WO2021027120A1 - Automatic welding machine for fan base frame - Google Patents

Automatic welding machine for fan base frame Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021027120A1
WO2021027120A1 PCT/CN2019/116654 CN2019116654W WO2021027120A1 WO 2021027120 A1 WO2021027120 A1 WO 2021027120A1 CN 2019116654 W CN2019116654 W CN 2019116654W WO 2021027120 A1 WO2021027120 A1 WO 2021027120A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
outer frame
frame
board
movement mechanism
alignment
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PCT/CN2019/116654
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
武建伟
陈学志
许方富
吴军辉
朱伟
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浙江大学台州研究院
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Publication of WO2021027120A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021027120A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K31/00Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K31/02Processes relevant to this subclass, specially adapted for particular articles or purposes, but not covered by only one of the preceding main groups relating to soldering or welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work

Definitions

  • the invention relates to an automatic welding machine for a fan base frame.
  • the welding of the fan base frame is generally manual welding, which has high labor intensity and poor safety.
  • Manual welding of one type of fan base frame requires a set of fixtures, and fan models vary widely. Changing fixtures is time-consuming, laborious, and costly. Inconsistent fixture installation positions can easily lead to unstable welding quality and low yield.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to solve the technical problems of low welding accuracy, poor consistency, low welding efficiency and high cost of the current fan base frame.
  • the present invention provides an automatic welding machine for fan base frame, which includes a frame and an automatic welding unit installed on it, an outer frame alignment tool and an insert board alignment tool; the automatic welding unit is located at The outer frame is aligned above the tooling, the insert plate alignment tool is installed below the outer frame aligning tool; the outer frame aligning tool is installed at the outer frame aligning station, and is used to align the fan base The outer frame of the frame is aligned and clamped; the plug-in board alignment tool is installed at the plug-in board alignment station, and is used to align and clamp multiple internal plug-in boards of the fan base frame; the automatic welding The unit is used to weld and fix each of the internal plug-in boards and the outer frame.
  • the outer frame alignment station has two and are independent of each other, and two sets of the outer frame alignment tooling are correspondingly provided;
  • the insert plate alignment station has two and is independent of each other, and two correspondingly provided Set the insert plate to align the tooling.
  • the outer frame alignment tool includes a reference outer frame clamping mechanism, three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms, an outer frame alignment tool left and right movement mechanism, and an outer frame alignment tool forward and backward movement mechanism; wherein, The reference outer frame clamping mechanism and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are separately arranged at the four corners of the outer frame alignment station, and the reference outer frame clamping mechanism is located at the outer frame positioning reference position and is fixed on the machine On the frame, the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are installed on a movement mechanism provided on the frame, and the movement mechanism is adapted to drive the movable outer frame clamping mechanism on it to perform front, rear, left, and right according to the size of the outer frame. Movement to achieve the alignment and clamping of different sizes of frames.
  • the reference outer frame clamping mechanism includes a first frame guide block, a second frame guide block, a first clamping rotation cylinder, and a first outer frame pressing block; the first frame guide block and the second frame guide
  • the blocks are perpendicular to each other and are used to fix the outer frame on the same plane.
  • the first clamping rotary cylinder rotates to send the first outer frame pressing block into place, and the first clamping rotary cylinder drives The first outer frame pressing block moves downward to compress the outer frame.
  • the movable outer frame clamping mechanism includes a third frame guide block, a guide cylinder, a fourth frame guide block, a second clamping rotation cylinder, and a second outer frame pressing block;
  • the third frame guide block is fixed on On the frame
  • the fourth frame guide block is installed on the guide cylinder on the frame, and the guide cylinder drives the fourth frame guide block to move to the outer frame to position the outer frame;
  • the second clamping The rotating cylinder rotates to send the second outer frame pressing block into position, and the second clamping rotating cylinder drives the second outer frame pressing block to move downward to compress the outer frame.
  • the board alignment tool includes a first board movement unit, a second board movement unit and multiple sets of board alignment modules; each of the board alignment modules is installed on the first board respectively The movement unit and the second board movement unit are moved to each of the internal boards under the driving of the movement unit and the second board movement unit, so as to align and clamp the internal boards.
  • the first card movement unit includes a first card back and forth movement mechanism and a first card left and right movement mechanism; the second card movement unit includes a second card back and forth movement mechanism and a second card left and right movement mechanism.
  • Motion mechanism includes a first card back and forth movement mechanism and a first card left and right movement mechanism; the second card movement unit includes a second card back and forth movement mechanism and a second card left and right movement mechanism.
  • each of the plug-in board alignment modules is installed on the first plug-in board left-right movement mechanism and the second plug-in board left-right movement mechanism;
  • the plug-in board alignment module includes an electromagnet, a proximity switch, and a jacking cylinder
  • the electromagnet is installed on the alignment plate; after the jacking cylinder rises into position, manually put in each of the internal plug-in boards, after the proximity switch detects the internal plug-in board, The electromagnet attracts the internal plug-in board to realize clamping.
  • first and second plug-in board front and rear movement mechanisms are air cylinders
  • first and second plug-in board left and right movement mechanisms are motor-driven gear racks.
  • the automatic welding unit includes a welding gun, a left-right movement mechanism, a forward and backward movement mechanism, and an up and down movement mechanism.
  • the welding torch is installed on the up and down movement mechanism, and the up and down movement mechanism is installed on the forward and backward movement mechanism.
  • the forward and backward movement mechanism is installed on the left and right movement mechanism.
