WO2021000460A1 - Intelligent gateway and intelligent home system - Google Patents

Intelligent gateway and intelligent home system Download PDF

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WO2021000460A1
WO2021000460A1 PCT/CN2019/113022 CN2019113022W WO2021000460A1 WO 2021000460 A1 WO2021000460 A1 WO 2021000460A1 CN 2019113022 W CN2019113022 W CN 2019113022W WO 2021000460 A1 WO2021000460 A1 WO 2021000460A1
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smart
communication module
module
communication
driver
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PCT/CN2019/113022
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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翟亚东
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翟亚东
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/28Data switching networks characterised by path configuration, e.g. LAN [Local Area Networks] or WAN [Wide Area Networks]
    • H04L12/2803Home automation networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Network arrangements, protocols or services independent of the application payload and not provided for in the other groups of this subclass
    • H04L69/08Protocols for interworking; Protocol conversion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L69/00Network arrangements, protocols or services independent of the application payload and not provided for in the other groups of this subclass
    • H04L69/18Multiprotocol handlers, e.g. single devices capable of handling multiple protocols

Abstract

Disclosed in the present invention are an intelligent gateway and an intelligent home system. The intelligent gateway comprises: a network communication module, a routing/switching module, and a plurality of wireless communication modules using different communication protocols, wherein the routing/switching module is communicationally connected with the network communication module, and the plurality of wireless communication modules are separately communicationally connected with the routing/switching module; the routing/switching module is used for communicating with the Internet via a wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module, and each wireless communication module is used for converting a communication protocol by means of the Internet so as to enable the wireless communication module to communicate with an intelligent device using the same communication protocol as the wireless communication module. The present invention simplifies a smart home scheme, popularization of intelligent homes is facilitated, and the consumer experience is improved.

Description

一种智能网关和智能家居系统Smart gateway and smart home system 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及智能家居技术领域,具体涉及一种智能网关和智能家居系统。The invention relates to the technical field of smart homes, in particular to a smart gateway and a smart home system.
背景技术Background technique
随着智能家居的迅猛发展,市面上智能家居领域的产品日益增多,给消费者带来了诸多选择。无线网关是智能家居系统中的重要部件,目前智能家居系统有以下两种方案:With the rapid development of smart homes, there are more and more products in the field of smart homes on the market, bringing consumers many choices. The wireless gateway is an important component in the smart home system. At present, the smart home system has the following two solutions:
1)如图1所示,固定宽带接入需要在入户后放置终端猫Modem,然后将其连接到无线路由器,最后无线路由器通过有线或无线方式与对应通信协议的网关连接,实现与智能家居产品通信和控制;1) As shown in Figure 1, fixed broadband access needs to place a terminal modem after entering the home, and then connect it to the wireless router. Finally, the wireless router is connected to the gateway of the corresponding communication protocol through wired or wireless means to realize the smart home Product communication and control;
2)如图2所示,固定宽带入户后,将终端猫Modem和无线路由器集成一个产品,然后通过有线或无线方式连接到网关,实现与智能家居产品通信和控制。2) As shown in Figure 2, after the fixed broadband enters the home, the terminal modem and the wireless router are integrated into a product, and then connected to the gateway through a wired or wireless manner to realize communication and control with smart home products.
在上述两种方案中,虚线框内有多个盒子才能实现最终与智能产品通信,而且由于每个厂家产品都基于不同的技术标准,只能与各自网关相通,如果智能终端产品来自多个厂家,则需要部署多个网关才能实现智能产品通信,给大规模普及智能家居产品带来了很大障碍。In the above two schemes, there are multiple boxes in the dashed box to realize the final communication with smart products, and since each manufacturer’s products are based on different technical standards, they can only communicate with their respective gateways. If the smart terminal products come from multiple manufacturers , You need to deploy multiple gateways to realize smart product communication, which has brought great obstacles to large-scale popularization of smart home products.
发明内容Summary of the invention
针对现有技术中的缺陷,本发明提供一种智能网关和相应的一种智能家居系统,以解决上述问题。Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the present invention provides a smart gateway and a corresponding smart home system to solve the above-mentioned problems.
第一方面,本发明提供一种智能网关,包括:网络通信模块、路由交换模块以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块;In the first aspect, the present invention provides an intelligent gateway including: a network communication module, a routing switch module, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols;
其中,所述路由交换模块与所述网络通信模块通信连接,所述多个无线通信模块分别与所述路由交换模块通信连接;Wherein, the routing and switching module is in communication connection with the network communication module, and the multiple wireless communication modules are respectively in communication connection with the routing and switching module;
所述路由交换模块用于通过所述网络通信模块的有线/无线通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个所述无线通信模块用于通过所述互联网进行通信协议的转化,以使其与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。The routing and switching module is used to communicate with the Internet through the wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module, and each of the wireless communication modules is used to convert the communication protocol through the Internet, so that it can be used with itself Smart devices with the same communication protocol communicate.
优选地,所述网络通信模块为第五代移动通信模块,所述路由交换模块用于通过第五 代移动通信网络与互联网进行通信;或者,Preferably, the network communication module is a fifth-generation mobile communication module, and the routing switch module is used to communicate with the Internet through the fifth-generation mobile communication network; or,
所述网络通信模块为调制解调模块,所述路由交换模块用于通过固定宽带网络与互联网进行通信。The network communication module is a modem module, and the routing switch module is used to communicate with the Internet through a fixed broadband network.
优选地,所述多个无线通信模块包括WIFI通信模块、蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块中的至少两个。Preferably, the multiple wireless communication modules include at least two of a WIFI communication module, a Bluetooth communication module, a ZigBee communication module, a Z-wave communication module, an RF433 communication module, an RF315 communication module, an infrared communication module, and an ultrasonic communication module.
优选地,所述蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块内部分别配置有驱动适配单元;Preferably, the Bluetooth communication module, the ZigBee communication module, the Z-wave communication module, the RF433 communication module, the RF315 communication module, the infrared communication module and the ultrasonic communication module are respectively equipped with a drive adapter unit;
所述无线通信模块的驱动适配单元用于提供隶属于该无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现该无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit of the wireless communication module is used to provide a driver program of a preset type of communication protocol belonging to the wireless communication module, and update the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers that need to communicate with the wireless communication module. The driver program is described to realize the cross-manufacturer adaptation of the wireless communication module to smart devices that require different communication protocols to communicate with the wireless communication module.
优选地,还包括驱动适配模块,所述驱动适配模块分别与所述蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块连接;Preferably, it further includes a drive adaptation module, which is respectively connected to the Bluetooth communication module, ZigBee communication module, Z-wave communication module, RF433 communication module, RF315 communication module, infrared communication module and ultrasonic communication module ;
所述驱动适配模块用于提供隶属于每个与所述驱动适配模块连接的无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现每个与所述驱动适配模块连接的无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation module is used to provide a driver program of a preset type of communication protocol belonging to each wireless communication module connected to the driver adaptation module, and to update the driver according to the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers A program, so as to realize that each wireless communication module connected to the drive adaptation module adapts smart devices of different communication protocols that need to communicate with the wireless communication module across manufacturers.
第二方面,本发明提供一种智能家居系统,包括本发明提供的其中任一项所述的智能网关和接入所述智能网关的基于不同通信协议的多个智能设备;In a second aspect, the present invention provides a smart home system, including the smart gateway described in any one of the smart gateways provided by the present invention and multiple smart devices based on different communication protocols that access the smart gateway;
其中,每个所述智能设备与所述智能网关通过与该智能设备自身相同的通信协议进行通信连接。Wherein, each of the smart devices communicates with the smart gateway through the same communication protocol as the smart device itself.
优选地,所述多个智能设备包括智能安防设备、智能家电设备和健康监测设备。Preferably, the multiple smart devices include smart security devices, smart home appliances, and health monitoring devices.
优选地,所述智能安防设备包括智能门锁、智能烟雾探头、智能摄像头和报警装置中的至少一个。Preferably, the smart security equipment includes at least one of a smart door lock, a smart smoke probe, a smart camera, and an alarm device.
优选地,所述智能家电设备包括智能水表/电表、智能灯、智能窗帘、智能插座、智能开关、平板电脑、智能电视、打印机、洗衣机和冰箱中的至少一个。Preferably, the smart home appliance includes at least one of smart water/electric meters, smart lights, smart curtains, smart sockets, smart switches, tablet computers, smart TVs, printers, washing machines, and refrigerators.
