WO2021046845A1 - Bridge management hierarchical monitoring system - Google Patents

Bridge management hierarchical monitoring system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021046845A1
WO2021046845A1 PCT/CN2019/105837 CN2019105837W WO2021046845A1 WO 2021046845 A1 WO2021046845 A1 WO 2021046845A1 CN 2019105837 W CN2019105837 W CN 2019105837W WO 2021046845 A1 WO2021046845 A1 WO 2021046845A1
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Prior art keywords
bridge
monitoring
maintenance
cloud computing
management
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PCT/CN2019/105837
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁幼亮
丁李
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南京东南建筑机电抗震研究院有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2019/105837 priority Critical patent/WO2021046845A1/en
Publication of WO2021046845A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021046845A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D22/00Methods or apparatus for repairing or strengthening existing bridges ; Methods or apparatus for dismantling bridges
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/042Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers using digital processors

Abstract

Provided in the present invention is a bridge management hierarchical monitoring system, comprising a set of sensors, a cloud computing system, an expert system, and an early warning system; the sensors send monitoring signals to the cloud computing system; the cloud computing system establishes a coordinate system of the bridge according to the position thereof in three-dimensional space, and divides same into multiple monitoring areas; the expert system provides management recommendations for each monitoring area of the bridge on the basis of the state of the monitoring areas of the bridge calculated by the cloud computing system; and the early warning system receives early warning signals of the cloud computing system, and issues early warnings. The bridge management hierarchical monitoring system provided in the present invention divides a bridge into a plurality of monitoring areas according to a three-dimensional coordinate system, rates each monitoring area, and evaluates the influence of each monitoring area on the other areas, and different size monitoring areas and key monitoring areas can be divided on the basis of actual usage requirements and the degree of cost control; the costs are low and the monitoring results are accurate.

