WO2020169091A1 - Feeding device and packaging machine - Google Patents

Feeding device and packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020169091A1
WO2020169091A1 PCT/CN2020/076297 CN2020076297W WO2020169091A1 WO 2020169091 A1 WO2020169091 A1 WO 2020169091A1 CN 2020076297 W CN2020076297 W CN 2020076297W WO 2020169091 A1 WO2020169091 A1 WO 2020169091A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
feeding
unit
plate
channel
materials
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PCT/CN2020/076297
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李泽伟
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青岛萨沃特机器人有限公司
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Priority to CN201920233214.1U priority Critical patent/CN209650708U/en
Priority to CN201920230182.X priority
Priority to CN201910132307.XA priority patent/CN111605791A/en
Priority to CN201920233214.1 priority
Priority to CN201920232460.5U priority patent/CN210063564U/en
Priority to CN201910132307.X priority
Priority to CN201920230182.XU priority patent/CN209814400U/en
Priority to CN201920232460.5 priority
Application filed by 青岛萨沃特机器人有限公司 filed Critical 青岛萨沃特机器人有限公司
Publication of WO2020169091A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020169091A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/10Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles
    • B65B35/24Feeding, e.g. conveying, single articles by endless belts or chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/10Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices responsive to absence, presence, abnormal feed, or misplacement of articles or materials to be packaged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/26Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors arranging the articles, e.g. varying spacing between individual articles
    • B65G47/30Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors arranging the articles, e.g. varying spacing between individual articles during transit by a series of conveyors

Abstract

A feeding device and a packaging machine comprising the feeding device. The feeding device comprises at least two side plates (12) enclosing to form a movement channel (11), a limiting unit (13) being provided at an outlet, an inlet or an intermediate portion of the movement channel (11). The limiting unit (13) restricts the movement of materials in the movement channel (11), thereby achieving the purpose of stopping material transportation, without constantly starting a conveyor belt.

Description

送料装置及包装机Feeding device and packaging machine
本专利申请要求于2019年2月22日提交的申请号为201920230182.X、201920232460.5、201910132307.X和201920233214.1的中国专利申请的优先权,该申请的全文以引用的方式并入本文中。This patent application claims the priority of Chinese patent applications filed on February 22, 2019 with application numbers 201920230182.X, 201920232460.5, 201910132307.X and 201920233214.1, the full text of which is incorporated herein by reference.
技术领域Technical field
本申请属于包装机技术领域,具体涉及一种送料装置及包装机。This application belongs to the technical field of packaging machines, and specifically relates to a feeding device and a packaging machine.
背景技术Background technique
流水线具有运输能力大,效率高,操作简单,便于实现自动化控制等优势,在各自动化领域中应用十分广泛,尤其在一些流水线设备中起着十分关键的作用,物料运输过程中,当各料仓暂时装满时,一般是通过停止传送带的方式停止运输,但是在包装时,料仓常常在非常短的时间内货满,这时不断地启停传送带不止操作不便,而且传送带停止有延时。The assembly line has the advantages of large transportation capacity, high efficiency, simple operation, and easy to realize automatic control. It is widely used in various automation fields, especially in some assembly line equipment. It plays a very key role in the material transportation process. When temporarily full, transportation is usually stopped by stopping the conveyor belt. However, during packaging, the silo is often full in a very short time. At this time, the continuous start and stop of the conveyor belt is not only inconvenient, but also has a delay in stopping the conveyor belt.
发明内容Summary of the invention
针对现有技术不足,本申请提供一种送料装置,包括至少两个用于围设形成移动通道的侧板,可限制所述移动通道内物料移动的限位单元。In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present application provides a feeding device including at least two side plates for enclosing and forming a moving channel, and a limit unit that can restrict the movement of materials in the moving channel.
作为优选,还包括可检测所述移动通道内物料输入/输出的检测单元,与所述检测单元电性连接以检测输入/输出物料数量的计数单元,以及与所述计数单元电性连接的控制器。Preferably, it also includes a detection unit that can detect the input/output of materials in the moving channel, a counting unit that is electrically connected to the detection unit to detect the quantity of input/output materials, and a control that is electrically connected to the counting unit Device.
作为优选,所述限位单元为设于所述移动通道出口处的气缸。Preferably, the limiting unit is an air cylinder provided at the exit of the moving passage.
作为优选,还包括与所述侧板连接以驱动两个所述侧板同步移动的第一驱动单元。Preferably, it further comprises a first driving unit connected with the side plate to drive the two side plates to move synchronously.
作为优选,所述第一驱动单元与所述控制器电性连接。Preferably, the first driving unit is electrically connected to the controller.
作为优选,还包括与两个所述侧板连接以驱动两个所述侧板相向或相对移动的第二驱动单元。Preferably, it further comprises a second driving unit connected to the two side plates to drive the two side plates to move toward or relative to each other.
本申请还提供一种包装机,包括前文所述的送料装置。The application also provides a packaging machine, which includes the aforementioned feeding device.
与现有技术相比,本申请的有益效果为:Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of this application are:
该送料装置,通过限位单元限制移动通道内物料的移动,从而达到暂时停止物料运输的目的,无需不断启动传送带,操作方便也不会影响设备使用寿命。The feeding device restricts the movement of the material in the moving channel through the limit unit, thereby achieving the purpose of temporarily stopping the material transportation, without constantly starting the conveyor belt, and the operation is convenient and will not affect the service life of the equipment.
