WO2021139897A1 - Power transfer between mv feeders in a power distribution network - Google Patents

Power transfer between mv feeders in a power distribution network Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021139897A1
WO2021139897A1 PCT/EP2020/050571 EP2020050571W WO2021139897A1 WO 2021139897 A1 WO2021139897 A1 WO 2021139897A1 EP 2020050571 W EP2020050571 W EP 2020050571W WO 2021139897 A1 WO2021139897 A1 WO 2021139897A1
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Prior art keywords
power
feeder
mvdc
feeders
overload
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PCT/EP2020/050571
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Ritwik MAJUMDER
Lidong ZHANG
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Abb Power Grids Switzerland Ag
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Priority to PCT/EP2020/050571 priority Critical patent/WO2021139897A1/en
Publication of WO2021139897A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021139897A1/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/001Methods to deal with contingencies, e.g. abnormalities, faults or failures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J5/00Circuit arrangements for transfer of electric power between ac networks and dc networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J2203/00Indexing scheme relating to details of circuit arrangements for AC mains or AC distribution networks
    • H02J2203/10Power transmission or distribution systems management focussing at grid-level, e.g. load flow analysis, node profile computation, meshed network optimisation, active network management or spinning reserve management
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/007Arrangements for selectively connecting the load or loads to one or several among a plurality of power lines or power sources
    • H02J3/0075Arrangements for selectively connecting the load or loads to one or several among a plurality of power lines or power sources for providing alternative feeding paths between load and source according to economic or energy efficiency considerations, e.g. economic dispatch
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J3/00Circuit arrangements for ac mains or ac distribution networks
    • H02J3/36Arrangements for transfer of electric power between ac networks via a high-tension dc link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M5/00Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases
    • H02M5/40Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc
    • H02M5/42Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters
    • H02M5/44Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac
    • H02M5/453Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal
    • H02M5/458Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M5/4585Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a triode or transistor type requiring continuous application of a control signal using semiconductor devices only having a rectifier with controlled elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/60Arrangements for transfer of electric power between AC networks or generators via a high voltage DC link [HVCD]

Abstract

A method for power transfer between medium voltage, MV, feeders in a power distribution network is presented. The power distribution network comprises at least two MV feeders (F1, F2, F3, F4) and at least two MV direct current, MVDC, links (MVDC1, MVDC2, MVDC3) arranged between the at least two MV feeders. The method is performed in a controller (1) and comprises detecting (S100) overload in one of the at least two MV feeders, checking (S110) power headroom in an MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in an MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, thereafter checking (S120) power headroom in the connected MVDC link or in the adjacent MV feeder, changing (S130) a power set point of the connected MVDC link to reduce the detected overload, and when (S140) part of the overload remains, checking (S150) power headroom in a next MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in a next MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder,and changing a power set point of the next connected MVDC link to further reduce the remaining overload.A controller implementing the method is also presented.

Description

POWER TRANSFER BETWEEN MV FEEDERS IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
TECHNICAL FIELD
[0001] The present disclosure relates to a method for transfer of power between
MV feeders via at least two MVDC links in a power distribution network, and to a controller for performing the method.
BACKGROUND
[0002] In power distribution networks, use of medium voltage (MV) direct current (DC) links in parallel with normally open (NO) switches can be used to enhance power capacity, reduce system loss with flexible grid operation and voltage support. The main advantage of the MVDC link is to enable power exchange between MV feeders without closing the NO switch. In this way, the MVDC link maintains the radial structure of the distribution feeders. The controllable exchange of power through the MVDC links provides a way to improve power capacity in the MV feeder system.
