竖向补充螺纹套杆(522)之间的间距,以调节顶模补充板(51)到顶模支撑梁(3)之间的间距和弧度。The adjusting method of the variable cross-section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 4, characterized in that it further comprises an adaptive adjustment of the curvature of the top mold supplement unit (5), and the top mold supplement unit (5) includes a top mold supplement board (51). ) And supplementary support rod (52). The supplementary support rod (52) includes a vertical supplementary screw (521) and a pair of vertical supplementary threaded sleeve rods (522). The pair of vertical supplementary screw (521) is adjusted The space between the threaded sleeve rods (522) is vertically supplemented to adjust the space and curvature between the top mold supplementary plate (51) and the top mold support beam (3).
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:所述横移车架(7)包括内固定梁(71)和一对外横移套架(72),其调节具体为:通过横调油缸(10)驱使两侧的纵横移升降机构(9)向两侧移动拓宽,纵横移升降机构(9)带动一对外横移套架(72)沿内固定梁(71)移动;在内固定梁(71)的两端加装延长块(73)以延长外横移套架(72)的移动行程。The adjusting method of the variable cross-section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 5, characterized in that: the lateral movement frame (7) comprises an inner fixed beam (71) and an outer lateral movement sleeve frame (72), which The specific adjustment is as follows: the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism (9) on both sides is driven to widen on both sides by the horizontal adjustment cylinder (10), and the vertical and horizontal movement lifting mechanism (9) drives a pair of lateral movement sleeve frames (72) along the inner fixed beam ( 71) Moving; extension blocks (73) are added to both ends of the inner fixed beam (71) to extend the moving stroke of the outer transverse moving sleeve (72).
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的变断面可调式衬砌台车的调节方法,其特征在于:所述横移升降机构(9)包括纵横移架(91)和升降油缸(92),升降油缸(92)安装在纵横移架(91)上,升降油缸(92)底部安装有纵移滚轮(93),所述纵横移架(91)底部设有横移滚轮(94),调节时,先铺设横移轨道,横移滚轮(94)落在横移轨道上,升降油缸(92)收缩,使纵移滚轮(93)脱离纵移轨道,横调油缸(10)驱使两侧的纵横移架(91)向两侧移动拓宽。The adjusting method of the variable cross-section adjustable lining trolley according to claim 6, characterized in that: the traverse lifting mechanism (9) comprises a vertical and horizontal moving frame (91) and a lifting cylinder (92), and the lifting cylinder (92) Installed on the vertical and horizontal shifting frame (91), the bottom of the lifting cylinder (92) is equipped with a vertical shifting roller (93), and the bottom of the vertical and horizontal shifting frame (91) is provided with a horizontal shifting wheel (94). The rail, the traverse roller (94) falls on the traverse rail, the lifting cylinder (92) shrinks, so that the longitudinal roller (93) is separated from the longitudinal rail, and the transverse cylinder (10) drives the vertical and horizontal moving racks (91) on both sides Move to the sides to widen.
PCT/CN2020/134527 2020-03-31 2020-12-08 Method for adjusting variable section of adjustable lining trolley WO2021196704A1 (en)

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CN111365024B (en) * 2020-03-31 2021-09-21 中铁五局集团有限公司 Adjusting method of variable-section adjustable lining trolley
CN111365027A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-07-03 中铁五局集团有限公司 Variable-section adjustable lining trolley

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