WO2021031509A1 - Wall leveling assembly and mounting method therefor - Google Patents

Wall leveling assembly and mounting method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021031509A1
WO2021031509A1 PCT/CN2020/070168 CN2020070168W WO2021031509A1 WO 2021031509 A1 WO2021031509 A1 WO 2021031509A1 CN 2020070168 W CN2020070168 W CN 2020070168W WO 2021031509 A1 WO2021031509 A1 WO 2021031509A1
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Prior art keywords
keel
wall
leveling
hole
supporting plate
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PCT/CN2020/070168
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁欣欣
丁泽成
王文广
周东珊
颜裕
武鹏
Original Assignee
浙江亚厦装饰股份有限公司
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Publication date
Priority to CN201910776004.1A priority Critical patent/CN110409740A/en
Priority to CN201910776004.1 priority
Application filed by 浙江亚厦装饰股份有限公司 filed Critical 浙江亚厦装饰股份有限公司
Publication of WO2021031509A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021031509A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/0805Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and the wall
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0801Separate fastening elements
    • E04F13/0803Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements
    • E04F13/0805Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and the wall
    • E04F13/0807Separate fastening elements with load-supporting elongated furring elements between wall and covering elements with additional fastening elements between furring elements and the wall adjustable perpendicular to the wall

Abstract

Disclosed are a wall leveling assembly and a mounting method therefor. The wall leveling assembly comprises: a keel assembly (30) comprising a top keel (31), a bottom keel (32) and vertical keels (33), wherein each of the vertical keels (33) is provided with a plurality of mounting holes distributed at intervals in the length direction; and leveling assemblies, with the leveling assemblies being respectively mounted in each of the mounting holes, and each comprising a support base (10) and a leveling screw rod (20), the support base (10) being detachably connected to the vertical keel (33), and a first through hole (11) being provided in the support base (10) and being opposite the mounting hole. The inner wall of the first through hole (11) is provided with a plurality of first threaded sections (12) that are uniformly distributed at intervals in the circumferential direction, and a leveling prompt portion (13) is arranged between two adjacent first threaded sections (12); and the leveling screw rod (20) is provided with a second through hole (21) running through same in the thickness direction, and the outer wall of the leveling screw rod (20) is provided with a plurality of second threaded sections (22) that are distributed at intervals in the circumferential direction. The leveling screw rod (20) can move through the first through hole (11), and an end face of an end, located in the first through hole (11), of the leveling screw rod (20) can be flushed with the leveling prompt portion (13) so as to achieve the leveling of a wall.

Description

墙体调平总成以及安装方法Wall leveling assembly and installation method 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及墙体装饰技术领域,更具体地,涉及一种墙体调平总成以及安装方法。The present invention relates to the technical field of wall decoration, and more specifically, to a wall leveling assembly and an installation method.
背景技术Background technique
在室内装饰领域中,墙体装饰是建筑物的室内空间装饰装修的重点区域,墙体装饰可以保护墙体,增强墙体的坚固性和耐久性,延长墙体的使用年限;还可以改善墙体的使用功能,如提高墙体的保温、隔热和隔声能力,提高建筑物的艺术效果,同时可以美化环境。In the field of interior decoration, wall decoration is the key area of building interior space decoration. Wall decoration can protect the wall, enhance the robustness and durability of the wall, and extend the service life of the wall; it can also improve the wall The use functions of the body, such as improving the insulation, heat insulation and sound insulation of the wall, improving the artistic effect of the building, and beautifying the environment.
技术问题technical problem
墙体找平是墙体装饰的重要环节,找平后的平整度直接影响后续饰面层的安装,而现有的墙体找平一般包括以下几种:第一种是采用水泥砂浆找平然后抹灰进一步找平,该种技术在传统装修中更为常用,技术较为成熟,但是,工艺难度大、工时长、材料耗费多,且墙体管线需要现场开槽,无法进行管线分离;第二种是采用木竖龙骨找平,虽然可以满足管线分离要求,但是,对安装工人熟练程度要求较高,且木竖龙骨需要进行防腐、防火处理,施工步骤较为繁琐,集成化程度不高;第三种是利用轻钢竖龙骨与U型竖龙骨夹进行调平,干法作业,满足管线分离要求,但是,调整平整度不易控制,安装较为繁琐。Wall leveling is an important part of wall decoration. The flatness after leveling directly affects the installation of subsequent finishes. The existing wall leveling generally includes the following: The first is to use cement mortar to level and then plaster further Leveling, this technology is more commonly used in traditional decoration, and the technology is relatively mature. However, the process is difficult, the work time is long, and the material consumption is high, and the wall pipeline needs to be grooved on site, which cannot be separated; the second is to use wood Although the vertical keel leveling can meet the requirements of pipeline separation, it requires high proficiency for the installation workers, and the wooden vertical keel needs to be treated with anti-corrosion and fire prevention. The construction steps are more complicated and the degree of integration is not high; the third is to use light The steel vertical keel and the U-shaped vertical keel clamp are leveled and dry-processed to meet the pipeline separation requirements. However, the adjustment of the flatness is not easy to control and the installation is more complicated.
技术解决方案Technical solutions
因此,需要一种墙体调平总成以及安装方法,来解决上述问题。Therefore, a wall leveling assembly and installation method are needed to solve the above problems.
有鉴于此,本发明的目的在于提出一种墙体调平总成以及安装方法,调平组件与龙骨组件配合使用,实现对墙体的找平,提高调平精度,安装步骤简单,降低组装难度,提高安装速度。In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a wall leveling assembly and an installation method. The leveling assembly is used in conjunction with the keel assembly to achieve the leveling of the wall, improve the leveling accuracy, simple installation steps, and reduce assembly difficulty , Improve installation speed.
基于上述目的本发明提供的一种墙体调平总成,包括:Based on the above objective, the present invention provides a wall leveling assembly, including:
龙骨组件,所述龙骨组件包括相对设置的天龙骨、地龙骨以及多个均连接在所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨之间且依次间隔分布的竖龙骨;所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;每个所述竖龙骨上均设置有多个沿长度方向间隔分布的安装孔;A keel component, the keel component includes a sky keel, an earth keel, and a plurality of vertical keels that are connected between the sky keel and the earth keel and are distributed in sequence; the sky keel and the earth keel Are respectively connected with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall; each of the vertical keels is provided with a plurality of installation holes spaced apart along the length;
调平组件,每个所述安装孔对应位置均安装有所述调平组件,所述调平组件包括支撑座和调平螺杆,所述支撑座用于与所述竖龙骨可拆卸连接,所述支撑座上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第一通孔,且与所述安装孔相对设置;所述第一通孔的内壁上设置有多段沿周向间隔且均匀分布的第一螺纹段,相邻的两个所述第一螺纹段之间设置有调平提示部;所述调平螺杆上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第二通孔,所述调平螺杆的外壁上设置有多段沿周向方向间隔分布且均可与所述第一螺纹段配合使用的第二螺纹段;所述调平螺杆可沿着所述第一通孔移动,且所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔内的一端端面可与所述调平提示部平齐设置。A leveling assembly, the leveling assembly is installed at a corresponding position of each mounting hole, the leveling assembly includes a support base and a leveling screw, the support base is used to detachably connect with the vertical keel, so The support seat is provided with a first through hole penetrating in the thickness direction and is arranged opposite to the mounting hole; the inner wall of the first through hole is provided with a plurality of first thread segments spaced and evenly distributed in the circumferential direction, A leveling prompt portion is provided between two adjacent first threaded sections; a second through hole penetrating in the thickness direction is provided on the leveling screw, and a plurality of sections are provided on the outer wall of the leveling screw. A second threaded section spaced in the circumferential direction and can be used in conjunction with the first threaded section; the leveling screw can move along the first through hole, and the leveling screw is located in the first One end surface in the through hole can be flush with the leveling prompt part.
优选地,所述竖龙骨包括第一支撑板和分别从所述第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个所述第一边板和所述第一支撑板围合形成用于容置所述支撑座的第一容置槽;多个所述安装孔均设置在所述第一支撑板上;所述支撑座的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件,所述第一边板上均设置有与所述弹性卡件配合使用且一一对应地卡槽。Preferably, the vertical keel includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side, two first side plates and the first supporting plate Enclosed to form a first accommodating groove for accommodating the support seat; a plurality of the mounting holes are all provided on the first support plate; the opposite side walls of the support seat are provided with elastic The first side plate is provided with a card slot that cooperates with the elastic card and corresponds to each other.
优选地,每个所述第一螺纹段的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板,所述限位挡板向着所述第一螺纹段斜上方延伸,使得所述第二螺纹段可在所述第一螺纹段上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动。Preferably, a limit baffle is provided on the same side edge of each of the first threaded sections, and the limit baffle extends obliquely upwards of the first threaded section, so that the second threaded section can The first thread segment rotates within a preset range according to a preset direction.
优选地,所述天龙骨包括第二支撑板和分别从所述第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,所述第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔。Preferably, the sky keel includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side, and the second supporting plate is provided with a plurality of spaces along the length direction. Set the first fixing hole.
另外,优选地,所述地龙骨包括第三支撑板和分别从所述第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,所述第三边板长度大于所述第四边板长度,所述第三边板、所述第四边板和所述第三支撑板围合形成用于容置所述竖龙骨的第二容置槽,所述第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔。In addition, preferably, the ground keel includes a third supporting plate and a third side plate and a fourth side plate respectively extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side, and the length of the third side plate is greater than The length of the fourth side board, the third side board, the fourth side board and the third supporting board enclose to form a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel, and the third A plurality of second fixing holes arranged at intervals along the length direction are arranged on the side plate.