优选地,所述健康监测设备包括智能温度计、智能湿度计和有害气体监测设备中的至少一个。Preferably, the health monitoring device includes at least one of a smart thermometer, a smart hygrometer, and a harmful gas monitoring device.
本发明的有益效果体现在:The beneficial effects of the present invention are embodied in:
本发明提供的一种智能网关,其集成了网络通信模块、路由交换模块以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块。路由交换模块通过网络通信模块的有线/无线通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个无线通信模块通过互联网进行通信协议的转化,然后与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。该智能网关无需部署多个网关,打通了来自不同智能设备厂家的不同技术协议,大大增强了智能家居获得性和体验,不仅简化了智能家居方案,现场布放更加容易,便于消费者接受,还降低了智能家居成本,尤其是端到端的部署成本,有利于智能家居快速推广和消费者体验。The invention provides an intelligent gateway, which integrates a network communication module, a routing switch module, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols. The routing switch module communicates with the Internet through the wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module. Each wireless communication module converts the communication protocol through the Internet, and then communicates with the smart device that uses the same communication protocol with itself. The smart gateway does not need to deploy multiple gateways, opens up different technical agreements from different smart device manufacturers, greatly enhances the accessibility and experience of smart homes, not only simplifies smart home solutions, but also makes it easier to deploy on-site, making it easier for consumers to accept. The cost of smart homes is reduced, especially the end-to-end deployment cost, which is conducive to the rapid promotion of smart homes and consumer experience.
本发明提供的一种智能家居系统,采用了上述智能网关,与上述智能网关基于相同的发明构思,具有相同的有益效果。The smart home system provided by the present invention adopts the above smart gateway, is based on the same inventive concept as the above smart gateway, and has the same beneficial effects.
附图说明Description of the drawings
为了更清楚地说明本发明具体实施方式或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对具体实施方式或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍。在所有附图中,类似的元件或部分一般由类似的附图标记标识。附图中,各元件或部分并不一定按照实际的比例绘制。In order to more clearly illustrate the specific embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the following will briefly introduce the drawings that need to be used in the specific embodiments or the description of the prior art. In all the drawings, similar elements or parts are generally identified by similar reference signs. In the drawings, various elements or parts are not necessarily drawn according to actual scale.
图1为现有方案一的智能家居系统的示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of a smart home system in the existing scheme one;
图2为现有方案二的智能家居系统的示意图;Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the smart home system of existing scheme two;
图3为本发明第一实施例提供的智能网关的示意图;3 is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway provided by the first embodiment of the present invention;
图4为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关的示意图;4 is a schematic diagram of a smart gateway provided by a second embodiment of the present invention;
图4a为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关a的示意图;FIG. 4a is a schematic diagram of a smart gateway a provided by a second embodiment of the present invention;
图4b为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关b的示意图;4b is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway b provided by the second embodiment of the present invention;
图5为本发明第二实施例提供的智能家居系统的示意图;Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of a smart home system provided by a second embodiment of the present invention;
图6为本发明第三实施例提供的智能网关的示意图;Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a smart gateway provided by a third embodiment of the present invention;
图6a为本发明第三实施例提供的智能网关a的示意图;FIG. 6a is a schematic diagram of a smart gateway a provided by a third embodiment of the present invention;
图6b为本发明第三实施例提供的智能网关b的示意图;6b is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway b provided by the third embodiment of the present invention;
图7为本发明第三实施例提供的智能家居系统的示意图。Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of a smart home system provided by a third embodiment of the present invention.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面将结合附图对本发明技术方案的实施例进行详细的描述。以下实施例仅用于更加清楚地说明本发明的技术方案,因此只作为示例,而不能以此来限制本发明的保护范围。The embodiments of the technical solution of the present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. The following embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention more clearly, and therefore are only used as examples, and cannot be used to limit the protection scope of the present invention.
需要注意的是,除非另有说明,本申请使用的技术术语或者科学术语应当为本发明所属领域技术人员所理解的通常意义。It should be noted that, unless otherwise specified, the technical or scientific terms used in this application shall have the usual meaning understood by those skilled in the art to which the present invention belongs.
第一实施例First embodiment
请参考图3,其为本发明第一实施例提供的智能网关的示意图。该智能网关包括:网络通信模块11、路由交换模块12以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块。例如,WIFI通信模块131、蓝牙通信模块132、ZigBee通信模块133、Z-wave通信模块134、RF433通信模块135、RF315通信模块136、红外线通信模块137和超声波通信模块138等。可选地,多个无线通信模块包括这些列举的模块中的至少两个。Please refer to FIG. 3, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway provided by the first embodiment of the present invention. The smart gateway includes: a network communication module 11, a routing switch module 12, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols. For example, WIFI communication module 131, Bluetooth communication module 132, ZigBee communication module 133, Z-wave communication module 134, RF433 communication module 135, RF315 communication module 136, infrared communication module 137, ultrasonic communication module 138, etc. Optionally, the multiple wireless communication modules include at least two of the listed modules.
路由交换模块12与网络通信模块11通信连接,WIFI通信模块131、蓝牙通信模块132、ZigBee通信模块133、Z-wave通信模块134、RF433通信模块135、RF315通信模块136、红外线通信模块137和超声波通信模块138分别与路由交换模块12通信连接。The routing switch module 12 is in communication connection with the network communication module 11, WIFI communication module 131, Bluetooth communication module 132, ZigBee communication module 133, Z-wave communication module 134, RF433 communication module 135, RF315 communication module 136, infrared communication module 137 and ultrasonic The communication module 138 is in communication connection with the routing switch module 12 respectively.
路由交换模块12用于通过网络通信模块11的有线/无线通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个无线通信模块用于通过互联网进行通信协议的转化,以使其与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。The routing switch module 12 is used to communicate with the Internet through the wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module 11, and each wireless communication module is used to convert the communication protocol through the Internet to make it compatible with the smart device using the same communication protocol as itself To communicate.
图3所示的实施例中提供的智能网关采用了WIFI通信模块131、蓝牙通信模块132、ZigBee通信模块133、Z-wave通信模块134、RF433通信模块135、RF315通信模块136、红外线通信模块137和超声波通信模块138共8种无线通信模块,使得智能网关可以通过这8中不同的通信方式与外部的智能设备进行通信。The smart gateway provided in the embodiment shown in FIG. 3 uses a WIFI communication module 131, a Bluetooth communication module 132, a ZigBee communication module 133, a Z-wave communication module 134, an RF433 communication module 135, an RF315 communication module 136, and an infrared communication module 137 There are a total of 8 wireless communication modules with the ultrasonic communication module 138, so that the smart gateway can communicate with external smart devices through these 8 different communication methods.
例如,采用WIFI通信模块131与基于WIFI通信协议的智能设备(如智能电视等)进行通信,采用蓝牙通信模块132与基于蓝牙通信协议的智能设备(如蓝牙智能音箱等)进行通信,采用ZigBee通信模块133与基于ZigBee通信协议的智能设备(如智能窗帘、智能门锁等)进行通信,采用Z-wave通信模块134与基于Z-wave通信协议的智能设备(如远程监控设备等)进行通信,采用RF433通信模块135与基于RF433通信协议的智能设备(如智能开关等)进行通信,采用RF315通信模块136与基于RF315通信协议的智能设备(如智能插座、智能台灯等)进行通信,采用红外线通信模块137与基于红外线通信协议的智能设备(如智能空调等)进行通信,采用超声波通信模块138与基于超声波通信协议的智能设备(如超声波洗碗机等)进行通信,具有较高的兼容性和可拓展性。For example, the WIFI communication module 131 is used to communicate with smart devices based on the WIFI communication protocol (such as smart TVs, etc.), the Bluetooth communication module 132 is used to communicate with smart devices based on the Bluetooth communication protocol (such as Bluetooth smart speakers, etc.), and ZigBee communication is used The module 133 communicates with smart devices based on the ZigBee communication protocol (such as smart curtains, smart door locks, etc.), and uses the Z-wave communication module 134 to communicate with smart devices based on the Z-wave communication protocol (such as remote monitoring equipment, etc.), Use the RF433 communication module 135 to communicate with smart devices based on the RF433 communication protocol (such as smart switches, etc.), and use the RF315 communication module 136 to communicate with smart devices based on the RF315 communication protocol (such as smart sockets, smart lamps, etc.), using infrared communication The module 137 communicates with smart devices based on the infrared communication protocol (such as smart air conditioners, etc.), and the ultrasonic communication module 138 is used to communicate with smart devices based on the ultrasonic communication protocol (such as ultrasonic dishwashers, etc.), which has high compatibility and Scalability.
