WO2020243999A1 - Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system - Google Patents

Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO2020243999A1
WO2020243999A1 PCT/CN2019/092345 CN2019092345W WO2020243999A1 WO 2020243999 A1 WO2020243999 A1 WO 2020243999A1 CN 2019092345 W CN2019092345 W CN 2019092345W WO 2020243999 A1 WO2020243999 A1 WO 2020243999A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
vehicle
pipeline
magnetic
car
pipe
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2019/092345
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨杰
高涛
占鹏飞
彭月
杨斌
贾利民
石恒
黄晨
Original Assignee
江西理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201910488916.9 priority Critical
Priority to CN201910488916.9A priority patent/CN110422051B/en
Application filed by 江西理工大学 filed Critical 江西理工大学
Publication of WO2020243999A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020243999A1/en

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L13/00Electric propulsion for monorail vehicles, suspension vehicles or rack railways; Magnetic suspension or levitation for vehicles
    • B60L13/10Combination of electric propulsion and magnetic suspension or levitation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61BRAILWAY SYSTEMS; EQUIPMENT THEREFOR NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B61B13/00Other railway systems
    • B61B13/10Tunnel systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/26Rail vehicles

Abstract

Disclosed is a permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system, comprising a pipeline (5) of a hollow cylindrical structure; and a vehicle body arranged in the pipeline (5). A magnetic track suspension guidance system and protective wheels are arranged around the pipeline (5), and the magnetic track suspension guidance system and the protective wheels keep the vehicle body from contact with the pipeline (5) of the hollow cylindrical structure that surrounds the outside of the vehicle body when the vehicle body runs. According to the permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system, an air pressure in the pipeline is reduced by conducting air exhaust treatment on the interior of the pipeline, such that air friction resistance and aerodynamic noise generated when the vehicle body runs are reduced.