本发明还提供一种如上述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,包括:The present invention also provides a method for installing the wall leveling assembly as described above, including:
(1)将待安装区域的墙体及周边设置基层起始位置标记以及基层完成面标记;根据所述基层起始位置标记,将所述墙体区分为组装区和/或其它区; (1) Set the base layer starting position mark and base layer finish surface mark on the wall and the periphery of the area to be installed; divide the wall into assembly areas and/or other areas according to the base layer starting position marks;
(2)在所述组装区内安装龙骨组件,且使所述龙骨组件的边沿与所述基层完成面标记重合;其中,将多个竖龙骨依次间隔地连接在天龙骨和地龙骨之间,每个所述竖龙骨的安装孔内安装支撑座,将所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;(2) Install the keel component in the assembly area, and make the edge of the keel component coincide with the mark on the completion surface of the base layer; wherein a plurality of vertical keels are connected between the sky keel and the ground keel at intervals, A support seat is installed in the installation hole of each vertical keel, and the sky keel and the ground keel are respectively connected to the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall;
(3)将调平螺杆插入所述支撑座的第一通孔内且沿着所述第一通孔移动,至所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔外的一端端面与所述墙体抵接,且所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔内的一端端面可与所述调平提示部平齐设置;驱动所述调平螺杆在预设范围内转动,使得第一螺纹段与第二螺纹段螺纹连接;(3) Insert the leveling screw into the first through hole of the support base and move along the first through hole until the end face of the leveling screw is located outside the first through hole and the wall Body abuts, and the end surface of the leveling screw located in the first through hole can be arranged flush with the leveling prompt part; driving the leveling screw to rotate within a preset range, so that the first thread Threaded connection with the second threaded section;
(4)采用固定件将所述调平螺杆固定在所述墙体上;(4) Fixing the leveling screw on the wall with a fixing part;
(5)重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个所述支撑座内均安装有所述调平螺杆;(5) Repeat steps (3) and (4) until the leveling screw is installed in each support seat;
(6)在所述其它区内安装至少一个所述竖龙骨,每个所述竖龙骨的安装孔内安装支撑座,将所述竖龙骨的两端均连接在所述墙体上;重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个所述支撑座内均安装有所述调平螺杆。(6) Install at least one vertical keel in the other area, install a support seat in the installation hole of each vertical keel, and connect both ends of the vertical keel to the wall; repeat the steps (3) and (4), the leveling screw is installed in each support seat.
优选地,所述竖龙骨包括第一支撑板和分别从所述第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个所述第一边板和所述第一支撑板围合形成用于容置所述支撑座的第一容置槽;多个所述安装孔均设置在所述第一支撑板上;所述支撑座的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件,所述第一边板上均设置有与所述弹性卡件配合使用且一一对应地卡槽;在步骤(2)中还包括:将所述支撑座安装在所述第一容置槽内,所述支撑座的两个弹性卡件分别与两个所述第一边板上的卡槽卡合连接。Preferably, the vertical keel includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side, two first side plates and the first supporting plate Enclosed to form a first accommodating groove for accommodating the support seat; a plurality of the mounting holes are all provided on the first support plate; the opposite side walls of the support seat are provided with elastic Clip, the first side plate is provided with a slot that cooperates with the elastic clip and corresponds to each other; in step (2), it further includes: installing the support seat in the first container In the set groove, the two elastic clamping members of the support seat are respectively engaged with the clamping grooves on the two first side plates.
优选地,每个所述第一螺纹段的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板,所述限位挡板向着所述第一螺纹段斜上方延伸,使得所述第二螺纹段可在所述第一螺纹段上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动;在步骤(3)中还包括:当所述调平螺杆插入所述第一通孔内,每个所述限位挡板用于阻挡所述调平螺杆反向转动;多个所述限位挡板用于限定所述调平螺杆转动范围。Preferably, a limit baffle is provided on the same side edge of each of the first threaded sections, and the limit baffle extends obliquely upwards of the first threaded section, so that the second threaded section can The first threaded section rotates within a preset range according to a preset direction; step (3) further includes: when the leveling screw is inserted into the first through hole, each of the limit baffles It is used to block the reverse rotation of the leveling screw; a plurality of limit baffles are used to limit the rotation range of the leveling screw.
优选地,所述天龙骨包括第二支撑板和分别从所述第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,所述第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:多个所述竖龙骨的顶端均沿着所述第二支撑板的延伸方向依次等间隔分布,每个所述竖龙骨均与所述墙体抵接;所述第二边板向远离所述第一容置槽一侧延伸,使用第一固定件贯穿所述第一固定孔,且与所述墙体上部固定。Preferably, the sky keel includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side, and the second supporting plate is provided with a plurality of spaces along the length direction. Step (2) further includes: the top ends of a plurality of the vertical keels are distributed at equal intervals in sequence along the extension direction of the second support plate, and each vertical keel is connected to the The wall abuts; the second side plate extends to a side away from the first accommodating slot, and a first fixing member penetrates the first fixing hole and is fixed to the upper part of the wall.
优选地,所述地龙骨包括第三支撑板和分别从所述第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,所述第三边板长度大于所述第四边板长度,所述第三边板、所述第四边板和所述第三支撑板围合形成用于容置所述竖龙骨的第二容置槽,所述第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:所述第三支撑板与地面抵接,所述第四边板与所述墙体下部抵接,多个所述竖龙骨的底端均插入所述第二容置槽内,且沿着所述第二容置槽的延伸方向等间隔分布,使用第二固定件贯穿所述第二固定孔,且与所述墙体下部固定。Preferably, the ground keel includes a third supporting plate and a third side plate and a fourth side plate respectively extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side, and the third side plate is longer than the The length of the fourth side board, the third side board, the fourth side board and the third supporting board enclose to form a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel, the third side board Is provided with a plurality of second fixing holes arranged at intervals along the length direction; in step (2), it further includes: the third supporting plate abuts against the ground, and the fourth side plate abuts against the lower part of the wall , The bottom ends of a plurality of the vertical keels are inserted into the second accommodating groove, and are distributed at equal intervals along the extension direction of the second accommodating groove, and a second fixing member is used to penetrate the second fixing hole , And fixed with the lower part of the wall.
有益效果Beneficial effect
从上面所述可以看出,本发明提供的墙体调平总成以及安装方法,与现有技术相比,具有以下优点:竖龙骨的两端分别与天龙骨和地龙骨连接,天龙骨和地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨与墙体相对设置,装饰层可通过竖龙骨安装在墙体上,降低装配难度,提高装配速度;支撑座与竖龙骨配合使用,然后将调平螺杆旋入支撑座的第一通孔内,通过调节调平螺杆的插入深度,为竖龙骨提供有效支撑,保持竖龙骨的平直延伸,实现竖龙骨相对墙体的找平,为安装在竖龙骨上方的装饰层提供相同的支撑高度;支撑座与调平螺杆通过螺纹连接,可提高调平精度;而且,第一螺纹段和第二螺纹段均采用半螺纹结构,可对转动角度进行限位,避免过度调节,保证连接稳定性;而且,在出厂前,可将支撑座安装在竖龙骨上,在施工现场只需要完成调平螺杆的安装和定位,安装步骤简单,降低组装难度,提高安装速度。It can be seen from the above that, compared with the prior art, the wall leveling assembly and installation method provided by the present invention have the following advantages: the two ends of the vertical keel are respectively connected with the sky keel and the ground keel, and the sky keel and The ground keel is respectively connected with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall, so that the vertical keel is arranged opposite to the wall. The decorative layer can be installed on the wall through the vertical keel, which reduces the difficulty of assembly and increases the assembly speed; the supporting seat is used in conjunction with the vertical keel, Then screw the leveling screw into the first through hole of the support base, and adjust the insertion depth of the leveling screw to provide effective support for the vertical keel, maintain the vertical extension of the vertical keel, and realize the leveling of the vertical keel relative to the wall. The decorative layer installed above the vertical keel provides the same support height; the support base and the leveling screw are threaded to improve the leveling accuracy; moreover, the first thread section and the second thread section both adopt a semi-thread structure, which can be rotated The angle is limited to avoid excessive adjustment and ensure the stability of the connection; moreover, the support base can be installed on the vertical keel before leaving the factory. Only the installation and positioning of the leveling screw need to be completed at the construction site. The installation steps are simple and the assembly is reduced. Difficulty, improve installation speed.
附图说明Description of the drawings
通过下面结合附图对其实施例进行描述,本发明的上述特征和技术优点将会变得更加清楚和容易理解。Through the following description of the embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the above-mentioned features and technical advantages of the present invention will become clearer and easier to understand.
图1为本发明具体实施例中采用的墙体调平总成的示意图。Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a wall leveling assembly used in a specific embodiment of the present invention.
图2为图1所示的墙体调平总成的龙骨组件的局部示意图。Fig. 2 is a partial schematic diagram of the keel component of the wall leveling assembly shown in Fig. 1.
图3a~3e为图2所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的示意图。3a to 3e are schematic diagrams of the sky keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2.
图4a~4e为图2所示的龙骨组件的地龙骨的示意图。4a to 4e are schematic diagrams of the ground keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2.
图5a~5e为图2所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨的示意图。5a to 5e are schematic diagrams of the vertical keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2.
图6a~6c为图1所示的墙体调平总成的调平组件的示意图。6a to 6c are schematic diagrams of the leveling components of the wall leveling assembly shown in FIG. 1.
图7a~7f为图6a所示的调平组件的支撑座的示意图。7a to 7f are schematic diagrams of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in FIG. 6a.
图8a~8e为图6a所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的示意图。8a-8e are schematic diagrams of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in FIG. 6a.
图9a~9h为图1所示的调平组件的墙体调平总成的安装过程示意图。Figures 9a to 9h are schematic diagrams of the installation process of the wall leveling assembly of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 1.
其中附图标记:Wherein the reference signs:
10:支撑座;11:第一通孔;12:第一螺纹段;13:调平提示部;10: support seat; 11: first through hole; 12: first threaded section; 13: leveling prompt part;
14:限位挡板;15:第一光滑面;16:第一加强肋;17:导向面;14: limit baffle; 15: first smooth surface; 16: first reinforcing rib; 17: guide surface;
18:弹性卡件;20:调平螺杆;21:第二通孔;22:第二螺纹段;18: elastic clip; 20: leveling screw; 21: second through hole; 22: second thread section;
23:第二光滑面;24:第二加强肋;30:龙骨组件;31:天龙骨;23: second smooth surface; 24: second reinforcing rib; 30: keel component; 31: sky keel;
32:地龙骨;33:竖龙骨;34:固定螺钉;40:墙体。32: ground keel; 33: vertical keel; 34: fixing screw; 40: wall.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the invention
为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,以下结合具体实施例,并参照附图,对本发明进一步详细说明。其中相同的零部件用相同的附图标记表示。需要说明的是,下面描述中使用的词语“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”、“上”和“下”指的是附图中的方向。使用的词语“内”和“外”分别指的是朝向或远离特定部件几何中心的方向。In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, the following further describes the present invention in detail with reference to specific embodiments and drawings. The same parts are indicated by the same reference numerals. It should be noted that the words "front", "rear", "left", "right", "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to the directions in the drawings. The words "inner" and "outer" are used to refer to directions toward or away from the geometric center of a particular component, respectively.