需要说明的是,本实施例列举的这些无线通信模块仅用于教导本领域技术人员如何实施本发明,本发明不限于以上列举的8种无线通信模块,还可以采用其它通信协议的无线通信模块。It should be noted that the wireless communication modules listed in this embodiment are only used to teach those skilled in the art how to implement the present invention. The present invention is not limited to the eight wireless communication modules listed above, and wireless communication modules of other communication protocols can also be used. .
综上,本实施例提供的一种智能网关,其集成了网络通信模块、路由交换模块以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块。路由交换模块通过网络通信模块的有线/无线通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个无线通信模块通过互联网进行通信协议的转化,然后与和自身 采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。该智能网关无需部署多个网关,打通了来自不同智能设备厂家的不同技术协议,大大增强了智能家居获得性和体验,不仅简化了智能家居方案,现场布放更加容易,便于消费者接受,还降低了智能家居成本,尤其是端到端的部署成本,有利于智能家居快速推广和消费者体验。In summary, the smart gateway provided in this embodiment integrates a network communication module, a routing switch module, and multiple wireless communication modules that use different communication protocols. The routing switch module communicates with the Internet through the wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module. Each wireless communication module converts the communication protocol through the Internet, and then communicates with the smart device that uses the same communication protocol as itself. The smart gateway does not need to deploy multiple gateways, opens up different technical agreements from different smart device manufacturers, greatly enhances the accessibility and experience of smart homes, not only simplifies smart home solutions, but also makes it easier to deploy on-site, making it easier for consumers to accept. The cost of smart homes is reduced, especially the end-to-end deployment cost, which is conducive to the rapid promotion of smart homes and consumer experience.
第二实施例Second embodiment
请参考图4,其为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关的示意图。该智能网关包括:第五代移动通信模块21、路由交换模块22以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块。例如:WIFI通信模块231、蓝牙通信模块232、ZigBee通信模块233、Z-wave通信模块234、RF433通信模块235、RF315通信模块236、红外线通信模块237和超声波通信模块238等。可选地,多个无线通信模块包括这些列举的模块中的至少两个。Please refer to FIG. 4, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway provided by the second embodiment of the present invention. The smart gateway includes: a fifth-generation mobile communication module 21, a routing and switching module 22, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols. For example: WIFI communication module 231, Bluetooth communication module 232, ZigBee communication module 233, Z-wave communication module 234, RF433 communication module 235, RF315 communication module 236, infrared communication module 237, ultrasonic communication module 238, etc. Optionally, the multiple wireless communication modules include at least two of the listed modules.
路由交换模块22与第五代移动通信模块21通信连接,WIFI通信模块231、蓝牙通信模块232、ZigBee通信模块233、Z-wave通信模块234、RF433通信模块235、RF315通信模块236、红外线通信模块237和超声波通信模块238分别与路由交换模块22通信连接。The routing switch module 22 is in communication connection with the fifth generation mobile communication module 21, WIFI communication module 231, Bluetooth communication module 232, ZigBee communication module 233, Z-wave communication module 234, RF433 communication module 235, RF315 communication module 236, infrared communication module 237 and the ultrasonic communication module 238 are respectively connected to the routing switch module 22 in communication.
路由交换模块22可以通过第五代移动通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个无线通信模块可以通过互联网进行通信协议的转化,以使其与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。The routing switch module 22 can communicate with the Internet through the fifth-generation mobile communication network, and each wireless communication module can convert the communication protocol through the Internet so that it can communicate with smart devices that use the same communication protocol as itself.
图4所示的实施例中提供的智能网关采用了WIFI通信模块231、蓝牙通信模块232、ZigBee通信模块233、Z-wave通信模块234、RF433通信模块235、RF315通信模块236、红外线通信模块237和超声波通信模块238共8种无线通信模块,使得智能网关可以通过这8中不同的通信方式与外部的智能设备进行通信,具有较高的兼容性和可拓展性。The smart gateway provided in the embodiment shown in FIG. 4 uses a WIFI communication module 231, a Bluetooth communication module 232, a ZigBee communication module 233, a Z-wave communication module 234, an RF433 communication module 235, an RF315 communication module 236, and an infrared communication module 237 There are a total of 8 wireless communication modules with the ultrasonic communication module 238, so that the smart gateway can communicate with external smart devices through these 8 different communication methods, which has high compatibility and expandability.
需要说明的是,本实施例列举的这些无线通信模块仅用于教导本领域技术人员如何实施本发明,本发明不限于以上列举的8种无线通信模块,还可以采用其它通信协议的无线通信模块。It should be noted that the wireless communication modules listed in this embodiment are only used to teach those skilled in the art how to implement the present invention. The present invention is not limited to the eight wireless communication modules listed above, and wireless communication modules of other communication protocols can also be used. .
本实施例的智能网关借助第五代通信网络技术,大幅缩减通信时延,能够带来更好的消费者体验和开发更多潜在的应用场景。The smart gateway of this embodiment uses the fifth-generation communication network technology to greatly reduce the communication delay, which can bring better consumer experience and develop more potential application scenarios.
但是,除了WIFI通信模块之外的其他无线通信模块,即使都属于同一个技术协议,因为厂家的不同会存在兼容性问题,导致跨厂家智能产品无法通信。However, in addition to the WIFI communication module, other wireless communication modules, even if they all belong to the same technical protocol, will have compatibility issues due to different manufacturers, which will result in the inability to communicate with smart products across manufacturers.
在一个优选的实施例中,请参考图4a,其为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关a的示意图。蓝牙通信模块232、ZigBee通信模块233、Z-wave通信模块234、RF433通信模块235、RF315通信模块236、红外线通信模块237和超声波通信模块238内部分别配置有驱 动适配单元。In a preferred embodiment, please refer to FIG. 4a, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway a provided in the second embodiment of the present invention. The Bluetooth communication module 232, the ZigBee communication module 233, the Z-wave communication module 234, the RF433 communication module 235, the RF315 communication module 236, the infrared communication module 237, and the ultrasonic communication module 238 are equipped with drive adaptation units respectively.
无线通信模块的驱动适配单元可以提供隶属于该无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现该无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit of the wireless communication module can provide the driver program of the preset type of communication protocol belonging to the wireless communication module, and update the driver program according to the communication protocol of the smart devices of different manufacturers that need to communicate with the wireless communication module , So as to realize the cross-manufacturer adaptation of the wireless communication module to smart devices that require different communication protocols to communicate with the wireless communication module.
具体地,蓝牙通信模块232的驱动适配单元1A可以提供预设种类的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种蓝牙通信协议。假设出现新的不同的蓝牙通信协议,驱动适配单元1A还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1A可以提供新的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序。因此,蓝牙通信模块232的驱动适配单元1A可以实现蓝牙通信模块232跨厂家适配不同蓝牙通信协议的智能设备。Specifically, the drive adaptation unit 1A of the Bluetooth communication module 232 can provide a preset type of Bluetooth communication protocol driver, for example, several Bluetooth communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different Bluetooth communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1A may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 1A can provide a driver program for the new Bluetooth communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1A of the Bluetooth communication module 232 can implement the Bluetooth communication module 232 to adapt smart devices of different Bluetooth communication protocols across manufacturers.
ZigBee通信模块233的驱动适配单元1B可以提供预设种类的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种ZigBee通信协议。假设出现新的不同的ZigBee通信协议,驱动适配单元1B还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1B可以提供新的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序。因此,ZigBee通信模块233的驱动适配单元1B可以实现ZigBee通信模块233跨厂家适配不同ZigBee通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 1B of the ZigBee communication module 233 can provide a preset type of ZigBee communication protocol driver, for example, several ZigBee communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different ZigBee communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1B may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation unit 1B can provide a driver for the new ZigBee communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1B of the ZigBee communication module 233 can implement the ZigBee communication module 233 to adapt smart devices of different ZigBee communication protocols across manufacturers.