附图说明Description of the drawings
图1是一种实施方式的送料装置;Figure 1 is an embodiment of a feeding device;
图2是另一种实施方式的送料装置;Figure 2 is another embodiment of the feeding device;
图3是一种实施方式的送料装置的控制器连接示意图;3 is a schematic diagram of the controller connection of the feeding device according to an embodiment;
图4是一种实施方式的包装机的部分结构示意图;Fig. 4 is a partial structural diagram of a packaging machine according to an embodiment;
图5是一种实施方式的导向装置的结构示意图1;Fig. 5 is a structural diagram 1 of a guiding device according to an embodiment;
图6是一种实施方式的导向装置的结构示意图2;Fig. 6 is a structural diagram 2 of a guiding device according to an embodiment;
图7是另一种实施方式的导向装置的结构示意图;FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a guiding device according to another embodiment;
图中编号:1送料装置,11移动通道,12侧板,121侧板本体,1211第一连接部,122活动件,1221第二连接部,123第一安装架,124直线导轨,125第三连接部,13限位单元,131限位部,132第一驱动件,14检测单元,15计数单元,16第一驱动单元,17第二驱动单元,18控制器,2抓料单元,3导向装置,31侧板组件,311第一供料侧板,312第二供料侧板,32传动组件,3201第一传动组件,3202第二传动组件,321第一传动件,322第二传动件,33联动组件,331第一转动件,332第二转动件,333第一同步件,334第三 转动件,335第四转动件,336第二同步件,34第二驱动件,35供料通道,351第一供料通道,352第二供料通道,353第三供料通道。Number in the figure: 1 feeding device, 11 moving channel, 12 side plate, 121 side plate body, 1211 first connection part, 122 movable part, 1221 second connection part, 123 first mounting frame, 124 linear guide rail, 125 third Connection part, 13 limit unit, 131 limit part, 132 first drive unit, 14 detection unit, 15 count unit, 16 first drive unit, 17 second drive unit, 18 controller, 2 grab unit, 3 guide Device, 31 side plate assembly, 311 first supply side plate, 312 second supply side plate, 32 transmission components, 3201 first transmission component, 3202 second transmission component, 321 first transmission component, 322 second transmission component , 33 linkage assembly, 331 first rotating part, 332 second rotating part, 333 first synchronizing part, 334 third rotating part, 335 fourth rotating part, 336 second synchronizing part, 34 second driving part, 35 feeding Channel, 351 the first feeding channel, 352 the second feeding channel, 353 the third feeding channel.
具体实施方式detailed description
以下结合具体实施方式对本申请的技术方案进行详实的阐述,然而应当理解,在没有进一步叙述的情况下,一个实施方式中的元件、结构和特征也可以有益地结合到其他实施方式中。The technical solutions of the present application will be described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiments. However, it should be understood that without further description, elements, structures and features in one embodiment can also be beneficially combined into other embodiments.
在本申请的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“第一”、“第二”仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。由此,限定有“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或者隐含地包括一个或者更多个该特征。In the description of this application, it should be understood that the terms "first" and "second" are only used for description purposes, and cannot be understood as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of the indicated technical features. Thus, the features defined with "first" and "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of these features.
在本申请的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“上”、“下”、“底”、“内”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图1所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。In the description of this application, it should be understood that the orientation or positional relationship indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", "bottom", "inner", etc. are based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in FIG. In order to facilitate the description of the present invention and simplify the description, it does not indicate or imply that the pointed device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operate in a specific orientation, and therefore cannot be understood as a limitation of the present invention.
在本申请的描述中,需要说明的是,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“相连”、“连接”应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通。对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。In the description of this application, it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly specified and limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" should be understood in a broad sense, for example, it can be a fixed connection, a detachable connection, or an integral Ground connection; it can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and it can be the internal communication between two components. For those of ordinary skill in the art, the specific meaning of the above-mentioned terms in the present invention can be understood in specific situations.
所述的实施方式仅仅是对本申请的优选实施方式进行描述,并非对本申请的范围进行限定,在不脱离本申请设计精神的前提下,本领域普通技术人员对本申请的技术方案作出的各种变形和改进,均应落入本申请权利要求书确定的 保护范围内。The described implementations are merely descriptions of the preferred implementations of the application, and are not intended to limit the scope of the application. Without departing from the design spirit of the application, various modifications made by those of ordinary skill in the art to the technical solutions of the application And improvements should fall within the scope of protection determined by the claims of this application.
参考图1-2,本申请第一种实施方式提出一种送料装置1,包括至少两个用于围设形成移动通道11的侧板12,可限制所述移动通道11内物料移动的限位单元13。当然,若侧板数量多于两个,则围设成的移动通道为多个,对应于多个移动通道设置多个限位单元13。With reference to Figures 1-2, the first embodiment of the present application proposes a feeding device 1, which includes at least two side plates 12 for enclosing and forming a moving channel 11, which can limit the movement of materials in the moving channel 11 Unit 13. Of course, if the number of side plates is more than two, there are multiple moving channels enclosed, and multiple limiting units 13 are provided corresponding to the multiple moving channels.