Description

永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统Permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及轨道交通领域,具体而言涉及一种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统。The present invention relates to the field of rail transportation, in particular to a permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system.
背景技术Background technique
随着我国经济的快速发展,各地区之间的联系日益加强,人们的出行频率更高,生活节奏加快,对交通工具快速性、安全性、准时性提出了更高的要求。同时我国的电子商务行业高速发展,对网购的物品的配送速度要求也越来越高。特别是对一些海鲜、瓜果类的物品,配送速度逐渐成为制约快递企业的一个瓶颈。另外随着我国“一带一路”发展战略的制定,为了加强沿线国家的经济文化人文交流,更加需要一种高速、安全、绿色的交通运输系统作为不同地区之间的纽带。With the rapid development of my country's economy, the connections between various regions have been strengthened, people travel more frequently, and the pace of life has accelerated, which puts forward higher requirements for the speed, safety, and punctuality of transportation. At the same time, my country's e-commerce industry is developing rapidly, and the requirements for the delivery speed of online shopping are getting higher and higher. Especially for some seafood, melons and fruits, the delivery speed has gradually become a bottleneck restricting express companies. In addition, with the formulation of my country's "One Belt, One Road" development strategy, in order to strengthen economic, cultural and cultural exchanges among countries along the route, a high-speed, safe, and green transportation system is needed as a link between different regions.
目前中国的高速铁路技术已经达到国际先进水平并保持在领先地位,“复兴号”已达到350Km/h的设计时速。但是,由于部分轨道路基和一些地段转弯半径的限制,“复兴号”列车在通过这些路段的时候需要降速,因此其实际运行时速并不能达到设计的350Km/h。高速铁路速度最大的限制因素就是高铁自身轮轨结构以及其在稠密大气层底部所受到的空气阻力。这两种限制,使得轮轨高铁的运行速度很难再有更大的突破。At present, China's high-speed railway technology has reached the international advanced level and maintained a leading position, and the "Fuxing" has reached a design speed of 350Km/h. However, due to the limitation of the turning radius of some track subgrades and some sections, the "Fuxing" train needs to slow down when passing these sections, so its actual operating speed cannot reach the designed 350Km/h. The biggest limiting factor for the speed of high-speed railways is the wheel-track structure of high-speed railways and the air resistance at the bottom of the dense atmosphere. These two restrictions make it difficult for the wheel-rail high-speed rail to have a greater breakthrough.
为了突破高铁轮轨结构的限制,世界上许多国家对磁悬浮列车展开了积极的研究,并取得了不错的研究结果。比如德国的TR系列高速磁浮列车和日本的HSST系列低速磁浮列车,其都已投入商业运营。我国的国防科技大学与北京控股磁悬浮技术发展有限公司联合研制了CMS-04型低速磁浮列车,并获批建设了中国第一条低速磁浮商业运营线--北京S1线。虽 然磁悬浮列车规避了高铁轮轨结构对齐运行速度的限制,但是仍然无法避免其在稠密大气层底部所受的空气阻力的限制。空气阻力往往是列车运行中所受的最大阻力,其可达到列车所受全部阻力的70%。In order to break through the limitations of the high-speed rail wheel-rail structure, many countries in the world have carried out active research on maglev trains and achieved good research results. For example, Germany's TR series high-speed maglev trains and Japan's HSST series low-speed maglev trains have been put into commercial operation. my country's National University of Defense Technology and Beijing Holdings Maglev Technology Development Co., Ltd. jointly developed the CMS-04 low-speed maglev train, and was approved to build China's first low-speed maglev commercial operation line-Beijing S1 line. Although the maglev train circumvents the speed limit of the alignment of the high-speed rail structure, it still cannot avoid the restriction of the air resistance at the bottom of the dense atmosphere. Air resistance is often the maximum resistance experienced by the train in operation, which can reach 70% of the total resistance experienced by the train.
无论是高速铁路还是高速磁悬浮列车,在高速下的主要阻力均为列车头尾的空气压差阻力和列车表面的空气摩擦力,该阻力与列车的速度平方成正比,并且会造成气动噪声以速度的七次方或八次方急增。这是任何形式的交通工具都无法避免的。气动噪声给铁路沿线的居民生产生活以及自然生态带来不小的消极影响。Whether it is a high-speed railway or a high-speed maglev train, the main resistance at high speeds is the air pressure difference resistance between the head and tail of the train and the air friction force on the surface of the train. The resistance is proportional to the square of the speed of the train, and will cause aerodynamic noise at speed. The 7th or 8th power of the increase sharply. This is unavoidable in any form of transportation. The aerodynamic noise has a negative impact on the production, life and natural ecology of residents along the railway.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明针对现有技术的不足,提供一种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,本发明通过管道系统,将车体运行空间保持在低气压的状态,能够进一步提升列车的运行速度,并降低其气动噪声。本发明具体采用如下技术方案。In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system. The present invention maintains the car body operating space at a low air pressure through a pipeline system, which can further increase the running speed of the train and reduce its aerodynamics. noise. The present invention specifically adopts the following technical solutions.
首先,为实现上述目的,提出一种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其包括:管道,其为空心的圆柱结构,该结构内部能够形成低气压的车体运行环境;车体,设置在所述管道内部,包括圆柱状的车厢功能实现舱以及封闭所述车厢功能实现舱两端的运行控制舱;主驱动电机,包括沿所述管道内壁下方铺设的主驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁下方的主驱动电机动子;主驱动电机定子驱动所述主驱动电机动子以使得所述车体在所述管道内沿所述管道的轴向运行;防护轮,包括设置在所述管道内壁表面和/或所述车体外壁表面的至少一对,用于在所述车体偏离所述管道轴向运行时,对所述车体外壁提供支撑和推力,避免所述车体外壁与所述管道内壁碰擦并恢复所述车体的运行方向;磁轨悬浮导向系统,包括设置在所述内壁表面和所述车体外壁表面的至少两对,所述磁轨悬浮导向系统包括有磁性材料,设置在所述内壁表面和所述车体外壁表面的各对所述磁性材料之间相互啮合,并在所述车体运行时对所述车体提供悬浮的支撑力,并提供导向;车厢底 板,水平的固定于所述车厢功能实现舱的下部,在所述车厢功能实现舱内形成有供乘客活动的水平面;安全座椅,包括有多组,分别设置在所述车厢底板的上表面,用于容纳乘客。First of all, in order to achieve the above objective, a permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system is proposed, which includes: a pipeline, which is a hollow cylindrical structure, which can form a low-pressure vehicle body operating environment; the vehicle body is arranged in the The inside of the pipeline includes a cylindrical carriage function realization cabin and an operation control cabin that closes both ends of the carriage function realization cabin; the main drive motor includes a main drive motor stator laid along the inner wall of the pipe and a stator arranged below the outer wall of the vehicle body The main drive motor mover; the main drive motor stator drives the main drive motor mover so that the car body runs in the pipe along the axial direction of the pipe; the protective wheel includes a protective wheel, which is arranged on the inner wall surface of the pipe and / Or at least one pair of the surface of the outer wall of the vehicle body is used to provide support and thrust to the outer wall of the vehicle body when the vehicle body deviates from the axial direction of the pipe, so as to avoid the outer wall of the vehicle body and the pipe The inner wall rubs against and restores the running direction of the car body; the magnetic rail suspension guide system includes at least two pairs arranged on the inner wall surface and the outer wall surface of the car body, the magnetic rail suspension guide system includes a magnetic material, Each pair of the magnetic materials arranged on the inner wall surface and the outer wall surface of the vehicle body meshes with each other, and when the vehicle body is running, the vehicle body is provided with a suspended support force and guidance; , Horizontally fixed to the lower part of the compartment function realization cabin, and a horizontal plane for passengers to move is formed in the compartment function realization cabin; safety seats, including multiple groups, are respectively arranged on the upper surface of the compartment floor, Used to accommodate passengers.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述管道的外壁的下部连接有底基层,所述管道的外壁与所述底基层的上部连接固定,所述管道的外壁与所述底基层的左右两侧之间还连接有管道固定架以维持所述管道及其内部结构稳定。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnetic magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the lower part of the outer wall of the pipeline is connected with a base layer, the outer wall of the pipeline is connected and fixed with the upper part of the base layer, and the outer wall of the pipeline is connected to the upper part of the base layer. Pipe fixing frames are also connected between the left and right sides of the base layer to maintain the stability of the pipe and its internal structure.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述运行控制舱的外部设置为子弹头流线型,其端部还设置有隐藏车钩安装部,所述隐藏车钩安装部内设置有隐藏式的车钩用于连接前后相邻的两个车厢功能实现舱。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the exterior of the operation control cabin is set in a bullet-shaped streamline, and its end is also provided with a hidden coupler installation part, and the hidden coupler installation part is provided with a hidden The coupler is used to connect the two adjacent compartments to realize the function of the cabin.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,还包括辅助驱动电机,所述辅助驱动电机包括设置在管道内壁的辅助驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁的辅助驱动电机动子,所述辅助驱动电机定子驱动所述辅助驱动电机动子以使得所述车体在所述管道内保持沿所述管道的轴向运行。Optionally, the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system further includes an auxiliary drive motor including an auxiliary drive motor stator arranged on the inner wall of the pipe and an auxiliary drive motor mover arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body, so The auxiliary driving motor stator drives the auxiliary driving motor mover so that the vehicle body keeps running along the axial direction of the pipeline in the pipeline.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述辅助驱动电机包括分别设置在所述管道内壁、所述车体外壁上部左右两侧的一对,每一个所述辅助驱动电机的辅助驱动电机动子与辅助驱动电机定子均相对的设置;所述主驱动电机设置在所述管道内壁以及车体外壁的正下方,其中的主驱动电机定子与所述主驱动电机动子相对设置。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the auxiliary drive motor includes a pair of left and right sides respectively arranged on the inner wall of the pipe and the upper part of the outer wall of the vehicle body. The auxiliary drive motor mover and the auxiliary drive motor stator are arranged opposite to each other; the main drive motor is arranged directly below the inner wall of the pipe and the outer wall of the vehicle body, and the main drive motor stator is arranged opposite to the main drive motor mover .