Z-wave通信模块234的驱动适配单元1C可以提供预设种类的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种Z-wave通信协议。假设出现新的不同的Z-wave通信协议,驱动适配单元1C还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1C可以提供新的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序。因此,Z-wave通信模块234的驱动适配单元1C可以实现Z-wave通信模块234跨厂家适配不同Z-wave通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 1C of the Z-wave communication module 234 can provide a preset type of Z-wave communication protocol driver, such as several Z-wave communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different Z-wave communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1C may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 1C can provide a driver program for the new Z-wave communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1C of the Z-wave communication module 234 can implement the Z-wave communication module 234 to adapt smart devices of different Z-wave communication protocols across manufacturers.
RF433通信模块235的驱动适配单元1D可以提供预设种类的RF433通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种RF433通信协议。假设出现新的不同的RF433通信协议,驱动适配单元1D还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1D可以提供新的RF433通信协议的驱动程序。因此,RF433通信模块235的驱动适配单元1D可以实现RF433通信模块235跨厂家适配不同RF433通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 1D of the RF433 communication module 235 can provide a preset type of RF433 communication protocol driver, such as several RF433 communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different RF433 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1D can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation unit 1D can provide a new RF433 communication protocol driver. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1D of the RF433 communication module 235 can implement the RF433 communication module 235 to adapt smart devices of different RF433 communication protocols across manufacturers.
RF315通信模块236的驱动适配单元1E可以提供预设种类的RF315通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种RF315通信协议。假设出现新的不同的RF315通信协议,驱动适配单元1E还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1E可以提供新的RF315通信协议的驱动程序。因此,RF315通信模块236的驱动适配单元1E可以实现RF315通信模块236跨厂家适配不同RF315通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 1E of the RF315 communication module 236 can provide a preset type of driver for the RF315 communication protocol, for example, several RF315 communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different RF315 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1E can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation unit 1E can provide a driver for the new RF315 communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1E of the RF315 communication module 236 can implement the RF315 communication module 236 to adapt smart devices of different RF315 communication protocols across manufacturers.
红外线通信模块237的驱动适配单元1F可以提供预设种类的红外线通信协议的驱动 程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种红外线通信协议。假设出现新的不同的红外线通信协议,驱动适配单元1F还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1F可以提供新的红外线通信协议的驱动程序。因此,红外线通信模块237的驱动适配单元1F可以实现红外线通信模块237跨厂家适配不同红外线通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 1F of the infrared communication module 237 can provide a preset type of infrared communication protocol driver, such as several infrared communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different infrared communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1F may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 1F can provide the driver program of the new infrared communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adapting unit 1F of the infrared communication module 237 can implement the infrared communication module 237 to adapt smart devices of different infrared communication protocols across manufacturers.
超声波通信模块238的驱动适配单元1G可以提供预设种类的超声波通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种超声波通信协议。假设出现新的不同的超声波通信协议,驱动适配单元1G还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元1G可以提供新的超声波通信协议的驱动程序。因此,超声波通信模块238的驱动适配单元1G可以实现超声波通信模块238跨厂家适配不同超声波通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 1G of the ultrasonic communication module 238 can provide a preset type of driver program of the ultrasonic communication protocol, for example, several ultrasonic communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different ultrasonic communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 1G may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 1G can provide a driver program for the new ultrasonic communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 1G of the ultrasonic communication module 238 can implement the ultrasonic communication module 238 to adapt smart devices of different ultrasonic communication protocols across manufacturers.
本实施例的智能网关针对不同智能产品厂家更新相应的驱动程序,即可实现跨厂家适配,从而完成一个智能网关与多厂家智能产品的通信。The smart gateway of this embodiment updates corresponding drivers for different smart product manufacturers to achieve cross-manufacturer adaptation, thereby completing the communication between one smart gateway and multi-manufacturer smart products.
在一个优选的实施例中,请参考图4b,其为本发明第二实施例提供的智能网关b的示意图。本实施例在无线通信模块的外部增加了驱动适配模块24。驱动适配模块24分别与蓝牙通信模块232、ZigBee通信模块233、Z-wave通信模块234、RF433通信模块235、RF315通信模块236、红外线通信模块237和超声波通信模块238连接。In a preferred embodiment, please refer to FIG. 4b, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway b provided by the second embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, a drive adaptation module 24 is added outside the wireless communication module. The drive adaptation module 24 is connected to the Bluetooth communication module 232, the ZigBee communication module 233, the Z-wave communication module 234, the RF433 communication module 235, the RF315 communication module 236, the infrared communication module 237, and the ultrasonic communication module 238, respectively.
驱动适配模块24可以提供隶属于每个与驱动适配模块24连接的无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现每个与驱动适配模块24连接的无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver program belonging to a preset type of communication protocol of each wireless communication module connected to the driver adaptation module 24, and update the driver program according to the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers, thereby Each wireless communication module connected to the drive adaptation module 24 can be adapted across manufacturers to smart devices that require different communication protocols to communicate with the wireless communication module.
具体地,驱动适配模块24可以提供预设种类的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序、ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序、Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序、RF433通信协议的驱动程序、RF315通信协议的驱动程序、红外线通信协议的驱动程序和超声波通信协议的驱动程序。例如目前市面上常用的几种蓝牙通信协议、ZigBee通信协议、Z-wave通信协议、RF433通信协议、RF315通信协议、红外线通信协议和超声波通信协议。Specifically, the driver adaptation module 24 can provide preset types of Bluetooth communication protocol drivers, ZigBee communication protocol drivers, Z-wave communication protocol drivers, RF433 communication protocol drivers, and RF315 communication protocol drivers. , Infrared communication protocol driver and ultrasonic communication protocol driver. For example, several Bluetooth communication protocols, ZigBee communication protocol, Z-wave communication protocol, RF433 communication protocol, RF315 communication protocol, infrared communication protocol and ultrasonic communication protocol are commonly used in the market.
假设出现新的不同的通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的通信协议的驱动程序。Assuming that a new and different communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new communication protocol.
具体地,假设出现新的不同的蓝牙通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现蓝牙通信模块232跨厂家适配不同蓝牙通信协议的智能设备。Specifically, assuming that a new and different Bluetooth communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new Bluetooth communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 24 can implement the Bluetooth communication module 232 to adapt smart devices of different Bluetooth communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的ZigBee通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以 实现ZigBee通信模块233跨厂家适配不同ZigBee通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different ZigBee communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new ZigBee communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation module 24 can implement the ZigBee communication module 233 to adapt smart devices of different ZigBee communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的Z-wave通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现Z-wave通信模块234跨厂家适配不同Z-wave通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different Z-wave communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new Z-wave communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation module 24 can implement the Z-wave communication module 234 to adapt smart devices of different Z-wave communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的RF433通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的RF433通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现RF433通信模块235跨厂家适配不同RF433通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different RF433 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new RF433 communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 24 can implement the RF433 communication module 235 to adapt smart devices of different RF433 communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的RF315通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的RF315通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现RF315通信模块236跨厂家适配不同RF315通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different RF315 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new RF315 communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 24 can implement the RF315 communication module 236 to adapt smart devices of different RF315 communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的红外线通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的红外线通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现红外线通信模块237跨厂家适配不同红外线通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different infrared communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver for the new infrared communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 24 can implement the infrared communication module 237 to adapt smart devices of different infrared communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的超声波通信协议,驱动适配模块24还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块24可以提供新的超声波通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块24可以实现超声波通信模块238跨厂家适配不同超声波通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different ultrasonic communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 24 may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation module 24 can provide a driver program for the new ultrasonic communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 24 can implement the ultrasonic communication module 238 to adapt smart devices of different ultrasonic communication protocols across manufacturers.
本实施例的智能网关针对不同智能产品厂家更新相应的驱动程序,即可实现跨厂家适配,从而完成一个智能网关与多厂家智能产品的通信。The smart gateway of this embodiment updates corresponding drivers for different smart product manufacturers to achieve cross-manufacturer adaptation, thereby completing the communication between one smart gateway and multi-manufacturer smart products.
在一个优选的实施例中,智能网关的所有模块集成在壳体内部,第五代移动通信模块21内置在智能网关的PCB板上。具体地,可以插入SIM卡,或通过软SIM(Soft SIM),实现接收基站信号,进行5G拨号上网。In a preferred embodiment, all modules of the smart gateway are integrated inside the housing, and the fifth-generation mobile communication module 21 is built-in on the PCB of the smart gateway. Specifically, a SIM card can be inserted or a soft SIM (Soft SIM) can be used to receive base station signals and perform 5G dial-up Internet access.