图1为本发明具体实施例中采用的墙体调平总成的示意图。图2为图1所示的墙体调平总成的龙骨组件的局部示意图。图3a~3e为图2所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的示意图。其中,图3a为图2所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的示意图;图3b为图3a所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的侧视图;图3c为图3a所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的d部局部放大图;图3d为图3a所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的局部放大图;图3e为图3a所示的龙骨组件的a部局部放大图。图4a~4e为图2所示的龙骨组件的地龙骨的示意图。其中,图4a为图2所示的龙骨组件的地龙骨的示意图;图4b为图4a所示的龙骨组件的地龙骨的侧视图;图4c为图4a所示的龙骨组件的天龙骨的e部局部放大图;图4d为图4a所示的龙骨组件的地龙骨的局部放大图;图4e为图4a所示的龙骨组件的b部局部放大图。图5a~5e为图2所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨的示意图。其中,图5a为图2所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨的示意图;图5b为图5a所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨的c部局部放大图;图5c为图5a所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨与支撑座连接状态示意图;图5d为图5a所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨与支撑座连接状态侧视图;图5c为图5a所示的龙骨组件的竖龙骨与支撑座连接状态局部放大图。图6a~6c为图1所示的墙体调平总成的调平组件的示意图。其中,图6a为图1所示的龙骨组件的调平组件的示意图;图6b为图6a所示的龙骨组件的调平组件的侧视图;图6c为图6a所示的龙骨组件的调平组件的另一侧视图。图7a~7f为图6a所示的调平组件的支撑座的示意图。其中,图7a为图6a所示的调平组件的支撑座的示意图;图7b为图7a所示的调平组件的支撑座的侧视图;图7c为图7a所示的调平组件的支撑座的另一侧视图;图7d为图7a所示的调平组件的支撑座的又一侧视图;图7e为图7d所示的调平组件的支撑座的B-B剖视图;图7f为图7d所示的调平组件的支撑座的C-C剖视图。图8a~8e为图6a所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的示意图。其中,图8a为图6a所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的示意图;图8b为图8a所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的侧视图;图8c为图8a所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的另一侧视图;图8d为图8c所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的D-D剖视图;图8e为图8c所示的调平组件的调平螺杆的E-E剖视图。图9a~9h为图1所示的调平组件的墙体调平总成的安装过程示意图。Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a wall leveling assembly used in a specific embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a partial schematic diagram of the keel component of the wall leveling assembly shown in Fig. 1. 3a to 3e are schematic diagrams of the sky keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2. Wherein, Figure 3a is a schematic diagram of the sky keel of the keel assembly shown in Figure 2; Figure 3b is a side view of the sky keel of the keel assembly shown in Figure 3a; Figure 3c is the d of the sky keel of the keel assembly shown in Figure 3a Fig. 3d is a partial enlarged view of the sky keel of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 3a; Fig. 3e is a partial enlarged view of a part of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 3a. 4a to 4e are schematic diagrams of the ground keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2. 4a is a schematic diagram of the ground keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2; FIG. 4b is a side view of the ground keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 4a; FIG. 4c is an e of the sky keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 4a Fig. 4d is a partial enlarged view of the ground keel of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 4a; Fig. 4e is a partial enlarged view of part b of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 4a. 5a to 5e are schematic diagrams of the vertical keel of the keel component shown in FIG. 2. 5a is a schematic diagram of the vertical keel of the keel assembly shown in FIG. 2; FIG. 5b is a partial enlarged view of part c of the vertical keel of the keel assembly shown in FIG. 5a; FIG. 5c is the vertical keel of the keel assembly shown in FIG. 5a Schematic diagram of the connection state of the keel and the support base; Fig. 5d is a side view of the connection state of the vertical keel of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 5a and the support base; Fig. 5c is a partial enlarged view of the connection state of the vertical keel of the keel assembly shown in Fig. 5a and the support base . 6a to 6c are schematic diagrams of the leveling components of the wall leveling assembly shown in FIG. 1. Figure 6a is a schematic diagram of the leveling assembly of the keel assembly shown in Figure 1; Figure 6b is a side view of the leveling assembly of the keel assembly shown in Figure 6a; Figure 6c is the leveling assembly of the keel assembly shown in Figure 6a Another side view of the assembly. 7a to 7f are schematic diagrams of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in FIG. 6a. Wherein, Figure 7a is a schematic diagram of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 6a; Figure 7b is a side view of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 7a; Figure 7c is the support of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 7a Fig. 7d is another side view of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 7a; Fig. 7e is a BB cross-sectional view of the support base of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 7d; Fig. 7f is Fig. 7d CC sectional view of the support base of the leveling assembly shown. 8a-8e are schematic diagrams of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in FIG. 6a. Wherein, Fig. 8a is a schematic diagram of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 6a; Fig. 8b is a side view of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 8a; Fig. 8c is the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 8a Another side view of the leveling screw; Fig. 8d is a DD cross-sectional view of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 8c; Fig. 8e is an EE cross-sectional view of the leveling screw of the leveling assembly shown in Fig. 8c. Figures 9a-9h are schematic diagrams of the installation process of the wall leveling assembly of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 1.
如上述各图所示,墙体调平总成包括:龙骨组件30和调平组件。As shown in the above figures, the wall leveling assembly includes: a keel component 30 and a leveling component.
龙骨组件30包括相对设置的天龙骨31、地龙骨32以及多个均连接在天龙骨31和地龙骨32之间且依次间隔分布的竖龙骨33;天龙骨31和地龙骨32分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;每个竖龙骨33上均设置有多个沿长度方向间隔分布的安装孔;The keel assembly 30 includes a sky keel 31, a ground keel 32, and a plurality of vertical keels 33 that are connected between the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 and are distributed in sequence; the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 are respectively connected to the upper part of the wall Connected to the lower part of the wall; each vertical keel 33 is provided with a plurality of installation holes spaced apart along the length;
每个安装孔对应位置均安装有调平组件,调平组件包括支撑座10和调平螺杆20,支撑座10用于与竖龙骨33可拆卸连接,支撑座10上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第一通孔11,第一通孔11的内壁上设置有多段沿周向间隔且均匀分布的第一螺纹段12,相邻的两个第一螺纹段12之间设置有调平提示部13;调平螺杆20上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第二通孔21,调平螺杆20的外壁上设置有多段沿周向方向间隔分布且均可与第一螺纹段12配合使用的第二螺纹段22;调平螺杆20可沿着第一通孔11移动,且调平螺杆20位于第一通孔11内的一端端面可与调平提示部13平齐设置。A leveling assembly is installed at the corresponding position of each mounting hole. The leveling assembly includes a support base 10 and a leveling screw 20. The support base 10 is used for detachable connection with the vertical keel 33. The support base 10 is provided with a through-hole in the thickness direction. The first through hole 11, the inner wall of the first through hole 11 is provided with a plurality of first threaded sections 12 spaced and evenly distributed in the circumferential direction, and a leveling prompt 13 is provided between two adjacent first threaded sections 12 The leveling screw 20 is provided with a second through hole 21 penetrating in the thickness direction, and the outer wall of the leveling screw 20 is provided with a plurality of second threads spaced in the circumferential direction and can be used in conjunction with the first thread section 12 Section 22; the leveling screw 20 can move along the first through hole 11, and the end surface of the leveling screw 20 located in the first through hole 11 can be flush with the leveling prompt portion 13.
将天龙骨31和地龙骨32相对设置,在天龙骨31和地龙骨32之间依次设置多个竖龙骨33,竖龙骨33的两端分别与天龙骨31和地龙骨32连接,天龙骨31和地龙骨32分别用于与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨33与墙体相对设置,装饰层可通过竖龙骨安装在墙体上,降低装配难度,提高装配速度;将支撑座10连接在竖龙骨33上,将竖龙骨33抵接在墙体上,将安装工具插入第二通孔21内,并将调平螺杆20通过安装孔插入第一通孔11内,调平螺杆20的第二螺纹段22与第一通孔11的第一光滑面相对设置,第一通孔11的第一螺纹段12与调平螺杆20的第二光滑面相对设置,推动调平螺杆20沿着第一通孔11向墙体一侧移动,至抵接在墙体上,此时,如果调平提示部13没有暴露或与调平螺杆20的端面平齐设置,则可转动调平螺杆20,使得第一螺纹段12与第二螺纹段22螺纹连接,并采用固定件(如固定螺钉)安装到第二通孔21内,将调平螺杆20固定在墙体上;如果调平提示部13已经暴露,但是调平螺杆20仍未与墙体抵接,将调平螺杆20退出第一通孔11,更换长度更长的调平螺杆20重新安装。采用上述墙体调平总成,竖龙骨的两端分别与天龙骨和地龙骨连接,天龙骨和地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨与墙体相对设置;支撑座与竖龙骨配合使用,然后将调平螺杆旋入支撑座的第一通孔内,通过调节调平螺杆的插入深度,为竖龙骨提供有效支撑,保持竖龙骨的平直延伸,实现竖龙骨相对墙体的找平,为安装在竖龙骨上方的装饰层提供相同的支撑高度;支撑座与调平螺杆通过螺纹连接,可提高调平精度;而且,第一螺纹段和第二螺纹段均采用半螺纹结构,可对转动角度进行限位,避免过度调节,保证连接稳定性;而且,在出厂前,可将支撑座安装在竖龙骨上,在施工现场只需要完成调平螺杆的安装和定位,安装步骤简单,降低组装难度,提高安装速度。The sky keel 31 and the earth keel 32 are arranged oppositely, and a plurality of vertical keels 33 are arranged in sequence between the sky keel 31 and the earth keel 32. The two ends of the vertical keel 33 are respectively connected with the sky keel 31 and the earth keel 32, and the sky keel 31 and The ground keel 32 is used to connect the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall respectively, so that the vertical keel 33 is arranged opposite to the wall. The decorative layer can be installed on the wall through the vertical keel, which reduces the difficulty of assembly and increases the speed of assembly; Connect to the vertical keel 33, abut the vertical keel 33 on the wall, insert the installation tool into the second through hole 21, insert the leveling screw 20 into the first through hole 11 through the mounting hole, and level the screw 20 The second thread section 22 of the first through hole 11 is opposite to the first smooth surface, and the first thread section 12 of the first through hole 11 is opposite to the second smooth surface of the leveling screw 20, pushing the leveling screw 20 along Move the first through hole 11 to the side of the wall until it abuts on the wall. At this time, if the leveling prompt 13 is not exposed or is flush with the end surface of the leveling screw 20, the leveling screw can be rotated 20. Make the first threaded section 12 and the second threaded section 22 threadedly connect, and use a fixing member (such as a fixing screw) to install into the second through hole 21, and fix the leveling screw 20 on the wall; if the leveling prompt The portion 13 has been exposed, but the leveling screw 20 is still not in contact with the wall. The leveling screw 20 is withdrawn from the first through hole 11, and the leveling screw 20 with a longer length is replaced and reinstalled. Using the above-mentioned wall leveling assembly, the two ends of the vertical keel are respectively connected with the sky keel and the ground keel, and the sky keel and the ground keel are respectively connected with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall, so that the vertical keel is arranged opposite to the wall; Use with the vertical keel, and then screw the leveling screw into the first through hole of the support base. By adjusting the insertion depth of the leveling screw, it provides effective support for the vertical keel, maintains the straight extension of the vertical keel, and realizes the relative vertical keel. The leveling of the wall provides the same support height for the decorative layer installed above the vertical keel; the support base and the leveling screw are connected by threads to improve the leveling accuracy; and the first thread section and the second thread section are both half- The threaded structure can limit the rotation angle to avoid excessive adjustment and ensure the stability of the connection; moreover, the support base can be installed on the vertical keel before leaving the factory, and only the installation and positioning of the leveling screw need to be completed at the construction site. The installation steps are simple, reducing the difficulty of assembly and improving the installation speed.