本申请提供的送料装置,通过限位单元设置,能够实现对于移动通道内出口或进口处物料间隔的控制,从而可以有效防止物料之间粘连的发生,同时,在料仓已满或需要短时间暂停时,通过限位单元限制移动通道内物料的移动,达到停止进料的目的,从而无需不断启动传送带,操作方便也不会影响设备使用寿命。The feeding device provided in this application can realize the control of the material interval at the exit or the entrance in the moving channel through the setting of the limit unit, thereby effectively preventing the occurrence of adhesion between the materials, and at the same time, when the silo is full or takes a short time When paused, the movement of the material in the moving channel is restricted by the limit unit to achieve the purpose of stopping the feeding, so there is no need to start the conveyor belt continuously, and the operation is convenient and will not affect the service life of the equipment.
两个侧板12围设形成物料的移动通道11。所述侧板12包括侧板本体121,以及与所述侧板本体121铰接的活动件122,从而所述活动件122可以根据需要移动。活动件122作为移动通道11的出口,可根据送料需要相对侧板本体121转动,使移动通道11的出口与不同的料仓对接。The two side plates 12 enclose a material moving channel 11. The side plate 12 includes a side plate body 121 and a movable piece 122 hinged to the side plate body 121, so that the movable piece 122 can be moved as required. The movable part 122 serves as the outlet of the moving channel 11 and can be rotated relative to the side plate main body 121 according to the feeding needs, so that the outlet of the moving channel 11 is connected to different bins.
所述限位单元13用于限制所述移动通道11内物料的移动。所述限位单元13可选取气缸,气缸可向所述移动通道11内伸缩来拦截物料或通过将物料压在所述侧板12上来使物料停止移动。此处需要说明的是,所述限位单元并不限定为气缸,可采用其他形式,如以一定速度转动的半轮等结构,可以拦截所述移动通道内的物料移动即可。限位单元13固定在移动通道11外侧,包括可向移动通道11内伸缩的限位部131和与限位部131连接以驱动限位部131伸缩的第一驱动件132。具体地,限位单元13设于移动通道11外侧,可设于其中一个侧板12的外侧,或者两个侧板12外侧均设置限位单元13,以从移动通道11 两侧限制物料移动。为了缓冲限位单元与物料的碰撞,可在气缸的伸缩端与物料接触的部位连接接触部,接触部材质优选柔性材料,例如橡胶。所述限位单元13可设置在所述移动通道11的进口、出口或中间,可根据需要设置。The limiting unit 13 is used to limit the movement of materials in the moving channel 11. The limiting unit 13 can select an air cylinder, and the air cylinder can stretch into the moving passage 11 to intercept the material or stop the material by pressing the material on the side plate 12. It should be noted here that the limiting unit is not limited to an air cylinder, and other forms may be adopted, such as a structure such as a half-wheel rotating at a certain speed, which can intercept the movement of the material in the moving channel. The limiting unit 13 is fixed on the outside of the moving channel 11, and includes a limiting portion 131 capable of extending and retracting into the moving channel 11 and a first driving member 132 connected with the limiting portion 131 to drive the limiting portion 131 to extend and contract. Specifically, the limiting unit 13 is arranged on the outside of the moving channel 11, and can be arranged on the outside of one of the side plates 12, or the limiting unit 13 is arranged on the outside of both side plates 12 to restrict the movement of materials from both sides of the moving channel 11. In order to buffer the collision between the limit unit and the material, the contact part can be connected to the part where the telescopic end of the cylinder contacts the material. The material of the contact part is preferably a flexible material, such as rubber. The limiting unit 13 can be arranged at the entrance, exit or the middle of the moving passage 11, and can be arranged as required.
进一步的,所述送料装置1还包括用于检测物料通过的检测单元14,所述检测单元14可设于所述移动通道11的出口、进口或中间,可根据需要设置。所述检测单元可采用光电检测、超声检测、视频检测等检测方式,只要可以检测是否有物料通过即可,此处优选为使用光电检测。Further, the feeding device 1 further includes a detection unit 14 for detecting the passage of materials. The detection unit 14 can be provided at the exit, the entrance or the middle of the moving channel 11, and can be provided as required. The detection unit can adopt photoelectric detection, ultrasonic detection, video detection and other detection methods, as long as it can detect whether there is material passing, and it is preferable to use photoelectric detection here.