  • the invention can realize the welding automation of the fan base and improve the welding efficiency. Due to the consistent parameters, the welding seam quality is good and stable.
  • a set of fixtures for automatic welding machines are common to all products, and they are highly versatile. .
  • Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a schematic structural view of an automatic welding unit in an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer frame alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a reference outer frame clamping mechanism for outer frame alignment tooling in an embodiment of the present invention
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a movable outer frame clamping mechanism with an outer frame aligned with a tooling in an embodiment of the present invention
  • Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a plug-in board alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a board alignment module of the board alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Fig. 8 is a structural schematic diagram of the welding object-fan base frame of the present invention.
  • Automatic welding unit 2 welding gun 2-1; left and right movement mechanism 2-2; front and rear movement mechanism 2-3; up and down movement mechanism 2-4;
  • the board is aligned with the tooling 4; the first board movement unit 4-1; the first board back and forth movement mechanism 4-1-1; the first board left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2; the second board movement unit 4 -2; The second board front and back movement mechanism 4-2-1; the second board left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2; the board alignment module 4-3; the electromagnet 4-3-1, the proximity switch 4- 3-2, jacking cylinder 4-3-3, alignment plate 4-3-4;
  • the outer frame 100 of the fan base frame is the outer frame 100 of the fan base frame
  • the internal board 200 of the fan base frame is The internal board 200 of the fan base frame.
  • an embodiment of the automatic welding machine for the fan base frame of the present invention includes a frame 1 and an automatic welding unit 2 installed on it, an outer frame alignment tool 3 and an insert plate alignment tool 4;
  • the automatic welding unit 2 is arranged above the outer frame alignment tool 3, the insert plate alignment tool 4 is arranged below the outer frame alignment tool 3;
  • the outer frame alignment tool 3 is arranged at The outer frame alignment station is used to align and clamp the outer frame 100 of the fan base frame;
  • the insert plate alignment tool 4 is provided at the insert plate alignment station and is used to align multiple pieces of the fan base frame
  • the internal plug-in boards 200 are aligned and clamped; the automatic welding unit 2 is used to weld and fix each of the internal plug-in boards 200 and the outer frame 100.
  • the outer frame alignment stations have two and are independent of each other, and two sets of the outer frame alignment tools 3 are correspondingly provided; the insert plate alignment stations have two and Independent of each other, two sets of the insert plate alignment tool 4 are correspondingly provided.
  • the outer frame alignment tool 3 includes a reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1, three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2, and an outer frame alignment tool left and right movement mechanism 3-3 and an outer frame are aligned with the tooling forward and backward movement mechanism 3-4; wherein the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2 are separately arranged on the outer frame Align the four corners of the workstation, the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 is located at the outer frame positioning reference position and fixed on the frame 1, and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2 are installed on the machine On the movement mechanism of the frame 1, the movement mechanism is adapted to drive the moving outer frame clamping mechanism 3-2 on it to move back and forth, left and right according to the size of the outer frame 100, so as to realize the alignment of the outer frames 100 of different sizes.
  • the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 includes a first frame guide block 3-1-1, a second frame guide block 3-1-2, and a first clamping rotary cylinder 3 -1-3 and the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4; the first frame guide block 3-1-1 and the second frame guide block 3-1-2 are perpendicular to each other and are used to fix the post on the same plane
  • the outer frame 100 that is, the angle between the two guide blocks is 90 degrees to form a positioning reference for horizontally fixing the outer frame 100, and a corner of the outer frame 100 is positioned in the reference.
  • the first clamping rotary cylinder 3-1-3 rotates to send the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4 directly above the outer frame 100. Clamp the rotating cylinder 3-1-3 and then drive the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4 to move down to compress the outer frame 100. In this way, this corner of the outer frame 100 is fixed on the horizontal plane, and it will not move up or down. Moved.
  • the first clamping rotating cylinder 3-1-3 can rotate on the one hand, and can move up and down on the other hand, as required.
  • the movable outer frame clamping mechanism 3-2 includes a third frame guide block 3-2-1, a guide cylinder 3-2-2, and a fourth frame guide block 3-2-3 ,
  • the third frame guide block 3-2-1 is fixed on the frame 1
  • the fourth The frame guide block 3-2-3 is installed on the guide cylinder 3-2-2 on the frame 1
  • the guide cylinder 3-2-2 drives the fourth frame guide block 3-2-3 to the outer frame 100 Move to position the outer frame 100;
  • the second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4 rotates to place the second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5 in place, and the second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4 then
  • the second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5 is driven to move downward to compress the outer frame 100.
  • the board alignment tool 4 includes a first board movement unit 4-1, a second board movement unit 4-2, and multiple sets of board alignment modules 4-3; each The board alignment module 4-3 is respectively installed on the first board movement unit 4-1 and the second board movement unit 4-2, and is driven by it to move to each of the internal boards 200 , In order to align and clamp the internal boards 200.
  • the first card movement unit 4-1 includes a first card back and forth movement mechanism 4-1-1 and a first card left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2;
  • the second card movement unit 4-2 includes a second card back and forth movement mechanism 4-2-1 and a second card left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2.
  • each of the plug-in board alignment modules 4-3 is respectively installed on the first plug-in board left-right movement mechanism 4-1-2 and the second plug-in board left-right movement mechanism 4-2-2.