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述防护轮,包括设置在所述管道内壁顶部表面的第一对、设置在所述车体外壁左右两侧表面的第二对,以及设置在所述车体外壁下侧表面的第三对,每一个所述防护轮对侧的车体外壁或管道内壁分别设置有一个抵接平台,用于在车体的运行方向偏离时抵接所述防护轮,对所述车体外壁提供支撑和推力,避免所述车体外壁与所述管道内壁碰擦并恢复所述车体的运行方向;其中设置在所述车体外壁下侧表面的所述第三对防护轮分别设置在所述主驱动电机的主 驱动电机动子的左右两侧;设置在所述车体外壁左右两侧表面的所述第二对防护轮的上方还分别设置有车外磁轨悬浮导向系统,所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统包括设置在所述管道内壁左右两侧表面和所述车体外壁左右两侧表面的至少一对,所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统构成所述磁轨悬浮导向系统的一部分,其中包括有磁性材料,且所述磁性材料之间相互啮合但不接触,以在所述车体运行时对所述车体提供悬浮的支撑力,并提供导向。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the protection wheels include a first pair arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipe, and a second pair arranged on the left and right sides of the outer wall of the vehicle body, And a third pair arranged on the lower surface of the car body wall, each of the protective wheel pair side car body wall or the pipe inner wall is respectively provided with an abutting platform for resisting when the running direction of the car body deviates The protective wheel is connected to provide support and thrust to the outer wall of the vehicle body to avoid the collision between the outer wall of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipe and to restore the running direction of the vehicle body; wherein it is arranged on the lower side of the outer wall of the vehicle body The third pair of guard wheels on the surface are respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the main drive motor mover of the main drive motor; above the second pair of guard wheels arranged on the left and right sides of the vehicle body wall are also A magnetic rail suspension guidance system outside the vehicle is respectively provided, and the magnetic rail suspension guidance system outside the vehicle includes at least one pair arranged on the left and right sides of the inner wall of the pipe and the left and right sides of the vehicle body wall. The magnetic rail levitation guidance system constitutes a part of the magnetic rail levitation guidance system, which includes magnetic materials, and the magnetic materials are meshed with each other but not in contact, so as to provide levitation to the vehicle body when the vehicle body is running Support and provide guidance.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,设置在所述管道内壁顶部表面的第一对防护轮之间还设置有电磁感应板,所述电磁感应板的对侧设置有磁性体,所述电磁感应板在所述车体相对所述管道运行时切割所述磁性体的磁感线以产生电能,在高速或超高速运行时为所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, an electromagnetic induction plate is further arranged between the first pair of guard wheels arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipeline, and a magnetic body is arranged on the opposite side of the electromagnetic induction plate. The electromagnetic induction board cuts the magnetic lines of the magnetic body to generate electric energy when the car body is running relative to the pipeline, and provides electric power to the on-board power receiving system in the car body when the car body is running at high or ultra-high speed.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述车体的上部还设置有车厢顶板,所述车厢顶板的下侧边缘连接所述车厢底板的左右两侧边缘,所述车厢顶板的顶部以及上部左右两侧分别设置有车厢垂向链接轴和车厢侧向链接轴,用于连接并固定所述车厢顶板至所述车厢功能实现舱的内壁;所述车厢顶板与所述车厢功能实现舱的内壁之间形成有上层线路铺设仓,用于容纳所述车体内的线路单元;所述车厢顶板的上部左右两侧还分别连接并设置有储物台。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the upper part of the car body is further provided with a car top plate, and the lower edge of the car top plate is connected to the left and right side edges of the car bottom plate. The top and the left and right sides of the upper part are respectively provided with vertical link shafts and lateral link shafts of the cabin, which are used to connect and fix the cabin roof to the inner wall of the cabin function realization cabin; the cabin roof and the cabin function An upper line laying bin is formed between the inner walls of the realization cabin for accommodating the line units in the vehicle body; the upper left and right sides of the upper part of the vehicle cabin roof are respectively connected and provided with storage tables.
可选的,上述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,所述车体外壁与所述管道内壁之间还设置有测速定位系统和滑触线结构;所述测速定位系统用于测量所述车体相对所述管道的速度;所述滑触线结构包括设置在所述管道内壁表面的电能供给端和设置在所述车体外壁的电能获取端,两者在所述车体相对所述管道低速运行时保持电接触以向所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能;两者在所述车体相对所述管道高速或超高速运行时断开电接触,此时,所述车体内的车载受电系统的电能由所述电磁感应板提供。Optionally, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, a speed measurement positioning system and a trolley wire structure are also provided between the outer wall of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipeline; the speed measurement positioning system is used to measure the vehicle The speed of the body relative to the pipeline; the trolley wire structure includes an electric energy supply end arranged on the inner wall surface of the pipeline and an electric energy acquisition end arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body, both of which are on the vehicle body opposite the pipeline Maintain electrical contact during low-speed operation to provide electrical energy to the on-board power receiving system in the vehicle body; the two disconnect the electrical contact when the vehicle body is running at high or ultra-high speed relative to the pipeline. At this time, the vehicle body The electric energy of the on-board power receiving system is provided by the electromagnetic induction board.
有益效果Beneficial effect
本发明将车体结构设计成圆柱状,并在其四周设置磁轨悬浮导向系统和防护轮,磁轨悬浮导向系统和防护轮在车体运行时保持车体与包围其外部的空心的圆柱结构的管道无接触。由此,本发明可通过对管道内部进行抽气处理,降低管道内部气压,以减小车体运行时的空气摩擦阻力和气动噪声。The invention designs the car body structure into a cylindrical shape, and is provided with a magnetic rail suspension guide system and protective wheels around it. The magnetic rail suspension guide system and the protective wheels maintain the car body and a hollow cylindrical structure surrounding the outside when the car body is running. The pipeline has no contact. Therefore, the present invention can reduce the air pressure inside the pipe by exhausting the inside of the pipe, so as to reduce the air friction resistance and aerodynamic noise of the vehicle body during operation.
进一步,本发明中的车体,其底部和两侧分别设置有主驱动电机和辅助驱动电机所构成的多级驱动系统。其能够在驱动车体运行的同时,实现列车进出站台/陡坡等环境下的动力辅助和再生制动等功能。Furthermore, in the vehicle body of the present invention, a multi-stage drive system composed of a main drive motor and an auxiliary drive motor are respectively provided on the bottom and both sides of the vehicle body. It can realize functions such as power assist and regenerative braking in environments such as trains entering and exiting platforms/steep slopes while driving the car body to run.
本发明中,还可进一步在车体顶部设置电磁感应板,使其在所述车体相对所述管道运行时切割管道内的磁性体的磁感线以产生电能,在高速或超高速运行时为所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能。这样的电能提供方式,一方面能够充分利用车体运行的动能,另一方面还可进一步减少供电结构机械接触在车体运行中带来的摩擦。In the present invention, an electromagnetic induction board can be further provided on the top of the car body, so that when the car body is running relative to the pipe, the magnetic line of induction of the magnetic body in the pipe is cut to generate electric energy. Provide electric energy for the vehicle-mounted power receiving system in the vehicle body. Such an electric power supply method can make full use of the kinetic energy of the vehicle body on the one hand, and on the other hand, it can further reduce the friction caused by the mechanical contact of the power supply structure during the vehicle body operation.
本发明的其它特征和优点将在随后的说明书中阐述,并且,部分地从说明书中变得显而易见,或者通过实施本发明而了解。Other features and advantages of the present invention will be described in the following description, and partly become obvious from the description, or understood by implementing the present invention.
附图说明Description of the drawings
附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,并且构成说明书的一部分,并与本发明的实施例一起,用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的限制。在附图中:The accompanying drawings are used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, and constitute a part of the specification, and together with the embodiments of the present invention, are used to explain the present invention, and do not constitute a limitation to the present invention. In the attached picture:
图1是本发明的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统的整体结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system of the present invention;
图2是本发明的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中车体结构的示意图;Figure 2 is a schematic diagram of the car body structure in the permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system of the present invention;
图中,1表示上级垂向防护轮;2表示辅助驱动电机,包括设置在管道内壁的辅助驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁的辅助驱动电机动子;3表示车厢侧向链接轴;4表示车外磁轨悬浮导向系统;5表示管道;6表示车体外壁;7表示管道固定架;8表示测速定位系统;9表示下级垂向防护轮;10 表示外臂管轨悬浮导向系统;11表示电磁感应板;12表示车厢垂向链接轴;13表示上层线路铺设仓;14表示侧向防护轮;15表示车厢载客仓;16表示滑触线结构;17表示车载控制仓;18表示主驱动电机,包括设置在管道内壁的主驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁的主驱动电机动子;19表示地基层;20表示车厢服务设备层;21表示储物台;22表示安全座椅;31表示隐藏车钩安装部;32表示运行控制舱;33表示车厢功能实现舱。In the figure, 1 represents the superior vertical protection wheel; 2 represents the auxiliary drive motor, including the auxiliary drive motor stator arranged on the inner wall of the pipe and the auxiliary drive motor mover arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body; 3 represents the side link shaft of the carriage; 4 represents Magnetic rail suspension guidance system outside the vehicle; 5 represents the pipeline; 6 represents the outer wall of the vehicle; 7 represents the pipe fixing frame; 8 represents the speed measurement positioning system; 9 represents the lower vertical protection wheel; 10 represents the outer arm tube rail suspension guidance system; 11 represents Electromagnetic induction board; 12 represents the vertical link shaft of the carriage; 13 represents the upper line laying warehouse; 14 represents the lateral protective wheel; 15 represents the passenger compartment of the carriage; 16 represents the trolley line structure; 17 represents the vehicle control cabin; 18 represents the main drive The motor includes the main drive motor stator arranged on the inner wall of the pipeline and the main drive motor mover arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body; 19 represents the foundation layer; 20 represents the car service equipment layer; 21 represents the storage table; 22 represents the safety seat; 31 Represents the hidden coupler installation part; 32 represents the operation control cabin; 33 represents the cabin function realization cabin.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
为使本发明实施例的目的和技术方案更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例的附图,对本发明实施例的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述。显然,所描述的实施例是本发明的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于所描述的本发明的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在无需创造性劳动的前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。To make the objectives and technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments are part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than all of the embodiments. Based on the described embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