进一步的,如图3所示,所述送料装置1还包括用于计数的计数单元15,所述计数单元15与所述检测单元14电性连接,用于统计检测单元14所检测到的物料数量,从而计算输入或输出的物料的数量。当检测单元14设于移动通道11的出口时,与其连接的计数单元15统计的是物料输出移动通道11的数量,当检测单元14设于移动通道11的进口时,与其连接的计数单元15统计的是物料输入移动通道11的数量。此外,若所述送料装置与料仓连接,在移动通道出口处设置检测单元和与检测单元电性连接的计数单元,此时所述计数单元还可与从料仓中抓取物料的抓料单元的计量单元电性连接,则计数单元可以计算出送料装置为料仓送料的数量和抓料单元从料仓中取走的物料数量,从而计算得出料仓内现有的物料的数量。可为料仓设定一个补料界限值和停料界限值,当料仓内现有物料的数量低于补料接限值时,送料装置继续为料仓送料,当料仓内现有物料的数量大于停料界限值时,送料装置停止为料仓送料。一般情况下只需要为料仓设置停料界限值,即,只有当该料仓的物料数量大于停料界限值时才暂停送料,以保证料仓中物料充足,避免抓料单元因为料仓供料不足停止工作,影响装料效率。Further, as shown in FIG. 3, the feeding device 1 further includes a counting unit 15 for counting, and the counting unit 15 is electrically connected to the detection unit 14 for counting the materials detected by the detection unit 14 Quantity to calculate the quantity of input or output materials. When the detection unit 14 is set at the exit of the moving channel 11, the counting unit 15 connected to it counts the number of material output moving channels 11. When the detection unit 14 is set at the entrance of the moving channel 11, the counting unit 15 connected to it counts Is the quantity of material input to the moving channel 11. In addition, if the feeding device is connected to the silo, a detection unit and a counting unit electrically connected to the detection unit are provided at the exit of the moving channel. At this time, the counting unit can also be used for grabbing materials from the silo. The metering unit of the unit is electrically connected, and the counting unit can calculate the number of materials fed by the feeding device to the silo and the number of materials taken by the grabbing unit from the silo, thereby calculating the number of existing materials in the silo. A replenishment limit value and a stop limit value can be set for the silo. When the quantity of existing materials in the silo is lower than the replenishment limit, the feeding device continues to feed the silo. When the existing materials in the silo When the quantity is greater than the stop limit value, the feeding device stops feeding the silo. In general, it is only necessary to set the material stop limit value for the silo, that is, only when the material quantity of the silo is greater than the material stop limit value, the feeding will be suspended to ensure sufficient materials in the silo and avoid the grab unit because of the silo supply. If the material is insufficient, the work stops, which affects the efficiency of loading.
可选地,所述检测单元14设于所述移动通道11的出口和进口,与所述检测单元14连接的计数单元15从而可以计算出输入所述移动通道11内的物料数量,以及所述移动通道11输出的物料数量,从而可以计算出移动通道11内剩余的物料数量,根据移动通道11内剩余物料的数量控制移动通道11的进料。Optionally, the detection unit 14 is provided at the exit and entrance of the moving channel 11, and the counting unit 15 connected to the detection unit 14 can calculate the quantity of materials input into the moving channel 11, and the The quantity of materials output by the moving passage 11 can be calculated to calculate the quantity of materials remaining in the moving passage 11, and the feed of the moving passage 11 can be controlled according to the quantity of remaining materials in the moving passage 11.
进一步的,所述送料装置1还包括与两个所述侧板12连接的第一驱动单元16,所述第一驱动单元16可以驱动两个所述侧板12同步移动,从而可以实现所述移动通道11出口方向或进口方向的改变。当侧板12数量多于两个时,每两个形成移动通道11的侧板12与一个第一驱动单元16连接,以实现对每个移动通道11的单独控制。本实施方式中,所述第一驱动单元16与所述活动件122连接,所述第一驱动单元16驱动所述活动件122绕所述侧板本体121向同一侧旋转,从而使两个活动件122向同侧偏转,无需使整个侧板12移动而带动移动通道中的物料一起移动,即可迅速改变所述移动通道11的出口方向或进口方向。第一驱动单元可采用多种形式,如电缸或气缸,如仅需对两个料仓进行送料,则可使用气缸,如需对两个以上的料仓进行送料,此处可采用电缸,预设多个移动位置,可以对多个料仓送料。Further, the feeding device 1 further includes a first driving unit 16 connected to the two side plates 12, and the first driving unit 16 can drive the two side plates 12 to move synchronously, so that the Change of the exit direction or the entrance direction of the moving channel 11. When the number of side plates 12 is more than two, every two side plates 12 forming the moving channel 11 are connected to a first driving unit 16 to realize individual control of each moving channel 11. In this embodiment, the first driving unit 16 is connected to the movable part 122, and the first driving unit 16 drives the movable part 122 to rotate around the side plate body 121 to the same side, so that the two movable parts The pieces 122 are deflected to the same side, without moving the entire side plate 12 to drive the materials in the moving channel to move together, and the outlet direction or the inlet direction of the moving channel 11 can be quickly changed. The first drive unit can take many forms, such as electric cylinders or air cylinders. If you only need to feed two silos, you can use air cylinders. If you need to feed more than two silos, you can use electric cylinders here. , Preset multiple moving positions, can feed multiple bins.