[0003] An MV distribution network is typically fed with power from a high voltage (HV) network via one (or more) transformer(s). The transformer(s) are typically connected to a MV bus bar via a breaker. Further, MV feeders are typically also connected to the MV bus bar via breakers. A substation where power is transformed from HV to MV is referred to as the primary substation. The MV feeder segments below the primary substation typically consist of cable segments between secondary substations. On each side of the cable segments, switches are available to disconnect the cable segments from the secondary substation. These switches can be breakers, load switches or even simple disconnectors. Further, in the secondary substation, loads are connected, either directly on the MV level, or connected on the low voltage (LV) side of transformers. The breakers in the primary substation and the switches in the feeders are normally closed. There are also open switches between the MV feeders. In this way the MV distribution network can be operated as a radial network, although it is meshed. The NO switches are typically used in case of faults e.g. cable segment faults. Once the faulted cable segment is disconnected, the load below the faulted cable segment can then be served by closing the NO switches. In this way a radial feeder structure can be maintained both in normal operation and in case of faults.
[0004] An advantage with back-to-back MVDC links parallel to NO switches is that a controllable amount of active power can be transferred between the feeders, while maintaining the radial feeder structure. This can help when a MV feeder is overloaded in normal operations or during a restoration process, following closing of a normally open switch.
[0005] One problem is however how to control MVDC links of a power distribution network having multiple MV feeders and more than one MVDC link between the MV feeders.
SUMMARY
[0006] One objective with the invention is to control power transfer by changing power set point of MVDCs in a power distribution network with a plurality of MV feeders.
[0007] According to an aspect of the invention a method for power transfer between medium voltage (MV) feeders in a power distribution network is presented. The power distribution network comprises at least two MV feeders and at least two MV direct current (MVDC) links arranged between the at least two MV feeders. The method is performed in a and comprises detecting overload in one of the at least two MV feeders, checking power headroom in an MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in an MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, thereafter checking power headroom in the connected MVDC link or in the adjacent MV feeder, changing a power set point of the connected MVDC link to reduce the detected overload, and when part of the overload remains, checking power headroom in a next MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in a next MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, and changing a power set point of the next connected MVDC link to further reduce the remaining overload.
[0008] The overload may be detected by a substation controller.
[0009] The power headroom in a connected MVDC link may be checked by comparing current power with rated power for the MVDC link. [0010] The power headroom in an adjacent MV feeder may be checked by measurement at a primary substation of the distribution network.
[0011] A changed power set point may be changed in dependence of the power headroom of the connected MVDC link limited to the power headroom of the adjacent MV feeder.
[0012] The check of power headroom in a connected MVDC link may initially check a status signal indicating if the MVDC link is used for other purpose than to reduce overload.
[0013] According to another aspect of the invention a controller for transfer of power between MV feeders in a power distribution network is presented. The controller is configured to perform the steps of the method.
[0014] The controller maybe an MVDC controller configured to control one of the at least two MVDC links.
[0015] The controller may be a substation controller configured to control a substation in the power distribution network.
[0016] One by one in adjacent feeders and connected MVDC links are checked for power headroom when an overload is detected in distribution grid.
[0017] The available head rooms are directly used to change MVDC power set point to reduce overload.
[0018] Generally, all terms used in the claims are to be interpreted according to their ordinary meaning in the technical field, unless explicitly defined otherwise herein. All references to "a/an/the element, apparatus, component, means, step, etc." are to be interpreted openly as referring to at least one instance of the element, apparatus, component, means, step, etc., unless explicitly stated otherwise. The steps of any method disclosed herein do not have to be performed in the exact order disclosed, unless explicitly stated.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0019] Aspects and embodiments are now described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: [0020] Figs. 1 and 2 are diagrams schematically illustrating a power distribution network with four MV feeders and MVDCs arranged therebetween;
[0021] Figs. 3-5 are flow charts schematically illustrating embodiments of methods for power transfer in a power distribution network;
[0022] Figs. 6 and 7 are diagrams schematically illustrating embodiments of MVDC configurations between feeders of a power distribution network;
[0023] Fig. 8 is a diagram schematically illustrating the concept of the presented invention;
[0024] Figs. 9 and 10 are diagrams schematically illustrating examples of control logic; and
[0025] Fig. 11 is a diagram schematically illustrating some components of a controller according to an embodiment presented herein.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
[0026] The aspects of the present disclosure will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which certain embodiments of the invention are shown.
[0027] These aspects may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limiting; rather, these embodiments are provided by way of example so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and to fully convey the scope of all aspects of invention to those skilled in the art. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout the description.