Description

一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统A hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及建筑施工塔吊机群吊装作业防碰撞预警,具体涉及一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统。The invention relates to an anti-collision warning for the hoisting operation of a building construction tower crane group, in particular to a hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance.
背景技术Background technique
因为桥梁工程投资力度大、建设过程复杂、使用周期长、工作环境恶劣以及一旦发生风险后果不堪设想等因素。传统Revit等软件建立的桥梁无法满足桥梁运维需求,本质原因在于桥梁管理养护评定包含多个层级(分部构件、部件、构件等),而传统BIM模型之间没有包含关系,分部构件无法继续拆分部件,BIM模型(上至整体模型,下至底层构件)一定包含数信息。如果模型不能拆分,下一层级的子模型数据无法赋予。模型不能携带数据,就失去BIM的意义。如果每一层级全部建模,则一是工作量巨大,二是模型数量过多,不易管理。Because of the large investment in bridge engineering, the complex construction process, the long service life, the harsh working environment, and the unimaginable consequences of risks in the event of such factors. The bridge established by traditional software such as Revit cannot meet the requirements of bridge operation and maintenance. The essential reason is that the bridge management and maintenance assessment contains multiple levels (partial components, components, components, etc.), while the traditional BIM model does not contain relationships between components, and partial components cannot Continue to split the components, the BIM model (up to the overall model, down to the underlying components) must contain several information. If the model cannot be split, the sub-model data of the next level cannot be assigned. If the model cannot carry data, it loses the meaning of BIM. If all levels are modeled, one is that the workload is huge, and the other is that there are too many models and it is not easy to manage.
发明概述Summary of the invention
技术问题technical problem
为了解决现有技术的缺陷,本发明提供了一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统。In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the present invention provides a hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance.
问题的解决方案The solution to the problem
技术解决方案Technical solutions
本发明提供的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,包括一组传感器、云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统;The present invention provides a hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance, which includes a set of sensors, a cloud computing system, an expert system and an early warning system;
所述传感器将监测信号发送至云计算系统;The sensor sends the monitoring signal to the cloud computing system;
所述云计算系统将桥梁按三维空间位置建立坐标系,并分为多个监控区域;根据传感器实时监测信号,获得各监控区域内的桥梁状态数据,并通过计算判断桥梁老化情况,将老化情况将各监控区域的状态进行分类,对老化情况变化较大的区域发出向预警系统预警信号;The cloud computing system establishes the coordinate system of the bridge according to the three-dimensional space position and divides it into multiple monitoring areas; according to the real-time monitoring signal of the sensor, the bridge status data in each monitoring area is obtained, and the bridge aging condition is judged through calculation, and the aging condition is determined. Classify the status of each monitoring area, and send an early warning signal to the early warning system for areas with large changes in aging;
所述专家系统根据云计算系统计算获得的桥梁各监控区域的状态,给出桥梁各监控区域管养建议;According to the state of each monitoring area of the bridge calculated by the cloud computing system, the expert system provides management and maintenance recommendations for each monitoring area of the bridge;
所述预警系统接收云计算系统的预警信号,并发出预警。The early warning system receives the early warning signal of the cloud computing system and issues an early warning.
所述传感器、云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统的连接方式为无线连接。The connection mode of the sensor, cloud computing system, expert system and early warning system is wireless connection.
所述传感器包括:温湿度传感器、风速传感器、车辆总重传感器、车辆轴重传感器、扰度检测装置、应力检测装置、振动检测传感器。The sensors include: temperature and humidity sensors, wind speed sensors, vehicle total weight sensors, vehicle axle load sensors, disturbance detection devices, stress detection devices, and vibration detection sensors.
对每个监控区域的桥梁部件层级化管理。Hierarchical management of bridge components in each monitoring area.
层级化管理方法为:根据桥梁养护管理需求以及参考桥梁养护规范,对实施建模的对象进行结构层级划分,自上而下的建立桥梁结构树,作为建模目录参考,所述的桥梁结构树根据长大桥梁养护分类为上下行、跨数、分部结构、部件类型、构件类型和构件。The hierarchical management method is: according to the bridge maintenance management requirements and referring to the bridge maintenance specification, the structure of the modeling objects is divided into levels, and the bridge structure tree is established from top to bottom as a reference for the modeling catalog. The bridge structure tree According to the maintenance of long and large bridges, it is classified into up and down, number of spans, sub-structure, component type, component type and component.
专家系统是通过输入大量桥梁信息、老化过程、保养方式后,利用大数据及神经网络方法计算获得最优保养方案。The expert system uses big data and neural network methods to calculate the optimal maintenance plan after inputting a large amount of bridge information, aging process, and maintenance methods.
发明的有益效果The beneficial effects of the invention
有益效果Beneficial effect
本发明提供的桥梁管养层级化监控系统将桥梁按三维坐标系分成若干个监控区域,对每个监控区域进行评级,并评估监控区域对其他区域的影响,同时可根据实际使用需要和成本控制程度划分不同大小的监控区域和重点监控区域,成本低,监测结果准确。The hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance provided by the present invention divides the bridge into several monitoring areas according to a three-dimensional coordinate system, ranks each monitoring area, and evaluates the impact of the monitoring area on other areas, and can be controlled according to actual use needs and cost The monitoring area and key monitoring area of different sizes are divided into different degrees, with low cost and accurate monitoring results.
发明实施例Invention embodiment
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合实施例,对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步详细描述。以下实施例用于说明本发明,但不用来限制本发明的范围。The specific implementation of the present invention will be described in further detail below in conjunction with examples. The following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but not to limit the scope of the present invention.
桥梁管养层级化监控系统,包括一组传感器、云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统;Hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management, including a set of sensors, cloud computing system, expert system and early warning system;
所述传感器将监测信号发送至云计算系统;The sensor sends the monitoring signal to the cloud computing system;
所述云计算系统将桥梁按三维空间位置建立坐标系,并分为多个监控区域;根据传感器实时监测信号,获得各监控区域内的桥梁状态数据,并通过计算判断桥梁老化情况,将老化情况将各监控区域的状态进行分类,对老化情况变化较大的区域发出向预警系统预警信号;The cloud computing system establishes the coordinate system of the bridge according to the three-dimensional space position and divides it into multiple monitoring areas; according to the real-time monitoring signal of the sensor, the bridge status data in each monitoring area is obtained, and the bridge aging condition is judged through calculation, and the aging condition is determined. Classify the status of each monitoring area, and send an early warning signal to the early warning system for areas with large changes in aging;