在一个优选的实施例中,智能网关除了第五代移动通信模块21之外的其他模块集成在壳体内部,第五代移动通信模块21可以外置。具体地,将USB 5G上网卡接在壳体的USB等有线连接接口上,提供电源,实现5G拨号上网。In a preferred embodiment, other modules of the smart gateway except the fifth-generation mobile communication module 21 are integrated inside the housing, and the fifth-generation mobile communication module 21 may be externally installed. Specifically, a USB 5G network card is connected to a wired connection interface such as a USB of the housing to provide power to realize 5G dial-up Internet access.
在一个优选的实施例中,为了保证数据传输的稳定性和安全性(无线信号被窃听的几率较高),部分智能设备可能需要通过有线方式连接智能网关。因此,本实施例的智能网关还配置有USB接口和以太网接口,壳体上开设有对应USB接口和以太网接口的开口,以便连接USB数据线和网线。USB接口和以太网接口与无线通信模块通信连接,用于通过有线方式与智能设备通信连接。In a preferred embodiment, in order to ensure the stability and security of data transmission (the probability of wireless signals being eavesdropped is higher), some smart devices may need to connect to the smart gateway in a wired manner. Therefore, the smart gateway of this embodiment is also configured with a USB interface and an Ethernet interface, and openings corresponding to the USB interface and the Ethernet interface are opened on the housing for connecting the USB data cable and the network cable. The USB interface and the Ethernet interface are communicatively connected with the wireless communication module for communication and connection with the smart device in a wired manner.
在一个优选的实施例中,壳体内还设置有多个内置天线,多个内置天线与多个无线通信模块中的至少一个连接。具体连接方式可以根据实际需求灵活设置。例如,距离智能网 关距离较远的智能门锁处ZigBee信号较弱,需要为ZigBee通信模块233接入多根内置天线,以增加ZigBee信号的强度。In a preferred embodiment, multiple built-in antennas are further provided in the housing, and the multiple built-in antennas are connected to at least one of the multiple wireless communication modules. The specific connection method can be flexibly set according to actual needs. For example, the ZigBee signal at the smart door lock that is far away from the smart gateway is weak, and it is necessary to connect multiple built-in antennas to the ZigBee communication module 233 to increase the strength of the ZigBee signal.
在一个优选的实施例中,由于内置天线信号强度较弱且通信距离短,对于大户型家庭而言,距离智能网关较远的位置信号较差,在壳体外设置多个外置天线,多个外置天线与多个无线通信模块中的至少一个连接。具体连接方式可以根据实际需求灵活设置。例如,距离智能网关距离较远的智能门锁处ZigBee信号较弱,需要为ZigBee通信模块233接入多根外置天线,以增加ZigBee信号的强度。In a preferred embodiment, due to the weak signal strength of the built-in antenna and the short communication distance, for a large-sized family, the signal at a location farther away from the smart gateway is poor, and multiple external antennas are arranged outside the housing. The external antenna is connected to at least one of the multiple wireless communication modules. The specific connection method can be flexibly set according to actual needs. For example, the ZigBee signal at the smart door lock that is far away from the smart gateway is weak, and it is necessary to connect multiple external antennas to the ZigBee communication module 233 to increase the strength of the ZigBee signal.
请参考图5,其为本发明第二实施例提供的智能家居系统的示意图。该智能家居系统包括本实施例提供的任意一种智能网关和接入该智能网关的基于不同通信协议的多个智能设备。图5所示的智能网关采用的外置天线,仅用于示例,本实施例不限于此。在具体实施中,智能网关也可以采用内置天线。其中,每个智能设备与智能网关通过与该智能设备自身相同的通信协议进行通信连接。Please refer to FIG. 5, which is a schematic diagram of the smart home system provided by the second embodiment of the present invention. The smart home system includes any of the smart gateways provided in this embodiment and multiple smart devices based on different communication protocols that access the smart gateway. The external antenna used by the smart gateway shown in FIG. 5 is only used for example, and this embodiment is not limited to this. In specific implementation, the smart gateway can also use a built-in antenna. Among them, each smart device communicates with the smart gateway through the same communication protocol as the smart device itself.
本发明的多个智能设备包括智能安防设备、智能家电设备和健康监测设备。本发明不限于此,在具体实施中还可以包括其他智能设备,例如环境监控设备、语音控制设备、楼宇对讲设备等。The multiple smart devices of the present invention include smart security devices, smart home appliances, and health monitoring devices. The present invention is not limited to this, and may also include other smart devices in specific implementations, such as environmental monitoring devices, voice control devices, building intercom devices, etc.
可选地,智能安防设备包括智能门锁、智能烟雾探头、智能摄像头和报警装置中的至少一个。智能家电设备包括智能水表/电表、智能灯、智能窗帘、智能插座、智能开关、平板电脑、智能电视、打印机、洗衣机和冰箱中的至少一个。健康监测设备包括智能温度计、智能湿度计和有害气体监测设备中的至少一个。Optionally, the smart security equipment includes at least one of a smart door lock, a smart smoke probe, a smart camera, and an alarm device. The smart home appliance includes at least one of smart water/electric meters, smart lights, smart curtains, smart sockets, smart switches, tablet computers, smart TVs, printers, washing machines, and refrigerators. The health monitoring device includes at least one of a smart thermometer, a smart hygrometer, and a harmful gas monitoring device.
本实施例提供的智能家居系统与本实施例提供的智能网关基于相同的发明构思,具有相同的有益效果。The smart home system provided in this embodiment and the smart gateway provided in this embodiment are based on the same inventive concept and have the same beneficial effects.
第三实施例The third embodiment
请参考图6,其为本实用新型第三实施例提供的智能网关的示意图。该智能网关包括:调制解调模块31、路由交换模块32以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块。例如:WIFI通信模块331、蓝牙通信模块332、ZigBee通信模块333、Z-wave通信模块334、RF433通信模块335、RF315通信模块336、红外线通信模块337和超声波通信模块338等。可选地,多个无线通信模块包括这些列举的模块中的至少两个。Please refer to FIG. 6, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway provided by the third embodiment of the present invention. The smart gateway includes: a modem module 31, a routing switch module 32, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols. For example: WIFI communication module 331, Bluetooth communication module 332, ZigBee communication module 333, Z-wave communication module 334, RF433 communication module 335, RF315 communication module 336, infrared communication module 337, ultrasonic communication module 338, etc. Optionally, the multiple wireless communication modules include at least two of the listed modules.
路由交换模块32与调制解调模块31通信连接。WIFI通信模块331、蓝牙通信模块332、ZigBee通信模块333、Z-wave通信模块334、RF433通信模块335、RF315通信模块336、红外线通信模块337和超声波通信模块338分别与路由交换模块32通信连接。需要说明的 是,在具体实施中,可以将调制解调模块31、路由交换模块32以及多个无线通信模块集成到统一的物理电路板或结构中,也可以采用模块化设计将调制解调模块31、路由交换模块32以及多个无线通信模块组合到一个物理结构中。智能网关可以采用不同的有线宽带网络接入技术,如铜线、同轴、光纤等,调制解调模块31(Modem,也称“猫”)也将对应不同技术方案。The routing switch module 32 is in communication connection with the modem module 31. The WIFI communication module 331, the Bluetooth communication module 332, the ZigBee communication module 333, the Z-wave communication module 334, the RF433 communication module 335, the RF315 communication module 336, the infrared communication module 337, and the ultrasonic communication module 338 are in communication connection with the routing switch module 32, respectively. It should be noted that in specific implementation, the modem module 31, the routing switch module 32, and multiple wireless communication modules can be integrated into a unified physical circuit board or structure, or the modem module can be modularized in a modular design. 31. The routing switch module 32 and multiple wireless communication modules are combined into one physical structure. The smart gateway can use different wired broadband network access technologies, such as copper wire, coaxial, optical fiber, etc., and the modem module 31 (Modem, also called "cat") will also correspond to different technical solutions.
路由交换模块32可以通过家庭固定宽带网络与互联网进行通信,每个无线通信模块可以通过互联网进行通信协议的转化,以使其与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。The routing switch module 32 can communicate with the Internet through the home fixed broadband network, and each wireless communication module can convert the communication protocol through the Internet so that it can communicate with smart devices that use the same communication protocol as itself.