本技术领域技术人员可以理解,除非另外定义,这里使用的所有术语(包括技术术语和科学术语)具有与本发明所属领域中的普通技术人员的一般理解相同的意义。还应该理解的是,诸如通用字典中定义的那些术语应该被理解为具有与现有技术的上下文中的意义一致的意义,并且除非像这里一样定义,不会用理想化或过于正式的含义来解释。Those skilled in the art can understand that, unless otherwise defined, all terms (including technical and scientific terms) used herein have the same meanings as those commonly understood by those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs. It should also be understood that terms such as those defined in general dictionaries should be understood to have meanings consistent with the meanings in the context of the prior art, and unless defined as here, they will not be used in idealized or overly formal meanings. Explanation.
图1为根据本发明的一种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,包括:圆形的管道5、设置在管道5内的车体、磁轨悬浮导向系统、防护轮和推进系统以及运控系统等。Figure 1 is a permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system according to the present invention, including: a circular pipeline 5, a car body arranged in the pipeline 5, a magnetic rail suspension guiding system, a protective wheel, a propulsion system, and a transportation control system, etc. .
依据车载模块功能不同,该磁浮运输系统可分为由多级电机驱动、多条磁轨制式所构成的集悬浮和导向为一体的永磁磁轨系统、两级受电系统等。其中,多级电机驱动系统均采用直线电机驱动,按照功能可分为由主驱动电机18与辅助驱动电机2所构成的多级驱动系统。其中的主驱动电机18提供车辆全程驱动输出,辅助驱动电机2用于实现列车进出站台/陡坡等 环境下的动力辅助和再生制动等功能,主驱动电机18由安装于车体外底部的弧形直线电机动子和安装于管道内底部的弧形直线电机定子构成;而辅助电机可以设置于车体顶部或者靠近车体顶部两侧的位置。According to the different functions of the vehicle-mounted module, the maglev transportation system can be divided into a permanent magnet rail system that is driven by a multi-level motor and a multi-track system, which integrates levitation and guidance, and a two-level power receiving system. Among them, the multi-stage motor drive system is driven by a linear motor, and can be divided into a multi-stage drive system composed of a main drive motor 18 and an auxiliary drive motor 2 according to functions. The main drive motor 18 provides the full drive output of the vehicle, and the auxiliary drive motor 2 is used to realize the functions of power assist and regenerative braking in environments such as train entering and exiting platforms/steep slopes. The main drive motor 18 consists of an arc installed on the bottom of the vehicle body. The linear motor mover is composed of an arc linear motor stator installed at the bottom of the pipeline; and the auxiliary motor can be installed on the top of the car body or at positions close to both sides of the top of the car body.
其中的多级受电系统依据工作原理不同,可分为滑触受电系统和电磁感应系统。所述的滑触受电系统包括设置在所述车体外壁6与所述管道内壁之间的滑触线结构16,其用于提供列车中低速运控环境下的电能输出。列车高速乃至超高速运行要求下,则由电磁感应板11所构成的电磁感应系统提供列车运营的电能输送。上述的车辆多级供电设备可选择安设于车体两侧。According to different working principles, the multi-level power receiving system can be divided into sliding contact power receiving system and electromagnetic induction system. The sliding contact power receiving system includes a sliding contact line structure 16 arranged between the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipeline, which is used to provide electric energy output in a low-speed train operation and control environment. Under the requirements of high-speed or even ultra-high-speed train operation, the electromagnetic induction system formed by the electromagnetic induction panel 11 provides electric energy transmission for train operation. The above-mentioned vehicle multi-level power supply equipment can be optionally installed on both sides of the vehicle body.
所述的磁轨悬浮导向系统由车载永磁导轨(简称磁轨)和安装在管道内部的永磁管轨(简称管轨)构成,采用永磁多轨悬浮机制,结合车体多组机械辅助轮或防护轮,实现车体的稳定悬浮。磁轨和管轨的磁轴与水平面呈一定角度,二者相互啮合,此种安装结构与管道两侧的导向悬浮轨共同实现车辆稳定导向功能。为提高车辆的舒适度和稳定性,可在车体悬浮和导向系统中安设电磁阻尼系统,通过车载运控系统实时调控电磁铁的磁力实现对车体悬浮/导向的瞬时微调。The magnetic rail suspension guidance system is composed of a vehicle-mounted permanent magnet guide rail (magnetic rail for short) and a permanent magnet tube rail (tube rail for short) installed inside the pipeline. It adopts a permanent magnet multi-track suspension mechanism and combines multiple sets of mechanical assistance from the car body. Wheels or protective wheels to achieve stable suspension of the car body. The magnetic axis of the magnetic rail and the tube rail are at a certain angle with the horizontal plane, and the two are meshed with each other. This installation structure and the guiding suspension rails on both sides of the pipeline realize the stable guiding function of the vehicle. In order to improve the comfort and stability of the vehicle, an electromagnetic damping system can be installed in the vehicle body suspension and guidance system, and the magnetic force of the electromagnet can be adjusted in real time through the on-board transportation control system to realize instantaneous fine-tuning of the vehicle body suspension/guide.
此外,所述车体外壁6与所述管道内壁之间还设置有测速定位系统8、车载运控系统、智能服务系统等等,用于测量所述车体相对所述管道的速度并提供相应的控制。其中,测速定位系统实现对车辆运行的速度和位置信息的获取;车载运控系统属于一种车辆运行状态下的整体控制,包括车辆运行速度控制、语音播报、控制指令等一系列基本功能的监控与实现;智能服务系统可包括乘客舱的人性化服务、控制室/驾驶室等相应的智能化设计等基本功能。In addition, between the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipeline, a speed measurement positioning system 8, an on-board transportation control system, an intelligent service system, etc. are also provided to measure the speed of the vehicle body relative to the pipeline and provide corresponding information. control. Among them, the speed measurement and positioning system realizes the acquisition of the speed and position information of the vehicle operation; the on-board transportation control system belongs to the overall control of the vehicle operation state, including the monitoring of a series of basic functions such as vehicle operation speed control, voice broadcast, and control instructions. And implementation; the intelligent service system can include basic functions such as humanized service of the passenger cabin, and corresponding intelligent design of the control room/cab.
该永磁磁悬浮系统具有速度快、效率高、能耗低、全天候,安全性和智能化等多种优势。The permanent magnet magnetic levitation system has many advantages such as fast speed, high efficiency, low energy consumption, all-weather, safety and intelligence.
参考图2,上述永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统中,车体为圆管形,形成车厢 功能实现舱33。车厢功能实现舱33其前后由运行控制舱32封闭,所述运行控制舱32的外部设置为子弹头流线型,其端部还设置有隐藏车钩安装部31,所述隐藏车钩安装部31内设置有隐藏式的车钩用于连接前后相邻的两个车厢功能实现舱33,运行控制舱的端部还用于预设车辆运行状态的检测设备的安装,为安全行车提供实时检测与管理保障。Referring to Fig. 2, in the above-mentioned permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system, the car body is a circular tube shape, forming a cabin 33 for realizing the function of the car. The carriage function realization compartment 33 is enclosed by the operation control compartment 32 in the front and rear. The outer part of the operation control compartment 32 is arranged in a bullet-shaped streamline, and its end is also provided with a hidden coupler mounting portion 31, and the hidden coupler mounting portion 31 is provided with The concealed coupler is used to connect the front and rear adjacent two compartments to realize the function of the cabin 33. The end of the operation control cabin is also used for the installation of detection equipment for preset vehicle operation status, providing real-time detection and management guarantee for safe driving.
检测设备实现的功能可以包括:获取车辆前方一定距离的路况信息,行车状态接受的(非真空状态下)空气阻力等。The functions implemented by the detection equipment may include: obtaining road condition information at a certain distance in front of the vehicle, and air resistance accepted by the driving state (in a non-vacuum state).
具体而言,本发明中,车厢功能实现舱33的下部设置有车厢底板。车厢底板水平的固定于所述车厢功能实现舱33的下部,在所述车厢功能实现舱33内形成有供乘客活动的水平面。其上可用于安装固定安全座椅22。安全座椅22可包括有多组,分别设置在所述车厢底板的上表面,用于容纳乘客。车厢底板和车厢功能实现舱33的下部内壁形成车载控制仓17,能够容纳车内运行所需的各种元器件。所述车体的上部还设置有车厢顶板,所述车厢顶板的下侧边缘连接所述车厢底板的左右两侧边缘,所述车厢顶板的顶部以及上部左右两侧分别设置有车厢垂向链接轴12和车厢侧向链接轴3,用于连接并固定所述车厢顶板至所述车厢功能实现舱33的内壁;所述车厢顶板与所述车厢功能实现舱33的内壁之间形成有上层线路铺设仓13,用于容纳所述车体内的线路单元;所述车厢顶板的上部左右两侧还分别连接并设置有储物台21。上层线路铺设仓13可设置为载客仓与真空仓,为乘客/货物等提供安置区域,空间较大。Specifically, in the present invention, a cabin floor is provided at the lower part of the cabin function realization cabin 33. The cabin floor is horizontally fixed to the lower part of the cabin function realization cabin 33, and a horizontal plane for passengers to move is formed in the cabin function realization cabin 33. It can be used to install a fixed safety seat 22 thereon. The safety seat 22 may include multiple groups, which are respectively arranged on the upper surface of the compartment floor for accommodating passengers. The compartment floor and the compartment function realization compartment 33. The lower inner wall of the compartment 33 forms a vehicle-mounted control compartment 17, which can accommodate various components required for operation in the vehicle. The upper part of the car body is also provided with a car top plate, the lower edge of the car top plate is connected to the left and right side edges of the car bottom plate, and the top and the upper left and right sides of the car top plate are respectively provided with car vertical link shafts 12 and the compartment lateral link shaft 3, which are used to connect and fix the compartment roof to the inner wall of the compartment function realization cabin 33; an upper line laying is formed between the compartment roof and the inner wall of the compartment function realization compartment 33 The bin 13 is used for accommodating the circuit unit in the vehicle body; the upper left and right sides of the upper part of the vehicle roof are also connected and provided with storage tables 21 respectively. The upper line laying warehouse 13 can be set as a passenger cabin and a vacuum cabin to provide a place for passengers/cargo, etc., with a larger space.
本申请中,车体的空间外形呈圆管型,车体的首部和尾部所设置的运行控制舱32呈子弹头流线型。车体之所以采用该种外型结构是由于在使用等量材料建造车体的条件下,车体采用此种圆管型结构比采用其他空间几合结构外型的车体容积高出25%以上。这样可以使车厢里面的乘客有更大的活动空间,乘客携带的旅途物品也有更大的空间堆放。车体的首部和尾部设计成子弹头型是符合空气动力学原理的。在将管道内抽为接近真空后, 列车能够在真空或接近真空的环境下运行。由于管道中气压较低,配合车体首尾两部分所设计成的子弹头型,可以减小气体对列车运行的阻碍。或者,在不对管道5内气体进行排出的情况下,本发明也可以作为常规环境下的地下快捷运输专线。In the present application, the spatial shape of the vehicle body is a round tube shape, and the operation control cabin 32 provided at the head and tail of the vehicle body is a bullet-shaped streamlined. The reason why the car body adopts this kind of exterior structure is that under the condition of using the same amount of materials to build the car body, the car body adopts this kind of round tube structure, which is 25% higher than the body volume of other space composite structures. the above. In this way, the passengers in the carriage can have more space for activities, and the travel items carried by the passengers can also have more space for stacking. The design of the head and tail of the car body into a bullet shape conforms to the principles of aerodynamics. After the pipeline is evacuated to near vacuum, the train can run in a vacuum or near vacuum environment. Due to the low air pressure in the pipeline, the bullet-shaped design of the front and rear parts of the car body can reduce the obstacle of the gas to the train operation. Or, without exhausting the gas in the pipeline 5, the present invention can also be used as a dedicated underground express transportation line in a conventional environment.