  • the plug-in board alignment module 4-3 includes an electromagnet 4-3-1, a proximity switch 4-3-2, a jacking cylinder 4-3-3 and an alignment plate 4-3-4, the electromagnet 4-3-1 is installed on the alignment plate 4-3-4; after the jacking cylinder 4-3-3 is lifted into position, manually put in each of the internal plug-in boards, the proximity switch 4-3 -2 After detecting the internal plug-in board, the electromagnet 4-3-1 sucks the internal plug-in board to achieve clamping; the number of electromagnet 4-3-1 and the pattern of the alignment board 4-3-4 can be Adjust according to the welding object.
  • the first board front and rear movement mechanism 4-1-1 and the second board front and rear movement mechanism 4-2-1 are air cylinders
  • the first board left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2 and the second The left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2 of the board is a gear rack driven by a motor.
  • the automatic welding unit includes a welding gun 2-1, a left-right movement mechanism 2-2, a forward and backward movement mechanism 2-3, and a vertical movement mechanism 2-4.
  • the vertical movement mechanism 2-4 is installed on the front and rear movement mechanism 2-3
  • the front and rear movement mechanism 2-3 is installed on the left and right movement mechanism 2-2.
  • the welding gun 2-1 can be moved up and down, back and forth, and left and right in all directions, and can be moved to any position in the three-dimensional space, so as to adapt to welding the outer frame 100 and the inner plug-in board 200 of different sizes.

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Abstract

An automatic welding machine for a fan base frame, comprising a rack (1), and an automatic welding unit (2), an outer frame alignment tooling (3) and an plug board alignment tooling (4) mounted on the rack. The automatic welding unit (2) is arranged above the outer frame alignment tooling (3), and the plug board alignment tooling (4) is arranged below the outer frame alignment tooling (3). The outer frame alignment tooling (3) is arranged on an outer frame alignment station for aligning and clamping an outer frame (100) of a fan base frame. The plug board alignment tooling (4) is arranged on a plug board alignment station for aligning and clamping a plurality of internal plug boards (200) of the fan base frame. The automatic welding unit (2) is used for welding and fixing the internal plug boards (200) to the outer frame (100). The welding machine realizes automatic welding of the fan base frame, thereby improving the welding precision and efficiency and reducing the labor intensity.

Description

风机底座框架自动焊接机Automatic welding machine for fan base frame 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及一种风机底座框架自动焊接机。The invention relates to an automatic welding machine for a fan base frame.
背景技术Background technique
目前,风机底座框架的焊接一般是人工焊接,劳动强度大,安全性差。人工焊接一种型号的风机底座框架就需要一套夹具,而风机型号千差万别,更换夹具费时费力,成本高,且由于夹具安装位置的不一致容易导致焊接质量的不稳定,成品率低。At present, the welding of the fan base frame is generally manual welding, which has high labor intensity and poor safety. Manual welding of one type of fan base frame requires a set of fixtures, and fan models vary widely. Changing fixtures is time-consuming, laborious, and costly. Inconsistent fixture installation positions can easily lead to unstable welding quality and low yield.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的是解决目前风机底座框架焊接精度低,一致性差,焊接效率低及成本高的技术问题。The purpose of the present invention is to solve the technical problems of low welding accuracy, poor consistency, low welding efficiency and high cost of the current fan base frame.
为实现以上发明目的,本发明提供一种风机底座框架自动焊接机,包括机架及安装在其上的自动焊接单元、外框对准工装和插板对准工装;所述自动焊接单元设于所述外框对准工装的上方,所述插板对准工装设于所述外框对准工装的下方;所述外框对准工装设于外框对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的外框进行对准和夹紧;所述插板对准工装设于插板对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的多块内部插板进行对准和夹紧;所述自动焊接单元用于将各所述内部插板与外框进行焊接固定。In order to achieve the above-mentioned object of the invention, the present invention provides an automatic welding machine for fan base frame, which includes a frame and an automatic welding unit installed on it, an outer frame alignment tool and an insert board alignment tool; the automatic welding unit is located at The outer frame is aligned above the tooling, the insert plate alignment tool is installed below the outer frame aligning tool; the outer frame aligning tool is installed at the outer frame aligning station, and is used to align the fan base The outer frame of the frame is aligned and clamped; the plug-in board alignment tool is installed at the plug-in board alignment station, and is used to align and clamp multiple internal plug-in boards of the fan base frame; the automatic welding The unit is used to weld and fix each of the internal plug-in boards and the outer frame.
进一步地,所述外框对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述外框对准工装;所述插板对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述插板对准工装。Further, the outer frame alignment station has two and are independent of each other, and two sets of the outer frame alignment tooling are correspondingly provided; the insert plate alignment station has two and is independent of each other, and two correspondingly provided Set the insert plate to align the tooling.
进一步地,所述外框对准工装包括一个基准外框夹紧机构、三个移动外框夹紧机构、一个外框对准工装左右运动机构和一个外框对准工装前后运动机构; 其中,所述基准外框夹紧机构和三个所述移动外框夹紧机构分设于所述外框对准工位的四角,基准外框夹紧机构位于外框定位基准位且固定在所述机架上,三个所述移动外框夹紧机构安装在设于机架的运动机构上,所述运动机构适于根据所述外框的尺寸带动其上的移动外框夹紧机构进行前后左右的运动,以实现对不同尺寸外框的对准及夹紧。Further, the outer frame alignment tool includes a reference outer frame clamping mechanism, three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms, an outer frame alignment tool left and right movement mechanism, and an outer frame alignment tool forward and backward movement mechanism; wherein, The reference outer frame clamping mechanism and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are separately arranged at the four corners of the outer frame alignment station, and the reference outer frame clamping mechanism is located at the outer frame positioning reference position and is fixed on the machine On the frame, the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are installed on a movement mechanism provided on the frame, and the movement mechanism is adapted to drive the movable outer frame clamping mechanism on it to perform front, rear, left, and right according to the size of the outer frame. Movement to achieve the alignment and clamping of different sizes of frames.