[0028] The power flow through a medium voltage (MV) direct current (DC) link in a power distribution network can be changed depending on the loading of MC feeders to avoid overloading in one of the MV feeders. Two examples are illustrated in connection with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, respectively.
[0029] Fig. 1 illustrates an MV distribution network fed with power from a high voltage (HV) network via one (or more) transformer(s). The transformer(s) are connected to a MV bus bar via a breaker (illustrated with an “x”). Further, MV feeders F1-F4 are also connected to the MV bus bar via breakers (illustrated with an “x”). A substation where power is transformed from HV to MV is referred to as the primary substation. The MV feeder segments below the primary substation comprises cable segments between secondary substations. On each side of the cable segments, switches (illustrated with filled squares) are arranged to be able to disconnect the cable segments from the secondary substation. These switches can be breakers, load switches or even simple disconnectors. Further, in the secondary substation, loads are connected, either directly on the MV level, or connected on a low voltage (LV) side of transformers. The breakers x in the primary substation and the switches in the feeders are normally closed. There are also open switches (illustrated with open squares) between the MV feeders, i.e. normally open (NO) switches. In this way the MV distribution network can be operated as a radial network, although it is meshed. The NO switches are used in case of faults e.g. cable segment faults. Once the faulted cable segment is disconnected, the load below the faulted cable segment can then be served by closing NO switches. In this way a radial feeder structure can be maintained both in normal operation and in case of faults. The NO switches are part of MCDC links between different feeders, here MVDCi arranged between feeders Fi and F2, MVDC2 arranged between feeders F2 and F3, and MVDC3 arranged between feeders F3 and F4.
[0030] To reduce an overload the MV distribution network illustrated in Fig. 1, detected in feeder F2, a power set point of MVDCi is changed to transfer power from adjacent feeder Fi to feeder F2, and a power set point of MVDC2 is changed to transfer power from adjacent feeder F3 to feeder F2.
[0031] To isolate a fault in a top cable section of feeder F2, between the primary substation and a next secondary substation, as illustrated in Fig. 2, feeder F2 is isolated by opening the closest switch at the secondary substation, now illustrated with an open square. Further, the NO switch of MVDC2 is closed, illustrated by a filled square, for synchronous connection between feeder F3 and the isolated feeder F2. The transfer of power from feeder F3 to feeder F2 however resuls in that an overload is now detected in feeder F3. To reduce the overload detected in feeder F3 a power set point of MVDC3 is changed to transfer power from adjacent feeder F4 to feeder F3.
[0032] A challenge is however how to define the power set point for the MVDC links and moreover how to select which links should be used to reduce a specific overload. Engaging a specific MVDC link to reduce a certain overload should not result in overloading another cable or feeder (from where the power is imported). [0033] As power distribution networks or grids have very little communication of measurements (mainly power, voltage and current measurements at outgoing feeders at primary substations), a straight forward method to decide MVDC power set points for power capacity enhancement is advantageous, compared to a full-scale centralized control and optimization approach, which would require a significant change in infrastructure, automation and control of existing grids.
[0034] With multiple MVDC links connected between feeders in a power distribution network, a challenge is to determine the power set point of the MVDC links, particularly when an overload is detected.
[0035] According to an aspect an embodiment of a method for power transfer between MV feeders in a power distribution network is presented with reference to Fig. 3. The power distribution network comprises at least two MV feeders, here four feeders Fi, F2, F3, and F4, and at least two MVDC links, here three MVDC links MVDCi, MVDC2, and MVDC3, arranged between the at least two MV feeders. The method is performed in a controller 1. In processing block S100 an overload in one of the at least two MV feeders is detected. In processing block Snoa power headroom in an MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder is checked. Thereafter, in processing block Si2oa power headroom in a connected MVDC link is checked. In processing block Si3oa a power set point of the connected MVDC link is changed to reduce the detected overload. In processing block Si4oa it is checked if the changed power setting is sufficient to remove the overload or if part of the overload still remains. When part of the overload still remains, in processing block Sisoa another MV feeder also adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder is checked by repeating steps Snoa to Si4oa. In processing block Si4oa, when no overload remains, the process is stopped.