所述专家系统根据云计算系统计算获得的桥梁各监控区域的状态,给出桥梁各监控区域管养建议;According to the state of each monitoring area of the bridge calculated by the cloud computing system, the expert system provides management and maintenance recommendations for each monitoring area of the bridge;
所述预警系统接收云计算系统的预警信号,并发出预警。The early warning system receives the early warning signal of the cloud computing system and issues an early warning.
所述传感器、云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统的连接方式为无线连接。The connection mode of the sensor, cloud computing system, expert system and early warning system is wireless connection.
所述传感器包括:温湿度传感器、风速传感器、车辆总重传感器、车辆轴重传感器、扰度检测装置、应力检测装置、振动检测传感器。The sensors include: temperature and humidity sensors, wind speed sensors, vehicle total weight sensors, vehicle axle load sensors, disturbance detection devices, stress detection devices, and vibration detection sensors.
对每个监控区域的桥梁部件层级化管理。Hierarchical management of bridge components in each monitoring area.
层级化管理方法为:根据桥梁养护管理需求以及参考桥梁养护规范,对实施建模的对象进行结构层级划分,自上而下的建立桥梁结构树,作为建模目录参考,所述的桥梁结构树根据长大桥梁养护分类为上下行、跨数、分部结构、部件类型、构件类型和构件。The hierarchical management method is: according to the bridge maintenance management requirements and referring to the bridge maintenance specification, the structure of the modeling objects is divided into levels, and the bridge structure tree is established from top to bottom as a reference for the modeling catalog. The bridge structure tree According to the maintenance of long and large bridges, it is classified into up and down, number of spans, sub-structure, component type, component type and component.
专家系统是通过输入大量桥梁信息、老化过程、保养方式后,利用大数据及神经网络方法计算获得最优保养方案。The expert system uses big data and neural network methods to calculate the optimal maintenance plan after inputting a large amount of bridge information, aging process, and maintenance methods.
以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的若干实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对发明专利范围的限制。应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description is relatively specific and detailed, but it should not be construed as a limitation on the scope of the invention patent. It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, and these all fall within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the patent of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于:包括一组传感器、A hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management, which is characterized in that it includes a set of sensors,
    云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统;Cloud computing system, expert system and early warning system;
    所述传感器将监测信号发送至云计算系统;The sensor sends the monitoring signal to the cloud computing system;
    所述云计算系统将桥梁按三维空间位置建立坐标系,并分为多个监控区域;根据传感器实时监测信号,获得各监控区域内的桥梁状态数据,并通过计算判断桥梁老化情况,将老化情况将各监控区域的状态进行分类,对老化情况变化较大的区域发出向预警系统预警信号;The cloud computing system establishes the coordinate system of the bridge according to the three-dimensional space position and divides it into multiple monitoring areas; according to the real-time monitoring signal of the sensor, the bridge status data in each monitoring area is obtained, and the bridge aging condition is judged through calculation, and the aging condition is determined. Classify the status of each monitoring area, and send an early warning signal to the early warning system for areas with large changes in aging;
    所述专家系统根据云计算系统计算获得的桥梁各监控区域的状态,给出桥梁各监控区域管养建议;According to the state of each monitoring area of the bridge calculated by the cloud computing system, the expert system provides management and maintenance recommendations for each monitoring area of the bridge;
    所述预警系统接收云计算系统的预警信号,并发出预警。The early warning system receives the early warning signal of the cloud computing system and issues an early warning.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于:所述传感器、云计算系统、专家系统以及预警系统的连接方式为无线连接。The hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance according to claim 1, wherein the connection mode of the sensor, cloud computing system, expert system and early warning system is wireless connection.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于:所述传感器包括:温湿度传感器、风速传感器、车辆总重传感器、车辆轴重传感器、扰度检测装置、应力检测装置、振动检测传感器。The hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance according to claim 1, wherein the sensors include: temperature and humidity sensors, wind speed sensors, total vehicle weight sensors, vehicle axle load sensors, disturbance detection devices, stress detection Device, vibration detection sensor.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于:对每个监控区域的桥梁部件层级化管理。The hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance according to claim 1, characterized in that: hierarchical management of bridge components in each monitoring area.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于:层级化管理方法为:根据桥梁养护管理需求以及参考桥梁养护规范,对实施建模的对象进行结构层级划分,自上而下的建立桥梁结构树,作为建模目录参考,所述的桥梁结构树根据长大桥梁养护分类为上下行、跨数、分部结构、部件类型、构件类型和构件。The bridge management and maintenance hierarchical monitoring system according to claim 4, characterized in that: the hierarchical management method is: according to the bridge maintenance management requirements and reference to the bridge maintenance specifications, the structural hierarchy of the objects to be modeled is divided into self The bridge structure tree is established from top to bottom as a reference for the modeling catalog. The bridge structure tree is classified into up and down, number of spans, sub-structure, component type, component type and component according to the maintenance of the long bridge.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的一种桥梁管养层级化监控系统,其特征在于 :专家系统是通过输入大量桥梁信息、老化过程、保养方式后,利用大数据及神经网络方法计算获得最优保养方案。The hierarchical monitoring system for bridge management and maintenance according to claim 4, characterized in that: the expert system obtains the optimal maintenance plan by inputting a large amount of bridge information, aging process, and maintenance methods, using big data and neural network methods to calculate .
PCT/CN2019/105837 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 Bridge management hierarchical monitoring system WO2021046845A1 (en)

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CN107817744A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-03-20 长春市智慧城市科技有限公司 Communal facility safety monitoring system
CN208314498U (en) * 2018-04-16 2019-01-01 中铁十二局集团第七工程有限公司 A kind of long-range bridge maintenance system of integration

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204142505U (en) * 2014-09-02 2015-02-04 江苏育亿信息科技有限公司 Highway bridge monitor and early warning system
CN104864913A (en) * 2015-06-04 2015-08-26 无锡市博尚光电科技有限公司 Distributed health-monitoring system for tunnel structure of highway bridge
US20170075327A1 (en) * 2015-09-11 2017-03-16 Renesas Electronics Corporation Sensor control apparatus, sensor system and bridge monitoring system
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