进一步地,所述基准外框夹紧机构包括第一框架导向块、第二框架导向块、第一夹紧旋转缸和第一外框压块;所述第一框架导向块与第二框架导向块相垂直,用于在同一平面固定所述外框,待外框到位后,所述第一夹紧旋转缸转动将所述第一外框压块送到位,第一夹紧旋转缸再驱动第一外框压块往下运动压紧外框。Further, the reference outer frame clamping mechanism includes a first frame guide block, a second frame guide block, a first clamping rotation cylinder, and a first outer frame pressing block; the first frame guide block and the second frame guide The blocks are perpendicular to each other and are used to fix the outer frame on the same plane. After the outer frame is in place, the first clamping rotary cylinder rotates to send the first outer frame pressing block into place, and the first clamping rotary cylinder drives The first outer frame pressing block moves downward to compress the outer frame.
进一步地,所述移动外框夹紧机构包括第三框架导向块、导向气缸、第四框架导向块、第二夹紧旋转缸和第二外框压块;所述第三框架导向块固定在所述机架上,所述第四框架导向块安装在机架上的所述导向气缸上,导向气缸带动第四框架导向块向所述外框运动来定位外框;所述第二夹紧旋转缸转动将所述第二外框压块送到位,第二夹紧旋转缸再驱动第二外框压块往下运动压紧外框。Further, the movable outer frame clamping mechanism includes a third frame guide block, a guide cylinder, a fourth frame guide block, a second clamping rotation cylinder, and a second outer frame pressing block; the third frame guide block is fixed on On the frame, the fourth frame guide block is installed on the guide cylinder on the frame, and the guide cylinder drives the fourth frame guide block to move to the outer frame to position the outer frame; the second clamping The rotating cylinder rotates to send the second outer frame pressing block into position, and the second clamping rotating cylinder drives the second outer frame pressing block to move downward to compress the outer frame.
进一步地,所述插板对准工装包括第一插板运动单元、第二插板运动单元和多套插板对准模块;各所述插板对准模块分别安装在所述第一插板运动单元和第二插板运动单元上,并在其带动下向各所述内部插板移动,以便对准和夹紧各内部插板。Further, the board alignment tool includes a first board movement unit, a second board movement unit and multiple sets of board alignment modules; each of the board alignment modules is installed on the first board respectively The movement unit and the second board movement unit are moved to each of the internal boards under the driving of the movement unit and the second board movement unit, so as to align and clamp the internal boards.
进一步地,所述第一插板运动单元包括第一插板前后运动机构和第一插板左右运动机构;所述第二插板运动单元包括第二插板前后运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构。Further, the first card movement unit includes a first card back and forth movement mechanism and a first card left and right movement mechanism; the second card movement unit includes a second card back and forth movement mechanism and a second card left and right movement mechanism. Motion mechanism.
进一步地,各所述插板对准模块分别安装在所述第一插板左右运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构上;所述插板对准模块包括电磁铁、接近开关、顶升气缸和对准板,所述电磁铁安装在所述对准板上;待所述顶升气缸上升到位,人工放入各所述内部插板,所述接近开关检测到有内部插板后,所述电磁铁吸住内部插板实现夹紧。Further, each of the plug-in board alignment modules is installed on the first plug-in board left-right movement mechanism and the second plug-in board left-right movement mechanism; the plug-in board alignment module includes an electromagnet, a proximity switch, and a jacking cylinder And the alignment plate, the electromagnet is installed on the alignment plate; after the jacking cylinder rises into position, manually put in each of the internal plug-in boards, after the proximity switch detects the internal plug-in board, The electromagnet attracts the internal plug-in board to realize clamping.
进一步地,所述第一插板前后运动机构和第二插板前后运动机构为气缸,所述第一插板左右运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构为电机驱动的齿轮齿条。Further, the first and second plug-in board front and rear movement mechanisms are air cylinders, and the first and second plug-in board left and right movement mechanisms are motor-driven gear racks.
进一步地,所述自动焊接单元包括焊枪、左右移动机构、前后运动机构和上下运动机构,所述焊枪安装在所述上下运动机构上,所述上下运动机构安装在所述前后运动机构上,所述前后运动机构安装在所述左右移动机构上。Further, the automatic welding unit includes a welding gun, a left-right movement mechanism, a forward and backward movement mechanism, and an up and down movement mechanism. The welding torch is installed on the up and down movement mechanism, and the up and down movement mechanism is installed on the forward and backward movement mechanism. The forward and backward movement mechanism is installed on the left and right movement mechanism.
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是:Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
本发明可实现风机底座的焊接自动化,提高焊接效率,由于参数一致,焊缝质量好,且稳定。而自动焊接机一套夹具通用全部产品,通用性强。。The invention can realize the welding automation of the fan base and improve the welding efficiency. Due to the consistent parameters, the welding seam quality is good and stable. A set of fixtures for automatic welding machines are common to all products, and they are highly versatile. .