[0036] According to another aspect an embodiment of a method for power transfer between MV feeders in a power distribution network is presented with reference to Fig. 4. The power distribution network comprises at least two MV feeders, here four feeders Fi, F2, F3, and F4, and at least two MVDC links, here three MVDC links MVDCi, MVDC2, and MVDC3, arranged between the at least two MV feeders. The method is performed in a controller 1. In processing block S100 an overload in one of the at least two MV feeders is detected. In processing block Snob power headroom in a connected MVDC link MV is checked. Thereafter, in processing block Si2ob power headroom in an adjacent feeder is checked. In processing block Si3ob a power set point of the connected MVDC link is changed to reduce the detected overload. In processing block Si4ob it is checked if the changed power setting is sufficient to remove the overload or if part of the overload still remains. When part of the overload still remains, in processing block Sisob another connected MVDC link, also connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, is checked by repeating steps Snob to Si4ob. In processing block Si4ob, when no overload remains, the process is stopped.
[0037] An overload can be detected by current or power measurements at an outgoing feeder at the primary substation or by measurements in cable sections between substations. The detected overload can then be communicated to a substation controller.
[0038] An MVDC link is connected between an adjacent MV feeder and the MV feeder in which the overload is detected. The power set point is changed in dependence on the checked power headroom of connected MVDC and adjacent feeder. The change of power set point is done with available power headroom of the MVDC link, as long as it is within the power headroom of the adjacent MV feeder.
[0039] Headroom measurement for MV feeders are done at the top cable section downstream the primary substation (i.e. arranged between the primary substation and the first secondary substation and headroom of MVDC links determined as the difference between the power rating of the MVDC link and current power thereof. When an overload is detected at a top cable section of an MV feeder, available headroom is checked in an adjacent MV feeder and connecting MVDC links to import power. If the headroom is not available in the adjacent feeder or the overload still exists, a next feeder is checked for available headroom for power import.
[0040] The available headroom check in MVDC may further be to ensure that the selected MVDC is not out of order for e.g. maintenance or not already in use to solve existing power capacity issues/overload.
[0041] The headroom measurements are typically available in current power distribution networks in a primary substation controller [0042] The one-by-one MV feeder engaging approach ensures that a minimum number of MVDC links are used for solving the overloading situation. Other MVDC links can in this way be used for other purpose.
[0043] A detailed example of a method for power transfer between MV feeders in a power distribution network, as illustrated in Fig. 2, is presented with reference to
Fig. 5·
[0044] In process block 50 (corresponding to S100) a power overload is detected in MV feeder F2. In process block 51 (corresponding to Snoa) available headroom in adjacent feeder Fi is checked. When headroom is available in adjacent feeder Fi, in process block 52 (corresponding to Si2oa) available headroom in connected MVDCi is checked. When headroom is available in connected MVDCi the power set point of MVDCi is changed in process block 53 (corresponding to Si30a) to import power to feeder F2 from feeder Fi.
[0045] When there is no headroom available according to process block 51 or 52, the availability of headroom in another adjacent feeder F3 is checked in process block 55 (corresponding to Snoa). When headroom is available in adjacent feeder F3, in process block 56 (corresponding to Si2oa) available headroom in connected MVDC2 is checked. When headroom is available in connected MVDC2 the power set point of MVDC2 is changed in process block 57 (corresponding to Si3oa) to import power to feeder F2 from feeder F3.
[0046] When there is no headroom available according to process block 55, the availability of headroom in another adjacent feeder F4 is checked in process block 58 (corresponding to Snoa). When headroom is available in adjacent feeder F4, in process block 59 (corresponding to Si2oa) available headroom in connected MVDC3 is checked. When headroom is available in connected MVDC3 the power set point of MVDC3 is changed in process block 60 (corresponding to Si3oa) to import power to feeder F2 from feeder F4.
[0047] When there is no headroom available according to process block 56, 58 or 69, load in feeder F2 is disconnected in process block 61.
[0048] When power set points for MVDCi or MVDC2 have been changed in process block 53 or 54, in process block 54 a check is made if an overload still exist in feeder F2. If an overload still exists the process return to process block 51, and otherwise the process stops.