本发明中将车体运行的外部为一个圆形管道,设计为圆形管道有两方面的原因:第一,车体的形状是一个空间圆管外型;第二,若管道内抽为真空,管道所受的外部压力比常压下更大,且涉及到开山穿隧道,圆形管道比其他形状的管道有更好的结构承受来自管道外部的压力。建造圆形管道可以采用的材料有玻璃纤维、陶瓷、钢铁、铝、混凝土等。根据实际的情况也可以选择其他更为合适的材料。In the present invention, the outer part of the vehicle body is a circular pipe, and the design of the circular pipe has two reasons: first, the shape of the vehicle body is a spatial circular pipe shape; second, if the pipe is evacuated , The external pressure of the pipeline is greater than under normal pressure, and it involves tunneling through mountains. The circular pipeline has a better structure to withstand the pressure from the outside of the pipeline than other shapes. The materials that can be used to construct circular pipes are glass fiber, ceramics, steel, aluminum, concrete, etc. According to the actual situation, other more suitable materials can also be selected.
该永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统的悬浮系统和导向由永磁体材料实现。采用永磁体做悬浮和导向可以大大减少列车的运行能耗,从而达到节能的效果。车体的圆管外型和圆形管道在某种程度上构成了两个同心圆管的结构,这给我们悬浮系统和导向系统的设计和安装带来了结构上的便利,并且使车体在运行时具有很高的稳定性。The suspension system and guidance of the permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system are realized by permanent magnet materials. The use of permanent magnets for levitation and guidance can greatly reduce the energy consumption of the train, thereby achieving the effect of energy saving. To some extent, the circular tube shape of the car body and the circular pipe constitute the structure of two concentric circular tubes, which brings structural convenience to the design and installation of our suspension system and guiding system, and makes the car body It has high stability during operation.
一般来说,上述的系统中,可以将所述的车载悬浮导向系统设计为由车载永磁磁轨和安装在管道两侧与之相互啮合的永磁管轨共同构成,每一组车载磁轨和管轨皆可构成一套独立的永磁悬浮导向结构。其中永磁悬浮导向系统的磁轨和管轨分别安设于车辆底部和管壁的底部与侧壁。上述每个独立永磁悬浮导向系统均由永磁铁构成,车载永磁磁轨简称磁轨;每一个所述的安装在管道两侧的永磁管轨同样由永磁铁构成,永磁管轨简称管轨。由车载电磁铁和管壁电导板构成电磁阻尼系统,二者相互啮合构成列车的悬浮和导向调节系统,其可通过控制电磁铁所激发的电磁力实现对车体悬浮导向的瞬时阻尼调节。Generally speaking, in the above-mentioned system, the vehicle-mounted suspension guidance system can be designed as a combination of vehicle-mounted permanent magnet rails and permanent magnet tube rails installed on both sides of the pipeline to engage with each other. Each group of vehicle-mounted magnetic rails Both and the tube rail can form a set of independent permanent magnetic levitation guiding structure. The magnetic rail and the tube rail of the permanent magnetic levitation guide system are respectively installed on the bottom of the vehicle and the bottom and side walls of the tube wall. Each of the above-mentioned independent permanent magnetic levitation guidance systems is composed of permanent magnets, and the vehicle-mounted permanent magnet rail is referred to as the magnetic rail; each of the permanent magnet tube rails installed on both sides of the pipeline is also composed of permanent magnets, and the permanent magnet tube rail is referred to as pipe. rail. An electromagnetic damping system is formed by the vehicle-mounted electromagnet and the tube wall conduction plate, and the two are meshed with each other to form the suspension and guidance adjustment system of the train, which can realize the instantaneous damping adjustment of the suspension and guidance of the vehicle body by controlling the electromagnetic force excited by the electromagnet.
每一个所述的安装在车体上的磁轨的磁轴和安装在圆形管道上的管轨的磁轴可设置为与水平面呈一定角度(该角度一般大于0°,小于60°),磁 轨和管轨相互啮合。磁轨和管轨的这种安装方法和啮合结构既能实现车体的悬浮,又能实现车体的导向。磁轨和管轨之间属于一种软啮合结构,磁轨相对管轨具有一定的弹性(非常规的硬性固定),有效缓解/避免永磁结构之间的内部应力。Each of the magnetic shafts of the magnetic rails installed on the vehicle body and the magnetic shafts of the pipe rails installed on the circular pipe can be set at a certain angle with the horizontal plane (the angle is generally greater than 0° and less than 60°), The magnetic rail and the tube rail mesh with each other. The installation method and the engagement structure of the magnetic rail and the tube rail can not only realize the suspension of the vehicle body, but also realize the guidance of the vehicle body. The magnetic rail and the tube rail belong to a soft meshing structure, and the magnetic rail has a certain elasticity (unconventional rigid fixation) relative to the tube rail, which can effectively relieve/avoid the internal stress between the permanent magnet structures.
在电机驱动结构上讲,本发明中采用直线电机实现主驱动电机18和辅助驱动电机2所构成的多级驱动系统。上述两种电机的定子和电机动子可采用圆弧形结构紧贴管壁和车厢,亦可采用非弧形结构由电机砧板加固。依据车辆驱动设计,主驱动电机安设于管道底部,具体可设置为:直线电机次级(电机动子)固定于运行车辆底部,直线电机初级线圈(电机定子)铺设于管道底部内侧,直线电机驱动由车载次级和管壁初级线圈构成。而辅助驱动电机的组合结构均相同或者相似于主电机结构(如弧形结构的选取),其电机定子设置于管道顶部两侧,其电机动子设置于车辆顶部两侧,辅助电机系统的使用数量不局限于一组电机驱动,具体方案可依据实际需求设定。直线电机的驱动器安装在管道沿途,列车运行控制器安装在车体的内底部。直线电机属于精密仪器,而本发明中安装直线电机的空间又是一个密闭的空间,刚好可以在最大程度上减少自然因素对直线电机造成的损害,从而延长直线电机的使用寿命。此处直线电机安装在列车的底部还带来另外一个好处就是:随着车载质量的增加,车体底部的直线电机动子和管道底部的直线电机定子的相对距离减小,这就使得在相同输入功率下直线电机的输出功率增大,进一步达到节能的效果。此种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统可以用于城际间的交通运输,或者也可以用于其他运输运载行业。In terms of the motor drive structure, a linear motor is used in the present invention to realize a multi-stage drive system composed of the main drive motor 18 and the auxiliary drive motor 2. The stator and motor mover of the above-mentioned two motors can adopt an arc-shaped structure to closely adhere to the tube wall and carriage, or a non-arc-shaped structure to be reinforced by the motor anvil. According to the vehicle drive design, the main drive motor is installed at the bottom of the pipeline, which can be specifically set as: the linear motor secondary (motor mover) is fixed at the bottom of the running vehicle, the linear motor primary coil (motor stator) is laid on the inner side of the pipeline bottom, and the linear motor The drive consists of the vehicle-mounted secondary and the tube wall primary coil. The combined structure of the auxiliary drive motor is the same or similar to the main motor structure (such as the selection of the arc structure). The motor stator is set on both sides of the top of the pipe, and the motor mover is set on both sides of the top of the vehicle. The use of the auxiliary motor system The number is not limited to a set of motor drives, and the specific plan can be set according to actual needs. The linear motor drive is installed along the pipeline, and the train operation controller is installed on the inner bottom of the car body. The linear motor is a precision instrument, and the space for installing the linear motor in the present invention is a closed space, which can reduce the damage caused by natural factors to the linear motor to the greatest extent, thereby prolonging the service life of the linear motor. Here, the linear motor installed at the bottom of the train also brings another advantage: as the on-board mass increases, the relative distance between the linear motor mover at the bottom of the car body and the linear motor stator at the bottom of the pipeline decreases, which makes the same The output power of the linear motor increases under the input power, further achieving the effect of energy saving. This kind of permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system can be used for inter-city transportation, or can also be used for other transportation industries.
从电机多级驱动功能层面讲,列车正常的营运驱动均由主驱动电机的提供,而辅助驱动电机只是作为驱动辅助设施,例如列车进出站和斜坡等环境下的列车动力支持、能源再生制动、提供列车启动/停止过程中所需的均衡驱动(避免轿厢出现上、下倾斜导致轿厢形变甚至车辆运行安全问题)等。From the perspective of the motor multi-level drive function, the normal operation drive of the train is provided by the main drive motor, while the auxiliary drive motor is only used as a drive auxiliary facility, such as train power support and energy regenerative braking in environments such as train entry and exit and slopes. , Provide the balanced drive required during the start/stop process of the train (to avoid the elevator car's tilting up and down leading to car deformation and even vehicle operation safety issues), etc.
在此基础上,本发明中的导向系统还可进一步设计有防护轮。具体而言,可包括设置在所述管道5内壁顶部表面的第一对、设置在所述车体外壁6左右两侧表面的第二对,以及设置在所述车体外壁6下侧表面的第三对,每一个所述防护轮对侧的车体外壁6或管道5内壁分别设置有一个抵接平台,用于在车体的运行方向偏离时抵接所述防护轮,对所述车体外壁6提供支撑和推力,避免所述车体外壁6与所述管道内壁碰擦并恢复所述车体的运行方向;On this basis, the guiding system of the present invention can be further designed with protective wheels. Specifically, it may include a first pair arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipe 5, a second pair arranged on the left and right sides of the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body, and a second pair arranged on the lower surface of the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body. In the third pair, an abutment platform is provided on the vehicle body wall 6 or the inner wall of the pipe 5 on the opposite side of each of the protective wheels, for abutting against the protective wheel when the running direction of the vehicle body deviates, and facing the vehicle. The outer wall 6 provides support and thrust to avoid the collision between the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipe and restore the running direction of the vehicle body;
其中设置在所述车体外壁6下侧表面的所述第三对防护轮分别设置在所述主驱动电机18的主驱动电机动子的左右两侧;The third pair of guard wheels arranged on the lower surface of the vehicle body wall 6 are respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the main drive motor mover of the main drive motor 18;
设置在所述车体外壁6左右两侧表面的所述第二对防护轮的上方还分别设置有车外磁轨悬浮导向系统4,所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统4包括设置在所述管道内壁左右两侧表面和所述车体外壁6左右两侧表面的至少一对,所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统4构成所述磁轨悬浮导向系统的一部分,其中包括有磁性材料,且所述磁性材料之间相互啮合但不接触,以在所述车体运行时产生互斥的磁场以对所述车体提供悬浮的支撑力,并提供导向。此外,在4和10的永磁悬浮导向结构中,可引入电磁阻尼系统,构成电磁永磁混合悬浮导向控制系统。The second pair of guard wheels arranged on the left and right sides of the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body are also respectively provided with an external magnetic rail levitation guiding system 4, and the external magnetic rail levitation guiding system 4 includes At least one pair of the left and right sides of the inner wall of the pipe and the left and right sides of the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body. The outer magnetic rail suspension guiding system 4 constitutes a part of the magnetic rail suspension guiding system, which includes magnetic materials, and The magnetic materials mesh with each other but do not contact each other, so as to generate mutually exclusive magnetic fields when the vehicle body is running, so as to provide levitation support for the vehicle body and provide guidance. In addition, the electromagnetic damping system can be introduced into the permanent magnetic levitation guidance structure of 4 and 10 to form an electromagnetic permanent magnetic hybrid levitation guidance control system.