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1是本发明一个实施例的结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
图2是本发明一个实施例中自动焊接单元的结构示意图;Figure 2 is a schematic structural view of an automatic welding unit in an embodiment of the present invention;
图3是本发明一个实施例中外框对准工装的结构示意图;Figure 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an outer frame alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention;
图4是本发明一个实施例中外框对准工装的基准外框夹紧机构的结构示意图;4 is a schematic structural diagram of a reference outer frame clamping mechanism for outer frame alignment tooling in an embodiment of the present invention;
图5是本发明一个实施例中外框对准工装的移动外框夹紧机构的结构示意图;FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a movable outer frame clamping mechanism with an outer frame aligned with a tooling in an embodiment of the present invention;
图6是本发明一个实施例中插板对准工装的结构示意图;Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a plug-in board alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention;
图7是本发明一个实施例中插板对准工装的插板对准模块的结构示意图;FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a board alignment module of the board alignment tool in an embodiment of the present invention;
图8是本发明的焊接对象-风机底座框架的结构示意图。Fig. 8 is a structural schematic diagram of the welding object-fan base frame of the present invention.
图中,机架1;In the figure, rack 1;
自动焊接单元2;焊枪2-1;左右移动机构2-2;前后运动机构2-3;上下运动机构2-4; Automatic welding unit 2; welding gun 2-1; left and right movement mechanism 2-2; front and rear movement mechanism 2-3; up and down movement mechanism 2-4;
外框对准工装3;基准外框夹紧机构3-1;第一框架导向块3-1-1;第二框架导向块3-1-2;第一夹紧旋转缸3-1-3;第一外框压块3-1-4;移动外框夹紧机构3-2;第三框架导向块3-2-1;导向气缸3-2-2;第四框架导向块3-2-3;第二夹紧旋转缸3-2-4;第二外框压块3-2-5;外框对准工装左右运动机构3-3;外框对准工装前后运动机构3-4;Outer frame alignment tool 3; reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1; first frame guide block 3-1-1; second frame guide block 3-1-2; first clamping rotating cylinder 3-1-3 ; The first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4; the moving outer frame clamping mechanism 3-2; the third frame guide block 3-2-1; the guide cylinder 3-2-2; the fourth frame guide block 3-2 -3; second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4; second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5; outer frame aligned with tooling left and right movement mechanism 3-3; outer frame aligned with tooling front and rear movement mechanism 3-4 ;
插板对准工装4;第一插板运动单元4-1;第一插板前后运动机构4-1-1;第一插板左右运动机构4-1-2;第二插板运动单元4-2;第二插板前后运动机构4-2-1;第二插板左右运动机构4-2-2;插板对准模块4-3;电磁铁4-3-1、接近开关4-3-2、顶升气缸4-3-3、对准板4-3-4;The board is aligned with the tooling 4; the first board movement unit 4-1; the first board back and forth movement mechanism 4-1-1; the first board left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2; the second board movement unit 4 -2; The second board front and back movement mechanism 4-2-1; the second board left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2; the board alignment module 4-3; the electromagnet 4-3-1, the proximity switch 4- 3-2, jacking cylinder 4-3-3, alignment plate 4-3-4;
风机底座框架的外框100;The outer frame 100 of the fan base frame;
风机底座框架的内部插板200。The internal board 200 of the fan base frame.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作优选说明。Hereinafter, the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
如图1和8所示,本发明风机底座框架自动焊接机的一个实施例,包括机架1及安装在其上的自动焊接单元2、外框对准工装3和插板对准工装4;所述自动焊接单元2设于所述外框对准工装3的上方,所述插板对准工装4设于所述外框对准工装3的下方;所述外框对准工装3设于外框对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的外框100进行对准和夹紧;所述插板对准工装4设于插板对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的多块内部插板200进行对准和夹紧;所述自动焊接 单元2用于将各所述内部插板200与外框100进行焊接固定。As shown in Figures 1 and 8, an embodiment of the automatic welding machine for the fan base frame of the present invention includes a frame 1 and an automatic welding unit 2 installed on it, an outer frame alignment tool 3 and an insert plate alignment tool 4; The automatic welding unit 2 is arranged above the outer frame alignment tool 3, the insert plate alignment tool 4 is arranged below the outer frame alignment tool 3; the outer frame alignment tool 3 is arranged at The outer frame alignment station is used to align and clamp the outer frame 100 of the fan base frame; the insert plate alignment tool 4 is provided at the insert plate alignment station and is used to align multiple pieces of the fan base frame The internal plug-in boards 200 are aligned and clamped; the automatic welding unit 2 is used to weld and fix each of the internal plug-in boards 200 and the outer frame 100.
优选地,如图1所示,所述外框对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述外框对准工装3;所述插板对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述插板对准工装4。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 1, the outer frame alignment stations have two and are independent of each other, and two sets of the outer frame alignment tools 3 are correspondingly provided; the insert plate alignment stations have two and Independent of each other, two sets of the insert plate alignment tool 4 are correspondingly provided.