[0049] In one variant, based on the available headroom in a connected MVDC and an adjacent feeder, the possible overload support is pre-calculated. Pre-calculation may be a period update done after a certain time interval or after a change in network event e.g. change in connection or loss of feeder. Without pre-calculation, the last updated information of MVDC power may be used to calculate the headroom. The last updated information is dependent on how often SCADA update occurs.
[0050] In one variant, loads are shaded directly if overload is more than possible pre-calculated power support from adjacent cables. When an overload is more than available power import by all adjacent MVDC links and feeders, then some loads are shaded from the overloaded feeder to reduce the loading thereof.
[0051] In one variant, the connected MVDC automatically changes power set point when an overload is detected. Overload indication from substation is then communicated to an MVDC controller and the MVDC controller changes the power set points. Alternatively, an overload is identified by current measurement at an MVDC terminal.
[0052] In one variant, the ratings of different sections of a feeder are different and measurement may be made in more places along the feeder downstream from primary substation.
[0053] In one variant, a status signal for an MVDC link is set in an MVDC controller to indicate that the MVDC link is used for a e.g. capacity enhancement purpose to reduce a detected overload. The MVDC controller can communicate the status to the substation controller. This can avoid using the same MVDC link for different purposes. When the status signal indicates other purpose the power headroom check is directly determined negative.
[0054] Overload detection may be after a fault and isolation process involving closing of a normally open switch.
[0055] One NO switch may be closed to change the length of a feeder to shift some load from one feeder to another. [0056] In one variant, an overload value is determined by a current measurement at a substation and a power set point of a connected MVDC link is directly set to MVDC headroom with limitation to cable rating.
[0057] In one of variant, multi-terminal MVDC links may be used for overload reductions with available head rooms in connected feeders, as illustrated in Figs. 6 and 7. A multi-terminal MVDC topology provides additional flexibility in power sharing among the connected feeders.
[0058] In Fig. 6, a three terminal MVDC link MVDCi connects three MV feeders F1-F3. Feeders Fi and F2 are connected with an MVDC link including a NO switch. Feeders Fi and F2 are both connected with an MVDC link to feeder F3. Feeder F3 is connected to feeders F2 and F4, respectively, via a NO switch only. The three terminal MVDC topology provides additional flexibility in power sharing among the connected feeders F1-F3.
[0059] In Fig. 7, a three terminal MVDC grid comprising MVDC1-3 connects three MV feeders F1-F3. Feeders Fi and F2 are connected with a NO switch only. Feeders F1-F3 are connected in a triangle coupling via the MVDC grid. The topology of three terminal MVDC grid provides additional flexibility in power sharing among the connected feeders F1-F3. For example, in case of fault occurs in feeder F2, including disconnection from a secondary substation, power requirement for loads in feeder F2 can be shared through MVDC2 and MVDC3, instead of only through MVDC2, where the converter rating sometimes can be a limiting factor.
[0060] According to a further aspect an embodiment of a controller 1 for transfer of power between MV feeders via an MVDC link in a power distribution network is presented with reference to Fig. 8. The controller 1 is configured to obtain overload indication for a feeder, available headroom in connected MVDC links and in adjacent feeders. Based on the received information the controller 1 is configured to change power set points of connected MVDC links to transfer power to the overloaded feeder. In case the total available power headroom is not sufficient to remove the overload, load shedding maybe performed in the overloaded cable section.
[0061] A primary substation controller la can detect an overload indication and change the power set point of one or more MVDC based on available headroom in adjacent feeders, which is illustrated in Fig. 9. This power set point maybe communicated to MVDC link controllers lb which activate MVDC control. The MVDC controllers lb may send information about available MVDC links to the primary substation controller la.
[0062] An MVDC controller lb may receive an overload indication from a primary substation controller, together with available power headroom of adjacent feeders, and a new power set point can be calculated at the MVDC controller, which is illustrated in Fig. 10. The new set point maybe communicated back to the primary substation controller la for information purpose together with information about available MVDC links.