进一步的,所述送料装置1还包括与两个所述侧板12连接的第二驱动单元17,所述第二驱动单元17用于驱动两个所述侧板12相向或相对移动,以控制两个所述侧板12之间的距离,从而调整所述移动通道11的宽度,用于适应不同尺寸的物料。当侧板12数量多于两个时,每两个形成移动通道11的侧板12均可相向或相背移动,以调节每个移动通道11的宽度。第二驱动单元优选为使用双螺纹丝杠的电缸,从而可以实现精确控制,此处丝杠可为滚珠或梯形丝杠,此外,也可使用手摇轮与丝杠的组合,成本低,也可手动调节。需要说明的是, 所述第二驱动单元17为两个,分别与侧板本体121和活动件122连接,两个第二驱动单元17可同步运动,也可分别控制,可根据需要设置。第二驱动件单元17设于所述第一驱动单元16下部,第一驱动单元16带动第二驱动单元17和侧板12同步移动。具体地,侧板本体121与第一连接部1211连接,第一连接部1211与第二驱动单元17连接,第一连接部1211带动侧板本体121在第二驱动单元17驱动下同步移动。活动件122与第二连接部1221连接,第二连接部1221与第二驱动单元17连接,第二驱动单元17安装在第一安装架123上,位于活动件122上方的第一驱动单元16与第一安装架123连接,从而带动第二驱动单元17和活动件122同步移动。Further, the feeding device 1 further includes a second driving unit 17 connected to the two side plates 12, and the second driving unit 17 is used to drive the two side plates 12 to move toward or relative to each other to control The distance between the two side plates 12 can adjust the width of the moving channel 11 to adapt to materials of different sizes. When the number of side plates 12 is more than two, every two side plates 12 forming the moving channel 11 can be moved toward or away from each other to adjust the width of each moving channel 11. The second driving unit is preferably an electric cylinder using a double-threaded screw, so that precise control can be achieved. The screw can be a ball or a trapezoidal screw. In addition, a combination of a hand wheel and a screw can also be used, which has low cost. It can also be adjusted manually. It should be noted that there are two second driving units 17 which are respectively connected to the side plate body 121 and the movable member 122. The two second driving units 17 can move synchronously, or can be controlled separately, and can be set as required. The second driving unit 17 is arranged at the lower part of the first driving unit 16, and the first driving unit 16 drives the second driving unit 17 and the side plate 12 to move synchronously. Specifically, the side plate body 121 is connected to the first connecting portion 1211, the first connecting portion 1211 is connected to the second driving unit 17, and the first connecting portion 1211 drives the side plate body 121 to move synchronously under the driving of the second driving unit 17. The movable member 122 is connected to the second connecting portion 1221, and the second connecting portion 1221 is connected to the second driving unit 17. The second driving unit 17 is mounted on the first mounting frame 123. The first driving unit 16 located above the movable member 122 is connected to The first mounting frame 123 is connected to drive the second driving unit 17 and the movable part 122 to move synchronously.
作为优选,两个侧板本体121与直线导轨124连接。具体地,在两个侧板本体121的外侧分别设有平行与侧板本体121的两个直线导轨124,侧板本体121通过第三连接部125与直线导轨124连接,第三连接部125可滑动的套设在直线导轨124上。第一连接部1211与直线导轨124相连,从而第二驱动单元17可带动侧板本体121移动。活动件122与侧板本体121夹角呈180度时,移动通道11为直线型,其可以为与活动件122对齐的料仓供料,当需要与切换料仓时,第一驱动单元16带动活动件122相对侧板本体121旋转一定角度,使得活动件122与预设料仓对接。侧板本体121在活动件122带动下沿着直线导轨124移动一段距离,两个侧板本体121的方向和间距保持不变。Preferably, the two side plate bodies 121 are connected to the linear guide 124. Specifically, two linear guide rails 124 parallel to the side plate body 121 are respectively provided on the outer sides of the two side plate bodies 121. The side plate body 121 is connected to the linear guide rail 124 through a third connecting portion 125, and the third connecting portion 125 can The sliding sleeve is arranged on the linear guide 124. The first connecting portion 1211 is connected with the linear guide 124 so that the second driving unit 17 can drive the side plate body 121 to move. When the angle between the movable part 122 and the side plate body 121 is 180 degrees, the moving channel 11 is linear, which can feed the silo aligned with the movable part 122. When it is necessary to switch the silo, the first driving unit 16 drives The movable part 122 rotates at a certain angle relative to the side plate body 121, so that the movable part 122 is butted with the preset silo. The side plate body 121 is driven by the movable member 122 to move a certain distance along the linear guide 124, and the direction and distance between the two side plate bodies 121 remain unchanged.
如图3所示,送料装置1还包括控制器18,所述控制器18分别与所述限位单元13、第一驱动单元16、第二驱动单元17电性连接,可以控制所述限位单元13和所述第一驱动单元16按照预设的规则移动,从而限制所述移动通道11内的物料按照预设的规则停止运动,并控制所述第一驱动单元16按照预设的 规则使所述移动通道的活动件122移动至预设的位置。所述控制器18可连接存有预设程序的计算机可读介质,也可内置设定的计算机程序,或使用PLC编译的控制逻辑等。本实施方式中所述控制器18可控制所述限位单元13实现以下控制步骤:As shown in FIG. 3, the feeding device 1 further includes a controller 18, which is electrically connected with the limiting unit 13, the first driving unit 16, and the second driving unit 17, and can control the limiting The unit 13 and the first drive unit 16 move according to preset rules, thereby restricting the material in the moving channel 11 to stop moving according to the preset rules, and control the first drive unit 16 to use the preset rules The movable part 122 of the moving channel moves to a preset position. The controller 18 can be connected to a computer readable medium storing a preset program, and can also have a built-in computer program, or use a control logic compiled by a PLC. In this embodiment, the controller 18 can control the limit unit 13 to implement the following control steps:
可按照预设的时间间隔限制所述移动通道11内物料的移动,与所述移动通道11内物料的移动速度相匹配,可控制经过所述限位单元13的物料之间的间隔;The movement of the material in the moving channel 11 can be restricted according to a preset time interval, which matches the moving speed of the material in the moving channel 11, and the interval between the materials passing the limit unit 13 can be controlled;
在所述计数单元15到达预设的数值时,即料仓已满,短时间内无需送料时,所述限位单元13限制所述移动通道11内的物料的移动,暂时停止送料;When the counting unit 15 reaches a preset value, that is, when the silo is full and there is no need to feed in a short time, the limit unit 13 restricts the movement of the material in the moving channel 11 and temporarily stops feeding;
如向多个料仓送料,在某一个料仓已满,另一个料仓未满时,所述第一驱动单元16驱动所述活动件122至预设位置,向未满料仓送料。For example, when feeding multiple silo, when one silo is full and the other silo is not full, the first driving unit 16 drives the movable part 122 to a preset position to feed the underfilled silo.