设置在所述管道5内壁顶部表面的第一对防护轮之间还设置有电磁感应板11,所述电磁感应板11的对侧设置有磁性体,所述电磁感应板11在所述车体相对所述管道运行时切割所述磁性体的磁感线以产生感应电流,在高速或超高速运行时为所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能。这样的设计是基于当代轨道交通系统的市场需求和未来发展趋势而考虑的。该永磁悬浮系统采用两级受电系统来适应于列车当代的中低速运行以及未来高速/超高速的速度需求。具体而言,该永磁悬浮系统运行在中低速时刻(如进出站时刻),车载受电系统则由滑触线设备提供,确保多组主/辅电机驱动的电力供给;当永磁悬浮系统处于低/中速至高/超高速的运行模态转换的速度 调变时刻,该车载两级受电系统将同时工作(即车载电磁感应系统和车载滑触系统均有电力感应),此时,列车运行电力供给依然车载滑触系统提供,而车载电磁感应系统逐步由启动至保持电能稳定输出状态(该系统保证稳定且足够的电能输出,但不直接为车辆运控系统提供输出);当永磁悬浮系统运行在高速/超高速时刻(列车平稳运行时刻),车载控制系统将逐步执行车载滑触轨回收操作,届时系统运行电力则完全由电磁感应系统供给。特别地,当运营列车属于中低速运营线时,该车载电能供给系统则完全可由车载滑触系统供给。车载滑触系统包括有滑触线结构16,其设置在所述车体外壁6与所述管道内壁之间。所述车体外壁6与所述管道内壁之间还可进一步设置测速定位系统8用于测量所述车体相对所述管道的速度以实现对车体运行状况的采集。An electromagnetic induction plate 11 is also arranged between the first pair of guard wheels arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipe 5, and a magnetic body is arranged on the opposite side of the electromagnetic induction plate 11, and the electromagnetic induction plate 11 is installed on the vehicle body. The magnetic line of induction of the magnetic body is cut when operating relative to the pipeline to generate an induced current, which provides electrical energy for the vehicle-mounted power receiving system in the vehicle body during high-speed or ultra-high-speed operation. This design is based on the market demand and future development trends of contemporary rail transit systems. The permanent magnetic levitation system adopts a two-stage power receiving system to adapt to the contemporary medium and low speed operation of trains and the future high/ultra-high speed requirements. Specifically, the permanent magnet levitation system runs at medium and low speeds (such as the time of entry and exit), and the on-board power receiving system is provided by trolley line equipment to ensure the power supply for multiple sets of main/auxiliary motors; when the permanent magnet levitation system is at low speed At the time of speed modulation of the operation mode conversion from medium speed to high/ultra-high speed, the on-board two-stage power receiving system will work at the same time (that is, the on-board electromagnetic induction system and the on-board sliding contact system have power induction). At this time, the train is running The power supply is still provided by the on-board sliding contact system, while the on-board electromagnetic induction system gradually starts to maintain a stable power output state (the system guarantees stable and sufficient power output, but does not directly provide output for the vehicle operation control system); when a permanent magnet levitation system When running at high/ultra-high speed (when the train is running smoothly), the on-board control system will gradually perform the on-board sliding contact rail recovery operation, and the system's operating power will be completely supplied by the electromagnetic induction system. In particular, when the operating train belongs to the low-to-medium-speed operating line, the on-board electric power supply system can be completely supplied by the on-board sliding contact system. The vehicle-mounted sliding contact system includes a sliding contact line structure 16 which is arranged between the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipe. A speed measurement positioning system 8 may be further provided between the outer wall 6 of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipeline to measure the speed of the vehicle body relative to the pipeline to realize the collection of vehicle body operating conditions.
具体而言,上述的车载电磁感应系统具体包括设置在车体的外顶部的U型板,其长度方向沿着列车行进的方向安装固定在列车外顶部。电磁铁固定在U型板上面,在U型板的左右两个凸起上面固定电磁铁,在U型板凹下部分的正上方安装电导板,其包括沿轨道铺设在管道外壁的三相交流线。电导板安装在圆形轨道的正上方并与列车外顶部的电磁铁啮合共同构成一个调节列车导向的调节装置。控制电磁铁的控制器放置在车体内的顶部。Specifically, the above-mentioned on-vehicle electromagnetic induction system specifically includes a U-shaped plate arranged on the outer top of the car body, and the length direction of the U-shaped plate is installed and fixed on the outer top of the train along the traveling direction of the train. The electromagnet is fixed on the U-shaped plate, and the electromagnet is fixed on the two protrusions on the left and right of the U-shaped plate. A conductive plate is installed directly above the concave part of the U-shaped plate, which includes a three-phase AC line laid on the outer wall of the pipeline along the track. line. The conductive plate is installed directly above the circular track and meshes with the electromagnet on the outer top of the train to form an adjusting device for adjusting the train's guidance. The controller that controls the electromagnet is placed on the top of the car body.
为维持上述系统稳定,本发明中,所述管道5的外壁的下部连接有底基层19,所述管道5的外壁与所述底基层19的上部连接固定,所述管道5的外壁与所述底基层19的左右两侧之间还连接有管道固定架7以维持所述管道5及其内部结构稳定。In order to maintain the stability of the above system, in the present invention, the lower part of the outer wall of the pipe 5 is connected with a base layer 19, the outer wall of the pipe 5 is connected and fixed with the upper part of the base layer 19, and the outer wall of the pipe 5 is connected to the Pipe fixing frames 7 are also connected between the left and right sides of the base layer 19 to maintain the stability of the pipe 5 and its internal structure.
上述的运输系统可以发展为小型运输线(即发展个人快速轨道交通系统),也可以发展为中/大型客运线和货运专线等。依据发展方向不同,该运输系统中的其智能服务系统(包括照明、监控等设备)和车载运控系统的结构和功能可根据需要进行设计。The above-mentioned transportation system can be developed into a small transportation line (that is, the development of a personal rapid rail transit system), or a medium/large passenger transportation line and a freight dedicated line. According to different development directions, the structure and function of the intelligent service system (including lighting, monitoring and other equipment) and the on-board transportation control system in the transportation system can be designed according to needs.
由此,本发明通过作为运载工具的车体进入密闭管道,将管道抽成低气压,让车体无接触、无摩擦的在密闭管道中运行,这样将使得管道列车的速度超越现有喷气式飞机的速度成为可能,并且打破制约运载工具高速运行的空气阻力瓶颈。由此,本发明所提供的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统能够高速、安全、高效、绿色的运行。该运输系统既可以做为当代中低速磁悬浮列车的新制式,又可以发展为未来高速/超高速磁悬浮列车的新模式。同时,由于该永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统在密闭的管道内运行,还可以使系统完全避免大雪、冰雹、狂风、暴雨对列车和轨道的损耗。本发明永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统其独特的车体外形,以及磁轨和管轨独特的安装方式,可以有效提高了列车运行安全性,保障了车辆运行寿命,具备良好的节能、绿色、智能等新特色。Therefore, the present invention enters the closed pipeline through the vehicle body as a vehicle, pumps the pipeline to low air pressure, and allows the vehicle body to run in the closed pipeline without contact and friction, which will make the speed of the pipeline train exceed the existing jet The speed of the aircraft becomes possible and breaks the bottleneck of air resistance that restricts the high-speed operation of the vehicle. Therefore, the permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system provided by the present invention can operate at high speed, safety, efficiency and green. The transportation system can be used as a new standard for contemporary low- and medium-speed maglev trains, and it can also be developed as a new model for high-speed/ultra-high-speed maglev trains in the future. At the same time, because the permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube-rail transportation system runs in a closed pipeline, the system can also completely avoid the loss of trains and tracks caused by heavy snow, hail, squally, and heavy rain. The permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system of the present invention has a unique car body shape and a unique installation method of the magnetic rail and the tube rail, which can effectively improve the safety of train operation, ensure the operating life of the vehicle, and have good energy saving, green, and intelligent And other new features.
以上仅为本发明的实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些均属于本发明的保护范围。The above are only the embodiments of the present invention, and the description is relatively specific and detailed, but it should not be understood as a limitation to the patent scope of the present invention. It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the concept of the present invention, several modifications and improvements can be made, and these all fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,包括:A permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system is characterized in that it comprises:
    管道(5),其为空心的圆柱结构,该结构内部能够形成低气压的车体运行环境;The pipeline (5), which is a hollow cylindrical structure, which can form a low-pressure vehicle body operating environment;
    车体,设置在所述管道(5)内部,包括圆柱状的车厢功能实现舱(33)以及封闭所述车厢功能实现舱(33)两端的运行控制舱(32);The car body is arranged inside the pipe (5), and includes a cylindrical compartment function realization cabin (33) and an operation control compartment (32) that closes both ends of the compartment function realization cabin (33);
    主驱动电机(18),包括沿所述管道(5)内壁下方铺设的主驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁(6)下方的主驱动电机动子;主驱动电机定子驱动所述主驱动电机动子以使得所述车体在所述管道(5)内沿所述管道(5)的轴向运行;The main drive motor (18) includes a main drive motor stator laid under the inner wall of the pipeline (5) and a main drive motor mover arranged under the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body; the main drive motor stator drives the main drive motor Maneuver to make the vehicle body run along the axial direction of the pipe (5) in the pipe (5);
    防护轮,包括设置在所述管道(5)内壁表面和/或所述车体外壁(6)表面的至少一对,其用于在所述车体偏离所述管道(5)轴向运行时,对所述车体外壁(6)提供支撑和推力,避免所述车体外壁(6)与所述管道内壁碰擦并恢复所述车体的运行方向;A protective wheel includes at least a pair of at least one pair arranged on the inner wall surface of the pipe (5) and/or the surface of the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body, which is used when the vehicle body deviates from the axial direction of the pipe (5) , To provide support and thrust to the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body, to prevent the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body from colliding with the inner wall of the pipe and to restore the running direction of the vehicle body;