优选地,如图3所示,所述外框对准工装3包括一个基准外框夹紧机构3-1、三个移动外框夹紧机构3-2、一个外框对准工装左右运动机构3-3和一个外框对准工装前后运动机构3-4;其中,所述基准外框夹紧机构3-1和三个所述移动外框夹紧机构3-2分设于所述外框对准工位的四角,基准外框夹紧机构3-1位于外框定位基准位且固定在所述机架1上,三个所述移动外框夹紧机构3-2安装在设于机架1的运动机构上,所述运动机构适于根据所述外框100的尺寸带动其上的移动外框夹紧机构3-2进行前后左右的运动,以实现对不同尺寸外框100的对准及夹紧。优选地,如图4所示,所述基准外框夹紧机构3-1包括第一框架导向块3-1-1、第二框架导向块3-1-2、第一夹紧旋转缸3-1-3和第一外框压块3-1-4;所述第一框架导向块3-1-1与第二框架导向块3-1-2相垂直,用于在同一平面固定所述外框100,即两个导向块夹角成90度形成定位基准,用于水平固定外框100,外框100的一个角顶在该基准里定位。待外框100的一个角固定到位之后,所述第一夹紧旋转缸3-1-3转动将所述第一外框压块3-1-4送到外框100的正上方,第一夹紧旋转缸3-1-3再驱动第一外框压块3-1-4往下运动压紧外框100,这样,外框100的这个角在水平面上固定住了,上下也不会动了。第一夹紧旋转缸3-1-3一方面可以旋转,另一方面可以上下移动,依据需要进行。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 3, the outer frame alignment tool 3 includes a reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1, three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2, and an outer frame alignment tool left and right movement mechanism 3-3 and an outer frame are aligned with the tooling forward and backward movement mechanism 3-4; wherein the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2 are separately arranged on the outer frame Align the four corners of the workstation, the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 is located at the outer frame positioning reference position and fixed on the frame 1, and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms 3-2 are installed on the machine On the movement mechanism of the frame 1, the movement mechanism is adapted to drive the moving outer frame clamping mechanism 3-2 on it to move back and forth, left and right according to the size of the outer frame 100, so as to realize the alignment of the outer frames 100 of different sizes. Accurate and clamp. Preferably, as shown in FIG. 4, the reference outer frame clamping mechanism 3-1 includes a first frame guide block 3-1-1, a second frame guide block 3-1-2, and a first clamping rotary cylinder 3 -1-3 and the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4; the first frame guide block 3-1-1 and the second frame guide block 3-1-2 are perpendicular to each other and are used to fix the post on the same plane The outer frame 100, that is, the angle between the two guide blocks is 90 degrees to form a positioning reference for horizontally fixing the outer frame 100, and a corner of the outer frame 100 is positioned in the reference. After one corner of the outer frame 100 is fixed in place, the first clamping rotary cylinder 3-1-3 rotates to send the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4 directly above the outer frame 100. Clamp the rotating cylinder 3-1-3 and then drive the first outer frame pressing block 3-1-4 to move down to compress the outer frame 100. In this way, this corner of the outer frame 100 is fixed on the horizontal plane, and it will not move up or down. Moved. The first clamping rotating cylinder 3-1-3 can rotate on the one hand, and can move up and down on the other hand, as required.
优选地,如图5所示,所述移动外框夹紧机构3-2包括第三框架导向块3-2-1、导向气缸3-2-2、第四框架导向块3-2-3、第二夹紧旋转缸3-2-4和第二外框压块3-2-5;所述第三框架导向块3-2-1固定在所述机架1上,所述第四框架导向块 3-2-3安装在机架1上的所述导向气缸3-2-2上,导向气缸3-2-2带动第四框架导向块3-2-3向所述外框100运动来定位外框100;所述第二夹紧旋转缸3-2-4转动将所述第二外框压块3-2-5送到位,第二夹紧旋转缸3-2-4再驱动第二外框压块3-2-5往下运动压紧外框100。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 5, the movable outer frame clamping mechanism 3-2 includes a third frame guide block 3-2-1, a guide cylinder 3-2-2, and a fourth frame guide block 3-2-3 , The second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4 and the second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5; the third frame guide block 3-2-1 is fixed on the frame 1, the fourth The frame guide block 3-2-3 is installed on the guide cylinder 3-2-2 on the frame 1, and the guide cylinder 3-2-2 drives the fourth frame guide block 3-2-3 to the outer frame 100 Move to position the outer frame 100; the second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4 rotates to place the second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5 in place, and the second clamping rotary cylinder 3-2-4 then The second outer frame pressing block 3-2-5 is driven to move downward to compress the outer frame 100.
优选地,如图6所示,所述插板对准工装4包括第一插板运动单元4-1、第二插板运动单元4-2和多套插板对准模块4-3;各所述插板对准模块4-3分别安装在所述第一插板运动单元4-1和第二插板运动单元4-2上,并在其带动下向各所述内部插板200移动,以便对准和夹紧各内部插板200。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 6, the board alignment tool 4 includes a first board movement unit 4-1, a second board movement unit 4-2, and multiple sets of board alignment modules 4-3; each The board alignment module 4-3 is respectively installed on the first board movement unit 4-1 and the second board movement unit 4-2, and is driven by it to move to each of the internal boards 200 , In order to align and clamp the internal boards 200.
优选地,如图6所示,所述第一插板运动单元4-1包括第一插板前后运动机构4-1-1和第一插板左右运动机构4-1-2上;所述第二插板运动单元4-2包括第二插板前后运动机构4-2-1和第二插板左右运动机构4-2-2。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 6, the first card movement unit 4-1 includes a first card back and forth movement mechanism 4-1-1 and a first card left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2; The second card movement unit 4-2 includes a second card back and forth movement mechanism 4-2-1 and a second card left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2.