本申请提供的送料装置,通过限位单元和控制器的设置,能够实现对于移动通道内出口或进口处物料间隔的控制,从而可以有效防止物料之间粘连的发生,同时,在料仓已满或需要短时间暂停时,通过限位单元限制移动通道内物料的移动,达到停止物料运输的目的,从而无需不断启动传送带,操作方便也不会影响设备使用寿命。通过设置检测单元和计数单元,可以有效的实现准确计数。限位单元选用气缸,结构简单,成本低且易于控制。将与活动件连接的第一驱动单元与控制器电性连接,实现自动变道控制。通过活动件和侧板本体的结构设置,变道移动更加轻巧快捷。通过第二驱动单元的设置,可以调整两个侧板之间的宽度,可适应不同尺寸的物料。The feeding device provided by the present application can realize the control of the material interval at the exit or entrance in the moving channel through the setting of the limit unit and the controller, thereby effectively preventing the occurrence of adhesion between materials, and at the same time, the silo is full Or when a short pause is required, the movement of the material in the moving channel is restricted by the limit unit to achieve the purpose of stopping the material transportation, so there is no need to start the conveyor belt continuously, and the operation is convenient and will not affect the service life of the equipment. By setting the detection unit and the counting unit, accurate counting can be effectively realized. The limit unit is a pneumatic cylinder, which has a simple structure, low cost and easy control. The first driving unit connected with the movable part is electrically connected with the controller to realize automatic lane change control. Through the structural arrangement of the movable parts and the side plate body, the lane change movement is lighter and faster. Through the setting of the second drive unit, the width between the two side plates can be adjusted to adapt to materials of different sizes.
本申请第二种实施方式提供一种包装机,包括如上所述的送料装置。The second embodiment of the present application provides a packaging machine including the above-mentioned feeding device.
作为优选,所述包装机还包括与送料装置1对接的导向装置3,参考图4 至图7,所述导向装置3,包括多组侧板组件31,至少一组传动组件32,以及联动组件33。所述侧板组件31包括两个相对设置的第一供料侧板311和第二供料侧板312,所述传动组件32包括与所述第一供料侧板311连接的第一传动件321,以及与所述第二供料侧板312连接的第二传动件322,所述联动组件33分别与所述第一传动件321和所述第二传动件322连接。每组侧板组件31与一组传动组件32对应连接,即每组侧板组件的第一供料侧板311和第二供料侧板312分别与一组传动组件的第一传动件321和第二传动件322连接。Preferably, the packaging machine further includes a guide device 3 docked with the feeding device 1. Referring to FIGS. 4 to 7, the guide device 3 includes multiple sets of side plate assemblies 31, at least one set of transmission assemblies 32, and linkage assemblies. 33. The side plate assembly 31 includes two oppositely arranged first supply side plates 311 and a second supply side plate 312, and the transmission assembly 32 includes a first transmission member connected to the first supply side plate 311 321, and a second transmission member 322 connected to the second feeding side plate 312, and the linkage assembly 33 is respectively connected to the first transmission member 321 and the second transmission member 322. Each group of side plate components 31 is correspondingly connected to a group of transmission components 32, that is, the first supply side plate 311 and the second supply side plate 312 of each group of side plate components are respectively connected with the first transmission member 321 and The second transmission member 322 is connected.
进一步的,所述第一传动件321和所述第二传动件322为两个平行设置的滚珠丝杠,两个所述滚珠丝杠的螺纹相反,即一个为左旋螺纹,另一个为右旋螺纹,从而可以通过控制两个所述滚珠丝杠的同向同速的转动,从而带动所述第一供料侧板311和所述第二供料侧板312相向或相背移动,实现所述第一供料侧板和所述第二供料侧板之间距离的快速调节。Further, the first transmission member 321 and the second transmission member 322 are two ball screws arranged in parallel, and the threads of the two ball screws are opposite, that is, one is a left-hand thread and the other is a right-hand thread. Threads, so that by controlling the rotation of the two ball screws in the same direction and at the same speed, the first feeding side plate 311 and the second feeding side plate 312 can be moved toward or away from each other to achieve all Quick adjustment of the distance between the first supply side plate and the second supply side plate.
具体地,所述联动组件33包括分别套设于所述第一传动件321和所述第二传动件322上的两个转动件,以及分别与两个所述转动件连接的同步件。具体地,所述联动组件33包括套设于所述第一传动件321上的第一转动件331,套设于所述第二传动件322上的第二转动件332,以及分别与所述第一转动件331和所述第二转动件332连接的第一同步件333。第一转动件331与第一传动件321同时转动,第二转动件332与第二传动件322同时转动,第一同步件333使第一转动件331和第二转动件332同步转动,从而第一传动件321和第二传动件322同步转动,带动第一供料侧板311和第二供料侧板312同步运动。Specifically, the linkage assembly 33 includes two rotating members respectively sleeved on the first transmission member 321 and the second transmission member 322, and a synchronizing member respectively connected to the two rotating members. Specifically, the linkage assembly 33 includes a first rotating member 331 sleeved on the first transmission member 321, a second rotating member 332 sleeved on the second transmission member 322, and The first synchronizing member 333 is connected to the first rotating member 331 and the second rotating member 332. The first rotating member 331 rotates simultaneously with the first transmission member 321, the second rotating member 332 rotates simultaneously with the second transmission member 322, and the first synchronizing member 333 causes the first rotating member 331 and the second rotating member 332 to rotate synchronously, thereby A transmission member 321 and a second transmission member 322 rotate synchronously to drive the first feeding side plate 311 and the second feeding side plate 312 to move synchronously.