    磁轨悬浮导向系统,包括设置在所述内壁表面和所述车体外壁(6)表面的至少两对,所述磁轨悬浮导向系统包括有磁性材料,设置在所述内壁表面和所述车体外壁(6)表面的各对所述磁性材料之间相互啮合,并在所述车体运行时对所述车体提供悬浮的支撑力,并提供导向;The magnetic rail suspension guidance system includes at least two pairs arranged on the surface of the inner wall and the surface of the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body. The magnetic rail suspension guidance system includes a magnetic material and is arranged on the surface of the inner wall and the vehicle body. Each pair of the magnetic materials on the surface of the outer wall (6) mesh with each other, and provide a suspended support force to the vehicle body and provide guidance when the vehicle body is running;
    车厢底板,水平的固定于所述车厢功能实现舱(33)的下部,在所述车厢功能实现舱(33)内形成有供乘客活动的水平面;The compartment floor is horizontally fixed to the lower part of the compartment function realization cabin (33), and a horizontal plane for passengers to move is formed in the compartment function realization cabin (33);
    安全座椅(22),包括有多组,分别设置在所述车厢底板的上表面,用于容纳乘客。The safety seat (22) includes a plurality of groups, which are respectively arranged on the upper surface of the compartment floor for accommodating passengers.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述管道(5)的外壁的下部连接有底基层(19),所述管道(5)的外壁与所述底基层(19)的上部连接固定,所述管道(5)的外壁与所述底基层(19) 的左右两侧之间还连接有管道固定架(7)以维持所述管道(5)及其内部结构稳定。The permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system according to claim 1, wherein the lower part of the outer wall of the pipeline (5) is connected with a base layer (19), and the outer wall of the pipeline (5) is connected to the base layer The upper part of (19) is connected and fixed, and a pipe fixing frame (7) is connected between the outer wall of the pipe (5) and the left and right sides of the base layer (19) to maintain the pipe (5) and its interior stable structure.
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述运行控制舱(32)的外部设置为子弹头流线型,其端部还设置有隐藏车钩安装部(31),所述隐藏车钩安装部(31)内设置有隐藏式的车钩,以用于连接前后相邻的两个车厢功能实现舱(33)。The permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system according to claim 2, characterized in that the exterior of the operation control cabin (32) is set in a bullet-shaped streamline, and the end is also provided with a hidden coupler mounting portion (31), so The hidden coupler installation part (31) is provided with a hidden coupler, which is used for connecting two adjacent compartments in front and rear to realize the function of the cabin (33).
  4. 根据权利要求1-3中任意一项所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,还包括辅助驱动电机(2),所述辅助驱动电机(2)包括设置在管道内壁的辅助驱动电机定子和设置在车体外壁的辅助驱动电机动子,所述辅助驱动电机定子驱动所述辅助驱动电机动子以使得所述车体在所述管道(5)内保持沿所述管道(5)的轴向运行。The permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that it further comprises an auxiliary drive motor (2), the auxiliary drive motor (2) comprising an auxiliary drive provided on the inner wall of the pipeline A motor stator and an auxiliary drive motor mover arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body. The auxiliary drive motor stator drives the auxiliary drive motor mover so that the vehicle body is kept along the pipe (5) in the pipe (5). ) Axial movement.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述辅助驱动电机(2)包括分别设置在所述管道内壁、所述车体外壁上部左右两侧的一对,每一个所述辅助驱动电机(2)的辅助驱动电机动子与辅助驱动电机定子均相对的设置;The permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system according to claim 4, wherein the auxiliary drive motor (2) includes a pair of left and right sides respectively arranged on the inner wall of the pipeline and the upper part of the outer wall of the vehicle body, each One of the auxiliary driving motor movers of the auxiliary driving motor (2) and the auxiliary driving motor stator are arranged opposite to each other;
    所述主驱动电机(18)设置在所述管道(5)内壁以及车体外壁(6)的正下方,其中的主驱动电机定子与所述主驱动电机动子相对设置。The main driving motor (18) is arranged directly below the inner wall of the pipe (5) and the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body, and the main driving motor stator is arranged opposite to the main driving motor mover.
  6. 根据权利要求1-5中任意一项所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述防护轮,包括设置在所述管道(5)内壁顶部表面的第一对、设置在所述车体外壁(6)左右两侧表面的第二对,以及设置在所述车体外壁(6)下侧表面的第三对,每一个所述防护轮对侧的车体外壁(6)或管道(5)内壁分别设置有一个抵接平台,用于在车体的运行方向偏离时抵接 所述防护轮,对所述车体外壁(6)提供支撑和推力,避免所述车体外壁(6)与所述管道内壁碰擦并恢复所述车体的运行方向;The permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system according to any one of claims 1-5, wherein the protective wheel comprises a first pair arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipeline (5) and arranged on the The second pair on the left and right sides of the vehicle body wall (6), and the third pair arranged on the lower surface of the vehicle body wall (6), each of the vehicle body walls (6) opposite to the protective wheel Or the inner wall of the pipe (5) is provided with an abutment platform, which is used to abut the protective wheel when the running direction of the vehicle body deviates, to provide support and thrust to the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body to avoid the vehicle body The outer wall (6) rubs against the inner wall of the pipe and restores the running direction of the vehicle body;
    其中设置在所述车体外壁(6)下侧表面的所述第三对防护轮分别设置在所述主驱动电机(18)的主驱动电机动子的左右两侧;The third pair of guard wheels arranged on the lower surface of the vehicle body wall (6) are respectively arranged on the left and right sides of the main drive motor mover of the main drive motor (18);
    设置在所述车体外壁(6)左右两侧表面的所述第二对防护轮的上方还分别设置有车外磁轨悬浮导向系统(4),所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统(4)包括设置在所述管道内壁左右两侧表面和所述车体外壁(6)左右两侧表面的至少一对,所述车外磁轨悬浮导向系统(4)构成所述磁轨悬浮导向系统的一部分,其中包括有磁性材料,且所述磁性材料之间相互啮合但不接触,以在所述车体运行时对所述车体提供悬浮的支撑力,并提供导向。Above the second pair of protective wheels arranged on the left and right sides of the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body are respectively provided with an external magnetic rail suspension guiding system (4), and the external magnetic rail suspension guiding system (4) ) Comprises at least a pair of left and right sides of the inner wall of the pipeline and the left and right sides of the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body. The magnetic rail suspension guiding system (4) outside the vehicle constitutes the magnetic rail suspension guiding system A part of the vehicle body includes a magnetic material, and the magnetic materials are meshed with each other but not in contact with each other, so as to provide a suspended support force to the vehicle body and provide guidance when the vehicle body is running.
  7. 根据权利要求1-6中任意一项所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,设置在所述管道(5)内壁顶部表面的第一对防护轮之间还设置有电磁感应板(11),所述电磁感应板(11)的对侧设置有磁性体,所述电磁感应板(11)在所述车体相对所述管道运行时切割所述磁性体的磁感线以产生电场,在高速或超高速运行时为所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能。The permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system according to any one of claims 1-6, wherein an electromagnetic induction plate is also provided between the first pair of protective wheels arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the pipeline (5) (11) A magnetic body is provided on the opposite side of the electromagnetic induction plate (11), and the electromagnetic induction plate (11) cuts the magnetic line of induction of the magnetic body when the car body is running relative to the pipeline to produce The electric field provides electrical energy for the on-board power receiving system in the vehicle body during high-speed or ultra-high-speed operation.
  8. 根据权利要求1-7中任意一项所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述车体的上部还设置有车厢顶板,所述车厢顶板的下侧边缘连接所述车厢底板的左右两侧边缘,所述车厢顶板的顶部以及上部左右两侧分别设置有车厢垂向链接轴(12)和车厢侧向链接轴(3),以用于连接并固定所述车厢顶板至所述车厢功能实现舱(33)的内壁;所述车厢顶板与所述车厢功能实现舱(33)的内壁之间形成有上层线路铺设仓(13),以用于容纳所述车体内的线路单元;The permanent magnet magnetic suspension tube rail transportation system according to any one of claims 1-7, wherein the upper part of the car body is further provided with a car top plate, and the lower edge of the car top plate is connected to the car bottom plate On the left and right side edges of the car roof, the car vertical link shaft (12) and the car side link shaft (3) are respectively provided on the top and the upper left and right sides of the car roof for connecting and fixing the car roof to the car The inner wall of the compartment function realization cabin (33); an upper line laying warehouse (13) is formed between the top plate of the compartment and the inner wall of the compartment function realization compartment (33) for accommodating the circuit unit in the car body ;
    所述车厢顶板的上部左右两侧还分别连接并设置有储物台(21)。The left and right sides of the upper part of the roof of the compartment are respectively connected and provided with storage tables (21).
  9. 根据权利要求1-8中任意一项所述的永磁磁悬浮管轨运输系统,其特征在于,所述车体外壁(6)与所述管道内壁之间还设置有测速定位系统(8)和滑触线结构(16);The permanent magnet magnetic levitation tube rail transportation system according to any one of claims 1-8, characterized in that, a speed measuring positioning system (8) and a positioning system are also provided between the outer wall (6) of the vehicle body and the inner wall of the pipeline. Sliding contact line structure (16);
    所述测速定位系统(8)用于测量所述车体相对所述管道的速度及车辆位置;The speed measurement positioning system (8) is used to measure the speed of the vehicle body relative to the pipeline and the vehicle position;
    所述滑触线结构(16)包括设置在所述管道内壁表面的电能供给端和设置在所述车体外壁(6)的电能获取端,两者在所述车体相对所述管道低速运行时保持电接触以向所述车体内的车载受电系统提供电能;两者在所述车体相对所述管道高速或超高速运行时断开电接触,此时,所述车体内的车载受电系统的电能由所述电磁感应板(11)提供。The trolley wire structure (16) includes an electric power supply end arranged on the inner wall surface of the pipeline and an electric energy acquisition end arranged on the outer wall of the vehicle body (6), both of which operate at a low speed relative to the pipeline on the vehicle body Keep electrical contact at all times to provide electrical energy to the vehicle-mounted power receiving system in the vehicle body; both disconnect the electrical contact when the vehicle body is running at high or ultra-high speed relative to the pipeline. At this time, the vehicle-mounted power receiving system in the vehicle body The electric power of the electric system is provided by the electromagnetic induction board (11).
PCT/CN2019/092345 2019-06-06 2019-06-21 Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system WO2020243999A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910488916.9 2019-06-06
CN201910488916.9A CN110422051B (en) 2019-06-06 2019-06-06 Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe rail transport system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2020243999A1 true WO2020243999A1 (en) 2020-12-10