优选地,如图7所示,各所述插板对准模块4-3分别安装在所述第一插板左右运动机构4-1-2和第二插板左右运动机构4-2-2;所述插板对准模块4-3包括电磁铁4-3-1、接近开关4-3-2、顶升气缸4-3-3和对准板4-3-4,所述电磁铁4-3-1安装在所述对准板4-3-4上;待所述顶升气缸4-3-3上升到位,人工放入各所述内部插板,所述接近开关4-3-2检测到有内部插板后,所述电磁铁4-3-1吸住内部插板实现夹紧;电磁铁4-3-1的个数和对准板4-3-4的样式可根据焊接对象进行调整。Preferably, as shown in FIG. 7, each of the plug-in board alignment modules 4-3 is respectively installed on the first plug-in board left-right movement mechanism 4-1-2 and the second plug-in board left-right movement mechanism 4-2-2. The plug-in board alignment module 4-3 includes an electromagnet 4-3-1, a proximity switch 4-3-2, a jacking cylinder 4-3-3 and an alignment plate 4-3-4, the electromagnet 4-3-1 is installed on the alignment plate 4-3-4; after the jacking cylinder 4-3-3 is lifted into position, manually put in each of the internal plug-in boards, the proximity switch 4-3 -2 After detecting the internal plug-in board, the electromagnet 4-3-1 sucks the internal plug-in board to achieve clamping; the number of electromagnet 4-3-1 and the pattern of the alignment board 4-3-4 can be Adjust according to the welding object.
优选地,所述第一插板前后运动机构4-1-1和第二插板前后运动机构4-2-1为气缸,所述第一插板左右运动机构4-1-2和第二插板左右运动机构4-2-2为电机驱动的齿轮齿条。Preferably, the first board front and rear movement mechanism 4-1-1 and the second board front and rear movement mechanism 4-2-1 are air cylinders, and the first board left and right movement mechanism 4-1-2 and the second The left and right movement mechanism 4-2-2 of the board is a gear rack driven by a motor.
优选地,如图2所示,所述自动焊接单元包括焊枪2-1、左右移动机构2-2、前后运动机构2-3和上下运动机构2-4,所述焊枪2-1安装在所述上下运动机构 2-4上,所述上下运动机构2-4安装在所述前后运动机构2-3上,所述前后运动机构2-3安装在所述左右移动机构2-2上。这样,可以使焊枪2-1进行上下、前后及左右全方位移动,可运动到三维空间的任一位置,以适应对不同尺寸的外框100及内部插板200进行焊接。Preferably, as shown in Figure 2, the automatic welding unit includes a welding gun 2-1, a left-right movement mechanism 2-2, a forward and backward movement mechanism 2-3, and a vertical movement mechanism 2-4. On the vertical movement mechanism 2-4, the vertical movement mechanism 2-4 is installed on the front and rear movement mechanism 2-3, and the front and rear movement mechanism 2-3 is installed on the left and right movement mechanism 2-2. In this way, the welding gun 2-1 can be moved up and down, back and forth, and left and right in all directions, and can be moved to any position in the three-dimensional space, so as to adapt to welding the outer frame 100 and the inner plug-in board 200 of different sizes.
以上述依据本发明的理想实施例为启示,通过上述的说明内容,相关工作人员完全可以在不偏离本项发明技术思想的范围内,进行多样的变更以及修改。本项发明的技术性范围并不局限于说明书上的内容,必须要根据权利要求范围来确定其技术性范围。Taking the above-mentioned ideal embodiment according to the present invention as enlightenment, through the above-mentioned description content, relevant staff can make various changes and modifications without departing from the scope of the technical idea of the present invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the description, and its technical scope must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,包括机架及安装在其上的自动焊接单元、外框对准工装和插板对准工装;所述自动焊接单元设于所述外框对准工装的上方,所述插板对准工装设于所述外框对准工装的下方;The fan base frame automatic welding machine is characterized in that it comprises a frame and an automatic welding unit installed on it, an outer frame alignment tool and a plug-in board alignment tool; the automatic welding unit is provided in the outer frame alignment tool Above, the insert plate alignment tool is arranged below the outer frame alignment tool;
    所述外框对准工装设于外框对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的外框进行对准和夹紧;The outer frame alignment tool is installed at the outer frame alignment station for aligning and clamping the outer frame of the fan base frame;
    所述插板对准工装设于插板对准工位,用于将风机底座框架的多块内部插板进行对准和夹紧;The plug-in board alignment tool is installed in the board-aligning station, and is used to align and clamp multiple internal plug-in boards of the fan base frame;
    所述自动焊接单元用于将各所述内部插板与外框进行焊接固定。The automatic welding unit is used to weld and fix each of the internal plug-in boards and the outer frame.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述外框对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述外框对准工装;所述插板对准工位具有两个且相互独立,对应设有两套所述插板对准工装。The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 1, wherein the outer frame alignment station has two and are independent of each other, and two sets of the outer frame alignment tooling are correspondingly provided; the insert plate There are two alignment stations, which are independent of each other, and two sets of the insert plate alignment tool are correspondingly provided.
  3. 如权利要求1或2所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述外框对准工装包括一个基准外框夹紧机构、三个移动外框夹紧机构、一个外框对准工装左右运动机构和一个外框对准工装前后运动机构;The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the outer frame alignment tool includes a reference outer frame clamping mechanism, three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms, and an outer frame alignment tool. Tooling left and right movement mechanism and an outer frame aligned with tooling front and back movement mechanism;
    其中,所述基准外框夹紧机构和三个所述移动外框夹紧机构分设于所述外框对准工位的四角,基准外框夹紧机构位于外框定位基准位且固定在所述机架上,三个所述移动外框夹紧机构安装在设于机架的运动机构上,所述运动机构适于根据所述外框的尺寸带动其上的移动外框夹紧机构进行前后左右的运动,以实现对不同尺寸外框的对准及夹紧。Wherein, the reference outer frame clamping mechanism and the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are separately arranged at the four corners of the outer frame alignment station, and the reference outer frame clamping mechanism is located at the outer frame positioning reference position and is fixed at all On the frame, the three movable outer frame clamping mechanisms are installed on a movement mechanism provided on the frame, and the movement mechanism is adapted to drive the movable outer frame clamping mechanism on the frame according to the size of the outer frame. Back and forth movement to achieve alignment and clamping of different sizes of frames.