图6所示的实施例中提供的智能网关采用了WIFI通信模块331、蓝牙通信模块332、ZigBee通信模块333、Z-wave通信模块334、RF433通信模块335、RF315通信模块336、红外线通信模块337和超声波通信模块338共8种无线通信模块,使得智能网关可以通过这8中不同的通信方式与外部的智能设备进行通信。智能网关可以根据使用场景的不同集成和支持多种通信协议组合(包括但不仅限于上述8种通信协议中的一种或多种通信协议的组合),具有较高的兼容性和可拓展性。The smart gateway provided in the embodiment shown in FIG. 6 uses WIFI communication module 331, Bluetooth communication module 332, ZigBee communication module 333, Z-wave communication module 334, RF433 communication module 335, RF315 communication module 336, and infrared communication module 337 There are a total of 8 wireless communication modules with the ultrasonic communication module 338, so that the smart gateway can communicate with external smart devices through these 8 different communication methods. The smart gateway can integrate and support multiple communication protocol combinations (including but not limited to one or more of the above eight communication protocols) according to different usage scenarios, and has high compatibility and scalability.
需要说明的是,本实施例列举的这些无线通信模块仅用于教导本领域技术人员如何实施本实用新型,本实用新型不限于以上列举的8种无线通信模块,还可以采用其它通信协议的无线通信模块。在智能网关的基础上,可以再根据场景需要增加其他功能来满足消费者更多需求,例如增加语音识别功能,人脸识别功能等。It should be noted that the wireless communication modules listed in this embodiment are only used to teach those skilled in the art how to implement the present utility model. The present utility model is not limited to the eight wireless communication modules listed above, and other wireless communication protocols can also be used. Communication module. On the basis of the smart gateway, other functions can be added according to the needs of the scene to meet more consumer needs, such as adding voice recognition functions, face recognition functions, etc.
本实施例提供的智能网关集成多种通信协议后,无需部署多个网关,打通了来自不同智能设备厂家的不同技术协议,大大增强了智能家居获得性和体验,不仅简化了智能家居方案,现场布放更加容易,便于消费者接受,还降低了智能家居成本,尤其是端到端的部署成本,有利于智能家居快速推广和消费者体验。After the smart gateway provided in this embodiment integrates multiple communication protocols, there is no need to deploy multiple gateways, and opens up different technical protocols from different smart device manufacturers, greatly enhancing the accessibility and experience of smart homes, and not only simplifies smart home solutions, but also on-site It is easier to deploy and easy for consumers to accept. It also reduces the cost of smart homes, especially end-to-end deployment costs, which is conducive to the rapid promotion of smart homes and consumer experience.
但是,除了WIFI通信模块之外的其他无线通信模块,即使都属于同一个技术协议,因为厂家的不同会存在兼容性问题,导致跨厂家智能产品无法通信。However, in addition to the WIFI communication module, other wireless communication modules, even if they all belong to the same technical protocol, will have compatibility issues due to different manufacturers, which will cause the cross-manufacturer smart products to fail to communicate.
在一个优选的实施例中,请参考图6a,其为本发明第三实施例提供的智能网关a的示意图。蓝牙通信模块332、ZigBee通信模块333、Z-wave通信模块334、RF433通信模块335、RF315通信模块336、红外线通信模块337和超声波通信模块338内部分别配置有驱动适配单元。In a preferred embodiment, please refer to FIG. 6a, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway a provided in the third embodiment of the present invention. The Bluetooth communication module 332, the ZigBee communication module 333, the Z-wave communication module 334, the RF433 communication module 335, the RF315 communication module 336, the infrared communication module 337, and the ultrasonic communication module 338 are respectively equipped with drive adaptation units.
无线通信模块的驱动适配单元可以提供隶属于该无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现该无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同 通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit of the wireless communication module can provide the driver program of the preset type of communication protocol belonging to the wireless communication module, and update the driver program according to the communication protocol of the smart devices of different manufacturers that need to communicate with the wireless communication module , So as to realize the cross-manufacturer adaptation of the wireless communication module to smart devices that require different communication protocols to communicate with the wireless communication module.
具体地,蓝牙通信模块332的驱动适配单元2A可以提供预设种类的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种蓝牙通信协议。假设出现新的不同的蓝牙通信协议,驱动适配单元2A还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2A可以提供新的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序。因此,蓝牙通信模块332的驱动适配单元2A可以实现蓝牙通信模块332跨厂家适配不同蓝牙通信协议的智能设备。Specifically, the drive adaptation unit 2A of the Bluetooth communication module 332 can provide a preset type of Bluetooth communication protocol driver, for example, several Bluetooth communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different Bluetooth communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2A may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 2A can provide a driver program for the new Bluetooth communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 2A of the Bluetooth communication module 332 can implement the Bluetooth communication module 332 to adapt smart devices of different Bluetooth communication protocols across manufacturers.
ZigBee通信模块333的驱动适配单元2B可以提供预设种类的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种ZigBee通信协议。假设出现新的不同的ZigBee通信协议,驱动适配单元2B还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2B可以提供新的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序。因此,ZigBee通信模块333的驱动适配单元2B可以实现ZigBee通信模块333跨厂家适配不同ZigBee通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 2B of the ZigBee communication module 333 can provide a preset type of ZigBee communication protocol driver, such as several ZigBee communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different ZigBee communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2B may also update the driver program so that the driver adaptation unit 2B can provide a driver program for the new ZigBee communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 2B of the ZigBee communication module 333 can implement the ZigBee communication module 333 to adapt smart devices of different ZigBee communication protocols across manufacturers.
Z-wave通信模块334的驱动适配单元2C可以提供预设种类的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种Z-wave通信协议。假设出现新的不同的Z-wave通信协议,驱动适配单元2C还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2C可以提供新的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序。因此,Z-wave通信模块334的驱动适配单元2C可以实现Z-wave通信模块334跨厂家适配不同Z-wave通信协议的智能设备。The drive adaptation unit 2C of the Z-wave communication module 334 can provide a preset type of Z-wave communication protocol driver, such as several Z-wave communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different Z-wave communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2C may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 2C can provide a driver program for the new Z-wave communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation unit 2C of the Z-wave communication module 334 can implement the Z-wave communication module 334 to adapt smart devices of different Z-wave communication protocols across manufacturers.
RF433通信模块335的驱动适配单元2D可以提供预设种类的RF433通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种RF433通信协议。假设出现新的不同的RF433通信协议,驱动适配单元2D还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2D可以提供新的RF433通信协议的驱动程序。因此,RF433通信模块335的驱动适配单元2D可以实现RF433通信模块335跨厂家适配不同RF433通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 2D of the RF433 communication module 335 can provide a preset type of driver for the RF433 communication protocol, for example, several RF433 communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different RF433 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2D can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation unit 2D can provide a new RF433 communication protocol driver. Therefore, the driver adaptation unit 2D of the RF433 communication module 335 can realize that the RF433 communication module 335 adapts smart devices of different RF433 communication protocols across manufacturers.
RF315通信模块336的驱动适配单元2E可以提供预设种类的RF315通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种RF315通信协议。假设出现新的不同的RF315通信协议,驱动适配单元2E还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2E可以提供新的RF315通信协议的驱动程序。因此,RF315通信模块336的驱动适配单元2E可以实现RF315通信模块336跨厂家适配不同RF315通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 2E of the RF315 communication module 336 can provide a preset type of driver for the RF315 communication protocol, for example, several RF315 communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different RF315 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2E can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation unit 2E can provide a driver for the new RF315 communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adapting unit 2E of the RF315 communication module 336 can implement the RF315 communication module 336 to adapt smart devices of different RF315 communication protocols across manufacturers.
红外线通信模块337的驱动适配单元2F可以提供预设种类的红外线通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种红外线通信协议。假设出现新的不同的红外线通信协议,驱动适配单元2F还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2F可以提供新的红外线通信协议的驱动程序。因此,红外线通信模块337的驱动适配单元2F可以实现红外线通信模块337跨厂家适配不同红外线通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 2F of the infrared communication module 337 can provide a preset type of infrared communication protocol driver, such as several infrared communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different infrared communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2F may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 2F can provide a driver program of the new infrared communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation unit 2F of the infrared communication module 337 can implement the infrared communication module 337 to adapt smart devices with different infrared communication protocols across manufacturers.