优选地,竖龙骨33包括第一支撑板和分别从第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个第一边板和第一支撑板围合形成用于容置支撑座10的第一容置槽;多个安装孔均设置在第一支撑板上;支撑座10的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件18,第一边板上均设置有与弹性卡件18配合使用且一一对应地卡槽。通过设置弹性卡件18和卡槽相互配合,可实现支撑座10与竖龙骨33的卡合连接。在安装前,可将支撑座10和竖龙骨33提前完成安装,当运输到安装现场时,只需要安装匹配的调平螺杆20即可,降低运输难度,同时提高安装速度。Preferably, the vertical keel 33 includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side respectively, and the two first side plates and the first supporting plate are enclosed and formed for accommodating The first accommodating groove of the support base 10; a plurality of mounting holes are provided on the first support plate; the opposite side walls of the support base 10 are provided with elastic clamping members 18, and the first side plate is provided with The elastic clamping members 18 are used in conjunction with each other and correspond to the slots. By providing the elastic clamping member 18 and the clamping groove to cooperate with each other, the clamping connection between the support base 10 and the vertical keel 33 can be realized. Before installation, the support base 10 and the vertical keel 33 can be installed in advance. When transported to the installation site, only the matching leveling screw 20 needs to be installed, which reduces the transportation difficulty and increases the installation speed.
在本实施例中,第一边板的长度大于支撑座10的高度,使得第一容置槽在安装完支撑座10后,仍可以为实现管线分离提供安装空间;第一边板的自由端设置有向内侧的弯曲部,弯曲部的端面为支撑座10提供支撑作用,以便提高支撑座10与竖龙骨33的连接稳定性。In this embodiment, the length of the first side plate is greater than the height of the support base 10, so that after the support base 10 is installed, the first accommodating groove can still provide installation space for pipeline separation; the free end of the first side plate An inner curved part is provided, and the end surface of the curved part provides support for the support base 10 so as to improve the connection stability of the support base 10 and the vertical keel 33.
在本实施例中,弹性卡件18为从支撑座10的外壁上延伸出的凸起,凸起沿着支撑座10的长度方向延伸,且凸起的相对两侧端面上均设置有导向面17,导向面17用于引导凸起卡入卡槽内。通过设置凸起,凸起与竖龙骨33的卡槽卡合连接,导向面17可降低凸起的端部的宽度,用于引导凸起进入卡槽,降低装配难度,提高装配速度。In this embodiment, the elastic clamping member 18 is a protrusion extending from the outer wall of the support base 10, the protrusion extends along the length direction of the support base 10, and a guide surface is provided on opposite sides of the protrusion. 17. The guide surface 17 is used to guide the protrusion into the card slot. By providing protrusions, the protrusions are engaged with the grooves of the vertical keel 33, and the guide surface 17 can reduce the width of the ends of the protrusions to guide the protrusions into the grooves, reduce the difficulty of assembly, and increase the assembly speed.
在本实施例中,支撑座10的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有凹槽,弹性卡件18设置在凹槽内,凸起靠近侧壁的自由端设置;导向面17设置在凸起的端面上,导向面呈近似梯形,且靠近支撑座10一侧底边长度大于远离支撑座10一侧底边长度。In this embodiment, grooves are provided on opposite side walls of the support base 10, the elastic clamping member 18 is arranged in the groove, and the protrusion is arranged close to the free end of the side wall; the guide surface 17 is arranged on the convex On the end surface, the guide surface is approximately trapezoidal, and the length of the bottom side close to the support base 10 is greater than the length of the bottom side far away from the support base 10.
优选地,每个第一螺纹段12的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板14,限位挡板14向着第一螺纹段12斜上方延伸,使得第二螺纹段22可在第一螺纹段12上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动。通过设置限位挡板14,来限定插入第一通孔11内的调平螺杆20仅能按照一个方向(如顺时针)转动,无法反向转动,多个限位挡板14可限定调平螺杆20的转动范围,在该转动范围内可正向或反向转动,且转动范围不超过120°,通常为90°;避免造成调平螺杆20从第一通孔11内脱落,引起连接失效。Preferably, a limiting baffle 14 is provided on the same side edge of each first threaded section 12, and the limiting baffle 14 extends obliquely upwards toward the first threaded section 12, so that the second threaded section 22 can be located in the first threaded section. 12 is rotated within a preset range in a preset direction. By setting the limit baffle 14, it is restricted that the leveling screw 20 inserted into the first through hole 11 can only rotate in one direction (such as clockwise) and cannot rotate in the reverse direction. A plurality of limit baffles 14 can limit the leveling The rotation range of the screw 20 can be rotated forward or reverse within the rotation range, and the rotation range does not exceed 120°, usually 90°; avoiding the leveling screw 20 from falling out of the first through hole 11, causing connection failure .
在本实施例中,第一通孔11内均设置有两个限位挡板14,每个限位挡板14均设置在第一螺纹段12的边沿上,且与第一光滑面15连接,形成阶梯状。In this embodiment, two limiting baffles 14 are provided in the first through hole 11, and each limiting baffle 14 is provided on the edge of the first threaded section 12 and connected to the first smooth surface 15. , Form a stepped shape.
在本实施例中,调平提示部13凸出设置在第一通孔11的内壁上,且沿着第一通孔11的周向方向延伸。调平提示部13凸出于第一通孔11的内壁,方便作业人员识别具体位置,降低识别难度;调平提示部13与第一通孔11的旋出端之间存在一定距离,来保证连接强度;调平提示部13用于提示调平螺杆20在第一通孔11内的最大调平距离,当调平螺杆20插入第一通孔11时,调平提示部13被调平螺杆20遮挡,随着调平螺杆20的不断进入,至调平螺杆20与调平提示部13平齐时,转动调平螺杆20,使得第一螺杆段12与第二螺杆段22螺纹连接,可保证有效的连接强度;如果在调平提示部13出现前,调平螺杆20与墙体抵接,则调平螺杆20与支撑座10可实现有效连接;若调平提示部13出现后,调平螺杆20仍未与墙体抵接,则说明调平螺杆20长度无法满足要求,需要更换为长度更长的调平螺杆20。In this embodiment, the leveling prompt portion 13 is protrudingly provided on the inner wall of the first through hole 11 and extends along the circumferential direction of the first through hole 11. The leveling prompt part 13 protrudes from the inner wall of the first through hole 11 to facilitate the operator to identify the specific location and reduce the difficulty of identification; there is a certain distance between the leveling prompt part 13 and the screw-out end of the first through hole 11 to ensure Connection strength; the leveling prompt part 13 is used to prompt the maximum leveling distance of the leveling screw 20 in the first through hole 11, when the leveling screw 20 is inserted into the first through hole 11, the leveling prompt part 13 is leveled by the screw As the leveling screw 20 continues to enter, turn the leveling screw 20 when the leveling screw 20 is level with the leveling notification part 13 so that the first screw section 12 and the second screw section 22 are threadedly connected. Ensure effective connection strength; if the leveling screw 20 abuts against the wall before the leveling prompt 13 appears, the leveling screw 20 and the support base 10 can be effectively connected; if the leveling prompt 13 appears, adjust The flat screw 20 still does not abut the wall, it means that the length of the leveling screw 20 cannot meet the requirements, and it needs to be replaced with a longer-length leveling screw 20.
在本实施例中,调平提示部13与第一通孔11的旋出端之间距离范围为第一通孔11的长度1/4~1/2。In this embodiment, the distance between the leveling prompt portion 13 and the screw-out end of the first through hole 11 ranges from 1/4 to 1/2 of the length of the first through hole 11.
在本实施例中,第一减重凹槽和第二减重凹槽均设置在旋出端一侧;支撑座10的旋入端一侧表面与支撑座10侧壁之间形成圆滑过渡。In this embodiment, both the first weight-reducing groove and the second weight-reducing groove are arranged on the side of the screw-out end; a smooth transition is formed between the surface of the screw-in end of the support base 10 and the side wall of the support base 10.
为降低安装难度,同时保证连接强度,在本实施例中,两个第一螺纹段12在第一通孔11的内壁上对称分布,两个第二螺纹段22在调平螺杆20的外壁上对称分布,两个第一螺纹段12之间的距离小于第一通孔11的直径;两个第二螺纹段22之间的距离大于调平螺杆20的杆径;两个第一螺纹段12之间的距离与两个第二螺纹段22之间的距离相匹配。相邻的第一螺纹段12之间为第一光滑面15,相邻的第二螺纹段22之间为第二光滑面23;当调平螺杆20插入支撑座10的第一通孔11内时,第二螺杆段22与第一光滑面15相对设置,第一螺杆段12与第二光滑面23相对设置,当调平螺杆20位于第一通孔11内的端面与调平提示部13平齐时,转动调平螺杆20,使得第一螺纹段12和第二螺纹段22螺纹连接,调平螺杆20与支撑座10位置相对固定。In order to reduce the installation difficulty and ensure the connection strength, in this embodiment, two first threaded sections 12 are symmetrically distributed on the inner wall of the first through hole 11, and two second threaded sections 22 are on the outer wall of the leveling screw 20 Symmetrically distributed, the distance between the two first threaded sections 12 is smaller than the diameter of the first through hole 11; the distance between the two second threaded sections 22 is larger than the diameter of the leveling screw 20; the two first threaded sections 12 The distance therebetween matches the distance between the two second thread segments 22. There is a first smooth surface 15 between adjacent first threaded sections 12, and a second smooth surface 23 between adjacent second threaded sections 22; when the leveling screw 20 is inserted into the first through hole 11 of the support base 10 When the second screw section 22 is disposed opposite to the first smooth surface 15, the first screw section 12 is disposed opposite to the second smooth surface 23. When the leveling screw 20 is located at the end surface of the first through hole 11 and the leveling prompt portion 13 When leveling, the leveling screw 20 is rotated so that the first threaded section 12 and the second threaded section 22 are threadedly connected, and the leveling screw 20 and the support base 10 are relatively fixed in position.