[0063] According to another aspect, an embodiment of a controller 1 for transfer of power between MV feeders via an MVDC link in a power distribution network is presented with reference to Fig. 11. The controller 1 is configured to detect overload in one of the at least two MV feeders, check power headroom in an MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in an MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, thereafter check power headroom in the connected MVDC link or in the adjacent MV feeder, change a power set point of the connected MVDC link to reduce the detected overload, and to, when part of the overload remains, check power headroom in a next MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in a next MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, and change a power set point of the next connected MVDC link to further reduce the remaining overload.
[0064] Fig. 11 is a schematic diagram showing some components of the controller 1. A processing circuitry 10 may be provided using any combination of one or more of a suitable central processing unit, CPU, multiprocessing circuitry, microcontroller, digital signal processing circuitry, DSP, application specific integrated circuit etc., capable of executing software instructions of a computer program 14 stored in a memory 12. The memory can thus be considered to be or form part of the computer program product 12. The processing circuitry 10 maybe configured to execute methods described herein with reference to Figs. 3 or 4.
[0065] The memory may be any combination of read and write memory, RAM, and read only memory, ROM. The memory may also comprise persistent storage, which, for example, can be any single one or combination of magnetic memory, optical memory, solid state memory or even remotely mounted memory. [0066] A second computer program product 13 in the form of a data memory may also be provided, e.g. for reading and/or storing data during execution of software instructions in the processing circuitry 10. The data memory can be any combination of read and write memory, RAM, and read only memory, ROM, and may also comprise persistent storage, which, for example, can be any single one or combination of magnetic memory, optical memory, solid state memory or even remotely mounted memory. The data memory may e.g. hold other software instructions 15, to improve functionality for the controller 1.
[0067] The controller 1 may further comprise an input/ output (1/ O) interface 11 including e.g. a user interface. The controller 1 may further comprise a receiver configured to receive signalling from other nodes, and a transmitter configured to transmit signalling to other nodes. Other components of the controller 1 are omitted in order not to obscure the concepts presented herein.
[0068] The aspects of the present disclosure have mainly been described above with reference to a few embodiments and examples thereof. However, as is readily appreciated by a person skilled in the art, other embodiments than the ones disclosed above are equally possible within the scope of the invention, as defined by the appended patent claims.

Claims

1. A method for power transfer between medium voltage, MV, feeders in a power distribution network comprising at least two MV feeders (Fi, F2, F3, F4) and at least two MV direct current, MVDC, links (MVDCi, MVDC2, MVDC3) arranged between the at least two MV feeders, the method being performed in a controller (1) and comprising:
- detecting (S100) overload in one of the at least two MV feeders;
- checking (S110) power headroom in an MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in an MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder; thereafter
- checking (S120) power headroom in the connected MVDC link or in the adjacent MV feeder;
- changing (S130) a power set point of the connected MVDC link to reduce the detected overload; and
- when (S140) part of the overload remains,
- checking (S150) power headroom in a next MV feeder adjacent the detected overloaded MV feeder or in a next MVDC link connected to the detected overloaded MV feeder, and changing a power set point of the next connected MVDC link to further reduce the remaining overload.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the overload is detected by a substation controller (la).
3. The method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the power headroom in a connected MVDC link is checked by comparing current power with rated power for the MVDC link.
4. The method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the power headroom in an adjacent MV feeder is checked by measurement at a primary substation of the distribution network.
5. The method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a changed power set point is changed in dependence of the power headroom of the connected MVDC link limited to the power headroom of the adjacent MV feeder.
6. The method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the check of power headroom in a connected MVDC link initially checks a status signal indicating if the MVDC link is used for other purpose than to reduce overload.
7. A controller for transfer of power between medium voltage, MV, feeders in a power distribution network, the controller performing the steps as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6.
8. The controller according to claim 7, wherein the controller is an MVDC controller (lb) configured to control one of the at least two MVDC links.
9. The controller according to claim 7, wherein the controller is a substation controller (la) configured to control a substation in the power distribution network.
PCT/EP2020/050571 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 Power transfer between mv feeders in a power distribution network WO2021139897A1 (en)

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