  4. 如权利要求3所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述基准外框夹紧机构包括第一框架导向块、第二框架导向块、第一夹紧旋转缸和第一外框压块;The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 3, wherein the reference outer frame clamping mechanism includes a first frame guide block, a second frame guide block, a first clamping rotating cylinder, and a first outer frame Briquetting
    所述第一框架导向块与第二框架导向块相垂直,用于在同一平面固定所述 外框,待外框到位后,所述第一夹紧旋转缸转动将所述第一外框压块送到位,第一夹紧旋转缸再驱动第一外框压块往下运动压紧外框。The first frame guide block and the second frame guide block are perpendicular to each other and are used to fix the outer frame on the same plane. After the outer frame is in place, the first clamping rotating cylinder rotates to press the first outer frame When the block is sent in place, the first clamping rotating cylinder drives the first outer frame pressing block to move downward to compress the outer frame.
  5. 如权利要求3所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述移动外框夹紧机构包括第三框架导向块、导向气缸、第四框架导向块、第二夹紧旋转缸和第二外框压块;The fan base frame automatic welding machine of claim 3, wherein the movable outer frame clamping mechanism includes a third frame guide block, a guide cylinder, a fourth frame guide block, a second clamping rotating cylinder, and a first Two outer frame pressing blocks;
    所述第三框架导向块固定在所述机架上,所述第四框架导向块安装在机架上的所述导向气缸上,导向气缸带动第四框架导向块向所述外框运动来定位外框;所述第二夹紧旋转缸转动将所述第二外框压块送到位,第二夹紧旋转缸再驱动第二外框压块往下运动压紧外框。The third frame guide block is fixed on the frame, the fourth frame guide block is installed on the guide cylinder on the frame, and the guide cylinder drives the fourth frame guide block to move to the outer frame for positioning Outer frame; the second clamping rotating cylinder rotates to place the second outer frame pressing block in place, and the second clamping rotating cylinder drives the second outer frame pressing block to move downward to compress the outer frame.
  6. 如权利要求1或2所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述插板对准工装包括第一插板运动单元、第二插板运动单元和多套插板对准模块;The automatic welding machine for fan base frame according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the board alignment tool comprises a first board movement unit, a second board movement unit and multiple sets of board alignment modules;
    各所述插板对准模块分别安装在所述第一插板运动单元和第二插板运动单元上,并在其带动下向各所述内部插板移动,以便对准和夹紧各内部插板。The board alignment modules are respectively installed on the first board movement unit and the second board movement unit, and are driven by the board to move to the inner board to align and clamp the inner boards. Flapper.
  7. 如权利要求6所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述第一插板运动单元包括第一插板前后运动机构和第一插板左右运动机构;所述第二插板运动单元包括第二插板前后运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构。The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 6, wherein the first board movement unit includes a first board back and forth movement mechanism and a first board left and right movement mechanism; the second board moves The unit includes a back-and-forth movement mechanism of the second plug-in board and a left-right movement mechanism of the second plug-in board.
  8. 如权利要求7所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,各所述插板对准模块分别安装在所述第一插板左右运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构上;8. The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 7, wherein each of the plug-in board alignment modules is respectively installed on the first plug-in board left-right movement mechanism and the second plug-in board left-right movement mechanism;
    所述插板对准模块包括电磁铁、接近开关、顶升气缸和对准板,所述电磁铁安装在所述对准板上;待所述顶升气缸上升到位,人工放入各所述内部插板,所述接近开关检测到有内部插板后,所述电磁铁吸住内部插板实现夹紧。The plug-in plate alignment module includes an electromagnet, a proximity switch, a jacking cylinder, and an alignment plate. The electromagnet is installed on the alignment plate; when the jacking cylinder is lifted into place, manually put each of the Internal plugboard, after the proximity switch detects that there is an internal plugboard, the electromagnet attracts the internal plugboard to achieve clamping.
  9. 如权利要求7所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述第一 插板前后运动机构和第二插板前后运动机构为气缸,所述第一插板左右运动机构和第二插板左右运动机构为电机驱动的齿轮齿条。The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 7, wherein the first and second plug-in board front and back movement mechanisms are air cylinders, and the first plug-in board left and right movement mechanisms and the second plug board back and forth movement mechanisms are air cylinders. The left and right movement mechanism of the card is a rack and pinion driven by a motor.
  10. 如权利要求1所述的风机底座框架自动焊接机,其特征在于,所述自动焊接单元包括焊枪、左右移动机构、前后运动机构和上下运动机构,所述焊枪安装在所述上下运动机构上,所述上下运动机构安装在所述前后运动机构上,所述前后运动机构安装在所述左右移动机构上。The fan base frame automatic welding machine according to claim 1, wherein the automatic welding unit includes a welding gun, a left-right movement mechanism, a forward and backward movement mechanism, and an up and down movement mechanism, and the welding gun is installed on the up and down movement mechanism, The vertical movement mechanism is mounted on the forward and backward movement mechanism, and the forward and backward movement mechanism is mounted on the left and right movement mechanism.
PCT/CN2019/116654 2019-08-13 2019-11-08 Automatic welding machine for fan base frame WO2021027120A1 (en)

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