超声波通信模块338的驱动适配单元2G可以提供预设种类的超声波通信协议的驱动程序,例如目前市面上常用的几种超声波通信协议。假设出现新的不同的超声波通信协议,驱动适配单元2G还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配单元2G可以提供新的超声波通信协议的驱动程序。因此,超声波通信模块338的驱动适配单元2G可以实现超声波通信模块338跨厂家适配不同超声波通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit 2G of the ultrasonic communication module 338 can provide a preset type of driver of the ultrasonic communication protocol, for example, several ultrasonic communication protocols commonly used in the market. Assuming that a new and different ultrasound communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation unit 2G may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation unit 2G can provide a driver program for the new ultrasound communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adapting unit 2G of the ultrasonic communication module 338 can realize that the ultrasonic communication module 338 adapts smart devices of different ultrasonic communication protocols across manufacturers.
本实施例的智能网关针对不同智能产品厂家更新相应的驱动程序,即可实现跨厂家适配,从而完成一个智能网关与多厂家智能产品的通信。The smart gateway of this embodiment updates corresponding drivers for different smart product manufacturers to achieve cross-manufacturer adaptation, thereby completing the communication between one smart gateway and multi-manufacturer smart products.
在一个优选的实施例中,请参考图6b,其为本发明第三实施例提供的智能网关b的示意图。本实施例在无线通信模块的外部增加了驱动适配模块34。驱动适配模块34分别与蓝牙通信模块332、ZigBee通信模块333、Z-wave通信模块334、RF433通信模块335、RF315通信模块336、红外线通信模块337和超声波通信模块338连接。In a preferred embodiment, please refer to FIG. 6b, which is a schematic diagram of the smart gateway b according to the third embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, a drive adaptation module 34 is added outside the wireless communication module. The drive adaptation module 34 is respectively connected with the Bluetooth communication module 332, the ZigBee communication module 333, the Z-wave communication module 334, the RF433 communication module 335, the RF315 communication module 336, the infrared communication module 337, and the ultrasonic communication module 338.
驱动适配模块34可以提供隶属于每个与驱动适配模块34连接的无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现每个与驱动适配模块34连接的无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver program of a preset type of communication protocol belonging to each wireless communication module connected to the driver adaptation module 34, and update the driver program according to the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers, thereby Each wireless communication module connected to the drive adaptation module 34 is implemented to adapt smart devices of different communication protocols that need to communicate with the wireless communication module across manufacturers.
具体地,驱动适配模块34可以提供预设种类的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序、ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序、Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序、RF433通信协议的驱动程序、RF315通信协议的驱动程序、红外线通信协议的驱动程序和超声波通信协议的驱动程序。例如目前市面上常用的几种蓝牙通信协议、ZigBee通信协议、Z-wave通信协议、RF433通信协议、RF315通信协议、红外线通信协议和超声波通信协议。Specifically, the driver adaptation module 34 can provide preset types of Bluetooth communication protocol drivers, ZigBee communication protocol drivers, Z-wave communication protocol drivers, RF433 communication protocol drivers, and RF315 communication protocol drivers. , Infrared communication protocol driver and ultrasonic communication protocol driver. For example, several Bluetooth communication protocols, ZigBee communication protocol, Z-wave communication protocol, RF433 communication protocol, RF315 communication protocol, infrared communication protocol and ultrasonic communication protocol are commonly used in the market.
假设出现新的不同的通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的通信协议的驱动程序。Assuming that a new and different communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new communication protocol.
具体地,假设出现新的不同的蓝牙通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的蓝牙通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现蓝牙通信模块332跨厂家适配不同蓝牙通信协议的智能设备。Specifically, assuming that a new and different Bluetooth communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new Bluetooth communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 34 can implement the Bluetooth communication module 332 to adapt smart devices of different Bluetooth communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的ZigBee通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的ZigBee通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现ZigBee通信模块333跨厂家适配不同ZigBee通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different ZigBee communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new ZigBee communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation module 34 can implement the ZigBee communication module 333 to adapt smart devices of different ZigBee communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的Z-wave通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的Z-wave通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现Z-wave通信模块334跨厂家适配不同Z-wave通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different Z-wave communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new Z-wave communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation module 34 can implement the Z-wave communication module 334 to adapt smart devices of different Z-wave communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的RF433通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的RF433通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现RF433通信模块335跨厂家适配不同RF433通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different RF433 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new RF433 communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 34 can implement the RF433 communication module 335 to adapt smart devices of different RF433 communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的RF315通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的RF315通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现RF315通信模块336跨厂家适配不同RF315通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different RF315 communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new RF315 communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adaptation module 34 can implement the RF315 communication module 336 to adapt smart devices of different RF315 communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的红外线通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的红外线通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现红外线通信模块337跨厂家适配不同红外线通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different infrared communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 can also update the driver, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver for the new infrared communication protocol. Therefore, the drive adapting module 34 can implement the infrared communication module 337 to adapt smart devices of different infrared communication protocols across manufacturers.
假设出现新的不同的超声波通信协议,驱动适配模块34还可以更新驱动程序,使得驱动适配模块34可以提供新的超声波通信协议的驱动程序。因此,驱动适配模块34可以实现超声波通信模块338跨厂家适配不同超声波通信协议的智能设备。Assuming that a new and different ultrasonic communication protocol appears, the driver adaptation module 34 may also update the driver program, so that the driver adaptation module 34 can provide a driver program for the new ultrasonic communication protocol. Therefore, the driver adaptation module 34 can implement the ultrasonic communication module 338 to adapt smart devices of different ultrasonic communication protocols across manufacturers.
本实施例的智能网关针对不同智能产品厂家更新相应的驱动程序,即可实现跨厂家适配,从而完成一个智能网关与多厂家智能产品的通信。The smart gateway of this embodiment updates corresponding drivers for different smart product manufacturers to achieve cross-manufacturer adaptation, thereby completing the communication between one smart gateway and multi-manufacturer smart products.
在一个优选的实施例中,为了保证数据传输的稳定性和安全性(无线信号被窃听的几率较高),部分智能设备可能需要通过有线方式连接智能网关。因此,本实施例的智能网关还配置有USB接口和以太网接口,壳体上开设有对应USB接口和以太网接口的开口,以便连接USB数据线和网线。USB接口和以太网接口与无线通信模块通信连接,用于通过有线方式与智能设备通信连接。In a preferred embodiment, in order to ensure the stability and security of data transmission (the probability of wireless signals being eavesdropped is higher), some smart devices may need to connect to the smart gateway in a wired manner. Therefore, the smart gateway of this embodiment is also configured with a USB interface and an Ethernet interface, and openings corresponding to the USB interface and the Ethernet interface are opened on the housing for connecting the USB data cable and the network cable. The USB interface and the Ethernet interface are communicatively connected with the wireless communication module for communication and connection with the smart device in a wired manner.
在一个优选的实施例中,壳体内还设置有多个内置天线,多个内置天线与多个无线通信模块中的至少一个连接。具体连接方式可以根据实际需求灵活设置。例如,距离智能网关距离较远的智能门锁处ZigBee信号较弱,需要为ZigBee通信模块333接入多根内置天线,以增加ZigBee信号的强度。In a preferred embodiment, multiple built-in antennas are further provided in the housing, and the multiple built-in antennas are connected to at least one of the multiple wireless communication modules. The specific connection method can be flexibly set according to actual needs. For example, the ZigBee signal at the smart door lock that is far away from the smart gateway is weak, and multiple built-in antennas need to be connected to the ZigBee communication module 333 to increase the strength of the ZigBee signal.
在一个优选的实施例中,由于内置天线信号强度较弱且通信距离短,对于大户型家庭而言,距离智能网关较远的位置信号较差,在壳体外设置多个外置天线,多个外置天线与多个无线通信模块中的至少一个连接。具体连接方式可以根据实际需求灵活设置。例如,距离智能网关距离较远的智能门锁处ZigBee信号较弱,需要为ZigBee通信模块333接入多根外置天线,以增加ZigBee信号的强度。In a preferred embodiment, due to the weak signal strength of the built-in antenna and the short communication distance, for a large-sized family, the signal at a location farther away from the smart gateway is poor, and multiple external antennas are arranged outside the housing. The external antenna is connected to at least one of the multiple wireless communication modules. The specific connection method can be flexibly set according to actual needs. For example, the ZigBee signal at the smart door lock that is far away from the smart gateway is weak, and it is necessary to connect multiple external antennas to the ZigBee communication module 333 to increase the strength of the ZigBee signal.