进一步的,所述导向装置3还包括与所述第一传动件321连接的第二驱动件34,通过所述第二驱动件34驱动所述第一传动件321,进而带动第二传动件 322转动,从而实现所述第一供料侧板311和所述第二供料侧板312之间的距离调整。当然,第二驱动件34也可以与第二传动件322连接。如图5和图7所示,第二驱动件可选取手摇轮或者电机。Further, the guiding device 3 further includes a second driving member 34 connected to the first driving member 321, and the first driving member 321 is driven by the second driving member 34, thereby driving the second driving member 322 By rotating, the distance between the first supply side plate 311 and the second supply side plate 312 can be adjusted. Of course, the second driving member 34 can also be connected to the second transmission member 322. As shown in Figures 5 and 7, the second driving member can be a hand wheel or a motor.
进一步的,所述传动组件32为多组并且相互间隔设置,所述联动组件33与多组所述传动组件32连接以使多组所述传动组件32联动,多个所述传动组件32可同步运动。即,所述联动组件33还包括连接各个传动组件的第三转动件334和第四转动件335,以及分别与所述第三转动件334和所述第四转动件335连接的第二同步件336。本实施方式中,传动组件一共有三组,分别为第一传动组件、第二传动组件以及第三传动组件,分别设于侧板组件的三处不同位置。现在以第一传动组件和第二传动组件为例,说明两组传动组件联动的实现。第三转动件334和第四转动件335在第二同步件336带动下同时转动,第三转动件334与第一传动组件3201的第二传动件322同时转动,第四转动件335与第二传动组件的3202第一传动件321同时转动,从而使得第一传动组件3201和第二组传动组件3202同步转动。以此类推,可以实现多组传动组件32的联动,进而实现对侧板组件31的多个位置同时调节,从而实现侧板组件31的位置调节的同步和均匀性,满足物料移动和导向的需要。第一同步件333和第二同步件336均可采用同步带。多个所述传动组件间隔设置在述侧板组件的不同位置,例如进口、出口和中间位置。每组第一供料侧板311和第二供料侧板312可以形成一条供料通道35。传动组件32的位置根据所述供料通道35的长度进行调节,满足所述第一供料侧板311和第二供料侧板312的同步调节以及板材的受力条件即可。Further, the transmission components 32 are in multiple groups and are arranged at intervals, and the linkage components 33 are connected with multiple groups of the transmission components 32 so that the multiple groups of the transmission components 32 are linked, and the multiple transmission components 32 can be synchronized. movement. That is, the linkage assembly 33 further includes a third rotating member 334 and a fourth rotating member 335 connected to the respective transmission components, and a second synchronizing member respectively connected to the third rotating member 334 and the fourth rotating member 335 336. In this embodiment, there are three groups of transmission components, namely the first transmission component, the second transmission component, and the third transmission component, which are respectively arranged at three different positions of the side plate component. Now take the first transmission component and the second transmission component as an example to illustrate the realization of the linkage of the two transmission components. The third rotating member 334 and the fourth rotating member 335 rotate simultaneously under the drive of the second synchronization member 336. The third rotating member 334 rotates simultaneously with the second transmission member 322 of the first transmission assembly 3201. The fourth rotating member 335 rotates with the second The 3202 first transmission member 321 of the transmission assembly rotates at the same time, so that the first transmission assembly 3201 and the second transmission assembly 3202 rotate synchronously. By analogy, the linkage of multiple sets of transmission components 32 can be realized, and the multiple positions of the side plate components 31 can be adjusted simultaneously, so as to realize the synchronization and uniformity of the position adjustment of the side plate components 31, and meet the needs of material movement and guidance. . Both the first synchronization member 333 and the second synchronization member 336 can adopt a timing belt. A plurality of the transmission components are arranged at different positions of the side plate components at intervals, such as an inlet, an outlet, and a middle position. Each group of the first supply side plate 311 and the second supply side plate 312 can form a supply channel 35. The position of the transmission assembly 32 is adjusted according to the length of the supply channel 35, and only needs to satisfy the synchronous adjustment of the first supply side plate 311 and the second supply side plate 312 and the stress condition of the plate.
本申请提供的包装机还包括抓料单元2,抓料单元2可从导向装置3中抓 取物料。The packaging machine provided in this application also includes a grabbing unit 2, which can grab materials from the guide device 3.