在本实施例中,第一螺纹段12的弧度不大于第一光滑面15的弧度,如第一螺纹段12从第一光滑面15向内延伸而成;两个第一螺纹段12之间的距离不大于两个第一光滑面15之间的距离;第二螺纹段22的弧度略大于第二光滑面23的弧度,如第二螺纹段22从第二光滑面向外延伸而成;两个第二螺纹段22之间的距离不小于两个第二光滑面23之间的距离。In this embodiment, the arc of the first threaded section 12 is not greater than the arc of the first smooth surface 15, for example, the first threaded section 12 extends inward from the first smooth surface 15; between two first threaded sections 12 The distance between is not greater than the distance between the two first smooth surfaces 15; the arc of the second threaded section 22 is slightly larger than the arc of the second smooth surface 23, such as the second threaded section 22 extends outward from the second smooth surface; two The distance between the two second thread segments 22 is not less than the distance between the two second smooth surfaces 23.
在本实施例中,支撑座10上设置有沿周向延伸的第一减重凹槽,第一减重凹槽内设置有多个沿周向方向均匀分布的第一加强肋16。通过设置第一减重凹槽,可降低支撑座10整体重量,节约制作成本;通过设置第一加强肋16,可以提高支撑座10的结构强度,提高稳定性。In this embodiment, the support base 10 is provided with a first weight-reducing groove extending in the circumferential direction, and a plurality of first reinforcing ribs 16 uniformly distributed in the circumferential direction are provided in the first weight-reducing groove. By providing the first weight-reducing groove, the overall weight of the support base 10 can be reduced, and the manufacturing cost can be saved; by providing the first reinforcing rib 16, the structural strength of the support base 10 can be improved and the stability can be improved.
在本实施例中,第一减重凹槽设置在第一通孔11外部和支撑座10的侧壁之间,多个第一加强肋16在第一减重凹槽内均匀分布。In this embodiment, the first weight-reducing groove is arranged between the outside of the first through hole 11 and the side wall of the support base 10, and a plurality of first reinforcing ribs 16 are evenly distributed in the first weight-reducing groove.
在本实施例中,调平螺杆20上设置有沿周向延伸的第二减重凹槽,第二减重凹槽内设置有多个沿周向方向均匀分布的第二加强肋24。通过设置第二减重凹槽,可降低调平螺杆20整体重量,节约制作成本;通过设置第二加强肋24,可以提高调平螺杆20的结构强度,提高稳定性。In this embodiment, the leveling screw 20 is provided with a second weight-reducing groove extending in the circumferential direction, and a plurality of second reinforcing ribs 24 evenly distributed in the circumferential direction are provided in the second weight-reducing groove. By providing the second weight-reducing groove, the overall weight of the leveling screw 20 can be reduced, and the production cost can be saved; by providing the second reinforcing rib 24, the structural strength of the leveling screw 20 can be improved and the stability can be improved.
在本实施例中,第二减重凹槽设置在第二通孔21外部和调平螺杆20的侧壁之间,多个第二加强肋24在第二减重凹槽内均匀分布。In this embodiment, the second weight reduction groove is arranged between the outside of the second through hole 21 and the side wall of the leveling screw 20, and a plurality of second reinforcement ribs 24 are evenly distributed in the second weight reduction groove.
为降低安装难度,同时提高连接强度,在本实施例中,第二通孔21包括依次连通的安装段和固定段,安装段用于插接安装工具,固定段用于安装固定螺钉。安装工具包括但不限于内六角扳手,固定螺钉包括但不限于自攻螺钉;安装段呈内六角孔,用于内六角扳手的旋入或旋出;固定段呈埋头孔,用于自攻螺钉的固定。In order to reduce the installation difficulty and improve the connection strength, in this embodiment, the second through hole 21 includes a mounting section and a fixing section that are connected in sequence, the mounting section is used for inserting installation tools, and the fixing section is used for mounting fixing screws. Installation tools include, but are not limited to, hexagonal wrenches, fixing screws include but are not limited to self-tapping screws; the mounting section is a hexagonal hole for screwing in or out of a hexagonal wrench; the fixing section is a countersunk hole for self-tapping screws Fixed.
在本实施例中,支撑座10采用注塑材料制作而成。注塑材料具有成型效果好,质量轻、造价低、具有弹性、方便组装等优点。注塑材料包括但不限于ABS、PP、PVC、PC。In this embodiment, the support base 10 is made of injection molding materials. The injection molding material has the advantages of good molding effect, light weight, low cost, flexibility, and convenient assembly. Injection molding materials include but are not limited to ABS, PP, PVC, PC.
优选地,天龙骨31包括第二支撑板和分别从第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔。第二支撑板用于支撑竖龙骨33,第二边板与装饰层抵接,第一固定孔用于安装螺钉34,以便竖龙骨33安装定位在墙体上。Preferably, the sky keel 31 includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side, respectively. The second supporting plate is provided with a plurality of first fixings spaced along the length direction. hole. The second supporting plate is used for supporting the vertical keel 33, the second side plate abuts the decorative layer, and the first fixing hole is used for installing screws 34, so that the vertical keel 33 is installed and positioned on the wall.
在本实施例中,天龙骨31由铝合金挤出或钢板辊压成型,为通长型材,两个第二边板均向第二支撑板外侧倾斜延伸;第一固定孔包括但不限于埋头孔。In this embodiment, the sky keel 31 is extruded from aluminum alloy or rolled by steel plate, and is a full-length profile. Both second side plates extend obliquely to the outside of the second support plate; the first fixing hole includes but is not limited to countersunk hole.
另外,优选地,地龙骨32包括第三支撑板和分别从第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,第三边板长度大于第四边板长度,第三边板、第四边板和第三支撑板围合形成用于容置竖龙骨33的第二容置槽,第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔。第二容置槽用于安装和限位竖龙骨33,第四边板与墙体抵接,第二固定孔用于安装螺钉34,以便竖龙骨33安装定位在墙体上。In addition, preferably, the ground keel 32 includes a third supporting plate and a third side plate and a fourth side plate extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side, and the length of the third side plate is greater than the length of the fourth side plate. , The third side plate, the fourth side plate and the third support plate are enclosed to form a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel 33, and the third side plate is provided with a plurality of second fixings spaced apart along the length hole. The second accommodating groove is used for installing and limiting the vertical keel 33, the fourth side plate abuts against the wall, and the second fixing hole is used for installing screws 34, so that the vertical keel 33 is installed and positioned on the wall.
在本实施例中,地龙骨32由铝合金挤出或钢板辊压成型,为通长型材,第三边板的长度约等于第四边板的长度的2~3倍;第二固定孔包括但不限于埋头孔。In this embodiment, the ground keel 32 is extruded from aluminum alloy or rolled by steel plate, and is a full-length profile. The length of the third side plate is approximately equal to 2 to 3 times the length of the fourth side plate; the second fixing hole includes But not limited to countersunk holes.
下面进一步介绍墙体调平总成的使用过程。The following further introduces the use process of the wall leveling assembly.
将天龙骨31和地龙骨32相对设置,在天龙骨31和地龙骨32之间依次设置多个竖龙骨33,竖龙骨33的顶端与天龙骨31通过螺钉34固定,竖龙骨33的底端插入地龙骨32的第二容置槽内,并通过螺钉34固定,天龙骨31和地龙骨32分别用于与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨33与墙体相对设置;将支撑座10连接在竖龙骨33的第一容置槽内,其中,将支撑座10的相对两侧侧壁上的弹性卡件18一一对应地卡入竖龙骨33的相对两侧侧壁的卡槽内;将竖龙骨33抵接在墙体上,将内六角扳手插入第二通孔21的安装段内,并将调平螺杆20插入第一通孔11内,调平螺杆20的第二螺纹段22与第一通孔11的第一光滑面相对设置,第一通孔11的第一螺纹段12与调平螺杆20的第二光滑面相对设置,推动调平螺杆20沿着第一通孔11向墙体一侧移动,至抵接在墙体上,此时,如果调平提示部13没有暴露或与调平螺杆20的端面平齐设置,则可转动调平螺杆20,使得第一螺纹段12与第二螺纹段22螺纹连接,限位挡板14可限定插入第一通孔11的调平螺杆20仅能按照一个方向转动,多个限位挡板14可限定调平螺杆20的转动范围,避免过度转动从第一通孔11内脱落;采用自攻螺钉安装到第二通孔21的固定段,将调平螺杆20固定在墙体上;如果调平提示部13已经暴露,但是调平螺杆20仍未与墙体抵接,将调平螺杆20退出第一通孔11,更换长度更长的调平螺杆20重新安装。The sky keel 31 and the earth keel 32 are arranged oppositely, a plurality of vertical keels 33 are arranged in sequence between the sky keel 31 and the earth keel 32, the top of the vertical keel 33 and the sky keel 31 are fixed by screws 34, and the bottom end of the vertical keel 33 is inserted In the second accommodating groove of the ground keel 32 and fixed by screws 34, the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 are respectively used to connect with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall, so that the vertical keel 33 is arranged opposite to the wall; 10 is connected to the first accommodating groove of the vertical keel 33, wherein the elastic clamping members 18 on the opposite side walls of the support base 10 are locked into the grooves on the opposite side walls of the vertical keel 33 one by one. Inside; abut the vertical keel 33 on the wall, insert an Allen key into the installation section of the second through hole 21, and insert the leveling screw 20 into the first through hole 11, and level the second thread of the screw 20 The section 22 is arranged opposite to the first smooth surface of the first through hole 11, the first threaded section 12 of the first through hole 11 is arranged opposite to the second smooth surface of the leveling screw 20, and the leveling screw 20 is pushed along the first through hole. The hole 11 moves to the side of the wall until it abuts on the wall. At this time, if the leveling prompt 13 is not exposed or is arranged flush with the end surface of the leveling screw 20, the leveling screw 20 can be rotated to make the first A threaded section 12 is threadedly connected with a second threaded section 22, the limit baffle 14 can limit the leveling screw 20 inserted into the first through hole 11 to rotate only in one direction, and a plurality of limit baffles 14 can define the leveling screw 20 to prevent excessive rotation from falling off the first through hole 11; use self-tapping screws to install to the fixing section of the second through hole 21, and fix the leveling screw 20 on the wall; if the leveling prompt 13 has been Exposed, but the leveling screw 20 is still not in contact with the wall, the leveling screw 20 is withdrawn from the first through hole 11, and the leveling screw 20 with a longer length is replaced and reinstalled.