Family

ID=68408509

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/CN2019/092345 WO2020243999A1 (en) 2019-06-06 2019-06-21 Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system

Country Status (2)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110422051B (en)
WO (1) WO2020243999A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112078597A (en) * 2020-09-01 2020-12-15 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Double-rail turnout system, double-rail vehicle, vacuum pipeline transportation system and operation method thereof

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1613703A (en) * 2004-09-08 2005-05-11 邹嗣光 Flying vehicle transporting system
WO2012101535A2 (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-08-02 Louw Andries Auret A magnetic levitation or suspension vehicle
CN107117064A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-01 北京机电工程研究所 A kind of vacuum pipe superexpress train
CN107972683A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-01 北京胜宇华明轨道交通新技术有限公司 A kind of permanent magnet vacuum pipeline freight transport system
KR20180074627A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-07-03 수원과학대학산학협력단 Wireless charging system and apparatus for superconductor magnetic levitation train using high-temperature superconductor magnet
CN108382266A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-10 武汉理工大学 A kind of EDS supporting systems for vacuum line magnetic suspension train
CN108394311A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-14 武汉理工大学 A kind of guider of vacuum line magnetic suspension train
CN108657011A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-10-16 武汉理工大学 A kind of vacuum pipe magnetcisuspension train mixing EMS supporting structures
CN108944961A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-12-07 邱洪武 A kind of electromagnetic suspension power generation train system
CN109094423A (en) * 2018-08-30 2018-12-28 济南尚海流体控制设备有限公司 Passive type magnetic suspension conduit traffic transport device and its application

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2858275B2 (en) * 1990-12-28 1999-02-17 セイコー精機株式会社 Transfer device
JPH05319256A (en) * 1992-05-18 1993-12-03 Hitachi Ltd High speed levitation train
US5513573A (en) * 1995-08-25 1996-05-07 Sutton; Gary E. Method and apparatus for global rapid transit
CN1569537A (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-01-26 贾瑞福 Magnetic suspension vacuum tunnel train
CN100351125C (en) * 2004-11-15 2007-11-28 李岭群 Pipeline vacuum hanging rail permanent-magnet attractive suspension and guide road-vehiclesystem
CN101492128A (en) * 2008-01-22 2009-07-29 内蒙古麦格磁投资管理有限公司 Electromagnetic pipeline transportation system
KR101006849B1 (en) * 2008-12-31 2011-01-12 한국철도기술연구원 wheel typed superspeed train system
CN108688686A (en) * 2017-04-06 2018-10-23 绵阳圣典知识产权技术服务有限公司 A kind of ultrahigh speed transport magnetic suspension pipeline
CN208278049U (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-12-25 长春市苏伟磁悬浮技术研究所 A kind of vacuum pipe permanent magnetic levitation train system
CN208559050U (en) * 2018-05-22 2019-03-01 北京九州动脉隧道技术有限公司 A kind of conductivity magnetic levitation transport system
CN108482183A (en) * 2018-05-22 2018-09-04 北京九州动脉隧道技术有限公司 A kind of magnetic suspension pipeline
CN108706013B (en) * 2018-06-21 2020-02-21 大连交通大学 Pipeline type magnetic suspension train

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1613703A (en) * 2004-09-08 2005-05-11 邹嗣光 Flying vehicle transporting system
WO2012101535A2 (en) * 2011-01-24 2012-08-02 Louw Andries Auret A magnetic levitation or suspension vehicle
CN107117064A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-09-01 北京机电工程研究所 A kind of vacuum pipe superexpress train
CN107972683A (en) * 2018-01-15 2018-05-01 北京胜宇华明轨道交通新技术有限公司 A kind of permanent magnet vacuum pipeline freight transport system
CN108382266A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-10 武汉理工大学 A kind of EDS supporting systems for vacuum line magnetic suspension train
CN108394311A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-08-14 武汉理工大学 A kind of guider of vacuum line magnetic suspension train
CN108657011A (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-10-16 武汉理工大学 A kind of vacuum pipe magnetcisuspension train mixing EMS supporting structures
CN108944961A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-12-07 邱洪武 A kind of electromagnetic suspension power generation train system
KR20180074627A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-07-03 수원과학대학산학협력단 Wireless charging system and apparatus for superconductor magnetic levitation train using high-temperature superconductor magnet
CN109094423A (en) * 2018-08-30 2018-12-28 济南尚海流体控制设备有限公司 Passive type magnetic suspension conduit traffic transport device and its application

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110422051A (en) 2019-11-08
CN110422051B (en) 2020-09-01

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4075948A (en) Rapid transit system
US5146853A (en) Compact magnetic levitation transportation system
US7243604B2 (en) Hidden-rail and dual-attraction balancing compensation type permanent magnetic levitation train and railway system
US8505463B2 (en) Wheel-type ultra high speed railway system
CN103569135A (en) Air levitation vehicle
WO2020243999A1 (en) Permanent magnet magnetic suspension pipe track transportation system
CN108482182A (en) Novel suspended type tracks of permanent magnetism magnetic suspension traffic system
CN212685533U (en) Ultra-high speed superconducting magnetic suspension rail transit system
Cassat et al. Maglev–worldwide status and technical review
CN109703574B (en) Track traffic system driven by air pressure difference
KR101006850B1 (en) wheel typed superspeed tube train system
CN110406387A (en) A kind of floating tourism Rail transit train system of magnetic
CN109229122A (en) A kind of linear motor train drive-type underground orbit transport vehicle
Ellison et al. Surface-guided transport systems of the future
CN210083205U (en) Sub-vacuum pipeline transportation system
Wajima et al. Latest system technologies for railway electric cars
RU2327585C2 (en) Monorail transport system from passengers' and loads' transportation
CN102806916B (en) Winged train and navigation rail thereof
Barbosa High Speed Intercity and Urban Passenger Transport Maglev Train Technology Review: A Technical and Operational Assessment
CN209813736U (en) Intelligent new energy air maglev bus train system
CN210591423U (en) Small-size magnetic levitation track traffic system
Nakamura Development of high speed surface transport system (IISST)
KR101723441B1 (en) A train bogie with power collecting wire apparatus for the LPM
CN212499914U (en) Superconductive magnetic suspension built-in suspension type air rail traffic system
CN210554219U (en) Maglev travel rail transit train system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
121 Ep: the epo has been informed by wipo that ep was designated in this application

Ref document number: 19932034

Country of ref document: EP

Kind code of ref document: A1