如图4至图7所示,本实施方式中侧板组件31一共形成三条供料通道35,分别为第一供料通道351、第二供料通道352和第三供料通道353。每组第一供料侧板311与第二供料侧板312形成的供料通道长度可以有所差异,如图6所示,第三供料通道353相比第一供料通道351,其长度较小,与第三供料通道353相连的传动组件32有两组,这是因为两组传动组件32已经满足第三供料通道353的宽度调节和移动的需要。另外,长度差异的供料通道35其取料位置也相互错开,可以方便抓料单元2从不同供料通道35的取料位置抓取物料料,避免抓料单元2相互干扰。As shown in FIGS. 4 to 7, in this embodiment, the side plate assembly 31 forms a total of three feeding channels 35, which are a first feeding channel 351, a second feeding channel 352 and a third feeding channel 353 respectively. The length of the feeding channel formed by each group of the first feeding side plate 311 and the second feeding side plate 312 may be different. As shown in FIG. 6, the third feeding channel 353 is compared with the first feeding channel 351. The length is small, and there are two sets of transmission components 32 connected to the third feeding passage 353, because the two sets of transmission components 32 have already met the needs of width adjustment and movement of the third feeding passage 353. In addition, the picking positions of the supply channels 35 with different lengths are also staggered, which can facilitate the grabbing unit 2 to grab the materials from the picking positions of the different supply channels 35 and avoid the grabbing units 2 from interfering with each other.
进一步的,所述供料通道出口端设置有限位件,所述限位件用于拦截供料通道中的物料,使物料停留在供料通道中,为抓料单元供料。若供料通道需要继续将物料转运,则可不用设置限位件。Further, a limiting member is provided at the outlet end of the feeding channel, and the limiting member is used to intercept the material in the feeding channel, so that the material stays in the feeding channel, and supplies the material to the grab unit. If the material supply channel needs to continue to transfer materials, there is no need to set limit parts.
导向装置与送料装置配合,可为多个供料通道进料,每个供料通道可同步且相互独立的为抓料单元供料。送料装置可以变道为不同供料通道进料,当其中一个供料通道暂时货满时,送料装置的限位单元限制移动通道内物料移动,第一驱动单元驱动活动件移动至预设位置,以变换移动通道出口使其与其他供料通道对接,从而为其他供料通道进料。导向装置为包装机的抓料单元提供多个供料通道,允许多组抓料单元同时抓取物料,提高了包装机的作业效率。The guide device cooperates with the feeding device to feed multiple feeding channels, and each feeding channel can feed the grab unit synchronously and independently. The feeding device can change lanes to feed in different feeding channels. When one of the feeding channels is temporarily full, the limit unit of the feeding device restricts the movement of materials in the moving channel, and the first driving unit drives the movable part to move to the preset position. The outlet of the moving channel is changed to be connected with other feeding channels to feed other feeding channels. The guide device provides multiple feeding channels for the grabbing unit of the packaging machine, allowing multiple groups of grabbing units to grab materials at the same time, which improves the operating efficiency of the packaging machine.

Claims (7)

  1. 一种送料装置,其特征在于,包括至少两个用于围设形成移动通道的侧板,可限制所述移动通道内物料移动的限位单元。A feeding device is characterized in that it comprises at least two side plates for enclosing and forming a moving channel, and a limit unit capable of restricting the movement of materials in the moving channel.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的送料装置,其特征在于,还包括可检测所述移动通道内物料输入/输出的检测单元,与所述检测单元电性连接以检测输入/输出物料数量的计数单元,以及与所述计数单元电性连接的控制器。The feeding device according to claim 1, further comprising a detection unit capable of detecting the input/output of materials in the moving channel, and a counting unit electrically connected to the detection unit to detect the quantity of input/output materials, And a controller electrically connected with the counting unit.
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的送料装置,其特征在于,所述限位单元为设于所述移动通道出口处的气缸。The feeding device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the limiting unit is an air cylinder provided at the exit of the moving passage.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的送料装置,其特征在于,还包括与所述侧板连接以驱动两个所述侧板同步移动的第一驱动单元。The feeding device according to claim 2, further comprising a first driving unit connected with the side plate to drive the two side plates to move synchronously.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的送料装置,其特征在于,所述第一驱动单元与所述控制器电性连接。The feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the first driving unit is electrically connected to the controller.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的送料装置,其特征在于,还包括与两个所述侧板连接以驱动两个所述侧板相向或相对移动的第二驱动单元。The feeding device according to claim 4, further comprising a second driving unit connected to the two side plates to drive the two side plates to move toward or relative to each other.
  7. 一种包装机,其特征在于,包括如权利要求1-6任一项中所述的送料装置。A packaging machine, characterized by comprising the feeding device according to any one of claims 1-6.
PCT/CN2020/076297 2019-02-22 2020-02-22 Feeding device and packaging machine WO2020169091A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920230182.X 2019-02-22
CN201910132307.XA CN111605791A (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 Feeding device, packaging machine and computer readable medium
CN201920233214.1 2019-02-22
CN201920232460.5U CN210063564U (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 Feeding device and packaging machine
CN201910132307.X 2019-02-22
CN201920233214.1U CN209650708U (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 Guiding device and packing machine
CN201920230182.XU CN209814400U (en) 2019-02-22 2019-02-22 Lane changing device and packing machine
CN201920232460.5 2019-02-22

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CN209650707U (en) * 2019-02-22 2019-11-19 青岛萨沃特机器人有限公司 Feed device and packing machine
CN210063564U (en) * 2019-02-22 2020-02-14 青岛萨沃特机器人有限公司 Feeding device and packaging machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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US5515668A (en) * 1993-09-03 1996-05-14 Simplimatic Engineering Company Laning conveyor with changeover system
CN203095164U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-07-31 杭州永创智能设备股份有限公司 Feeding mechanism
CN104773482A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-15 昆山平成电子科技有限公司 Assembly line mechanism capable of automatically positioning
CN205873160U (en) * 2016-05-28 2017-01-11 宁波市智宝文具有限公司 Stuff autoloading equipment
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