图9a~9g为图1所示的调平组件的墙体调平总成的安装过程示意图。本发明还提供一种如上述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,包括:Figures 9a to 9g are schematic diagrams of the installation process of the wall leveling assembly of the leveling assembly shown in Figure 1. The present invention also provides a method for installing the wall leveling assembly as described above, including:
(1)将待安装区域的墙体40及周边设置基层起始位置标记以及基层完成面标记;根据基层起始位置标记,将墙体区分为组装区和/或其它区;标记包括但不限于指示线,指示线根据施工图纸设定;基层起始位置标记均沿着墙体40的高度方向延伸,基层完成面标记叠加在墙体40的厚度方向上,即分别沿着墙体40的高度方向和宽度方向延伸;其它区安装面积远小于组装区安装面积,通常其它区安装面积仅限于安装单个竖龙骨33; (1) Set the base starting position mark and base finishing surface mark on the wall 40 and the periphery of the area to be installed; according to the base starting position mark, the wall is divided into assembly areas and/or other areas; markings include but are not limited to The indication line is set according to the construction drawings; the starting position marks of the base layer are all extended along the height direction of the wall 40, and the mark of the finished surface of the base layer is superimposed on the thickness direction of the wall 40, that is, along the height of the wall 40 respectively. Extend in the direction and width direction; the installation area of other areas is much smaller than the installation area of the assembly area, usually the installation area of other areas is limited to the installation of a single vertical keel 33;
(2)在组装区内安装龙骨组件30,且使龙骨组件30的边沿与基层完成面标记重合;其中,将多个竖龙骨33依次间隔地连接在天龙骨31和地龙骨32之间,每个竖龙骨33的安装孔内安装支撑座10,将天龙骨31和地龙骨32分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;(2) Install the keel component 30 in the assembly area, and make the edge of the keel component 30 coincide with the mark of the base layer finish surface; wherein, a plurality of vertical keels 33 are connected between the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 at intervals. A support seat 10 is installed in the installation hole of each vertical keel 33, and the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 are respectively connected to the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall;
(3)将调平螺杆20插入支撑座10的第一通孔11内且沿着第一通孔11移动,至调平螺杆20位于第一通孔11外的一端端面与墙体40抵接,且调平螺杆20位于第一通孔11内的一端端面可与调平提示部13平齐设置;驱动调平螺杆20在预设范围内转动,使得第一螺纹段12与第二螺纹段螺纹22连接;(3) Insert the leveling screw 20 into the first through hole 11 of the support base 10 and move along the first through hole 11 until the end of the leveling screw 20 outside the first through hole 11 abuts against the wall 40 , And the end surface of the leveling screw 20 located in the first through hole 11 can be arranged flush with the leveling prompt part 13; the leveling screw 20 is driven to rotate within a preset range, so that the first threaded section 12 and the second threaded section Thread 22 connection;
(4)采用固定件将调平螺杆20固定在墙体40上;(4) Fix the leveling screw 20 on the wall 40 with fixing parts;
(5)重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个支撑座10内均安装有调平螺杆20;(5) Repeat steps (3) and (4) until a leveling screw 20 is installed in each support base 10;
(6)在其它区内安装至少一个竖龙骨33,每个竖龙骨33的安装孔内安装支撑座10,将竖龙骨33的两端均连接在墙体40上;重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个支撑座10内均安装有调平螺杆20。(6) Install at least one vertical keel 33 in other areas, install the support seat 10 in the installation hole of each vertical keel 33, and connect both ends of the vertical keel 33 to the wall 40; repeat steps (3) and ( 4) A leveling screw 20 is installed in each support base 10.
根据墙体的安装区域面积,将墙体划分为组装区和其它区,组装区用于安装龙骨组件,其它区通常设置在门体或窗体附近,因安装空间受限,通常仅安装竖龙骨及调平组件;进而保证组装区和其它区保持相同支撑高度。采用上述墙体调平总成的安装方法,竖龙骨的两端分别与天龙骨和地龙骨连接,天龙骨和地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨与墙体相对设置;支撑座与竖龙骨配合使用,然后将调平螺杆旋入支撑座的第一通孔内,通过调节调平螺杆的插入深度,为竖龙骨提供有效支撑,保持竖龙骨的平直延伸,实现竖龙骨相对墙体的找平,为安装在竖龙骨上方的装饰层提供相同的支撑高度;支撑座与调平螺杆通过螺纹连接,可提高调平精度;而且,第一螺纹段和第二螺纹段均采用半螺纹结构,可对转动角度进行限位,避免过度调节,保证连接稳定性;而且,在出厂前,可将支撑座安装在竖龙骨上,在施工现场只需要完成调平螺杆的安装和定位,安装步骤简单,降低组装难度,提高安装速度。According to the installation area of the wall, the wall is divided into assembly area and other areas. The assembly area is used to install keel components. Other areas are usually set near the door or window. Due to the limited installation space, only the vertical keel is usually installed. And leveling components; thereby ensuring that the assembly area and other areas maintain the same support height. Using the above installation method of the wall leveling assembly, the two ends of the vertical keel are connected to the sky keel and the ground keel respectively, and the sky keel and the ground keel are connected to the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall respectively, so that the vertical keel is arranged opposite to the wall. ; The support base is used in conjunction with the vertical keel, and then the leveling screw is screwed into the first through hole of the support base, and the insertion depth of the leveling screw is adjusted to provide effective support for the vertical keel and maintain the straight extension of the vertical keel to achieve The leveling of the vertical keel relative to the wall provides the same support height for the decorative layer installed above the vertical keel; the support base and the leveling screw are threaded to improve the leveling accuracy; moreover, the first thread section and the second thread section All adopt a half-thread structure, which can limit the rotation angle to avoid excessive adjustment and ensure the stability of the connection; moreover, the support base can be installed on the vertical keel before leaving the factory, and only the installation of the leveling screw is required at the construction site And positioning, the installation steps are simple, the assembly difficulty is reduced, and the installation speed is increased.
优选地,竖龙骨33包括第一支撑板和分别从第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个第一边板和第一支撑板围合形成用于容置支撑座10的第一容置槽;多个安装孔均设置在第一支撑板上;支撑座10的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件18,第一边板上均设置有与弹性卡件18配合使用且一一对应地卡槽;在步骤(2)中还包括:将支撑座10安装在第一容置槽内,支撑座10的两个弹性卡件18分别与两个第一边板上的卡槽卡合连接。通过设置弹性卡件18和卡槽相互配合,可实现支撑座10与竖龙骨33的卡合连接。在安装前,可将支撑座10和竖龙骨33提前完成安装,当运输到安装现场时,只需要安装匹配的调平螺杆20即可,降低运输难度,同时提高安装速度。Preferably, the vertical keel 33 includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side respectively, and the two first side plates and the first supporting plate are enclosed and formed for accommodating The first accommodating groove of the support base 10; a plurality of mounting holes are provided on the first support plate; the opposite side walls of the support base 10 are provided with elastic clamping members 18, and the first side plate is provided with The elastic clamping members 18 are used in conjunction with one-to-one corresponding grooves; in step (2), it also includes: installing the support base 10 in the first accommodating groove, and the two elastic clamping members 18 of the support base 10 are connected to the two The card slot on the first side board is connected by snapping. By providing the elastic clamping member 18 and the clamping groove to cooperate with each other, the clamping connection between the support base 10 and the vertical keel 33 can be realized. Before installation, the support base 10 and the vertical keel 33 can be installed in advance. When transported to the installation site, only the matching leveling screw 20 needs to be installed, which reduces the transportation difficulty and increases the installation speed.
优选地,每个第一螺纹段12的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板14,限位挡板14向着第一螺纹段12斜上方延伸,使得第二螺纹段22可在第一螺纹段12上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动;在步骤(3)中还包括:当调平螺杆20插入第一通孔11内,每个限位挡板14用于阻挡调平螺杆20反向转动;多个限位挡板14用于限定调平螺杆20转动范围。通过设置限位挡板14,来限定插入第一通孔11内的调平螺杆20仅能按照一个方向(如顺时针)转动,无法反向转动,多个限位挡板14可限定调平螺杆20的转动范围,在该转动范围内可正向或反向转动,且转动范围不超过120°,通常为90°;避免造成调平螺杆20从第一通孔11内脱落,引起连接失效。Preferably, a limiting baffle 14 is provided on the same side edge of each first threaded section 12, and the limiting baffle 14 extends obliquely upwards toward the first threaded section 12, so that the second threaded section 22 can be located in the first threaded section. 12 rotates within a preset range according to a preset direction; step (3) also includes: when the leveling screw 20 is inserted into the first through hole 11, each limit baffle 14 is used to block the leveling screw 20 Reverse rotation; multiple limit baffles 14 are used to limit the rotation range of the leveling screw 20. By setting the limit baffle 14, it is restricted that the leveling screw 20 inserted into the first through hole 11 can only rotate in one direction (such as clockwise) and cannot rotate in the reverse direction. A plurality of limit baffles 14 can limit the leveling The rotation range of the screw 20 can be rotated forward or reverse within the rotation range, and the rotation range does not exceed 120°, usually 90°; avoiding the leveling screw 20 from falling out of the first through hole 11, causing connection failure .
优选地,天龙骨31包括第二支撑板和分别从第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:多个竖龙骨33的顶端均沿着第二支撑板的延伸方向依次等间隔分布,每个竖龙骨33均与墙体40抵接;第二边板向远离第一容置槽一侧延伸,使用第一固定件贯穿第一固定孔,且与墙体上部固定。第二支撑板用于支撑竖龙骨33,第二边板与装饰层抵接,第一固定孔用于安装第一固定件(如螺钉34),以便竖龙骨33安装定位在墙体40上。Preferably, the sky keel 31 includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side, respectively. The second supporting plate is provided with a plurality of first fixings spaced along the length direction. Hole; in step (2) also includes: the top ends of a plurality of vertical keels 33 are distributed at equal intervals along the extension direction of the second support plate, and each vertical keel 33 abuts the wall 40; the second side plate Extending to the side away from the first accommodating groove, the first fixing member is used to penetrate the first fixing hole and is fixed to the upper part of the wall. The second support plate is used to support the vertical keel 33, the second side plate abuts the decorative layer, and the first fixing hole is used to install a first fixing member (such as a screw 34) so that the vertical keel 33 is installed and positioned on the wall 40.
优选地,地龙骨32包括第三支撑板和分别从第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,第三边板长度大于第四边板长度,第三边板、第四边板和第三支撑板围合形成用于容置竖龙骨33的第二容置槽,第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:第三支撑板与地面抵接,第四边板与墙体下部抵接,多个竖龙骨33的底端均插入第二容置槽内,且沿着第二容置槽的延伸方向等间隔分布,使用第二固定件贯穿第二固定孔,且与墙体下部固定。第二容置槽用于安装和限位竖龙骨33,第四边板与墙体40抵接,第二固定孔用于安装第二固定件(如螺钉34),以便竖龙骨33安装定位在墙体上。Preferably, the ground keel 32 includes a third supporting plate, and a third side plate and a fourth side plate respectively extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side. The length of the third side plate is greater than the length of the fourth side plate. The three side plates, the fourth side plate, and the third support plate enclose a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel 33, and the third side plate is provided with a plurality of second fixing holes spaced apart along the length; In step (2), it further includes: the third supporting plate abuts against the ground, the fourth side plate abuts against the lower part of the wall, and the bottom ends of the plurality of vertical keels 33 are inserted into the second accommodating groove along the first The extension directions of the two accommodating grooves are distributed at equal intervals, and the second fixing member is used to penetrate the second fixing hole and is fixed to the lower part of the wall. The second accommodating groove is used to install and limit the vertical keel 33, the fourth side plate abuts the wall 40, and the second fixing hole is used to install a second fixing member (such as a screw 34) so that the vertical keel 33 is installed and positioned On the wall.