请参考图7,其为本发明第三实施例提供的智能家居系统的示意图。该智能家居系统包括本实施例提供的任意一种智能网关和接入该智能网关的基于不同通信协议的多个智能设备。图7所示的智能网关采用的外置天线,仅用于示例,本实施例不限于此。在具体实 施中,智能网关也可以采用内置天线。其中,每个智能设备与智能网关通过与该智能设备自身相同的通信协议进行通信连接。Please refer to FIG. 7, which is a schematic diagram of a smart home system provided by a third embodiment of the present invention. The smart home system includes any of the smart gateways provided in this embodiment and multiple smart devices based on different communication protocols that access the smart gateway. The external antenna used by the smart gateway shown in FIG. 7 is only used for example, and this embodiment is not limited to this. In specific implementation, the smart gateway can also use a built-in antenna. Among them, each smart device communicates with the smart gateway through the same communication protocol as the smart device itself.
本发明的多个智能设备包括智能安防设备、智能家电设备和健康监测设备。本发明不限于此,在具体实施中还可以包括其他智能设备,例如环境监控设备、语音控制设备、楼宇对讲设备等。The multiple smart devices of the present invention include smart security devices, smart home appliances, and health monitoring devices. The present invention is not limited to this, and may also include other smart devices in specific implementations, such as environmental monitoring devices, voice control devices, building intercom devices, etc.
可选地,智能安防设备包括智能门锁、智能烟雾探头、智能摄像头和报警装置中的至少一个。智能家电设备包括智能水表/电表、智能灯、智能窗帘、智能插座、智能开关、平板电脑、智能电视、打印机、洗衣机和冰箱中的至少一个。健康监测设备包括智能温度计、智能湿度计和有害气体监测设备中的至少一个。Optionally, the smart security equipment includes at least one of a smart door lock, a smart smoke probe, a smart camera, and an alarm device. The smart home appliance includes at least one of smart water/electric meters, smart lights, smart curtains, smart sockets, smart switches, tablet computers, smart TVs, printers, washing machines, and refrigerators. The health monitoring device includes at least one of a smart thermometer, a smart hygrometer, and a harmful gas monitoring device.
本实施例提供的智能家居系统与本实施例提供的智能网关基于相同的发明构思,具有相同的有益效果。The smart home system provided in this embodiment and the smart gateway provided in this embodiment are based on the same inventive concept and have the same beneficial effects.
最后应说明的是:以上各实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述各实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分或者全部技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的范围,其均应涵盖在本发明的权利要求和说明书的范围当中。Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solutions of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those of ordinary skill in the art should understand: It is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or equivalently replace some or all of the technical features; these modifications or replacements do not make the essence of the corresponding technical solutions deviate from the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention The scope shall be included in the scope of the claims and specification of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种智能网关,其特征在于,包括:网络通信模块、路由交换模块以及采用不同通信协议的多个无线通信模块;An intelligent gateway, which is characterized by comprising: a network communication module, a routing and switching module, and multiple wireless communication modules using different communication protocols;
    其中,所述路由交换模块与所述网络通信模块通信连接,所述多个无线通信模块分别与所述路由交换模块通信连接;Wherein, the routing and switching module is in communication connection with the network communication module, and the multiple wireless communication modules are respectively in communication connection with the routing and switching module;
    所述路由交换模块用于通过所述网络通信模块的有线/无线通信网络与互联网进行通信,每个所述无线通信模块用于通过所述互联网进行通信协议的转化,以使其与和自身采用相同通信协议的智能设备进行通信。The routing and switching module is used to communicate with the Internet through the wired/wireless communication network of the network communication module, and each of the wireless communication modules is used to convert the communication protocol through the Internet, so that it can be used with itself Smart devices with the same communication protocol communicate.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的智能网关,其特征在于,The smart gateway according to claim 1, wherein:
    所述网络通信模块为第五代移动通信模块,所述路由交换模块用于通过第五代移动通信网络与互联网进行通信;或者,The network communication module is a fifth-generation mobile communication module, and the routing and switching module is used to communicate with the Internet through the fifth-generation mobile communication network; or,
    所述网络通信模块为调制解调模块,所述路由交换模块用于通过固定宽带网络与互联网进行通信。The network communication module is a modem module, and the routing switch module is used to communicate with the Internet through a fixed broadband network.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的智能网关,其特征在于,所述多个无线通信模块包括WIFI通信模块、蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块中的至少两个。The smart gateway according to claim 2, wherein the multiple wireless communication modules include WIFI communication module, Bluetooth communication module, ZigBee communication module, Z-wave communication module, RF433 communication module, RF315 communication module, infrared communication At least two of the module and the ultrasonic communication module.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的智能网关,其特征在于,所述蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块内部分别配置有驱动适配单元;The smart gateway according to claim 3, wherein the Bluetooth communication module, ZigBee communication module, Z-wave communication module, RF433 communication module, RF315 communication module, infrared communication module and ultrasonic communication module are respectively equipped with drivers Adaptation unit
    所述无线通信模块的驱动适配单元用于提供隶属于该无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现该无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation unit of the wireless communication module is used to provide a driver program of a preset type of communication protocol belonging to the wireless communication module, and update the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers that need to communicate with the wireless communication module. The driver program is described to realize the cross-manufacturer adaptation of the wireless communication module to smart devices that require different communication protocols to communicate with the wireless communication module.
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的智能网关,其特征在于,还包括驱动适配模块,所述驱动适配模块分别与所述蓝牙通信模块、ZigBee通信模块、Z-wave通信模块、RF433通信模块、RF315 通信模块、红外线通信模块和超声波通信模块连接;The smart gateway according to claim 3, further comprising a drive adaptation module, the drive adaptation module is respectively connected with the Bluetooth communication module, ZigBee communication module, Z-wave communication module, RF433 communication module, RF315 Communication module, infrared communication module and ultrasonic communication module connection;
    所述驱动适配模块用于提供隶属于每个与所述驱动适配模块连接的无线通信模块的预设种类的通信协议的驱动程序,以及根据不同厂家的智能设备的通信协议更新所述驱动程序,从而实现每个与所述驱动适配模块连接的无线通信模块跨厂家适配需要与该无线通信模块通信的不同通信协议的智能设备。The driver adaptation module is used to provide a driver program of a preset type of communication protocol belonging to each wireless communication module connected to the driver adaptation module, and to update the driver according to the communication protocol of smart devices of different manufacturers A program, so as to realize that each wireless communication module connected to the drive adaptation module adapts smart devices of different communication protocols that need to communicate with the wireless communication module across manufacturers.
  6. 一种智能家居系统,其特征在于,包括权利要求1-5其中任一项所述的智能网关和接入所述智能网关的基于不同通信协议的多个智能设备;A smart home system, characterized by comprising the smart gateway described in any one of claims 1-5 and multiple smart devices connected to the smart gateway based on different communication protocols;
    其中,每个所述智能设备与所述智能网关通过与该智能设备自身相同的通信协议进行通信连接。Wherein, each of the smart devices communicates with the smart gateway through the same communication protocol as the smart device itself.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的智能家居系统,其特征在于,所述多个智能设备包括智能安防设备、智能家电设备和健康监测设备。The smart home system according to claim 6, wherein the plurality of smart devices include smart security devices, smart home appliances, and health monitoring devices.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的智能家居系统,其特征在于,所述智能安防设备包括智能门锁、智能烟雾探头、智能摄像头和报警装置中的至少一个。The smart home system according to claim 7, wherein the smart security equipment comprises at least one of a smart door lock, a smart smoke probe, a smart camera, and an alarm device.
  9. 根据权利要求7所述的智能家居系统,其特征在于,所述智能家电设备包括智能水表/电表、智能灯、智能窗帘、智能插座、智能开关、平板电脑、智能电视、打印机、洗衣机和冰箱中的至少一个。The smart home system according to claim 7, wherein the smart home appliances include smart water meters/electric meters, smart lights, smart curtains, smart sockets, smart switches, tablet computers, smart TVs, printers, washing machines, and refrigerators. At least one of them.
  10. 根据权利要求7所述的智能家居系统,其特征在于,所述健康监测设备包括智能温度计、智能湿度计和有害气体监测设备中的至少一个。The smart home system according to claim 7, wherein the health monitoring device comprises at least one of a smart thermometer, a smart hygrometer, and a harmful gas monitoring device.
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