下面进一步介绍墙体调平总成的安装方法。以两面墙体为例,其中,水平向墙体上设置有门框,简称A墙体,竖直向墙体简称为B墙体。The following further introduces the installation method of the wall leveling assembly. Take two walls as an example, where a door frame is provided on the horizontal wall, which is referred to as A wall for short, and the vertical wall is referred to as B wall for short.
(1)因A墙体上设置有门框,将A墙体划分为组装区和其它区,在A墙体靠近B墙体一侧设置一条A立面基层起始位置标记(如使用弹线标记),在门框两侧各设置一条A立面基层起始位置标记(位于其它区内);在B墙体靠近A墙体一侧设置一条基层完成面标记;在A墙体前方设置一条基层完成面标记;B墙体均为组装区,在B墙体靠近A墙体一侧设置一条B立面基层起始位置标记;在A墙体靠近B墙体一侧设置一条基层完成面标记;在B墙体前方设置一条基层完成面标记;(1) Because there is a door frame on wall A, wall A is divided into assembly area and other areas. Set a mark of the starting position of the base of A facade on the side of wall A close to wall B (such as using bullet line marks) ), on both sides of the door frame, set a mark of the starting position of the base of A facade (located in other areas); set a mark of the base finish on the side of wall B close to wall A; set a mark of base finish in front of wall A Surface markers; B walls are all assembly areas. Set a mark for the starting position of the base layer of B facade on the side of wall B close to wall A; set a mark for the completion of the base layer on the side of wall A close to wall B; Set a mark on the base finish surface in front of the B wall;
(2)根据A墙体的组装区安装面积,安装尺寸匹配的龙骨组件;将多个支撑座10均安装到竖龙骨33的第一容置槽内,使得每个安装孔对应位置均安装有支撑座10,将天龙骨31和地龙骨32相对设置,将多个竖龙骨33按照预设距离依次分布到天龙骨31和地龙骨32之间;(2) According to the installation area of the assembly area of the A wall, install the keel components of matching size; install the multiple support seats 10 into the first accommodating groove of the vertical keel 33, so that the corresponding position of each installation hole is installed The supporting base 10 is arranged to face the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32, and a plurality of vertical keels 33 are sequentially distributed between the sky keel 31 and the ground keel 32 according to a preset distance;
(3)将竖龙骨33的顶端通过螺钉34固定在天龙骨31的第二支撑板上,将竖龙骨33的底端插入地龙骨32的第二容置槽内,并通过螺钉34固定在地龙骨32的第三边板上;(3) Fix the top end of the vertical keel 33 on the second support plate of the sky keel 31 with screws 34, insert the bottom end of the vertical keel 33 into the second accommodating groove of the ground keel 32, and fix it on the ground with screws 34 The third side board of keel 32;
(4)将组装好的龙骨组件与墙体10相对设置,其中,竖龙骨33的第一边板与墙体40抵接,地龙骨32的第三支撑板与地面抵接,位于两端的竖龙骨33分别抵接在A墙体的A立面基层起始位置标记上,且竖龙骨的厚度方向的外边沿分别与B墙体靠近A墙体一侧设置一条基层完成面标记以及A墙体前方设置一条基层完成面标记重合; (4) Place the assembled keel assembly opposite to the wall 10, wherein the first side plate of the vertical keel 33 abuts against the wall 40, and the third support plate of the ground keel 32 abuts against the ground, and is located at both ends of the vertical The keel 33 abuts on the starting position mark of the base layer of the A facade of the A wall, and the outer edges of the vertical keel in the thickness direction are respectively provided with a base finish surface mark and the A wall on the side of the B wall close to the A wall. Set up a base layer to complete the surface marking overlap in front;
(5)然后,采用调平螺杆20对四角进行调平及固定,然后逐一调平及固定;将内六角扳手插入第二通孔21的安装段内,并将调平螺杆20插入第一通孔11内,调平螺杆20的第二螺纹段22与第一通孔11的第一光滑面相对设置,第一通孔11的第一螺纹段12与调平螺杆20的第二光滑面相对设置,推动调平螺杆20沿着第一通孔11向墙体一侧移动,至抵接在墙体上,此时,如果调平提示部13没有暴露或与调平螺杆20的端面平齐设置,则可转动调平螺杆20,使得第一螺纹段12与第二螺纹段22螺纹连接,限位挡板14可限定插入第一通孔11的调平螺杆20仅能按照一个方向转动(如顺时针),多个限位挡板14可限定调平螺杆20的转动范围(如90°),避免过度转动从第一通孔11内脱落;采用自攻螺钉安装到第二通孔21的固定段,将调平螺杆20固定在墙体上;如果调平提示部13已经暴露,但是调平螺杆20仍未与墙体抵接,将调平螺杆20退出第一通孔11,更换长度更长的调平螺杆20重新安装;(5) Then, use the leveling screw 20 to level and fix the four corners, and then level and fix them one by one; insert the Allen key into the installation section of the second through hole 21, and insert the leveling screw 20 into the first through In the hole 11, the second thread section 22 of the leveling screw 20 is opposite to the first smooth surface of the first through hole 11, and the first thread section 12 of the first through hole 11 is opposite to the second smooth surface of the leveling screw 20 Set, push the leveling screw 20 to move to the wall side along the first through hole 11 until it abuts on the wall. At this time, if the leveling prompt 13 is not exposed or is flush with the end surface of the leveling screw 20 If set, the leveling screw 20 can be rotated so that the first threaded section 12 and the second threaded section 22 are threadedly connected, and the limit baffle 14 can restrict the leveling screw 20 inserted into the first through hole 11 to only rotate in one direction ( (E.g. clockwise), multiple limit baffles 14 can limit the rotation range of the leveling screw 20 (eg 90°) to prevent excessive rotation from falling off the first through hole 11; use self-tapping screws to install to the second through hole 21 Fix the leveling screw 20 on the wall; if the leveling prompt 13 has been exposed, but the leveling screw 20 is still not in contact with the wall, remove the leveling screw 20 from the first through hole 11 and replace Reinstall the longer leveling screw 20;
(6)重复步骤(2)~(5),完成B墙体调平;(6) Repeat steps (2)~(5) to complete B wall leveling;
(7)在其它区内,根据门框两侧各设置一条A立面基层起始位置标记,安装两个竖龙骨33,将多个支撑座10均安装到竖龙骨33的第一容置槽内,使得每个安装孔对应位置均安装有支撑座10,重复步骤(5),完成竖龙骨33的调平及固定。(7) In other areas, install two vertical keels 33 according to the starting position mark of the base A on both sides of the door frame, and install multiple support seats 10 into the first accommodating groove of the vertical keel 33 , So that the support base 10 is installed at the corresponding position of each mounting hole, repeat step (5) to complete the leveling and fixing of the vertical keel 33.
从上面的描述和实践可知,本发明提供的墙体调平总成以及安装方法,与现有技术相比,具有以下优点:竖龙骨的两端分别与天龙骨和地龙骨连接,天龙骨和地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接,使得竖龙骨与墙体相对设置,装饰层可通过竖龙骨安装在墙体上,降低装配难度,提高装配速度;支撑座与竖龙骨配合使用,然后将调平螺杆旋入支撑座的第一通孔内,通过调节调平螺杆的插入深度,为竖龙骨提供有效支撑,保持竖龙骨的平直延伸,实现竖龙骨相对墙体的找平,为安装在竖龙骨上方的装饰层提供相同的支撑高度;支撑座与调平螺杆通过螺纹连接,可提高调平精度;而且,第一螺纹段和第二螺纹段均采用半螺纹结构,可对转动角度进行限位,避免过度调节,保证连接稳定性;而且,在出厂前,可将支撑座安装在竖龙骨上,在施工现场只需要完成调平螺杆的安装和定位,安装步骤简单,降低组装难度,提高安装速度。It can be seen from the above description and practice that the wall leveling assembly and installation method provided by the present invention, compared with the prior art, have the following advantages: the two ends of the vertical keel are connected with the sky keel and the ground keel, and the sky keel and The ground keel is respectively connected with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall, so that the vertical keel is arranged opposite to the wall. The decorative layer can be installed on the wall through the vertical keel, which reduces the difficulty of assembly and increases the assembly speed; the supporting seat is used in conjunction with the vertical keel, Then screw the leveling screw into the first through hole of the support base, and adjust the insertion depth of the leveling screw to provide effective support for the vertical keel, maintain the vertical extension of the vertical keel, and realize the leveling of the vertical keel relative to the wall. The decorative layer installed above the vertical keel provides the same support height; the support base and the leveling screw are threaded to improve the leveling accuracy; moreover, the first thread section and the second thread section both adopt a semi-thread structure, which can be rotated The angle is limited to avoid excessive adjustment and ensure the stability of the connection; moreover, the support base can be installed on the vertical keel before leaving the factory. Only the installation and positioning of the leveling screw need to be completed at the construction site. The installation steps are simple and the assembly is reduced. Difficulty, improve installation speed.
所属领域的普通技术人员应当理解:以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,凡在本发明的主旨之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。Those of ordinary skill in the art should understand that the above are only specific embodiments of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit of the present invention, All should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种墙体调平总成,其特征在于,包括: A wall body leveling assembly is characterized in that it comprises:
    龙骨组件,所述龙骨组件包括相对设置的天龙骨、地龙骨以及多个均连接在所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨之间且依次间隔分布的竖龙骨;所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;每个所述竖龙骨上均设置有多个沿长度方向间隔分布的安装孔;A keel component, the keel component includes a sky keel, an earth keel, and a plurality of vertical keels that are connected between the sky keel and the earth keel and are distributed in sequence; the sky keel and the earth keel Are respectively connected with the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall; each of the vertical keels is provided with a plurality of installation holes spaced apart along the length;
    调平组件,每个所述安装孔对应位置均安装有所述调平组件,所述调平组件包括支撑座和调平螺杆,所述支撑座用于与所述竖龙骨可拆卸连接,所述支撑座上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第一通孔,且与所述安装孔相对设置;所述第一通孔的内壁上设置有多段沿周向间隔且均匀分布的第一螺纹段,相邻的两个所述第一螺纹段之间设置有调平提示部;所述调平螺杆上设置有沿厚度方向贯穿的第二通孔,所述调平螺杆的外壁上设置有多段沿周向方向间隔分布且均可与所述第一螺纹段配合使用的第二螺纹段;所述调平螺杆可沿着所述第一通孔移动,且所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔内的一端端面可与所述调平提示部平齐设置。A leveling assembly, the leveling assembly is installed at a corresponding position of each mounting hole, the leveling assembly includes a support base and a leveling screw, the support base is used to detachably connect with the vertical keel, so The support seat is provided with a first through hole penetrating in the thickness direction and is arranged opposite to the mounting hole; the inner wall of the first through hole is provided with a plurality of first thread segments spaced and evenly distributed in the circumferential direction, A leveling prompt portion is provided between two adjacent first threaded sections; a second through hole penetrating in the thickness direction is provided on the leveling screw, and a plurality of sections are provided on the outer wall of the leveling screw. A second threaded section spaced in the circumferential direction and can be used in conjunction with the first threaded section; the leveling screw can move along the first through hole, and the leveling screw is located in the first One end surface in the through hole can be flush with the leveling prompt part.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的墙体调平总成,其特征在于, The wall leveling assembly according to claim 1, wherein:
    所述竖龙骨包括第一支撑板和分别从所述第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个所述第一边板和所述第一支撑板围合形成用于容置所述支撑座的第一容置槽;多个所述安装孔均设置在所述第一支撑板上;所述支撑座的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件,所述第一边板上均设置有与所述弹性卡件配合使用且一一对应地卡槽。The vertical keel includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side respectively, and the two first side plates and the first supporting plate are enclosed to form A first accommodating groove for accommodating the support seat; a plurality of the mounting holes are all provided on the first support plate; elastic clamping members are provided on opposite side walls of the support seat, The first side plates are provided with grooves that cooperate with the elastic clamping members and correspond to each other.
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的墙体调平总成,其特征在于, The wall leveling assembly according to claim 1 or 2, wherein:
    每个所述第一螺纹段的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板,所述限位挡板向着所述第一螺纹段斜上方延伸,使得所述第二螺纹段可在所述第一螺纹段上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动。A limit baffle is provided on the same side edge of each of the first threaded sections, and the limit baffle extends obliquely upwards toward the first threaded section, so that the second threaded section can be positioned on the first threaded section. The thread segment rotates within a preset range according to a preset direction.
  4. 根据权利要求1或2所述的墙体调平总成,其特征在于, The wall leveling assembly according to claim 1 or 2, wherein:
    所述天龙骨包括第二支撑板和分别从所述第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,所述第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔。The sky keel includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side respectively, and a plurality of first supporting plates spaced along the length direction are provided on the second supporting plate. A fixing hole.
  5. 根据权利要求1或2所述的墙体调平总成,其特征在于, The wall leveling assembly according to claim 1 or 2, wherein:
    所述地龙骨包括第三支撑板和分别从所述第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,所述第三边板长度大于所述第四边板长度,所述第三边板、所述第四边板和所述第三支撑板围合形成用于容置所述竖龙骨的第二容置槽,所述第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔。The ground keel includes a third supporting plate and a third side plate and a fourth side plate extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side, and the third side plate is longer than the fourth side The length of the board, the third side board, the fourth side board and the third support board are enclosed to form a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel, and the third side board is provided with A plurality of second fixing holes are arranged at intervals along the length direction.
  6. 一种如权利要求1至5任一项所述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,其特征在于,包括: A method for installing a wall leveling assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that it comprises:
    (1)将待安装区域的墙体及周边设置基层起始位置标记以及基层完成面标记;根据所述基层起始位置标记,将所述墙体区分为组装区和/或其它区;(1) Set the base layer starting position mark and base layer completion surface mark on the wall of the area to be installed and its periphery; according to the base layer starting position mark, the wall is divided into assembly areas and/or other areas;
    (2)在所述组装区内安装龙骨组件,且使所述龙骨组件的边沿与所述基层完成面标记重合;其中,将多个竖龙骨依次间隔地连接在天龙骨和地龙骨之间,每个所述竖龙骨的安装孔内安装支撑座,将所述天龙骨和所述地龙骨分别与墙体上部和墙体下部连接;(2) Install the keel component in the assembly area, and make the edge of the keel component coincide with the mark on the completion surface of the base layer; wherein a plurality of vertical keels are connected between the sky keel and the ground keel at intervals, A support seat is installed in the installation hole of each vertical keel, and the sky keel and the ground keel are respectively connected to the upper part of the wall and the lower part of the wall;
    (3)将调平螺杆插入所述支撑座的第一通孔内且沿着所述第一通孔移动,至所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔外的一端端面与所述墙体抵接,且所述调平螺杆位于所述第一通孔内的一端端面可与所述调平提示部平齐设置;驱动所述调平螺杆在预设范围内转动,使得第一螺纹段与第二螺纹段螺纹连接;(3) Insert the leveling screw into the first through hole of the support base and move along the first through hole until the end face of the leveling screw is located outside the first through hole and the wall Body abuts, and the end surface of the leveling screw located in the first through hole can be arranged flush with the leveling prompt part; driving the leveling screw to rotate within a preset range, so that the first thread Threaded connection with the second threaded section;
    (4)采用固定件将所述调平螺杆固定在所述墙体上;(4) Fixing the leveling screw on the wall with a fixing part;
    (5)重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个所述支撑座内均安装有所述调平螺杆;(5) Repeat steps (3) and (4) until the leveling screw is installed in each support seat;
    (6)在所述其它区内安装至少一个所述竖龙骨,每个所述竖龙骨的安装孔内安装支撑座,将所述竖龙骨的两端均连接在所述墙体上;重复步骤(3)和(4),至每个所述支撑座内均安装有所述调平螺杆。(6) Install at least one vertical keel in the other area, install a support seat in the installation hole of each vertical keel, and connect both ends of the vertical keel to the wall; repeat the steps (3) and (4), the leveling screw is installed in each support seat.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,其特征在于, The installation method of the wall leveling assembly according to claim 6, wherein:
    所述竖龙骨包括第一支撑板和分别从所述第一支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第一边板,两个所述第一边板和所述第一支撑板围合形成用于容置所述支撑座的第一容置槽;多个所述安装孔均设置在所述第一支撑板上;所述支撑座的相对两侧侧壁上均设置有弹性卡件,所述第一边板上均设置有与所述弹性卡件配合使用且一一对应地卡槽;在步骤(2)中还包括:将所述支撑座安装在所述第一容置槽内,所述支撑座的两个弹性卡件分别与两个所述第一边板上的卡槽卡合连接。The vertical keel includes a first supporting plate and a first side plate extending from opposite sides of the first supporting plate to the same side respectively, and the two first side plates and the first supporting plate are enclosed to form A first accommodating groove for accommodating the support seat; a plurality of the mounting holes are all provided on the first support plate; elastic clamping members are provided on opposite side walls of the support seat, Each of the first side plates is provided with grooves that cooperate with the elastic clamping members and correspond to each other; in step (2), it further includes: installing the support seat in the first accommodating groove , The two elastic clamping members of the support seat are respectively engaged with the clamping slots on the two first side plates.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,其特征在于, The method for installing a wall leveling assembly according to claim 7, wherein:
    每个所述第一螺纹段的同一侧边沿上均设置有限位挡板,所述限位挡板向着所述第一螺纹段斜上方延伸,使得所述第二螺纹段可在所述第一螺纹段上在按照预设方向在预设范围内转动;在步骤(3)中还包括:当所述调平螺杆插入所述第一通孔内,每个所述限位挡板用于阻挡所述调平螺杆反向转动;多个所述限位挡板用于限定所述调平螺杆转动范围。A limit baffle is provided on the same side edge of each of the first threaded sections, and the limit baffle extends obliquely upwards toward the first threaded section, so that the second threaded section can be positioned on the first threaded section. The threaded section rotates within a preset range according to a preset direction; in step (3), it further includes: when the leveling screw is inserted into the first through hole, each of the limit baffles is used to block The leveling screw rotates in reverse; a plurality of limit baffles are used to limit the rotation range of the leveling screw.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,其特征在于, The installation method of the wall leveling assembly according to claim 8, wherein:
    所述天龙骨包括第二支撑板和分别从所述第二支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第二边板,所述第二支撑板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第一固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:多个所述竖龙骨的顶端均沿着所述第二支撑板的延伸方向依次等间隔分布,每个所述竖龙骨均与所述墙体抵接;所述第二边板向远离所述第一容置槽一侧延伸,使用第一固定件贯穿所述第一固定孔,且与所述墙体上部固定。The sky keel includes a second supporting plate and a second side plate extending from opposite sides of the second supporting plate to the same side respectively, and a plurality of first supporting plates spaced along the length direction are provided on the second supporting plate. A fixing hole; in step (2), it further includes: the top ends of a plurality of the vertical keels are distributed at regular intervals along the extension direction of the second support plate, and each of the vertical keels is connected to the wall Abutting; the second side plate extends to a side away from the first accommodating groove, using a first fixing member to penetrate the first fixing hole, and fixed with the upper part of the wall.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的墙体调平总成的安装方法,其特征在于, The installation method of the wall leveling assembly according to claim 9, characterized in that:
    所述地龙骨包括第三支撑板和分别从所述第三支撑板相对两侧向同侧延伸出的第三边板和第四边板,所述第三边板长度大于所述第四边板长度,所述第三边板、所述第四边板和所述第三支撑板围合形成用于容置所述竖龙骨的第二容置槽,所述第三边板上设置有多个沿长度方向间隔设置的第二固定孔;在步骤(2)中还包括:所述第三支撑板与地面抵接,所述第四边板与所述墙体下部抵接,多个所述竖龙骨的底端均插入所述第二容置槽内,且沿着所述第二容置槽的延伸方向等间隔分布,使用第二固定件贯穿所述第二固定孔,且与所述墙体下部固定。The ground keel includes a third supporting plate and a third side plate and a fourth side plate extending from opposite sides of the third supporting plate to the same side, and the third side plate is longer than the fourth side The length of the board, the third side board, the fourth side board and the third support board are enclosed to form a second accommodating groove for accommodating the vertical keel, and the third side board is provided with A plurality of second fixing holes arranged at intervals along the length direction; in step (2), the method further includes: the third supporting plate abuts against the ground, the fourth side plate abuts against the lower part of the wall, and a plurality of The bottom ends of the vertical keels are inserted into the second accommodating groove, and are distributed at equal intervals along the extension direction of the second accommodating groove, and a second fixing member is used to penetrate the second fixing hole, and The lower part of the wall is fixed.
PCT/CN2020/070168 2019-08-22 2020-01-03 Wall leveling assembly and mounting method therefor WO2021031509A1 (en)

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CN110409740A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-05 浙江亚厦装饰股份有限公司 Wall levels assembly and installation method

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CN110409740A (en) * 2019-08-22 2019-11-05 浙江亚厦装饰股份有限公司 Wall levels assembly and installation method
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CN205688807U (en) * 2016-06-06 2016-11-16 富于安(福建)环保模板有限公司 The positioner of modified model concrete blinding
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